Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Peter Parley's history of the wanderings...
 Entertaining and instructive...
 Stories about insects
 Stories about balloons and other...
 Stories about curious and wonderful...
 Stories about fruit of various...
 Parley's sketches of history and...
 Parley's sketches of the manners...
 Parley's tales about the people...
 Tales about useful plants
 Parley's stories about four-footed...
 Back Cover

Title: Parley's book of books
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00001753/00001
 Material Information
Title: Parley's book of books
Series Title: Parley's book of books
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Goodrich, Samuel G.
Publisher: Hazard and Mitchell
Place of Publication: Philadelphia ( 178 Chestnut Street )
Publication Date: 1850
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00001753
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA1763
ltuf - ALH6027
oclc - 44966551
alephbibnum - 002235567

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page i-a
    Half Title
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Table of Contents
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Peter Parley's history of the wanderings of Tom Starboard
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    Entertaining and instructive storiess
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
    Stories about insects
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
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        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
    Stories about balloons and other curious things
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
    Stories about curious and wonderful birds
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
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        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
    Stories about fruit of various kinds
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
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        Page 178
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        Page 188
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        Page 192
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        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
    Parley's sketches of history and customs
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
        Page 241
        Page 242
        Page 243
        Page 244
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        Page 246
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        Page 248
        Page 249
        Page 250
        Page 251
        Page 252
        Page 253
        Page 254
        Page 255
        Page 256
    Parley's sketches of the manners of the Jews
        Page 257
        Page 258
        Page 259
        Page 260
        Page 261
        Page 262
        Page 263
        Page 264
        Page 265
        Page 266
        Page 267
        Page 268
        Page 269
        Page 270
        Page 271
        Page 272
        Page 273
        Page 274
        Page 275
        Page 276
        Page 277
        Page 278
        Page 279
        Page 280
        Page 281
        Page 282
        Page 283
        Page 284
        Page 285
        Page 286
        Page 287
        Page 288
    Parley's tales about the people of Asia
        Page 289
        Page 290
        Page 291
        Page 292
        Page 293
        Page 294
        Page 295
        Page 296
        Page 297
        Page 298
        Page 299
        Page 300
        Page 301
        Page 302
        Page 303
        Page 304
        Page 305
        Page 306
        Page 307
        Page 308
        Page 309
        Page 310
        Page 311
        Page 312
        Page 313
        Page 314
        Page 315
        Page 316
        Page 317
        Page 318
        Page 319
        Page 320
        Page 321
        Page 322
    Tales about useful plants
        Page 323
        Page 324
        Page 325
        Page 326
        Page 327
        Page 328
        Page 329
        Page 330
        Page 331
        Page 332
        Page 333
        Page 334
        Page 335
        Page 336
        Page 337
        Page 338
        Page 339
        Page 340
        Page 341
        Page 342
        Page 343
        Page 344
        Page 345
        Page 346
        Page 347
        Page 348
        Page 349
        Page 350
        Page 351
        Page 352
    Parley's stories about four-footed animals
        Page 353
        Page 354
        Page 355
        Page 356
        Page 357
        Page 358
        Page 359
        Page 360
        Page 361
        Page 362
        Page 363
        Page 364
        Page 365
        Page 366
        Page 367
        Page 368
        Page 369
        Page 370
        Page 371
        Page 372
        Page 373
        Page 374
        Page 375
        Page 376
        Page 377
        Page 378
        Page 379
        Page 380
        Page 381
        Page 382
        Page 383
    Back Cover
        Page 384
        Page 385
        Page 386
Full Text



MB@@E)IS (ZIP M(3)0ISo

k k

A valiT 3a1TUanI1 Wo.uonWI or


S- ( curuouc: TUXf 4

TOLD IN mTI nrruNmnmixo arrL WI Won OUr

cow I= "Ill.




A FEW years since, I undertook to edit a magaaS e, to wjieh ,
publishers chose to give the title of PARLaY'S MAGAZINE. Sbo .
after it was begun, I was compelled to surrender the charP o the
work into other hands in consequence of ill health. From that pe
it has been continued, and I am glad to be informed, that my yoaun
friends find it both instructive and amusing.
My friend DAY, the publisher of this little volume, bng plsd
with the magazine, made a selection from it, and has iequested as
to revise the same. This I have now done, and cherfdly give my
approbation to the following pages. I have added a few articles,
beside thbee selected by the publisher, and hope these will irease
the interest and value of the work.
I need only add, that it is now about ten years since I ntr venturd
to write books for children; and I have, since that time, been b
engaged in doing what I could for the amusement of my little frisu k
But it is now nearly time for me to stop. It is, now that I am wi
near the last day of the year; and this admmishd me, that my li
as well as my labor, is drawing to its close.


Let me avail myself of this opportunity to counsel my readers to
store their minds with knowledge, .as the bees fill their hives with
honey; and above all, to cultivate a love of truth, to practise obedience
to parents, and reverence toward God. I hope the perusal of the
following pages may contribute to these good and useful ends, and so
Smy young readers Farewell!

BOSTON, December 30, 1837.


Wanderings of Tom Starboard 3
The Shipwreck 8
Journey Across the Andes 18
Visit to a Cavern 17
Travels among the Indian 19
Birds and Beasts of 8. America 21
The Will-o'.the-Wisp. 28
The Aerolite 25
The Harvest of Turtles' ggs 27
The Animals of S. America 28
The Little Wood-Cutter 3
French and Spanish Expedition
against Charleston 80
Edmund and his Dog 40
A Summer Shower 43
Little Zoe 44
The Lions of Mysore 47
Story of the Whistle 40
Cousin James and Cousin Thomas 50
Yates and Downing 5
The Lamb 6
James and the Flock, ot more
about doing Good 67
Putnia and the Wolf 8
The Dutch Shipmaster and the
Russian Cottager 61
The King of Prusia and the Miller 62
Life Boat of the Gnat 07
The Three Changes of Insect 72
The Silkworm 77
On Rearing the Silkworm 80
Silkworms.-The Cocoons. 86
On Weaving Silk 98
The Child'Hymn 94
IHymn. .
Stories about Balloons 9
The Teleraph .110
Stepinus' Method of ailing on
Land 11
Volcanoe 114

Eruption of Moout Vesaim 117
The Aurora Borealis .11
Water.Spouts 0
The Fourth of July M"
The Tulip Tree--A Parable
Who loves me beatl .
White Headed, or Bald Eage .
The Blue Bird .
The Cruelty of Sheoting sla I3'
The Humming Bird .188
The Hummian Bird' Nest .13
The Purple Mrti 18
The Downy Woodpecker 10
The Rook .141
The Ostrich 14
The Oprey, or Fsh Hrt .
The Flamingo I
The Skimmer of the Se 18
The Swift me
The Carrier Pigeon .5 I
The Lyre Bird of New Holland 1N
The Grebe .. 1
The Egret, or Little Heron 18
Net of the Tailor Bird .1 M
The Negligent Trooper 18
The Olive Tree IM
The Orange 1
The Citron and thei Lemon 107
The Tamarind 10
The, Cuhew.Nut 170
The Coco-Nut .171
The Papaw. 17
The Mangostan 1
The Pine-Apple .
ThePomegranite. .'
The Guava. .
The Yam ..
Ma1ie, or Indian Co. .
Tim Huki .
Plms and .=M"


The Basket of Plums 184
Cassava and Tapioca .187
Pepper 18
The Flower 189
Tim Unfruitful Tree.-A Parable. 191
The Kingfisher and the Nightingale 195
ThApe andtheBeaver .196
Tb. Elephant and the Wolf .197
t Begar Boy 199
TheDeliate Heron 200
TMs Clown and the Sun-Dial .201
ThM Stricken Deer .202
The Tyrant and the Philosopher 203
The Hore and the Groom .204
The Rat and the Oyster .206
The Nightingale and the Goldfinch 208
The Mastiffand the Cr .210
The Monkey and the Cat 211
A Soldier's Story. .212
The Wind in a Frolic .219
Flaher William and Theophilus 221
Asedoteof aDog .228
Medem Athens .227
Palonry .230
The Druids 281
RBaes at the Ancient Games .284
Aaoient Armor 236
The W ssel Cup. .237
Crowning the Maid 239
Chapter on Hats .241
dies' Head Dresses .250
Amphitheatre at Pompeii 25
Short Account of Vessels 2
Manners of the Jews ..20
Ancient Habitations 200
Salutations 266
lady. Rising 267
Rents and Visitin 260
Ikmiture.-Mode of.Sitting .271
nod. .273
Ske and Clothing 27
Twtlling.. .271
Yaa W"i e r d Fruits 27
and%1 19oians .288
aIei a ndHienet 4A

Manners of the Chinese 291
A Tartar Woman and Child .294
The Mahratta Chief .295
Caprices of the Human Appetite. 297
Many Ways of Travelling 299
Hindoo Idol. 802
Effects of Rashness 08
Kien-Long, former Emperor of
China 806
A Chinese Mandarin Journeying
on Horseback 307
Boat Entrance to the Harbor of
Bombay 310
Crossing the Tigris 312
Mountains of Persia 318
The Public House, or the Home of
the Traveller 315
Persian Gardens 817
The Flax Plant .823
Soap Wort 826
Hemp 328
The Tree Onion .. .31
Cat's Tail. .88
The Wake Robin .888
The Cedar of Lebanon 885
The Evergreen Cypress 887
Brazil Wood 838
The Talipot Tree .839
Owen Glendower's Oak 341
About Varnish 43
The Bird's Nest 46
To a Robin in a Snow Storm .849
The Saw Mill 60
The Dromedary, or Camel of India 855
The American Bison 357
The Beaver .61
The Leopard 366
The Opossum 868
The Hyena .72
1 Anecdotes of the Deer. 874
I The Gnu .876
'The Reindeer 877
I The Crocodile and Alligator 378
I The Fallow Deer. .880
SItaly .882




Wulf mmosl*."

work uWWfr -'Wslds tMf k 40Y will
lers, wbao,'r am' mnlly %4 bosleo Of l&A best *do%#i~l
Wam UI his ad -r AM~~RP4srf.0

we %iflt lot bim smakl lw~pr:r
"!I vae'two yws &W s "Crvdiy s washdo~l'~a~
I trwiaweid sM mw d#erc eVWNW
taIsiog. -wr.Saird a: Ete i.dou!Nmt

went with the Indians up their rivers; and for above five
hundred iles I rode on aPles, or wild horses, which I
caught by stratagem.
At night I would find a b*., and laco a rope in and out
of t6. ia! to frt t a. ind of endle; th su.rp-
pdt~ad, efoopting that soinetimA'the mam-
pir bat 8me by uting my blood; he did it
toui sWEbred do pain; and perhaps it
was a litt I. It is not im-
pro t ow e is health by
their s 'tl subsist
enti ; it feeds
OW was
ittle snake
Lglt of t ~~Fis, sad then I
~ei over with lp my pre-
Stne p si@ais isu; for, as
the took such
Sitto atoms.
neo pasI 4m' snake,
that f or, and iane jitf which con-
'tai~ud its venom. I saw it asleep; and coming cautiously
.-leawd it I sprang at its wek, which I graped tightly wish
f aty hands; its mouth was te forced 9pen ;,then taking a
.small piece of stick, I preyed it on the fang,the point of
which oommenicated with he root wheo the hbg of poison
is situated, and I distinctly saw the eRom oose out; it was
of a thiqk substaso. anti of a yellow color. I killed the
,reature, however, becasuae although it had lost its powor
~.o pOMM, yet still it might case a great deal of iar'"

.r t




Oae uayi aiuHuiir Whe lrkormmmat wu
sug quiettan lyot bdrde idwrs bf Afordd maWI~ adi
"walking a lowg y, aid bitdti We& ji, sot! d t 4Ipuif
?sW well tvy too-tfh one e(thu.. hoireAwind iviksmi ds
of journeyiog, by riding.' I had read "o01.bi madnuim
which the Guauho., oi" SuthW.Amerrican
*hese animals with a6 laseod,.-loj I,
stthe-encl d ;ad, this tbr fiY'*b* +mth
head of the; animmr tbha they, uii. aid '-'thei #
.urprim4ty. I Eabred, borwefer, t6i mptuchimn~ w~ipris.
les I should fall ald busfnghtstj thenImU awaY:Yhi
bd no repo tb long, nh.',, ;I;iA 1
l:~o I fttma r wilm3pr*@K,,d ", I Wedd jj~lLW
1ANOMW& ammy 684*0 Abe, amr*' Mw~:p~iC~S

iy~foet!u aghtl&they
r x oIe mbed

iy i ~l d one
oer ot or
r f mr oY prey.
in body,

*^heB'IRP B^ rf.m "that
grew pa the rock near me.
i. "A howk-Me, Mr Starboard l" metbinik I hear my young
isdemrsezxeimi: "A oowtree! Surely you mean a ca
ipWkrgMr. StarboamL We know that traveller are pi-
ilged to tell pretty-big stories, Mr. Starboard; but there
ai och a thing, Mr. Starboard, overtepping too far the
bondss of trith, Mr. 8tarboard
.' Open myreracity, my dear yamg readers, I am in earm-
mat n;wasaouwo e t, fromwhioh I drew the milk; and
'themreatttpueller, Humboldt, will prove what I hive said.
SvTh ibetiiohe is find on the most barren rocks, where
,aiq rarely fisi i, and it has large woody toba. When its
Sr "is:piecod, a mot delicious, white, thick juioe exues,
(or flows out,) which is quite as pleasant am nouriabinr
-stWenilk of our ceas. Th llb iiamB1wsxemak use of
'iy4u4d :isifao d ia lis ~ a ei abdaWM1abbmtumise.


7 -

Wben e
tree, t9*
brano over
his na he
found and

hean e
ended i tl ew l
it is trl u soomreinta.

other if
if they will give their attention. I am an ol
and have plenty of leisure; but the greater p ow .
life hah been passed in nceasing tivity a
fMll of incident:--
"Up to the north,-the polar north,
With the whalers did I go,
'Mong the mountains of eternal ice,
To the land of the thawlam snow..
We were hemmed in by icy rosoks
The strength of &an was vain; .
But at one thbam of God w abhowwr
The rocks we rent in twain.
"And then we naild to the tropic seas,
That ar lie lil al clear;
u Wilt 1 th1ut ,a Stla tm
'Sess gIeriou s :: iAIb.3 1

E .t" F

Y .., -


Account of a remarkable shipwreck. But there

Doubling Cape Horn-A Storm-Our Traveller Shipwrecked-Taken up
-Eerthq'inko-Escape to the Shore-Adventures on Shore-Journey
to Bonaventura-Safe Arrival.

Here our friend Tom Starboard in his sailor style, give
an account of a remarkable shipwreck. But there iS no-
thing better than to let him tell the sory himself. The
account is natural though it may be a fiction.
"We did not go through the Straits of Magellan, as the
passage i dangerol ; but we passed them and doubled
Cape Horn. We went merrily on, touching land occasion-
ally, to take in water, fruit, and live stock, now and then
making a vessel, orfioding somq$~ kd of Oih, or won-
uli bird, till we neared the ialadQ.,o4~ Ju Fernandez.

Here the 4aithor ghad. m amO i.Osw.
upon us a.l-eter saw bfe ls ,'r se ,
Before it-reached its b *kt, se while iS A
good spirWr t of *ind ew or baLd N to
make me hah, Alled o; To!mT6 yp io ep'i
off, too, if yow done hold. i on ; q-.i 3v s
been whisked out.this.hMf hour.' ;t .
"But the fury of rtdwi*erto s o.# put al
laughing and joking odt W our tbhsibt, 'i ate le MI
so rapidly that it sieem as if .catghty rbo
fallen suddenly over va Th. lrnt vaoel, wlf,. b-i
weathered so many storen., tra k o. a nkp. w ek, a4n
went to pieces, a if she sh d bWe m oe d 411
entangled in some loose riggio, whish,
and unravelled like twine, and this ( ciro,,3
expected woold be the cane of my death, u l y '
Part of the topmast ws attached to the ,pe#:
furious blast twisted rob'd me as it swept off I~4i
mates in crowds, into the fierce waters; and >way Urag
also, at the same moment, with my brave cap~al lrm r '
mole saw a soul from the vessel, nor an atom of her ep '
planks. :
How long I floated In my net work of ropek m 4
tell. I remember the wrath of the panting billows, U:th
were urged onwards by the furious hurimone. On thee
dashed over my defenceleo bead, throwing tbh sb*ae
mast against my wounded limbs, and strawsnig tme wod
till they out into e y lee. Iremmiber, too, thattht:m
semed to subside a ir I asm it rbd anri",s
Mad8 efs if a Tsel to bl.tk wrhavs, .E

my gqp fusd ;t a asht and a grappaioIig .

oilingr pes; tt atr senation of the soft air, and of my
mounting through it;-and then a buzz of voices, as I lay
in uietness on a solid floor.
Alas I how wretobed I felt, when I found that all the
'voices were strange, the language foreign, and the faces
dark and unknown to me. A Portuguese merchant vessel,
bound for the city and port of Gusyaquil, had picked me up.
I cannot describe to you the fororn state of my feel-
ings, after the terrible wreck. My own situation, however,
and the altered mode of my existence, I did not consider
till I was made to feel it severely, by the coarse treatment
I met with from those who saved my life. I was made to
w* my way-that I expected, and could not complain
ffl felt sadly the difference in the manners of the
ib gand his crew, compared with those of the Speed-
I thanked the captain for saving my life, and told him
1 intended to leave the ship. This, to my surprise, he said
1 should not do. I replied that he had no control over me;
that I was an Englishman, and could -.ot be compelled to
serve in a foreign vessel. Then, said hb,pay me for your
passage from Juan Fernandez, and you may leave the ship.
I told him this was impossible, as'I had lost every thing in
the fatal wreck. At this, he only laughed in my face, and
laid: 'That is not my look out; you, shall pay me or stay
here you are;' and with an oath, turned on his heel, and
f me toai ** sad feelings."
Tore detrmined, at oee, to embrace the first opporto-
sogtpe- Dw tbq hbad 'A!fed a r two or three
|M.tu es,!W haow oM hi d*l~it? .esides
*Wibesoly Beut. t VeTom it *W%* adli
.r4 .,i1r -I

on a long IM on
night in the teminlo
to make the
station. mshp
mates at the imadt-bsp su-
donly quivered, as if'* we slip-
ped the fellow "from on e ; th
other rushed forward, a l cros-
ing themselves and saying praydi eir atH. I lost
no time, but seizing a board baly lhe it tpay l.as.
with a rope, (that when I became fatigued with swi p0i,,p
I might turn and float,) and slipping atem, JeS;y#
down into the water. The noise of thesplA fqSit'
would betray me, and I gave op all for loirtg
minute, I found they were all praying, anodo'Q;|hl
and quietly struck ofl I made but little hb&M4a, mew
ever, owing to the board on my back. '
As I continued my toilsome pasaage towards the shptwf
I heard the loud bellowing of the troubled earAt, aad..%.-
the water jar me, as if it had been a solid substance. adl-
deqly a towering volcano, which I took to be Cotopa, at
above bne hundred miles distance, appeal illuuemiatedr
like s immense light-house; the thundering inWaoasm
and ahrieks and other fearful noises were borWe oa,1quw r -
the water. At last when nearly exhbutu4 .lw tura Ii
ashore., where I lay to recover breath and bp k .he
the distress and confusion that then toq lo
the inhabitants came orowding rdoN as 40iV *
for,4; houas hsGo d omoadik, ph
77im~i heanbog lia aS ag pyma5 i
*l r

ter had guashd out of the ground where no water had ever
Ma seen before; suffocating fumes of sulphur burst up
rader the feet of the terrified and flying, sufferers; and
*Ahe* the morning dawned, the face of the country seemed
ml['l.. Still the town itself, which was called Guaya-
WQ4riad sustained but little damage, and the inhabitants
beSt to return to their dwellings and their business.-
*They are so much accustomed to earthquakes all o,
V' r tait it is not surprising they should so .lo
"tn the general distress, I met with but little cou 0i
or assistance, which I then thought strange, but Ithg
yet leaned that affection often hardens the heart. ASo
rdlihed my hunger; so I ventured to steal a hn f
sats flto a beap that had fallen out of a basketwhidrhi .
been thrown down during the night.- These I beat between
two stonesapd mixed w h a little water; ad this wm
iy foo0for that day.
&" As I wondered about amobog be shippi, lootkig i'
"for vesuelbamnd. t Eo-~j e the
hbeO o .yaquil is faue s e, I .h

)4r 4

the size oft n ut. It lled iaW
ple dye, reckoned th*&et in i er*
ed a small boat tlh I o
into the bay I a t e ,
and retu aile of, Ase boat
had misad l no "O
ing, pr 010e
soon fortii o I pur" ..
the plan fort uae boabr
which no one to-, te r, poo t
fellow! hId e p d .str owd 1y
"I slept aew" ujt in abhuta
the fifth morie a
which was prIoed gon her
to Acapoul, Is a IU
tain, and ofede ti work myi '
tura, if he would.give me my passage. And
him my story, he kindly granted my request; sa ir .
ime w reached the port, where with feelings of ,ry gpak9
gratitude to the captain, I left the veneL a

Talrmiu amd Equips for his Journey-His MuB-1i- do wtb Lam.
,. tai-Muleto Mpm-iacwula Bri4l ow b li _-hei. .m "
and Gold.
I had formed the strange resolution of cron r h
continent of B.eth Amence alone, so.and f rist bi ~
Huaasldt's Pereews Narrolie, SaM Il ga,,i to -
=t *!he pk o Bomb ""S Iay

fimdnes for a wandering life and for the wonder of na.
tae; beade, I could meet with no ship on this western
Uthe continent, bound for my native country. The
S itptain, with whom I came from Guayaqui ought
i little deranged: still I believe the good man as glad
to get rid of me. He gave me thirty francs, a gun, aid
S pM ganpowder, saying with a shrug of his shoulde,,as
SJbaise farewell, "You are very courageou;f jbut re-
S-lmber, you must eat; and this gun will be of grt use
i" d myself with a wallet, in whih toput my
-W, dstookings, gloves, and a shirt; then incai th.
vU4ItoZitaI t nat before sIn aej rds
utm-ft anrotf h inoring the t


a"ties of those'ga*ata of tl hemrah.I Idt i y,
not buy, I fooad-as male hatws UObtoxkaew is
shrub, (I forget its name,) in a wild pass of the miMs6
She was saddled and bridled, nd;allA mWididy,~ialier
master .. Illoed in vain for bomdihnhonr. beIt ldoeo
os trade of ay traveller, so I felt joikrb6d l t* hi|P
sesion of liar; and it was well, Ifk, t tla' hre
best took me afely over dangersdi. phlass *ti ISen
could he crossed withemt bhr sMae- :lMao tdaep
has the creature, with a sageoyit ICt as
stood on the summit of a pek like a s upjr 1/ "
from side to side; then slowly taking, ia, .wt-lidd, Ai .
with me on hbr back, for thirty, forty, or6fdy fiitt*,; .
One might, however she played tout.M i sta
bridle, which I alWays wound rouAl myunm.
and disappeared, leaving me OR the A.iaes a1
forest. So I was again tft to ay ow
At ode time, I crossed a mighty tormt tihat 4. ,
along, at the depth of a hundred feet belew m
narrow ravine;-and what sort of a bridge do y
vetured upo n? Two la e fragments ofrok I
each side, had fallen together, as I suppose, d .rin,
earthquake, and had formed a natural bidg, q t
and safe over which I crossed.
Another time I passed a chasm of prodigies.
an ancient village, the ingenious inshaitaata of
oonstrooted a bridge of rtshes, in the folowiiag
Two strong posts were fixed in the rook on eakchsdi :
to these were fastened ropes of rushes; the path upon th
r ns l, e n .

being aide of the game material, platted together. VOk
ech sid was also a rope for the.pasnger to steady hbr
alf by.
These bridges, in fcrt are the origin of our chain or sus-
pension bridges, but the elastic and. light nature of the
Ises, makes the motion of the bridge very unpleasant.
Indeed, when I had 9 slay gone about half way aoros
one of them, my head began to swim, and I wa obliged
to sit down to recover myself; for I really thought I should
sever get aros. I sat there for some time, swinging in
* most perilous yet ridiculous situation, I assure you. At
last I rentred to go on, and reached the opposite side in
sfety. ,
I wisd tMuch to we the interior'q$ one' of the mines,
ut they were too far off. The quicksilver mine of Huw-
aveliea is particularly curious, having a complete town
sad its cathedral deep in the bowels of the earth.
1 f.shal Aot attempt to tell you half the dangers, diffi-
edite'and'troubles I met with. I made the an my guide
b day, and the sta by night. I roosted in trees,like the
bods, and ate. fruit and herbs, like the beasts. I explored
mountain torrents; which no human being, probably, had
ever een before; found diamonds in their beds, which lh.
beeq dried up; collected gold from the mud of the rives,
rad a great many curiosities, which I was obliged to throw
feay, for want of conveniences to carry them. I also met
w*i tribes of Indians, who had never heard of the name
afmgland, or seen an Englishman.


\ .* 7 '4
uitto a evtera-T uachar-Nig m -ll -a
'J ft ipflr,-.hMkih f lU
One evening, during my jourauqhavimn' ISe6 ied
slf with some of the fruits tbh w Netar mo-ferI al-
1 ys found food enough in Souh A friM, s isa tb
fmest-I took a fancy to explore a ov thdat l aw i
tbe rock, near which a carade tumbld. Retia to be
well prepared for any enemy I might meet wviI took 0ay
gtm with me.
I ought to tell you by the way, that after I ea r m .
I was obliged for some time to content aM d
hare. I left him gruing at the foot of a b f. y
hre heard of the Peravin bark, wkhi Mdii
in mzediin,'I dare say. I tied my hosne ttm '
which produces thi sort of bark. "
Well, all things prepared, I set out ons myrpdim
As I drew near the lofty oavern, I waos stek d at lo
desoaing noise of innumerable wing, ant look up i
the tacertain twilight I saw hundreds-I think I ml
Wy thousands-of birds dying about, prepaiai tqlea
their home, in search of food. They wer t
I had read of them, in Humboldt's narativ b'tto ume th
sailor phra, I bad never before run foul' oaay of them.
They are night birds, that somewhat resembl our owls,
but lasted Vroosting on trees, those bilm in
averns. A sigbt of ther is well woru, hT a l .

_,, A~iM proigiou! ,;,a ..,. rdT

- +,,, .+ ,-,; .

In fact, one of the most wonderful things a traveller
meets with in South America, i the different and strange
sounds at night. The howling monkeys, the night-birds,
the sharp cries of i jaguars, the roar of the puman, the
lapping of wings, the rustling of branches, and other
aoUes, are astomnshi -
How different,froT e lone solitude of our woods iin
New England, ~here he only sound, perhaps, that ds-
turbs the silence the onfhe bag is the distant hooting of ee
owl, orthe howling of ome dog. Indeed, thegreater part
of the time, every creature is so silent that you would
scarcely know that any living thing was waking.
We4t Iiaid so long in the bird cavern, that it was quite
drk wheel I got back to my horse, and I had not yet made
up my nightly f1ig. So I groped round in the dark, and
o0tseotd, as wei I could, some leaves and otias, and
bem to kindle my fire. But just as I was kneeling down
to blo at the heap of fuel I had lighted, my horse sodden-
lystarted, drew back to the full length of his cord, rolled
s eyes, enlarged his nostrils, threw his ars forward,
, rented his main and tail, and stood there th*ry picture.
of terror. "There is danger now," thought ; but I ws
tesolved to meet it Sol jumped up instantly, aad look
tng into the gloom, in the direction which my horse's eye
took, I saw a dark Iass of something moving slowly along
among the bushes.
I was up the tree instantly, I assureyou, taking with me
my gun, which I had rested against its trunk For a min-
'me ortwo always qmid 8oor, however, he dark body
Sppreelbed a li t .e-rer, bt so quitly, I t hoAul
have thought very little more of it, ha4 sot may h



bBown symptoms of so mucb icabrs.a Ite4 itfi
and fired, and, as I suppose, wedWly*bei t a'l; Tfor W
bounded up, and darted off into the ieka .
Just at this moment the fire bWU iso a bright bls,
which kept the wild animals away for the test of that ig
I did not rest or sleep very well, tlve, for I bad ui d
the rope that I commonly tied wi* to fk tes my
horse. Thing, however, you m.r e suppoa, I did
not for to do; which was to give. ks to the g
Preserver, who 'guides the helm,' as we sAilors say, bylad,
as well as by sea.

The Steppe.- New trouble--Bad water -SEpg clay &ad Is .
I came at last to the dreary plains ouoou Ai
called steppe, sad here my troubles were unuMausll sa~
All kinds of stinging insects, serpents, and loat Is
tiles annoyed me; besides I could haaldly get t k- :
driak. Sometimes, though raely, I was so fotunmata a m
and a plantYasembling the aloe, containing a quantity of
pure water in ite stem; but when I could notget tbi%*,i w
obliged to drink the horrible water of the riven, swarming
wiuh anitnalbenl (little creatures almost too small to be
sees with the naked eye) to suoh a dego" that I seemed
to swallow about as much solid matter a liquid. Aa to
food I was conttd, often, towallow little ball ofarsh,
as the nativo o; for though itim tl bdea
it served then, to keep the brnatat life i me. ;1 is a
4"at2BWyer kind of eab, af
baft'It iWghtly i thle fire. Y" *&i"ti igf

> J*-


tbat the tives of Japan, Siberia, Africa, and other parts
of the world, also sometimes eat clay.
After travelling a long time, I came unexpectedly upon
a wandering tribe of Indians, consisting of only three or
four families; and, entering one of their wretched hute,
built of clay and leavlp I asked them for food.
At first they did notil(derstand me, but with the help of
signs, I soon made them comprehend that I waahuugry;
upon which one of.them took down a bag containing a kind
of greasy, spotted, whitish paste, gave me some of it, point-
ed to the fie,and went and lay down in his hammock,which
with fourteen others was slung from some beams above.
I was so tired and wet, for it was now the rainy season,
and so glad to find something to eat better than clay, that I
was going to cram it down, when I saw unexpectedly that
the black spots on it were'large ants. I threw it down in-
stantiy; but soon recollecting that a paste mixed wilb ants,
i represented by Humboldt as a very common food among
sme of these tribes of Indians,and feeling impelled by hun-
er to eat something, I at last eat a small quantity of it-
Sis surprising what people will eat, and eat with thankful-
Sness to prevent starving.
S These were the laziest sort of people I ever met with.
They seemed to have no wants, beyond mere eating and
drinking ; they had no clothes to mend, or domestic cares
to attend to; no fishing, no hunting to prepare for.
I quitted them as soon as I cold, I sure you, for they
We almost too lazy to fraish me with fo; besides, I

*4;1 6T wI be b" V* kp .elT*M406*7."Nltln "n*7
ljee n .t w kmase tey m pgsheu. 7The wU arean
'emsh~bgs7 w.~r~~ Tm~s~I~sa dbms

-t t

we not without fars, from ther amme
travellers, that they would muster energy enough id4
me for foad, as a treat : I
Before I left them, however, I was greatly rejoiced, owr
day, to hear the word Orinoco;" for, on inquiry, I fod0
by ignas that this long wished for iver wa only little wy
to the south.

B&thiai-A dck-Elctrical, Eel-Tbe BlU-bib Th4 BH* HW~
One day, about noon, as I came to a pleasant I
pond or lake, beautifully over-shadowed with, tree, tf
thought strttk me that I would take a bath. But I i
scarcely entered the water, before I felt a shock liko.tli
of an electrical machine, and a very mver one too.
"An eartbquakeP" you will perhaps say. By no me
The shook was given by an electrical eel HIowevr,
instantly took away all my strength, and -ealy mi ly
)mses, too; and I believe, in my heart, 'I should nWner
have beeb if r had pt had assistane. It w.
to a MiioMl village, *n an Indian woemm
t wei&o*n to e 4 :endp to dp ,mYil t O Z 0
a.,' ^ ..' ,* ^t .. .i"s *

me outbefore the animal had an opportunity of repeating
hb heoks.
had now reached a better country. The mornings,
pecially, were uncommonly beautiful. Birds of every
con greeted my ears with their songs; and; among the
ra, I particularly noticed the companion, or belbird.
.Perched on the top of a lofty mor tree, this bird used to
.waken me by his clear ringing note, that sounds exactly
like a fine toned bell, and may be heard two or three miles.
He is wh lith a black spire on his head, and about three

Yi d features that arrested my attention, was
., hermlp sut misrepresented and slandered sloth. I
-fl lofty tr4inJl''he feels most at home and most happy.
It is t t after he has been caught and put on the
grnd, he is a dtll lazy animal; for he is out of his ele-
ment, almost as much as a fish out of water, or a human
beisg in it,
SBut I will give you a few more particulars of this ani-
sal. He is formed to live on trees, and is never found any
where else, unless by force or accident. While the wea-
ther is calm, he remains suspended or hanging from .he
beaches; but during a high wind, when the bough of
the closely growing trees are shaken and laced t~qiaer, as
S it were, he passes from one to the other with ease and
gqi kneas. He never moves upon, but Mnder the branches;
Iheanp there to rest, to eat. and to sleep. Jt colqdra
l .fur *-so nearly that of the mess on the OIk, that's it l
s' et- to discover him, except when he is, .--
MaL inteod of being as ubjet of diagst, or veno pitj

I do net how a creature that appear more b ai lb1.
as man and other animals will let bhi* alone. a it
by his meddling," that makes a great many of .te wes
that his fellow animals feel. It is guas, satd eers,
traps, and aviaries, and cages, that make birdk sad'b Ia
most unhappy. Every animal is adapted by a kihd P
evidence for the situation in which he ifbhad.

India rubwer shoe-Alowlef bat -W'i-'(Y-tbw( M
I had now been so long in the forests
diane, that I began to be in want of some
that are only to be found in the abodes
My shoes, in particular, began to fail ad
the idea of going barefooted day afer day.
But as good luck would have it, or rather perhap.l o
to say; as I kind Providence designed it, I fell m within
India rubber tree, into which somebody had made inoisions,
and from which the gum wasnow flowing. So I letit eW
upon my shoes, in order to form a new sole. In this uadi
taking, however, I was not quite so successful as it mask
ing a new hat to supply the place of my old se. I foMd
a speoie of aloe, from the tough thick leaves of which, by
plittingthem, I made me a very good hat, especially fr
the dry see In the rainy season, it wOea nbot.
been quite so comfortable, I suppose.
One Bigbuas I had taken up my quartim ef b
of a fores, and had got seaed in m y crle
kao*iwa naoaithe thick ba rees of i

it, ho ang re was a village near; for I was sadly in want
f a bettr rope to fasten myself with; and the Indians of
thbe villages make some very ingenious ones, by twisting
t-gether the long, fibres of the leaves of the cocoa-tree.
Well, asI said, I followed the light, but here, do you
think ? Why out of the dark forest, to be sure, but into
something worse than a forest. I found myself, ere I was
aware of the nature of my guide, up to my knees in a
quagmire; and what was more mortifying still, I was not
much nearer the light than when I set out
I began sow to suspect what it was. It was'evidently
one of tha things to which they give the name of ignus
fu m.w, sfwUo'-kte-wisp. They are seen, as you know,
(and u* might have known had my wits been about me)
in low tIrsmpy places, peeping and dodging about. They
are supposed to be gaseous; but perhaps you do not all of
yP know what gaseow means;. and I am hardly philoso-
pher or chemistt enough to tell you.
. The atmosphere or air which we breathe is composed of
two ingredients, or gases, as the chemists call them. One
is oxygen. This is the supporter of life and flame, for if
it eould be taken out of the air we could -not breathe again,
and every candle and lamp would be extinguished in a mo-
seot. The other is nitrogen or azote, which detroys life.
.I told you the air we breathe was made up of these two
ass or gases; and it is. Butmany.other gases sometimes
loat in it One of these is hydrogen. It is prod ede in
vsrine ways~id is one ef the most inflamaltble substan-
i,.~h world. Now electricity, (or lightanig, for it is
S't which is a subtl* or pisntratig fluid, al
wbir tithe atmosphere, sod ha At ial timoN 0
S (( 0 on fn) a )qpor so iafaamabl asu hd

if it happen to come in contact with it. Now, aa siv,
this hydrogen gas is most readily produced by 4be
position of water, and combines or mies rW
other matters arising from decaying vegey is M ff
animal substances, in low and marshy swamped, ai;sy;prI
is sufficient to ignite these combined gases, amd thusi et o
the Will-o'-the-Wisps.

Stones falling-Where they come from-Arrival at the river Orinoco.
Well, I extricated myself from the quagmire mnd rtme-
ed,-though not without some difficulty, I had wsMderede
far, to my roosting place. The nextmorniag aafrlaspew
paring to descend the tree, the sky being ofresr4a tbe sm
shining, I was alarmed by a hissing noise iRleair; ** r '
looking quickly around, I was jost is time to me an
mense mass of something, I could not tell what, fallian
from above, with a loud noise, and crushing in its fall, the
branches of a lofty tamarind tree. ,
Hastening to the spot, I found, to my surprise, an eas
moua piece of metal, quite hot, which had fallen with suboh
force that it lay half buried in the swampy ground., .
I stood lost in wonder. When I was a bo I had ohms
picked up lumps of metal on the Wiltshire IDnans, i E
land, but though told they were aerolites, I did vot.atl
time believe a word of it. '- Can the thin pur art
I them, "form such hard bodies? Or oan .tiemb
mountains, and forges, and blacksmiths, and e
thaaMrtsi in theairt :
J 1a,,, mas y .et I h i
aP s hot The
djl*.!*~ .. b ^dCi

tured about in every direction. How could I doubt any
loegert Was it reasonable to deny-facts, before my eyes,
-e aue I could not account for them ?
%Do you wish to know if I can account for them now,?
Wot a whit better. The moon, some say, has volcanic
mountains which throw them out. But I don't believe it.
Think what an immense force or pressure it must take to
send up a huge stone from one of our valcanoes, quite be-
yond the sphere of the earth's attraction, so as to be met by
the attraction of the moon and be carried to it! Do you
believe such a thing could ever happen ?
Nearly all we know about it is briefly this. Heavy bo-
dies, of every variety of size, from an ounce to 300 pounds'
weight, have at different times fallen from the atmosphere.
These heavy bodies are really composed of earths and
V l. They all contain the same substances, though
p etimes varying a little in the proportions, viz: iron,
kel, managanese, silica or silex, sulphur, magnesia and
Perhaps I ought to add that though I know nothing more
about these wonderful phenomena, it is more generally be-
lieved that these substances are formed in the vast-regions
of the atisuphere, by causes unknown except to Him who
ated tho atmosphere, in whom we live, and move, and
e ou'r beiqg."
SSoon after my last adventure, I arrived at the Misaim
villages n the banks of the river Orinoco. Here I met
with a Spaish gentleman of disiaction, by the name of
Do- Caao.. ,He was a merchant and sold moenkgs mao-
khaw.t rtlnar' &c.--ve odd thigs -dW twto,
god %W6h~

TEs HILaVISaT Or T I*I2 .'I t9e1 .
You would wonder how-there ciuld be mny torte.
mining in South America, if you w4i to see Mthoe M
and thousands that are destroyed by tthe IndiiaewO
year, at the Hamst of Eggs, as they all it' latlo
one of these hunts or harvests, one day, with DetO d
the merchant, and saw the whole process
We all went in a boat, early one moftag, to an ehNa
in the river, where the sa. d was asmoth, sad which tb
tide had left bare. A person then took a il p, eIe nd
walked about, thrilling it into the sen isal d ti
and wherever it penetrated easily, he knew sre was a
next of turtle's.eg%, 8 then they dog down, sad whn
they found ay-r they put them in a basketj-h they
brought for thei. 6 "
Number fim we thMe, fiueafl a* e
iag shores, sad iduemew numbers of aew ir e
They make a kii of.oilof-the yelk, which isc d
coniag,.as well' afor burning in theirhboses.
Jt is supposed! that not fewer thin a million of tsrUld
lay their eggs at the mouth of the gw rie river O eian
More than three millions of eggs were taken the yowl
was there. Each tatle lays, on an seage, seedtya.
You may be surprised that out of.amms y adliOvmoniI'
laid, only three millions wee takes. BIIe ~i
broken, so many hunted out and detoured ily tlherl
add other animals that feed upoathm, them, ta the
weather, that we -nd the ast number thttweiLtrs d
escape *nd are hathbed however, for I saw
0t1whle shore of A&eritao.ws ai uiBl
S' batb' d f
,,. *.., ., -\ .


Theturles lay their eggs during the night, in large holes,
whiobhthey scratch in the sand. Then they cover them
'pv.Med leavee them to be warmed into life by the sun. The
Sare larger than pigeons' eggs, and when well preser-
"i4 by sligllly boiling, or by drying in the sun, are very
We saw somelarge turtle shells which the jaguas had
emptied as neatlyas if the flesh had been cut away with
a sharp knife. Thoe animals hunt the poor*creatures,
'eatch them, turn the on their backs-you know they can-
mot tUot bhak agaia-aud then devour them at their leisure.
iaimkA of South America-Jagua-Water Hog.
,. Th.sams day that we went to the.eg harvest, as we
SMailing leg on the river, we saw a jaguar; fetiMg
Sebhiniw be water hog, and a laip fluk eo vutures
lovering roud him, aM if they grudged him every oapth-
) l he awalldwed Finally they treubld himiw--much,
that he took up his prey and carried it off into the~edjaceat
.9ut I found creatures in South America, mn terrible
on serpents jagPar, :or cocodiles. You wil1 wonder,
,erhap, whas t ey cold be. Then I'l tll yoa. They
wie mIasqoetee, white fies, and ants.
Musqaetoes are indeed .troublesome every where; b
m~amwert that I have been-and have beS is all part of
world--o mnew so as in South Ameica. Wly, w
.Memed t them, almes, istead of aif We wes
e', I-AAt.- = mept taid .ht; .ad theahr

Sleeplag roots her, re; soetiei built o' es, or
scaffolding, higher than these creul inactrs every, ,wjIh
is found to be about twelve feet frohl thesevel' of 't o# -
era; and in these apartments we *Wee Oable td obtain a
little comfort. Vast tegions of the eountty Ere adrertd
uninhabitable by the different species of ;trmentf~iya -
mals which infest it. When two person mieet in thedin6i-
ing, the first question often is, "How are you to-day for
the musquetoes?" I have had both mry legs swelled to'a
most enormous size, by the bites of these animals.
In some parts of the country the ldians bury them-
selves, all but their heads, in the sand while they Wleep; in
others, they aasembl' all.the cows in the village l d pass
their nights among thith; for'it is found that W not '
so troublesome in thbe n hborhood of ftl.t ,
Sometimes they bt kina eX
windows, having 7L Htt' bkt
creep o,i their hand andand iees. They th Itf
it, of wet brushwood, which ma kes, Igeatf d
drivescoff the insects ; hen closing thel .f the o ,
they go tosleep. But I could not endure the smoke
well as I could the musqietm .' .
As to the whi jAiks, they aret o very small that it' go
were to use musquetoe curtains, they would have to be www
ted to prevent these tint creatures from making their wy
through the threads. Their sting is exceedingly painful..
* The tenites, is a aort of att ates paper, paste
parchment, &c. so that there are no anaent etor' ra
counties in which they are found. iut tle e b
pci s of ant, whih devours jviyTgr~Oea.l a
alads; so that when t.he inhbibtatelth f'or "w i
f uasauaoo.liog hlrhap rily .
- .:-^ A.-- '

You will smile, but I assure you that I state nqeting but
wbat I have seon. They procure an old boat, or some
frome of that description, raise it on dry poles, then fill it
with earth, and sow their seeds. The destructive ants,
travelling as they do ia bands, not knowing there is any
thing growing above, pass by these bare poles or support-
ers, and the plants are saved.
ome beautiful animals ia South Amrica-The Titi Monkey-The Wid.
ov Mo&ey--ind of the journey.
By this time I fear you will begin to think that there is
nothing to be found in all South America, but dangerous
. passes, ravge men, ferocious beasts, venomous serpents
and reptiles, and troublesome insects. But you are mis-
takes. Humboldt would tell you so. Woodbridge, too, in
h.% ii dgrapb say that "the finest fruits, the most beauti-
ftil ietables and th., largest and loftiest trees, are fojnd
in tie Torrid Zone," apd much of South America lies, you
know, in this zone. He says, also,-and he says right,-
that if prodqres not only the fiercest and most dangerous
animals, and thelargest apd most venomous serpents and
inserts, but soe animals w.ch are among the "most beau-
'lul' in the world.
I think one or two of the monkey race, which I saw, are
-among the most beautiful of the animal kingdom. Ope
species, called the Titi, pleased me particularly. It is very
is !ll; its hair is of a beautiful golden color; and it has a
"mo 'rikil res blnce to a child thaan y thing I ever
'tin my i ve timid, when any ody
wit ta n

81 -
The Titis are very fond of insects, particularly of spi-
ders. It is said-but I cannot vouch for the truth of it-
that when an engraving of an insect on which it feeds has
been shown it, it would dart out its paw in hopes of catch-
ing it; but that when pictures of those on which it does not
feed are presented, it takes no notice of them.
The Titi Monkey is also very fond of warmth. If seve-
ral of them are confined in a cage, and a cooling shower
comes on, they crowd together, and twine their legs and
tails round one another, to keep themselves warm! One
that was tamed used to run after a person that wore large
sleeves to get into them! The Indians say that they some-
times meet groups of ten or twelve of them in to forests,
crying terribly, because those on the outside at to get
in the middle to be warmer.
There is another beautiful animal of the same raeo, call-
ed the Widow Monkey. Its hair is black, soft, and glossy;
its face is of a whitish color; the neck has a band in front,
about an inch broad, the hinder feet are black, and the fore
feet white. In these white marks, on the black monkey,
the inhabitants imagine they discover the veil, the handker-
chief, and the gloves of a widow in mourning.
But perhaps you are tired of my stories, and wish to
come to the end of the journey. Well, the rest is quickly
told. Don Calao, the Spanish gentleman, very kindly as-
sisted me in getting down the river, to the island of St.
Thome, near its mouth, where I was so fortunate as to meet
with a merchant vessel bound to my native country. Ipro-
cured a passage, and after a long and rather boister w
voyage, reached home in safety.





A short ti6ieago, I heard a story about a little boy oamed chard
who, with his mother, lived in a house in the woods. The rtory w6
told to me for a true one, and I will tell it to you as I heard it Ri
ard and his mother did not live in a fine brick houe, but It e~i s
of rough logs, and plastered with clay and straw. By i
caf howei r, they managed to pt aloog very oo

b on the aWJC'r L r-
~t fr~. ~ ~ ..1L; d


Richard would cut up a quantity of wood, and, placing it on a raft, would
ail some miles down the river to a village, where he could exchange
hi cargo for flour, or corn, or other kinds of food.
One day, towards the beginning of spring, after he had been cutting
rood in the forest, he topped a moment beside a tall tree to rest him-
self. He then ran down to the river's brink to mend his raft. The
river had lately been* swollen by the heavy rans' and by the melting
of the snow, and now rushed between its bahks wih great violence.
Richard had stepped on his rat to fasten it together more securely,.
when the timber ou which he stood, was loosened and floated away
with him into the deep water. He was then obliged to fall down and
cing to the wood, in order to keep from tumbling overboard. The
tide was so strong that le could not swim, and he was swept along so
fest, that, in a minute, he lost eight of his hom. His mother had seea
him from the window, and pale with terror, had hastened forth to try
to save him. Sie red along the bank, in spite of the bushes and
brambles which scratched her limbs, until she was stopped by a wide
dkch, over which she could not pas. SE then climbed a high rock
anti looked down the river to ee if ese eould discover her boy. He
was o where to b seen.
Sadly did the poor wether tar to her atlary home. On her
way, die could think e serdbti but the good deeds and amiable man-
emrs of her on. Sbv mnembased how he walked twelve miles one
army jiight to buy her a litle medicine; and she called to mind a
hundred ulher little thing, which lad long slumbered in her memory.
She knew not what she should do without him to help, to cheer, and
td love her; and her eyes o' filled with tean, that she could hardly
ea the path before her. When she entered the little room of her hut,
and saw the chair, in which Richard used to sit, standing vacant on
the hearth, she felt that her.own strength could net sustain her. She
prayed fervently to her Father in Heaven to guide and uphold her,
Wt.';hen only could she think, with any resignation, of her loes.
00eb t a month passed away, and she still houwned for her son
S W inconsulable grief. She had made every possible inquiry con.
eMoing hi filte, but no one could tell her any thing about him. The
dln now seemed longr and more tedious to her, than they had e*er
-iml befor. The trm ad begua to Jook gay with blossom aUd

young leaves. The air was warm and dlghtild, and th tihfr i ,
lowed by the little hut, never went wihl a sweeter mwin' ?ti
birds darted front bough to boughi and hung aloud, ai to a l how
happy they were. But no plasansdight or esowd eomdl al a sa
as the face of the poor woman who had Jest her n.
She wa sitting by her window, oareveing, when he tbhy epoke
to herself: "The summerdays wi come, and the sky wll leek blw
and bright above merand tse earth will be green beneath my fiet, biw
I shall not be happy, for my heart and my home an doai Rich.
ard, why-'-"Did you speak, mother, exclaimed a vice at tth r,
and the next moment the boy whom.she was bewailing,
her arn. s.
The surpsi was a little too sudden, and, at firt, the good IM i
almost believed it to be a dream. Richardt oon satild her wa It
was reality,, and then-you cannot conceive of her jy.
"-But how, my dew Rit nld, were you sved," se 4s md
where have you been this long, lon while."
'"Why, motdir," anewued Sihad, "it i 'sly a momth olee my
eld raft played me such a tri, am gave m s a during I ntl ,
Waiver. t ir ely a month; but iha da wheustrangetpii hav
I men i
"Tell me quick, Riehaed, what bL hpaened to y."
"Well: I was carried down by te tide r into Penscot Bay
I detonined, that if I eun& ra eld tindmer should sink with me, s4
so kept a pruy tight hold of it. Bt at length, gew killed and
tired. At one tie, I was a god deal fightened b a big hid, whihei
I believe we a hark. 1 hit i a prey hard ken with the end e
my beam, and t did not trouble nse altemwald. I new fit so eo,
and my hand were eo numb, that I feamd I elild hav to quit my
hold; and, modier, I pmyed to my Maker, to forgive whatever sa s
had commited."'
A few minutes aftenwarde, on turning mnd,I saw a loopp. Ia
with wood, at a short distanee. I haled a loud as 1 eou, ut
wind made such a noise that the silor dti not bear me. lmw vwp
vey d did I feel, when I saw td vessel aH oN, wtkbeu alMs
eat of igtl But my nrrow was hemre to joy, whno I aiWU dh
(t l-mmn tana oWmd) ad oemma wi a A ~iietMH

1. '!> .


*I ilu saoa put ifth from r, and ame up by my side. They
Ild r m o isk, and carried me to h sloop.
"altwo day I felt very ll. -,But the men were very kind: they
drhiad clothes and took good car of ate. They aid that they did
ad bar me call, when I wa the timber, but had seen me with a
,llgl as. One of.the oines thoui it was a sea-serpent, which they
saw, but tih others laughed at hin, and the captain fiAally determined
to med a boat to pick m up. Be did so, and was glad enough, to find
that he had saved the life of a fellow-bing,
In the course of a week I grew very well andstrong. I could run
up the mast, and pull the ropes, and help the aailor furl- the sails,
when the wind blew hard. The captain told me that he was going
to Bl I was sorry to bear this, for I knew, that you could not
dout me, and that it would be some time before I could

I: we came in. eight of Boston climbed up the mast to look
ra1 great city, of. which I had heard m much. We pntsed between
t ewh tifll forts, and then I could we Boston very plainly. The
b asme built close together, and ae very high : most of them are
spde with red brick. Thre is one large building, above all the oth-
are, with a round top, which a miilrr told me- was the State House.
There are a few tree, hut not half so many as are about our house.
h -hen our loop cane to bte land, 1 jumped on shore, and helped
M men tie te vsel to a round post, which was on the wharf. I
V*a took a walk with Captain Luff, (bis name was Luff,) to see the
t. Here they caUl the roads, streets, We walked along the streets,
and saw crowu4t of people. The shop were very fine, and the win-
dows were filled with gay and gliuering sights. n the aweing, what
dp ou suppose they light their lamps with They se a sort of air
dMd gas, and it gives a better light than candles or oil I
"I will tell you another time about the many woadefil things
which I saw, my dear mother. 1 staid in Boston nearly a fortnight.
When. Captain Lui had sold hi wood, and was ready to go home, I
went as board the doop. We hoisted the sail, and the verss glidel
away from the wherarf We I between the two forts, and wa
son out as aga. The l gh wteha a sevrestorm.' Thi
waes w owerh deck, wb dould sink. But ..d
%P '0

pvtecad ms Is a, 6w d.p v* wiu d d AA-
Captain waawd m lo day =f~mimr6eiu~b '~
ed him, and bakuwd ", suy tmu. A
the *6* anrd atnight lbawr

and here, ry dear.mher, 'c a s
The boy *Anlm bi -wy a
him, If my Mule rkis I AUeeu w O ".6mBuuLb t *WOMIiBvI
lap in Maine, axi WOi.- Ihn w sheemim -& br04 ms biny
at uI* to a buc by Shw.mru% ds*' tnhsr*4u 6W Ml W Rishd aadhb,
another. They will be lad toas bhim% aid will treat him viy
tably; and if h is hod 4 uwrIi Awba IkSds wil Wke.
a whole day abotfthe drange ddiog% wki* ho saw k 4

In 1706, the city of Ohadusa in BeIhb w jw oadW br
a patty at Pbmfth Am T-40 "W dw ah

AB sedyu 16K w S-' 6"Molk
fsl pat

Emshth efwm in FlOde .dm HB~i(iima od tew Spamhb
hlpf war off that hsbu' d h l e d,,ge ,o the town,
shoadn hi own malUl halS std tto C i bhiluy over
hn, thou wih w sblh tbo4r f -
fer yem after ft;lt lri ab h Wt. Indian French
Ipaned a combined Q II Ia. The approached the
trbo im sipn, and Moha d*ikilaidl In the mtn-
tune, the citisn bhad made arie pqm M r deece. A small
Fat-called Fort Johnow, was *rem i Sns MIad, and several
cannon mounted on i; and mMMimos w sr ms ofam defence were
taken. ,
The enny now mMt uWpeg.q iCtmluwmor, to summon
him to sunender. Georegh e pgoir d snem lGd the Granville
bxtion, received the French 4m1r his landing from the boat,
and conducted him blidAddMed There the governor was
ready to eceiv him. In q~ li bh drawn up his troops
in such a nanner as to ~s ear to great advantage, their
rank being Jrawn out in I.r p ml d the soldiers well supplied
with gliteing ams. The Fa~lh .immng Was vow permitted to
uncover hi eyes. One fort, dJ oop being shown him, be was
blinded again, ad educted aio tee r. Her e te m troops were
draWn up iin4A ~g wt ies. 'Ily had reached te second fort by
,. deshurte rng e a by which lb Midd mmener had been
The city did not sMneder, and the epediion o dthe French and
spaniaure proved uwnas ssful.

There was once a lkle boy named Edmund. He was pnerally
attentive and good-natured; but lhe had one fault of which hu parents
und it dificuk to cure hin: he was too fond of delay. If he was
@Wat upoo a short errand, be would often stop by the roed, and p
a kur in ein the Imen mow dow a he graos. Or, be would. '
o the ra nag o the bridge, that croMsed be river, and ge upo the
water ais owed swiAly undeawt. SMesinwe e would her* a
'pt, g" t a 4 ,0 it te a y
i.^ ,. \ .

fashermu jS anjh : VhSin b &l
glomous nibble. / .. 4 / .. '
Edmusd was h MisS W.ISa we 01 11111
running is anrafl i ii r Would waied
that it w o liot & wea tr reaiimded ins
and that bhi peI l:El del ti daiw a
Amoyg hiM Ulimns ali, a g4 which was del-
led after aon (of Iia~f W we a igov deal lik. *
his owner, of rehom NlrtF i mow Edmund la
bi saunter to ial4d, rti ohs b oys we
dismissed. PonM1 aemiJ u i leap ups hi young
master, a if to let hieb mrIllr wiAl i tile him rapiw But
Ponto, I am sorry bte ab !"Nuw dg He rweM
hunt among the bu,, a i mUrbin t wi .
sowme pretty eg in it, e n i is, we noni al
away to lay at at the Pem -wewM odtiene a
wicked pleaure in huM. isn eakin the o er f '
the old ien, with hd bWood
One Saturday atbrnon, PAwmielkoed I""v to Maa vWik his
cousin, who liUed about a mile ditaLt. His her aid him habt h-
might go, if be would come back before five o'lk. L mal m
ied tlint e would not mday hyond that lime, and whi=tng for Poe
he left the houe. He had naot walked far, befnvs le aw m Is lare.
boys playing at foot-ball. Climbing a fene, he.eat down to ohbrw
the game. Ponto stretched himself upon the ground, and msesM$
amuseinent in catching the imen which buudaoamd4ir hbead. I L *
denly, a great noise as hed in the road; and, turning round, Ed-
mund maw a hore running away with a obsie, in which a hui'gi
mat, pale with terror. Several eman were meaning sAMi the her; and
the boys immediately let their play, an4d jaied in tha shas. Pew
meo up, barked, and lead forward, s if on -e-s-q BdInuid .4
foew him. IoMund din ne h-asle- 1@ig, -bou eil wdia
fce, and followed the other
'Tle hem ra nearly-two = 11- he ws wae 6L i '
iK wIs sed, a4 biug she vwa oafe

ery d when he arme up to the upot, wtee the raise was stopped.
.h.itsbgirl was caried home t6 her others and mother; the hone
was led beck to the stable; the men went to their work, and the boys
turnedd to their play. Edlmud amd Ptos remained alone.
It was now late is tbe ternoon. Ti son was becoming les and
less bright Edmund at dowd by the aide of a brook to rest himself.
J fel quite tired, but thought that he dould be able to get home in
good season. ~e concluded not to go to his cousin's house that after-
nog Seeing a piece of waod by his side be threw it into the brook.
tlb ojumped into the waer, took the stick in his mouth, and brought
dt to Edmund. They, pltyd ih this way till sunset, and then Ed-
mund started up, and took the path towards his home.
The night was approaching fast. The clickohwere chirping loudly
from all sides, and every thiqeemed to be.eetling into repose. Ed-
mund tried to whistle, anrd barked. The trees grew thicker as
.. 4krmy adraneed, and at Lbat i could not see a single light stream-
:ing through the leaves. He waicot a timid child, and he hastened
forward with a light heart. But soon, he perceived that lie had mined
:wiwy. He was.ery, very 4ied, and mt down on a large rock to
repoe himself. He thought of hi situation, and sighed. Pontoleaped
Slmd fore-fet on Edmomd's shoulders, and wagged his tail.
T:fid MJHli. lPontobarked and ran away.
S]Ed l up t the drok, d tried to call back the dog. But
Ponto had wadken him in his trouble, and he was how all alone. He
could no longer keep from crying. His eyes were blinded with tears.
The night grew darker and darker, and the grass was wet with dew.
After he had sat nearly an.hour upon the rock, Edmund heard a
-loud rustling in the bushes. He was startled at the sound, but his
fears were quieted, when be heard the iell-known bark of Ponto.
The next moment, the faithful creature was at his feet There was
then a sound of voices, Edmund heard his name shouted by some one
ata distance Ponto again left him, but soon reAtrned. Two men
Sruhed through the bushes. One of them was Edmund's father, and
the ether, Joo, the servant-man. The dog had made them under-
stand Edmund's situation. -
STM Hittleboy retuned in sety to his bhem. His mother had
.d i bl greMatse amtety a bis count; and the iusily had bmea

long in earch of him. He eJesd a useful leMs km bhis ni .
From that moment, be ovemam hir idle and diasry bakis.
My young radern begiM esdy. han delay, for it is dingu .
Go straight forward in wy i tp ut. you undertake and mse
Slinger by oer road." ..


-It is really a mart shower, but immmer rniam rideL Wb
a quantity of water! It ow as clar as a cryl aL *
-Look at those children shrinking blow ther heavy uabth
The youngest cuddles under he ldr ee' cloak, p"ti" i asidi to
let the frei warm ir, and lok oW t upoa all amoai I dm Y)
they are mrry one i a ei 4dy er, bedfe a w1mster r
-lI is a shower, inde I TWhe 4k y eartm gst egseydrls
esim.; and in a few day I& sy.ttluMdmatlyl ck e lt dMl rmb
a it. We S'al have load gls"rfs dn M; r l

r o cp -- .a h

4r.dMin.l sthi* gfl thr e matter. They forget that momentary
aPi Mathe l prit g will yield them ample storeof delight by and by.
is dlthemin tie tempeaetab life, tha men cling and cower, and se
i. M ayond Lth turmoil; amd any go on, not ignorant, but regard-
S* eik, tht a storm of adverity is oftln succeeded by a harvest of pro-
prity. And they call the adversiy a trial; but how do they bear the
greater trial of prosperity?. They then, too olfen, abuse the good within
their power and pamper themselves. They become proud spmndthrifts
or mean miser, not r what they were, and not knowing
what they are. And as they ry on, they conai of the evils
of life-most of them havi .beeof their own making, and the rest
not received as lewons'for i nation, but alb terruptions to a
happiness they were continually eking, and ;i r when found, was
misused and unenjoyed. An,|I wiser than children in a shower 7
a their days of adversity thbweIy roy and desponaing, and when
a buOt of sunshine has illmitiAr path, they forget that it may
be uomeded by a deeper darkads.

LITTL 203g.
Liule Zoe wM *u i sweet tempered chid, that when she
va ,butl m 4wg fride were delihted to have
her in the hd a M ase, or she were
oher wi, wa be an ed by the eldest of
he party, whilst the 4be M liaht out a~aeir playthings in order to
excite her attention, mad, 'Tble, to divert her mind.
When lhe had atained'he age of six years, he was one day lef
i the houe alone; Iar aher mad mother having gone on a visit to
el of their friends her bratie beiag at school, and the servants
hviag gone upon vaerius eamd.
Zo.qaid humo U I ao mw miNess of my medoe; and',
*k* me m# lea d to whlAe 1 will; yet, th i Ia completely
ro i de y thi wMng, I may i njuWyudL 1 will behave,
**uy pe ad m'ur nlsdk ptk
" 4S 46 l a rhr masi's dSke;
w and g elh a sh' played the last lease

-I A l .


with her book, and read, while the c etinl rdeaurly by J.
side. After this, she mt down during ~)f i b= work;
last she went into the garden to ti ( ow it p p
and traonplant mrmn that belonged (4 'Dir brothers*i u
The evening came, and Zoe wu wqellliieed with hemlf and l th
her day's employment. When her papa sad manmma came horm, as
ran to meet them. Her mamma looked at her, and perciving fat
she had an air of uatifactioo, I se dearly, mny dmr," aid he, u that
you have been very good to-day; if you had not beeno, you wesu
at be so well. pleased with youm.rs Be always good, ad ye wR
always be happy."
Ze proud that J would, and mlad a rUomim to h op h
ermanamms isterwldhaibedwhart.lii
todher theesi rmenof thed : aI imthd A
weinle; metuled haos b had s
how mswh she had worked. Tbhi gavr
*^ *'
^ ^ ,. .., *A' **:*'

that she embraced Zotmaey, and told.her she hadbeen a vry good '
and obnieb child.
The next day, Zoe's brothers went, into the dens, and having
looked over their powers, they saw some in new places. They doubt-
ed Mt that it was their good sister who had planted them. They went
imeiately therefore, to thank her. "Dear Zoo," said they, "you
us some very pretty flowers;-tell us whether we can do
lystme you n return But Zoe was too good to ask for
i i~ir returned lto, the garden picked out the finest flowers
4 it and transplanted them into those ofi4eir dear sister;
sl ll more how much they were delighted by her kind-
.ery morning into their gardens to gather a nbsegay
et d of a 1i w week Zoe's mother rereived a visit from one of
Zoo had scarcely entered the room when the lady ex-
"ThPbih e dear ittHe girl, who is so good when her father
ar mfrom home! I had a great deal of pleasure the other
added she, "in seeing from my window bow this amiable child
ved in the parlor and in the garden, though no person was with
She did every thing with the sune order and application as if
krther and mother had been present."
Zoe blushed at this unexpct praise; she retired immediately from
7a company; and, being alone in her chamber, she said, while the
started into her eyes: "Oh I how much is gained by being good,
*en when we believe ourselves to be alone I Nothing that we do re-
amrne concealed. Mamma, at first eight, knew that I had been good,
though I had not told her so; and even this-lady saw what I did, though
I did not think that any.person witnessed my actions. If, then, I had
doe any thing wrong, k would have been the same. Ah I what
shame I should have suffered if this lady bad seen me do any e.rv
w t she would have despised me I And how much s'row that wod.
j vn to my dear ppa and mamma I 1 wilt always behave well,
Tieap I find myself in the eatet solitude; recollecting that
W I am, the eye of -my (tstor is upon me; and to HiBPt
lt bolkr brat bliesing wbh* the reward of'a virtuous life.


,i 4

I here present my young readers wih a pictureof a weoe,
was actually represented at Drury Lane Theatre, in London, a yeaJt.r
two ago. A Frenchman, named Martin, had aplid himselfM so
cessfully to the training of lions and othe, wild =fat, that ha n .
introduce them on the stage, and make thbm go through certain pit
with propriety and correctness.
Martin is said to be a man of great cou4, and the following apeo-
dote is told of him:-During an exhibition of hi menagerie, a lm
oegal Tiger, which has been since tamed by hiisel, was
a woodeonpa from an imnmew Arctic Bear of great
strength of his petition had not been looked to, nd aw
ring a crowded'exhibition of the animals, lr 4 houa H d
e whole of the partition ell down 4ioe the den
was coisernation and horror, every oe drViA g a -~.
two such formidable' animals.

Th bear, huo a&powewul ahe was, evidely andmitd the a-
pi ofe ho adviry, and mrtred to the comer of his dn, there
Sawi blb s. The d ir, on theoonUrary, 'rveyed him with oon-
'lhad hib tail, and drew himself up ready to make one of than
bounds, which, in a natural etsa urries death to al onponots,
and makes the mighty elephant trumbl.
Martin, nothing daunted, reolved o save them, ren at the risk of
lmfe, and: hlthiu hebtatio etrl ihe dea of the bear. What a
m emaof horror for the breathle epeetatm I -The tiger survsed
leram lMstant, as if asiihedl at his weaMkj drew hiagef back
ba mend the spac req1 uld o bend on a aos e object, and during
Sthi one liule ranment thaIt nemald batwn Martin aod teruny, tha
anu wM lidtes lih enrriUelr lor the pthoofhi diedfulfool
: he Cit a k ,e nd S at en reuin round to
lv the bhIM the mleendsari i p"eliP i to e-ircdle him in
*arma For the a t aim Ia his b, pri S hi started back with
eran; wd did be know that ao look ar oomnd would awe thee
ilals, but sI his presoce of mind did no forake him; he lifted
s aeas above his head: the bear immediately encircled his body with
ki dreadful hug-a cry of horror rang throughthe place, Martin i
mL beyond hope 1 when, to their aonishment, they beheld the ani-
al drop at his feat.
W What can even y have done to am such an opponent as I his
as the general question. ''Tis dee at lawee him," replied Martin,
Sheis now in hs agonies. MartIk faddrawn a dgger from his
breast, and stabbed him to the bearL.
The piece in which Martin exhibited, at Drury ane, was called
SHyder Ali, or the Lioal f Myore." In one of the scenes he was
dicoved asleep on a lion. In another he rescued two of his children
tram two boa-eonstritos, which had entwined themselves round them.
Is a so aacene, the spectators beheld him defended by two lions
MliL a body of Indiaa. The.b t eneof the peace i thl, of
u I hiave given yo a piuret te beginning ofthis aicle. Mar-
i mer a cae with a pear, and attack a lioness. Of course, k is
#inal b Saim bauJk. Bu the lionem plays r part very well,
- fIr i etem to be in a eat fury. Finally, however, As
mbl s and Martin Std oer her ia attitude of victory.


* *s1

a tnpe" k bin pb e:- y '
DI De. raas-uiu.
When I Vw a child about evilommfd may _ad- fm
liy, fIled my poek et with 9bw& I went dieWLy,
*op whee toy wer mold for l amM nd bigMf am
dof a 'whblt I oaftbI tt lI tWhe in ow
I voluatrily aed Lb all m i r ir -
theu cam ,bom, uaswas wbM bM, the UuW M qle
with my wial, but dr albnld family. My h3 i
irsu, and o, o adMRUl lM th brl I had mud tMel ml
bad given four in U mUshe ar ik ia w Lath. iThi pMw
mid of the god tin I migrt haI bmoht &,W dtwe sem irtl
ney: and tey laugb at mo so for my ly, that I criiod wMb

-lg< -r
k gavnme p "wro TfIs 'e a.', ak i "M
sooto ... t.

=- M to bay some unnecessary tbit% I, I 6f W
etf fwfror t' whistle; and so I I
A I gw p, came into the world, and-~eti of mn,
I tho I met with many, very many, who gsChg ehwA for Ae
When I saw any one too amblitio of mcou.rt-ia icing his
toe i attedance on levees, I W88eoss, li berti tue, and pr-
lpM his friends, to attain i;, id to myself, tLan gives too
iauch for hit whistle.
When I aw another fod of purity, onrbying him-
k slf in political bustle, anegisea his own affir, l' mining tthm
by thersa~lect: ie pay inMd seid I, too ainc Alb whist .
.f If kmw a inisr, who gave up e kind of eomfrtable living,
al the plesmre of doing good to otherall the eeem of his fellow-
eitinM and the joys of benevolent friendhi~ fr the ake of accu-
MimiDng wedth; Poer man'! aid I, you indeed pay tdo much for
When I met a man of pleasure, crificiog every laudable improve-
of mind, or of forisa, to m 0' gr tifdation ; Mistaken
I/ id I, ya Miw maOXidi yfe, indtod of plea-
^|p ;. eyou tg gve t /,ye.k !wi"
If aw onee foad fd ine equipage, all
above his fortune, fr which bd ended bis careerin
prison; Alas I said Ah ha tc for his whistle !
In short, I coneived that great ies of mankind, are
brought upon them liy the fe h make of the value of
things, and by their giving too much r wriatles.

Jame Brown was borm ats farm hoen. He had not seen a town
or a city when he ws tem year old.
James Brown rse from his bed at six in the morning during the
summer. The men and maids of a farm-house rie much none than
that hbo, and goto their daily work. Some yoke the oxen to the
plough, e big the .me in from the field, nome mind the hedges,
mmme m the land,4r sow sed in the good, and some plant

aa- AI


young trees. Thorns cae of tih heep, and who are
(6lled shepherds, take theZ'T from the fold, and lead thea teo ti
pasture on the bills, or in the pn meadows by the running brook
The maids meanwhh baste to milk the cows than chur the butur,
put the cbeese into the cheese prs, clean their dairy, and feed the pigs
geese, turkeys, ducks, ad chickens.
James Brown did not work in the Afids; so when be roe boam h
ied, his fir care wua to wath his fbce sad hands, to combat ras
his hair; and when thes things were done, and be hd *Al6lB-
ing prayer, he went with hi father abkot the fInm, n-e
gArden. Garden-work ws very proper e t
agea ad se. w. ,

Jawiu ha8 a cousin named Thomas, an Thomas Brown ons
mcametopay James a vis. The two boys were very glad to e each
other, and Thoms told James of the famous city of London,where he
lived. He spoke of the pacious paved street, crowded all day by
thronged of people, and lighted at night by rows, on each side of the
way, of glass lamps. He told him of the fne loyshop, where all
kinds of playthings for children are sold: such as bate, balls, kite,
marbles, top, drums, trum^pe whip, wheel-barrows, shuttle, dolls,
and babyhouses. And of edher gut sheps, where M moulies,
silks, laes, and ribands ll th mad ke nagay picture
,to attratthe pame by.
S~Hed ribed ali the Mnble bildig, and the peat rer Thames,
L arMl ehd bridge buik h f tone. He poke of the immense
inhbr of boats, b es, and veaels that sai and row upon the
T'bames, and of the great ships that lie at anchor ther, which bring
s tores of goods from all part of the world. He tolhim of the King's
pale, and the Qun's palace, of the park, andthe caal, with e
state twan t Oare men swimming on it.
Nor did be forg to describe St. Pa.l c, with i fine choir,
Sijy dome and cpeas, and ts onriu'd ri agalHery, where a
t 'r brahed to t wall on asM ide, is p ieuend by the echo,
And thWbe d ar heare rd alO th of the gallery.
HIN o6ke aei of WgeMMato n Au e Altl M Gothic building,
vwa li contains a grea numberof mnumeitu, erected there to keep
live the remembrance of the actions of great and wise men.
He likewise told ,Jae of tie Tower 4( London, which is always
guarded by soldiers iiml one part of which he had seen lions, tiger,
a wolf, a spotted penher, a white OGeeland bear, and other wild
imsts, with many sorts of monkey.
.Thuroa talked very at on thee subjects, and a James, who had
s seeu any thing of the kind, was quite silet, and seemed a
l" much surpried as ped with all that he heard, Tboma began to
" hnk hmis com was bt ta dull stupid tt aboy. But th next
when they went out into the Ied, he d that James had
as rh knowledge a bimrlf, aho of d em kind.
Tboma knew t wui nstm nor m oem rye; not did be
&orw de eak tie b e, nor te ash krm dhe willow. He had

heard that bread- mim t ord af amtr e imwi me
in a bar .ft mer l d, ever seen a At r

orfbwing "eer, ro(de
inln l lather. th

aKtnmli t do
These ni
a year I ml
month. o bIihig e nii ^
o9wi l p dgi f IoriE r ind that rl o ese amuitry AT l
toih d ounda heHdeedi si te. erno L edeo, kn ew I d


Some of the advetoisof our countryime, with the dIndIsdthi e
wedt, are so triking, that, oughth true, they bave tbe aphpens
Action. I .
in Kentucky, by the nvatme of Yaes and Downing, aet out together
in pursuit of a houe which had myd ay into the woods. Towards
evening they found themleeve six or seven mlew (em home, anid, A
that time exposed to danger from the Indians. Downing even bqe
i fancyhe heanb the cracking of ticket in the bewhes behind
bt Yates, who wae deerbat exjeriesd as a heater, enly
at his fears.
Donirng, how er, was atlnadie H s etil thMog the lat s
were folowiag d*m, sad at dlte" dou dla toed e- Od '.
hAkele his he allowed VYaIes IOrt eeMd s 1ee0 Meia,N
mad aMteeddsdygmaga
9he ri j aB iei oeinr or bIlla- he -rt -'t IR*-l
*_f : '1 .. .. 1: .' ';*

ever aeam"l just at te M and did inat thnk of bovining
aiay more for several minute.
s~i ooner w Iooutd, @04 than Downinrg saw two np~w
own out a( a..mA braJlswo hok icautkixuly afer Ya"s Fearful
IW they had 4v ma, WO 440A hb imW4 he determined to on
*=4 W his L hand was% sxWW that he d.a#.r.W his gun wkk-
AiA "7~~if abnr, and thenr, n& b be hd run on or twelve rods,
Sw am whoshadving thed the wpor&of t e gu w comin
- s t*iM wrha u the watter. Thu Ios Y we~now is W
P84 Yato wo gad to run away wib Dow
,,Pber'4. Tam sed aW the anmr b~rr oo
1Wltibly to #a absod of =Am% The hr mwt,
MW SRWW do two 'But b) ~r
wsrly 46A Wn a. BeMiss i,


-1- 1

k re n wthlk a.

made fat el t irof

"ment 0r s sprang I p oa bi and a
The Indian yelled, and stabbed with bI knil;
bugeld hit celdly, and semeaorei to tear blt, i
anxios toM atdlong to w the end of th te'
with new cow and *.OhMd i .ben itCb
aAer a hot ch sw, Wrsi time behfni .
On the next morning, they Cllected a party, and
poplar tree to ascertain what bhd become of the ivtdiac
could find no traces of eiler. Both, they concluded,
their lives, though n4rwkhowt injury.

Spring is the season for little laini. This ourrderu in the emb.
try know full weji without being te.' Who, among them al, hls
not en their gaibo e? Not a May pit r -rarely an Apri-whbm
you cannot see the lamb of the lock slleting in little parti, jtnmp-
ing and skipping over the lawn; or playfully, (aruwe have somietd
seem them,) leaping from a sorek ora green bank, me aLferi'
other, somtimes bgr of their mother, who -
aftr them as hifead Ihey 4thedabed in pin a t
ildesi?~u th,- 1 I *

7 l.b
,wf I iiLhuti



omi o Then, poorlamb what becomes of k Ah what
W baoeas of it, rather, if there were no kind shepherd, or shepherd-
lhud tsake casrrof k7 Many a lamb whoe mother bad do-
-,or died, has been raised by hiding it with the milk of another
sheep, or omes other animaL Sometimes a sort of sucking bottle is
mproNd in which he food is put; at others, it learu to drink at onoe
SfOrilrc or soma other vessel.
ret has caught a little lamb (as you ee in the engraving;)
but what is she doing with it? And why does Trip, the house-dog,
mamifet so much joy on the oeauion ? What does he care ? Why
dam he rum barkiig along before Margaret, and her friend, and the
lamb? You need not trugle or bleat, little lamb. Surely Margaret
S wl neither hurt you, nor let Trip.
SWe will Ihineg just now what would have become of Jane, and
Charles, and arriet, if when they were scarce a day old, their nothen
had run off and left them to shift for themselves. But mothers do not
often act thee. They speed almost their whole time, moth after
moath, and yar after yer, in auseding to the wants of their children.
When4he lamb i a f mt other old, it goe wher ess, and takes
ae of uilf. M mA do mother to furih k w dand caI hal
adl bad. and ooVming, and shlwhr. But hew nmay, mr y f
shmdma msed seme or dl hasn at the head e(heir plrn I Wih
boh mdau shM lamb aad dt M difler
^\. i .

2 .

uI iw mid Jaanes,,M s 3 asd a hk t p aui .
on tbe green sard,-"I k e Nini aI liege|' 4
are. They hawo told no werM- M .rc in -
ports, nor have they eamrb tn aUMdii or pmaioftl,or mre.wiM
They do not appear guilty or ahaned-when they lk at ed Gr,
or at me, u I pau; but who am apt think myself far better th
they, can scarcely look at my superior, aerabve all, upward toward
Heaven, without feeling guilty. They-happy catur-a-har o
co1ncience "
Well, James, if you have done wrnmg-if you have told w
stories or been angry, or revqgeful, or done any wicked thi, wav
ever,-you must do so po mdk That is one thing, J f:
must do something e.e. You mat not only leavwd ding
edly, bt ask forgiveness of thoi whom yottfave iajurnd but am
all, of your Fither, who i in Havea.
But that is not all James. It is not eaugh t Oat yaOle a l
your coduct, and pray to be forgive, aed seas o do i4, (a
to do well ;"--, hio g l mai nri; pre wiAt. A gQ 44r a.
Atmp, or a rocV.r to m hsll; lad p ANy hlSlat
but wolid you be wounatanted to be aa uk R Uwor Ma hAib .
ES Jam.; pur am sr Abr astle thim aL

P" on W t *W-- '

no harm. ~sh ould indeed shun, as you would a veomous
rpihi ISt that is not Ai ; notbya great
deal .wl a dom b are
DpI have no
mocy r^rd ^&ari yf r this
K0 uI jI~e )ts you
w e a know; but
there are a bil giving money.
S yea thyMid" ele kind
Nds, Y: lw y will not
my at W powr. Wy, how
mass, d p in a day 7
Hmayo prm e a' S every one of
th a siig happy otenance Ad will it not make them
h To ay po-shly.go further, aod do some of them good
wqUl mdon ki d ds. If you can, so toahthe better.
ao re is n wet of good to be do, in a world like this.

Tbre an few boys, ten year of age, who have not beard or read
about Putaam and the wolf. It is a, ory which will be read by the
young, for ought we know, as long su the world stands. Nor are we
often content with reading it once. Most of us read it again and
Min, and he last time with nearly as much interest as the irst.
SIrael Putnam was born in Salem, in Massachuetts, January 7,
S~~I. In the year 1739, when he was A his 22d year, be, ewpved
Sw hisb family to Pomfr4t, in Connectio forty milM easM a r .
1Tbkr1iry was then new, and Mr. Putuam, who was'
blefht a new farm, and immediately engad in building
and bar fdig woods, making fence, sowing grain, seuit out or-
b*d.,'and racing catle ad sheep.
S LM. PUna ot oaly m with the omm dMiouea of caring
mp a lhad, but wit very grat trouble fr wdyv Tere was
S wr m inh i w tb o woo ds ,t ar e with b her wbeper,
Wlff andM thk er1 ahe***irgth.h-A n f. M a yA

*. 'I [

She did not spare those of Putnam. In one night, e lost W st ,.
fine sheep and goats, besides having many lamb and kids wounded.
The people had tried, for some time, to destroy their cunning old
enemy, but thus far without success. They sometimes shot down the
young ones, but the old one, when purmed closif, wouM general
run into the western woods, and after some time MtMd, and begin 'V
work again. ,
Tired oit widF bher depredations, Putnam and five of his nehl. '
agreed. uint, two at a time, till they could demry her. S h '
lost the ti of one of her feel, in a steel trp, o that she made al .i
track shorter than the other. This enabled them to distiaguitbhi
track from that of any otherwolf.
A light snow having jvt fallen, the hunters soon fetd her trf&k
They pursued her to OoMaeameu river, a"d thea :bher toPbm
and at length the bloodheomd dree hr ito's a
airfst h Mr. Inaml house IIPo abllls |

T -'r


deg, ns traw re, and sulphur, and tried to bum her out, as they
aled it; k Aet. They ment in the dogP but they got
badlye1n1 ed to Nwa .
.'do clek the evening withet B y uecess,
um ii nired i1an, to 41amoe the tare
sl*wJ l r abaidu to wture. tUwl n was ro-
as this, im IdM i. wa pll if e a seward- *ii fatily.
Iwalt f *ia If Vm ,, h. eroIe isa ,ps and

dei aw aain. dMa. I de
a,. a st eIre; sh e pre ere.
ofe aeshus ad asing plld f his.
loswMae a. as. hib by which he
y ba s t anlm irwl'p hnt ls k it, he pre-
of rths evera is aba tw fe sms. Tou descend
duei tL Moen lM et, the khoriaoetally ten more,-
giS rall y hl l er rs-n mnrihe ed. lThe cave is nowhere
aor th*m dim towo lls a i ir hig enough any whertfor a man,
ap stand up in. Thea tat in is na ly covered with ice,
und is very slippery.
With his torch in his hand, he new entered head foremost, and
nwled aong the first sixteen fee, till he came to the horizontal part
tie den, when he halted, but not a breath could be heard. His
towsi made a light circle of light, but around it the darkness was al-
mor like that of Egypt None but wild beasts had .probably ever
ben there before.
He continued to erawl along, very eautioudy, over the horizontally
qpt of ten feet, the Ie moment he came to the last or ascending por.
tim, the fery eyebale of the wolf appeared. She was sittuip a the
very end of the den. Starled at seeing he torch, she gnashed her
teeth, and gave a leen growL The people at ihe mouth of the cave
Sbeard the growling; and as he had fouAid out where she was, and
kicked the rops jut at that instant, they eopcuded the wolf had at-
teaked hin, and drew him aut uf the ae so swildy sa almost to tear
hb dothe eo beld- severely bruiatg him in several plads.
anaivangoisd his dcask Ma loadid his se with aie bhok

S. L

shot, he took hiirgn re one hand, and his torh in tid edis I*l
went into the cave the second lime. Venturing a Jdit nearer tbhl
before, the wolf looked more ferce, and howled n trily tiw
ever. Perceiving that be had ventured about far ,.ilie and know-
ing by her rolling her eyes, snapping.her teeth, addropping her bhet
between her (pre leg, that she was about to spring at bhi, e took
good aim atler head, ad fired.
The people who held the rope, hearing the gua, doew him out do
the cave again;. but the shock of the gpn, and the ick smke, had
almost taken away his senses. AMer waiting emie tie for the .M '
to escape, he went down.ouc more..
Approaching the wol, and hplde his toel ta hs oe nshe
once she was dead, uponuwhich be took old of her ean,
kicked the rope. The people above, with hous of Igpt ji
dragged them both out together.

In a..lle town,. vemilk from St Ptmwbigh, lived' ilrn
womnn. A small cottage wa, her ooly poMssmon, and a e *d
ew shipmaeter on their way to Peterburgh, her onl li hvelilm .
Several Dutch shlipmisters having supped at he hhoue one evening,
she found, when they were gone, a sealed beg of money under the
table. Some one of the company, had no doubt fogotten.it, but the -
had sailed over to Cronetadt, and the wind being fair, there was no.
chance of their putting back. The good woman put the bag into beh
cupboard, to keep it till it should be called ar. Full saenyeam, how-
ever, elapsed, and no one claimed it; and though often tempted by
opportunity and opener by wansto make uwof lthe conrtea,.the poos
woman's good principles prevailed, and it remained untouched.
One evbn4mn, some shlpmnsters again stopped at he houe a 1e-
freshment. Three of them were Engliah, tie furtth a. Dutchmaan
Convening on various mater, one of them asked the Datobmam if
he had ever been in that town before. Indeed, I have," rpled h
" I know the place bit too well; my being hIe, coi me ow asRM
hundred ibles." "How otP "Why inoe ofthem wrtehdbov
1 one left behind a a bag of rudies. Was Ihe Ierbal; r .

the olt wmvtn, who was sitting in a corer of the room and whose
attention was roused bhtthe subject. Ye, yes, it wa sealed, and
with his very seal, hei'eat my watch chain." The woman knew the
al# i imtand, "Well, then," "aid she, "by that you may recover
' 'what you tls loa." "Recover it, mother No, no, I am rather too
dd to expect that; the woe.is not quite so honest -besides it is full
seven years since I lost th9 mnaey;--my no more abouLt, it always
makes me melancholy."
%Meanwhile, the good, woman slipped out, and presently returned
with the bag. See hee," said she, "honesty is not so rare, perhaps,
as you imagine;" and threw the bag on the table.
The guests weft astonished, and the owner of the bag, as may be
e appoed, highly delighted. He-s ied the bag, tore open the seal,
Mok out one ruble, (worth 4i. English money,) and laid it on the
table for the hostess, thanking her civilly for the trouble she had taken.
The three Englishmen were amimed and indignant at so small a re-
ward being offered, and remonstrated warmly with him. The old
woman protested she required no recompense for merely doing her
daty, and begged the Dutchman to take back even his ruble. But the
SEoBglishmen insisted on seeing justice done: The woman," said they,
S*has acted nobly, and ought to be rewarded." At length, the Dutch-
t man agreed to part with one hundred rubles; they were counted out,
.* lid given to the old woman, who thus, at length, was handsomely re-
*warded for her honesty.

There was near Potsdam, in the reign of Frederick the Great, a
mill-which interfered with the view from the windows of Sans Souci.
A qled by this eyesore to his favorite residence, the King sent to in-
qihe price for which the mill would be sold by tle owner. For
S~ pe," was the reply of the sturdy Prussian-and in a moment of
anger. Frederick gave orders that the mill should be pulled down.
|c "The King may do this," said the miller, quietly folding his arms,
Jbut there are laws in Prussia;" and forthwith commenced proceedings
I* Hinst the Monarch, the result of which was, that the Court sentenced
S leridk to rebuild the mill, and to pay besides a large sum of

money as eemr don for injury which he bad dom. The Kieg w
mortid, but a d the magnanimity to ay, mIdnm g him-If to hi
courtiera-" I lad to ee that just andM j --exisi amy
kingdom." .
The above mdote is well knownlo eM fnm M h.
tory, but it is neemary to be related aher.o at it to that
which follow. About three years oP, t fii head of an boome
miller' family-his name is Pho qk- d, ia due eouo of time,
succeeded to the hereditary pammaind of dMi lii.b eaest, adhng
elf, after a long struggle with bIE oecdiad b war whi
brought ruin into many a boose biddls hi ows, f~ d i peauniary .
difficulties that had become insm aISohwm tio KeSp ea
of Prussia, reminding him of the nfil~pi d by PreMl th
breat at the hands of hiM ancestor, a ad that if his Maisry Br -
entertained a similar desire, to obtain pauisn of the propty,it
would be very agreeable to him, in his present embarrapd ce-le
stances, to ell the mill. The King wrote immediately to him with
his own hand, the following reply:-
"My dear neighbor, Icannot saow yoa to sll the rill-it mast
remain in your pomsseon as long a one member.of your family exi '
-for it belongs to the history of Prusia. Ilament, however, to hear
that you are in circomatancee of emban ament-and I therefore send
6000 dollars, (about 1000 sterling,) to arrange your affair, in t .'
hope that this sum will be sufficient for that purpose.
* "Consider me always your affectionate neighbor,




F, 3

8TOSnt *


'. j 5

'. '" '

kiW .. *

T T .0 I I4 ,

Ather. so, my Io, the Buiotyou 1 idr woik,
you must awap go o reading 84!h ti sMi toun
determined tob boe o Ii io s ot
you to college: Yot wodid i b6oal.
So. I amnot anxiova to.goo oeI|q i i *.
a great deal that I dips 16tr4 honet es i
F. Yes, I know that,,' a grth. IsMo-4
times wish you qoUol 6t AOp
S. But why not, ahier Whm i.o ii y... my
reading? You always sayy o havbe o 6 to bto i
ing books; why are you not willing I h ld read them ?' .f
F. Read them I Why, ny son, I haMe nothginsg aga
your reading. I like to read, myself, at proper times t
places, but you are always at it .
S. But surely, my dear father,' you Mt fl not sayt
neglect your business for the sake of .eading. Y4
certainly allow that I work as many houa~s, apd :as
and do my work as well as Francis and Gr Do jta
ever see me with a book in my hand, whekh'there is any
thing else to do?
F. No, no, my son; never, that I kiow of. But you ar
always atit when there is nothing else to be done. A
you read too muh, by half. You'll have your hedoad :t

.itb reading so much, the next thing t*at happens;-like
ar fher, never fear that. Such books as I read
will never craze my mind, I assure you. It was not read-
Sm so much that craed Captain astle.. It wa getting
hie head full of fanies about th "propheies," and all that,
you know.
F. Well ; rqd on; I'll Sadyou books. But there
a o noiiach ofbooks when I was a boy. We
saeltl~ ,. btW ht the Psalter, and the Testament.
S. to ir i reaso, I suppose, father, because they
Were not to be had.
F True, books were not so plenty then as now. But I
say go on; read all the books you please When you have
read-that in your hand through, I'll buy you another.
S. I am much obliged to you, father. The book I have
il my hand, however, is not yours I drew it from the
F.I thought it was "Humboldt." But whatisit, pray
S. A volume of the Library of Entertaining Knowledge,
about Insects.
F. 0 now! you don't surely spend your time in reading
about insects
S. There is no subt in the world I am more fond of,
I assure you, than well written accounts of insects. And
see here, father; see the e n vings Why there's more
than 150 of them in his vd .
F.Strange! strange -What's the world coming to?
when I was a boy, we scary ever heard of
an j in habook. AMAnow you have t10, you ay,
iM thJ' volu~moe 1!

W, Wy..-- 71

Yb;hem an one bumd&Wddm&i 4vwwS*

FAh~y diM they not, S a i an 01 411*4bodi" $*p
abiat, itl
S. &Are yoao iu
A Oh Heel&to**4~1bu~~u
to mre pictures Of at tl be
sides we earka-n."Of l.a.n ..
00601v To Wt.rtkhw
S. Yes, but there aue w eb JL 7v
And then the, 4ade, whidboes etur i
mmost beyond be*eft W
F. What woadersdo ffi e"a of t 1
S., Why I wqa read*ng jut awboull'ths1; howdi
builds a kint of boatt dhprqp .
*F. Howdoes anybodykaw1t? .* ,
8. NattwalB .h~am *usrfbed thus, an sekBm 4
through the wholemradbm They-go tos ea-If
et of stagaut water, wbere taeiware plenty 4gn* e
watch them But thev lt eaaIj-.*y about fw 4
six o'clock in the S Moa. o IshTould like toreadit to you
father. if you please.
F. Yes, yes; read on;but Ido.at think I shall bebimve'
S Oh, I think it is aertaiml tr, faber,.for--
F. Well, will; ieadI6f.
raft, objet ofhthe gW is to osmtab bi
raft, which wiot, f of i'stheavy enough toi i
ter if dropped into it one 'on. Timea -en 67s0rlo
the frm Of a pooket dePopvr As*-nsk rtb
Upper U& *ord st 04 -(Pr wi* a.:it
tbe mduth of ab botl.


7 .
The fust operation of the mother gnat is toa x herself
by the four fore-legs to the side of a bucket, or upon a float-
ig leaf, with her bodylevl with and resting upon the sur-
face of the water, ex.epting the last ring of the tail, which
A ii a little raised; siWlIta Mr esIhot two hind lgs in form
f a&1X the inner ainbg 4. which is intended to form
th~saffoldb g of hre. he accordingly brings
thea inner angle of ba~s ssed legs d to the raied part
ofher body, and plinia it an gg, covered, as is usal
among i n w''f gflutminm u d. On each side of
this an~sothr, all which adhere firad togeth-
er by'i L glue, and form a triangular figure thus
*,, which is the stereo of the raft
S" She proceeds in the same manner to add eg after egg
in a vertical (not a horizontal) position, carefully regulat-
ing the shape by her crosial legs; and as her raft ioreases
i mgnite, she pushes the whole gradually to a greater
distance, and when she has about half finished, she un-
6rosses her legs and places them parallel, the angle being
no longer necessary for shaping the boat.
Each raft consists of from two hundred and fifty to
three hundred and fifty eggs, which, when all laid, float on
the water secure from sinking, and are finally abandoned
by the mother. They are hatched in a few days, the grubs
issuing from the lower end; but the boat, now composed
of the empty shells, continues to float till it is destroyed by
the weather."
Here, father, the picture the of he gnats farming their
boat. At a, there, on the let hand, is a boat just egun;
at b, on the sight hand, down low, is one abo .two-thd
built; and at c, is another quite completedL .

.. ... A f .

F. They a o r smat ay sto,,ti i
well of their app.waee. But *t*,"er; I
getting quite itrested with yartor. i.
8. One wn r juully derie litt vwti utr 1a
sembling a Londoa whsny, b san rp ,ad t, L
sailon sy,fore Mt i (od f'd aends,
and always featie hag kl. "r'the most io.tntti
tion of the water,'e adds, 'ouanot sink it, pad k
more extraordinay, ad a propeIty till a i
our life-boats, though hollow, it arner become illed h
water, even though exposed.
"'To put this to te.test, I placed half a dozea of these
boats upon the surface of a tumbler half-full of wate: I
then poured upon them a steam of that element ftom th
mouth of a quart bottle, held a foot above them. Yet fter
this treatment, which wan so rough as actually o perojest
one out of the glass. I found them floatwin ase upf
ir bottom, ad wt a.r ot water wi" theP ,'
We hae r atedly dt.to the i tom of
of water; easwy e ea ia aialfly M

Now father, I uha s o to .; pi ure. This is
one of the gnat's lar boats, l rge, just as it
appears when we ook at it th microscope.
- .,Up This is a et woth seeing. But
4 e al ,y don, it rather too laqe a story. should
prefer to see for mysel Come, John, let us go over to
JPe :;mab- tomorrow mioreng and watoh. There are
Alwys giats enough& thera.
8. We ought to tart by four o'clock. It.will the take
fiUl aun rise to walk there. Shall I all you, at justfour
: look.
F Certainly, for I should not wake so early myself.-
These gnats are very early riers

When ,a insect first issues from the egg, it is called by
tl aS LARVA; but in common language a caterpillar,
,or a sggot. Th, .~6gene'r i idea seems to be, that
of mPoths or btterfieos produce caterpllars; those
gbes, was, grubs and those of blow-flies,
But rae s .ots ae

T 1,meal-

Of the b
doubles i.ts
whole year to be 80 tO
it issued from the L man, .l
slower still. He isl eight
20 times.
Some larv rave fet; oti' Ne
of them h haveir
have any yoMtET ay
and as they inoream in sze, which t Iiny g
Sthre bwlWa i -9
abe by the operation of M lI
.holiei Ir; ( fi it r A A
to obserw rt ofr Ihet 4ad o fbchicm hB
andvoio3 wffliUdaStbbahii of 6't
they spptse ivr bbdy* ew. Bthty f da i
ber that though they may he Penogh tooser
the habit of obser say, ofp
Ni through the wo t n1t f
of the young ane object of the
avenile laeto th coamaity.
These who have a irsat o as ges
an extent that ad
ideas, winl 'w1h to lb
and forbe this,
."_otpt my stoiy. *
" .'
"i l M*ljL ,,
".h abitof o~ervl a1

4 1hwre sls show the.vrious form of insects, in
tieSlarva atof thian Woe ahe priced, now,
t Id e tt hfL at cbange.
AAer the larv have become full wn, they shed their
a bfor, the lst time, ad oemplate cnge of form,
d a ih a febw z .ase to eat; and main m
til- *Wie an e a*tb this change, doee not lose
its legs, or ooutinue touet sd move, it is called a nymph;

as in the Npper fpt of this e* g. But when the

- .

- -7 .~jg -

inner skin of thlrams is sea ito atm g a ndi or
latbary covering, which waps4 slupk
a mPwyi, It is toWd fr u ufij to aA
infant, in iraM slal. 1t
pupa ina shows Ibyhe o igune ar
the preoedig pe. .

S I 4?


(~ 3

Many p apps rt u if coWed oar, at Iast
urt of tie, With N al Mis
Greeks o5ted 01"- il gt*
salis. PeS fua Isrftii "LIIoUte

r. thes.Nes ; linktl tb@ der, sh
are not

~Y 3


T'is 9
L t-1


WhrAthe pup has r6nimed sometime in its aaes like
aq of$lyn lad all wiAho shape, it usdergoes on-
Sdli b a ehsag awhisk rc iwvht cleak a -per-
oi in"e& L M q i55lelI, d the iHaeot,
whwritlm d i t hd o* ik ahuAe; by whioh
name he meant to 'ly'that it had nov bcame a perfot
mage of its pcie.e the engrving.
This on of hee o f insects, is in some
of them i ort, indeed; live a year, and
some moo r. Tbh lig never increase
in size. pTh g to caterpillars, to
go through coage whi have under-
ne after number quickly die.
it is wi g, and provision for
Sposttey thoq remarkable in-
s tot-su providing sheer, laying i nourishment
for the c., whieb have been the wonder of the
curious and inquisitive 'o .
Many philosopbers a resemblance between
th. inect e bee speaking of, and
thoee which ng p~ throgb. Our existence,
here, they co 'te mnect in i t va state-that
of the worm or The body, sting "in the
rave. until the renrredion." they have combared with the

ALi .

cotr"ob. I
Wottwng I, &Zdi

God' reab i~tue
ablmes to bersion
or b7 oarly j r o
able arvenion bi~~
Godss erera i;'i t d f i l iu



It is a most interestigsight to witness a large colleo-
S tion of snKwoams; to see them eat, and watch their pro-
gras. One thing whioh st"kes us mot, is the familiarity
of the owners with these digsting oreaturs,-as we are
often at fist'disposed to oaBll te1 'The dilk people take
thee worms p in their handtbd 9pear to think no
more of it than they would oftakipg u a brd or a kitten.
And why should they ? Are they not equally clean and
inoffensive ?
China appears to be the native land and home of the
silkworm; but they are now raised, and the silk business
carried on in many countries both of Asia and Europe,
and In the United States.
Only a few year since,'however, it was a very singular
ting to find a family in the United States that kept silk-
worms, and made silk; but, within a short time, the em-
S ploment has become quite common Great attention is
S beginning to be paid to the setting out and rearing mulber
j trees; and we venture to foretell that fty years more will
not pass before silk will be made in this country to an ex-
tent of which few, at present, have any conception.
In the county of Windham in Connecticut, and espe-
cially in the town of Manfield, the manufacture of silk is
already carried on to a very great extent. Hundreds of the
inhabitants, particularly females and children, are kept in
pretty constant employ, for six to eight weeks of the sea-
son, in feeding and attending them. They were introduced
there bout seventy year ago. Forty year ago, they
raised 26 b. a year; in 180o, 3,90 lb This i more
than is manuhct rd in any other. p e in the United
States; and the buses is costantly idmreasing.



tinrtytwo spidie f if-'
forthrowing; i ar M for soft
silk winding; and om. i emloys fity per-
sons more. "
What you see in the r, is a boh froA a tnulbmry
tree-with two silk*rms o it.r Yoae thAey hae bgun,
each upon his le, ad se sgnawio g aay as fa t as ty
can. When t"ey become W.lae ad strong, they pake a
very loud noise tin sa4 you it hear them at tlt
distance of arod ;
The egg from whi the ilkwoispoducd,I ely
round; and in size te Mles a ior d Ne ~e
first laid, it is ofi a Bi O ta, oon cha a
uhs color. Tey are la by the uo paper. -.
shpdthen 4 bepA4 11y .,Oaf
and seeure place, for"the following Wh. Wen

S .

is one laid by, howev ., may b pleseedfrom year
to year, if pai tate the dry during the win-
ter. Sometime to or sa coarse
0loth, and color,
Asoot3, ee the
m to toe ; they
About tie e oplewd in shallow
paper trays, l t n, pe secure place,
where th blow, d iwere birds
and t cabs enao t aw latchhed. The
trays may be made of stot r, with he eges
Turned r an gh, rl sewed or pted ast
th ir Aeaber rwiadew qaites e i outh is
Sthb beer plae to set these
The ilkwoei, ate is we e seen, is a cat-
erpiar. When irrt etdhed, ; but when
n grown its color if a' s hat a small
aisle on each rde at ",t circles on its
,bak. It hassx fex thu near its head.
Besides these, it has ten Wholr t in the middle of the
bod, awd tio at 6e tiL.
mthe t im ci hntita it be i topin, the
lrr s ha a eah of win la6ti about
M day t" & lie siknee the fep m q*it its
ji'. r-od, aro VCOWSsi off its
".;*; ". ku
'* **' I % I
*'^ -*' ..f *. L A. il J- ._.. -A B' .i^


As -soou ua the worms come out of their eggs, yau min
prooure some young mulberry leaves, or if they are not
convenient, some sythat lettuce leaves will answer. Place
theue in the with
the gs, jut
pl=e %he dog
this, very

ho ao er, or
a camel's er
I have A m at
first; but, are
a feat deal I must
not be used m ex-

Here is.& piderm of a of tree
Thir kind is saomtim e-for tie worms, but the white
are prrrfd. Tlhy look much alike, however.

it;. .L

The thoos Qr tany,i
be oleaid out every mon
about one third their ui~u
worms il% t..
and then -f 0 ay i
and put them into
In an old Om
of the p ainthy
", Te place wb
tired, free tfrm
noisome saell, O
upon so tar
apableo F air.'j
"For the.popoM' l
affeotionatle muw W
ful to auply their i
mother ofworms.
but not tillm ha .
which have not
any thing i m
suocory, the
tender oremature.
without a n
warmth ofeth
the fire 'a:
a smoke or a
to the y ond
foullnrh ; bftfae t

SWees. A-
.W'. i re are

Iled Iim o the
mion ao ts chaelbr,
I pot on cles clothe
e most not hare ate
re Sailed any wfd


* t" .

'I. *

,.' 7

a u the rsnff #he middle of
D eenisg th we iitounr; and

o h them frqi

.wh w ile ta while

O i Oe aoday;
of feeding,
S their third
a day, or
the fourth
ml th eycan eat.
wikweanl s are fed,
wh as possible. If they have
4i446, to air them, on a clean,
IzeIS to the orms. If the
thy should be allowed
iaftr they have got over
_0 a pa Cleansed, about
of dirt.. Their
deeper tban while
bej vifbe apt to crawl out,


IlB ;lQa qe, aW nd

~ir.... .~~LrL LL= -.L--rl~ A

I iss

18 1
maw gjg~o fIw

Fifth ag 10960 108 0

Sorted 1asvp4,I -al' 149 8

Lost, by edm 'so

O4 l If 4 T It

J. .

~:i3~~ll~d wf ta aj

wtnrorni digeted. Nor, ind do.a it swaoV quite
t, whole l,86 lbs. of sorted lavres. We most deduct,
Wk said, 165 lbs. or mofe, for li 0eu-i. f agents of
Uattean leaves stalbk, *at, a Go dht he worms from
one onos of ags es ilift oedy about 1,900 lbs.
But is a mot enormoo qaMlityof food. Why, at
this rate, maob silkworm one in about 30 day, not
&r from 00 ti ss its ow l htI SIppose Divine
Provideme had ordna d ar uta durg usm 80s days
of hit er.t isno ho b' ^B d.mU food in the
ears puspovrtieul K mht %l t at 100 lbs. he
o kUth derroutr ISM If t&s weoe 1ha cheap-
O 1t and oowrs sot of brad to be had in market, the cost
would ba lessI than *$754000 Pretty costly living, for
i', a langle me1th.
I orht j*t to ay, bere, that a"fer the dirt, &c., which
,~i t aieZ orwe I*o is deducted, it s found that the
Amount of food whish they sotally digest s only 771 lbs.
7 oz. 4.dn. of pare emres; and these prodooe 120 lbs. of
s lk cooons. What amazia featl a thse l

At of or forty4-t days after silkworm
ae6 m a b to ihwags 4 a dear, traspeant
'A ,.'
< ~ ~ *'.*'-'

/-. ** TS

pink, or fesb, color, porter a eir lk ooS .
they grow restldes, ad to mPme thsir food.


across the
it should 1 we
may pro web.
The we is
cavity WO
casts its
altogether a dak
brown, hi
told you, am.w ot e
at your ear; a"e
wind off thq .
there will b
comes a But
this would .alog
except in tm eama
The where

to heat o
within them;u
da.e by placing the v oolainiml th6 i an
oven, eted to about the sam degre as tsdt d blr*

. ,

'* Jr

oven, er his.leaves are withdrawn. Here they are -
fered to remain about an hour. 'are then withdam ,
but the oaod
about fie
There is be. bpe
baking the of dirt iA
dead leave, is ays deo
before tbe' w*
span. of
of perfo
They For this
purpose hsp*
fals of
water, Mad
be heatea A
short, a] b d
that d the
cocoons, Ie (
the silk Olwces.
See the di
The their,
with her arsdo-
scriptiou agewt-
ant, wh the silk
is laid u
as fast as

and is I- re
that crooses the N olQh
tion of silk thread ar o

"V.w .




or three sukigis, twisted together fo trgr the
-But the Itrongst uad m tort i the orfy-
sine, whi"
reel, and by
means ow f th
taken, a* -orm
stronger is ued
for the mak-
ing or0a form
a very i -
ing repri
gles; be, pe
post for a,,
cess, buted
in this ai4 a

varies f
that 12 prR lrs
2,800 w be
leaves, give con
averted into 1 ed -gro
de Naples. 9 )-
Silk, af%-.! r silk
and must, h h ii
in it, for reoeiv4

read fo
T ere WMM M be, tten. I
is that no other insect will eat the leaves of the mulbeP~
but the silkworm. Is not this a most rnnarkable provn
of Divine Providence ?






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