Front Cover
 Title Page
 Back Cover

Group Title: Thrilling stories of the ocean : from authentic accounts of modern voyagers and travellers; designed for the entertainment and instruction of young people
Title: Thrilling stories of the ocean
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00002045/00001
 Material Information
Title: Thrilling stories of the ocean from authentic accounts of modern voyagers and travellers; designed for the entertainment and instruction of young people
Alternate Title: Stories of the ocean
Physical Description: 300, <8> p. : ill. ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Park, Marmaduke
C.G. Henderson & Co ( Publisher )
Publisher: C. G. Henderson & Co.
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
Publication Date: 1852, c1851
Copyright Date: 1851
Subject: Sailors -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Ship captains -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Sea stories -- 1852   ( rbgenr )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1852   ( rbbin )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1852   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1852
Genre: Sea stories   ( rbgenr )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Statement of Responsibility: by Marmaduke Park.
General Note: Running title: Stories of the ocean.
General Note: Publisher's catalogue follows text.
General Note: Baldwin Library copy lacks pages 97 & 98.
Funding: Brittle Books Program
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00002045
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002235441
oclc - 00208255
notis - ALH5895
lccn - 77235347
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Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover i
        Front cover ii
        Front cover iii
        Front cover iv
        Front cover v
        Front cover vi
        Front cover vii
        Front cover viii
    Title Page
        Page 3
        Page 4
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    Back Cover
        Page 310
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Full Text






The Baldwin Library
Unir ity



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With Numerous Illustrations,

1 15 2.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1851, by
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in
and for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.




T HE white sharks
S.1 are the dread of
sailors in all hot cli-
mates, for they con-
stantly attend vessels
in expectation of any
thing which may be
thrown overboard. A
shark will thus some-
times traverse the ocean in company with a
1* (5)
-* .-^


ship for several hundred leagues. Woe to the
poor mariner who may chance to fall over-
board while this sea-monster is present.
Some species of sharks grow to an enor-
mous size, often weighing from one to four
thousand pounds each. The skin of the shark
is rough, and is used for polishing wood, ivory,
&c.; that of one species is manufactured into
an article called shagreen: spectacle-cases are
made of it. The white shark is the sailor's
worst enemy: he has five rows of wedge-
shaped teeth, which are notched like a saw:
when the animal is at rest they are flat in his
mouth, but when about to seize his prey they
are erected by a set of muscles which join
them to the jaw. His mouth is so situated
under the head that he is obliged to turn him-
self on one side before he can grasp any thing
with those enormous jaws.
I will now give you an account of the death
of a very brave little boy, who was killed by
a shark. He was an Irish boy; his name was
Volney Beckner, the son of a poor fisherman.
His father, having always intended Volney



for a seafaring life, took great pains to teach
him such things as it is useful for a sailor to
know, and tried to make him brave and
hardy; he taught him to swim when a mere
Volney was only nine years old when he
first went to sea in a merchant ship; the
same vessel in which his father sometimes
sailed. Here he worked hard and fared hard,


but this gave him no uneasiness; his frame
was robust, he never took cold, he knew not
what fear was.
In the most boisterous weather, when the
rain fell in torrents, and the wind howled
around the ship, the little Irish boy would
fearlessly and cheerfully climb the stays and
sailyards, mount the topmast, or perform any
other duty required of him. At twelve years
old the captain promoted the clever, good
tempered, and trustworthy boy; spoke well
of him before the whole crew, and doubled
his pay.


Volney was very sensible td his praises.'
His messmates loved him for his generous
nature, and because he had often shown him-
self ready to brave danger in order to assist
them; but an occasion soon arrived in which
he had an opportunity of performing one of
the most truly heroic deeds on record.
The vessel in which Volney and his father
sailed was bound to Port au Prince, in St.
Domingo. A little girl, the daughter of
of the passengers, having slipped away
her nurse, ran on deck to amuse he
While gazing on the expanse of water, the
heaving of the vessel made her dizzy, and she
fell overboard.
Volney's father saw the accident, darted
after her, and quickly caught her by the dress;
but while with one hand he swam to reach
the ship, and with the other held the chi',
he saw a shark advancing towards them. He
called aloud for help; there was no time to
lose, yet none dared to afford him any. No
one, did I say? Yes, little Volney, prompted


by filial love, ventured on a deed which strong
men dared not attempt.
Armed with a broad, sharp sabre, he threw
himself into the sea, then diving like a fish
under the shark, he stabbed the weapon into
his body up to the hilt. Thus wounded the
shark quitted his prey, and turned on the
boy, who again and again attacked him with
the sabre, but the struggle was too unequal;
ropes were quickly thrown from the deck to
the father and son; each succeeded in grasp-
ing one, and loud rose the cry of joy, "They
are saved I" Not so! The shark, enraged
at seeing that he was about to be altogether
disappointed of his prey, made one desperate
spring, and tore asunder the body of the
noble-hearted little boy, while his father and
the fainting child in his arms were saved.





WILL tell you an
Sold story of an in-
cident which oc-
JII curred many years
ago, but perhaps it
may be new to you,
and please you as
much as it did me
when I was a little
girl, and used to sit on my grandpapa's knee,
and listen to this tale among many others.
2 (13)


The hero of my story was a countryman;
you may, if you please, fancy his neat white
cottage on the hill-side, with its rustic porch,
all overgrown with jasmine, roses, and cle-
matis; the pretty garden and orchard belong-
ing to it, with the snug poultry yard, the
shed for the cow, and the stack of food for
winter's use on one side.
You may fancy the pleasure of the little
children who lived at this cottage in going



with their mother morning and evening to
feed the poultry; the noise and bustle among
the feathered tribe at this time; how some
rudely push before and peck the others in
their anxiety to obtain the first grains that
fall from the basket, and how the little child-
ren take care that the most greedy shall not
get it all; their joy at seeing the young broods
of tiny chicks covered with downy feathers,
and the anxiety of the hens each to protect
her own from danger, and teach them'to
scratch and pick up food for themselves;
while they never forget to admire and praise
the beauty of the fine old cock, as he struts


about with an air of magnificence, like the
very king of the guard.

High was his comb, and coral red withal,
In dents embattled like a castle wall;
His bill was raven-black and shone like jet,
Blue were his legs, and orient were his feet;
White were his nails, like silver to behold!
His body glittering like burnished gold."

If you had been there, you would have
wished to visit the little orchard; to see the
gentle cow, and the geese feeding on the
common beyond; to watch the young duck-
lings, dipping and ducking and enjoying their
watering sport in the pond.
If it be spring, the children would delight
in gathering the sweet-scented meadow
flowers--the water ranunculus, with its
golden cups, the modest daisy, the pink
cuckoo-flower, and the yellow cowslips; while
overhead the bees kept up a constant hum-
ming; they have found their way from the
straw hives in the garden and are diving into
the delicious blossoms of the apple and
cherry trees, robbing many a one of its sweets.



But now to my history of what did really
happen to a countryman, who very likely
ived in such a pretty cottage as I have
He had more poultry in his yard than he
needed for his own use; some of them had
been fatted for sale; and wishing to turn
them into money, he left his home, which was
near Bristol, with a basket full of them on his
arm. Having reached the river, he went on
board the ferry boat, intending to go across
to a place called Bristol Hot-Wells. Many
gentle folks visit this spot for the sake of
drinking the waters of the wells, which are
thought to be very beneficial in some com-
plaints; and no doubt our countryman hoped


that among them his poultry would fetch a
good price.
The ferry boat was nearly half way over
the river, when, by some accident, the poor
man lost his footing and fell into the stream;
he could not swim, and the current carried
him more than a hundred yards from the
boat; but he kept fast hold of his poultry
basket, which being buoyant, supported him
until he was perceived, and rescued by som
men in a fishing-smack.
I hope he reached the Hot-Wells in safety
after all, and sold his poultry for as much as
he expected; and, what is still better, that
his heart was filled with gratitude to God for
his preservation from danger so imminent.






H what a stirring tcene
is this see how the
brave fellows are pull-
S ing with their oars,
and endeavoring with
all their might to
reach the ship in dis-
tress before it is too
late I Well, I suppose you are curious to
know how an open boat like this can float in
such an angry, boiling sea. I will tell you


how it is accomplished; the sides of the boat
are lined with hollow boxes of copper, which
being perfectly air-tight, render her buoyant,
even when full of water, or loaded to the very
water's edge.
The originator of this simple and beautiful
contrivance was a London coach maker,
named Lionel Lukin, a man whose benevolent
feelings flowed towards all his fellow men,
but more especially towards that portion oft
them who brave the dangers of the sea. After
devoting sixty years of his life to the pur-
suits of his business, he retired to Hythe in
Kent, where he finished a well-spent life in
peace and tranquility, dying in February,
1834. His body was interred in the church-
yard of Hythe, which is situated on rising
ground, commanding a fine view of the ocean;
a fit resting place for the remains of one
whose talents had been successfully directed
to the means of rescuing from shipwreck and
a watery grave many hundreds, or perhaps
we may say many thousands, of poor sea-



men. He obtained a patent for his first boat
in 1785.
The two sailors in the picture below are
Greenwich pensioners, supported, you know,
at Greenwich Hospital, which was founded
by Charles II. for superannuated or wounded
sailors. They are smoking their pipes, and
discussing the merits of the Life Boat





HE whale is the largest
of lU, known animals.
There are three kinds of
whale; -he Greenland,
called by the sailors the
right whale, as being
most highly prized by
them; the great northern
rorqual, called by fishers the razor-back or

",' 1I



AA W b '41mM.




finner, and the cachalot or spermaciti whale.
The common whale measures from sixty to
seventy feet in length: the mouth, when open,
is large enough to admit a- ship's jolly boat,
with all her men in it. It contains no teeth;
and enormous as the creature is, the opening
to the throat is very narrow, not more than
an inch and a half across in the largest whale.
Instead of teeth the mouth of the whale is
furnished with a curious framework of a sub-
stance called baleen; you will know it by the
name of whalebone; it is arranged in rows,
and projects beyond the lips' in a hanging
fringe; the food of the whale consists of
shrimps, small fishes, sea-snails, and innu-
merable minute creatures, called medusae,
which are found in those seas where the
whales feed in such vast quantities that they
make the water of a deep green or olive color.
When feeding the whale swims with open
mouth under the water, and all the objects
which lie in the way of that great moving
cavern are caught by the baleen, and never
seen again. Along with their food they swal-




low a vast quantity of water, which passes
back again through the nostrils, and is col-
lected into a bag placed at the external ori-
fice of the cavity of the nose, whence it is ex-
pelled by the pressure of powerful muscles
through a very narrow opening pierced in the
top of the head.
In this way it spouts the water in beauti-
ful jets from twenty to thirty feet in height.
The voice of the whale is like a low murmur-
ing: it has a smooth skin all over its body,
under which lies that thick lard which yields
the oil for which they are so much sought. The
Greenland whale has but two side-fins; its tail
is in the shape of a crescent; it is an instru-
ment of immense power; it has been some-
times known with one stroke to hurl large
boats high into the air, breaking them into a



thousand fragments. The whale shows great
affection for her young, which is called the
calf; the fishermen well know this, and turn
it to their own account; they try to strike
the young with the harpoon, which is a strong,
barbed instrument, and if they do this they
are almost sure of securing the mother also,
as nothing will induce her to leave it.
Mr. Scorseby, who was for a long time en-
gaged in the whale fishery, has written a book
containing a very interesting account of them.
He mentions a case in which a young whale
was struck beside its dam. She instantly
seized and darted off with it, but not until
the line had been fixed to its body. In spite
of all that could be done to her, she remained
near her dying little one, till she was struck
again and again, and thus both perished.
Sometimes, however, on an occasion like this,
the old whale becomes furious, and then the
danger to the men is very great, as they
attack the whale in boats, several of which
belong to each ship.
A number of these boats once made towards




a whale, which, with her calf was playing
round a group of rocks. The old whale per-
ceiving the approaching danger, did all she
could to warn her little one of it, till the
sight became quite affecting. She led it
away from the boats, swam round it, embraced
it with her fins, and sometimes rolled over
with it in the waves.
The men in the boats now rowed a-head
of the whales, and drove them back among
the rocks, at which the mother evinced great
uneasiness and anxiety; she swam round and
round the young one in lessening circles; but
all her care was unheeded, and the inexpe-
rienced calf soon met its fate. It was struck
and killed, and a harpoon fixed in the mother,
-when, roused to reckless fury, she flew on one
of the boats, and made her tail descend with
such tremendous force on the very centre of
it, as to cut it in two, and kill two of the men,
the rest swimming in all directionsfor their



JC :IT 10 i s .

1 c

rr ( A


WIMMING is a manly exeri
a1 one in which, under prop"
care, every lile ygt t
instructed. In the ftrstpWc
is a very healthy and nvig
ing practice frequently to immqre the body
in water: and when we !pecllqet low often
the knowledge of this art i bl
the Supreme Disposer of even as aS a -e Ss


of saving his rational creatures from sudden
death, it seems that to neglect this object is
almost to refuse to avail ourselves of one of
the means of safety, which a kind Providence
has placed within our reach.
Only imagine yourself to be, as many be-
fore you have been, in a situation of pressing
danger on the sea, and yet at no great dis-
tance from the land, so that you might hope
to reach it by swimming, but to remain on
board the vessel appeared certain death, how
thankful you would then feel to your friends
if they had put this means of escape into your
power! Or if you were to see some unfortu-
nate fellow-creature struggling in the water,
and about to disappear from your sight, how
willingly, if conscious of your own power to
support yourself, would you plunge ,nto the
water to. his rescue! and how waIld your
heart glow with delight if your efforts to save
him should prove successful
Here is, a picture representing the very re-
markable preservation of the crew of a vessel
on the coast of Newfoundland. In this in-



stance man availed himself of the instinct
which ever prompts the brute creation to
self-preservation. The ship was freighted
with live cattle; in a dreadful storm she was
dismasted, and became a mere wreck. The
crew being unable to manage her, it occurred
to the captain, whose name was Drummond,
as a last resort, to attach some ropes to the
horns of some of the bullocks, and turn them
into the sea. This was done, the bullocks
swam towards land and towed the ship to
the shore. Thus the lives of the crew were



HE Royal George anj
old ship; she had see
much service. Her
build was rather short
and high, but she.
sailed wel, and car-
ried the tallest masts
and squareieeanvas of any of En gun-
ships. bhad just returned fro pithead,
where there iw twenty or thirty ships of











war, called a fleet, lying under command of
Lord Howe. It was on the 29th of August,
1782. She was lying off Portsmouth; her
decks had been washed the day before, and
the carpenter discovered that the pipes which
admitted water to cleanse the ship was worn
out, and must be replaced. This pipe being
three feet under the water, it was needful to
heel, or lay the ship a little on one side. To
do this, the heavy guns on the larboard side
were run out of the port-holes (those win-
dow-like openings which which you see in
the side of the vessel) as far as they would
go, and the guns on the starboard side were
drawn up and secured in the middle of the
deck; this brought the sills of the port-holes
on the lowest side nearly even with the water.
Just as the crew had finished breakfast, a
vessel called the Lark came on the low side
of the ship to unship a cargo of rum ; the
casks were put on board on that side, and
this additional weight, together with that of
the men employed in unloading, caused the
ship to heel still more on one side; every



waomw the sea now washed in at her port-
holes, and thus she had soon so great a weight
of water in her hold, that slowly and almost
imperceptibly she sank still further down on
her side. Twice, the carpenter, seeing the
danger, went on board to ask the officer on
duty to order the ship to be righted; and if
he had not been a proud and angry man,
who would not acknowledge himself to be in
the wrong, all might yet have been well.
The plumbers had almost finished their
work, when a sudden breeze blew on the
raised side of the ship, forced her still further
down, and the water began to pour into her
lower port-holes. Instantly the danger be-
came apparent; the men were ordered to
right the ship: they ran to move theguns
for this purpose, but it was too late.
In a minute or two more, she fell quite over
on her side, with her masts nearly flat on the
water, and the Royal George sank to the bot-
tom, before one signal of distress could be
given 1 By this dreadful accident, about nine
~undrqd persons lost their lives; about two



hundred and thirty were saved, J4s A by
running up the rigging, and being with others
picked up by the boats which put off imme-
diately from other vessels to their assistance.
There were many visitors, women and little
children on board at the time of the accident.



T the time when the
dreadful event which
I have just related to
you occurred, the Irk
sloop, which bt~ ht
the cargo of r~: was
lying alongside of the
Royal George; in going
down, the main-yard of the Royal George
caught the boom of the Lark, and they sank
together, but this made the position of the

~"BP" `~CEA~-~C~
~ "~

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Royal George much more upright in the water
than it would otherwise have been. There
she lay at the bottom of the sea, just as you
have seen small vessels when left by the tide
on a bank. Cowper, when he heard the sad
tale, thus wrote

SHer timbers yet are sound,
And she may float again,
Full charged with England's thunder,
And plough the distant main.
"But Kempenfelt is gone,
His victories are o'er,
And he, and his eight hundred
Shall plough the wave no more."

Admiral Kempenfelt was writing in his
cabin when the ship sank; his first captain
tried to inform him of their situation, but the
heeling of the ship so jammedthe cabin doors
that he could not open them: thus the admi-
ral perished with the rest. It seems Cow-
per thought the Royal George might be re-
covered; other people were of the same
In September of the year in which the ves-


sel sank, a gentleman, named Tracey, living
in the neighborhood, by means of diving-ma-
chines, ascertained the position and state of
the ship, and made proposals to government
to adopt means of raising her and getting
her again afloat. After a great many vexa-
tious delays and interruptions on the part of
those who were to have supplied him with
assistance, he succeeded in getting up the
Lark sloop. His efforts to raise the Royal
George were so far successful, that at every
time of high tide she was lifted from her bed;
and on the 9th of October she was hove at
least thirty or forty feet to westward; but
the days were getting short, the boisterous
winds of winter were setting in, the lighters
to which Tracey's apparatus was attached
were too old and rotten to beat the strain,
and he was forced to abandon the attempt.
The sunken ship remained, a constant im-
pediment to other vessels wishing to cast
anchor near the spot, for nearly fifty years,
when Colonel Pasley, by means of gunpow-
der. completely demolished the wreck: the

loose pieces of timber floated to the surface;
heavier pieces-the ship's guns, cables, an-
chors, the fire-hearth, cooking utensils, and
many smaller articles were recovered by the
divers. These men went down in Indian-rub-
ber dresses, which were air and water-tight;
they were furnished with helmets, in each side
of which were glass windows, to admit light,
and supplied with air by means of pipes,
communicating with an air-pump above. By
these means they could remain under water
more than an hour at a time. I do not think
you are old enough to understand the nature
of Colonel Pasley's operations. Large hol-
low vessels, called cylinders, were filled with
gunpowder, and attached by the divers to
the wreck, these were connected by conduct-
ing wires with a battery on board a lighter
above, ata suicient distance to be out of
reach of danger when the explosion took
place. Colonel Pasley then gave the word to
fire the end of the rod; instantly a report
was heard, and those who witnessed the ex-
plosions, say that the effect was very beauti-


ful. On one occasion, the water rose in a
splendid column above fifty feet high, the
spray sparkling like diamonds in the sun;
then the large fragments of the wreck came
floating to the surface; soon after the mud
from the bottom, blackening the circle of
water, and spreading to a great distance
around; and with it rose to the surface great
numbers of fish, who, poor things, had found
a hiding-place in the wreck, but were dis-
lodged and killed by the terrible gunpowder.

ic ,,


'i Y





ANY and great are the dangers
to which those who lead a sea-
faring life are exposed. The
lightning's flash' may strike a
ship when far away from port,
upon the trackless deep, or the sudden burst-
ing of a particular kind of cloud, called a
water-spout, may overwhelm her, and none be
left to tell her fate. But of all the perils to
which a ship is liable, I think that of her


striking on a sand-bank, or on sunken rocks
is the greatest. There must be men and
women now living on the Kentish coast,
in whose memory the disastrous wreck of
the Melville Castle, with all its attendant
horrors, is yet fresh. It is a sorrowful tale,
doubly so, inasmuch as acts of imprudence,
and still worse, of obstinacy, may ba said to
have occasioned the loss of four hundred and
fifty lives.
In the first place, the Melville Castle, or as
I suppose we should call her the Yryheid,
was in a very decayed state; she had been
long in the East India Company's service, and
was by them sold to some Dutch merchants,
who had her upper works tolerably repaired,
new sheathed and coppered her, and resold
her to the Dutch government, who were then
in want of a vessel to carry out troops and
stores to Batavia.
The Melville Castle was accordingly equip-
ped for the voyage, painted throughout, and
her name changed to the Vryheid. On the
the morning of November, 1802, she set sail


from the Texel, a port on the coast of Holland,
with a fair wind, which lasted till early on
the following day, when a heavy gale came
on in an adverse direction.
The captain immediately had the top-gal-
lant masts and yards struck to make her ride
more easly; but as the day advanced, the
violence of the wind increased, and vain
seemed every effort of the crew to manage the
ship. There were many mothers and little
children on board, whose state was truly
pitiable. The ship was scourged onward by
the resistless blast, which continued to in-
crease until it blew a perfect hurricane.
About three in the afternoon, the main-
mast fell overboard, sweeping several of the
crew into the sea, and severely injuring four
or five more. By this time they were near
enough to the Kentish coast to discern objects
on land, but the waves which rolled moun-
tains high prevented the possibility of any
help approaching. By great exertion the
ship was brought to anchor in Hythe Bay,
and for a few moments hope cheered the


bosoms of those on board; it was but a few,
for almost immediately she was found to have
sprung a leak; and while all hands were
busy at the pumps, the storm came on with
increased fury.
In this dismal plight they continued till
about six o'clock the following morning, when
the ship parted from one of her largest an-
chors, and drifted on towards Dymchurch-
wall, about three miles to the west of Hythe.
This wall is formed by immense piles, and
cross pieces of timber, supported by wooden
jetties, which stretch far into the sea. It
was built to prevent the water from over-
flowing a rich, level district, called Romney
The crew continued to fire guns and hoist
signals of distress. At daybreak a pilot boat
put off from Dover, and nearing the Melville
Castle, advised the captain to put back to
Deal or Hythe, and wait for calmer weather,
or, said the boatman, "all hands will as-
suredly be lost." But the captain would not
act on his recommendation; he thought the


pilot boat exaggerated the danger, hoped the
wind would abate as the day opened, and
that he should avoid the demands of the
Dover pilot or the Dowl fees by not casting
anchor there. Another help the captain re-
jected, and bitterly did he lament it when it
was too late.
No sooner had the pilot boat departed,
than the commodore at Deal despatched two
boats to endeavor to board the ship. The
captain obstinately refused to take any no-
tice of them, and ordered the crew to let the
vessel drive before the wind. This they did,
till the ship ran so close in shore, that the
captain himself saw the imminent danger,
and twice attempted to put her about, but in
vain. On the first of the projecting jetties
of Dymchurch-wall the vessel struck. I would
not if I could grieve your young heart with a
detail of all the horrors that ensued; the de-
voted ship continued to beat on the piles,
the se;;breaking over her with such violence,
that -ithpmps could no longer be worked.
'Th& 1f~ t siown weni o rt ship's


side, carrying twelve seamen with it, who
were swallowed up by the billows. The rud-
der was unshipped, the tiller tore up the gun-
deck, and the water rushed in at the port-
holes. At this fearful moment most of the
passengers and crew joined in solemn prayer
to the Almighty. Morning came, but it was
only to witness the demolition of the wreck.
Many were the efforts made by the suf-
ferers, some in the jolly boat, some on a raft,
others by lashing themselves to pieces of
timber, hogsheads, and even hencoops, to
reach the shore; but out of four hundred and
seventy-two persons who a few days before
had left the coast of Holland, not more than
eighteen escaped the raging billows. The
miserable remnant received generous atten-
tion from the inhabitants of the place, who
did all in their power to aid their recovery.
~ ~I I.



/ .1p





HIS picture re-
presents the
burning of the
Kent East In-
diaman, in the
Bay of Biscay.
She had on
board in all
six hundred
and forty-one
persons at the
time of the accident. The fire broke out in


the hold during a storm. An officer on duty,
finding that a spirit cask had broken loose,
was taking measures to secure it, when a
lurch of the ship caused him to drop his lan-
tern, and in his eagerness to save it, he let
go the cask, which suddenly stove in, and the
spirits communicated with the flame, the
whole place was instantly in a blaze. Hopes
of subduing the fire at first were strong, but
soon heavy volumes of smoke and a pitchy
smell told that it had reached the cable-
In these awful circumstances, the captain
ordered the lower decks to be scuttled, to
admit water. This was done; several poor
seamen being suffocated by the smoke in
exciting the order; but now a new danger
threatened, the sea rushed in so furiously,
that the ship was becoming water-logged,
and all feared her going down. Between six
and seven hundred human beings, were by
by this time crowded on the deck. Many on
their knees earnestly implored the mercy of
an all-powerful God! while some old stout-


hearted sailors quietly seated themselves
directly over the powder magazine, expecting
an explosion every moment, and thinking
thus to put a speedier end to their torture.
In this time of despair, it occurred to the
fourth mate to send a man to the fore-mast,
hoping, but scarce daring to think it probable,
that some friendly sail might be in sight.
The man at the fore-top looked around him;
it was a moment of intense anxiety; then
waving his hat, he cried out, "A sail, on the
lee-bow 1"
Those on deck received the news with
heart-felt gratitude, and answered with three
cheers. Signals of distress were instantly
hoisted, and endeavors used to make towards
the stranger, while the minute guns were
fired continuously. She proved to be the
brig Cambria, Captain Cook, master, bound
to Vera Cruz, having twenty Cornish miners,
and some agents of the Mining Company on
board. For about one quarter of an hour,
the crew of the Kent doubted whether the
brig perceived their signals: but after a


period of dreadful suspense, they saw the
British colors hoisted, and the brig making
towards them.
On this, the crew of the Kent got their
boats in readiness; the first was filled with
women, passengers, and officers' wives, and
was lowered into a sea so tempestuous as to
leave small hope of their reaching the brig;
they did, however, after being nearly swamped
through some entanglement of the ropes, get
clear of the Kent, and were safely taken on
board the Cambria, which prudently lay at
some distance off.
After the first trip, it was found impossible
for the boats to come close alongside of the
Kent, and the poor women and children suf-
fered dreadfully, in being lowered over the
stem into them by means of ropes. Amid
this gloomy scene, many beautiful examples
occurred of filial and parental affection, and
of disinterested friendship; and many sor-
rowful instances of individual loss and suf-
fering. At length, when all had been re-
moved from the burning vessel, but a few,


who were so overcome by fear as to refuse to
make the attempt to reach the brig, the cap-
tain quitted his ill-fated ship.
The flames which had spread along her
upper deck, now mounted rapidly to the
mast and rigging, forming one general confla-
gration and lighting up the heavens to an
immense distance round. One by one her
stately masts fell over her sides. By half-
past one in the morning the fire reached the
powder magazine; the looked-for explosion
took place, and the burning fragments of the
vessel were blown high into the air, like so
many rockets.
The Cambria, with her crowd of sufferers,
made all speed to the nearest port, and
reached Portsmouth in safety, shortly after
midnight, on the 3d of March, 1825, the
accident having taken place on the 28th
of February. Wonderful to tell, fourteen of
the poor creatures, left on the Kent, were
rescued by another ship, the Caroline, on her
passage from Alexandria to Liverpool.

HE life of a pelican seems to
be a very lazy, if not a very
pleasant one. Man, ever on
the watch to turn the habits
of animals to his own account,
observing how good a fisherman the pelican
is, often catches and tames him, and makes
Shim fish for him. I have heard of a bird of
this kind in America, which was so well


trained, that it would at command go off in
the morning, and return at night with its
pouch full, and stretched to.the utt'ost; part
of its treasure it disgorged for. its master,
the rest was given to the bird for its trouble.
It is hardly credible what these extraordinary
pouches will hold; it is said, that among
other things, a man's leg with the boots on
was once found in one of them.
Pelicans live in flocks; they and the cor-
morants sometimes help one another to get a
living. The cormorant is a species of pelican,
of a dusky color: it is sometimes called the
sea crow. The cormorants are the best
divers, so the pelicans arrange themselves in
a large circle at some great distance. f. he
land, and flap their great wings on ttir-
face of the water, while the cormorant..i
beneath. Away swim the poor fi~i tte
fish towards the shore; the. pelicaas a aw
into a narrower circle, and the 'ish iat ast
are brought into so small a compass, that
their pursuers find no difficulty in obtaining
a plentiful meal.




HERE are two kinds of
S turtle; the one is called
Sthe green turtle, and is
much valued as a deli-
cious article of food; the
other the hawk's bill tur-
tle supplies the tortoise
shell of commerce, which
is prepared and moulded
into various forms by heat.
The flesh of the hawk's
bill turtle is considered very unwholesome.






The turtles in the picture are of the edible
kind; they are found on the shores of nearly
all the countries within the tropics.
There is a little rocky island in the south
Atlantic Ocean, called the Island of Ascen-
sion, where they are found in vast numbers,
and this barren spot is often visited by In-
diamen for the purpose of obtaining some of
them. The turtles feed on the sea weed and
other marine plants ihich grow on the shoals
and sand banks, and with their powerful
jaws, they crush the small sea shells which
are found among the weeds. This kind of
food is always to be had in great abundance,
so that the turtles have no occasion to quar-
rel among themselves, for that which is
afforded in such plenty for all; indeed they
seem to be a very quiet and inoffensive race,
herding peaceably together on their extensive
feeding-grounds, and when satisfied retiring
to the fresh water at the mouth of the rivers,
where they remain holding their heads above
water, as if to breathe the fresh air, till the
shadow of any of their numerous enemies




alarms them, when they instantly dive to the
bottom for security.
In the month of April, the females leave
the water after sunset, in order to deposit
their eggs in the sand. By means of their
fore-fins they dig a hole above high water
mark, about one foot wide and two deep, into
which they drop above a hundred eggs; they
then cover them lightly over with a layer of
sand, sufficient to hide' them, and yet thin
enough to admit the warmth of the sun's
rays for hatching them. The instinct which
leads the female turtle to the shore to lay her
eggs, renders her a prey to man. The fishers
wait for them on shore, especially on a moon-
light night, and following them in one of their
journeys, either coming or returning, they
turn them quickly over on their backs, before
they.have time to defend themselves, or to
blind their assailants by throwing up the
sand with their fins.
When very large, for I should tell you that
the usual weight of the turtle is from four to
Six hundred pounds, it requires the efforts of


several men to turn them over, and for this
purpose they often employ levers: the back
shell of the turtle is so flat that when once
over it is impossible for them to right them.
selves, so there the poor creatures lie in this
helpless condition, till they are either taken
away in the manner you see in the picture,
or deposited by their captors in a crawl,
which is a kind of enclosure surrounded by
stakes, and so situated as to admit the influx
of the sea.
The inhabitants of the Bahama Isles, catch
many turtles at a considerable distance from
the shore; they strike them with a spear, the
head of which slips off when it has entered
the body of the turtle, but it is fastened by a
string to the pole, and by means of this ap-
paratus they are able to secure them, and
either take them into the boat or haul'them
on shore. The length of the green turtle
frequently exceeds six feet. A boy ten years
old, a son of Captain Roche, once made use
of a very large shell as a boat, and ventured
in it from the shore to his father's ship,




which lay about a quarter of a mile off. It
was in the bay of Campeachy, off Port Royal,
where the rightful occupant of this shell was

_ ___ ~___





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HE follow ing nar-
rative teaches a
lesson of courage
and devotion such
as are seldom read.
In one of the light.
houses of the deso-
late Fame Isles,
amid the ocean, with no prospect before it
but the wide expanse of sea, and now and
then a distant sail appearing, her cradle
hymn the ceaseless sound of the everlasting


deep, there lived a little child whose name
was Grace Darling. Her father was the
keeper of the light-house; and here Grace
lived and grew up to the age of twenty-two,
her mother's constant helpmate in all domes-
tic duties. She had a fair and healthy coun-
tenance, which wore a kind and cheerful
smile, proceeding from a heart at peace with
others, and happy in the consciousness of
endeavoring to do its duty.
It was at early dawn, one September morn-
ing, in the year 1838, that the family at the
Longstone light-house looked out through a
dense fog which hung over the waters. All
night the sea had run extremely high, with a
heavy gale'from the north, and at this mo-
ment the storm continued unabated. Mr.
and Mrs. Darling and Grace were at this time
the only persons in the light-house; through
the dim mist they perceived the wreck of a
large steam vessel on the rocks, and by the
aid of their telescope they could even make
out the forms of some persons clinging to her.
It was the Forfarshire steamboat on her



passage from Hull to Dundee. She left the
former place with sixty-three persons on
board. She had entered Berwick Bay about
eight o'clock the previous evening, in a heavy
gale and in a leaky condition; the motion of
the vessel soon increased the leak to such a
degree that the fires could not be kept burn-
ing. About ten o'clock she bore up off St.
Abb's Head, the storm still raging. Soon
after the engineer reported that the engines
would not work; the vessel became un-
manageable; it was raining heavily, and the
fog was so dense that it was impossible to
make out their situation. At length the ap-
pearance of breakers close to leeward, and
the Fame lights just becoming visible, showed
to all on board their imminent danger.
The captain vainly tried to run the vessel
between the islands and the main land, she
would no longer answer the helm, and was
driven to and fro by a furious sea. Between
three and four o'clock in the morning she
struck with her bows foremost on a jagged
rock, which pierced her timbers. Soon after


the first shock a mighty wave lifted the vessel
from the rock, and let her fall again with
such violence as fairly to break her in two
pieces; the after part, containing the cabin
with many passengers, all of whom perished,
was instantly carried away through a tre-
mendous current, while the fore part was
fixed on the rock. The survivors, only nine
in number, five of the crew and four passen-
gers, remained in this dreadful situation till
daybreak, when they were described by the
family at the light-house. But who could
dare to cross the raging abyss which lay be-
tween them?
Grace, full of pity and anxiety for the
wretched people on the wreck, forgot all toil
and danger, and urged her father to launch
the boat; she took one oar and her father the
other; but Grace had never assisted in the
boat before, and it was only by extreme
exertion and the most determined courage
that they succeeded in bringing the boat up
to the rock, and rescuing nine of their fel~Pw
creatures from a watery grave, and with the



help of the crew in returning, landed all safe
at the light-house.
Happy Grace Darling! she needed no other
reward than the joy of her own heart and the
warm thanks of those she had helped to de-
liver; but the news of the heroic deed soon
spread, and wondering and admiring strangers
came from far and near to see Grace and that
lonely light-house. Nay more, they showered
gifts upon her, and a public subscription was
raised with a view of rewarding her bravery,
to the amount of seven hundred pounds.
She continued to live with her parents on
their barren isles, finding happiness in her
simple duties and in administering to their
comfort, until her death, which took place
little more than three years after the wreck
of the Forfarshire steamer.



HESE wonderful appear-
ances are caused by the
action of currents of
S wind meeting in the at-
s mospheree from different
t se quarter o We' e some-
ties seen on 1n, but Dlho frequently




at sea, where they are very dangerous visitors.
I will try to give you some idea of what they
are, and perhaps the picture may help you a
little. I dare say you have often noticed
little eddies of wind whirling up dust and
leaves, or any light substances which hap-
pened to be in the way; when these occur
on a larger scale they are called whirlwinds.
Now if a cloud happens to be exactly in
the point where two such furious currents of
wind meet, it is turned round and round by
them with great speed and is condensed into
the form of a cone; this whirling motion
drives from the centre of the cloud all the
particles contained in it, producing what is.
called a vacuum, or empty space, into which
the water or any thing else lying beneath it
has an irresistible tendency to rush. Under-
neath the dense impending cloud, the sea
becomes violently agitated, and the waves
dart rapidly towards the centre of the trou-
bled mass of water: on reaching it they dis-
perse in vapor, and rise, whirling in a spiral
direction towards the cloud. The descnding



and ascending columns unite, the whole pre-
senting the appearance of a hollow cylinder,
or tube of glass, empty within. This, Malte-
brun tells us, and he further adds, "it glides
over the sea without any wind being felt;
indeed several have.been seen at once, pur-
suing different directions. When the cloud
and the marine base of the waterspout move
with equal velocity, the lower cone is often
seen to incline sideways, or even to bend, and
finally to burst in pieces. A noise is then
heard like the noise of a cataract falling in a
deep valley. Lightning frequently issues
from the very bosom of the waterspout, par-
ticularly when it breaks; but no thunder is
ever heard."
Sailors, to prevent the danger which would
arise from coming in contact with one of these
tremendous columns, discharge a cannon into
it: the ball passing through it breaks the
watery cylinder, and causes it to burst, just
as a touch causes your beautiful soap-bubbles
to vanish, and turn to water again. These
waterspouts, at sea, generally occur between


the tropics, and I believe frequently after a
calm, such as the poet has described in the
following lines:

"Down dropt the breeze, the sails dropt down,
'Twas sad as sad could be,
And we did speak only to break
The silence of the sea I

"All in a hot and copper sky,
The bloody sun at noon,
Right up above the mast did stand,
No bigger than the moon.

Day after day, day after day,
We stuck, nor breath, nor motion;
As idle as a painted ship
Upon a painted ocean.

Water, water, every where,
And all the boards did shrink;
Water, water, every where
And not a drop to drink !"

Happily "dead calms" do not generally
last so long as to lead to any serious result.
Sailors have a superstitious and foolish be-
lief that whistling in a calm will bring up a
breeze, and they do this in a drawling, be-


seeching tone, on some prominent part of the
vessel. Poor fellows I what a pity that their
thoughts should not more frequently be di-
rected to Him "who hath measured the
waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted
out heaven with a span," and whose works
and wonders in the deep "they that go down
to the sea in ships" have such abundant
opportunity for observing.

~ i
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. ...


HERE we have a
sailor in the act of
heaving the lead, or tak-
ing soundings, whioh is
a thing extremely ne-
cessary to be done when
a ship is approaching
the shore, as there is
great danger of her
running on a sand-bank
or striking on a sunken
rock. I will now tell
you how it is managed.
A sailor gets over the




ship's side, as you see in the engraving, and
takes his, station in what are called "the
chains;" he holds in his hand a coil of rope,
with the length in fathoms marked upon it;
this rope has a mass of lead attached to the
end of it. At the bottom of the lead, is a
hollow place, into which a piece of tallow
candle is stuck, which brings up distinguish-
ing marks from the bottom of the sea, such
as small shells, sand, or mud, adhering to it.
If the tallow be only indented it is supposed
to have fallen on bare rocks. A correct ac-
count of the soundings is entered in the log-
book; this book contains a description of the
ship's course, the direction of the wind, and
other circumstances, during every hour of
each day and night. Having arranged the
rope so as to allow it to fall freely when cast,
the sailor throws the lead forward into the
water, giving rope sufficient to allow it to
touch the bottom; then with a sudden
jerk, such as long practice alone can enable
him to give, he raises the weight, and after
examining the mark on the rope made by the



water, calls out lustily, so that all forward
can hear, "By the mark seven," or "By the
deep nine," according to the case, or what-
ever the number of fathoms may be. The
lead-line is marked into lengths of six feet,
called fathoms, by knots, or pieces of leather,
or old sail-cloth. In narrow or intricate
channels, it is sometimes needful to place a
man in the chains on each side of the ship,
as the depth will vary a fathom or more even
in the breadth of the vessel, and it is of great
consequence that the leadsmen give the depth
correctly, as a wrong report might cause the
ship to run aground. The time that the leads-
man is employed in taking soundings is often
a period of deep anxiety to the crew and pas-
sengers, especially if the vessel be near an
unknown coast. When the decrease in the
number of fathoms is sudden, the captain
knows that danger is near, and quickly gives
orders to alter the ship's course: the sailors
instantly obey his directions; but sometimes
not all their activity and energy can save the
vessel; she strikes and becomes a wreck.


Turn to the 27th chapter of the Acts of the
Apostles in your Bible, and you will there
read the deeply interesting account of Paul's
shipwreck on the island Melita. Life has
often been compared to avoyage-and aptly so.
You will find that you, like the mariner, are
exposed to many dangers, and that you are
never for one moment safe in trusting to your
own skill to guide your little bark. In watch-
Iulness and -prayer, look to. your Heavenly
Pilot for directions under every circumstance,
often examining yoir oiRn heart, as the sea-
man heaves the:lead in danger. Then will you
be 'safely guided through storms and calms,
amid roeks and shoals, and reach at last the
blessd haven of eternal rest and peace.

I ,



BALLOON is a hollow globe,
made of silk, rendered air-tight
by a coating of gum and resin,
and enclosed.within a strong net-
work. When filled with gas it is so
much lighter: thl a4the air which sur-
Srounds ; ,i that4it -wir.iae with heavier
bodies suspended toit. In' a ort of car or boat


attached, men, who are called "aeronauts,"
have performed journeys through the air.
The balloon was invented by a Frenchman
named Montgolfier. Great expectations were
at first entertained of this art of sailing
through the air, but as yet it has not proved
of much practical use. Many disasters have
at different times befallen balloon voyagers.
Many years ago, Major Mooney ascended in
his balloon from Norwich, expecting from the
direction of the wind that he might descend
near Ipswich; but when he had risen about
one mile from the earth, a violent current
carried him and his balloon towards Yar-
mouth. The balloon fell on the sea, about
nine miles from land. The Major supported
himself for some time in the water, by hold-
ing firmly to the balloon, and was at last
rescued from his dangerous situation by the
crew of a cutter which was cruising on the
This was a disastrous voyage, but I think
.it will interest you to hear of a more success-
ful one, performed by three gentlemen, one



of whom, Mr. Green, has introduced some
great improvements in the art of filling and
guiding balloons. These gentlemen left the
earth in the car of a very large balloon, at
half-past one o'clock, on Monday, the 7th of
November, 1836, intending to proceed to
some point on the continent of Europe not
very distant from Paris. They were provided
with provisions for a fortnight; these, with
sand-bags for ballast, cordage, and all need.
ful apparatus for such a journey were placed
in the bottom of the car, while all around
hung cloaks, carpet bags, barrels of wood
and copper, barometers, telescopes, lamps,
spirit-flasks, coffee-warmers, &c., for you
know it would be impossible for them after-
wards to supply any thing which might have
been forgotten.
Thus duly furnished, the balloon was ra-
pidly borne away by a moderate breeze over
the fertile fields of Kent to Dover. It was
forty-eight minutes past four whei the first
sound of the waves on the sea-beach broke,
on the voyagers' ears: the sun was sinking



below the horizon, and as the balloon was
rapidly borne into the region of mist which
hung over the ocean, we must suppose some-
thing of dread and uncertainty attended the
adventurer's minds. Scarcely, however, had
they completed some arrangements, intended
to render the balloon more buoyant in the
heavy atmosphere, than again the sound of
waves surprised them, and below were seen
glittering the well-known lights of Calais and
the neighboring chores. Passing over Calais
the aeronauts lowered a blue-light to give no-
tiee of their presence, but could not tell
whether the inhabitants perceived it. By this
time night had completely closed in, and still
the silken ball pursued its course. So long
as lights were burning in the towns and vil-
lages which it passed in rapid succession, the
solitary voyagers looked down on the scene
with delight; sometimes they could even
eateh the hum of the yet busy multitude, or
tQbt& k of a watch-dog;. but midnight came,
and ,the world was hushed in sleep.
As soon as the people were again stirring


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