Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Lecture I
 Lecture II
 Lecture III
 Lecture IV
 Lecture V
 Lecture VI
 Back Matter
 Back Cover

Group Title: Golden steps to respectability, usefulness, and happiness : being a series of lectures to youth of both sexes, on character, principles, associates, amusements, religion, and marriage
Title: Golden steps to respectability, usefulness, and happiness
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00001815/00001
 Material Information
Title: Golden steps to respectability, usefulness, and happiness being a series of lectures to youth of both sexes, on character, principles, associates, amusements, religion, and marriage
Alternate Title: Golden steps for the young
Golden steps for youth
Physical Description: 243, <11> p., <1> leaf of plates : ill. ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Austin, John Mather, 1805-1880
Smith, Thomas B., 19th cent ( Stereotyper )
Derby, C. L ( Illustrator )
Derby, Miller & Co ( Publisher )
Rice & Buttre ( Engraver )
Publisher: Derby, Miller, and Co.
Place of Publication: Auburn
Manufacturer: Thomas B. Smith
Publication Date: 1851, c1850
Copyright Date: 1850
Subject: Christian life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Young men -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Young women -- Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Conduct of life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Marriage -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Friendship -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding) -- 1851   ( rbbin )
Publishers' catalogues -- 1851   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1851
Genre: Pictorial cloth bindings (Binding)   ( rbbin )
Publishers' catalogues   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- Auburn
United States -- New York -- New York
Statement of Responsibility: by J.M. Austin.
General Note: Publisher's catalogue follows text: <11> p.
General Note: Added t. p., engraved by Rice & Buttre drawn after C.L. Derby.
Funding: Brittle Books Program
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00001815
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002221603
oclc - 45670213
notis - ALG1828
 Related Items
Other version: Alternate version (PALMM)
PALMM Version

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front page 1
        Front page 2
        Front page 3
        Front page 4
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Lecture I
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    Lecture II
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
    Lecture III
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
    Lecture IV
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
    Lecture V
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
    Lecture VI
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
        Page 241
        Page 242
        Page 243
        Page 244
    Back Matter
        Page 245
        Page 246
        Page 247
        Page 248
        Page 249
        Page 250
        Page 251
        Page 252
        Page 253
        Page 254
        Page 255
    Back Cover
        Page 256
        Page 257
Full Text

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p.. .


THE Lectures embraced in this volume, were
written for the pulpit, in the usual manner of prep-
aration for such labor, without any expectation
of their appearing in print. The author is but too
sensible that they are imperfect in many features,
both in matter and style. It is only in the hope
that they will be of some benefit to the class to
whom they are addressed, that he has consented to
submit them to public perusal. He has aimed at
nothing eccentric, odd, or far-fetched; but has
sought to utter plain and obvious truths, in a plain
and simple manner. There is no class more inter-
esting, and none which has higher claims on the
wisdom, experience, and advice, of mature minds,
than the young who are about to enter upon the
trying duties and responsibilities of active life..
Whatever tends to instruct and enlighten them; to i
point out the temptations which will beset their .
pathway, and the dire evils which inevitably flow

------- ---- sh


from a life of immorality; whatever will influence
them to honesty, industry, sobriety, and religion,
and lead them to the practice of these virtues, as
"Golden Steps" by which they may ascend to Re-
spectability, Usefulness, and Happiness, must be of
benefit to the world. To aid in such a work, is
the design of this volume. If it subserves this end
-if it becomes instrumental in inciting the youth-
ful to high and pure principles of action, in hedging
up the way of sin, and opening the path of wisdom,
to any-if it drops but a single good seed into the
heart of each of its readers, and awakens the slight-
est aspiration to morality, usefulness, and religion-
it will not have been prepared in vain. With a
prayer to God that he would protect and bless the
youth of our common country, and prepare them
to preserve and perpetuate the priceless legacy of
Freedom and Religion, which they will inherit
from their fathers, this book is given to the world,
to fulfil such a mission as Divine Wisdom shall

AUBURN, June, 1850.


II _











(6 Trlhtnf u n ua On lrpntatinn.

"Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time
to come."-1 TIM. vi. 19.

N this language St. Paul as s
a principle which should conr
mend itself to the mature
consideration of every youth-
ful mind. If the youigwould
have their career honorable
and prosperous-if A y would
i enjoy the respect and con-
fidence of community; if they
would have the evening of their
days calm, serene, and peaceful-
.they must prepare for it early in
life. They must lay "a good foundation
against the time to come"-a foundation


which will be capable of sustaining the
edifice they would erect. The building
cannot be reared in strength and beauty,
without it rests on a secure corner-stone."
The harvest cannot be gathered unless the
seed is first cast into the ground. A wise
Providence has so ordered it that success,
prosperity, and happiness through life, and a
respected and "green old age," are to be
enjoyed dily by careful preparation, prudent
JoRcast, and assiduous culture, in the earlier
.periods of our existence.

"True wisdom, early sought and gained,
In age will give thee rest;
Q then improve the morn of life,
^ To make its evening blest."

The youthful live much in the future.
They are fond of gazing into its unknown
depths, and of endeavoring to trace the out-
line, at least, of the fortunes that await them.
With .ardent hope, with eager expecta-
tion, they anticipate the approach of coming
years--confident they will bring to them
naught but unalloyed felicity. But they



should allow their anticipations of the future
to be controlled by a well-balanced judg-
ment, and moderated by the experience of
those who have gone before them.
In looking to the future, there is one im-
portant inquiry which the young should put
to their own hearts:-What do I most
desire to become in mature life? What
position am I anxious to occupy in society
What is the estimation in which wish to
be held by those within the circle of &A
acquaintance ? -
The answer to these inquiries, from the
great mass of young people, can ~l be
anticipated. There are none am: them
who desire to be disrespected and shunned
by the wise and good-who are anxious to
be covered with disgrace and infamy-who
seek to be outcasts and vagabonds in the
world. The thought that they were doomed
to such a condition, would fill them with alarm.
Every discreet youth will exclaim-" Nothing
would gratify me more than to be honored
and respected, as I advance in years; to




move in go6 society; to hake people seek
my company, rather than shun it; to be
looked up to as an example for others to
imitate, and to enjoy the confidence of all
around me."
- Is not4his the desire of the young of this
large audience? Surely there can be none
here so blind to the future, so lost to their
pwn good, as to prefer a life of infamy and
its ever-atcompanying wretchedness, to re-
.pectability, prosperity, and true enjoyment?
SBut how are these to be obtained? Respec-
tability, prosperity, the good opinion of com-
munity, do not come simply at our bidding.
We cannot reach forth our hands and take
them, as we pluck the ripe fruit from the
bending branch. Neither will wishing or
hoping for them shower their blessings upon
us. If we would obtain and enjoy them, we
must labor for them-EAR them. They are
only secured as the well-merited reward of a
pure and useful life!
The first thing to be aimed at by the
young, should be the establishLnent of a

GOOD C1IARACTqER In all they plans, antici-
pations, and prospects for future years, this
should form the grand starting-point!-the
chief corner-stone It should be the founda-
tion of every hope and thought of prosperity
and happiness in days to come. It is the
only basis.on which such a hope can mature
to full fruition. A good character, estab-
lished in the season of youth, becomes a tich
and productive moral soil to its possessor.
Planted therein, the "Tree of Life" will
spring forth in a vigorous growth. Its roots
will strike deep and strong, in such a soil,
and draw thence the utmost vigor and fruit-
fulness. Its trunk will grow up in majes-
tic proportions-its wide-spreading branches
will be clothed with a green luxuriant
foliage, "goodly to look upon"-the most
beautiful of blossoms will in due time, blush
on every twig-and at length each limb and
bough shall bend beneath the rich, golden
fruit, ready to drop into the hand. Beneath
its grateful shade you can find rest and
repose, when the heat and burden of life



come upon you. And of its ,delicious fruit,
you can pluck and eat, and obtain refresh-
ment and strength, when the soul becomes
wearied with labor and care, or the weight
of years. Would you behold such a tree ?
Remember it grows alone on the soil of a
good reputation!! Labor to prepare such a
Believe not, ye youthful, that God has
made the path of virtue and religion hard
and thorny. Believe not he has overhung
it with dark clouds, and made it barren of
fruit and beauty. Believe not that rugged
rocks, and briers, and brambles,, choke the
way, and lacerate the limbs of those who
would walk therein! No! he has made it
a smooth and peaceful path-an easy and
pleasant way.-" Wisdom's ways are ways of
pleasantness, and all her paths are peace."
The young who overlook these considera-
tions-who lay their plans, and cherish their
expectations, in reference to their future
career, without any regard to the importance
f a good character-who, in marking out



their course, lose sight of the necessity of
laboring to establish a worthr~eputation to
commence with--who, in building their hopes
of success and happiness, are not convinced
that a good name" is the only foundation
on which such hopes can legitimately rest-
have commenced wrong. They have made a
radical and lamentable MISTAKE at the outset.
4. mistake, which, unless speedily corrected,
will prove most disastrous in all its influences,
and be keenly felt and deplored throughout
Those who fall into error on this point,
who view a good reputation as a matter of
no moment-well enough if you can secure
it without much trouble, but not worth
laboring for, with zeal and perseverance-
have placed themselves in a- most critical
position. They are like a ship in the midst
of the wide, wastes of oceax without chart
compass, or rudder, liable to be turned hither
and thither by every fickle wind that blows,
and dashed upon dangerous reefs by the
heaving billows. Failing to see the impc

^1 I



tance of establishing a good character, they
fall easy victims to sinful temptations, and,
ere long, verging farther and farther from the
path of rectitude, they. at length find every
fond hope, every fair prospect, blasted for life.
To a young man, a good character is the
best capital he can possess, to start with in
life. It is much better, and far more to be
depended on than gold. Although money
may aid in. establishing a young man in
business, under favorable circumstances, yet
without a good character he cannot succeed.
His want of reputation will undermine the
best advantages, and failure, and ruin, will,
sooner or later, overtake him with unerring
When it is known that a young man is
well-informed, industrious, attentive to busi-
ness, economical, strictly temperate, and
moral, a respecter of the Sabbath, the Bible,
and religion, he cannot fail to obtain the
good opinion and the confidence of the whole
community. He will have friends on every
hand, who will take pleasure in encouraging
9 ____

---- I



and assisting him. The wise and good will
bestow their commendation upon him; and
parents will point to him as an example for-
their children to imitate. Blessed with
health, such a youth cannot fail of success
and permanent happiness.
But let it be known that a young man is
ignorant or indolent, that he is neglectful of
business, or dishonest; that he is given to
intemperance, or disposed to visit places of
dissipation, or to associate with vicious, com-
panions-and what are his prospects ? With
either one or more of these evil qualifications
fixed upon him, lie is hedged out of the path
of prosperity. To cover up such character-
istics for a great length of time, is a moral
impossibility. Remember this, I beg you.
It is beyond the power of mortals to conceal
vicious habits and propensities for any long
period. And when once discovered, who will1
repose confidence in such a youth? Who
will trust him, or encourage him, or counte-
nance him? Who will give him employ-
ment? Who will confide anything to his


I I- -_



oversight? Who will render him assistance
in his business affairs, when he is strait-
ened and in need of the aid of friends?
Behold his prospects! How unpromising,
how dark!! It is impossible for such a young
man to succeed. No earthly power can confer
prosperity upon him. He himself under-
mines his own welfare, blackens his own
name, and dashes down the cup of life.which
a wise and good Providence has kindly
placed to his lips, and calls upon him to

SIf a good character, a spotless reputation,
is all-essential to the prosperity of a young
man, what must it not be to a young woman ?
A well-established character for morality and
virtue is of great importpice to people of
every class, and in all circumstances. But to
g lady, a "good name" is a priceless
eL It is everything-literally, EVERY-
mTHIN---to her. It will give her an attrac-
tion, a value, an importance, in the estima-
tion of others, which nothing else can impart.

--------- ---------- 1ii



In possession of a spotless character, she may
reasonably hope for peace and happiness.
But without such a character, she is nothing !
Youth, beauty, dress, accomplishments, all
gifts and qualities will be looked upon as
naught, when tainted by a suspicious repu-
tation! Nothing can atone for this, nothing
can be allowed to take its place, nothing can
give charm and attraction where it exists
When the character of a young woman is
gone-all is gone! Thenceforward she can
look for naught else but degradation and
The reputation of a young woman is of
the most delicate texture. It requires not
overt acts of actual wickedness to tarnish its
brightness, and cast suspicion on its purity.
Indiscreet language, careless deportment, a
want of discrimination in regard to o-
ciates, even when no evil is done, or inte
will often bring into question her charac
greatly to her injury. l~any are the instance
where a single word, spoken at random, inh
the giddy thoughtlessness of youthful vivacity,



without the slighest thought of wrong, has
cast a shadow upon- the character of a young
woman which it required years to efface. a
How important that every word uttered, and
every deed performed, should be maturely
weighed.. A discreet lady will not only be
careful to avoid evil itself, but will studiously
refrain from everything which has even the
appearance of evil.
"Whatever dims thy sense of truth,
Or stains thy purity,
Though light as breath of summer air,
Count it as sin to thee."

Young women frequently err in their
understanding of what it is that gives them
a good name, and imparts their chief attrac-
tion. Many seem to imagine that good
looks, a gay attire, in the extreme of fashion,
a a few showy attainmentsi constitute
jA* tthing essential to make them interesting
a attractive, and tp establish a high rep-
atation in the estimation of the other sex.
Hence they seek for no other attainments.
In this, they make a radical mistake. The





charms contained in these qualities, are very
shallow, very worthless, and very uncertain.
There can no dependence be placed upon
- them,
If there is one point more than another, in
this respect, where young ladies err, it is in
regard to DRESS. There are not a few who
suppose that dress is the most important
thing for which they have been created, and
that it forms the highest attraction of woman.
Under this mistaken notion-this poor in-
fatuation-they plunge into every extrava-
gance in their attire; and, in this manner, a
squander sums of money, which would be
much more profitably expended in storing
their minds with useful knowledge, or, in
some cases, even in procuring the ordinary
comforts of life. ,
There is a secret on this point I woid
Like to divulge to young women. It is t
That any dress, which from its oddness,
its extreme of fashion and display, is cal
lated to attract very particular attention, is
worn at the expense of the good name of its


possessor. It raises them in the estimation of
none; but deprives them of the good opinion
of all sensible people. It gives occasion for
suspicion, not only of their good sense, but
of their habits of economy. When a young
woman is given to. extravagant displays in
dress, it is but publishing to the world, her
own consciousness of a want of other attrac-
tions of a more substantial nature. It is but
virtually saying, "I seek to excite attention
by my dress, because I have no other good
quality by which I can secure attention."
Could a young woman who passes through
the streets decked out extravagantly in all
that the milliher and dress-maker can furnish,
realize the unfavorable impression she makes.
upon sensible young men--could she but see
the curl of the lip, and hear the contemp-
tuous epithet which her appearance excites,
and know how utterly worthless they esteem
her-she would hasten to her home, throw
off her foolish attire, and weep tears of
bitterness at her folly.
Parents are often much to be blamed for

A -Ai



this indiscretion in their daughters." They
should give them better advice; and instruct
them to cultivate other and worthier attrac-
tions than the poor gewgaws of DRESS! Do
they not know that the worthless and aban-
doned of the female sex dress the most gaily
and fashionably? Should they not urge
their daughters to seek for a higher excel-
lency, a more creditable distinction than
Here is another secret for young ladies:-
All the attraction they can ever possess by
means of dress, will be derived from three
sources, viz. Plainness, Neatness, and Ap-
propriateness. In whatever they deviate
from these cardinal points, they will to the
same degree make themselves ridiculous-
weaken their influence, and lose the good
opinion of those they are the most anxious to
win. I beg these truths to be impressed
deeply on the mind.
Dress, personal beauty, and showy accom-
plishments, go but a short way to establish
the reputation on which the. happiness of

II __ _
r -



boman really depends. Instead of placing
reliance on these, they should seek to culti-
vate those qualities, habits, and dispositions,
which will give permanent merit and value,
in the estimation of those whose attention
and regard they are desirous to cultivate. A
sweet and gentle disposition-a mild and for-
giving temper-a respectful and womanly
demeanor-a mind cultivated, and well-
stored with useful knowledge-a thorough
practical acquaintance with all domestic du-
ties; (the sphere where woman can exhibit
her highest attractions, and her most valu-
able qualities,) tastes, habits, and views of
life, drawn not from the silly novels of the
day, but from a discriminating judgment,
and the school of a well-learned practical ex-
perience in usefulness and goodness:-these
are the elements of a good name, a valuable
reputation in a young woman. They are
more to be sought for, and more to be de-
pended upon, than any outward qualification.
They form an attraction which will win the
regard and affection of the wise and enlight-






,ned, where the fascinations of dress, and
theirr worthless accomplishments, would
prove utterly powerless.
I desire the young, of both sexes, to ie-
member that it is one thing not to have a
bad reputation, but quite another thing to
have a good one. The fact that an individual
does nothing criminal, or offensive, although
creditable in itself considered, does not be-
stow the amount of merit after which all
should seek. They may do nothing particu-
larly bad, and nothing very good. It is
meritorious to refrain from evil; but it is
better still to achieve something by active
exertion, which shall deserve commendation.
The Apostle exhorts us not only to cease
to do evil," but to "learn to do well." The
young, while striving to avoid the evils of a
bad reputation, should. assiduously seek for
the advantages of a good one.
How can the young secure a good charac-
ter ? Its worth, its importance, its blessings,
we have seen. Now, how can it be obtained ?
This is a question, worthy-the serious con-



sideration of every youth. Let me say in
reply :-
1. That a good character cannot be inher-
ited, as the estate of a father descends to his
heirs. However respectable and worthy pa-
rents may be, their children cannot share in
that respect, unless they deserve it by their
own merits. Too many youth, it is to be
apprehended, are depending upon their pa-
rents' reputation as well- as their parents'
property, for their own standing and success
in life.- This is an insecure foundation. In
our republican land, every individual is
estimated by his or her own conduct, and
not by the reputation of their connections.
It is undoubtedly an advantage in many
points of view, for a young person to have
rQspectable parents. But if they would in-
herit their parents' good name, they must
imitate their parents' virtues.
2. A good character cannot be purchased
with gold. Though a man or a woman may
have all the wealth of the Indies, yet it can-
not secure a worthy name-it cannot buy



the esteem of the wise and good, without
the merit which deserves it. The glitter of
gold cannot conceal an evil and crabbed dis-
position, a selfish soul, a corrupt heart, or.
vile passions and propensities. Although
the sycophantic may fawn around such as
possess wealth, and bow obsequiously before
them, on account of their riches, yet, in fact,
they are despised and contemned in the
hearts even of their hangers-on and followers.
3. A good character cannot be obtained by
simply wishing for it. The Creator has wisely
provided, that the desire for a thing does
not secure it. Were it to be thus, our world
would soon present a strange aspect. It is,
undoubtedly, much better that it should be
as it is. We have the privilege to wish for
whatever we please; but we can secure
only that which we labor for and deserve.
Were the traveller to stand throughout the
day, at the foot of the hill, wishing to be at
the summit, his simple desire would not
place him there. He must allow his wishes
to prompt him to proper exertion. It is only



by persevering industry, and patient toil,
contented to take one step at a time, that his
wish is gratified, and he finds himself at
length upon the brow of'the eminence.
In like manner, the youthful, to obtain
possession of a good character, must earn it.
It must be sought for, by an earnest cultiva-
tion of all the graces and virtues, which are
commended by God and man. It cannot be
secured in a moment. As the edifice is erect-
ed by diligently laying one stone upon
another, until it finally becomes a splendid
temple, piercing the heavens with its glitter-
ing spire, so a good name must be built up.
by good deeds, faithfully and constantly per-
formed, as day after day carries us along
amid the affairs of life.
Let the youthful fix their eyes upon this
prize- of a good reputation-the only end
wor h striving for in life. Let them studi-
ously avoid evil practices, corrupt associates,
and vicious examples. Let them patiently
and faithfully lay the foundations of virtuous
habits, and practise the lessons of wisdom



and the precepts of religion-and in due time
the prize shall be theirs. The spotless
wreath of a virtuous character shall rest upon
their brow. The commendation, the confi- 1
dence, and the good-will of man shall accom-
pany them; and the choicest of the blessings
of God shall rest upon them, and sweeten all
their days.

-. -I --------. ~-
-- --


it 4riuripts anh Iurpnsrs nf lift.

"The heart of him that hath understanding, seeketh knowledge."-Prov. xv. 14.

HE practical wisdom of Solo-
mon is seen in this simple
precept. The youthful, who
have the slightest understand-
ing of the journey of life-
who have been impressed,
even in the smallest degree, with
Sthe perils to which they are ex-
posed; the trials to be endured;
the vicissitudes through which
they must necessarily pass; the ob-
stacles they must overcome; the
S deceptions and allurements they will
have to detect and withstand-cannot fail


*..---- -- -- -- -- ------- : --


to acknowledge -the wisdom of seeking for
knowledge to enlighten and prepare for
the exigencies which await the inexperienced
traveller through this world's wayward
Those who commence their career without
forethought, or discrimination in regard.to
the moral principles by which they will be
governed, and without selecting the best and
safest path of the many which open before
them, are involved in a blindness of the most
pitiable description. They would not mani-
fest this want of discretion on matters of
much less importance. The commander of
the ship does not venture his voyage to sea
without his compass, his chart, and a full
supply of stores. We would not sail an hour
with him, if we believed him ignorant or in-
different to the necessity of these important
preparations. How hazardous, how foolish
the youth who launches away on the momen-
tous voyage of life, without compass, or
chart, or any preparation which extends be
yond the present moment. True, the ship


destitute of all these essentials, may leave the
harbor in safety, with her gay pennons fly-
ing, her swelling sails filled with a favorable
breeze, a smiling sun above, a smooth sea be-
neath, and all the outward indications of a
prosperous voyage. But follow her a few
hours. The terrific storm-king spreads
abroad his misty pinions, and goes forth in
fury, ploughing up the waters into mountain
billows, and shrieking for his prey. The
gloomy night settles down upon the bosom
of the mighty deep, and spreads its dark pall
over sea and sky. Muttering thunders stun
the ear, and the lightning's vivid flash lights
up the terrific scene, and reveals all its inde-
scribable horrors. Where now is the gay ship
which ventured forth without needful prepa-
ration ? Behold her, tossed to and fro by
the angry waves. All on board are in alarm!
The fierce winds drive her on, they know
not whither. Hark to that fearful roar! It
is the fatal breakers! Hard up the helm!
Put the ship about See, on every hand
frowns the fatal lee-shore! Pull taught



each rope-spread every sail. It is in vain!
Throw out the anchors! Haste! strain
every nerve! Alas! It i all too late. The
danger cannot be escaped. On drifts the
fated craft. Now she mounts the crest of
an angry wave, which hurries forward with
its doomed burthen. Now she dashed against
the craggy points of massive rocks, and sinks
into the raging deep. One foud, terrific wail
is heard, and all is silent! On the rising of
the morrow's sun, the spectator beholds the
beach and the neighboring waters strewn
with broken masts, rent sails, and drifting
fragments-all that remaize of the proud
ship which yesterday floated so gaily on the
ocean waters!!
Behold, O ye youthful, a picture of the
fate of those who rush upon the career of life,
without forethought or preparation, and with-
out the light of well-selected moral principles
to guide them. All may appear fair and
pron~sing at the outset, and for a season.
But before mqpy years can elapse, the pros-
pects of such youth must be overclouded;


and ere long disappointment, overthrow, dis-
grace and ruin, will be the closing scenes of
a life, commenced in so much blindness.
"Well begun is half done," was one of Dr.
Franklin's .sound maxims. A career well
begun-a life commenced properly, with wise
forecast with prudent rules of actid and
under the influence of sound and pure, moral
and religious pnciples--is an advance, half-
way at least, to ultimate success and pros-
perity. Such a commencement will not, it
is true, insure you against the misfortunes
which are incident to earthly existence. But
if persevered inSit will guard you against the
long catalogue of evils, vexatious penalties
and wretchedness, which are the certain fruit
of a life of immorality; and will bestow upon
you all the real enjoyments, within the
earthly reach of man.
As people advance in years, they perceive
more and more the importance of commen-
cing life properly.
See that wretched outcast! Poor and
miserable, shunned by all but depraved asso-


ciates, he drags out the worthless remnant
of his days. Does he think he has acted
wisely ? Hark to his soliloquy-" Oh, eould
I begin life again.--could I but live my days
overtnce more-how, different the course I
would pursue. Instead of rushing on blindly
and dlessly, without fortthoughtor care,
and allowing myself to become an easy prey
to temptation and sin, I w ld, reflect i4-
turely, and choose wisely, the path for my
footsteps. VFaithfy 'woula search for the
way of virtue, honesty, sobriety, and. good-
ness, and strictly woold I walk therein !" The
opportunity he so eagerly covets, and to
obtain which he would deem no sacrifice too
great, is now before every youth in the as-
.This thought is beautify elaborated in
th following allegory:
"It was midnight of the new year, and an
S aged marr stood thoughtfully at the window. )
He gazed with- a long, despairing look, upon
the fixed, eternal, and glorious heaven, and
down upon the silent, still and snow-white

i' 4%


earth, whereon was none so joyless,- so sleep-
less as he. For his grave stood open near
him; it was covered only with the snows of
age, not decked with the green of youth;
and. he brought with him, from a long and
rich life, nothing save errors, crimes, and
sickness-a wasted body, a desolate sol, a
breast filled with poison, and an old"age
heavy with repeitance and sorrow. The fair
days of his youth at this hour, arose like
spectres before his mind, and carried him
back to the bright morning, when his father
had first planted him at the starting-point of
life; whence, tothe right, the way conducts
along the sunny path of virtue, to a wide and
peaceful land, a land of light, rich in the har-
vest of good deeds, and full of the joy of
angels; whilst, to the left, the road descends
to. the molehills of vice, toward a dark cav-
ern, full of poisonous droppings, stinging ser-
pents, and dank and steaming mists.
"The serpents clung around his breast,
and the drops of poison lay upon his tongue,
and he knew not where he was.



"Senseless and in unutterable anguish, his
cry went forth to heaven: Grant me but
youth again! 0, father, place me but once
again upon the startifig-point of life, that I
may choose otherwise !'
"But his father and his youth were far
away. He beheld wandering lights dance
upon the marshes, and disappear upon the
graveyards; and he exclaimed, 'These are
my days of folly !'
"He beheld a star shoot through the
heaven, and vanish: it glimmered as it fell,
and disappeared upon the earth. 'Such, too,
am I!' whispered his bleeding heart; and
the serpent-tooth of remorse struck afresh
into its wounds.
"His heated fancy pictured to him night-
wandering forms slow-creeping upon the
house-tops; the windmill raised its arm, and
threatened to fell him to the earth; and in
the tenantless house of death, the only re-
maining mask assumed imperceptibly his
own features.
"At once, in the midst of this delirium,


the sounds from the steeple, welcoming the
new year, fell upon his ear, like distant
church music.
"He was moved, but to a gentler mood.-
He gazed around, unto the horizon, and
looked forth upon the wide earth; and he
thought of the friends of his youth, who,
happier and better than he, were now teach-
ers upon the earth, fathers of happy children,
and blessed each in his condition.
"' Alas! and I, too, like ye, might now be
sleeping peacefully and tearless through this
first night of the year, had I willed so! I
too might have been happy, ye dear parents,
had I fulfilled your new-year's wishes and
"In the feverish reminiscences of his youth,
it seemed to him as if the mask which had
assumed his features in the house of death
arose, and grew into a living youth, and his
former blooming figure stood before him in
the bitter mockery of illusion.
"He could look no longer; he hid his
eyes, a flood of hot tears streamed forth and



were lost in the snow. And he sighed, now
more gently, and despairing, 'Return but
again, 0 youth, come once again!'
"And youth did return; for he had but
dreamed thus fearfully in the new-year's
night. He was still young; but his sinful
wanderings, they had been no dream; and
he thanked God that he could yet turn from
the miry ways of vice, and again choose the
sunny path which leadeth unto the pure land
of the harvest of righteousness.
"Turn thou with him, young man, if thou
standest upon his path of error. This fear-
ful dream willing a future be thy judge; but
shouldst thlu ever exclaim, in the bitterness
of remorse, 'Return, fair time of youth !'-
youth will not come when thou dost call for
-It is much easier to start right and keep
right, than to start wrong, and then endeavor
to get right. Although those who take the
wrong path at the commencement, should
afterwards seek to obtain the right one, and
persevere until they find it, still the labor to


retrieve the early error will be difficult. It
is painful to walk in the way of wickedness
-it is painful to break away from it, when
once there It is painful to continue on-it
is painful to turn back. This is in conse-
quence of the nature of sin. It is a path all
evil, all pain, all darkness-everything con-
nected with it is fruitful of wretchedness.
Those who stray therein, find themselves be-
set with perils and troubles on all sides.
Avoid it, as you love happiness!

"Ne'er till to-morrow's light delay
SWhat may as well be done to-day;
Ne'er do to-day, what on the morrow
Will wring your heart with sighs and. rrow."

A young man may, in early ffe, fall into
vicious habits, and afterwards turn from
them. Some have done so. But they de-
clare that the struggles they were compelled
to make-the conflicts and trials, the buffet-
ing of evil passions, and the mental agony
they endured, in breaking away, were ter-
rible beyond description. Where one, who



has fallen into bad habits in youth, has after-
wards abandoned them, there are a score who
have continued their victims, until ruin, and
a premature death, closed their career. How
much safer, how much easier and pleasanter,
how much more promising and hopeful, to
commence life with good habits well estab-
lished, with high principles, sound. maxims,
enlightened rules of conduct, deeply fixed in
the soul. This is a plain, pleasant, prosper-
ous path---readily found, and easily followed.
In no other can you secure true enjoyment.

We cannot live too slowly to be good
And happy, nor too much byline and square.
But youth is burning to forestall its nature,
And will not wait for time to ferry it
Over the stream; but flings itself into
The flood and perishes. * *
The first and worst of all frauds is to cheat
Oneself. ******** **

There is nothing more essential to the
young than to accustom themselves to ma-
ture reflection, and practical observation, in
regard to the duties of life, and the sources
of human enjoyment. This is a task, how-




ever, which but few of the youthful are in-
clined to undertake. The most of them are
averse to giving up their thoughts to sober
meditation on the consequences which accrue
from different courses of conduct, or to prac-
tical observation on the lessons taught by
the experience of others. The Present!-
the Present !-its amusements, its gayeties, its
fashions, absorbs nearly all their thoughts.
They have little relish to look towards the
future, except to anticipate the continuance
of the novelty and joyousness of the spring-
time of life. The poet utters a most salu-
tary admonition in his beautiful lines:

"The beam of the morning, the bud of the Spring,
The promise of beauty and brightness may bring;
But clouds gather darkness, arid touched by the frost,
The pride of the plant, and the morning are lost.
Thus the bright and the beautiful ever decay-
Life's morn and life's flowers, oh, they quick pass away !"

I would not cast one unnecessary shadow
on the pathway of the young; but they
should be often reminded, that the season of
youth, with its romance and light-hearted-

-. I



ness, soon, too soon, departs! Spring, with
its budding beauties, and fragrant blossoms,
does not continue all the year. It is speed-
ily followed by the fervid summer, the ma-
ture and sober autumn, and the dreary snows
of winter. In order to have thriving and
promising fields in summer, rich and abund-
ant harvests in autumn, and bountiful sup-
plies for comfort and repose in winter, good
seed" must be sowed in the spring. So, also,
if you would have the summer of life fruitful
of prosperity-its autumn yield a rich and
bountiful harvest, and the winter of old age
made comfortable and peaceful-the good
seed of pure habits, and sound moral and re-
ligious principles, must be carefully sowed in
the rich soil of the heart, in the budding
spring-time of youth.
Due observation and reflection will enable
the young to sow the right kind of seed at the
right time. There is much in this. Those
who sow late will be likely to have their
harvest blighted by chilling rains and nip-
ping frosts. The earlier the seed is cast into



the ground, the greater the certainty that it
will produce an abundant crop. Reflection
and discrimination are all-essential to the
youthful. Those who think deeply will act
wisely. They will detect and avoid the
dangers which beset their pathway, and into
which the thoughtless so easily fall. They
will readily penetrate the specious appear-
ance, the harmless aspect, the deceptive veil,
which vice and immorality can so readily
assume. They will understand the old
maxim, that all is not gold that glitters."
This is a simple truth, and yet how few of
the young practise upon it. See this young
man. How easily he gives way to tempta-
tion-how readily he is led astray. Why
does he thus turn aside from virtue's path ?
Why thus trample upon the affectionate
counsel and admonition of wise parents and
kind friends? Ah! he sees a glittering
bauble in the way of sin, and imagines it is
the shining of the gold of true and solid hap-
piness. Eagerly he presses on to secure the
prize. He plunges into the wickedness to

I -



which it tempts him--he seizes the dazzling
treasure, and finds-what? Pure gold ?-
true delight ?-unalloyed happiness? Alas,
foolish youth! No! That which he took
for the glitter of gold, proves to be worthless
ashes in his hand. And the high pleasure
he was anticipating, results in naught but
disappointment, disgrace, wretchedness.
"Teach me the flattering paths to shun,
In which the thoughtless many run;
Who for a shade the substance miss,
And grasp their ruin in their bliss."

A well-established habit of practical ob-
servation, enables the youthful to guard
against the mistakes of conduct, into which
others have fallen, and to. make the short-
comings of their fellow-beings, salutary ad-
monitions for their own instruction. When
thoughtful, observing young persons, see an
individual do a mean, unmanly action, they
will reflect much upon it. They will notice
how contemptible it makes him appear-
how it degrades him in the estimation of the
honorable and high-minded-how it belittles


him in the view of society at large-and how
unworthy it makes him appear even in his
own eyes. These observations, if faithfully
made, will guard them against like acts
When they behold one arraigned at the
bar of public justice, to answer to the of-
fended laws of his country, they will make it
a salutary lesson of instruction. They will
realize the deceptive and ruinous nature of
wrong-doing-how, while promising them
the very elixir of happiness, it pours naught
but bitterness and poison into the cup of
life, entailing degradation and wretchedness
upon its victims. They will become satisfied
of the solemn truth of the words of the Most
High, that though hand join in hand, the
wicked shall not be unpunished."
When they see neighbors, who might pro-
mote each other's enjoyments, by living
peaceably together, fall out in regard to
some trivial misunderstanding, and engage
in angry disputes, and a bitter warfare, dis-
turbing the harmony of the neighborhood,




and destroying their own happiness-the
young who exercise practical observation,
will be instructed, to avoid similar troubles
in their own affairs. They will realize the
folly and blindness of such a course, and the
necessity of exercising a forbearing and for-
giving spirit, and the wisdom of submitting to
injuries, if need be, rather than to become
involved in angry recriminations and hostil-
Thus by a constant habit of observation
and reflection, the youthful can turn the fail-
ings of others to their own account. As the
industrious bee extracts honey from the most
nauseous substances, so can the thoughtful
and observing draw instruction not -only
from the example of the wise, but from
the folly of the wicked!
In preparations for future usefulness and
success, the young should establish certain
fixed principles of moral conduct, by which
they will be steadfastly governed in all their
intercourse with the world. Without some
well-defined landmarks, by which they can


be guided in emergencies, when everything
depends on the course of conduct to be pur-
sued, they will be in immin.it peril. Temp-
tations are strewed along the pathway of the
young, and assail them at every turn. If
they could clearly contemplate the effects of
giving way to temptation-were all the un-
happy consequences to stand out visibly be-
fore them-they would never be induced to
turn aside into sin. Could the young man as
he is tempted to quaff the fashionable glass
of intoxicating beverage, see plainly the
ignominious life, the poverty and wretched-
ness, and the horrid death by delirium tre-
pens, to which it so often leads, he would
set iefdown untasted, and turn away in alarm.
But it is the nature of temptation to blind
and deceive the unwary, and lead them into
sin, by false representations of the happiness
to be derived from it. Hence the young
need to establish, in their calm, cool moments,
when under the influence of mature judgment
and enlightened discretion, certain fixed rules
of conduct, by which they will be governed,


.-L1 -



and on which they will depend in every hour
of temptation.
One of the first and most important rules
of life which should be established by the
youthful, is the constant cultivation of purity
of heart. This is the great safeguard of the
young. It is their brightest jewel-their
most attractive ornament-the crowning glo-
ry of their character and being. It adds
a captivating lustre to all charms of whatever
description; and without it all other ex-
cellencies are lost in perpetual darkness. It
should be a fixed rule, never-to violate the
dictates of purity either in action, language,
or thought. Many imagine it is a matter of
small moment what tleir thoughts maybe,
so long as in action they do not transgress
the requirements of virtue. This, however,
is a serious error. The outward action is
but the expression of the inward thought.
Wicked deeds would never have birth, were
they not first prompted by wicked desires.
Hence if the young would have their words
and deeds characterized by purity, they must

S 4

I; -



see that their hearts and thoughts are con-
stantly pure.

"Pure thoughts are angel visitants! Be such
The frequent inmates of thy guileless breast.
They hallow all things by their sacred touch,
And ope the portals of the land of rest."

The heart is the source of all actions. A
dark, muddy fountain cannot send forth clear
waters. Neither does a pure fountain send
forth muddy waters. A foul heart, the re-
ceptacle of unclean thoughts and impure
passions, is a corrupt well-spring of action,
which leads to every vicious practice. Let
the hearts of the youthful be pure as crys-
al let their thoughts be sanctified by vir-
etaid holiness; and their lives shall be
as white and spotless as the driven snow-
winning the admiration of all who know
them. With purity as a shield, they are
doubly guarded against sin. However en-
ticing temptatibn may be-however artfully
or strongly it may assail them-they are
prepared to rise above it, in any and every




Another of the fixed rules of conduct
should be to aim high in all the purposes of
life. The great obstacle to success with many
of the young, isi that they adopt no standard
of action for their government; but allow
- themselves to float along the current of time
like a mere straw on the surface of the waters,
liable to be veered about by every paff of
wind and whirling eddy. If the current in
which they float happens to waft them into
the smooth waters, and the calm sunshine of
virtue and respectability, it is a matter of
mere fortunate chance. If they are drawn
into the dark stream qf si, they have but
little power to resist, and are soon h~rr
into the surging rapids, and hurled oie
boiling cataract of ruin! True, they may
not utterly perish even in plunging down the
cataract. They, moy possibly seize hold of
so6e juttifig rock belof, and ba desperate
effort drag themselves from th ~ going waters.
But they will come forth bruised, bleeding,"
strangling, and half-drowned, to mourn the
folly of their thoughtlessness. llow much


wiser and better to have taken early pre-
caution, and guarded in the first place against
the insidious current, which compelled them
to purchase wisdom at so dear a rate.
To avoid this great folly, the youthful
should establish a fixed purpose for life.
They should set their mark, as to what they
wish to become; and then make it the great
labor of their lives to attain it. And let
that mark be a high one. You cannot make
it too elevated. The maxim of the ancients
was, that although he who aims at the sun
will not hit it, yet his arrows will fly much
higher than though his mark was on the
earth. A young man who should strive to
be a second Washington or Jefferson, might
not attain to their renown. But he would
become a much greater and better man, than
though he had only aspird to be the keeper
of a gambling -hone, or thieader of a gang
of blacklegs. In all your purposes and
plans of life, aim high!
"Again a light boat on a streamlet is seen,
Where the jIs are o'erladen with beautiful green,


Like a mantle of velvet spread out to the sight,
Reflects to the gazer a bright world of light.
The fair bark has lost none of its beauty of yore,
But a youth is within it,-the fair child before;
And the Angel is gone-on the shore see him stand,
As he bids him adieu with a wave of the hand.
Ah! a life is before thee-a life full of care,
Gentle Youth, and mayhap thou wilt fall in its snare.
Can thy bark speed thee now? without wind, without tide?
Without the kind Angel, thy beautiful guide?
Ah! no;-then what lures thee, fair youth, to depart?
Must thou rush into danger from impulse of heart?
Lo! above in the 'bright arch of Heaven' I see
The vision, the aim so alluring to thee:
'Tis the temple of Fame, with its pillars so fair,
And the Genius of Wisdom and Love reigneth there.
Advance then, proud vessel,-thy burden is light,--
Swift speed thee, and guide his young steps in the right;
For in life's fitful changes' are many dark streams,
And paths unillumed by the sun's golden beams."

Cherish self-respect. Have a deep regard
for your own estimation. of your own merits.
Look with scorn and contempt upon low and
vicious practices. Cultivate pride of character.
I care not how 'oud the youthful are of
all their valuable attainm nnts, their correct
habits, their excellings in thatAi ich is manly,
useful, and good. The more pride of this
description, the better. Though it should
reach even to egotism and vanib t is much





'better than no pride in these things. This
pride in doing right is one of the preserving
ingredients, the* very salt of man's moral
character, which prevents from plunging into
Live for something besides self. Build
with your own hands, the monument that
shall perpetuate your memory, when the dust
has claimed your body. Do good. Live for
others, if you would be embalmed in their
"Thousands of men breathe, move, and
live-pass off the stage of life, and are
heard of no more. Why! They did not
a particle of good in the world; and none
were blessed by them; none could point
to them as the instruments of their re-
demption; not a line they wrote, not a
word they spoke could bk recalled, and so
they perished; their light ent out in dark-
ness, and thej, were not remembered more
than the insects of yesterday. Will you
thus live and die, O man immortal? Live
for sometht Do good, and leave behind

-, I


you a monument of virtue that the storm of
time can never destroy. Write your name
by kindness, love, and mercy, on the hearts
of the thousands you come in contact *h
year by year, and you will never be forgotten.
No, your name-your deeds-will be as
legible on the hearts you leave behind, as
the stars on the brow of evening. Good
deeds will shine as brightly on the earth as
the stars of heaven."

"Up! it is a glorious era!
Never yet has dawned its peerj
Up, and work! and then a nobler
In the future shall appear.
'Onward is the present's motto,
To a larger, higher life;
SOnward!' though the march be weary,
Though unceasing be the strife.

Pitch not here thy tent, for higher
Doth the bright ideal shine,
And the journey is not ended
Till thb reach that height divine.
Upward! and above earth's vapors,
Glimpses shall to thee Ij given,
And the fresh and odorous breezes,
Of the very hills of heaven."

pr. Chalmers. *0


Among the fixed principles which you
should. establish for your government, by no
means overlook Honesty and Integrity. The
p:k never uttered a truer word than that
"An honest man's the noblest work of God."

Honesty is approved and admired by God
and man-by all in heaven, and by all on
earth. Even the corrupt swindler, in his
heart, respects an honest man, and stands
abashed in his presence.
In all your actions, in all your dealings,
Slet strict and rigid honesty guide you. Never
be tempted to swerve from its dictates, even
in the most trivial degree. There will be
strong allurements to entice you from this
path. The appetite for gain-the voice of
avarice-will often whisper that honesty
may be violated to advantage. There will
be times when it will seem that its dictates
may be placed aside-that a little dishonesty
will be greatly to your benefit. Believe not
-this syren song. This is the time you are in
the most danger of being deceived to your



serious injury. Although there may b occa-
sions when you will seem actually to lose by
adhering to honesty, yet you should Wt
shrink a hair's breadth. Whatever you may
lose, in a pecuniary point of view, at any
time, by a strict submission to honesty, you
will make up an hundred-fold in the long-
run, by establishing and preserving a reputa-
tion for integrity. Looking at it in simply a
pecuniary point of view, community will
give their countenance, their patronage, and
business, much quicker to a man who has
established a reputation for honesty, than to
one who is known, or suspected of being
fraudulent in his dealings. Every consider-
ation which can bear upon the young, relig-
ious, moral and pecuniary, unite to urge them
to establish, in the outset of life, the rule of
unswerving honesty and integrity, as their
constant guide. Let it not be forgotten, that
in every possible point of view, and in every
conceivable condition of things, it will always
be true, that "Honesty is the best policy."
, I would have the young also crttivate and



establish- as a fixed rule of life, a friendly and
accommodating disposition. This is all-essen-
tie to make their days pleasant and happy.
Other virtues will influence the world to re-
spect you; but an affectionate disposition will
cause those with whom you have intercourse,
to love you. Those who wish the friendship
and good will of others, must themselves
manifest a friendly disposition, and a spirit
of kindness. Whoever would be accommo-
dated and assisted, must themselves be ac-
commodating, and ready to aid those who
require it. In all these things we see the
wisdom of the Saviour's golden rule-" All
things whatsoever ye would that men should
do unto you, do ye even so unto them." Be
kind, accommodating, loving, and peaceful,
in the whole current of your disposition, and
the cup of your life will be sweetened with
peace and joy.
I exhort the young to adopt the noble
motto of the coat-of-arms of New York-

Am'' 1 11 ;



"The shades of night were falling fast,
As through an Alpine village passed
A youth, who bore, 'mid snow and ice,
A banner with the strange device, 4

Let it be the aim of every youth to lift aloft
this glorious banner, and soar upward to a
surpassing excellency. Let them seek to
excel in all things high and good. Let them
never stoop to do an evil act, nor degrade
themselves to commit a wrong. But in their
principles, purposes, deeds, and. words, let
their great characteristics be Truth, Good-
ness, and Usefulness!

"Be just and fear not!
Let all the ends thou aim'st at, be thy country's,
Thy God's, and Truth's!"



itbrtiln nf 355dt iftei.

"Be not thou envious against evil men, neither desire to be with them;
for their heart studieth destruction, and their lips talk of mischief."-Prov.
xxiv. 1, 2.

_HERE is nothing more impor-
tant to the youthful, or that
should receive more serious
consideration at their hands,
Than the selection of Asso-
\- ciates. We are by nature
social beings. We desire, we
^ seek, and enjoy, the society of
our fellow-creatures. This trait
is strongly developed in the
Young. They yearn for each other's
companionship, and they must have
it, or they pine away, and sink into
misanthropy. This disposition may prop*


be indulged; but great care' and prudence
should be exercised in regard to it.
While mingling in each other's society, it
is natural, almost unavoidable, that the youth-
ful should imbibe much of the leading char-
acteristics of their associates. Being highly
imitative in our nature, it is impossible to be
on social and familiar terms with others, for
any great length of time, without copying
somewhat of their dispositions, ways, and
Let a young man, however upright and
pure, associate habitually with those who
are profane,. Sabbath-breaking, intemperate,
and unprincipled-who are given to gam-
bling, licenthisness, and every low, brutal
and wicked practice-and but a brief space of
time will elapse before he will fall into like hab-
its himself, and become as great an adept in
iniquitous proceedings as the most thorough-
paced profligate among them. When a young
woman associates with girls who are idle, dis-
respectful and disobedient to parents-who
L vulgar, brazen-faced, loud talkers and





laughers-whose chief occupation and de-
light is to spin street-yarn, to run from house
to house and store to store, and walk the
streets in the evening, instead of being at
home engaged in some useful occupation-
whose whole conversation, and thoughts, and
dreams, relate to dress, and fashion, and gew-
gaws, and trinkets, to adorn the person, ut-
terly negligent of the ornaments of the mind
and heart-whose reading never extends to
instructive and useful books, but is confined
exclusively to sickly novels and silly love-
stories;-how long will it be before she will
become as careless and good-for-nothing as
This predisposition of the yoig to imitate
the characteristics of those with whom they
associate, has been so well and so long known,
that it has given rise to the old proverb-
"Show me your company, and I will show
you your character." So perfectly did Solo-
mon understand this, that he uttered the
wise maxim-" Make no friendship with an
angry man; and with a furious man the4



shalt not go; lest thou learn his ways, and
get a snare to thy 'oul.""
The young should remember, that people
will judge them by the company they keep.
This principle is perfectly correct. In select-
ing their associates, they act voluntarily.
They choose such as they please. When
they seek the society of the ignorant, the
vulgar, the profane and profligate, theyqgive
the best of reasons for believing that they
prefer profligacy and vulgarity to virtue and
purity. To what other conclusion can the
observer come? If they preferred virtue
and purity, they would certainly seek pure
and virtuous associates. Hence society have
adopted the y correct principle of judging
the young. by the character of their associ-
ates. If they would be thought well of, they
should strive to associate with those who
are known to be virtuous and good. How-
ever blameless and upright young persons
may have been, if they begin to .associate
with those whose reputation is poor, and
whose conduct is improper, they will soon





be esteemed no higher than their compan-
These reflections show the youthful how
important it is, that their associates should
be.of the right stamp. They should see the
necessity of selecting their companions. The
great difficulty with the young is, that they
leave this important matter altogether too
muok to chance." If they happen to fall
into good company, it is very well; and
their associates and intimate friends will be
likely to be of that class. But if, unfortu-
nately, they meet with the vicious and un-
principled, and are, to any great extent,
thrown in their way, they are as likely to
form intimacies with then s with any
Such negligence is exceedingly unpromis-
ing and dangerous. Whoever allows it, will
be in far more danger of falling under the
influence of the vicious than the exemplary.
Instead of this heedlessness, they should
carefully and thoughtfully select their asso-
ciates. They should not be willing to form

_____ ___



terms of intimacy with every one into whose
society they may be casually thrown. They
should inform themselves of their tastes, hab-
its, and reputation. And from the circle of
their acquaintance should choose those with
whom they would form terms of intimacy.
Be cautious to select aright. The entire
career in after-life depends-very much on
this. How many a young woman of fi4e at-
tractions has had her reputation injured, and
her prospects for life destroyed, by associat-
ing with those whose character and habits
proved to be bad, When once young wo-
men get a taint on their reputation in this
way, or in any other manner, it is exceed-
ingly difficult wipe it out.
The ruin of multitudes of young men can
be traced to the same origin--a bad selec-
tion of associates. I have in my- mind's eye
now, a case in point. A young man, born
in this city, and known to most of you, was
naturally endowed with the rarest abilities
and the finest talents. He belonged to one
of the most wealthy and respectable families.




He had every advantage for cultivation, and
for the highest and most thorough education.
Had he been thoughtful and wise to have
improved his opportunities, the way was
open for him to the highest advancement.
He might have been blessed with respecta-
bility, wealth, and honors. He could have
risen to the most dignified positions in life.
His voice might have been heard in strains
of persuasive eloquence, from the sacred pul-
pit, or in the halls of justice, or in the senate
chamber of our state or national councils.
He might have occupied a seat on the bench
of the highest courts, or have aspired to the
executive chair of the nation. But where is
he now, and what are his circumstances and
his position in the world? See issuing from
the door of yonder filthy groggery, a wretched
specimen of humanity-the distorted carica-
ture of a man! His garments are thread-
bare and patched-his eyes are inflamed,
sunken and watery-his countenance bloat-
ed and livid-his limbs swelled and totter-
ing. Although but in the morning of his




manhood, yet the lines of premature old age
and decrepitude are deeply carved upon his
pale, dejected face; and in his whole aspect,
there is that forlorn, broken-spirited, an-
guished look of despair, which shows he him-
self feels that he has sunken, beyond earthly
redemption, into the awful pit of the con-
firmed ,drunkard! This is the young man
whose early opportunities were so favorable,
and whose prospects were so bright and flat-
tering. He has become a curse to himself.
He has brought- disgrace and wretchedness
bn his connections, and is an outcast and
vagabond, with whom no young man who
now hears me would associate for a single
What has brought him to this pitiable
condition-this state of utter wretchedness ?
It was a want of forethought. He totally
neglected the considerations I have endeav-
ored to impress upon the young. He was
careless and indifferent in regard to his asso-
ciates. He would not be admonished to turn
from the company of the vicious, and seek



the society of those of good habits and up-
right character. Despite the counsel of pa-
rents and friends, he would associate with
companions of corrupt habits-with the pro-
fane, the drinking, the Sabbath-breaking-
those whose chief delight was to visit oyster-
cellars and grog-shops-whose highest ambi-
tion was to excel in cards, and dice, and
sleight-of-hand tricks-and who sought for
no better employment than to range the
streets and alleys, to engage in midnight ad-
ventures and Bacchanalian revelries. Min-
gling with such as his associates, and fall-
ing unavoidably into their habits, he is now
reaping the bitter-BITTER fruits of his folly.
His time misspent-character destroyed-
health ruined--every source of happiness
obliterated his life wasted and literally
thrown away-his days, a blank-ah! worse
than that-filled with the terrific visions, the
horrid dreams, the flames of the unquencha-
ble fire, which float and burn in the veins
of the confirmed inebriate!
Young men! Do you shudder at the con-




edition of this wretched youth, whose form
yet flits like a shadow through our streets?
Would you avoid his fate? Do you start
back in affright at the mere thought of be-
coming the poor, cast-off wreck of humanity
that he is ? Then avoid the rock on which
he foundered his bark. Shun, as you would
a nest of vipers, the company of the reckless
and profligate. Avoid all association, all
companionship, all intimacy, with those whose
habits deviate from the high rules of recti-
tude, purity, and virtue.
Allow me to paint you a picture of an op-
posite character, drawn also from real life.
I have another young man in my mind's eye,
who originated in our own county. He had
but few of the advantages of him whose mel-
ancholy career I have painted. He was the
son of parents who possessed but little means,
and who could afford him no assistance after
the days of childhood. He was early placed
to the hard labor of a mechanic. But he did
not sink into lewdness and vice, under the
pressure of his adverse circumstances. He




would not spend his leisure hours at public
resorts, in the midst of the profligate and
reckless. Each moment of respite from la-
bor, he applied himself to study and the im-
provement of his mind. With great wisdom
he avoided the company of idle, profane and
vicious youth; and would associate with none
but the discreet, the intelligent and virtuous.
He was determined to RISE in the world, and
to wifn a name which should live long after
he should pass from the earth. He placed
his-mark high! With indomitable courage
and unwearied perseverance, he pursued the
path he had chosen for himself. He cut his
way through every obstacle, and overcame
every hindrance" and difficulty, though they
might seem to tower mountain high. Friends
came to his aid, as they will to the assistance
of every youth who is industriously seeking
to rise in the world by the strength of his
own merits. At length, after great exer-
tions, he obtained a profession, and entered
into a field where he could bring into active
exercise the fund of knowledge he had been





acquiring under so many difficulties. One
thus industrious, thus pure in his habits, thus
upright and honorable in all his transactions,
could not fail to receive the commendation
and confidence of his fellow-citizens. Rap-
idly he rose from one post of honor to an-
other. Ere long he was sent to the Legisla-
ture of our State. Soon he entered the halls
of Congress, where he won the confidence of
his compeers, and arose to honorable distinc-
tion. From step to step he advanced-high
and higher still he ascended the ladder of
fame-until now, the poor mechanic boy of
Montville, occupies the second place in the
gift of the American people-within one etep
of the highest pinnacle of fame to which man
can attain on the earth! How noble the
career-how splendid the. example-placed
before the youth of our cowitry, in the his-
tory of this eminent man I How honorable
to himself-how worthy of imitation.
I need not ask the young men of this au-
dience, which place they would prefer to oc-
cupy, the position of the poor inebriate of

l~-r~-~nm-I~ ~--IC*-n. ar~r ~--N__---~?l-T-ly




whom I have; spoken, or that of the Vice-
President of the United States ? It is in-
structive to inquire why the one, with oppor-
tunities so good, sunk so low, and the other,
with early advantages so limited, has arisen
so high This disparity in their condition
is to be attributed to the different paths
they selected at the outset of life. While
the one trampled on all his advantages, and
foolishly associated with the vicious and un-
principled, the other diligently applied him-
self to the acquisition of useful knowledge,
and was scrupulous to associate with none
but those who were discreet and virtuous,
and whose influence was calculated to elevate
and purify him.
These two cases, drawn from real life, are
but a specimen of instances with which the
world is filled.' They show how immensely
important it is for the young to reflect ma-
turely on the course they would pursue, and
the necessity of selecting for their associates
such as have habits, tastes, and principles,
proper for commendation and imitation.


Most of those who come under the influ-
ence of corrupt ,associates, are led thither
more from sheer thoughtlessness, than from
any disposition to become depraved. They
fall into the company of those who are gay,
sociable and pleasant in their manners; who
make time pass agreeably, and who contrive
many ways to drive dull care away, which
do not, in themselves, appear very bad.
The thoughtless youth becomes attached to
their society, and gradually gives -himself up
to their influence. Almost imperceptibly to
himself, he follows them farther and farther
from the path of rectitude, until, before he
is aware of it, some vicious habit has fixed
its fangs upon him, and made him its wretch.
ed slave for life.
The difficulty in these eases, is the want
of a due exercise of reflection and discern-
ment. The young should guard against be-
ing deceived by outward appearances. Be-
neath a pleasant, agreeable exterior-beneath
sociability and attractive manners-there
may lurk vicious. propensities, depraved ap-

111 1-111 ---
- -~----111



petites, and habits of the most corrupt na-
ture. Hence the young should look beyond
the surface, and guard against deceptive ap-
pearances. It should not be enough to make
a young man or a young woman your asso-
ciate, that they are sociable and attractive in
their manners, and can make their company
agreeable. Search farther than this. Strive
to know their tastes, their habits, their prin-
ciples. Inquire how, and where, they spend
their leisure hours-in what company do
they mingle-what practices do they appro-
bate-what is their general conduct and de-
meanor 2 If in all these respects, they are
found to be discreet, virtuous, and worthy
of imitation, then hesitate not to associate
with them, and allow yourself to be influ-
enced by them. But if you find them defi-
cient in any of these characteristics, however
attractive they may be in other respects,
shun their company, and avoid their influ-
ence. The effect of associating with them
would be to lead you astray, to your ruin.



In selecting associates, studiously avoid
those who are low, course, and vulgar in
their behavior and manners. Rudeness and
vulgarity are unbecoming any age. But
they are especially offensive and indecorous
in youth. The young man, or young wo-
man, who has not sufficient self-respect and
pride of character to deport themselves with
modesty, circumspection, and politeness, is
unfitted to be an- associate. A bold, brazen,
forward demeanor, indicates a heart far from
possessing those delicate and amiable traits,
which are alone worthy of imitation. Vul-
garity in language or demeanor, indicates a
vitiated heart. Cultivation and refinement
of manners are, to a good degree, evidence of
a pure spirit, and high and honorable feelings.
The youth who is truly polite, has a great
advantage, in every respect, over those who
are deficient in this desirable qualification.
Many, however, entertain very erroneous
views of the nature of politeness. It does
not consist in putting on an air, a simper, a
strut, or a bow. Neither is it to be mani-




fested in high-flown words, or a fashionable
pronunciation. Many young persons who
can make very accomplished bows, and go
through all the postures and attitudes of the
schools, are still ignorant of the first princi-
ples of genuine politeness; and violate them
every day. Politeness is not to be learned
of the dancing-master, the fop, or the belle.
Do you inquire where it can be obtained?
I answer, in the gospel of our Saviour. True-
hearted Christians are always.polite. They
cannot be otherwise, while influenced by the
Christian spirit. For the first great princi-
ple of true politeness is found in the Saviour's
golden rule--"All things whatsoever ye
would that men should do to you, do ye
even so to them." Treat others as you wish
to be treated yourself, and you cannot fail
of being polite. Treat them as you wish not
to be treated, and you are ill-bred and vul-
gar, though you may be dressed in the ex-
treme of fashion, and steeped in Cologne!
Politeness, in its true acceptation, is but an-
other word for kindness. The truly polite
^ ~.


ni;L and woman, are not haughty, nor exclu-
Fsii-they ,are not starched-, nor supercilious.
T y, show their politeness in being respect-
,Ju to the.feelings of persons of every rank,
condition, 'and complexion. They treat all
kindly and gently; and seek to make those
it their presence to feel easy and happy.
The whole secret of politeness may be sum-
med up in a single sentence-Make your-
selves agreeable and pleasant to whomsoever
you meet. With this intent, your manners"
will be easy and natural; and you will he
polite in every true sense -of the word, though
brought up ki the centre of the wilderness.
In selecting those they would imitate in
regard to politeness, the young should not
choose the starched fop, the gaudily-dressed
dandy, who may owe all their attractions to
the unpaid tailor-nor the fashionable belle,
who sneers upon everything plain and useful.
They, more than all others, violate the first
principles of politeness in their demeanor.
But select the plain-dressed, the modest, the
affable, the kind and friendly at heart. In


these you find the true lady--he gel
gentleman. .

In regard to this whole subject 6f t
election of associates, I would earnestly co
sel the young to listen respectfully to the
advice of their parents, guardians, and .elder
friends. They should not be headstrong,...
wise in their own conceits; but should yi1f
to the counsel of others. Your parents
-far better calculated to judge of assocmi
than themselves. You are liable to be bli
ed to their defects, and deceived by specious
appearances. But parents scitipize therq
from a different position. They have been
through the school of experience, and ardc'
much better prepared to judgq of character.
Listen, 0 ye youthful! to their warning
voice. They are moved by love for you-
they speak for your good. When they en-
treat you to avoid the society of certain indtv
viduals, and escape their influence, heed their
exhortations. Your own heart will tell you,
that your father and mother would not
I ^i




k imply to thwart your feelings; but
they see danger hovering around you,
ou1d snatch you away, as the bird from
wler's snare! That is a wise and prom-
son-a prudent and hopeful daughter
--who pays respectful deference to the coun-
se of parents, and yields a cheerful compli-
Swith their wishes I!

So live, that when thy summons comes, to join
.4.,The innumerable caravan, that moves
Tothe pale reahns of shade, where each shall take
s- His chamber in the silent halls of death,
Thou go.not, like the quarry-slave at night,
Scourged to his dungepn; but, sustained and soothed
By anvrnfaltering trust, approach thy grave
Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch
About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams!"
4 .,


- 0 I----I---1---~1111--


S3ahiit nh cnm nsmrnts.

"Ponder the path of thy feet, and let all thy ways be established."
-Prov. iv. 26.

HERE is not a youth present
this evening, who will not
acknowledge this to be sound
O^ and wholesome advice. Were
you walking in a slippery,
dangerous way, amid the
darkness of midnight, you would
i give the strictest heed to the
n friendly precaution-" Ponder the
path of thy feet. Be careful where
you step. When you put your foot
down, see to it, that it rests on some-
thing well-established-some rock,
some spot of earth, that is firm and solid."
This advice would be heeded, because of


your consciousness that by stepping heed-
lessly, you would be in danger of stumbling
into a pit, or falling over a precipice, where
your limbs would be broken, or life destroy-
ed. Simple discretion would bid you be-
ware, under such circumstances. The youth-
ful should fully realize that they are walking
in a pathway, which to them is wholly un-
tried and unknown. It is a road surrounded
by many dangers, unseen by the careless
traveller; where he is liable to be lured aside
to ruin, by a thousand fascinations and temp-
tations, and where multitudes possessing the
best advantages, the highest talents, the
brightest genius, the rarest gifts, have stum-
bled and fallen, to rise no more on earth.
While pressing on ardently and thoughtlessly
in this dangerous highway, apprehending no
difficulty, and fearing no peril, a voice from
on .igh calI. to the young, and urges them
to "Ponder the path of their feet, and to let
all their ways-their footsteps-be estab-
lished!" There is wisdom, prudence, good-
ness, in this exhortation.




Question the old man-the aged traveller
-who has passed over this pathway of life,
P&nd is just ready to step up into the myste-
rious road of a higher existence. Ask him
as to his experience-beseech him for advice.
Looking back through the vista of his long
and chequered way, of light and shadow, of
joy and sorrow, he will exclaim-" O ye
youthful! Give heed to the admonition of
the wise man-' Ponder the path of thy feet,
and let all thy ways be established.'"
The admonition of the text is important
in reference to the Habit.s and Amusements
of the youthful. We are all more or less
the creatures of habit. Our ways, from ear-
liest infancy, are more the result of the force
of habit, than we are generally aware. The
actions, words, and thoughts of men, form
for themselves certain channels, in which
they continually seek to flow, unless turned
aside by a strong hand, and a painful effrt.
Habits are formed .insensibly. We are
not aware of any moment when they are
created; but the first consciousness of their

J 4


being fixed upon us, is, when their great
power is felt inipelling us strongly to certain
courses. A single deed does not create a
habit. One thread of hemp forms not a
rope.- It contains but a very slight amount
of strength. But when a large number of
threads are laid and twisted together, they
make the mighty cable, which, attached to
the ship, enables her to bid a proud defiance
to the fierce gales and mountain 'billows of
ocean. Thus the young are continually, yet
unconsciously, spinning the threads of habit.
Day by day the strands increase, and are
twisted tighter together; until -at length
they become strong and unyielding cords,
binding their possessor to customs and prac-
tices which fix his character and prospects
for life.
It i, of the greatest importance that the
young should inquire faithfully into the na-
ture of the habits they are forming. They
should not fall into self-deception-a com-
mon error, on this subject. The love of in-
dulgence should not be permitted to blind

~_~i~L~&i~~ ~- -LL~b~iA.~~u,,,,, ~~ '-~~ L1I.~-rrr~, w _~Y*LICI~:I---- -Yy 1 IYli~


them to the legitimate consequences of care-
less habits. Let them look abroad on their
fellow-beings, and critically study the ten-
dencies and fruits of their habits. When
they see one prosperous in life--one who is
respected, confided in, and beloved by all-
who leads a quiet, pleasant and peaceful life,
--mark his habits, and strive to imitate
them. They will bless them as well as him,
if faithfully practised. And when they be-
hold a man disliked and despised by his
neighbors, especially by those who know
him best-or one who has fallen into dis-
grace and ruin; who has. lost his character,
his health, his happiness, and become an out-
cast and vagabond,-let them not fail to
learn what his habits have been. Look at
them carefully and critically. Ponder well
the effect they have had upon him. And
then strive to avoid them. Shun them as
the poisonous viper whose sting is death.
Let them wind not a single coil of their fatal
chains around the free spirit of the young.
The same appalling consequences will be




visited on every youth who indulges them,
that have fallen on those whose condition ex-
cites both pity and loathing in their breasts.
In youth, habits are much easier formed
and corrected, than at a later period of life.
If they are right now, preserve, strengthen
and mature them. If they are wrong-if
they have dny dangerous influence or ten-
dency-correct them immediately. Delay
not the effort an hour. The earlier you
make the attempt to remedy a bad habit,
the easier it will be accomplished. Every
day adds to its strength and vigor; until, if
not conquered in due time, it will become
a voracious monster, devouring everything
good and excellent. It will make its victim
a miserable, drivelling slave, to be continu-
ally lashed and scourged into the doing of
its low and wretched promptings. Hence
the importance of attending to the habits
in early life, when they are easily controlled
and corrected. If the young do not make
themselves the masters of their passions, ap-
petites, and habits, these will soon become

-Ril~LIL-Ll~~yj Y1_~_~~_ ~:~~~ -.1M~~yLc~~C ~LL-~~~i~~~P~.-'LU:Lr~S ~~Clq~L -~~4j~y-_:L -1II)~II -IYI-m--~UI~--LCC- 1


their masters, and make them their tool and
bond-men through all their days.
Usually at the age of thirty years, the
moral habits become fixed for life. New
ions are seldom formed after that age; and
quite as seldom are old ones abandoned.
There are exceptions to this rule; but in
general, it holds good. If the liabits are de-
praved and vicious at that age, there is little
hope of amendment. But if they are cor-
rect--if they are characterized by virtue,
Goodness, and sobriety-there is a flattering
prospect of a prosperous and peaceful life.
R emmber, the habits are not formed, nor
can they be corrected, in a-single week or
month. It requires years to form them, and
years will be necessary to correct tbemi per-
manently, when they are wrong. IIence, in
order to possess good habits at maturity, it,
is all-important to corimmence schooling the
passions, curbing the appetites, and bringing
the whole moral nature under complete con-
trol, early in youth. .This work cannot be
commenced too soon. The earlier the ef-

_____ -

i. 1 1


fort, the easier it can be accomplished, To
stra-ighten the tender twig, when it grows
awry from the ground, is the easiest thing
imnil inable. A child can do it at the touch
i of it finger. But let the twig become a ma-
,tutred tree before the attempt i3 made, and
it will baffle all the art of man to bring it to
a asymmetrical position. It must be uproot-
ed from the very soil, before this can be ac-
complished. 'It is not difficult to correct a
bad habit when it conmnences forming. Ert
wait until it has become fully developed, and
it will require a long and painful exertion of
every energy to correct it.
Permit me to enumerate a few of the more
important habits, which the young should
seel to cultivate.
liirst of all-the most important of all-
and that, indeed, which underlies and gives
i coloring to all others-is the habit of TEM-
riERAN.CE. Surely it is needless for me, at
this day, to dwell upon the evils of intem-
perance. It cannot be necessary to paint
the .bitter consequences-the destruction to
i '

-- rrk -Aat& - *- :,Lp-Lsc-i 4" Cur-.I, 'L-h-L '~~L


property, health, reputation-the overthrow
of the peace of families, the want and mis-
ery, to which its victims are frequently
reduced. The disgrace, the wretchedness,
the ruin, the useless and ignominious life,
and the horrid death, which are so often
caused by habits of intemperance, are seen,
and known to all. No one attempts, no one
thinks of denying them. The most inter-
ested dealer, or retailer in intoxicating drinks.
-the most confirmed inebriate-will ac-
knowledge without hesitation, that intem-
perance is the direst evil that ever cursed a
fallen race!! The deleterious consequences
of other vices may sometimes be concealed
for a season, from outward observation. Not
so with intemperance. It writes its loath-
some name, in legible characters, upon the
very brow of its wretched victim. "I am a
drunkard!" is as plainly to be read as though
a printed label was posted there!
Need I warn-need I exhort-the young
to avoid the habit of intemperance. Per-
haps there is not a youth present, who is not



ready to say, "To me this exhortation is
needless. I have not the slightest expecta-
tion of becoming a drunkard!" Of course
not. There never was a'man who desired,
or expected, to become a victim to intemn-
perance. The great danger of this habit is,
that it creeps stealthily and imperceptibly
upon the unwary. It does its work gradu-
ally. The most besotted inebriate cannot
tell you the day, nor the month, when he
became a confirmed drunkard. It is in the
nature of this habit, that those who expose
themselves at all to its assaults, become its
victims, while they are entirely unaware
of it.
The only safeguard and security, against
this scourge of man, is total abstinence from
all intoxicating drinks Here is the true,
.the safe ground for the young. There is no
other condition of entire security. No man
who drinks, however sparingly, has assur-
ance of a sober life. -He needlessly, and
foolishly, places himself in danger-turns his
fbotsteps into the only path that can possi-



bly lead to the drunkard's ruin and the
drunkard's grave!
Drink the ftrst drop that can intoxicate,
!and your feet stand at the very brink of the
ocean of intemperance. Its briny waters
are composed of human tears. Its winds,
the sighs of those made poor and wretched
by the inebriation of husbands, fathers, sons.
Its billows, ever tossing, are overhungu with
black and lowering clouds, and illuminated
only by the lightning's vivid flash, while
hoarse thunders reverberate over the wide
and desolate waste. '- Egulphed in this
dreary ocean, the wretched d(riiankard is buf-
feted hither and thither, at thi mnre"y of its
angry waves-now dashed on jg'ed rocks,
bruised and bleediig-then engul)phed in
I ragMing whirlpools: to suffbojting depths-
anon, like a worthless weed, cast high into
the darkened heavens b3 the wild water-
spout, only to fall again into the surging
deep, to be tossed to and fro on waters
which cannot rest! Rash youth! Would
you launch away on this sea of death 2 Quaff



of the intoxicating bowl, and soon its hun-
gry waves will be around you. Would you
avoid a fate so direful? Seal your lips to
the first drop, and the drear prospect will
sink forever from your vision!
Young men who would guard themselves
against the baleful habit of intemperance,
should shun all resorts where intoxicating
drinks are vended. They should avoid
throwing themselves in the way of tempta-
tion. "Lead us not into temptation," should
be the constant prayer of the young. When
by any combination of circumstances, they
find themselves in the company of tho:e who
quaff of the poisoned bowl, whether in pub-
lic or private, they should exercise a manly
pride in firmly refusing to participate in
their potations. This is a legitimate and
commendable pride, of which the young can-
not have too much. Let them place them-
selves on the high rock of principle, and
their feet will not slide in the trying hour.

"Oh! water for me! bright water for me,
Aud wine for the tremulous debauchee!




It cooleth the brow, it cooleth the brain,
It maketh the faint one strong again!
It comes o'er the sense like a breeze from the sea,
All freshness, like infant purity.
Oh! water, bright water, for me, for me!
Give wine, give wine, to the debauchee."

"The young man walks, in the midst
of temptations to appetite, the improper in-
dulgence of which is in danger of proving
his ruin. Health, longevity, and virtue de-
pend on his resisting these temptations. The
providence of God is no more responsible,
because a man of improper indulgence be-
comes subject to disease, than for picking
his pockets. For a young man to injure
his health, is to waste his patrimony and de-
stroy his capacity for virtuous deeds.
"If young men imagine that the gratifica-
tion of appetite is the great source of enjoy-
ment, they will find this in the highest de-
gree with industry and temperance. The
epicure, who seeks it in a dinner which costs
five dollars, will find less enjoyment of appe-
tite than the laborer who dines on a shilling.
If the devotee to appetite desires its high

~--Y------ --1-- ---- ------ -Y- -



gratification, he must not send for buffalo
tongues and champagne, but climb a moun-
tain or swing an axe. Let a young man pur-
sue temperance, sobriety, and industry, and
he may retain his vigor till three score years
and ten, with his cup of enjoyment full, and
depart painlessly; as the candle burns out
in its socket, he will expire."*
Next to Temperance in importance, I
would rank the habit of INDUSTRY. We
were evidently made for active occupation.
Every joint, sinew, and muscle plainly shows
this. A young person who is an idler, a
drone, is a pest in society. He is ready to
engage in mischief, and to fall into vice, with
but little resistance. It is an "old saying,
that an idle brain is the devil's workshop,"
Those who are not actively employed in
something useful, will be very likely to fall
into evil practices. Industry is one of the
best safeguards against the inroads of vice.
The young, whatever may be their condi-
tion, or however abundantly they may be-
Horace Mann.




lieve their future wants already provided for,
should actively engage in some honorable
occupation or profession-in something that
will benefit mankind. They should be fired
with the high and noble ambition of making
the world better for their living in it. Who
can wish to pass a blani? existence? Yet this
is the life of every idler, poor or rich. Be
stirring in anything which is useful-any-
thing which will make others happy. Then
you will not have lived in vain. Behold
how a good man can devote his life to labors
for the benefit of others. Would you par-
take of the immortal fame of a Howard ?
Imitate, to the extent of your ability, the
example of industrious benevolence he has
placed before the world.
From realm to realm, with cross or crescent crowned,
Where'er mankind and misery are found,
O'er burning sands, deep waves, or wilds of snow,
M ild Howard journeying seeks the house of woe.
SDown many a winding step to dungeons dank,
SWheret anguish-wails aloud and fetters clank,
To caves bestrewed with many a mouldering bone,
And cells whose echoes only learn to groan;
Where no kind bars a whispering friend disclose,
No sunbeam enters, and no zephyr blows ;.-

_____.~.~-i-~il ir4 I..~-CLkL._I_ i L-i-lE~-I.(_..i--. ;- J -




He treads, inemulous of fame or wealth,
Profuse of toil and prodigal of health;
Leads stern-eyed Justice to the dark domains,
If not to sever, to relax his chains;
Gives to her babes the self-devoted wife,
To her fond husband liberty and life,-
Onward he moves! disease and death retire;
And murmuring demons hate him and admire."

To young women industry is equally es-
sential and commendable. An idle woman
is a poor and worthless thing. For what
does she imagine she was created ? Of what
service is she to the world? In what re-
spect would not the world be as well with-
out her? A donothing young lady is most
assuredly pitied and despised by those whose
good opinion she is most anxious to se-
It is not enough that a young woman can
play skilfully, sing delightfully, dance grace-
fully, dress fashionably, and has an abundant
flow of "small talk." The world looks be-
yond these outward -ornaments, and asks
-H-as she a good heart and gentle disposi-
tion? Is she affectionate and forbearing?
Can she rule her temper and control her



tongue ? Does she respect and obey her pa-
rents? Has she a well-cultivated and well-
stored mind ? Is she industrious, prudent,
economical ? Is she able and willing to en-
gage in household duties ? Accomplishments
are not to be overlooked. But the qualities
above enumerated are essential, indispensa-
ble, to the character of a good daughter and
a useful wife.
"ACTIOn! Thaft' the word. The great
world itself throbs with life. Action, untir-
ing harmony pervades the Universe of God.
The Creative Power has so ordained it. The
physical formation of the world, and all there-
in, forbids inactivity. The vast machinery
must move, or the whole cease to exist. Man
was never designed to be a drone. Had he
lived pure in the first Paradise, he could not
have been idle. Sick or well, in cold or
heat, day or night, the machine moves on,
the heart, like a steam-engine, throbs away,
and faithfully pumps its'crimson currents un-
ceasingly 'to every part of the animal frame.
Action is one of the first elements of health


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