Group Title: Bulletin. New series
Title: Florida dairying shows progress
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Florida dairying shows progress
Series Title: Bulletin. New series
Physical Description: 59 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Scott, John M ( John Marcus )
Florida -- Dept. of Agriculture
Publisher: State of Florida, Dept. of Agriculture,
State of Florida, Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1950
Copyright Date: 1950
Subject: Dairying -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Dairy cattle -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Summary: This study presents the rapid progress made by the dairy industry in Florida over the past decades after the first State Law dealing specifically with this industry was passed in 1929. The Florida Jersey Cattle Club and the Florida Guernsey Cattle Club have provided dairymen with the opportunity to establish pure bred herds of both breeds containing the best blood lines. The advantage of Florida's mild climate, and long growing seasons of grass and forage crops suitable for dairy animals have made possible for dairymen to find ways of making dairying a profitable industry in Florida.
Statement of Responsibility: by John M. Scott.
General Note: Caption title.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00002315
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA2774
ltuf - ANB4734
oclc - 47961727
alephbibnum - 002647798

Full Text

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Florida Dairying Shows Progress*


Dairying in Florida has made rapid strides during the past
few vears; in fact, those who have not been in clusi contact
with th' industry cannot realize the changes tiat have taken
In 161) there wer.. very few dairy coIws in the S:lte. By
1910 there wcis some interest in dairying in the larger cit:.e of
the Sitae and about 1911 or ]912 the flrSt city ordinance regu-
latirnr ir prorditctiun and handling of fluid milk was put in
force, The fir Sti e411' TAw dI-';li11L sEpc'itik'ally with 1"'I dairy
industry was passed in t92l'.
"Al, li rl p. fll. liLh.iL Lt..l i-: i lunm Mayl :1 iZ :i,. or InlHjCln.

.- J



RueiAlercd and Rrade JcrTey.; are AiJowun I raina in thie i5-acrr
romimon B.hia ainrss oa.iure of S. f. So:omrun, 8r,. at Quincy, FLa.
S. -I, Solomon. Jr. sald "pasture nou1w itn its !murth vear has cut
our feed ills in hnl[. At kast 80 of the cattle e ased LaiV p lXurr
16 hour. a da' durLinj e r]In r jing rm wm In I4 's more itlan 1250
puu,:d.s of M-Prd erpl ha;Trveted from 20 ACTS."

rAIS Is Nor WHAT '
iN -.


Fig. 2.-Thirty veir .s -^ in dqiry building construction in Florida. Upper center, a milk
room built in 1." - ..V vs barn built P. 4 ". I'20. Upper right, more modern construction.
Lower, two r ,, .lre more milk ,&A"', ,.'.r F1.' id. than in any other state.


In 1920 there were about 70 000 dairy cows in the State
with a production of about 12,00,000 gallons per year,
In 1930 there were about 75,00A dairy cows in the State
with a production of about 25,000,000 gallons per year.
In 194 there were about l10.000 cows with a production
of 57.750,000 gallons of milk for the year. Since 1940 there has
been an increase in the number of cows milked. hence an
increase in the amount of milk produced.
Prior to 1930 some dairymen and milk plant operators
imported large quantities of fluid milk and cream. Since 1932
very little fluid mnilk has been imported into the State. It is
true that large quantities of sweet cream are imported each
year; the amount required depends somewhat upon our winter
tourist business.
There are approximately 1200 commercial dairies in Flor-
idae CoITmercial dairies mean those milking six or more cows.
In these dairies there are 85000 to 90.000 cows, a little more
than half the total number of dairy cows in the State.
Of the 1200 dairymen about two-thirds of them are whole
sale produces, and one-third are producer-distributors. There
are about 200 dairymen who operate pasteuriers,

Thrm. di'iry v~jWii run Fat their fill elrly in ft i. pMorni an
th t!DpTrved Wtiure, LAC'ClAf Isa 5 Mrllei suih of 0 lando.


Florida cannot yet be claaed as a dairy products manu-
facturing State, though some surplus mik is used to make
condensed milk from time to time at plants in Miami and
Marianun No cheddar cheese is manufactured in Florida,
though some soft cheeses are made. The only by-product
made in any considerable quantities in Florida at present are
chocolate milk, buttermilk, cottage cheese and ice cream
Nearly all dairy cattle breeds are found in Florida. How-
ever, the major breeds at present are Guernsey and Jersey,
There are a few Holstein, Brown Swi~se and Ayrshires.
There is a wide variation in the size of the herds, We
have quite a number of small herds, from 6 to 20 animals. A
large number range from 20 to 60 animals, some from 100 to
500 and a few herds of 00 to 1500.
Milk production per cow varies here just as it does in every
other state, The Florida average is perhaps about 2% gallons
per cow per day. However, a number of Florida dairymen av-
erage 3 gallons for a good part of the year. Dairymen who do
9- -i - MPILM -W -

-F -% 5;Ncq~ ~ Q~l~C r
Blue ermu, carpet araaa, wbie Duteb clver. and aRMual lJepe-
d&2 afford eXCek1enL ;rmlFRl on M tho Portmmioth imiidl b01a, The
Scrert of thL9 puwtUWe, Whkb i cai-rryla up to five darr 6o0s per
Krei ror Ris inan lm n In the yrar, Ws paper fCrtfliw treatment,
Lime. Potaah. and phowphAte si the P-rincpoo fertlizer tiredlentz
Ied. TbLK kK cbmldersd ezeelleat land ine.


not average 2 gallons or more will not find dairying profitable.
Prior to 1930 very few made any effort to raise the heifer
calves dropped in their herds. Milk prices were high and there
was very little surplus, hence no calves were raised. During
the last few year a great many of the dairymen in different
parts of Florida have been buying good bulls and have been
doing a good job of improving their herds by raLsLng heifer
calves from the better cows in their herds.
ThU Florida Jersey Cattle Club and the Florida Guernsey
Catlle Club have far several years past been holding annual
sales. Both male and female animals have been sold, and as
a result the State is rather well supplied with pure bred
breeding stock of both Jersey and Guernsey cattle. A number
of pure bred herds of both breeds have been established, and
they contain some of the best blood lines that can be obtained
These facts are shown in another way that will surprise a
lot of dairymen in other starts. Note the breeding of some
of the gIod sires and damsi shown on succeeding pages.
We give below official records showing that cows In Flor-
ida are making very salisfactory production records.

A rich North Plorldu fluld or m crim n lowvr.

TA. I'1 K -: N.i1K I1( H TESTING JtI *F..V i.'( ,' 4 IN

FL4 :)A I II to I 4 Hl. ;l;I;AT -R F I 1 MERIT

R, ; i I,1. by lthu '.. .'- (of Av-' i ulltI.t'. I r!. ,:% n ,r Fl.niddat

Wa'rri wrirn: ." T v K **

PHri1 Nlzialin All.L. I I.I14.
W J. Netlan I. ,-. .... 11

Dr.amim n B&l] Prifr. I *- 2'-l.
Wa;elc W~kcl'-nC. JackManv

Pioneer Golden Flos Dalsy.
Lli-;: : .i W 1'. I'lr : i !, JfK,

ObI crve'. 'ie;Ori I' I.. 1I15
HI ....,r Fai:ril O2 ;.is. Fl.a.

SUAltal' Vuali -lir Diil.t i
12Iri 232, W WrrTeRr. JaPX

-I ...'.I VicWtoWr -rac. 1031.79B.
Fl. ExP. Lal tlnr. L-aiiin -iI l.

MaAl:oia Tip nf ;h Wr'tF1
13L,.973 Hilichvewr F.iHLa l. OCrul.

T l."-: 1'. r"-tr,-- BIy. 1134 -._..
W MaiT ,'.k. i,-. ,r. ckson ill h

Prmim:k Mktndrakel. ::T ll69.
l'i ii'.:; -. P lll;ta I ;H JFlriier

.OraUt Hill Run Kom LIV Ill4
WAllr Wirakrrnr ia-konvill "

Obseerrr, tJnyx .Indlt-kvy.
11L20.35. W. WMlkIn r., JlxN.

JA Sui-wu L12,4J.
liI. I. r,, Fan7 *-. O::'i Fla.

(i., : .il n Bry s ruma 1035 1149,
F .i, (ch ol for Deal &*. .BInd.
Bt, Auru-t.le. F)irnia

I r~.
I~ X"c- irl
VI-~- ~ Mir



















14 J.

11 .21

11 542


II 602

10 M"44


9. 11

1040 B-,4 331

:il 194f1 3-4 3OS 15O. l,6 523 ".7'

P 1 Ili Inl
I41;:ll C~~ Jli .f


"2, 2

r63 4

653 7

07 7.



5 y ,:










i. .lI

5 9.

I j.rEPi'.'' I.'E','T IOF AGRICL.LTL i :

Bp 5. .::i 51As .

IS. M:.r ;t-y'b Pr tV R .i I'
L!566. II1-'i1 't. F.; ms.:. : Or


TABLE NO. 1-CL'ntinued

N.-ii' Nuiril.- ll-d (.I)' nir

1I. MrliHly F irlm tte. 11 2.970,
Walter Wellkener. .jf rkimt1vill

17. Observre Browlin BUonkLa.
1123.511, W. J. Nolan. Jax

11. Sulruu Btantlard Moma,
11i93.91. w. J NuhuLi. Jax.

10. Shomram k Noble Rose. 11 2 .4g,
W. J. Nolan. Jackionville

20. M jtcr.srokc's Luu Hilda.
1070,411. Fin. SL-hoMl for Draif
& Blhnd. St. Auguatlne. FiP.

21. Pio1in ilAr QILuEL
S110933 HIlt1leiw Farmc. Oriall i

22. Holly Hill PrincTSE, LLtO7,24.
Walter Weilkrner, JiLrk-Mnson'Le

23, PFharid Virtor Lasmle. 1021.91.,
FPa. Exp. Sta.. ainesville

24. Plckfdor's Nnhlr Diity of C.P..
L214.1IB. W. J. Nolan. JaN.

25. Deslrnn Riuth D IeulanLr,
11T8.535. W. W1eket'r, Jatx.

2l Buutijllirr Sultan's Tulip.
12T7.205. W. Welkener. Jax.

27. Oxl ODd Ac Lr Pansy. 1160.930.
Walter WeliteneLr, Jacltsonvai:c

28. Elulttiu Standard BWt:y.
1155.914C, W. Welk-r:rr. Jas.

19 T-ir's lTeignEn d Valrtiune.
1204.542. W. WekIk*rer. tuax.

30 FlJoGrd ViCror Winnie. 1810,001).
Fl ,, Fip. SLa., Guine.Ltile

D.l !A jn
:!'nrId Ab l an
S:nrarrd ."Ltlk























FtT Pokr-dI
P.uaund C-n-: n.l er
Mllik ra1 al




9.1 k.






















532 i6



509 0

e 7


19.957 >.02 M"a2

1942' 5-11' 365


TA:ILl.I- :,.L v-.-.' _MI Illtil1 TEISTIN; Gr-ER-s'.S:EY
Ci.WS IN Fl.4i [ED.\. n t; .1 I l'. 1 TO '!144
-'l)VA ''.I.) :

RepportIe by the l'I I. L'c of .. jI'i:L:AilJr(.

%m. 11 fir I r'
VP its? 5A ;.i^Tbmtr gii IwrsrT

]. BliH.II Is I..L:.I. FaIIiiYul1 ),MIullt.
43.46. flnr-mnrf :).i 1'. ,lax

rlan. rl : -..:r(- CIJ:1!Hi.u.
D.arir-ie. Djary. JBik lKontd 1 e

3. k.-,-. l' I Pe F klyn 5O1. 2
D.:ulrOre L1.i.[. Jacks~tul? i[

4 IIllhiar Rv1frIl riHan'lli'a. A~i127.
Laketrnlnt DutLry, WLlctr Park C

5. Myrt ILdal'c Beda. 417.535.
SD'nr -1O 1 air' JacZkaonvil~l

1i. B1ullier I.Jlan. l*. : il I tdrIy,
45..731. Dln;mtikrP ">1 i1 % tax

RA.Ioi od' Fouremn-t- Lasl-'.
15.1 l it. Fl1. St. I'.i int H .Ral rd.

BI laiL Ii Pc E' o I -S S37.' O.
Dinsmo r [..II 'S s, .laekrtnvi le

9. LI*I*rIniitIl *r Gnbld-r. MS.BUT
I,lkernon :1.1 n" winter PaTr

10. IOrt n .f aEd.I. fiV4,3 :
Lntkemon ;I.I "y, Winter FuP.k

EI. Indian l.r i, 4MI.793.
14RrionitE Da.ry. Waittr" Park.

1?. In mfliOr F:t;ll lt..i.i 548. 41,

13. MIljij:. or i62L 3013,
D.isnar .i. JPsio -. ilite

14. DI-I~Inurt Virlil~'-, 31 .- 4 ir1 Itlry, JCRkSollVAle

15. K'ondikr ik rrr>rI.i 57.51S.
hlu. m- Fal). RPa if. )f FLl.

It.. Butlrr 1.:.:cr FeniemtoL Irf,
151.M-2. FIa ,-1: I. .:II REllrt

l7 ':. a ( m-m'i Ml.i-'. c:rl 591,763.
DlDn,:B2e D~iur, JBcksorvUle

T.1 A ip. 1,

194" i-4 4 1 3 IB31.60

1942 6-1 35 1B5.914

1942 6a5 :6 i l41g3

1943 5-2 365 14.58i

194 7-11 365 18.301L

1943 s M3 5 l" .261

1943 5 5 :.i'. I. -.*:-1)

1941 3-3 3a I 15.815

1944 2-W4 U35 121.115

1942 5-L U65 14 4128

1942 5-11 A' 15 .744

1W37 9-! 36. 135 l

1941 7-8 315 15-.103

1942 4-3 3r5 11 .661

1943 .5- .!ii ..- 1.1 :1 .: .

19 41 3-3 3flA 11.PT

1943 3-4 21;'Bl 11.74


-. :1 I



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tIB7 7


I .ver:tvy ,f F1- *r ill:,

FI ,41:* II tA \IE :i ; (. 2 .'. :'. I )(] K S5

TABI.E No. 2- 'nIL nuil

441 437 F:;1 *; Y.:I H. .f. nJ

P!|I''i I- F. >. l .i'iiia H .
.:i' Hi : r.i < :;m rr U.Itr: Jix.

H I T ('iki -I.r t5A l1 .

l,.h! 7 c1 l D ..n Wv.. Ox

13 - .I'll .

AIN, 11 lI- M w t 1 Inal Ja
fl lt II. i-.. l id. I' k i| -1 l

H fIi l) i F. 11- I Id .

i I l :: I : r l .I' 11 ,
lir c~i,lllil. I?,Pt! i l S'W.;l:I
,I:ll. si [-;+ Fli 1t,.l fin'ii[' ri'.l
pIht.".SI iL ur .i Itll l i ,0 1

UDll 1lil+ [.Lr .l iK k. JJ\ i]

jFlj t H .- IIj Q l' 1 R.ei++ lt Ta 1;
1 la. ii Ni-nl r i.:. i4 ;l

I rd..:; Rrllt iA l!' 46 .71lIt
LM ir-dmon" lI.i + L) .+: P 1.ik

V ,.. S .rie < F;!i!ll H +l'+ I'Ii.

-: .... : : ,' ** i Pt . ;iB 31!.
Fi+. S ;. .r PFllir R. Tifnrll F3.

B:ult. Is' ',n n '.i 2 .il F*. r.i+
4,; .1 i3 Diallyli:+ D1.i JaX.1

W dTi1 .- -
I. .I V. IA. M HAI

LI41 5- :31'' 12 7 t

tIM4. 4.3 i 1 6 25

IttL r- 36 13H 75

1 14:.1 :l l 5 1 w .UW3

i2 2.AI


1t 11l

14 101
H !:..1

.ri I ..,

alYC la i"
5 .V9 I:A

41.4 1tJ

4 17 7 ii

51 tim JI
5 36 *B31.8

t3L 5

Mila 4



iVJ(i 4

riyJ3 I


TABLE 1.) :.. .I'ME ][r di TY'.'.TI' I Ti Ii li:lL T 4 'W.
['%. i"L (II|;I l[ A .', ":.'

l'i4 r it I by Che ..-o "i 4.; i I i i . iu .-1 i' of Flrida.
" )1, w, wd bIy '' 1 W '.l.' W.,i:'., %.1 1.i F! I Dr G, P. fEu -

30 enl RAte N eriti 2nd W568 I!-,'! '- .-', l7-644 362 .U 1
4 Pi i i 2634 1 c P-?, 3.5 i .-2J, 41IH 312.
5 t&thn H. 1L ir H.. ?rd 1!'!e 4-. 3i5 3 124 4. 2 5 ,31
4i E'.rn,, v L S l'l .'. .L F! 19u1i ,-11 3 In | '1*i 9 5.!06 i0 .
? H-:l.i,- ]I.:-..n-. 743 t192 l -t 3 14.H. 81 3.44 om .I
. I.i I i.ilr liri Itl 7- 36.5 13.471 3.71 5l1.1
. .1.111iii... M i H.i 11 m 3317; 3-11 3i0 10.1I13 4.13 438
Li. Lily the i 1., 240 1l-5 i k7-B JBa i1.L4 39I 4L4 I
Li FEl rs: ,. f 11.i :.. '; Irt--6 1. s 11 .3!1 75 42Ili
12 li rrn Wif H"o.l ..Oi m., I 23 521 12d 7-B 365 IoI 2!>. 4 I! 421 7


The 1.1:-,!: I i., c; 1. r t i thn SL ..: L u. re asrtund "*i.- I,, ..,
Iltl -'i fi 1111 k I. Tli.'. *i .*w-. t'1r- 1mal y ,.hi i1.'tr t ir nl:p r iir l i.Or ,ir L
;'fri..,.-; ... . 1n f, ,, .ii,., lIim :iI' it 14 i:|uis t e* p aib e thai:t mil
amay hi 111.i1r i..: .i a : m e itl- nlle ft rti: lhe I .he I.**" .11 ii
.1 I1,. .I thcre whcI i Lti AIt l : rc.' ent lmnc vcry 1 .ll,.
milk i, *.: ii ; i*. I ri i L rie pa rt the l, I. i (lu tutrr.,
Sv e't' crea.. '. i., |- -if 1 t hi.i h 1 rted fl nl
0"t . r f '. .- 4.'.,i w ere. 1er Ithe eI
i d mand :-: tha I.l..u l,,





Fig. 3.-Newer type of construction in South Florida. Milk room on left, dairy barn in center, feed C
room on right. Note the open construction of barn.

r IO

Fig. 4.-Good, substantial, well-built-plenty of ventilation. Note cement walk from
cow lot to barn door.

iii] I1ilNe
mny rr*on I i a o u a s M 14I I ii1

-'21.1! 4 iil I~r l ICtii Ir~iiiI~~ 1~ c 11. ? 11 aI11~ iidl f 1 i
l i ii'L: 1I1 4 HI 1i I : W i tAI, 1 a kv *iI F Ii jmfllii

wb~~i- itI~ frirrt I i '- 11I lijii !VI m '.L r L In ll~ji. th t'IL

i FF n orii b In bIIIC'il aIi a

.UIYP Ll, '<121 I" hIV II n s ( i v .L. a lili F Our h i,

Xll r Ir Ifvn ilk''!: 1 W V LQtP 7 0 .t ii I I 0010 t

Ml H f N 14 b lot "OW I- Swii t "I ihi- A unrwhalfme-,

F;T.( IC' )A 151'.4 P! (0 (.; J.:~'

311jul @;uIa?~p-ol-dn uiopoui u puu 'uiuq @qj 'piaiq aiqj'9 -*g




~i-Ju ~w ri--

II I U% l JXL :I Ii I I Flk.! ALL


1-k' ~aiir ';c

L II 11 I l C11
A AI~ ih 11 I I Ii iIf 'ld I

'.(':;!DA ",11OWS

mmmq. 4


i:. Hw. 1,tils i1m .1!:111 1m 1 ,ill rll .t: riki:
tIli hia. A.L c12 bI-c eonMna A.IcrI.I- Thh I- I.
NIt U lis-U t .-)11', .c I2 m e- 13 e;1i : 01 or w!.!~ P h
.tIll hIn' iM:,il ': .ii ex riiiiL ri Ihl

; T

I, ,;n t i;rrric.nt
-p.:. n I 1( I';Lrn

E-1 I!1 M i!^ I :21ri ..iMI Y ..l II Ili.lII .11 [:'1it.'. IJi.I l l il.i m ;1t A
l.i l"! .i. 7 t11 i l 1 T o:' i 1: a: d dl r n li..n t, i ic : ic e CiUi 1113a zar d tL .
1; ,' .-,r.';.. ,i! ll -. /, :v i h l I:- I I n, ':! ', 1 :: v if :I ;l11 1 vI.i :,ll -d "h i'- li:
.:.1.:!(: .5 ;;si. n : j. ,1 v1.i; ii. in -, [.>1 q. I :" .'.1 0 ."1M A *qo w % Ah.l1 a hr w a1i

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F4 e. IItI A I Il LI -I iiiii A';;'*, u-%
m i In h.;'ri l ;Lr- ioi.r. i



Dairying in Florida has made gratL progress during the
last twenty years; but what prugrtss are we likely to make in
the next twenty years? Additional pure bred herds of the
different dairy breeds will probably be established; this, how-
ever desirable. will not in itself make dairying a profitable
industry. Unless dairymen in all parts of the State learn how
to produce and distribute milk more cheaply in the future
than they have in the past dairying in Florida will not be
the industry that it cnuld be.
Flirrirla's mild climate and long growing season should be
an advantage in the growing of grass and forage crops suit-
able for dairy artnimals. The long growing season should give
more days of grazing. With more days of good grazing during
the year, less grain will be required for maintenance and
milk production. Grain feeding for milk production is Tmor
expensive than good pasturage and fora.e e rolps, Therefore.
the more grass and Eura~ge crops use, the cheaper will be the
cust of producing a gallon rif lmJlk, So, let us take advantage of
our mild climate andI long growing season by making grass
and forage crops our main source of feed for our milk supply.
Grass and forage crops should supply nearly three-fourths of
zhe feed required for our dairy herds.
Yes. T know the dairyman will say. "When I reduce the
grair' feed, milk production gues downn" But, has this dairy-
manl made the necessary effort to supply the right kind and
quantity of pasturokeC and forage crops to replace the gl'ai
railloi so that milk production will hot go down?
Perhaps we should not place so much emphasis on milk
production per cow, OF course we should use good cows that
are capable of giving a large Hurnount of milk when fed heavily,
but these same c v"ws will giv a creditable amount of milk at
n Ilwer cost per gallon if fed more grass and forage crops and
less gl'ain, For example. a dairyman may get 601 gallons of
milk a day from 20 cows by It~fdinrg a heavy grain ration.
Would it not 1I more profitable for this dairyman to produce
the 60 YaHllons of milk by feeding 25 cows on grass and forage
crops and a small amount of grain? This Idea has been proven
worthy of Fcnsideiratir by a number of dairymen who have
ustel Lhi.- melh.:d to redure their cost of prouiiclion.
C5lrnpa]riit]v]y few dairymen in Florida are fully awn. i
4 f the imXilv'taline oIf CrKod pastures as a year-round source of
feed for their cows. A few dairymell have giud pastures for

Fig. 12.-Cows grazing White Dutch Clover (Trifolium repens)-a good winter pasture in many parts of Florida.

r: n ~in;. .~51'
':~' -;T~.~4e4~~. k+~Zb~(- .~i~-~,

~tcij~: '''


a part of the year but very little pasture the remainder of the
year. In Florila pastures should be planted and maintained
during the greater part of the year.
A gcod pasture is more than just so many acres of land
for the cows to travel over. The fewer acres used the btiter,
provided the cows can get an abundance of gimdl nutritious
grass in a couple of hours grating each morning and afternoon.
A good producing cow must have time each day to lie down
to rest and digest her food and at the same time convert a
goodly portion of the feed into milk, The cow that has to
hustle and walk all day to get enough grass to fill her paunch
will not produce very much milk.
The only way to produce cheap milk is by having an
abundance of good nutritious grass for the cows to graze. This
pasture may be a mixture of grasses and one or more legumnies.
When yuu select a pie.' of grirnmd n1 which In plant yoLr
grass sevi, stlrct llh lx-iest land on the farm. A great many
I. nple,. in the past, have had an idea that any land not suitable
for a cultivated crop would be ideal for pasture purposes.
This idea is all wrurig. The better hhe land the fewer acres
will be required to furnish pasture for a given number of cows.
Every dairyman in the Slate of Florida needs a goud per-
manent pasture if he intends to stay in the dairy business. Tlie
cidiry'man who fails to provide a good permanent pasture for
his herd witl find at the end of the year that he has been oper-
ating at a loss rather than at a profit. We cannot over-empha,
size the importance of good permanent pastures.
It is a well-established fact that green grass and an abun-
dance of sunshine increase- the vitamin content of milk.
CionsulL the Experiment Station and get their recommen-
ilations as tip graS-es anid leIume*s. t plant, when to plant.
how ti prepare the land for planting.


Fig. 13.-Carpet grass (Axonopus compressus) pastures. Good permanent pastures are essential
in the dairy business.

~a~lKc~ti:i.: ..,.

~hn.~~ r
i- .~. r' -' h r-;-1



-.. 14 -ContenLted cofts on clove. pua.~1ue in Florlda.

F-g. lb. A rl orrr ;JPirtuC rnclI' tll pine [lV .. NOtWr LI:.
abLiuldantc of ~whi iLe' c']licr n ribl m.

Fl-.cR F.: r~ DA] I H I "C.~ ( S] IiA I P:' '( 1 [1{RESS

*rl *,' 4% I!P- W ,II I' 111 j, I -, I '' ct I lll, III .'!-

- ...** .. .s,*

L,, I N
Fi: 18 M lli



. phiiv -jt 61f 1.j i Ilrakvii in Floiut s v
that nearly] *i t1W P S '.'. foa ilkii nfl i I Ii' iii II
tvpe1 s mffaid have been shown-
just what kind or type -.1 -lu oI, QhUld 1ta 1-:1 dqA-P l
er irel upoin what tIic builder [Ikk or dofJiAjkL' and 1]1Pi
ardnflfllin tl I('of .- f d1sirps *Vo in vet iln 2 P-, If .'Iv ia u
ir !~ iSwlst a IiLu as si 'nilN. thuLn aS rnt-Cruct a tIfchL-11 >. Iuc, :I
clieapur e.ri. uC i stdtk SJ'. A S:Wk a.' iS Aii imjsi .izt:A.
t,:-m ofI ssihi4. Th u cro-p i-s cut kind pu-t ti: r' uj a Ciut.a.r LutLr
piid pi un Owi Lfrum n-d ti it iw indruw. I' rnatv be m~ade
L pe~iv 3 US 'S IL1 iAU; : c triven1icfn' Alter trli staczk
Is rcsnple1e~d c4)i'et '~trw fiirt, r fibh chi"PaP*.I:nlz ...'ii
then %ith :,snil tta i depth if mti-u ii' tWI) jT,1.- Is. o, n thue otihur
hand. a merec permanent structure is titt.;iri then :1 crct
or -J10 L,11 01. illlll d IN~ L'onskjoierldl 1v ..., I 2, 1 -S, -d U not
lact iWuII il l yltrda.
A wurid aib''ut siia~ .. .- Aoh7T. .n'e .i of .id4
N 1p, 1-1 iL Tiax A l.. n Used. in tfi5. 1n rini have'k. ept w L
N p Ci''. SI-l. LriiU. i1 lrcuni LsLMcd :i l tih :In mnd h.iavc Iwpt well,

F l- ) -0 i ( ellfcl 1lJ P-L 4Af x: I7 faund i1 FLtt :Ldji. Up : IV,
rerli-,r; I le~, ll: i imb I~ I mc,; al: j-,A4, W1 j I a," 1k) kV ,?f


uljwP:i~C~~~. *
1;"" ~i~f~


M me lihLI:~* IlI ~14.S IIYIL crop. '111 V1V d1[iIl Is* 1 1. ruI. V
Owe L .ji tint. .. Lhe bient icsJL i nt orl :4~V 1i., fllwv 1k

any 14 the abM ri~.i~ihivi.~ lh olo 'lt
v i-i' L.. "J nii 'i I 4A .n ~ n t~ k u' ti I

.. -NN

F-p -141 -A I 1.1,vj h QW, aaw imcdArd "wW vimmd ."d I %u-
1.10 rd, ;J)I% i- 'I I 1 1: Ild F N 4 A 6 -f 10 fl N", ; 1A ')I ;f IA, OV I w Wql .

Fx, A. A wnrh An Aw has born ni imp f"m or fix, %wazsc

d!~ M*


Fiv. !2. A Lirt'r.h il .a.i:'cri up with lumber. Courtcry
Florida El.iL: InrLjj Slalonn,

:- 23. A s-li k -ilEi of N.L;:-I Ia .I CouriltCY
-.Ir-ra EXPeD Lieftl i Si, inlr

I) ~' I'ART'"."' T OF A.GRIlCUILTVI :"

Fi L, 2 ---4 Na1:c r 4 1 p %--i --NxX! -ri I ilh Lp L 0 raziiri c rop, nr it Ittay

' "

YP 5-.Soyrhjm lw !,* ra ri ii. s~ .iii, 25M.41 -1 IMni .r iti Ij, uduceA
MOM c 01s1"U NI J jkWe'e Me than doess rort Coij m Inorxlfl(
Exp-:.mmvrtt, -Rabn.




Pie, 26a-Sohum. a oWd aikacrop. c l There wv many varietles
thaL may We umed fow skkpe.

Fig. 27.-A sciad crop of mi-n ready for Ute 51WL. Thh5 particular
field produmd DO buahels of camn th the am Courtmy Flrida
Kglpe-Aaea Statiam,

-al. 1

F..:. '8 f lo :;.(; c Hnii:. f.-:Ji T. I.-IK Cind r~" l' .b* I r r ii1c
F.1: F:r iii. i fi il EI;: .: riip. 1JC
L .1 FYI [1 AfhJL _4

1 '~J jw'I~AIs rn I- '.4 I I~ ~ ~'~- U~ arid
I I 41.1-il fl ~v ii I ~ 2 (~i Li L4-~y
Iii I

-.LO)L I.DA\ I.), I."lYI." SHC:,'A P]-I-, I;R:,K SS

C;^I" I -- : Y < I~~'.AI P[i .S:


F.:. 30. Be~low Cloyvso Inla Pl 2J38357

YL 33 Ma sn PrI-ID Ed'aid 254781.

FL J.i .uuf G LI"Iln : : b1.;li Il:a"_. .i;I. la pilri.
*'I.EI:W,'lh Iir CiulI siv.y :.rcl., tl'i Filorida.



Fig. 34.-Ten Guernsey cows with an average of 704.4 pounds of butter fat. A good record for any herd.
Courtesy Dinsmore Dairy Farms.


Vii, W3-5alwkw Hiii Iijd 2N]257 A L-o Id Ouv:tL:L Ci, ,Ajilt
a rru:rd af 173At.5 pounI m Ilk and P30 6 p ilUud but. 1,ta Cao s A.
This eow rnot only 11" nLadt a -oad rero on b -A, par W ndmwin "s
'gOll? AW1 i% 31W k V. i W. L ICd~LIVAUal. CubrEr Z in.-a-c re, Daltr F,,i T c

Fig. 16-=Thv. CLueraty cow. Sr l c lub Hu- Mr) 38313M ih
p '. iard of 15iB 4 1 Pcsirnd Of Mfi.c and 89fI ] pokIlr I Ui1 r fAi
CiM'. WAA A cox !&co in imiy hoW Chujui Dtuiin.r [Lucy~ F.;nn%,





Fig. 37.-Quail Roost Maxim's Medico 211635, a Guernsey bull
at the head of one of our good Guernsey herds. Courtesy Dinsmore
Dairy Farms.



Florida dairy herds are practically free of T.B. and Bang's.
Dr J, V. Knapp. State Veterinarian, reports for the fiscal year
ending June 30. 1941, that the percentage of tuberculosis in
dairy herds was only ,0 per cent. Far the United States dur-
ing the same period the percentage was .3 per cent.

The percentage on( Bang's disease far the s me period was
-9 per cent, covering 15,665 herds comprising 403,772 animals.
Far the United States the percentage was 2.4 per cent.

The above figures speak well for Florida milk producers.
They show that the milk producers are cv-pcrating with State
officials in an effort to give the public the very best milk pos-

The citizens of Florida should be proud that their supply
of milk comes from such healthy animals. It is doubtful if any
other State has such a good supply of milk.

IF ';: G. l C :.ul; [ Jw v CKLIL !i En:a Dw-:Lrn i'tkJD.
ViFA r.i Tr mps. 1 42 C & -: rird mfm F~i m

P4111 Fitij j N Ifi P 4 r.: 1 1 ~i~ Lrd tI inpi -I'i
Gr"V SJIt F,:1 L71 'i


Medad~l of Meat l aicwd. l:LP LLJ".'-l r,-i-,4,y COW W~C~t 64~~ I
P101Ii),IiL to G tI-r i cctr1, on Yeeau. S-itidn 14 -L .1 19 yvai, Elf 11w.
Recrdid 12351.8 POundh vf tn~lk 763 6 ponds Wd Iuu"ey rtat In 305
4JI~y S

i -.. 41.- Jt-, j Ilv3 W .il II x C-, I iji NHljb 2fJ 1204 H vI
Fern%1 V W' f d Npbl-C was (Arand CLUhamPlnir nlr Ijr j Nl i itIMi r
:Iow o11W22-23-24. Criur:ry 4" UIL A-

*-'L Is lIIA r) Ai ;i t l: ; h: 'A 1I'H24 :s

^IKqIBWB " -:''


Fl;:. 44
;t;1 O31. Cin-ir i
F l 1. -:*: !- .. .

V Ii A I i 37ihUL

Cllx 394 1139

P i- Vi-J- r of onne of Mhe piod doBit. h1ied- Ln ihtt neurtLhemm 1g I
of Sstae TMis is ,1 mixed hiwrr i C 'n.'. '. Holsit1ns.


F'.I. 4-d.-PiLY'i of 41 Ourrnsm d-,Lr, : lie: Fjuurijl.

FI f'HII)A\ I1\iin \ SII[I)\VS' I'i;(i1 MES.

I- r M--M-liwl .r|i;ia


FV I.. in.-,- r :.i :I d 1i 2 -MI 4

In LI LllI :nI. *. i- c w fIir l it.:
4-* -ix i ;ilu- l 'y io

i.. ll: niidr

Nif'i L


Tables No. 4 and No. 5 give a good picture of the growth
of the dairy industry in the Miami area from January 1, 1932,
to December 31, 1941.

There is not much that need be said about these figures,
as they show very clearly the development of the industry.
They show that the growth has been fairly constant each

If figures were available for other sections of Florida, they
would show about the same percentage of growth from year
to year. In other words, the dairy industry of Florida has
during the past ten years made a very marked growth both
in the number of cows and in the gallonage of milk produced,


THEf U''NI\ I'..SITY OFl FIQ.( )A \ :'IR.Y :iHr iIr2LfS

!L. M. IllN~ fn S' 1 od M r n T) Iaox

P1 L I ,. u . Pi 4U I-

ti "21 &I i. hI 11 1 II o Ic t I 'h I a I g I % w ,I I

kiWA In I. jILL LJai ONlt(. ilrti I' I I-Airm lHllk. c!li 7:!
marn ufacilnli-ml dak, Frnvlli lits.

~ ~ir

Fl. 1111Y N a 11 1lin o of

L i icI Ii 11 .il aii I a nti KhC[.L1 IL IJ rc

I' ~ I h A M IV '! I 1 1-.1C Ud 1 IkI ifi


*Aier -"-hklIhlm lhey udunts .I,-- *Iirw in thks fiel
1l1J Iriii ;i. -iin n iti' I tI.-rr) in dani-y :Jrii 4 F )irid
AIn i In i Igh s*a TheI dalrynr-iei ani plant 4iquvaal4 l- Iuavv
Inkpli anf ,IC1I% pdroti' in. the Dai~ry PriOLLCILS Ikliu1'i
kiadv given it their wnive-eirarted ii. rhtrt cojr~ses, are
i'4 1 ii Uaci 'h yvar ru iV II Pre aullittel liv the men in i1bi
TO14 Mut, I Pis"Ohii I.AwnriUjt4I %-z is rtnide upi of mien
wA ~1~ Ab!PH-ri1 Ii 11I IA iLrL Ed W 1.'! n' the Lii.'j,,~d
Ucts AM.L~l


KQ Ifar as caiTn. vicial iK.Aii.'., ;s cont'vried the duriiiaiiT
for rrill ~jl iL ratlier c I Alxni l-,- PrvivIimr
rarad eirnan [ L''Fwi4- H c jlI 1ad InCaIw-e irt zi -Iiljl'x -in (i our
VH V IA's.
I'hlI P i., fi ; k%'C'Vr r a grMat tu-cid & 11 n1ilrr fzar'iily c17 in
nian yI prts (if F' .a Aai. There s rici -- '-- rvavn m why we shoia uId
ItI1 hoivie n'ore mLoidl c'iw& vmcx.l tLbe lack idf der irtr, o ni

TMvrv ih hl "ir V1i in1 F'lhiia Ir .wxvot 4,vAAroi 'ir Ua
ais biz, :h w* crLn. ni an 1 5 ir th, Rianufaeture of ite ct ai.
L)uiing the paPL1 fe4 w ,car~s urp~iaalt'rns (i cream have bhcn
T :m15 35iH ll- h. I- toi 01i-.1 oll -1 '-. ,-, per ve the jrLcder
I Utri of I ,4ii ;k i. a~ n~I w~~m Ii no iI1lor Rid i i i i Ii .: i iwu w i i r lou rist
,L~I54I +1 W!i.'I Mwin Wi pLLIrL imrim'edL eve-V n-ionth" ill the
yeanr. IN! supply y iis aniumii id crean will require tie niikI..iL
WiI an zidcl Itiol IIIII Go lo. Ii cows,. As the ljoi illation ikr
Iihe SteC iate Lfl4ia, the dvzuirtai r c remii i.v I murvow

cq'ie, P ,dA fi~irp urn ti Wskin. n iAk 17. p idtIin a4 clge
vhhcse eaccd N? g~reatly ikjrt J.-X 11 In this State. as large cjrratr
Lities ;aIe in j. -iiii .1..I1 ' StatCe each eCar.
FLO'Wda hias nas t r uiahtd the p Li i. (i. bfin zi d.urv i)It mi-

-IW:IHM un1 hiYaru 11OW 1201~i ii1 be uiuir101`r1ivtiired. At thic'
pi vl oi LL P M e 4w w ;ii,'v 'fi4- .. orilytr :inii ikt : i., pU rA iW th it
SI..u:e. in' Wu;st .Flurida ('ramerv .& Proitiduv Ci.- I' i,111-i 1 .
Mob-' I. Iln tic p1..i Of tlhe Staiik

r'l- of i' pII4 In Aa r'I u f-T SI. ucreilI. Te it lrt id
'I ,I I I M M 1#*1h ,I


at rI 41ut "A i'. >0 11) the i co 14 ai pIdir 10, Inidiii th(
filvivU i V1 ill .i. andI in a I' yeu Nive may haLve a n nle
r4?L'LI~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~S CI.1II .iIHL irLIXtIf ~ l~;i*In C
.1 p'larll 4Id 11 thet State-tl V

ii a"ip )iri r.* vo a OfMnn of~W t -4wA.' hou'
I. W I a 'rC i, -'a1 :u i raio l.y iL.w hi oe.I
i i uc i it Up taklv am l "I IS o nr" hAP y Ofi s IL IN
nd""Aar..i bl.. l ba in !.. I a Uoi '~ i With-ll tk Slthf- ti v
iipp iiiiv rIui 4 ion to uur I Ei V at -Vc rid Ihe COWS

nlnl 1-. I K t. ] 11tu, l rn rd Ll I h* 111 0; v .i
-r so" i a: ; rs pok Er~~L 17 dairymen of thIC I-i Stale halas~l
nb pr. ii v ri .* a y i ` :I.II( vi tr) .111114- i Ic,- Cv -4,av
A' a ?W 'U&. A1C1 H W 'iI !'. 2'I 1 III. Wti ithin :I

r!t.z b ii f-,A I ari i a I i:n tF li 1, i. ~ U L iCf~!~
rf flamw oit.h e ii, a the hu. Di ur- thIe a fJ t i- I r s ni

m; ilk oir n hwe per day wv biitu ivl ia m mark-( for

A few dawyme~rnn arv WX~1 1 11I~li lc: IM-11 1*01-. o''
rie nt, bill il %vi'-l u-v aI -iI!-, tim -P 11 ~I ruvplo:erririiie in

3?; ~il ~iH th antd~ Ila, W -~~i in the fe'o!. % parm~~~i~r~ c:L'b


772' "J.


It E.-, Obijirruriei fro'rn J leaJl-hy C:mi

F1.01!mA SD)'X- 111110(aRESS

Vusi-6r Two or 71-wou(.

Dairy MAN Nn~ldsv

cf-oltiiilJ 1)Cjill" 10,1Vj~3 L
HYL Quaby 9 FEW MAri81


I-;. i7 -A in,..,~ iTIr~ Irom. 'ar iom. anil daiii rry ir
snuff: FT~idildi

S58.. A s. ~L-bwt d yllm bin in !4, h F1 ii-
Nulsr h.l- rLIod I ~ P1 :- nCapiinK aoicu.c ban,


Florida dairy barns and milk houses are up-to-
idae. They are designed to meet our climatic condi-
lit-nsr aril to irnuler t'every CO'nvenien'e for the pro-
ductinn and handling -of goar milk

Our Open Barns Afford Perfect Ventilation,

Our cows are kupt in tile barn only while being
rwilke.l. There is nr .": rt-11Iilaii.k)rn ofi lwi3dllng and
manure to give off undesirable odors to cause the
milk to have an off-llavor.

Florida Has an Abundant Supply of Good Water.

Our climate affords the opportunity of washing
the barn and milk hnuse with water once or twice each
day, thereby keeping down all udors.


: .p .
"- .. .


F~c~, t~l ~a.l~r;~,- c Anw:'l. P -Al): lz rcla Si-rrcm: r? ni
Dili; sl pelfe -, fix xL~xi

C ,I-


Fliridn 's lu. t Il grazing perjtd is a dis inct art-
v;int1L'g. Gr,'-i fie~f' gives pi]'per irolor and flavor and
aditj Viltamin A In the milk. The surinhine and fresh
uir fur thei cuw al'~ inp',[rtanL ti their health.

Florida Is a Tubrcuilosiis Accredited Area.

Our slndy .i.ils afford exit'e'IleL drainilag' Thelre
is less du-t tha n iotluhr statlc., The ciws are cleaner,
as they never nave to lie duwn in the irIril.

An important safeguard of Flor.ida'.s milk supply
is efficient supervision of dairk[e and milk plaints by
the ir~puectors iof the State Department of Agriculture
and many of the Florida Cities,

Thu sanilaNry requirements frt' the production of
milk in Florida are equal to th1ie of ainy ulthl State,


Fir. KJ, Ram v m left. rrllunr- ParIOV Cen~er, Milk mm an right.
wiL%-h momn in rrar o1 mIAk room-

Flu. 64.- Dal., barn at leti, nrn~kjrjj ijarlr or righl, miik
ninm in EliC Ie]

I v i.'La I. j', fli I :1 10 I '.i "I" W A:L.d : I - L u.
bIu i UilIl I ii l I dci"d i ik I" W-1k wIil klAlo Wkk.t
"'k ra"11 I tVIL IvE\L r iwa Ii m I.~ t ni

'Aa th 1i 1i (k 11L qQu1;I atrir .i m t

Thu Im i i who r 1: 1. un~r h-:tr.U;[1"C. ii I~l~ er Lhe :.C

SA1O W IW nrcL. Il P ii reim 'ibi- VI.I I 'me Irf L in eI
if 1-, O 1-1 -. .I ic -J ~'I I -I . J I -it\fLI 1- L~u.V

FLE I I 'ZI I IA 1) A I I ZY] N(; i I P:: t .2;


Every citizen of Florida should purchase all the
milk possible. It is one of ihe cheapest and moost
nourishing foxds that you can buy.

Believe it or not, fluid milk. reuaii 1es%- of price. is
Iour C'hea.peLL food. Go to your grocery store and bu%
the same food elements that you get in a quart of
fluid mil.-E, and notice the hicihir cost. Milk can b
used in a great variety of ways in prctpir:nr the meal,
itn addition to n.iiin it as a drink.

IEMEEMBDEn. Florida fluid milk is goud becauwc
you can get it fresh each day, and it is produced under
excellent conditions.





Tv L i [i llnj f I for tho .dany 1Iusi!Im-v A to suppdy a
hqh..lII' LUL Li&lI-u Iin.i1' F"[ii id >i n ldikn" : P 1"W: dI1 b
TILIRTS and c011VAUSU01.11 whip Ii Cepd r 'cr 6y n itlL thi-
A-4d. ASjlk ji Ilic jrtf] I' rid IftdT naiu rre i okc r vt I aiik JnrL
LIM141.11S all the nu MUS vlilruent, n a..c a f-u--i as t
L'nmipletel no rih h 14 Mi; okko [h uw Q,' x -. tc~.Ij. C r the

abo.ut the value c-I m1ilk ik ;i u 'k1 F n1 i. thil Lae ] i the
pIn~th1m 1 imp. the co hasi cmlialiu to be the Vskyv narthm-
of thte Iurr-on race.

Lii Ilir winshine cml no:" 4.*I ;.rI4vsuch as %ve hav4 e IiJri e ili
b~irpl thatIS rLh Ln vnin";T~m vtanimi~s zirsv Inr~l-
u. r : I. mii fuit r R.t iL &.wort M y 't'iia m tLb 4i.i S hrn toL
rileii sol maLny disc; -A-',. TI RL I iLl 1" i: IAW lb l 'b' of

rniik I rniri wit' .1111 in tl L.isim Ai 'M Ign. ini, cn'.aiL lu; WILY
L[rirnv-. r:ni_ i v-rlntrn Ai A- II. foii cows kepLii ;at rk Inni
.tnii Let'~l 11j. tf:..
'1ius..% vhY fi v Pa ko in ; r ini e un h w b I' L Al.l ill

gr ru'w ih. idewd'] lir i I 1. h ian I rnl rv p1. i Iii ts that haj C t Lun tnde.
Nlakit dieI [Iv ljqivt in the dimr 'KIyllti V ..LCl Ildilk oi.d

Wvi p nl bm- v ths e F li .. .. o". i.I 2i n b1.2 .,nd 19.11. Prv'r
L' LL;. the A 0w .%: IV acli l' [ilk PY'dUcO. 1 Law irkt 1921.
it,, Iporf wt-r -nu I'rm,41Pd iLLt s1~'h.iom (Uit W d milk vind

cream that ud*"u;1?- irto Fit row 1illl r 17m "tho. l NO W nor themir~ oril
4.i L41..iLT I iii ~i L' ll4 II L ilb L iCdl?.~el hun l ii l l .1(C~ r.'l r elC .~~in' iiInL
oi iruik yL cu u" I in the StI( u. A i ll n iuwf ii kn sni .thii
e vru were ru m i Ai m- A" int and aLI wnd ott 'A Y1 Ui ts~ by

?Hn AriktpnlL 1 ILL "n r- Lfle ~a I= (if i t i citi Io- i ii~iU ta h
d,'..Li i p r.r iu i iifi d 6r i Ljj l c1V- k i t L I:I li
Ilkiir ''ILTZ1.1 Om ~ s if We dLk' w. S.e L p~r~1

C:iirrl .flL(' ii hals rilr 111o AI' Alvsm4 Q H "II 1 u am]
as Qwv I i. I. LI'v Ij= LiW i d men ani i t" n the nriincr it
euW-S neiklhdtfJL ~P k S P Iii. At 1.1-', 1 1`01 I hid .:i k, ain Flornid
dairi nwcu II.L p 'ii _I-dL 't ihn er 'i~ so not' R.L I i
..i~i: all of~ MY fl-W WLji Ur"Ii F nii Ki i i 1 -I- Stale. Dirhil!'
the warye',t 1J INW M. LarIiLie ~yii i1I>uIad iI -r
I~ip.Jr~d W I.'jl AMh iH! tkke cJvrwinri for rn 're flu id Wik
nieIirdwi ito nu&'pI theL IILIi L'ukd p ipulatil il whicIh was~ mnwtr-


i;tIli rI23'LNeiJ by thi-e Army ard Navy mildt~irvy campsr There
has beren a sleady nflt1 xie* iii milk prMii n L vin cach year since
19:121 Thery( was an t'icreae oIf fruim 5 -o 6' per cent eoah v-ari
APV hi C i:.. tIL arM ;Cilrs. To-ivk we arc' haI II, heu rM ntrnal
'iIi.iLL..'15a as far as rhe demand for (luid milk is concerned.

feliv arc a fcew fmii.uries on thl- C:I'h 'iif hth datry industry
in Florida. The re we rf- aho ii f 7a III(H ria'rr ciw En ilir fitate
in 4:)I' Had 1hVN w PrduCed about 12 IIi1ttj: Oil g~;llllin (i III I-
In 1 93I(). there werie about 7.5.00111 diry couw' with a production
of about ofII.I'ii: .i:1 iiF mtilk a In 19411. there wcLre
;Ibuut 11 II.I.I .1.l cows aid the prod-r.ti.n o'4 milk that vyear was
'.IIUr.t s4:t tia! Tm -h 11P I.dI a rIii f 150 MO to L fi .Pri CCI WS
viih a to-it] miflk pruductifirt of ~I4i~L~ a~ll~ii, ''i the %;';ue of
which is mol than 41i.W.pIIIIII11 d'i Llars L I Ths i iii
as Ltheir' iucrl tu I* irt -I posiuion to, meet the needs of ur con-
tivIomiN il'i1vI-5w ir-4 pijpulation. The number of ; ajlons of
milk has increased fstiter than the rhurrlx.r of euws and flusq
is due toi the faet that dI.w z uit-si have beer bL. vni n 017d hrsl-M4d
ill.:i- better L:ii.-ll' Of i~iwS. For example, a LIM w> '11itf in lii..
tli'IJtgiJl he was dun n. very wel if his cows jprducecl II tri 2
gallJons of milk per cow a day-4rxolav our best I;,iizwirLii' arC
'i~ttirl:: Irorm 2t: to A gallonns per cow a day, This has been
bruioht aibomut by better cows. irripruviol Ikaaurt's-. aniid fevdinu
met hous.

The grcbwth iji the rlaii ih(;'uLstiv during the nflet five or
ten years Will depend upoPin cheaper produclicio, Since the
pcodkwtiiiu ;Liul ,.;t r( (ifI Iuiil milk j5 miai're prfiiabiu tihat lic
productiur and sale of bM-piroduCOt criomparativit4 few Iople
will tollow that ]lin( 'J Iijir\, iii,- I.- r thosI.e whi'ho wjI, t pc4lI
duce nmilk for daiiry by-products, theri is an pen ficL. FIlirida
in~n'Irt--rl 1.71P1. 1.iK gallons rif 411 par cent cream in 1949. an~d
2..OiO.M pounds oiI i .pl o 4- ives. We do nroi havC exact
figures on 1 he riIriiliaiai n uf butter, but our sltliniat i. thait
abuijt [Y'.'J4jI(00 )t pounds are sphpld ijr each year. \c'i% Ind%
;Isk, w.'1i :'it dairy-meri of Florida ev-er be in po; to supply
tl)h tr ii: w Is t ha!. are now sbhipf~d _n" ~ thE commernc's-ial
dairvnerrn are no:- t' *i *i pl Iri/Iuce -milk especially for Lhese
by-pr odUCt. I1CaLL C Milk used in njkj 'i II. mrnfis t h-F'r; d~iKiiw.S
ofa lijow-er grade than thoawitlvd forf I uid consumpti- iz Iliw-
cer. 1 hei e ;iru scvr-ral thim,, a ravifrers in out Stut-t who
co 'uld keep a ftw co'ws on thIei I'lli" allWl 1:i- I-K.iLIVU mk theop

in -ithvr P (i : hic United Sta-tes and iM l-ias wvay eliinate
AI irnporti. Lions.


P. ', r'.M 11; I o fal y-iW hi' i e-li j'by this -we mll.

VI l i. dl v 44h IIi..' ini in I:Am h D Sr n II mn Cam bm m'

I 4.4 Vii ,I -i% I O niv. "n li m li I I M WV Sm
QW. I rri mj ;W 110 h-carv m. "M AM Imlly 101.1. ... Line-l 1n1313~1
1., I j4 l.,E111 ir.dtl' C t.1 utIIrI i in*4A ii Ii M ias ti
it nri u m I In I I 'i i AV '1 r ;

U i Jlld~k[. .1 i A. 1HI4J. I t IIIr~lx l i ll< \'!',fl4l ;IL Li I VII; 1I UU~?t hiL

tJItC I f j~~i 'h h .SI 4' l LCir'i I'UI

Ii~c i' l4lI~I ta :l'ei i d l~ kI ii A V I l' s ihe iln ti- Ju4~~.r iim '"U3.f1 newi

dx.Il Ii~ ii ii *ri-.1 4. Vl dI 'A~n n: h ~.II''A'1 nl-Cml 4r I'A~z~!r
rhn I: L,Hco n eini ino ummmi up'ivi irnc L P'jtl SElltic' wF. r4.' *I;i "-.3
W T. ki.k [i*.."qI Im!m Ar mil p: -Kwi "- if lhN vin b

[I,. kin a iva [t ro. r'oi ifnLV k'' a.i t hL m h -u o v-r0tb I eirio nu

the CIIC 4JI' iM"1111i i SAI2. j '.' LASiI 4I'. 'I f h I II p'd pr nd (I C
14.~~ ~ kd k %;-Iol ;Vii Of, 11' Itn :a 1' n14" n f.d I l k~ v

nI".~ t npu t hmii q; th M .bJd ii'. wnt mr.- : no he hl
L I a:t I ii \ I 'I I' Ik C,'.i.:i.f a n- m]. ix V sa

SH.C Hi 4 lI~ V ni' 0. I.S ino uLon I -,i I1 jg dl -rf'iiui i


dw 'Io'r A Wber pow, TN. i eaii for 71; l is kht AlheI oIw-

4nd inc~rl IN, jw:-k-'A.I> oi 1 1, rnI') iIi I itpi r u .

in I 0w i .IIrds 14"ve r [~ Vtha ti i:;I' Fl 14 dal11 Wr\'

f iII I l" '; C Ii tN ( i~ l iL Al hi t i f I I QA Irv A fe-, tL L i [ I

ii ilrs t, fla ar e ,iL't hk; > In in Wel k u V1 YfIn
r llc xa.l [[-.c a nlt 1u 114w *. in t oioi %- i~l ivli htL-t
Ntn ph3 ,OK thull I Atil An"& i' h I IIIV.,~jlll YAW itha 0tN
i fr I. i r~u pr, -vn1 s) i Ti I i rnco I F1 ulap&'r it L.i

(%iii v, i, Ic '- -NN wni A'i.' It I hvii I .-. [n i h ,i ll
ti anv in '4k N iia i t ad At.H'L II I -rI. In~ n&2k w. It
rua nali 1 hi r la ay ino[A V IA. I W' 1- 70 owr tvn A~ tI' ii

loicu 111 tll sitt U i1 "Y 'K-Ar at I t~qrs NwI .d'2 il P' L'

'1-F Uit Is 1 IndL 01'. sid acrUV U omivTo -.


(PRE-WAR 135-a):


Dairy and 13ce

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Fruits An1 d iNutcs~

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YEAR 1+1:i


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FLLIls aln1I Ni Ls
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0 ,1 ] ,',,, ii C ', p.

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1 ..;,.",, imh>ifl fifl
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1 7 1i fI .I111 II I11

4il75 IIl IIIIo


l-,ctf aind Dairy

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