16 OB TOS.
YOUNG MAN'S GUIDE.
BY WILLIAM A. ALCOTT.
sLebtsel aut aIlagst.
PUBLISHED BY T. R. MARVIN.
1 A P A
letAuamordalog ta so Cof uo I a lb.R 7W yw 4,
By T. L MARVIN,
I. sbM Chub' O.o stab. Dbaict Coulrt ofM DIMluof
TO THE SIXTIUHT EDITION.
IT is now nearly twelve years ine this wrk
w prepared for the press, during which period
Shas pased through fifteen edition, some of
bem very large. Besides this, it has been the
ocasion of many other books for young mea,
-some of them bearing almost the very same
tie, -whose sales have also been extensive
But as the original, or parent work, s stil
referred by many to the later, and, in so"m
stances, doubtful productions of those who
refr to live on the labors of others rish
uhe to originate for themselves, it ha bees
bought expedient by the Author to review it, and
pecially to add a few though on the natm
ad character of Friendship. The gretet
change i made in the last chapter.
The leading purpose of te Xounlg m
Guide, a the public must be already aware, ii
aid in forming the character of young men
time and for eternity. Though not a religi,
work, in the proper sense of the term, its en
to make the young better, no less than wiser.
this view, the Author has entered largely inti
disousion of the means of improving the mi
the manners, and the morals, as well as of
proper management of business. Someth
is also said of amusements, and incidentally
bed habits, personal and social. One of
losing chapters was the pioneer of a new i
of popular inculcation: how useful it may h
been, the public must judge for themselves.
On the subject of marriage, the Author
been more full, as well u more earnest, t
elsewhere. The importance of this institM
to every young man, the means of renderin
what the great Creator originally intend
should be, together with those occasional
&tht lllnw-nm nt m thin in tmila rie
hwart his benevolent purposes, are faithully,
ad it is hoped correctly, presented.
The Publisher has appended to the present
edition the Constitution of the United States-
. document which should be thoroughly studied
nd understood by all young men who would
become the intelligent and useful citizens of
The work which was partially announced in
he first preface to this volume, designed u a
equel to it, for more advanced readers,-is
till kept in view. The Boy's Guide, so long
igo promised as an introduction to the present
rork, is just published.
That the Young Man's Guide may continue
o prove useful to the clam of persons for whom
t is especially prepared, and for whose im-
>rovement the Author has labored nearly half a
century, is his most earnest prayer concern
ImonDcTioI. Mistakes in regard to the dipodtl
and ma gement of the young. 19-U
CHAPTER I.- IbroaTAlca or AIMINe *W T m
FourrATIO or CIIacrAu.
Section I. Importance of having a high standard of
tioo.-aThe young would determine to rLe. We
may ully become what we dere to be. An se
dote. Studying the lives of eminaet ad usefl me.
betiea II. Motives to actiom.-A mfgrd to -
own happina To family and fiends. To mosiy.
To country. To the wil of God. The loe of God,
he highet mnoie. I-48
beedso IU Industry.--Noperoa h a righ to
re without labor. Determine to labor a rukg a-
Ir. Muaekm. Meth od b tMhng ind.ey. L-r
k( ta op. ir. Manual ahbor- S-i0
saUmU ag m u 'rI J rmmug. a. A suIgop iV
through the day. 2. Morning hours more agrw
3. Danger of the econd asp. 4. Early riserm h
lived. 5. One hour' sleep before midnight worth
after. 6. Saving of tiM and meo Estimates.
ample of early rising. 49-
Beetion VII. Duty to Parents.-Reuason. 1.
the ake of our own reputation. 2. From love to
parent. 3. Better to afr wrong, than to do wr
4. Nothing gained by going away. Franklin an ex,
tio to the general role. No sight more beautiful t
a well ordered and happy &mily. Obediene the g
imM of li. 66.
stion VIII. Falthfulness.-Our duty to
employee. Common error of the young. Ezam|
Te Mahnat ptia. W
tieB IX. On Frming Temperate h l
er.-aem ad d glesy. ladnl. es .1t off
ldlglpens very yap Spending tim at msh.
ater drinks the best Igus. TumpMr hIit
id to health. Eoceleb ti Example of mdil
ing. Tee, oobe, sops, and all wme drinks lr -
ions. Geneml ruas. r6-40
Bection X. Boppers. Custo of our nsu tsm;
d of the Jews. Advantages ined by avoiding
ppers. Eating-hous. 70-73
Beetioa XI. Dre.-Its us. Neither be btt
r lat in a fihion. Fodness for drss. Wam
t oftae mied by dree. 73-45
BSetion XII. Bashfulne and Modety. We m-
both bdahfl and impudent Bashfulness lajurl
t up for just what we e, and no more. 76-9
Section III. Politene and Good Breding.-
t to be dmpied. In what good breeding eom .
Ir acquired. Ten plai rules. 78-
Seetion XIV. Personal Habit. -B Been of the
y planned in the morning. Dessing, shaving, Me.
yving with oold water. Anecdote. 8t-8
section XV. Thing and Clanliess.- Co e.
* of CMlenie with Moal Purity. Neghlt o
s sabject. Os-
fetma XVI. Little Thlgs.-Not to be dlme
uad Ztmrmmn. The waod m*ds p of dIkl
s uen _T-' - .---
g it. Avoid the first toep. An error in eduati
Opinion of Dr. Darwin. The Quaker and the N1
chant. Zimmerman's method of oweeming anj
Unreasonablenes of returning evil for evil. 93-
CHAPTER II.-On Tas MaXAoeZswr or Bosun
Section 1. Commencing Business. Avoid d
Do not begin too early. Facts stated. Why yoi
men do not take warning. Students of Medicine
Divinity. Examples for imitation. 100-
Section II. Importance of Integrity.-This
and robbers respect it What it is. Many kinds
dishonesty. 1. Concealing the market price. 2. 1
represenin it 3. Selling unsound or defect
goods, and calling them sound and perfect. Quack a
icines. 4. Concealing defects. 5. Lowering the vi
of things we wish to buy. 6. Use of false weights
measures. Other kinds of dihonesty. 108-
Section III. Method.-Memorandum book;
aes. Rules for doing much business in little time.
Hection IV. Application to Busnes.-Every I
son ought to have one principal object of pursuit,
steadily pursue it. Perseverance of a shopkee
All Wn employment respectable. Character
Seetion V. Proper Time and euason of doing
wm .- When to deal with the goomy; th lat-.
mate; those unhappy in domestic lif; me inolvd
I public 1ooa9-
Section VI. Baying upon TMrut. -- L with
or income. Cladit. BDy nothing but whet ye
eed. Estimates and examples to show the fly of
rdit. Not intended asM Ie datingia m
Section VII. We should endeavor to do our bad-
ms ourselves. Four remon. Trusting dependents.
We can do many little things without hindrae.
Bection Vm. Over Tradin.-A speck s ~offmd.
trims fom a desre to get rich rapidly. Wiehkdm
BSctn IX. Making onatnroet befomren Al-
ays make bargisr beforehand. Thee rmm. If
omib, redone every thing to writing. 131-131
Section X. How to know with whom to deL-
wo rle. How to detect a knave. All men by a
me, aWrIeos. Avold those who boat dof l r.
-r Avoid sanuine promiser. 13-1.
edtI XI. How to take Menu they a.-Bow
Segd a miser; a polsate man; a sow ma; te
ewetm; tho ruled by their wive; the boeing;
Smild temped; the by. mz sorts people m
Whm yeo 1 mat to eqpet muh aid or symelrty h
lib: the erdid, Uthe l dte Iy, the risk, the mi
able Oem poverty, and the illy. 136-14
Section Xll. Of deiring the good opinion of oif
ew.--Thoee not fr from ruin who do a' er .--T
their extreme to be avoided. 140-14
Section XIII. Intenreddling with the afirsn
othes.-Matchmakers. Taking sides in quarrels. IU
oeetio" XIV. On keeping Serets.-Who
sably be trusted. Aneodotes. 143-14
Section XV. Fear of Poverty. Little real pove
ty i thi eom try. Sham of being tho4bht poor le
to wor evils tha poverty itell Fer of over
eb a *ae of suicide. 146-11
Seetio XVL Speculation.-The hbit early th
d. Its a peeie oftgming. IteUes.
betos.XVIL Lawseits.-Avoid tb low. UL
glei a disease. Consider what is galed by I
mami- e of hIe 8ubds the pemdor waih lad
i. Lawrbto umaem 16--U
IletM X Hwad dealiar.-ItA um
me. IteJriM. Habit the MAmme e .
CHAPTIM IM.-O Amosam A Inouse a.
etion 1. On OGming.-B Eery gn a robber.
The fr player. Gamingl red nothing. Cn-
rsptc manner. Disoorage industry. OphlosM of
Looke and others. What tremendol evils it leads
to. Franoe, Enland. Diremnt sorts of gaming.
1. Cred, die, and lari 9. Saoiy mu, r.
Then brutal pactieM iil sometimes tolerated. &
Hora rnuinu and eedAjgidng. A resent baUfight
BetioaII. On Lotterio.- Lotter th sp-
ales of Gaming. They aMe a spec of ,wludafg.
Estimate to show their olly. Appeal to the reader.
eoties HI. The Theate.-A shod of vie.
Iqries to healt. Dimmes predoeed by it I
danger to morls. Opinion and fats hAm Gueiss,
Roe.am, Hawkims, Tillomo, Collir, Hals, Bu. h,
mid Plat. Assedria. AaMiiy of theatre. Me
seaty but ina isM "akumes. II-
etae IV. Usd ir TO aoo.-. aTo mo P- e
te of its vils in Germany. Toboo cousmmae
in dh Unmld Wes. Whm it wau ltodes. MKe
resume It to their hilden. A met pewIrsl
pis. Mages hmd fe l e t, it, pesorteo to thi do.
gendeis piebsas plt, am ma @ used,00ept
Ihel oef Jladil. Hew smes asnhe b hedimL
L SGmy. .Apei ar the ,r peliae. hiseM
dbu, st pmun teeth. 3. RTah iM Di,,
*AcduWger d r hit. A-M..
geio V. UsefW Rereadotn.- Re-rei o
the opls air. Playing ball; quoits; nine pins, I
keting. Dancing. Its uses and dangers. eadi
snetimes a recreation. Sport of the field conide
CHAPTER IV.- IxplOVyMZNT OF TnZ MIND.
action I. Habits of Obervation. We dsh
keep our 'eyes open.' Anecdote from Dr. Dwi4
Avoid pedantry. Aeacdote of a surgeon;-of
elder and younger Pliny. 196--
Section II. Rules for Conversation. Rles of p
fting from it. Hear others. Do not interrupt thi
Avoid those who use vulgr or profane langu
Speak late younelf. Avoid great earnetness. No
be overbearin. 190-I
Section II. On Books and Study.- How to oi
on a dislike to them. Lyceums, Trvel, Histr
Newspapers. A common mistake. Education o
the key to knowledge. Men have commenced
dentr at 40. Franklin always a learner. We (
frd rl M r study. PrAdris audie. 1. GeO g
Bow to study it Its importance. I. Hrery. U
prmed. & JrietweS. Pisu est arithmestiel
The nme se M of the pen and penil do not |
a owldge of thi branch. Chi4. iy, and at
IMeldoismei s. UseMi mnewrCemistry. 6.
e and OnrYpe n.i One method of obtal
a pIrelst knowledge of these brashesb. & LA
wli .7.7. Vyeu are l, a id egpp .Jl.
I. Not eoommeaded, epeeally to theN wb have
title leimre. 9. Newspaper. Newspapem, though
rodotive of mooh evil, eo the whole ue l. Pive
ales to aist the reader in making a judiciUoiou ee
on. Politics. History and constitution of our oon-
7 studied. 10. Keepig a Jsural. Example.
other ways of improving the mind. Blak book,
ith pencil in our pockets. 11. Presrv s qf Bokw
ia Puap Books should be overed; kept eleu ;
ed with dry hand@. Turning down leaves. Uait
Moks for pillows, prop. to windows, mats, &e.
CHAPTER V.- SOCIAL AND MORAL IMPROTvUNT.
Section I. Female Society, in general. Both me
loold be educated together. What we are to thisk
'those who despite female society. How it polishes
ad improves u. 309434
Seetio I. Advice and Friendship of Mothem.
sad Bibl Classes. Value of the latter. 943-M4
Seetio VII. Of Female Society in re eace to
Marige.-- Every youth should keep matrimony in
view. Particulr advice. The wish to marry, pro-
dealy indullg, will have a gret iauleee on our
obhrcter. Error ofa pedagoue. 94--50
CHAPTER VI.--MPMauA .
Section I. Why Matrimony is duty. Importance
of the subject. Conuideted u a school. Early mr-
riag. Objeotion. Seven great evil from late mar
BeAise n. General Considerations. Hsbands and
wives gradually resemble each other. Considertiont
Ar these who mbuk in matrimony. 8-4l1
Section UI. Female Qualifiations for Matrimony
-1. Mr W mEue s 9. COM S 3. Dmir
fe mire, ent. 4. Feun. for dtir Mis
nde esadition of a husband or wif, where this i
weati 6. Lm q donelsr s emuer. Evils of
igUeme oi this poat. Fkhioable teduetiem
ftUL *. A&sriy. Definition of the term. An eae.
lo. Love do mental and bodily excitement umsall
-eM td. T. lmdusre. How to Jud4 whether
m Is ladftrios. &. rly dflr. A ouk of
try. ItA r1ila9 dikBolt of or 9. rgI hy.
importance show. 10. Paw*Nl .NMm. Il
lort. 11. J 1,d Ampir. lto IaMrtm ils-
Pd. It AlsmoMa*M**- on-=
CHAPTER VII.-CiummaL. BU tmas.
dtion I. IeoMtay and y sdstMies.-Coastmly.
mportano iUlustnted by an enUmpl. Cruelty ar
sing with the afbotions of a female. OpIla of
eation II. Licentioneme.- Most common in
M. New Orlenu. Hint to legi ton. A hoid
nm. Not wholly imaiary. AvomidtheAt e rit
SESample of preatre doenpitude. Aasade
C. Solitary vice. ThR vloe ompmrd wb:
aVprue. A et of wrethe exposed. Apologis,
tim =a&de. Natua of the evils this or po-
s. The law of God. Medied tetiamony. Eatir
beey, or prity, not u vnfarable to h~ th. YToth
ht to omider thi", uld tdy the human amm.
r of thm eror la question. 1. Ilta dMdsc, .
, O& ttx esnt of tlbbieil. Ol at Dr.
WicL 3. Olom. and bp imr am. Ama*WC
a MhMjw^^tr L DAN@ y maddres Pwagst
m mftmi rati. 63164
oalm IM. bems Mr LIaems.mmem. N ir ati
Or .mmA . T Wim du.rude. ]erw se. mpl..
o M|IImg. Whn the young amht to tremble. Bappi
-m rktaoh M .er wed. What books y be ely Uad
asiy melted. ZEstat lm Rue' Cyletpeds. Oter
bms ofdisems. OfezossI. AJ ddesps otvWi we ees.
ive. Duie of Paras u asides to the young. Oblia.
tirs tMediMl ml. Comeadingm Rmaks. 337-4M
CHAPTER VIIL Mscar.rLArova Tmowers or
status Imipo~tA Terms.
Setio L Choie of irnds Importae o r ahw
bmale fmdi. Catioa neosary ln making a shot.
SlMy of Lae-his ake. Rdestieo Chmncterof
rises Selet a small umber only. 3
ati n. I. m at Tra Fr i dp. What It do
ut easi WhatItdoes omitI. Chrit be model.
-Mlp prrp a,brotha., d .is.1. flying. of
Stel ta ip The eesalds yo ng mI lousilrad.
mb eaimmidl ladseip. al-s
Seuiti IIL RBa e ofrmar. Wearing Is in the
hem-It htedsmay. Praelale quntios.. Manner, in
Stes IV. Semfni. sobm. We hold nyUtle
S1esa Vt. lf.ataem. A joe adema orf smiles
pr. A in bbrmin a just eimasts. Avoid entrm.
MaMa th t elf hman blly. Ern in the estimate
we ask of meol The maet htal eor of l-and
mhew elgma. MIn t the tn mad et framing ae
Ceamr mw r wT UTm Pu Ta SrA flA
Ta young are often accused of being though
les, rash, and unwilling to be advised.
That the former of these charges isn a great
measure just, is not denied. Indeed, what els
could be expected? They are tghtleuss, for they
are yet almost rangers to the world, ad its eaM
and perplexities. They are forward, and e
times rmk but this generally arises firo tha
buoyancy of spirits, which health and vigor im
part. Tre,titto beeorreeed,lst t easebe
whu it my; but we shaU eerreet wkih amo
caution, ad probably with greater meee, wh
we undermsed ts origin.
That yothres m uswlsb edu ,a ag -
eral rl, appenr to me antre.. At led tl r ea
fnd It si. Wham the helping does e l I bdksv
ibtd ait U lm fi e l s saMw uf ,I frK
it eoae ares afto parental i saaI mt, g
-om an srthtunate method of advice.
The infant seeks to grasp the burning lamp;.-
the parent endeavors to dissuade him from it. Ai
length he grasps it, and suffers the consequences.
Finally, however, if the parent manages him pro-
perly, he learns to follow his advice, and obey his
indications, in order to avoid pain. Such, at least,
is the natural result ofrations management. And
the habit ofseeking parental counsel, once formed,
is not easily eradicated. It is true that temptation
and forgetfulness may lead some of the young
occsionslly to grasp the lamp, even after they are
told better; but the consequent suffering generally
restores them to their reason. It is only when the
parent neglects or refuses to give advice, and for
a long time manifests little or no sympathy with his
child, that the habit of filial reliance and confidence
is destroyed. In fact there are very few children
indeed, however improperly managed, who do not
in early life acquire a degree of this confiding,
inquiring, counsel-seeking disposition.
Most persons, as they grow old, forget that they
have ever been young themselves. This greatly
diequalipa them for social enjoyment. It was
wisely sad; He who would pass the latter prt of
his life with honor and decency, must, when he is
yeg. consider that be shall one day be old, and
Snmore doee it disqu.al ufr givig aii .
While a led, I wa at playone day, with myn s-
rb won two geien observing one of dt
aid to the other; 'Do you think you ever Mted
bolihly a those boys do?' 'Wy yes; I suppose
did;' was the reply. Well,' said th ether, '1
ever did;-I kmow I never did.'
Both of these person has the same otpet,
et he who could notbelieve he had ever acted 1iw
. child himself, s greatly destitute of the proper
rental spirit. He never-or sarcely var.-f
himself to the slightest inconvenience to promote,
lirecly, the happiness of the young, even fr halt
He supposes every child ought to be grave, like
iimoef. If he see the young engaged in any a
hose exercises which are really adapted to their
ears, he regards it as an entire los oftimne,bhirse
ing foolish and unreasonable. He would ha
hem at work, or at their studies. Whereas thee
Ssrarcely anything that should give a puret m
eaisre than to e his children, in their eartd
rear, eqoying that bow of piris, which leeds
Ofall person living, be who does not remea er
hat he haseonee bee young,isthe mot complex(
liaqualide for giving youthful counsel. He b
rdes his advice occasionally, when the youth is
already under temptation, and ome along with
tho bree of a viioous current; but because he di-
regard it, he gives him up as heedless, perhaps as
obatiate. Ifadvice is afterwards asked, his man-
ners are cold and repulsive. Or perhaps he frowns
him away, telling him he neverfollos his advice,
and therefore it is useless to gite it. So common
is it to treat the young with a measure of this spe-
eies of roughness, that I cannot wonder the maxim
has obtained that the young, generally, despise
counsel.' And yet, I am fully convinced, no max-
im is hrther from the truth.
When we come to the very close of life, we can-
not transfer, in a single moment, that knowledge
of the world and of human nature which an expe-
rience of 70 years has aforded us. If, therefore,
from any cause whatever, we have not already
dealt it out to those around us, it is likely to be lost;
*nd lost for ever. Now is it not a pity that what
the young would regard as an invaluable treasure,
eould they come at it in such a manner, and at
sueh seasons, as would be agreeale to them, and
that, too, which the old are naturally so fond of
distributing, should be buried with their bodies?
Let me counsel the young, then, to do every
thing they can, consistently with the rules of good
breding, to drawforth from the old the treasures
ot which I have been speaking. Let them even
it their age, is so apt to predominate. Let'them
conform, for the time, in some meuure, to the
gravity of the aged, in order to gain their favor,
nd secure their friendship and confidence. I do
lot ask them wholly to forsake society, or their
youthful pastimes for this purpose, or to become
rrave habitu(ly; for this would be requiring too
ouch. But there are moments when old people,
however disgusted they may be with the young, do
o far unbend themselves as to enter into cheerful
nd instructive conversation. I can truly say that
rhen a boy, some ofmy happiest hours were spent
a the society of the aged-those too, who were
lot always what they should have been. The old
ire in the past, as truly as the young do in the
future. Nothing more delights them than to relate
stories of'olden time,' especially when themselves
rere the heroee. But they will not relate them,
unless there is somebody to hear. Let the young
rail themselves of this propensity, and make the
oet of it. Some may have been heroes in war
ome in travelling the country; others in hunting,
Fishing, agriculture or the mechanic arts; and it
may be that here and there one will boast of his
kill, and relate stories this sueees in that noblet
farts and employments-the making of hisbl-
w creatures wise, and good, and happy.
In conversation with all these persoaheyo wi
1, 1 k___ .. 1 .'--- Sa 1em
wi will you lad y thing pure or perfect below
th sI? Tbh ric t ore contain dros. At the
sa time you cannot il, males the fault is your
own, to lear many valuable things from them all
From war stories, you will learn history; from
scouts of travels, geography, human character,
manners and custom; and from stories ofthe good
or ill treatment which may have been experienced,
you will learn how to secure the one, and avoid
the other. From one person you will learn ne
thing; fom another something elm. Put these
shreds together, and in time you will form quite
a number of page in the great book of human
nature. You may thus, in a certain sense, live
several lve in one.
One thing more s to be remembered. The
more you Am, the more you are bound to g~e.
Common sena, a well as the Scripture, says, It
is mre blemad to give than to receive.' Remem-
br that as you advance in years you are bound to
avld telling into the very errors which, 'ot of
your own mouth' you have' condemned in those
who have geme before you; and to make your'
selves as aceptable as you an to the young, in
medr to seere their comadnfd and impat to
them, ltde by little, those aeumulated teaaune
of experience which you have saquired in going
lpeughSf, but which met othdwi, to a very
at xtnt, be buried with you inayour lrae
But, my ywag l id, thene ib owe mat d h
ides ooavenseo, in which you may q ar ma
wiom of the aged; ad that is throh d me.
dium of book. Many old pmon hare wll~
well and you cannot do better than to avil you
dves of their iomiuctio This mthod hmae
one advatge over o0wmarntf In de pelua
of book you e not so ofte pqoudidarderdbl.
ed by the repulive and perhaps eilgY
of him who wa it, a you sight hbn bi ft e
his onveratiou and ompany.
I can nout lundulge the hope that youll mwi
some valuable infbrmlio and uml advie biIi
little book. It ha coat me much labor to embody,
in so mall compass, the meults of my ow
riece on mish a variety of mibjeets, and toa
my thought in meh a mane am u md toa me
wst likely to arrest and euise your samib
The work, however, is not wholly the m of a
own experience, *r I have derived may VwhM
thoughts rom other writer.
An introductory chapter o pre&e is unaly
rather dry, but if this aould pro ve iaoly
klarewing to deserve your attention til you ha
ead it, and the table of content, thoroughly, I hme
roug hopes that you will read the ret ofthe hek.
And in accordance with my own prilpw I he-
Slie you will try to follow my advice; Ar I Ur b
br ad thd noe will purchase and rad thil
vok but mch are willing to be advised. 1
peat k, there re-I go upon the praunmption
hit my advice will, in the main, be followed
at t eery moment of your live, it i true; tbr
rou will be exposed on al sides to temptatio, and,
i mer, someim fll. But when you ome to re.
lew the chapter (fr I hope I hae wrtema otoing
ro wt wht worth a second reading) which contai
neetioan o that particular mbject wherein you
ine Wled, and fid, too, how much you have
unred by neglecting counme and rahly eizing
he lsi, I am peruaded you will not son ll
gin in that particular direction.
In thi view, I smhmi these pages to the youth
i our Amerian Stats. If the work dsould not
esme thm, I hall be mso hfm atributing it k
my uh or pervedy of their, tat I shal at once
amaeude I hav not taken a wi and proper
ueiod of paeig my inutriudo
THE YOUNG MAN'S GUIDE.
eu ts ,auisttes St Ceeetu.
Bacrmox L Ismportance qf .auing > i ine the
Motion of cauerr.
To those who have carefully examind the Lai
duetion and table of contents, I am now prpm-1
to give the following general direction; Air tup
hiti dard q'f dmre r. To be taoWAt wel ao
is not sufficient. The point you are to aim mt, I
the greatest poible degree of umetfinem.
Some may think there is danger of setting
h a standard of action. I have heard teuhem
contend that a child will learn to write much la
by having an fe(dr copy, than by Imitatng ea
which i comparatively perfect; became, ely the
Sa pupil i liable to be discouraged if you give him
apefed copy; but if it i only a little in advance
of hi own, he will take courage fom the bld
that lIe all mn be able to equal it.' I am abH
s TUS Tome 3aNS crse.I
A Pr" ep~y. Alrn hi. oie ba am les ig o ste.
eS inoed, however, that this not ao. The meu
pertet the copy you place before the child, pro-
vided it be written, and not engrawd, the better.
FW It kmM always be p.aa in the nUsa do
thing for the child to imitate it; and what i not
shdolutly impomible, every child may remoably
be expected to aspire after, on the principle, that
whatever man h s dos, man uya do.
So in human conduct, generally; whatever is
poeble duld be aimed at. Did my limi permit,
1 might show that it i a part of the divine economy
to ple before hi rational creature a perfect tand-
d of sedao, and to make it their duty to come up
He who only ainm at little, will accomApli but
Ilad. Ere greut things and attemp great thing
A aglect of thi rule produce more of the dilb.
ren in the character, conduct, and ucceas of men,
thI is commonly suppoeed. Some tart in l1
wibout any leading object at all; some with a low
ee; and mome aim high:-and just in proportion
to the elevation at which they aim, will be theb
progel and mscecm. It s an old proverb that he
who anlm at the sun, will not reach it, to be ure;
but hi arrow will fly higher than if he aimed at an
object n a levelwith himselC Exactly so is in
the fnmaon of character, except in one point. To
eeih the son with an arrow i an impomMi4ty, but a
youth may aim high without attempting impoies
wn NATIir A w- AM. W
GeiiR oW li. RMlas f meiin Aauis.
Lt me epeat the awumMae dta a gameel
rule, pws up io t sewr pa m I -r-el' i" DB .
termine that you will be useful i the world, d
you A. be. Young men sum to me uMnry us.
conscious of what tley are capable of being Md
doing. Their effoir are often fw and eble, be-
aue they are not awake to a fill coanvietiM t
any thing great or ditinguised i in their poww.
But whence ame an Alexander, a Cser, a
Chars XII, ora Napoleon? Orwhence the bet.
ter older of spiri,- a Paul, an Alfed, a Luther, a
Howd, a Penn, a Washington? Were not the
men one like yourselves? Wht but sef eaerton,
aided by the being of Heav, rendered thee
man ms oonawcuous for usefi ne? Rely upon ,
- what these m once wms, you mas e. Or a
the leat, you may make a nearer appromeh to thm
than you are reedy to believe. Resolutio is abhn
omnipotent Those little wonrd, fry, and bg,
somnimes great in their remuls I can,' avr e-
compliMed any thing;-'I will try,' has achied
This position might be proved ad INsOi
by innummnahles cl; but oe must sufee.
A young man who had waNed his paemy by
prodigacy, what handing, one day, a the bmw
of a precipice fm which he bhd de men ed t
throw hiamel fhnned the sudden neolution to a
pi wht he hd lost. The purpose thb Armed w
tp; mnd tboh i begWa by iboveling a l f
* 13U Tom m ars OIM.
ieam l te aeler, for which he only eslved twelve
nd a half aets, yet he proceeded fom one tep to
mother til he more thn recovered his hlot pasi
dons, and died worth sixty thousand pounds ter-
You wll derive much advantage ftim a careful
perusl of the lives of eminent individuals, espeo-
ally of those who were good well as grt. You
will drive comparatively little benefit aom read.
ing the lives of those scourge of their ree who
hae drenched the earth in blood, except so fr as
i tends to show you what an immense blaming
they ml gt hve been to the world, had they de-
voted to the work of human improvement those
mighty energies which were employed in human
dtaection. Could the physical and intellectual en-
rgy of Napoleon, the order and method of Alled,
he industry, quality, and wisdom of Franklin
end Wahingto, and the excellence and untiring
pssewmrene of Paul, and Penn, and Howard, be
ni"d in each individual of the rising generation,
who can et limit to the good, which they might,
ald heviably would accomplish! Is it m much
to hope tht some happier age will wimes the real.
P is W it even probable tht the ring genera
ios may albrd many Mich examples
weMUs We AYWI. I
SBonov IL On A~liae ad lm.
Not a few young n either have no fixed pr
ciple, o governing motive at al, or they am b
lueneed by tho which me low ad unworthy.
i psaid to msy th but it i too ar. On Mal
I would prei the impoetaoce of tihe lowb g ea
Among the motive to action which I wwold pa
sent, the Arst i a rregad to your sm happime. I
this you are by no meiWa indiffire t at prese
Nay, th attainment of happinea is your prma
objet. You see k in every desire, weed,ad
tiU. But you someomn mi;lake ite sod t
lads to either for the w of a miendly hmk i
guide you, or beaeum you refiae to be gidd. (
what is mot common, you grap at a mmalr g
,which is ner, aid apparently certma and is
doing cut yourselves of Bom the qjoyr t of
good whih is otea ininoitly peter, tbou
It me urge, in the eoid pleea rsgd I
the Amily to which you belong. It i se ye
can never fily knew, uni tohe hsm-a of i
gratitude should teamh you, the extet of td
you owe to your relative; nd AsctlA to
parents You eamenI- w-at est i yI an
pome yourselves-bow their heme em
ap Ihn ye nt if you don t ie s s tms
S THE TWWU naW WWWIMe
-peardassiay. 3au f rSb. O u, as Am
know it, till thi late period, you are not fit to be
In the third place, it i due to society, partiu-
trly to the neighborhood or sphere in which you
moe, and to the anociation to which you may
belong, that you strive to attain a very great eleva-
tion of character. Here, too, I am well aware
that it impossible, at your age, to perceive fhly,
bow much you have it in your power to contribute,
if you will, to the happine of those around you;
and here again let me refer you to the advice and
guidance of aged fienda.
But, furthly, it i due to the natio ad age to
which you belong, that you fix upon a high stand-
ad of character. Thi work is intended for
Amerian youth. Ameiems did I say? Thi
wod, alone, ought to call forth all your energy,
ad if there e a slumbering faculty within you,
rouse it to action. Never, since the creation, were
the youth of any age or country so imperiously
eaed upon to xert themselves, a t whom I
now addrem. Never before were there so many
important interest at take. Never were uch
bmanme menlt depending upon a generation of
men, a upon that which is now approaching the
stage o action. These ring million are destined,
eeerd1ng to all human probability, to rfrm by 6r
the uge t nation that eve eouitutd an astk
emty of a eemen, ince the world begas. To
Am the cha atar ao thee uailona Iolh a
ueieramo nt oef m edIhy, strinvad aid
leive, than any other work to which mm
has ever beea called. And the reue are, it
to me, obvious.
Now i i for you, my young fienads, dto rm
whether these weighty raepomibilie s sl be 1
filled. It ifor you todecide whether thib g
of fle nations ell, at the same time, be the
And a every nation i made up of individual ]
re each, in reality, called upon daily, to meals
question: Shall the United State, passing
most ample mear of instructio wihin the a
of nearly all her cities, the happiest g
meat, the healthiet of climates, the reamt ab
dance of the bet and most wholesome stiem
with every other possible mea for deveopif
the power of human nature, be peopled with
mot vigorous, powerful, and happy rem of ha
beings which the world has ever known?'
There i another motive to which I beg in
for uoe moment, to direct your atenion. Yao
bound to on a hih standard of action, fin
dair of obeying the will of God. it it i
has at your lot in a country which-all th
comidead- i the happiest below the s.
it i who has give you meh a woderfdt eap"
hr happiness, and instituted the delighi
dona of parent and child, and other ad si
and iend and neighbor. I migt add, M h
to4o who has give you the name .Amusei-,
M TMB TOIWUe MAIrS Oia.
oN488. ~Paded aMl m-mbh.
me which alone flrimhe a pampon to may
dcilihd lands, and like a ood countenance, or a
becoming dress, prepoessew every body in your
But what young man is there, I may be asked,
who i not influenced more or less, by all the mo-
tirs which have been enumerated ? Who is there
that doe. not seek his own happiness ? Who does
not desire to plese his parent and other relatives,
his rend and his neighbor? Who does not wih
to be distinguished for his attachment to country
and to liberty ? Nay, who has not even some regard,
in his conduct, to the will of God?
I grant that many young men, probably the most
of those into whoe hands this book will be likely
to i, are infuenced, more or less, by all these con-
iderations. All pure their own happinen, no
doubt By fr the majority of the young have,
als, a general respect for the good opinion of
other and the laws of the Creator.
till, do not thousand ad tens of thouasnds mi
take, a I have already intimated, in regard to what
really promotes their own happiness? Is there any
eatainty that the greatest happiness of a feature can
be secured without consulting the will of the Crea-
tor? And do not those young persons greatly err,
who mpposo that they can secure a ill amount, even
of earthly bkeming without conform, with the
tmoat trictnem, to those rules for conduct, whih
the Bil and the Book of Nature, so plainly make
wo uMm a
AviN 1 ZAOLN.
TeO amy jo mWuY e l Mph atf
wealI. Ti their grea objectd o y d
ad on, by l r and by dy. Not th at ey ppo
thae Ib ia inherent v n ithe weah blM ba
only Mh t it wl secure e meam of preourbi thm
Aqpinpa they so ardendy dei I Bat die for
they go, in the pursnk of weath, Sr the ike of
happily, elec lly If mweewr i t eir pln ad
bi ns th more they Ies their erigil pmI
posn, adm eek wahh for tfhe sms of wemal To
grt rid, Wi their prhielpWl modtv a ta lom.
So is in regard to aM chimel pou ek a
msenm plemaure or Mciri ditimedoa The frtia
we go, the mo i we M our origl olmeIt
and the mo we be'om deaoied to rthe oe
of puru, ad i apable ofbeing roead by al
The law of God, whether we fad them i Otn
comatiauon of the uniese wound or go highe
and seek them in the revealed word, an faied
on a thorough knowledge of hman r amt, ad Al
its oedeoi Do you tdy amal ces -the
lw whirl govern maer, annrase and imaimm lftr
What bi the lemen which It cmo* ly hulaaeq
bu that kiBmb highest iaaoel not a vtole a
aiKmpt toa ias dthe ro les whih lo Whbd
hk adpeed; amd that y vioele t e obf he b
Sbtp lWemt -alo wth hi Do ye W*
tbslawsf &od, a eveald i-h Bbl Ard d
no t% asoi to fim eaues s* n- ssey fl
a TIM TOW MAn's a5.L
d* d assu,. nMISy. UsMs e'd hiWss
SM and eddli obedience to his will, at the sme
tim that their rejection s acoompauied by th
msewrt peuakine which heaven and earth can in-
lict? What in hort is the obvious design of
the Creator, wherever and whenever any traes of
his character and purposes a be discovered?
What, indeed, but to show us that it is our mot
serious duty and insert to ovn and obey Him ?
The young man whose highest motive ae to
eek his own happine., and please his friend and
neighbor, and the world rewund hn, does mnob.
Tba should never be denied. He merits muoh-
Sn the eye of od, fr of this I have othig to
ay in thiL volume-but from his fellow rn And
though he may have never performed a sinl
actim bo n a desire to obey God, and make his
Mf1ow men really bdete, ae well a happier, he ma
l have been exceedingly ufid, ceepand with a
ly proportion of mankind.
But oppose a young man poaseio a chractr
of tis amp- and mch thee arn. How i he
ennobled, ow is th dignity of hi nature advanced,
how i be elevated from the ank of a mer ecma
p-on of reature,-earthly reaturesm t -t
tat of a meet eompanio and fitmokiate fti
lhsL of the elal world, ad te Father It
alwben to these aits, saoexceleand ma- b I
^a-asM in joind the per and enlad dies to
pime bis ladies nd his emplopq a s pise.
M0dJ his paimes-in a wod, eyrl il *..
Elifliao Ms u mhi.v. U lsEi-iii.
-as tlu sing s oem whAhk bs ml dls-
eaady a God would wih to Iha k di4tm
maik the ma so ao doi, his a ad id dd
Thi then o the ige. d w l ofm
motive o atdon,the hve O God. TIem shiad &l
the Lord thy God aprely, and thou cha Ib
thy neighbor thyMs; the two pgMtemmnr
which bind the human hmily together. Whl
our loe to God i evinoed by pun loweo m
adi it is our oornt prayer, Lord what wik thd
hae me to d;' them we some nder the ifm
of motives which we woyyof d eeatm des
t imnotmlity. Whm it or omer t am drik,
a meed regad to tbh Fmtherf d or pirbkt a
al thing in the univrrm, m- irin md ammr
a m ke every thought, word and sedn, do good-
hae a bearing uon the woefl of o or mu
nd the mor tbd biear-of aor nres, dthm a
do we oem up to the dignity of our mm d, am
by Divine aid, place ourelve in tbe diutMie
which the God ofature and of grace dIaigd
I haes thmuteed,astgter length than I had a
hs iatemmid, of the haprtaesof having ano
e .adsndoftheme libnoa OmtheMeewnb
which young m re to attai this elestledt bi
prpom this Iabe work to dwell plhiadnlyd ll
'Tha meean might be enMais in thde pmet M
dmn; vis.paStebir,ms, mand me lr WimrreV
3 TaM TOWN MAu's @eIEo.
IM em lea Nmf .. emp"Z m '
la to thehealth,behongto the rt division; what-
eer to the impronemot of the mid, the eoond;
end the hrmu on of good minnmr ad virtuous
habit, constitut the third. But although an ar-
angement of this ot might have been more logical,
it would probably have been Ies inareting to the
order. The mens ofreligoso ihproemme ap-
popriately o called, require a volume of thenmelve
ScTroN mI. IJMduaby.
Nothing is more eme tla to uemifnem and hap
pbae in libE than habits of industry. 'Thi w
commanded you,' y St. Pau,tht if any would
not work, neither mo he eat.' Now this would
be the mober disease of good ae, had the apoatle
never poken. It i just a true now a it wa 200
yeas ago, that no peroc posseing a mound mind
in a healthy body, h a right to live in this world
without labor. If he claim an exaence on any
other condition, let him bake himself to ome
There are many kinds of labor. Some which
ae no lea usefid than others, are ainoa ex~zludivd
mental. You may make your own election ftom a
very wide rge of employment ll, perhaps, equal-
ly important to society. BuDt mdAmin yw .md
d. n Vif you happen to inherit an ampla fr-
me, your health and happinme demand tht you
iould labor. To live in idlneam, eve o if o hae
r MSemmp- mmy o sflam m mo ym Aladio,
the mema is not only ijuriou t a yumau hb a
species of mid upon d e communi, a dw hei
dren,-if childn you everw hve,-wbo har a
elaim upon you tfr what you an am md do.
Let me pral with you them, when I rm ye
to et out in ife fully deermied to deped dhldy
on your for peeuniy support; md to be In
thr respect, independent. In a country whm t
gene rule is that a person hall riv-4f he rse a
ll,-by his own merit, such a rmolutioan in dkpe-
able. It i uully idle to be looking out fr ap-
port fom mom other quarter. Suppom you doUM
obtain a place of offiee or trust through the ftn
*bip,avor,orathctionofothen; whatmt ? W
you hold your poet at uneertaintie It may be
taken Som you at almot any hour. But if ye
depend on younrsf aloe, in dir pqeec yr
mountain nd mtrog, mad emot very l be
He who lives upon any thing eept his om
labor, i intently eurrnded byrival. Be is
daily danger of being ou*-bidd; his very hea
depends upon caprice, and he ivre in a se* of
ever cdg fear. Hi i not, indeed, the dog' M,
'AIwa md idlenem,' but his worn; br it 'idl-
aem with aeseyt the lber being just the pri ft
BIm r e am wen. l md decently d.1d
but they dar not q They dar not be p m~
ed em to Iid diamdaly fr m their Uaer, do
* TMn lromS Win*D eU .
amai amvey. Wea ad el m Maes wm -
- bh sem a much a they may -lt him be
pumt, dnmkntl, fool, or all three at oa they
ma elber be lent, or loe his approbation
Though prmosming a thousand tim his knowledge,
hey yiekl to hi. uaumption of superior under-
mling; tough knowing it is they who, in ft, do
ill det hoim paid for doing, it i destruction to them
o- a- ('ithy thUgAt any portion of the service
bIelnged to themselves
You mnie, perhaps, and ask what all thi tide
WhiBt iavery mean But remember, them im
jdey of several kinds. Thee im mmifl avery
Swell a bodily; and the fomer is not coufned to
my paticuar dvisio of the United States.
Beiq, too, with a determination to bor through
.k Thes e ure m y who suppose that when they
e secured to tbemeles a competence, they sh"a
ril wih folded am, in an eey chair, the mt of
tbir day, and enjoy it. But they may be assured
d thi will never do. The very aet ofa penson'i
haing pent the early and middle pat of lif in
mie uaeflInesm, crosses a necessity, to the body
ad mind, of is cotiDnuance. By thi is not meant
hAs mm should labor m Ard in old age, even in
epoeion to their strength, ms in ery la. Youth
eq m a great variety and amount ofeatio, matu-
riy not so much, and age till less. Yet so nmeh
ma q doe in ht, demand, is moe neoemary than
at I se who are younger. Children ae mo tes-
tew of lif, that they do not aear to aMbr
ftbeism. Aa... LIarh b .s4pa.
usedil, ifeuelso is nmglhte; tho f edr
of reckoning muit nally come.
Henee we ee the remain why those who retb
Bom busine towards the dol of li so e a
become dismed, in body end mind; and inead of
enjoying life, or making those around them happy
become a source of miery to themslv nd
Mot people have a general belhf in the aspor.
tnce of indutriou habits; and yet not fbw mak
range work in endeavoring to frm them. BSem
attempt to do it by comulaon; othe by ittmy
Some think t is to be aocomplished by met Iso
in pie of example; other by emple alone.
A certain Ather who wa deeply convinced 4o
the importance of forming hirs so to habis of l
dutry, used to employ them whole days in ramno
ing and replacing heaps of tone. This was w
intended, and aroe from regarding indMtry a a
high accomplishment, but there is mome danger *9
defeating our own purpose in this way, and of pm.
during digut. Beides this, labor eough e
usually be obtained which is obviously prmtabla.
Al persons, without excepion, ought to lb
more or lea every day in the open air. Ofthe tr
ofthil opinion, the public re beginning to be se
ble; and hence we hear much mid, lately, sm
manual labor school. Thbo who, 6om pIea
eIenMtmne, cannot labor in the open air, orM
nbitmauns in bA. nh.. .* ...malmnI. -l
* 13 TOW r Na % s oe.
Too preal to hbW.
plbPyanm, g iths wkih moabe ealhdNsth or gyi-
It b a great min rtune of the pesnt day, that
dest eery one is, by b own estimate, roed
le.. MA redl aie of fe. Nearly every person
you meet with ismin at a situation in which he
hall be exempted fam the drudgery of laboring
wish hb hands.
New we cannot all become 'ord' and 'gesdle-
mm,' if we would. There must be a large prt of
a after all, to make and mend clothes and ouss,
and carry on trade and commerce, and, in spite of
all tht we can do, the fhr greater part of us must
actually work at something; otherwise we faIl under
de sentence; 'He who will not wor shall not sa.'
Ye, so mrong isthe popensty to be LeugM *gen-
dumea so general is this desire amongst the youth
of i proud money making nation, that thousands
upon thoands of them a, at this moment, in a
sma which may end in starvation; not so much
beease they ae too ly to rn their brad, a
beea they are too prod!
And what are the consequnem9 A lazy youth
beomean a burden to those parents, whom be
eait to comrt, if not support. Always aspiring
Something higher than he an reach, his b1 is
a NIb o disappointment and shame. If marriage
B hJ ba, it is a rel action, involving othena
w h hoel His lot is a thouad times wor
eA.ma d e .... A.& O - PZ& .& *I-m-
es as a eMs.
s seM.....M aM aireiMi
o of twoy a pssuse death awak Nhm mi,
sest how nrous se the eass in wh ak that
death is most miws s alot to my l s sinl
SBwomI IV. On sawemy.
Tbhre is a fUs,a wll a a tre e I
have mee an individual who, with a view to -
my, was in the habit of splitting bib w s Slae-
times a thick war can be split into tw, whi h
will answer a very good purpose; but as eod
both part lltopieces. Let the sauce be e o
complete, however, all who reject for a m- a an
the value of time, must ee it to be a losing proes
I knew a laboring man who would him a hoa,
and spend the greater pt of a day, in gag or
eight miles and porebsing half a domen basl of
grain, at mipence les a bushel than he 2m t have
given near home. Thus to gain Afty oems ha sb
jected himself to an expense, i time and money,of
one hundred and ifty. Tbhesee ae very comm
example of detective economy; and of that'w-i
holding' which the Scripture sy-m 'eads so pe-
Economy i time i eeoaomy of money- r k
needs not Franklin to tl us that tme in equiaent
t money. Beides, I never knew a perso wo
wma eco nmal of the one, who wa not equally
of the other. Economy of tim wewi, these b
an important branch of udy.
44 Twa TOrea n'1 emoiE.
Wahe emepeeao mdt lbae. iLettr e ea e-a er~.
But the stdy i rather dicult. For though
very youlg man of common ense knows that an
hour is sizy nmimte, very thw mer to bkow that
uixty minute make an hour. On thi account
many wate fragment of time,-of one, two, three
or five minutes each-without hesitation, and ap
patently without egret-never thinking that often
or twenty such fagment are equal to a tll hour.
'Take care of the pence, the pound will take care
of themselves,' i not more true, than that hours
will tae ar of themelve, if you will only ee
In order to form economical habits, several im-
*A amehr, who hm bee plemed to my mebc in behaM
of this work, ud to do moob to eted its eircultion, in a
la letter, very modestly, but proprl makes the following
inquiry; *Has not Dr. Franli's precept, fme wey,
made many Bmlers I it ot need without suicient qulli-
There i ao good thing, nor any good advice, but what
my rbe named, if ned or taken oituht quaf.l slion.
There my be miers in regard to time, as well a money;
d w oee ea beome miserly in the one repect without
moo becoming so in the other. He who omanot or rather
will not give y portion of his time to promote the happi-
ae- o thoe around him, in the vriou ways of doing good,
whih perpetually or, et it should take fIrv his meM of
hearing property, is a much to be pitied a he who hoerd
lhbsderon deent. Stllt is tre that youth hbodd
Imbed wD their time, and avoid watieg either tha or
t ir maey.
perat pm amrt be ea red. Yen ,r bam
Air every pap and ing aMiue,mad ple..; ind
every thbig munt be dome d Mes Se, sad all tkim
put in #eir pe.
L .veiry ir md di i a n. Whmber
you attempt little or much, kt every hour hav i
employment, in business, study, social coummdoa,
or diversion; and unle it be on exanonlinry e-
ioan, you ma notot su your pla to be brea.
It i in this way that many m who perim. i
inedible amount of buriane, have abhudt WAk
ur. And it for want of doing business system -
cally that rmay who efect but litl, sevor hd
much leiare. They spend their lives in lieml
An eminent prime minister of Hollmad wu maid
how he could perform such a vast amount of biL
ne, ait wu known he did, and yet have as mnch
leime. 'I do every thing at the time;' wa the
Some of you will my you have ao room fr my
pla of your own; that your whole tiei at the
will of your aner, or employer. But this is mt s.
The are aw penas who a so entirely dev d
to others a not to hare minutes, if nt boom, eery
day, which they em call their own. Now ber k
1 that cham er i triUWie ad a proved. bHe
who i ws in imall matter, will be wie ,in e
on". Wethr yor unoccupied omenau l anm
Sa day o half an hour. or an hour. or two homa.
T48 mE Tomn MA's SmUI.
LaMil bthe pqINu Ameodat. A pierthidmp
have something to do in each of them. If be
eoeial conversation, the moment your hour arrive,
engage in it at once; if study, engage at once in
that. The very fact that you have but a very few
minutes at your command, will create an interest in
your employment during that time.
Perhaps no persons read to better purpose than
those who have but very little leisure. Some of
the very bet minds have been formed in this man-
ner. To repeat their name would be to mention a
bostof selfeducated men, in this and in other coun-
tris. To show what can be done, I will mention
one Act which fell under my own observation. A
young man, about fifteen years of age, unaccustom-
ed to study, and with a mind wholly undisciplined,
read Rollin's Ancient Hitory through in about
three month, or a fourth of a year; and few per-
sor were ever more closely confined to a laborious
employment than he wa during the whole time.
Now to read four such works as Rollin in a year,
i by no mean a matter to be despised.
Jery thing should hc w io plae Going into
a shop, the other day, where a large number of per-
sos were employed, I observed the following
motto, in large letters, pasted on the side of the
room, 'Put every thing in its proper place.' I
fmnd the owner of the shop to be a man of order
An od gentleman of my acquaintance, who al-
ws had a place fr every thing, made it a rule, if
A maei sale. IkY to ladaoess. 0.mulam.
may things was d d ple and sams ofI ehi l
dren aould fnd it, to bme t he b oe dm.
Thb wa an unreaonabe m aure but prodded
dm intended efibeL HE whole hf ily ollw lU
example; they have a place hr ever thing, aid
they put every thing in il place.
Unlea both the fAregoing rule ae obervd, tru
economy doe no and cannot ait. But wito
economy, li i of little comparative value to oure
elve orother. This trait of character ims g
claimed, but mon roel poemaaed.
SBTrroN V. hdanes.
One of the gatee obatcle in the road to model
lnce, is indolence. I hame known young ma who
would raon finely on the value of time, and the
neceaily of rimag early and improving every mo-
ment of i. Yet I have alo known these a
aprPWg young men to lie dosing, an hour or two
in the morning, after the want of nature hd bee
reaonaMy, and mor than reason gpa ed.
You can no mor rome them, with all their e
argument, than you can a log. There they le,
completely chained by indolence.
I have known other continually complin of the
dratnems of the; that they had no time bhr bo.
Mn, no time r study, &c. Yet they would kvl
hours in yawning a public houae,or bheaiu g
whether they had better go to the theat or r or
W TuE VUWW M*ArN WNlVUa.
ltdein. li the yem. Some m otefb.
rhether they had better get up or indulp In 'a
dte more lumber' Such people wear the meot
alig chain, and a long as they continue to wear
hin there it reasoning with thim.
An indolet paot is searely human; he is hlf
uadruped, and of the mort stupid pecis too. He
nay have good intention of disemrging a duty,
rhile tat duty is at a dance; but let it approach,
i him view the time of action a near, and down
o hi hand in languor. He perhaps; but he
will in the next breath.
What is to be done with mch a man, especially
'he is a young one? He i absolutely good for
nothing. Business tires him; reading fatigue him;
he public service interfere with hi pleaures, or
strains his freedom. Hi lif must be psed on
bed ofdown. If he is employed, moments e ar
ou rto him-if he is amued, houn are a mo-
ants. In general, hi whole time eludes him, ha
an it glide unheeded, like water under a bridge
Lak him what he has done with hi morning, -e
anmotell you; for he ham lived without rejection,
ad almost without knowing whether he has lived
The indolent man leep as long a it is poaible
br him to sleep, dreae slowly, amueb hbisalf in
emneraion with the first peron that ealls upo
m, and loiter about till dinner. Or if he epg
a ny employment, however important, he eaI
the moment an opportunity of talking oceOu At
KASLT MIm 1
mthe Momr efthe kdsl" LaM bums a .
lhgth diner i ered m up; ad dAbr blue a
the table a long time, d evening will pMhyAb b
qent a unpro6tably as the maing: and tis kq m
be, no unir Ipecimen of his whole l. AId
not uch a wretcmh for it i mproper a ta Mia
man-good for nothing? What is he good r
How can any rational being be willing ta ead th
precious gift of lif in a manner so wmrtlee, am
ao much benth the dignity of hum mane
When he is about Seppointog the gme, how em
he review the pat with ay degree of sdmdtmi
What is his binary, whether reowded hae or dtM
-in golden losers, or on the phimat dab-ba
'he wa bom' ad 'he died!'
SECTnon VI. Ermy Ri in ad R t.
Dr. uh mention a patient of biL who thoh
himself waodeally abtiMnet been Ies dI a
pirituo or fenented liquor, neptlia M i
wmi or aAer dimerl
In like manner ome ca it early a rmat at k
or deem *'dock Other think tm m ry US Dl
Good, an EogliM writer on mmedidne, ia teathq
of the appropriate amo of pwreeing the cou
th who ae predipod o it, after giving i
tIe h r gard t die, drilk, earoi -&, um
eodb earlhour of rtiring to. d
pI*MM'fP IN Iya yMo hld go to bd by slk"I'
T hlf the populatio of New E-glmd mh
0 mt Tom*UA r Mt
a 0us yoise van's emne.
Lme n.I in WUs. MoraninM r. U .oor-yr duies.
direction would sem arrange; but by the inhabkhian
of chiM and large towns, who already begin to pe
the cuatoam and fshio of the old world, the
auction i well understood. People who are in the
habit of making and attending part which com-
mence at 9 or 10 o'clock in the evening, can hardly
be expected to rise with the sun.
We hear much mid about the benefit of the
morning ai. Many wise men have supposed the
common opinion on this subject to be erroneous;
and that the mistake has arisen om the foat that
being refeahed and invigorated by rest, the change
is wiM instead of wiatut; that our physical fines
and mental fculties are more healthy than they
were the previous evening, rather than that the
surrounding atmosphere ha altered.
Whether the morning air is more healthy or not,
it is certainly healthy enough. Beside, there are
so many reae for early ring that if I can par.
uade the reader to go to bed early, I dhB have
little fer of his lying late in the morning.
It. He who res early and plan his work, and
eatly ase himself about it, generally finds his bad
ase go well with him the whole day. He ha
take time by the foretop; and will be ure to go
bese, or dri hi business; while his mor tardy
deighbsaor le his business to drive him.' Thn
is soehing striking in the eBling produced by
egharihg a dayq work thus seasonably. It gieu
a manulh to a man's thouhfa a. h. Anal Ame-m
SAUm MsM- ,
ffaq f L^M n AI. aza M. a*ag
whikh nlly la through eo day. This sla l a
owre whLn, but sober br ; as c be ested by
thousand. The p.rM who ribm lat, mPly
plead (tr meankhd am very ing os lde ee
of what Allk in with their own inslination,) that he
does a much in the prog of the day, as tme
who rie early. Thi may, in a fw inasaes, be
true; but in gender, fct show the reeres. The
motions of the early river will be more ely ed
vigors ll day. He may, indeed, beeme ddl
le in the evening, bt he ought to be e.
Sir Mabew Hale aid that afer spedhag a Sun-
day well, the rst of the week wa uuaDly pine
peros. This is doubles to be accounted Ar-
in part at lea-on the above principle.
2. In the warm aon, the morning is the at
agreeable time fr labor. Many hrmem and m-
chanis in the country perform a good half day
work before the people of the city scarcely knew
that the sm hainee.*
& To lie moving lte in the morning, imilhle
us to the moat beatly of animals. Burgh, an
genius English writer, justly observers; 'The is
no tie spet more tupidly than that which om
uuriou people pass in a morning between deep
r. FhrMUl, is im Orta h lrmLt, wr abs.
JMlrat Pari, la wh la hhbe l er ad a eo em P
l0 eOf ha iaram amd disalpated d, that dts e-
St no Mu iribM.
a Tim TOg" MAe$ *VTDI.
a ma yeomwse smmt
ig d makingg. a er mm u n ea flly gied.
He who i awake may be doing something: he who
i aleep, i receiving the refeshment necmry to
& him for acting: but the bourn apet i doing
and slumbering can hardly be called exmime.'
The late Dr. Smith, of Yale College, in lhisl eca,
used to urge on hi hearen never to take 't -.eud
a.' He maid that if this rule wer steadily ad
univerally followed by pemso in beakh,-theb
would be no dodng or overdeepi*n. I for oce,
they should awake omn the rIt nap before nature
was mi dciently reored, the next night would e
aM the proper balance. In laying down a
a rule, Dr. Smith would, of course, except those in-
stance in which we are awakened by accident.
4 It has been remarked by experieced physi-
cas that they have seldom, if ever, knownaperse
of great age, who was not an early ri. In -
merting the cases oflongevity, Rush and inelair
both include early rising.
5. It i a trite but just maxim that ne hour'
ieep before midnight i worth two aA'rwmd.
Why it is so, would perhaps be difeult to y.
The power of habit greet, and a the mqJorit
of children re trained to go to bed early, pebrh
thi will in part account for the fact. So when
the uual hour for meal aries, a gives amos at
iMd eams at the time, is digested in a Lmen eah
mae regular mamr tam if eaten one, or twei
there hours afenrwrda. Again, nature early
errqil rUly i lease. Lsrseek
ended man should emewen daring t dq, e=
deep in the night I do not amy the sWk algM t
because in the winter and in high nordtm litudm,
this would be devoting an unreasoble pador at
timetolemp. It would hardly do to eep tiua or
four months. But in all countri .and in al ei.
mates, we should try to deoep half our home beisfe
6. The person who, instead of going to bed at
nine, sit up till eleven, and then deep during two
hour of daylight the following morning, ig rorly
negligent of economy. For, suppose he makm this
his comtant practice, during his whole kuinmu li
say fifty years. The exra oil or tallow which he
would conuwme would not be estimated at leshm
than one cent an evening; which, in fMty yeam
would be $182O0. Not a very large aum to be
sure; but, to every yowpu man, worth having; Iino
to a community of 1000 young men, the amount
would be no im than $18500. Thba the lose in
health and strength would be Ftr greater, though it
is obvious that it cannot so easily be computed.
7. Once more. If an hour rbsleep before mid-
night is worth more than an hour in the morning
then an hour in the morning in of course worth
less then an hour before midnight and a p Mn
muat sleep a greater number of hours in tde m
ing o obtain an equal amount of rmt. A plu
retiring at eleven and rising at eight, would preo-
* Tn iUNme D IANW ou.
M OlM eMlmu. Mim f yeo wmId am-iny. ,
m who dahuld deep tom nine to Ae;-- a period
me hoIr Ihorar. But if he actually lose an
our of time a day. And you weft now, if
Fkli i had ynt td you ao, that m is mony.
Now, i we estimate the value of thi time at
an oant an hour fbr one person in bur, of the
sopnhado of the United States-and this is pro-
ahly a fir estimate -the low to an individual in a
ar, or 813 working day, would be S3130; and
a 80 years 1565. A um sufficent to buy a good
hrm in many pert of the country. The lor to a
population equal to that of the United States, would,
* dy year=, be no le than Are thousand and
ighty-sr millions of dollars!
But this it not the whole loas. The time of
ae young and old in beyond all price for the par-
poes of mental and moral improvement. Eape-
dally is hi true of the precious golden hour of
tbe morning. Think, then, of the immense wags
n a year! At twelve hour a day, more than a
million of years of valuable time are wanted annu-
ally in the United Sate.
I hare hitherto made my estimate on the aup-
poeaim that we do not sleep too much, in the ag-
egrse, and that the only loae suained aries
lem the mmr of pouring it. But suppoes,
mee more, we deep an hour too much daily.
lb Invols a wrte just twice as great a tt
whi we have ready esdmated.
Do you sarde at thee estimate! It bt proper
rhi many of you sboud. You have pM
time enough. Awake your 'droway sol' nd
dhke off your stupid habit. Think of Napoleo
breaking up the bound r m of kigdoi, and do.
taonlg kingI, ad to aecoupbh theme rei go-
ng though with an uame of meadl and body
bor that few contitution would be equd to,
with only four howurn f deep in eA hmIdJAw.
Think of Bougham too, who mrnb a many hom,
prhlmpi a my in Engled, and ha am m e
indue&ce, and yet deep as Iw; L ., oly her.
A hundred pmson might be named, and the li
would include some of the great benefieton of
their mae, who never think of sleeping me thia
mi ho aday. And yet many f you mhe
y ontented with eight I
Would you conquer a Benapte did -
asM, province and empuie,-but wouM you
apir to the high honor of conquering yoemei
wd of exteding your cosquett intelleetuly ad
morally, you mut take the nece y tep. T
oath i a plain one; requiring ddhing but a &I&
moral conrge. 'What man has done, mn any
do.' I know you do not ad ougnt to s pli
oquer kingdom, or to become prime maitea
aMt you Ogh to apire to gt th victory ver you'
Mhl -a victory emL mueh more melOb O tM
f Naqpobl and Cir, ad Alaar, am bil.
boml moral i s marr S -M
W Tm "OUwe maIUI MSE1.
Odime ea.ae lekalpfk. A eam.
8CTIroN VII. On Duty to Pe ti.
It wa the opinion of a very eminet ad ob-
ering man, that those who are obedient to p-
ea t, a more healthy, long lived, and happy than
those who a diobedient. And he reason very
Airly on the uibject.
Now I do not know whether the promise an-
nexed to the fifth command, (whatever might have
been intended, a addressed to the Jews,) has any
speal reference to happinem in this life. I only
know that in general, those who are obedient to
parents are apt to be virtuous in other respects; fr
th virtue a well a the vice usually go in com-
panies. But that virtue in general tends to long
lib and happiness, nobody will entertain a doubt.
I am sorry, however, to find that the young,
when they approach adult yeaM ae apt to regard
autory a irkome. It should not be m. So
log a they remain under the parental roof they
ouht to feel it a pleasure to oonformo the wishsof
th parent in all the arrangements of the Bmily, if
mt shilutely unreonable. And even in the latter
ea is my own opinion-and one which has not
bee bhtily formed, either-that it would be better
to submitth cheeriulnew; and for three reaos.
at. For the make of your own reputation; which
wil always e adunm ed by disobedioe, how-
mar iust the parental claim may be
JWITr w ViWm -
l. From a loe of yew par ei sl a me of
what you owe them fr their hid are; agam
with a oavictio that perdo nothedb is not t
be expead. You will iAd Us, mao a
lr, everywber around ya- ieven yem
s lve; why shoui you spet puedem in yelr
3d. Becauset is better to Mair wrong th-m
do wrong. Perhaps there ei nothing wch Isk -
prom human eblrater, am s*eing wsrngAdy
although the world may be dow to admi tbe pria*
cipe. Moe than tdi; God himself han s a
gre dald about o&ek ie b pwa* .
If real evil multiply so tht a young m iand
he cannot remain in his fther hose wiheu
sufbtring not only in his feelings, but permane ly
in hi temper and dispoition, I will not sy lat
it i never bet to leave it. I do not belev, kahw.
ever, there is/m an y such neeeity. Of dha
who leave their paternal home on hi plea I be.
live ine hundred and ninetynn ine a the.
oand might probably remain, If tey would; ad
that a very hrg number would fad the Auk
in themalvee-in their own tmper, dipedtWm w
mitaken view -rather than their pama
Ad what i to be gained by goig away P Us.
fietualy this is a questis too Msldem srd by
Med., or hae ldMon yuthe; and when a d ad
need, it in um y hand de ae irl amip
Maritee proved the a Mwer fa have been i
U a11 TrOU o A n'S VI.D
Oarmtlat k. Anmt.re S.ght A jel aur.
ret. I have seldom known a youth tum out wel
who lea his parents or his guardian or mater.
On this subject, Franklin, I know, is often trium-
phlanly referred to; but for one iuch instance as
that, I hazard nothing in saying there are hun-
dreds of a contrary character. Within the circle
of my own observation, young men who leave in
this manner, have wished themselves back again a
But be this a it may, so long as you remain in
the imily, if you are 70 year of age, by all mean
yield to authority implicitly, and if possible, cheer-
filly. Avoid, at least, altercation and reproaches.
If things do not go well, fix your eye upon some
gat mexmple of suffering wrongfully, and endea-
vor o profit by it.
There is no sight more attractive than that of
a well ordered family; one in which every child,
whether five years old or fifty, submits cheerful-
ly to tse rules and regulations which parental
authority has thought ft to impose. It i, to ue a
rng expremon, an image of heaven. But, ex-
atly in the ame proportion, a family of the con-
ary character resmbles the region below.
Nor i this all It is an ancient maxim,--and
however despised by some of the moderns, noe
em be more true,-that he only is fit to com.
mand who ha first learned to obey. Obedimee,
ia~s e, the great len of humanlike Weafl
iam to yield our will to the dictates of parl
L.emm .rsusmm. miii I lyr. -
love and w. om. Through them we im to
yiekd aumiively to the great IMM of the CiSe
a etablibed in the material world. We I t
aroid, ifpoible, the am, the bail, t rmert of
the cold, the lightning, the tranado, and the et-
quake; and we do not choose to Ull fom a prc
pice, to have a heavy body All on us, to eeei
vitriol or arenio into our stomachs, (at leat i
heath) or to remain a very long time, immeed
in water, or buried in the earth. We ubmit ah
to the government under which we live. Al
these re mlemaon of obedience. But the Chriei
goes father; and it is his purpose to obey not aly
all thee law, but any additional es he may hd
imposed, whether they pertain to material or ia1
Ina bor,he who would put himself in the am
easy potion, in the here allotted him by the
Author of Nature, muat learn to obee-oam ihm
plicity and unconditionally. At kat he met
know bow to obey: and the earlier this kw.
ledge i acquired, and comrponding habt sab.
lied, the better and happier will he fid hi eas.
edition, and the more quiet his cosciense.
SBcTon VIII. WiiEMr.
Badly may blng places me mn, ai a ye|
m0, tma Awtbraladm thoae hr wham le I
employed, wheer pa, guediae mm ar
10 TUI Iqwq KAN%* OwDn.
NBe f o empyI A a mmoe em. WoemhW atey.
Th e appear to be a stude minppban
Sthe midst of many, in regard to this point. There
m few wo will not admit, in theory, wlm er
mny be the practice, that they ought to be &ihitil
o their peaents. And by far the majority of the
roung doubtless paroeive the propriety of being
hithfil to their master; so long at least, a they re
reanut. I will even go rbthr and admit tat the
member of young men-sonM, wards, apprendo,
ad servants-who would willingly be so r un-
bthfil a to do any thing positidrvely wrong because
hose who are set over them happen to be absent,
s by no means comiderable.
Bt by Sifihaes to our employees I meas
wmething more than the mere doing of things
cause we are obliged to do them, or because we
Imt I wish to see young men fel an hIt- t in
D well being and success of their employers; and
dbe a good care of their concern and property,
whether they a pre ent or absent, as if they aws
t ow4nm. The youth who would be more iade.
rhom perevering, prudent, economical, and aseM
Sin business, if the profits were his own, than bk
now is, does not in my opinion come up to the
mark at which he should aim.
The great apology for what I call unithtinee
n employers,*,'What shall I get by it?I' that
Sbefig tkhLd. I have seen many a young
who weI labor at the employset vegpjry
emned him. &nim a eemalis number of hem, ea
till a certain job was completed, dher whikc
eemed unwilling ai 1 afiger, seept r his orm
amuement, gutication, or emolumet. A Aw
minuutl.kbr nmght repair a bsh in a wa or
corn crib, and ave the owner may dolls' wortn
of property, but it is pased by! Bypultimga hw
deranged parcels of goods in their proper pla% or
writing down ome malal Isam of amooet, whle
would ave his employer much loe of tim or
mony, or both, a fitAl eerk night oAM n do a f
rric Would he nmo do it, if the l was a be
his on? Why not th do it r his emipoybe
Those who Degmee this,aor perdam them lied
or carelely, because they imagine they dolB gt
nothing for it, would do well to mrd tlhe bewiag
lry of a devoted and Ithtbl dom eti wbk I
uppoe to be a f. It needs no comm
A Mabnlta Prinee, in paying though a erstela
apartment, one day, discovered on of bi sera
deep with his m erb alipper clMpd an tigy
to his brntr, thaY he abe to disea dmi.
Struck with the hfA, and concluding at omas, td
a person who wa ao jeawlouy ca l of a tri-f
cold not Ail to be Uldh when m*nsd wh a
thing of mor impotence, h appoitd MB a
member of his body-guanla Tl aemit prod
that the prince wa not Maheae. Ring in oli
stp by sap, the young -man bea e the meet
dkainiSiMd milEy omaader I ManlsaM; m
hiseh alemmly eA dtheough al dia.
u- TUE TIUV-- 1AUl SUIDM
SS .S fai. i eodag and drinking. ItaMs .
Sz reon IX. On Formin Tesnperna Hei..
'Be temperate in aD things' i an excellent rule,
and of very high authority.
DrnM mea and Glutouy are vices so degrading,
that advice I must confess, nearly lot on those
who are capable ofindulgi in them. Ifany youth,
unasppily initiated in these odious and debasing
vice, should happen to ee what I am now writing,
I beg him to read the command of God, to the
hraeles, Deut xxi. The father and mother are to
ake the bad s and bring him to the elder of the
city and they b ll say to the elders, this our mo
wi not obey our voice: he i a glulen and a
dreMawd And all the men of the city shall tone
him with tones, that he die.' This will give him
some idea of the odiouness of his crime, at let in
the right of Heaven.
But indulgece far Mort of gror drunkenne
and gltoy i to be deprecated; and the more ao
because i is too often looked upon as being no
crimes at all Nay, there are many person, who
boost of a rnmed tate in natters connected wnh
sating ad drinking, who are so fr fom being
amimad of employing their thoughts on the wb
ee, tdha t is teisk boa that they do i.
Geagry, one of the Chbrian fthet ays: '*
s t mte aqumsifi or the guoai of de mea, a
&dIk, bu thd Im b i, diat b condemned:' dtbt
.e.d bIhNm.. s tw h.-Ud. hm q
my, the indulg- b beyond the absma de-
nds of nature; the haerinfg Awr ; the anglt
mme duty or o or o r tr the nak o(f the joym
the table. I believe, however, then q be
or both in quemli and quJii
his oee of what ae called 'good eating and
uinig,' if very unamible in rown pImea
perfectly hateful in a oumA; and, if he indU
the propensity, he is already half ruined. To
m you aaint act; of fraud, robbery, and vo
ce, is not ere my deign. Neither am I aspak-
Sagaint acts which the jailor and the hangman
hus, nor again those moral ofinces which all
n condemn, but apint indulgence, which, by
n in general, are deemed not only armies, but
i*riouW; bIt which observation has taught me
regard a destructive to human happiness; and
imt which all ought to be cautioned, eve in
r boyish day.
Such indulgences are, in the bat place, very
mm. The materials are costly, and the pre-
tiom till more o. What a mostrou tig,
, in order to stiy the appetite of one peon,
re must be one or two other ad weMr n cMnu
em iel, culinary implement, kihen room:
I hoiav masionre oes foMrar tA pMis l esm
tlo, oly to pIply the waft ( da laiy of t -sa
srw, wham hath, MuLs., mqired a -m t ef
al bor adquae to their own wa.
IN TUE TO--W RAum GIMDS.
As maedoos.. Water drImart
whal aR them merely to tickle the palate of f
or Aye people, and especially people who cn hardly
pay their bill! And, then, the lo qt eine-the
time spent in pleing the palate!
"A young man," ays an English writer, "some
year ago, o red himself to me, an mmamMai,
ftr which he appeared to be perfectly qualified.
The trn were settled, and I requested him to sit
down, and begin; but looking out of the window,
whemee he could see the church clock, he sid,
somewhat hastily, I cmel top nos air, I muat go
todiwr.' 'Oh!' sid I, 'you mat go to dinner,
must you! Let the dinner, which you mtW wait
upon today, have your constant service, then; for
you ad I hall never agree.'
He had ld me that he was in great diatre ir
want of employment; and yet, when relief was
there before his eyes, he could forego it for the sake
of getting at his eating and drinking three or four
boImr sooM than ws neceeary."
Thi anecdote is good, so far a it shows the
My of an unwillingness to deny ourselves in small
maters, in any circumstances. And yet punctual-
ity, even at meals, is not to be despised.
Water-dnkers are universally agked at: but, i
has always seemed to me, that they are amongst the
mest welcome of guests, and tat, too, though the
heat b bby no means of a niggrdly turn. The
tath s, they give no btrsm ; they occasion m mrs-
(i to please them; they are re not to make tdir
nthp in ess.miai b ; rd,above a ther*
ipl temehe moedwi aI them ea ofdtho oompy.
Your o ioriou 'lover of good ebr' a,
Scotrary, not to be invited without 6d vyodimL.
) entertain oeof them is a erousim nes; nd
people a no t vp voluntarily to undmrae mam
Mes of busin., the well-known 'blor of good
ting and drinking' ae lft, very generally, to -
Sit by themselves, nd at their own evesp-
But, all other conaidendatiou aide,lAshmOmof
a m vr valudblof earthly poM io, aad whbout
Mioh all the ret are worth nothing, bid us not
Jy to reflin from arsem in eating and drinkkh
a to stop short of what might be indulged in with-
t any appwnt impropriety.
The words of EccLIiASTcou ought to be oda
ad by young people. 'Eat modaly tht wh ah i
t before thee, and dewur not, lea thou be AfL.
Ien thou N est &mongwt mmy, Iah not th
ad out fa ofrall. HJr lisa it JbM isr .
mSi l eeuMl! A Wolesme sleep cometnh et a
mperme belly. Such a man riPe up ks am .
r, and is w e at with Mhmsef. Be aot to
ty of mea; fbr emces of mem bringth db.
, and cholerie die comet of gluttoy. By
rfeit have many period, and he t disth he
ffrMuser thii& show not thy TiNlOM
wine; ,r wim hath dearoyod mny.'
How mt ar these word!! How wel wei
a ae a pace in oar memrim t Ye, wha
OB Ta T2sM UW NA's umn.
On amdi=m g. DsMpr a Madu. An ampl
p-a have been taes to apologize fra kh s
ary to tse prepfl And, what pumiunat
be too grM, what mak of infmy smfieimtly
igmn, Ar those peindico viai s of talent, who
have employed that talent in the coampoition of
& LAm-im romp; tht is to my, piees of Ie.
and captivating writing in praise ofone of the mot
odiou and destructive vice in the black analogue
of human depravity!
'Who,' ay the eomeetri, but laborious Cobbett
'what man, ever perrmed a greater quantity of
lbor then I hav performed? Now, in a great
mmamre, I owe my capability to perform this labor
to my digard of dainties. I ase, during one
whole year, one mutton chop every day. Being
one in town, with one an (then a lie boy) and
a lerk, while my family was in the conry, I had,
fr aserl week~ nothing bit leg of mutton The
Sot day, a lg of muton boiled or rmats; second,
aid; trd, hMed; then, leg Aof mant k ; ad
,Whr I have hm bw msel oEr marv as. I
b viettab; bvV iwoI me s cs, dO es ab
sough. If I ad l by lsdace, h **oee Ar my
ppedl I put the laod sed or lt somebody do
Sand vee the appetite to gather heema m'
Now I have a special defse to rnomm d m4ld
a etfs tomy redmie, norm hb oat the aum-
Softh idividu whose hngug I have qu ,
I worthy of gemnrl mikddon. 'iere b ee 1
m o be leaned, however. Cobbett% e~er tring
adMuy is wel kaowm And if we rnly o bl
wn stmeem in regard to his mManer of wfi
e s another proof that what ar ed 'daltske,'
ad ev mmy thing which re often opposed to
a neceami, are ery ar Itom being indiepem-
le to health or hppiae
I am eve uterly ppomd to the rapid eating of
rhich he spea. In New England especllly, the
anger o the othr ide. 'Wwe ot aot
pee to othen, I neer would wish br moe the
ight domas to at my dinner in,' id a mere m r
D me oe day. Now I can ml a meal at my
ne, inAn minutes; but third not Muii& If
, the teeth were made-as well the *sae-
Imt invain. Not this amJsuoi down a ml
a fve or even to minute, so common among the
tive, eerpring, and industrious people of t
smmy, in auIer heahy, nor duets, oM esMee.
L And instead of spending only #At s* jt.
Ir a dr in otia -m .a m a m
* Tm rom uWIS eAn.
Umlike grmmes. AN had oM beh woe ms-aL.
omugt, a a matter of duty, to mpad about bism t
time in that way. Thi would give the teeth m
salary gland& an opportunity to come up to tb
work which God in nature isagned them. W4
may indeed cheat them for a time, but not with im
punity, for a day of reckoning will come; and son
of our rapid eaten will id their bill (in stomach a
liver complaint, or gout or rheumatism) rather
large. They will probably los more time in thi
way, than they can pomibly sae by eating rapidly.
The idea of preventing convert io about wih
we at is alo idle, though Dr. Franklin and man:
other wine men, thought otherwise. Some of on
students in comean and ehewhere, suppose them
salve highly meritorio because they hbae adope
ed the plan of appointing one of their number t
read to the company, while the res are eati
But they an adly misaken. Nothing is gaie
by the practice. On the conary, much i loot b
it. The bow cannot always remain bent, witho
iury. Neither can the mind always be kq
'toned'to high pich. K d and ike nu a
will have their relaxations
I am not an advocate tbr wading thia or te e
6l mam than is nceamry. Nay, I een belief
on the cotrary, with moat rm*eAd men, that w
rally eat about twice a much a nam n
j lha ButI do my, ad witb emphab that
m ti be inmsse d.
BIeA, I dimi tde subiect of am meas I
mi UuIJUI is. <^t wmw^br
>biauh you aD wolf to f at yo-l. fr
vry to te and eqo Experihces hba au
e, that they Me iiriue ,Asi. ES mF
bi of sobriety, modem etdn, and erly id,
n not, until I let of uing team, m ckiM
r me tha complete het wbi I have dm haL
I do not undertake to peibe Ibr diners amec
t, I do ty, tto pear down regual y, eery
y, a quart or two of wonsm iui wher mer
Same oftea, coe, soup, mgreg,o myt*eg
greatly iqurious to health. However, at pe
it I have to repeent to you, is ts gre ded
i tc" 'k ( 04 .aktf yw p r p #w Mfi
q&u and ahlso from your power I Awushd paw
nme, whatever It may be, and oam walmsaWl
nee ariing. These thing. adt someddBg sa
Sto him who forges, or never knows till be pap
how large a bill they make-in the come d
How much to be desired i it, dtht im kh
mld return nee more, to the use of s ethr
ink tha that panr beverage which natu p
red fo the soo drink of man! Bo klngs
Sin health, we need no other; nay, we have no
;ht to my other. It is the testimony of ll, or
not all whose testimoy is worth havin, t a
ar is the be known drink. Bu if wae i
tar tha o adbeUr d e ws of e"eu e mw
A- M A Aen ..
*W Yu terU a' omnu.
Wmmth emariL de. ahtmme ht1m4. 10
.asmelau, that uisfui*o isthe grand point to am
L Water, we ve s thesole drink of ma
tth*e is a great variety of fod provided fr hi
MI.J. He i allowed to select from thi in
mes variety, those kinds, which the experience
otmeakind generally, combined and compared wi
his own, show to be me ut U He can UsM a
almost ay thing. till there is a choice to be ob
mered, and so fr as his circumstance permit, b
Sin duty bound to exercise that choice. God he
sid by his srant Paul; 'Whether ye eat ordrini
or whamoeoer ye do' &c.
What we believe to be most useful to us, thoue
at fh dhagraeabhe, we may oon learn to pref
Ow bebs, then, abould be early formed. W
should always remember these two rules, however
l. The fewer difairent article of food used at an
em meal, the better; however excellent in the
nature those may be which are left unteted. I
Nevw eat a moment longer than the food, if wel
mdetaed, actually revives and rfrehsw you. T
moment it makes you feel heavy or dull, or pall
upon the tate, yewu hr passed t line f rfy.
8CTIOr X. On Skppr&
Agars, properly so called, are confined, in i
asmddahl degree,to cites; and I was at Ae h
dobt whether I should do as much good by givin
my vles aaint them, a I should of michief bI
oa sima&. 71
L meU smm dmwr Maseim. or Is ha s.
reading through the conry hd hkowd of
a wretched practice. But ither nedes h
convinced me that I ouht to or my -us-m
on this object.
By mupper, I mean a ftrth meal, emt beWr
going to bed. Individual who have eate quib
a many time during the day a nature aqufbe
and who take their tea, and perhaps a hie Iead
and butter, at ix, mua gat nine or ta, they t ,
and eat another hearty meal Some mae it
moatluxurious repas of the day.
Now many of our plain country people do sot
know that such a practice exaL,. 'Thy ar a
too much, it i true, at tir third meal, but drr
active habi and pure air enable them to diget k
better than their city brethren could. Beeida their
third meal never comea so late, by several how
a the supper of ctie and townL
Our Englih ancemto, 200 y ar ago e ht
Wides of the Atlande, dined at eleven, took ta u,
ad had o supper. o it wa wh the Jew of
ca, ao of the hehldeat nation that ever lived e
d the M sedierranean. They knew neodde of
our modern dinners at thd or aur, aad neapp
at nine, te, or eleven.
But not to 'take something lhe at nWa wb
the re,' would at preaent be regarded al ,'
and who could endure it? He, I eonfla I
tarm e lr aome of my reader whosa to1 b it
t Ta mvose- Ar's i n s.
single bnaae, es ite to 'ake advice.' But I wi
hope r bear thing.
If you would giv your stomach a smeo of n
po, a well a the rst of your system; ifyo
would deep soundly, ad ekher deam not at ml
or bare your dream plemaat onea; if you would
rim in the morning with your head ear, and fi
fom poim, and your mouth clean ad sweet, a
stad of being prched, and foul; if you would
unite your voice- in pirit at let-wikh t
voices of prai to the Creaor, which amoad ev
where aunle it be fom the dwellings of creat
that mould be men,-it im one word, you wo
legthen your live. several yem, and inreae
eqjoyment of the lst thirty yeam 3 per cent. wid
mt diuniniing that of the Mrt fSty, then I beg c
you to abstin om supper
I am acquainted with one individual, who pirt
fom a conviction of the injury to himse, a
partly fom a general deteastion of the practice
ot only abaains fom every thing of the kin
but fI m long obseration of ita efct, goe to d
ether azutrne and seldom takes even a Mhul a
And I know of no evil which iaea fiom it. C
the contrary, I believe that, for him, no court
could he ber. Be that s it may, adult
viduab abousd nevr at man than three timas
dy, mer should hey ever partake of any
id or liquid, within there or amr bos df
amtad a Natfirbie i wr
B~Y~g Q-('- U C ~
whw ad 4mw of6 pmdwm lo lb.
&dge be. MR" to 66 pow dn" or Amw
,.--l--u p--d b~~ d t'm
tok -mh h=inu% ate waim7 -rl a~mihg
a emind"" pwm. of thgpt.-~ h m
ing sw*,bwt in *W.3m Pabm 01
-, g~i UNM ftaod sobb~~
G'.- 0 No aww'mmod
huMA phVMM4 Ail 'MaseUK b 3b,*t
the Pk d r4I8r1"t.- ba 4w ammE
Si.Y Merr,; 4b Y bbIY in.Q14~W
fti~n &wemeftg mO d As ougn e Sm
ed;td wftdhe"Pu aiwL heaw F4
w0 bma tataw M3 the uwp ou4hias
both impeo the istla and tb*-f'.jb
in% In mqm itsy dA) *A* td A
-df It Is -~i aat OW hOMO
C#L- -..-A '
w+Lk a~uw.i*a apqldib
.mIinJ n6. a. ...A i aYb.. r
*Y I" II -
qmvdw la vmi u We
sb *Mno'bdkvo *y U r Amm
- s b .-- Swore
Irwu~b the -- th *e qii
sb d tar4M#Fm w\bow w
msdy _. S_ w
why wqy body sllMd 1M ina a vry
!al**. A O.i b b to L
s aorw a woo ; t l
"Mda -d -r put of ^^
Knotty &* a tr.b, dn sw m b
fm ur an h M o& I pomrti t iw. M
aams. o, 105n the .saildsojpp u h
look depra" ad oh WOr ionsil wk
Judge. ME ifft WeiwdawMsw* *S
Fo mrd *-i.4 a i
Emlw Ifd doe nt f ee t o
wifed, www ieJlr l k
M I-g*^iW t^i,iSi
Dr. '"m ma do ib ba h
9 I Wrb I 'Il .., N o;
]5b l asham dmw a AdASM bw d Ih
~as ad& maqbe kAI bma sod imp
.. 4lw towom soea. do mw p*
nd *i@om *A h be I dew *Im bi
oWpw mw b ma mu 14 lk
as- somp is on to .wmd Oa ON
ob a a k 6L We sol .qa u m
amad bay atw~ ai abouun
abowas do oo. of w olow inmkw -
SOW~-- te t Oak af we. Mm a Ps m
V*o- -MO bW IM I'llb ii A WW
oluowe~d; sm Abs vel blN
"ma sdy m Owe wdeeds..
I sow A bm do@ b a Nam
RErLl)~ r J--I~~:
pw~bm WMM4,.uba dbp
m wWf wbs. dke m b io wms
md wbe ofm imiw *w daub= Ar
q9rr~ .w m h~M bS
"-ft hook ws q.mn, miWW
go bow" dos a-obd-bb Aboom ow
l asub bW 4w dwftbm h aig haMOO
.1 sw blh~wvwm bam
hb"vl hwl b~s H.h twr bb bd40in
mes, mmm a& urns Omm A v0440%
mi, bhMp. at do uMi, 10 SM46A
SmW I - ~ s om-i dbaf
mrir uLh~mma Slr ~ra,~
NO holdm ass *@w..w dk
baumpwk*w dm dhw ,dlp
r*i s -L_~I .~1_I _
Tin -d L rr t SL ,
misrJ kwsrrMS iawia dl
dmM~eruM ~i ~i
*a--&=i vpm h m..4 -UNs
,Av*Wnd b s. di
- Gibif omt pa am am at I
Ury vay wort bins e4M ah
M&M bUb4 l as" opmis *$ Am d
g - a by a& dmI dp
E*dsb bmb am up vib dmadm d
ow ~. AmAwdmV -nft ddp
a m mow ID jmmbw VWM m bm
b01 6. a #AM. t
- Aw ad phba usiomm
v'dooppdbk 'Ll 1,
5ab 4mqpbo dob men a m
O W ow ww"POW-40w
-U ;- C
wase Ibbt MW a"
(t[sums. fr w l smid) aft-NO
mN. Shme ownm oft--
AMboff oumds lowdm~n a-e"VNOIII~
Inw skmU inbwdo
m'.r -) m hQ~ k
b*&a sd &owbg'~i ''~ dftt
M*4* ftn* b IWO*Mmqadkui'Wf
the suomi, esMi d apaM d
WUNN UbU OMM hPt Ift @d" O
b'mq b.lrlmub ~ ''~* "
I- ol 41il
whrmfr C1Ll~r~ u --
tkt solobuft vr vmClyfrwll~wft
is oletwmm *
*w r by Infoomrwi Ism
0 6046104 uad Lml*I&lrq" .l
do ilostbof, ad ft wafto "l~ol s
Oa C IL f t
bw walwu Ym mi fomu.b b4
ft &WNW n" 6 a o ILIA a
Mbr~ U-i-sm. Tm~ -r psbu~i d
hmb% wks h I SyI F1k I-
na uwmd @mudsl m=o b
va of w pseen, WShkhk is a~~ h de
dwddlbosm SaftiolmLs pmwefovwy bed
fie bo m4 eWmaumhmd mMM hR is
rwuof *vmy Pus wbe k my 6ing way Is
a bw bob&wfm my iak h kind ^shpb md wk
assm dsAW t pbim; mad dadwswbui it
dm~wasml ~- tak s dkw lm du
widv I Pa. Fmasssus is *hum
ald aM ma ona is Afiadama.
ma 6 ding is, mlan& s s smis
ml powmeh skhg; k bemailm*a deamsdow w
mamdos bmbs of =. Dso 6 e iamm of u~se
n 6v a so suk dm q be mgmW& odw
boba Msmdpsbsdoosm a *gefa wu
ly dwdusmwpussdw dtkwemwsomma l .maps
md dos I ll g of o..I,. use mad an** -
ais" swisk w" *my tbg us is a. avmWh
O*Waetdmw sh atpmsskhavenumaso
sig whssh ad pw o s1l, mad pm
bsdm lmpnuns hisb his
a. Ase sqpsm wi "d, mk I
&W ml pdmu pmwwu -
~p~maa. khma Imsw
L XJL, -w, mW. ~'
..~t ~~~- rrdlS CY~
bubr b db&,hn..wbm r1
Ivato- m- I ;,
WI"". Pbwdltr wmbbJ, Ur
601A b ft &kf~b tu 0*8 "m~
4. Do nit I dekpmm hi i s n kui
mid. -lO mllI gm, eIyD whi th. in.-
b t.rn, ~r~a~ut~.
by mayhag ph r N% or Al m.$,Fpm; k
is tha u niAi dmtht b&. An saws.
=u# I ba seq.a &i Wf -O'O blt$
6M A.%, W oYVM ,,
& u.;@ Ldw J~ a% w~bkW
6ll ha urn- a1 C
q an penv ANa& aft r amrinD
uimsi of is da& vi oew Am* mw~
` *w -mm "wall* mono"
Ih A6 -
o* b d. 2o b qIw a i ai
diM iir avoIMed. Le bhi emchldr
oa r MmmK I b tm '7ugo emt you i
mo a os le or at ~i alduwd, M yr
dm .bheuLm db&eedve. It b do e pne e
-mpel-u w inrupt anoder k bb emaruh
o. a IWOm o bh pwOr umd pwr jmn I
SMake k a rok newv to meao, wthet
3i New y a appem pe wi e or hum
hmd the -s f the o- my. Ne th*A ye. thel
yewr ow propr splm
omwnw XIV. Panr IrL HuL
I hwo dwh A Am of do't bom tm 4
i Immsmi lyxepmueuaih
ph@% to Am a MMll ut thhd,. Ss wi"a h a
,ua7 .h da y &p.
-l A e.s doem g mdheer 2 aimem
he as a" a army of on biA. wa"M I
h"rm ym dlhig thi &W, ming eof
amb ald we A r Igeim.L I hbs mlI
thus a hm Is bubm dhuI-md ,n
em eA i be, whbei simps
band b &
ohm* d-o,- -
VII9 SqinCI E IW~L~II
bsm sos mbowp
we* ab amo- ---
6 mambr4LllLrIO (L "GoodiJII
---- ~ ` Cm
'~-- --*~ ~.~ 1:.0h, *X: .A %vqw-4w
b~~w .&kbe le pubw
__c L -LZ_ L -I -ilL
of i e d
- *-On* Osw
JJT L ha I
ema eaoml* tek mad to coM ri- r weI
l*" dkbbing bab&ee s41h.memetn*
oir Jew bsaf m aw& aiid wham
NAM omhei b 6s ueAosM uel
v4kWh Wpodt abed *hs"s
who Ae adeped te wpmewws mwab 6me
bawAla pud tbw smo beAo hisdr
wt4ut: a% y lp Irr n*s smb gam
rMUOXAmL maMe. M
adl rof eeig 4deay. Demase st M F.
at day, ad the next day the thing mu be dom ,
r cleanline mut be abandoned altogether. If
wU are a journey, you must wit the plee
f the servant at the inn bere you ee dces and
at out in the morning; the plesmat thne fr tmv-
ling is gone before you cn move fem the
pot: intead of being at the ed of your day's
journey in good time, you a benighted, nd have
o endure all the great inconvenience attendant
m tardy movement. And all thi from the ap
*rently inignifcant air ofhaving. Heow my
i piece of important busiane has filed fim a
hort delay! And how many thousand of meh do-
sys daily proceed from thi unworthy case'
These remarks are especially important to thoee
mioa in boarding-houses and elswher, fr
whom hot water, if they use i, must be pvrly
Let me urge you never to my I cannot go, or d
Uch a thing, till I am shaved or dremsed. Ta
re always to as rtand mad asse and them yeo
will always be ready to act. But to this nd the
mbit mont be formed in early lie, and prtina-
iouy adhered to.
There re those who can truly y tha to the
abit of adhering to the primeipls which hm
Mee laid down, they owe much of their seee
n lik; that however seber, dimaet and abterm
b might have ban, they never ooal hmw aW
mndml mnamk h nm Wa aba*A-n-bJW mL
-CIqmrm a ea r a hd army. An assAm
by ramming bekehand, dhat the could a
be very vorble to Mady babis of this or a
older kind; yet the following i the temimony a
one who had made the trial.
STo the habit of early ring and hubanding m
time well, more than to any other thing, I owe
my very extrordinary promotion in the ay.
was y rey. If I had to mount guard t t
I wa ready at ne: never did ay man, or an
thing, wait one moment for me. Being, at n aq
under taeny year, raised fom corporal to serge
major ad oe, over the heads of thirty srgeants,
should naturally have been an object of envy a
hatred; but this habit of early rising really subdue
'Beore my promotion, a lerk wa wanted
make out the morning report of the regiment
rendered the clerk unnecemary; and, long befo
any other man w dreaded for the parade,
work fr the morning was all done, and I myme
was on the parade ground, walking, in fine weath
for an hour perhaps
'My cutom was thil: to get up, in summer,
day-light, and in winter at four o'clock; hai
dra, evea to the putting of my sword-bae or
my boulder, and having my word lying on
able befoe me, read, to hang by my ide. Tbi
I a it of cheer, or pork, and bread. Thn
pIupa my report, which was led up a ft
I eamp.iani brought me in the maieri s. A
easm0nL SASn. a
hi, I d an hao or two to mwd, be te dht
e for amy duty eat of door, unar Iwhm o
regiment, or part of t, wat outto aueisa t h
moning. Whma this w the ame, and the s a r
w left to me, I always hd k on the ground
ach time as that the bayones glitA~md ti
riig anm; a sight which gave me delight, of wM
I often think, but which I shoul in vain adwmr
'If the bMears woe to gs ot, eight or a o'ek
ws the hour. Sweating mm i the e t of th
day, or breaking in upon the time for ookbig their
dinner, puts all things out of order, and all mm
outof humor. When I ws commander, the men
had a long day of leiure before them: they could
ramble into the town or into the wood; go a get
rapberries, to catch brd4 to catch di, or to per
ue any other recreation, and mach of them -
choe, and were qualified, to work at their tmdk .
So that here, arising solely from the early hait
of one ery young man, were plant and happ
day given to hundreds'
For my own part, I conte that only a Ibw yeos
ince, I should have laughed heavily at sme of
these view, espeeamly the cold water syMtm
shaving. But a fiead whom I nse and, aad who
haved with cold water, said so meekh i h Wiar
tt I vetued to mae the trial; ad I oa an
my that I would not tan my AImr dwey
I hot watr, if I had a servant wi had noIlg
B lWs" warM a Krm* itsUIM ti desffmms
el to do but ftaih t. I cannot indeed ay with
a ooent wrier (I think in the Journal of Heskh)
that cold water a great deal ettr than warm;
but I can and do my that it makes little if any
dif rence with me which I use; though on going
out into the cold air immediately afterward, the
akin is more likely to chap after the me of warm
water than cold. Beside I think the use of warm
water more likely to produce eruptions on the skihn
-Sometimes, though not generally, I sbave, like
8ir J Biaclair, without a glam; but I would
ever be enslaed to one, convenient s it is.
SBCTIOm XV. Bathing and Clmadiew.
Clenline of the body haa, some how or other,
such a connection with mental and moral purity,
(whether a cause or effect-or both-I will not
udertake now to defemine) that I am unwilling
to omit the present opportunity of urging its impor-
tane. The are toe who are so attentive to this
subject as to wash their whole bodies in water,
either cold or warm, every day ofthe year; and naer
to wear the m clothes, during the day, that thy
have dept in the previous night. Now thi habit
may by some be called whimaidl; but I think it
dmeres a btr ams. I consider thib ezlsm e, if t
ought to be called an extreme, vady mea sa
thdn the common extreme of Megect.
b it not sharneNl-wuld it not be, were homa
nU/anp--, lM, d iOIaCaa. Un nmp.
duy properly un ood-- o pm m i% nd
eve year, whhout wahief th 1 wh o bedly mea
There are thobumamd and e ofhommd of bo
ame, who am exceedingly nieo,evea to htidila
ne@, about extenal;--who, like thbor mi iMued
in the gopel, keep clean the 'oumide of the eup
andtheplttbe,'-butalMI hbow is itwhin? Not
a ew of us,-living, m we do, in a lad whm
map and water are abundant and cheap-wo
bluh, if the whole story were told.
This chapter, if extended so far as aombs the
whole subject of cleanlinew of pne dm, os, a
apartment, and cold and warm bathin, would
alone fil a volume; a volume too, which, if well
prepared, would be of great value, epeciay to a
young men. But my preset limits do not pmit
-P .-. tk*in: Ie.M In w--l t. n _W IMt -
he cueomary salutation and eivilidie of lih; and
he modes of drw. Now it perlcdy obvious that
many common phruea which anre ud at meeting
and separating, during the ordinary interview and
eoaeam of life, a wll as in correpodenes, an
in themselve wholly unmeaning. But viewed as
in introduetio to things of more importance, tesM
ltle words and phrses at the opening of a cover.
tion, and a the language of hourly and daily
lat M m, an certainly uasel. They ar indiks.
ors of good and fiiandly heling; and without
hn we ihoold not, and could not, cure the con-
ence of some of those among whom we ae
blied to iv. They would regard u as not only
unmocial, but ol&b; and not only mslh, but proud
On account of meeting with much that disguea
us, many re tempted to avoid society generally.
The rfirolous converatio, and still more ftiolowu
neduot, which they meet with, they regard a
wit of time, and perhaps evre deem it a duy to
ign theisnwelsve to olude. Th howea is a
peat --mak. Thoae who have been moat a use"
a uaki- amad vry dimneatly. They m*<
w w'u U.
Wdit~in. ZL emA wh. rho amomsh.
khthe worl,i hWop" to d somebaitg wail
rming it. The gretea of pbhaophamr a we
Sof Chrisaion;-eva the FeOnau of CheaL-
tity hinielf-st dowa, and not oy sat dew,
it ate od drank in the Msci ofthorwith wh
nner, and u pecialy whoe viem, he could hbe
4 no possible sympathy.
Zimmerman, who has geaally boen egarde
I an pole of olitude,ught tht mn ouht
Dtto ridee in deerts, or leep, like ow, is tih
~uoow trunks of trees.' 'I inceely ahaot
ciple my he, 'not to Mabse theraelves me
oely fom public places,or to avoid the social
uong; which cannot fail to afford to judiWol
tonal, and feeling mind, many subject both of
amusement and inmruction. It i te, that we
mot relih the pleMaurs and te the advanig
r society, without being able to gie a pmatet
during to the toue of fbly, to ecum nor, ad
Sbear with infrmity.'
In like mmanr, we are not to digard wholy,
ur dre. It i true that the shao of a hbe,
we cut of a coat may not md to the adamg of
e mind,or the soundne of the moals; but iti
h to that peopl fbam an opini of as fias
ur exterior appearaee; and will omatimw to do
>: and fia impieions aw very diem to be
wreome. If we regard our owtn uMhe, thuli
mU, we aaB not eer the Asde or ehMeMue
f our drm a a dl thiit hei nmi I bm
M TM ToUo arts8 OWE.
r the la"tin a hAion.
We should remember, sbo, that the urM, hi
ie varus pts and aspects is made up of lile
thing o true i thi, that I bave sometimes been
rey ftnd of the paadoxical rmark, that 'lile
thing are great things;' that i, in their rade.
For who does not know that throughout the physi-.
al word, the mightiest reut are brought about
by the silnt working of small cause? It is not
the torndo, or the deluge, or even the occaonal
iran of min, that renew and animates nature,
m much a the gentle hreae, the s f refusing
hiowr, and the til sofer and gender dew of
go in human fe, generally, they are the little
this om, that produce the mightier results. It i
he wo takes cae of peace and thing, not he who
neguW them, that thrive. It is he alone who
guards his lips against the first improper word,-
trvin a it may seen-that is seeu against tremm
rohnity. He who indulge one little draught of
leohoeli drink, is in danger of ending a tippler;
be who give looe to one impure thought, of end.
In th victim ofluat and mseality. Nor i it
a single gr, or a it wer aeeidntal eat, view.
ed as a-I--s d fom the ret- however Ijrious
it o be --hat ijre the body, or debse the
mind, as meuh as the Aquent nrepetI of those
ma~r ea wh iho a s eti re oeus to
im. aTemw n
rblldh the predomimldg her of th 4 r
Fiction of the SuL
Avoid then, the pei iou, the ald aem,, ,t
aie thingP ee of no coamqasnoee limte sa
oney, little fgmeu ar time, Hade or tWUi
ords, litl or appa ly unimportant aio O
is subject I caot help adopting--ad bdling he
roe too,-the language of a aiend of tompueem
regard to tthoe who thik themmlvemr pu ly
cure from danger, and ar believers in the hml.
mmis of NMe thimIg, b 'remble,' mid he, 'r
* mn that does not remable forhinmlC '
emon XVIL. W.ig, imd ak eamu qf ri-
Thbe s idou bd much diAbfameofas ie w
muneaL One pemon i ea etly exa d, anoI,
re dowly. But there i a greater difremae rsil
lmking from our habits.
If we find ourselves easily led into ng, we
muld be extemely cauil bhow we indulge t
at teps that lead towards it Thore who aml&
pom a mild temper may, with ceaidb
Aty, do and my many thing which otemn ea
t. Thu we olsn ay ofa peron who hs mt
ik a mimrtune, 'It s good eOinoh ar h i
fr d a minal who hu juI been moemmama
1r p.mi~msl nt 'No meamr; he deserve 'L'
r pelbae we so &rer. and am fdomin bin s
ar melr. Or*r to amr.."l MM n =ea re
d, my, He ought to hae been hanged, ad
ma hanging was too good for him.'
Now al these things, in the mouths of the irri-
hbe, lad the way to an indulgence of anger, how-
er unperceived may be the tradition. It is a
db principle that the saying of St. John is so
rikingly true; 'He that hateth hi brother in a
rderer;' that is, he that indulges hatred has the
dsb within him, not only of out-breaking anger,
at of murder.
It i on this account that I regret the common
ure taken with children in relation to certain
naller tribes of the animal creation. They are
lowed not only to destroy them,-(which is
mubtler often a duty,) but to destroy them in
anger; to indulge a permanent hatred towards
an; and to think thi hatred creditable and scrip-
L When such feelings lead us to destroy eve
a moat troublesome or digusting reptiles or
eets, in anger, we have so far prepared the way
r th indulgence of anger towards our fellow
reaure, whenever their conduct hall exche our
We can hence see why be who has a vile
smper should always peak in a low voice, and
mldy mildness and sweeune in his tans. For
md, ipaioned, and boiterous tons crtabty
xaei impa ioned feelings. o do all the asoim
rieh ilndiat anger. Thus Dr. Darwin bhas
at any individual, by using the language d
or mumae. U
We O weok pro tola a no. a4mtae-
XM of an ang peryo- tuwards ai agiW i
>ject of dipleaue, and aeoompnyiog temn Ib
smt, and blow, with a doubled or clinched fat,
my easily work himself into age Of the jat
Sthis opinion I am flDy convinced, fm eMel
id repeated experiment.
If we find ourselves apt to be angry, we Iso
ideavor to avoid the road which leadsto it. The
rt thing to be done, is to govern ourvoi. On
hi point the story of the Quaker and the mecht
my not be uninaructive
A merchant in London had a dispute with a
uaker gentleman about the settlement of am
oumt. The merchant was deenrmied to brin
ie action int court,-a come of proceeding a
rhich the Quaker was wholly opposed;-he
breore used every argument in his power to c-
ince the merchant of his error; but all to nopo.
Deairou of making a fa l efbrt howevw, the
(uaker called at the houe of the merchant, es
morning, and inquired of the serant if hi mar
as at home. The merchant hearing the inquiry
kom the top of the asair and knowing th- vois
aled out, loudly, 'Tell that r al I am gt at
om.' The Quaker, looking up toward h,
aid almly;'Well, ind, may God put the tn a
The merchant nwas ruck wih tha ealm s
ah renp and after thinking more ddilibual a
Rd.rts ewasming a bad tmper. tory of EZl n .
he me, ,beeame convinced that the Quaker wa
dght and he in the wrong. He requested to Me
him, and after acknowledging his error, aid, 'I
have one quedion to ak you. How were you able
b bear my abuse with o much patience?'
'Friend,' replied the Quaker, 'I will tel thee.
I a naturally a hot and violent a thou art. But
I knew that to indulge my temper was sinfll, and
also very foolish. I observed that men in a pa-
eko always spoke very loud; and I thought if 1
could control my voice, I should keep down my
peionm. I therefore made it a rule never to let it
rie above a certain key; and by a careful observ-
faee of is rule, I have, with the blesing of God,
entirely matured my natural temper.'
When you are tempted by the conduct of those
wound you, to be angry, endeavor to consider the
mater fr a few moments. If your temper be so
impetuous that you find this highly difficult, you
may adopt some plan or device for gaining tme.
Some recommend counting twenty or thirty, de-
liberaely. The following anecdote of the cele-
Iated Zmmerman is exactly in point, and may
afmrd uaefil hints for inruction.
Owin in part to a dieaad tate of body, Zim-
mnerm was sometimes irritable. One day, a
Rubb princess and several other ladies entered
his apartment to inquire after his health; when, In
a ft f pealnee, be roae, and requested them to
eave de room. The prie entered ame time
orF AmL I
th ladws PO w. moase r asdiw bm.-.
frward, when Zmmerman had begn np as
f his nradn andad afer om it abg bs or.
tion, advied him, whenever he Ak a dhie oei
> treat his friends so uilly ah, to repeat,
entiry, the LordI prayer. Thi advice we Al-
)wed, and wih waUce. Not long alerw a the
une prince cae to him ftr advice a repgad t
e heat manner ofcontrolling the violence of thee
snaports of affection toward hi young and mia-
le conort, in which young and happy lorn re
Sapt to indulge. 'My dear Mled,' id Zimm-.
an, 'there i no expedient which can msurp yor
Wn. wheneer you ftel yourser ovsbne by
asion, you have only to repeat the Lrd pa yr,
ad you will be able to reduce it to a seady ad
By adopting Zimmerman' nile, we dal, I
ive already observed, gain time ibr refeeii ,
an which nothing more i needed. For i the
use of anger be a report, r ample, ef Iq
ne to us bya a bsent person, either in woed
ed, how do we now the report is true? Or
my be only partly true; ad how do we know,
I we coakider the mater well, whether it worh
rangerat al Or ifa al, perhaps it rnK e
ta litde of t. It may be, o, that the pema
Said or did the thing reported, did i by mi.
Sor ei already rr fo r it At ah enl
in ean be g hined by ham; much be by