• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Frontispiece
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 The horse
 The ass
 The goat
 The dog
 The cat
 The hog
 The ox
 The cow
 The sheep
 The harvest mouse
 The fallow-deer
 The stag
 The badger
 The fox
 The hare
 The rabbit
 The squirrel
 The monkey
 The lion
 The leopard
 The bear
 The elephant
 The camel
 The giraffe
 The buffalo
 Conclusion
 Back Cover






Title: A book about animals
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00002226/00001
 Material Information
Title: A book about animals
Physical Description: 64 p., <6> leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Religious Tract Society (Great Britain) ( Publisher )
Kronheim & Co ( Lithographer )
Publisher: The Religious Tract Society
Place of Publication: London
Publication Date: <1852?>
 Subjects
Subject: Animals -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Natural history -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Animals in the Bible -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1852
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
 Notes
General Note: Date of publication from bookseller's inscription.
General Note: With six chromolithographs by J.M. Kronheim & Co.
General Note: Baldwin Library copy bound with: The children of the Bible. London : The Religious Tract Society, <1852> and 2 other titles.
Funding: Brittle Books Program
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00002226
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002222356
oclc - 38056446
notis - ALG2597

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Frontispiece
        Page i
    Title Page
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    The horse
        Page 4
        Page 5
    The ass
        Page 6
        Page 7
    The goat
        Page 8
        Page 9
    The dog
        Page 10
        Page 11
    The cat
        Page 12
        Page 13
    The hog
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    The ox
        Page 17
        Page 17a
        Page 18
    The cow
        Page 19
        Page 20
    The sheep
        Page 21
        Page 22
    The harvest mouse
        Page 23
        Page 24
    The fallow-deer
        Page 25
        Page 25a
    The stag
        Page 26
    The badger
        Page 27
        Page 28
    The fox
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
    The hare
        Page 32
        Page 32a
        Page 33
    The rabbit
        Page 34
        Page 35
    The squirrel
        Page 36
        Page 37
    The monkey
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
    The lion
        Page 41
        Page 41a
        Page 42
    The leopard
        Page 43
    The bear
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
    The elephant
        Page 49
        Page 49a
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    The camel
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
    The giraffe
        Page 56
    The buffalo
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
    Conclusion
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
    Back Cover
        Back Cover
Full Text












BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


LONDON:
THE RELIGIOUS TRACT SOCIETY-.
DEPOSITORY, 56, PATERNOSTER-ROW, AND 65, ST. PAUL'S CHURCHYARD:
AND SOLD BY THE BOOKSELLERS.


_ ___ ____ ~_ _




















CONTENTS.








PiOT~un I. :- rAo.
THE HOB8E ................................ 4
THE ASS ..................................
THE GOAT ............... ................. 8
THE DOG ............. .................... .. 10
THE OAT .............. ........ ...... ... 12
THE HOG ...... ............................ 14


PICTURE II. :-
THEOX ...................................... 17
THE COW .............................. 19
THE SHEEP ................................ 21
THE HARVEST MOUSE ....................... 2


PICTURE III. :-
THE FALLOW DEER .......................... 2
THE STAG................. ............. .. 26
THE BADGER............................... 27
THE FOX .... ............. .... ... ... ... ... 29









OONTENTS.


PICTURE IV. :- PAGS
THE HARE............... ....... ... .... ...... 82
THE RABBIT .............................. 84
THE SQUIRREL ......... .......... ........ 36
THE MONKEY ...... .. .... .......... .. ........ 38


PICTURE V.:-
THE LION ......... ....... .............. .... 41
THE LEOPARD ........ ....................... 43
THE BEAR ................................. 44


PICTURE VI. :-
THE ELEPHANT ............................ 49
THE CAMEL ................ ............. 58
THE GIRAFFE ............................. 566
THE BUFFALO ............... .............. 57


CONCLUSION ....... ..... .... ................. .. 61












A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.



In this world are seen the works of God and
the works of man. Every child may notice that
what God makes is very different from what man
makes. God can create: he can make a world
out of nothing. It is not so with man: he must
have tools to work with, and materials to work
upon. If he makes a book, he must have paper
and ink, a printing-press, and many other things.
If he makes a sheet of paper, he must have rags,
of which paper is made. Rags were once in
the form of cotton or flax; and the cotton and
flax were grown from seed; and the seed sprang
from other seed. Man may change the shape of
an article, but he cannot create; nor can he give
life to that which his hands have formed.
B






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


All the works of God are perfect, and are so at
once. The first sparrow that he made was a per-
fect bird. The first lion was a perfect beast.
The eyes of a child were as bright and wonderful
four thousand years ago as are the eyes of a child
now. It is not so with what man makes. What
he does is never perfect. A plough, or a watch,
or a shoe, is very different from what such things
were two hundred years ago. As man become
wiser, he is able to improve in his labour. We
should think of these differences when we con
sider the works of God.

How lovely do thy works appear,
.Thou God of wisdom and of might !
And all that meets the eye and ear
Imparts an ever new delight.
Thy great and glorious name is sung
By woods and fields, and sky and sea;
And all creation has a tongue
To render glory, Lord, to thee.

If, then, the works of God are so great and
perfect, they should be studied. The Bible says,
they are sought out of all them that have plea-
sure therein," Psa. cxi. 2. This little book may


_I






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


be of use to the young in their first inquiries.
But as these works are so vast, a portion only can
be attended to at one time; and the part now
selected is the class of living creatures called
quadrupeds, or animals with four feet. As we
consider these, we may learn some lessons worth
knowing.
It was on the sixth and last day of creation
that God made the animals. Some time after-
wards he brought them to Adam, that he might
give to them their names. We do not know what
those names were,-they were, most likely, not
the same as those by which we now call them.
There are nearly a thousand kinds of beasts.
Some live in the forest; others in the wood, or in
the field. They are found on the mountain, on
the plain, and in the valley. But wherever they
are met with, they show the wisdom, power, and
goodness of their Creator. We can here only
give pictures of a few from this large number.






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


PICTURE 1.

THE HORSE.

IN some countries horses live in a wild state. and
own no one for their master. They run about in
large troops. Each troop has one of its number
as a leader. If attacked by a band of wolves, as
they sometimes are, they crowd themselves in a
ring, with their heads together in the middle, and
their heels outside. The young colts are placed
safely inside the ring. The, horses then fiercely
kick with their hind legs, and kill or drive away
the wolves.
Ahnost every man in Arabia is the owner of a
horse. The Arab always treats his horse with
great kindness. It lives in the tents along with
the children, and at night all sleep side by side.
The little Arabs climb upon its back without
fear, and talk to it as if it could speak to
them again.






THE HORSE.


There is a kind of horse, or pony, reared in the
Shetlands, a group of islands on the north of Scot-
land, which is very small; but it is strong, gentle,
and mostly very beautiful. A Shetland horse was
given as a present to a gentleman. He was a
long way distant from home, and had to return in
a gig. He was puzzled how to convey his beau-
tiful gift to his house. At last, lie thought he
would place him in the gig, which lie did after
some trouble. And there sat the pony, with his
body covered by the apron of the gig, and his
head peeping over it. A few pieces of bread kept
him quiet. The people, as they passed along the
road, were not a little amused at the strange sight
of a horse riding in a chaise.
In our land horses are of great use. Some
people kick and spur and whip them in a cruel
manner. This makes them bad-tempered. When
they are treated in a mild and kind way, they are
nice, gentle creatures. It is written in the Bible,
"A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast;"
and again, He shall have judgment without
mercy, that hath showed no mercy."


I






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


THE ASS.

IN Persia, the wild ass is so swift as to outrun all
who try to catch it. It is there hunted like a
stag, and its flesh is thought to be food fit for
the table of a king. In other countries, the ass is
mostly made a poor drudge, and loses all its bold
spirit. If it were better used, it might not be so
dull and stubborn.
Some years, ago an old man went about the
streets of London to sell greens, potatoes, and
other vegetables: these were carried from door to
door by a donkey. He treated it kindly; and
often, in his day's journey, he stopped and gave it
a handful of hay, or some leaves of greens, as a
reward. He had no need of a stick or whip to
drive it along; as soon as he spoke, the poor ass
would stop, or move forwards. One day the kind
conduct of the old man was remarked, and he was
asked if his beast were apt to be stubborn. All!
master," he replied, it is of no use to be cruel;






THE ASS.


and as for being stubborn, I cannot complain, for
it is ready to go anywhere or to do anything. 1
bred him myself. He is sometimes skittish and
playful, and once ran away from me. You will
hardly believe it, but there were more than fifty
people after him, trying in vain to stop him, yet
he turned back of himself, and never stopped till
he ran his head into my bosom."
In the Bible, "vain man" is said to be "like the
wild ass's colt." We should pray to God for his
grace to make us humble and teachable, that we
may obey him in all things. Our Lord Jesus
Christ, just before he died for our sins, rode into
the city of Jerusalem upon an ass, while the
people cast their robes and branches of the palm-
tree in his way, as a mark of honour.

Poor donkey, how I pity thee,
With burdens on thy back;
For whatsoe'er thy work may be,
Of woes thou hast no lack.
No lack of whip, no lack of stick,
Where'er poor donkey goes;
Thy skin it should be very thick
To bear such heavy blows.







A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


The dog may many a playmate find,
The cow in peace may le;
The horse may have a master kind,
But who is kind to thee ?
Yet surely thou hast honour known,
Far more than all beside;
For He who reigns on heaven's throne
Was seen on thee to ride !
Poor patient ass, thou art not fair,
Nor fleet of foot, nor wise;
Yet, since thou didst my Saviour bear,
I cannot thee despise.



THE GOAT.

TIE goat is a lively, hardy, and active animal.
It well enjoys its liberty on the high hills of
Wales, and the steep rocks of other lands. When
kept in the yards of houses, it soon attaches itself
to its keeper, and becomes very playful and
friendly with the village children. But if foolish
boys pull its long beard, or in any way offend it,
it will fight with its horns, and show itself to be a
dangerous enemy.
Goats are clever and cunning in their way, as






THE GOAT. 9
will appear from a story related by a lady. She
says, "A goat and her kids frequented a square in
which I once lived, and were often fed by myself
and servants-a circumstance which would have
made no impression, had I not heard a thumping
at the hall door, which arose from the buttings of
the goat when the food was not forthcoming, and
whose example was followed by the two little
things. After a time, this remained unheeded,
and, to our great astonishment, one day the
kitchen-bell used by the tradespeople, and the
wire of which passed by the side of one of the
railings, was sounded. The cook answered it; but
no one was there except the goat and kids, with
their heads bent down towards the kitchen win-
dow. It was thought some boy had rung for
them; but they were watched, and the old goat
was seen to hook one of her horns into the wire,
and pull it."* This is a striking instance of what
is called the instinct of animals.
The young reader will, perhaps, remember who
Mrs. Lee's Anecdotes of the IIabits and Instincts of Animals,
p. 300.






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


are called "goats" in the Bible. If he should
not, let him turn to the twenty-fifth chapter of
the Gospel by St. Matthew, and he will there
read that the wicked are compared to goats, and
that they will, in the day of judgment, be placed
on the left hand of the Judge, and then cast into
hell. But the sheep, or those who have loved
and obeyed Christ, shall be on the right hand,
and then shall be received into heaven. In which
of these companies shall we be placed ?
0 Lord, direct our youthful feet
In thine appointed ways;
That we at last thy saints may meet,
To join in endless praise.



THE DOG.
THERE are many kinds of dogs, as the lurcher,
the terrier, the pointer, the water-dog, the grey-
hound, and others. They are of different sizes,
from the little spaniel to the large mastiff or noble
Newfoundland dog. Some are good swimmers,
and have saved many persons from drowning. In


__






THE DOG.


the cold countries of the world, dogs are em-
ployed in drawing sledges over snow and ice.
The dog very soon learns to do what he is
taught. We have seen him guide with care the
steps of the blind along the winding streets of a
town. In the evening he safely leads his poor
master home, where he often gets a very scanty
meal in return for his trouble.
Many stories have been told about dogs. Only
one will now be given, and that will be of a New-
foundland dog named Neptune. He was a very
fine dog, and lived at an inn in Dorsetshire. He
had been taught every morning, as the clock
struck eight, to take in his mouth a certain basket,
placed for the purpose, containing a few pence,
and to carry it across the street to a baker's, who
took out the money, and replaced it by the pro-
per number of rolls. With these Neptune has-
tened back to the kitchen, and safely put down
his trust; but what was most worthy of remark,
he never attempted to take the basket, or even to
approach it, on Sunday mornings. On one occa-
sion, when returning with the rolls, another dog






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


made an attack upon the basket, for the purpose
of stealing its contents; when the trusty Neptune
placed the basket on the ground, well punished
the intruder, and then bore off his charge in
triumph.*
In eastern countries dogs are not taken so
much care of as they are in England. They lie
about the streets, half-starved and fierce, and are
very troublesome to passengers. They prowl in
the darkness of the night in search of food.
David compares his enemies to hungry dogs,
howling around a city, and seeking their prey.
Psa. lix. 6, 14, 15.


TH E CAT.
Tnim nice clean furry skin, home habits, and lively
ways of the eat make it a favourite in most houses.
It love:; to keep in the sun, and is fond of sitting
before a fire, to enjoy the pleasant warmth. There
it will stay for hours, making a purring noise, or
rubbing its face with its paws. The female cat
Bell's Ili~tury o' Quildrupeds.






THE CAT.


takes great care of her kittens, and will hide them
if she thinks them in danger of being hurt.
It has been sometimes said that cats can see in
the dark; this is not quite the case; but it is
certain they can see with much less light than
most other animals. They can alter the shape of
the pupil of the eye, so as to suit it to the shades of
the evening, or the bright light of the day. Cats
have whiskers, or long hairs on their upper lips
and eyebrows. These they can move about, and
they are thought to be of use to enable them to
feel if any hole is large enough to put their bodies
through.
Cats were formerly wild creatures, but some
kinds have been domesticated, or tamed, so as to
dwell in a house. Indeed, many wild creatures of
opposite natures have been tamed, and have been
taught to dwell together in peace. A man in
London shows a cat, a rat, a hawk, a rabbit, an
owl, a pigeon, a starling, and a sparrow, living
most lovingly together in a large cage. This he
calls "the happy familyy" He has managed to do
this by bringing them into one another's company






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


when quite young, and by keeping them well fed.
So much do the character and temper, even of
animals, depend on the training they have in early
life, and the direction that is given to their first
habits and friendships. Surely, children may
learn a lesson' from the happy family," and live
together in peace. How sad is it when brothers
and sisters fall out, and chide, and fight."
As Christ has commanded, I '11 constantly try,
My neighbours to love, and myself to deny:
From my own little pleasures a portion I '11 spare,
To gladden their hearts, and to lighten their care



THE HOG.
THE hog tribe are fond of wallowing in the mire;
they feed on animal or vegetable food; and also
dig up the earth with their strong snouts, in search
of roots. In a wild state they are very fierce,
particularly the boars.
Many years ago, boars were found in the
woods and forests of England. They were hunted
by dogs. When a boar found itself pursued, it






THE HOG.


turned round, and with'its large tusks attacked
the dogs, and often killed them and the hunter
too. It is not now seen anywhere in our land.
We may walk through a pleasant wood, or by the
sides of a green forest, without any fear of meeting
with this savage beast.
The tame hog or pig is a well-known animal.
Its colour is mostly a dirty white, though some-
times it is black, or what is called pie-bald. In
the South Sea Islands pigs are very numerous.
They were the largest animals at one time known
there. When the natives first saw some animals
that were before unknown to them, they called
them after the name of the pig: thus, the horse
was called "the great pig that carries a man;"
the dog was "the barking pig;" and the ass was
" the noisy, or long-eared pig."
The Jews were not permitted to eat the flesh
of swine, or pigs. The duty of taking care of
these animals belonged to slaves. No one who
could get any other kind of work would disgrace
himself by keeping or feeding them. Into what
a low state, then, did the prodigal son bring him-






16 A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.

self, when he became a keeper of swine, and was
ready to eat the husks on which they fed. All
disobedience to parents, and all sin against God,
will bring us into trouble and misery, unless we
repent of it, and find mercy through Jesus Christ.


--I






THE OX.


PICTURE II.

THE OX.
THE ox is well known to almost all young per-
sons. Who has not felt pleasure while looking at
a number of oxen, lying on the grass of the
meadow, or standing by the side of a pond?
We may approach them without any fear; but
when teased they will fiercely turn upon those
who ill use them. When hurt, they will run
wildly about, toss about their tails, and roar fear-
fully; and sad will it be for any one who then
comes in the way of their long horns.
Oxen are very useful to man. In some places
they draw the plough in the field, and drag the
wagon along the road: in the east they tread out
or thresh the corn. The flesh of the ox we call
beef; its fat is melted into tallow to form our
candles. Its skin serves as covers for our trunks,
as leather for our boots and shoes, and as binding
c


I -A






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


for our books. Its hair is mixed with mortar for
our houses; its sinews are used as thread by
saddle-makers; and its gristle is made into glue.
Its blood is employed to purify sugar for our tea-
table, and its gall to cleanse our woollens and
carpets. From some of its bones is made an oil,
used in cleaning the harness of coaches, and the
larger bones are ground to manure the earth.
Nor must we forget its horns; these are made
into cups, combs, and knife-handles, or, when cut
into thin pieces, serve for the sides of lanterns
instead of glass.
The people called Hindoos, who live in India,
will not eat the flesh of a certain kind of ox, nor
will they let it do any common work. These
oxen are very tame, and walk about the cities.
Sometimes they will go up to a person having
grass in his hands, and eat it. And they have
been known to break into gardens, and to thrust
their noses into fruiterers' and pastrycooks' shops.
This is very impudent of them; but no one dares
to hurt them for their boldness. The Brahmins
or priests feed them with great care, and teach








the people to fall down and worship them. The
apostle Paul says that the heathen, in former
times, had idols made after the likeness of birds,
and beasts, and creeping things." When any
people are without the Bible, they fall into great
error, and are ignorant of the knowledge of the
only true God. How thankful we should be
that we have that holy book! Were we with-
out it, we should be as ignorant as are the poor
idolaters.


THE COW.
IN some countries the people live chiefly upon
the milk of the cow, and it supplies many in this
land with their most agreeable and nourishing
food. After the milk has been in a dish for a few
hours, cream is formed on the top. This cream is
skimmed off, and made into butter, which is done
by beating it in a vessel called a churn. Cheese
is also made from milk.
A cow was one day taken from her calf, and
brought to London to be sold. The man who


J9--- __ _


19


THE COW.






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


bought her, took her to his home, but from
whence she contrived to get away. The cow
found her way through the streets of the great
city, and along many miles of a country road, and
was seen the next morning standing at the gate
of the yard where her young calf had been left.
How she found her way along the streets and
lanes of London, and for many miles beyond, no
one could tell. This fact shows how great is the
affection the cow bears to her young. She has
been known to carry her calf in her mouth, and
hide it in the woods, lest it should be taken from
her. And she has been seen to go to it two or
three times every day to give it food.
Calves, when very young, are helpless creatures,
from the length and weakness of their legs.
When killed, their flesh is called veal. Their
stomach is cleaned, salted, and dried, and is then
called runnet. A piece of this runnet is used in
making cheese, by being put into the milk of the
cow, which it turns to whey, and this being
strongly pressed, forms cheese.
In almost every part of the world, oxen and






THE SHEEP.


cows are found. And in this we see the goodness
of God, in giving such useful animals for the
support of man.


THE SHEEP.
SHEEP are much valued for their flesh, skin, and
wool. The wool shorn in England and Scotland
from sheep, is of the value of two millions of
pounds in money; and when made up into cloth,
it is worth more than six millions. The skin is
made into gloves, parchment, and book-covers.
In some parts of the world, butter and cheese are
prepared from the milk of sheep. How much of
our comfort and food do we owe to this animal!
At the Cape of Good Hope, the sheep have
very large tails, which consist chiefly of a rich
kind of fat. One of these tails has been known
to weigh as much as twenty pounds. Sometimes
the tail is placed upon a little cart, or on small
wheels, to preserve it from injury.
Sheep are careful of their young. A gentleman
was passing over a lonely hill in Scotland, when a






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


ewe came to him, bleating in a most piteous way.
She stood boldly before him, and looked up in
his face, as if asking for his assistance. He got
out of his chaise, and thought he would follow
the poor distressed animal. As soon as she saw
him ready to attend to her case, she trotted on
before him along the road for some distance,
until she came to a heap of stones. Here he
found a lamb whose feet were jammed between
two large stones. It was very weak from its
struggling to get free. The gentleman set at
liberty the little captive, and laid it gently upon
the grass by the roadside, where it might rest
after its pains and efforts; while the mother
poured forth her gratitude in a long and con-
tinued bleat.*
In several beautiful parables in the Bible, we
have sheep noticed as emblems, or illustrations.
Our Saviour compares his people to sheep; and
he calls himself the Good Shepherd. For them
he laid down his life. Those who are not of his
fold, do not hear his voice-do not attend to his
Captain Brown's Popular Natural History.


__






THE HARVEST MOUSE. 23
commands. But his sheep know it, and obey it.
These he guides through this world, and will
bring safely to heaven. May every reader seek
the grace of the Holy Spirit, that he or she may
be one of the lambs of Christ!
The lamb was offered as a sacrifice upon the
Jewish altar: this was a type, or figure, of the
death of our Lord Jesus Christ, who is called
"the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of
the world," John i. 29.


THE HARVEST MOUSE.
IN one corner of our picture will be seen three
little harvest mice. These are among the smallest
of all the four-footed beasts. The head and body
of the harvest mouse are only two inches in
length. When put into a pair of scales one of
these mice is found to weigh no more than a copper
farthing. It takes six of these tiny creatures to
weigh an ounce.
Its nest is very curious, and is built on the
straws of corn, or is hung on the head of a thistle.






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


It is round like a ball. When a number of young
harvest mice are inside, it is so closely filled, that
it has been rolled across a table without disturb-
ing its little inmates.
Harvest mice are shy and timid. One kept in
a cage was fond of climbing along the wires,
to which it held fast by its tail as it moved along.
It kept itself quite clean, and was often seen rub-
bing its face and body with its paws, after the
manner of a cat.
At the time of harvest, many of these mice are
carried among the sheaves into the barn. They
there make a hole in the floor, and underneath it
form a nice warm bed for the winter.


~


_ ____ --- _--- ~ .- L ---~---- -~-- I -- -


24






THE FALLOW DEER.


PICTURE III.
THE FALLOW-DEER.
THOSE young persons who have walked through
a park no doubt have been delighted with a sight
of the fallow-deer, as they have stood in a group
under some wide-spreading trees, or as they have
nimbly bounded over the green lawn. On the
slightest alarm, they lift their heads and erect their
ears, and appear for a moment to listen; away
they then start, and are soon out of sight behind
the -distant thicket of trees. This kind of deer
is called fallow, that is, pale red, or yellow, in
allusion to their colour. They are a small kind
of stag, having a different kind of antlers, or horns
growing from the head. They eat grass like
oxen; and are very fond of the berries which
grow on thorn trees. When these berries are out
of their reach, they will give a spring, and entangle
their horns in the lower boughs of a tree, shake
the branches once or twice, to make the berries
fall to the ground, and then quietly pick them up






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


The flesh of this animal is called venison; the
horns are made into knife-handles, and the shavings
are used to make hartshorn. The male is called
a buck; the female, which has no horns, a doe.
Buckskin and doeskin are a soft kind of leather,
which is used to make gloves and gaiters.
Though fallow-deer are meek-looking animals,
they often fight amongst themselves. They have
been seen to divide into two parties, and engage
with each other most fiercely. Each party is led
on by a chief, the oldest and strongest of the herd.
They renew the fight every day, until the feeblest
side is conquered.


THE STAG.
THE stag lives on the rocky waste, on the
healthy mountain, and in the wooded plains. It
is a beautiful animal: its stately walk, fine shape,
noble antlers, and soft and sparkling eye, make it
a most lovely object in the midst of a green
landscape.
Its large horns are shed every year, and new






THE BADGER.


ones come in their place. The horns begin to
appear when the animal is a year old. It eats
slowly, and is very careful in the choice of the
grass on which it feeds.
In England the colour of the stag is mostly of
a reddish brown; in other countries, it is dark
brown; there are also some instances in which it
is white. It lives generally to the age of fifty.
The female stag takes great care of her young.
She hides them in the thickest parts of the forest,
and protects them with great courage from all
attacks. When the hunters come near her hiding
place, she starts before the hounds in an opposite
direction, to draw them away from her young.
After a chase of some hours she manages to return
alone to her fawns, or young stags, whose lives she
has saved at the hazard of her own.



THE BADGER.
THE badger is found in some parts of England,
and is common in other lands. It is a lazy crea-






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


ture, sleeping in its hole all the day, and going
abroad for a short time at night in search of wasps'
nests, frogs, worms, and nuts. But the eggs of
birds are its most dainty food. As it lives so well,
it grows very fat. In some countries its flesh is
considered good for food, and is said to eat like
sucking-pig.
The badger has a long body, short legs, and
strong claws. Its claws are of use in digging its
deep hole in the earth. When caught young, it
can be tamed, and may be taught to play with
dogs, and even to follow its master from place to
place. In its tame state, it is fond of lying before
a fire, and will often approach so near as to burn
itself severely.
The following anecdote of the badger will show
its affection, and supply a useful lesson to the
reader. Two persons in France were on a journey.
Passing through a hollow way, a dog which was
with them started a badger, and killed it. Being
a few miles from a village, they dragged it after
them, to sell the skin, as badgers' hair makes good
brushes for painters. Not having a rope, they






THE FOX.


twisted some twigs, and thus drew it along the
road. They had not gone far when they heard
the cry of an animal in distress, and stopped to
listen, when they saw another badger come slowly
towards them. They at first cast stones at it, but
it still came forward, and threw itself on the dead
animal, which it began to lick, and then raised
another piteous cry. The men continued to draw
along the dead badger with the living one upon
it, nor could boys, dogs, or men force it from its
place. In this way they entered the village, when,
to their shame be it said, they burned the affec-
tionate creature, because, as they foolishly and
wickedly declared, it was a witch."
I would not be a cruel boy
For all this world can give:
Why should I take away the joy
Of those who happy live ?


THE FOX.
THE fox is met with in nearly every part of the
world. Reynard, as he is often called, is famous
for his cunning and tricks. During the day, he






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


snugly lurks near a village, and in the evening
creeps into the farmer's rick-yard, and carries off
any young lamb or fat goose that may come in
his way. Or he steals into the warren in search
of a rabbit, or into the woods to surprise the
partridges on their nests. When the fox fails in
these supplies, he is glad to put up with rats, moles,
and any small birds he can catch.
The fox is very fond of grapes, as well as honey.
When he attacks a bee-hive he is often set upon
by all the stinging throng. This reception makes
him retire; he then rolls himself on the ground,
and crushes the bees that have fastened on his
skin. Again and again he returns to the attack,
until he has drawn off or driven away the bees,
when he seizes the honeycomb as the reward of
his victory.
The fur of some kinds of foxes is much used in
articles of dress. Thousands of skins of this ani-
mal are brought to England, every year, from the
cold parts of North America.
When we read about the fox, we should not
forget the affecting words of our Lord Jesus Christ:






THE FOX.


" The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air
have nests; but the Son of man hath not where
to lay his head," Matt. viii. 20. He who is the
Lord of glory and the King of kings was nursed
in a manger, lived in poverty, and was without a
home; and all this, and greater sufferings, he
endured for all who by the grace of God truly
believe in him; to all of whom it may be said,
"Though he was rich, yet for your sakes he
became poor, that ye through his poverty might
be rich," 2 Cor. viii. 9.

Every bird can build its nest,
Foxes have their place of rest;
He by whom this world was made
Had not where to lay his head.
He, who is the Lord most high,
Then was poorer far than I,
That I might hereafter be
Rich to all eternity.


III1 ,liI%


__ __ __


31






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


PICTURE IV.

THE HARE.
IN the heat of the day, the timid hare may be
seen sitting on its form, or bed, in some retired
corner in the copse, or under a hedge or bush;
but in the dusk of the evening, or early dawn,
it comes forth on the heath or field to feed.
The ears move backwards and forwards as it
listens to every sound, while its legs are gathered
up ready for flight. It has no claws nor strength
to resist its foes: its only chance of escape is from
its quick sight and hearing, and the swiftness of
its feet. When the moon shines bright a number
of hares may be seen leaping and chasing one
another, but at the least noise they take the alarm,
and scamper quickly out of sight.
Hares are not without a good share of instinct.
If one is pursued by dogs, it seeks rising ground,
its long hind legs giving it great advantage in






THE HARE.


running up a hill. The hare also changes its
home as the seasons change. When hard pressed,
this animal will mingle with a flock of sheep, or
spring on an old wall, and hide itself among the
grass on the top; or will cross a stream of water
several times at short distances, to confuse the
dogs which are in pursuit.
The poet Cowper has given a pleasing account
of three hares which he tamed. He called them
Puss, Tiny, and Bess. He built for them a small
house to sleep in. In the day time they ran
about the poet's room, and at night each retired
to its own little bed to sleep. Puss was fond of
leaping into its kind keeper's lap, when it would
raise itself on its hind feet, and nibble the hair
from his head. At times, it fell asleep on his
knees. Finding it so tame, the poet used to
carry it after breakfast into the garden, where it
would hide itself under the leaves of some cucum-
ber plants. Puss was always ready for this liberty.
When the time came for it to go into the garden,
it would run to Mr. Cowper, and drum on his
knees; and then take the bottom of his coat
D


__






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


between its teeth, and pull with all its might.
After supper the three hares were admitted into
the parlour, where they loved to frisk, and play a
thousand games, in which Puss always proved
itself to be the strongest. One evening the cat,
being in the room, patted Puss the hare, on the
cheeks, which affront was resented by her drum-
ming on the cat's back so violently, that she was
glad to run away and hide herself.


THE RABBIT.
THIS animal is smaller than the hare, though it
is like it in other respects. Rabbits live under
ground, in what are called burrows, which are
deep holes dug by them in sandy hillocks. In
these places they make beds of hair and soft hay.
They will often pull the fur or down from their
own breasts, to make comfortable nests for their
young. When many of these burrows are toge-
ther they form what is called a warren. The
old rabbits sit at the entrance of these holes,
holding their young between their paws, smooth






THE RABBIT.


ing their hair, and fondling them with the great-
est affection. When danger is near, one of the
old rabbits who is on the watch, knocks with his
hind-paws on the ground, and at this signal the
rest seek for safety underground.
The rabbit will sometimes show a good share
of courage in defence of its young. One fine
day, a gentleman saw a rabbit sitting by its
burrow, near the ruins of an old castle. Sud-
denly from a bush a large weasel darted to
the spot, and tried to make its way into the
burrow, in which, no doubt, were the rabbit's
young ones. Every time the weasel ran forward
the rabbit raised itself on its hind-legs, and with
its fore-feet gave the intruder a smart knock on
the head. The attack continued for a quarter of
an hour, when the weasel crawled away as if it
were stunned with the thumps it had received.
Tame rabbits are larger than wild ones, and
their fur is almost of every colour, while wild ones
are nearly always of one colour. The flesh of the
rabbit is valued as an article of food, and its fur is
much used in the manufacture of hats.


__I






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


THE SQUIRREL.
THE common squirrel makes a nest of moss and
dried leaves between two branches of a tree.
The nest has two holes, at opposite sides; as the
wind changes it shuts the opening towards that
quarter, or when the rain falls, it closes up both
ends with pine-cones. Though so playful, it is
far from an idle animal: it busily provides for
future wants, by laying up a store of nuts and
berries as a winter's store. It places these in the
hollow of a tree, and never touches them till they
are needed. Some kinds of squirrels have their
storehouses on the ground. They make several
cells or rooms, which are joined by galleries: here
they pile up their provision in much order. In
the care and foresight with which they provide
for the future their instinct serves them better
than reason serves many men and children. God
has given us nobler powers; how little do we
employ them to the great end for which they
were given!
When kept in a house, the squirrel is an amusing






THE SQUIRREL.


little creature. It will become so tame and play-
ful as to put its paws into its master's pockets in
search of nuts. But it is seen to most advantage
in its native woods, when the wild nuts are on
the trees. Now you may behold it running down
the trunk of a tree with its head foremost; and
then, with a bound, you may see it playing at hide
and seek among the branches. Perhaps, if you ap-
proach softly, you will find it perched on a bough,
sitting upright, and holding in its fore-paws an
acorn it has just plucked from the tree. How
quickly it bites through the shell, and removes
every part of the brown dry skin; and now the
sweet kernel affords it a dainty treat!
Ah there 's the squirrel perch'd aloft,
That active little rover;
See, how he whisks his bushy tail,
Which covers him all over.
Now view him seated on a bough,
To crack his nuts at ease;
While blackbirds sing, and stock-doves coo,
Amid the leafy trees.
The light wind lifts his silken hair,
So long and loosely flowing;
His quick ear catches every sound:
How brisk he looks, and knowing!






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


With cunning glance he casts around,
His merry, sparkling eye;
In yonder hazel, by the brook,
Rich clusters he can spy.
His lofty station soon he quits,
To seize the precious store;
You ne'er can catch him, dearest child,
The useless search give o'er.


THE MONKEY.
MONKEYS are of different kinds, as to size, colour,
and general habits. They are very numerous in
hot countries; there is scarcely a forest that does
not swarm with them. They nurse their young
with great fondness, and seem never tired of
playing with them. But, should the little ones
prove stubborn or disobedient, they will often
severely correct them.
When monkeys take up their abode near to
cultivated fields they are very destructive. They
assemble in great numbers, and destroy whole
fields of sugar-canes or rice. It is not only what
they eat, or carry away, but what they root up
and trample down, that causes the greatest loss.






THE MONKEY. 39
Some monkeys are fierce and powerful, and all
are fond of mischief. They sadly tease all other
animals that live near them; and many strange
stories have been given of their tricks on more
simple creatures than themselves. A lady, in her
voyage from Africa, found several of the monkey
tribe on board the ship, but "the prince of them
all" was one named Jack. And many were the
curious pranks which Jack played, and which the
lady most pleasantly has related. A few of these
tricks only can be here noticed.
Jack began the day by overturning the parrot's
cage, in order to secure the lump of sugar, which
then rolled out. He then went between-decks,
and jerked off the sailors' nightcaps as they lay
asleep, or ran away with their knives and clothes.
When the cook was preparing for breakfast, he
took his post in a corner near the grate, and slily
hooked out the biscuits which were toasting be-
tween the bars, though sometimes he burned his
fingers in the attempt, which kept him quiet for a
few days.
Two days in the week, the pigs, which formed
part of the live stock, were allowed to run about






40 A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.
the deck, which afforded Jack fine sport. Hiding
himself behind a cask, he would suddenly spring
on the back of one of them, his face to the tail,
and in this way enjoy a ride on the frightened
pig. Then with a look of wonder he would stare
at the sailors, who laughed at his pranks, as much
as to say, What can you find to laugh at? One of
his droll tricks was practised on a poor little black
monkey. The men had been painting a part of
the ship, and when they went to dinner below,
they left their pot of white paint and brushes on
the upper deck. Jack, as soon as the men were
gone, invited the little black monkey to come to
him, whom he seized with one hand, and with the
other painted his victim from head to foot. Then,
as if he bethought himself that he had done
wrong, he scampered up the rigging to the main-
top, where he stood with his nose between the
bars, looking at what was going on below. There
he remained for three days, until hunger made
him descend, when he put himself in a lowly
posture, as if to ask forgiveness for what he had
done.*
Mrs. Lee's Anecdotes of Animals.






THE LION.


PICTURE V.

THE LION.
THE lion is called the king of the forest," from
his bold and majestic look, and great strength.
One blow of his paw has broken the back of a
horse, and one sweep of his tail has thrown a
strong man to the ground. He has been known
to seize a heifer in his mouth, and carry it off,
leaping over a broad ditch, with as much ease as a
cat would run away with a mouse.
The length of the lion is from six to eight feet,
and his tail four feet more. The general colour
of his skin is a yellowish brown. A large mane
falls over his neck, which becomes thicker and
longer as the animal grows older. When he roars
it is like distant thunder, and may be heard
through the whole forest. At the sound all the
other beasts take to flight. When he seizes on
his prey, with a sudden bound, his yell is terrible.






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


Though so fierce, the lion has been tamed, and
has shown much affection for its keeper. Some
years ago there were shown in London a lion and
lioness, attended by a negro. He had brought
them up from cubs. They allowed him to enter
their den in safety, when they played around him
like kittens;. and when he stamped his foot, they
quietly laid themselves down at his feet.
The lioness is smaller than the lion, and is
without the shaggy mane.
The Scriptures often allude to the lion. The
young reader will not forget the account of Daniel
in the den of lions, and how God was with him
there, and kept the fierce beasts from hurting
him.
Unhurt was Daniel found, but when
The king commandment gave,
To cast in all the wicked men,
The lions caught them in the den,
And there was none to save.
Ye that fear God, be not dismayed
When troubles round you lower;
Let him be trusted and obey'd,
And you may then expect his aid
In every trying hour.






THE LEOPARD.


THE LEOPARD.
THE leopard has been termed "a large spotted
cat," for it resembles a cat in shape and habits,
and in the purring and mewing sounds it makes.
The upper part of its body is of a tawny colour,
prettily spotted with round black marks. ,Its hair
is smooth and glossy, and its movements are very
graceful and active. It is a native of Asia and
Africa.
The leopard is a good climber, and pursues
monkeys and other small animals along the
boughs of trees. It mostly, however, lies crouch-
ing beneath the tall grass, or on the side of a rock,
from whence it springs upon its prey. When
hungry, it strolls around towns, and will leap over
high walls into a fold, and then back again with a
large sheep in its mouth.
Many accounts are given of the slyness and
cruelty of the leopard. A male and female
leopard, with three young ones, entered a sheep-
fold at the Cape of Good Hope. The old ones
killed a large number of the flock, and drank their

I






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


blood. They then tore a sheep into three pieces,
and gave a portion to each of their young ones,
while they loaded themselves with a whole sheep
apiece. As they were moving off, they were
seen; and the female and three young ones were
killed, while the male made his escape.
The negroes take these beasts by means of pits,
slightly covered with boughs and earth. A piece
of flesh is placed as a bait, which when they
attempt to secure, they fall into the trap, and are
slain.

THE BEAR.
TIIERE are three kinds of bears: the brown bear
of Europe, the black bear of America, and the
white bear of Greenland. Their nature is alike
suited to the snow and ice of the coldest countries,
and to the heat of the warmest lands.
The body of the bear is thick, strong, and
covered with a coarse kind of fur. It lives on
flesh, fruit, and, indeed, almost every eatable thing
it can find. It climbs the highest trees in search
of eggs, dives into the sea in pursuit of fish, and

L________





THE BEAR.


pounces on the horse as it passes its den. Those
who have visited the Zoological Gardens in Lon-
don, have seen the power of the bear in climbing
up a poll.
In Northern Asia, the bear is of as much value
to the natives as the sheep is to us. From the
ski they make cloaks, beds, caps, gloves, shoes,
and harness for their sledges. Its fat serves as oil
for their lamps, and its flesh is a dainty dish for
their tables. Portions of the stomach and other
inner parts are dried and spread out, and are so
clear as to serve for windows to their log houses.
Of the shoulder-bones sickles are made, to cut grass
in summer; and the fur is used for muffs in winter.
The white bear is often seen on the floating ice
far out at sea. In winter, it crawls in among
masses of snow, and remains torpid, or asleep, till
the return of a warmer season. It is very fond of
its cubs, and will never desert them in danger, but
when the shot are flying thickly around, instead
of trying to escape, the she-bear will stay by
them, and lick their wounds, if they are shot, till
she falls, shot also.






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


Bears, when tamed, are fond of fun, and many
are the amusing pranks in which they engage;
though sometimes their tricks occasion danger to
others. A young English officer, who was sta-
tioned at a lone fortress in North America, amused
himself by taming a white-bear species. He taught
him to fetch and carry, to follow him like a dog,
and to wait patiently at meal-time for his share.
He took the bear with him when he returned to
England, and he became a great favourite with
the passengers, and the ship's company. The bear,
however, especially attached himself to a little girl,
about four years old, the daughter of one of the
ladies on board, who romped with him as she
would with a dog. In one of these games of play,
he seized her with one fore paw, and with the other
clamberendand clung to the rigging till he lodged
her and himself in the main top, where, regardless
of her cries, and the agony of her mother, he tried
to continue his romp.
It would not do to pursue the pair, for fear the
bear should drop the child; and his master know-
ing how fond he was of sugar, had some mattresses






THE BEAR. 47
placed round the mast, in case the child should
fall, and then strewed a quantity of sugar on the
deck; he called the bear, and pointed to it, who,
after a moment's hesitation, came down as he went
-up, bringing the child in safety. He was of course
deprived of his liberty during the rest of his
voyage.
In the winter, bears retire to their caves in the
mountains, and when the spring returns, they
come down in great numbers to feed on the fish
in the rivers. If they should happen to find the
nets set by the fishermen, they contrive to draw
them ashore, and feast upon the fish.
In Germany the bear is often caught in a pit,
which is loosely covered with sticks or turf, on
which a pot of honey is put as a bait. As the
bear is very fond of honey, he is soon drawn to
the place, and falls into the snare. They have
also a relish for peas and beans, which they rub
out of the pods against a stone, or some rocky
ground; and they not only devour the seeds, but
carry off the green straw to their dens for a
bedding.







48


A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


Bears were formerly found in a wild state in
England, but many ages have passed since one of
these animals has crossed one of our forests, or
alarmed the shepherd while watching his flock.
The bear is referred to in the Scriptures, particu-
larly on one sad occasion, when forty-two wicked
youths at Bethel were torn to death by two she-
bears. These youths mocked the prophet Elisha,
and in so doing insulted God, who thus punished
them for their daring sin, 2' Kings ii. 23.


__


--`--.
c
~~
L :'
-C.





THE ELEPHANT.


PICTURE VI.
THE ELEPHANT.
THE elephant is a noble animal, standing from
nine to twelve feet high. He is not only the
largest and strongest, but is one of the most gentle
of creatures. He is acute and discerning, and
grows very fond of those who use him kindly. He
moves quickly, and can travel at the rate of fifty
miles a day. He can carry a load of two thousand
pounds on his back, or drag a weight that would
be too heavy for six horses.
He is found wild in the woods of Africa and
Asia, where large herds feed together. Young
shoots of trees, and grain, serve for his food. He
is very fond of sweetmeats and the smell of flowers.
The most curious limb of the elephant is his trunk,
which serves him instead of arms and hands. Not
only has he the power of moving his trunk, but he
can bend it, shorten it, lengthen it, turn it back,
E


49






50 A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.
and in every direction. The point is like a finger,
and by it he can pick up a pin or a sixpence,
gather flowers one by one, untie knots, open and
shut doors, and turn the key or force back the
bolt. Such is the strength he puts forth, that with
the trunk he can tear up trees by the roots, or
twine round a man's body, and lift him above his
head with ease.
A tame elephant took a great liking to a young
child, and seemed only happy when she was near
him. The nurse used to take the infant in her
cradle, and place her between the elephant's feet.
When the child slept, he not only rocked the
cradle, but drove off the flies with his trunk.
Another elephant was fond of putting his trunk
under the arm of a little girl, who came every
morning into the place where he was kept, and in
this manner tried to walk by her side, carefully
avoiding treading on her with his great and
heavy feet.
A very affecting story is told of an elephant.
This animal broke loose one dark night fiom a
camp near Cawnpore, and ran wild among the






THE ELEPHANT. 51
tents, roaring and trumpeting with his trunk, and
driving before him men, women, children, camels,
cows, and horses. He was followed in his flight
by swordmen and spearmen, who shouted and
called; but, regardless of the noise, he still ran on,
pushing down the tents, upsetting everything that
came in his way, wounding and injuring many,
and at last killing his keeper with a blow of his
great trunk. The moment the poor man fell, and
the elephant saw that he did not rise, he suddenly
stopped, seemed concerned, looked at him with
an eye of pity, and stood fixed to the spot. He
paused for a few seconds, then ran towards the
place from whence he had broken loose, and went
quietly to his station, in front of which lay a little
girl, about two years old, the daughter of the poor
keeper. In a moment he took the child gently
round the waist, lifted it from the ground, and
caressed and fondled it for some time. Every
beholder trembled for its safety, and expected
that it would share the fate of its poor father.
But no; the tired creature, having turned the
child round three times, quietly laid it down, and






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


Sdrew some clothing on it that had fallen off.
After this, he stood over the child, with his eyes
fixed upon it; and if," said the narrator, "I did
not see the penitential tear steal from his eye, I
have never seen it in my life." He then submitted
to be chained by some other keepers, and stood
motionless and dejected, as if aware that he had
done a wrong he could not repair. His sorrow
became more and more plain as he stood and
gazed on the fatherless babe, who, without any
fear, played with its trunk. From this time the
animal was quiet, and he always seemed delighted
when the little orphan was in sight. Many per-
sons went to see the noble creature fondling his
adopted; but there was a visible alteration in his
health: he fell away, and died at Cawnpore six
months after.
The elephant has two large tusks, which are of
ivory, and graw from the upper part of the head.
With these tusks he opposes his foes: either by
thrusting them through, or by tossing them into
the air, and then stamping on them with his
feet.






THE CAMEL.


In eastern countries, the king and other great
people ride on the backs of elephants, which are
covered with very rich trappings. Their usual
colour is a dusky black; but a few are white.
The value of a white elephant is very great: it is
almost honoured as a god by the heathen. A
palace is built for its use, and the most precious
jewels are hung about its neck. A large number
of servants wait upon it, and feed it with the
choicest food out of golden dishes.


THE CAMEL.
THE Arabs call the camel "the ship of the desert,"
as by it they make long journeys over dreary
parts of the earth, which could not be crossed by
horses or other beasts of burden. To enable it to
do this, it can store in one of its five stomachs a
large supply of water, which it uses, when needed,
to refresh its mouth or soften its food. It can
bear hunger for a long time, and then a few dates
or beans satisfy it. Its hoofs also are suited to
the soft and hot sand of the desert. We see how






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


God provides for the beasts, in fitting them to live
in the very places he puts them in.
The camel has such a keen sense of smell, that
it will perceive the wells of water when they are
two miles off, and hasten towards them when his
thirsty master would not know which road to take.
When a camel is used for a journey, a high
saddle is put upon its back; and fine trappings,
with little bells, are thrown upon its body. The
tinkling of the bells is said to be very agreeable
to it when crossing a desert. It is not so pleasant
to ride on a camel as on a horse. The animal is
made to kneel: when the rider gets on the saddle,
it first raises its hind legs, which tosses the traveller
forward; then it gets on its fore feet, when he is
thrown back. Its pace is very unpleasant to a
stranger; and, after a day's journey, he is well tired
of such kind of riding. Sometimes the poor
camel falls in the desert, from thirst or fatigue. If
it does not quickly rise, it is left to die alone, its
eyes following its master, who is obliged to hasten
on his way, lest he also should perish in the
wilderness.


54






THE CAMEL.


A camel, when full grown, is about seven feet
high, and will bear a load of one thousand pounds.
When about to receive its burden, it kneels down
till it is told to rise. But it makes a loud cry
when its load is too heavy. The camel will
remember an injury for a long time, until it can
avenge it; but is satisfied if it can believe that
it has done it. When an Arab has offended his
camel, he arranges his clothes in a spot which it
will pass, so as to resemble himself sleeping under
them. The animal sees the clothes, seizes them
with its teeth, and tramples on them. Its rage
is then at an end, and the owner may appear again,
and load it as he pleases. It is very cruel to
overload and ill treat such a useful and patient
animal.
The Arabians say that the camel is the gift of
God, without which they could not trade, travel,
or live. Its milk is their usual food; they also
eat its flesh, and make clothes and tents of its
hair. Sandals, or shoes for the feet, and buckets
for water, are made of its hide. John the Baptist
wore a garment of camel's hair.


_ I


~





A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


One kind of camel, a native of Asia, has two
lumps on its back; that which has only one is
called a dromedary.



THE GIRAFFE.
THE giraffe, in ancient times, was called a
camelopard, because it is somewhat similar to a
camel in form, and is spotted like a leopard.
When standing with its head and neck erect, the
giraffe measures sixteen or eighteen feet in height.
Its long neck adapts it to feed on the branches
of trees, which it seizes with its tongue.
It is a very graceful and beautiful animal, and is
mild and gentle in its temper. The gentleman
who sent the first live giraffes to England says,
" I have seen some of them shed tears when they
no longer saw their companions, or the persons
who are in the habit of attending on them."
When pursued, the camelopard trots so fast,
that even a good horse at a gallop can scarcely
keep pace with it. A female giraffe was taken to





THE BUFFALO.


Paris, and thousands of persons went to see her.
There were several natives of the East at that time
in the French city, and they also paid her a visit.
The moment she beheld their head-dresses, or tur-
bans, she stretched out her long neck and licked
their foreheads, no doubt remembering that they
were those of the people among whom she had
been brought up. Her love for roses was great,
and she eagerly snatched them from those who
carried them; and many were astonished at the
distance she could reach in taking these flowers
from the hands of the spectators.



THE BUFFALO.
THE buffalo is of the ox tribe. It is a native of
South Africa, and parts of Asia and Europe. At
first sight, the buffalo looks very much like the
cow, but it is unlike it in several respects. The
buffalo is more clumsy, and has a wilder look. It
carries its head nearer the ground, its body is
shorter, its horns not so round, and its tail less






A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.


furnished with hair. Its skin is also harder and
thicker, and its flesh not so good to the taste. It
is very strong, and, it is said, it can draw as much
as two powerful horses. It is so well able to
defend itself, that tigers will seldom attack it.
The face of the buffalo is covered with dark
curly hair, which, with its fiery eyes, gives it a
fierce and cruel look. The horns are of great size
and length, and stand out straight from the head.
This animal is common in Egypt, being kept both
for milk and to work: it formerly was known in
Judea, though in a wild state, and is doubtless the
unicorn of Scripture.
This animal often lies concealed in thick bushes
or reeds, and rushes out upon the passing traveller,
making its attack with great fury. An English
gentleman in India says, I strolled about a mile
and a half from my boat, when, finding the sun
very hot, I made towards a grove. I had not
gone far before my servant called out to me to
take care, for we were pursued by a wild buffalo.
I turned round and saw him; he came on rapidly.
I made for the grove as fast as I could run, but I






THE BUFFALO. 59
could hear the buffalo snorting behind me. It
was of no use to fire my gun; but a thought
struck me. I had heard that this animal's anger
was roused by anything of a red colour; and my
servant's turban being of that hue, I snatched it
off his head, and threw it behind me towards the
buffalo. It caught his attention, and he tossed it
up in the air, and stamped upon it in a fury.
This gave me time to reach the grove, where I
got into a tree, along with my servant. He now
made towards our retreat, but there were grazing
in the grove two poor asses: the buffalo fiercely
attacked them, and after they were slain, he
scampered over the plain towards a jungle in the
distance. I now got from the tree, and returned
to my boat, grateful for my escape."
Butter and cheese are made from the milk of
the buffalo, and stout leather from its skin. At
the Cape of Good Hope, the Hottentots, who never
put themselves to any great trouble in cooking
their food, cut the flesh into slices, and half broil
it over a fire of wood.
In some countries, the buffalo has been tamed,


____ I







60 A BOOK ABOUT ANIMALS.

and is of service in drawing the plough or the
wagon. But in other parts of the earth it is
dreaded as among the most savage of animals. It
crouches in a swamp, or hides near the pathway of
a wood, ready to rush on any traveller or animal
that may pass along. Though it has strong horns,
it mostly kills those it attacks by trampling on
them with its feet.


~" '
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1 \-^: ^
f 'I ^. **
. J'*^^, ^














CONCLUSION.


WHEN we see how fierce some creatures are, and
how powerful in destroying life, we should be
thankful that we live in a land where we are far
away from such kind of danger. Instead of the
lion, the tiger, and the buffalo, we have the sheep,
the dog, and the cow. We may walk in our
fields, or ramble through our woods, without the
fear of being surprised by creatures who are as
powerful as they are savage. We may, however,
be sure that God has made nothing in vain: every
creature has its proper place in his creation, and
all obey the laws under which he has placed them.
How sad, then, it is that we only should disobey the






62 CONCLUSION.
law of our Creator! He has placed us not only
under laws which concern the life of our bodies,
but under a law which relates to our minds, which
is called the moral law. It tells us our duty to
God, and our duty to man. And that we might
know and understand what he would have us to
do, he has given us not only instinct, such as the
beasts possess, but he has endowed us also with
reason. We have, however, not done what the
law teaches us to do, nor attended to what it
teaches us to shun. We have become sinners in
the sight of God.
And then, too, God has created us not merely
for this life, he has made us to live for ever. We
are raised above all other creatures on earth, for
he has given unto each of us a living soul. While
the other tribes of creatures die, and pass away as
if they had never been, our souls can never die.
Is it not, then, a serious question, What will
become of our souls if we remain offenders against
the laws of our God? The Bible gives the
answer, We shall in that case be miserable for
ever. But it also tells us, how great is the love






CONCLUSION.


and pity of God towards us: that he sent his Son
Jesus Christ to redeem us, by his obedience and
sufferings, from the punishment that would other-
wise come upon us. We are invited to receive
this Saviour by faith, to give him the best love
of our hearts, and the best service of our lives.
And to those who believe and obey, is the promise
given, that when their days on this earth are
ended, instead of their spirits being sent away
from God, they will enter into rest, and enjoy the
happiness of heaven for ever and ever.





ALL THY WORKS PRAISE THEE."

PRAISE ye the Lord 't is good to raise
Our hearts and voices in his praise;
His nature and his works invite
To make this duty our delight.
He form'd the stars, those heavenly flames,
He counts their numbers, calls their names;
His wisdom's vast, and knows no bound,
A deep where all our thoughts are drown'd.






64 CONCLUSION.

Sing to the Lord, exalt him high,
Who spreads his clouds around the sky;
There he prepares the fruitful rain,
Nor lets the drops descend in vain.

He makes the grass the hills adorn,
And clothes the smiling fields with corn;
The beasts with food his hands supply,
And the young ravens when they cry

His saints are lovely in his sight!
He views his children with delight;
He sees their hope, he knows their fear,
And loves his holy image there.


___




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