2I1ST7I ABED EIBE.iE3N W3.a2
DARTON & Co., HOLBORN HILL
THE Elephant is the largest beast now to
be found in the world. In old times creatures
still larger are thought to have lived in the
woods. But none of these are now to be met
with. and it is only from their bones which are
dug up in the ground that we can tell anything
There are Elephants only in two quarters
of the world, Asia and Africa. The African
Elephant may be known from the Indian or
Asiatic species, by the great size of its ears.
These sometimes grow so large, as to be used
like a truck to carry goods upon.
The trunk of the Elephant is very curious,
He can bend it as he pleases, whilst, with a
sort of finger at the end, he can pick up even a
pin from the ground. But the trunk is also
very strong, he can tear up young trees with
it, by the roots.
The Elephant feeds on leaves or young
branches, but he loves cakes when he is shut
up, as well as a little boy or girl. He is gen-
tle, though so strong, and learns to obey his
keeper_ at the first word or even look. But if
he is teased he can also get angry, and we are
told of Elephants who have dashed their
keepers to death if they were ill used
THIS fine striped creature is like a very
large cat, both in shape and habits. Like the
cat who hides herself that she may leap unseen
upon a mouse or bird, the Tiger lies in am-
bush, or hidden, that he may spring out upon
his prey. Like the cat, also, he likes to kill
the creature that he eats, and will destroy life
even when he is not in want of food. The
Tiger is found in India, where he creeps about
in the tall grass or jungle by the sides of
His claws are long and very sharp, and so
are his teeth, and he is so strong that he can
take a cow and throw her over his shoulders
and carry her away. The Tiger and the Ele-
phant fight when they meet, and the Elephant
fears the Tiger very much. For with one high
leap he will often spring upon the Elephant's
trunk, and wound it so sadly that it is of little
use after-wards. And when the trunk of the
Elephant is hurt he cannot feed himself at all.
But often when the Tiger leaps the Elephant
curls his trunk safely up, and catches him upon
his great tusks, those from which ivory is got.
Then the Tiger is often pierced to death, or
so much hurt that he is glad to run away.
THIS is a strange beast, is it not? The
Kangaroo is only to be met with in New Hol-
land or Australia. It feeds on grass or young
leaves, which it gathers with its fore paws.
The flesh of the Kangaroo is very good to eat,
and it is hunted with dogs in Australia. The
Kangaroo can run very fast, and leap from
twenty to thirty feet at a time. It makes use
of its strong tail as a third hind leg, by means
of which it springs forward with great swift-
ness. Its fore-legs are very short, and are not
used when it walks..
The female Kangaroo has a sort of pouch or
bag in front, in which she carries her young
ones until they are able to go about by them-
The natives of New Holland hunt the Kan-
garoo for its skin, its flesh, and its teeth, which
they use to sharpen their spears. The sinews
of the tail are also used by them to stitch their
cloaks with, as they have no other thread.
- The dogs in Australia with which the Kan-
garoo is hunted are not much like ours, and
they cannot bark.
THE Jackal is a little like a wild dog.
Jackals live in troops, and burrow in the
ground. They feed on the bodies of other
creatures which have been killed, and their cry
is a most un-pleasant sound. The colour of the
Jackal is a sort of dirty yellow or brown, and
lie is about as large as a fox.
Tnis noble looking beast is called the king
of the forest, because he is stronger than the
other beasts. He is also thought to be noble
in his temper, but I am not sure that he
deserves this honour.
The Lion is found in Asia and Africa, and
he feeds, like the Tiger, on the flesh of crea-
tures which he has killed. You have seen a
Lion I dare say, and if not, thispicture gives
you so good an idea of one, that I will say no-
thing about his looks. Perhaps you do not
know that his tongue is so rough that if he
were to lick your hard he would take off the
The Lion, when kindly used, will grow very
tame, and obey the voice of his keeper. Some
years ago there was a Lion who lived in the
same den with a little dog. And they were
so fond of each other that when at last the dog
died, the Lion pined away with grief. Some
men have been so rash as to play with lions in
their dens, and even to put their heads within
the jaws of these fierce creatures.
THE Badger lives in holes which he burrows
deep in the earth. In America he is called
the Ground Hog. He feeds on fruits, eggs,
and roots, and only comes out of his hole by
night to search for his food. He makes a
winding passage down to his bed, for he does
not wish to be dis-turb-ed there. It is soft
and clean, and there he loves to stay away
from all danger. But he is hunted by the Fox,
and by dogs, which are taught to make their
way to his den.
He fights hard for his life, throws himself
on his back, and kicks with his claws, and
bites with his teeth. The Badger's fur is long,
and brushes are made of his hair. His flesh
is very good when made into bacon. He can
easily be tamed, and will follow his master like
We are told of one that was even taught to
stand at the sight of game like a pointer. If
Badgers are kept from digging a hole they will
try to build themselves a secure home.
THE Yak is a fierce creature, that cannot be
tamed. It is a little like a buffalo, as you may
see, but has a long flowing tail and mane like
a horse. It lives in Thibet, in Asia. There
are very many kinds of oxen. The Indian Ox,
or Zebu as it is called, is very pretty and gen-
tle. It has a hump or lump of fat on its back,
just between the shoulders. It can run much
faster than our oxen and is used in India, as
horses are here, both for draught, and riding.
The Indian Ox is held sacred by the Hindoos
or natives of India.
The Buffalo is a wild bull of a terrible kind.
He is fierce and strong, and lives in the woods,
but he can be tamed and taught to draw
In some countries wild bulls are brought
into the cities, and then baited or worried by
dogs. You have heard of bull-dogs have you
not ? These are the dogs used for this cruel
sport. I am glad to say, there is no bull-bait-
ing now in England.
SEE how lie climbs up the river-bank with
the fish which he has caught. The Otter lives
more in the water than on land, because his
food is found there. But he can live on the
land as easily as in the water when he is not
hungry, and as he has lungs like those of other
land creatures, only larger, he cannot remain
long under the water. People who are fond
of fish, do not like to let an Otter live near
them. For he devours a great quantity of fish
every day, and would soon empty a fish-pond.
As before said, the Otter does not live under
the water, he does not live in it like a fish.
But he makes his nest or hole in the bank of
a river or pond, and then dives after his food,
or swims about at pleasure. When he can
find no fish he feeds on frogs or water-rats.
But he much prefers fish, and this is the artful
way in which he takes them.
You know that the eyes of a fish are so
placed that he cannot see any-thing except
what is over or before him. Therefore the
cunning Otter dives to the bottom of the water,
and when the fish passes over him he springs
up and seizes it.