Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 The miracle
 The diamond
 Triumph the old goat
 Return of the gazelle
 The story of Kaboud
 Departure of the three travell...
 Unexpected relief
 The rivalry
 The first love
 Labor and hope
 Eight days' absence
 Conclusion of the first love
 Great combat between the goat and...
 Interior of the pavilion - Beautiful...
 Departure for Ispahan - The Palace...
 The second love
 Eight days' absence
 Conclusion of the second love
 Tardy reflections
 The choice of a profession
 Arrival at Ispahan
 New relations, a story
 The end of the supper
 Public debut
 Consulation with closed doors
 The gazelle at court
 Illness of the gazelle
 The exile and death of the little...
 The friend lost and found
 Return towards the Kingdom...
 Story of the three venders...
 The vial of virtue
 Back Cover

Title: Bardouc
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00001744/00001
 Material Information
Title: Bardouc
Series Title: Bardouc
Physical Description: Book
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00001744
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA1807
ltuf - ALG2093
oclc - 10285882
alephbibnum - 002221863

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Table of Contents
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
    The miracle
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    The diamond
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Triumph the old goat
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Return of the gazelle
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    The story of Kaboud
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    Departure of the three travellers
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
    Unexpected relief
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    The rivalry
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
    The first love
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
    Labor and hope
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Eight days' absence
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
    Conclusion of the first love
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
    Great combat between the goat and the gazelle
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
    Interior of the pavilion - Beautiful discovery
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
    Departure for Ispahan - The Palace of Olinde
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
    The second love
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
    Eight days' absence
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
    Conclusion of the second love
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
    Tardy reflections
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
    The choice of a profession
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
    Arrival at Ispahan
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
    New relations, a story
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
    The end of the supper
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
    Public debut
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
    Consulation with closed doors
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
    The gazelle at court
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
    Illness of the gazelle
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
    The exile and death of the little gazelle
        Page 191
        Page 192
    The friend lost and found
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
    Return towards the Kingdom of Simplicity
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
    Story of the three venders of Genius
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
    The vial of virtue
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
    Back Cover
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
Full Text







III WAsmieTow lmaunr.


A PzsIIAN king, whose name I shall con-
ceal, exhausted from severe illness, caused,
it was said, by his uncontrolled passions, wea-
ried his attendants during his long conales-
cence by the maddest whims and caprices it
was possible for man to exhibit.
He would frequently demand things. that
were incompatible. For example, he would
require that his cook should serve up meats
of an exquisite flavor, without using any in-
gredients that would heat the blood ; he chose

iat his musicians abould play to mm meian-
holy airs in very lively measure, and gay airs
i grave and'majestic, &c.
When our imagination has exhausted all
be pleasures which nature and reason offer,
t is necessary to seek them elsewhere; we
re still filled with a restless desire for some-
bing, we know not what.
In one of these weary moments, the king
caused his physician to be summoned; he
ommanded him to relate a story, to relieve
uim from this oppressive weariness. "Of
what sort shall it be ?" "It matters not."
' Serious ?" "No, no ; I will have nothing
serious." "Gay?" "No, no; I am wea-
y of gayety." "Reasonable?" "I am
ired of reason." "Extravagant?" "No,
to; follies please only fools, and I am
The situation of the physician was not a

mB ....

little critical. He felt the pulse of his patient,
and found that he had still some fever. Eh I
oh!" said he to himself, "the head of the
Great King is not yet sound; he vibrates still
between the delirium of fever and the sanity
of the strong man. He must have a story
that is neither reasonable nor extravagant; that
is not quite so easy. I will endeavour, how-
ever, to find a tale that partakes a little of
both; perhaps reason may please him, sea-
soned by folly, and folly find favor in his eyes
accompanied by reason; for there is a little
of both in the head of his Highness."
These reflections having passed through
the mind of the physician as rapidly as the
impatience of a sick man, irritable by nature,
required, he began the tale which I give to
the public.
Some chroniclers pretend that it amused
the king ; others assure us that it lulled him

by degrees into a quiet, deep sleep. I wil
not say what is my opinion; but I do no
wish the reader to adopt the latter, althbougl
it may not be improbable.

by degrees into quiet, deep sleep. I wil
not say what is my opinion; but I do u
wish the reader to adopt the latter, although!
it may not be improbable.


TUB mI LI . .




rfn awI a Wr








































env f un. p--- -- n--- i




r VIAL or . . 906


DOLCLU110N . . . 210



L YUNG goatherd, named Bardouc, dwelt
be summit of Mount Taurus; his cottage,
father hovel, amidst rugged rocks, was ex-
id to all the violence of the winds. A
pskin formed his only clothing, a mat of
v was his only bed. His most splendid
sts were composed of some fruits, the milk
is goats, and some roots that grew at the
of the rocks. A bard, knotted stick served
for defence and support. An old goat, of
go aspect, whose thick, shaggy beard
bed the ground, and a pretty little gazelle,


were his only household companions. The i
tie gazelle was possessed of charming vivacil
and the old goat of an unalterable gravity, whi
would have given one the highest idea of I
intelligence, if gravity always implies reflectic
As to the rest, it must be said, to the credit
this poor animal, that he possessed two virtL
very rare in his species ;- he was of a chast
proof against every temptation, and his ne
ness was so exquisite, that no Mussulman cot
observe more regularly than he the law
Notwithstanding all the charms of this soc
ty, Bardouc found ennui would sometimes
vade even his humble dwelling. Ennui! pI
etrates it not even into the palace of a vizil
in the midst of the various pleasures whi
riches procure, under the purple of king
within harems where are assembled the mi
dazzling beauties of Europe and Asia ? W
should it not, then, creep along the mat of
poor goatherd, who has, to adorn and enliv
h;a aulIatmul nnlv a w, at anA a an'all.


During a dark and stormy night, Bardouc,
heated between his goat and gazelle, looking at
is lonely fireside and his nearly extinguished
imp, flaming at intervals, presage of approach-
ng darkness, the winds howling and the poor

that made him shake from fear.
He rose hastily, taking his nearly exti
guished lamp; the pretty little gazelle at ti
same time leaped towards him, frisked ai
bounded around him, and, in the wildness
her movements, she hit the lamp, which fi
upon the old goat and burned him. Bi
douc," said the same grave voice which cou
shelled him to think first, and then spea
couldstt thou not walk more moderately
then thou wouldst not have burnt thy serva
and friend." "Hush thou !" said, with e
treme volubility, the same voice that first brol
silence; "is it worth while to make such
disturbance for a little wound ? Life won
be wearisome if it was necessary to be care
in all our movements."

~~ s~l-~~ ;~ smsnsm~l


3ardouc dared not believe his ears. "How! '
id he, "my goat and gazelle speaking and
asoning ? 0 Mahomet! is this a dream ?"
No, no, thou dreamest not," replied the old
*at; "the holy Prophet has granted thy
ayer; he has loosened our tongues, and en-
1wed us with thought; he has said to us,
You will communicate with Bardouc, and
Ilow him everywhere; you shall give him
ur advice, and he shall be the umpire to take
at which he judges the best.'" Hearken
mine," said the little gazelle, hastily inter-
pting her companion; I will counsel thee
tter than that old dotard, who, I '11 wager, is
re only to oppose us." "Perhaps," replied
i goat, "I may sometimes be obliged to
pose my master; but I will faithfully fulfil
a mission with which the Prophet has charged




THE storm had ceased, and the sun, in
his glory, sent forth his rays from the sumr
of Mount Taurus, and the most sublime spe
tacle was displayed before the eyes of Be
douc; but he had so long been familiar w
the scenes around, the verdant plains water
by grand rivers, that the landscape had lost
its charms for his eyes. We are not astc
ished at what we witness every day, and astc
ishment is a large ingredient in the emoti
which we feel in viewing the magnifce
scenes of nature.
Bardouc wandered hither and thither I
tween his goat and his little gazelle, and
communicated to them every thought of I

to him that be had not common sense; but the
little gazelle had the skill to refute in one word
this unpalatable discourse of her old comrade,
ridiculing it, and proving that Bardouc rea-
soned to a wonder, no person could surpass
him in judgment and genius. The poor herds-
man was, upon this point, of the opinion of the
One day, as Bardouc and his companions
were sauntering along in one of their random
excursions, they came to the edge of a preci-
pice, when Bardouc exclaimed, in amazement
and joy, My friends, only look at the bot-
tom of this abyss What a dazzling light glares
upward from the dark depths Can you tell
me what it is that looks so bright ?" It is
an enormous diamond," exclaimed the little ga-
zelle. "A diamond!" "Yes, without doubt,
and much larger than that of the Great Mogul."
" O Mahomet, how happy I am !" cried Bar-
douc; "what riches I shall obtain! I shall
have a magnificent palace, beautiful gardens,


the most beautiful women in the universe, an
eunuchs the most ugly and faithful !" A
these words, he was upon the point of descend
ing the precipice, when the old goat cried out
" What art thou doing, young fool ? Who cai
assure thee that thou wilt not find a tomb a
the bottom of this abyss ? Before descending
it is necessary to be very sure of ascending
This object that dazzles thine eyes appears t<
thee a diamond ; but all that glitters is not dia
mond; and thou wilt expose thyself to dead
for a chimera !"
Bardouc is undecided; he looks in silence
towards the little gazelle, who hesitates not tc
say to him, Thou must be a coward to le
such an opportunity escape of enriching thysel
for ever! Thou wast made only for a misery
ble goatherd, and thou wilt never be anything
better." "No, no," answered Bardouc, "]

xe to VUu uun tou pUD

ian descended sometimes with caution, some-
mes with precipitation. The nearer he
,ached the goal, the more his hopes were
flamed ; he doubted not that this object, so
eenly desired, might be the most beautiful
diamond in the universe. He at length reached
ie bottom of the abyss ; his heart beat quickly;
a stretched out his hand to seize the precious
measure ; but what was his surprise, what his
-ief! this magnificent diamond was only a
Ltle ball of phosphorus, which gleamed bright-
amidst the surrounding darkness of the
yyss, but eluded the grasp. Thus, ambitious
ols, your hopes are only sparks, that go off
Smoke !



WHAT have I done ? What will beco
of me ? How shall I escape from this ho
ble tomb ? Cursed gazelle Thy counts
have ruined me for ever. Canst thou find i
means to save me ? Thou preservest a di
silence. I am abandoned by all in the mi
of this horrible darkness; there is nothing
for me but to die." No, my poor mast
all have not abandoned thee; there remains
thee one faithful friend, thine old goat. 1
gazelle has deluded thee, and thou should
know how dangerous it is to be always of I
opinion. Thou art, to be sure, in misera
plight; but do not give thyself up to despa
in great perils man should have recourse


son, collect his forces, and employ them for'
safety. Wait till the sun has mounted
h in the heavens, and with direct rays pene-
tes and enlightens this abyss; then thou
ist see the path by which thou descended,
I follow it gently upwards. I will stand
n the borders of the precipice and indicate
thee the dangerous places, the rocks upon
ich thou must preserve thy balance, and
ich, if they were to roll from under thee,
uld plunge thee to the bottom of the abyss."
Bardouc accepted with joy the advice of
old companion, and avoided all the evils
could in this distressing situation. He at
gth reached the borders of the precipice,
2austed by fatigue, his body all bruised, his
ids and face sadly torn. His old goat ad-
ed him to return to his cabin, to sleep upon
straw mat, and leave to time and rest the
e of his cure. During the eight entire days
it Bardouc remained ill, the little gazelle
*ed not reappear before him ; but, in recom-
ise, the venerable goat was his faithful at-


'tendant, and profited so well by the occasion,
that he believed he had gained a lasting influ-
ence over his master. In effect, Bardouc
listened to him with attention, and promised
upon oath never to follow any counsel but his.




Tea ninth day, Bardouc felt himself much
hitter. Early in the morning, the little gazelle
ided gently into his hut, came creeping along,
id laid herself at his feet. Bardouc's first
pulse was to drive her away; but she had
i air so humble, a look so supplicating and so
under, that he took pity on the poor creature,
r he was good-hearted. He did what I
would have done in his place ; he forgave her,
omising himself never more to accept her as
For a few days, she was very discreet; she
'oke little, but enough to give her master the
isire to hear her more; from time to time,
1e suffered to escane some flattering APnrm.


sions, which directly attained their aim. "This
abode," said she, is not for a man like my
master Mahomet, I believe, destined thee
for greater things. How thou wouldst figure
in a beautiful palace, and splendid seraglio !"
All these phrases, delivered with address,
and apparently without design, in moments
when the old goat was sleeping, made a lively
impression upon the young Bardouc, sweetly
flattered his self-love, and gave him a desire to
take back his counsellor.
One evening, when the old goat slept more
soundly than common, the little gazelle drew
near to Bardouc, and whispered in his ear,
" 0 my dear master, deign to hearken to me
again I have given you unfortunate advice;
it was followed by evil consequences ; but must
one always judge of things by the event ? This
little ball of phosphorus, which appeared to me
a diamond, would have deceived many others.
I only wish your happiness, and the ill success
of a first enterprise should discourage none but
cowards and fools. I will dare, then, to repeat


you again, that this miserable cabia is not a
welling worthy of you. The Prophet has
at into your hands the means for quitting this
obscurity. Let us all three set forth for the
ipital of Persia. There you may exhibit for
loney your goat and gazelle. People will
>me from all parts to see and hear us. With
our genius and your handsome figure, you
innot fail to make an immense fortune, above
I when your escort consists of a goat and
izelle who speak and reason. This counsel,
sides, comes not from me ; it is an inspiration
om Heaven. Yesterday, even yesterday, I
iw you, in a vision, in the assembly of the
>urtiers of the Great King ; you eclipsed all
resent by your magnificence and beauty. You
ere mounted in a chariot, the wheels of which
ere of massy gold. The most beautiful
oursers of Arabia bore you in triumph before
e astonished multitude. Believe me, then,
y lord, this vision is from above ; and it is
even's high mandate which I have humbly
ceived to communicate to thee."


Bardouc is enchanted with this advice; he
waits for day with restless impatience ; and as
soon as the light peeps into his cot, he imparts
to the old goat the project he has formed, and
asks his opinion of an expedition that offers
him such brilliant prospects ? The old goat
shook his head, replying, Why quit this tran-
quil abode ? Thou forsakest the known for
the unknown. Thy father valued this hut; he
lived here, and he lived contented ; yet thou
wilt follow the counsels of a little visionary,
whose foolish fancies flatter thy vanity Fear-
est thou not to ihcur the wrath of the Prophet ?
Thou asked, for thy happiness, some beings
who had the faculty of speech, to converse
with thee ; he has granted thy wish, and thou
art not satisfied, but wilt turn to profit the good
gifts he has bestowed for thy happiness !"
" Silence thee quickly interrupted the little
gazelle, who perceived that such discourse
made her master .pause ; "be quiet, or bring
better reasons. My master is no longer a boy,
and thou wilt have him pass all his life in this


desolate abode, as a savage, amidst wild rocks
and ferocious beasts, without communication
with his own species, and in the most pro-
found ignorance of all which passes in the
world No, it is necessary that he seek to
instruct himself, that he form his mind ; that is
the first duty of man ; and, to extend the sphere
of his ideas, he must travel." I agree to
the necessity in such a case," replied the goat;
" but is it essential that my master's sphere
should be extended ? Is it certain and well
demonstrated, that by travelling he will become
more able, better, and more happy ? I can
upon this subject relate a story." "A story !"
quickly said the curious gazelle. "0, yes,
yes, I am ready to hear, if my master will con-
sent thereto." Bardouc, to give pleasure to
his little gazelle, manifested to the old goat his
desire to hear this story.




THE venerable goat then commenced his
narration. "There lived in a certain village
a poor peasant, who was the owner of an ass ;
this was not a thing very rare, but that which
was so was the tenderness the poor man
evinced for this modest companion of all his
labors. Every day, he was most assiduous in
his attentions to this dear object; he would
curry him till his skin shone like ivory; he
lavished upon him the most affectionate caress-
es, called him the dearest names, daily gave
him a new litter, and, when be rode, he gener-
ally threw the bridle over his neck. Let us
do justice to the ass: he was more beautiful
than asses generally are ; he had the most easy


md elastic gait, carried his head well, and his
ears were truly worthy to adorn the bonnet of
a mufti. But of what import is beauty to this
poor animal ? As to that, beauty in asses, as
in men, and charms of figure, should be es-
teemed a trifle ; ability is everything, and the
ass I speak of had sufficient, for he carried his
charge to a wonder, without stumbling, even in
the worst roads. Now, good, true ability, and
the most rare, consists in knowing how to carry
the rider. It is not astonishing that the poor
Hassan loved his ass much more than the grand
Schah-Abbas loved his fine war-horse, -much
more than a sultan loves the most beautiful
woman in his seraglio. The multitude of ob-
jects we possess abates the liveliness of our
affections. A poor man, who has only one
ass, loves him as another would love all his
possessions; he would love the individual less
if he was the owner of two.
One day, the good Hassan, seated upon
his asqavelled lightly towards the neighbour-
ine tnwn ha Pncnmntorald uann the mad a holv


dervis, who travelled humbly on foot. Tl
dervis drew near, and regarded with attentic
the rider and his animal. 'You are lookir
at my ass ?' said Hassan, with some pride
' is not he handsome ?' Handsome !' r
plied the dervis; 'he is charming; but it
not his beauty which astonishes me.' Wh
is it, then ?' It is an air of intelligence
altogether extraordinary.' '0, my ass hi
the wisdom of four common ones I have a
need of showing him the road ; he divines it
' Still this ass, my friend, is not nuch an a
as he is taken for. Will you sell him to me i
SSell Kaboud! I would not for ten tonnans
'I can truly believe it; he is worth a hundred
and I will give them.'.
It is seldom, says one, that human affectic
withstands the seductions of interest. Hasu
is ready to conclude a bargain so advantageou
when the dervis, after a moment's refectiol
said to him, I would scruple to deceive the
my poor Hassan ; I see thee dispos*o gih
up thine ass for a hundred tonnans; but


science 1 ount to warn iee wnU i wouia
very unwise ; I will propose to thee some-
ing much more advantageous for thee. This
s, does he speak ?' No, he never has in
s life, that I know of.' 'Has he learned
read, write, and count ? Has he studied the
Icoran ?' 'Never, I believe; all this has
)t entered his head.' 'How! knows he
either history nor geography, knows he not
e customs of the people, nor the chronicles
iat record them ?' 'By Mahomet!' said
ie countryman; 'if he knew all these fine
lings, you would see an ass more learned
ian his master.' This sometimes happens,'
-plied the dervis. 'Well, if thou wilt, I
ill give thee one hundred tonnans for this ass ;
r I will lead him with me a pilgrimage that I
hall immediately make to Mecca. I promise
iee that Kaboud will profit so well by his
avels and my lessons, that thou wilt not know
im for the same being on his return; he will
peak many languages, know the Alcoran by
heart, understand the history, geography, man-

DnrU, rUU uomsU 0U Uo DaUUsl, ,,u Wll mUUvU lMuro
learning in his one head than the whole acade-
my of Bagdad. This ass only needs to travel
for his education. In one year I will return
him to thee learned and accomplished; thou
mayst exhibit him as a wonder, and he will
render thee richer and more powerful than a
vizier. Which contract pleases thee best ?
Wilt thou take the hundred tonnans ?' No,
by Mahomet replied the countryman; I
am not such a simpleton! An ass who will
speak, who will know the Alcoran from begin-
ning to end An ass who knows history,
geography, and will carry in his head alone
more learning than all the academy What a
treasure what a wonderful animal! and how
proud I shall feel to be his master! You are
right, holy dervis ; he is as yet raw and inexpe-
rienced; here he has learnt nothing, can see
nothing but the minaret of his village. If you
promise me to bring him back, at the end ol
the year, as learned as you say, I consent to
lend him to you for your pilgrimage.' I


promise it, said te dervs. ur bargain
is concluded,' answered the peasant.
"At these words he dismounted, and embraced
the ass, holding this language :-' Kaboud, my
dear Kaboud, it grieves me to part with thee ;
thou art dear as my life ; but it is for thy hap-
piness, and it is not for ever. Adieu, my dear
Kaboud Thou wilt visit many countries ; ob-
serve attentively the places thou passes through,
lend a listening ear to all the conversations of
thy learned companions, and thou wilt return
wise and learned, the admiration of thy country
and the glory of thy master. When thou re-
turnest from thy travels, people will listen to,
thee as to an oracle, and all the world will say,
The ass of Hassan is the pearl of asses.'
The good countryman assisted the dervis in
seating himself handsomely upon Kaboud, and
then separated from his dear companion, car-
rying upon his own back his knapsack and his
little provision. He spoke to all whom he met
of the joy that be felt at the good fortune of
Kaboud. 'In one year,' said he, 'you


will see him, you will hear him ; he will have
more ability and learning than the iman of our
It is certain, that, if travelling instructs the
ignorant, the holy dervis fulfilled his duty most
conscientiously. He spared not his pupil, and
the shortest day's ride was fifteen leagues. He
wound along the coast of the Sea of Marmora,
passed through the delicious country of Nato-
lia; he entered, with him and upon him, into
Cesarea, where he engaged the most learned
cicerone to point out the antiquities of this cele-
brated city, and relate its history. They
sojourned some time at Aleppo, and the ass
heard the dervis recount that this city was
taken by the Arabians, under the reign of
Herodius, in 637. They surveyed all the
bazaars, where are displayed the riches of the
East, the most magnificent silks and most splen-
did jewels in the world. The dervis, without
doubt for the instruction of his young pupil,
questioned the merchants of all nations upon
the manners and customs of their various coun-


s. The ass listened to these interrogatories
replies; but he guarded himself from
making, without doubt that he might hear
'Soon the dervis and Kaboud joined a cara-
i travelling to Mecca. This caravan was
posed of many learned men, and Kaboud
nd himself surrounded by geographers, his-
ians, philosophers, astronomers, theologians,
its; so, if he had a true desire to learn, he
ald not be better situated. They next en-
ed Diarbec, where they visited the principal
es. 'Now,' said one of the learned geog-
ihers, 'behold the ancient Mesopotamia. Do
i see the beautiful city of Mosul, built upon
! western bank of the Tigris ? This capital of
gezird is one of the most charming cities of
ia ; it is opposite Nineveh, which is situated.
the eastern bank of the same river.' 'Nine-
h Nineveh I' exclaimed one of the pro-
ind historians; 'what! are we so near
M .rg ? After this exclamation, the eru-
e mb gave a superb description of this an-


cient city, such a she was in the time of he
glory. He recounted the divers revolution
she had passed through; and Kaboud bad a
opportunity of becoming as familiar with Kin
Belus and Queen Semiramis, as if he ha
long dwelt in the court of these illustrious pel
The caravan also stopped at the cities i
Edessa, Kazalain, and Haram, which is tl
ancient Charran, the place of Abraham's birth]
Near this city Alexander fought the famoi
battle of Arbela, and it is celebrated in histol
from the defeat of Crassus. Who would n
gain information from such companions
There was not a hill of which they knew n
the name ; the most wretched spot would r
call some glorious reminiscence; there w
not even a wall which did not present t
wrecks of some great monuments. The
erudite scholars not only described the citi
in view, but also those which the prospect (
not present; you would suppose they h
lived in each. Kaboud, even if he was a col

ion an, ought then to know the principal
cities of Persia, equally with an Armenian
merchant; it is impossible that he should re-
lain ignorant of what are the forces-of the
Pophi, and the history of all the wars the kings
f Persia have had to maintain since Cyrus
ie Great, even to the last reign.
" After the sojourn of a week at Bassora, the
aravan entered the desert. The conversations
ecame less frequent and less animated ; the
arty was exhausted with heat, and the cvanm,
i the fear that water would fail them, were
paring of words. In the mean time, after
saving Bassora, two theologians held a very
ong argument, which threatened sad conse-
uences. The two adversaries never attained
be point of understanding each other, but nev-
rtheless each displayed great erudition in the
efence of his own side. The Alcoran, and
he most famous doctors, were cited and com-
iented upon from beginning to end, with un-
ommon sagacity; and these disputes must
ya been very useful to Kahnundr m he had

mm Am t e


ipon all these points very crude notions. After
he contest between the two theologians, there
arose another, less important, it is true, but
Almost as lively, between two Arabian poets
who made part of the caravan ; they disagreed
n opinion as to the comparative merits of vari-
)us authors. All the Arabian poets, ancient
and modern, passed in review, and the two
ivals could quote from all; they recited from
hem, and disputed as to which of their favor-
tes should bear the palm for sublimity.
" The astronomers spoke little during the day;
>ut when they saw the heavens all strewed
with stars, they displayed profound knowledge ;
hey explained to the astonished travellers the
movements of the celestial choir, and the im-
nutable laws which preserved harmony be-
ween worlds scattered in immensity. This
instruction was absolutely new to Kaboud, who
iad never lifted his ideas so high. If he had
wver thought upon the moon, I would wager
i believed her not much larger than his ms-
er's lantern.


Thus, then, he could boast of having attend-
a complete course of lectures upon geogra-
r, history, theology, belles ktres, and as-
homy. In the mean time, he had not yet
ved at Mecca; he had not seen the tomb
the Prophet, the temple built by Abraham,
black stone and the wells of Zemzen.
bat stores of knowledge will he bring back
m his travels This ass will be renowned,
rill answer for it.
"' But to return to his poor master, the good
I unhappy Hassan. I say unhappy, for,
cee the departure of Kaboud, he could re-
ve no consolation. He had become so
situated to the sweet companionship of his
, that he could not accustom himself to live

o garner in nis litte nan

----n ,,U I*fVUU l -I- UAU A ILU LIS4 UCa I
would draw home the sheaves that his goo
master gathered. The countryman, deprive
of Kaboud, was forced to take his place i
this painful labor, and fasten himself to th
cart. The burning heat of the sun's rays, an,
the wearying toil, which was beyond hi
strength, threw him into a fever, which brought
him to the gates of death, and he would infalli
bly have died, had there been a physician ii
the village. During his illness, he called in
cessantly upon Kaboud, his dear Kaboud
but Kaboud was very distant, and much occu
pied with other affairs.
"In the mean time, the fatal year has re
volved, and Kaboud has not returned. Thi
poor countryman knows not what can be th


he cannot eat or sleep, and his feeble limbs
scarcely support him. If Kaboud should be
dead This frightful thought impoisons his
existence. Every time he hears the step of
an ass, his heart palpitates with violence; if
he hears a rap at the door, he runs, he flies to
open it, hoping to embrace his dear Kaboud ;
but, alas he finds that one of his neighbours
has come to visit him !
At length, one day, when he was seated very
sadly by the door of his hut, he described at a
distance a man riding upon an ass. He feels
the most lively joy, for his heart tells him that
Kaboud is coming; he shall see Kaboud
again. The traveller draws near: Hassan
immediately recognizes the dervis ; but his ass,
his dear Kaboud, he knows no more. This
is not the ass so beautiful, so well combed,
so well fed ; this is a villanous animal, with
hair dried, skin torn, covered with scars, mea-
gre as if he had never eaten, lame as if he
walked upon three legs.
Hassan, after greeting the dervis, said, in a

M A rnnrflT

tone of displeasure, What animal have you
brought me there ?' 'It is thy ass.' 'My
ass ? Just Heaven! in what a condition how
starved and lean !' 'I did not promise to
bring him back to thee fat.' 'How lame!
Ah, the wretch stumbles at every step!'
' Yes, but his mind you never catch that trip-
ping ; that never makes a false step.' The
little hair that remains upon his poor body,
how rough and coarse it looks !' Ah, but in
return, his wit is more subtile and fine than
gossamer.' 0 Mahomet! he is blind of one
eye ' Yes, but the eyes of the under-
standing are worth more than those of the
body.' He is, then, very learned ?' In-
terrogate him; thou wilt see.' Upon what ?'
' Upon anything, and all that thou wilt; he
will speak from henceforth upon all subjects
with equal facility. Farewell; we are quit.'
The holy dervis went on his way, and the
good Hassan, occupied with Kaboud, thought
not even of thanking the learned instructor;
but we will overlook this ingratitude. He


embraced Kaboud as a friend, as a son that
one has wept a long time ; he led him gently
along to his hut. The ass had much difficulty
in walking, and the good Hassan would have
willingly carried him in his arms, had he been
able. Kaboud entered his stable without say-
ing one word ; Hassan interrogated him, but
he replied not. My scholar is too much
fatigued,' said he to himself ; he must not be
tormented. Give him a good litter, and a good
measure of oats; when he shall have eaten,
drank, and rested well, he will be more willing
to speak.' His good master spared no pains
to procure him a good night.
His heart full of hope, Hassan ran round
the village, proclaiming, My friends, Ka-
boud has arrived Kaboud has arrived This
ass is the most learned and the wisest in the
world ; he speaks two or three thousand lan-
guages, at the least, and argues in all like a
doctor. Assemble yourselves to-morrow in
the village square; you will see, you will
know, you will be convinced.' Soon this


great news circulated, not only through 1
village of Hassan, but in all the neighbour
villages. The peasants came in crowds to i
and to hear this extraordinary ass; the spi
is not vast enough to contain the gaping crov
The next morning, at break of day, I
boud was led respectfully by his master bef
this imposing assembly, where reigned the m
profound silence. Hassan introduced I
thus : -' You see here, my friends, a yoi
traveller, who has seen many countries, a
learnt many things; question him upon all
sciences, and he will reply without hesitatic
Then a man of fifty years of age, whose be;
was long, carriage lofty, mien imposing,-
man who impresses us with respect as soon
be appears, and fills us with admiration wh
ever he speaks, -the village schoolmast
steps forth from'the crowd. Senior Kabou
said he, '-will pardon me if my ignoral
seeks to sound the depths of his knowled
If I dare to interrogate him, it is not to disp
the very feeble light of my understanding,


to elicit rays from the sun of his genius. Since
thou knowest astronomy, Senior, wilt thou
deign to reply to this question. When the
Creator of the world gives his creatures a new
moon, what becomes of the former one ?'
All the audience are in listening expectation;
Kaboud seems for a moment to stop, that he
may rally his forces ; they believe that he is
just going to speak. The schoolmaster repeats
the question; but Kaboud still preserves a
modest silence. This silence is interpreted
unfavorably, and poor Hassan is the butt of all
the mischievous jokes of the villagers. He
excuses his ass to the best of his power.
'Wait a little,' said he; 'judge him not be-
fore he has spoken. He is very learned, I can
assure you; but he is timid, and, without
doubt, has never spoken before so many at
once. Come on, Kaboud, come on, my
friend, my child, take courage I tell us what
thou hast seen in thy travels.' A fat man, of
short sight and long nose, who passed in the
-;llaap FCn a wrmat t]ti;tian iAraw nalr_ anA


said, Believest thou, Kaboud, that the king
of Persia may be rich enough in men and
money to undertake the conquest of Thibet ? '
' Hearken to me,' said a learned man from a
neighboring village; this ass has been instruct-
ed by a dervis; it is very possible that his in-
structor has failed to inform him upon this point,
and given his chief attention to instructing
him in the laws of Mahomet. Let me ques-
tion him, then. Kaboud, of all the commen-
tators that have written upon the Koran, who
has best ascertained the true sense of the law ?'
'Ah, that is a fine question said Hassan.
'Come, Kaboud, come, it is necessary to
reply.' At these words, the learned Kaboud
gained assurance, surveyed the assembly, erect-
ed his ears majestically, and uttered, in the
hearing of the whole auditory, these memora-
ble words, which have since been so frequent-
ly repeated, and will be to the end of time :-
' Hi-han, hi-han, hi-han, hi-has.' At this
sublime and unexpected reply, shouts arose on
all sides. The good Hassan lost patience.


' Ab, rascal!' said he, 'it is not knowledge
and wisdom that fails thee, but it is thy stub-
born will that is at fault. Depend upon it, I
will make thee speak, yes, that I will At
the same time he took a large stick, to looses
the tongue of this learned and perverse ass.
He had already inflicted some blows upon the
bones of Kaboud, and was preparing to re-
double them, when another villager, more wise
than the others, withheld him, saying, -' Why
so cruelly chastise this poor animal ? Seesi
thou not that he puts his best foot forward, and
treats us with his best oratory ? What wai
the use of sending him to Mecca ? Had hb
not ability enough to perform the duties of hi;
station ? What canst thou ask of him more
than to fulfil the ministries of a good ass in thj
household ? Thou hast willed to make him a
learned one, but is it of such stuff that learning(
is made ? At this time he is not the greatest
ass of the two. Lead him back quietly to hi;
stable; take good care of him, in order t4


avail thyself of the three legs and the eye
remain to him, and lend him no more 1
dervis for a pilgrimage.'
The good Hassan followed this adi
He sorrowfully took the bridle, and led Kal
to his stable. He bestowed the best
upon him ; but Kaboud was never more 1
for any thing. He had acquired a habi
weariness, but he had lost that of labor.
master bitterly repented having permitted
to travel, which cost so much, and rend
iahko little. This adventure became far
in l Arabia; and from there came this p
erb to us, known to all the Mussulmans : F
ever leads an an to Mecca, wM it eves th
of the .Mfsiah, will bring back only an aa

SOriental Collection.



.UICA wUulu mIalUra u UiJ

-----~~~---- --- -- ------ --- -J-
prattle. As for the poor goat, he was always
in the rear ; and as he walked gravely behind
his master, not uttering one word, no one
would have suspected his knowledge.
One day,the herdsman rested under a tree
the old goat slept soundly by his side, but the
little gazelle had not slept a wink since they
took their departure from Mount Taurus. She
came to the side of her master, and, surveying
him with admiration, exclaimed, How
charming and beautiful art thou How sac
that so much beauty should be concealed undei
such mean apparel! Alas in the world, mei
are judged by appearances, and of thee it wil
be said, -' Look at his mean garb; he is onlj
a poor goatherd !' Hadst thou the heart of i


king, they would turn the cold shoulder towards
thee. Methinks I see thee magnificently ar-
rayed; a superb turban on thy head; a rich
cashmere mantle, embroidered with precious
stones, hangs in graceful folds over thy shoul-
ders. At thy approach, all men fall back, to
open for thee a passage, shouting, -' This is
the prince !' All hearts greet thee, and all
the women, beholding thee, love thee, ex-
claiming, -' Behold the most beautiful man in
Persia '"
At these words, the poor Bardouc cast his
eyes upon his mean garb of sheepskin, and,
sighing, sadly retook his path with the com-
panions of his journey. But scarcely had he
proceeded a hundred steps, when he perceived
a large packet, carefully wrapped up in beautiful
Persian cloth ; the covering itself being richly
embroidered. He looked at it in amazement.
Shall he open it? The little gazelle said,
" Yes "; the old goat, "No." Why not
open it ? said the gazelle to the goat. Be-
eaue it is not his," said the goat in reply.


"Perhaps it is a gift from the Prophet, and
ought not to be disdained "The Prophet
censures curiosity, and prohibits us from ap-
propriating the property of others to ourselves."
"Perhaps this packet belongs to nobody in
particular. Quiet thyself, mean-spirited wretch!
Scruple is the son of Foolishness." The old
goat would have replied, and be certainly, failed
not in good reasons ; but the little gazelle sud-
denly aiming at the packet with her horn, it
opened, and displayed to the astonished view
of Bardouc a rich suit, quite complete. He
turned and returned a superb turban, surmount-
ed with a plume tipped with sapphires ; he put it
upon his head, threw aside, with a look of dis-
dain, his miserable covering, and proudly ar-
Cayed himself in a splendid scarlet mantle, dec-
orated with flowers of gold and silver. The
old goat muttered at each movement of Bar-
douc, but the words escaped unheeded from
his lips ; whilst the flattering gazelle, boasting
of the elegant appearance of her master, lec
him to a neighboring fountain. The venera


goat followed not, but slept again. Bar-
uc could not cease admiring himself in the
'stal fountain. "Is this me, myself?"
d he. me. Bardouc? How I am the

" How's this ?" said the fourth ; "your mag-
ni6cence travelling on foot, with no other escort
than a goat and gazelle Without doubt you
have left your equipage, your horses, your
slaves, and your harem upon Mount Taurus."
During these rude jests, the little wood re-
sounded with long and loud shouts of laughter,
which the little gazelle thought very indecorous.
She shook with anger, and said, in a low
tone, to Bardouc, These rascals A man
like thee to be insulted by such insects!
Thou hast borne with these outrages too long,
Bardouc did not give her time to finish ; he
revenged himself in the same strain in which
he had been attacked ; they quickly retaliated ;


e could command himself no longer, but
sized his knotted club with both hands, and
-11 with fury upon the saucy rogues who had
locked him. He was young, and very strong,
ut he was only one against four. They forced
rom him his club, laid it upon him unmerci-
ully, and left him for dead upon the spot.
Poor Bardouc What a sorry termination
)r such beautiful hopes What a sad blow
iven to the first ebullition of youthful vanity !
lappy still, if thy vanity only had suffered !
3ardouc's eyes sought the little gazelle, that he
light overwhelm her with reproaches. She
ras already out of reach and out of hearing ; she
sared, without doubt, the first ebullition of her
master's indignation, and wisely took to flight.
But the old goat immediately came to his mas-
er's aid; he looked upon him in pity, and
advised him to divest himself immediately of
is ill-fated finery, and retake the shepherd's
ress. Bardouc hesitated. How ?" said
Me sage; "thy foolish vanity not yet cured ?
'o correct pride, must one kill the proud


man ?" At this severe reprimand, the goat-
herd reclothed himself in his sheepskin, his
girdle of bark, his knapsack, and restored
to their place the rich vestments he had
Scarcely had he proceeded a hundred steps,
when he was stopped by six stout men, who
asked him if he had, by chance, seen a packet
wrapped in Persian cloth ? This packet,"
said they, belongs to the son of the great
king, who lost it by this fountain, where he
stopped a moment for rest." Bardouc trem-
bled in every limb. Perhaps the slaves had
seen him when he paraded in this brilliant cos-
tume. It might be that the shepherds, who
were so abusive, had betrayed him. He dared
not reply to their interrogations. Thy si-
lence convicts thee," said one of the slaves,
with a menacing and terrible voice; "thou
hast stolen the bundle, and we well know how
to make thee confess thy crime." At the
same time, the six slaves drew out long whips,

Ia were comceumeu oew ro unr room. r ar
ad deprived Bardouc of the power of utter-
oce; excess of fear loosened his tongue.
Alas I seniors," replied Bardouc, "I am
ot guilty; I have not touched the treasure
ou seek, and you will find it a few steps from
ere. Heaven preserve me from desiring the
oods of others "
The slaves ran towards the place pointed
ut, and Bardouc concealed himself in the
sickest part of the little wood. Acknowl-
dge, my dear master," said the old goat,
That it was not a bad idea, when I counselled
iee to take off this rich apparel. You have
aid very dear for a momentary gratification.
'hat vile slave, whose voice was so savage,
ad his look so barbarous, would have torn thy
esh mercilessly with his whip, had you pro-
ined the habits of his master; and the pre-
umptive heir to the throne would not have
tiled to impale thee alive, to restore the honor
f his caftan." "Ah said Bardouc, grate-
illy stroking the back of his old companion;

Ia 4 v Y


" abandon me not. I shall never forget the
service thou hast rendered me, and I will
never more follow the counsels of my foolish



rHE sun was declining behind the mountain
a, and seemed to cast a last look upon the
th, whilst his bright rays illuminated the
density of the heavens, as if to conceal from
i eyes of nature the exit of her great magi-
n. The birds flew from branch to branch,
I their songs, precursors of the night, re-
inded through the groves of citron and myr-
, which were the asylums of their sports,
iir innocence, and their loves. Bardouc
s the only being, who, in this delicious can-
i of Persia, saw with disquietude the ap-
aach of darkness. He was overcome with
wariness, and, above all things, needed a good


bed; he murmured at his sad fate, and even
began to vex himself with his companion, who
brought forth from his brain only crude reason-
ings, and suggested no means of drawing him
from his sorry position. He threw himself on
the ground in despair; presently he heard a
slight rustling among the leaves ; he raised him-
self, and saw, through the foliage, a little old
woman, who came to fill her vase at the spring.
If this old woman was not handsome, it was
easy to see that she had been so. Her coun-
tenance evinced that serenity and sweetness,
which immediately wins the heart; and Bar-
douc felt himself drawn to her by the magic
touch of kindness. She looked at him for
some moments with kindness, and thus address-
ed him: "How camest thou here, poor
young man ? Where dost thou expect to pass
the night ?" Bardouc related to her his ad-
venture, mentioned the blows that had been
dealt to him, and ingenuously acknowledged
that he had deserved them; he ended by im-
ploring her pity. I never refuse that to the

irnaritorte RnLIEr. 61

*ppy; thou suffrest, and hat a right to
compassion and aid. First, take this lit
vial; the liquor it contains will cure thy
uods, and give thee new strength." Bar-
ic obeyed. He swallowed the contents of
little vial, and immediately the springs of
were renewed; his step became more light
I elastic than ever. He fell at the feet of
benefactress, who at this moment appeared
him a divinity. My young friend," said
I, I cannot forsake thee in thy distress,
I leave thee exposed to all the dangers thou
yst incur from thy inexperience. Come
ell with me, share my cottage, and thou
It never be disturbed, so long as thou wish-
to remain. I am old, but I am not exact-
I shall regard thee as my son, and pro-
e for thee all the pleasures that can satisfy
imple taste and a pure soul." 0
Bardouc looked at his companion, who sig-
ed to him that he ought directly to accept
invitation rso agreeable and advantageous.
ie herdsman determined to be guided by


this counsel. At that moment, in rusi
the little gazelle, leaping towards her master
and never before had she appeared so fro]
some and so pretty.



" DAR master, look! look see what I have
brought thee !" cried this madcap. It is one
f the celestial houris, who has just quitted the
paradise of the Prophet, in order to relieve
id console thee." Bardouc raised his eyes,
id saw a young girl of dazzling beauty; he
pushed, cast down his eyes, trembled, his
hole being was changed as by an electric
lock. The maiden glanced on him timidly ;
lovely smile escaped her parting lips, furtive-
Splaying in the dimpled corners of her beau-
ful mouth, revealing the pearls within; the
>ft, downy cheeks, as of infancy, glowed
,ith that softened hue, as if loth to overspread
ad conceal their transparent whiteness; her


eyes, her whole countenance, beamed
with celestial lustre. In an instant, Bardo
forgot the old woman who offered him an as
lum. Come on, my dear master what d
tains thee?" said the old goat. Let
follow this good old woman, who so kinc
welcomed us." Bardouc heard nothing; I
heart beat with violence; scarcely could
respire. Well," said the little old woman
" wilt thou follow me ? All that I possess sh
be thine ; fertile fields, beautiful gardens, ri
orchards, surround my dwelling; the pasturE
where feed my numerous flocks, are water
from this fountain." "Why why! how
this ? why dost thou hesitate ? said the (
goat, in astonishment.
The young girl advanced with an air of I
mility, which softened, without abating, I
beauty. Young man," said she, "I wot
I had a magnificent palace, where thou should
meet a reception worthy of thee. I would
had numerous slaves to serve thee ; beauti
gardens for thy pleasure ; shady arbours by I


e of purling streams, for thy repose when
aried. But alas I am poor, and can only
er thee a dilapidated dwelling, surrounded
meadows, sterile and barren." These
rds were accompanied with tears, and with
expression of countenance so gentle and
ider, that the little gazelle could not restrain
r admiration within proper bounds. She
iped in the air, turned somersets, with many
ier wild freaks; then bursting forth,-" Dear
sister, canst thou hesitate one moment, be-
een this little old woman and the enchantress
io has just spoken ? This masterpiece
im heaven, who proffers thee a gift exceed-
Sa hundred fold all the treasures of the uni-
rse, even her heart Her dwelling is poor,
it she inhabits it Follow her ; her modest
ode is more adorned by such beauty than
e most magnificent kingly palace." "Listen
,t to this little fool," said the old goat; how
any times has she deceived thee Heed my
lining voice ; fy this young beauty who se-
ices thee; frequently the robes of the en-


chantress conceal a perfidious heart. TI
good old woman, on the contrary, canr
abuse thy credulity ; she only offers trees
ures solid and lasting. Under her roc
thou wilt be master of thyself, and shelter
from all outward evil. With this you
girl, thou wilt perhaps be only a wretch
slave, obliged to submit to the caprices of
tyranny so much the more powerful, as I
empire will be founded upon thy feebleness
" Thou art a calumniator," quickly replied t
little gazelle ; who has told thee that so ma
charms conceal a perfidious heart ? No, r
youth is trusting and modest ; beauty is alwa
the image of innocence and virtue. Thou si
est Bardouc will be the slave of this you
person. Happy, happy Bardouc I What ra
ture for him to live only for her What a i
ward for my dear master, if she deigns to gn
him a smile! Who follows her steps, his ft
press roses ; who listens to her speech, inhale
celestial aroma." The old goat is mui
Bardouc cries with transport, O, my lit

gazelle never nast mou spoKen so aivmely ;
Heaven has inspired thee with the counsels
thou hast given me this day. Each of thy
words has reached the depths of my heart, and
my heart convinces me they are right. Yes,
thou pointest me to the true path to happiness,
and I will follow it, although I should die by
the way-side."
The young maiden took the arm of Bar-
douc, and conducted him along a shady arbour,
which led to her cottage. Bardouc, the un-
grateful Bardouc, thought not even of thanking
the good old woman, who had so generously
invited him to dwell with her. We must say,
in excuse, that the little gatelle ceased not to
babble and confuse him. She was possessed
of such a fertile imagination and flow of lan-
guage, she said so many pretty things, that
Bardouc could listen only to her. He would
rather have lost a kingdom, than one word of
her discourse.




AFTER Bardouc entered the dwelling
Zelida, this young girl set before him a reps
that, a short time before, he would have for
delicious; not that the viands were of a p
ticularly fine flavor, but he was dying with h
ger. Now Bardouc had entirely lost his ap
tite; and although the fruits offered by
hand of love have a savour which no oth
possess, still be could only touch his lips
them. He could not take his eyes from
beautiful Zelida; each word that escaped
lips threw him into an ecstasy. "Hey-d
my old grumbler said he to his venera
companion; "have we done so ill in quit
our hovel at Mount Taurus for this enchai

palace ? All the happiness the world can offer
s centred here." The old goat wagged his
head, looking wisely incredulous, but said
After supper, the young Zelida rose, and
regarding Bardouc with an expression of sad-
aess, let fall some tears, and said to him, -
"Dear Bardouc, a cruel fate opposes our
mutual happiness; we must submit, or a sud-
den and cruel death will punish our disobedi-
ence." Bardouc trembled with fear, and the ten-
der Zelida continued : "On the day of my birth,
one of the genii, who was an enemy to my family,
condemned me to live unloved, until the stream
which flows behind this hillock shall water my
meadows and orchards, and then bathe the
walls of my cottage. This command is irrev-
ocable, and if disobeyed, the thunderbolt will
strike us both at the same instant. Thou
canst not pass the night under my roof, till the
time prescribed by the genius, a time, alas !
that may never arrive." "Cursed be the in-
fernal enius !" cried Bardouc : why treat us

-.-.m _.


with such rigor ? I shall know how to dec
him. To-morrow, at break of day, I will bI
my work, and cease not till I have cut thro
the hill which confines the waters, and Ze]
shall be my wife." "Bravo! bravo !" ci
the little gazelle; "yes, Zelida shall be
wife." "Dear Bardouc," replied Zeli
" this hill is high ; it will be very difficult to
through it." "No fear," said the little gazel
"my master is strong; he loves thee, i
thou wilt be his recompense." "0, with
doubt," answered Zelida; but till this t
be accomplished, he cannot reside under
roof; for it would be at the sacrifice of
life and mine. Come, then, dear Bardo
come with me into the garden ; I will sprea
-a- -.U ., .niln a- al- -1 ..sa.a .

L~~2 L

.~. ~LV




BARDOUC rose with the sun, and gayly I
pared for his enterprise. The old goat '
witness of his labors, and, though disapprove
directed them. The little gazelle, on the c
trary, took no share in this counsel; she
derstood nothing, and if she had interfered i
his advice, she would have spoilt all ; but
return, she invigorated by her eloquence,
continually boasted of the charms of his i
tress, which nerved his arm with strength.
The beautiful Zelida appeared, from timi
time, to encourage him. If she was plea
with his exertions, and would reward him i
a smile, or permit him some innocent cares
he felt endowed with supernatural force,


would, I really believe, have attempted to
level Mount Taurus. In some moments of
lassitude, when be was overcome by fatigue,
and would lay his weary head down to seek
repose, the old goat would couch himself by
his side, and point out to him his follies, in
yielding to such chimeras; he even sought,
which was not very kind, to throw out suspi-
cions little honorable to the character of Zeli-
da, and would always conclude by saying, -
" Poor Bardouc the little old woman would
not have subjected thee to such toil; she
would not have required thee to level a hill,
and turn the course of a river. But as Bar-
douc's strength revived, so did his courage;
the sage with the long beard lost his rights,
and the little gazelle was reinstated in more
than all hers.
Bardouc accomplished in a few months what,
for another, would have been the labor of
years. But love gives wings to labor; diflicul-
ties vanish like the mist beforethe sunbeams.
Zelida, like an anOel of lirht. steps forth to


view the completion of his works ; her orchar
are irrigated, meadows refreshed, by the liqu
waters, which flow through her garden ai
bathe the walls of her cottage. Bardouc,
ecstasy, flew to embrace her, but Zelida mo
rated his transports ; she shed tears, an J th
addressed him : -" Ah, dear Bardo'.c ha
piness is not for us." What do I hear i
cried Bardouc, appalled; "wht t m'sfortu
now befalls us ?" Alas replied Zelid
"a beneficent fairy has given me a precio
ring, requiring that this ring should be worn
the day of my nuptials. On this condition
said she,' happiness shall abide with t'ee ; I
if thou disobeyest this injunction, woe be
thee Thy nuptials will be followed by the mc
cruel misfortunes to yourself and husband, ev
to the tomb; your love for each other v
change to hatred, and this hatred, imbitter
by time, will continue till you both perish.
" Hate each other! hate each other!" cried I
little gazalle; "impossible The most power
fairy. all the fairies united. could not eai


is cbang in your hearts." "For a long
ne," continued the tender Zelida, "I pre-
rved this ring, sure gage of my future happi-
..-.. --. .... ~a m1j .... n- l a lnnath ;n

fulfilled the will of the genius, thou must now
obey the fairy; to find a lost ring is not so
difficult as to cut through a hill."
At this moment, Bardouc glanced at the
lovely Zelida, who was caressing the little ga-
zelle ; his heart is touched, and his resolution
taken. Weep no more, my dear Zelida,
the fairy shall be satisfied. I will leave no
stone unturned, till the ring shall be found."
Zelida gave hhn a kiss, and Bardouc, inspired
with new zeal, again submitted to labor, with
renewed hope.
At each thrust of the spade, the little gazelle
would say, It is here, it is there,"- thus
cheering him on. Sometimes, though rarely,
the old goat drew near to his master, and would
say, Poor fool, seest thou not how thy cre-
dulity is played upon ? How canst thou find

CJIU lji / kn. ruT nv&u6 auu oalu,
Courage, courage, Bardouc Still.one more
inge, again, who knows ?- in a minute
3u mayst find the ring and happiness."
irdouc gave as many strokes with the spade
the gazelle uttered words ; but alas he re-
vered not the marvellous ring.
In fine, the field was turned over more than
enty times on all sides.. Bardouc began to
se patience, and was a little more attentive
the advice of his old companion, when Ze-
la appeared, her face radiant with smiles,
:pressive of hope and joy. "Cease thy
il," said she ; it has now become useless;
e good fairy is completely satisfied. 'In
in,' she has said to me, in vain thou seekest
e talisman that I have given thee ; for I have
ken it from the spot where thou thought'st
hide it. I will, instead of that talisman,
iw give thee a hundred measures of wheat;
the hundred measures, there are mixed
relve grains that must be sown ; for from them
ill spring up sheaves, that will bear magnifi-

___ ____


cent pearls. When thou viewest these spires
waving their glorious heads in the air, then
gather them, and thy lover will dispose them
for thee with so much skill, that they will form
an elegant necklace, which I will endow with
all the virtues of the ring. As long as thou
wearest this necklace, thou and thy young hus-
band will never know sorrow ; thou wilt be the
happiest of wives, and he the most blest ol
husbands.' The only difficulty," continued
Zelida, "is to choose the twelve marvellous
grains out of the hundred measures of wheat;
all the grains resemble one another, and twelve
alone produce pearls."' "Fine difficulty, in.
deed !" cried the little gazelle; "we have
only to sow the hundred measures of wheat al
one time, and we shall be sure of not losing
the pearls." By Mahomet! said Bar.
douc, in a transport of joy ; "thou reasonesl
well. Thou art wise My old doctor, it
his empty skull, had never discovered a way
so simple and expeditious."
Now, then, the shepherd begins this new


*, and sows the field that he has so well
ared. This sort of work was not very
:ult; in a few days, Bardouc would reach
iappy moment, in which so much toil and
je would receive their recompense. Ze-
demands only one thing more. A holy
, revered in all Persia for his great piety,
Sin a hermitage, distant eight days' jour-
; the young girl ardently desired that the
man, to whom, besides, she was remotely
iected, might be present at their marriage,
bestow his benediction; but in order that
saint might be present, it was necessary to
for him. Could Bardouc refuse this holy
of his loved one ? The little gazelle,
ng, said "No," and the old goat is not




BARDOUC suffered much from heat, for it
was the hot season, and he was obliged to
travel through arid deserts. Frequently he
was hungry, and found not even wild fruit to
sustain him; he was dying from thirst, and nol
one little spring discovered itself for his relief;
but his little gazelle reminded him, that in a few
days he would possess the beautiful Zelida, nc
more to be separated. This thought support.
ed him, and rendered him happy in the midsi
of all his privations.
In the mean time, from running and babbling
so incessantly, the little gazelle becomes wea.
ried; and towards the fourth day, when thej
take a few moments' rest, the old goat hazard


,me reflections upon his master's errand, and
sinuates that it would not be absolutely im-
ssible, that Zelida had sent him off that she
eight cheat him. Bardouc is disquieted, al-
ough he rejects, as perfidious, this insinuation;
it it returns to him in spite of himself, and he
)sires ardently to find some means to assure
mself of the fidelity of his mistress. But
>w shall he discover the truth ? Nothing
more easy," said the old goat; "she expects
>t your return as yet; it is necessary to sur-
rise her by returning immediately; we shall
ien see how she supports your absence."
ardouc consulted the little gazelle, and, won-
erful, she was of the same opinion as the goat.
He is reasonable," said she, with extreme
sickness ; "it is possible, that, during thy
sence, another lover- Let us go, let
i go !" cried Bardouc.
He traced back his path, and after an ab-
cnee of eight days, he came in sight of the
mains of Zelida. How his heart palpitated
ith hope and love, when be perceived the old


orange-tree, which, as a good angel, protected
his slumbers. The nearer he advanced, the
more he reproached himself for the injustice of
his suspicions, and scolded his old goat for hav-
ing excited in his heart a mistrust, that he re-
garded as a crime. He entered already into
the pretty garden, which owed to him its fer-
tility. His fears are dissipated; the night is
calm and pure ; the air is fresh, and diffuses
perfumes around ; the brilliant stars, from heav-
en's arch, enlighten with their bright rays the
world below. All nature seems to smile be-
nignant upon the love of Bardouc, and pre-
sages to him happiness.
He draws near the cottage, which a group
of fruit-trees conceals from his view. Whal
is his astonishment, when he sees the house
illuminated, and hears the shouts of laughter
that mingle themselves with the music proceed-
ing from various instruments. It is evident,
that Zelida gives this evening a fete. He sees
a table covered with meats and fruit, ornament.
ed with powers, under an arbour of myrtles thai


a had himself trained; he dared not believe
is eyes. Could Zelida foresee his return ?
Vished she to cause him an agreeable surprise ?
'he old goat was very sure that this was not




WHEN the three travellers had entered into
the arbour, the young stranger began :--" For
a long time the rich and handsome Kaled had
tenderly loved the beautiful Zelida ; but she
was poor; her fields were sterile, and her
meadows, always parched by the.heat of the
sun, could scarcely nourish a few meagre
sheep. The parents of Kaled were avari-
cious; blind to the virtues and charms of Zeli-
da, they saw only her poverty. Their farms
were highly cultivated; numerous flocks cover-
ed their pastures ; they desired that the bride
of their son should add her rich dowry to
the wealth they should one day leave him.
Kaled could select a bride from amongst the

daughters of the richest men in the canton
but he loved, and would marry, only Zelid
In vain his family opposed this union ; love
stronger than filial duty; and the two love
braved with constancy all the seductions
The little gazelle was seized with a stro
desire to interrupt this story ; her blood boil
in her veins ; her eyes shot fire; but a ve
natural curiosity checked the vehemence of I
desire. The young man, without perceive
the angry condition into which he had thro,
her, continued his recital: -
A kind genius, touched by their constant
resolved to reward it by rendering Zelida
most as rich as her lover. One day he cal
into her cottage under the form of a goathe
who asked her hospitality. Zelida welcon
him, as the merciful welcome the miserab]
and the grateful genius did not make her a
long for a recompense for so good an acti
He set himself to labor for the good of Zelii
he cut through the hill which borders the 1

...... Q


en; he turned te course ot the stream be-
ind it, so that it might water her orchards and
meadows, embellish and make them fruitful;
y the strength of his arm he prepared her
elds for the grain which he sowed. During
I1 this toil, believe you it ? he entered not
ito the house ; no, he showed himself as dis-
reet as generous. Kaled, Kaled alone, en-
!red there, from the decline of day even to the
sing of the sun ; whilst the good genius, in
rder to complete his benefits, slept under this
Id orange, kept guard all the night by the
ght of the stars, and, as sentinel, kept off all
itruders who would disturb the peace of the
rivers "
Here the little gazelle shook with anger and
idignation; the young man, who could not
doubt the interest she took in this narration,
continued :--
" In fine, when the parents of Kaled saw
ie fields of Zelida so well cultivated, her
meadows watered, and her orchard loaded with
uits, they consented to the marriage of their

SA frnAfT

son with this young beauty, now considered
excellent alliance, thanks to the care of
good genius. It is to-day that this union is to
celebrated, and this is the cause of the illui
nation of the house and the concert of voi
and instruments. This table is prepared
the supper which concludes the celebrate
You shall attend, if you wish to take part
our pleasures."
Who can depict the torments of Bard<
during this recital ? Each circumstance, ei
word, is like a stab from a poniard to the
happy lover. He remained during some n
utes immovable from amazement, shame, i
rage; at length he cried,--" Ah, perfidi
Zelida! monster of ingratitude how tl
hast deceived me I labored with the sw
of my brow to enrich my rival and give I
my mistress ; I slept without shelter, expo
to the rain and winds, whilst another enjo;
the unworthy object of all my love 0 furil
0 shame I served them as a sentinel du
khem ,h .. *. inA thAe A*nY- .t+ ,L A

or THE r

of his muter, to drive away the thieves I Ser-
pent, who ensnares in order to poison May
Heaven crush thee both with his thunderbolts I
May all the torments of hell united fall upon
thy lover and thee "
Bardouc, my dear master, calm thy de-
spair," said the venerable goat; "lose not
thy senses for such a trifle. Would not one
think that Zelida was the only woman in the
world ? Console thyself; there are anymore,
even more than we wish. This event, besides,
is very simple, very natural, and thou shouldst
think thyself very happy that thou art no
longer her slave."
Be revenged revenge thyself said the
little gazelle, quite beside herself. "Follow
me come, treat the perfidious woman as she
deserves. She might blush, at least, at her
detection. Follow me !"
Bardouc obeyed the voice of his gazelle, who
ran before him; he rushed into the house,
and, without thinking of the number of witnesses
who surrounded the bride, he heaped upon

Zelida the most terrible imprecations; he re-
counted the infernal arts she exercised to en-
gage him in labors, of which another was to
reap all the fruits. 0 human perversity The
recital of Bardouc, his just anger, produced
no other effect, than to draw.forth shouts of
laughter from all the auditors. With unani-
mous voice they celebrated the wit and wisdom
of Zelida ; they admired the adroit stratagems
she devised in order to marry her lover. The
sulesnful always have reason on their side;
talent always absolves him who abuses it. He
who deceives skilfully is no more a deceiver.
He is more honorable who does wrong than
he who suffers wrong; trust in man is foolish-
ness; credulity is fair game; a man is scorned
who is duped, and ridicule follows us for hav-
ing expected honesty. When Bardouc saw
that the laughers were not on his side, he fell
into a fury which resembled frenzy ; he seized
upon every thing around him ; overthrew the
lamps, the furniture, the musical instruments,
and few about as a madman. Happily for him,


ie by-standers let him pass unmolested, after
i assault so misplaced and unexpected. But
wey regarded him as a madman, and so let
im depart.



AFTER having walked some time without
lowing where to direct his steps ; after rail-
g furiously against women in general, very
nocent of his misfortune, and against Zelida
particular, (who no doubt laughed at his ex-
ense,) as bride of the beautiful Kaled, the
Wor Bardouc took, I believe, the best course
kat he could in his situation. Overwhelmed
,ith fatigue, he slept soundly between his goat
ad gazelle, who both followed his good ex-
He was only drawn from his slumbers by
he warbling of a multitude of little birds, who,
lying around him, emulated each other in cel-
brating the return of morning. He surveyed

witn nis naggara eyes nme country around nimm
and he saw it was the most charming upor
earth. Fruit-trees of all descriptions, the
orange, the velvet-like peach, the juicy pear,
the golden citron, the red pomegranate, theil
round forms, as they waved in the light, s(
beautifully glittering with all hues, that the3
seemed to say, Gather us; Heaven has form.
ed us to minister to the pleasures of man.
Bardouc, notwithstanding the torments o
love, yielded to the dumb eloquence of thesis
delicious fruits, and made an excellent break
fast, which he shared with the two companion
of his travels. He afterwards sought to alla]
bis thirst at a fountain, but started back witl
astonishment when he saw the same old wom
an that had invited him so kindly to her home
and whose invitation he disdained when he
saw the ungrateful Zelida. He blushed witl
shame, and could not speak. The old womal
looked at him smilingly, and said,-" I se
thee again, poor young man I I doubt if som
day thou wilt not repent of declining my hospi

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