Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Sacred History: Old Testament
 Sacred History: New Testament
 Back Cover

Group Title: Biblische Geschichte fèur Kinder
Title: Sacred history
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00001861/00001
 Material Information
Title: Sacred history Old Testament
Uniform Title: Biblische Geschichte für Kinder
Physical Description: 219 p., <1> leaf of plates : ill. ; 14 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Schmid, Christoph von, 1768-1854
Steinle, Eduard von, 1810-1886 ( Artist )
Masters, Joseph, 1795-1863 ( Publisher )
Levey, Robson, and Franklyn ( Printer )
Publisher: J. Masters
Place of Publication: London
Manufacturer: Levey, Robson, and Franklyn
Publication Date: 1851
Subject: Bible stories, German -- O.T -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Embossed cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1851   ( rbbin )
Bldn -- 1851
Genre: Embossed cloth bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Language: "Translation, though not a literal one, of the Bible history <for children, intended for general use in the People's Schools of Bavaria> of Christopher Schmidt"--Pref.
General Note: "Uniform with this volume, Sacred history, New Testament"--P. <8> of prelims.
General Note: Engraving of the Good Shepherd after Steinle.
Funding: Brittle Books Program
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00001861
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002236919
oclc - 45432627
notis - ALH7397

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Title Page
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Table of Contents
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
    Sacred History: Old Testament
        Page xii
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    Sacred History: New Testament
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    Back Cover
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Full Text

TH GOOD SH3PHLAD. Frmn Steinae

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Sbnttetmmt ^nt.

THIS little volume is, for the most part, a
translation, though not a literal one, of the
Bible History of Christopher Schmid.* It
embraces most of the chief points of Old-
Testament history, which are given in a sim-
' pie, reverential manner, and in strict accord-
ance with the sacred text, large portions of
which are introduced. The inspired words
are invariably given wherever Almighty God
has spoken expressly.
In the effort to be plain, the Editor may
have marred the structure of some sentences;
"Bible History for Children, intended for ge-
neral use in the People's Schools of Bavaria. By
Christoph Schmid, Canon of Augsburg." Munich,


*". ?

but this will be readily excused by those who
know how difficult it is to write for children
on sacred subjects, without falling into an ir-
reverent and too familiar style. It is hoped,
however, that the general tone and character
of the book will more than compensate for
any minor defects; and that it will prove a
useful help to mothers in the religious in-
struction of their children, far superior to the
majority of such productions hitherto in use.



1. The Creation of the World 1
2. The First Man. 3
3. The First Sin 6
4. Punishment of the First Sin 8
5. The Death of Abel, and Punishment of Cain 11
6. The Flood 15
7. Noah leaves the Ark 17
8. The new Earth after the Flood 20
9. The Calling of Abraham 22
10. The virtuous Abraham 24
11. Abraham offers up Isaac 28
12. Isaac marries Rebekah 31
13. Esau and Jacob 35
14. Jacob leaves his Father's House 4 40
15. Jacob returns to his Father's House 44
16. Joseph the young Shepherd 49
17. Joseph sold to Strangers 51
18. Joseph sold as a Slave to Potiphar 54
19. Joseph in Prison 56
20. Joseph made Governor over Egypt. 59
21. Joseph detains his Brethren 64

22. Benjamin goes down into Egypt 69
23. Joseph's Silver Cup 72
24. Joseph makes himself known 76
25. The Happiness of Jacob 78
26. The Deaths of Jacob and Joseph 81
27. Moses exposed in an Ark of Rushes 85
28. Moses fies from Egypt 88
29. The Burning Bush 90
30. The Plagues of Egypt 93
81. Institution of the Passover, and Depar-
ture from Egypt 96
82. The Egyptians destroyed 99
33. God's Miracles in the Wilderness 103
34. The Commandments of God, and the Un-
faithfulness of the People 105
35. The Death of Moses Il
36. Entrance into the promised Land 114
37. History of Ruth 116
38. The wicked Sons of Eli, and the good
Child of Hannah 121
39. Young David 125
40. The Giant Goliath 129
41. The good King David 135
42. Solomon King of Israel 137
43. Elijah 143
44. Elisha 150

. *

45. Jonah 155
46. Daniel a Captive in Babylon .159
47. The Temple and City of Jerusalem rebuilt 170
48. The Seven Maccabees 173
49. God takes pity on the Jews 175

I .1740

Unifobr with this Volume,

ado testament.

. 4p""


Is the beginning God made the heavens
and the earth. The earth had no form,
but was covered with deep water; and
darkness was all around; and God said,
" Let there be light; and there was light."
God then said, Let the firmament appear;
and it was instantly created. Then was
formed the blue vault of heaven, and part
of the waters arose and became clouds.
God again said, Let the waters be ga-
thered into one place, and be separate

From the land; and it was done. At
) that time the land, the sea, springs,
streams, and rivers, were made, Then
God said, Let the earth bring forth herbs,
plants, and fruit-trees; and it was done
as He commanded. The earth was co-
Svered with a beautiful green, just as we
see it in spring, ornamented with a great
many lovely plants, trees, and flowers.
God then said, Let the sea be filled with
fishes, and the air with birds, and the
earth bring forth animals of all kinds;
and it was so. Lastly, God created man;
and the Almighty looked upon all that
He had made, and it was very good.
Though we cannot now look upon God
Himself, yet the heavens and the earth shew
us His power, His goodness, and His wis-
dom. The sight of His beautiful works ought
to fill us with love and gratitude, and make

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us bless still more and more the great kind.
ness and bounty of our Creator.

THE heavens and earth were finished,
and a beautiful dwelling for man was
prepared. God said, Let us make man
in our image, and he shall reign over all
the earth. Then God formed man of the
dust of the ground, and put into him a
living soul. Thus was the first man
created. God named him Adam, that is,
earth, to remind him of his origin. Man
was created in the image of GQd, his
body was of the earth, his soul was from
God, and it not only knew that which
was good, but loved it, and did it.
We ought to be perfect, charitable, loving,
active, and holy, like God Himself; and re.

/ T

aspect in ourselves and in every body else the
image of God; for all men, rich and poor,
are created alike.
God placed man in a delightful garden,
full of the most beautiful trees and plea-
sant fruits; a clear bright stream flowed
through it, and at length divided itself
into four rivers. Adam was to cultivate
and take care of it. The goodness of
God is constantly shewn towards man,
in having created us for happiness as
well. as for labour; and we can only be
Happy by doing what God commands us.
God brought all the animals to Adam,
that he might give to each a name. Man
ought to be their master, but not their
tyrant. Adam was the only one of his
kind upon earth; however, it could not
continue so, for he was to become the
father of all mankind.
( God said, It is not good for man to
be alone; I will give him a companion
! r4

like himself. Then God sent a deep
sleep upon Adam; and whilst he slept,
He took one of his ribs, of which He
made the first woman, who was called
Eve. When he awoke, God brought him
his companion, and Adam was pleased P-
with her.
It is well there are so many men upon
earth. Let us love one another as we ought.
Adam and Eve dwelt in this beautiful gar-
den full of innocence and goodness. They
loved God more than every thing beside;
and each loved the other as himself. God
was to them like a tender father to his
0 children; they knew no sorrow, and were to
live for ever. Blessed are the pure in heart.
Let us always pray to God to make and
Keep us good, and try to do what He com-
mands, and then we shall taste upon earth
the happiness of heaven.


THEREa were a great many different fruit-
trees in the garden of Eden. Adam and
Eve were allowed to eat of all except one,
S which was forbidden.
God said to Adam and Eve, "Of every
tree of the garden thou mayest freely
eat; but of the tree of the knowledge of
Good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it;
for in the day that thou eatest thereof
c thou shalt surely die."
By this God wished to prove their obe-
dience. Whatever our Saviour commands
or forbids it is our duty to obey.
One day as Eve came near the forbid-
den tree, she saw a serpent, which spake
to her, and said, Hath God said, Ye
shall not eat of every tree of the garden ?"

Eve replied, We may eat of the fruit of
the trees of the garden, but of the fruit
of this tree God hath said, Ye shall not
eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye
die." The serpent said, "Ye shall not
surely die; for God doth know that in the
day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall
be opened, and ye shall be as gods, know-
ing good and evil." In listening to these
words Eve looked at the tree again; and
the more she looked, the nicer did the
fruit appear. She stretched forth her
hand, took some of the fruit, ate it, and
gave some to Adam, who also did eat.
Thus did they break the command of
God; and the first sin was committed.
At the same moment they felt themselves
to be different creatures: they saw that
they were naked, and they made them-
selves aprons of fig-leaves. And being

afraid of meeting God, they hid them-
selves among the trees of the garden.
It is in this way that people are led into
sin; they long for something which is for-
bidden, and being tempted to obtain it, they
are thus urged to sin. Unless we stedfastly
resist the temptation, and obey the com-
mands of God, we shall be overcome by sin,
the greatest of all evils; and our hearts will
be full of misery and fear.

IN the evening Adam heard the voice of
God in the garden, saying, Adam,
where art thou?" Adam replied, I
heard Thy voice in the garden, and I
was afraid, because I was naked; and 1
hid myself." God said, Who toll thee
that thou wast naked? hast thou eaten
of the tree whereof I commanded thee
that thou shouldest not eat? And Adam

said, The woman whom thou gavest to
be with me, she gave me of the tree, and
I did eat. And the Lord God said unto
the woman, What is this that thou hast
done ? And the woman said, The ser-
pent beguiled me, and I did eat." In LP
this way they began to excuse themselves.
God then cursed the serpent, saying,
"Because thou hast done this, thou art
Cursed above all cattle, and above every
beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt
Sthou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the
Says of thy life: and I will put enmity
Between thee and the woman, and be-
tween thy seed and her seed; it shall
i bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise
his heel. Unto the woman He said, I
will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy f
conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring
forth children; and thy desire shall be
to thy husband, and he shall rule over
Sthee. And unto Adam He said, Because

thou hast hearkened unto the voice of
thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of
which I commanded thee, saying, Thou
shalt not eat of it; cursed is the ground
for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of
it all the days of thy life; thorns also
- and thistles shall it bring forth to thee;
and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;
in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat
bread, till thou return unto the ground;
for out of it wast thou taken: for dust
thou art, and unto dust shalt thou re
S turn. And Adam called his wife's name
Eve; because she was the mother of all
living. Unto Adam also and to his wife
did the Lord God make coats of skins,
S and clothed them. And the Lord God
said, Behold, the man is become as one
of us, to know good and evil: and now,
lest he put forth his hand, and take also
/ JLa
Ic.j1 ~cSI

of the tree of life, and eat, and live for
ever; therefore the Lord God sent him
forth from the garden of Eden, to till the
ground from whence he was taken. So
He drove out the man; and He placed at
the east of the garden of Eden cherubims,
and a flaming sword which turned every
way, to keep the way of the tree of life."
Here we see what a terrible thing sin is,
and how dreadful are its consequences. Oh,
avoid it, and fear more than a serpent any
person who would draw you into it.

ADAM and Eve had two sons: the eldest
was named Cain, and the younger Abel.
Cain tilled the ground; and Abel was a
shepherd. God blessed them both in their


duties. When they came to offer a sa-
crifice to God; Cain brought the fruits
of the earth, and Abel offered one of the
lambs of his flock. The heart of Abel
was filled with pious gratitude; whilst
Cain was content with only pretending
to be good. God, who reads all hearts,
was pleased with the offering of Abel,
but did not accept that of Cain. From
N that moment he looked upon his brother
Switch an angry and jealous eye. His
countenance became changed; and his
heart was filled with jealousy. God
warned Cain, and spake kindly to him,
saying, Why art thou wroth ? and why
. is thy countenance fallen? If thou doest
well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if
thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door."
Take notice of this paternal warning. God
also warns us against sin, by the voice of
conscience. Listen to His advice; obey God,
S and fly from evil.

Cain despising the Divine caution, still
cherished the evil feelings of his heart.
SOne day, pretending great affection for
the pious Abel, and while talking with
him in the field, where their parents *
could not see them, he suddenly fell upon
his brother, and killed him.
S You see how much evil jealousy and anger
produce. Abel disfigured, and without life,
Slaying in his blood. What must have been
the grief of his father and mother on seeing
him in this state, and on first looking on the
image of death 1
S But soon the voice of the Judge was
heard, demanding of the murderer, N
Where is Abel thy brother ?" The an-
swer of Cain was insolent and untrue, and
Such as might have been expected from a
man so wicked; he said, I know not:
am Imy brother's keeper?" And God said,
What hast thou done? the voice of thy
brother's blood crieth unto me from the
.L a ]1

5~"~' iA

ground. And now art thou cursed from
the earth, which hath opened her mouth
to receive thy brother's blood from thy
hand: when thou tillest the ground, it
shall not henceforth yield unto thee her
strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt
thou be in the earth." Seized with terror
and despair, Cain exclaimed, My pun-
ishment is greater than I can bear. Be-
hold, Thou hast driven me out this day
from the face of the earth; and from Thy
face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugi-
tive and a vagabond in the earth; and it
shall come to pass, that every one that
findeth me shall slay me."
He fled from the presence of the Lord,
and his life became miserable, and he was
a prey to the most cruel torments.
Thus does sin deprive man of peace, and
of all the pleasures of life.

Br degrees the number of men increased
upon the earth, but they became wicked,
and departed from God. Being full of *
iniquity, they thought only of pleasing
themselves, and they therefore acted wick-
edly towards each other. As a father,
full of kindness and pity, God was grieved
with their impiety, and said, "My spirit
shall not always strive with man, for that
he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an
hundred and twenty years."
In the midst of these wicked people
there lived one righteous man, whose
name was Noah. God commanded him
to build a large ark, three hundred cubits
long, fifty broad, and thirty in height.
And he said, "The end of all flesh is
come before me. And, behold, I will

bring a flood upon the earth, and every
thing that is in the earth shall be de-
stroyed: and I will make my covenant
with you." For a hundred years the
pious Noah worked at his ark, but the
sinners paid no attention to him. When
it was finished, God said, Come, thou
and all thy house, into the ark; for thee
have I seen righteous before me in this
generation." He ordered him also to
take in sevens of every clean beast and
of every bird, and of every unclean beast
by pairs; for that at the end of seven
days He intended to rain upon the earth
Sfor forty days and forty nights, and to
destroy every thing upon the earth.
Noah, the faithful servant of God, en-
tered into the ark with his children and
their wives, and all the beasts; and God
Shut them in. Then the rain began to
pour down in frightful torrents, and all
Sthe springs, rivers, and seas burst forth,

and the ark, like a great ship, floated on
the waters.
Imagine the terror of those men who were
not in the ark. They tried to take refuge
upon the trees and mountains; but it was
all in vain, for the water rose fifteen cubits
above the highest mountains.
It was thus all was destroyed that *
lived upon the face of the earth,-from
man to the beasts, from the birds of
the air down to the meanest insect that '
crawls on the earth. Noah alone was
saved, with those who were shut up
with him in the ark.
Alas I he who is so wicked as not to love
the God of goodness, ought at least to fear
the God of justice. Behold how fearfully
He can punish! I

Foa an hundred and fifty days the waters
covered the earth. God then made the


wind blow, and the waters began to sub-
side, so that by degrees the tops of the
mountains were seen. And the ark rested
upon Mount Ararat, in Armenia. Noah
then opened the window of the ark, and
sent forth a raven, to see if the waters were
dried up; but it did not return to the ark.
He then sent forth a dove, which, find-
ing no place on which to rest, soon re-
turned. And Noah put forth his hand
and took it in. At the end of seven days
he sent it out again, and it came back
bringing an olive-branch, covered with
green leaves. This happy sign shewed
Noah that the waters were abated. After
waiting seven days longer, he sent forth
the dove a third time, and it did not re-
Sturn, for the earth was dry. God then
Commanded Noah to come out of the
ark with his family, and all that was in
' 18

it. What must have been Noah's feel-
ings on again seeing the earth, and on
finding himself and his family the only
human beings alive! Filled with grati-
tude, he built an altar, and offered a sa-
crifice. A beautiful rainbow appeared in
the clouds, and God said, "I do set my
bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a
token of a covenant between me and the
earth. I will establish my covenant with
you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any
more by the waters of a flood; neither
shall there any more be a flood to destroy
the earth. While the earth remaineth,
seed-time and harvest, and cold and heat,
and summer and winter, and day and
night, shall not cease."
Whenever we see the rainbow, with its
bright and beautiful colours, in the midst of
the dark and stormy clouds, let us call to

mind this history, and say to ourselves, "God
is terrible to the wicked; but He is full of
Smercy to them that love and fear Him."

EIGHT persons still lived on the earth; it
was by them that the world was to be
peopled. Noah cultivated the earth; he
also planted a vineyard. He made wine
with the grapes; and not knowing the
strength of it, he one day took too much
of it: and his son Ham mocked him,
which was very wicked. His brothers,
Shem and Japheth, reproved him, and
D tried to conceal their father's shame,
shewing themselves to be dutiful children.
When Noah awoke, and learnt the con-
duct of Ham, he was grieved, and said,
Cursed be Canaan; a servant of ser-
vants shall he be unto his brethren!"


And he blessed Shem, saying, "Blessed
be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan
shall be his servant." He also blessed
We must acknowledge that he deserved
this fate. The child who can look with con-
tempt upon its father, or treat its mother
with disrespect, deserves to be punished by
God. God loves the child who respects and
obeys its parents, and bears their faults with
The descendants of Noah formed by
degrees a great people, which spread over
the earth. And in order that they might
not lose sight of each other, they began
to build a tower which should reach to
heaven; but God put a stop to this fool-
ish and wicked design. At this time, all
men spake the same language; but God
then made them speak different tongues,

so that they could not understand each
other. They were therefore obliged to
give up this building, and to separate
into different countries. The descend-
ants of Shem remained in Asia; those of
Ham went to Africa; and Japheth settled
in Europe.
The vain plans of men are soon set aside,
Sbut the work of God abides. It is He who
is the Lord, and who appoints the dwelling-
place of all men.

VERa soon after the flood mankind in-
Screased, and the earth was peopled with
various nations. But they also soon for-
got their God, and became sinful. They
gave themselves up to idolatry, and wor-
shipped as gods images of wood and
stone. In the midst of this wicked mul-
titude lived a wise and holy man: God

made him His friend. It was by him
and his offspring that the knowledge and
worship of the true God was to be taught
and practised through the earth. This
man was the patriarch Abraham. God
said to him, Get thee out of thy coun-
try, and from thy kindred, and from thy
father's house, unto a land that I will
shew thee: and I will make of thee a
I great nation; and I will bless thee, and
make thy name great; and in thee shall
all families of the earth be blessed."
Abraham obeyed God's command, and
took with him Sarai his wife, his nephew
SLot, and all their flocks. He went to the
land of Canaan: one of the richest and
most beautiful countries in the world:
and for which reason it was called a
land flowing with milk and honey."
When he arrived there, God said to him,
Unto thy seed will I give this land."
Abraham, being full of gratitude, built
I 38

an altar in the place where God spoke to
Thus does the blessed Saviour reward those
who obey Him.

THE shepherds of Abraham and Lot were
so wicked as to quarrel. Each wished
Sto take for their master the best pas-
tures. Abraham, who loved peace, was
grieved when he saw it, and said to Lot,
" Let there be no strife, 1 pray thee,
between me and thee, and between my
herdmen and thy herdmen; for we be
Brethren. Is not the whole land before
thee ? Separate thyself, I pray thee, from
me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then
I will go to the right; or if thou depart
to the right hand, then I will go to the

Lot chose the fertile plains of Jordan,
where he found the cities of Sodom and
Gomorrah. Abraham shewed his kind.
ness by giving up to him the most beau-
tiful part of the country; and Lot settled
himself in Sodom. Abraham remained
in the land of Canaan, and thus shewed
how sincerely he wished for peace.
Abraham was not content only to act
as a brother towards Lot, he shewed
himself such towards strangers. One
morning, as he was sitting by the door
of his tent, under a tree, to shade him-
self from the heat of the sun, he saw
three strangers coming towards him, and
he ran to meet them, and bowed down
before them, and said, My lord, if
now I have found favour in thy sight,
pass not away, I pray thee, from thy
servant: let a little water, I pray you,

be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest
yourselves under the tree; and I will fetch
a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your
hearts; after that ye shall pass on."
And they said, So do as thou hast
Abraham went in haste into his tent,
and told Sarah to make ready some cakes.
He then went to his flocks, and fetched
a fat and tender calf, which he gave to
his man to dress. He brought out but-
ter and milk, with the cakes, and the calf
that he had cooked, and his guests did
eat; and he stood by them under the
Here we see a man who is truly kind and
hospitable shewing the greatest attention to
When the strangers had finished their
repast, and were going on their journey,
one of them said to him, "I will return

unto thee, and Sarah thy wife shall have
a son." This promise was fulfilled,
though they were both very aged; for
He who had made the promise was the
Lord Himself, attended by two Angels.
Abraham arose and went with the
strangers on the way towards Sodom.
The Lord then told him that he had re-
solved to destroy the guilty cities of So-
dom and Gomorrah as a punishment for
their great sins. Abraham stood before
the Lord, and prayed Him to spare them.
The Lord promised, that if He found in
these cities only ten just men, He would
spare them for their sakes. But, alas!
even this small number was not to be
found, so wicked and guilty were this
people. The next morning God punished
these wicked people. The Angels came,
however, to warn Lot, and to lead him
and his family out of the city. Soon
after he left, God rained fire and brim-

stone from heaven on these perverse cities.
The place where they stood is even to this
day a stagnant lake, where nothing grows,
Which shews the anger of an offended
God. It is called the Dead Sea.

AT the end of the year Sarah had a son,
Sas the Lord had promised; and Abra-
ham gave him the name of Isaac. He
was a good child; and his father loved
Shim very much. Some years after, God
said to Abraham, Take now thine only
son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get
thee into the land of Moriah; and offer
him there for a burnt-offering, upon one
of the mountains which I will tell thee
of." Without saying a word, Abraham
Sarose early in the morning, prepared
some wood for the sacrifice, laid it upon


his ass, and, followed by his son Isaac
and two of his servants, he set out on
his journey. On the third day they ar-
rived at the foot of the mountain; and
Abraham said to his servants, "Abide
ye here with the ass; and I and the lad
will go yonder and worship, and come
again to you." Then taking the wood,
he laid it upon Isaac; and "he took the
fire in his hand, and a knife; and they
went both of them together." As they
were going along, Isaac said, My father,
behold the fire and the wood; but where
is the lamb for a burnt-offering?" Abra-
ham replied, "My son, God will provide
one." Isaac knew not that he was to be
offered up for a burnt-offering. How
must these questions of Isaac have pierced
the heart of so tender a father as Abra-
ham was!

They continued on their way, until
they came to the top of the mountain.
S" And Abraham built an altar there, and
S laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac
his son, and laid him on the altar upon
the wood." Isaac being perfectly obe-
dient to his father, quietly permitted him
Sto bind him. Abraham raised his hand
Sto sacrifice his son, when the Angel of
the Lord called to him from heaven, say-
ing, Lay not thine hand upon the lad,
neither do thouamyting unto him: for
now I know that thou fearest God, seeing
thou hast not withheld thy son, thine
only son from me." "By myself have
I sworn, because thou hast done this: I
will bless thee, and I will multiply thy
seed as the stars of heaven, and as the
sand upon the sea-shore. And in thy
seed shall all the nations of the earth be
blessed; because thou hast obeyed my
voice." And Abraham then saw a ram

caught in a thicket, which he took and
offered up instead of his son.
How great must Abraham's joy have been
when his only son was given to him again,
and he heard these great promises I In this
way, God proves the obedience of men, and
rewards it.

AnRAHAM was very old, and God had
blessed him in all things. And he wished
before he died to find a pious wife for his
son. The people among whom he lived
were very wicked, and did not worship
God. Therefore he sent his oldest and
most faithful servant to his native coun-
try, to some of his relations, who still
Lived in the fear of the Lord. And he
charged him to choose a wife for his
son Isaac, that would be pleasing to
God. This servant took with him ten
I camels, laden with presents and things

proper for his journey. He soon reached I
the city where Nahor, Abraham's bro-
ther, lived. And he made the camels
kneel down by the wells on the outside
of the city. It was then evening, the
time when the young women came out
of the city to draw water. He prayed
to God to enable him to choose the fittest
of them as his young master's wife, by
this sign, that she who should give drink
to him and his camels might be the one
God had chosen. While he was praying,
Rebekah, the daughter of Milcah, came
to the well, carrying a pitcher upon her
shoulders. She was very beautiful; but
what is still better, she was good, wise,
and innocent. Rebekah went down to
the well to fill her pitcher; and as she
came up, Eliezer, Abraham's servant,
went to meet her, and said, "Let me, I

heard this, he bowed down and wor-
shipped God." He then gave Rebekah
gifts of gold and silver and raiment: after
that, they sat down to eat and drink.
Early the next morning the faithful ser-
vant made ready to go back to his master.
Rebekah and her servant then mounted
the camels, and went with Eliezer and
his men, and became the wife of Isaac.
She was happy, not because she was rich,
but because she was virtuous, and indus-
trious, and full of kindness.
God orders all our concerns: He often
makes use of the most trivial events to lead
us to the greatest happiness.

13. s~A~a AND JAcoB.
ISAAC and Rebekah had two sons; the
first-born was named Esau, and the
younger Jacob. The boys grew; and
Esau was a hairy man, and a great hun-
I 5

ter. Jacob was a plain man, and lived
the quiet life of a shepherd. One day
Jacob made some pottage, and Esau came
from the field very faint, and he said to
Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that
red pottage, for I am faint." Jacob re.
plied, Sell me this day thy birthright.'
At that time the first-born son inherited
nearly all the property of his father.
Esau said, "Behold, I am at the point I
to die, and what profit shall this birth-
right do to me?" He then made a so-
lemn promise to sell it to Jacob; and
after eating and drinking, he went his
way, withoutthinking ofthe consequences
of his rash promise.
When Isaac was very old, and almost
blind, he called his eldest son Esau, and I
told him to take some venison and make,
savoury meat for him, that he might eat

pray thee, drink a little water of thy
pitcher," She replied kindly, Drink,
my lord;" and she made haste to let I
down her pitcher, and gave him drink,
and said, 'I will also draw water for
thy camels :" which she did until they
were satisfied. Eliezer was astonished,
and looked at her, but did not speak.
Her kindness pleased him, and he thought
she must be the one he was to choose for
his master. When the camels had done
drinking, he gave her a gold ear-ring and
two gold bracelets, and said, Whose
daughter art thou? tell me, I pray thee:
is there any room in thy father's house
for us to lodge in?" And she said unto
him, I am the daughter of Bethuel the
son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor: we
have both straw and provender enough,
and room to lodge in." The servant

bowed down his head, and worshipped
S God," saying, "Blessed be the Lord God
of my master Abraham, who hath led
me to the house of my master's brethren."
S Rebekah ran home and told her friends
what had happened: and her brother
Laban went out, and asked him to come
in. Eliezer followed him to the house,
Sbut he would take nothing until he had
told them the business about which Abra-
S ham had sent him. He then told them
of the sign he had asked God to give him,
and also all that passed at the well, say-
y3 ing, If ye will deal truly and kindly
with my master, tell me, that I may
know whether I am to go further in
search of a wife for my master's son."
Laban and Bethuel replied, "The thing
proceedeth of the Lord. Behold, Re-
bekah is before thee; take her and go,
and let her be thy master's son's wife,
as the Lord hath spoken." When Eliezer

conduct detected. Esan, on hearing his
father's words, cried with a great and
bitter cry, and said, "Bless me, even me
also, O my father!" And Isaac said,
"Thy brother came with subtlety, and
hath taken away thy blessing." Esan
replied, He hath supplanted me these
two times; he took away my birthright,
and, behold, now he hath taken away my
blessing." He then wept, and prayed
his father to bless him also; which he
did, saying, "By thy sword shalt thou
live, and shalt serve thy brother." This
filled Esau's heart with hatred against
his brother Jacob, and he resolved to kill
him as soon as his father should die.
It was wicked of Esau to sell his birth-
right, which was a gift from God. Baptised
children sell their birthright when they please
themselves instead of God their Saviour.

p *7 REBEKAH heard the threats of Esau, and
she told Jacob to fly t o the house of his
uncle Laban, in Haran, and remain there
S until Esau's anger should cease. Re-
bekah then spoke to Isaac, who called
Jacob and blessed him, and then sent
him away to Padan-aram. Jacob took
his staff and went forth on his journey,
as his mother had advised him. When
S night came, he lay down to sleep in the
open air, and took a stone for his pillow;
Sand as he slept, God revealed Himself
S to him. He saw in his dream a ladder
resting on the earth, the top of which
S reached to heaven; and the angels of
L^ God were going up and down this myste-
't- rious ladder. At the top he saw the
Lord Himself, who said, I am the Lord
S God of Abraham thy father, and the God
of Isaac. And, behold, I am with thee,

of it and bless him. And Esau went
out to hunt for venison. Rebekah heard
what Isaac had said to Esau; and she
said to Jacob, Go to the flocks, and
fetch me two young kids, and I will make
savoury meat for your father." When
she had cooked the meat, she put the
clothes of Esau upon Jacob, and covered
his hands and neck with the skins of the
kids; and sent him with the meat to his
father Isaac. Isaac, being almost blind,
could not see him; but he asked, Who
art thou, my son?" I am Esau, thy
first-born," replied Jacob: I have done
what you bid me. Arise, I pray thee,
sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul
may bless me." Isaac said unto Jacob,
" Come near, I pray thee, that I may
feel thee, my son, whether thou be my
very son Esau or not." And Jacob went

near to his father, and he felt him; and
finding his hands and neck were hairy, he
said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the
hands are the hands of Esau." Being thus
deceived, he ate, and then put his hands
upon him, and blessed him. He thus con-
secrated him as the root from which the
Promised Messiah should spring,to whom
Small nations should owe their salvation.
Jacob had scarcely left his father, when -
SEsau brought his venison, and said, Let
my father arise, and eat of his son's veni.-
son, that thy soul may bless me."
"Who art thou?" asked Isaac, trem-
Sbling with great fear. I am Esau thy
Sfirst-born," replied he. Isaac asked where
he was who had brought him venison,
Saying, I have eaten of all before thou
camest, and have blessed him, yea, and
he shall be blessed." Thus was Jacob's

bekah's son was come, he ran out to meet
him; tenderly embraced him, and took
him to his house. Jacob told his uncle &
Laban all things about himself and his
father's house; and he lived with him
a long time. He took care of Laban's
flocks, and served him faithfully; but he
had to suffer much while he was with
Laban. God, however, blessed him in all
things; and he became a rich man.; for
he had many flocks of goats and sheep, '
and camels, with men-servants and maid-
servants. After serving his uncle for
seven years, Laban gave Jacob his daugh.
ter Leah for a wife; but Jacob loved P
Rachel the youngest so much, that he
promised to serve seven years more for
her. In those days men were allowed
to have more than one wife.
You see here how God helps those who

trust in Him; for He not only took care of
young Jacob in his long journey, but He
also blessed him in all that he did. Learn,
then, to love and trust God.

SWaEN Laban saw how Jacob prospered,
he hated him. And God said unto him,
SReturn unto the land of thy fathers,
\ and to thy kindred, and I will be with
thee." Jacob then set his wives and
children upon camels, and taking all his
flocks, he stole away, whilst Laban was
at his sheep-shearing. As soon as Laban
heard of it, he pursued him seven days,
/and overtook him. And God appeared
Sto Laban in a dream, and said to him,
Take heed that thou speak not to Jacob
either good or bad." Laban then kissed

and will keep thee in all places whither
thou goest, and will bring thee again into
this land; for I will not leave thee until
I have done that which I have spoken to
thee of." Jacob awoke out of his sleep
in a great fright, and said, Surely the
Lord is in this place, and I knew it not.
How dreadful is this place I this is none
other but the house of God, and this is
the gate of heaven." He then rose up
as soon as it was light; and taking the
stone which he had used as a pillow, set
it up as a pillar, and poured oil upon it
to consecrate it to God. And he called
Sthe place Bethel. Jacob then vowed that
he would serve God, and give a tenth
part of all his property to Him, if God
would keep him in safety, and bring him
back to his father's house.
God is with us wherever we go; therefore
we ought to fear nothing, but always do that
Which is right in His sight.

Then Jacob went on his journey, and I
came into the land of the east; to a place
where there was a well in the midst of
a field, which was covered with a great
stone. Three flocks of sheep were lying
down by the well, waiting for water.
The shepherds soon came, rolled away,
the stone, and gave them water. Jacob
then said to them, My brethren, whence
be ye?" And they said, We come
from Haran." Jacob asked them if they
knew Laban. They replied, We know
him; and, behold, Rachel his daughter
cometh with the sheep." As soon as
Jacob saw her, he ran to the well, and
rolled the stone away, and gave water to
her flocks; and he then kissed her, and
told her that he was the son of Rebekah;
and Rachel ran and told her father.
When Laban heard that his sister Re-

" Thy name shall be called no more Ja-
cob, but Israel (that is, a prince of God);
for as a prince hast thou power with God
and with men." The angel then blessed
him. And Jacob called the name of the
place Peniel (that is, the face of God) :
"for I have seen God face to face, and
am preserved."
Remember well this new name given to
Jacob; for it is from him that all his de-
scendants are called Israelites, in the sacred
After this mysterious wrestling, Jacob
lifted up his eyes, and saw Esau coming
with four hundred men. He divided his
children and servants into different com-
panies; and trusting in God, he went on
before them; and bowed himself seven
times before his brother. And Esau ran
to meet him; and throwing his arms
around his neck, he kissed him, and
wept for joy. When he saw the women

and children, he asked, "Who are those
with thee ?" And Jacob said, "They are
the children which God has graciously
given unto thy servant." They all then
came near, and bowed before Esau. He
asked Jacob what he meant by sending
the droves he had met; and Jacob re-
plied that they were sent as a present to
him. Esau refused to take them; but
Jacob pressed it so much, that he was
obliged to accept them.
It is thus that love and humility softens
the heart of him who is angry.
Jacob continued his journey to a place
called Succoth, where he built himself a
house, and booths for his cattle. God
then told him to go to Bethel (where he,
saw the vision of the ladder), and build,
an altar there; which he did. And God
appeared again to Jacob, and blessed


his sons and daughters, and blessed them;
and left Jacob to go in peace.
Thus God takes care of His people, and
protects them in times of trouble.
When Jacob came to the river Jordan,
which forms the boundary of the country
of Canaan, he sent messengers to his
brother Esau to tell him that he was
coming with his family and flocks. The
messengers came back, and told Jacob
that Esau was coming to meet him; and
Jacob was very much afraid. And he
prayed unto God, saying, O God of
my father Abraham, and of my father
Isaac, which saidst unto me, Return un-
to thy country, and to thy kindred, and
I will deal well with thee; I am not
worthy of the least of all the mercies and
the truth which Thou hast shewed unto
Thy servant: for with my staff I passed

* over this Jordan, and now I am become
Stwo bands. .Deliver me, I pray thee, from
the hand of my brother, from the hand
of Esau: for I fear him, lest he will come
and smite me, and the mother with the
Jacob then took goats, sheep, camels,
Soxen, and asses, and divided them into
droves, and sent them forward as a pre-
sent to Esau; and his wives, and chil-
dren, and flocks followed. Jacob was
alone that night; and an angel came to
him, in the form of a man, and wrestled
with him until the break of 4ay. And
Finding that he could not overcome Jacob,
he touched the hollow of his thigh, and
put it out of joint. The angel then said,
Let me go, for the day breaketh." And
Jacob said, I will not let thee go, ex-
cept thou bless me." The angel then
asked him, "What is thy name and
he said, "Jacob." The angel replied,

him, saying, "I am God Almighty: be
fruitful and multiply; a nation, and a
company of nations shall be of thee, and
kings shall come out of thy loins; and
the land which I gave Abraham and
Isaac, to thee will I give it, and to thy
seed after thee will I give the land."
Jacob made an offering, and thanked
God for His goodness. And he went
from Bethel to Hebron, where Isaac his
father lived, whom he was delighted to
see once more. After this Isaac died;
and he was a hundred and eighty years

JACOB had twelve sons. Joseph was the
best of all. He was seventeen years old,
when he fed his father's flocks with his
brethren. One day his brethren did some-

thing very wrong, which Joseph told to
his father. Jacob loved him more than
all his children, and he made him a coat
of many colours. His brethren were
angry at this, and they hated Joseph,
and would not speak kindly to him. One
night Joseph had a wonderful dream,
which he told to his brothers; after
which they hated him more than ever.'
" Listen to me," said Joseph, "and I
will tell you my dream. I thought we
were in a field binding sheaves, and lo,
my sheaf arose, and also stood upright,
and your sheaves stood round about, and
bowed to my sheaf." What 1" said his
brothers, are you to reign over us ? and
are you to have dominion over us?" After
this Joseph had another dream, in which
She saw the sun and moon and eleven
stars bow down to him. He M this
also to his father and brethren; ad his
father scolded him, and said, Shall I

and thy mother and thy brethren inM-
deed come to bow down ourselves to
thee to the earth?" Jacob saw some-
thing wonderful in this dream; but Jo-
seph's brothers envied him. Joseph, the
beloved of his father, by his innocence
and goodness became the chosen servant
of the Lord.

17. Josap SOLD TO TIo MANGanS.
ONz day Joseph's brother went to feed
their flocks a long way from home. Ja-
cob called Joseph, and said, "Go, I pray
thee, see whether your brethren and their
flocks are well." Joseph went out to find
his brethren, and a man met him andu
told him where they were gone. When
his brothers saw him at a distance, they
said, "Behold, this dreamer cometh.
Come, let us slay him, and cast him
into some pit, and we will say.some evil

beast hath devoured him; and we shall
see what will become of his dreams."
His oldest brother Reuben would not
be so wicked as to kill him, but tried
to save him. He said, "Let us not kill
him, but cast him into this pit." This
he said, that he might take him out of
Sthe pit, and carry him to his father.
SWhen Joseph came to his brethren, they
Stripped off his coat of many colours, i
and let him down into a deep pit, which
fortunately had no water in it. When
these cruel brothers had done this wicked
thing, they sat down quietly to eat; but
Reuben went away. As they were eat-
ing, they saw a company of Ishmaelite
merchants coming towards them. Judah
then said, "What profit is it if we slay
our brother? come, let us sell him to
the Ishmaelites; for he is our brother."

When the merchants came up, Joseph's
brethren drew him out of the pit, and
sold him for twenty pieces of silver: and
they would not listen to the cries of Jo-
seph; but let the merchants take him into
Egypt. When Reuben came back, and
found that Joseph was not in the pit, he
rent his clothes, and wept aloud. But
his other brothers killed a kid, and dip-
ped Joseph's coat in the blood, that Ja-
cob might think he had been killed by
a wild beast: and they sent it to their
father, saying, This have we found;
know now whether it be thy son's coat
or no." Jacob knew it, and said, "It
is my son's coat; an evil beast hath
devoured him." And Jacob rent his
clothes, and put on sackcloth, and wept
for a long time, so that his children could
not comfort him.

Do not envy one another; for here you
see to what crimes envy led Joseph's bre-

Tai man who is good, faithful, and upright,
should never be in despair, even when he is
obliged to leave his country for that of stran-
gers. God is always with him; and he will
S find some good people every where.
The merchants sold Joseph to an ofli-
S cer of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, whose
Same was Potiphar. Joseph served his
master faithfully and honestly; and the
Blessing of the Lord was up9n him, so
that he prospered in every thing that he
did. His master loved him very much,
and made him ruler over his house. We
find wicked people in all places; and we
must be on our guard against them.
The wife of Potiphar tried to make Jo-

seph commit a great sin; but Joseph
loved God and his master too much to
listen to her. The friendship of the
I wicked soon turns into hatred, when they
find we will not do what they wish.
When Potiphar's wife saw that she could
Snot make Joseph agree to her wishes,
she determined to ruin him with her
husband. As soon as Potiphar came
home she told a wicked falsehood, which
made him so angry with Joseph, that he
sent him to prison.
Think of this history, and follow the good
example which the innocent Joseph gives
you. When the wicked try to make you
Sdo what is wrong, think of God. Flee from
the company of those who have not the
fear of the Lord. Value your innocence, L
Sas Joseph did, more than all the things
in the world; and like him, love virtue
( for its own sake, and not for the benefits
which it brings. Joseph chose rather to lose .
5 as IA

all the honours and pleasures of this life 1
than his innocence; he preferred being shut
up in prison, rather than sin against God.
Was not this a noble sacrifice ? Oh I always
remember to follow this example of Joseph, i
when any one tries to tempt you to sin.

SINNocIrUT Joseph was cast into prison
among wicked men. But God, who al-
ways protects the innocent, watched over
him even in this place, and disposed the
heart of the gaoler to be kind to him.
He made Joseph the ruler over all the
other prisoners; and God blessed and
) prospered all that he did. Joseph soon I
found it was an opportunity of doing
much good. A short time after, king
SPharaoh was offended with his chief
butler and baker; and he had them put
? 56

into the same prison with Joseph. They
were kept there a long time. One morn-
ing Joseph went into their cell, and found
them full of sorrow. And he asked them
kindly; "Wherefore look ye so sadly to-
Sday?" They replied, "We have had a
Dream this night, and no one can tell us
the meaning of it." Joseph, knowing that
the common interpretation of dreams is
Superstitious, said, Do not interpreta-
tions belong to God? But tell me your
Dreamss" The chief butler then said, In
i my dream, behold, a vine was before me;
and in the vine were three branches: and
it was as though it budded, and her
blossoms shot forth; and the clusters
thereof brought forth wild grapes; and
Pharaoh's cup was in my hand: and I
took the grapes, and pressed them into
Pharaoh's cup, and I gave the cup into

Pharaoh's hand." God taught Joseph
the meaning of the dream; and he said,
"Within three days shall Pharaoh re-
store thee unto thy place; and thou shalt
deliver Pharaoh's cup into his hand,
and serve him as before. But think
on me when it shall be well with thee,
and shew kindness, I pray thee, unto
me, and make mention of me unto Pha-
raoh, and bring me out of this house:
for indeed I was stolen away out of the
land of the Hebrews; and here also
have I done nothing that they should
put me into the dungeon."
When the chief baker saw that the
'interpretation was good, he said unto
Joseph, "I also was in my dream, and,
behold, I had three white baskets on my
head; and in the uppermost basket there
was all manner of bake-meats for Pha-
raoh; and the birds did eat them out of
the basket upon my head." And Joseph

said, "This is the meaning: within three
days shall Pharaoh take thy office from
thee, and shall hang thee on a tree; and y
the birds shall eat thy flesh from off
thee." On the third day, it was the
king's birthday, and every thing came to
pass as Joseph had said. The chief baker
was hanged on a tree. And the chief
butler went back into the king's service:
but he forgot Joseph, and his promises
to him; and thus shewed his ingratitude.
Learn always to be grateful to those who
are kind to you; and repay them by your
good conduct as well as by your words.

Two years after Joseph had interpreted
the dreams of the servants of Pharaoh,
the king himself had a dream. He thought
that he stood on the banks of a river,

and saw seven fat cows come out of the
water, and they began to eat the grass
on the bank. Soon after, seven other
cows came, which were very lean, and
they ate the seven fat cows. Then the
king awoke. He fell asleep again, and
saw in another dream seven fine and full
ears of corn growing upon one stalk. He
also saw seven thin ears, which devoured
the full ones. And Pharaoh awoke, and
found it was a dream. In the morning,
he was in great trouble about the dreams.
He sent for all the wise men and magi-
cians in Egypt, and told them his dreams;
but none of them could say what they
foretold. The ungrateful butler then re-
membered Joseph, whom he had left in
prison, and said to the king, "When I
was in prison with the chief baker, there
was with us a young man, an Hebrew,

who interpreted our dreams to us; and it
came to pass as he interpreted to us."
Pharaoh then sent for Joseph; and he
changed his clothes, and was brought be-
fore the king. Pharaoh said to him, I
have had a dream, and there is no one can \
tell me what it means." Joseph modestly
replied, I know nothing; but God shall
give Pharaoh an answer of peace." Pha-
raoh then told him his two dreams.
Joseph said, God hath shewed Pharaoh
what He is about to do. The seven fat
kine are seven years, and the seven good
ears are seven years; the dream is one.
And the seven lean kine that came up
after them, and the seven thin ears, are
seven years of famine. Behold, there come
seven years of great plenty throughout
all the land of Egypt: and there shall
arise after them seven years of famine;
61 .

and the famine shall consume the land.
Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a
man discreet and wise, and set him over
the land of Egypt. And let him gather
all the food of those good years that come,
andlayup corn under thehandofPharaoh;
and let them keep good fbod in the cities.
And that food shall be for store to the
land against the seven years of famine,
which shall be in the land of Egypt; that
the land perish not through the famine."
This interpretation pleased Pharaoh
and his servants; and he said to them,
" Can we find such a one as this is, a man
in whom is the Spirit of God ? And Pha-
raoh said to Joseph, Forasmuch as God
hath shewn thee all this, thou shalt be
over my house, and rule my people: only
in my throne will I be greater than you."
The king then took off his ring and put
m A

it upon Joseph's hand, and had n im
clothed in rich robes, and put a chain of
gold around his neck. He then made
him ride in his second-best chariot; and
his servants ran before him, and cried,
"Tender father !" Thus Pharaoh made
Joseph ruler over the whole land of
Think well upon this history. Here you
plainly see how God makes all things, even
the most painful, to work together for the
good of those who love Him. As certainly
as God lives, so surely do we know that the
pious and virtuous man will in the end be
happy; if not in this life, yet he will be in
that which is to come. But even should he
in this world be exposed to troubles always,
yet he will be far happier than the wicked,
because he will have a peacetfl mind. And
he will not have to bear the greatest of all

evils, the terrors of a guilty conscience,
which all suffer who follow sin.

THE seven years of plenty soon came,
as Joseph had foretold, and he gathered
corn in great abundance, and put it into
storehouses in every city. At the end of
this time the seven years of famine came
in every land; but in the land of Egypt
there was bread. The people then cried
out for food, and Pharaoh sent them to
Joseph, who opened the storehouses, and
sold them corn. The people came also
from all the countries around to buy corn
in Egypt. The famine was also in the
land of Canaan; and Jacob, hearing that
there was corn in Egypt, said to his sons,
" Go down and buy food, that we may
live, and not die." Joseph's ten brothers
went down to Egypt to buy corn; Ben-

jamin only was left with his father: he
was very young when Joseph was sold
by his brethren, and Jacob said, Mis-
chief may befall him." They reached 4
Egypt in safety, and were taken before
Joseph; but they did not know him; and -
they bowed themselves down to the
ground before him. Joseph, on the con-
trary, knew them; and he remembered
his dreams, and adored the wonderful
ways of God. He spake roughly to them,
and asked them whence they came, and
said, "Ye are spies, come to see the
nakedness of the land." They replied,
"Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy
servants come. We are all one man's
sons; we are true men-thy servants are
no spies. We are twelve brethren, the
sons of one man in the land of Canaan;
and, behold, the youngest is this day with
our father, and one is not." Joseph re-
plied, "Hereby ye shall be proved: by

Y the life of Pharaoh, ye shall not go forth
- hence except your youngest brother come
Shither. Send one of you, and let him
Sfetch your brother, and ye shall be kept
in prison, that your words may be prov.
ed :" and Joseph had them put in prison.
Formerly they threw Joseph into a pit;
and, behold, they are all now thrown
K into prison.
. A noble and Christian soul never takes
revenge: Joseph wished only to correct
, his brethren. At the end of three days
She ordered them to be brought before
Shim. And he said to them, This do,
Sand live; for I fear God: if ye be true
Smen, let one of your brethren be bound
in the house of your prison; go ye, carry
corn for the famine of your houses: but
bring your youngest brother unto me;
so shall your words be verified, and ye
shall not die."
They were obliged to submit to Joseph's

commands. And they said one to ano-
ther, "We are verily guilty concerning
our brother, in that we saw the anguish
of his soul when he besought us, and,
we would not hear; therefore is this dis-
tress come upon us." And Reuben said,
Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not
sin against the child; and ye would not I
hear? therefore, behold, also, his blood is
required." Thus, soaoer or later, eon,
science always awakes. They did not
know that Joseph could understand them,
because he spoke to them by an inter-
preter; but when he heard what they
said, he turned himself away from them,
and wept. The most tender affection
filled his heart the moment he saw the
least sign of repentance in his brethren.
Yet he still wished to prove the sincerity
of their hearts; and turning to them
again, he ordered Simeon to be bound.
He then privately told his servants to fill
- 67

their sacks with corn, and to put every
man's money into his sack, and to give
them food for their journey. And when
they had laded their asses, they went
their way.
On arriving at home, they told their
father all that had happened to them in
the way, and what the governor of Egypt
had said. They then opened their sacks,
and found the money in them; and
they were afraid, saying one to another,
S"What is this that God hath done unto
us ?" And Jacob said, Me ye have
Sbereaved of my children; Joseph is not,
and Simeon is not, and ye will take Ben-
\jamin away." And he said," My son
/ shall not go down with you : if mischief
befall him by the way, then shall ye
bring down my gray hairs with sorrow
to the grave."

THE famine still continued in the land.
And when they had eaten all the corn,
Jacob said, Go again, buy us a little
food." But Judah said, If thou wilt
send our brother with us, we will go
down and buy thee food; but if thou wilt
not send him, we will not go down; for
the man said unto us, Ye shall not see
my face except your brother be with you.
Send the lad with me -I will take care
of him; and if I do not bring him back in
safety, I will bear the blame for ever."
And Israel said, If it must be so now,
do this: take of the best fruits of the
land in your vessels, and carry down the
man a present, a little balm, and a little
honey, spices and myrrh, nuts and al-
monds: and take double money in your

hand; and the money that was brought
again in the mouth of your sacks, carry
it again. Take also your brother, and
arise, go again unto the man: and God
Almighty give you mercy before the man,
that he may send away your other bro-
ther and Benjamin. Alas, if I lose my
children, I shall be sorrowful indeed."
See how very dearly a good father, like
Jacob, loves his children. Learn to love
and obey your parents, who thus watch
over you.
Joseph's brethren arrived safely in
Egypt with Benjamin. When Joseph
saw Benjamin with his other brethren,
he told the ruler of his house to take
them home, and prepare dinner for them.
When they came into Joseph's house
they were afraid, because of the money
which they found in their sacks; and


they told the steward how it was. He
Told them not to fear, for the God of
their father had given them this money.
And he brought Simeon to them. He
then gave them water to wash their feet;
and gave food to their asses. When they !
heard that they were to dine with his .
master, they got out their presents. And
as soon as Joseph came home, they /
bowed down before him, and gave him
the presents. Joseph asked them if they
were well; and said, Is your father
Swell, the old man of whom ye spake? is
he yet alive ?" They replied, "Thy ser-
vant our father is in good health, he is,
Syet alive." And when he saw his brother
Benjamin, he said, Is this your younger
Brother, of whom ye spake unto me?
and he said, God be gracious unto thee,
my son." After he had said this, he

3b~IvI ?iIE


turned away, for he was greatly grieved. N
He loved his brother so dearly, that he 4
was obliged to go into his chamber to
How pleasant it is to see brothers and
sisters love each other, as Joseph loved his
After weepingsometime, Joseph washed
his face, went back to his brethren, and
ordered the food to be set before them.
He made them sit according to their age;
which greatly surprised them; and he
sent them messes. But Benjamin's mess
was five times more than the others.
And they ate and drank, and were very

JoszPH wished still to try his brethren,
that he might be sure they were really

changed. And he said to his steward,
" Fill the men's sacks with food, as much
as they can carry; and put every man's
money in his sack's mouth. And put
my silver cup in the sack's mouth of the
youngest." And he did as Joseph bade
him. In the morning, as soon as it was
light, they all went away with their
asses. They had not gone far from the
city before Joseph told his steward to go
after them, and to question them sharply
about the cup. He made haste to obey
his master's command; and soon over-
Stook them.
And he said unto them, "Wherefore
have ye rewarded evil for good ?" And
they said, Wherefore saith my lord
these words? God forbid that thy ser-
vants should do according to this thing:
behold the money, which we found in

-- .~. -9

our sacks' mouths, we brought again
unto thee; how, then, should we steal 4
out of thy lord's house silver or gold ?
With whomsoever of thy servants it be
found, both let him die, and we also
will be my lord's bondmen." They soon
unloaded their asses, and each opened
his sack, for, having clear consciences,
they feared nothing. And the steward
searched all their sacks, from the oldest
Sto the youngest; and the cup was found'
in Benjamin's. They were then all seized
with fear, and they rent their clothes
and putting their sacks again on their
asses, they went back to Joseph. When
They came to him, they fell down before
him; and he said to them, What deed
is this that ye have done ?" Judah re-
Splied, "What shall we say unto my
lord? what shall we speak? or how
S 74

shall we clear ourselves? God hath found
out the iniquity of thy servants; we are ,
Smy lord's servants, both we and he also
with whom the cup is found." Joseph
then said to him, "God forbid that I
should do so; but the man in whose
hand the cup is found, he shall be my
servant; and as for you, get you up in
peace unto your father." Judah then
drew near to him, and said, "Oh, my
lord, who art equal unto Pharaoh, lis-
ten to thy servant. You desired us to
bring our youngest brother my father
permitted us to do so with sorrow, for
he loved him more than his life. I have
become surety for the child, and I wish
therefore to be your slave in his stead.
Permit him to return to my father; for
how can I see my father without him ?
I could not bear to witness his sorrow."
I .. 7

The conduct of Judah was noble and ge-

JOSEPs could not longer contain himself.
He ordered the Egyptians that were about
him to go away. When they were gone,
and Joseph was alone with his brethren,
he wept aloud, and said to them, I am
SJoseph: doth my father yet live His
brethren were so astonished when they
heard this, that they could not speak. All
their unkindness to Joseph passed across
Their minds, and grieved their hearts.
But their brother spoke kindly to them,
and said, "I am Joseph your brother,
whom ye sold into Egypt. Be not
Grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that
ye sold me hither; for God did send me
^% 76

Before you to preserve your lives during
the famine. This is the reason why God
has made me lord over the land of Egypt.
Haste ye, and go up to my father, and
tell him that his son Joseph thus speaks
to you. God hath made me lord of all
Egypt; come down unto me; and thou,
and thy children, and flocks, shall dwell
in the land of Goshen, where I will
nourish thee; for there are yet five years
of famine. Make haste, and return soon,
and bring my father." Joseph then
threw his arms around Benjamin's neck,
and kissed him, and wept over him; and
Z he kissed all his brethren.
You see that humility is the surest way
to honour. Who can help exclaiming (after
Reading this history), from the depths of his
heart, and with eyes raised to heaven in
tears," O God, how great is Thy good-

nes, and how wonderful are the ways of
Thy providence !"

THE news that Joseph had found his
brethren soon reached the ears of Pha-
raoh; and he was pleased to hear it. He
sent his own wagons to fetch Jacob, with
'the wives and children of his sons. Jo-
seph then gave them provisions for the
way, and two changes of clothes; but to
Benjamin he gave five changes of raiment,
and three hundred pieces of silver. To
his father he sent ten asses laden with
the good things of Egypt, and ten laden
with corn and bread. He then sent his
brothers away, and said to them, See
that ye fall not out by the way." During
this time their aged father waited their
return with anxiety and grief. At last
\ he saw them coming with Benjamin; and
7 7s

as soon as they came near to him, they
said, "Joseph is yet alive; and he is go.
vernor over all the land of Egypt." At
first Jacob would not believe them; but
when he saw the wagons and presents
which Joseph had sent him, he seemed
as if he had awoke from a dream, and he
said, "It is enough; Joseph my son is
yet alive: I will go and see him before .
I die." The good old man and all his
family then began their journey into
Egypt; and he offered sacrifices to God.
And God spake to him in a dream, and
said, "Jacob, Jacob, I am God, the God
of thy father; fear not to go down into
Egypt; for I will there make of thee a
great nation: I will go down with thee
into Egypt; and I will also surely bring
thee up again." In the morning they
again set off on their journey; and he
sent Judah first, to tell Joseph of their
coming. Joseph ordered his chariot, and

went out to meet his father; and as soon
as he saw him, he fell on his neck, and
wept for joy. Now," said Israel, let
\ me die, since 1 have seen thy face, be-
cause thou art yet alive." Although Jo-
seph was a great man, he was not ashamed
of his father, but he himself led him to
Pharaoh; and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.
The king asked him how old he was; to
S'W~) which Israel replied, "I am one hundred 3
'\ and thirty years old; few and evil have
\ the years of my life been." Pharaoh
then gave him the land of Goshen to
dwell in, which was the most beautiful
part of the land of Egypt. And Jacob
dwelt there with his sons and their fami-
lies, in all sixty-six persons; and Joseph
supplied them with food in abundance.
Learn of Joseph to love your parents,
and to comfort them in their old age; and
if God should raise you to a high station,
Never be ashamed of their poverty.
I (

JACOB lived in Egypt seventeen years;
and he was a hundred and forty-seven 1
years old. And as the time drew nigh
when he must die, he sent for Joseph,
and made him promise to bury him in
the land of Canaan. Soon after this he
was taken sick, and he sent again for his
son Joseph. Joseph made haste, and}
? took histwo sons, Manasseh and Ephraim,
and went to his father. Jacob, knowing
that he had not long to live, raised him-
self in his bed, and put his right hand
upon Ephraim's head, and his left on the I
head of Manasseh, and blessed them.
When Joseph saw his father put his right
hand on the head of the youngest child,
he was grieved; but Jacob said, "His
younger brother shall be greater than he,
and his seed shall become a multitude of
nations." And he set Ephraim before

Manasseh, and blessed them, saying,
"In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God
make thee as Ephraim and Manasseh."
Jacob also blessed Joseph, and said,
"God, before whom my fathers Abra-
ham and Isaac did walk, the God which
fed me all my life long unto this day, the
Angel which redeemed me from all evil,
bless the lads; and let my name be
named on them, and the name of my
fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them
grow into a multitude in the midst of the
earth." He said also to Joseph, "Be.
hold, I die; but God shall be with you,
Sand bring you again unto the land of
your fathers: and I have given unto thee
one portion above thy brethren."
SJacob then sent for his other sons, and
he gave them each a blessing. But to
Judah he said, "The sceptre shall not

depart from Judah, nor a kwgiver from
between his feet, until SUbh come; and
unto Him shall the galering of the
people be." After blessing them, he
charged them to bury him in the double
cave, which Abraham had bought, in the
land of Canaan of Ephron the Hittite;
and in which Abraham and Sarah, and
Isaac and Rebekah were buried. Jacob
then lay back and died.
When Joseph saw that his father was
dead, he fell upon his face, and wept
upon him, and kissed him. He then or-
dered the physicians to embalm Jacob,
and the whole land of Egypt mourned
for him. After mourning many days,
Joseph went up to the land of Canaan
with his brethren, and all his servants,
to bury his father.
Good children love their parents as long

as they live; and when they die, they obey
their last wishes.
After the death of Jacob, the brethren
of Joseph were afraid that he would take
revenge on them for their unkindness to
him. And they sent to him, saying,
Forgive the trespass of thy brethren,
and their sin; for they did unto thee
evil." When Joseph heard this he wept.
and said unto them, Fear not; for am
I in the place of God ? Ye thought evil
Against me; but God meant it unto good,
to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save
much people alive."
Joseph was a hundred and ten years
Sold, and he said to his brethren, I die;
and God shall surely visit you, and ye
shall carry up my bones from hence:"
which they promised to do. Thus Jo-
seph died, full of faith in the promises of
God; and the people wept for him.
Here, at the death of Joseph, form the


resolution to live to God, that you may one
day die with the same peace, trusting in
your blessed Saviour Jesus Christ

THE children of Jacob multiplied by de-
grees into a numerous people. They
were called Israelites, from the name of
the holy patriarch, which was given
him when he wrestled with the Angel;
and they were divided into twelve tribes,
each taking the name of one of the twelve
sons of Jacob.
The good old king Pharaoh was dead;
the one that came after him thought no-
thing of the services which Joseph had
rendered. He did not like this multi-
tude of strange people in his country,
and he resolved to oppress them. He
made them labour hard in making bricks,
and building cities, and treated them

with great rigour. Pharaoh even ordered
all the new-born sons of the Israelites to
be drowned in the river. Amongst the
Israelites was a mother who was very
pious: she had a very beautiful son, and
she hid him for three months. But when
she could no longer hide him, she made
an ark of bulrushes, into which she put
the child, and then laid him beside the
river. She set his sister to watch, to see'
what would become of him. God, who
intended to save him, caused the daugh-
ter of the king to come at this moment
down to the river. She saw the basket
in the midst of the rushes, and sent one
of her maids to fetch it. When she
opened it, she saw the child; and hear-
ing it cry, she pitied it, and said, "This
is one of the Hebrews' children." The
sister of the little child, who had been
o a2t;

watching, seeing the kindness of the
princess, went up and said, Shall I go
and call a nurse of the Hebrew women,
that she may nurse the child for thee ?" S
"Go," replied the princess. Full of joy,
the young girl ran to fetch her mother,
who went back with her; and Pharaoh's
daughter said to her, Take this child /
away, and nurse it for me, and I will
give thee thy wages," Who can tell the
joy with which the mother pressed in her
arms the beloved child which God had
again restored to her! what words can
express the gratitude which filled her
heart! Her son, brought up by her,
became a good child. When the child /
grew, Pharaoh's daughter adopted him,
and gave him the name of Moses, which .
means, saved from the waters.
Thus God in His goodness watches over

infants; and defeats the plans of the wicked, [
to bring about His own purposes.

As soon as Moses became a man, he
saw the afflictions of his Hebrew bre-
Sthren, and was deeply grieved: he loved
rather to suffer affliction with the people
) of God, than to enjoy all the riches of
Egypt. Putting all his trust in God, he
Boldly defended his oppressed brethren.
One day, seeing an Egyptian treating
an Hebrew cruelly, he was so filled with
indignation, that he killed the Egyp-
tian. When Pharaoh heard of this, he
Resolved to kill Moses. In order to es-
cape the death which threatened him,
SMoses fled from the land of Egypt into
Midian; but God did not leave him who

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