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 Front Cover
 Synopsis
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 Order Charadriiformes (Huxley)
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UFIR FMNH



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BULLETINOFTHEFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMBIOLOGICALSCIENCESVolumeIINumber3CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS. Part 3 (Ralliformes, lehthyornithiformes, Charadriiformes) UNIVERSITYOFFLORIDA Gainesville1967

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Numbers of the BULLETINOFTHEFLORIDA STATE MUSEUM are pub lishedatirregular intervals. Volumes contain about 300 pages and are not necessarily completed inanyonecalendar year. > WALTERAUFFENBERG,Managing Editor OLIVERo-L. AUSTIN,JR.,Editor Consultants for this issue: HILDEGARDEHOWARDALEXANDER WEn-fORE Communications concerning purchase or exchange of the publication and all manuscripts should be addressed to the Managing Editor of the Bulletin, Florida State Museum, Seagle Building, Gainesville, Florida. 32601 Published June 12, 1967 Price for this issue $2.20

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VI ,1 Y\-o .3 Contributions to theBULLETINOFTHEFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMmaybeinany field of biology. Manuscripts dealing with natural history or systematic problems involving the southeastern United States ortheCaribbean area are solicited especially. Manuscripts shouldbeof mediumlength-50to 200 pages. Examination for sUitabilityismade by an Editorial Board. TheBULLETINis distributed worldwide through institutional subscriptions and exchanges only.Itisconsidered the responsibility of the authortodistribute his paper to all interested individuals.Toaid in this, fifty copies arefurnishedtheauthor without cost. PREPARATIONOFMANUSCRIPT Highly recommended as a guide isthe volume: Conference of Biological Editors, Committee on FormandStyle. 1960. Style manual for biological journals. Amer. lnst. BioI.ScL,Washington. 92 p. Manuscripts shouldbetypewritten with double spacing throughout, with ample margins,andononly one side ofthepaper.Theauthor should keep a copy;theoriginalanda carbon mustbesubmitted. Tablesandlegends of figures should be typed .on sheets separate from the text. Several legends or tables may be placed on a single sheet. Ulustrations, including mapsandphotographs, should be referred to as "figures:' All illustrations are reduced to a maximum of4-1/4by7-1/8inches. Size scales, wherever they are necessary, shouldbeincorporated into the figure. References to literature should conform with the bibliographic style used in recent numbers of theBULLETIN.Spell out in fullthetitles of non-English serials and places of publication. Footnote material shouldbekepttoa minimum. However, provide copyfor a footnote detailingthetitle, affiliations,andaddress of the author (see recent numbersoftheBULLETIN).Manuscripts mustbeaccompanied by asynopsis-abrief and factual summary (not a mere description) ofthecontentsandconclUSions, which points out the presence of any new informationandindicates its relevance.Init list all new organisms described and give their ranges; indicate all taxonomic changes pro posed.Thesynopsis, written in full sentences, shouldbeconcise,butcompletely intelligibleinitself without references to the paper, thereby enablingthebusy reader to decide more surelythanhecan from the title alone whether the paper merits his reading.Thesynopsis willbepublished withthepaper.Itdoes not replacetheusual conclusions or summary sections.Itmay also serveascopy fortheabstracting services. Manuscriptsandall editorial matters shouldbeaddressed to: Managing Editor of theBULLETINFlorida State Museum Seagle Building Gainesville, Florida

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CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS:Part3 (Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes, Charadriiformes)PIERCEBRODKORB1SYNOPSIS:Thethirdinstallment oftheCatalogue of Fossil Birds treats 34 families comprisingtheorders Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes,andCharadriiformes.Thespecies included in this sectionnumber366, of which 215arepaleospeciesand151 are neospecies.Withtheaddendaof14paleospecies,thethreeparts now publishedtreat1,236 species, of which 771 are paleospeciesand465 are living or recently extinct.Thenominal order Diatrymiformes isreducedinranktoa suborder oftheRalliformes,andseveral generally recognized families arereducedtosubfamily status.Theseinclude GeranoididaeandEogruidae(to Gruidae); Brontomithidae (to Phorusrhacidae); Bathornithidae, Psilopteridae,and "Hermosiornithit1ae" (to Cariamidae); Rost;atulidae, Charadriidae, Phalaropodidae,andHaematopodidae (to Scolopacidae); Presbyornithidae (to Recurvirostridae); Rhegminomithidae (to Jacanidae);andMancallidae(toAlcidae).Newtaxa includethefamily Gryzajidae (forGryzaja odessanaZubareva, in suborder Otides);thesubfamilies Palaeociconiinae (forPalaeociconiaMorenoandMercerat,inPhorusrhacidae)andProphororhacinae (for Prophororhacus Rovereto, in Cariamidae);thegenusEortyx(forTringa? hotfmanniGervais,inGallinuloid inae);andthespeciesGallinula kansarum Pliocene, Kansas), Eogrus wetmorei(Upper Miocene,InnerMongolia), Lim-osa'qssivallis (Lower Pliocene, Florida),andErolia ennouchii (newname minor'Ennouchi, preoccupied)...... ..... .."'t '." .. -'f .' :-.... '.1Theauthoris Professor of Biological Sciences and,ZoologyattheUniversity of Florida, Gainesville. Manuscript received 13 July1965.-Ed.Brodkorb, Pierce. 1967. Catalogue of fossil birds,Part3 (Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes, Charadriiformes). Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 99-220.

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100 INTRODUCTION 51 0t v' II .:l'1\-0'.:;1 BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUMTABLEOFCONTENTSVol.11106ADDENDATOPREVIOUS PARTS -----7----108 Order RALLIFORMES (Reichenbach). MARSH BIRDS andALLIES________113 Suborder RALLI (Reichenbach). RAILSandALLIES 115 FamilyRALLIDAEVigors. RAn..s, GALLINULES,COOTS115 SubfamilyRALLINAE(Vigors). RAILS 116t Telmatornis Marsh 116t Palaeorallus Wetmore 117t Gypsornis Milne-Edwards 117tQuercyrallusLambrecht 118t RallicrlrX Lam brecht----------------118tPalaeoaramidesLambrecht 119tP araorty gometraLambrecht 119tPararallusLambrecht 119RallusLinnaeus 120tCreccoidesShufeldt-_________________120PorzanaVieillot 121 / tEuryonotusMercerat 122tAphanocrexWetmore 122tCapellirallusF aHa122GallirallusLafresnaye 123tDiaphorapteryxForbes 123 SubfamilyGALLINULINAEGray.GALLINULES ,_ 123tEocrexWetmore 123tPalaeocrexW etmore 124tM iorallus Lambrecht124tThiornisN avas 124GallinulaBrisson 125tEpirallusL.Miller 126 Porphyrio Brissonc___________________________________126TribonyxDuBus 126tHovacrexBrodkorb 127tNesotrochisWetmore 127tPyramidaOliver 127NotornisOwen 128 SubfamilyFULICINAE(Nitzsch).COOTS128t Fulicaletornis Lambrecht 128tMiofulicaLambrecht-_______________128FulicaLinnaeus 129tPalaeolimnasF orbes 130tNesophalarisBrodkorbandDawson 131 SubfamilytTELECRECINAEWetmore 131tT elecrexW etmore-,________________________________________________________________131

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS101Subfamily. tAPTORNITHINAEBonaparte.------------------------------__________131 tAptornisOwen---------_______________________________________________________________________131 N eospeciesofRallidae 132 Family tIDIORNITHIDAEBrodkorb ._ 136 t Idiornis Oberholser..136 tElaphrocnemusMilne-Edwards 137 SuborderHELIORNITHESSharpe.FINFOOTS138FamilyHELIORNITHIDAE'(Gray).SUN-GREBEs139 SuborderRHYNOCHETI(Sharpe).KAGU 139 FamilyRHYNOCHETIDAENewton.KAGU----------------------------139 Suborder EURYPYGAE Fiirbringer.SUN-BITTERNS139 FamilyEURYPYGIDAEBonaparte.SUN-BITTERNS139 SuborderMESITORNITHESWetmore. ROATELOS139FamilyMESITORNITHIDAEWetmore.ROATELOS140 SuborderTURNICES(Huxley).HEMIPODES.-------------140 FamilyTURNICIDAE(Gray).BUSTARD-QUAILS140FamilyPEDIONOMIDAEGadow.COLLAREDHEMIPODE-----------------c----------140 SubordertCASTORNITHESStejneger1141Family tGASTORNITHIDAE Fiirbringer 141 tRemiornisLemoine 141 tGastOf"nis Hebert141 tDasornisOwen142 FamilytDIATRYMIDAEMatthewandGranger 143 tDiatrymaCopec----------------------------------------------------.143 Suborder GRUES Bonaparte. CRANES, LIMPKINS, TRUMPETERS.___ 145 FamilyGRUIDAEVigors.CRANES145 SubfamilytGERANOIDINAE(Wetmore)1146tGeranoidesWetmore 146 SubfamilyBALEARICINAE(W.L. Selater).NORMALCRANES.146 t ParclgTtlS Lambrecht146tAletornisMarsh----"-------___________147 tOrnitocnemusZigno--________________147 tEobalearicaGureev 148 t Geranopsis Lydekker c 148 tProbalearicaLambrecht c"___ 149.t PliogTtlS Lambrecht.---_________________149 Subfamily tEOGRUINAE(Wetmore)1150 tEogrusWetmore-_____________________150 SubfamilyGRUINAE(Vigors).WHOOPINGCRANES c___________ 151 Crus Pallas -_____________________________ 151 tBaeopteryxWetmore ---_________ 152 N eospecies of Gruidae 1521Newrank.

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102BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol.11FamilytERGTI..ORNITHIDAEKozlova154tProergilornisKozlova154tErgilornisKozlova154tU rmiornis Mecquenem154Family ARAMIDAE Bonaparte.LIMPKINS155tAminornisAmeghino "___________________________________________ 155tLoncornisAmeghino-----------___________________________________________________________155tBadistornisWetmore155tGnotornisWetmore156tAramornisWetmore156N eospecies of Aramidae156FamilyPSOPHIIDAEBonaparte. TRUMPETERS 157SuborderCARIAMAE Fiirbringer.SERIEMASandALLIES157FamilytCUNAMPAIIDAERusconi157tcunampaiaRusconi157FamilytPHORUSRHACIDAE(Ameghino)157Subfamily tBRONTORNITHINAE(MorenoandMercerat)1158 /' tPhysornisAmeghino-________________159tBrontornisMorenoandMercerat;_____________159SubfamilytPALAEOCICONIINAEBrodkorb2160tAndrewsornisPatterson160tPalaeociconiaMorenoandMercerat161tAndalgalornisPattersonandJ.L.Kraglievich162Subfamily tPHORUSRHACINAE(Ameghino)162tPhorusrhacosAmeghino--------______163tOnactornisCabrera165tT itanisBrodkorb166FamilyCARIAMIDAEBonaparte.SERIEMASAND ALLIES 166SubfamilytBATHORNITHINAEWetmore167tBathornisWetmore-_________________167SubfamilytPSTI..OPTERINAE(Dolgopol de Saez)168tRiacamaAmeghino168tSmiliornisAmeghino168tPseudolarusAmeghino -------______169tPsilopterusMorenoandMercerat169tLophiornisAmeghino171tProcariamaRovereto---------______171SubfamilytPROPHORORHACINAEBrodkorb8171tProphororhacusRovereto-_________1721Newemendation.2Newname. 3 Newsubfamily.

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1967BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS103SubfamilyCARIAMINAEBonaparte. Seriemas173N eospeciesofCariaminae 173 SuborderOTIDESWagler.BUSTARDSandALLIES173FamilyOTIDIDAE(Gray).BUSTARDS173 f Palaeotis Lambrecht173 Chlamydotis Lesson 174 Otis Linnaeus174N eospeciesofOtididae174FamilyfGRYZAJIDAEBrodkorb1175fGryza;aZubareva.--------------175OrdertICHTHYORNITHIFORMES(Marsh)176Familyf ICHTHYORNITInDAE (Marsh)176fIchthyarnisMarsh.______________________________________________176FamilytApATORNITHIDAEFiirbringer178t Apatomis Marsh178OrderCHARADRIIFORMES(Huxley).SHOREBIRDS,GULLS, AUKS-179SuborderCHARADRII(Huxley).SHOREBIRDS179FamilytCIMOLOPTERYGIDAEBrodkorb180tCimolopteryxMarsh "'-_____________________ 180tC eramornis BrOOkorb 181FamilySCOLOPACIDAEVigors.SANDPIPERSandPLOVERS181 SubfamilytPALAEOTRINGINAEWetmore183tP alaeotringaMarsh---c--------------183SubfamilytROSTRATULINAERidgway.PAINTEDSNIPES184tRhynchaeitesWittich"_____________________________________________184SubfamilySCOLOPACINAE(Vigors).SANDPIPERSc____________________184LimosaBrisson ---------------------------r185 Totanus Bechstein -'. 186tP aractitis Weigel ---------c------------187t Elarius Milne-Edwards187 Numenius Brissonc__________________________________________187BartramiaLesson 188tPalnumeniusL. Miller188EroliaVieillot ..--------------------------------------------188EreunetesIlliger---------------------------c--------------------------______________________189 Calidris Merrem189MicropalamaBaird190PhilomachusMerrem c 190CapellaFranzel190CoenocoryphaGray1901Newfamily.

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104BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11SubfamilyAPHRIZINAECoues.SURFBIRDandTURNSTONES191SubfamilyCHARADRIINAE(Vigors).PLOVERSandLAPWINGS191tDolicopterusAymard 191 CharadriusLinnaeus192tLimicolavisShufeldt192 VanellmBrisson192tDorypaltusBrodkorb192SubfamilyPHALAROPODINAEBonaparte.PHALAROPES193SubfamilyHAEMATOPODINAEGray.OYSTERCATCHERS193tParactiornisWetmore193tPalostralegusBrodkorb193NeospeciesofScolopacidae c____ 194FamilyRECURVIROSTRIDAEBonaparte.AVOCETSandSTILTS199SubfamilytPRESBYORNITHINAE(Wetmore)1 200tPresbyornisWetmore200tColtoniaHardy200SubfamilyRECURVIROSTRINAEBonaparte.AVOCETS al1d STILTS200NeospeciesofRecurvirostrinae201FamilyJACANIDAEStejneger.LILy-TROTTERS201SubfamilytRHEGMINORNITHINAE(Wetmore)1 ,,___________________________ 201tRhegminornisWetmore202SubfamilyJACANINAE(Strejneger).l}ACANAS202NeospeciesofJacaninae202FamilyBURHINIDAEMathews.THICK-KNEES202tMilneaLydekker203BurhinusIlliger203NeospeciesofBurhinidae 203FamilyDRoMADIDAE(Gray).CRAB-PLOVERS203FamilyGLAREOLIDAEBrehm.PRATINCOLESandCOURSERS203FamilyTHINOCORIDAE(Gray).SEED-SNIPES.204FamilyCHIONIDIDAEBonaparte.SHEATHBILLS204SuborderLARISharpe.GULLSandALLIES204FamilyLARIDAEVigors.GULLSandTERNS205SubfamilyLARINAE(Vigors).GULLS205tHalcyornisOwen__205tRupelornisVanBeneden205 Larm Linnaeus206tGaviotaA.H.MillerandSibley 207tOcyplanusDeVis2071Newrank.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS105SubfamilySTERNINAEBonaparte.TERNS207 Sterna Linnaeus 208 tPseudosterna Mercerat 208Neospecies.ofLaridae 208 FamilySTERCORARIIDAE(Gray).JAEGERSandSKUAS212 Stercorarius Brisson 212 N eospecies of Stercorariidae 212 FamilyRYNCHOPIDAE(Bonaparte).SKIMMERS212 Suborder ALCAE Sharpe. AUKS 212 FamilyALCIDAEVigors. AUKS 213 SubfamilytNAUTILORNITHINAEWetmore 213tN autilornis Wetmore 213tHydrotherikomisA.H. Miller 214 SubfamilyALCINAE(Vigors). AUKS 214tM iocepphus Wetmore 215 Cerorhinca Bonaparte 215 U ria Brisson 215t Austrfllca Brodkorb-_______________________________________________216 B rachyramphu8 Brandt 216 Ptychoramphus Brandt----------____________216 SubfamilytMANCALLINAE(L.Miller)1217 t Praemancalla Howard 217tM ancalla Lucas=________________________________________________217 N eospecies of Alcidae 218-----:l.New subfamily.

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106BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUMINTRODUCTIONVol.11Thepresentinstallment treatsthemarsh birds,theIchthyornithi formes,andtheshorebird-gull-auk complex.Inthese three orders the fossil record covers 34 families (10 extinctand24living), 180 genera(99paleogeneraand81neogenera),and366species (215 paleo speciesand151 neospecies), plus6paleogeneraand14 paleospecies in the Addenda.Themarsh birds have a more extensive fossil recordthanany other avian group,butopinion still differs as to whether they are monophyletic or shouldbedivided into three or more orders (Stresemannmakes ten). Unitingtherails, cranes, bustards,andsatellite groups tends toequatethetaxon more nearlywithordinal rank in other vertebrate classes. No trenchant reason exists forexcluding Diatryma andits allies fromtheRalliformes. Liketheostriches, these large birdsandthephororhacoids havebeengiven a superfluity of namesatthespecific, generic,andhigher levels.Ihaveattemptedtocutthis Gordian knotbysynonymizing those coetaneous taxa for which/differentiating characters havenotbeenestablished. Pending completion of a revision of Marsh's material, I tentatively placeIchthyornisandApatornisbetweentheRalliformesandtheCharadriiformes,andhold in abeyancethequestion ofthetoothed jaws. Hildegarde HowardandAlexander Wetmorereadthemanuscript ofthepresent installment, as well asthepreceding parts,andtheir helpisgratefully acknowledged. No longer available wastheadvice of Alden Holmes Miller(4February 1906--9 October 1965), whose ex tensive bibliography includes 27 papers on paleornithology, withdataonthefossil occurrence of neospeciesanddescriptions of a new fam ily (Paranyrocidae), 10newgenera,and23newspecies of fossil birds. Numerous friends mentioned intheintroduction of Parts 1 and2 oftheCatalogue continued to furnish information or specimens. To these I amhappytoaddthe.names of Ticul Alvarez, Mexico City; AndrewA.Arata,NewOrleans, Louisiana; Donald Baird, Princeton,NewJersey; Peter Ballman, Munich, Germany; Dietrich E. Berg, Mainz, Germany; Lowell Bernstein, Raleigh, North Carolina;N.Bur chak-Abramovich, Tiflis, USSR; Charles T. Collins, New York City; C.S.Churcher, Toronto, Canada;EdwinC. Galbreath, Carbondale, Illinois; John E. Guilday, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; H. James Gut, Sanford, Florida; Yoshikazu Hasegawa, Tokyo, Japan; Robert W. Hiatt, Glendive, M()ntana; JamesA.Hopson, New Haven, Connecti cut;K.Hudec, Brno, Czechoslovakia; JosephR.Jehl, Jr., Ann Arbor,

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1967BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS107Michigan; Miklos Kretzoi, Budapest, Hungary; N agahisa Kuroda, Tokyo; SanfordR.Leffier, San Carlos, California; MilesB.Markus, Pretoria, South Africa; Robert W. McFarlane, Gainesville, Florida; BertramG.Murray, Jr., Ann Arbor; Arno H. Miiller, Freiberg, German Democratic Republic; Wilfred T. Neill, New Port Richey, Florida; John H. Ostrom, New Haven; RalphS.Palmer,Albany, NewYork;Arnold Ross, New York City; Dale Russell, Ottawa, Canada; E.G.FranzSauer, Gainesville;R.J.Scarlett, Christchurch, New Zealand; RobertK.Selander, Austin, Texas; Morris Skinner, New York City; Kenneth G. Simpson, Melbourne, Australia; Robert O. Vernon, Talla hassee, Florida;S.David Webb, Gainesville; Glen E. Woolfenden, Tampa, Florida.TheNational Science Foundation continued its support through grant number GB-1686.Withthe present installment all the water birds have been treated, as well as some of the land birds. These represent 96 families (34 extinct and62living), 550 genera (303 paleo generaand247 neo genera) ,and1,230 species (771 paleospeciesand465 neospecies).The remaining groups, species incertae sedis,andnominanudawill, hopefully, comprise the fourthpartof the Catalogue.

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108BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUMADDENDATOPREVIOUS PARTSVol.11Genera.andspecies listed below supplementtheprevious Addenda published on pages 203-204 ofPart2.They includenewtaxa basedondiagnostic parts oftheskeletonanddescribed since. preceding in stallments oftheCatalogue. Iamindebtedto James Fisher, London,andE. Kurotchkin, Moscow, for calling to my attention aspedesoverlooked during the preparation ofPart2,andI hopethatworkers knowing of similar omissions will so inform me.ADDENDATOPART 1Onp. 241, family Diomedeidae, insert:5.Diomedea milleriHowardDiomedea milleri Howard, 1966 (Dec. 28; postmarkedFeb.15, 1967), Los Angeles County Mus .. Contr. -in SeL, no 114, p. 2,fig.1,C (type from Sharktooth Hill, proximalendof left ulna, Los Angeles Co. Mus. no. 7319). MI6DLEMIOCENE (Temblor formation).CALIFORNIA:Kern Coun ty: Sharktooth Hill, 7 milesNEof Bakersfield.Onp. 255, family Phalaerocoracidae, insert:24.Phawcrocorax goletensis HowardPhalacrocorax golete11.Yis Howard, 1965 (Apr. 26), Bull.S.California Aead.ScL,vol. 64, pt. 1, p. 51,fig.1 (type from La Goleta, right coracoid, Los Angeles County Mus., no. 4632).MIDDLE?PLIOCENE(Goleta formation).MEXICO:Michoacan: Morelia lacustrine basinnearLaGoleta.On p. 265, family fCyphornithidae, insert:GenustTympanonesiotesHopsonTympanonesiotes Hopson, 1964 (July 15), Postilla, no. 83, p. 14 (typebymonotypyandnew genus new species convention Tympanonesiotes wetmorei Hop son).3.Tympanonesiotes wetmoreiHopsonTympanonesiotes wetmorei Hopson, 1964 (July 15), Postilla, no. 83, p. 14,fig.3 (type fromDrumIsland, distalpartof right tarsometatarsus,U.S.Nat. Mus. no. 16809; cast in Brodkorb coll.).LOWERMIOCENE(Hawthorne formation).SOUTHCAROLINA:Charleston County: Cooper River nearDrumIsland.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS109Onp. 267, family Pelecanidae, insert:lOa.Pelecanus compicillatus novaezealandiaeScarlettPelecanus conspicillatus novaezealandiaeScarlett, 1966 (Dec.), Notomis, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 209,figs.l-11(type from Poukawa, mandible, left quadrate,andpost cranial skeleton, Russell Price colI.).QUATERNARY.NEWZEALAND:North Island: Poukawa on Hawkes Bay; Waikaremoana. South Island: Marfell Beach on Lake Grass mere in Marlborough.On p. 289, subfamily Ciconiinae, insert:Genust Dissourodes ShortDissourodesShort, 1966 (May 26), Smithsonian Misc. Call., vol. 149, no. 9, p. 1 (typebyoriginal designationDissourodes milleriShort).22. Dissourodes milleriShortDissourodes milleriShort, 1966 (May 26), Smithsonian Misc. Call., vol.' 149, no. 9, p.1,fig.1 (tYB-e from near Valentine, distal half of left tibiotarsus, Nebraska State Mus. no. 5780; castinU.S.Nat. Mus.).LOWERPLIOCENE(Valentine formation).NEBRASKA:Cherry County: 4 miles SE of Valentine, in section 17, Township 33 N, Range 27 W.ADDENDA TO PART 2On p. 216, subfamily Plectropterinae, insert:90.Neochen barbadianaBrodkorbNeochen barbadianaBrodkorb, 1965 (Jan. 18), Barbados Mus.&Hist. Soc., vol. 31, no.1,p.5,pI.1(type from Ragged Point, left coracoid, Univ. Florida no. 7456).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(post-Coral Rock).BARBADOS:St. Philip Par rish: Ragged Point.On p. 219, for 40.Anaberniculan. sp., Howard (MS.) read:40.Anabernicula oregonemis HowardAnabernicula oregonesis Howard, 1964 (Dec. 15), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 2200, p. 5,figs.1-2 (type from Fossil Lake, left humerus, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 3548).MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE(Fossil Lake formation).OREGON:Lake County: Fossil Lake.

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110BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUM Vol. 11Onp. 223, subfamily Anatinae, insert:91.Anas apscheronicaBurchak-Abramovich Anas apscheronicaBurchak-Abramovich, 1958, Uchenie Zapiski Azerbaijan State Univ., ser. bioI., no. 1,p.85,fig.1 (type from Enikend,upperendof right coracoid, colI. N. Burchak-Abramovich).UPPERPLIOCENE(Apscheron).AZERBAIJAN:Enikend,onrightbankofKuraRiver.Onp. 227, subfamily Anatinae, insert:Genust Wasonaka HowardWasonakaHoward, 1966 (Apr. 4), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 94, p. 5 (typebyoriginal designationWasonaka yepomeraeHoward).92. Wasonaka yepomeraeHowardWasonaka yepomeraeHoward, 1966 (Apr. 4), Los Angeles CountyMus"Contr.inSci., no. 94, p. 5,fig.1 A-E,H-I(type from Arroyo de las Barrancas Blancas, right-humerus, Los AngelesCountyMus. no. 4620).MIDDLEPLIOCENE(Chihuahuaformation).MEXICO:Chihuahua: Arroyodelas Barrancas Blancas, 1J4 mile east of Yepomera.Onp. 230, subfamily Merginae, insert:93.Bucephala angustipesJanossyBucephala angustipesJanossy, 1965 (June), PaHiont. Abhandl., Abt.A.Bd. 2.Heft2-3,p.345, text-fig. 6, pl. 6, figs. 12-20 (type from Voigtstedt, Institut fliT Quatarpalaontologie, Weimar, no. Voi.2795).LOWERPLEISTOCENE.GERMANY:.Thuringia: Voigtstedt.Onp. 253, subfamily Vulturinae, insert:GenustDryornisMorenoandMerceratDryornisMorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May), An. MuseoLaPlata, Pal. argentina, vol.1,pp.24, 59 (typebymonotypyDryornis panpeanusMorenoandMer cerat).17.Dryornis pampeanusMorenoandMerceratDryornis pampeanusMorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), An. MuseoLaPlata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1,pp. 24, 59, pI. 16,fig.1 only (lectotype from Monte Hermoso, distalendof right humerus,LaPlataMus. no. 169, designatedbyL.Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3,p.329 note).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 111MIDDLEPLIOCENE(MonteHermosoformation).ARGENTINA:ProvoBuenos Aires:MonteHermoso.On p. 276, subfamily Gypaetinae, insert:GenustArikaromisHowardArikarornisHoward, 1966 (July 22), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 107, p. 2 (typebyoriginal designationArikarornis macdonaldiHoward).63.Arikarornis macdonaldiHowardArikararornis macdonaldiHoward, 1966 (July 22), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr.inSci., no. 107, p. 2,fig.1 A-D (type from Sharp's Cutoff, distalendof left tibiotarsus, Los Angeles Co. Mus. no. 9357).LOWERMIOCENE(middleofSharp'sformation). SOUTII DAKOTA:ShannonCounty:southsideofSharp's Cutoff Road,inSW Y4, section9,Township39 N,Range43W. /' On p. 298, subfamily Gallinuloidinae, for GenusfPalaeortyxMilne-Edwards andPalaeortyx hoUman1Ji (Gervais), substitute:GenustEortyxBrodkorb12.Eortyx hoffmanni(Gervais)Onp. 301, subfamily Gallinuloidinae, add:27.Taoperdix miocaeoo BallmannTaoperdix miocaenaBaUmann, 1966 (postmarked 16Feb.1967), Die Vogef ausderaltburdigalen Spaltenfiillung von Wintershof (West)bei EichsUitt in Bayem, p. 44,pLl.fig.1 (type from Wintershof (West), proximalpartofleft carpo metacarpus, Bayer. Staatssammlungf.PaL u. hist. GeoL Miinchen no. 18111).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Burdigalianfissuredeposit).GERMANY:Bavaria:Wintershof(West)beiEichstatt.1Newgenus. Name from GreekEos(Dawn)andmasculine ortux (quail).TypeTringa? hoUmanniGervais.AspointedoutbyBallmann (1967, Die Vogel ausderaltburdigalen SpaltenfiiUung von Wintershof (West) bei EichstattinBayem, pp. 43:If),theexpression "Palaeortyx hoUmanni, nov. gen." (Milne Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 217) wasnota designationofthatspecies asthetypeofthegenus, forhesays ofPalaeortux gallica,nov. sp., "Cette especedevra memeetreconsideree commeIetypedecette genre" (p. 230). Accordingly a different generic name isneededforthestraight-billedTringaP hoUmanni.

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112BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol. 11Onp. 310, subfa:mily Odontophorinae, insert:54.Miortyx aldeniHowardMiorlyx aldeniHoward, 1966(July22), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr.inSci., no. 107, p. 5, fig.1E (type from Sharp's Cutoff, proximalendof left humerus, Los Angeles Co. Mus. no. 9388).LOWERMIOCENE(middleof Sharp's formation).SOUTHDAKOTA:Shannon County:southside of Sharp's Cutoff Road,inN lh, section17,Township39N,Range43W.Onp. 313, subfamily Phasianinae, afterSchauborlyx kelticus(Eastman), add:GenustPalaeortyxMilne-Edwards(fromp.298)55.Palaeortyx gallicaMilne-Edwards(fromp. 301)56.Palaeortyx brevipesMilne-Edwards(fromp. 301)57.Palaeortyx phasianoidesMilne-Edwards(fromp. 301)58.Palaeortyx intermediaBaUmannPalaeortyx? intermediaBaUmann, 1966 (Feb. 16, 1967), Vogel altburdigaI. Spalten fiiUung von Wintershof (West), p. 54, pI. 1, fig.3 (type from Wintershof (West), left coracoid, Bayer. StaatssammI. Pal. Rist. GeoI. no. 18103).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Burdigalianfissuredeposit).GERMANY:Bavaria: Wintershof(West)beiEichstatt.Onp. 318, subfamily Phasianinae, add:59.Alectoris bavaricaBaUmannAllectoris bavaricaBaUmann, 1966 (Feb. 16, 1967), Vogel altburdigaL Spalten fiiIlung von Wintershof (West), p. 61, pI. 1, fig.2 (type from Wintershof (West), left tarsometatarsUS, Bayer. Staatssamml. Pal. hist. GeoI. no. 18110).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Burdigalianfissuredeposit).GERMANY:Bavaria: Wintershof (West)beiEichstatt.

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1967BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS113Order RALLIFORMES (Reichenbach)atidesWagler,1830,Natiirliches SystemderAmphibienmitvorangehender Classificationder Saugethiere undVogel, pp.80, 82(ordo;typeOtisLinnaeus).-QtidesFiirbringer,1888,UntersuchungenzurMorphologieundSystematikderVogel, vol.2,p.1566(gens [between suborderandfamily]).-OtidesSharpe,1891,Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p.73(suborder).OtideaVerheyen,1961(Oct.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol.37,no.27,p.26(suborder; misprint forOUdes?,d.p.21).FulicariaeReichenbach,1852(after Oct.1),Avium systema naturale,p.XX (cohors=suborder; typeFulica Linnaeus).-FulicariaeSclaterandSalvin,1873,Nomenclator avium neotropicalium,pp.viii,139(order).-FulicariaeFiirbringer,1888,Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol.2,p.1566(gens).RallariaeReichenbach,1852(after Oct.1),Avium syst. nat.,p.XXII (cohors=suborder; typeRallus Linnaeus).-RalliformesCoues,1884,KeytoNorth American Birds, ed.2,pp.ix,669(suborder).-RaUiAmerican Ornithologists' Union,1886,Check-list of North American Birds, ed.1,p.139(suborder).RalliformesSharpe,1891,Review of Recent Attempts to ClaSSify Birds,p.70(order).-RallimorphaeLowe,1931(July), Ibis, ser.13,vol.I,no.3,p.491(order).-RalliStresemann,1959(July9),Auk, vol.76,no.3,p.278(order).CruesBonaparte,1854,Ann. Sci. nat. Paris, vol.1,p.36(tribus ::::::: suborder; type Grus Pallas}.-GruiformesCoues,1884,KeytoNorth American Birds, ed.2,pp.ix, '666 (suborder).-GruesFiirbringer,1888,Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol.2,p.1566(gens).-GruiformesSharpe,1891,Review of Re cent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p.74(order}.-GruimorphaeLowe,1931(July), Ibis, ser.13,vol.1,no.3,p.491 (suhorder).-Cruae Lowe,1931(July), op .. cit., p.491(suborder).-CruesMayrandAmadon,1951(Apr.2),Amer. Mus. Novitates, no.1496,p.34(order).Turnicomorphae Huxley,1868,Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p.303("group" [below suborder];typeTurnix Bonnaterre}.-TurnicesGadow,1893,Bronn Klass. Ordn., Vogel, no.2,pp.78, 164, 300(Unterordnung).-TurniciformesVerheyen,1958(Jan.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol.34,no.2,pp.1, 16(ordo).TurnicesStresemann,1959(July9),Auk, vol.76,no.3,p.278(order).HemipodiiSclater,1880(July), Ibis, ser.4"vol.4,no.15,p.340(order; typeHemipodiusReinwardt,1815,a junior synonymofTurnixBonnaterre,1791).HemipodiiFiirbringer,1888,Untersuch. Morph.Syst.Vogel,vol.2,p.1566(gens). Castornithes Stejneger,1885,StandardNat. Hist., vol.4,p.54(order;typeCastornis Hebert).-CastornithiformesSharpe, 1899, Hand-list of GeneraandSpecies of Birds, vol.1,p.230(order).EurypygaeFiirbringer,1888,Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol.2,p.1566(gens; typeEurypyga Il1iger).-EurypygaeSharpe,1891,Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds,p.74(suborder).-EurypygaeStresemann,1959(July9),Auk, vol.76,no.3,p.278(order).CariamaeFiirbringer,1888,Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol.2,p.1566note (gens;typeCariamaBrisson).-CariamaeWetmoreandW.D. Miller,1926(July3),Auk, vol.43,no.3,p.343(suborder).-CariamiformesVerheyen,1957(Aug.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol.33,no.39,pp.I,6(ordo).-CariamaeStresemann,1959(July9),Auk, vol.76,no.3,p.278(order).

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114BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11StereornithesMorenoandMercerat,1891(May), An. Mus.La Plata, P(l.l. argen tina, vol.1,pp.20, 37(ordo; typeStereornisMoreno and Mercerat,1891,a junior synonymof Phorusrhacos Ameghino,1887).HeliornithiformesSharpe,1891,Review of Recent Attempts to Classify birds, p.70(order;typeHeliornisBonnaterre).-HeliornithesSharpe,1891,op. cit., p.70 (suborder).-HeliornithesStresemann,1959(July9),Auk,vol.76,no.3,p.278(order).AramiSharpe,1891,Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p.74(sub order; typeAramusVieillot).RhinochetidesSharpe,1891,Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p.74(suborder;typeRhynochetosVerreauxandDesMurs).-RhinochetesSharpe,1899,Hand-list of GeneraandSpecies of Birds, p.180(suborder).-RhynochetiWetmore,1930(Jan.8),Proc.U.S.Nat. Mus., vol.76,art.24,p.4(suborder).-RhinochetiStresemann,1934,HandbuchderZoologie, vol.7,p.769.-RhynochetiStresemann,1959(July9),Auk, vol.76,no.3,p.278(order).MesitidesSharpe,1891,ReviewofRecent Attempts to Classify Birds, p.74(sub order; typeMesitesGeoffroy, Apr.1838,preoccupiedbyMesites SChonherr, beforeFeb.1838).-MesitesGadow,1893,Bronn Klass. Ordn., Vogel, pt.2,p.300(Unterordnung).PsophiaeSharpe,1891,Review of Recent Attempts to. Classify Birds, p.74(sub order; typePsophiaLinnaeus).-PsophiiformesMathews, /1913, Birds of Aus tralia,vol3,pt. 4, p.373(order).-PsophiaeStresemann,1959(July9),Auk, vol. 7-tl, no.3,p.278(order).DicholophiSharpe,1891,Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p.74(suborder; typeDicholophusIlliger,1811,a junior synonym ofCariamaBris son,1790).StephanornithesMoreno,1897,An. Soc. cien. argentina, vol.43,p.226(ordo;typeStephanornisMercerat).MesoenatidesSharpe,1899,Hand-list of GeneraandSpecies of Birds, vol.1,p.180(suborder;typeMesoenasReichenbach,1862,new name forMesitesGeof froy,preoccupied).-MesoenadesStresemann,1959(July9),Auk, vol.76,no.3,p.278(order).DiatrymaeMatthewandGranger,1917(May28),Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol.37,art.11,p.321(order; typeDiatryma Cope).-DiatrymiformesWet more,1930(Jan.8),Proc.U.S.Nat. Mus., vol.76,no.2821,p.4(order).DiatrymatiformesHay,1930(Jan.27),Carnegie Instn. WashingtonPubI.,no.390,vol.2,p.283(suborder).MegalornithiformesWetmoreandW. D. Miller,1926(July3),Auk, vol.48,no.3,p.342(order; type MegalornisG.R.Gray,-1841,a junior synonymy of Crus Pallas,1766).-MegalornithesWetmoreandW. D. Miller,1926(July3),op. cit.,p.342(suborder).BrontornithesDolgopoldeSaez,1927,An. Soc.den.argentina, vol.103,p.145(suborden).-BrontorniformesL.Kraglievich,1932,An.Mus. Hist. nat. Monte video, ser.2,vol3,p.350(orden).PhororhaciWetmore,1930(Jan.8),Proc. U.S.Nat. Mus., vol.76,art.24,p.4(suborder; typePhorusrhacos Ameghino).-PhororhaciformesKraglievich,1932,An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser.2,vol.3,p.350(orden).MesitornithesWetmore, 1!:t60 (June23),Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol.139,no. 11,pp.12, 26(suborder'; tYPe MesitornisBonaparte,1855,new name forMesitesGeoffroy,1838,preoccupied).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS115SuborderRALLI(Reichenbach)RallariaeReichenbach, 1852 (after Oct. 1), Avium syst. nat., p. XXII (cohors=suborder;type Rallus Linnaeus).-RalliformesCoues, 1884, Key to North American Birds, ed. 2, pp.ix,669(suborder).-RalliAmerican Ornithologists' Union, 1886, Check-list of North American Birds, ed. 1, p. 139(suborder).RalliformesSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p. 70order).-RallimorphaeLowe, 1931 (July), Ibis, ser. 13, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 491(order).-RalliStresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).FulicariaeReichenbach, 1852 (after Oct. 1), Avium syst. nat., p.XX(cohors=suborder; typeFulica Linnaeus).-FulicariaeSclaterandSalvin, 1873, Nomen clator avium neotropicalium, pp.viii,139(order).-FulicariaeFiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. VogeL vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens).HeliornithiformesSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p. 70 (order; typeHeliornis Bonnaterre).-Heliornithes SharPe, 1891, op. cit., p. 70(suborder).-HeliornithesStresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76,no. 3, p. 278 (order).FamilyRALLIDAEVigorsRallidaeVigors, 1825, Trans, Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, p. 416 (family;type Rallus Linnaeusr.-Rallinae G.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of GeneraofBirds, p. 71(subfamily).-RalleaeBonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646(section).-RallioideaShufeldt, 1895, Jour. Anat. Physiol. London, vol. 29,p.33(superfamily).-RalloideaShufeldt, 1904, American Naturalist, vol. 38, p. 852(superfamily).-RallidesWetmoreandW. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342 (superfamily).-RaUoidae Hay,193Q(Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 333 (snperfamily).FuUcariae1Nitzsch, 1829, Observationesdeavium arteria carotide communi (familia, fideA.Newton; typeFulicaLinnaeus).-FulicinaeBonaparte, 1849 (subfamily, fide Gray,1871).-FulicidaeKaup, 1850, Ueber Classificationder Vogel, (family, fide Gray,1871).-FuliceaeBonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (section).GallinulinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGenera of Birds, p. 72 (sub family;typeGallinula "Ray" [Brisson]).-GallinuleaeBonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31),G.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646(section).-GallinulidaeBlasius, 1860, NaturgeschichtederVogel, FortsetzungderNachtrage (family, fide Gray, 1871).PorphyrioninaeReichenbach, 1850 (fide Gray, 1871; typePorphyriaBrisson).PorphyriinaeVerheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21,pp.24, 41 (sous-famille).Ocydrominae 1853 (read Oct. 31), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18,p.646 (subfamilia;typeOcydromusWagler, 1830, a synonym ofGallirallusLafresnaye, 1841). 1" An earlier useofFulicariaeas a family-group nanie maybeNitzsch, 1820, Deutsches Archiv fiir die Physiologie, vol. 6,p.263 (fide RidgwayandFried mann, 1941).

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116BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11AptornithidaeBonaparte, 1856 (read Nov. 3), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 43, no. 18, p. 841 (familia;typeAptornisOwen).-AptornithinaeBonaparte, 1856 (read Nov. 3), op. cit., p. 841 (subfamilia).HimanthornithinaeG.R.Gray, 1871 (after July 8), Hand-list of GeneraandSpeciesofBirds, pt. 3, p. 64 (subfamily;typeHimanthornisTemminck, 1854[?], a synonym ofHimantornisHartlaub,1855).-HimantornithinaeVer heyen, 1957 (May) Bull. lnst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, voL 33, no. 21, pp. 25, 41 (sous-famille).OrtygometridaeSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p. 70 (family;typeOrtygometraLeach, 1816, a junior synonymofCrexBechstein, 1803).TelecrecinaeWetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novit., no. 711, p. 13 (sub family;typeTelecrexWetmore).SarothrurinaeVerheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. lnst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21,pp.24, 41 (sous-famille;typeSarothruraHeine).SubfamilyRALLINAE(Vigors)RallidaeVigors, 1825, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol.14,p.416 (family;typeRallusLinnaeus).-RallinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGenera of Birds, p.71(subfamily).-RalleaeBonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646(section).-RallioideaShufeldt, 1895, Jour. Anat. Physiol. London, vol. 29, p. 33 (superfamily).-RalloideaShufeldt, 1904, Naturalist, vol. 38, p. 852(superfamily).-RallidesWetmoreandW. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342(superfamily).-RalloidaeHay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 333 (superfamily).OcydrominaeBonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (subfamilia; typeOcydromusWagler, 1830, a synonym ofGallirallusLafresnaye, 1841).HirnanthornithinaeG.R.Gray, 1871 (after July 8), Hand-list of Generaand andSpecies of birds,pt.3, p. 64 (subfamily;typeHirnanthornisTemminck, 1854[?], a synonym ofHirnantornisHartlaub,1855).-HirnantornithinaeVer heyen, 1957 (May), Bull. lnst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 25, 41 (sous-famille).OrlygometridaeSharpe, 1891, ReviewofRecent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p. 70 (family;typeOrtygometraLeach, 1816, a junior synonym ofCrexBechstein, 1803). Sarothrurlnae 1957 (May), Bull. lnst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 24, 41 (sous-famille; typeSarothruraHeine).Genus tTelmat,ornis MarshTelrnatornisMarsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 210 (typeTelmatornis priscus Marsh,bygen.n., sp.n., conventionandbydesigna tion of Hay, 1902, Bull. U.S.GeoI. Surv., no. 179, p. 528) .. Subfamily un certain.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS1.T elmatornis priscus Marsh117Telmatornis priscusMarsh, 1870 (March), Amer, Jour.Sci"ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 210, (type from Hornerstown, distal half of left humerus, Yale Peabody Mus. no.840).-Shufeldt,1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 25, pI. 26,fig. 37 (type restudied).UPPERCRETACEOUS('
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118BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM5. Gypsornis cuvieriMilne-EdwardsVol. 11 Gypsornis cuvieri Milne-Edwards,1869,Ois. foss. France,voL2,p.140,pI.103,figs.1-5(type from Montmartre, proximal portion of tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).UPPEREOCENE(gypsedeMontmartre).FRANCE:Dept.Seine: Montmartre. GenustQuercyrallusLambracht Quercyrall1JS Lambrecht,1933,HandbuchPalaeorn., p.461(tyPe Rallus arenarius Milne-Edwards, designatedbyBrodkorb,1952,Condor,voL54,p.175).6.Quercyrallus ludianusBrodkorbRallus intermedius Milne-Edwards,1869,Ois. foss. France, vol.2,p.144,pI.103,fig.17(type.from Montmartre, skeleton impression lacking carpometacarpi, fipgers, tibiotarsi, tarsometatarsi, toes, Paris Mus. [preoccupiedbyRallusinter medius Johann Hermann,1804]).Quercyrallus ludianus Brodkorb,1963(Oct.31),Auk, vol.80,no.4,p.542(new name for Rallus intermedius Milne.;.Edwards).UPPER EOCENE(gypsedeMontmartre). FRANCE: Dept. Seine: Montmartre.7.QuercyraUus arenarius(Milne-Edwards) Rallus arenarius Milne-Edwards,1892,C. R. 2.Congres internat. ornith. Budapest, p.74{type from Caylux, humerus, ParisMus.).-Gaillard,1908,Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc.23,p.110,fig.33(type restudied).UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:Dept.Tarn-et-Garonne: Cauylux (Milne-Edwards, 1892).Dept.Lot: Escamps (Gaillard, 1908); BachnearLalbenque(Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 461).8.Quercyrallusdasypus(Milne-Edwards)RallusdasypusMilne-Edwards,1892,C. R:2.Congres internat. ornith. Budapest, p.73(type from St. Antonin, femuranddistalendof humerus, ParisMus.).Gaillard, 1908,Ann: Mus. Lyon, fasc.23,p.112(types restudied).UPPEREOCENEORLoWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:Dept.Tarn-et-Garonne: St. Antonin. GenustRaUicrexLambrechtRallicrex Lambrecht,1933,Handb. Palaeorn., p.463(typebymonotypy RaUicrex kolozsvarensis Lambrecht).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS9.Rallicrex kolozsvarensisLambrecht119Rallicrex kolozsvarensis Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 463,fig.141 (type from Kolozsvar, distal portion of left tarsometatarsus,KgI.Ungar. CeoI. Anstalt, Budapest).UPPEROLIGOCENE(CorbulaSchichten).ROMANIA:Siebenburgen: south face of Zitadelle zu KoIozsvar. GenustPalaeoaramidesLambrechtPalaeoaramidesLambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn.,p.462 (typebymonotypyRallus christyiMilne-Edwards).10.Palaeoaramides christyi(Milne-Edwards) Rallus christyi Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 146, pI. 103,figs.1-5; pI. 104,figs.1-9 (types from Langy, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).LoWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian).FRANCE:Dept. Allier: Langy (Milne-Edwards, 1869); Montaigut (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Pa laeorn., p. 462). 11.Palaeoaramides eximius (Milne-Edwards) Rallus eximius Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 149, pI. 103,figs.6-11 (type from Langy, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus. [possiblythe ofP.christyin. ; LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian).FRANCE:Dept. Allier: Langy. GenustParaortygometraLambrechtParaortygometraLambrecht, 1933, Handb. Pala'eorn., p. 462 (typebymonotypyRallus porzanoidesMilne-Edwards). ... 12.Paraortygometra porzanoides(Milne-Edwards) Rallus porzanoidesMilne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 150, pI. figs. 1-16 (types from St.-Gerand;.le-Puy, humerus, distal portion of femur, tar sometatarsus, Paris Mus.).LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian).FRANCE:Dept. Allier: St.-Gerand Ie-Puy. GenustPararallusLambrechtPararallusLambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 466 (typebymonotypyRallus disparMilne-Edwards).

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120BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM13.Pararallus dispar (Milne-Edwards)Vol.11Rallus disparMilne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 155,pi.105, figs. 17-30 (types from Sansari, distalendof humerus, distalendof tibiotarsus, proximal2/3of left and distalendof right tarsometatarsus [Paris Mus.?]).UPPERMIOCENE(Helvetian).FRANCE:Dept.Gers. Sansan.14.Pararallus beaumonti(Milne-Edwards)Hallus beaumontiMilne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 152, pI. 104,figs.10-26 (types from Sansan, humerus, distalendof tibiotarsus, distalendof tarsometatarsus [Paris Mus.?]). Generic position provisional.UPPERMIOCENE(Helvetian).FRANCE:Dept.Gers: Sansan. GenusRaZlusLinnaeus Hallus Linnaeus, 1758,Syst.Nat., ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 153 (typeRallus aquaticusLinnaeus, designatedbyFleming, 1821).15.Rallus dubiusPortisRallus dubiusPortis, 1887, Mem.R.Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 38, separate p. 5, pI. 1,fig.2 (type from Sinigaglia, sternum impression [Mus. Torino?]).LOWERPLIOCENE(Messiniano).ITALY:Ancona prov.: Senigallia [Sinigaglia]. 16.Rallus prenticeiWetmoreRallus prenticei (May 15), Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 30, pt. 1, no. 9, p. 99,figs..9-19 (type from Rexroad locality 2, right humerus, Univ. Kansas no. 3865).UPPERPLIOCENE(Rexroadformation).KANSAS:MeadeCounty: Rexroad ranch.17.Rallus phillipsiWetmoreRallus phillipsiWetmore, 1957 (July 23), Condor, vol. 59, no.4,p. 267,fig.1 (type from Gray Ranch, right tarsometatarsus, AllanR.Phillips no. L.lS5, on deposit inU.S.Nat. Mus.).UPPERPLIOCENE.ARIZONA:Mohave County: Gray RanchnearWikieuppostoffice .. GenustCreccoidesShufeldt Creccmdes Shufeldt, 1892 (Apr.14),Proc.Amer. philos. Soc., vol. 30, p. 125 (typebymonotypyCreccoides osborniiShufeldt).CrecoidesShufeldt, 1892 (Oct. 20), Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., vol. 9, pt. p. 412 note (emendation).RalloidesShufeldt, 1892 (Oct. 20), Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., vol. 9, pt. '3, p. 412, note (subsitute name forCreccoidesShufeldt).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS18.Creccoides osborniiShufeldt121Creccoides osborniiShufeldt, 1892 (Apr.14)Proc. Amer. philos. Soc., vol. 30, p. 125 (type from Blanco Canyon, proximal portion tarsometatarsus).LOWERPLEISTOCENE(Blanco.formation).TEXAS:CrosbyCounty:Blanco Canyon. GenusPorzanaVieillotPorzanaVieillot, 1816,Analyse Nouv.Om. p. 61 (typebymonotypyRallus porzanaLinnaeus).19.Porzana lacustris BrodkiJrbPorzana lacustris Brodkorb, 1958 (Oct. 31), Wilson Bull., vol. 70, no. 3, p. 239,fig.1 (type from section 28, right humerus, Univ. Mich. Mus. Paleo. no. 33916).LOWERPLEISTOCENE(Hagermanlake beds).IDAHO:Twin Falls County: NWlf4,SWlf4, section 28,T.7 S.,R.13 E.20.Porzana auffenbergiBrodkorbPorzana auffenbergiBrodkorb, 1954 (March 26), Condor, vol. 56, no. 2,p.103,fig.1 (type frompitIatHaile, left humerus, Brodkorb no. 742).MIDDLE PLEISTOcENE (Arredondo clay).FLORIDA:Alachua Coun ty: Haile, pits I (Brodkorb, 1954)andXI(Ligon, 1966, Bull.FloridaState Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 143); Bull.FloridaStateMus., vol. 4, p. 280).MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE(Reddick beds).FLORIDA:Marion County:Reddick(Brodkorb,1957, Jour. Paleont., vol. 31, p.135).21.Porzana guti(Brodkorb) Laterallus gutiBrodkorb, 1952 (June 15), Wilson Bull., vol. 64, no. 2, p. 80,fig.1 (type from Reddick, left humerus, Brodkorb no. 84).MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE(Reddick beds).FLORIDA:Marion County: DixieLimeProductsCompanyquarry,1 mileS.ofReddick(Brod korb, 1952).MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE(Arredondoclay).FLORIDA:Alachua County: Haile,pitXI(Ligon,1966, Bull.FloridaState Mus., vol. 10, no. 4,p.143).

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122BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUMGenustEuryonotusMerceratVol.11EuryonotusMercerat, 1897, An. Soc.dent.Argentina, vol. 43, p. 238 (typeEuryonotus brachypterusMercerat, designatedbyRichmond, 1902, Proc.U.S.Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267,p.683).22.Euryonotus brachypterusMercerat brachypterusMercerat, 1897,An.Soc. 'cient. Argentina, vol. 43, p. 238 (type from Arrecifes, humerus).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(Pampas formation).ARGENTINA:ProvoBue nos Aires: Arrecifes.23.Euryonotus argentinusMerceratEuryonotus argentinusMercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. Argentina, vol. 43, p. 239 (type from Arrecifes, proximal portion of hun1eros). UPPER PLEISTOCENE (Pampas formation).ARGENTINA:ProvoBue nos Aires: Arrecifes. GenustAphanocrexWetmoreAphanocrexWetmore, 1963 (Sept. 1), Ibis, vol. 103b,p.379 (typebyoriginal designationAphanocrex podarcesWetmore).24.Aphanocrex podarces WetmoreAphanocrex podarcesWetmore, 1963 (Sept. 1), Ibis, vol. 103b, p. 379, pI. 9 (type from Prosperous Bay, distal portion of left tarsometatarsus, Brit. Mus. no. S/1963.1.1).QUATERNARY(silt).ST.HELENA:Prosperous Bay. GenustCapellirallusFallaCapellirallusFalla, 1954, Rec. Auckland Mus.,voL4,p. 241 (typeCapellirallu8 karamuFalla).25.Capellirallus karamuFallaCapelliralluskaramu Falla, 1954, Rec. Auckland Mus.,voL4, p. 241 (type from Karamu, skeleton, Auckland Mus.).QUATERNARY(cave deposits).NEWZEALAND:North Island: Karamu near Pirongia inTeKuiti district (Falla, 1954); Coonoor and Waitanguru (Oliver, 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed.2,p. 594).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 123 Genus GallirallusLafresnayeGallirallusLafresnaye, 1841, Rev. Zool., p. 234 (typebymonotypyGallirallus brachypterusLafresnaye= Rallus troglodytesGmelin).26.Gallirallus minorHamiltonGallirallus minorHamilton, 1893, Trans. New Zealand Inst., vol. 25, p. 103 (type from Castle Rocks, sternum, pelvis, femur, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, New Zealand Mus.).QUATERNARY.NEWZEALAND:South Island: Castle Rocks (Ham ilton, 1893);PyramidValleyswamp(Scarlett, 1955, Records Canter bury Mus., vol. 6,p.262); Takaka,LakeGrassmere,ForestHill, HamiltonSwampandLimeHills (Oliver, 1955,NewZealand Birds, ed. 2,p.594).GenustDiaphorapteryxForbesDiaphorapteryxForbes, 1893 (April), Ibis, ser.6,vol. 5, no. 18, p. 254 (type by monotypyAphanapteryx hawkinsiForbes).27. Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi(Forbes)Aphanapteryx hawkinsiForbes, 1892, Nature, vol. 46, p. 252 (type from Whare kauri, skeleton, British Museum?).QUATERNARY.CHATHAMISLANDs:Wharekauri. SubfamilyGALLINULINAEGrayGallinulinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds,p.72 (sub family;typeGallinula"Ray"[Brisson]}.--GallinuleaeBonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646(section).--GallinulidaeBlasius, 1860, NaturgeschichtederVogel, FortsetzungderNachtrage (family, fide Gray, 1871).PorphyrioninaeReichenbach, 1850 (fide Gray, 1871;typePorphyrioBrisson).-PorphyriinaeVerheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgipue, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 24, 41 (sous-famille). Genus tEocrexWetmoreEocrexWetmore,1931 (May 15), Condor, vol. 33, no. 3, p. 107 (tyPebymonotypyEocrex primus Wetmore).28.Eocrex primusWetmoreEocrex primus Wetmore, 1931 (May 15), Condor, vol. 33, no. 3, p. 107,fig. 21 ..25, (type from Steamboat Springs, distalendof right tibiotarsus,. U.S.Nat. Mus. no. 12043).

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124BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11LOWEREOCENE(Cathedral Bluffs tongue of Wasatch formation).COLORADO:Sweetwater County, near Steamboat Springs, section13,Township24N,Range 102 West. GenusfPalaeocrexWetmorePalaeocrex Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 9 (typebymonotypy Palaeocrex fax Wetmore).29. Palaeocrex faxWetmorePalaeoclexfax Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 9,figs.15-18 (type from Horsetail Creek, distal portionofleft tar sometatarsus, Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., Denver, no. 1978).LoWEROLIGOCENE(lowerpartof Horsetail Creek member of Chadron formation).COLORADO:Weld County:Trigoniasquarries on Horsetail Creek,sections26-27,Township10N, Range57W. GenusfM iorallus LambrechtMiorallus Lambrecht, 1933,HandbuchPaleorn., p. 466 (typebymonotypy Rallus major Milne-Edwards).30. Miorallus major(Milne-Edwards) Rallus maior Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. Foss. France, vol. 2, p. 157, pI. 103,fig.12-16 (type from Sansan, distalendof humerus, Paris Mus[Pl.MIDDLEMIOCENE(Helvetian).FRANCE:Dept. Gers: Sansan ( Milne-Edwards 1869).1 GenustThiornis Navas Thiornis Navas, 1922, Bol. Soc. iberica Cienc. nat., sel. 4, vol. 21, p. 59 (type by monotypy Thiornis sociata Navas).31.Thiornis sociata Navas Thiornis sociata Navas, 1922, Vol. Soc. iberica Cienc. nat., ser. 4, vol. 21, p. 59, pI. 2 (type from Libros, skeleton impression, Brit. Mus.).LOWERPLIOCENE(Pontian).SPAIN:ProvoTeruel: Libros.1ThereportbyO. Fraas (1870, Jahresh. Ver. vaterl. Naturk. Wiirttemberg, vol. 26, p. 288) fromtheUpper Miocene Schwabische Siisswassermolasseat Steinheim, Germany, cannotbeaccepted without restudy.

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDSGenusGallinulaBrisson125Gallinula Brisson,1760, Ornithologia, vol.1, p. 50, vol.6,p. 2(typeby tauto nomyFulica chloropusLinnaeus).32.Gallinula kansarumBrodkorb1Fulica americanaGmelin, Wetmore, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 30, pt. 1, p. 103 (Univ. Kansas nos. 3994, 3988).UPPERPLIOCENE(Rexford formation).KANSAS:Meade County: Rexroad.33.Gallinula brodkorbiMcCoyGallinula brodkorbiMcCoy, 1963 (July 30), Auk, vol. 80, no. 3, p. 344,fig.3 (type from Itchtucknee River, right humerus, Brodkorb no. 16).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(Itchtucknee River beds).FLORIDA:Columbia County: Itchtucknee River.34.Gallinula strenuipesDeVisGallinula strenuipesDeVis, 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.Wales, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 1284, pl. 34,fig.8a-b (type from River Condamine, left tarsometatarsus).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(Chinchillabeds).AUSTRALIA:Queensland: Darling Downs north bank of River Condamine, 3 miles south of Chinchilla.35.Gallinula peralataDeVisGalZinulaperalataDeVis, 1892, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.Wales, ser. 2, vol. 6, p. 440, pI. 24,fig.3a-b(type from Queensland, humerus).UPPERPLEISTOCENE.AUSTRALIA:Queensland.1Newspecies. Holotype from Rexroad locality 3, distalpartof left humerus, Univ. Kansas no. 3994, collectedbyC.W.Hibbardandparty, 1937. Referable toGallinulainhaving condyles closeandintercondylar space narrow, sothatproximalendof external condyle extends over internal condyle (inFulicacondyles distantandintercondylar space wide, thatI?roximalendof external condyleisin linewithouteredgeof internal condyle);edgeof ectepicondylar process strongly concave inpalmarview (nearly straightinFulica).Differs from Pleisto ceneGallinula brodkorbiMcCoyandlivingandPleistoceneGallinula chloropus (Linnaeus)inhaving ectepicondylar process shorter,withedgeinpalmar view even more strongly concave; entepicondyle shorterwithdistalendtruncate. Distal width 8.0 (8.6intypeofG.brodkorbi,7.4-8.3in14 G.chloropus).No. 3988, arightulnalackingtheolecranonandotherwise damaged,isfromthesame localitybutisreferred only tentatively.Itis 10-20mmshorterthaninFulica americana,besides differing instructural details, e.g.theexternal condyle falls short ofthetrochleae (inFulicatheexternal condyle formsthemost distalpartofthebone).Itis stouterandslightly longerthantheulna of G.brodkorbiandG.chloropus.Lengthas preserved, 46.8;widththrough condyles, 5.6;widthofshaft, 4.5 mm.

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126BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11GenustEpirallusL.MillerEpirallus L. Miller, 1942 (March6),Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., vol. 47, no. 3, p. 43 (typebymonotypy Epirallus natator L. Miller).36.Epirallus natatorL.MillerEpirallus natator L. Miller, 1942 (March 6), Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., vol. 47, no. 3,p.43,fig.1a(type from San Josecito cave, tarsometatarsus, Calif. Inst. Tech. no. 2943, now in Los Angeles County Mus.).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(Chinchillabeds).AUSTRALIA: Cave,nearAramberri.GenusPorphyrioBrissonPorphyrio Brisson, 1760, Ornithologia, vol. 1, p. 48; vol. 5, p. 522 (type by tautonomy Fulica porphyrio Linnaeus).37.Porphyria repertusDeVisPorphyrio reperla DeVis, 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.Wales, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 1283, pI. 34,fig.7a-b (type from River Condamine, distal two-thirds ofright tarsometatarsus) .UPPERPLEISTOCENE(cavedeposit)..NUEVOLEON:SanJosecitoDarlingDowns,northbankofRiverCondamine,3milessouthofChinchilla.38.Porphyrio mackintoshiDeVisPorphyrio mackintoshi DeVis, 1892, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.Wales, ser. 2, vol. 6, p. 440, pI. 24, figs. 2a-b (type from Warwick, tarsometatarsus).UPPERPLEISTOCENE.AUSTRALIA:Queensland:Warwick.GenusTribonyxDuBusTribonyx DuBus, 1840, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles, vol. 7, pt. 1, p.212 (typebymonotypy Tribonyx mortierii DuBus) .. 39.Tribonyx effluxusDeVisFulica prior, in part, DeVis, 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.Wales, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 1285, pI. 35,fig.9b(distal end of humerus only, from River Condamine). Tribonyx eflluxus DeVis, 1892, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.Wales, ser. 2, vol. 6, p. 439 (type distalend of humerus mentioned above).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(Chinchillabeds).AUSTRALIA:Queensland:DarlingDowns,northbankofRiverCondamine,3milessouthofChinchilla.

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1967BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDSGenustH ovacrexBrodkorb127 HovacrexBrodkorb,1965(June25),Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol.28,no.2,p.197(tyPebyoriginal designationTribonyx roberli Andrews).40.H ovacrex roberti(Andrews)Tribonyx robertiAndrews,1897,Ibis, ser.7,vol.3,no.11,p.356,pI. 9, figs.4-7(type from Sirabe, pelvis, Brit. Mus.).QUATERNARY.MADAGASCAR:Sirabe. GenustN esotrochisWetmoreNesotrochisWetmore,1918(Nov.21),Proc.U.S.Nat. Mus., vol.54,no.2245,p.516(typebyoriginal designationNesotrochis debooyiWetmore).41.N esotrochis debooyiWetmoreNesotrochis debooyiWetmore,1918(Nov.21).Proc. U.S.Nat. Mus., vol.54,no.2245,p.516,pI.82,figs.1-5(type from Magens Bay, right femur,U.S.Nat. Mus. no.225845).QUATERNARY(cave deposits).PUERTO fuco: Cueva Clara, Cueva San Miguel near Morovis, Cueva Torano,andHacienda Jobo cave near Utuado (Webnore, 1922, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol.46,p.307,figs.3-9); Barrio Cafias near Ponce (Wetmore, 1938, Auk, vol.55,p.53).QUATERNARY(pre-Columbian middens).ST.THOMAS:Magens Bay (Webnore, 1918).ST.CROIX:mouth of Salt River (Wetmore, 1918); Richmond estate near CJ;rristiansted (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p. 467); Concordia (Webnore, 1937, Jour. Agr. Univ. Puerto Rico, vol.21,p.9,pl.1,figs.1-7). GenustPyramidaOliverPyramidaOliver,1955,New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, pp.595, 657(typebyoriginal designationRallus hodgeniScarlett;Pyramidiaon p.596;spelling restrictedto Pyramida byDawson,1957,Nature, vol.179,p.1307).42. pyramida hodgeni(Scarlett) Rallus hodgeniScarlett,1955,Rec. Canterbury Mus., vol.6,no.4,p. 265 (type from Pyramid Valley Swamp, pelvis, Canterbury Mus. no.6197;measurements only,nodescription).-Pyramidia hodgeniOliver,1955,NewZealand Birds, ed. 2, p.596.(descr. pelvis, tibiotarsus).QUATERNARY.NEWZEALAND:South Island: Pyramid Valley swamp, Marfell Beach sand dunes on Lake GrassmereinMarlborough, and Glenmark swamp (Scarlett, 1955).

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128BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUMGenusN otornisOwenVol.11NotornisOwen,1848,Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p.2(type by monotypyNotornis mantelliOwen).43.N otornis mantelliOwenNotornis mantelliOwen,1848,Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol.3,p.347,pI.56, figs. 7-13(type from Wainganui, cranium, Brit. Mus. no.21695,type from Waingongoro, rostrumandmandible, Brit. Mus. no.21968.Notornis parkeriForbes,1891,Trans. New Zealand Inst., vol.24,p.185(type from North Island).QUATERNARY.NEWZEALAND:NorthIsland:WainganuiandWaingongoro(Owen, 1848);MartinboroughandCoonoorcave(Lambrecht,1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p.477).SubfamilyFULICINAE(Nitzsch)FulicariaeNitzsch,1820,Deutsches Archivf.d. Physiologie, p.263(familia; typeFulica Linnaeus).-FulicinaeBonaparte,1849,fide Gray,1871.-FulicidaeKaup,1850,fide Gray,1871.-FuliceaeBonaparte,1853(read Oct.31),C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol.37,no.18,p.646.GenustFulicaletornisLambrechtFulicaletornisLambrecht,1933,HandbuchPalaeorn., p.479(typebymonotypyAletornis venustusMarsh).44. Fulicaletornis venustus (Marsh)Aletornis venustusMarsh,1872(October), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser.3,vol.4,no.22,p.257(type from Henrys Fork, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no.206).MIDDLEEOCENE(TwinButtesmemberofBridgerformation). WyOMING:UnitaCounty:HenrysFork. .. GenusfMiofulicaLambrechtMiofulicaLambrecht,1933,HandhuchPaleorn., p.480(typebymonotypyFulica dejardiniVan Beneden).45.Miofulica dejardinii(Van Beneden)Fulica dejardiniiVan Beneden,1872,Bull. Acad. Roy. Belg., ser.2,vol.32,p.218,pI.1,fig.8(type"ducrag," distal portion of femur).Fulica desjardiniSharpe,1894,Cat.Birds Brlt. Mus:, vol.23,p.209note.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 129MIDDLEMIOCENE(Anversianblacksand).BELGIUM:NearAntwerp(seeDollo, 1909, Ann. N.Y.Acad. Sci., vol. 19, no. 4,pt.1,p.116). GenusFulicaLinnaeusFulicaLinnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat.,ed.10, vol. 1, p. 152 (type by tautonomyFulica atraLinnaeus).46.Fulica infelixBrodkorbFulica infelixBrodkorb, 1961 (Nov. 7), Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 24, no. 3, p. 181,fig.7 (type from Juntura, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, Univ. Oregon Mus. Nat. Hist. no. F-5758).LOWERPLIOCENE(Junturaformation).OREGON:MalheurCounty: Juntura.47.Fulica shufeldtiBrodkorbFulica minorShufeldt, 1891 (Sept.), Amer. Naturalist, vol. 25, no. 297, p. 820; Shufeldt, 1892,Jour.Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., vol. 9, p. 412, pI. 17,fig.32 (type from Fossil Lake, left humerus, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no.3480).-Fulicaamericana minor Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 182 (type restudied).Fulica shufeldtiBrodkorb, 1964 (Nov. 4), Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 27, no. 3, p. 186 (new name forFulica minorShufeldt, preoccupiedbyFulica minorBrehm, 18S1).MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE(FossilLakeformation).OREGON:Lake County: FossilLake(Shufeldt,1892).MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE(Reddickbeds).FLORIDA:MarionCounty: Reddick (Brodkorb, 1957, Jour., Paleont., vol. 31, p. 135).MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE(Arredondoclay).FLORIDA:Alachua County: Arredondo(Brodkorb,1959, Bull.FloridaState Mus., vol.4,p. 2S0); Paynes Prairie(BrodkorbcolI.).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(Pamlicoformation).FLORIDA:OrangeCoun ty: Rock Spring(Woolfenden,1959, BulL, vol. 71, p.iS5).VolusiaCounty:LakeMonroe(BrodkorbcolI.).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(Itchtucknee River beds).FLORIDA:Columbia County:ItchtuckneeRiver (McCoy, 1963, Auk, vol.SO,p. 347).4S.Fulica hesternaHowardFulica hesternaHoward, 1963 (Dec.SO),Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 73, p. 22, pI. 1,fig.F (type from Arroyo Tapiado, distalendofleft tibiotarsus, Los Angeles County Mus. no: 2873)..

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130BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE(PalmSpringformation).CALIFORNIA:SanDiegoCounty:ArroyoTapiado.49.Fulica podagricaBrodkorbFulica podagricaBrodkorb, 1965 (Jan. 18), Jour. Barbados Mus. and Hist. Soc., vol. 31, no. 1, p. 7, pI. [1] (type from Ragged Point, left humerus, Univ. Florida no. 7458).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(post-CoralRock).BARBADOS:St.PhilipParish:RaggedPoint.50. Fulica prior DeVisFulica priorDeVis, 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.Wales, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 1285, pl. 35,fig.9aonly (type from River Condamine, proximalendof right humerus, selectedbyDeVis, 1892).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(Chinchillabeds).AUSTRALIA:Queensland:DarlingDowns,northbankofRiverCondamine,3milessouthofChinchilla.GenustPalaeolimnasForbesPalaeolimnasForbes, 1893 (Oct.), Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, no. 20, p. 544 (typebymonotypyFulica new toniMilne-Edwards). .PaludiphilusHachisuka, 1953,TheDodo and Kindred Birds, p. 154 (typebymonotypyFulica newtoniMilne-Edwards).51.Palaeolimnas newtoni(Milne-Edwards)Fulica newtoni Milne-Edwards, 1868, Ann. Sci. Nat., ser. 5, Zool., vol. 8, p. 195, pl. 13 (typesfrDmMauritius, premaxilla, sternum, vertebrae, pelvis, femur, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, Cambridge Univ. Mus.).Fulica newtonii Milne-Edwards, 1866-1873, Recherches sur la faune ornithologiquedes Iles MascareignesetdeMadagascar,p.43etseq.QUATENARY.MAURITIUS.GenustNesophalarisBrodkorbandDawsonNesophalarisBrodkorb.and Dawson, 1962 (Apr. 20), Auk, vol. 79, no. 2, p. 268 (typebyoriginal designation.Fulica chathamensisForbes).52.Nesophalaris chathamensis(Forbes)Fulica chathamensisForbes, 1892, Nature, vol. 46, no. 1185, p. 252 (types from Chatham Islands, limb bones, not skulls so labeled in British Mus., see Dawson, 1958, Ibis, p. 235).QUATERNARY. CHATHAM ISLANDS.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS53. N esophalaru; prisca(Hamilton)131Fulica prise aHamilton, 1893, Trans. New Zealand Inst., vol. 25, p. 98 (type from Castle Rocks, leg elements).QUATERNARY.NEWZEALAND:South Island: Castle Rocks (Hamil ton, 1893);KupuaandN gapara (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 484); Pyramid Valley swamp (Scarlett, 1955, Records Canterbury Mus., p. 262); TakakaandLake Grassmere (Oliver, 1955, New Zea land Birds, ed.2,p. 599);TaiRua, 14-16th Century (Trotter, 1965, Notornis, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 178). SubfamilytTELECRECINAEWetmoreTelecrecinaeWetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 14 (typeTelecrexWetmore).GenustTelecrexWetmoreTelecrexWetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 13 (type by monotypyTeleerex grangeriWetmore).54.Telecrex grangeriWetmoreTeleerex grangeriWetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 13,fig.6 (type from Chimney Butte, proximal portion of right femur, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 2942).UPPEREOCENE(IrdinManhaformation).INNERMONGOLIA:Sui yuan Province: Chimney Butte, Shara Murun region. SubfamilytAPTORNITHINAEBonaparteAptornithidaeBonaparte, 1856 (read Nov. 3), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 43, no. 18, p. 841 (familia; typeAptornisOwen).-AptornithinaeBonaparte, 1856 (read Nov. 3), op. cit., p. 841 (subfamilia). Genus tAptornisOwenAptornisOwen, 1848, Trans. Zoo!' Soc. London, vol. 3, p. 347 (type Dinornis otidijormis Owen).ApterygiornisWarren, fide Bonaparte, 1856, C.R.Acad.Sci.Paris, vol. 43, p. 841.55.Aptornis otidiformis(Owen)Dinornis otidiformisOwen, 1844, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol. 3, p. 247 (type from Poverty Bay, tibiotarsus).

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132BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol. 11PLEISTOCENE(menaccenitebeds)andRECENT.NEW ZEALAND: North Island: Poverty Bay (Owen, 1884); bedsatTe Rangatapu near Waingongoro, Waingongoro and Wainganui (Lydek ker, 1891, Cat. Fossil Birds, p. 147); East CapeandMartinborough (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 486); Coonoor (Oliver,1955,New Zealand Birds, ed.2,p. 597).56.Aptornis defossor OwenAptornis def08sorOwen, 1871, Trans. Zoo!' Soc. London, vol. 7, p. 354, pI. 40-44 (types from Oamaru, skull, left femur, right tibiotarsus, fibula, Brit. Mus. nos. 46498-50, 46502, 46503; other types from Timaru, cranium, left tarsometatar sus, Brit. Mus. nos. 46621, 46630).QUATERNARY(superficial deposits).NEWZEALAND:South Island: CamaruandTimaru (Owen, 1871); Pyramid Valley swamp (Scarlett, 1955, Records Canterbury Mus., vol.6,p. 262); Oreti River, Kapua, Glenmark, and RedcliHs (Lambrecht, 1933, Hand. Palaeorn., p.486);Takaka, Lake Grassmere, Herbert, Ngapara, Castle Rocks, Forest Hill and Lime Hills (Oliver,' 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed.2,p.597,fig.);Waimataitai midden (Trotter,1965,Notomis, vol.12,no.3,p. 177). N eospecies of Rallidae from Pleistocene and prehistoric sites:SubfamilyRALLlNAE1. Rallus longirostrisBoddaert.FLORIDA:Seminole FieldinSt. Petersburg (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 37).ST.CROIX: Concordia (Wetmore, 1937, Jour. Agr. D.niv. Porto Rico, vol. 21, no. 1,p.8).2. RaUus elegansAudubon.FLORIDA:Seminole Field and Itchtucknee River (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. CoIl., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 37); Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol.4,no. 9, p. 279); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 142); Hornsby Spring (Brodkorb coIl.); Vero Beach, stratum 3 (Weigel, 1963, Florida Ceol. Surv., Spec. Publ., no. 10, p. 28). ,.. 3. Rallus limicolaVieillot.OREGON:Fossil Lake (Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 182).CALIFORNIA:McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bull. Dept. CeoI. Sci., vol. 15, no. 9, p. 330); Vallecito Creek? (Howard, 1963, Contr. in Sci., no. 73, p. 22); Buena Vista Lake (DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44, p. 228).FLORIDA:Reddick (Brodkorb, 1954, vol. 56, p. 103); Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 279); Itch tucknee River (McCoy, 1963, Auk, vol. 80, p. 344); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 143); Vero Beach, stratum 3 (Weigel, 1963, Fiorida Cool. Surv., Spec. Publ., no. 10, p. 28).4. RaUus aquaticusLinnaeus. IRELAND: Bantick, Edenvale, and Newhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 760).SCOTLAND:Oransa.y, Colon-

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 133 say,andArdrossan (Lambrecht, 1933).ENGLAND:Ightham CaveandMedins Cave (Lambrecht, 1933).FRANCE:Bruniquel (Lambrecht, 1933).MONACO:GrottesdeMenton(Lambrecht, 1933). ITALY: Grotta dei Colombi? and Buca del Bersagliere (Lambrecht, 1933).GERMANY: Hohle bei St. Wolfgang (Lam brecht, 1933).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Balcarova Skala andCertova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.Internat. OITlith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938, 940).HUNGARY:Palffy-Hohle (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 426); Oregkohohle beiBajot (KormosandLambrecht, 1914, Barlangkutatas, vol. 2, p. 105); Remetehegy (Lambrecht, 1914, Aquila, vol. 21, p. 89); Pilisszanto (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. Ceol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 479) Puskaporos (Lambrecht, 1916, Barlangkutatas, vol. 4, p. 205); Subalyuk-Hohle (Janossy, 1962, Aquila, vol. 67-68, p. 179); Passage (Janossy, 1959, Ann. Mus. hungarica, vol. 51, p. 117).PALESTINE:Kebara Cave (Tchernov, 1962, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11, p. 106).5.Rallus philippensisLinnaeus.MACQUARIEISLAND:
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134BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol11brecht, 1913,i\.qJ.1ila, vol. 20, pp. 427-428); Remetehegy (Lambrecht, 1916, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geoL Anstalt, vol. 22,p.395); Piispokfiirdo (Capek, 1917, Barlang kutahls, vol. 5, p. 26);(Janossy, 1954, Aquila, vol. 55-58,p.218); Legenybarlang bei Pilisszentle1ek (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn." p. 760); Cs'ev Passage (Janossy,1959(Ann. Mus. hungarica, vol. 51, p. 117).PALESTINE:OummQatafaCaveandKebara Cave (Tchernov, 1962, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11, pp.' 100, 118).14. Porzana parva(Scopoli).SARDINIA:Tavolara?(E.T. Newton, 1921, Proc. zool. Soc. London, p. 230).CORSICA:GrottadiFuntanedu?(Newton, 1921). AZERBAL-JAN: Binagady? (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4,p.462).15. Porzana pusilla(Pallas).PALESTINE:Kebara Cave (Tchernov, 1962, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11,p.106).16. Porzana porzana(Linnaeus).MONACO:GrottesdeMentonandGrotte de Grimaldi (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p. 760).ITALY:Grotta dei Colombi (Lambrecht, 1933).SWITZERLAND:Ettingen(Lambrecht, 1933)CZECHOSLOVAKIA:SipkaandCertova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber.Y.internat. orDith. Kongr. Berlin,p.940).POLAND:HolubicandWollin (Lambrecht, 1933).HUNGARY: PalHy-Hohle (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20,p.426); Remetehegy (Lambrecht, 1914, Aquila, vol. 21, p. 89); Pilisszanto (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 479); Puskaporos (Lambrecht, 1916, Bar langkutatas, vol. 4,p.205); Istallosko (Janossy, 1954, Aquila, vol. 55-58,p.218).PALESTINE:Kebara Cave (Tchernov, 1962, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol.11,p.106).17. Porzana carolina(Linnaeus).NEWMEXICO:ShelterCave(Howard andA.H. Miller, 1933, Condor, vol. 35, p. 16).ILLINOIS: Kingston (Baker, 1936, Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci., vol. 29,p.245).TEXAS:Lubbock (Univ. Texas); Groesbeck Creek (Midwestern Univ.).FLORIDA:Reddick (Brodkorb, 1954, Con dor, vol. 56,p.103, fig; 1); Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, BulL Florida State Mus., vol. 4, no. 9,p.280); Itchtuknee River (McCoy, 1963, Auk, vol. 80,p.344); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 143); Yero Beach,stratum 3 (Weigel, 1963, Florida Geol. Surv, Spec. PubI., no. 10,p.29).DOMINICANREPUBLIC:Cerro San Francisco (Bernstein, 1965, Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 28, P. 272).18. Porzana fl,aviventris(Boddaert).DOMINICANREPUBLIC: Cen:p. San Francisco (Bernstein, 1965, Quart. Jour.FloridaAcad. Sci., vol. 28, p. 272).PUERTORICO: (fCueva Clara(Wetmore, 1922, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. 46, p. 307). Records fromLapadaEscrivaniaandLapadaLagoadoSumidouro, Brazil(0.Winge, 1887, E.Museo, Lundii, vol.I,no. 2,p.4)pertaintosome other species.19. Porzana albicollis(Vieillot). BRAZIL: LapadaEscrivania(0.Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 26).20. Porzana noveboracensis(Gmelin).FLORIDA:Reddick (Brodkorb, 1957, Jour. Paleont., vol. 31,p.135); Haile (Ligqn, 1966, Bull.FloridaState Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 143).21. Porzana melanophaius(Vieillot).BRAZIL:LapadaEscrivania(0.Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii,voL1, no. 2,p.26).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 135 SubfamilyGALLlNULINAE '22..GaUinula chlaropus (Linnaeus).IRELAND:Castlepook Cave, Edenvale Cave, and Newhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 761).ENGLAND: BurWell fen (Lambrecht, 1933).FRANCE:Essonnes (Milne-Edwards, 1871, Ois. loss. France, vol. 2,p.160); Massat (var. major Milne-Edwards, fide Lambrecht, 1933).MONACO:GrottedeGrimaldi (Lambrecht, 1933).ITALY:Buca del Ber sagliereandGrotta dei Colombi (Lambrecht, 1933).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Balcarova skala (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. PALESTINE:Oumm Qatafa Cave (Tchernov. 1963, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11, p. 100).CALIFORNIA: Vista Lake (DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44, p. 228).ARIZONA:Benson? (Wetmore, 1924, Proe. U.S.Nat. Mus., vol. 64, art. 5, p. 11).IDAHO:Hagerman (Wetmore, 1933, Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol. 87, no. 20, p. 12).ILLINOIS: #Cahokia (Baker, 1941, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., vol. 32, p. 68).FLORIDA:Seminole FieldandItchtucknee River (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol. 85, p. 39); Haile (Brodkorb, 1953, Wilson Bull., vol. 65, p. 50; Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 144); Arredondo (Brod korb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 280); Rock Spring (Woolfenden, 1959, Wilson Bull., vol. 71, p. 185); Hornsby Spring (Brodkorb colI.).CUBA:BanosdeCiego Montero (Wetmore, 1928, Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 301, p. 4).ST.CROIX: #midden (Wetmore, 1918, Proc. U.S.Nat. Mus., vol. 54, p. 520).VENEZUELA: #Los Tamarindosand Tocoron (Wetmore, 1935, Auk, vol. 52, p. 329).BRAZIL:Lapada Escrivania(0.Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 4). 23. Porphyrula martinica (Linnaeus). ILLINOIS:#Kingston (Baker, 1941, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., vol. 32, p. 68).FLORIDA:Haile (Brodkorb, 1953, Wil son Bull., vol. 65, p. 50; Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 144); Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 280); #Good's shellpit (Neill, Gut,andBrodkorb, 1956, Amer. Antiquity, vol. 21, p. 388).DOMINICANREPUBLIC:Cerro San Francisco (Bernstein, 1965, Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 28, p. 272).PUERTORICO: Canas (Wetmore, 1938, Auk, vol. 55, p. 54).ST.CROIX: Concordia (Wetmore, 1937, Jour. Agr. Univ. Puerto Rico, vol. 21, p. 8).ST.KITTS: #midden (Univ. of Florida).MARTINIQUE: Paquemar (Wetmore, 1952, Auk, vol. 69, p. 460).VENEZUELA: Los Tamarindos (Wetmore, 1935, Auk, vol. 52, p. 329).BRAZIL:LapadaEscrivania?(0.Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 27).24.Porphyrio poliocephaulu8 (Latham).NEWZEALAND: #Ototara (Trotter, 1965, Notornis, vol. 12, p. 178).25.Notornis hochstetteriA.B. Meyer. NEW ZEALAND,SOUTHISLAND:Timaru (Lydekker, 1891, Cat.. Fossil Birds Brit. Mus., p. 157); Patience Bay, LakeTeAnau,andCastle Rocks (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 478); Pyramid Valley (Scarlett, 1955, Records Canterbury Mus., vol.6,p. 262); Waitati, Dusky Sound, Earnsc1eugh Cave, Greenhills, Enfield, Kapua,andAniseed Valley (Oliver, 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, p. 375); #Ototara (Trotter, 1965, Notornis, vol. 12, p. 178). SubfamilyFULICINAE:26. -Fulica atra Linnaeus.IRELAND:Ballynamintra Cave (Lydekker, 1891, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 3, p. 393); Edenvale Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn.,

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136BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol.11p. 761).ENGLAND:Cambridgeshire fens (Lydekker, 1891); Merlin'sCaveand #Glastonbury (Lambrecht, 1933).WALES:GopCaveatPrestatyn(Lambrecht, 1933).MONACO:GrottesdeMenton (Lambrecht, 1933).ITALY:GrottaRoman elli,Grottadei Colombi,andTorbieradellaCatarangna(Lambrecht, 1933).SWITZERLAND: #Robenhausen (Lambrecht, 1933).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady(Bur chak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 462).27. Fulica americanaGmelin.OREGON: #Five MileRapids(L.Miller, 1957, Condor, vol. 59, p. 59).CALIFORNIA:RanchoLaBrea(Howard, 1936, Condor, vol. 38, p. 35); SanPedro(Howard, 1949, Condor, vol. 51, p. 24); Vallecito?, Arroyo Hueso?,andArroyoTapiado?(Howard, 1963, Contr. in Sci., no. 73, p. 22); #Buena VistaLake(DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44,p.228).NEVADA:Smith CreekCave(Howard, 1952, Bull. south. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 51,pt.2,p.54). ARIZOKA:#35 milesnorthof Flagstaff(A.H. Miller, 1932, Condor, vol. 34, p. 138); Pueblo (Hargrave, 1939, Condor, vol. 41,p.208).NE,WMEXICO:Shelter Cave (HowardandA.H. Miller, 1933, Condor, vol. 35,p.16.TEXAS:HemphillCounty (Compton, 1934, Condor, vol. 36, p. 40, fig. 7a).KANSAS:Dixon (Harrell, 1959, Proe.S.Dakota Aead. Sci., vol. 38, p. 104).'IOWA: Creek(Hamon, 1961, Plains Anthropologist, vol. 6, p. 210). ILLINOIS: (Baker, 1936, Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci., vol. 29,p.245); Islandand Ridge (Baker, 1941, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., vol. 32,p.68).FLORIDA:Seminole Field, Bradenton,andItchtucknee River (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian misc. CoIl., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 39); Haile (Brodkorb, 1953, Wilson Bull., vol. 65, p. 50; Ligon, 1966, Bull.FloridaState Mus., vol. 10, no. 4,p.144); shellpit, Bluff, and Glen Springs (Neill, Gut,andBrodkorb, 1956, Amer. Antiquity, vol. 21, p. 388); IndianField(Weigel, 1959,FloridaAnthropologist, vol. 12, pI. 74); (Brodkorb coll.).NUEVOLEON:San Josecito Cave(L.Miller, 1943, Univ. Calif. Puhl. Zool., vol. 47, p. 159).FamilytIDIORNITHIDAEBrodkorb Orthucrufmides Gaillard, 1908 (June 13), Les oiseaux des phosphoritesduQuercy, Univ. Lyon, Theses presentees a laFacultedes Sciences, p. 113 (vernacular name; famille desOrthocnemides;typeOrthocnemusMilne-Edwards).-OrthocnemidaeLambrecht,193,3,HandhuchPalaeorn., p. 490 (typeOrthocnemusMilne-Edwards, apreoccupiedsenior synonym ofIdiornisOberholser).IdiornithidaeBrodkorb, 1965 (June 25),Quart.Jour.FloridaAcad. Sci., vol. 28, no. 2, p. 197 (typeIdiornisOberholser).Position uncertain. GenusfIdiornisOberholserOrthocnemusMilne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internat.Om.Budapest, p. 74 (typebyoriginal designation,Orthocnemus gallicusMilne Edwards). PreoccupiedbyOrthocnemusJekel, 1857,Fabr.Ent.,vol. 1, p. 131.IdiornisOberholser, 1899 (June 2), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, p.202(typebyoriginal designationOrthocnemus gallicusMilne-Edwards).1Specimens fromUpperPlioceneatRexroadranch(Wetmore, 1944,Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 30, pt. 1, no. 9, p. 103) areGallinula kansarumn. sp.

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS1.Idiornis gallicus(Milne-Edwards)137Orthocnemus gallicusMilne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C.R.2. Congres inter nat.am.Budapest, p.74(type fromphosphatedeChaux,fragmentarytibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, ParisMus.).-Gaillard,1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 117 (type restudied).UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:plateauofQuercy: Chaux.2.Idiornis cursor(Milne-Edwards)Orthocnemus cursorMilne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C.R.2. Congres internat.Om.Budapest, p. 76 (type from pho:;phate deChauxandCaylux, tarsometatar susandlowerpartoftibia, ParisMus.).-Gaillard,1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 120 (types restudied).UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:plateauofQuercy: Chaux.3.Idiornis major(Milne-Edwards)Orthocnemus majorMilne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C.R.2. Congres internat.am.Budapest, p. 76 (type fromphosphatedeChaux, distalendoftarsometa tarsus, ParisMus.).-Gaillard,1938, Arch. Mus. Hist. nat. Lyon, vol. 15, p.27(type restudied).UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:plateauofQuercy:Chaux(Milne-Edwards,1892).Dept.Lot:Escamps(Gaillard,1908,Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc.23,p.119,textfig.35, pI. 7);Bach(Gaillard, 1938, Arch. Mus. nat. Lyon, vol. 15, p.27,fig.13).4.ldiornis minor(Milne-Edwards)Orthocnemus minorMilne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C.R.2. Congres internat.Om.Budapest,p.77 (type fromphosphatedeChaux, distalendoftarsometa tarsus, ParisMus.).-Gaillard,1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23,p.114, text-fig. 34, pI. 8, figs. 1-4 (Quercy).UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:plateauof Quercy:Chaux(Milne-Edwards,1892);Quercy(Gaillard,1908).GenustElaphrocnemusMilne-EdwardsElaphrocnemusMilne-Edwards, 1891 (before OcL), C.R.2. Congres internaLOm.Budapest, p. 77 (typeElaphrocnemus phasianusMilne-Edwards, designatedbyRichmond, 1902, Proc. U. S. nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267,p.680).

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138BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol. 115.Elaphrocnemus phasianusMilne-EdwardsElaphrocnemus phasianusMilne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internal.Om.Budapest, p. 77 (type fromphosphatedeChaux, tarsometatarsus, ParisMus.).-Gaillard,1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 122, text-fig. 36, pI. 8, figs. 5-8(Quercy).-Gaillard,1938, Arch. Mus. Rist. nat. Lyon, vol. 15,p.29, fig.14(type restudied).UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:plateauofQuercy:Chaux(Milne-Edwards,1892);Quercy(Gaillard, 1908).6.Elaphrocnemus gracilisMilne-Edwards Elaphrocnemus gracilisMilne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C.R.2. Congres internat.Om.Budapest, p. 78 (type fromphosphatedeChaux, tarsometatarsus, ParisMus.).-Gaillard,1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23,p.124 (type restudied).-Gaillard,1938, Arch Mus. Rist. nat. Lyon, vol. 15, p. 31,fig15 (type restudied).UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:plateauofQuercy:Chaux(Milne-Edwards,1892).Dept.Lot: Boussac (Gaillard, 1938).7.Elaphrocnemus crexMilne-EdwardsElaphrocnemus crexMilne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C.R.2. Congres internal.Om.Budapest, p. 78 (type fromphosphatedeChaux, tarsometatarsus, ParisMus.).-Gaillard,1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 125 (type restudied).UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:plateauofQuercy:Chaux; Boussac (Gaillard, 1908).8.Elaphrocnemus alfhildae(Shufeldt)Phasianus alfhildaeShufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans.ConnecticutAcad. Arts Sci., vol. 19,p.71, pI. 12, figs. 79, 81, 85-86 (types fromHaystackButte, distal ends ofrightandleft tarsometatarsi, distalendofrighthumerus,upperendof left coracoid, YalePeabodyMus. nos. 947-848). Position tentative;apparentlynot galliform.UPPEREOCENE(Washakie B).WYOMING:SweetwaterCounty:100feetbelowhorizon ofHaystackButte.SuborderHELIORNITHESSharpe Hel:ornithes Sharp, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 70 (suborder;typeHeliornisBonnaterre).

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1967BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS139FamilyHELIORNITHIDAE(Gray)HeliorninaeG.R.Gray, 1849 (before Apr.), List ofGeneraof Birds, p. 72, sub family;typeHeliornis Bonnaterre).-HeliornithidaeSelys, 1842, fide Gray,1871.-HeliorninaeReichenbach, 1852 (after Oct. 1), Aviumsystemanaturale,p.XXII(familia).-HeliornithinaeSundevall, 1872,Methodinaturalisaviumdisponendarumtentamen,p.132 (familia).No fossil record.SuborderRHYNOCHETI(Sharpe)RhinochetidesSharpe, 1891, ReviewofRecentAttemptstoClassify Birds,p.74(suborder;typeRhynochetosVerreauxandDesMurs).-RhynochetiWetmore,1960, Smithsonian Misc. Call., vol. 139, no. 11, p. 27 (suborder).FamilyRHYNOCHETIDAENewtonRhynochetidaeA.Newton, 1868, fideGray(typeRhynochetosVerreauxandDesMurs).-RhinochaetinaeSundevall, 1872,Methodinaturalisaviumdisponendarumtentamen,p. 129 (familia).No fossil record. SuborderEURYPYGAEFiirbringerEurypygaeFiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens;typeEurypygaIlliger).FamilyEURYPYGIDAEBonaparteEurypyginaeBonaparte,1849, fide Gray, 1871 (typeEurypygaIlliger).-EuripyginaeBonaparte,18,54, Ann. Sci. nat., vol.1,p.37(type "Euripyga" Illiger).EurypygidaeBonaparte,1855, fide Gray.No fossil record.Suborder:MESITORNITHESWetmoreMesitidesSharpe, 1891, ReviewofRecentAttemptstoClassify Birds,p.74(typeMesitesGeoffroy, April 1838,preoccupiedbySchonherr,beforeFeb.1838). MesitesGadow,1893, Bronn,pp.164,16,5(Unterordnung).MesoenatidesSharpe, 1899,Hand-listGeneraSp. Birds, vol. 1, p. 180 (typeMesoenasReichenbach, 1862,newnameforMesitesGeoffroy).MesitornithesWetmore,1960, Smithsonian Misc. CoIl., vol. 139, no. 11, p. 12 (type Mesitomis Bonaparte, 1855, Rev.etMag. Zool., seI. 2, vol. 7, p. 484;newnameforMesitesGeoffroy).

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140BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol. 11FamilyMESITORNITHIDAEWetmoreMesitidaeBonaparte, 1954, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 41 (typeMesitesGeoffroy, April, 1838;preoccupiedbyMesitesSchonherr, beforeFebruary,1838).MesonenatidaeSharpe, 1899,Hand-listGeneraSp. Birds, vol.1,p. 180 (typeMesoenasReichenbach,newnameforMesitesGeoffroy).MesitornithidaeWetmore,1960, Smithsonian Misc. CoIl., vol. 139, no. 11, p. 12(typeMesitornisBonaparte, 1855,newnameforMesitesGeoffroy).No fossil record. SuborderTURNICES(Huxley)TurnicomorphaeHuxley, 1868, Proc. Zool. Soc.London,p.303 (typeTurnixBonnaterre).-TurnicesGadow, 1893, Bronn's Kl. u.Ordn.Thier-Reichs, Vogel,pt.2,pp.78, 164,168,300(Unterordnung;typeTurnix).-TurniciformesVcr heyen, 1938 (Jan.), Bull. lnst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 34, no. 2,pp.1, 16 (ordo).HemipodiiSclater, 1880, Ibis,pp.340-350; 399-411 (order;typeHemipodiusReinwardt).FamilyTURNICIDAE(Gray)Ortyginae1Bonaparte, 1831, SaggiodiunadistribuzioncmctodicadegliAnimali Vertebrati, p.55(subfamilia;typeOrtygis"Illiger," Boie, 1826, a junior synonymofTurnixBonnaterre, 1791).TurnicinaeG.R.Gray,1840(before Apr.), ListofGeneraof Birds, p. 63 (sub family;typebymonotypyandtautonomyTurnixBonnaterre).-TurnicidaeCarus,1868,HandbuchderZoologie, fide Gadow.Hemipodiidae Fiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (typeHemipodiusReinwardt,1815).Fossil record confined toTurnixsp. fromthePleistocene of China. FamilyPEDIONOMIDAEGadowPedionomidae2Gadow,1893, Bronn's Kl. u.Ordn.Thier-Reichs, Vogel,pt.2, p.168(typePedionomusGould,1841).Nofossil record.1OTtyginaeBonaparte,1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p.43(subfamilia;typeOrtyxStephens) is a synonym ofOdontophorinaeGould.2PedionomiVieillot(1816,Analysed'unenouvelle ornthologie eIementaire, p. 24)wasplOposed as a familynameforOtisLinnaeus,theonlyincludedgenus.ThegenusPedionomusGouldwasnotproposeduntil25years later.

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1967BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS141SuborderfGASTORNITHESStejneger1GastornithesStejneger,1885,StandardNat.Hist., vol.4,p.54(order;typeGastornisHebert),-GastornithiformesSharpe,1899,Hand-listofGeneraandSpecies of Birds, vol. 1, p.2,30(order).DiatrymaeMatthewandGranger,1917(May28),Bull. Amer. Mus.Nat.Hist., vol.37,art. 11, p.321(order;typeDiatrymaCope).-DiatrymiformesWetmore,1930(Jan.8),Proc. U.S.Nat. Mus., vol.76,no.2821,p.4(order).-DiatrymatiformesHay,1930(Jan.27),CarnegieInstn.WashingtonPubl., no.390,vol.2,p.283(suborder).FamilytGASTORNITHIDAEFiirbringerGastornithidaeFiirbringer,1888,Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol.2,p.1178(typeGastornisHebert).GenustRemiornisLemoineRemiornisLemoine,1881(readDec.26),C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 93, no.26,p.1159(typebymonotypyRemiornis hebertiLemoine,1881,a junior synonym of Gastornis minorLemoine,1878).-RemiornisLemoine,1881(postdatesabovepaper?), Recherches sur les oiseaux fossiles des terrains tertiaires infericursdesenvironsdeReims,pt.2,pp.77, 158(same type).1.Remiornis minor(Lemoine)Gastornis minorLemoine,1878,Recherches sur les oiseaux fossiles desterrainestertiaires inferieurs des environsdeReims,pt.1,pp.12, 50,pI.4,figs.1-5(type fromMontchard,lowerendof left tibiotarsus, coIl. Lemoine).Remiornis herbertiLemoine,1881(readDec.26),C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol.93,no.26,p.1159(newnamefor Gastornis minorLemoine).-Lemoine,1881(postdatespaperreadDec.26?),Recherches ois. foss. terr. tert.infoenvir. Reims,pt.2,pp.77, 158,pI.8, figs. 21-25;pI.9,figs.7-13).UPPERPALEOCENE(conglomeratdeCernay).FRANCE:Dept.HautRhin:Montchard.GenustGastornisHebertGastornisHebert,1855(readMarch12),C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol.40,no. 11, p.559(typebymonotypy Gastornis parisiensisHebert).2.Gastornis edwardsiiLemoineGastornis edwardsiiLemoine,1878,Recherches sur les oiseaux fossiles des terrains tertiaires inferieurs des environsdeReims,pt.1,p.13,pI.1-3;pI. 5, figs.13-20(types fromCernay,cervicalvertebraandrightfemur;typefrom Rilly,righttibiotarsus;typefromBerruauMontchard,lefttarsometatarsus).-Gastornis1Newrank

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142BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol.11 edvardsii Lemoine, 1881, op. cit, pt. 2, p. 168inexplanation of pI. 6(lapsus).Gastornis edwardsi E.T.Newton, 1886 (Dec.), Trans. ZooI. Soc. London, vol. 12, pt. 5, no. 1, p. 150 (emendation).UPPERPALEOCENE(sablesdeRilly).FRANCE:Dept.Haut-RhinorMarne: Rilly (Lemoine,1878).UPPERPALEOCENE(conglomeratdeCernay).FRANCE:Dept.HautRhin:CernayandBerruauMontchard(Lemoine,1878).UPPERPALEOCENE(Cernaysian crevice deposit).GERMANY:Sax ony: Welbeck? (Thenius,1959,Handbuchderstratigraphischen Geologie, vol.3,pt.2,p.16).UPPERPALEOCENE(Landenien inerieur). BELGIUM:Hainault: MesvinnearMons (Dollo,1883,Bull. Mus. roy. Hist. nat. Belg., vol.2,p.297)3.Gastornis klaasseniE.T.NewtonGastornis klaasseniiE.T. Newton, 1885 (Aug.), GeoI. Mag., n.s.,decade3, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 362, 363 (nomennudum;abstract ofpaperreadbeforeZoological Society May 5,1885).-GastornisklaasseniE.T. Newton, 1885 (read May 5, published Oct. 1), Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 3, p. 446 (nomennudum).E.T. Newton, 1886 (Dec.), Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol. 12, pt. 5, no. 1, pp. 143, 152, pI. 28, figs. 1-4; pI.29(orig. desc.;typefrom Park-Hill railroad cut, portions of 5 tibiotarsianda femur, CeoI. Surv.LondonMus.; casts British Mus. nos. A.86, A.86a). UPPER PALEOCENE(Woolwichbottombeds).ENGLAND:Surrey: Park-Hill cut, WoodsideandSouth-Croydon Railway,nearCroydon.4.Gastornis parisiensisHebertGastornis parisiensisHebert, 1835 (read March 12), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 557 (nomen nudum), 559 (orig. dcsc.;typefrom Bas Meudon, left tibiotarsus, lacking head, Ecole normale superieure, Paris; cast Brit. Mus. no.32384).-Milne-Edwards,1867, Ois. foss. France, vol. 1, sheet 21, p. 165, pI. 28-29 (type restudied).UPPERPALEOCENE(conglomeratdeMeudon).FRANCE:Seine-et Oise: BasMeudon(Hebert,1855);Passy (Milne-Edwards,1867).GenustDasornisOwenDasornisOwen, 1869 (read Jan. 28;printedApril?), Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 1, p. 59 (nomennudum).-Owen,1870 (before March), Trans. ZooI. Soc. London, vol.7,pt. 2, p. 145 (typebyrnonotypyDasornis londinensisOwen).DasyornisLydekker, 1891 (July), Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 3, no. 11, p. 409 ("corrected spelling" forDasomisOwen,butsee Lydekker, April 25, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds British Mus., p. 359; preoccupiedbyDasyornis VigorsandHorsfield, 1826).

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS1435.Dasornis londinensisOwenDasornis londinensisOwen, 1869 (read Jan. 28;printedApril?), Proc. ZooL Soc. London, pt. 1, p.59(nomennudum).-Owen,1870 (before March), Trans. Zool. Soc. London,voL7, pt. 2,p.145,pL16(orig. desc.;typefrom Sheppey, posteriorpartof cranium, Brit. Mus. no. 31929).Dasornis londiniensisLydekker, 1891 (Apr. 25), Cat. Foss. Birds British Mus., p. 359 (emendation).UPPERPALEOCENE(London Clay).ENGLAND:Kent: Sheppey Isle. FamilytDIATRYMIDAEMatthewandGrangerDiatrymidaeMatthewandGranger, 1917 (May 28), Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.,voL37, art. 11, p. 321 (family;typeDiatrymaCope).-DiatrimidaeSinclair, 1928, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc., vol. 67, no.I,p. 65(lapsus).DiatrymatidaeHay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington PubL, no. 390, vol. 2, p. 283 (emendation).GenustDiatrymaCopeDiatrymaCope, 1876 (Apr. 18), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 28, sig. 2,p.11 (typebymonotypyDiatryma giganteaCope).lBarornisMarsh, 1894 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3,voL48,p.344 (typebymonotypyBarornis regensMarsh).OmorhamphusSinclair, 1928, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc., vol. 67, no. 1, p. 51 (typebymonotypyOmorhamphus storchiiSinclair).1.Diatryma ajaxShufeldtDiatryma ajaxShufeldt, 1913 (Aug. 4), Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 32, art. 16,p.287, pI. 52, figs. 4-5; pI. 53, figs. 8-10; pI. 54, figs. 13-14 (types fromPatO'HaraCreek, distalpartof tarsometatarsusandtwotoephalanges, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. nos. W.G. 261, 282).UPPERPALEOCENE(ClarkForkbeds).WYOMING:Park County:3and5miles southeast ofmouthofPatO'HaraCreek (Shufeldt, 1913).UPPERPALEOCENE(Sand Coulee beds).WYOMING:ParkCounty: Princeton camp1in Sand Coulee basin (Wetmore, 1933, Condor, vol.35,p.117;juvenile).2.Diatryma giganteaCopeDiatryma giganteaCope, 1876 (Apr. 18), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 28, sig. 2, p.II(types from Island Point, proximalendandtwotrochleae of tarsometatarsus, U.S.Nat. Mus. no.1120).-Cope,1877, Geographical Surveys1WetmoretreatsDiatrymaasifofneutergenderbutitis feminine,beingformed from Greek dill (through)and tryme (a hole).

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144BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol. 11WestoftheOneHundredthMeridian (Wheeler), vol. 4, pt. 2,p.7, pI. 32, figs. 23-25(types).-Schufeldt,1913, Bull. Amer. Mus. Hist., vol. 32,art16, p. 287, pI. 51; pI. 52, figs. 6-7; pI. 53, figs. 11-12; pI. 54, figs. 15-16 (typesrestudied).-Shufeldt,1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 34, pI. 9, fig. 68 (types restudied).Barornis regensMarsh, 1894 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 48, p. 344,fig.(type from Squankum,phalanx I of righttoeIII,YalePeabodyMus. no.417).-Shufeldt,1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19,p.35, pI. 1, figs. 7-9; pI. 5, fig. 32 (type restudied).Diatryma steiniMatthewandGranger, 1917 (May 28), Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 37, art. 11, p. 322, pI. 20-33 (type from South Elk Creek, juvenile skeleton, Amer. Mus. Nat. Rist. no. 6169).Omorhamphus storchiiSinclair, 1928, Proc. Arner. Philos. Soc., vol. 67, no. 1, p. 52, text-figs. 1-3, pI. 1-2 (type from south of DorseyCreek, juvenilepartialskeleton, consisting oftipof rostrum, 2 skull fragments, fragmentary vertebrae, left femur, left tibiotarsus, proximalpartof left fibula,rightandleft tarsometa tarsi, left toes, Princeton Mus. no.13106).-OmorhamphusstorchiWetmore, 1931, in American Ornithologists' Union, Check-list ofNorthAmerican Birds, ed. 4,P.451 (emendation).LOWEREOCENE(Grey Bull member of Willwood formation).WYOMING:BigHornCounty: SouthElkCreek(MatthewandGranger, 1917);P/2miles southeast of Dorsey Creek [2 miles southofOtto-Basin road] (Sinclair, 1928).LOWEREOCENE("San Jose" formation [preoccupied]).NEWMEXICO:Rio Arriba County: Island PointonNorth HorseshoenearGallina (Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p.34,pI.2,fig.16; pI.5,fig.30; pI. 9,fig.68).LOWEREOCENE("upper marl beds"=Manasquan marl [possibly middle Eocene; see Baird, in press]).NEW Monmouth Coun ty: Squankum (Nlarsh, 1894).3.Diatryma sarasiniSchaub(?)Diatryma sarasiniSchaub, 1929 (Oct. 18), Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel, vol. 40, no. 2,p.588, figs. 1-3, 6, 8 (typel' from Monthelon, distalendofleft tars ome tatarsusandphalanx 1 oftoeII, Basel Mus. nos. T.S.94, T.S.8).LOWEREOCENE(sables a Teredina).FRANCE:Dept. Marne: .MonthelonnearEpernay(Schaub, 1929). Dept. Haut-Rhin: Cernay (Lemoine, 1881, Recherches ois. foss. terr. tert.infoenvir. Reims, pt.2,pp. 78, 157, pI. 7,fig.12)?4.Diatryma coteiGaillardDiatryma? coteiGaillard, 1936 (March), Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., vol. 80, p.ll3,figs.1-6, 8-10 (types from Mont-d'Or, distalendof left tarsometatarsus, phalanx 1 of digit II,andphalanx 1 of digitIII,Univ. Lyon).

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 145MIDDLEEOCENE(gisements siderolithiques).FRANCE:Dept.Rhone: northwest slope of Mont-d'OrnearClotreincommuneof Lissieu (Gaillard, 1936).MIDDLEEOCENE(Lutetian).GERMANY:Hessen: MesselbeiDarmstadt(D. Berg, 1965, Hessischen Landesamtesf.Bodenforschung Notizblatt, vol. 93, p. 68).MIDDLEEOCENE(Braunkohle des Geiseltales).GERMANY:Saxony:GrubeNeumark-West (K. Fischer, 1962, Hallesches Jahrb. MitteldeutscheErdgeschicht, vol.4,p.26, pI.4-5).SuborderGRUESBonaparteGruesBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat. Paris, vol. 1,p.36(tribus=suborder;typeGrusPallas).AramiSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds,p.74(sub order; typeAramusVieillot).PsophiaeSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p. 74 (sub order;typePsophiaLinnaeus).Megalornithes\VetmoreandW.D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342 (suborder; typeMegalornisG.R.Gray, 1841, a junior synonym ofGrusPallas, 1766).FamilyGRUIDAEVigorsGruidaeVigors, 1825, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, p. 488 (family;typeGrusPallas).-GruesL'Hcrminier, 1827, Actes Linn. Soc. Paris, vol. 6,pp.3-93 (family; vernacularname).-GruesCuvier, 1829 (before Apr. 11), Regne animal, ed. 2, vol.1,p.506 (tribu [below family]; vernacularname).-GruinaeNitzsch, 1829, ObservationesdeAvium arteria carotide communi,(familia).GrueaeBonaparte, 1857, Conspectus generum avium, vol. 2, p.97.-GruinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 66(subfamily).GruoideaeStejneger, 1885,StandardNaturalHistory, vol. 4, p. 121 (superfamily).-GruoideaHay,1902, Bull. U.S.Geol. Surv., no. 179, p. 527 (superfamily).-GruoidaeHay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington PubL, no. 390,voL2, p. 331 (superfamily).AnthropoideaeBonaparte, 1857, Conspectus generum avium, vol. 2,p.97(sec tion; typeAnthropoidesVieillot).-AnthropoinaeVerheyen, 1957 (May), BulL Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21,pp.10, 12 (sous-famille).MegalornithidaeWetmoreandW.D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342 (family;typeMegalornisG. R. Gray, 1841, a junior synonym ofCrusPallas,1766).-MegalornithidesWetmoreandW. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk.voL43, no. 3, p. 342 (superfamily).

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146BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol. 11GeranoididaeWetmore, 1933 (May 15), Condor, vol. 35, no. 3,p.115 (family;typeGeranoidesWetmore).EogruidaeWetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711,p.3 (family;type Eogrus Wetmore).BalearicidaeW.L.Sclater,1924, Systcma avium ethiopicarum, vol. 1,p.110 (family; typeBalearica Brisson).-BalearicinaePeters, 1934, Check-list Birds oftheWorld, vol. 2,p.154 (subfamily).SubfamilytGERANOIDINAE(Wetmore)1Geranoididae\Vetmore, 1933 (May 15), Condor, vol. 35, no. 3,p.115 (typeGeranoidesvVetmore).GenustGeranoidesWetmoreGeranoidesWetmore, 1933 (May 15), Condor, vol. 35, no. 3, p. 115 (typebyoriginal designationGeranoides jepseniWetmore).1.Geranoides jepseniWetmoreGeranoides jepseniWetmore, 1933 (May 15), Condor, vol. 35, no. 3,p.115, fig. 22 (type from South Elk Creek; distalendof left tarsometatarsus, Princeton Univ. no. 13257).LOWEREOCENE(Willwood formation).WYOMING:BighornCounty:SouthElkCreek. SubfamilyBALEARICINAE(W.L. Sclater)BalearicidaeW.L. Sc1ater, 1924, Systema avium ethiopicarum, vol.1,p.110 (family; typeBalearica Brisson}.-BalearicinaePeters, I9S4, Check-list Birds World, vol. 2, p. 154 (subfamily).GenusfParagrusLambrechtParagrusLambrecht, 1933,HandbuchPalaeorn., p. 520 (typebymonotypyGalli nuloides prencticiLoomis).2.Paragrus prentici(Loomis)Gallinuloides prenticiLoomis, Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 4, vol. 22,p.481,fig.1-3 (type fromheadofElkCreek; distalendof right tibiotarsus, femur, proximalendof fibula, phalanges, ungues, Amherst College Museum).LOWEREOCENE(Willwood formation).WYOMING:BighornCounty:headofElkCreek, 10 mileswestofOtto.1Newrank

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDSGenustAletornisMarsh147AletornisMarsh, 1872, Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 14,p.256(typeAletornis nobilisMarsh, designatedbyHay, 1902, Bull.U.S.Ceol. Surv., 179, p. 527).ProtogrusLambrecht, 1933,HandbuchPalaeorn.,p.520 (typeAletornis nobilis Marsh, designatedbyBrodkorb, 1952, Condor, vol. 54, no. 3, p.175).3.Aletornis nobilisMarshAletornis nobilisMarsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p.256(type from Grizzly Buttes, distalendof left tarsometatarsus, YalePeabodyMus. no.63).-Shufeldt,1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 30, pI. 2,fig.15; pI. 6,fig.43 (type restudied).MIDDLEEOCENE(BlacksForkmemberof Bridger formation).WYOMING:UintaCounty: Grizzly ButtesonSmiths Fork,1mileSWof Mountainview.4.Aletornis marshi(Shufeldt)Crus marshiShufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 41, pI. 15, figs. 144-147 (type from Henrys Fork, distalendofrighttibiotar sus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 888).MIDDLEEOCENE(Twin ButtesmemberofBridgerformation).WYOMING:UintaCounty: Henrys Fork.5.Aletornis pernixMarshAletornis pernixMarsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22,p.256(type from Henrys Fork, distalendofleft tibiotarsus, YalePeabodyMus. no.64).-Shufeldt,1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 31, pI. 6, fig. 47 (type restudied).MIDDLEEOCENE(Twin ButtesmemberofBridgerformation).WYOMING:UintaCounty: Henrys Fork. GenustOrnitocnemusZignoOrnitocnemusZigno, 1876, Mem. 1st. veneto Sci., vol. 20, p. 445 (typebymono typyOrnitocnemus robustusZigno).PalaeogrusPortis, 1884, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 36,p.362 (typebymonotypyPalaeogrus princepsPortis).6.Ornitocnemus robustusZignoOrnitocnemus robustusZigno, 1876, Mem. 1st. veneto Sci., vol. 20, p. 445 (type from Monte Zuello, distalendof tibiotarsus).Palaeogrus princepsPortis, 1884, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 36, p. 362 (same type).MIDDLEEOCENE(Lutetian).ITALY:MonteZuello.

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148BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUM7.Ornitocnemus geiseltalensis(Lambrecht)Vol. 11Palaeogrus geiseltalensisLambrecht, 1935, NovaActaLeopoldina, n.s., vol. 3, no. 14,p.361, pI. 1, fig. 1 (type from Cecilie Mine,fragmentaryrighttibiotar susandtarsometatarsus, Geiseltalmuseum).MIDDLEEOCENE(BraunkohledesGeiseltales).GERMANY:Saxony:GrubeCecilienearHalle/Saale.8.Ornitocnemus hordwellienis(Lydekker)Grus hordwellienisLydekker, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds Brit. Mus., p. 165, fig.36(type from Hordwell, distal portion ofrighttibiotarsus, Brit. Mus. no. 30333).UPPEREOCENE(Hordwellbeds).ENGLAND:Hampshire:Hordwell.9.Ornitocnemus excelsus(Milne-Edwards)Grus excelsaMilne-Edwards, 1871, Dis foss.France,vol. 2, p. 24, pI. 75; pI. 76, figs. 1-2 (type from ChavrochesandLangy, coracoid, humerus, radius, ulna, carpometacarpus, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarslls, Paris Mus.).LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian).-FRANCE:Dept.Allier:ChavrochesandLangy(Milne-Edwards,1871);Saint-Gerand-Ie-Puy(Lambrecht,1933,Handb.Palaeom.,p. 519, fig.155A).GenustEobalearica GUTeev EobalearicaGureev, 1949, Doklady Akad.NaukSSSR, vol. 64, no. 2,p.249 (typebymonotypyEobalearica tugarinoviGureev).10.Eobalearica tugarinoviGureevEobalearica tugarinoviGureev, 1949, Doklady Akad.NaukSSSR, vol. 64, no. 2, p. 249 (Ferghana).UPPER(?)EOCENE(Ferghanabeds).UZBEKSSR:Ferghanasink.GenustGeranopsisLydekkerGeranopsisLydekker, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds British Mus., p. 166 (typebyoriginal designationGeranopsis hastingsiaeLydekker).11.tGeranopsis hastingsiaeLydekkerGeranopsis hastingsiaeLydekker, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds British Mus.,p.166, fig. 37 (type from Hordwell, left coracoid, Brit. Mus. no. 30331"1). UPPEREOCENE(Hordwellbeds).ENGLAND:Hampshire:HordwelL

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS12.Geranopsis elatusMilne-Edwards149 Ceranopsis elatus Milne-Edwards, 1892, C.R.2. Congres internat.Om.Budapest, p. 72 (type from phosphatedeChaux, tibiotarsus). AccordingtoLambrecht(1933), a synonym ofG.hastingsiae Lydekker.UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:plateauof Quercy. GenustProbalearicaLambrechtProbalearicaLambrecht,1933,HandbuehPalaeorn., p. 519 (typebymonotypy Crus problematica Milne-Edwards).13.Probalearica problematica(Milne-Edwards)Crus problematica Milne-Edwards, 1871, Dis. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 30, pI. 76,fig.3-7 (type from St.-Gerand-le-Puy, rostrum; referred sternum fromGannat,coIl. MarquisdeLazier).LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian).FRANCE:Dept.Allier:GannatandSaint-Gerand-le-Puy (Milne-Edwards,1871).14.Probalearica crataegensisBrodkorbProbalearica crataegensis Brodkorb, 1963 (Sept. 20), Quart. Jour.FloridaAcad. Sci., vol. 26, no. 2, p. 163, pI. 1, figs. h-l (type from Tallahassee, distalendof right tibiotarsus, Brodkorb no. 8503).LOWERMIOCENE(Hawthorneformation).FLORIDA:LeonCounty: Tallahassee,northof "Runaway Track," SwitchyardB,SeaboardAir lineR.R.,in SE 1/4 ofNW 1f4 section3,Township1South, Range1 West.GenustPliogrusLambrechtPliogrusLambrecht,1933,HandbuehPalaeorn., p. 522 (type Pliogrus germanictis Lambrecht, designatedbyBrodkorb, 1952, Condor, vol. 54, p. 175). 10.Pliogrus germanicusLambrechtPliogrus germanicus Lambrecht, 1933,HandbuchPalaeorn., p. 522,fig.156 (type from Eppelsheim, distalendleft tibiotarsus, Mus. Preussischen Geologi schen Landesanstalt zu Berlin).LOWERPLIOCENE(Dinotheriensande).GERMANY:Mainz basin: Eppelsheim.

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150BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol. 1117.Pliogrus pentelici(Gaudry)Grus penteliciGaudry, 1862 (read March 3), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 54, no. 8, p. 504 (type from Pikermi, 2 cervicals, proximalendof coracoid, humerus, ulna, index, pelvis, sacrum, distalcndof femur, proximal half of tibiotarsus,bothendsoftarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).LOWERPLIOCENE(Pontian).GREECE:Attica: Pikermi (Gaudry,1862).LOWERPLIOCENE(marnesdela Croix-Rousse).FRANCE:Croix Rousse, onrightbankofSaonenearLyon(Deperet,1887)?LOWERPLIOCENE(H ipparionfauna,lowerPannonian).HUNGARY:CountyFejer:Esterhazycavenear Csakvar (Kretzoi,1957,Aquila, vol.63-64,pp.244, 248,figs.50-51).SubfamilytEOGRUINAE(Wetmore)1EogruidaeWetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711,p.3 (typeEogrusWetmore).GenustEogrusWetmoreEogrusWetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711,p.3 (typebymonotypyEogrus aeolaWetmore).18.Eogrus aeolaWetmoreEogrus aeolaWetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711,p.3 figs. 2-5 (type fromChimneyButte;righttarsometatarsus, Amer. Mus. no. 2936).UPPEREOCENE(IrdinManha[UlanShireh] fonnation).INNERMONGOLIA:SharaMurumregion, Suiyuan Prov.:ChimneyButte;5milesNofArshanto Obo;CampMargetts,25milesSWofIrenDabasu(Wetmore,1934).LOWEROLIGOCENE(ArdynObobeds).OUTERMONGOLIA:nearArdynObo(Wetmore,1934)?19.Eogrus wetmoreiBrodkorb2Eogrussp. Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711,p.12 (40 milesSEofIrenDabasu).1Newrank. 2 Newspecies.Typedistal portion of tibiotarsus, Amer. Mus. no. 2949. SmallerthanE.aeola:distalwidth18.7 (19.1-20.7 in fiveE. aeola);leastwidthof shaft,9.7(10.3-10.6 in fourE. aeola);depthofouter condyle, 17.8 (19.1-20.7insixE.aeola);depthofinner condyle, 17.7 (19.7-21.4infourE. ,aeola,fideWetmore).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 'j':: 151UpPER'MIOCENE(TungCurformation).INNERMONGOLIA:ProvoChahar:40 ',miles SEofIrenDabasu.SubfamilyCRUINAE(Vigors)CrudaeVigors, 1825, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, p. 488 (family; type CrusPallas).-Gruinae Bonaparte, 1831, Saggio di una distribuziorie metodica degli animali vertebrati, p. 24.Cenus Crus Pallas Crus Pallas, 1766, Misc. Zool., p. 66 (typebytautonomyArdea gros Linnaeus).20. Crus confertaA.H.MillerandSibley1 Crus confertaA.H. MillerandSibley, 1942 (May 15), Condor, vol. 44, no. 3, p. 126,fig.50(typefrom Black Hawk ranch, distal end of left tarsometarsus, Univ. California Mus. Paleo. no. 34715).UPPERLOWER PLIOOENE (Siesta formation).CALIFORNIA:Contta Costa County: BlackHawk Univ. Calif. locality no. V-SSIO.21. Crus nannodesWetmoreandMartin Crus nanlwdes Wetmore and Martin, 1930 (Jan. 20), Condor, vol. 32, no. 1, p. 62,fig.23-25 (type from Sherman County, distal portion of left. carpometacarpus, Univ. Kansas Mus. no. 3757).MIDDLEPLIOCENE(Edsonbeds,Ogallalaformation). KANSAS: ShermanCounty,section25,T. 10S.,R.S8W.22. Crus bohatshevi(Serebrovsky)Sarcogeranus bohatshevi 1940, Doklady Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S., vol. 27, no. 7, p. 767 (type from Binagady; type skull, Acad. Sci. no.2). Leucogeranus bohatscheviSerebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.R.S.S., vol. 33, no. p. 473,fig. 767.-Leucogeranus bohatscheviSerebrovsky, 1948, .Trudy Muz., Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhan SSR, pts. 1-2, p. 43,fig. 35)::-9; I LOWER?PLEISTOCENE beds).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady.23. Crus melitensis Lydekker Crus melitensfll Lydekker, 1890, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p.,408, pI. 36,fig.2-2a, 4, 5a-b (type from Zebbug Cave, proximal half of left coracoid, fragmentary left innominate, Brit. Mus. nos. 49365, 49322m).MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE (cave deposit). MALTA:"1>febbu.g Cave..1The humeruf -'-attributed to Crus canadefl8is from the Lower Pliocene at Kilpatrick County Nebraska (Wetmore, 1928, Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 302, p.1, fJis.1-:2) may belong here. ....

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152BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUMGenustBaeopteryxWetmoreVoL11BaeopteryxWetmore, 1960 (July 7), Smithsonian Misc. CoIl., vol. 140, no. 2, p. 6 (typebyoriginal designationBaeopteryxlatipesWetmore).24.Baeopteryx latipesWetmoreBaeopteryx latipesWetmore, 1960 (July 7), Smithsonian Misc. CoIl., vol. 140, no. 2, p. 6, pI. 2,fig.1-2; pI. 3, figs. 1-3 (type from Wilkinson quarry, right tar sometatarsus, U.S.Nat. Mus. no. 22505).LOWERPLEISTOCENE.BERMUDA:H. Bernard Wilkinson Quarry, southandwest of Coney Island, Hamilton Parish (Wetmore, 1960); Government quarry (Brodkorb coIl.). Neospecies of Gruidae from Pleistoceneandprehistoric sites:1.Bugeranus carunculatus(Gmelin).SOUTHERNRHODESIA:Broken Hill (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 762). .2.Anthropoides virgo(Linnaeus).FRANCE:Seneze? (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 762).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 458). 3. Crus grus (Linnaeus).IRELAND:Ballycotton (Lydekker, 1891, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 3, p. 393); EdenvaleCaveandNewhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 761).ENGLAND:Burwell, King's LymFen,LondonWall, Norwich, Cambridge, Glastonbury, Barton, Silchester,and East York (Lambrecht, 1933).DENMARK:Maglemose, Havelse, Uggerslevgaard, Uggerslev, Lejre Aa, Borrebjerg, Lysemose, Skavngaards Mose, Aspedam, Ordrup Mose,andBroensholm Soemose (H.' Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Middel. naturhist. Foren. Copenhagen, vol. 6, p. 95).GERMANY:Andernach? (Lambrecht, 1933); Ehren stein (Soergel, 1955, Verh. vater!. Naturk. Wurttemberg, vol. 110, p. 121).ITALY:Pro Forschin south ofPeschiera(Crus turfaPortis, 1884, Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser.'2, vol. 36, p. 327, pI. 2, figs. 1-13;typepostcranial skeleton; see Soerg"e4..,1:J);:; Cardamona, Cataragna near Solferino della Battaglia (Lambrecht, 1933). Binagady (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 459).JAVA:Watoealang (Wetmore, 1940, Jour. Paleont., vol. 14, p. figs.6-7). .4. Crus canadensis(Linnaeus).ALASKA: St. Lawrence Island (Freidmann, 1934, Jobr. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 92); Kodiak Island (Friedmann, 1935, op. cit., vol. 25, p. 49); Cape PrinceofWales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 407).WASHINGTON: Puget Sound (L. Miller, 1960, Wilson Bull., vol. 72, p. 396).CALIFORNIA: RanchoLaBrea (Crui;minor L. Miller, 1910, Univ. Calif. Pub!., Bull. Dept. Geol., vol. 5, no. 30, p. 446, fig; 8;type-distalendof left tibiotars4 Univ.Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 12533; see, L. Miller, 1925, Carnegie Instn. Publ., no. 349, p. 76); McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ., 1tUll.; geol. Sci., vol. 15, p. 318); ManixLake?(Howard, 1955, <.J#

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS ';t{ 153. U.S.Geol: Surv. Prof. Paper, no. 264-J, p. 204); Buena Vista Lake (DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44, p. 228).ARIZONA: Turkey Tank and Wupatki Pueblo (Hargrave, 1939, Condor, vol. 41, p. 208).WYOMING:Grizzly Buttes (Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 65, pI. 2,fig.21).NORTHDAKOTA: Thomas Riggs site (L. Miller, 1961, Bull. South. Calif. Acad. ScL, vol. 60, pt. 3, pI. 126).SOUTHDAKOTA: Chouteau site(L.Miller, 1961, Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 60, pt. 3, p. 216).NEBRASKA:Niobrara River (Crus hay deniMarsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 214; type distalendof left tibiotarsus, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia; see Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 65, pI. 8,fig.67; Wetmore. 1928, Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 302, p. 4).IOWA: Mill-CreeJ< (Hamon, 1961, Plains Anthropologist, vol.6,p. 210).ILLINOIS: Kingston (Baker, 1936, Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci., vol. 29, no. 2, p. 245); Jacob and OPIum Island (Baker, 1937, Auk, vol. 54, p. 38&); Ashmore (Galbreath, 1944, Condor, vol. 46, p. 35); Modoc rock shelter (Parmalee, '1956, Illinois State Mus., Rept. Invest., no. 4, p. 53); Cahokia (Parmalee, Auk, vol. 75, p. 172).OHIO: Fuert village Wetmore, 1943, Wilson Bull., vol. 55, p. 127).NEWJERSEY:Monmouth County (Crus proovus Marsh, 1872, (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci.,seT.3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 261; type sternum and femur, Princeton Mus. Geol. nos. 16258,16258-A;see Wetmore, 1958, Smithsonian Misc.CoIL,vol. 135, no. 8, p. 7, pI. 1-3, pI. 4,fig.I,where synonymized with Crus canadensis tabidaPeters, whichitantedates).GEORGIA: Etowah (Parmalee, 1960, Florida Anthropologist, vol. 13, p. 49).FLORIDA:Melbourne, Seminole Field, and Bradenton (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 36); Rock Spring (Woolfenden, 1959, Wilson BulL, vol. 71, p. 185); Lemon Bluff (Neill, Gut,andBrodkorb, 1956, Amer. Antiquity, vol. 21, p. 388); "'Jungerman site (Wing,1963,Contrib. Florida State Mus., no. 10, p. 53).MEXICO: San Juan de Aragon (Martin del Campo, 1944, Anal. Inst. BioI., vol. 15, p. 315, fig. 5.Crus americana(Linnaeus).CALIFORNIA:RanchoLaBrea (Howard, 1930, Condor, vol. 32, p. 84).IDAHO:13 miles northwest of Grandview (L. Miller, 1944, Condor, vol. 46, p. 30).NORTHDAKOTA: Thomas Riggs site(L.Miller, 1961, Bull.S.Calif. Acad. Sci., 60, pt. 3, p. 126).ILLINOIS: Sand Ridge (Baker, 1937, Auk, vol. 54, p. 388); Kingston (Baker, 1941, Trans. Amer. Philos Soc., n.s., vol. 32, p. 68).MICHIGAN:Ferry (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian Misc. CoIl., vol. 145, no .;:2, p. 7).KENTUCKY: Carlson Annis mound (Webb, 1950, Univ. Ke.ntucky Anthropol., vol. 7, no. 4, p. 293).VmGINIA:Natural Chimneys (we.tmPre, 1962, Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol. 145, no. 2, p. 9).FLORIDA: River, Seminole Field, and Melbourne (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian 'misc. CoIl., vol. 85, no.-2, p. 35). -,.'6. Crus antigone(Linnaeus).FRANCE:GrottedeEyzies iii Dept. Dordogne (Crus Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois.foss.France, vol. 2, p.33, pI. 76,figs.8-11; type distalendof tibiotarsus, Paris Mus.; see 'Soergel, 1955, Verh. vaterl. Naturk. Wiirttemburg, vol. 110; p. 121); Grotte della MadelaineandGroUe Gourdan (Milne-Edwar
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154 BULLETIN FLORIDA STATE MUSEUMFamilyt KozlovaErgilornithidaeKozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Problemnykh i Tematicheskikh Soveshcheanii, Akad. Nauk S.S.S.H., no. 9, p. 329 (typeErgilornisKozlova). Position tentative; possibly relatedtoStruthionidae.Genust Proergilornis KozlovaProergilornisKozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Prob. Temat. Sov., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.H., no. 9, p. 327 (typebyoriginal designationProergilornis. minorKozlova).1.ProergilornisminOTKozlovaProergilornis minorKozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Prob. Temat. Sov., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.H., no. 9, p. 327,fig.2 (type from Ergil-Obo, distalendof left tarsometatarsus, Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. no. 473-367; castinBrodkorb coll.).LOWERORMIDDLEOLIGOCENE.INNERMONGOLIA:southeast Gobi: Ergil-Obo. GenustErgilornisKozlovaErgilornisKozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Prob. Temat. Sov., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., no. 9, p. 323 (typebyoriginal designationErgilornis rapidus Kozlova).2.Ergilornis rapidusKozlovaErgilornis rapidus Kozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Prob. Temat. Sov., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., no. 9, p. 323,fig.1 (type from Ergil-Obo, distalpartof right tarsometatarsus, Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. no. 473-457; cast in Brodkorb coIl).LOWERORMIDDLEOLIGOCENE.INNERMONGOLIA:southeast Gobi: Ergil-Obo. Genust Urmiomis Mecquenem UrmiornisMecquenem, 1925, Ann. d'Hist. nat., vol.I, Paleont. (Paris), p. 54 (type by Urmiornis maraghanusMecquenem). Position tentative; digits:"!el!imble those of the Struthionidae ..3.Urmiornis maraghanus MecquenemUrmiornis maraghanusMecquenem, 1925, Ann. d'Hist. nat.,vol1, Paleont. p. 54,fig.16 (type from Maragha, distal elld of tibiotarsus, tarsometa tarsus, Paris Mus.). Lo)vER PLIOCENE {Meotian). UKRAINE: .Moldavia: Tiraspol (Lam brecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 521). (Pontian).IRAN:Lake Urmia: Maragha (Mec quenem, 1915)

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 15S Family ARAMIDAE BonaparteAraminaeBonaparte, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (type Aramus Vieillot); 1853, C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, p.646.-AramidaeBonaparte, 1854 (before May 1855?), Conspectus Generum Avium, vol. 2, p. 103.GenustAminornisAmeghinoAminornisAmeghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleon. Suplemento, p. 9 (type by monotypyAminornis excavafus Ameghino).1.Aminornis excavatus AmeghinoAminornis excavafus Ameghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleon., Suplemento, p. 9 (type from Rio Deseado, coracoid).LOWEROLIGOCENE(Deseadoformation).ARGENTINA:Ter.SantaCruz: Rio Deseado. GenustLoncornisAmeghinoLoncornisAmeghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleon., Suplemento, p. 9 (typebymonotypyLoncornis erectus Ameghino).Position uncertain.2.Loncornis erectus AmeghinoLoncornis erectus Ameghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleon., Suplemento, p. 9 type from Rio Deseado, femur).LOWEROLIGOCENE(Deseado formation). ARGENTINA: Ter.SantaCruz: Rio Deseado. Genust Badistomis WetmoreBadistornis 1940 (Jan. 2), Jour. Morphology, vol. 66, no.I,p.30(typebymonotypyBadistornis aramus 3.Badistornis aramus WetmoreBadistornis aramus Wetmore, 1940 (Jan. 2), Jour. Morphology, vol. 66, no. 1, p. 30, fig. 7-10 (type from near Scenic, left tarsometatarsus, South Dakota School of Mines nO.3631)., MIDDLE QLIepemm (Metamynodonzone, lowbr partofBrulefor mation). SOlJ'q;ilPAKOTA: 35milesSWofScenic (Washington County?).

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156BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUM VqL11 GenustGnotornisWetmore Wetmore, 1942 (May 11), Smithsonian Misc. Call., vol. 101, no. 14, p. 1, (typebymonotypy Gnotornis aramiellus Wetmore).4.Gnotornis aramiellus Wetmore Gnotornis aramiellus Wetmore, 1942 (May 11), Smithsonian Misc. Call., vol. 101, no. 14, p. 1,fig.1-4 (type from near Rockyford, distalendof left humerus, South Dakota School of Mines no. 40158).UPPEROLIGOCENE(Protoceras-Leptaucheiliabeds, upperpartof Brule formation).SOUTHDAKOTA:Washington County(6miles east of Rockyford). Genust Aramornis WetmoreAramornisWetmore, 1926 (March 11), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 211, p. 1 (typebyoriginal designation Aramornis longurioWetmore).5.Aramornis longurioWetmore Aramornis longurioWetmore, 1926 (March 11), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 211, p. 1,fig.1-4 (type from Sheep Creek, distalendof left tarsometatarsus, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 6292).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Merychippus primuszone, lower Sheep Creek beds).NEBRASKA:Sioux County (Snake Creek quarries). Neospecies ofAramidaerecorded from the Pleistocene:1.Aramus guarauna(Linnaeus).FLORIDA:SeminoleFieldandItchtucknee River (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 37); Crystal Spring (Brodkorb, 1956, Wilson Bull., vol. 68, p. 158); Rock Spring (Woolfenden, 1959, Wilson Bull., vol. 71, p. 185); Hornsby Spring (Brodkorb coIl.); Good's shellpit (Neill, Gut, and Brodkorb, 1956, Amer. Antiquity vol. 21, p. 388).VENEZUELA:'''HaciendaTocoron (Wetmore, 1935, Auk, vol. 52, p. 329).'FamilyPSOPHIIDAEBonapartePsophidaeBonaparte, 1831, Saggio diunadistribuzione metodica degli Animali Verteb,rati, p.56(familia;typePsophia Linnaeus).-PsophinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 66(subfamily).-PsophiidaeBonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 .No fossil record.'Aramus __is recorded fromtheLower Pliocene,UpperSnake Creek beds, of Nebraska 1928, Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 302, p. 4).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 157SuborderCARIAMAEFiirbringerCariamae Fiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 note (gens; typeCariama Brisson).-CariamaeWetmoreandW. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 343(suborder).-CariamiformesVerheyen, 1957 (Aug.), Bull. Inst. roy Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 39, pp. 1, 6 (ordo).StereornithesMorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May),An.Mus.LaPlata, Pal. argen tina, vol. 1, pp. 20,37(ordo; typeStereornisMoreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym ofPhorusrhacosAmeghino, 1887).Dicho!ophiSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; typeDicholophusIlliger, 1811, a junior synon-ym ofCariamaBrisson, 1790). 'StephanornithesMoreno, 1897, An. Soc.den.argentina, vol. 43, p. 226 (order; typeStephanornisMercerat).BrontornithesDolgopoldeSaez, t927, An.Soc.den.argentina, vol. 103, p. 145 (typeBrontornisMorenoandMercerat).-Brontorniformes Kraglievich, 1932,An.Mus. Rist. nat. ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350.PhororhaciWetmore, 1930 (Jan. 8), Proc. U.S.Nat. Mus., vol. 76, art. 24, p. 4 (suborder; typePhorusrhacos Ameghino).-PhororhaciformesKraglievich, 1932,An.Mus. Rist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350.FamilytCUNAMPAIIDAERusconiCunampaiidaeRusconi, 1946, Bol. Paleont. Buenos Aires, no. 21, p. 1 (typeCunampaiaRusconi). Position tentative.GenustCunampaiaRusconiCunampaiaRusconi, Bol. Paleont. Buenos Aires, no. 21, p. 1 (type by monotypyCunampaia simplexRusconi).1.Cunampaia simplexRusconiCunampaia simplex Rusconi, 1946, Bol. Paleont. Buenos Aires, no. 21, p. 1,fig.1-2 (type from Mina Atala, various associated bones, MuseodeMendoza).LoWER 'OJ{I2;9CENE (Atalaformation=DivisaderoLargoforma tion). ARGENffNA: Mendoza:500meterswestofMinaAtala,LasHeras.FamilytPHORUSRHACIDAE(Ameghino)PhororhacosidaeAmeghino, 1899, Actas. Acad.nacoCiendas COrdoba, vol. 6, fide PatersonandKraglievich (typePhororhacosAmeghino= PhorusrhacosAmeghino).-::.Phororhacosidae'Ameghino, 1891 (Dec.), 'R,.evista argentina Rist. nat., vol.1,p.449.-PhororhacidaeLydekker, 1893, Ibit ser. 6, vol. 5,-p. 43 (emendation).-Phirorhacidae Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. geografico argentino, vol."15, cahiers'-M-1:l, p. 10 of reprint(emendation) ...:..Phororhacinae L. Kraglievich, 'Mus. Rist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2. vol. 3, p. 350 (sub-

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158 BULLETINFLORIDA STATE MUSEUM Vol: 11familia).-Phororhacoidea Patterson, 1941, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol., Ser., vol. ,8, p. 49 (superfamily).-Ph01'1l3rhacoidea Brodlcorb, 1963 (Apr. 16), Auk, vol. '80, no. 2, p. 111 (-superfamily; emendation).-Phorusrhacldae Brodkorb, 1963 (Apr. 16),locosit. (family; emendation).-Phorusrhacinae Brodlcorb, 1963 (Apr. 16),lococit. (subfamily; emendation). Brontomithidae MorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May), AnalesdelMuseodeLa Plata, Paleontologia argentina, vol.I,pp. 20, 37 (type Brontomis Moreno andMercerat).-Brontorniidae[sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p.350.-Brontorniinae[sic]L.Kraglievich, 1932, op. cit., pp. 348, 350 (subfamilia). Demncenziidae L. Kraglievich, 1932,An.Mus..Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 323, 350 (type Devincenzia L. Kraglievich). Liorninae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 348, 350 (type Liornis Ameghino, 1895, a junior synonym of Rostromis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891; subfamilia). Stereornithidae Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., vol.I,pp.21, 44 (type Stereomis MorenoandMercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhac08 Ameghino, 1887). Darwinornithidae MorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May),' op. cit., pp. 24, 60 (type Darwinornis MorenoandMercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhac08 Ameghino, 1887). Patagornithidae Mercerat, 1897,An.Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, pp. 225, 230 (type Patagornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a coetaneous synonym of Palaeo ciconia Moreno and Mercerat, 1891). Mesembriomiidae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932,An.Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 332, 349 (type Mesembriornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phormrhacos Ameghino,1887).-Mesembriomidae[sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, op. cit., p. 349.-MesembriornithidaeJ.L. Kraglievich, 1946, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 142, p. 108 (emendation). Tolmodinae L. Kraglievich, 1932,An.Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 348, 350 (typeTolmodm Ameghino, June 1891, a junior synonymofPalaeociconia Moreno and Mercerat, May 1891).SubfamilytBRONTORNITHINAE(MorenoandMercerat)1 ':F:,,:;'.-
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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS .,; 159GenustPhysornisAmeghino Physornis Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. Geografico argentino, vol. 15, p. 576[po78 of reprint] (typebymonotypy Physornis fortis Ameghino).AucornisAmeghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleont., Suplemento,p.9 (typebyn.g. n.sp. conventionandbypresent designation Aucornis eurhynchus Ame ghino).1.Physornis fortisAmeghino Physornis fortis Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. geograf. argentino, vol. 15,p.576(typePyrotheriumbeds, mandible, Brit. Mus.). .Aucornis eurhynchus Ameghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleont., Suplemento, p. 9 ("cretaceodePatagonia," types mandibular symphysisandproximal portionoftarsometatarsus) Aucornis solidus Ameghino, 1899, op. cit., p. 9 (type from "cretllceo dePata gonia," phalanx 1oftoe II). \LOWEROUGOCENE(Deseado formation).ARGENTINA:Ter. Santa Cruz: Rio Deseado. GenustBrontomisMoreno and MerceratBrontomisMorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May), AnalesdelMuseodeLaPlata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, pp. 20, 37 (typebymonotypy Brontornis burmeisteri MorenoandMercerat). Rostrornis MorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., pp. 20,40(typebymonotypy Rostromis floweri MorenoandMercerat, a synonym of Brontornis burmeisteri MorenoandMercerat). [?]StephanomisMercerat, 1893, Note sur la geologiedelaPatagonie,p.5 (not seen; type by monotypy StepMnomis princeps Mercerat). Liornis Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst! geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 570[po72 of reprint] (typebymonotypy Liornis floweri Arneghino). Devincenzia L. Kraglievich, 1932, Anales del MuseodeHist. nat.deMontevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. (typebymonotypyDevincenzia, gaUinali L.Kraglievich). 2..,..Bronto'1'f1.is burmeisteriMorenoandMercerat --;'':_0;)'Brontornis MorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), An. Mus.LaPlata, Pal. vol. 1, pp. 20,-37, pI. 3,figs.1-4; pI. 5,fig.2 (lectotypes 'by present designation fromLagoArgentina, left femur, left tibiotarsus,nbula,and left tarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus. nos. 88-91; two additional distal ends of tarsometatahi, nos. 92-93, are from Santa Cruz). Rostrornisfloweri MorenoandMercerst, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit.,pp.20, 40, pI. 4,fig.1; pI. 5, figs.I,3-5; pI. 6; pI. 7, figs. 1-3 (lectotypesbypresent designation from Monte LOOn,various billandskull fragments, seven vertebraeandfragments, femoral head, lowerpartof left femurl ectocondyle or right tibiotarsus,La PIa; Mus. nos. 94-111;pedalphalanges trochleae of tar sometatarsus another speciesifactually from Monte Hermoso as' stated). -

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160BULLETINFLORIDA STATE MUSEUM Vol.11[?]$tephanornis princeps Mercerat, 1893, Note sur la geologiede1aPatagonie, p. 5 (not seen; type fromPatagonia).-Mercerat,1899, Veroffentlichungen der Deu'tschen Akademischen Vereinung zu Buenos Aires, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 9 (Santa Cruz beds; type more massive than the Stereornithes). (?)Brontornis platyonyx Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 567[po69 of reprint],fig.25 (type from Monte Observaci6n, phalangesII,1,2, 4; IV,1,3, 4, 5, Brit. Mus.). Liornis floweri Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 571[po73 of reprint],fig.26(type from Monte Observaci6n, distalpartof tibia, distalpartof tarsometatarsus, and phalanx 1 of digitsIIIand IV, an incompletely grown juvenile, Brit. Mus.). Liorni.s minor Dolgopol de Saez, 1927, Physis, p. 581; An. Soc.dent.argentina, vol. 10.3, p. 160, pI. 4, figs. 1-2 (type from Santa Cruz,LaPlata Mus.). [?]DevincenziagallinaliL.Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 323, 338, pI. 57-59 (type from unknown locality and horizonbutthoughttobefrom Arroyo Roman, Oligocene or Miocene, [juvenile?] right tarsometatarsus, Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo).LOWERMIOCENE(Patagonianformation).ARGENTINA:Ter.Santa Cruz.:LagoArgentinaandMonteLeon(MorenoandMercerat,1891).MIDDLEMIOCENE(SantaCruzformation). ARGENTINA: Ter.Santa Cruz:SantaCruz(MorenoandMercerat,1891;DolgopoldeSaez, 1927);MonteObservacion, Karaiken,andLaCueva(Lambrecht, 1938, Handb.Palaeorn.,pp.511-512).MIOCENE?URUGUAY:Dept.Rio Negro: ArroyoRoman?(Kraglie vich, 1932).SubfamilytPALAEOCICONt1NAEBrodkorb1Patagornithidae Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, pp. 225, 230 (type Patagornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a synonym of Palaeociconia and Mercerat, 1891; family). Tolmo4i&' L.Kraglievich, 1932,An.Mus. Hist. nat.Montevideo, ser. 2,vol. 3,W-'348, 350 (type Tolmodus Ameghino, June 1891, a junior synonymofPalaeociconia, Moreno and -Mercerat, May 1891).GenustAndrew80rnisPattersonAndrewsornis Patterson, 1941,FieldMus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., vol. 8, no. 8,p.50 (type Andrewsorn.is abbotti. Patterson). ..." .. =--.. '1 New,. me.Inconfused misinterpretation 0( the nbmenclatme of Paleoci conia, Mea briornis, and Hennosiornis, LucasKraglievich (references cited aboveand t... 1,.Physis, vol. 10, p. 305 footnote) wanted to substitute uMesembriorniidae" &mosiornithidae, andMesembriornis for Hermosiornis.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOF,FOSSIL BIRDS3.Andrewsomis abbottiPatterson161Phororhacos at/inis F. Ameghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geologico-paleontol6gica, Suplemento, p. 9 (type from "GuaraniticodePatagonia"[=Deseado forma tion], tarsometatarsus; preoccupied byOwenornis at/inisMorenoandMercerat, 1891, a synonym ofPhorusrhacos Ameghino).Andrewsornis abbottiPatterson, 1941, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., vol. 8, no. 8, p. 50,fig.16 (type from Cabeza Blanca, Field Mus. Nat. Hist.).LOWEROLIGOCENE(Deseado formation).ARGENTINA:Ter. Chuhut: Cabeza Blanca. GenustPalaeociconiaMorenoandMercerat1PalaeociconiaMorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May), Anales MuseoLaPlata, Paleontologia argentina, vol.I,pp. 19, 36 (typePalaeociconia cristataMoreno and Mercerat, selectedbyRovereto, 1914, An. Mus.nacoBuenos Aires, vol. 25, p. 163).PatagornisMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., pp. 23, 55 (typePatagornis marshiMoreno and Mercerat, designated by Richmond, 1902, Proc.U.S.Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 704).TolmodusAmeghino, 1891 (June), Revista argentina Historia nat., vol. 1, p. 157 (typeTolmodus inflatus Ameghino, a junior synonym ofPalaeociconia cristata Moreno and Mercerat).Moreno-merceratiaLambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 512 (typebymonotypyPalaeociconia cristataMoreno and Mercerat).4.Palaeociconia cristataMorenoandMerceratPalaeociconia cristataMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), Anales del MuseodeLaPlata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, pp. 19, 36, pI. 19,figs.12, 14; pI. 20,fig.9 (types from Santa Cruz, two vertebraeandtwo ungues,LaPlata Mus. nos. 83-86).Patagornis marshiMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 23, 56, pI. 14,figs.2-11; pI. 15,figs.1-3 (types from Santa Cruz, premaxillary frag ment,3.vertebrae and fragments, fragment of sacrum, scapular fragments, upperpartof right femur, lowerpartof left femur, fragment of right tibia, mesotrochlea of leftandectotrochleaofright tarsometatarsus, unguis,andfragments,LaPlata Mus. nos. 143-158).Patagornis lemotneiMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 23, 58, pI. 15,figs.5-5a (types from Monte Loon, fragment of vertebra,headanddistal fragment of right femur, distalendof right tibia, trochlea of tarsometa tarsus, unJ,ft1es, LaPlata Mus. nos. 159-164).Tolmodus in/latusAmeghino, 1891 (June I), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol.I,no. 3, p. 157,fig.62 (type from Santa Cruz formation, right premaxilla; de-1Not affectedbyPalaeociconiaMoreno, 1889 (Breve .resena de los progressos del MuseoLaPlata, durante el segundo semestre.de1888, Bol.LaPlata, p. 30; type PalaeoCiconia australis Moreno, designatedbyRichmond, 1902, Proc.U.S.Nat. Mus., vol. 24, p. 702), asbothgenericandspecific names are nominanudaatthis point. ,

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Hi2 BULLETINFLORIDA STATE MUSEUMVol.11scribedasan edentate mammal).-Phororhacos inflatus Ameghino, 1891 (Aug. "1"=11),Rev. argentina Hist. nat., vol. 1, no. 4, p. 258 (transferred to Aves).-Phororhacos inflatus Andrews, 1899, Trans. Zool.Soc.London, vol.15,pt. 3, pp. 55-86, pI. 14-17 (monograph). Phororhacos modicus Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 548[po50of reprint],fig.15 (types from Santa Cruz formation, humerus, tarsome tatarsus).LOWERMIOCENE(Patagonian formation).ARGENTINA:Ter. Santa Cruz: Monte Loon.MIDDLEMIOCENE(SantaCruzformation).ARGENTINA:Ter. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz; Monte Observaci6n,TaguaQuemada,andLaCueva(Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeom., p. 503). Genus tAndalgalomisPattersonandJ.L. KraglievichAndalgalornis Patterson and}.L. Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Museo municipal de Ciencias naturales y tradicional de Mar del Plata, vol.1,no.1,p. 88 (type by original designation Andalgalomis ferox Patterson andJ.L. Kraglievich).5. Andalgalornis steuUeti(L. Kraglievich) Phororhacos steuUeti L. Kraglievich, 1931, Physis, vol. 10, p. 812,fig.4 (type from barrancas del Rio Para.rui, phalanx1of digit IV, Museo Arg. Ciencias Naturales no.4244). Phororhacos daeutieri L. Kraglievich, 1981, Physis, vol. 10, p. 812,fig.5(type from barrancas del Rio Parana, distal ep.d of right femur, Buenos AiresMus.no. 6932).LOWER PLIOCENE (baseofEntreRfos series).ARGENTINA:ProvoEntreRios: ravinesoftheRio Parana.6.Andalgalornis feroxPattersonandJ.L. Kraglievich Andalgalornis ferox Patterson andJ.L. Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Museo municipal Ciencias nat. y tradicional de Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1,p.34,figs.3,4,6 (misspelled terox and torax on legends; type from Chiquimil, partial skeleton, including cranium, mandible, presynsacral vertebrae except atlas, sixth rib, pelvis, and synsacrum, Field Nat. Mus. no. 14357).MIDDLEPuOCENE(Andalgala formation). ARGENTINA: ProvoCata Chiquimil. SubfamilytPHORUSRHAClNAE(Ameghino) Phororhacosi4ae Ameghino, 1889, Aetas Acad.nacoCienc. C6rdoba, vol.6,fidePatterson and Kraglievich (type Phororhacos Ameghino= Phorusrhacos Ameghino).-Phororhacosidae Ameghino, 1891 (Dec.), Revista argentina Hist. nat.,

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1961 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 163 vol. 1, p.449.-PhororhacidaeLydekker, 1893, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, p. 43 (emendation).-PhororhacidaeAmeghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. argentino, vol. 15, cahiers 11-12, p.1.0of reprint(emendation).-PhororhacinaeL. Kraglie vich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350 (subfamilia) ...:-Phorusrhacinae Brodkorb, 1963 (Apr. 16), Auk, vol.BO,no. 2, p. 111 (subfamily).StereornithidaeMorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May), Anales MuseoLaPlata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, p.21(type Stereornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887).DarwinornithidaeMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., p.24(typeDar winornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887).DevincenziidaeL. Kraglievich, 1932,An.Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 323, 350 (typeDevincenziaL. Kraglievich).MesembriorniidaeL. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 332, 349 (typeMesembriornisMorenoandMercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino,1887).-MesembriornidaeL. Kraglievich, 1932, op. cit., p.349.-MesembriornithidaeJ.L. Kraglievich, 1946, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 142, p. 108 (emendation).Genust Phorusrhacos Ameghino Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887, Enumeracion de las especies de mamiferos f6siles colecionadospor Carlos Ameghino en los terrenos eocenos de la Patagonia austral depositadosenel Museo La Plata, Bol. Mus.LaPlata, vol. 1, p. 24 (type by monotypy Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino).-Phor usrhachos Lydekker, 1888, Zoological Record, vol. 24, Mammalia, p. 52(emendation).-PhororhacosAmeghino, 1889, Act. Acad.nacoCienc. Cordoba, vol. 6, p. 659(emendation).-PhororhacosAmeghino, 1891 (Aug. 11), Revista argentina Historia natural, vol. 1, no. 4 for Aug. 1, p.256.-PhororhachosLydekker, 1892, Zoological Record, vol. 28, Mammalia, p. 54(emendation).PhororhacisSclater, 1893, Ibis, ser; 6, vol. 5, p.41(emendation).-Phorysrhacos Lydekker, 1896,inNewton, Dictionary of Birds, fasc. 4, p. 905(emendation). Phororhacus Ameghino, 1898, Segundo Censo de la Republica Argentina, vol.1,p. 235 (emendation).StereornisMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), Anales MuseoLaPlata, Paleont. argentina, vol. 1, p.21(typeStereornis rollieriMoreno and Mercerat, desig natedbyRichmond, 1902, Proc.U.S.Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 716,= Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino).DarwinornisMoreno and Mercerat, -l891 (May), op.cit.,p.24 (typeDarwinornis cupe1 Moreno and Mercerat, designatedbyRichmond, 1902, Proc.U.S.Nat.Mus.,vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 677= Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino).Owenornis Mbreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., p. 25 (type Owenornis affinis Moreno and Mercerat, designatedbyRichmond, 1902, Proc. U.S.Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 702= Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino). Mesembriornis Moreno, 1889, Breve res efta delosprogresos del MuseoLaPlata, durante el segun.do. semest.re de 1888, Bol. Mus.LaPlata, p. 29 (typebymonotypyMesembriornis milne-edwardsi Mercerat, nomennudum).-MorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May), "An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, .vol. 1, pp. 21, 48 (type designated py Rovereto, 1914, An. Mus.nacoHist. nat. Buenos Aires, vol.

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164BULLETIN FLORIDA STATE MUSEUM Vol.1125, p. 163,Mesembriornis studeri Moreno and Mercerat Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino). Titanomis Mercerat, 1893, Note ceol. Patagonie, p. 5 (typebymonotypy Titanomis mirabilis Mercerat, nomennudum).-Mercerat,1897,An.Soc. cient. argentina, vol.43,p.229 (brief descr.; typebymonotypy Titanomis mirabilis Mercerat= Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino). CallornisAmeghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. geogr. argentina, vol. 15, p. 574 (type by monotyPy Callornis giganteus Ameghino= Phorusrhacos longtssimus Ameg hino). Eucallornis Ameghino, 1901,An.Soc. cien. argentina, vol. 51, p. 78 (new name forCallornisAmeghino, preoccupied).7. Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino, 1887, Enumeraci6n sistematica de las especiesdemamiferos f6siles coleccionados por Carlos Ameghino en los ter renos eocenosdela Patagonia austral depositados en el MuseodeLaPlata, p.24(type from Santa Cruz, mandible,.LaPlata Mus. no. 118; describedasan edentate mammal). Stereornis rollienMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (text published in May, plates Aug. 5), Anales MuseoLaPlata, Paleontologia argentina, 1, pp. 21, 45, pI.9,fig.3; pI. 10,figs.1-2; pI. 11,fig.1 (types from Santa Cruz, upper part of left tibia, upperpartof left tarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus. nos. 119-120). Stereornis gaudryi Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 21, 47, pI. 9,fig.4;pI. 10,fig.3 (type from Monte Loon, proximalpartof left tar sometatarsus,LaPlata Mus. no. 121). Mesembriornis studeri Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 21, 48, pI. 4,figs.2-3; pI.7,fig.4; pI. 10,fig.4; pI. 11,fig.2-4; pI. 12,fig.1-6(typesfrom Monte Loon, fragment of right temporal region, other skull frag ments, proximal part of left mandible, numerous fragments of vertebrae, frag ments of upper limbs, proximal part of right femur, proximalanddistal fragments of left fp.mur, right tibia lacking ends, right tarsometatarsus lacking the two lateral tlochleae, lower part of right tarsometatarsus, numerous toe phalanges, numerous other fragments of the legs,.LaPlata Mus. nos. 122-134). Mesembriornis quatrefragesi Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 22, 50, pI. 4,fig.4; pl. 12,figs.7-9; pI. 14,fig.1 (types from Santa Cruz, lower part of left humerus, upper part of left ulna, distal fragment of right tibia, trochlea of right tarsometatarsus, ungual phalanx, Mus.LaPlata nos. 135-139). \Darwinornis copeiMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol.1,pp. ..-.24, 60, pI. 17,figs.1-2 (types from Santa Cruz, lowerpartof left tibia, trochlea of middle toe,andfragments,LaPlata Mus. nos. 171-173). Darwinornis zittelliMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol.1,pp. 25, 63, pI. 17,figs.3-4 (types from Santa Cruz, ectocondyle of right tibia, mesotrochlea of tarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus. nos. 174-175). Darwinornis socialis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol.1,pp. 25, 63, pt 17,fig.5 (type from Santa Cruz, mesotrochlea of left tarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus.no.176).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS165 Owenomis af/inis MorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op."cit.,vol. 1, pp. 25, 64, pI. 17, fig. 6; pI. 18, fig. 1 (type from Santa Cruz, mesotrochleaofright tarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus. no. 177). OwenomislydekkeriMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 25, 64, pI. 18, figs. 2-5 (types from Santa Cruz, fragmentary vertebrae, entocondyle of right tibia, mesotrochlea of right tarsometatarsus, ectotrochlea of left tarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus. nos. 178-182). Phororhacos sehuenensis Ameghino, 1891 (Aug. "I" =11), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol.I,no. 4, p. 258 (type from Rio Sehuen, fragment of lower mandible, dorsal vertebra, femur, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus). Phororhacos platygnathus Ameghino, 1891 (Dec. 1), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol. 1, no. 6, p. 452 (types from Monte Observaci6n, mandible, tarsometatarsus, now in Brit. Mus.). Titanornis mirabilis Mercerat, 1893, Note sur la geologiedePatagonie, p. 5 (not seen; apparently nomennudum).-Titanomis mirabilis Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, p. 230 (type from Santacruzian, most of a skele ton, larger than" Phororhacos longissimus) .. Callornis giganteus Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. geografico argentino, vol. 15, p. 78ofreprint, figs. 28-29 (types fromLaCueva, distalpartof right tibiotarsus without condyles, distal end of right tarsometatarsus, nowinBrit.Mus.). Eucallornis giganteus Ameghino, 1901, An. Soc.dent.argentina, vol. 51, p. 78. LoWERMIOCENE (Patagonia formation). ARGENTINA: Ter. Santa Cruz: Monte Loon (Moreno and Mercerat,1891).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Santa Cruz formation). ARGENTINA: Ter. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz (Ameghino,1887); Rio Sehuen (Ameghino,1891);Monte Observaci6n (Ameghino,1891);LaCueva (Ameghino, 1895); Tagua Quemada (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p.501).GenusfOnactomisCabrera Onactomis Cabrera, 1839 (Apr. 10), Rev. Mus. La. Plata, n.s., sec. paleont., vol. 2, no. 6, p. 15 (type Onactornis depressus Cabrera).8.Onactornispozzii(L. Kraglievich)Phororhacos pozzii L. Kraglievich, 1931, Physis, vol. 10, p. 306, figs. 1-3, (type fromElBrete, distal portion of right tarsometatarsus, Buenos Aires Mus. no. 6554; referred unguis of toe III, no. 6681). Onactomis deJ,ressus Cabrera, 1939 (Apr. 10), Rev. Mus.LaPlata, n.s., sec. paleont., vol. 2, no.6,p. 15, figs. 11-15 (type from CampodeRobilotte,incompletecranium and phalanx 1 of toesIIand III, Mus.LaPlata no. 37-111-7-8).LOWER PLIOCENE (Mesopotamian). ARGENTINA: ProvoEntre Rios:ElBrete. Prov." Buenos Aires: Campo de Robilotte, southeast of Laguna partido de Adolfo Alsina.

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166BULLETIN FLORIDA STATE MUSEUM Vol.119.Onactomis mendocinus (L.Kraglievich)Phororhacos longissimus mendocinus L. Kraglievich,1931,Physis, vol.10,p.304,fig.105(type from Huayquerias, proximal portionofright femur without head, Buenos Aires Mus. no.6930).MIDDLE PLIOCENE (Huayqueriana).ARGENTINA:ProvoMendoza: Huayquerfas. GenustTitanisBrodkorb Titanis Brodkorb,1963(Apr.16),Auk, vol.80,no.2,p.111(typebyoriginal designationTitanis walleriBrodkorb).10.Titanis wallenBrodkorb Titania wallen Brodkorb,1963(Apr.16),Auk, vol.80,no.2,p.113,figs.1-7(type from SantaFeRiver, distalpartof right tarsometatarsus, Univ. Florida no.4108;referred phalanx1of digit III).UPPER?PLEISTOCENE(fluvial deposit).FLORIDA:Gilchrist/ColumbiaCountyline: SantaFeRiver,inNE ofNW lJ4, section34,Township7S,Range16E.FamilyCARIAMIDAEBonaparteDicholophidaeKaup,1850,fide Gray,1871(type Dicholophus Illiger,1811,a junior synonym ofCariamaBrisson,1760). CariamidaeBonaparte,1853,C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol.37,no ..18,p.646(typeCariamaBrisson).-eariaminaeBonaparte,1853,lococit.(subfamilia).-eariamoideaeStejneger,1885,Standard Natural History, vol..4,p.119(superfamily).-eariamoideaPatterson,1941,Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Ceol. Ser., vol. 8, p.49(emendation; superfamily).Pelecyornidae[sic] Ameghino,1891(Dec.),Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol.1,no.6,p.448(type Pelecyornis Ameghino, Dec.1891,a junior synonym of Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat, May 1891).-Pelecyornisidae Ameghino,1891(Dec.), op. cit., p.45Qin text.Hermosiornidae[sic] Rovereto,1914(Jan.22),An. Mus.nacoBuenos Aires, vol.25,sig.7,p.110;sig.11(Jan.20),p.163(type Hermosiornis Rovereto). Hermpsiorniidae [sic] L. Kraglievich,1932,An.Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser.2,vol.3,pp.332, 349(emendation).-Hermosiornithidae Wetmore,1934(Apr.23),Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol.89,no.13,p.7(emendation).-HermosiornithinaePattersonandJ. L. Kraglievich,1960,Publ. Mus. municipal de Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. p.17(subfamilia).BathornithinaeWetmore,1927(July15),Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Rist., vol.7,no. 2, p.13(subfamily; type BathornisWetmore).-Bathornithidae Wetmore,1933(Oct.), Bull. Mus. Comp.Zool:, vol.75,no.7,p.301(family).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 167 Psilopteridae Dolgopol de Saez,1927,An.Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 103, p. 156 (type Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat).-Psilopteriidae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An.Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 349.-Psilopterinae PattersonandJ.L. Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Mus. municipal Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 13 (subfamilia).SubfamilytBATHORNITHINAEWetmoreBathornithinae Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mis. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 13 (type Bathornis Wetmore).-Bathornithidae Wetmore, 1933 (Oct.), Bull. Mus.CompoZoll., vol. 75, no. 7, p. 301 (family).GenustBathomisWetmoreBathornis Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 7,no.2, p.11 (type bymonotypy Bathornis vet'edus Wetmore).1.Bathornis veredua WetmoreBathornis veredus Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 11, figs. 19-24 (type from lowerpartof Horsetail Creek member, distal portion of right tarsometatarsus, Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 805; see Galbreath, 1953, Univ. Kansas Paleont. Contr., Vertebrata, art. 4, p. 40).LOWEROLIGOCENE(Chadron formation).COLORADO: Weld Coun ty: Horsetail Creek, sections 26and27, Township 10 N,Range57 W (Wetmore, 1927). NEBRASKA: George Everson ranch, 11 miles northwestofCrawford(Wetmore, Apr. 1933, Auk, vol.50,no.2,p.213). SOUTII DAKOTA:Pennington County:IndianCreek(Wetmore, 1937, Condor, vol. 39, no. 6, p.256, 70).2.Bathornis celeripesWetmoreBathornis celet'ipes Wetmore, 1933 (Oct.), Bull. Mus.CompoZool., vol. 75, no.7,p. 302, ngs. 6-14 (type from near Torrington, left tarsometatarsus, Mus.CompoZool. no. 2234).MIDDLEOLIGOCENE("base 1)f Scenic member"). SOU'IH DAKOTA:Pennington County:2miles EofScenic (Wetmore, 1958, Smith sonian Misc-\ CoIl., vol. 135, no. 8,p.5, pl. 4, fig. 2).MIDDLEOLIGOCENE(Oreodon beds).NEBRASKA:Everson Ranch, 12 miles northwest ofCrawford(Wetmore, Oct. 1933).UPPEROLIGOCENE(Brule formation). WYOMING: Goshen County: 4 miles from Torrington,inheadofcanyon,inS lh ofNW %, section 32, Township 24 N, Range 61 W (Wetmore, Oct. 1933).

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168 BULLETIN FLORIDA STATE MUSEUMVoL113. Bathornis cursor Wetmore Bathomis cursor Webnore, 1933 (Oct.), Bull. Mus.CompoZooL, vol. 75, no. 7, p. 310, figs.15-19 (type from near Torrington, distalendof left tarsometatar sus, Mus. Camp. Zool. no. 2236). Bathomis geographicusWetmore, 1942 (May Smithsonian Misc. CoIl., vol. 101, no. 14, p. 3,fig.5-13 (type from near Rockyford, left tarsometatarsus, Mus. South Dakota School of Mines, no. 4030).UPPEROLIGOCENE(ProtocerasbedsofBmleformation).SOUTHDAKOTA:25 miles southeast of Scenicand6 mileseastofRockyford (Wetmore, 1942).UPPEROLIGOCENE(Brule formation).WYOMING:Goshen County: 4 miles from Torrington,headofcanyon,inS lh ofNW section 32,Township24 N, Range 61 W (Wetmore, Oct. 1933). Subfamilyt PSILOPTERJ;NAE DolgopoldeSaezPelecyomidae[sic] Ameghino, 1891 (Dec.), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol.1,no. 6, p. 448 (typePelecyornisAmeghino, Dec. 1891, a junior synonym of Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat, May 1891).-Pelecyomisidae Ameghino, 1891 (Dec.),op.cit.,p.450 in text. Psilovteridae Dolgopol de Saez, 1927,An.Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 103, p. 156 (type Psilopterus Moreno andMercerat).-Psilopteriidae[sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2,voL3, p.349.-PsilopterinaePatterson andJ.L. Kraglievich, 1960, PubL Mus. municipal Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata,voL1,no. 1, p. 13 (subfamilia).GenustRiacamaAmeghinoRiacamaAmeghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geo16gico-paleontoI6gica, Suplemento, p. 9 (type by monotypyRiacama caligineaAmeghino).4.Riacama caligineaAmeghinoRiacama caligineaAmeghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geoI6gico-paleontoI6gica, Sup lemento, p. 9 (type from GuaranfticodePatagonia," coracoid).LOWEROLIGOCENE(Deseado formation).ARGENTINA:Patagonia. GenustSmiliomisAmeghino Smilior. Ameghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geol.-paL, Suplemento, p. 9 (type by monotypy Smiliomis penetransAmeghino).5.Smiliomis penetransAmeghinoSmiliornis penetransAmeghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geal.-paL, Suplemento, p. 9(typefrom""GuaranfticodePatagonia," coracoid).LOWEROLIGOCENE(Deseado formation).ARGENTINA:Patagonia.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 169Genust Pseudolarus Ameghino Pseudolarus Ameghino, 1891 (Dec.), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol. 1,no.6,p. 4:46 (type by monotypy Pseudolarus eocaenus Ameghino). PseudogavkJ Sharpe, 1892, Zool. Record, vol. 28, p. 89 (substitute for Pseudolarus Ameghino).AmeghiniaSharpe, 1899, Handlist of GeneraandSpecies of Birds, vol.I,p. 184 (new name for Pseudolarus Ameghino, on grounds ofvoxhybrida).6. PseudolarusgU(l.raniticus Ameghino Pseudolarus guaraniticus Ameghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geologico-paleonto16 gica, Suplemento, p. 9 (type from "cretaceodePatagonia," proximal portion of humerus).LOWEROLIGOCENE(Deseado formation).ARGENTINA:Patagonia.7.Pseudolarus eocaenusAmeghino Pseudolarus eocaenus Ameghino, 1891 (Dec.), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol. 1, no.6,p. 446 (type from Monte Observaci6n fide Lambrecht, proximal portion of humerus, Brit. Mus.).MIDDLEMIOCENE(SantaCruzformation). ARGENTINA: Ter.SantaCruz:MonteObservaci6n. GenustPsilopterusMorenoandMercerat Pstlopterus Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May),An.Mus.LaPlata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 26, 68 (type Psilopterus communis Moreno and Mercerat, designatedbyRichmond, 1902, Proc.U.S.Nat. Mus.,vol.24, no. 1267, p. 710).PelecyornisAmeghino, 1891 (Dec.), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol.I,no. 6, p. 448 (new name for Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat, supposed tobepreoccu pied [byPsi!opteraSolier, 1888]).[?] Staphylornis Mercerat, 1897,An.Soc.cient. argentina, vol. 48, p. 288 (typeStaphylornis gallardoiMercerat, designated by Sharpe, 1898, Zool. Record, vol. 84, p. 85).8. Psilopterus australis MorenoandMercerat Psilopterus australis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5),An.Mus. La Plata, Pal. 4l'gentina, vol. 1, pp. 26, 68, pI. 18, fig. 10; pI. 20, fig. 5 (types from Santa Cruz, distal part of left tarsometatarslls, ungual phalanx,LaPlata Mus. nos. 188-189). Pelecyomis tubulatus Ameghino, 1895,BoI.Inst. geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 62 of reprint, fig. 22 (types from Santa Cruz formation, .figured tarsometatarsus, tibiotarslls, and phalanx10ftoe III, now in Brit. Mus.).[?] Staphylornis gallardoi Mercerat, 1896,An.Soc.cient. argentina, vol. 43, p. 288 (no locality stated, saidbyLambrecht tobeMonte Observaci6n, distal

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170BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUMVol.IIportions of rightandleft femur, proximal fragment of left tibia,andproximalpartof left tarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus.). [?]Staphylornis erithacusMercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, p. 235 (no locality stated,typeproximalpartofleft tibia,LaPlata Mus.).Pelecyornis tenuirostris Sinclair, in SinclairandFarr, 1932 (Jan. 8), Patagonian Exped. Princeton Univ., vol. 7, p. 188, pI. 25; pI. 26, fig.3;pI. 27,fig.6;pI. 29,fig.1; pI. 30, fig. 2; pI. 31, figs. 3-4 (type from south of Santa Cruz, associated skull, mandible, and most of skeleton, Am. Mus. Nat. Rist. no. 9157).LOWER MIOCENE (Patagonian formation).ARGENTINA:Ter. Santa Cruz: Monte Leon (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 506).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Santa Cruz formation).ARGENTINA:Ter. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz andMercerat, 1891); Killik Aikeand10miles S of Coy Inlet (Sinclair, 1932, p. 185); Monte Observacion, Take Harvey,LaCueva, Corriguen Kaik, Tagua Quemada) andKaraiken (Lambrecht, 1933).9.Psilopterus communisMorenoandMercerat Psilopterus communisMorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5),An.Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 26, 68, pI. 18,fig.11; pI.21,'fig.5 (types from Santa Cruz, distalpartofrightandleft tarsometatarsi,LaPlata Mus. nos. 186-187). Psilopterus intermediusMorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 26, 68, pI. 20, fig. 1 (provisionally named; types from Santa Cruz, 4 trochlear fragnientsoftarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus. nos. 190-193). Patagornis bachmanniMorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 24, 58, pI. 15,figs.7-10 (types from Santa Cruz, proximalanddistal ends of femur, distalendof left tibia,andproximalendof tarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus. nos. 165-168).Phororhacos delicatusAmeghino, 1891 (Aug. 1), Revista argentina Rist. nat.,vol.1, no. 4,p.259 (not seen; fide Lambrecht types are from Monte Observacion,LaCueva, and Rio Sehuen, Brit.Mus.).-Phororhacos delicatusAmeghino, 1895, Boi. Inst. geogr. argentino, vol. 15,p.51 of reprint, fig. 17 (figured dorsal vertebra, humerus, proximalendof femur, distalendof tibia, tarsometa tarsus, toes II, 1;III,1-4; IV, 1).Pelecyornis pueyrredonensis Sinclair,inSinclairandFarr, 1932 (Jan. 8), Pata Exped. Princeton Univ., vol. 7, p. 187, pI. 24; pI. 26,figs.5-6; pI. 27, figs. 4-5; pI. 29, figs. 4-5 (type from Lake Pueyrredon, skullandassociated skeleton, Princeton Mus. no. 15904). MIDDLE MIOCENE (Santa Cruz formation).ARGENTINA:Ter. Santa Cruz: SantaCruz(MorenoandMercerat,' 1891); Lake Pueyrred;>n (Sinclair, 1932); Monte Observaci6n,LaCueva,andRio Sehuen (Lambrecht, 1933, p. 503).

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1967BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS17110. Psilopteros minutus (Ameghino)Pelecyornis minutus Ameghino,1891(Dec.), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol.1,no. 8, p.449(type saidbyLambrecht to be from Monte Observaci6n, distal end of tarsometatarsus, Brit. Mus.).MmDLEMIOCENE(SantaCruzformation). ARGENTINA: Ter.SantaCruz:MonteObservaci6n. GenustLophiomisAmeghino Laphiornis Ameghino,1891(Dec.), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol.1,no. 6, p. 449 (typebymonotypy Lophiornis obliquus Ameghino).11.Lophiomis obliquusAmeghino Laphiomis obliquus Ameghino,1891(Dec.), Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol. 1, no.6,p.449(type from Monte Observaci6n fide Lambrecht, distalendof tibiotarsus, Brit.Mus.).-Lophiornis obliquus Ameghino,1895,Bol. Inst. geogr. argentino, vol.15,p.79of reprint, 6p;. 30.MIDDLEMIOCENE(SantaCruzformation). ARGENTINA: Ter.SantaCruz:MonteObservaci6n.GenustProcariamaRoveretoProcariama Rovereto,1914(Jan.22),An.Mus.nacoBunos Aires, vol.25,sig.7,p. 110 (typebymonotypy Procariama simplex Rovereto).12.Procariama simplexRovereto\Procariama simplex Rovereto,1914(Jan.22),An.Mus.nacoBuenos Aires, voL25,sig. 7, p. 110, pI. 9,figs.1, 3,and5 only (lectotype from AndalgaIa, posterior portion of cranium, pelvis, proximal and distal parts of left femur, distalpartof right tibiotarsus, proximalanddistal parts of right tarsometatarsus, proximalpartof left tarsometatarsus, left digit IVandparts of left digits I-III, Buenos Aires Mus. no.8225,selectedbyPattersonandKraglievich,1960,Publ. Mus. munic. Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p.13).MmDLE PLIOCENE (Andalgala formation).ARGENTINA:ProvoCatamarca: Andalgala.SubfamilytPROPHORORHACINAEBrodkorb1 Hermosiomidae [sic] Rovereto,1914(Jan.22),An.Mus.nacoBuenos Aires, vol.25,sig.7,p.110;sig.11(Jan.29),p.163(type Hermosiornis Rovereto, a junior synonym of Prophororhacus Rovereto}.-Hermosiomiidae [sic] L. Kraglievich,1932,An.Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser.2,vol.3,pp.332, 349{emenda tion).-Herm08iornithidae Wetmore,1934(Apr.23),Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol.89,no.13,.p. 7 (emendation).-Hermosiornithinae Patterson andJ. L. 1New subfamily. Type Prophororhacus Rovereto.Forcharactersanddiscus sion see PattersonandJ.L. Kraglievich,1960,pp.17ff.

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172 BULLETIN FLORIDA STATE MUSEUM Vol. 11 Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Mus. municipal de Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 17 (subfamilia).Genust Prophororhacus RoveretoProphororhacusRovereto, 1914 (Jan. 26),An.Mus.nacoBuenos Aires, vol: 25, sig. 8, p. 114 (typeProphororhacu8 incertusRovereto).HermosiornisRovereto, 1914 (Jan. 29), op. cit., vol. 25, sig. 11, p. 163 (type by original designationMesembriornis milne-edwardsiMorenoandMercerat).13.Prophororhacus incertusRoveretoProphororhacus incertusRovereto, 1914 (Jan. 26), An. Mus.nacoBuenos Aires, vol. 25, sig. 8, p. 114, pI. 10,fig.2 (type from Catamarca, dorsal vertebra, fragmentary coracoid, right humerus, right ulna, fragmentary right radius, distal portion of right tarsometatarsus, phalanx 1 and 3 of digit II,andphalanx 1 of IV, Buenos Aires Mus. no. 6934).LOWERPLIOCENE(AndalgalaorCorralQuemadoformation).ARGENTINA:ProvoCatamarca: probably ValledeSanta Marfa.14.Prophororhacus australis (MorenoandMercerat)Palaeociconia australis Moreno, 1889, Breve resefia de los progresos del Museo deLaPlata durante el segundo semestre de 1888, p. 30 (nomennudum).MorenoandMercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5),An.Mus.LaPlata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 19, 36, pI. 2,fig.3 (type from Monte Hermoso, distalpartofleft tarsometatarsus,LaPlata Mus. no. 87).Mesembriomis milne-edwardsiMoreno, 1889, Breve resefiadelos progresos del Museo deLaPlata durante el segundo semestre de 1888, p. 30 (nomennudum).-Morenoand Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5),An.Mus.LaPlata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 22, 51, pI. 13,figs.1-6; pI. 16,fig.3 (types from Monte Hermoso, cervical vertebra, proximal parts of right tibiotarus and fibula, La Plata Mus. nos. 140-142).Dryomis pampeanusMoreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol.1,pp. 24, 59, pI. 16,fig.2 only (femur only, not lectoype).UPPERPLIOCENE(Monte Hermoso formation).ARGENTINA:Provo BuenQs Aires: Monte Hermoso.15. Propoororhacus rapax(L.J.Kraglievich) Mesem1;.riornis rapaxL.J.Kraglievich, 1946,An.Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 142, pt. 3, p. 108,figs.2-9 (type from Arroyo Lobeda, incomplete skeleton, con sisting of skull, mandible, left humerus, ulna, radius, leftanddistalpartofright femur, right tibiotarsus, right and left fibula, right [not left as stated] tarsometatarsus without middleandinner trochleae, unguis, Mus. Mar del Plata no. S-155). .LOWERPLEISTOCENE(Chapadmalal formation).ARGENTINA:ProvoBuenos Aires:nearmouthofArroyo Loberfa.

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1967BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS173SubfamilyCARIAMINAEBonaparteDicholophidaeKaup,1850,fide Gray,1871(type Oicholophus Illiger,1811,a junior synonym ofCariamaBrisson,1760). CariamidaeBonaparte,1853,C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol.37,no.18,p.646(typeCariamaBrisson).-Cariaminae Bonaparte,1853,lococit. (subfamilia).No extinct fossil species. Neospecies of Cariaminae from Pleistoceneandprehistoricsites:1.Cariama cristata (Linnaeus).BRAZIL:LapadaLagoadoSumidouro(0.Winge,1887,E Museo Lundii, vol.1,no.2,p.31).ARGENTINA:Llajta Maiica, Las Represas,and Bislin, all in Santiago del Estero (L. Kraglievich and Rusconi,1931,Physis, vol.10,no.36,p.240). 2. Chunga burmeisteri (Hartlaub). ARGENTINA: Llajta-Maiica, Las Represas, Las Marias,and -Blanco Pt)zo, all in Santiago del Estero (L. Kraglie vichandRusconi,1931,Physis, vol.10,no.36,p.240).SuborderOTIDESWaglerOtidesWagler,1830,Natiirliches System der Amphibienmitvorangehender ClassificationderSaugethiereundVogel, pp.80, 82(ordo; typeOtisLinnaeus).FamilyOTIDIDAE(Gray)OtinaeG.R.Gray,1840(before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds,p.64(subfamily; typeOtis Selys,1842,fide Gray(family).-OtidinaeGray,1845(Feb.), Genera of Birds, vol.3,p.532(subfamily).-Otididae Bonaparte,1853,C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol.37,no.18,p.646 (familia).-OtidaeBona parte,1854,Ann.Sci. nat., vol.1,p.44(familia).LissotinaeVerheyen,1957(May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no.21,pp.40-41(sous-famille; typeLissotisReichenbach).NeotinaeVerheyen,1957(May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol.33,no.21,pp.40-41(sous-famille; typeNeotisSharpe).GenustPalaeotisLambrechtPalaeotisLambrecht,1928,Jahrb. Halleschen Verb andf.d. Erforsch. d. mittel deutsch. Boenschatze, new ser., vol. 7, p.20(typebymonotypyPalaeotis weigeltiLambrecht).1.Palaeotis weigelti LambrechtPalaeotis weigelti Lambrecht,1928,Jahrb. Halleschen f.d. Erforsch. d. mitteldeutschr. Boo.enschiitze, n. s., vol.7,pp.20, 24,text-fig.6;pI. 1,figs.1-10(type fromGrubeCecilie, distalpartof left tarsometatarsus with phalanx 1 of II, Geol. Universitatsinstitut Halle a.S).

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174 BULLETIN FLORIDA STATE MUSEUM Vol.11MIDDLEEOCENE(Braunkohle des Geiseltales). GERMANY: Saxony: Kreis Meseburg: Grube Cecilie near MiichelninGeisel Valley. GenusChlamydotisLessonChlamydotisLesson, 1839, Rev. Zool., p. 47 (typebymonotypyOtis houbaraDesfontaines, 1787, a junior synonym ofPsophia 'Und'Ulata Jacquin, 1784).2.Chlamydotis affinis (Lydekker)Otis af/inisLydekker, 1891 (Apr. 25), Cat. Fossil Birds British Mus., p. 168 (type from Schnaitheim, postcranial skeleton, Brit. Mus. no. 36745).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Burdigalian).GERMANY:Bavaria: Schnaitheim bei Heidenheim. The locality should perhapsbeSteinheim and the horizon inthatcase upper Miocene (see von Ammon,1918,Abh. Naturw. Ver. Regensburg, vol.12,p.55;Lambrecht,1933,Handb. Palaeorn., p. 528). Genus Otis LinnaeusOtisLinnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 154 (typeOtis tarOO Linnaeus, designatedbyGray, 1840).3. Otis lambrechtiKretzoiOtis lambrechtiKretzoi, 1941, Foldtani Kozlony, vol. 71, nos. 7-12, pp. 253 [Magyar], 325 [German] (type from Betfia, tarsometatarsus; very brief des cription).LOWER PLErsTOCENE (Biharian fauna).RUMANIA:Transylvania: Betfia (=Piispokfiirdo-5). N eospecies of Otididae from Pleistocene sites:1.Tetrax tetrax(Linnaeux).MALTA:Benghisa Gap; Ghar-Dalam Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Paleorn., p. 762).ITALY:Grotta Romanelli; Grotta dei Colombi (Lambrecht, 1933).GERMANY:Seveckenberg bei Quedlinburg(Otis brevipesGiebel, 1847, Fauna der Vorwelt, vol. 1, pt. 2, p. 26; type distal end of tarsometatarsus). CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Balcarova skala? (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.Intemat. Om. Kongr. Berlin, p. 938).HUNGARY:Subalyuk Cave (Janossy, 1962, Aquila; vol. 67-68, p. 179).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1948, Trudy Estest.-Istor. Muz. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhan SSR, pts. 1-2, p. 42,fig.33).2. Otis tardaLinnaeus.ENGLAND:Norfolk? (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 762).MALTA:Ghar-Dalam Cave (Lambrecht, 1933).ITALY:Grotta Romanelli; Grotta dei Colombi (Lambrecht, 1933). CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Holubic (Lambrecht; 1933).GERMANY:Westregeln near Magdeburg (Lambrecht, 1933).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1948, Trudy Estest.-Istor. Muz. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhan SSR, pts. 1-2, p. 42,fig.32).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDSFamilytGRYZAJIDAEBrodkorb1175GenustGryzaiaZubareva Gryzaja Zubareva) 1939 (June13) Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol 23) no. 6, p. 607 (typebymonotypy Gryzaja odessana Zubareva).4.Gryzaia odessanaZubarevaGryzaja odessana Zubareva, 1939 (June 13) Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 23) no. 6) p. 607) fig.(types from Odessa) distal half of rightandleft tibiotarsus, Ukrainian Acad. Sci. nos. 6617) 6618).-Zubareva, 1948) TrudyInstitutu Zoologii) Akad. Nauk Ukrainskoi RSR) vol. 1) p. 125) figs.7-9 (typesandad ditional material).-Voinstevensky) 1959) Doklady Akad. Nauk Ukrain. SSR) vol. 2) p. 198,figs.1-6 (revision). Chlamydotis pliodeserti Serebrovsky) 1941, Doklady Akad Nauk SSSR, vol. 33, nos. 7-8, p. 474 (type from Odessa) coracoid).-Voinstevensky) 1959) Doklady Akad. Nauk Ukrain. SSSR, vol. 2) p. 198 (referred to Gryzaia odessana Zuba reva).LoWERPLIOCENE(Meotian stage karst caverns).UKRAINE:Odessa.1New family. Type Gryzaja Zubareva. Differs from Otididaeinhaving tibio tarsus stoutandrelatively short; proximalendwith inner cnemial crest recurved and reduced, little elevated above articular surface, without prominent anterior and proximal extension of Otidinae; shaft wide transverseh') in antero-posterior greatly expanded through most of its length (differing from all other birds)andnarrowing rapidly above condyles; condylesandintercondylar area widened transvet:sely; internal condyle short and rounded in anterO:posterior direction) without qistal notch.

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176BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol.11OrdertICHTHYORNITHIFORMES (Marsh)OdontornithesMarsh, 1873 (Jan. 21), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser, 3, vol. 5, no. 26,p.161 (subclass; notbasedon generic name).IchthyornithesMarsh, 1873 (Jan. 21), op. cit., p. 162 (order;type Ichthyornis Marsh).-IchthyornithidesGill, 1874, in Baird, Brewer,andRidgway, Hist.N.Amer. Birds, vol. 1, p. xiii(order).-IchthyornithiformesFiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. V()gel, vol. 2,pp.1542, 1.566 (subordo).OdontotormaeMarsh, 1875, Arner. Nat., vol. 9, no. 12, p. 630 (new nameforIchthyornithesMarsh, tobepreoccupied;notbasedon genericname).OdontormaeSteinmannandDoderlein, 1890, ElernentederPaHiontologie, p.673.-0dontormaeLydekker, 1891, Cat. Fossil Birds Brit. Mus., p.200.OdontotornaeForbes, 1884, Ibis, ser. 5, vol. 2, no. 5,p.119 (order).PteropappiStejneger, 1885,StandardNaturalHistory, vol. 4,p. 23 (order; notbasedon generic name).FamilytICHTHYORNITHIDAE(Marsh)IchthyornidaeMarsh, 1873 (Jan.), Amer. Jour. ScL, ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 25, p.74(typeIchthyornis Marsh).-IchthyornidaeMarsh, 1873 (Feb.=Jan. 21),op.cit., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 26, p.161.-IchthyornidaeMarsh, 1875 (Dec.), Amer. Nat., vol. 9, no. 12,p.630note.-IchthyornithidaeFiirbringer, 1888, Unter such. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, pp. 1141, 1422, 1542, 1566.GenustIchthyornisMarshIchthyornisMarsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 344 (typebyrnonotypyIchthyornis disparMarsh).-IchtyornisMenzbier, 1887, Vergleichende OsteologiederPinguineinAnwendungzurHaupteintheilungderVogel, p. 55 ff (lapsus). [?]ColonosaurusMarsh, 1872 (Nov.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 23, p. 406 (typebyrnonotypyColonosaurus mudgeiMarsh).1.Ichthyornis anceps(Marsh)Graculavus ancepsMarsh, 1872 (May), Arner. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 3, no. 17, p. 364 (type fromNorthFork, distal portion of left carpometacarpus,YalePeabodyMus. no. 1208).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Smoky Hill chalk, Niobrara formation).KANSAS:Logan County: North Fork of Smoky Hill River12miles EofWallace (collectedbyMarsh, November,1870).2.Ichthyornis disparMarshIchthyornis disparMarsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 344 (type fromnearSolomonR.,incomplete postcranial skeleton, Yale Peabody Mus. no.1450).-IchthyornisdisparMarsh, 1873 (Jan. 21), op. cit., vol. 5, no. 26, p. 161 (jaws described asColonosaurus mudgeinowreferredtoI.dispar).Gregory, 1952, Condor, vol. 54, no. 2, p. 74, figs. 1-5 (jaws areneitheravian nor proavian).

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 177 [?]ColonosaurusmudgeiMarsh, 1872 (Nov.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 23, p. 406 (type two lower jaws, YalePeabodyMus., collectedbyProf.B.F.Mudge).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Smoky Hill chalk,Niobraraformation).KANSAS:Rooks County:nearSolomon Riverinsec. 1,Township6,Range19(collectedbyMudge,1872).3.Ichthyornis agilis(Marsh)Graculavus agilisMarsh, 1873 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 27, p. 230 (type fromButteCreek, proximal portion of left carpometacarpus, YalePeabodyMus. no. 1209).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Smoky Hill chalk,Niobraraformation). KAN SAS:LoganCounty:ButteCreek, atributaryofSmoky Hill River (collectedbyMarsh,October,1872).4.Ichthyornis victorMarshlchthyornis victorMarsh, 1876 (June), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 11, no. 54,p.511 (type from Wallace Co., humerus, coracoid, scapula, YalePeabodyMus. no.1452).-Gregory,19S2, Condor, vol. 54, no. 2, p. 74 (jaw YPM 1735notavian).UPPERCRETACEOUS(SmokyHillchalk,Niobrarafonnation).KANSAS:WallaceCounty(type collectedbyH.A.Brous,May1876).Gove County:HackberryCreeknearSmoky Hill River (YPM 1733, Marsh,1880,Odontornithes, p.199).GrahamCounty(YalePeabodyMuseum).5.Ichthyornis validusMarshIchthyornisvalidusMarsh, 1880(advance copy noticedinAmer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 20, no. 115, July 1880), Odontornithes,pp.147,153,198, pI. 30, figs. 11-14 (type from near Solomon River, ulnaandradius, YalePeabodyMus. no. 1740).UPPERCRErACEOUS(Smoky Hill chalk,Niobraraformation).KANSAS:GrahamCounty:nearSolomon River (type collectedby S. W.Williston, September,1877).6.Ichthyornis tener 11arsh lchthyornis tenerMarsh, 1880 (July or earlier), Odontornithes, pp. lSI, 198, pI. 30,fig.8 (type from Wallace Co., distal portion of humerus, YalePeabodyMus. no. 1760).UPPERCRETACEOUS(SmokyHillchalk).KANSAS:WallaceCounty(collectedbyE.W.Guild,1879).

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178BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM7.Ichthyornislentus(Marsh)Vol.11Graculavus lentusMarsh, 1877 (Sept.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 14, no. 131, p. 253 (type from near McKinney, distalpartof left tarsometatarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no.1796).-Ichthyornis lentusMarsh, 1880, Odontornithes, p. 198. UPPER CRETACEOUS(Austin chalk).TEXAS:Colling County:nearMcKinney.FamilytAPATORNITHIDAEFiirbringerApatornithidaeFiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, pp. 1141, 1542, 1566 (typeApatornisMarsh).GenustApatornisMarshApatornisMarsh, 1873 (Feb.=Jan. 21), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 26, p. 162 (typebyoriginal designationIchthyornis celerMarsh).1.Apatornis celer(Marsh)Ichthyornis celerMarsh, 1873 (Jan.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 25, p. 74 (very brief description; type from Smoky Hill River, sacrum, Yale Peabody Mus. no.1451).-Apatornis celerMarsh, 1873 (Feb.=Jan. 21), op. cit., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 26,p.162 (briefdescription).-Apatornis celerMarsh, 1880, Odontornithes, pp. 147-148, 152, 156, 159, 163-164, 173-174, 192, pI. 28-33 (monograph).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Smoky Hill chalk,Niobraraformation).KANSAS:LoganCounty:ButteCreek,nearSmokyHillRiver.2.Apatornis retu8us(Marsh)Cimolopteryx retususMarsh, 1892 (Aug.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 44, no. 260,p.175 (type from "Converse" County,upperfragmentofleft coracoid without head, Yale Peabody Mus. no.513).-ApatornisretususBrodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc.XIIIInternat. Ornith. Congress, p. 69 (type restudied).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Lanceformation).WYOMING:Niobrara [formerlypartof Converse] County:LanceCreek.

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDSOrder CHARL\DRIIFORMES (Huxley)179 CharadriomorphaeHuxley, 1867, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p.347 ("group;" typeCharadrius Linnaeus).-CharadriiformesGarrod, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lon don, pp. 117-122(order).-CharadriiFiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens = suborder).ParraeFtirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens[=suborder];typeParraLinnaeus, 1766, a junior synonym oflacanaBrisson,1760).-ParraeSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds,p.73 (suborder).DromadesSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds,p.72 (suborder; typeDramasPaykull).ChionidesSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder;typeChionisForster).AttagidesSharpe, 1891, op. cit.,p.72 (suborder;typeAttagisSt. HilaireandLesson).GlareolaeSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder;typeGlareolaBrisson).CursoriiSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder;typeCursoriusLatham).OedicnemiSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder;typeOdeicnemusTemminck, 1815, a junior synonym ofBurhinusIlliger, 1811).LariformesSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (order;typeLarusLinnaeus).-LariSharpe, 1891, op. cit.,p.72.AlcaeSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder;typeAlcaLinnaeus).-AlciformesSharpe, 1891, op. cit.,P.72 (order).CepphiAmerican Ornithologists' Union, 1910, Check-list ofNorthAmerican Birds, ed. 3, p. 24 (typeCepphusPallas).lacaniformesVerheyen, 1957 (Oct.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 48, pp. 1, 16 (order;typelacanaBrisson).-lacanaeStresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).ThinocoriStresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order;typeThinocorusEschscholtz).SuborderCHARADRII(Huxley)CharadriomorphaeHuxley, 1867, Proc. Zool. Soc. London,p.457 ("group;" typeCharadrius Linnaeus).-CharadriomorphaeHuxley, 1872, Manual. oftheAnatomy of Vertebrated Animals, p. 234(order).-CharadriiformesGarrod, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. London,pp.117-122(order).-CharadriiFtirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens[=suborder]).Parrae'Ftirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566(gens;=suborder,typeParraLinnaeus, 1766, a junior synonymoflacanaBris son,1760).-ParraeSharpe, 1891, Review ofRecentAttemptstoClassify Birds, p. 73 (suborder).DromadesSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p. 72 (sub order;typeDramasPaykull).ChionidesSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder; typeChionisForster).

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180BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol.11AttagidesSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder;typeAttagisSt. Hilaire and Lesson).GlareolaeSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder;typeGlareolaBrisson).CursoriiSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder;typeCursoriusLatham).OedicnemiSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder;typeOedicnemusTemminck, 1815, a junior synonym ofBurhinusIlligcr, 1811).lacaniformesVerheyen, 1957 (Oct.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 48,pp.1,16(order;typelacanaBrisson).-JacanaeStresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3,p.278(order).ThinocoriStresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p.278(order; typeThinocorusEschscholtz).FamilytCIMOLOPTERYGIDAEBrodkorbCimolopterygidaeBrodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?),' Proc.XIIIInternat.Ornith. CongressIthaca,p.64 (typeCimolopteryxMarsh).GenustCimolopteryxMarshCimolopteryxMarsh, 1889 (July), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 38, no. 223, p. 83 footnote (nomennudum).-Marsh,1892 (Aug.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 44, no. 260, p. 175 (typeCimolopteryx rarusMarsh,designatedbyHay,1902, Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv., no. 179, p. 537).TimolopteryxOgilvie-Grant, 1912, General IndextoHand-listofGeneraandSpecies of Birds,pp.15.'3,154, 184 (misreading ofCimolopteryx,printedinantiquetypein Sharpe).1.Cimolopteryx raraMarshCimo!opteryx rarusMarsh, 1889 (July), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 38, no. 223, p. 83 footnote (nomennudum).-Marsh,1892 (Aug.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 44, no. 260, p. 175, pI. 3, fig. 2 (type from "Converse"County,left coracoid, lackingheadandhyposternal process, YalePeabodyMus. no.1805).Cimolopteryx raraBrodkorb, 1963 (1964?), Proc.XIIIInternat.Ornith.Con gress Ithaca,p.64, figs. 4-6 (type restudied).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Lanceformation).WYOMING:Niobrara[formerlypartofConverse] County:LanceCreek,localityV-5620.1Both volumesoftheProceedingsbearthedate1963,butitishighly improbablethattheywerepublishedbeforeJanuary1964. AslateasDecember23, 1963,thebinderinSt. Louis assured editor J. J.HickeythatmailingwouldbeginonDecember30,withthefirst copy goingtotheCardCatalogDivisionoftheLibraryofCongress,butneitherprinternorbinderhaveconfirmedthatthis act ually took place.ThereisnorecordofthedateofreceiptattheLibraryofCon gress,wherebothvolumesclearedtheMonthly ChecklistofStatePublications Section onJanuary30, 1964,and"probablyarrivedsometimeearlierinJanuary"(Mary Ellis Kahler, Chief, SerialRecordDivision,letterofFebruary20, 1964). Copies ofbothvolumesweredelivered in GainesvilleonJanuary10and11, postmarkedfrom St. Louis onJanuary7.

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS1812.Cimolopteryx minimaBrodkorbCimolopteryxminimaBrodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc.XIIIInternat. Ornith. CongressIthaca,p. 67,fig.7 (type from locality V-5003LanceCreek,uppertwo-thirds of right coracoid, Univ.Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 53976).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Lance formation). County:LanceCreek, locality V -5003.WYOMING:Niobrara3.Cimolopteryx maximaBrodkorbCimolopteryx maximaBrodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc.XIIIInternat.Ornith. Congress Ithaca,p.66, figs. 8-9 (type from locality V-5711,LanceCreek,upperportion of left coracoid, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 53973).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Lance formation).WYOMING:NiobraraCounty:LanceCreek, localities V -5711andV -5620. GenustCeramornisBrodkorbCeramornisBrodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc.XIIIInternat.Ornith. Congress Ithaca, p. me} (type by original designationCeramornis majorBrodkorb).4.Ceramornis maiorBrodkorb Ceramornis majorBrodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc.XIIIInternat.Ornith. Congress Ithaca, p. 69, fig. 10 (type from locality V-5620,LanceCreek,upperportion ofrightcoracoid, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 53959).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Lance formation). County:LanceCreek, locality V-5620.WYOMING:NiobraraFamilySCOLOPACIDAEVigorsScolopacidaeVigors, 1825 (Jan. or later, see p. 465), Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, pp. 488-489, 491 (family;typeScolopaxLinnaeus).-Scolopidae[sicJ Bonaparte, 1838, Ceogr.andCompo List of BirdsofEuropeandNorthAmerica,p.49(family).-ScolopacinaeBonaparte, 1838, op. cit.,p.52(sub-.family).-ScolopacoideaeStejneger, 1885,StandardNaturalHistory, vol. 4,pp.91,49(superfamily).-ScolopacoideaHay, 1902, Bull. U. S. CeoI. Surv., no. 179, p.526(superfamily).CharadriadaeVigors, 1825 (Jan. or later),TransLinn. Soc. London, vol. 14,pp.488-489, 494-495 (family;typeCharadriusLinnaeus).-CharadridaeBonaparte1831, Saggio diunadistribuzionemetodicadegli animali vertebrati,p.56(familia).-CharadrianaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.),ListofGeneraofBirds, p. 65 (subfamily).-CharaditUle G.R. Gray, 1847 (March),GeneraofBirds, vol. 3, p. 542(subfamily).-CharadriidaeBonaparte, 18.54, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 44 ofreprint(family).-CharadrieaeBonaparte, op. cit.,p.44ofreprint(series).-CharadriiRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S.Nat.Mus.,

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182BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol. 11 no. 50,pt.8,p.4(superfamily).-CharadriidesWetmoreandW.D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 343(superfamily).-CharadrioidaeHay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn.WashingtonPubl., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 335(superfamily).-CharadrioideaAmerican Ornithologists' Union, 1931 (Oct. 1), Check-listofNorthAmerican Birds, ed. 4,p.101 (superfamily).PhalaropodinaeBonaparte, 1831, Saggiodiunadistribuzionemetodicadegli animali vertebrati, p. 59 (subfamily;typePhalaropus Brisson).-Phalaropodi daeBonaparte, 1831, op. cit., p.59(family).-PhalaropinaeMayrand Amadon, 1951 (Apr. 2), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 1496, p. 34.HaematopinaeG. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.),ListofGeneraofBirds,p.65(subfamily;typeHaematopusLinnaeus).-HaematopodinaeGray, 1841, List ofGeneraof Birds, ed. 2, p. 85(subfamily).-HaematopidaeSelys, 1842,FauneBeIge,p.278(family).-HaematopodidaeCarus, 1868,HandbuchderZoologie, vol. 1, p. 337. TotaninaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGeneraofBirds, ed. 1, p.68subfamily;typeTotanusRay, i.e.Bechstein).-TotaneaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45 of reprint.NumeninaeG.R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGeneraof Birds, ed. 1, p. 68 (subfamily;typeNumeniusRay[=Brisson]).-NumeniaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, p. 149.TringinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGeneraofBirds, ed. 1, p.69(subfamily;typeTringaLinnaeus).-TringeaeBonaparte, 1854, Am. Sci. Nat., vol. 1, 45 of reprint.StrepsilinaeG.R.Gray, 1849 (before Apr.) List ofGeneraof Birds, ed.1,p.70 (subfamily;typeStrepsilasIlliger, 1811, 'a junior synonym ofArenariaBrisson,1760).-StrepsilasinaeSc1aterandSalvin, 1873, Nomenc1ator avium neotropicalium,p.143.-StrepsilidaeRidgway, 1880 (Sept. 4), Proc.U.s.Nat. Mus., vol. 1, p. 239(family).-StrepsilanaeCoues, Key toNorthAmerican Birds, ed. 2, p. 608 (subfamily). Cinclinae G.R.Gray, 1841,ListofGeneraof Birds, ed. 2, p. 85 (typeCinclusMoehring, 1752,pre-Linnaean;CinclusGray, 1841, a junior synonym ofArenariaBrisson, 1760,ispreoccupiedbyCinclusBorkhausen, 1797,andbyCinclttsBechstein, 1802).LimosinaeG.R.Gray, 1841, ListofGeneraof Birds, ed. 2, (subfamily; typeLimosaBrisson).-LimoseaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45 of reprint.CalidrinaeReichenbach, 1849, Avium systema naturale, fide Gray, 1871 (typeCalidrisMerrem).HeteropodinaeReichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (typeHeteropodaNuttall, 1834, a junior synonymofEreunetesIlliger, 1811).LohipodinaeReichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871(typeLohipesCuvier).VanellinaeBlyth, 1849, Catalogue of Birds intheMuseumAsiatic Society, (sub family;typeVanellusBrisson).-VanelleaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 44 ofreprint(series).ProsoboniinaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45ofreprint(typeProsohoniaBonaparte).AphrizidaeCoues, 1884, Key toNorthAmerican Birds, ed. 2,p.605 (family;typeAphrizaAudubon).-AphrizinaeCoues, 1884, op. cit., p. 605 (subfamily).AnarhynchidaeBaird, Brewer,andRidgway, 1884,WaterbirdsofNorthAmer ica, vol. 1, p. 108 (typeAnarhynchusQuoyandGaimard).

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 183ArenariinaeStejneger, 1885,StandardNaturalHistory, vol. 4,p.99 (subfamily;typeArenaria Brisson).-ArenaridaeShufeldt, 1888 (Nov.), Jour. Morphology, vol. 2, no. 2,p.338(family).-ArenariidaeOberholser, 1905,Outlineof classi ficationofNorthAmerican birds, p. 2 (family).LobivanellinaeSharpe, 1896, Cat. Birds British Mus., vol. 24,pp.x,90, 122 (subfamily;typeLobivanellusGray).MorinellidaeMathews, 1913 (Apr.), BirdsofAustralia, vol. 3, pt. 1, p. 4 (family; typeMorinellaMeyer, 1815, a junior synonym ofArenarisBrisson, 1760).EroliinaeLowe, 1915, Ibis, ser. 10,vol. 3, no. 3,p.609 (subfamily;typeEroliaVieillot).-EroliaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S.Nat. Mus., no. 50,pt.8,p.147.SubfamilytPALAEOTRINGINAEWetmorePalaeotringinaevVetmore, 1940 (June 18), Smithsonian Misc. Call., vol. 99, no. 4, p. 57 (subfamily;typePalaeotringaMarsh).GenustPalaeotringaMarshPalaeotringaMarsh, 1870 (Marsh), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 208 (typebyoriginal designationPalaeotringa littoralisMarsh).1.Palaeotringa littoralis Marsh Palaeotringa littoralisMarsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p.208(type from Hornerstown, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, YalePeabodyMuseum no. 830).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Navesinkformation,middleMaestrichtian).NEWJERSEY:MonmouthCounty:Homerstown(marlpitofNicholas WaIn).2.Palaeotringa vagansMarshPalaeotringa vagansMarsh, 1872 (May), Amer. Jour. Sci., sel. 3, vol. 3, no. 17, p. 365 (type from Hornerstown, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, YalePeabodyMus. no. 835).UPPERCRETACEOUS(Navesinkformation).NEWJERSEY:MonmouthCounty:Hornerstown.3.PalaeotringavetusMarshPalaeotringa vetusMarsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 209 (type from Arney town, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia) .UPPERCRETACEOUS(Navesinkformation).NEWJERSEY:BurlingtonCounty:Arneytown.

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184BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUM4.Palaeotringa bella(Marsh)Vol.11Aletornis bellusMarsh,1872(Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser.3,vol.4,no.22,p.258(tyPe from Grizzly Buttes, distalportionoflefttarsometatarsus, YalePeabodyMus. no.60).MIDDLEEOCENE(BlacksForkmember,Bridgerformation).WYOMING:UintaCounty:Grizzly Buttes. Positionuncertain.5.Palaeotringa gracilis(Marsh)Aletornis gracilisMarsh,1872(Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci.,seT.3,vol.4,no.22,p.258(type fromHenry'sFork, proximalendoflefthumerus,YalePeabodyMus. no.61).MIDDLEEOCENE(Bridgerformation).WYOMING:County:Henry'sFork.SubfamilyROSTRATULINAERidgwayRostratulinaeRidgway,1919(June26),Bull. U.S.Nat.Mus., no.50,pt.8,p.145note(subfamily;typeRostratulaVieillot).-RostratulidaeLowe,1931,Ibis, pp.503, 507-531.GenustRhynchaeitesWittich Rhynchaei!es Wittich,1899,Abhandl.Grossherzogl.-hess.geol. Landesanst., vol. 3, no. 3, p. 103 (typeRhynchaeites messelensisWittich).6.Rhynchaeites messelensisWittichRhychaeites messelensisWittich,1899,Abhandl.Grossherzogl.-hess.geol. Landesanst., vol.3,no.3,p.103,pI.2,figs.1-17(typefrom Messel, skeleton impression).MIDDLEEOCENE(Messele Braunkohle).GERMANY:Hesse: Messel,nearDarmstadt.SubfamilySCOLOPACINAE(Vigors)ScolopacidaeVigors,1825,Trans. Linn. Soc.London,vol.14,pp.488, 489, 491(family;typeScolopaxLinnaeus).-ScolopacinaeBonaparte,1838,Geog. andComparativeListofBirds ofEuropeandNorthAmerica,p.52. TotaninaeG.R.Gray,1840(before Apr.), List ofGeneraofBirds, ed.1,p.68(subfamily;typeTotanusRay, Le.Bechstein).-TotaneaeBonaparte,1854,Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p.45ofreprint.NumeninaeG.R.Gray,1840(before Apr.), List ofGeneraof Birds, ed.1,p.68(subfamily;typeNumeniusRay=Brisson).-NumeniaeRidgway,1919(June26),Bull. U.S.Nat.Mus., no.50,p.149.

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS185TringinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.),ListofGeneraof Birds,ed.1,p.69 subfamily;typeTringaLinnaeus).-TringeaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1,p.45ofreprint.LimosinaeG.R.Gray, 1841,ListofGeneraof Birds, ed. 2, p.000(subfamily;typeLimosaBrisson).-LimoseaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p.45of reprint.CalidrinaeReichenbach, 1849, Avium systema naturale, fide Gray, 1871 (typeCalidrisMerrem).HeteropodinaeReichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (typeHeteropodaNuttall, 1834, a junior synonym ofEreunetesIlliger, 1811).ProsoboniinaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p.45ofreprint(typeProsoboniaBonaparte).EroliinaeLowe, 1915, Ibis, seL 10, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 609 (subfamily;typeEroliaVieillot).-EroliaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50,pt.8, p. 147.GenusLimosaBrissonLimosaBrisson, 1760,Om.,vol. 1, p. 48; vol. 5, p. 261 (typeScolopax limosaLinnaeus, Recent).7.Limosa gypsorum(Gervais)NumeniusgypsorumGervais, 1844, Remarques sur les oiseaux fossiles, p.39(type from Montmartre, skeleton impression, Paris Mus.).Tantalus fossilisGiebel, 1847,FaunaderVorwelt, vol. 1,pt.2, p.28(same type).UPPEREOCENE(gypsedeMontmartre).FRANCE:MontmartreinParis. Generic position very doubtful.8.Limosa vanrossemiL. MillerLimosa vanrossemiL.Miller, 1925 (August),CarnegieInst.WashingtonPubl., no. 349, p. 116, pI. 6 (type from Lompoc, postcranial skeleton impression, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 26545).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Monterey diatomaceous shale).CALIFORNIA:SantaBarbaraCounty: Lompoc.9.Limosa ossivallisBrodkorb1 LimOS(L sp. Brodkorb, 1955,FloridaGeoI. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14, p. 24, figs. 22-23 (type fromnearBrewster, distal portionofrighttibiotarsus, Brodkorb colI. no. 526).LOWERPLIOCENE(Bone Valley gravel).FLORIDA:Polk County:nearBrewster.1Ncwname.

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186BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMGenusTotanusBechsteinVol.11TotanusBechstein, 1803,Om.TaschenbuchDeutschland, vol. 2, p. 282 (typeScolopax totanusLinnaeus, Recent).10.Totanus edwardsiGaillardTotanus edwardsiGaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, n.s., vol. 1, fasc. 23,p.128, fig. 37 (type from Mouillac, distal half of right humerus, Munich Mus. no. 124).UPPEREOCENEORLOWEROLIGOCENE(phosphoritesduQuercy).FRANCE:Dept.Tarn-et-Garonne: Mouillac.11.Totanus lartetianusMilne-EdwardsTotanus lartetianusMilne-Edwards, 1863, C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 56, p. 1221 (practically a nomennudum)-Milne-Edwards,1868, Ois. Foss.France,vol.1,sheet 51, p. 402, pI. 63, figs. 1022 (type from Langy, tarsometatarsus, tibiotar sus, coracoid, humerus, ulna, carpometacarpus, Paris Mus.).LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian).FRANCE:Dept.Allier: Langy; Montaigut; Saint-Gerand-Ie-Puy.12.Totanus praecursorLaubeTotanus praecursorLaube,1901, Abhandl. Naturw. Mediz. Ver. Lotos, vol. 2,p.172,fig.14 (type from Preschcn impression of pelvis,incall. P. Manel, Dresden).LOWERMIOCENE(Tone von Preschen).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Preschen.13.Totanus maioriLydekkerTotanus majoriLydekker, 1893, Proc. ZooI.Soc. London, p. 521, pI. 41, fig. 14 (type from Grive-St.-Alban, humerus, Brit. Mus.).UPPERMIDDLEMIOCENE(Tortonian).FRANCE:Dept.Isere:LaGrive-Saint-Alban.14.Totanus grivensisEnnouchiTotanus grivensisEnnouchi, 1930, ContI. :Etude FauneTortonien Grive-St. Alban, p. 92, pI. 2,fig.1-8 (type from Grive-St.-Alban, proximalpartof rightanddistalpartof left humeri, Mus. Lyon).UPPERMIDDLEMIOCENE(Tortonian).FRANCE:Dept.Isere:LaGrive-Saint-Alban.

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS15.Totanus scarabelliiPortis187Totanus scarabelliiPortis, 1888, Mem.R.Acad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 38, p. 181, pI. 1,fig.1 (type from Senigallia, fragmentary tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, phalanges).LOWERPLIOCENE(Messiniano).ITALY:Provo Marche: Senigallia,northofAncona.16.Totanus numenioidesSerebrovskyTotanus numenioidesSerebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Sci. U.R.S.S., vol. 33, nos. 7-8,p.476 (type from Odessa).LOWERPLIOCENE(Meotian).UKRAINE:Odessa.GenusfParactitisWeigelParactitisWeigel, 1963 (Dec. 5), Quart. Jour.FloridaAcad. Sci., vol. 26, no. 3, p. 259 (typebyoriginal designationParactitis bardiWeigel).17.Paractitis bardiWeigelParactitis bardiWeigel, 1963 (Dec. 5), Quart. Jour.FloridaAcad. ScL, vol. 26, no. 3,p.260, pI. 1, figs.b-c(type fromCalfCreek, lowerendof left coracoid, Saskatchewan Mus. Nat. Rist., no. 1412).LOWER OLIGOCENE (Cypress Hills formation).SASKATCHEWAN:northbranchofCalfCreek,10milesNWofEastend,inlegalsubdivision4.section 8,Township8,Range22,westofSrdmeridan.GenustEloriusMilne-EdwardsEloriusMilne-Edwards, 1868, Ois. Foss.France,vol. 1,sheet51, p. 407 (typebymonotypy Elorius paludicolaMilne-Edwards).18.Elorius paludicolaMilne-EdwardsElorius paludicolaMilne-Edwards, 1868, Ois. Foss. France, vol. 1, sheet 51, p. 407, pI. 63, fig. 31 (types from Saint-Gerand-le-Puy, tarsometatarsus, coracoid, humerus, Paris Mus.).LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian).FRANCE:Dept.Allier: Saint Gerand-le-Puy;Langy.GenusNumeniusBrissonNumeniusBrisson, 1760,am.,vol. 1, p. 48; vol. 5, p. 311 (typeScolopax arquataLinnaeus, Recent).

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188BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUM19.Numenius antiquusMilne-EdwardsVol.11Numenius antiquusMilne-Edwards, 1868, Dis. Foss. France, vol. 1, sheet 52, p. 415, pI. 64,fig.27-31 (type from Sansan,upperandlower ends of tarsometa tarsus, call. Lartet).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Helvetian).FRANCE:Dept.Gers: Sansan. GenusBanramiaLessonBartramiaLesson, 1831, Traite d'Orn., livr. 7, p. 553 (typeTringa longicaudaBechstein, Recent).20.Banramia umatillaBrodkorbBartramia umatillaBrodkorb, 1958, Condor, vol. 60, no. 4, p. 254,fig.1 (type from McKay reservoir, right carpometacarpus, Univ. Oregon Mus. no. F-3727).MIDDLEPLIOCENE(.McKay reservoir deposits).OREGON:Umatilla County: eastbankof McKay reservoir. GenustPalnumeniusL. MillerPalnumeniusL. Miller, 1942 (March 6), Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., vol. 47, no.3,p. 45 (type by original designationPalnumenius victimaL. Miller).21.Palnumenius victimaL. MillerPalnumenius victimaL. Miller, 1942 (March 6), Univ. California Publ. Zool.,vol.47, no. 3, p. 45,fig.1b(type from San Josecito Cave, tarsometatarsus, Calif. Inst. Tech. No. 2944).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(San Josecito Cave local fauna, Wisconsin age).MEXICO:NUEVOLEON:San Josecito Cave, Aramberri. GenusEroliaVieillotEroliaVieillot, 1816, Analyse, p.55(typeScolopax testaceaPallas, Recent).22.Erolia gracilis(Milne-Edwards)TringagraCilisMilne-Edwards, 1867, Dis. Foss. France, vol. 1, pI. 58,fig.2;1868, vol. 1, sheet 52, p. 411, pI. 64,figs.1-24 (types from Langy, tarsometa tarsus, tibiotarsus, humerus, ulna, Paris Mus.; type from Weisenau, distal end of humerus, call.J.Desnoyers).LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian: Hydrobienschichten).FRANCE:Dept. Allier: Langy; Labeur,nearVaumas; Peublanc; Saint-Gerand le-Puy.GERMANY:Hesse: Weisenau.

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS23.Erolia ennouchiiBrodkorb1189Totanus minorEnnouchi, 1930, Contr. Etude FauneTortonien Grive-St.-Alban,p.94, pI. 2, figs. 9-12 (type from Grive-St.-Alban, 5 humeri, Mus. Lyon). Pre occupied inEroliabyTringa cinclus minorSchlegel, 1844, a synonym ofErolia alpina(Linnaeus, 1758).UPPERMIDDLEMIOCENE(Tortonian).FRANCE:Dept. Isere: Grive Saint-Alban.24.Erolia penepusillaBrodkorbErolia penepusillaBrodkorb, 1955 (Nov. 30),FloridaGeoI. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14,p.23, fig. 21 (type fromnearBrewster, distal portion of left humerus, Brodkorb no. 611).LOWERPLIOCENE(Bone Valley gravel).FLORIDA:Polk County:nearBrewster. GenusEreunetesHUgerEreunetesIlliger, 1811, Prodromus systematis mammaliumetavium, p. 262 (typebymonotypyEreunetes petrificatusIlliger,newnameforTringa pusillaLinnaeus).25.Ereunetes rayiBrodkorbEreunetes rayiBrodkorb, 1963 (Feb.8),FloridaGeoI. Surv., Spec. PubI., no.2,paper4,p.4,pI.2,figs. A-B (type fromMcGheefarm, left coracoid, Univ.Floridano. 32978).LOWERPLIOCENE(Alachua clay).FLORIDA:Alachua County: C.C. McGehee farm, inSW of section15,Township9S,Range17E,3.6milesnorthof. Newberry. GenusCalidrisMerremCalidrisMerrem, 1804,AUg.Lit. Zeitung, vol. 2, no. 168, col. 542 (typebytautonomyTringa canutusLinnaeus, Recent).26.Calidris pacisBrodkorbCalidris pacisBrodkorb, 1955 (Nov. 30),FloridaGeoi. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14, p. 22,fig.19-20 (type from near Brewster, proximal portion of left humerus, Brodkorb colI. no. 594).LOWERPLIOCENE(Bone Valley gravel).FLORIDA:Polk County:nearBrewster.1Newname.

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190BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol.11GenusMicropalamaBairdMicropalamaBaird, 1859, Rept. Expl. Surv.R.R.Pac., vol. 9,pp.xxii, xlvii, 714, 726 (typeTringa himantopusBonaparte, Recent).27.Micropalama hesternusWetmoreMicropalama hesternusWetmore,1924 (Jan. 15), Proc. U.S.Nat.Mus., vol. 64, art. 5, no. 2495, p. 11, fig. 6-7 (type fromnearBenson, proximal portion ofrighthumerus, U.S. Nat. Mus. no. 10550).UPPERPLIOCENE(BensonbedsofSanPedroValley formation).ARIZONA:Cochise County: 2 milessouthofBenson.GenusPhilomachus :tvlerrem PhilomanhusMerrem, 1804, AUg. Lit. Zeitung, vol. 2, no. 168, col.542(typeTringa pugnaxLinnaeus, Recent).28.Philomachus binagadensis(Serebrovsky)Machetes (Tringa?) binagadensisScrcbrovsky, 1940,DokladyAcad. Sci.V.R.S.S.,vol. 27, no. 7, p. 767(type from Binagady).LOWERPLEISTOCENE(Kirov beds).AZERBAIJAN:BinagadynearBaku.GenusCapellaFrenzelCapellaFrenzel, 1801, Beschr. Vogel u.EyerWittenberg,p.58(typeScolopax gallinagoLinnaeus, Recent).29.Capella anthonyi(Wetmore)Gallinago anthonyiWetmore,1920 (Dec. 30), Proc. BioI. Soc.Washington,vol. 33, p. 78 (type fromCuevaCathedral,righthumerus, Amer. Mus. Nat. Rist. no. 4022).QUATERNARY(cave deposit). PuERTO RICO:CuevaCatedralnearMorovis;CuevaClara.GenusCoenocoryphaGrayCoenocoryphaG.R.Gray, 1855, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Birds, p. 119 (typeGallinago aucklandicusGray, Recent).30.Coenocorypha chathamica(Forbes)Gallinago chathamicaForbes, 1893, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5,p.545 (type fromChathamIslands, skull).QUATERNARY.CHATHAMISLANDS:Wharekauri.

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS191SubfamilyAPHRIZINAECouesStrepsilinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGenera of Birds, ed. 1, p.70(subfamily;typeStrepsilasIlliger, 1811, a junior synonymofArenariaBrisson,1760).-StrepsilasinaeSclaterandSalvin, 1873, Nomenclator avium neotropi calium, p.143.-StrepsilidaeRidgway, 1880 (Sept. 4), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol.1,p. 239(family).-StrepsilaninaeCoues, KeytoNorthAmerican Birds, ed. 2,p.608 (subfamily).CinclinaeG.R.Gray, 1841, List of Genera of Birds, ed. 2, p. 85 (typeCinclusMoehring, 1752, pre-Linnaean;CinclusGray, 1841, a junior synonym ofArenariaBrisson, 1760,ispreoccupiedbyCinclusBorkhausen, 1797,andbyCinclusBechstein, 1802).AphrizidaeCoues, 1884, Key to North American Birds, ed. 2, p. 605 (family;typeAphrizaAudubon).-AphrizinaeCoues, 1884, op. cit.,p.605 (subfamily).ArenariinaeStejneger, 1885,StandardNaturalHistory, vol. 4, p.99(subfamily; typeArenariaBrisson).-ArenaridaeShufeldt, 1888 (Nov.), Jour. Morphology, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 338(family).-ArenariidaeOberholser, 1905,OutlineofClassi fication ofNorthAmerican Birds, p. 2 (family).MorinellidaeMathews, 1913 (Apr.), Birds of Australia, vol. 3,pt.1,p.4 (family;typeMorinellaMeyer, 1815, a junior synonym ofArenariaBrisson, 1760).SubfamilyCHARADRIINAE(Vigors)CharadriadaeVigors, 1825, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14,pp.488-489, 494-495 (family; typeCharadriusLinnaeus).-CharadridaeBonaparte, 1831, Saggio,p.56(familia.)-CharadrianaeG.R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.),Listof Genera of Birds,p.65(subfamily).-CharadinaeG.R.Gray, 1847 (March), Genera of Birds, vol. 3, p. 542(subfamily).-CharadriinaeStejneger, 1885,StandardNat. Hist., vol. 4, p. 99.VanellinaeBlyth, 1849, Catalogue of BirdsintheMuseum Asiatic Society, fide Gray (subfamily;typeVanellusBrisson).AnarhynchidaeBaird, Brewer,andRidgway, 1884,WaterBirds ofNorthAmer ica, vol. 1, p. 108 (typeAnarhynchusQuayandGaimard).LobivanellinaeSharpe, 1896, Cat. Birds British Mus., vol. 24,p.x,90, 122 (subfamily;typeLobivanellusGray).GenustDolicopterusAymardDolicopterusAymard, 1856, Congres scientifiquedeFrance, vol. 1,pp.234, 267 (typeDolicopterus viatorAymard).-DolichopterusLydekker, 1891 (Apr. 25), Cat. Fossil Birds British Mus., p. 175 (emendation). Position uncertain.CamaskelusAymard, 1856, Congres scientifiquedeFrance,vol.1,pp.233, 267 (typeCamaskeluspalustris Aymard).31.Dolicopterus viatorAymardDolicopterus viatorAymard, 1856, Congres scientifiquedeFrance,vol. 1,pp.234, 267 (types from Ronzon, coracoid, radius, carpometacarpus, vertebrae).Camaskelus palustrisAymard, 1856, Congres scientifiquedeFrance,vol.1, pp. 233, 267 (type from Ronzon, tarsometatarsus).

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192BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol. 11LOWEROLIGOCENE(Sannoisian).FRANCE:Dept.Haute-Loire: Ronzon. GenusCharadriusLinnaeusCharadriusLinnaeus, 1758, Syst.Nat.,ed.10, vol. 1, p.150(typeCharadrius hiaticulaLinnaeus, Recent).32.Charadrius sheppardianusCopeCharadrius sheppardianusCope, 1881 (Feb.ll),Bull. Ceol. Ceogr. Surv. Terr., vol. 6, no. 1, p. 83 (type from Florissant, synsacrum, 9 caudals, femur, tibiotar sus, tarsometatarsus,featherimpression).MIDDLEOLIGOCENE(Florissant lake beds).COLORADO:TellerCounty:Florissant. GenustLirnicolavisShufeldtLimicolavisShufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans.ConnecticutAcad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p.55(typebymonotypyLimicolavis pluvianellaShufeldt). Position uncertain. 33. Lirnicolavis pluvianellaShufeldtLimicolavis pluvianellaShufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans.ConnecticutAcad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p.55,pI. 15, fig. 129 (type from lower vVillow Creek,distalpartofrighttibiotarsus, YalePeabodyMus. no. 957).LOWERMIOCENE(JohnDayformation).OREGON:MalheurCoun ty:lowerWillow Creek.GenusVanellusBrissonVanellusBrisson, 1760,Om.,vol. 1, p. 48; vol. 5,p.94(typeTringa vanellusLinnaeus).34.Vanellus selysiiVanBenedenVanellus selysiiVanBcneden,1872, Bull. Acad. Roy.Belgique,seL2,vol. 32, no.ll,p. 259,fig.2 (type fromRupelmonde,distalendofrighthumerus).MIDDLEOLIGOCENE(Rupelian sand).BELGIUM:EastFlanders:mouthof River Rupel. GenustDorypaltusBrodkorbDorypaltusBrodkorb, 1959 (May 22), Bull.FloridaStateMus., vol. 4, no. 9, p. 281 (typebyoriginal designationDorypaltus prosphatusBrodkorb).

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS.19335.Dorypaltus prosphatusBrodkorbDorypaltus prosphatu8Brodkorb, 1959 (May 22), Bull.FloridaState Mus., vol. 4, no. 9,p.281,fig.9 (type fromPit2, Arredondo, distal portion of left humerus, Brodkorb, colI. no. 1712).MIDDLEPLEISTOCENE(Arredondoclay).FLORIDA:AlachuaCounty:Arredondo(Brodkorb,1959);Haile(Ligon,1966,Bull.FloridaStateMus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 144).SubfamilyPHALAROPODINAEBonapartePhalaropodinaeBonaparte, 1831, Saggiodiunadistribuzione metodica degli animali vertebrati, p. 59 (subfamily;typePhalaropus Brisson).-PhalaropodidaeBonaparte, 1831, op. cit.,p.59,(family).-PhalaropinaeMayrandAmadon, 1951 (Apr. 2), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 1496, p. 34.LobipodinaeReichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (typeLobipesCuvier).Noextinctfossil species. Subfatnily HAEMATOPODINAEGrayHaematopinaeG. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGenera of Birds, p. 65 (subfamily;typebymonotypyHaematopu8 Linnaeus).-HaematopodinaeGray, 1841, List of Genera of Birds, ed. 2, p. 85(subfamily).-HaematopidaeBona parte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1,p.45ofreprint.GenustParactiornisWetmoreParactiornisWetmore, 1930 (May 15), Condor, vol. 32, no. 3, p. 153 (typebyoriginal designationParactiornis perpusillusWetmore).36.Paractiornis perpusillusWetmoreParactiornis perpusillusWetmore, 1930 (May 15), Condor, vol. 32, no. 3,p.153, figs. 54-56 (type from CarnegieHill,left tarsometatarsus, Mus.CompoZool. no. 2191).LOWERMIOCENE CHarrison Beds"ofArikaree formation).NEBRASKA:SiouxCounty:CarnegieHillnearAgate.GenuslPalostralegusBrodkorbPalostralegusBrodkorb, 1955 (Nov. 30), Florida Ceol. Surv. Rept. Invest. no. 14, p. 19 (typebyoriginal designationPalostralegu8 sulcatu8Brodkorb).37.Palostralegu8 sulcatusBrodkorbPalostralegus 8ulcatusBrodkorb,1955 (Nov. 30), Florida GeoI. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14, p. 20,fig.18 (type from near Brewster, distal portion of right tibiotar sus, Brodkorb no. 177).

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194 BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUM Vol. 11LOWER PLIOCENE (Bone Valley gravel).FLORIDA:Polk County:nearBrewster. Neospecies of Scolopacidae from Pleistocene and prehistoric sites:SubfamilySCOLOPACINAE:1.Limosa limosa(Linnaeus).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Certovadlra(Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 941).HUNGARY: Palffy' cave (Lam brecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 426): Puskaporos (Lambrecht, 1916,Barlangkuta tas, vol. 4, p. 205). RtfMANIA:Piispokfiirdo =Betfia (Capek, 1917, Barlangkutatas, vol. 5, p. 67).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.S.R., vol. 33,p.473).2. Limosa lapponica(Linnaeus).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).3. Lirnosa fedoa(Linnaeus).CALIFORNIA:RanchoLaBrea? (Howard, 1936,' Condor, vol. 38, p! 35); San Pedro? (Howard, 1949, Condor, vol. 51, p. 22).ILLINOIS:Steuben site (Parmalee, 1958, Auk, vol. 75,p.172).4. Totanus erythropus(Pallas).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Balcarova skala and Certovadira(Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin,pp.938, 940).HUNGARY: paHfy cave (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 426).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady? (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).5. Totanus totanus (Linnaeus).IRELAND:Kesh Cave and Edenvale Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 763).CORSICA:GrottadiFuntanedu(E. T. Newton, 1921, Proc. Zool. Soc. London,p.231).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Cer tova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internaL ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 940); Sipka (Lambrecht, 1933).HUNGARY:Otto Herman cave (Lambrecht, 1916, Aquila, vol. 22, p. 189); O-Ruzsin (Lambrecht, 1933).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Burchak Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 462).6. Totanus jiavipes (Gmelin).FLORIDA:Reddick (Brodkorb, 1957, Jour. Paleont., vol. 31, p. 135).7.Totanus melanoleucus (Gmelin).OREGON:Fossil Lake Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551,p.183).CALIFORNIA:McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Pub!. geol. Sci., vol. 15, p. 321); RanchoLaBrea (Howard, 1936, Condor, vol. 38, p. 35).FLORIDA:Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. FloridaState Mus., vol. 4, p. 282); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, p. 147).8.Totanus stagnatilisBechstein.AZERBAIJAN:Binagady? (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).9.Totanus nebularius (Gunnerus).ITALY:Grotta dei Colombi? (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p. 764).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Sipka and Certova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber. V.internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 940).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).

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1967 BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 19510.Tringa ochropusLinnaeus.ENGLAND:Merlin'sCave(Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p.764).ITALY:GrottadeiColombi? (Lambrecht, 1933}.CZECHOSLOVA1CIA: Balcarova skala, Ludmirau,Sipka,andCertovadira(Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin,pp.938-940).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady(Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 462).11. Tringa solitariaWilson.FLORIDA:Arredondo(Brodkorb,1959, Bull.FloridaState Mus., vol. 4, p. 282).BRAZIL:LapadaEscrivania (O. Winge, 1887, E MuseoLundii,vol. 1, no. 2, p. 28).12. Tringa glareolaLinnaeus.AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1948,TrudiEstest.-Istor. Muz. Akad.NaukAzerbaidzhan S.S.R., pts. 1-2, p. 39,fig.23).13. Xenus cinereus(Giildenstaedt).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady(Serebrovsky, 1941,DokladyAkad.NaukU.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).14. Bartramia longicauda(Bechstein).KANSAS:Jones SinkandKentuck (Downs, 1954, Condor, vol. 56, p. 211, fig. 1).VmGINIA:NaturalChimneys (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian misc. ColI., vol. 145, no. 2,p.10).15. Numenius borealis(J. R. Forster).KANSAS:Kentuck (Galbreath, 1955, Wilson Bull. vol. 67, p. 62), 16. Numenius phaeopus(Linnaeus).ENGLAND:ClevedonCaveandChudleighCave(Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p.765). ITALY: Bucadel Bersagliere?andGrottaRomanelli (Lambrecht, 1933).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Holubic (Lambrecht, 1933).HUNGARY:Balla cave? (Lambrecht, 1912, Aquila, vol. 19, p. 283); Pilisszant6?(Lambrecht,1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 480); Puskaporos? (Lambrecht, 1916, Barlangkutatas, vol. 4, p. 205); Palffy cave (Lambrecht, 1933).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad.NaukU.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).CALIFORNIA:RanchoLaBrea(Compton, 1934, Condor, vol. 36, p. 221).ILLINOIS: (Parmalee, 1956, Illinois State Mus., Rept. Invest., no. 4, p. 53); Lake(Parmalee, 1958, Auk, vol. 75, p. 173). IncludesNumenius hudsonicusLatham.17. Numenius tenuirostrisVieillot.ITALY:GrottaRomanelli (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 765).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady(Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad.NaukU.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).18.Numenius arquata(Linnaeus).ENGLAND: Caburn(Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Paleorn., p. 765).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Holubic (Lambrecht, 1933).HUNGARY:Tata(Lambrecht, 1916, Aquila, voL 22, p. 194); SubaIyuk cave (Janossy, 1962, Aquila, vol. 67: ...68, p. 180).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941,DokladyAkad.NaukU.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).19. Numenius americanusBechstein.OREGON:Fossil Lake? (Howard, 1946,CarnegieInstn.WashingtonPubl., no. 551,p.183).CALIFORNIA:RanchoLaBrea(Compton, 1934, Condor, vol. 36, p. 221); McKittrick(L.Miller, 1935, Condor, vol. 37, p. 78).NEWMEXICO:Howells Ridge cave (Howard, 1962, Condor, vol. 64,p.242).IOWA: (l,Mill Creek (Hamon, 1961, Plains Anthropolo gist, vol. 6,p.211).ILLlNOIS: (l,Kingston (Baker, 1936, Trans. IllinoisStateAcad. Sci., vol. 29,p.245); (Parmalee, 1958, Auk, vol. 75,p.173).FLORIDA:Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull.FloridaStateMus., vol. 10, p. 146).

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196BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUM Vol.1120. Actitis hypoleucos(Linnaeus). ITALY: Cavernad'Equi(Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 764).POLAND:Wollin (Lambrecht, 1933).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady? (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33,p.473).21. Actitis macularia(Linnaeus).FLORIDA:Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, p. 146).22. Catoptrophorus semipalmatus(Cmelin).CALIFORNIA:Newport Bay (Howard, 1958, Condor, vol. 60, p. 136); RanchoLaBrea (Howard, 1962, Los Angeles Co. Mus. Contr. Sci., no. 58, p. 22). NEVEnA: Smith Creek Cave (Howard, 1; 52, Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 51, pt. 2, p. 54).VIRGINIA:NaturalChimneys (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian misc. CoIl., vol. 145, no. 2, p. 10).FLORIDA: site (E. Wing, 1963, Contr.FloridaStateMus., no. 10, p. 56).PUERTORICO:Barrio Canas (Wetmore, 1938, Auk, vol. 55, p. 54).23. Heteroscelus inca nus (Cmelin).ALASKA: Lawrence Island (Fried mann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 93).24. Erolia alpina(Linnaeus).ENGLAND: (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p.764).SWEDEN:SkateholmandSchonen (Lambrecht, 1933).HUNGARY:Palffy cave (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 428); Pilisszanto (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23,p.493).CALIFORNIA:McKittrick(L.Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ. Ceol. Sci., vol. 15, p. 321); RanchoLaBrea 1962, Los Angeles Co. Mus. Contr. Sci., no. 58, p. 22).25. Erolia testacea(Pallas).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady? (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad.NaukU.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).26. Erolia melanotos(Vieillot).KANSAS:Jones Sink? (Downs, 1954, Condor, vol. 56, p. 211,fig.5a).BRAZIL:LapadaEscrivania(0.Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 28).27. Erolia minutilla(Vieillot).VIRGINIA:NaturalChimneys (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian misc. CoIl., vol. 145, no. 2, p. 10).28. Ereunetes pusillus (Linnaeus).BRAZIL:LapadaEscrivania(0.Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol.1, no. 2, p. 28).29. Calidris canutus(Linnaeus).ENGLAND:Merlin'sCaveandChudleigh Cave (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p.763).30. Philomachus pugnax(Linnaeus).DENMARK:Gudumland (H. Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. naturhist. Foren., vol. 6, p. 96).FINLAND: Ladogasf!e (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 764).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Certova diraandBalcarova skala (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internal. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938, 940). HUNGAI!Y: Pilisszanto (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 480).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33,p.473). 31.Crocethia alba(Pallas).CALIFORNIA:RanchoLaBrea? (Howard, 1962, Los Co. Mus. Contr. Sci., no. 58,p.22).32. Limnodromus griseus(Cmelin).OREGON:Fossil Lake? (Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 183).CALIFORNIA:McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, yniv. Calif. Publ. Ceol. Sci., vol. 15, p. 320); RanchoLaBrea(A.H. Miller, 1929, Condor, vol. 31, p. 223).ILLINOIS: (Baker, 1936, Trans. IllinoisStateAcad. Sci., vol. 29, p. 245).

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1967 BRODKORB: .CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 19733. Limnodromus scolopaceus(Say).FLORIDA:Rock Spring (Woolfenden, 1959, Wilson Bull., vol. 71,p.185); Haile? (Ligon, 1966, Bull.FloridaStateMus., vol. 10,p. 147). 34. Capella media(Latham).MONACO:GrottedeGrimaldi (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p.764).ITALY:Grotta di Cucigliana (Lambrecht, 1933).HUNGARY:Pilissz{mt6 (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23,p.479); Puskaporos (Lambrecht, 1916, Barlangkutabis, vol. 4, p. 205).35. Capella gallinago (Linnaeus). IRELAND:Edenvale CaveandNewhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 764).ENGLAND: 'Kirkdale Cave(Lydek ker, 1891, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 3,p.393).ITALY:Grotta dei Colombi? (Lambrecht, 1933).GERMANY:Thiedebei Wolfenbuttel (Lambrecht, 1912, Aquila, vol. 19, p. 301).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Sipka, Balcarova skala,andCertova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internal. ornith. Kongr. Berlin,pp.939-940); Holubic (Lambrecht, 1933).HUNGARY:Puskaporos (Kormos, 1911, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anst., vol. 19, p. 153); Pilissz{mt6 (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anst., vol. 23,p.479); PaIffy cave (Lambrecht, 1933).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Burchak Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 462).CALIFORNIA:RanchoLaBrea (Howard, 1936, Condor, vol. 38, p. 35).NEVADA:Smith CreekCave(Howard, 1952, Bull..50.Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 51, pt. 2, p. 54).TEXAS:Lubbock (Univ. Texas).PENNSYLVANIA:Port 'Kennedy cave (Mercer, 1899, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, ser. 2, vol. 11, p. 280).FLORIDA:Reddick (Brodkorb, 1957, Jour. Paleont., vol. 31, p. 135); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. FloridaStateMus., vol. 10, p. 146).BAHAMAS:GreatExumaIsland (Wetmore, 1937, Bull. Mus. Camp. Zool., vol. 80, p. 435). IncludesCapella delicata(Ord).36. Capella paraguaiae(Vieillot).BRAZIL:LapadaEscrivaniaandLapadaLagoado Sumidou!o (0.Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, pt. 2, pp. 13, 28).37. Lymnocryptes minimus(Briinnich).ENGLAND:Chudleigh Cave (Lam brecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 765).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Balcarova skala (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 939).38. Sco!opax rusticola Linnaeus.IRELAND:Kesh CaveandNewhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 765).ENGLAND:Swaffham fen and (Lambrecht, 1933).MONACO:GrottesdeMenton, GrottederObservatoire,andGrottedeGrimaldi (Lambrecht, 1933).SARDINIA:Monte Santa cave(E.T. Newton, 1921, Proc. zooI.Soc. London, p. 232).DENMARK:Oex nebjerg (H. Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. naturhist. Foren., vol. 6, p. 96).GERMANY:Hoeschs Hohle im Ailsbachtal (Lambrecht, 1912, Aquila, vol. 19,p.305).POLAND:Wollin (Lambrecht, 1933).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Balcarova skala, Sipka,andCertovadira (Capel):, 1910, Bel.V.internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938, 940).HUNGARY:PaIffy cave (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 428); Remetehegy (Lambrecht, 1914, Aquila, vol. 21, p. 91); Pilisszant6 (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anst., vol. 23, p. 479,figs.57-58); Puskaporos (Lambrecht, 1916, Barlangkutatas, vol. 4, p. 205).39. Philohela minor(Gmelin).ILLINOIS: #Kingston (Baker, 1936, Trans. IllinoisStateAcad. Sci., vol. 29, p. 245).VIRGINIA:NaturalChimneys (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian misc. Goll., vol. 145, no. 2,p.10).FLORIDA:Eichelberger Cave (Brodkorb, 1956, Auk, vol. 73, p. 136); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10,p.146).

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198 BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11 SubfaQ."lily APHRIZINAE:40.Arenaria. interpres(Linnaeus).ENGLAND:ClevedonCave(Lambrecht, 1988, Handb.Palaeom.,p.764). SubfamilyCHARADRIINAE:41. Squatarola squatarola(Linnaeus). IREl..AND: Kesh Cave (Lambrecht, 1988, Handb. Palaeom., p. 763).ENGLAND:Merlin's Cave?and (Lambrecht, 1988). C'ZECHOSLOVAKIA:Certova dira (Capek, 1910, Ver.V.inter nat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 940).AZERBAIJ i\N: Binagady (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 462).CALIFORNIA:RanchoLaBrea (Howard, 1936, Condor, vol. 38,p.35).42.Pluvialis apricaria(Linnaeus).IRELAND:-EdenvaleandCastlepook Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p. 763).ENGLAND:Clevedon Cave and #Caerwent (Lambrecht, 1933).NORWAY:,Sundtangen, Finseland (Lambrecht, 1933).DENMARK: "Ulstrup Mark (H. Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. naturhist. Foren., vol. 6, p. 96). ITALY: Grotta Romanelli? (Lambrecht, 1933).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:SipkaandCertova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.intemat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin,p.940).43. Pluvialis dominica(P.L.S.Muller).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady? (Sere brovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).44.Charadriu8 hiaticulaLinnaeus.SCOTLAND:Cnocsligeach, Oransay, and Ardrossan (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 763).ENGLAND:Clevedon Cave (Lambrecht, 1933).45.Charadrius dubius Scopoli.AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Burchak-Abramo vich, 1962, Omitologiya, vol. 4,p.462).46.Charadrius vociferusLinnaeus.CALIFORNIA:McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ. Geol. Sci., vol.' 15,p.321); RanchoLaBrea(A.H. Miller, 1929, Condor, vol. 31, p. 223); Vallecito Creek (Howard, 1963, Los Angeles Co. Mus. Contr. Sci., no. 73, p. 24).VmGINIA:Natural Chimneys (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian misc. ColI., vol. 145, no. 2, p. 9).FLORIDA:Reddick (Brodkorb, 1957, Jour. Paleont., vol. 31, p. 135); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, p. 145).47. Charadriu8 montanu8Townsend.CALIFORNIA:McKittrick (L. Miller, 1935, Condor, vol.. 37, p. 78).48.Eudromias morinellus(Linnaeus).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Balcarova skala andCertova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internat. omith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938, 940); Holubic (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 763).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady(Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473). 49.Vanellus vanellus(Linnaeus).IRELAND:Bantick Cave, Edenvale Cave,andNewhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 763).ENGLAND:Merlin's CaveandChudleigh Cave (Lambrecht, 1933).PORTUGAL:Grotte das Fontainhas (Lambrecht, 1933).GIBRALTAR:Forbes quarry (Lambrecht 1933).MONACO:GrottedeGrimaldi {Lambrecht, 1933). ITALY: Grotta Romanelli,

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 199 Grotta dei Colombi,andSouth Cosimato (Lambrecht, 1933).SWITZERLAND:SchweizersbildbeiSchaHhausen? (Lambrecht, 1933).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Bal carova skala, Ludmirau, Sipka,andCertova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938-940); Holubic (Lambrecht, 1933).POLAND:Wollin (Lambrecht, 1933).HUNGARY:Puskaporos (Kormos, 1911, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geoI. Anst., vol. 19, p. 153); PaUfy cave (Lambrecht,1913"Aquila, vol. 20, p. 427); Pilisszant6 (Lambrecht, 1914, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anst., vol. 23, p. 492); '1'I'Legeny cave near PilisszentIelek (Lambrecht, 1933).PALESTINE:Kebara cave (Tchernov, 1962, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11, p. 117).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).50. Belonopterus chilensis (Molina).BRAZIL:LapadaEscrivania(0.Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2,p.13).ARGENTINA: Lujan (Ameghino, 1881, Rev. Argentina Hist. nat., vol.1,p. 446). 51.Lobibyx novaehollandiae'(Stephens).AUSTRALIA:Queensland? (Lam brecht, 1921, Fossilium catalogus, p. 51). SubfamilyPHALAROPODINAE:52. Phalaropus fulicarius(Linnaeus).CALIFORNIA:Manix Lake? (Howard, 1955, U.S. GeoI. Surv. Prof. Papers, no. 264-J, p. 204); RanchoLaBrea? (Howard, 1962, Los Angeles Co. Mus. Contr. Sci., no. 58, p. 22).NEVADA:Smith Creek Cave? (Howard, 1952, Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 51, pt. 2, p. 54).53. Lobipes lobatus(Linnaeus).OREGON:Fossil Lake (Shufeldt, 1892, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 9, p. 413). SubfamilyHAEMATOPODINAE:54. Haematopus bachmaniAudubon.ALASKA: Kodiak Island (Friedmann, 1937, Jour. 'Vashington Acad. Sci., vol. 27, pt. 10, p. 433).55. Haematopus ostralegusLinnaeus.SCOTLAND:Ardrossan (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 762).56. Haematopus unicolorForster.CHATHAMISLANDS:(Forbes, 1893, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, no. 20, p. 545).FamilyRECURVIROSTRIDAEBonaparteRecurvirostrinaeBonaparte, 1831, Saggiodiunadistribuzione metodica degli animali vertebrati, p.59(subfamily; typeRecurvirostra Linnaeus.-Recurviros tridaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45 ofreprint.-RecurvirostreaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., p. 45.AvocettinaeReichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (typeAvocettaBrisson, 1760, a junior synonym ofRecurvirostraLinnaeus, 1758).HimantopodinaeReichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (typeHimantopusBrisson,1760).-HimantopodeaeBonaparte, 1834, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45.

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200BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMVol. 11PresbyornithidaeWetmore, 1926 (Apr. 10), Ann. Carnegie Mus., vol. 16, nos. 3-4, p.396(family;typePresbyornisWetmore).IbidorhynchinaePeters, 1934 (after March 14), Check-list of birds oftheWorld, vol. 2, pp. xvi,288(subfamily;typeIbidorhynchaVigors).SubfamilytPRESBYORNITHINAE(Wetmore)1PresbyornithidaeWetmore, 1926 (Apr. 10), Ann. Carnegie, Mus., vol. 16, nos. 3-4,p.396(family; tyPePresbyornisvVetmore).GenustPresbyornisWetmorePresbyornisWetmore, 1926 (April 10), Ann. Carnegie, Mus., vol. 16, nos. 3-4, p.396(typebyoriginal designationPresbyornis pervetusWetmore).1.Presbyornis pervetus WetmorePresbyornis pervetusWetmore, 1926 (Apr. 10), Ann. Carnegie Mus., vol. 16, nos. 3-4,p.396, pI. 37, figs. 10-20 (type fromWhiteRiver, left tarsometatarsus, Carnegie Mus. no.}1360). UPPERLOWEREOCENE(bottomofGreenRiverformation).UTAH:UintahCounty:WhiteRiver,2miles from Colorado line.GenusfColtoniaHardyColtoniaHardy,1959 (March 3), Auk, vol. 76, no. 1, p. 106 (typeColtonia re curvirostraHardy). Needs comparisonwithPresbyornis.2.Coltonia recurvirostraHardyColtonia recurvirostraHardy,1959 (March 3), Auk, vol. 76, no. 1,p.106, fig. 1 (type fromEphraimCanyon, fragments of left humerus, radius, ulna,andcarpometacarpus, Univ. Kansas Mus. no. 10105).LOWEREOCENE(Colton formation).UTAH:SanpeteCounty:mouthofEphraimCanyon,Wasatchplateau. RECURVIROSTRINAEBonaparteRecurvirostrinaeBonaparte, 1831, Saggio diunadistribuzione metodica degli animali vertebrati, p.59(subfamily;typeRecurvirostra Linnaeus).-Recurviros tridaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1,p.45.Avocettinae'Reichenbach,1849, fide Gray, 1871 (typeAvocettaBrisson, 1760, a junior synonym ofRecurvirostraLinnaeus, 1758).HimantopodinaeReichenbach,1849,fideGray, 1871 (typeHimantopusBrisson, 1760).1Newrank.

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1967BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 201IbidorhynchinaePeters, 1934 (after March 14), Check-list of Birds oftheWorld, vol. 2, pp. xvi, 288 (subfamily; typeIbidorh1jnchaVigors).Noextinctfossil species.1Neospecies of Recurvirostrinae ,from Pleistoceneand sites:1.Himantopus himantopus(Linnaeus). ITALY: Grotta dei Colombi (Lam brecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 762).HUNGARY:Pilisszanto (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 508).2. Himantopus leucocephalusGould.NEWZEALAND:Pyramid Valley swamp (Scarlett, 1955, Rec. Canterbury Mus., vol. 6, p. 263).3.Himantopus mexicanus(Muller).OREGON:Fossil Lake (Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 184).CALIFORNIA: fl;Buena VistaLake(DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44, p. 228).NEVADA:Smith Creek Cave? (Howard, 1952, Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 51, pt. 2,p.54).4.Recurvirostra americanaGmelin.OREGON:Fossil Lake (Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 184).CALIFORNIA:McKittrick(L.Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ., Bull. Dept. Geol. Sci., vol. 15, p. 320); RanchoLaBrea (Howard, 1936, Cortdor, vol. 38, p. 35); fl;Buena Vista Lake (DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44, p. 228).NEVADA:Smith Creek Cave (Howard, 1952, Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 51, pt. 2, p. 54).FLORIDA:Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4,p.147).FamilyJACANIDAE(Stejneger)ParrinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of GeneraofBirds,p.70(subfamily;typeParraLinnaeus, 1766, a junior synonym ofJacanaBrisson, 1760).":'-Parri daeSelys, 1842,FaunaBeIge, fide Gray (family).]acanidaeStejneger, 1885, Standard Nat. Hist., vol. 4, p. 103 (family; type!acanaBrisson).-!acaniRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8, pp. 4-5(superfamily).-JacanoideaWetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk,vol. 43, no. 3, p. 343(superfamily).-JacanidesWetmore, 1930 (Jan. 8), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 76, art. 24, p. 4(superfamily).-JacanoideaAmerican Ornithologists' Union, 1931 (Oct. 1), Check-list of North American Birds, ed.4,p. 101 (superfamily).RhegminornithidaeWetmore, 1943 (June 23), Proc. New England Zool. Club, vol. 22, p. 60 (typeRhegminornisWetmore).SubfamilytRHEGMINORNITHINAE(Wetmore)2RhegminornithidaeWetmore, 1943 (June 23), Proc. New England Zool. Club, vol. 22, p. 60 (typeRhegminornisWetmore).1Himantopus brevipesMilne-Edwards, fromtheLower Miocene Aquitanian of France, is a nomen nudum.Recurvirostrasp. record.'ed byL.Miller (1961, Condor, vol. 63, p. 402) from Upper Middle Miocene (Temblor formation)atSharktooth Hill, California.2New rank.

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202BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11GenustRhegminornisWetmore Rhegminornis Wetmore,1943(June23),Proe. NewEnglandZool. Club, vol.22,p.61(typebyoriginal designationRhegminornis calobatesWetmore).1. Rhegminornis calobatesWetmoreRhegminornis calobatesWetmore,1943(June23),Proc. NewEnglandZool. Club, vol.22,p.61,pI. 9,figs.1-5(type from Thomas Farm, distalendof right tarsometatarsus, Mus.CompoZool. no.2331).LOWERMIOCENE(ThomasFarmlocal fauna,Hawthorneage).FLORIDA:Gilchrist County:Thomasfarm,8milesnorthofBell. SubfamilyJACANINAE(Stejneger)1ParrinaeG.R.Gray,1840(before Apr.), ListofGeneraofBirds, p.70(subfamily;typeParraLinnaeus,1766,a junior synonymofJacanaBrisson,1760).-PaTri daeSelys,1842,FaunaBeIge, fide Gray (family).Jacanidae 1885,Standard Nat. Hist., vol. 4,p.103(family; typeJacana Brisson).-JacaniRidgway,1919(June26),Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no.50,pt.8,pp.4-5(superfamily).-JacanoideaWetmoreandW. D. Miller,1926(July3),Auk, vol.43,no.3, p, 343(superfamily).-JacanidesWetmore,1930(Jan. 8), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol.76,art.24,p. 4(superfamily).-JacanoideaAmerican Ornithologists' Union,1931(Oct.1),Check-list of North American Birds; ed.4,p.101(superfamily).Neospecies of Jacaninae from Pleistocene sites:1.Jacana spinosa(Linnaeus).BRAZIL:LapadaEscrivaniaandLapadaLagoa do Sumidouro(0.Winge,1887,E Museo Lundii, vol.1,pt.2,pp.13, 29).Family BURIllNIDAE MathewsOedicneminaeG.R.Gray,1840(before Apr.), ListofGeneraofBirds, p.64(subfamily;typeOedicnemusTemminch,1815,a junior synonym of Burhinus Illiger,1811).-AedicneminaeBonaparte,1854,Ann. Sci. nat., vol.1,p.44ofreprint.-OedicnemidaeSelaterandSalvin,1873,Nomenclator avium neotropi calium, pp. viii,142(family).-OedicnemiRidgway,1919(June26),Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no.50,pt. 8, p. 4(superfamily).-OedicnemidesWetmore,1930(Jan.8),Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol.76,art.24,p.4(superfamily).BurhinidaeMathews1913(Dec.31),Birds of Australia, vol.3,pt.4,p.342(typeBurhinus Illiger).-BurhinoideaWetmore,1934(April23),Smithsonian Misc. ColI., vol.89,no.13,p. 7 (superfamily).1Newrank.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 203GenustMilneaLydekkerMilneaLydekker, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds British Mus., p. 169 (typebyoriginal designationMilnea gracilisLydekker).1.Milnea gracilisLydekkerMilnea gracilisLydekker, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds British Mus., p. 169,fig.38(type from Allier, left humerus, Brit. Mus. 47457).LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian).FRANCE:Dept. Lot: Allier. GenusBurhinusIlligerBurhinusIlliger, 1811, Prodromus systematis mammaliumetavium, p. 250 (typeCharadrius magnirostris Latham).2.Burhinus nanusBrodkorbBurhinus nanusBrodkorb, 1959 (June 3), Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, no. 11, p. 354, pI. 1,figs.2-4 (typeifrom Banana Hole, left coracoid, Univ. Florida no. 3154).UPPER PLEISTOCENE (cave deposits).BAHAMAS:New Providence Island: Banana Hole. Neospecies of Burhinidae fromthePleistocene:1.Burhinus oedicnemus(Linnaeus).FRANCE:LacombeThayac (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 762).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473)FamilyDROMADIDAE(Gray)DromadineG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 65 (sub family; typeDromas Paykull).-DromadidaeSalys, 1843,FaunaBeIge, fide Gray(family).-DromadesRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8, p. 4(superfamily).-DromadoideaWetmore, 1934 (April 23), Smith sonian Misc. CoIl., vol. 89, no. 13, p. 7 (superfamily).No fossil record. FamilyGLAREOLIDAEBrehmGlareolidae Brehm, 1831,lIandbuchder Naturgeschichte aller Vogel Deutsch lands, p. 564 ("Ordnung" =family; typeGlareolaBrisson).Glareolinae

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204BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11G. R. Gray, 1844 (July), Genera of Birds, vol. 3, p. 540(subfamily).-GlareolaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8, p. 4 (superfamily).-GlareolidesWetmore, 1930 (Jan. 8), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 76, art. 24, p. 5(superfamily).-GlareoloideaWetmore, 1934 (April 23), Smith sonian Misc. ColI., vol. 89, no. 13, p.7.CursoriinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 64 (sub family;typeCursoriusLatham).-CursorinaeG.R.Gray, 1844 (July), Genera of Birds, vol. 3, p. 536(subfamily).-CursoriidaeHartert, 1916, Vag. palaarkt.Fauna,vol. 2, p. 1522 (family).No fossil record. FamilyTHINOCORIDAE(Gray)ThinocorinaeG.R.Gray, 1845 (May), Genera of Birds, vol. 3,p.520 (subfamily;type Thinocorus Eschscholtz).-ThinocoridaeBonaparte, 1850, fide Gray(family).-ThinocoridaeBonaparte, 1853, C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, p.646.-ThinocoridesWetmore, 1930 (Jan. 8), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 76, art.4,p. 5 (superfamily);""'---'-Thioocoroidea Wetmore, 1934 (April 23), Smithsonian Misc. Call., vol. 89, no: 13, p. 7 (superfamily).AttagidesRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8, p. 4 (superfamily; typeAttagisGeoffroy and Lesson).No fossil record. FamilyCHIONIDIDAEBonaparteChionididaeBonaparte, 1832, fide Gray, (familia; typeChionisForster).ChionidaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGeneraofBirds, p.62(family).-ChionidinaeG.R.Gray, 1845 (Apr.), Genera of Birds, vol. 3, p. 522(subfamily).-ChioninaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p.40.-ChionomorphaeCoues and Kidder, 1876, Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 3, p.115.ChionoideaeStejneger, 1885, Standard Natural History,voL4, pp. 91-92(super-family).-ChionidesRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt.8,p. 4(superfamily).-ChionoideaWetmore, 1934 (April 23), Smith sonian Misc. ColI.,voL89, no. 13, p. 7(superfamily).-ChionidoideaPeters, 1934 (June 18), Check-list of Birds oftheWorld, vol. 2, pp. xvi, 308 (super family).No fossil record. SuborderLARISharpeLariformes SharPe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p.72(order;typeLatusLinnaeus).-LariSharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder).

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1967BRODKORB:CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS205FamilyLARIDAEVigorsLaridaeVigors,1825,Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol.14,p.498(family; typeLaTUSLinnaeus).-LarinaeBonaparte,1831,Saggiodiunadistribuzione meto dica degli animali vertebrati, p.59(subfamily).-LaTeaeBonaparte,1853,C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol.37,no.18,p.643.-LaroideaeStejneger,1885,StandardNaturalHistory, vol.4,p.74(superfamily).-LaroidaeHay,1930(Jan.27),Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no.390,vol.2,p.339(superfamily).SterninaeBonaparte,1838,Geogr.andCompo List of Birds ofEuropeandNorth America, p.61(subfamily;typeSternaLinnaeus).-SterneaeBonaparte,1854,Ann. Sci. nat., vol.1,p.40ofreprint([seriesD.-SternidaeReichenow,1882, Vogel derzoologischen Garten, vol. 1, p.27(family).XemeaeBonaparte,1853(seancedu31Oct.), C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol.37,no.18,p.643(typeXemaLeach).AnoeaeBonaparte,1854,Ann. Sci. nat., vol.1,p.40of reprint (type Anous Leach).Subfamily LAJlINAE (Vigors)LaridaeVigors,1825,Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol.14,p.498(family;type LaTus Bonaparte,1831,Saggio di una distribuzionemetodicadegli animali vertebrati, p.59 Stejneger,1885,StandardNaturalHisto"ry, vol.4,p.74(superfamil).-LaToidea Hay,1930(Jan.27),Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no.390,vol.2,p.339(superfamily).XemeaeBonaparte,1854,RevueetMag. ZooI., no. 11, p.4ofreprint (series; typeXemaLeach).-XemeaeBonaparte,1854,Ann. Sci. nat., vol.1,p.40.GenustHalcyornisOwen1.Halcyornis toliapicus(Konig)LaTUStopliapicusKonig,1825,leones Fossiles SeetHes, pI.16,fig.193(type from Sheppey, cranium, Brit. Mus. no.130)UPPERPALEOCENE(Londonclay). ENGLAND: Kent: IsleofSheppey.GenustRupelornisVanBenedenRupelornisVan Beneden,1871,Bull. Acad .. Roy. BeIge, ser. 2,Vol. 32,no. 11, p.260(typebymonotypyRupelornis defjnitus Van Beneden).2. Rupelo'1'nis definitus.VanBenedenRupelornis de/initusVan Beneden,1871,Bull. Acad. Roy. Beige, ser.2,vol.32,no. 11, p.260,fig. 7 (type apparentlyfromRupelmonde, distalpartof left tibiotarsus).MIDDLE OUGOCENE". (Repelian sand).BELGIUM:EastFlanders:mouthofRiverRupel.

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206BULLETINFLORIDA STATE MUSEUMVol.11Genus LaTus Linnaeus Larus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, vol.1,p. 136 (tyPeLarus marinusLinnaeus, Recent).3.LaTus desnoyersii Milne-Edwards Larus desnoyersiiMilne-Edwards, 1863, C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 56,p.1222 (type from Labeur, proximal portion of tarsometatarsus).LOWER MIOCENE (Aquitanian).FRANCE:Dept. Allier: Labeur; Langy; Saint-Gerand-Ie-Puy.4.Larus elegans Milne-Edwards Lams elegansMilne-Edwards, 1867-1868, Ois. Foss. France, vol.1,sheet 44, p. 350 (1868), pI. 56,fig.11-29 (1867); pI. 57,figs.1-11; pI. 58,fig.1 (types from Langy, Saint-Gerand-Ie-Puy, and Chantegre, tarsometatarsus, tibiotarsus, femur, coracoid, humerus, ulna, metacarpus, Parus Mus.).LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian)FRANCE:Dept. Allier: Langy; Saint-Gerand-Ie-Puy; Chantegre; Gannat; Chaptuzat. Dept. Puy-de Dome: Antoingeinear Issoire. This speciesandL. totanoides were recordedbyShufeldt (1896, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, p.515)from Grive-St.-Alban in the Upper Middle Miocene, undoubtedly through misidentification of 'Some other species. L. elegansispossibly a tern;thenameispreoccupied in SternabyGambel,1849.5.LaTus totanoides Milne-Edwards Larus totanoidesMilne-Edwards, 1867, Ois. Foss. France, vol. 1, pI. 57,figs.12-17; 1868, sheet 45, p. 358 (types from Langy, tarsometatarsus, tibiotarsus, femur, coracoid, ulna, carpometacarpus, Paris Mus.).LOWERMIOCENE(Aquitanian).FRANCE:Dept. Allier: Langy.6.LaTus pristinus Shufeldt LaTus pristinus Shufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans. Connecticut Acad. Sci., vol. 19, p. 54, pI. 14,fig.112(typefrom Willow Creek, proximal portion of left tibiotarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 935).LOWER MIocENE (JohnDayformation).OREGON:Malheur County: Willow Creek.7.LaTus elmorei Brodkorb Larus elmoreiBrodkorb,1953 (June), Wilson Bull., vol. 65, no. 2, p. 94,fig.1 (type from 1lh miles south of Brewster, distal portion of right humerus, Brod korb coil. no. 140).LOWER (Bone Valley gravel).FLORIDA:PolkCounty:nearBrewster.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 2078. Larus robustus Shufeldt Larus robustus Shufeldt, 1891 (Sept.), Arner. Nat., vol. 25, no. 297, p. 820 (type from Fossil Lake, left coracoid, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 3492).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(FossilLakeformation).OREGON:Lake County:Fossil Lake.9. LamsO1'egonus ShufeldtLarus oregonusShufeldt, 1891 (Sept.), Amer. Nat., vol. 25, no. 297, p. 820 (type from Fossil Lake, proximalpartof left humerus, Arner. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 3494).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(FossilLakeformation).OREGON:LakeCounty:Fossil Lake. Genus fGaviotaA.H. Miller andSibleyGaviotaA.H. Miller and Sibley, 1941 (Oct.), Auk,vol58, no. 4, p. 563 (typebyoriginal designationGaviota niobraraMiller and Sibley).10. Gaviota niobrara A.H.MillerandSibleyGaviota niobraraA.H. Miller and Sibley, 1941 (Oct.), Auk, vol. 58, no. 4, p. 563, fig.1 (type from Little Beaver A, distal end of left humerus, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 30933).UPPERMIOCENE(Niobrara River zone, Ogallala formation).NEBRASKA:CherryCounty:nearLittle Beaver Creek, section 18, Township34North, Range 26 West. Genus fOcyplanusDeVisOcyplanusDeVis, 1906,Ann.Queensland Mus., no. 6, p. 8 (typebymonotypy Ocyp'lanusprOe8es DeVis). Position uncertain, described in 'Limicolae."11. Ocyplanus proesesDeVisOcyplanus proesesDeVis, 1906, Ann. Queensland Mus., no.6,p. 8,pI.1,fig.5b(type apparently from Lake Eyre, distalpartof right tarsometatarsus).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(Katipiti sands, Malkuni fauna).AUSTRALIA:South Australia:LakeEyre. SubfamilySTERNINAEBonaparteSterninaeBonaparte, 1838, Geogr. andComp.Listof Birds of Europe and North America,p.61 (subfamiJy; type Sterna Linnaeus).-SternidaeReichenow, 1882, VoS(el derzoologischeriGarten, vol. 1, p. 27 (family).AnoeaeBonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 40 (series; type Anous Leach).

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208BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.1]GenusSternaLinnaeusSternaLinnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 137 (typeSterna hirundoLinnaeus).12.Sterna milne-edwardsii RiabininSterna milne-edwardsiiRiabinin, 1931, Zapiski Rossicskgo Minera-Pogicheskogo Obshchestra, vol. 40, no. 2, p. 276,fig.1 (type from Kissatibi, skeleton impres sion).UPPER(?)MIOCENE(diatomitedeKissatibi).GEORGIANSSR: KissatibinearAkhalzykh.GenustPseudo sternaMerceratPseudosternaMercerat, 1897 (May),An.Soc. cient. Argentina,voL43, p. 237 (typePseudosterna degenerMercerat, designatedbyRichmond, 1902, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 710). l3.Pseudosterna degenerMercerat Pse,udosterna degenerMercerat, 1897(Ma.y),An.Soc. cient. Argentina,voL43, p. 237 (type from Lujan, distalehdof left humerus,LaPlata Mus.).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(lakebedsofPampasformation).ARGENTINA:Provo Buenos Aires: Lujan. 14;. Pseudosterna pampeanaMerceratPseudosterna pampeanaMercerat, 1897, An. Soc. dent. Argentina, vol. 43,p. 238 (type from Arrecifes, distalendof left ulna, LaPlata Mus.).UPPERPLEISTOCENE(lakebedsofPampasformation).ARGENTINA:Provo Buenos Aires: Arrecifes. NeospeciesofLaridaefromPleistoceneandprehistoric sites:,Subfamily 1. LaTUS canusLinnaeus.IRELAND:Ballintoy Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p. 7(5).ENGLAND:Clevedon Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p. 765). DENMARK: Mejlgaard, Erteboelle,andKlintesoe (H. Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. naturhist. Foren., vol. 6, p. 96).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Certovadira(Capek, 1910, Ber.V.intemat. omith. Kongr. Berlin,p.941).AUSTRIA:(Lambrecht, 1918, Aquila, vol. 24, p. 205).HUNGARY:Palffy-Hohle (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 426).ALASKA: St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour.WashingtonAcad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 94); Kodiak Island (Friedmann, 1935.. op. cit.,voL25, p. 50); AttnIsland (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27, p. 438). CALIFORNIA:RanchoLaBrea? (Howard, 1936, Condor,vol. 38. p.36).

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1967BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS2092. Larus argentatus Pontoppidan.SCOTLANl): '" Ardrossan (Lambrecht,1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p.765). DENMARK: Kalind, Fannerup, Mejlgaard, Visborg Bjergbakke, Havnoe, Erteboelle, Gudumlund, Klintesoe, Jaegerspris, Havelse, Soelagerand "'Borrebjerg (H. Winge,1903,Vidensk. Meddel. naturhist. Foren., vol.6,p.96).NORWAY:Vardo (Lambrecht,1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p.765).ITALY:CrottaRomanelli,andGrotta dei Colombi? (Lambrecht,1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p.765).AUSTRIA:(Lambrecht,1918,Auila, vol.24,p.205).CZECHOSLOVAKIA:Predmost (Capek,1910,Ber.V.internal. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p.938).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady(Serebrovsky,1941,Doklady Akad. Nauk U.R.S.S., vol.33,p.473).ALASKA: "'Kodiak Island (Friedmann,1935,Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol.25,p.50); "'Dutch Harbor, "'Little Kiska Island,and Attu Island (Friedmann,1937,op. cit., vol.27,pp.434-437); "'Cape Prince of Wales (Friedmann, H)41, op. cit., vol.31,p.407).NOVASCOTIA: "'Whynacht and "'Bear River (Halifax Mus.).FLORIDA.: <:tCastle Windy(Bullen and Sleight,1959,WilliamL.Bryant Foundation Amer. Studies, Rept. no.1,p.20); <:tGreen Mound (Hamon,1959,Auk, vol.76,no.4,p.533); "'Goodman site(E.Wing,1963,Contrib. Florida State Mus., no. 10, p.56);recordedinerror from SeminoleField(Wetmore,1930,Proc. VII. Internat. Ornith. Congr. Amsterdam,p.481;see Wet more,1940,SmithsonianMisc. Call., vol.99, 4,p.61footnote). Record from Fossil Lake, Oregon (Shufeldt,1892,Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol.9,p.397),pertainsto StercorariUs shufeldtiHoward(1946,Carnegie Instn. WashingtonPubl., no.551,p.184). 3.Larus fuscus Linnaeus.IRELAND:CastIepook Cave (Lambrecht,1933,Handh. Palaeorn., p.765).GIBRALTAR:Devil's Tower (Bate,1928,Jour. Roy. Anthr. Instn., vol.58,p.104).NORWAY: Varda (Lambrecht,1933,Handb. PalaeQm., p.765).4. LaTUS californicusLawrence.OREGON:Fossil Lake (Howard,1946,Car negie Instn. Washington, no.551,p.186).5.Larus dominicanu8Lichtenstein.ARGENTINA:Lujan (Ameghino, 1891,Revista argentina Hist. nat., vol.1,p.446).NEWZEALAND: "'Waimataitai (Trot ter,1965,Notornis, vol.12,p.178).6. LaTUS marinusLinnaeus.ENGLAND: Exeter (Lambrecht,1933,Handh. Palaeorn., p.765).DENMARK:Kolind, Fannerup, Mejlgaard, Aamoelle, Erte boelle, Gudumlund, Klintesoe, Havelse,andSoelager (H. Winge,1903,Vidensk. Meddel. naturh. Foren., vol.6,p.97).NORWAY:Vardo? (Lambrecht,1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p.765).FLORIDA: "'Green Mound (Hamon,1959,Auk,vol.76,no.4,p.533).7. Larus glaucescensNaumann.ALASKA: "'St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann,1934,Jour. Washington Acad:Sei.,vol.24,p.94); Amaknak IslandandKodiak Island (Friedmann,1934,op. cit.,pp.233, 235);"'Dutch Harbor, Atka Island, '" AttuIsland,and Little KiskaIsland(Friedmann,1937,op. cit., vol.27,pp.436-438); Cape PrinceofWales (Friedmann,1941,op. cit., vol.31,p.407).CALIFORNIA:San Pedro(L.Miller,1930,Condor, vol.32,p.117);Newport Bay? (Howard,1949,Condor, vol.51,p.27).8. LaTUS' hyperboreusGunnerus.SWEDEN:Bohuslanska Tapebank (Lambrecht,1933,Handb.Palaeom.,p.766).AZERBAIJAN:Binagady? (Burchak-Abramovich, "1963," 1962; Ornitologiya, vol.4,p.462).ALASKA: "'St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann,1934,Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol.24,p. 93);(t Amaknak Island

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210BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol. 11and Island (Friedmann, 1934, op. cit., vol. 27, pp. 436-438); Dutch Harbor, Kiska Island,and AttuIsland (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27,p.434-438). PrinceofWales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 407).FLORIDA: Mound (BullenandSleight, 1960, Rept. Bryant Foundation of Amer. Studies, no.2,p.32).9. Larus atricillaLinnaeus.FLORIDA: Mound (Hamon, 1959, Auk, vol. 76, no. 4,p.533).10. Larus melanocephalusTemminck. ITALY: (Lambrecht, 1918, Aquila, vol. 24,p.205).11. Larus bulleriHutton.NEWZEALAND: (Trotter, 1965, Notornis, vol. 12, p. 178).12. Larus ridibundus Linnaeus. DENMARK: GudumlundandMaglemose (Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. naturh. Foren., vol. 6,p.96).GERMANY: Hohle beiSt. Wolfgang (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 766). ITALY: Grotta Romanelli? (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb .. Palaeorn.,p.766).AUSTRIA:(Lambrecht, 1918, Aquila, vol. 24, p. 205). CZECHOSLOVAlOA: Predmost (Capek, 1910, Ber.V.internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 938).HUNGARY:Balla-Hoble (Lambrecht, 1912, Aquila, vol. 19, p. Pilisszant6(Lambrecht,1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. gool. Anst., vol. 23,p. 480); Puskaporos (Lambrecht, 1916, Barlangkutatas, vol. 4, p. 205).13. Larus philadelphia(Ord.).OREGON:FossilLake(Shufeldt, 1892, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 9,p.398).14. Rissatridactyla (Linnaeus).NORWAY:Vardo (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorri., p. 766). ALASKA: St.Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 94); Kodiak Island (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27, p. 434); PrinceofWales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 408). CALIFORNiA: RanchoLaBrea? (Howard, 1936, Condor, vol. 38, p. 36).15. Rissabrevirostris (Bruch).ALASKA: St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 94); Kodiak Islandand Dutch Harbor(Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., yol. 27,p.434).16.Xema (J. Sabine). ALASKA: CapePrince of Wales (Friedmann, 1941, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 31,p.408). Record from Fossil ,Lake, Oregon (Shufeldt, 1892, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia)iserroneous, see Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 187). SubfamilySTERNINAE:17.Chlidonias hybrida(Pallas).ITALY:Grotta dei Colombi? (Lambrecht, 1933, Han,db. Palaoom., p. 766).18.Chlidoniasnigra(Linnaeus). ITALY: Crottadei Colombi? (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p.766).OREGON:Fossil Lake (Shufeldt, 1892, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. philadelphia, vol. 9,p.399).19. Hydroprogne caspia (Pallas).'CALIFORNIA: VistaLake(DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44,p.228).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 21120. Sterna hirundoLinnaeus.CORSICA:Grotta di Funtanedu? (E. T. Newton, 1921, Proc. zool. Soc. London, p. 231).SCOTLAND: Oransay (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 766).ENGLAND:Merlin's Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 766).FINLAND:Ladogasee (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 766).POLAND:Yolyn (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 766).HUNGARY:Pilissant6 (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anst., vol. 23, p. 480). 21.Sterna paradisaeaPontoppidan.ITALY:Bucca del Bersagliere? (Lam brecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p. 766). ALASKA:Cape Prince of Wales (Friedmann, 1941, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 31, p. 408).22. Sterna forsteriNuttall.OREGON:Fossil Lake (Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 187).23. Sterna striataGmelin.NEWZEALAND:Ototara (Trotter, 1965, Notornis, vol. 12, p. 178). .24. Sterna anaethetusScopoli.ST.THOMAS: midden? (Wetmore, 1918, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 54,p.519).25. Sterna fuscata Linnaeus.BAHAMAS:Crooked Island (Wetmore, 1938, Auk, vol. 55, p. 52).ST. Prosperous Bay (Ashmole, 1963, IbiS, vol. 10Sb, p. 404).26. Thalasseus maximus (Boddaert). PUERTOfuco: Barrio Canas (Wetmore, 1938,Auk,vol. 55, p. 54).ST.CROIX: Concordia (Wetmore, 1937, Jour. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico, vol. 21, p. 11).27. Thalasseus sandvicensis (Latham).GmRALTER:Devil's Tower? (Bate, 1928, Jour. Roy. Anthrop. Instn., vol. 58, p. 104).28. AnOus stolidus (Linnaeus).ST.THOMAS: midden? (Wetmore, 1918, Proc. U.S. nat. Mus., vol. 54, p. 519).ST.CROIX:Concordia (Wetmore, 1937, Jour. Agric. Univ. Puerto Rico, vol. 21, p. 11). Record of Thalasseus elegans(Gambel) from Fossil Lake, Oregon (Shufeldt, 1892, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 9, p. 399),iserroneous (see Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, pp. 183, 184).FamilySTERCORARIIDAE(Gray)LestrinaeBonaparte, 1831, Saggiodiuna distribuzione metodica degli animali vertebrati, p. 60 (subfamily; typeLestrisIlliger, 1811, a junior synonym of. Stercorarius Brisson,1760).-LestridaeKaup, 1879, Jardine's Contr. Om., p. 119(family).-LestridinaeBonaparte, 1852 (Sept..26), unpaged sheet without title (sub-familia).-Lestriginae Bonaparte,1853'(seancedu31 Oct,), C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 643.StercorariinaeG.R.Gray, 1871, Hand-list GeneraandSpecies of Birds, vol. 3, p. 110 (subfamily; Stercorarius Brisson).-StercorariidaeRidgway, 1880 (Sept. 4),ProvoU.S.Nat. Mus., vol. 3, p. 240 (family).

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212BULLETINFLORIDASTATEMUSEUMGenusStercorariusBrissonVol. 11StercorariusBrisson, 1760,Om.,vol. 1, p. 56; vol. 6, p. 149 (typeLarus parasiticusLinnaeus, Recent).1.Stercorarius pomarinus(Temminck).ALASKA: \)St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Wash. Acad. vol. 24, p. 93); \)Cape Prince of Wales (Friedmann,1941,op. cit., vol. 31, p. 407).CALIFORNIA:Newport Bay? (Howard, 1949, Condor, vol. 51, p. 21).2. Stercorarius parasiticus(Linnaeus).ALASKA: \)St. Lawrence Island (Fried mann, 1934, Jour. Wash. Acad. Sci., vol. 24,p.93); \) Amaknak 'Island (Friedmann, 1934, op. cit., vol. 24, p. 232).3.Stercorarius longicaudusVieiUot.ALASKA: \)St. Lawrence Island (Fried mann, 1934, Jour. Wash. Acad. Sci., vol. 24,p.93); \) Amaknak Island (Friedmann, 1934, op. cit., vol. 24,p.232); \)Kodiak Island (Friedmann, 1935, op. cit., vol. 25,p.50).FamilyRYNCHOPIDAE(Bonaparte)RhynchopsinaeBonaparte, 1838, Geogr.andCompo List of BirdsofEuropeand North America, p.60(subfamily;typeRynchops Linnaeus).-RhynchopinaeG.R.Gray, 1845 (Sept.), Genera of Birds, vol. 3,p.656(subfamily).-RhyncopinaeBonaparte, 1852 (Sept. 26),unpagedsheet without title [see Zimmer](subfamily).-RynchopidaeAmerican Ornithologists' Union, 1896, Check-list North American Birds, ed. 2,p.96(family).No fossil record. Suborder ALCAE SharpeAlcaeSharpe, 1891, Review of Recent AttemptstoClassify Birds, p. 72 (sub order;typeAlcaLinnaeus).-AlyiformesSharpe, 1891, op. cit.,p.72 (order).Cepphi American: Ornithologists' Union, 1910, Check-list of North American birds, ed. 3, p.24(typeCepphusPallas).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSILBIRDS 213FamilyALCIDAEVigorsAlcadaeVigors, 1825, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, p. 498 (typeAlcaLinnaeus).-AlcinaeBonaparte, 1831, Saggiodiunadistribuzione degli animali vertebrati,p.35(subfamily).-AlcidaeBonaparte, 1831, Saggiodiunadistri buzione degli animali vertebrati, p. 35(family).-AlcanaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of GeneraofBirds, p. 76(subfamily).-AlcoideaeStejneger, 1885,StandardNatural History, vol. 4,p.68(superfamily).-AlcoidaeHay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 342 (superfamily).PhalerinaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGenera of Birds, p.76(sub family;typePhaleris Temminck).-PhaleridinaeG.R. Gray, 1848 (Feb.), Genera of Birds, vol. 3, p. 638(subfamily).-PhalereaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8, p. 704.UrianaeG.R.Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), ListofGenera of Birds, p. 77 (subfamily; typeUriaBrisson).-UrinaeG.R.Gray, 1848, (Aug.), GeneraofBirds, vol. 3, p. 644(subfamily).-UriinaeBonaparte, 1853,C.R.Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646(subfamily).-UriaeRidgway, 1919, Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8, p. 703 (group). .PlauteaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8,p.702 (typePlaut usGunnerus).CeppheaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50,pt.8., p. 703 (typeCepphusPallas).BrachyrampheaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50,pt.8, p. 703 (typeBrachyramphusBrandt).SynthliborampheaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8, p. 704 (typeSynthliboramphusBrandt).FraterculinaeRidgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt.8,p. 705 (typeFraterculaBrisson).NautilornithinaeWetmore, 1926 (Apr. 10), Annals Carnegie Mus., vol. 16, nos. 3-4, p. 394 (type Nautilornis Wetmore).MancallidaeL.Miller, 1946 (Jan.), Condor, vol. 48, no. 1,p.34(family; typeMancallaLucas).SubfamilytNAUTILORNITHINAEWetmoreNautilornithinaeWetmore, 1926 (Apr. 10), Annals Carnegie Mus., vol. 16, nos. 3-4, p. 394 (type Nautilornis Wetmore). Genust NautilornisWetmore Nautilornis Wetmore, 1926 (Apr. 10), Ann. Carnegie Mus.,voL16, nos. 2-4, p. 392 (typebyoriginal designationNautilornis avusWetmore).1.N autilornis avusWetmoreNautilornis avusWetmore, 1926 (Apr. 10), Annals Carnegie Mus., vol. 16, nos. 3-4, p. 392, pl. 36, figs. -1-8 (type fromWhiteRiver, right humerus, Carnegie Mus. no. 11,358).

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214BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol. 11UPPERLOWEREOCENE(bottom of Green River formation).UTAH:Uintah County: White River, 2 miles from Colorado line.2.N autilornis proavitus WetmoreNautilornis proavitusWetmore,1926(Apr.10),Annals Carnegie Mus., vol.16,nos.3-4,p.394,pI.36,fig.9(type fromWhiteRiver, sternum, Carnegie Mus. no.11,359).UPPERLOWEREOCENE(bottom of Green River formation).UTAH:Uintah County: White River, 2 miles from Colorado line. Genus tHydrotherikOr'nis A.H.MillerHydrotherikornisA.H.Miller,1931,(Apr.21),Univ. Calif. Publ., Bull. Dept.Ceo!.Sci., vol.20,no.3, p. 24(typebyoriginal designationHydl'otherikornis01'egonusA.H.Miller).3.Hydrotherikornis oregonusA.H.MillerHydrotherikornis ore8onus A.H ... Miller,1931(Apr.21),Univ. Calif. Publ., Bull. Dept. Ceol. Sci., vol. 20,no.S,p.24,fig.1 (type from Sunset Bay, left tibia tarsus, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no.31346).UPPER EOCENE (lowerpartof Arago group).OREGON:Coos County:cliff on north side of Sunset Bay, near Coos Bay. SubfamilyALCINAE(Vigors)AlcadaeVigors,1825,Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol.14,p.498(typeAlcaLinnaeus).-AlcinaeBonaparte,1831,Saggiodiunadistribuzione degli animali vertebrati, p.35.-AlcidaeBonaparte,1831,Saggiodiunadistribuzione degli animali vertebrati,p.35.-AlcoideaeStejneger,1885,Standard Natural History, vol.4,p.68(superfamily).-AlcoidaeHay,1930(Jan.27),Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no.390,voL2,p. 342 (superfamily). Uriinae" Fiirbringer,1888,Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol.2(tyPeUriaBrisson).-UriaeRidgway,1919,Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no.50,pt.8,p.703.PlauteaeRidgway,1919(June26),Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no.50,pt.8,p:702 (tyPePlautus Cunnerus).PhalerinaeRidgway,1919(June26),Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no.50,pt.8,p.703(typePhaleris Temminck).-Phalel'eaeRidgway,1919(June26),Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt.8,p.704.CeppheaeRidgway,1919(June26),Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no.50,pt. 8, p.70S(typeCepphusPallas).BrachyrampheaeRidgway,(June26),Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no.50,pt.8,p:70S(typeBrachyramphusBrandt).SynthliborampheaeRidgway,1919(June26),Bull. U.S. ,Nat. Mus., no.50,pt.8,p.704(typeSynthliboramphusBrandt).Fraterculinae Ridgway, 1919(June26),Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no.50,pt.8,p.705(typeFraterculaBrisson).

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 215GenustMiocepphusWetmoreMiocepphusWetmore, 1940 (Jan. 2), Jour. Morphology, vol. 66, no. 1, p. 35 (typebyoriginal designationMiocepphus mcclungiWetmore).4.Miocepphu8 mcclungiWetmoreMiocepphus mcclungiWetmore, 1940, Jour. Morphology, vol. 66, no. 1, p. 35, figs. 11-14 (type from near Parker Creek, right humerus, U.S. Nat. Mus. no. 16159).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Calvertfonnation, zone 12).MARYLAND:CalvertCounty:cliffabout0.9 milenorthofmouthofParkerCreek.GenusCerorhincaBonaparteCerorhincaBonaparte, 1828, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. N.Y., vol. 2, p. 427 (typeCerorhinca occidentalis=Alca monocerataPallas, Recent).5.Cerorhinca dubiaL. MillerCerorhinca dubiaL. Miller, 1925, CarnegieInstn.Washington Publ., no. 349, p. 115, pI. 2, fig. B (type from Lompoc, impression of legs, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 26546).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Temblorfonnation).CALIFORNIA:SantaBarbaraCounty: Lompoc.GenusUna BrissonUriaBrisson, 1760,Om.,vol. 1, p. 52; vol. 6, p.70(typeColymbus aalgePontop pidan, Recent).6.Uriaantiqua(Marsh)Catarractes antiquus Marsh, 1870 (March), Arner. Jour. Sei., ser., 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 213 (type from Tarboro, left humerus, Aead. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia).MIDDLEMIOCENE(Chesapeake group).NORTHCAROLINA:EdgecombeCounty: Tarboro.7.U1'iaausoniaPortisUriaausoniaPortis, 1887, Mem.R.Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 38, p. 17 of separate (type from Orciano Pisano, distal portion of humerus, MuseodiFirenze).MIDDLEPLIOCENE(Orciano Pisano).ITALY.

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216BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM8.Uriaaffinis(Marsh)Vol. 11Catarractes affinisMarsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 259 (type from near Bangor, right humerus, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia).UPPER(?)PLEISTOCENE(railroad cut,47feet below surface).MAINE:Penobscot County:bankof Penobscot RivernearBangor. Genust Australca BrodkorbAustralcaBrodkorb, 1955 (Nov. 30), Florida Ceol. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14, p. 25 (typebyoriginal designationAustralca grandisBrodkorb).9. Australca grandis Brodkorb/ Australca grandisBrodkorb, 1955 (Nov. 30), Florida Ceol. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14,p.27, figs. 24-29 (type from near Brewster, right coracoid, Brodkorb colI. no. 141).LOWERPLIOCENE(Bone Valley gravel).FLORIDA:Polk County:nearBrewster. GenusBrachyramphusBrandtBrachyramphusBrandt, 1837, Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, vol. 2, no. 22, col. 346 (type Colymbus marmoratusGmelin, Recent).10.Brachyramphus pliocenumHowardBrachyramphus pliocenus 1949(June22), Carnegie Inst. Washington PubI., no. 584, p. 191, pI. 3, figs.1-2 (type from San Diego, humerus, Los Angeles County Mus. no. 2119).MIDDLE PLIoCENE (San Diego formation).CALIFORNIA:San Diego County: San Diego, Washington Boulevard Freeway. GenusPtychoramphusBrandtPtychoramphusBrandt, 1837, Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-petersbourg, vol. 2, no. 22, col. 347 Uria aleuticaPallas, Recent).11.PtychoramphustenuisL. MillerandBowman Ptych01'amphus tenuisL. MillerandBowman, 1958 (March 6), Contrib.inSci., Los Angeles Co. Mus., no. 20, p. 14,fig.4 (type fromSanDiego, right tar sometatarsus, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 45662).MIDDLE (San Diego formation).CALIFORNIA:San Diego County: San Diego.

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 217 SubfamilytMANCALLINAE(L. Miller)1MancallidaeL.Miller, 1946 (Jan.), Condor, vol. 48, no. 1, p. 34 (family; typeMancallaLucas). Genu;s tPraemancallaHowardPraemancallaHoward, 1966 (May 5), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 101, p. 4 (typebyoriginal designationPraemancalla lagunensisHoward).12.Praemancalla lagunensis HowardPraemancalla lagunensisHoward, 1966 (May 5), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 101, p. 4,fig.lA,C-E, G (type fromLagunaHills, distalendof right humerus, Los Angeles Co. Mus. no. 15288; paratype proximal half of right carpometarcarpus, no. 15287; referred fragmentary coracoid, scapula, mandible).UPPERMIOCENE?(marine bed).CALIFORNIA:OrangeCounty:LagunaHills, 1% milesSWof EI Toro,inSW/4 ofNE/4ofSW/4,sec. 34,Township6S,Range8W.GenustMancallaLucasMancallaLucas, 1901 (March 15), Science, n.s., vol. 13, no. 324, p. (typebymonotypyMancalla californiensisLucas).PliolundaL.Miller, 1937 (Dec. 15), Trans.SanDiego Soc. Nat. Hist., vol. 8, no. 29, p.376(type by original designationPliolunda diegenseL. Miller).PliolundiaPiveteau, 1955, Traitede PaIeontologie, p. 1056 (lapsus).13.Mancalla californiensisLucasMancalla californiensisLucas, 1901 (March 15), Science, n.s., vol. 13, no. 324, p.428.-Lucas,1901 (Sept. 27), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1245, p. 133, figs. 1-2 (type fromThirdStreet tunnel, proximal portion of left humerus, U.S. Nat. Mus. no. 4976).LOWERPLIOCENE(Repetto formation).CALIFORNIA:Los Angeles County: Los Angeles,ThirdStreettunnel;OrangeCounty: CoronadelMar.14.Mancalla diegensis(L. Miller) Pliolunda diegenseL. Miller, 1937, (Dec. 15), Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist., vol. 8, no. 29, po 376,figs.1-2 (type from Market Street near Euclid Ave., right femur, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 33409)MIDDLEPLIOCENE(San Diego formation).CALIFORNIA:San Diego County: San Diego.1New rank.

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218BULLETINFLORIDA STATK MUSEUM Vol. 11Neospecies of Alcidae from Pleistocene and prehistoric sites:1. Plautus aile(Linnaeus).IRELAND:KeshCaveandMerlin's Cave (Lam brecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn.,p.767).ENGLAND:Chudleigh Cave and WhiteparkBay (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeom., p. 767).NORWAY:Vardo (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 767).2. fPinguinus impennis(Linnaeus).IcELAND: (Blasius, 1884, Jour.f.Omith., vol. 32, no. 165, p. 145); Baejasker nearCapeReykjanes (Grieve, 1885,TheGreat Auk, or Garefowl(Alcaimpennis,Linn.), p. 41, App. p. 58).IRELAND:WaterfordCave, Whitepark Bay,andDonegal (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 767).SCOTLAND: Keiss inCaithness and Oronsay in Argyleshire (Blasius, 1884, Jour.f.Ornith., vol. 32, no. 165, p. 143); record from Colonsay (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 767) appears incorrect.ENGLAND:#Marsden CavenearCleadononcoastofDurham(Blasius, 1884, Jour.f.Ornith., vol. 32, no. 165, p. 143);#WhitbumLizardsinCo.Durham(Grieve, 1885,TheGreat Auk, or Garefowl(Alcaimpennis,Linn.),p.62, App. p. 58).CHANNELISLANDS:St. Brelade (Lambrecht, 1933, Ha'ndb. Palaeorn.,p.767).NORWAY:Vardo (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 767).SWEDEN:south west Skania (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 767).DENMARK: Fannerup Randers, #Gudumlund, Meilgaard Randers,andSolager (Blasius, 1884, Jour. f. Ornith. vol. 32, no. 165, p. 142); Havnoe, Erteboelle, Klintesoe, Sejroe,andKvemevig (H. Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. naturh. Foren., vol. 6, p. 98).GmRALTAR:Devil's Tower (Bate, 1928, Jour. Roy. Anthrop. Instn., vol. 58, p. 104,fig.25).ITALY:Grotta Romanelli (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 767).NEWFOUNDLAND: Funk Island (Blasius, 1884, Jour.f.Ornith., vol. 32, no. 165, p. 146).NOVASCOTIA: Whynacht, Reid, and Frost fish (Ha.lifax Mus.).MAINE: Mount Desertand Crouch's Cave near Portland (Blasius, 1884, Jour.f.Ornith., vol. 32, no. 165, p. 142).MAssAcmrsETTS.: Marblehead, Eagle-hill inIpswich,and Plumb Island(Grieve, 1885,TheGreatAuk, or Garefowl(Alcaimpennis,Linn.), p. 30, App. p. 58).FLORIDA: Cotton middenonHalifax River, 1. mile north of Ormond (Hay, 1902, Auk, vol. 19,p.255); Windy(BullenandSleight, 1950, William L. Bryant Founda tion Amer. Studies, Rept. no. 1, p. 20); Summer Havenmidden(Brodkorb, 1960, Auk,vol. 77, p. 342). in1844.3.Alca torcJq, Linnaeus. IRELAND: Newhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p. 766).SCOTLAND: Keiss inCaithnessand #Oronsay inArgyleshire (Grieve, 1885,TheGreat Auk, or Garefowl(Alcaimpennis,Linn.),pp.45, 54; '0 Ardrossan (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 766).ENGLAND: BurwelJ fen (Lambrecht, 1933,Handb.Palaeorn., p. 766).DENMARK:Mejlgaard, Erteboelle, Gudumlund, Soelager., Munkholm,and #Ordrup Mos Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. naturhist. Foren., vol. 6, p. 98).NOVASCOTIA: #Bear River, Reid, and Brighton (Halifax Mus.).FLORIDA: #Green Mound (Hamon, 1959, Auk, vol. 76,p.533).4.Unalomvia(Linnaeus).NORWAY:Vardo (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn.,p.767).SWEDEN:Aure (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 767).ALASKA: #St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 94); # Amaknak Island, #Kodiak Island, Cape Denbeigh (Friedmann, 1934, cit., Vol. 24, p. 233).#DutchHarbor?, LiUle Kiska Island?,and # Attu Island? (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27, pp. 436-437); Cape Princeof

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1967 BRODKORB: CATALOGUEOFFOSSIL BIRDS 219 Wales? (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 408).NOVASCOTIA: "'Port Jolie, (JWhynacht, and (JMatthews Island (Halifax Mus.).5.Uria aalge(Pontoppidan).IRELAND:Edenvale Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 767).SCOTLAND: "'Oronsay in Argyleshire (Grieve, 1885, The Great Auk, or Garefowl(Alca imp ennis,Linn.), p. 54);'" Ardrossan and "'Colonsay (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p. 767).ENGLAND:Norwich Crag (Lydekker, 1891, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 3, p. 395); Yarn Hill and Chillesford Bads (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 767).NORWAY:Vardo (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p. 767).DENMARK:Fannerup, Mejlgaard, Aamoelle, Gudumlund, Klintesoe, Soelager, Sejroe, and Aalorg (H. Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. naturh. Foren., vol. 6, p. 97).GmRALTAR:Devil's Tower (Bate, 1928, Jour. Roy. Anthrop. Inst., vol. 58, p. 104). ITALY: Grotta Romanelli? (Lam brecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom.,p. 767). ALAsKA:'" Amaknak Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 233); "'Kodiak Island (Friedmann, 1935, op. cit., vol. 25, p. 50); "'Dutch Harbor?, "'Little Kiska Island?, and '" Attu Island? (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27, pp. 4360437);Cape Prince of Wales? (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 408).CALIFORNIA:Del Rey Hills=Playa del Rey (Howard, 1936, Condor, vol. 38, p. 212); Mussel Rock(A.H. Miller and Peabody, 1941, Condor, vol. 43, p. 78).FLORIDA: Summer Haven (Brodkorb, 1960, Auk, vol.77,p. 342).6.Cepphtl8grylle (Linnaeus).ENGLAND:Chudleigh Cave? (Lambrecht, 1933, Handh. Palaeom., p. 767).NORWAY:Vardo (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeom., p. 767).NOVA SConA:port Jolie and "'Whynacht (Halifax Mus.).7.Cepphus columbaPallas.ALASKA: "'St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad:ScL,vol. 24, p. 95); Amaknak Island, "'Kodiak Island, and "'Cape Denbeigh (Friedmann, 1934, op. cit., vol. 24, p. 233);Dutch Harbor, "'Little Kiska Island, and '" Attu Island (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27, p. 436)Cape Prince of Wales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 408).8.Brachyramphus marmoratus(Gmelin). ALASKA:Little Kiska Island (Friedmann, 1937, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 27, p. 437). 9.Brachyramphus brevirostris(Vigors).ALASKA: "'St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 95).10.Synthliboramphus antiquum(Gmelin). ALASKA:Kodiak Island, Dutch Harbor, and v'Little Kiska Island (Friedmann, 1937, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 27, p. 434).CALIFORNIA:San Pedro (L. H. Miller, 1914, Univ. Calif. Pub!., Bull. Dept. Geol., vol. 43, pt. 2, p. 75); Santa Monica? (Howard, 1949, Condor, vol. 51, p. 27).n.Ptychoramphus aleutictl8 (Pallas).CALIFORNIA:San Pedro (Howard, 1949, Condor, vol. 51, p. 27).12. Cyclorrhynchus psittacula(Pallas).ALASKA:St. Lawrence Island (Fried mann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 95); Kodiak Island(Fried mann, 1935, op. cit., vol. 25, p. 50); Cape Prince of Wales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 408). 13. Aethia cristatella(Pallas).AL,AsKA: "'St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sei., vol. 24, p. 95); Kodiak Island, Dutch

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220BULLETINFLORIDASTATE MUSEUM Vol.11Harbor,and \loLittle Kiska Island (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27, p. 434); Prince of Wales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 408).14. Aethia pusilla(Pallas).ALASKA: \loSt. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 96); #Little Kiska Island (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27, p. 437); #Cape Prince of Wales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 408).15.Cerorhinca monocerata(Pallas).ALASKA: #Little Kiska Island (Fried mann, 1937, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 27, p. 437).16.Fraterculaarctica SCOTLAND:# Ardrossan (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn.,p.767).NORWAY:Vardo (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 767). Ladogasee (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb.Palaeorn.,p.767).NOVASCOTIA: #Matthews Island (Halifax Mus.).17. Fratercula corniculata(Naumann). ALASKA:#St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 96); (tCape Denbeigh (Friedmann, 1934, op. cit., vol. 24, p. 237); Kodiak Island, #Dutch Harbor, and >CILittle Kiska Island (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27,p.434); (tCape Prince of Wales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31,p.409).18. Lunda cirrhata (Pallas).ALASKA: #St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 96); >CI Amaknak Island (Friedmann, 1934, op. cit., vol. 24, p. 233); >CIKodiak Island (Friedmann, 1935, op. cit., voL 25, p. 51); \)Dutch Harborand #Little Kiska Island (Friedmann, 1937, op. cit., vol. 27,p.434); \loCape Prince of Wales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 409).


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Catalogue of fossil birds : part 3 ( Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes, Charadriiformes )
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 Material Information
Title: Catalogue of fossil birds : part 3 ( Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes, Charadriiformes )
Series Title: Bulletin of the Florida State Museum
Physical Description: v. : ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Brodkorb, Pierce, 1908-
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1967
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Birds, Fossil   ( lcsh )
Birds -- Classification   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000440442
oclc - 7964278
notis - ACK0908
lccn - a 63007824 //r
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System ID: UF00001535:00001
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Synopsis
        Page 99
    Table of Contents
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
    Introduction
        Page 106
        Page 107
    Addenda to previous parts
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
    Order Ralliformes (Reichenbach)
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
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        Page 171
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        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
    Order Chthyornithiformes (Marsh)
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
    Order Charadriiformes (Huxley)
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
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        Page 220
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text
BULLETIN
OF THE
FLORIDA STATE MUSEUM
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES Volume II Number 3
CATALOGUE OF FOSSIL BIRDS* Part 3 (Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes, Charadriiformes)
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA Gainesville 1967


Numbers of the BULLETIN OF THE FLORIDA STATE MUSEUM are published at irregular intervals. Volumes contain about 300 pages and are not necessarily completed in any one calendar year.
Walter Auffenberg, Managing Editor Oliver'L. Austin, Jr., Editor
Consultants for this issue:
" i Hildegarde Howard
Alexander Wetmore
Communications concerning purchase or exchange of the publication and all manuscripts should be addressed to the Managing Editor of the Bulletin, Florida State Museum, Seagle Building, Gainesville, Florida. 32601
Published June 12, 1967
Price for this issue $2.20


CATALOGUE OF FOSSIL BIRDS: Part 3 (Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes, Charadriiformes)
Pierce Brodkorb1
Synopsis: The third installment of the Catalogue of Fossil Birds treats 34 families comprising the orders Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes, and Charadriiformes. The species included in this section number 366, of which 215 are paleospecies and 151 are neospecies. With the addenda of 14 paleospecies, the three parts now published treat 1,236 species, of which 771 are paleospecies and 465 are living or recently extinct.
The nominal order Diatrymiformes is reduced in rank to a suborder of the Ralliformes, and several generally recognized families are reduced to subfamily status. These include Geranoididae and Eogruidae (to Gruidae); Brontornithidae (to Phorusrhacidae); Bathornithidae, Psilopteridae, and "Hermosiornithidae" (to Cariamidae); Rostyatulidae, Charadriidae, Phalaropodidae, and Haematopodidae (to Scolopacidae); Presbyornithidae (to Recurvirostridae); Rhegminornithidae (to Jacanidae); and Mancallidae (to Alcidae).
New taxa include the family Gryzajidae (for Gryzaja odessana Zubareva, in suborder Otides); the subfamilies Palaeociconiinae (for Palaeociconia Moreno and Mercerat, in Phorusrhacidae) and Prophororhacinae (for Prophororhacus Rovereto, in Cariamidae); the genus Eortyx (for Tringa? hoffmanni Gervais, in Gallinuloid-inae); and the species Gallinula kansarum (Upper Pliocene, Kansas), Eogrus wetmorei (Upper Miocene, Inner Mongolia), Hmosa ^qssivallis (Lower Pliocene, Florida), and Erolia ertnouchii (new name for'Tbtaiii%s minor Ennouchi, preoccupied). "'
' < i -1
1 The author is Professor of Biological Sciences and. Zoology at the University of Florida, Gainesville. Manuscript received 13 July 1965.Ed.
Brodkorb, Pierce. 1967. Catalogue of fossil birds, Part 3 (Ralliformes, Ichthyornithiformes, Charadriiformes). Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 99-220.


v. H a
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ______________-_______________________________________________________________________________- 106
ADDENDA TO PREVIOUS PARTS ______________________________----------------------------- 108
Order RALLIFORMES (Reichenbach). MARSH BIRDS and ALLIES-------- 113
Suborder RALLI (Reichenbach). RAILS and ALLIES ---------------------------- 115
Family Rallidae Vigors. Rails, Gallinules, Coots ---------------------------- 115
Subfamily Rallinae (Vigors). Rails ----------------------------------------------- 116
\Telmatornis Marsh ....______________________________________________________________________ 116
\Palaeorallus Wetmore -------------------------------------------------------------------- 117
\Gypsornis Milne-Edwards ------------------------------------------------------------- 117
\Quercyrallus Lambrecht --------------------------------------------------------------- 118
\Rallicrex Lambrecht ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 118
\Palaeoaramides Lambrecht ----------------------------------------------------------- 119
^Paraortygometra Lambrecht -------------------------------------------------------- 119
\Pararalius Lambrecht_____________________________________________________________________ 119
Rallus Linnaeus----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 120
]Creccoides Shufeldt ________________________________________________________________________ 120
Porzana Vieillot __________________________________________________________________---------- 121
^ \Euryonotus Mercerat -------------------------------------------------------------------- 122
\Aphanocrex Wetmore -------------------------------------------------------------- 122
^Capellirallus Falla _________________________________________________________________________ 122
Gallirallus Lafresnaye -------------------------------------------------------------------- 123
\Diaphorapteryx Forbes ----------------------------------------------------------------- 123
Subfamily Gallinulinae Gray. Gallinules ----------------------------------- 123
\Eocrex Wetmore-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 123
\Palaeocrex Wetmore _______________________---------------------------------------------- 124
^Mior alius Lambrecht ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 124
\Thiornis Navas ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 124
Gallinula Brisson --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 125
\Epirallus L. Miller __________________________________________________________________________ 126
Porphyrio Brisson ________________________________________________________________________ 126
Tribonyx DuBus ...__________________________________________________________________________ 126
\Hovacrex Brodkorb------------------------------------------------------------------------ 127
^Nesotrochis Wetmore------------------------------------------------------------------ 127
\Pyramida Oliver _____________________________________________________________________________ 127
Notornis Owen _______________________________________________________________________________ 128
Subfamily Fulicinae (Nitzsch). Coots ---------.......-------------------------------- 128
\Fulicaletornis Lambrecht ------------------------------------------------------------ 128
}Miofulica Lambrecht ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 128
Fulica Linnaeus ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 129
}Palaeolimnas Forbes -------------------------------------------------------------------- 130
\Nesophalaris Brodkorb and Dawson -------------------------------------------- 131
Subfamily ITelechecinae Wetmore ____________________________________________________ 131
\Telecrex Wetmore _________.-----------------------------------------------------------..... 131


1 New rank.
Subfamily IAptornithinae Bonaparte ------------------------------------------------ 131
\Aptornis Owen -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 131
Neospecies of Rallidae -_____________________________________..........------------------------ 132
Family \ Idiornithidae Brodkorb________________________________________________________________ 136
\ldiornis Oberholser ------------------------:-------------------------------............ 136
\Elaphrocnemus Milne-Edwards ---------------------------------------------------- 137
Suborder HELIORNITHES Sharpe. FINFOOTS ______________________________________ 138
Family Heliornithidae (Gray). Sun-Grebes ------------.....----------------------- 139
Suborder RHYNOCHETI (Sharpe). KAGU ______________________________________________ 139
Family Rhynochetidae Newton. Kagu ______________________---------------------------- 139
Suborder EURYPYGAE Furbringer. SUN-BITTERNS ____________________________ 139
Family Eurypygidae Bonaparte. Sun-Bitterns -----------------.......------------ 139
Suborder MESITORNITHES Wetmore. ROATELOS ______________________________ 139
Family Mesitornithidae Wetmore. Roatelos -------------------------------------- 140
Suborder TURNICES (Huxley). HEMIPODES---------------------------------------- 140
Family Turnicedae (Gray). Bustard-Quails ---------------------------------------- 140
Family Pedignomidae Gadow. Collared Hemipode ___________................. 140
Suborder fGASTORNITHES Stejneger1--------------------------------------......------------ 141
Family f Gastornithidae Furbringer -------------------------------------------------------- 141
\Remiornis Lemoine ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 141
\Gastornis Hebert ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 141
^Dasornis Owen ________________________________________________________________________________ 142
Family |Diatrymidae Matthew and Granger ..---------------------------------- 143
\Diatryma Cope -_______________________________________________________________________________ 143
Suborder GRUES Bonaparte. CRANES, LIMPKINS, TRUMPETERS... 145
Family Gruidae Vigors. Cranes ------.........---------------------------------------------- 145
Subfamily IGeranoidinae (Wetmore)1 ------------------------------------------------ 146
\Geranoides Wetmore ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 146
Subfamily Balearicinae (W. L. Sclater). Normal Cranes------------ 146
\Paragrus Lambrecht ______________________________________________________________________ 146
\Aletornis Marsh -------------.....----------------------------------------------------------- 147
\Ornitocnemus Zigno------------------------------------------------------------------------ 147
\Eobalearica Gureev ----------------------------------------------------......------------- 148
\Geranopsis Lydekker ________________......-------.------------------..-------------------- 148
\Probalearica Lambrecht------------------------------------------------------------- 149,
\Pliogrus Lambrecht---------------------------------------------------------------------- 149
Subfamily fEogruinae (Wetmore)1----------------------------------------------------- 150
\Eogrus Wetmore ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 150
Subfamily Gruinae (Vigors). Whooping Cranes-------------------------- 151
Grus Pallas ______________________________________---------------------------------------------- 151
\Baeopteryx Wetmore __________________________________________________________________ 152
Neospecies of Gruidae_______________________________________________________________________ 152


1 New emendation.
2 New name.
3 New subfamily.
Family f Ergilornithidae Kozlova ------------------------------------------------------------ 154
\Proergilornis Kozlova ______________________________________________________________________ 154
\Ergilornis Kozlova __________________________________________________________________________ 154
\Urmiornis Mecquenem ___________________________________________________--------------- 154
Family Aramidae Bonaparte. Limpkins -------------------------------------------------- 155
\Aminornis Ameghino ----------------.....-------------------------------------------- 155
\Loncornis Ameghino ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 155
\Badistornis Wetmore---------------------------------------------------------------------- 155
\Gnotornis Wetmore ________________________________________________________________________ 156
\Aramarnis Wetmore ________________________________________________________________________ 156
Neospecies of Aramidae ______________________________________________________________________ 156
Family Psophiidae Bonaparte. Trumpeters -----------------------------------....... 157
Suborder CARIAMAE Furbringer. SERIEMAS and ALLIES ------------------ 157
Family ICunampaiidae Rusconi ________________________________________________________________ 157
\Cunampaia Rusconi------------------------------------------------------------------------ 157
Family tPhorusrhacidae (Ameghino) ---------------------------------------------------- 157
Subfamily IBrontornithinae (Moreno and Mercerat)1 -------------------- 158
s \Physornis Ameghino ----------.....------------------------------------------------------- 159
\Brontornis Moreno and Mercerat------------------------------------------------ 159
Subfamily fPalaeocicontinae Brodkorb2 ------------------------------------------ 160
}Andrewsornis Patterson ------------------------------------------------------------------ 160
\Palaeociconia Moreno and Mercerat -------------------------------------------- 161
\Andalgalornis Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich ---------------------------- 162
Subfamily f Phorusrhacinae (Ameghino) ------------------------------------------ 162
\Phorusrhacos Ameghino-----------------------------------------.......--------------- 163
\Onactornis Cabrera ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 165
\Titanis Brodkorb ___________________________________________________________________________- I66
Family Cariamidae Bonaparte. Sertemas and Allies-------------------------- 166
Subfamily IBathornithinae Wetmore ------------------------------------------------ 167
\Baihornis Wetmore ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 167
Subfamily fFsilopterinae (Dolgopol de Saez) ------------------------------------ 168
}Riacama Ameghino-------------------------------------------------------.....------ 168
^Smiliornis Ameghino --------------------------------------......-------------------------- 168
f Pseudolarus Ameghino------------------------------------------------------------------- 169
\Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat ----------------------------------------------- 169
\Lophiornis Ameghino---------------------------------------------------------------------- 171
\Procariama Rovereto --------------------------------------------------------------------- 171
Subfamily |Prophororhacinae Brodkorb8 ------------------------------------------ 171
\Prophororhacus Rovereto---------------------------------------------------------------- 172


Subfamily Cariaminae Bonaparte. Seriemas -------------------------------------- 173
Neospecies of Cariaminae----------------------------------------------......---------------- 173
Suborder OTIDES Wagler. BUSTARDS and ALLIES ------------------------------ 173
Family Ottdidae (Gray). Bustards -------------------------------------------------------- 173
\Palaeotis Lambrecht ______________________________________________________________________ 173
Chlamydotis Lesson ___________.------------------------------------------------------------ 174
Otis Linnaeus __________________________________________________________________________________ 174
Neospecies of Otididae ________________________________________________________________________ 174
Family IGryzattdae Brodkorb1 ________________________________________________________________ 175
\Gryzaja Zubareva -------------------------------------------------------------<--------------- 175
Order fICHTHYORNITHIFORMES (Marsh) ________________________________________________ 176
Family fIchthyornithidae (Marsh) _v--------------------------------------------------- 176
\Ichthyornis Marsh _____________.------------------------------------------------------------ 176
Family fAPATORNiraroAE Furbringer-------------------------------------------------------- 178
f Apatornis Marsh______________________________________________________________________________ 178
Order CHARADRIIFORMES (Huxley). SHOREBIRDS, GULLS, AUKS- 179
Suborder CHARADRII (Huxley). SHOREBIRDS ------------------------------------ 179
Family f Ctmolopterygidae Brodkorb------------------------------------------------------ 180
\Cimolopteryx Marsh_____.------------------------------------------------------------------ 180
^Ceramornis Brodkorb ______________________________________________________________________ 181
Family Scolopactdae Vigors. Sandpipers and Plovers ------------------------ 181
Subfamily { Palaeotringinae Wetmore ________________________________________________ 183
\Palaeotringa Marsh __________________------------------------------------------------------ 183
Subfamily fRostratulinae Ridgway. Painted Snipes -------------------- 184
\Rhynchaeites Wittich -------------------------------------------------------------------- 184
Subfamily Scolopacinae (Vigors). Sandpipers -------------------------------- 184
Limosa Brisson _______________________________________________________________________________t. 185
Totanus Bechstein __________________________________________________________________________ 186
\Paractitis Weigel---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 187
\Elorius Milne-Edwards _________________________---------------------------------------- 187
Numenius Brisson-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 187
Bartramia Lesson ____________________________---------------------------------------------- 188
\Palnumenius L. Miller -------------------------------------------------------------------- 188
Erolia Vieillot ___________________________________________________________________________________ I88
Ereunetes Illiger--------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
Calidris Merrem ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 18
Micropalama Baird ________________________________________________________________________ 190
Philomachus Merrem _____________________________________________________________________- 190
Capella Franzel .....--------------------------------------------------------------------- 190
Coenocorypha Gray __________________________________-------------------------------------- 190
1 New family.


1 New rank.
Subfamily Aphrizinae Coues. Surfbird and Turnstones---------------- 191
Subfamily Charadrhnae (Vigors). Plovers and Lapwings ....-------- 191
\Dolicopterus Aymard____________________________________________________________________ 191
Charadrius Linnaeus --------------------------------------------------------------------- 192
\Limicolavis Shufeldt ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 192
Vanellus Brisson ______________________________________________________________________________ 192
}Dorypaltus Brodkorb --------------------------------------------------------------------- 192
Subfamily Phalaropodinae Bonaparte. Phalaropes ------------------------ 193
Subfamily Haematopodinae Gray. Oystercatchers ---------------------- 193
^Paractiornis Wetmore ____________________________________________________________________ 193
\Palostralegus Brodkorb __________________________________________________________________ 193
Neospecies of Scolopacidae ______________________________......----------------------------- 194
Family Recurvirostridae Bonaparte. Avocets and Stilts ---------------- 199
Subfamily jPresbyornithinae (Wetmore)1 ---------------------------------------- 200
\Presbyornis Wetmore ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 200
iColtonia Hardy_______________________________________________________________________________ 200
Subfamily Recurvirostrinae Bonaparte. Avocets and Stilts -------- 200
Neospecies of Recurvirostrinae------------------------------------------------------------ 201
Family Jacanidae Stejneger. Lily-Trotters ------------------------------------------ 201
Subfamily fRhegminornithinae (Wetmore)1--------------------------------------- 201
f Rhegminornis Wetmore ___________________.....------------------------------------------ 202
Subfamily Jacaninae (Strejneger).1 Jacanas -------------------------------------- 202
Neospecies of Jacaninae------------------------------------------------------------------------ 202
Family Burhinidae Mathews. Thick-Knees ____________________________________________ 202
^Milnea Lydekker ____________________________________________________________________________ 203
Burhinus Illiger _____________________________________________________________________________ 203
Neospecies of Burhinidae ______________________________________________________-------------- 203
Family Dromadidae (Gray). Crab-Plovers --------------------------........---------- 203
Family Glareolidae Brehm. Pratincoles and Coursers--------------...... 203
Family Thinocoridae (Gray). Seed-Snipes-------------------------------------------- 204
Family Chionididae Bonaparte. Sheathbills ---------------------------------------- 204
Suborder LARI Sharpe. GULLS and ALLIES __________________________________________ 204
Family Lartdae Vigors. Gulls and Terns -------------------------------------------- 205
Subfamily Larinae (Vigors). Gulls---------------------------------------------------- 205
\Halcyornis Owen ------------.....------------------.....--------------------------------- 205
\Rupehrnis Van Beneden ______________________________________________________________ 205
Larus Linnaeus _____________________________________________________________________________ 206
\Gaviota A. H. Miller and Sibley ____________________________________------------- 207
}Ocyplanus DeVis ____________________________________________________________________________ 207


1 New subfamily.
Subfamily Sterninae Bonaparte. Terns ---------------------------------.........- 207
Sterna Linnaeus _____________________________________________________________________________ 208
\Pseudosterna Mercerat_______________________________________..............-------------- 208
Neospecies of Laridae -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 208
Family Stercorariidae (Gray). Jaegers and Skuas ---------------------------- 212
Stercorarius Brisson -------------------------------------------------.....------------------ 212
Neospecies of Stercorariidae -------------------------------------------------------------- 212
Family Rynchopidae (Bonaparte). Skimmers -------------------------------------- 212
Suborder ALCAE Sharpe. AUKS __________________________________________________________________ 212
Family Alcidae Vigors. Auks __________________________________________________________________ 213
Subfamily INautilornithinae Wetmore ____________________.------------------------- 213
\Nautilornis Wetmore ______________________________________________________________________ 213
\Hydrotherikornis A. H. Miller------------------------------------------------------- 214
Subfamily Alcinae (Vigors). Auks------------------------------------------------------ 214
}Miocepphus Wetmore _____________________________________________________________________ 215
Cerorhinca Bonaparte-------------------------------------------------------------------- 215
Uria Brisson ____________________________________________________________________________________ 215
\Atistralca Brodkorb -----------------------.------------------------------------------------ 216
Brachyramphus Brandt ---------------------------------------.....---------------------- 216
Ptychoramphus Brandt ------------------------------------------------------------------ 216
Subfamily IMancallinae (L. Miller)1 ------------------------------------------------ 217
\Praemancalla Howard -------------------------------------------------------------------- 217
\Mancalla Lucas ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 217
Neospecies of Alcidae -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 218


INTRODUCTION
The present installment treats the marsh birds, the Ichthyornithiformes, and the shorebird-gull-auk complex. In these three orders the fossil record covers 34 families (10 extinct and 24 living), 180 genera (99 paleogenera and 81 neogenera), and 366 species (215 paleospecies and 151 neospecies), plus 6 paleogenera and 14 paleospecies in the Addenda.
The marsh birds have a more extensive fossil record than any other avian group, but opinion still differs as to whether they are monophyletic or should be divided into three or more orders (Strese-mann makes ten). Uniting the rails, cranes, bustards, and satellite groups tends to equate the taxon more nearly with ordinal rank in other vertebrate classes. No trenchant reason exists for excluding Diatryma and its allies from the Ralliformes. Like the ostriches, these large birds and the phororhacoids have been given a superfluity of names at the specific, generic, and higher levels. I have attempted to cut this Gordian knot by synonymizing those coetaneous taxa for which differentiating characters have not been established.
Pending completion of a revision of Marsh's material, I tentatively place Ichthyornis and Apatornis between the Ralliformes and the Charadriiformes, and hold in abeyance the question of the toothed jaws.
Hildegarde Howard and Alexander Wetmore read the manuscript of the present installment, as well as the preceding parts, and their help is gratefully acknowledged. No longer available was the advice of Alden Holmes Miller (4 February 19069 October 1965), whose extensive bibliography includes 27 papers on paleornithology, with data on the fossil occurrence of neospecies and descriptions of a new family (Paranyrocidae), 10 new genera, and 23 new species of fossil birds.
Numerous friends mentioned in the introduction of Parts 1 and 2 of the Catalogue continued to furnish information or specimens. To these I am happy to add the names of Ticul Alvarez, Mexico City; Andrew A. Arata, New Orleans, Louisiana; Donald Baird, Princeton, New Jersey; Peter Ballman, Munich, Germany; Dietrich E. Berg, Mainz, Germany; Lowell Bernstein, Raleigh, North Carolina; N. Bur-chak-Abramovich, Tiflis, USSR; Charles T. Collins, New York City; C. S. Churcher, Toronto, Canada; Edwin C. Galbreath, Carbondale, Illinois; John E. Guilday, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; H. James Gut, Sanford, Florida; Yoshikazu Hasegawa, Tokyo, Japan; Robert W. Hiatt, Glendive, Montana; James A. Hopson, New Haven, Connecticut; K. Hudec, Brno, Czechoslovakia; Joseph R. Jehl, Jr., Ann Arbor,


Michigan; Miklos Kretzoi, Budapest, Hungary; Nagahisa Kuroda, Tokyo; Sanford R. LefBer, San Carlos, California; Miles B. Markus, Pretoria, South Africa; Robert W. McFarlane, Gainesville, Florida; Bertram G. Murray, Jr., Ann Arbor; Arno H. Miiller, Freiberg, German Democratic Republic; Wilfred T. Neill, New Port Richey, Florida; John H. Ostrom, New Haven; Ralph S. Palmer, Albany, New York; Arnold Ross, New York City; Dale Russell, Ottawa, Canada; E. G. Franz Sauer, Gainesville; R. J. Scarlett, Christchurch, New Zealand; Robert K. Selander, Austin, Texas; Morris Skinner, New York City; Kenneth G. Simpson, Melbourne, Australia; Robert O. Vernon, Tallahassee, Florida; S. David Webb, Gainesville; Glen E. Woolfenden, Tampa, Florida.
The National Science Foundation continued its support through grant number GB-1686.
With the present installment all the water birds have been treated, as well as some of the land birds. These represent 96 families (34 extinct and 62 living), 550 genera (303 paleogenera and 247 neo-genera), and 1,230 species (771 paleospecies and 465 neospecies). The remaining groups, species incertae sedis, and nomina nuda will, hopefully, comprise the fourth part of the Catalogue.


ADDENDA TO PREVIOUS PARTS
Genera and species listed below supplement the previous Addenda published on pages 203-204 of Part 2. They include new taxa based on diagnostic parts of the skeleton and described since preceding installments of the Catalogue. I am indebted to James Fisher, London, and E. Kurotchkin, Moscow, for calling to my attention a species overlooked during the preparation of Part 2, and I hope that workers knowing of similar omissions will so inform me.
ADDENDA TO PART 1
On p. 241, family Diomedeidae. insert:
5. Diomedea milleri Howard
Diomedea milleri Howard, 1966 (Dec. 28; postmarked Feb. 15, 1967), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no 114, p. 2, fig. 1,C (type from Sharktooth Hill, proximal end of left ulna, Los Angeles Co. Mus. no. 7319).
Middle Miocene (Temblor formation). California: Kern County: Sharktooth Hill, 7 miles NE of Bakersfield.
On p. 255, family Phalacrocoracidae, insert:
24. Phalacrocorax goletensis Howard
Phalacrocorax goletensis Howard, 1965 (Apr. 26), Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., vol. 64, pt. 1, p. 51, fig. 1 (type from La Goleta, right coracoid, Los Angeles County Mus., no. 4632).
Middle? Pliocene (Goleta formation). Mexico: Michoacan: Morelia lacustrine basin near La Goleta.
On p. 265, family fCyphornithidae, insert:
Genus ^Tympanonesiotes Hopson
Tympanonesiotes Hopson, 1964 (July 15), Postilla, no. 83, p. 14 (type by mono-typy and new genus new species convention Tympanonesiotes wetmorei Hop-son).
3. Tympanonesiotes wetmorei Hopson
Tympanonesiotes wetmorei Hopson, 1964 (July 15), Postilla, no. 83, p. 14, fig. 3 (type from Drum Island, distal part of right tarsometatarsus, U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 16809; cast in Brodkorb coll.).
Lower Miocene (Hawthorne formation). South Carolina: Charleston County: Cooper River near Drum Island.


On p. 267, family Pelecanidae, insert:
10a. Pelecanus conspicillatus novaezealandiae Scarlett
Pelecanus conspicillatus novaezealandiae Scarlett, 1966 (Dec.), Notornis, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 209, figs. 1-11 (type from Poukawa, mandible, left quadrate, and post-cranial skeleton, Russell Price coll.).
Quaternary. New Zealand: North Island: Poukawa on Hawkes Bay; Waikaremoana. South Island: Marfell Beach on Lake Grass-mere in Marlborough.
On p. 289, subfamily Ciconiinae, insert:
Genus \Dissourodes Short
Dissourodes Short, 1966 (May 26), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 149, no. 9, p. 1 (type by original designation Dissourodes milleri Short).
22. Dissourodes milleri Short
Dissourodes milleri Short, 1966 (May 26), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 149, no. 9, p. 1, fig. 1 (type from near Valentine, distal half of left tibiotarsus, Nebraska State Mus. no. 15780; cast in U. S. Nat. Mus.).
Lower Pliocene (Valentine formation). Nebraska: Cherry County: 4 miles SE of Valentine, in section 17, Township 33 N, Range 27 W.
ADDENDA TO PART 2
On p. 216, subfamily Plectropterinae, insert:
90. Neochen barbadiana Brodkorb
Neochen barbadiana Brodkorb, 1965 (Jan. 18), Jour. Barbados Mus. & Hist. Soc, vol. 31, no. 1, p. 5, pi. 1 (type from Ragged Point, left coracoid, Univ. Florida no. 7456).
Upper Pleistocene (post-Coral Rock). Barbados: St. Philip Par-rish: Ragged Point.
On p. 219, for 40. Anabernicula n. sp., Howard (MS.) read:
40. Anabernicula oregonensis Howard
Anabernicula oregonesis Howard, 1964 (Dec. 15), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 2200, p. 5, figs. 1-2 (type from Fossil Lake, left humerus, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 3548).
Middle Pleistocene (Fossil Lake formation). Oregon: Lake County: Fossil Lake.


On p. 223, subfamily Anatinae, insert:
91. Anas apscheronica Burchak-Abramovich
Anas apscheronica Burchak-Abramovich, 1958, Uchenie Zapiski Azerbaijan State Univ., Ser. biol., no. 1, p. 85, fig. 1 (type from Enikend, upper end of right coracoid, coll. N. Burchak-Abramovich).
Upper Pliocene (Apscheron). Azerbaijan: Enikend, on right bank of Kura River.
On p. 227, subfamily Anatinae, insert:
Genus fWasonaka Howard
Wasonaka Howard, 1966 (Apr. 4), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 94, p. 5 (type by original designation Wasonaka yepomerae Howard).
92. Wasonaka yepomerae Howard
Wasonaka yepomerae Howard, 1966 (Apr. 4), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 94, p. 5, fig. 1 A-E, H-I (type from Arroyo de las Barrancas Blancas, right "humerus, Los Angeles County Mus. no. 4620).
Middle Pliocene (Chihuahua formation). Mexico: Chihuahua: Arroyo de las Barrancas Blancas, V4 mile east of Yepomera.
On p. 230, subfamily Merginae, insert:
93. Bucephala angustipes Janossy
Bucephala angustipes Janossy, 1965 (June), Palaont. Abhandl., Abt. A. Bd. 2, Heft 2-3, p. 345, text-fig. 6, pi. 6, figs. 12-20 (type from Voigtstedt, Institut fiir Quatarpalaontologie, Weimar, no. Voi.2795).
Lower Pleistocene. Germany: Thiiringia: Voigtstedt.
On p. 253, subfamily Vulturinae, insert:
Genus \Dryornis Moreno and Mercerat
Dryornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), An. Museo La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 24, 59 (type by monotypy Dryornis panpeanus Moreno and Mercerat).
17. Dryornis pampeanus Moreno and Mercerat
Dryornis pampeanus Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), An. Museo La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 24, 59, pi. 16, fig. 1 only (lectotype from Monte Hermoso, distal end of right humerus, La Plata Mus. no. 169, designated by L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 329 note).


Middle Pliocene (Monte Hermoso formation). Argentina: Prov. Buenos Aires: Monte Hermoso.
On p. 276, subfamily Gypaetinae, insert:
Genus f Arikarornis Howard
Arikarornis Howard, 1966 (July 22), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 107, p. 2 (type by original designation Arikarornis macdonaldi Howard).
63. Arikarornis macdonaldi Howard
Arikararornis macdonaldi Howard, 1966 (July 22), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 107, p. 2, fig. 1 A-D (type from Sharp's Cutoff, distal end of left tibiotarsus, Los Angeles Co. Mus. no. 9357).
Lower Miocene (middle of Sharp's formation). South Dakota: Shannon County: south side of Sharp's Cutoff Road, in SW Vi, section 9, Township 39 N, Range 43 W.
On p. 298, subfamily Gallinuloidinae, for Genus ^Palaeortyx Milne-Edwards and Palaeortyx hoffmanni (Gervais), substitute:
Genus ^Eortyx Brodkorb1
2. Eortyx hoffmanni (Gervais)
On p. 301, subfamily Gallinuloidinae, add:
27. Taoperdix miocaena Ballmann
Taoperdix miocaena Ballmann, 1966 (postmarked 16 Feb. 1967), Die Voger aus der altburdigalen Spaltenfullung von Wintershof (West) bei Eichstatt in Bayern, p. 44, pi. 1. fig. 1 (type from Wintershof (West), proximal part of left carpo-metacarpus, Bayer. Staatssammlung f. Pal. u. hist. Geol. Miinchen no. 18111).
Middle Miocene (Burdigalian fissure deposit). Germany: Bavaria: Wintershof (West) bei Eichstatt.
1 New genus. Name from Greek Eos (Dawn) and masculine ortux (quail). Type Tringa? hoffmanni Gervais. As pointed out by Ballmann (1967, Die Vogel aus der altburdigalen Spaltenfullung von Wintershof (West) bei Eichstatt in Bayern, pp. 43 ff), the expression "Palaeortyx hoffmanni, nov. gen." (Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 217) was not a designation of that species as the type of the genus, for he says of Palaeortyx gallica, nov. sp., "Cette espece devra meme etre consideree comme le type de cette genre" (p. 230). Accordingly a different generic name is needed for the straight-billed Tringa? hoffmanni.


On p. 310, subfamily Odontophorinae, insert:
54. Miortyx aldeni Howard
Miortyx aldeni Howard, 1966 (July 22), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 107, p. 5, fig. 1 E (type from Sharp's Cutoff, proximal end of left humerus, Los Angeles Co. Mus. no. 9388).
Lower Miocene (middle of Sharp's formation). South Dakota: Shannon County: south side of Sharp's Cutoff Road, in N Vz, section 17, Township 39 N, Range 43 W.
On p. 313, subfamily Phasianinae, after Schaubortyx kelticus (Eastman), add:
Genus \Palaeortyx Milne-Edwards (from p. 298)
55. Palaeortyx gallica Milne-Edwards (from p. 301)
56. Palaeortyx brevipes Milne-Edwards (from p. 301)
57. Palaeortyx phasianoides Milne-Edwards (from p. 301)
58. Palaeortyx intermedia Ballmann
Palaeortyx? intermedia Ballmann, 1966 (Feb. 16, 1967), Vogel altburdigal. Spaltenfullung von Wintershof (West), p. 54, pi. 1, fig. 3 (type from Wintershof (West), left coracoid, Bayer. Staatssamml. Pal. Hist. Geol. no. 18103).
Meddle Miocene (Burdigalian fissure deposit). Germany: Bavaria: Wintershof (West) bei Eichstatt.
On p. 318, subfamily Phasianinae, add:
59. Alectoris bavarica Ballmann
Allectoris bavarica Ballmann, 1966 (Feb. 16, 1967), Vbgel altburdigal. Spaltenfullung von Wintershof (West), p. 61, pi. 1, fig. 2 (type from Wintershof (West), left tarsometatarsus, Bayer. Staatssamml. Pal. hist. Geol. no. 18110).
Middle Miocene (Burdigalian fissure deposit). Germany: Bavaria: Wintershof (West) bei Eichstatt.


Order RALLIFORMES (Reichenbach)
Otides Wagler, 1830, Natiirliches System der Amphibien mit vorangehender Classification der Saugethiere und Vogel, pp. 80, 82 (ordo; type Otis Linnaeus). Otides Furbringer, 1888, Untersuchungen zur Morphologie und Systematik der Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens [between suborder and family]).Otides Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 73 (suborder). Otidea Verheyen, 1961 (Oct.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 37, no. 27, p. 26 (suborder; misprint for Otides?, cf. p. 21).
Fulicariae Reichenbach, 1852 (after Oct. 1), Avium systema naturale, p. XX (cohors = suborder; type Fulica Linnaeus).Fulicariae Sclater and Salvin, 1873, Nomenclator avium neotropicalium, pp. viii, 139 (order).Fulicariae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens).
Rallariae Reichenbach, 1852 (after Oct. 1), Avium syst. nat., p. XXII (cohors = suborder; type Rallus Linnaeus).Ralliformes Coues, 1884, Key to North American Birds, ed. 2, pp. ix, 669 (suborder).Ralli American Ornithologists' Union, 1886, Check-list of North American Birds, ed. 1, p. 139 (suborder). Ralliformes Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 70 (order).Rallimorphae Lowe, 1931 (July), Ibis, ser. 13, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 491 (order).Ralli Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Grues Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat. Paris, vol. 1, p. 36 (tribus suborder; type Grus Pallas).Gruiformes Coues, 1884, Key to North American Birds, ed. 2, pp. ix, 666 (suborder).Grues Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens).Gruiformes Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (order).Gruimorphae Lowe, 1931 (July), Ibis, ser. 13, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 491 (suborder).Gruae Lowe, 1931 (July), op. cit, p. 491 (suborder).Grues Mayr and Amadon, 1951 (Apr. 2), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 1496, p. 34 (order).
Turnicomorphae Huxley, 1868, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 303 ("group" [below suborder]; type Turnix Bonnaterre).Turnices Gadow, 1893, Bronn Klass. Ordn., Vogel, no. 2, pp. 78, 164, 300 (Unterordnung).Turniciformes Verheyen, 1958 (Jan.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 1, 16 (ordo). Turnices Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Hemipodii Sclater, 1880 (July), Ibis, ser. 4, vol. 4, no. 15, p. 340 (order; type Hemipodius Reinwardt, 1815, a junior synonym of Turnix Bonnaterre, 1791). Hemipodii Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens).
Gastornith.es Stejneger, 1885, Standard Nat. Hist., vol. 4, p. 54 (order; type Gastornis Hebert).Gastornithiformes Sharpe, 1899, Hand-list of Genera and Species of Birds, vol. 1, p. 230 (order).
Eurypygae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens; type Eurypyga Illiger).Eurypygae Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder).Eurypygae Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Cariamae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 note (gens; type Cariama Brisson).Cariamae Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 343 (suborder).Cariamiformes Verheyen, 1957 (Aug.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 39, pp. 1, 6 (ordo). Cariamae Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).


Stereornithes Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 20, 37 (ordo; type Stereornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887).
Heliornithiformes Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify birds, p. 70 (order; type Heliornis Bonnaterre).Heliornithes Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 70 (suborder).Heliornithes Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Arami Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; type Aramus Vieillot).
Rhinochetides Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; type Rhynochetos Verreaux and Des Murs).Rhinochetes Sharpe, 1899, Hand-list of Genera and Species of Birds, p. 180 (suborder).Rhynocheti Wetmore, 1930 (Jan. 8), Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 76, art. 24, p. 4 (suborder).Rhinocheti Stresemann, 1934, Handbuch der Zoologie, vol. 7, p. 769. Rhynocheti Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Mesitides Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; type Mesites Geoffroy, Apr. 1838, preoccupied by Mesites Schonherr, before Feb. 1838).Mesites Gadow, 1893, Bronn Klass. Ordn., Vogel, pt. 2, p. 300 (Unterordnung).
Psophiae Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; type Psophia Linnaeus).Psophiiformes Mathews, 1913, Birds of Australia, vol. 3, pt. 4, p. 373 (order).Psophiae Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Dicholophi Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; type Dicholophus Illiger, 1811, a junior synonym of Cariama Brisson, 1790).
Stephanornithes Moreno, 1897, An. Soc. cien. argentina, vol. 43, p. 226 (ordo; type Stephanornis Mercerat).
Mesoenatides Sharpe, 1899, Hand-list of Genera and Species of Birds, vol. 1, p. 180 (suborder; type Mesoenas Reichenbach, 1862, new name for Mesites Geoffroy, preoccupied).Mesoenades Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Diatrymae Matthew and Granger, 1917 (May 28), Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 37, art. 11, p. 321 (order; type Diatryma Cope).Diatrymiformes Wetmore, 1930 (Jan. 8), Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 76, no. 2821, p. 4 (order). Diatrymatiformes Hay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 283 (suborder).
Megalornithiformes Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342 (order; type Megalomis G. R. Gray, 1841, a junior synonymy of Grus Pallas, 1766).Megalornithes Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), op. cit., p. 342 (suborder).
Brontornithes Dolgopol de Saez, 1927, An. Soc. cien. argentina, vol. 103, p. 145 (suborden).Brontorniform.es L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350 (orden).
Phororhaci Wetmore, 1930 (Jan. 8), Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 76, art. 24, p. 4 (suborder; type Phorusrhacos Ameghino).Phororhaciformes Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350 (orden).
Mesitorniihes Wetmore, 1960 (June 23), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 139, no. II, pp. 12, 26 (suborder; type Mesitornis Bonaparte, 1855, new name for Mesites Geoffroy, 1838, preoccupied).


Suborder Ralli (Reichenbach)
Rallariae Reichenbach, 1852 (after Oct. 1), Avium syst. nat., p. XXII (cohors = suborder; type Rallus Linnaeus).Ralliformes Coues, 1884, Key to North American Birds, ed. 2, pp. ix, 669 (suborder).Ralli American Ornithologists' Union, 1886, Check-list of North American Birds, ed. 1, p. 139 (suborder). Ralliformes Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 70 order).Rallimorphae Lowe, 1931 (July), Ibis, ser. 13, vol. 1, no. 3, p. 491 (order).Ralli Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Fulicariae Reichenbach, 1852 (after Oct. 1), Avium syst. nat., p. XX (cohors = suborder; type Fulica Linnaeus).Fulicariae Sclater and Salvin, 1873, Nomen-clator avium neotropicalium, pp. viii, 139 (order).Fulicariae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens).
Heliornithiformes Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 70 (order; type Heliornis Bonnaterre).Heliornithes Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 70 (suborder).Heliornithes Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Family Rallddae Vigors
Rallidae Vigors, 1825, Trans, Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, p. 416 (family; type Rallus Linnaeus);Rallinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 71 (subfamily).Ralleae Bonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (section).Rallioidea Shufeldt, 1895, Jour. Anat. Physiol. London, vol. 29, p. 33 (superfamily).Ralloidea Shufeldt, 1904, American Naturalist, vol. 38, p. 852 (superfamily).Rallides Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342 (superfamily).Ralloidae Hay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 333 (superfamily).
Fulicariae1 Nitzsch, 1829, Observationes de avium arteria carotide communi (familia, fide A. Newton; type Fulica Linnaeus).Fulicinae Bonaparte, 1849 (subfamily, fide Gray, 1871).Fulicidae Kaup, 1850, Ueber Classification der Vogel, (family, fide Gray, 1871).Fuliceae Bonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (section).
Gallinulinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 72 (subfamily; type Gallinula "Ray" [Brisson]).Gallinuleae Bonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (section).Gallinulidae Blasius, 1860, Naturgeschichte der Vogel, Fortsetzung der Nachtrage (family, fide Gray, 1871).
Porphyrioninae Reichenbach, 1850 (fide Gray, 1871; type Porphyrio Brisson).
Porphyriinae Verheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol.
33, no. 21, pp. 24, 41 (sous-famille). Ocydrominae Bonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37,
no. 18, p. 646 (subfamilia; type Ocydromus Wagler, 1830, a synonym of
Gallirallus Lafresnaye, 1841).
1 An earlier use of Fulicariae as a family-group name may be Nitzsch, 1820, Deutsches Archiv fur die Physiologie, vol. 6, p. 263 (fide Ridgway and Fried-mann, 1941).


Aptornithidae Bonaparte, 1856 (read Nov. 3), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 43, no. 18, p. 841 (familia; type Aptornis Owen).Aptornithinae Bonaparte, 1856 (read Nov. 3), op. cit., p. 841 (subfamilia).
Himanthornithinae G. R. Gray, 1871 (after July 8), Hand-list of Genera and Species of Birds, pt. 3, p. 64 (subfamily; type Himanthornis Temminck, 1854[?], a synonym of Himantornis Hartlaub, 1855).Himantornithinae Verheyen, 1957 (May) Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 25, 41 (sous-famille).
Ortygometridae Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 70 (family; type Ortygometra Leach, 1816, a junior synonym of Crex Bechstein, 1803).
Telecrecinae Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novit, no. 711, p. 13 (subfamily; type Telecrex Wetmore).
Sarothrurinae Verheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 24, 41 (sous-famille; type Sarothrura Heine).
Subfamily Rallinae (Vigors)
Rallidae Vigors, 1825, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, p. 416 (family; type Rallus Linnaeus).Rallinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 71 (subfamily).Ralleae Bonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol, 37, no. 18, p. 646 (section).Rallioidea Shufeldt, 1895, Jour. Anat. Physiol. London, vol. 29, p. 33 (superfamily).Ralloidea Shufeldt, 1904, Amer. Naturalist, vol, 88, p. 852 (superfamily).Rallides Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342 (superfamily).Ralloidae Hay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 333 (superfamily).
Ocydrominae Bonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (subfamilia; type Ocydromus Wagler, 1830, a synonym of Gallirallus Lafresnaye, 1841).
Himanthornithinae G. R. Gray, 1871 (after July 8), Hand-list of Genera and and Species of birds, pt. 3, p. 64 (subfamily; type Himanthornis Temminck, 1854[?], a synonym of Himantornis Hartlaub, 1855).Himantornithinae Verheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 25, 41 (sous-famille).
Ortygometridae Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 70 (family; type Ortygometra Leach, 1816, a junior synonym of Crex Bechstein, 1803).
Sarothrurinae Verheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 24, 41 (sous-famille; type Sarothrura Heine).
Genus ^Telmatornis Marsh
Telmatornis Marsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 210 (type Telmatornis prisons Marsh, by gen.n., sp.n., convention and by designation of Hay, 1902, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., no. 179, p. 528). Subfamily uncertain.


1. Telmatornis priscus Marsh
Telmatornis priscus Marsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 210 (type from Hornerstown, distal half of left humerus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 840).Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 25, pi. 26, fig. 37 (type restudied).
Upper Cretaceous ("middle marl bed" = Navesink formation, middle Maestrichtian, fide Donald Baird, in press). New Jersey: Monmouth County: Cream Ridge Marl Company quarry near Hornerstown.
2. Telmatornis affinis Marsh
Telmatornis affinis Marsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 211 (type from Hornerstown, distal portion of right humerus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 845 [possibly 9 of T. priscus]).Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 27, pi. 6, fig. 36 (type restudied).
Upper Cretaceous ("middle marl bed" = Navesink formation, middle Maestrichtian). New Jersey: Monmouth County: Cream Ridge Marl Company quarry near Hornerstown.
3. Telmatornis rex Shufeldt
Telmatornis rex Shufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 27, pi. 13, fig. 101 (type from Hornerstown, distal two-thirds of right humerus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 902 or 948).
Upper Cretaceous (Hornerstown marl [probably basal, late Maestrichtian, fide Baird, in press]). New Jersey: Monmouth County: Hornerstown.
Genus \Palaeor alius Wetmore
Palaeorallus Wetmore, 1931 (May 15), Condor, vol. 33, no. 3, p. 108 (typeby monotypy Palaeorallus troxelli Wetmore).
4. Palaeorallus troxelli Wetmore
Palaeorallus troxelli Wetmore, 1931 (May 15), Condor, vol. 33, no. 3, p. 108, figs. 26-29 (type from Preator's ranch, distal end of right tibiotarsus, U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 12042).
Lower Eocene (Willwood formation). Wyoming: Big Horn County: south of Preator's ranch, south of Burlington.
Genus f Gypsornis Milne-Edwards
Gypsornis Milne-Edwards, 1869, Oiseaux fossiles de la France, vol. 2, p. 140 (type by monotypy Gypsornis cuvieri Milne-Edwards).


5. Gypsornis cuvieri Milne-Edwards
Gypsornis cuvieri Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 140, pi. 103, figs. 1-5 (type from Montmartre, proximal portion of tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).
Upper Eocene (gypse de Montmartre). France: Dept. Seine: Montmartre.
Genus ^Quercyrallus Lambracht
Quercyrallus Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Palaeorri., p. 461 (type Rallus arenarius Milne-Edwards, designated by Brodkorb, 1952, Condor, vol. 54, p. 175).
6. Quercyrallus ludianus Brodkorb
Rallus intermedins Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 144, pi. 103, fig. 17 (type from Montmartre, skeleton impression lacking carpometacarpi, fingers, tibiotarsi, tarsometatarsi, toes, Paris Mus. [preoccupied by Rallus intermedins Johann Hermann, 1804]).
Quercyrallus ludianus Brodkorb, 1963 (Oct. 31), Auk, vol. 80, no. 4, p. 542 (new name for Rallus intermedins Milne-Edwards).
Upper Eocene (gypse de Montmartre). France: Dept. Seine: Montmartre.
7. Quercyrallus arenarius (Milne-Edwards)
Rallus arenarius Milne-Edwards, 1892, C. R. 2. Congres internat. ornith. Budapest, p. 74 (type from Caylux, humerus, Paris Mus.).Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 110, fig. 33 (type restudied).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: Dept. Tarn-et-Garonne: Cauylux (Milne-Edwards, 1892). Dept. Lot: Escamps (Gaillard, 1908); Bach near Lalbenque (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 461).
8. Quercyrallus dasypus (Milne-Edwards)
Rallus dasypus Milne-Edwards, 1892, C. R. 2. Congres internat. ornith. Budapest, p. 73 (type from St. Antonin, femur and distal end of humerus, Paris Mus.). Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Mus. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 112 (types restudied).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: Dept. Tarn-et-Garonne: St. Antonin.
Genus f Rattierex Lambrecht
RaUicrex Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 463 (type by monotypy Ratticrex kolozsvarensis Lambrecht).


9. Rallicrex kolozsvarensis Lambrecht
RaUicrex kolozsvarensis Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 463, fig. 141 (type from Kolozsvar, distal portion of left tarsometatarsals, Kgl. Ungar. Geol. Anstalt, Budapest).
Upper Oligocene (Corhula Schichten). Romania: Siebenburgen: south face of Zitadelle zu Kolozsvar.
Genus \Palaeoaramides Lambrecht
Palaeoaramides Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 462 (type by monotypy Rallus christyi Milne-Edwards).
10. Palaeoaramides christyi (Milne-Edwards)
Rallus christyi Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 146, pi. 103, figs. 1-5; pi. 104, figs. 1-9 (types from Langy, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).
Lower Miocene (Aquitanian). France: Dept. Allier: Langy (Milne-Edwards, 1869); Montaigut (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 462).
11. Palaeoaramides eximius (Milne-Edwards)
Rallus eximius Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 149, pi. 103, figs. 6-11 (type from Langy, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus. [possibly the 9 of P. christyi]), '
Lower Miocene (Aquitanian). France: Dept. Allier: Langy.
Genus ^Paraortygometra Lambrecht
Paraortygometra Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 462 (type by monotypy Rallus porzanoides Milne-Edwards).
12. Paraortygometra porzanoides (Milne-Edwards)
Rallus porzanoides Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 150, pi. 1,05, figs. 1-16 (types from St.-Gerand-le-Puy, humerus, distal portion of femur, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).
Lower Miocene (Aquitanian). France: Dept. Allier: St.-Gerand-le-Puy.
Genus \Pararallus Lambrecht
Pararallus Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 466 (type by monotypy Rallus dispar Milne-Edwards).


13. Pararallus dispar (Milne-Edwards)
Rallus dispar Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 155, pi. 105, figs. 17-30 (types from Sansan, distal end of humerus, distal end of tibiotarsus, proximal 2/3 of left and distal end of right tarsometatarsus [Paris Mus.?]).
Upper Miocene (Helvetian). France: Dept. Gers. Sansan.
14. Pararallus beaumonti (Milne-Edwards)
Rallus beaumonti Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 152, pi. 104, figs. 10-26 (types from Sansan, humerus, distal end of tibiotarsus, distal end of tarsometatarsus [Paris Mus.?]). Generic position provisional.
Upper Miocene (Helvetian). France: Dept. Gers: Sansan. Genus Rallus Linnaeus
Rallus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 153 (type Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus, designated by Fleming, 1821).
15. Rallus dubius Portis
Rallus dubius Portis, 1887, Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 38, separate p. 5, pi. 1, fig. 2 (type from Sinigaglia, sternum impression [Mus. Torino?]).
Lower Pliocene (Messiniano). Italy: Ancona prov.: Senigallia [Sinigaglia].
16. Rallus prenticei Wetmore
Rallus prenticei Wetmore^. 1944 (May 15), Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 30, pt. 1, no. 9, p. 99, figs. .9-19 (type from Rexroad locality 2, right humerus, Univ. Kansas no. 3865).
Upper Pliocene (Rexroad formation). Kansas: Meade County: Rexroad ranch.
17. Rallus phillipsi Wetmore
Rallus phillipsi Wetmore, 1957 (July 23), Condor, vol. 59, no. 4, p. 267, fig. 1 (type from Gray Ranch, right tarsometatarsus, Allan R. Phillips no. L.135, on deposit in U. S. Nat. Mus.).
Upper Pliocene. Arizona: Mohave County: Gray Ranch near Wikieup post office.
Genus \Creccoides Shufeldt
Creccoides Shufeldt, 1892 (Apr. 14), Proc. Amer. philos. Soc., vol. 30, p. 125
(type by monotypy Creccoides osbornii Shufeldt). Crecoides Shufeldt, 1892 (Oct. 20), Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., vol. 9, pt. 5
p. 412 note (emendation). Ralloides Shufeldt, 1892 (Oct. 20), Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., vol. 9, pt. 3, p.
412, note (subsitute name for Creccoides Shufeldt).


18. Creccoides osbornii Shufeldt
Creccoides osbornii Shufeldt, 1892 (Apr. 14) Proc. Amer. philos. Soc, vol. 30, p. 125 (type from Blanco Canyon, proximal portion tarsometatarsus).
Lower Pleistocene (Blanco formation). Texas: Crosby County: Blanco Canyon.
Genus Porzana Vieillot
Porzana Vieillot, 1816, Analyse Nouv. Orn. Elementaire, p. 61 (type by monotypy Rallus porzana Linnaeus).
19. Porzana lacustris Brodkorb
Porzana lacustris Brodkorb, 1958 (Oct. 31), Wilson Bull., vol. 70, no. 3, p. 239, fig. 1 (type from section 28, right humerus, Univ. Mich. Mus. Paleo. no. 33916).
Lower Pleistocene (Hagerman lake beds). Idaho: Twin Falls County: NWV4, SW%, section 28, T. 7 S., R. 13 E.
20. Porzana auffenbergi Brodkorb
Porzana auffenbergi Brodkorb, 1954 (March 26), Condor, vol. 56, no. 2, p. 103, fig. 1 (type from pit I at Haile, left humerus, Brodkorb no. 742).
Middle Pleistocene (Arredondo clay). Florida: Alachua County: Haile, pits I (Brodkorb, 1954) and XI (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 143); Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 280).
Middle Pleistocene (Reddick beds). Florida: Marion County: Reddick (Brodkorb, 1957, Jour. Paleont., vol. 31, p. 135).
21. Porzana guti (Brodkorb)
Laterallus guti Brodkorb, 1952 (June 15), Wilson Bull., vol. 64, no. 2, p. 80, fig. 1 (type from Reddick, left humerus, Brodkorb no. 84).
Middle Pleistocene (Reddick beds). Florida: Marion County: Dixie Lime Products Company quarry, 1 mile S. of Reddick (Brodkorb, 1952).
Meddle Pleistocene (Arredondo clay). Florida: Alachua County: Haile, pit XI (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 143).


Genus \Euryonotus Mercerat
Euryonotus Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. Argentina, vol. 43, p. 238 (type Euryonotus brachypterus Mercerat, designated by Richmond, 1902, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 683).
22. Euryonotus brachypterus Mercerat
Euryonotus brachypterus Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. Argentina, vol. 43, p. 238 (type from Arrecifes, humerus).
Upper Pleistocene (Pampas formation). Argentina: Prov. Buenos Aires: Arrecifes.
23. Euryonotus argentinus Mercerat
Euryonotus argentinus Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. Argentina, vol. 43, p. 239 (type from Arrecifes, proximal portion of humerus).
Upper Pleistocene (Pampas formation). Argentina: Prov. Buenos Aires: Arrecifes.
Genus \ Aphanocrex Wetmore
Aphanocrex Wetmore, 1963 (Sept. 1), Ibis, vol. 103b, p. 379 (type by original designation Aphanocrex podarces Wetmore).
24. Aphanocrex podarces Wetmore
Aphanocrex podarces Wetmore, 1963 (Sept. 1), Ibis, vol. 103b, p. 379, pi. 9 (type from Prosperous Bay, distal portion of left tarsometatarsus, Brit. Mus. no. S/1963.1.1).
Quaternary (silt). St. Helena: Prosperous Bay.
Genus \ Capellirallus Falla
Capellirallus Falla, 1954, Rec. Auckland Mus., vol. 4, p. 241 (type Capellirallus karamu Falla).
25. Capellirallus karamu Falla
Capellirallus karamu Falla, 1954, Rec. Auckland Mus., vol. 4, p. 241 (type from Karamu, skeleton, Auckland Mus.).
Quaternary (cave deposits). New Zealand: North Island: Karamu near Pirongia in Te Kuiti district (Falla, 1954); Coonoor and Waitanguru (Oliver, 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, p. 594).


Genus Gallirallus Lafresnaye
Gallirallus Lafresnaye, 1841, Rev. Zool., p. 234 (type by monotypy Gallirallus brachypterus Lafresnaye = Rallus troglodytes Gmelin).
26. Gallirallus minor Hamilton
Gallirallus minor Hamilton, 1893, Trans. New Zealand Inst., vol. 25, p. 103 (type from Castle Rocks, sternum, pelvis, femur, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, New Zealand Mus.).
Quaternary. New Zealand: South Island: Castle Rocks (Hamilton, 1893); Pyramid Valley swamp (Scarlett, 1955, Records Canterbury Mus., vol. 6, p. 262); Takaka, Lake Grassmere, Forest Hill, Hamilton Swamp and Lime Hills (Oliver, 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, p. 594).
Genus \ Diaphorapteryx Forbes
Diaphorapteryx Forbes, 1893 (April), Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, no. 18, p. 254 (type by monotypy Aphanapteryx hawkinsi Forbes).
27. Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi (Forbes) .
Aphanapteryx hawkinsi Forbes, 1892, Nature, vol. 46, p. 252 (type from Whare-kauri, skeleton, British Museum?).
Quaternary. Chatham Islands: Wharekauri.
Subfamily Gallinulinae Gray
Gallinulinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 72 (subfamily; type Gallinula "Ray" [Brisson]).Gallinuleae Bonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (section).Gallinulidae Blasius, 1860, Naturgeschichte der Vogel, Fortsetzung der Nachtrage (family, fide Gray, 1871).
Porphyrioninae Reichenbach, 1850 (fide Gray, 1871; type Porphyrio Brisson). Porphyriinae Verheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgipue, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 24, 41 (sous-famille).
Genus f Eocrex Wetmore
Eocrex Wetmore, 1931 (May 15), Condor, vol. 33, no. 3, p. 107 (type by monotypy Eocrex primus Wetmore).
28. Eocrex primus Wetmore
Eocrex primus Wetmore, 1931 (May 15), Condor, vol. 33, no. 3, p. 107, fig. 21-25, (type from Steamboat Springs, distal end of right tibiotarsus, U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 12043).


Lower Eocene (Cathedral Bluffs tongue of Wasatch formation). Colorado: Sweetwater County, near Steamboat Springs, section 13, Township 24 N, Range 102 West.
Genus \Palaeocrex Wetmore
Palaeocrex Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 9 (type by monotypy Palaeocrex fax Wetmore).
29. Palaeocrex fax Wetmore
Palaeoci ex fax Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 9, figs. 15-18 (type from Horsetail Creek, distal portion of left tarsometatarsus, Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., Denver, no. 1978).
Lower Oligocene (lower part of Horsetail Creek member of Chadron formation). Colorado: Weld County: Trigonias quarries on Horsetail Creek, sections 26-27, Township 10 N, Range 57 W.
Genus \ Miorallus Lambrecht
Miorallus Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Paleorn., p. 466 (type by monotypy Rallus major Milne-Edwards).
30. Miorallus major (Milne-Edwards)
Rallus major Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. Foss. France, vol. 2, p. 157, pi. 103, fig. 12-16 (type from Sansan, distal end of humerus, Paris Mus [?].
Middle Miocene (Helvetian). France: Dept. Gers: Sansan (Milne-Edwards 1869 j.1
Genus \Thiornis Navas
Thiornis Navas, 1922, Bol. Soc. iberica Cienc. nat., ser. 4, vol. 21, p. 59 (type by monotypy Thiornis sociata Navas).
31. Thiornis sociata Navas
Thiornis sociata Navas, 1922, Vol. Soc. iberica Cienc. nat., ser. 4, vol. 21, p. 59, pi. 2 (type from Libros, skeleton impression, Brit. Mus.).
Lower Pliocene (Pontian). Spain: Prov. Teruel: Libros.
1 The report by O. Fraas (1870, Jahresh. Ver. vaterl. Naturk. Wurttemberg, vol. 26, p. 288) from the Upper Miocene Schwabische Siisswassermolasse at Steinheim, Germany, cannot be accepted without restudy.


Genus Gallinula Brisson
Gallinula Brisson, 1760, Ornithologia, vol. 1, p. 50, vol. 6, p. 2 (type by tauto-nomy Fulica chloropus Linnaeus).
32. Gallinula kansarum Brodkorb1
Fulica americana Gmelin, Wetmore, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 30, pt. 1, p. 103 (Univ. Kansas nos. 3994, 3988).
Upper Pliocene (Rexford formation). Kansas: Meade County: Rexroad.
33. Gallinula brodkorbi McCoy
Gallinula brodkorbi McCoy, 1963 (July 30), Auk, vol. 80, no. 3, p. 344, fig. 3 (type from Itchtucknee River, right humerus, Brodkorb no. 16).
Upper Pleistocene (Itchtucknee River beds). Florida: Columbia County: Itchtucknee River.
34. Gallinula strenuipes DeVis
Gallinula strenuipes DeVis, 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 1284, pi. 34, fig. 8a-b (type from River Condamine, left tarsometatarsus).
Upper Pleistocene (Chinchilla beds). Australia: Queensland: Darling Downs north bank of River Condamine, 3 miles south of Chinchilla.
35. Gallinula peralata DeVis
Gallinula peralata DeVis, 1892, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.-S. Wales, ser. 2, vol. 6, p. 440, pi. 24, fig. 3a-b (type from Queensland, humerus).
Upper Pleistocene. Australia: Queensland.
1 New species. Holotype from Rexroad locality 3, distal part of left humerus, Univ. Kansas no. 3994, collected by C. W. Hibbard and party, 1937. Referable to Gallinula in having condyles close and intercondylar space narrow, so that proximal end of external condyle extends over internal condyle (in Fulica condyles distant and intercondylar space wide, so that proximal end of external condyle is in line with outer edge of internal condyle); edge of ectepicondylar process strongly concave in palmar view (nearly straight in Fulica). Differs from Pleistocene Gallinula brodkorbi McCoy and living and Pleistocene Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus) in having ectepicondylar process shorter, with edge in palmar view even more strongly concave; entepicondyle shorter with distal end truncate. Distal width 8.0 (8.6 in type of G. brodkorbi, 7.4-8.3 in 14 G. chloropus).
No. 3988, a right ulna lacking the olecranon and otherwise damaged, is from the same locality but is referred only tentatively. It is 10-20 mm shorter than in Fulica americana, besides differing in structural details, e.g. the external condyle falls short of the trochleae (in Fulica the external condyle forms the most distal part of the bone). It is stouter and slightly longer than the ulna of G. brodkorbi and G. chloropus. Length as preserved, 46.8; width through condyles, 5.6; width of shaft, 4.5 mm.


Genus \Epirallus L. Miller
Epirallus L. Miller, 1942 (March 6), Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., vol. 47, no. 3, p. 43 (type by monotypy Epirallus natator L. Miller).
36. Epirallus natator L. Miller
Epirallus natator L. Miller, 1942 (March 6), Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., vol. 47, no. 3, p. 43, fig. la (type from San Josecito cave, tarsometatarsus, Calif. Inst. Tech. no. 2943, now in Los Angeles County Mus.).
Upper Pleistocene (Chinchilla beds). Australia: Queensland: Cave, near Aramberri.
Genus Porphyrio Brisson
Porphyrio Brisson, 1760, Ornithologia, vol. 1, p. 48; vol. 5, p. 522 (type by tautonomy Fulica porphyrio Linnaeus).
37. Porphyrio repertus DeVis
Porphyrio reperta DeVis, 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 1283, pi. 34, fig. 7a-b (type from River Condamine, distal two-thirds of right tarsometatarsus).
Upper Pleistocene (cave deposit). Nuevo Leon: San Josecito Darling Downs, north bank of River Condamine, 3 miles south of Chinchilla.
38. Porphyrio mackintoshi DeVis
Porphyrio mackintoshi DeVis, 1892, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, ser. 2, vol. 6, p. 440, pi. 24, figs. 2a-b (type from Warwick, tarsometatarsus).
Upper Pleistocene. Australia: Queensland: Warwick. Genus Tribonyx DuBus
Tribonyx DuBus, 1840, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles, vol. 7, pt. 1, p. 212 (type by monotypy Tribonyx mortierii DuBus).
39. Tribonyx effluxus DeVis
Fulica prior, in part, DeVis, 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 1285, pi. 35, fig. 9b (distal end of humerus only, from River Condamine).
Tribonyx effluxus DeVis, 1892, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, ser. 2, vol. 6, p. 439 (type distal end of humerus mentioned above).
Upper Pleistocene (Chinchilla beds). Australia: Queensland: Darling Downs, north bank of River Condamine, 3 miles south of Chinchilla.


Genus \Hovacrex Brodkorb
Hovacrex Brodkorb, 1965 (June 25), Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 28, no. 2, p. 197 (type by original designation Tribonyx roberti Andrews).
40. Hovacrex roberti (Andrews)
Tribonyx roberti Andrews, 1897, Ibis, ser. 7, vol. 3, no. 11, p. 356, pi. 9, figs. 4-7 (type from Sirabe, pelvis, Brit. Mus.).
Quaternary. Madagascar: Sirabe.
Genus \Nesotrochis Wetmore
Nesotrochis Wetmore, 1918 (Nov. 21), Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 54, no. 2245, p. 516 (type by original designation Nesotrochis debooyi Wetmore).
41. Nesotrochis debooyi Wetmore
Nesotrochis debooyi Wetmore, 1918 (Nov. 21). Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 54, no. 2245, p. 516, pi. 82, figs. 1-5 (type from Magens Bay, right femur, U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 225845).
Quaternary (cave deposits). Puerto Rico: Cueva Clara, Cueva San Miguel near Morovis, Cueva Torario, and Hacienda Jobo cave near Utuado (Wetmore, 1922, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 46, p. 307, figs. 3-9); Barrio Cafias near Ponce (Wetmore, 1938, Auk, vol. 55, p. 53).
Quaternary (pre-Columbian middens). St. Thomas: Magens Bay (Wetmore, 1918). St. Croix: mouth of Salt River (Wetmore, 1918); Richmond estate near Christiansted (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 467); Concordia (Wetmore, 1937, Jour. Agr. Univ. Puerto Rico, vol. 21, p. 9, pi. 1, figs. 1-7).
Genus ^Pyramida Oliver
Pyramida Oliver, 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, pp. 595, 657 (type by original designation Rallus hodgeni Scarlett; Pyramidia on p. 596; spelling restricted to Pyramida by Dawson, 1957, Nature, vol. 179, p. 1307).
42. Pyramida hodgeni (Scarlett)
Rallus hodgeni Scarlett, 1955, Rec. Canterbury Mus., vol. 6, no. 4, p. 265 (type from Pyramid Valley Swamp, pelvis, Canterbury Mus. no. 6197; measurements only, no description).Pyramidia hodgeni Oliver, 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, p. 596 (descr. pelvis, tibiotarsus).
Quaternary. New Zealand: South Island: Pyramid Valley swamp, Marfell Beach sand dunes on Lake Grassmere in Marlborough, and Glenmark swamp (Scarlett, 1955).


Genus Notornis Owen
Notornis Owen, 1848, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 2 (type by monotypy Notornis mantelli Owen).
43. Notornis mantelli Owen
Notornis mantelli Owen, 1848, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol. 3, p. 347, pi. 56, figs. 7-13 (type from Wainganui, cranium, Brit. Mus. no. 21695, type from Waingongoro, rostrum and mandible, Brit. Mus. no. 21968.
Notornis parkeri Forbes, 1891, Trans. New Zealand Inst., vol. 24, p. 185 (type from North Island).
Quaternary. New Zealand: North Island: Wainganui and Waingongoro (Owen, 1848); Martinborough and Coonoor cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 477).
Subfamily Fulicinae (Nitzsch)
Fulicariae Nitzsch, 1820, Deutsches Archiv f. d. Physiologie, p. 263 (familia; type Fulica Linnaeus).Fulicinae Bonaparte, 1849, fide Gray, 1871.Fulicidae Kaup, 1850, fide Gray, 1871. Fuliceae Bonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646.
Genus \Fulicaletornis Lambrecht
Fulicaletornis Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Palaeorn., p. 479 (type by monotypy Aletornis venustus Marsh).
44. Fulicaletornis venustus (Marsh)
Aletornis venustus Marsh, 1872 (October), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 257 (type from Henrys Fork, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 206).
Meddle Eocene (Twin Buttes member of Bridger formation). Wyoming: Unita County: Henrys Fork.
Genus \ Miofulica Lambrecht
Miofulica Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Paleorn., p. 480 (type by monotypy Fulica dejardini Van Beneden).
45. Miofulica dejardinii (Van Beneden)
Fulica dejardinii Van Beneden, 1872, Bull. Acad. Roy. Belg., ser. 2, vol. 32, p. 218, pi. 1, fig. 8 (type "du crag," distal portion of femur).
Fulica desjardini Sharpe, 1894, Gat. Birds Brit. Mus., vol. 23, p. 209 note.


Middle Miocene (Anversian black sand). Belgium: Near Antwerp (see Dollo, 1909, Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., vol. 19, no. 4, pt. 1, p. 116).
Genus Fulica Linnaeus
Fulica Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 152 (type by tautonomy Fulica atra Linnaeus).
46. Fulica infelix Brodkorb
Fulica infelix Brodkorb, 1961 (Nov. 7), Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 24, no. 3, p. 181, fig. 7 (type from Juntura, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, Univ. Oregon Mus. Nat. Hist. no. F-5758).
Lower Pliocene (Juntura formation). Oregon: Malheur County: Juntura.
47. Fulica shufeldti Brodkorb
Fulica minor Shufeldt, 1891 (Sept.), Amer. Naturalist, vol. 25, no. 297, p. 820; Shufeldt, 1892, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., vol. 9, p. 412, pi. 17, fig. 32 (type from Fossil Lake, left humerus, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 3480).Fulica americana minor Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 182 (type restudied).
Fulica shufeldti Brodkorb, 1964 (Nov. 4), Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 27, no. 3, p. 186 (new name for Fulica minor Shufeldt, preoccupied by Fulica minor Brehm, 1831).
Middle Pleistocene (Fossil Lake formation). Oregon: Lake County: Fossil Lake (Shufeldt, 1892).
Middle Pleistocene (Reddick beds). Florida: Marion County: Reddick (Brodkorb, 1957, Jour., Paleont., vol. 31, p. 135).
Meddle Pleistocene (Arredondo clay). Florida: Alachua County: Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 280); Paynes Prairie (Brodkorb coll.).
Upper Pleistocene (Pamlico formation). Florida: Orange County: Rock Spring (Woolfenden, 1959, Wilson Bull., vol. 71, p. 185). Volusia County: Lake Monroe (Brodkorb coll.).
Upper Pleistocene (Itchtucknee River beds). Florida: Columbia County: Itchtucknee River (McCoy, 1963, Auk, vol. 80, p. 347).
48. Fulica hesterna Howard
Fulica hesterna Howard, 1963 (Dec. 30), Los Angeles County Mus., Contr. in Sci., no. 73, p. 22, pi. 1, fig. F (type from Arroyo Tapiado, distal end of left tibiotarsus, Los Angeles County Mus. no. 2873).


Middle Pleistocene (Palm Spring formation). California: San Diego County: Arroyo Tapiado.
49. Fulica podagrica Brodkorb
Fulica podagrica Brodkorb, 1965 (Jan. 18), Jour. Barbados Mus. and Hist. Soc, vol. 31, no. 1, p. 7, pi. [1] (type from Ragged Point, left humerus, Univ. Florida no. 7458).
Upper Pleistocene (post-Coral Rock). Barbados: St. Philip Parish: Ragged Point.
50. Fulica prior DeVis
Fulica prior DeVis, 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 1285, pi. 35, fig. 9a only (type from River Condamine, proximal end of right humerus, selected by DeVis, 1892).
Upper Pleistocene (Chinchilla beds). Australia: Queensland: Darling Downs, north bank of River Condamine, 3 miles south of Chinchilla.
Genus \Palaeolimnas Forbes
Palaeolimnas Forbes, 1893 (Oct.), Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, no. 20, p. 544 (type by monotypy Fulica newtoni Milne-Edwards).
Paludiphilus Hachisuka, 1953, The Dodo and Kindred Birds, p. 154 (type by monotypy Fulica newtoni Milne-Edwards).
51. Palaeolimnas newtoni (Milne-Edwards)
Fulica newtoni Milne-Edwards, 1868, Ann. Sci. Nat., ser. 5, Zool., vol. 8, p. 195, pi. 13 (types from Mauritius, premaxilla, sternum, vertebrae, pelvis, femur, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, Cambridge Univ. Mus.).
Fulica newtonii Milne-Edwards, 1866-1873, Recherches sur la faune ornithologi-que des lies Mascareignes et de Madagascar, p. 43 et seq.
Quatenary. Mauritius.
Genus \Nesophalaris Brodkorb and Dawson
Nesophalaris Brodkorb-and Dawson, 1962 (Apr. 20), Auk, vol. 79, no. 2, p. 268 (type by original designation Fulica chathamensis Forbes).
52. Nesophalaris chathamensis (Forbes)
Fulica chathamensis Forbes, 1892, Nature, vol. 46, no. 1185, p. 252 (types from Chatham Islands, limb bones, not skulls so labeled in British Mus., see Dawson, 1958, Ibis, p. 235).
Quaternary. Chatham Islands.


53. Nesophalaris prisca (Hamilton)
Fulica prisca Hamilton, 1893, Trans. New Zealand Inst., vol. 25, p. 98 (type from Castle Rocks, leg elements).
Quaternary. New Zealand: South Island: Castle Rocks (Hamilton, 1893); Kupua and Ngapara (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 484); Pyramid Valley swamp (Scarlett, 1955, Records Canterbury Mus., p. 262); Takaka and Lake Grassmere (Oliver, 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, p. 599); Tai Rua, 14-16th Century (Trotter, 1965, Notornis, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 178).
Subfamily fTelecrecinae Wetmore
Telecrecinae Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 14 (type Telecrex Wetmore).
Genus ^Telecrex Wetmore
Telecrex Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 13 (type by monotypy Telecrex grangeri Wetmore).
54. Telecrex grangeri Wetmore
Telecrex grangeri Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 13, fig. 6 (type from Chimney Butte, proximal portion of right femur, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 2942).
Upper Eocene (Irdin Manha formation). Inner Mongolia: Sui-yuan Province: Chimney Butte, Shara Murun region.
Subfamily f Aptornithinae Bonaparte
Aptornithidae Bonaparte, 1856 (read Nov. 3), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 43, no. 18, p. 841 (familia; type Aptornis Owen).Aptornithinae Bonaparte, 1856 (read Nov. 3), op. cit., p. 841 (subfamilia).
Genus f Aptornis Owen
Aptornis Owen, 1848, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol. 3, p. 347 (type Dinornis otidiformis Owen).
Apterygiornis Warren, fide Bonaparte, 1856, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 43, p. 841.
55. Aptornis otidiformis (Owen)
Dinornis otidiformis Owen, 1844, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol. 3, p. 247 (type from Poverty Bay, tibiotarsus).


Pleistocene (menaccenite beds) and Recent. New Zealand: North Island: Poverty Bay (Owen, 1884); menaccenite beds at Te Rangatapu near Waingongoro, Waingongoro and Wainganui (Lydek-ker, 1891, Cat. Fossil Birds, p. 147); East Cape and Martinborough (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 486); Coonoor (Oliver, 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, p. 597).
56. Aptornis defossor Owen
Aptornis defossor Owen, 1871, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol. 7, p. 354, pi. 40-44 (types from Oamaru, skull, left femur, right tibiotarsus, fibula, Brit. Mus. nos. 46498-50, 46502, 46503; other types from Timaru, cranium, left tarsometatarsus, Brit. Mus. nos. 46621, 46630).
Quaternary (superficial deposits). New Zealand: South Island: Camaru and Timaru (Owen, 1871); Pyramid Valley swamp (Scarlett, 1955, Records Canterbury Mus., vol. 6, p. 262); Oreti River, Kapua, Glenmark, and Redcliffs (Lambrecht, 1933, Hand. Palaeorn., p. 486); Takaka, Lake Grassmere, Herbert, Ngapara, Castle Rocks, Forest Hill and Lime Hills (Oliver,'1955, New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, p. 597, fig.); Waimataitai midden (Trotter, 1965, Notornis, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 177).
Neospecies of Rallidae from Pleistocene and 'prehistoric sites: Subfamily Rallinae
1. Rallus longirostris Boddaert. Florida: Seminole Field in St. Petersburg (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 37). St. Croix: *Concordia (Wetmore, 1937, Jour. Agr. Univ. Porto Rico, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 8).
2. Rallus elegans Audubon. Florida: Seminole Field and Itchtucknee River (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 37); Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, no. 9, p. 279); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 142); Homsby Spring (Brodkorb coll.); *Vero Beach, stratum 3 (Weigel, 1963, Florida Geol. Surv., Spec. Publ., no. 10, p. 28).
3. Rallus limicola Vieillot. Oregon: Fossil Lake (Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 182). California: McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bull. Dept. Geol. Sci., vol. 15, no. 9, p. 330); Vallecito Creek? (Howard, 1963, Contr. in Sci., no. 73, p. 22); *Buena Vista Lake (DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44, p. 228). Florida: Reddick (Brodkorb, 1954, vol. 56, p. 103); Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 279); Itchtucknee River (McCoy, 1963, Auk, vol. 80, p. 344); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 143); *Vero Beach, stratum 3 (Weigel, 1963, Florida Geol. Surv., Spec. Publ., no. 10, p. 28).
4. Rallus aquaticus Linnaeus. Ireland: Bantick, Edenvale, and Newhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 760). Scotland: Oransay, Colon-


say, and Ardrossan (Lambrecht, 1933). England: Ightham Cave and Merlins Cave (Lambrecht, 1933). France: Bruniquel (Lambrecht, 1933). Monaco: Grottes de Menton (Lambrecht, 1933). Italy: Grotta dei Colombi? and Buca del Bersagliere (Lambrecht, 1933). Germany: Hohle bei St. Wolfgang (Lambrecht, 1933). Czechoslovakia: Balcarova Skala and Certova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. Internat. Ornith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938, 940). Hungary: Palffy-Hohle (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 426); Oregkohohle bei Bajot (Kormos and Lambrecht, 1914, Barlangkutatas, vol. 2, p. 105); Remetehegy (Lambrecht, 1914, Aquila, vol. 21, p. 89); Pilisszanto (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. Geol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 479) Puskaporos (Lambrecht, 1916, Barlangkutatas, vol. 4, p. 205); Suhalyuk-Hohle (Janossy, 1962, Aquila, vol. 67-68, p. 179); *Csev Passage (Janossy, 1959, Ann. Mus. hungarica, vol. 51, p. 117). Palestine: Kebara Cave (Tchernov, 1962, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11, p. 106).
5. Rallus philippensis Linnaeus. Macquarie Island: "Aurora Cave and Eagle Cave (Vestjens, 1963, Emu, vol. 62, p. 249).
6. \Nesolimnas dieffenhachii (G. R. Gray). Chatham Islands (Forbes, 1893, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, p. 544). Exterminated in 1840.
7. ^Cahalus modestus (Hutton). Chatham Islands: Wharekauri Island (Forbes, 1893, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, p. 544). Exterminated in 1900.
8. Ortygonax nigricans (Vieillot). Brazil: Lapa da Escrivana and Lapa do Capao Secco? (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 26).
9. Aramides cajanea (P.L.S. Miiller). Florida: Seminole Field (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 37 figs. 14-16). Brazil: Lapa da Escrivania? (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 12, 25).
10. fAphanapteryx bonasia (Selys-Longchamps). Mauritius: Mare aux Songes (Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ibis, p. 275, figs. 3-8). Exterminated about 1675.
11. ^Aphanapteryx leguati (Milne-Edwards). Rodriguez (Erthyromachus leguati Milne-Edwards, 1874, Bibl. Ecole Haute Etudes, vol. 11, art. 3, p. 6, pi. 11-12). Exterminated about 1730.
12. Gallirallus australis (Sparrman). New Zealand: Waingongoro (Lydekker, 1891, Cat. Fossil Birds Brit. Mus., p. 146). Martinborough Caves? (Yaldwyn, 1956, Records Dominion Mus., vol. 3, p. 3). Chatham Islands? (Forbes, 1893, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, p. 545).
13. Crex crex (Linnaeus;. Ireland: Kesh Cave, Castlepook Cave, Bantick Cave, and Newhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 760). England: "Glastonbury (Lambrecht, 1933). Denmark: *Uggerslev (H. Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. Naturh. Foren., vol. 6, p. 95). France: Montmorency (Paris, 1912, Rev. franc. Ornith., vol. 4, p. 295). Monaco: Grotte de Grimaldi and Grottes de Menton (Lambrecht, 1933). Italy: Caverne de Verezzi, Grotta d' Equi, Buca del Bersagliere, and Grotta dei colombi (Lambrecht, 1933). Czechoslovakia: Balcarova Skala, Ludmirau and Certova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. internat. Ornith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938-940). Hungary: Balla-Hohle and Koszeg (Lambrecht, 1912, Aquila, vol. 19, pp. 275, 283); Puskaporos (Kormos, 1911, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anst., vol. 19, no. 3, 153); Palffy-Hohle and Pilisszantrj (Lam-


brecht, 1913, Aqwila, vol. 20, pp. 427-428); Remetehegy (Lambrecht, 1916, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 22, p. 395); Puspokfurdo (Capek, 1917, Barlangkutatas, vol. 5, p. 26); Isjtalloko (Janossy, 1954, Aquila, vol. 55-58, p. 218); *Legenybarlang bei Pilisszeritlelek (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 760); *Csev Passage (Janossy, 1959,-Ann. Mus. hungarica, vol. 51, p. 117). Palestine: Oumm Qatafa Cave and Kebara Cave (Tchernov, 1962, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11, pp.aOO, 118).
14. Porzana parva (Scopoli). Sardinia: Tavolara? (E. T. Newton, 1921, Proc. zool. Soc. London, p. 230). Corsica: Grotta di Funtanedu? (Newton, 1921). Azerbaijan: Binagady? (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 462).
15. Porzana pusilla (Pallas). Palestine: Kebara Cave (Tchernov, 1962, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11, p. 106).
16. Porzana porzana (Linnaeus). Monaco: Grottes de Menton and Grotte de Grimaldi (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 760). Italy: Grotta dei Colombi (Lambrecht, 1933). Switzerland: Ettingen (Lambrecht, 1933) Czechoslovakia: Sipka and Certova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 940). Poland: Holubic and Wollin (Lambrecht, 1933). Hungary: Palffy-Hohle (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 426); Remetehegy (Lambrecht, 1914, Aquila, vol. 21, p. 89); Pilisszanto (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 479); Puskaporos (Lambrecht, 1916, Barlangkutatas, vol. 4, p. 205); Istalloskb (Janossy, 1954, Aquila, vol. 55-58, p. 218). Palestine: Kebara Cave (Tchernov, 1962, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11, p. 106).
17. Porzana Carolina (Linnaeus). New Mexico: Shelter Cave (Howard and A. H. Miller, 1933, Condor, vol. 35, p. 16). Illinois: "Kingston (Baker, 1936, Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci., vol. 29, p. 245). Texas: Lubbock (Univ. Texas); Groesbeck Creek (Midwestern Univ.). Florida: Reddick (Brodkorb, 1954, Condor, vol. 56, p. 103, fig. 1); Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull: Florida State Mus., vol. 4, no. 9, p. 280); Itchtuknee River (McCoy, 1963, Auk, vol. 80, p. 344); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 143); *Vero Beach, stratum 3 (Weigel, 1963, Florida Geol. Surv, Spec. Publ., no. 10, p. 29). Dominican Republic: Cerro San Francisco (Bernstein, 1965, Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 28, p. 272).
18. Porzana flaviventris (Boddaert). Dominican Republic: Cerrp San Francisco (Bernstein, 1965, Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 28, p. 272). Puerto Rico: *Cueva Clara (Wetmore, 1922, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. vol. 46, p. 307). Records from Lapa da Escrivania and Lapa da Lagoa do Sumidouro, Brazil (O. Winge, 1887, E. Museo, Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 4) pertain to some other species.
19. Porzana albicollis (Vieillot). Brazil: Lapa da Escrivania (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 26).
20. Porzana noveboracensis (Gmelin). Florida: Reddick (Brodkorb, 1957, Jour. Paleont, vol. 31, p. 135); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 143).
21. Porzana melanophaius (Vieillot). Brazil: Lapa da Escrivania (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 26).


Subfamily Gallinulinae
22. Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus). Ireland: Castlepook Cave, Edenvale Cave, and Newhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 761). England: Burwell fen (Lambrecht, 1933). France: Essonnes (Milne-Edwards, 1871, Ois.
foss. France, vol. 2, p. 160); Massat (var. major Milne-Edwards, fide Lambrecht, 1933). Monaco: Grotte de Grimaldi (Lambrecht, 1933). Italy: Buca del Bersagliere and Grotta dei Colombi (Lambrecht, 1933). Czechoslovakia: Balcarova skala (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 938). Palestine: Oumm Qatafa Cave (Tchernov, 1963, Bull. Research Council Israel, vol. 11, p. 100). California: "Buena Vista Lake (DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44, p. 228). Arizona: Benson? (Wetmore, 1924, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 64, art. 5, p. 11). Idaho: Hagerman (Wetmore, 1933, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 87, no. 20, p. 12). Illinois: "Cahokia (Baker, 1941, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc, vol. 32, p. 68). Florida: Seminole Field and Itchtucknee River (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 85, p. 39); Haile (Brodkorb, 1953, Wilson Bull., vol. 65, p. 50; Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 144); Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 280); Rock Spring (Woolfenden, 1959, Wilson Bull., vol. 71, p. 185); Hornsby Spring (Brodkorb coll.). Cuba: Bafios de Ciego Montero (Wetmore, 1928, Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 301, p. 4). St. Croix: "midden (Wetmore, 1918, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 54, p. 520). Venezuela: "Los Tamarindos and "Hacienda Tocoron (Wetmore, 1935, Auk, vol. 52, p. 329). Brazil: Lapa da Escrivania (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 4).
23. Porphyrula martinica (Linnaeus). Illinois: "Kingston (Baker, 1941, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc, vol. 32, p. 68). Florida: Haile (Brodkorb, 1953, Wilson Bull., vol. 65, p. 50; Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 144); Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 280); "Good's shellpit (Neill, Gut, and Brodkorb, 1956, Amer. Antiquity, vol. 21, p. 388). Dominican Republic: Cerro San Francisco (Bernstein, 1965, Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 28, p. 272). Puerto Rico: "Barrio Carias (Wetmore, 1938, Auk, vol. 55, p. 54). St. Croix: "Concordia (Wetmore, 1937, Jour. Agr. Univ. Puerto Rico, vol. 21, p. 8). St. Kitts: "midden (Univ. of Florida). Martinique: "Paquemar (Wetmore, 1952, Auk, vol. 69, p. 460). Venezuela: "Los Tamarindos (Wetmore, 1935, Auk, vol. 52, p. 329). Brazil: Lapa da Escrivania? (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 27).
24. Porphyrio poliocephaulus (Latham). New Zealand: "Ototara (Trotter, 1965, Notornis, vol. 12, p. 178).
25. Notornis hochstetteri A. B. Meyer. New Zealand, South Island: Timaru (Lydekker, 1891, Cat.. Fossil Birds Brit. Mus., p. 157); Patience Bay, Lake Te Anau, and Castle Rocks (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 478); Pyramid Valley (Scarlett, 1955, Records Canterbury Mus., vol. 6, p. 262); Waitati, Dusky Sound, Earnscleugh Cave, Greenhills, Enfield, Kapua, and Aniseed Valley (Oliver, 1955, New Zealand Birds, ed. 2, p. 375); "Ototara (Trotter, 1965, Notornis, vol. 12, p. 178).
Subfamily Fulicinae:
26. Fulica atra Linnaeus. Ireland: Ballynamintra Cave (Lydekker, 1891, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 3, p. 393); Edenvale Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn.,


p. 761). England: Cambridgeshire fens (Lydekker, 1891); Merlin's Cave and "Glastonbury (Lambrecht, 1933). Wales: Gop Cave at Prestatyn (Lambrecht, 1933). Monaco: Grottes de Menton (Lambrecht, 1933). Italy: Grotta Roman-elli, Grotta dei Colombi, and Torbiera della Catarangna (Lambrecht, 1933). Switzerland: "Robenhausen (Lambrecht, 1933). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 462).
27. Fulica americana Gmelin. Oregon: "Five Mile Rapids (L. Miller, 1957, Condor, vol. 59, p. 59). California: Rancho La Brea (Howard, 1936, Condor, vol. 38, p. 35); San Pedro (Howard, 1949, Condor, vol. 51, p. 24); Vallecito?, Arroyo Hueso?, and Arroyo Tapiado? (Howard, 1963, Contr. in Sci., no. 73, p. 22); "Buena Vista Lake (DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44, p. 228). Nevada:' Smith Creek Cave (Howard, 1952, Bull, south. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 51, pt. 2, p. 54). Arizona: "35 miles north of Flagstaff (A. H. Miller, 1932, Condor, vol. 34, p. 138); "Wupatki Pueblo (Hargrave, 1939, Condor, vol. 41, p. 208). New Mexico: Shelter Cave (Howard and A. H. Miller, 1933, Condor, vol. 35, p. 16. Texas: Hemphill County (Compton, 1934, Condor, vol. 36, p. 40, fig. 7a). Kansas: Dixon (Harrell, 1959, Proc. S. Dakota Acad. Sci., vol. 38, p. 104).1 Iowa: "Mill Creek (Hamon, 1961, Plains Anthropologist, vol. 6, p. 210). Illinois: "Kingston (Baker, 1936, Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci., vol. 29, p. 245); "Plum Island and "Sand Ridge (Baker, 1941, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc, vol. 32, p. 68). Florida: Seminole Field, Bradenton, and Itchtucknee River (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian misc. Coll., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 39); Haile (Brodkorb, 1953, Wilson Bull., vol. 65, p. 50; Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 144); "Good's shellpit, "Lemon Bluff, "BlufFton, and "Silver Glen Springs (Neill, Gut, and Brodkorb, 1956, Amer. Antiquity, vol. 21, p. 388); "South Indian Field (Weigel, 1959, Florida Anthropologist, vol. 12, pi. 74); "Williston (Brodkorb coll.). Nuevo Leon: San Josecito Cave (L. Miller, 1943, Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., vol. 47, p. 159).
Family f Idiornithidae Brodkorb
Orthocnemides Gaillard, 1908 (June 13), Les oiseaux des phosphorites du Quercy, Univ. Lyon, Theses presentees a la Faculte des Sciences, p. 113 (vernacular name; famille des Orthocnemides; type Orthocnemus Milne-Edwards).Orth-ocnemidae Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Palaeorn., p. 490 (type Orthocnemus Milne-Edwards, a preoccupied senior synonym of Idiornis Oberholser).
Idiornithidae Brodkorb, 1965 (June 25), Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 28, no. 2, p. 197 (type Idiornis Oberholser).
Position uncertain.
Genus ^Idiornis Oberholser
Orthocnemus Milne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. JR. 2. Congres internat. Orn. Budapest, p. 74 (type by original designation, Orthocnemus gallicus Milne-Edwards). Preoccupied by Orthocnemus Jekel, 1857, Fabr. Ent., vol. 1, p. 131.
Idiornis Oberholser, 1899 (June 2), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, p. 202 (type by original designation Orthocnemus gallicus Milne-Edwards).
1 Specimens from Upper Pliocene at Rexroad ranch (Wetmore, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., vol. 30, pt. 1, no. 9, p. 103) are Gallinula kansarum n. sp.


1. Idiornis gallicus (Milne-Edwards)
Orthocnemus gallicus Milne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internat. Orn. Budapest, p. 74 (type from phosphate de Chaux, fragmentary tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 117 (type restudied).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: plateau of Quercy: Chaux.
2. Idiornis cursor (Milne-Edwards)
Orthocnemus cursor Milne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internat. Orn. Budapest, p. 76 (type from phosphate de Chaux and Caylux, tarsometatarsus and lower part of tibia, Paris Mus.).Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 120 (types restudied).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: plateau of Quercy: Chaux.
3. Idiornis major (Milne-Edwards)
Orthocnemus major Milne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internat. Orn. Budapest, p. 76 (type from phosphate de Chaux, distal end of tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).Gaillard, 1938, Arch. Mus. Hist. nat. Lyon, vol. 15, p. 27 (type restudied).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: plateau of Quercy: Chaux (Milne-Edwards, 1892). Dept. Lot: Escamps (Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 119, text-fig. 35, pi. 7); Bach (Gaillard, 1938, Arch. Mus. nat. Lyon, vol. 15, p. 27, fig. 13).
4. Idiornis minor (Milne-Edwards)
Orthocnemus minor Milne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internat. Orn. Budapest, p. 77 (type from phosphate de Chaux, distal end of tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 114, text-fig. 34, pi. 8, figs. 1-4 (Quercy).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: plateau of Quercy: Chaux (Milne-Edwards, 1892); Quercy (Gaillard, 1908).
Genus \ Elaphrocnemus Milne-Edwards
Elaphrocnemus Milne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internat. Orn. Budapest, p. 77 (type Elaphrocnemus phasianus Milne-Edwards, designated by Richmond, 1902, Proc. U. S. nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 680).


5. Elaphrocnemus phasianus Milne-Edwards
Elaphrocnemus phasianus Milne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internat. Orn. Budapest, p. 77 (type from phosphate de Chaux, tarsometatarsus,
Paris Mus.).Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 122, text-fig. 36, pi. 8, figs. 5-8 (Quercy).Gaillard, 1938, Arch. Mus. Hist. nat. Lyon, vol. 15, p. 29,
fig. 14 (type restudied).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: plateau of Quercy: Chaux (Milne-Edwards, 1892); Quercy (Gaillard, 1908).
6. Elaphrocnemus gracilis Milne-Edwards
Elaphrocnemus gracilis Milne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internat. Orn. Budapest, p. 78 (type from phosphate de Chaux, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 124 (type restudied).Gaillard, 1938, Arch Mus. Hist. nat. Lyon, vol. 15, p. 31, fig 15 (type restudied).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: plateau of Quercy: Chaux (Milne-Edwards, 1892). Dept. Lot: Boussac (Gaillard, 1938).
7. Elaphrocnemus crex Milne-Edwards Elaphrocnemus crex Milne-Edwards, 1891 (before Oct.), C. R. 2. Congres internat.
Orn. Budapest, p. 78 (type from phosphate de Chaux, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, fasc. 23, p. 125 (type restudied).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: plateau of Quercy: Chaux; Boussac (Gaillard, 1908).
8. Elaphrocnemus alfhildae (Shufeldt)
Phasianus alfhildae Shufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 71, pi. 12, figs. 79, 81, 85-86 (types from Haystack Butte, distal ends of right and left tarsometatarsi, distal end of right humerus, upper end of left coracoid, Yale Peabody Mus. nos. 947-848). Position tentative; apparently not galliform.
Upper Eocene (Washakie B). Wyoming: Sweetwater County: 100 feet below horizon of Haystack Butte.
Suborder Heliornithes Sharpe
Heliornithes Sharp, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 70 (suborder; type Heliornis Bonnaterre).


Family Heliornithldae (Gray)
Heliorninae G. R. Gray, 1849 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 72, subfamily; type Heliornis Bonnaterre).Heliornithidae Selys, 1842, fide Gray, 1871.Heliorninae Reichenbach, 1852 (after Oct. 1), Avium systema naturale, p. XXII (familia).Heliornithinae Sundevall, 1872, Methodi naturalis avium disponendarum tentamen, p. 132 (familia).
No fossil record.
Suborder Rhynocheti (Sharpe)
Rhinochetides Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; type Rhynochetos Verreaux and Des Murs).Rhynocheti Wetmore, 1960, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 139, no. 11, p. 27 (suborder).
Family Rhynochettoae Newton
Rhynochetidae A. Newton, 1868, fide Gray (type Rhynochetos Verreaux and Des Murs).Rhinochaetinae Sundevall, 1872, Methodi naturalis avium disponendarum tentamen, p. 129 (familia).
No fossil record.
Suborder Eurypygae Furbringer
Eurypygae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens; type Eurypyga Illiger).
Family Eurypygidae Bonaparte
Eurypyginae Bonaparte, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (type Eurypyga Illiger).Euripy-ginae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 37 (type "Euripyga" Illiger). Eurypygidae Bonaparte, 1855, fide Gray.
No fossil record.
Suborder Mesitornithes Wetmore
Mesitides Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (type Mesites Geoffroy, April 1838, preoccupied by Schbnherr, before Feb. 1838). Mesites Gadow, 1893, Bronn, pp. 1643 1 65 (Unterordnung).
Mesoenatides Sharpe, 1899, Hand-list Genera Sp. Birds, vol. 1, p. 180 (type Mesoenas Reichenbach, 1862, new name for Mesites Geoffroy).
Mesitornithes Wetmore, 1960, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 139, no. 11, p. 12 (type Mesitomis Bonaparte, 1855, Rev. et Mag. Zool., ser. 2, vol. 7, p. 484; new name for Mesites Geoffroy).


Family Mesitornithidae Wetmore
Mesitidae Bonaparte, 1954, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 41 (type Mesites Geoffroy, April, 1838; preoccupied by Mesites Schonherr, before February, 1838).
Mesonenatidae Sharpe, 1899, Hand-list Genera Sp. Birds, vol. 1, p. 180 (type Mesoenas Reichenbach, new name for Mesites Geoffroy).
Mesitornithidae Wetmore, 1960, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 139, no. 11, p. 12 (type Mesitornis Bonaparte, 1855, new name for Mesites Geoffroy).
No fossil record.
Suborder Turnices (Huxley)
Turnicomorphae Huxley, 1868, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 303 (type Turnix Bonnaterre).Turnices Gadow, 1893, Bronn's Kl. u. Ordn. Thier-Reichs, Vogel, pt. 2, pp. 78, 164, 168, 300 (Unterordnung; type Turnix).Turniciformes Verheyen, 1938 (Jan.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 1, 16 (ordo).
Hemipodii Sclater, 1880, Ibis, pp. 340-350; 399-411 (order; type Hemipodius Reinwardt).
Family Turnicidae (Gray)
Ortyginae 1 Bonaparte, 1831, Saggio di una distribuzione metodica degli Animali Vertebrati, p. 55 (subfamilia; type Ortygis "Illiger," Boie, 1826, a junior synonym of Turnix Bonnaterre, 1791).
Turnicinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 63 (subfamily; type by monotypy and tautonomy Turnix Bonnaterre).Turnicidae Cams, 1868, Handbuch der Zoologie, fide Gadow.
Hemipodiidae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (type Hemipodius Reinwardt, 1815).
Fossil record confined to Turnix sp. from the Pleistocene of China.
Family Pedionomidae Gadow
Pedionomidae2 Gadow, 1893, Bronn's Kl. u. Ordn. Thier-Reichs, Vogel, pt. 2, p. 168 (type Pedionomus Gould, 1841).
No fossil record.
1 Ortyginae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 43 (subfamilia; type Ortyx Stephens) is a synonym of Odontophorinae Gould.
2 Pedionomi Vieillot (1816, Analyse d'une nouvelle ornthologie elementaire, p. 24) was pioposed as a family name for Otis Linnaeus, the only included genus. The genus Pedionomus Gould was not proposed until 25 years later.


Suborder f Gastornithes Stejneger1
Gastornithes Stejneger, 1885, Standard Nat. Hist., vol. 4, p. 54 (order; type Gastornis Hebert).Gastornithiformes Sharpe, 1899, Hand-list of Genera and Species of Birds, vol. 1, p. 230 (order).
Diatrymae Matthew and Granger, 1917 (May 28), Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 37, art. 11, p. 321 (order; type Diatryma Cope).Diatrymiformes Wetmore, 1930 (Jan. 8), Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 76, no. 2821, p. 4 (order).Diatry-matiformes Hay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 283 (suborder).
Family f Gastornithidae Furbringer
Gastornithidae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1178 (type Gastornis Hebert).
Genus f Remiornis Lemoine
Remiornis Lemoine, 1881 (read Dec. 26), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 93, no. 26, p. 1159 (type by monotypy Remiornis heberti Lemoine, 1881, a junior synonym of Gastornis minor Lemoine, 1878).Remiornis Lemoine, 1881 (postdates above paper?), Recherches sur les oiseaux fossiles des terrains tertiaires inferieurs des environs de Reims, pt. 2, pp. 77, 158 (same type).
1. Remiornis minor (Lemoine)
Gastornis minor Lemoine, 1878, Recherches sur les oiseaux fossiles des terraines tertiaires inferieurs des environs de Reims, pt. 1, pp. 12, 50, pi. 4, figs. 1-5 (type from Montchard, lower end of left tibiotarsus, coll. Lemoine).
Remiornis herberti Lemoine, 1881 (read Dec. 26), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 93, no. 26, p. 1159 (new name for Gastornis minor Lemoine).Lemoine, 1881 (postdates paper read Dec. 26?), Recherches ois. foss. terr. tert. inf. envir. Reims, pt. 2, pp. 77, 158, pi. 8, figs. 21-25; pi. 9, figs. 7-13).
Upper Paleocene (conglomerat de Cernay). France: Dept. Haut-Rhin: Montchard.
Genus \Gastornis Hebert
Gastornis Hebert, 1855 (read March 12), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 40, no. 11, p. 559 (type by monotypy Gastornis parisiensis Hebert).
2. Gastornis edwardsii Lemoine
Gastornis edwardsii Lemoine, 1878, Recherches sur les oiseaux fossiles des terrains tertiaires inferieurs des environs de Reims, pt. 1, p. 13, pi. 1-3; pi. 5, figs. 13-20 (types from Cernay, cervical vertebra and right femur; type from Rilly, right tibiotarsus; type from Berru au Montchard, left tarsometatarsus).Gastornis
1 New rank


edvardsii Lemoine, 1881, op. cit, pt. 2, p. 168 in explanation of pi. 6 (lapsus). Gastornis edwardsi E. T. Newton, 1886 (Dec.), Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol. 12, pt. 5, no. 1, p. 150 (emendation).
Upper Paleocene (sables de Rilly). France: Dept. Haut-Rhin or Marne: Rilly (Lemoine, 1878).
Upper Paleocene (conglomerat de Cernay). France: Dept. Haut-Rhin: Cernay and Berru au Montchard (Lemoine, 1878).
Upper Paleocene (Cernaysian crevice deposit). Germany: Saxony: Welbeck? (Thenius, 1959, Handbuch der stratigraphischen Geologie, vol. 3, pt. 2, p. 16).
Upper Paleocene (Landenien inferieur). Belgium: Hainault: Mesvin near Mons (Dollo, 1883, Bull. Mus. roy. Hist. nat. Belg., vol. 2, p. 297)
3. Gastornis klaasseni E. T. Newton
Gastornis klaassenii E. T. Newton, 1885 (Aug.), Geol. Mag., n.s., decade 3, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 362, 363 (nomen nudum; abstract of paper read before Zoological Society May 5, 1885).Gastornis klaasseni E. T. Newton, 1885 (read May 5, published Oct. 1), Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 3, p. 446 (nomen nudum). E. T. Newton, 1886 (Dec), Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol. 12, pt. 5, no. 1, pp. 143, 152, pi. 28, figs. 1-4; pi. 29 (orig. desc; type from Park-Hill railroad cut, portions of 5 tibiotarsi and a femur, Geol. Surv. London Mus.; casts British Mus. nos. A.86, A.86a).
Upper Paleocene (Woolwich bottom beds). England: Surrey: Park-Hill cut, Woodside and South-Croydon Railway, near Croydon.
4. Gastornis parisiensis Hebert
Gastornis parisiensis Hebert, 1835 (read March 12), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 557 (nomen nudum), 559 (orig. desc; type from Bas Meudon, left tibiotarsus, lacking head, Ecole normale superieure, Paris; cast Brit. Mus. no. 32384).Milne-Edwards, 1867, Ois. foss. France, vol. 1, sheet 21, p. 165, pi. 28-29 (type restudied).
Upper Paleocene (conglomerat de Meudon). France: Seine-et-Oise: Bas Meudon (Hebert, 1855); Passy (Milne-Edwards, 1867).
Genus f Dasornis Owen
Dasornis Owen, 1869 (read Jan. 28; printed April?), Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt.
1, p. 59 (nomen nudum).Owen, 1870 (before March), Trans. Zool. Soc.
London, vol. 7, pt. 2, p. 145 (type by monotypy Dasornis londinensis Owen). Dasyornis Lydekker, 1891 (July), Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 3, no. 11, p. 409 ("corrected
spelling" for Dasornis Owen, but see Lydekker, April 25, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds
British Mus., p. 359; preoccupied by Dasyornis Vigors and Horsfield, 1826).


5. Dasornis londinensis Owen
Dasornis londinensis Owen, 1869 (read Jan. 28; printed April?), Proc. Zool. Soc.
London, pt. 1, p. 59 (nomen nudum).Owen, 1870 (before March), Trans.
Zool. Soc. London, vol. 7, pt. 2, p. 145, pi. 16 (orig. desc; type from Sheppey,
posterior part of cranium, Brit. Mus. no. 31929). Dasornis londiniensis Lydekker, 1891 (Apr. 25), Cat. Foss. Birds British Mus.,
p. 359 (emendation).
Upper Paleocene (London Clay). England: Kent: Sheppey Isle.
Family f Diatrymidae Matthew and Granger
Diatrymidae Matthew and Granger, 1917 (May 28), Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 37, art. 11, p. 321 (family; type Diatryma Cope).Diatrimidae Sinclair, 1928, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, vol. 67, no. 1, p. 65 (lapsus). Diatrymatidae Hay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 283 (emendation).
Genus f Diatryma Cope
Diatryma Cope, 1876 (Apr. 18), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 28, sig.
2, p. 11 (type by monotypy Diatryma gigantea Cope).1 Barornis Marsh, 1894 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 48, p. 344 (type by
monotypy Barornis regens Marsh). Omorhamphus Sinclair, 1928, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, vol. 67, no. 1, p. 51 (type
by monotypy Omorhamphus storchii Sinclair).
1. Diatryma ajax Shufeldt
Diatryma ajax Shufeldt, 1913 (Aug. 4), Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 32, art. 16, p. 287, pi. 52, figs. 4-5; pi. 53, figs. 8-10; pi. 54, figs. 13-14 (types from Pat O'Hara Creek, distal part of tarsometatarsus and two toe phalanges, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. nos. W.G. 261, 282).
Upper Paleocene (Clark Fork beds). Wyoming: Park County: 3 and 5 miles southeast of mouth of Pat O'Hara Creek (Shufeldt, 1913).
Upper Paleocene (Sand Coulee beds). Wyoming: Park County: Princeton camp 1 in Sand Coulee basin (Wetmore, 1933, Condor, vol. 35, p. 117; juvenile).
2. Diatryma gigantea Cope
Diatryma gigantea Cope, 1876 (Apr. 18), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 28, sig. 2, p. 11 (types from Island Point, proximal end and two trochleae of tarsometatarsus, U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 1120).Cope, 1877, Geographical Surveys
1 Wetmore treats Diatryma as if of neuter gender but it is feminine, being formed from Greek did, (through) and tryme (a hole).


West of the One Hundredth Meridian (Wheeler), vol. 4, pt. 2, p. 7, pi. 32, figs. 23-25 (types).Schufeldt, 1913, Bull. Amer. Mus. Hist., vol. 32, art 16, p. 287, pi. 51; pi. 52, figs. 6-7; pi. 53, figs. 11-12; pi. 54, figs. 15-16 (types restudied).Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 34, pi. 9, fig. 68 (types restudied).
Barornis regens Marsh, 1894 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 48, p. 344, fig. (type from Squankum, phalanx 1 of right toe III, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 417).Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 35, pi. 1, figs. 7-9; pi. 5, fig. 32 (type restudied).
Diatryma steini Matthew and Granger, 1917 (May 28), Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 37, art. 11, p. 322, pi. 20-33 (type from South Elk Creek, juvenile skeleton, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 6169).
Omorhamphus storchii Sinclair, 1928, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, vol. 67, no. 1, p. 52, text-figs. 1-3, pi. 1-2 (type from south of Dorsey Creek, juvenile partial skeleton, consisting of tip of rostrum, 2 skull fragments, fragmentary vertebrae, left femur, left tibiotarsus, proximal part of left fibula, right and left tarsometa-tarsi, left toes, Princeton Mus. no. 13106).Omorhamphus storchi Wetmore, 1931, in American Ornithologists' Union, Check-list of North American Birds, ed. 4, p. 451 (emendation).
Lower Eocene (Grey Bull member of Willwood formation). Wyoming: Big Horn County: South Elk Creek (Matthew and Granger, 1917); IV2 miles southeast of Dorsey Creek [2 miles south of Otto-Basin road] (Sinclair, 1928).
Lower Eocene ("San Jose" formation [preoccupied]). New Mexico: Rio Arriba County: Island Point on North Horseshoe near Gallina (Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 34, pi. 2, fig. 16; pi. 5, fig. 30; pi. 9, fig. 68).
Lower Eocene ("upper marl beds" = Manasquan marl [possibly middle Eocene; see Baird, in press]). New Jersey: Monmouth County: Squankum (Marsh, 1894).
3. Diatryma sarasini Schaub
(?)Diatryma sarasini Schaub, 1929 (Oct. 18), Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel, vol. 40, no. 2, p. 588, figs. 1-3, 6, 8 (types from Monthelon, distal end of left tarsometatarsus and phalanx 1 of toe II, Basel Mus. nos. T.S.94, T.S.8).
Lower Eocene (sables a Teredina). France: Dept. Marne: Monthelon near Epernay (Schaub, 1929). Dept. Haut-Rhin: Cernay (Lemoine, 1881, Recherches ois. foss. terr. tert. inf. envir. Reims, pt. 2, pp. 78, 157, pi. 7, fig. 12)?
4. Diatryma cotei Gaillard
Diatryma? cotei Gaillard, 1936 (March), Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., vol. 80, p. 113, figs. 1-6, 8-10 (types from Mont-d'Or, distal end of left tarsometatarsus, phalanx 1 of digit II, and phalanx 1 of digit III, Univ. Lyon).


Middle Eocene (gisements siderolithiques). France: Dept. Rh6ne: northwest slope of Mont-d'Or near Clotre in commune of Lissieu (Gaillard, 1936).
Middle Eocene (Lutetian). Germany: Hessen: Messel bei Darmstadt (D. Berg, 1965, Hessischen Landesamtes f. Bodenforschung Notizblatt, vol. 93, p. 68).
Middle Eocene (Braunkohle des Geiseltales). Germany: Saxony: Grube Neumark-West (K. Fischer, 1962, Hallesches Jahrb. Mittel-deutsche Erdgeschicht, vol. 4, p. 26, pi. 4-5).
Suborder Grues Bonaparte
Grues Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat. Paris, vol. 1, p. 36 (tribus = suborder; type Grus Pallas).
Arami Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; type Aramus Vieillot).
Psophiae Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; type Psophia Linnaeus).
Megalornithes Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342 (suborder; type Megalornis G. R. Gray, 1841, a junior synonym of Grus Pallas, 1766).
Family Gruidae Vigors
Gruidae Vigors, 1825, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, p. 488 (family; type Grus Pallas).Grues L'Herminier, 1827, Actes Linn. Soc. Paris, vol. 6, pp. 3-93 (family; vernacular name).Grues Cuvier, 1829 (before Apr. 11), Regne animal, ed. 2, vol. 1, p. 506 (tribu [below family]; vernacular name).Gruinae Nitzsch, 1829, Observationes de Avium arterio carotide communi, (familia). Grueae Bonaparte, 1857, Conspectus generum avium, vol. 2, p. 97.Gruinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 66 (subfamily). Gruoideae Stejneger, 1885, Standard Natural History, vol. 4, p. 121 (super-family). Gruoidea Hay, 1902, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., no. 179, p. 527 (super-family).Gruoidae Hay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 331 (superfamily).
Anthropoideae Bonaparte, 1857, Conspectus generum avium, vol. 2, p. 97 (section; type Anthropoides Vieillot).Anthropoinae Verheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 10, 12 (sous-famille).
Megalornithidae Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342 (family; type Megalornis G. R. Gray, 1841, a junior synonym of Grus Pallas, 1766).Megalornithides Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk. vol. 43, no. 3, p. 342 (superfamily).


Geranoididae Wetmore, 1933 (May 15), Condor, vol. 35, no. 3, p. 115 (family;
type Geranoides Wetmore). Eogruidae Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 3 (family;
type Eogrus Wetmore). Balearicidae W. L. Sclater, 1924, Systema avium ethiopicarum, vol. 1, p. 110
(family; type Balearica Brisson).Balearicinae Peters, 1934, Check-list Birds
of the World, vol. 2, p. 154 (subfamily).
Subfamily f Geranoidinae (Wetmore)1
Geranoididae Wetmore, 1933 (May 15), Condor, vol. 35, no. 3, p. 115 (type Geranoides Wetmore).
Genus f Geranoides Wetmore
Geranoides Wetmore, 1933 (May 15), Condor, vol. 35, no. 3, p. 115 (type by original designation Geranoides jepseni Wetmore).
1. Geranoides jepseni Wetmore
Geranoides jepseni Wetmore, 1933 (May 15), Condor, vol. 35, no. 3, p. 115, fig. 22 (type from South Elk Creek; distal end of left tarsometatarsus, Princeton Univ. no. 13257).
Lower Eocene (Willwood formation). Wyoming: Bighorn County: South Elk Creek.
Subfamily Balearicinae (W. L. Sclater)
Balearicidae W. L. Sclater, 1924, Systema avium ethiopicarum, vol. 1, p. 110 (family; type Balearica Brisson).Balearicinae Peters, 1934, Check-list Birds World, vol. 2, p. 154 (subfamily).
Genus \Paragrus Lambrecht
Paragrus Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Palaeorn., p. 520 (type by monotypy Galli-nuloides prenctici Loomis).
2. Paragrus prentici (Loomis)
Gallinuloides prentici Loomis, Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 4, vol. 22, p. 481, fig. 1-3 (type from head of Elk Creek; distal end of right tibiotarsus, femur, proximal end of fibula, phalanges, ungues, Amherst College Museum).
Lower Eocene (Willwood formation). Wyoming: Bighorn County: head of Elk Creek, 10 miles west of Otto.
1 New rank


Genus f Aletornis Marsh
Aletornis Marsh, 1872, Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 14, p. 256 (type Aletornis nobilis Marsh, designated by Hay, 1902, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., 179, p. 527).
Protogrus Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Palaeorn., p. 520 (type Aletornis nobilis Marsh, designated by Brodkorb, 1952, Condor, vol. 54, no. 3, p. 175).
3. Aletornis nobilis Marsh
Aletornis nobilis Marsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 256 (type from Grizzly Buttes, distal end of left tarsometatarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 63).Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 30, pi. 2, fig. 15; pi. 6, fig. 43 (type restudied).
Middle Eocene (Blacks Fork member of Bridger formation). Wyoming: Uinta County: Grizzly Buttes on Smiths Fork, 1 mile SW of Mountainview.
4. Aletornis marshi (Shufeldt)
Grus marshi Shufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 41, pi. 15, figs. 144-147 (type from Henrys Fork, distal end of right tibiotarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 888).
Middle Eocene (Twin Buttes member of Bridger formation). Wyoming: Uinta County: Henrys Fork.
5. Aletornis pernix Marsh
Aletornis pernix Marsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 256 (type from Henrys Fork, distal end of left tibiotarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 64).Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 31, pi. 6, fig. 47 (type restudied).
Middle Eocene (Twin Buttes member of Bridger formation). Wyoming: Uinta County: Henrys Fork.
Genus ^Ornitocnemus Zigno
Ornitocnemus Zigno, 1876, Mem. 1st. veneto Sci., vol. 20, p. 445 (type by monotypy Ornitocnemus robustus Zigno).
Palaeogrus Portis, 1884, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 36, p. 362 (type by monotypy Palaeogrus princeps Portis).
6. Ornitocnemus robustus Zigno
Ornitocnemus robustus Zigno, 1876, Mem. 1st. veneto Sci., vol. 20, p. 445 (type
from Monte Zuello, distal end of tibiotarsus). Palaeogrus princeps Portis, 1884, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 36, p. 362
(same type).
Middle Eocene (Lutetian). Italy: Monte Zuello.


7. Ornitocnemus geiseltalensis (Lambrecht)
Palaeogrus geiseltalensis Lambrecht, 1935, Nova Acta Leopoldina, n.s., vol. 3, no. 14, p. 361, pi. 1, fig. 1 (type from Cecilie Mine, fragmentary right tibiotarsus and tarsometatarsus, Geiseltalmuseum).
Middle Eocene (Braunkohle des Geiseltales). Germany: Saxony: Grube Cecilie near Halle/Saale.
8. Ornitocnemus hordtvellienis (Lydekker)
Grus hordwellienis Lydekker, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds Brit. Mus., p. 165, fig. 36 (type from Hordwell, distal portion of right tibiotarsus, Brit. Mus. no. 30333).
Upper Eocene (Hordwell beds). England: Hampshire: Hordwell.
9. Ornitocnemus excelsus (Milne-Edwards)
Grus excelsa Milne-Edwards, 1871, Ois foss. France, vol. 2, p. 24, pi. 75; pi. 76, figs. 1-2 (type from Chavroches and Langy, coracoid, humerus, radius, ulna, carpometacarpus, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).
Lower Miocene (Aquitanian). France: Dept. Allier: Chavroches and Langy (Milne-Edwards, 1871); Saint-Gerand-le-Puy (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 519, fig. 155A).
Genus f Eohalearica Gureev
Eohalearica Gureev, 1949, Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 64, no. 2, p. 249 (type by monotypy Eohalearica tugarinovi Gureev).
10. Eohalearica tugarinovi Gureev
Eohalearica tugarinovi Gureev, 1949, Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 64, no. 2, p. 249 (Ferghana).
Upper(?) Eocene (Ferghana beds). Uzbek SSR: Ferghana sink.
Genus j Geranopsis Lydekker
Geranopsis Lydekker, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds British Mus., p. 166 (type by original designation Geranopsis hastingsiae Lydekker).
11. ^Geranopsis hastingsiae Lydekker
Geranopsis hastingsiae Lydekker, 1891, Cat. Foss. Birds British Mus., p. 166, fig. 37 (type from Hordwell, left coracoid, Brit. Mus. no. 30331*).
Upper Eocene (Hordwell beds). England: Hampshire: Hordwell.


12. Geranopsis elatus Milne-Edwards
Geranopsis elatus Milne-Edwards, 1892, C. R. 2. Congres internat. Orn. Budapest, p. 72 (type from phosphate de Chaux, tibiotarsus). According to Lambrecht (1933), a synonym of G. hastingsiae Lydekker.
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: plateau of Quercy.
Genus \ Probalearica Lambrecht
Probalearica Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Palaeorn., p. 519 (type by monotypy Grus prohlematica Milne-Edwards).
13. Probalearica prohlematica (Milne-Edwards)
Grus prohlematica Milne-Edwards, 1871, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 30, pi. 76, fig. 3-7 (type from St.-Gerand-le-Puy, rostrum; referred sternum from Gannat, coll. Marquis de Lazier).
Lower Miocene (Aquitanian). France: Dept. Allier: Gannat and Saint-Gerand-le-Puy (Milne-Edwards, 1871).
14. Probalearica crataegensis Brodkorb
Probalearica crataegensis Brodkorb, 1963 (Sept. 20), Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 26, no. 2, p. 163, pi. 1, figs, h-1 (type from Tallahassee, distal end of right tibiotarsus, Brodkorb no. 8503).
Lower Miocene (Hawthorne formation). Florida: Leon County: Tallahassee, north of "Runaway Track," Switchyard B, Seaboard Airline R.R., in SE Va of NW v4 section 3, Township 1 South, Range 1 West.
Genus \ Pliogrus Lambrecht
Pliogrus Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Palaeorn., p. 522 (type Pliogrus germanicus Lambrecht, designated by Brodkorb, 1952, Condor, vol. 54, p. 175).
lb. Pliogrus germanicus Lambrecht
Pliogrus germanicus Lambrecht, 1933, Handbuch Palaeorn., p. 522, fig. 156 (type from Eppelsheim, distal end left tibiotarsus, Mus. Preussischen Geologi-schen Landesanstalt zu Berlin).
Lower Pliocene (Dinotheriensande). Germany: Mainz basin: Eppelsheim.


17. Pliogrus pentelici (Gaudry)
Grus pentelici Gaudry, 1862 (read March 3), G. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 54, no. 8, p. 504 (type from Pikermi, 2 cervicals, proximal end of coracoid, humerus, ulna, index, pelvis, sacrum, distal end of femur, proximal half of tibiotarsus, both ends of tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).
Lower Pliocene (Pontian). Greece: Attica: Pikermi (Gaudry, 1862).
Lower Pliocene (marnes de la Croix-Rousse). France: Croix-Rousse, on right bank of Saone near Lyon (Deperet, 1887)?
Lower Pliocene (Hipparion fauna, lower Pannonian). Hungary: County Fejer: Esterhazy cave near Csakvar (Kretzoi, 1957, Aquila, vol. 63-64, pp. 244, 248, figs. 50-51).
Subfamily f Eogruinae (Wetmore)1
Eogruidae Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 3 (type Eogrus Wetmore).
Genus f Eogrus Wetmore
Eogrus Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 3 (type by monotypy Eogrus aeola Wetmore).
18. Eogrus aeola Wetmore
Eogrus aeola Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 3 figs. 2-5 (type from Chimney Butte; right tarsometatarsus, Amer. Mus. no. 2936).
Upper Eocene (Irdin Manha [Ulan Shireh] formation). Inner Mongolia: Shara Murum region, Suiyuan Prov.: Chimney Butte; 5 miles N of Arshanto Obo; Camp Margetts, 25 miles SW of Iren Dabasu (Wetmore, 1934).
Lower Oligocene (Ardyn Obo beds). Outer Mongolia: near Ardyn Obo (Wetmore, 1934)?
19. Eogrus wetmorei Brodkorb2
Eogrus sp. Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 7), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 711, p. 12 (40 miles SE of Iren Dabasu).
1 New rank.
2 New species. Type distal portion of tibiotarsus, Amer. Mus. no. 2949. Smaller than E. aeola: distal width 18.7 (19.1-20.7 in five E. aeola); least width of shaft, 9.7 (10.3-10.6 in four E. aeola); depth of outer condyle, 17.8 (19.1-20.7 in six E. aeola); depth of inner condyle, 17.7 (19.7-21.4 in four E. aeola, fide Wetmore).


Subfamily Gruinae (Vigors)
Grudae Vigors, 1825, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, p. 488 (family; type Grus Pallas).Gruinae Bonaparte, 1831, Saggio di una distribuzione metodica degli animali vertebrati, p. 24.
Genus Grus Pallas Grus Pallas, 1766, Misc. Zool., p. 66 (type by tautonomy Ardea grus Linnaeus).
20. Grus conferta A. H. Miller and Sibley1
Grus conferta A. H. Miller and Sibley, 1942 (May 15), Condor, vol. 44, no. 3, p. 126, fig. 50 (type from Black Hawk ranch, distal end of left tarsometarsus, Univ. California Mus. Paleo. no. 34715).
Upper Lower Pliocene (Siesta formation). California: Contra Costa County: Black Hawk ranch, Univ. Calif, locality no. V-3310.
21. Grus nannodes Wetmore and Martin
Grus nannodes Wetmore and Martin, 1930 (Jan. 20), Condor, vol. 32, no. 1, p. 62, fig. 23-25 (type from Sherman County, distal portion of left carpometacarpus, Univ. Kansas Mus. no. 3757).
Middle Pliocene (Edson beds, Ogallala formation). Kansas: Sherman County, section 25, T. 10 S., R. 38 W.
22. Grus bohatshevi (Serebrovsky)
Sarcogeranus bohatshevi Serebrovsky, 1940, Doklady Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S., vol. 27, no. 7, p. 767 (type from Binagady; type skull, Azerbaijan Acad. Sci. no. 2). Leucogeranus bohatschevi Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.R.S.S., vol. 33, no. 71$, p. 473, fig. 767.Leucogeranus bohatschevi Serebrovsky, 1948, Trudy Estest.-Istor. Muz., Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhan SSR, pts. 1-2, p. 43, fig. 35)^r
LowerP Pleistocene (Kirov beds). Azerbaijan: Binagady.
23. Grus melitensis Lydekker
Grus melitensis Lydekker, 1890, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p.. 408, pi. 36, fig. 2-2a, 4, 5a-b (type from Zebbug Cave, proximal half of left coracoid, fragmentary left innominate, Brit. Mus. nos. 49365, 49322m).
Middle Pleistocene (cave deposit). Malta: jZebbug Cave,.
1 The humerus "^attributed to Grus canadensis from the Lower Pliocene at Kilpatrick pasture,"^Jous County Nebraska (Wetmore, 1928, Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 302, p. 1, figs. 1-2) may belong here.
Upper Miocene (Tung Gur formation). Inner Mongolia: Prov. Chahar: 40 miles SE of Iren Dabasu.


24. Baeopteryx latipes Wetmore
Baeopteryx latipes Wetmore, 1960 (July 7), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 140, no. 2, p. 6, pi. 2, fig. 1-2; pi. 3, figs. 1-3 (type from Wilkinson quarry, right tarsometatarsus, U. S. Nat. Mus. no. 22505). ,
Lower Pleistocene. Bermuda: H. Bernard Wilkinson Quarry, south and west of Coney Island, Hamilton Parish (Wetmore, 1960); Government quarry (Brodkorb coll.).
Neospecies of Gruidae from Pleistocene and *prehistoric sites:
1. Bugeranus carunculatus (Gmelin). Southern Rhodesia: Broken Hill (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 762).
2. Anthropoides virgo (Linnaeus). France: Seneze? (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 762). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 458). ,
3. Grus grus (Linnaeus). Ireland: Ballycotton (Lydekker, 1891, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 3, p. 393); Edenvale Cave and Newhall Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 761). England: Burwell, King's Lym Fen, London Wall, Norwich, Cambridge, *Glastonbury, "Barton, *Silchester, and *East York (Lambrecht, 1933). Denmark: Maglemose, Havelse, Uggerslevgaard, Uggerslev, Lejre Aa, *Borrebjerg, "Lysemose, *Skavngaards Mose, *Aspedam, *Ordrup Mose, and *Broensholm Soemose (H. Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Middel. naturhist. Foren. Copenhagen, vol. 6, p. 95). Germany: Andernach? (Lambrecht, 1933); Ehren-stein (Soergel, 1955, Verh. vaterl. Naturk. Wurttemberg, vol. 110, p. 121). Italy: Pro Forschin south of Peschiera (Grus turfa Portis, 1884, Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 36, p. 327, pi. 2, figs. 1-13; type postcranial skeleton; see Soergel,,?!9J}J5)> Cardamona, Cataragna near Solferino della Battaglia (Lambrecht, 1933). "'Xzerbaijan: Binagady (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 459). Java: Watoealang (Wetmore, 1940, Jour. Paleont., vol. 14, p. 450, figs. 6-7).
4. Grus canadensis (Linnaeus). Alaska: St. Lawrence Island (Freidmann,
1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 92); *Kodiak Island (Friedmann,
1935, op. cit., vol. 25, p. 49); *Cape Prince of Wales (Friedmann, 1941, op. cit., vol. 31, p. 407). Washington: "Puget Sound (L. Miller, 1960, Wilson Bull., vol. 72, p. 396). California: Rancho La Brea (Grus minor L. Miller, 1910, Univ. Calif. Publ., Bull. Dept. Geol., vol. 5, no. 30, p. 4^46, fig. 8; type "distal end of left tibiotarsujr, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 12533; see L. Miller, 1925, Carnegie Instn. WasHritbH Publ., no. 349, p. 76); McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ., flull.,' Dept. geol. Sci., vol. 15, p. 318); Manixlake? (Howard, 1955,
'4
Genus f Baeopteryx Wetmore
Baeopteryx Wetmore, 1960 (July 7), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 140, no. 2, p. 6 (type by original designation Baeopteryx latipes Wetmore).


U. S. Geol/ Surv. Prof. Paper, no. 264-J, p. 204); "Buena Vista Lake (DeMay, 1942, Condor, vol. 44, p. 228). Arizona: Turkey Tank and "Wupatki Pueblo (Hargrave, 1939, Condor, vol. 41, p. 208). Wyoming: Grizzly Buttes (Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 65, pi. 2, fig. 21). North Dakota: "Thomas Riggs site (L. Miller, 1961, Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 60, pt. 3, pi. 126). South Dakota: "Chouteau site (L. Miller, 1961, Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 60, pt. 3, p. 216). Nebraska: Niobrara River (Grus hay-deni Marsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 214; type distal end of left tibiotarsus, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia; see Shufeldt, 1915, Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 65, pi. 8, fig. 67; Wetmore. 1928, Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 302, p. 4). Iowa: "Mill Creek (Hamon, 1961, Plains Anthropologist, vol. 6, p. 210). Illinois: "Kingston (Baker, 1936, Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci., vol. 29, no. 2, p. 245); *Jacob and "Plum Island (Baker, 1937, Auk, vol. 54, p. 388); Ashmore (Galbreath, 1944, Condor, vol. 46, p. 35); "Modoc rock shelter (Parmalee, 1956, Illinois State Mus., Rept. Invest., no. 4, p. 53); "Cahokia (Parmalee, 1958, Auk, vol. 75, p. 172). Ohio: "Fuert village Wetmore, 1943, Wilson Bull., vol. 55, p. 127). New Jersey: Monmouth County (Grus proavus Marsh, 1872, (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 261; type sternum and femur, Princeton Mus. Geol. nos. 16258, 16258-A; see Wetmore, 1958, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 135, no. 8, p. 7, pi. 1-3, pi. 4, fig. 1, where synonymized with Grus canadensis tabida Peters, which it antedates). Georgia: "Etowah (Parmalee, 1960, Florida Anthropologist, vol. 13, p. 49). Florida: Melbourne, Seminole Field, and Bradenton (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 36); Rock Spring (Woolfenden, 1959, Wilson Bull., vol. 71, p. 185); "Lemon Bluff (Neill, Gut, and Brodkorb, 1956, Amer. Antiquity, vol. 21, p. 388); "Jungerman site (Wing, 1963, Contrib. Florida State Mus., no. 10, p. 53). Mexico: "San Juan de Aragon (Martin del Campo, 1944, Anal. Inst. Biol., vol. 15, p. 315, fig.
5. Grus americana (Linnaeus). California: Rancho La Brea (Howard, 1930, Condor, vol. 32, p. 84). Idaho: 13 miles northwest of Grandview (L. Miller, 1944, Condor, vol. 46, p. 30). North Dakota: "Thomas Riggs site (L. Miller,
1961, Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 60, pt. 3, p. 126). Illinois: "Sand Ridge (Baker, 1937, Auk, vol. 54, p. 388); "Kingston (Baker, 1941, Trans. Amer. Philos Soc, n.s., vol. 32, p. 68). Michigan: Ferry (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 145, no,,2, p. 7). Kentucky: "Carlson Annis mound (Webb, 1950, Univ. Kentucky Repts. Anthropol., vol. 7, no. 4, p. 293). Virginia: Natural Chimneys (Wetmfire, 1962, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 145, no. 2, p. 9). Florida: Ttdhftfeknee River, Seminole Field, and Melbourne (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian misc. Coll., vol. 85, no.-2, p. 35).
6. Grus antigone (Linnaeus). France: Grotte de Eyzies in Dept. Dordogne (Grus primigenia Milne-Edwards, 1869, Ois. foss. France, vol. 2, p. 33, pi. 76, figs. 8-11; type distal end of tibiotarsus, Paris Mus.; see SoergeL 1955, Verh. vaterl. Naturk. Wurttemburg, vol. 110, p. 121); Grotte della Madelaine and Grotte Gourdan (Milne-Edwards, 1875, Mater. Hist. prim. Homme, ser. 2, vol. 6, p. 498). Germany: Ehrenstein (Soergel, 1955, Verh. vaterl. Naturk. Wurttemburg, vol. 110, p. L21).
7. Grus leucogiuinus Pallas. Azerbaijan: Binagady (Burchak-Abramovich,
1962, Ornitologiya, yol.'4, p. 459).


Family f Ergilornithidae Kozlova
Ergilomithidae Kozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Problemnykh i Tematicheskikh Soveshcheanii, Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., no, 9, p. 329 (type Ergilornis Kozlova). Position tentative; possibly related to Struthionidae.
Genus \ Proergilornis Kozlova
Proergilornis Kozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Prob. Temat. Sov., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., no. 9, p. 327 (type by original designation Proergilornis minor Kozlova).
1. Proergilornis minor Kozlova
Proergilornis minor Kozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Prob. Temat. Sov., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., no. 9, p. 327, fig. 2 (type from Ergil-Obo, distal end of left tarsometatarsus, Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. no. 473-367; cast in Brodkorb coll.).
Lower or Middle Oligocene. Inner Mongolia: southeast Gobi: Ergil-Obo.
Genus \Ergilornis Kozlova
Ergilornis Kozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Prob. Temat. Sov., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., no. 9, p. 323 (type by original designation Ergilornis rapidus Kozlova).
2. Ergilornis rapidus Kozlova
Ergilornis rapidus Kozlova, 1960 (June 15), Trudy Prob. Temat. Sov., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., no. 9, p. 323, fig. 1 (type from Ergil-Obo, distal part of right tarsometatarsus, Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. no. 473-457; cast in Brodkorb coll.).
Lower or Middle Oligocene. Inner Mongolia: southeast Gobi: Ergil-Obo.
Genus f Urmiornis Mecquenem
Urmiornis Mecquenem, 1925, Ann. d'Hist. nat., vol. 1, Paleont. (Paris), p. 54 (type by monotypy Urmiornis maraghanus Mecquenem). Position tentative; digite^eis^mble those of the Struthionidae.
3. Urmiornis maraghanus Mecquenem
Urmiornis maraghanus Mecquenem, 1925, Ann. d'Hist. nat., vol. 1, Paleont. (Paris}, p. 54, fig. 16 (type from Maragha, distal end of tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, Paris Mus.).
Lower Pliocene ^Meotian). Ukraine: jMoldavia: Tiraspol (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 521).
LowERjj^iocENE (Pontian). Iran: Lake Urmia: Maragha (Mecquenem,


Family Aramidae Bonaparte
Araminae Bonaparte, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (type Aramus Vieillot); 1853, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, p. 646.Aramidae Bonaparte, 1854 (before May 1855?), Conspectus Generum Avium, vol. 2, p. 103.
Genus \ Aminornis Ameghino
Aminornis Ameghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleon. Suplemento, p. 9 (type by monotypy Aminornis excavatus Ameghino).
1. Aminornis excavatus Ameghino
Aminornis excavatus Ameghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleon., Suplemento, p. 9 (type from Rio Deseado, coracoid).
Lower Oligocene (Deseado formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Rio Deseado.
Genus f Loncornis Ameghino
Loncornis Ameghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleon., Suplemento, p. 9 (type by monotypy Loncornis erectus Ameghino).
Position uncertain.
2. Loncornis erectus Ameghino
Loncornis erectus Ameghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleon., Suplemento, p. 9 type from Rio Deseado, femur).
Lower Oligocene (Deseado formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Rio Deseado.
Genus \ Badistornis Wetmore
Badistornis Wetmore, 1940 (Jan. 2), Jour. Morphology, vol. 66, no. 1, p. 30 (type by monotypy Badistornis aramus ^Wetmore).
3. Badistornis aramus Wetmore
Badistornis aramus Wetmore, 1940 (Jan. 2), Jour. Morphology, vol. 66, no. 1, p. 30, fig. 7-10 (type from near Scenic, left tarsometatarsus, South Dakota School of Mines no. 3631). \
Middle Oligocene (Metamynodon zone, lower part of Brule formation). Sout^tDakota: 35 miles SW of Scenic (Washington Coun-
ty?).


Genus ^ Gnotornis Wetmore
Gnotornis Wetmore, 1942 (May 11), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 101, no. 14, p. 1, (type by monotypy Gnotornis aramiellus Wetmore).
4. Gnotornis aramiellus Wetmore
Gnotornis aramiellus Wetmore, 1942 (May 11), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 101, no. 14, p. 1, fig. 1-4 (type from near Rockyford, distal end of left humerus, South Dakota School of Mines no. 40158).
Upper Oligocene (Protoceras-Leptauchehia beds, upper part of Brule formation). South Dakota: Washington County (6 miles east of Rockyford).
Genus \ Aramornis Wetmore
Aramornis Wetmore, 1926 (March 11), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 211, p. 1 (type by original designation Aramornis longurio Wetmore).
5. Aramornis longurio Wetmore
Aramornis longurio Wetmore, 1926 (March 11), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 211, p. 1, fig. 1-4 (type from Sheep Creek, distal end of left tarsometatarsus, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 6292).
Middle Miocene (Merychippus primus zone, lower Sheep Creek beds). Nebraska: Sioux County (Snake Creek quarries).
Neospecies of Aramidae recorded from the Pleistocene:
1. Aramus guarauna (Linnaeus). Florida: Seminole Field and Itchtucknee River (Wetmore, 1931, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 85, no. 2, p. 37); Crystal Spring (Brodkorb, 1956, Wilson Bull., vol. 68, p. 158); Rock Spring (Woolfenden, 1959, Wilson Bull., vol. 71, p. 185); Hornsby Spring (Brodkorb coll.); "Good's shellpit (Neilk Gut, and Brodkorb, 1956, Amer. Antiquity vol. 21, p. 388). Venezuela: "*Hacienda Tocoron (Wetmore, 1935, Auk, vol. 52, p. 329).1
Family Psophiedae Bonaparte
Psophidae Bonaparte, 1831, Saggio di una distribuzione metodica degli Animali VerteVati, p. 56 (familia; type Psophia Linnaeus).Psophinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 66 (subfamily).Psophiidae Bonaparte, 1853 (read Oct. 31), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (familia). N
No fossil record.
1 Aramus sfe i* recorded from the Lower Pliocene, Upper Snake Creek beds, of Nebraska (yvetmore, 1928, Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 302, p. 4).


Suborder Cariamae Furbringer
Cariamae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 note (gens; type Cariama Brisson).Cariamae Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 343 (suborder).Cariamiformes Verheyen, 1957 (Aug.), Bull. Inst, roy Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 39, pp. 1, 6 (ordo).
Stereornithes Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 20, 37 (ordo; type Stereornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887).
Dicholophi Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 74 (suborder; type Dicholophus Illiger, 1811, a junior synonym of Cariama Brisson, 1790).
Stephanornithes Moreno, 1897, An. Soc. cien. argentina, vol. 43, p. 226 (order;
type Stephanornis Mercerat). Brontornithes Dolgopol de Saez, 1927, An. Soc. cien. argentina, vol. 103, p. 145
(type Brontornis Moreno and Mercerat).Brontorniformes Kraglievich, 1932,
An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350. Phororhaci Wetmore, 1930 (Jan. 8), Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 76, art. 24, p. 4
(suborder; type Phorusrhacos Ameghino).Phororhaciformes Kraglievich, 1932,
An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350.
Family f Cunampahdae Rusconi
Cunampaiidae Rusconi, 1946, Bol. Paleont. Buenos Aires, no. 21, p. 1 (type Cunampaia Rusconi). Position tentative.
Genus ^Cunampaia Rusconi
Cunampaia Rusconi, 1946, Bol. Paleont. Buenos Aires, no. 21, p. 1 (type by monotypy Cunampaia simplex Rusconi).
1. Cunampaia simplex Rusconi
Cunampaia simplex Rusconi, 1946, Bol. Paleont. Buenos Aires, no. 21, p. 1, fig. 1-2 (type from Mina Atala, various associated bones, Museo de Mendoza).
Lower OtiGjJcENE (Atala formation = Divisadero Largo formation). ArgeKtTna: Mendoza: 500 meters west of Mina Atala, Las Heras.
Family fPhorusrhacidae (Ameghino)
Phororhacosidae Ameghino, 1899, Actas Acad. nac. Ciencias Cordoba, vol. 6, fide Paterson and Kraglievich (type Phororhacos Ameghino = Phorusrhacos Ameghino).Phororhacosidae ^Ameghino, 1891 (Dec), ijevista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, p. 449.Phororhacidae Lydekker, 1893, Ibi$, ser. 6, vol. 5,~p. 43 (emendation).Phororhacidae Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geografico argentino, vol. 15, cahiersc~ife|-12, p. 10 of reprint (emendation).Phororhacinae L. Kraglievich, 1932, j&n.'Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2. vol. 3, p. 350 (sub-


familia).Phororhacoidea Patterson, 1941, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol., Ser.,
vol. 8, p. 49 (superfamily).Phorusrhacoidea Brodkorb, 1963 (Apr. 16), Auk,
vol. 80, no. 2, p. Ill (superfamily; emendation).Phorusrhacidae Brodkorb,
1963 (Apr. 16), loc. sit. (family; emendation).Phorusrhacinae Brodkorb, 1963
(Apr. 16), loc. cit. (subfamily; emendation). Brontornithidae Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), Anales del Museo de La
Plata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, pp. 20, 37 (type Brontornis Moreno and
Mercerat).Brontorniidae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat.
Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350.Brontorniinae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932,
op. cit., pp. 348, 350 (subfamilia). Devincenziidae L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2,
vol. 3, pp. 323, 350 (type Devincenzia L. Kraglievich). Liorninae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2,
vol. 3, pp. 348, 350 (type Liornis Ameghino, 1895, a junior synonym of
Rostrornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891; subfamilia). Stereornithidae Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 21, 44
(type Stereornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos
Ameghino, 1887).
Darwinorniihidae Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., pp. 24, 60 (type Darwinornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887).
Patagornithidae Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, pp. 225, 230
(type Patagornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a coetaneous synonym of Palaeo-
ciconia Moreno and Mercerat, 1891). Mesembriorniidae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo,
ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 332, 349 (type Mesembriornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a
junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887).Mesembriornidae [sic] L.
Kraglievich, 1932, op. cit., p. 349.Mesembriornithidae J. L. Kraglievich, 1946,
An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 142, p. 108 (emendation). Tolmodinae L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3,
pp. 348, 350 (type Tolmodus Ameghino, June 1891, a junior synonym of
Palaeociconia Moreno and Mercerat, May 1891).
Subfamily f BRONTOROTrHTNAE (Moreno and Mercerat)1
Bronfofmthidae Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), Anales del Museo de La Plata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, pp. 20, 37 (type Brontornis Moreno and Mercerat).Brontorniidae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350 (emendation).Brontorniinae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, op. cit., pp. 348, 350 (subfamilia).
Devincenziidae L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 323, 350 (type Devincenzia L. Kraglievich).
Liorninae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hisjt. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 348, 350 (type Liornis Ameghino, 1895, a junior synonym of Rostrornis Moreno a^d Mercerat, 1891; subfamilia).
-% /
1 New enfendation.
'4 '


Genus \Physornis Ameghino
Physornis Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst. Geografico argentino, vol. 15, p. 576 [p. 78 of reprint] (type by monotypy Physornis fortis Ameghino).
Aucornis Ameghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleont., Suplemento, p. 9 (type by n.g. n.sp. convention and by present designation Aucornis eurhynchus Ameghino).
1. Physornis fortis Ameghino
Physornis fortis Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geograf. argentino, vol. 15, p. 576
(type Pyrotherium beds, mandible, Brit. Mus.). Aucornis eurhynchus Ameghino, 1899, Sinopsis geol.-paleont., Suplemento, p. 9
("cretaceo de Patagonia," types mandibular symphysis and proximal portion of
tarsometatarsus).
Aucornis solidus Ameghino, 1899, op. cit., p. 9 (type from "cretaceo de Patagonia," phalanx 1 of toe II). 1
Lower Oligocene (Deseado formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Rio Deseado.
Genus \ Brontornis Moreno and Mercerat
Brontornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), Anales del Museo de La Plata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, pp. 20, 37 (type by monotypy Brontornis burmeisteri Moreno and Mercerat).
Rostrornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., pp. 20, 40 (type by monotypy Rostrornis ftoweri Moreno and Mercerat, a synonym of Brontornis burmeisteri Moreno and Mercerat).
[?] Stephanomis Mercerat, 1893, Note sur la geologie de la Patagonie, p. 5 (not seen; type by monotypy Stephanomis princeps Mercerat).
Liornis Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 570 [p. 72 of reprint] (type by monotypy Liornis ftoweri Ameghino).
Devincenzia L. Kraglievich, 1932, Anales del Museo de Hist. nat. de Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 323 (type by monotypy Devincenzia gaUinali L. Kraglievich).
2. r Brontornis burmeisteri Moreno and Mercerat
Brontornis burmeisteri Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 20f37, pi. 3, figs. 1-4; pi. 5, fig. 2 (lectotypes by present designation from Lago Argentina, left femur, left tibiotarsus, fibula, and left tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus. nos. 88-91; two additional distal ends of tarsometatarsi, nos. 92-93, are from Santa Cruz).
Rostrornis ftoweri Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 20, 40, pi. 4, fig. 1; pi. 5, figs. 1, 3-5; pi. 6; pi. 7, figs. 1-3 (lectotypes by present designation from Monte Leon, Various bill and skull fragrnents, seven vertebrae and fragments, femoral head, lower part of left femur/ ectocondyle of" right tibiotarsus, La Plalk Mus. nos. 94-111; pedal phalanges and trochleae of tarsometatarsus must represent another species if actually from Monte Hermoso as* stated). '


[?] Stephanomis princeps Mercerat, 1893, Note sur la geologie de la Patagonie, p. 5 {not seen; type from Patagonia).Mercerat, 1899, Veroffentlichungen der Deutschen Akademischen Vereinung zu Buenos Aires, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 9 (Santa Cruz beds; type more massive than the Stereornithes).
{?)Brontornis platyonyx Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 567 [p. 69 of reprint], fig. 25 (type from Monte Observaci6n, phalanges II, 1, 2, 4; IV, 1, 3, 4, 5, Brit. Mus.).
Liornis ftoweri Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 571 [p. 73 of reprint], fig. 26 (type from Monte Observaci6n, distal part of tibia, distal part of tarsometatarsus, and phalanx 1 of digits III and IV, an incompletely grown juvenile, Brit. Mus.).
Liornis minor Dolgopol de Saez, 1927, Physis, p. 581; An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 103, p. 160, pi. 4, figs. 1-2 (type from Santa Cruz, La Plata Mus.).
[?]Devincenzia gallinali L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 323, 338, pi. 57-59 (type from unknown locality and horizon but thought to be from Arroyo Roman, Oligocene or Miocene, [juvenile?] right tarsometatarsus, Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo).
Lower Miocene (Patagonian formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz.: Lago Argentina and Monte Leon (Moreno and Mercerat, 1891).
Middle Miocene (Santa Cruz formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz (Moreno and Mercerat, 1891; Dolgopol de Saez, 1927); Monte Observation, Karaiken, and La Cueva (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., pp. 511-512).
Miocene? Uruguay: Dept. Rio Negro: Arroyo Roman? (Kraglievich, 1932).
Subfamily f Palaeociconhnae Brodkorb 1
Patagornithidae Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, pp. 225, 230
(type Patagornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a synonym of Palaeodconia
Moreno and Mercerat, 1891; family). Tolmodinafi L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol.
3, "pp^f 348, 350 (type Tolmodus Ameghino, June 1891, a junior synonym of
Palaeodconia Moreno and-Mercerat, May 1891).
^ Genus \ Andrewsornis Patterson
Andrewsornis Patterson, 1941, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., vol. 8, no. 8, p. 50 (type Andrewsornis abbotti Patterson).
1 New name. In confused misinterpretation of* the nomenclature of Paleoci-conia, Mesdmbriornis, and Hermosiornis, Lucas Kraglievich (references cited above and

3. Andrewsornis abbotti Patterson
Phororhacos affinis F. Ameghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geologico-paleontol6gica, Suplemento, p. 9 (type from "Guaranitico de Patagonia" [= Deseado formation], tarsometatarsus; preoccupied by Owenornis affinis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a synonym of Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino).
Andrewsornis abbotti Patterson, 1941, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., vol. 8, no. 8, p. 50, fig. 16 (type from Cabeza Blanca, Field Mus. Nat. Hist.).
Lower Oligocene (Deseado formation). Argentina: Ter. Chubut: Cabeza Blanca.
Genus \Palaeociconia Moreno and Mercerat1
Palaeodconia Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), Anales Museo La Plata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, pp. 19, 36 (type Palaeodconia cristata Moreno and Mercerat, selected by Rovereto, 1914, An. Mus. nac. Buenos Aires, vol. 25, p. 163).
Patagornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., pp. 23, 55 (type Patagornis
marshi Moreno and Mercerat, designated by Richmond, 1902, Proc. U. S. Nat.
Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 704). Tolmodus Ameghino, 1891 (June), Revista argentina Historia nat., vol. 1, p. 157
(type Tolmodus inflatus Ameghino, a junior synonym of Palaeodconia cristata
Moreno and Mercerat). Moreno-merceratia Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 512 (type by monotypy
Palaeodconia cristata Moreno and Mercerat).
4. Palaeociconia cristata Moreno and Mercerat
Palaeodconia cristata Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), Anales del Museo de La Plata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, pp. 19, 36, pi. 19, figs. 12, 14; pi. 20, fig. 9 (types from Santa Cruz, two vertebrae and two ungues, La Plata Mus. nos. 83-86).
Patagornis marshi Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 23, 56, pi. 14, figs. 2-11; pi. 15, figs. 1-3 (types from Santa Cruz, premaxillary fragment, 3 vertebrae and fragments, fragment of sacrum, scapular fragments, upper part of right femur, lower part of left femur, fragment of right tibia, mesotrochlea of left and ectotrochlea of right tarsometatarsus, unguis, and fragments, La Plata Mus. nos. 143-158).
Patagornis lemoinei Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 23, 58, pi. 15, figs. 5-5a (types from Monte Leon, fragment of vertebra, head and distal fragment of right femur, distal end of right tibia, trochlea of tarsometatarsus, ungttes, La Plata Mus. nos. 159-164).
Tolmodus inflatus Ameghino, 1891 (June 1), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 3, p. 157, fig. 62 (type from Santa Cruz formation, right premaxilla; de-
1 Not affected by Palaeociconia Moreno, 1889 (Breve, resefia tie los progressos del Museo La Plata, durante el segundo semestre de 1888, Bol. La Plata, p. 30; type Palaeociconia australis Moreno, designated by Richmond, 1902, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 24, p. 702), as both generic and specific names are nomina nuda at this point. \


scribed as an edentate mammal).Phororhacos inflatus Ameghino, 1891 (Aug. "1" = 11), Rev. argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 4, p. 258 (transferred to Aves).Phororhacos inflatus Andrews, 1899, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, vol. 15, pt. 3, pp. 55-86, pi. 14-17 (monograph). Phororhacos modicus Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 548 [p. 50 of reprint], fig. 15 (types from Santa Cruz formation, humerus, tarsometatarsus).
Lower Miocene (Patagonian formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Monte Le6n.
Middle Miocene (Santa Cruz formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz; Monte Observaci6n, Tagua Quemada, and La Cueva (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 503).
Genus \ Andalgalornis Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich
Andalgalornis Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Museo municipal de Ciencias naturales y tradicional de Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 33 (type by original designation Andalgalornis ferox Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich).
5. Andalgalornis steulleti (L. Kraglievich)
Phororhacos steulleti L. Kraglievich, 1931, Physis, vol. 10, p. 312, fig. 4 (type from barrancas del Rio Parana, phalanx 1 of digit IV, Museo Arg. Ciencias Naturales no. 4244).
Phororhacos daeutieri L. Kraglievich, 1931, Physis, vol. 10, p. 312, fig. 5 (type from barrancas del Rio Parana, distal end of right femur, Buenos Aires Mus. no. 6932).
Lower Pliocene (base of Entre Rios series). Argentina: Prov. Entre Rios: ravines of the Rio Parana.
6. Andalgalornis ferox Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich
Andalgalornis ferox Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Museo municipal Ciencias nat. y tradicional de Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 34, figs. 3, 4, 6 (misspelled terox and torax on legends; type from Chiquimil, partial skeleton, including cranium, mandible, presynsacral vertebrae except atlas, sixth rib, pelvis, and synsacrum, Field Nat. Mus. no. 14357).
Middle Pliocene (Andalgala formation). Argentina: Prov. Cata-marcar< Chiquimil.
Subfamily fPhorusrhacinae (Ameghino)
Phororhacosidae Ameghino, 1889, Actas Acad. nac. Cienc. C6rdoba, vol. 6, fide Patterson and Kraglievich (type Phororhacos Ameghino = Phorusrhacos Ameghino).Phororhacosidae Ameghino, 1891 (Dec), Revista argentina Hist, nat.,


vol. 1, p. 449.Phororhacidae Lydekker, 1893, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, p. 43 (emendation).Phororhacidae Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geogr, argentino, vol. 15, cahiers 11-12, p. 10 of reprint (emendation).Phororhacinae L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 350 (subfamilia).Phorusrhacinae Brodkorb, 1963 (Apr. 16), Auk, vol. 80, no. 2, p. Ill (subfamily).
Stereornithidae Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), Anales Museo La Plata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, p. 21 (type Stereornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887).
Darwinornithidae Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., p. 24 (type Dar-winornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887).
Devincenziidae L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 323, 350 (type Devincenzia L. Kraglievich).
Mesembriorniidae L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 332, 349 (type Mesembriornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891, a junior synonym of Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887).Mesembriornidae L. Kraglievich, 1932, op. cit., p. 349.Mesembriornithidae J. L. Kraglievich, 1946, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 142, p. 108 (emendation).
Genus ^Phorusrhacos Ameghino
Phorusrhacos Ameghino, 1887, Enumeracion sistematica de las especies de mamiferos fosiles colecionados por Carlos Ameghino en los terrenos eocenos de la Patagonia austral depositados en el Museo La Plata, Bol. Mus. La Plata, vol. 1, p. 24 (type by monotypy Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino).Phor-usrhachos Lydekker, 1888, Zoological Record, vol. 24, Mammalia, p. 52 (emendation).Phororhacos Ameghino, 1889, Act. Acad. nac. Cienc. Cordoba, vol. 6, p. 659 (emendation).Phororhacos Ameghino, 1891 (Aug. 11), Revista argentina Historia natural vol. 1, no. 4 for Aug. 1, p. 256.Phororhachos Lydekker, 1892, Zoological Record, vol. 28, Mammalia, p. 54 (emendation). Phororhacis Sclater, 1893, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, p. 41 (emendation).Phorysrhacos Lydekker, 1896, in Newton, Dictionary of Birds, fasc. 4, p. 905 (emendation). Phororhacus Ameghino, 1898, Segundo Censo de la Republica Argentina, vol. 1, p. 235 (emendation).
Stereornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), Anales Museo La Plata, Paleont. argentina, vol. 1, p. 21 (type Stereornis rollieri Moreno and Mercerat, designated by Richmond, 1902, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 716, = Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino).
Darwinornis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., p. 24 (type Darwinornis copei Moreno and Mercerat, designated by Richmond, 1902, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 677 = Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino).
Owenornis Mbreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), op. cit., p. 25 (type Owenornis affinis Moreno and Mercerat, designated by Richmond, 1902, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 702 = Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino).
Mesembriornis Moreno, 1889, Breve reseria de los progresos del Museo La Plata, durante el segundo. semestre de 1888, Bol. Mus. La Plata, p. 29 (type by monotypy Mesembriornis milne-edwardsi Mercerat, nomen nudum).Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 21, 48 (type designated by Rovereto, 1914, An. Mus. nac. Hist. nat. Buenos Aires, vol.


25, p. 163, Mesembriornis studeri Moreno and Mercerat = Phorusrhacos
longissimus Ameghino). Titanornis Mercerat, 1893, Note Geol. Patagonie, p. 5 (type by monotypy
Titanornis mirabilis Mercerat, nomen nudum).Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient.
argentina, vol. 43, p. 229 (brief descr.; type by monotypy Titanornis mirabilis
Mercerat = Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino). Callornis Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geogr. argentina, vol. 15, p. 574 (type by
monotypy Callornis giganteus Ameghino = Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino).
Eucallornis Ameghino, 1901, An. Soc. cien. argentina, vol. 51, p. 78 (new name for Callornis Ameghino, preoccupied).
7. Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino
Phorusrhacos longissimus Ameghino, 1887, Enumeraci6n sistematica de las especies de mamiferos fosiles coleccionados por Carlos Ameghino en los ter-renos eocenos de la Patagonia austral depositados en el Museo de La Plata, p. 24 (type from Santa Cruz, mandible, La Plata Mus. no. 118; described as an edentate mammal).
Stereornis rollieri Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (text published in May, plates Aug. 5), Anales Museo La Plata, Paleontologia argentina, vol. 1, pp. 21, 45, pi. 9, fig. 3; pi. 10, figs. 1-2; pi. 11, fig. 1 (types from Santa Cruz, upper part of left tibia, upper part of left tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus. nos. 119-120).
Stereornis gaudryi Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 21, 47, pi. 9, fig. 4; pi. 10, fig. 3 (type from Monte Leon, proximal part of left tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus. no. 121). ^ Mesembriornis studeri Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp. 21, 48, pi. 4, figs. 2-3; pi. 7, fig. 4; pi. 10, fig. 4; pi. 11, fig. 2-4; pi. 12, fig. 1-6 (types from Monte Leon, fragment of right temporal region, other skull fragments, proximal part of left mandible, numerous fragments of vertebrae, fragments of upper limbs, proximal part of right femur, proximal and distal fragments of left femur, right tibia lacking ends, right tarsometatarsus lacking the two lateral trochleae, lower part of right tarsometatarsus, numerous toe phalanges, numerous other fragments of the legs, La Plata Mus. nos. 122-134).
Mesembriornis quatrefragesi Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 22, 50, pi. 4, fig. 4; pi. 12, figs. 7-9; pi. 14, fig. 1 (types from Santa Cruz, lower part of left humerus, upper part of left ulna, distal fragment of right tibia, trochlea of right tarsometatarsus, ungual phalanx, Mus. La Plata nos. 135-139).
Darwinornis copei Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol. 1, pp. ^4, 60, pi. 17, figs. 1-2 (types from Santa Cruz, lower part of left tibia, trochlea of middle toe, and fragments, La Plata Mus. nos. 171-173).
Darwinornis zittelli Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 25, 63, pi. 17, figs. 3-4 (types from Santa Cruz, ectocondyle of right tibia, mesotrochlea of tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus. nos. 174-175).
Darwinornis socialis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 25, 63, pi. 17, fig. 5 (type from Santa Cruz, mesotrochlea of left tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus. no. 176).


Owenornis affinis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol. 1, pp.
25, 64, pi. 17, fig. 6; pi. 18, fig. 1 (type from Santa Cruz, mesotrochlea of
right tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus. no. 177). Owenornis lydekkeri Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol. 1,
pp. 25, 64, pi. 18, figs. 2-5 (types from Santa Cruz, fragmentary vertebrae,
entocondyle of right tibia, mesotrochlea of right tarsometatarsus, ectotrochlea
of left tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus. nos. 178-182). Phororhacos sehuenensis Ameghino, 1891 (Aug. "1" = 11), Revista argentina
Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 4, p. 258 (type from Rio Sehuen, fragment of lower
mandible, dorsal vertebra, femur, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus). Phororhacos platygnathus Ameghino, 1891 (Dec. 1), Revista argentina Hist, nat.,
vol. 1, no. 6, p. 452 (types from Monte Observaci6n, mandible, tarsometatarsus,
now in Brit. Mus.).
Titanornis mirabilis Mercerat, 1893, Note sur la geologie de Patagonie, p. 5 (not seen; apparently nomen nudum).Titanornis mirabilis Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, p. 230 (type from Santacruzian, most of a skeleton, larger than Phororhacos longissimus);
CaUornis giganteus Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geografico argentino, vol. 15, p. 78 of reprint, figs. 28-29 (types from La Cueva, distal part of right tibiotarsus without condyles, distal end of right tarsometatarsus, now in Brit. Mus.). Eucallornis giganteus Ameghino, 1901, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 51, p. 78.
Lowek Miocene (Patagonia formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Monte Leon (Moreno and Mercerat, 1891).
Middle Miocene (Santa Cruz formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz (Ameghino, 1887); Rio Sehuen (Ameghino, 1891); Monte Observaci6n (Ameghino, 1891); La Cueva (Ameghino, 1895); Tagua Quemada (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 501).
Genus \ Onactornis Cabrera
Onactornis Cabrera, 1839 (Apr. 10), Rev. Mus. La. Plata, n.s., sec. paleont., vol. 2, no. 6, p. 15 (type Onactornis depressus Cabrera).
8. Onactornis pozzii (L. Kraglievich)
Phororhacos pozzii L. Kraglievich, 1931, Physis, vol. 10, p. 306, figs. 1-3, (type from El Brete, distal portion of right tarsometatarsus, Buenos Aires Mus. no. 6554; referred unguis of toe III, no. 6681).
Onactornis depressus Cabrera, 1939 (Apr. 10), Rev. Mus. La Plata, n.s., sec. paleont., vol. 2, no. 6, p. 15, figs. 11-15 (type from Campo de Robilotte, incomplete cranium and phalanx 1 of toes II and III, Mus. La Plata no. 37-III-7-8).
Lower Pliocene (Mesopotamian). Argentina: Prov. Entre Rios: El Brete. Prov. Buenos Aires: Campo de Robilotte, southeast of Laguna Epecuen, partido de Adolfo Alsina.


9. Onactornis mendocinus (L. Kraglievich)
Phororhacos longissimus mendocinus L. Kraglievich, 1931, Physis, vol. 10, p. 304, fig. 105 (type from Huayquerias, proximal portion of right femur without head, Buenos Aires Mus. no. 6930).
Meddle Pliocene (Huayqueriana). Argentina: Prov. Mendoza: Huayquerias.
Genus \Titanis Brodkorb
Titanis Brodkorb, 1963 (Apr. 16), Auk, vol. 80, no. 2, p. Ill (type by original designation Titanis walleri Brodkorb).
10. Titanis walleri Brodkorb
Titanis walleri Brodkorb, 1963 (Apr. 16), Auk, vol. 80, no. 2, p. 113, figs. 1-7 (type from Santa Fe River, distal part of right tarsometatarsus, Univ. Florida no. 4108; referred phalanx 1 of digit III).
Upper? Pleistocene (fluvial deposit). Florida: Gilchrist/Columbia County line: Santa Fe River, in NE Vl of NW section 34, Township 7 S, Range 16 E.
Family Cariamidae Bonaparte
Dicholophidae Kaup, 1850, fide Gray, 1871 (type Dicholophus Illiger, 1811, a junior synonym of Cariama Brisson, 1760).
Cariamidae Bonaparte, 1853, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (type Cariama Brisson).Cariaminae Bonaparte, 1853, loc. cit. (subfamilia).Caria-moideae Stejneger, 1885, Standard Natural History, vol. 4, p. 119 (super-family).Cariamoidea Patterson, 1941, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Geol. Ser., vol. 8, p. 49 (emendation; superfamily).
Pelecyornidae [sic] Ameghino, 1891 (Dec.), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 6, p. 448 (type Pelecyornis Ameghino, Dec. 1891, a junior synonym of Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat, May 1891).Pelecyornisidae Ameghino, 1891 (Dec), op. cit., p. 450 in text.
Hermosiornidae [sic] Rovereto, 1914 (Jan. 22), An. Mus. nac. Buenos Aires, vol. 25, sig. 7, p. 110; sig. 11 (Jan. 20), p. 163 (type Hermosiornis Rovereto). Hermpsiorniidae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 332, 349 (emendation).Hermosiornithidae Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 23), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 89, no. 13, p. 7 (emendation).Hermo-siornithinae Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Mus. municipal de Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 17 (subfamilia).
Bathornithinae Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 13 (subfamily; type Bathornis Wetmore).Bathornithidae Wetmore, 1933 (Oct.), Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., vol. 75, no. 7, p. 301 (family).


Psilopteridae Dolgopol de Saez, 1927, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 103, p. 156 (type Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat).Psilopteriidae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 349.Psilopterinae Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Mus. municipal Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 13 (subfamilia).
Subfamily f Bathornithinae Wetmore
Bathornithinae Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mis. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 13 (type Bathornis Wetmore).Bathornithidae Wetmore, 1933 (Oct.), Bull. Mus. Comp. Zoll., vol. 75, no. 7, p. 301 (family).
Genus \ Bathornis Wetmore
Bathornis Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 11 (type by monotypy Bathornis veredus Wetmore).
1. Bathornis veredus Wetmore
Bathornis veredus Wetmore, 1927 (July 15), Proc. Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist., vol. 7, no. 2, p. 11, figs. 19-24 (type from lower part of Horsetail Creek member, distal portion of right tarsometatarsus, Colorado Mus. Nat. Hist. no. 805; see Galbreath, 1953, Univ. Kansas Paleont. Contr., Vertebrata, art. 4, p. 40).
Lower Oligocene (Chadron formation). Colorado: Weld County: Horsetail Creek, sections 26 and 27, Township 10 N, Range 57 W (Wetmore, 1927). Nebraska: George Everson ranch, 11 miles northwest of Crawford (Wetmore, Apr. 1933, Auk, vol. 50, no. 2, p. 213). South Dakota: Pennington County: Indian Creek (Wetmore, 1937, Condor, vol. 39, no. 6, p. 256, fig. 70).
2. Bathornis celeripes Wetmore
Bathornis celeripes Wetmore, 1933 (Oct.), Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., vol. 75, no. 7, p. 302, figs. 6-14 (type from near Torrington, left tarsometatarsus, Mus. Comp. Zool. no. 2234).
Middle Oligocene ("base t)f Scenic member"). South Dakota: Pennington County: 2 miles E of Scenic (Wetmore, 1958, Smithsonian MiscA Coll., vol. 135, no. 8, p. 5, pi. 4, fig. 2).
Middle Oligocene (Oreodon beds). Nebraska: Everson Ranch, 12 miles northwest of Crawford (Wetmore, Oct. 1933).
Upper Oligocene (Brule formation). Wyoming: Goshen County: 4 miles from Torrington, in head of canyon, in S Vz of NW Vi, section 32, Township 24 N, Range 61 W (Wetmore, Oct. 1933).


3. Bathornis cursor Wetmore
Bathornis cursor Wetmore, 1933 (Oct.), Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., vol. 75, no. 7, p. 310, figs. 15-19 (type from near Torrington, distal end of left tarsometatarsus, Mus. Comp. Zool. no. 2236).
Bathornis geographicus Wetmore, 1942 (May 11), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 101, no. 14, p. 3, fig. 5-13 (type from near Rockyford, left tarsometatarsus, Mus. South Dakota School of Mines, no. 4030).
Upper Oligocene (Protoceras beds of Brule formation). South Dakota: 25 miles southeast of Scenic and 6 miles east of Rockyford (Wetmore, 1942).
Upper Oligocene (Brule formation). Wyoming: Goshen County: 4 miles from Torrington, head of canyon, in S % of NW %, section 32, Township 24 N, Range 61 W (Wetmore, Oct. 1933).
Subfamily f Psilopteehnae Dolgopol de Saez
Pelecyornidae [sic] Ameghino, 1891 (Dec.), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 6, p. 448 (type Pelecyornis Ameghino, Dec. 1891, a junior synonym of Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat, May 1891).Pelecyornisidae Ameghino, 1891 (Dec), op. cit., p. 450 in text.
Psilopteridae Dolgopol de Saez, 1927, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 103, p. 156 (type Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat).Psilopteriidae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, p. 349.Psilopterinae Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Mus. municipal Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 13 (subfamilia).
Genus \Riacama Ameghino
Riacama Ameghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geol6gico-paleontol6gica, Suplemento, p. 9 (type by monotypy Riacama caliginea Ameghino).
4. Riacama caliginea Ameghino
Riacama caliginea Ameghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geol6gico-paleontol6gica, Suplemento, p. 9 (type from "Guaranitico de Patagonia," coracoid).
Lower Oligocene (Deseado formation). Argentina: Patagonia.
Genus \ Smiliornis Ameghino
Smiliornis Ameghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geol.-pal., Suplemento, p. 9 (type by monotypy Smiliornis penetrans Ameghino).
5. Smiliornis penetrans Ameghino
Smiliornis penetrans Ameghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geol.-pal., Suplemento, p. 9 (type from "Guaranitico de Patagonia," coracoid).
Lower Oligocene (Deseado formation). Argentina: Patagonia.


Genus \ Pseudolarus Ameghino
Pseudolarus Ameghino, 1891 (Dec.), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 6, p. 446 (type by monotypy Pseudolarus eocaenus Ameghino).
Pseudogavia Sharpe, 1892, Zool. Record, vol. 28, p. 39 (substitute for Pseudolarus Ameghino).
Ameghinia Sharpe, 1899, Handlist of Genera and Species of Birds, vol. 1, p. 184 (new name for Pseudolarus Ameghino, on grounds of vox hybrida).
6. Pseudolarus guaraniticus Ameghino
Pseudolarus guaraniticus Ameghino, 1899 (July), Sinopsis geologico-paleontolo-gica, Suplemento, p. 9 (type from "cretaceo de Patagonia," proximal portion of humerus).
Lower Oligocene (Deseado formation). Argentina: Patagonia. 7. Pseudolarus eocaenus Ameghino
Pseudolarus eocaenus Ameghino, 1891 (Dec), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 6, p. 446 (type from Monte Observaci6n fide Lambrecht, proximal portion of humerus, Brit. Mus.).
Middle Miocene (Santa Cruz formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Monte Observaci6n.
Genus \Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat
Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May), An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 26, 68 (type Psilopterus communis Moreno and Mercerat, designated by Richmond, 1902, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. 24, no. 1267, p. 710).
Pelecyornis Ameghino, 1891 (Dec), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 6, p. 448 (new name for Psilopterus Moreno and Mercerat, supposed to be preoccupied [by Psiloptera Solier, 1833]).
[?] Staphylornis Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, p. 233 (type Staphylornis gallardoi Mercerat, designated by Sharpe, 1898, Zool. Record, vol. 34, p. 35).
8. Psilopterus australis Moreno and Mercerat
Psilopterus australis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. Argentina, vol. 1, pp. 26, 68, pi. 18, fig. 10; pi. 20, fig. 5 (types from Santa Cruz, distal part of left tarsometatarsus, ungual phalanx, La Plata Mus. nos. 188-189).
Pelecyornis tuhulatus Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 62 of reprint, fig. 22 (types from Santa Cruz formation, -figured tarsometatarsus, tibiotarsus, and phalanx 1 of toe III, now in Brit. Mus.).
[?] Staphylornis gallardoi Mercerat, 1896, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, p. 233 (no locality stated, said by Lambrecht to be Monte Observaci6n, distal


portions of right and left femur, proximal fragment of left tibia, and proximal
part of left tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus.). [?] Staphylornis erithacus Mercerat, 1897, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 43, p.
235 (no locality stated, type proximal part of left tibia, La Plata Mus.). Pelecyornis tenuirostris Sinclair, in Sinclair and Farr, 1932 (Jan. 8), Patagonian
Exped. Princeton Univ., vol. 7, p. 188, pi. 25; pi. 26, fig. 3; pi. 27, fig. 6;
pi. 29, fig. 1; pi. 30, fig. 2; pi. 31, figs. 3-4 (type from south of Santa Cruz,
associated skull, mandible, and most of skeleton, Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. no.
9157).
Lower Miocene (Patagonian formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Monte Leon (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 506).
Meddle Miocene (Santa Cruz formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz (Moreno and Mercerat, 1891); Killik Aike and 10 miles S of Coy Inlet (Sinclair, 1932, p. 185); Monte Observaci6n, Take Harvey, La Cueva, Corriguen Kaik, Tagua Quemada, and Karaiken (Lambrecht, 1933).
9. Psilopterus communis Moreno and Mercerat
Psilopterus communis Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 26, 68, pi. 18, fig. 11; pi. 21, fig. 5 (types from Santa Cruz, distal part of right and left tarsometatarsi, La Plata Mus. nos. 186-187).
Psilopterus intermedius Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp.
26, 68, pi. 20, fig. 1 (provisionally named; types from Santa Cruz, 4 trochlear fragments of tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus. nos. 190-193). Patagornis bachmanni Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., pp.
24, 58, pi. 15, figs. 7-10 (types from Santa Cruz, proximal and distal ends of
femur, distal end of left tibia, and proximal end of tarsometatarsus, La Plata
Mus. nos. 165-168).
Phororhacos delicatus Ameghino, 1891 (Aug. 1), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 4, p. 259 (not seen; fide Lambrecht types are from Monte Observation, La Cueva, and Rio Sehuen, Brit. Mus.).Phororhacos delicatus Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 51 of reprint, fig. 17 (figured dorsal vertebra, humerus, proximal end of femur, distal end of tibia, tarsometatarsus, toes II, 1; III, 1-4; IV, 1).
Pelecyornis pueyrredonensis Sinclair, in Sinclair and Farr, 1932 (Jan. 8), Pata-goniaq Exped. Princeton Univ., vol. 7, p. 187, pi. 24; pi. 26, figs. 5-6; pi. 27, figs. 4-5; pi. 29, figs. 4-5 (type from Lake Pueyrredon, skull and associated skeleton, Princeton Mus. no. 15904).
Middle Miocene (Santa Cruz formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz (Moreno and Mercerat, 1891); Lake Pueyrredon (Sinclair, 1932); Monte Observaci6n, La Cueva, and Rio Sehuen (Lambrecht, 1933, p. 503).


10. Psilopterus minutus (Ameghino)
Pelecyornis minutus Ameghino, 1891 (Dec), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 6, p. 449 (type said by Lambrecht to be from Monte Observaci6n, distal end of tarsometatarsus, Brit. Mus.).
Middle Miocene (Santa Cruz formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Monte Observaci6n.
Genus \ Lophiornis Ameghino
Lophiornis Ameghino, 1891 (Dec), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 6, p. 449 (type by monotypy Lophiornis obliquus Ameghino).
11. Lophiornis obliquus Ameghino
Lophiornis obliquus Ameghino, 1891 (Dec), Revista argentina Hist, nat., vol. 1, no. 6, p. 449 (type from Monte Observaci6n fide Lambrecht, distal end of tibiotarsus, Brit. Mus.).Lophiornis obliquus Ameghino, 1895, Bol. Inst, geogr. argentino, vol. 15, p. 79 of reprint, fig. 30.
Meddle Miocene (Santa Cruz formation). Argentina: Ter. Santa Cruz: Monte Observaci6n.
Genus \Procariama Rovereto
Procariama Rovereto, 1914 (Jan. 22), An. Mus. nac. Bunos Aires, vol. 25, sig. 7, p. 110 (type by monotypy Procariama simplex Rovereto).
12. Procariama simplex Rovereto
Procariama simplex Rovereto, 1914 (Jan. 22), An. Mus. nac. Buenos Aires, vol. 25, sig. 7, p. 110, pi. 9, figs. 1, 3, and 5 only (lectotype from Andalgala, posterior portion of cranium, pelvis, proximal and distal parts of left femur, distal part of right tibiotarsus, proximal and distal parts of right tarsometatarsus, proximal part of left tarsometatarsus, left digit IV and parts of left digits I-III, Buenos Aires Mus. no. 8225, selected by Patterson and Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Mus. munic. Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 13).
Meddle Pliocene (Andalgala formation). Argentina: Prov. Cata-marca: Andalgala.
Subfamily fProphororhacinae Brodkorb 1
Hermosiornidae [sic] Rovereto, 1914 (Jan. 22), An. Mus. nac. Buenos Aires, vol. 25, sig. 7, p. 110; sig. 11 (Jan. 29), p. 163 (type Hermosiornis Rovereto, a junior synonym of Prophororhacus Rovereto).Hermosiorniidae [sic] L. Kraglievich, 1932, An. Mus. Hist. nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, vol. 3, pp. 332, 349 (emendation).Hermosiorntthidae Wetmore, 1934 (Apr. 23), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 89, no. 13, p. 7 (emendation).Hermosiornithinae Patterson and J. L.
1 New subfamily. Type Prophororhacus Rovereto. For characters and discussion see Patterson and J. L. Kraglievich, 1960, pp. 17 ff.


Kraglievich, 1960, Publ. Mus. municipal de Ciencias nat. y trad. Mar del Plata, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 17 (subfamilia).
Genus \Prophororhacus Rovereto
Prophororhacus Rovereto, 1914 (Jan. 26), An. Mus. nac. Buenos Aires, vol. 25,
sig. 8, p. 114 (type Prophororhacus incertus Rovereto). Hermosiornis Rovereto, 1914 (Jan. 29), op. cit., vol. 25, sig. 11, p. 163 (type by
original designation Mesembriornis milne-edwardsi Moreno and Mercerat).
13. Prophororhacus incertus Rovereto
Prophororhacus incertus Rovereto, 1914 (Jan. 26), An. Mus. nac. Buenos Aires, vol. 25, sig. 8, p. 114, pi. 10, fig. 2 (type from Catamarca, dorsal vertebra, fragmentary coracoid, right humerus, right ulna, fragmentary right radius, distal portion of right tarsometatarsus, phalanx 1 and 3 of digit II, and phalanx 1 of digit IV, Buenos Aires Mus. no. 6934).
Lower Pliocene (Andalgala or Corral Quemado formation). Argentina: Prov. Catamarca: probably Valle de Santa Maria.
14. Prophororhacus australis (Moreno and Mercerat)
Palaeociconia australis Moreno, 1889, Breve resena de los progresos del Museo de La Plata durante el segundo semestre de 1888, p. 30 (nomen nudum). Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 19, 36, pi. 2, fig. 3 (type from Monte Hermoso, distal part of left tarsometatarsus, La Plata Mus. no. 87).
Mesembriornis milne-edwardsi Moreno, 1889, Breve resena de los progresos del Museo de La Plata durante el segundo semestre de 1888, p. 30 (nomen nudum).Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), An. Mus. La Plata, Pal. argentina, vol. 1, pp. 22, 51, pi. 13, figs. 1-6; pi. 16, fig. 3 (types from Monte Hermoso, cervical vertebra, proximal parts of right tibiotarus and fibula, La Plata Mus. nos. 140-142).
Dryornis pampeanus Moreno and Mercerat, 1891 (May-Aug. 5), op. cit., vol. 1, pp. 24, 59, pi. 16, fig. 2 only (femur only, not lectoype).
Upper Pliocene (Monte Hermoso formation). Argentina: Prov. Buenos Aires: Monte Hermoso.
15. Prophororhacus rapax (L. J. Kraglievich)
Mesembriornis rapax L. J. Kraglievich, 1946, An. Soc. cient. argentina, vol. 142, pt. 3, p. 108, figs. 2-9 (type from Arroyo Loberia, incomplete skeleton, consisting of skull, mandible, left humerus, ulna, radius, left and distal part of right femur, right tibiotarsus, right and left fibula, right [not left as stated] tarsometatarsus without middle and inner trochleae, unguis, Mus. Mar del Plata no. S-155).
Lower Pleistocene (Chapadmalal formation). Argentina: Prov. Buenos Aires: near mouth of Arroyo Loberia.


Subfamily Cariamtnae Bonaparte
Dicholophidae Kaup, 1850, fide Gray, 1871 (type Dicholophus Illiger, 1811, a
junior synonym of Cariama Brisson, 1760). Cariamidae Bonaparte, 1853, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (type
Cariama Brisson).Cariaminae Bonaparte, 1853, loc. cit. (subfamilia).
No extinct fossil species.
Neospecies of Cariaminae from Pleistocene and 'prehistoric sites:
1. Cariama cristata (Linnaeus). Brazil: Lapa da Lagoa do Sumidouro (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 31). Argentina: *Llajta-Maiica, *Las Represas, and *Bislin, all in Santiago del Estero (L. Kraglievich and Rusconi, 1931, Physis, vol. 10, no. 36, p. 240).
2. Chunga burmeisteri (Hartlaub). Argentina: "Llajta-Mauca, *Las Represas, *Las Marias, and *Blanco Pozo, all in Santiago del Estero (L. Kraglievich and Rusconi, 1931, Physis, vol. 10, no. 36, p. 240).
Suborder Oteoes Wagler
Otides Wagler, 1830, Natiirliches System der Amphibien mit vorangehender Classification der Saugethiere und Vogel, pp. 80, 82 (ordo; type Otis Linnaeus).
Family Otedidae (Gray)
Otinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 64 (subfamily; type Otis Linnaeus).Otididae Selys, 1842, fide Gray (family).Otidinae Gray, 1845 (Feb.), Genera of Birds, vol. 3, p. 532 (subfamily).Otididae Bonaparte, 1853, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 37, no. 18, p. 646 (familia).Otidae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 44 (familia).
Lissotinae Verheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 40-41 (sous-famille; type Lissotis Reichenbach).
Neotinae Verheyen, 1957 (May), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 40-41 (sous-famille; type Neotis Sharpe).
Genus \Pataeotis Lambrecht
Palaeotis Lambrecht, 1928, Jahrb. Halleschen Verband f. d. Erforsch. d. mittel-deutsch. Bodenschatze, new ser., vol. 7, p. 20 (type by monotypy Palaeotis weigelti Lambrecht).
1. Palaeotis weigelti Lambrecht
Palaeotis weigelti Lambrecht, 1928, Jahrb. Halleschen Verband f. d. Erforsch. d. mitteldeutschr. Bodenschatze, n. s., vol. 7, pp. 20, 24, text-fig. 6; pi. 1, figs. 1-10 (type from Grube Cecilie, distal part of left tarsometatarsus with phalanx 1 of digit II, Geol. Universitatsinstitut Halle a.S).


Middle Eocene (Braunkohle des Geiseltales). Germany: Saxony: Kreis Meseburg: Grube Cecilie near Miicheln in Geisel Valley.
Genus Chlamydotis Lesson
Chlamydotis Lesson, 1839, Rev. Zool., p. 47 (type by monotypy Otis houbara Desfontaines, 1787, a junior synonym of Psophia undulata Jacquin, 1784).
2. Chlamydotis affinis (Lydekker)
Otis affinis Lydekker, 1891 (Apr. 25), Cat. Fossil Birds British Mus., p. 168 (type from Schnaitheim, postcranial skeleton, Brit. Mus. no. 36745).
Middle Miocene (Burdigalian). Germany: Bavaria: Schnaitheim bei Heidenheim. The locality should perhaps be Steinheim and the horizon in that case upper Miocene (see von Ammon, 1918, Abh. Naturw. Ver. Regensburg, vol. 12, p. 55; Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 528).
Genus Otis Linnaeus
Otis Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 154 (type Otis tarda Linnaeus, designated by Gray, 1840).
3. Otis lambrechti Kretzoi
Otis lambrechti Kretzoi, 1941, Foldtani Kozlony, vol. 71, nos. 7-12, pp. 253 [Magyar], 325 [German] (type from Betfia, tarsometatarsus; very brief description).
Lower Pleistocene (Biharian fauna). Rumania: Transylvania: Betfia (=Pusp6kfurd6-5).
Neospecies of Otididae from Pleistocene sites:
1. Tetrax tetrax (Linnaeux). Malta: Benghisa Gap; Ghar-Dalam Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Paleorn., p. 762). Italy: Grotta Romanelli; Grotta dei Colombi (Lambrecht, 1933). Germany: Seveckenberg bei Quedlinburg (Otis brevipes Giebel, 1847, Fauna der Vorwelt, vol. 1, pt. 2, p. 26; type distal end of tarsometatarsus). Czechoslovakia: Balcarova skala? (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. Internat. Orn. Kongr. Berlin, p. 938). Hungary: Subalyuk Cave (Janossy, 1962, Aquila! vol. 67-68, p. 179). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1948, Trudy Estest.-Istor. Muz. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhan SSR, pts. 1-2, p. 42, fig. 33).
2. Otis tarda Linnaeus. England: Norfolk? (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 762). Malta: Ghar-Dalam Cave (Lambrecht, 1933). Italy: Grotta Romanelli; Grotta dei Colombi (Lambrecht, 1933). Czechoslovakia: Holubic (Lambrecht, 1933). Germany: Westregeln near Magdeburg (Lambrecht, 1933). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1948, Trudy Estest.-Istor. Muz. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhan SSR, pts. 1-2, p. 42, fig. 32).


Family f Gryzajidae Brodkorb 1
Genus \ Gryzaja Zubareva
Gryzaja Zubareva, 1939 (June 13), Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol 23, no. 6, p. 607 (type by monotypy Gryzaja odessana Zubareva).
4. Gryzaja odessana Zubareva
Gryzaja odessana Zubareva, 1939 (June 13), Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, vol. 23, no. 6, p. 607, fig. (types from Odessa, distal half of right and left tibiotarsus, Ukrainian Acad. Sci. nos. 6617, 6618).Zubareva, 1948, Trudy Institutu Zoologii, Akad. Nauk Ukrainskoi RSR, vol. 1, p. 125, figs. 7-9 (types and additional material).Voinstevensky, 1959, Doklady Akad. Nauk Ukrain. SSR, vol. 2, p. 198, figs. 1-6 (revision).
Chlamydotis pliodeserti Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad Nauk SSSR, vol. 33, nos. 7-8, p. 474 (type from Odessa, coracoid).Voinstevensky, 1959, Doklady Akad. Nauk Ukrain. SSSR, vol. 2, p. 198 (referred to Gryzaja odessana Zubareva).
Lower Pliocene (Meotian stage karst caverns). Ukraine: Odessa.
1 New family. Type Gryzaja Zubareva. Differs from Otididae in having tibiotarsus stout and relatively short; proximal end with inner cnemial crest recurved and reduced, little elevated above articular surface, without prominent anterior and proximal extension of Otidinae; shaft wide transversely, in antero-posterior direction greatly expanded through most of its length (differing from all other birds) and narrowing rapidly above condyles; condyles and intercondylar area widened transversely; internal condyle short and rounded in antero-posterior direction, without distal notch.


Order flCHTHYORNITHIFORMES (Marsh)
Odontornithes Marsh, 1873 (Jan. 21), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser, 3, vol. 5, no. 26, p. 161 (subclass; not based on generic name).
Ichthyornithes Marsh, 1873 (Jan. 21), op. cit., p. 162 (order; type Ichthyornis Marsh).Ichthyornithides Gill, 1874, in Baird, Brewer, and Ridgway, Hist. N. Amer. Birds, vol. 1, p. xiii (order).Ichthyornithiformes Fiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. V6gel, vol. 2, pp. 1542, 1566 (subordo).
Odontotormae Marsh, 1875, Amer. Nat., vol. 9, no. 12, p. 630 (new name for Ichthyornithes Marsh, said to be preoccupied; not based on generic name). Odontormae Steinmann and Doderlein, 1890, Elemente der Palaontologie, p. 673.Odontormae Lydekker, 1891, Cat. Fossil Birds Brit. Mus., p. 200. Odontotornae Forbes, 1884, Ibis, ser. 5, vol. 2, no. 5, p. 119 (order).
Pteropappi Stejneger, 1885, Standard Natural History, vol. 4, p. 23 (order; not based on generic name).
Family f Ichthyornithidae (Marsh)
Ichthyornidae Marsh, 1873 (Jan.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 25, p. 74 (type Ichthyornis Marsh).Ichthyornidae Marsh, 1873 (Feb. = Jan. 21), op. cit., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 26, p. 161.Ichthyornidae Marsh, 1875 (Dec), Amer. Nat., vol. 9, no. 12, p. 630 note.Ichthyornithidae Fiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, pp. 1141, 1422, 1542, 1566.
Genus \Ichthyornis Marsh
Ichthyornis Marsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 344 (type by monotypy Ichthyornis dispar Marsh).Ichtyornis Menzbier, 1887, Vergleichende Osteologie der Pinguine in Anwendung zur Haupteintheilung der Vogel, p. 55 ff (lapsus).
[?] Colonosaurus Marsh, 1872 (Nov.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 23, p. 406 (type by monotypy Colonosaurus mudgei Marsh).
1. Ichthyornis anceps (Marsh)
Graculavus anceps Marsh, 1872 (May), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 3, no. 17, p. 364 (type from North Fork, distal portion of left carpometacarpus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 1208).
Upper Cretaceous (Smoky Hill chalk, Niobrara formation). Kansas: Logan County: North Fork of Smoky Hill River 12 miles E of Wallace (collected by Marsh, November, 1870).
2. Ichthyornis dispar Marsh
Ichthyornis dispar Marsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 344 (type from near Solomon R., incomplete postcranial skeleton, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 1450).Ichthyornis dispar Marsh, 1873 (Jan. 21), op. cit., vol. 5, no. 26, p. 161 (jaws described as Colonosaurus mudgei now referred to I. dispar). Gregory, 1952, Condor, vol. 54, no. 2, p. 74, figs. 1-5 (jaws are neither avian nor proavian).


[?] Colonosaurus mudgei Marsh, 1872 (Nov.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 23, p. 406 (type two lower jaws, Yale Peabody Mus., collected by Prof. B. F. Mudge).
Upper Cretaceous (Smoky Hill chalk, Niobrara formation). Kansas: Rooks County: near Solomon River in sec. 1, Township 6, Range 19 (collected by Mudge, 1872).
3. Ichthyornis agilis (Marsh)
Graculavus agilis Marsh, 1873 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 27, p. 230 (type from Butte Creek, proximal portion of left carpometacarpus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 1209).
Upper Cretaceous (Smoky Hill chalk, Niobrara formation). Kansas: Logan County: Butte Creek, a tributary of Smoky Hill River (collected by Marsh, October, 1872).
4. Ichthyornis victor Marsh
Ichthyornis victor Marsh, 1876 (June), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 11, no. 54, p. 511 (type from Wallace Co., humerus, coracoid, scapula, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 1452).Gregory, 1952, Condor, vol. 54, no. 2, p. 74 (jaw YPM 1735 not avian).
Upper Cretaceous (Smoky Hill chalk, Niobrara formation). Kansas: Wallace County (type collected by H. A. Brous, May 1876). Gove County: Hackberry Creek near Smoky Hill River (YPM 1733, Marsh, 1880, Odontornithes, p. 199). Graham County (Yale Peabody Museum).
5. Ichthyornis validus Marsh
Ichthyornis validus Marsh, 1880 (advance copy noticed in Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 20, no. 115, July 1880), Odontornithes, pp. 147, 153, 198, pi. 30, figs. 11-14 (type from near Solomon River, ulna and radius, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 1740).
Upper Cretaceous (Smoky Hill chalk, Niobrara formation). Kansas: Graham County: near Solomon River (type collected by S. W. Williston, September, 1877).
6. Ichthyornis tener Marsh
Ichthyornis tener Marsh, 1880 (July or earlier), Odontornithes, pp. 151, 198, pi. 30, fig. 8 (type from Wallace Co., distal portion of humerus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 1760).
Upper Cretaceous (Smoky Hill chalk). Kansas: Wallace County (collected by E. W. Guild, 1879).


7. Ichthyornis lentus (Marsh)
Graculavus lentus Marsh, 1877 (Sept.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 14, no. 131, p. 253 (type from near McKinney, distal part of left tarsometatarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 1796).Ichthyornis lentus Marsh, 1880, Odontornithes, p. 198.
Upper Cretaceous (Austin chalk). Texas: Colling County: near McKinney.
Family f Apatornithidae Fiirbringer
Apatornithidae Fiirbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, pp. 1141, 1542, 1566 (type Apatornis Marsh).
Genus f Apatornis Marsh
Apatornis Marsh, 1873 (Feb. = Jan. 21), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 26, p. 162 (type by original designation Ichthyornis celer Marsh).
1. Apatornis celer (Marsh)
Ichthyornis celer Marsh, 1873 (Jan.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 25, p. 74 (very brief description; type from Smoky Hill River, sacrum, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 1451).Apatornis celer Marsh, 1873 (Feb. = Jan. 21), op. cit., ser. 3, vol. 5, no. 26, p. 162 (brief description).Apatornis celer Marsh, 1880, Odontornithes, pp. 147-148, 152, 156, 159, 163-164, 173-174, 192, pi. 28-33 (monograph).
Upper Cretaceous (Smoky Hill chalk, Niobrara formation). Kansas: Logan County: Butte Creek, near Smoky Hill River.
2. Apatornis retusus (Marsh)
Cimolopteryx retusus Marsh, 1892 (Aug.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 44, no. 260, p. 175 (type from "Converse" County, upper fragment of left coracoid without head, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 513).Apatornis retusus Brodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc. XIII Internat. Ornith. Congress, p. 69 (type restudied).
Upper Cretaceous (Lance formation). Wyoming: Niobrara [formerly part of Converse] County: Lance Creek.


Order CHARADRIIFORMES (Huxley)
Charadriomorphae Huxley, 1867, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 347 ("group;" type Charadrius Linnaeus).Charadriiformes Garrod, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pp. 117-122 (order).Charadrii Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens suborder).
Parrae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens [= suborder]; type Parra Linnaeus, 1766, a junior synonym of Jacana Brisson, 1760).Parrae Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 73 (suborder).
Dromades Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 72 (suborder; type Dromas Paykull).
Chionides Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder; type Chionis Forster). Attagides Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder; type Attagis St. Hilaire and Lesson).
Glareolae Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder; type Glareola Brisson). Cursorii Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder; type Cursorius Latham). Oedicnemi Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder; type Odeicnemus Temminck,
1815, a junior synonym of Burhinus Illiger, 1811). Lariformes Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (order; type Larus Linnaeus).Lari
Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72. Alcae Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder; type Aha Linnaeus).Alciformes
Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (order). Cepphi American Ornithologists' Union, 1910, Check-list of North American
Birds, ed. 3, p. 24 (type Cepphus Pallas). Jacaniformes Verheyen, 1957 (Oct.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique, vol. 33,
no. 48, pp. 1, 16 (order; type Jacana Brisson).Jacanae Stresemann, 1959
(July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order). Thinocori Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order; type
Thinocorus Eschscholtz).
Suborder Charadrii (Huxley)
Charadriomorphae Huxley, 1867, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 457 ("group;" type Charadrius Linnaeus).Charadriomorphae Huxley, 1872, Manual of the Anatomy of Vertebrated Animals, p. 234 (order).Charadriiformes Garrod, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pp. 117-122 (order).Charadrii Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens [= suborder]).
Parrae Furbringer, 1888, Untersuch. Morph. Syst. Vogel, vol. 2, p. 1566 (gens;=suborder, type Parra Linnaeus, 1766, a junior synonym of Jacana Brisson, 1760).Parrae Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 73 (suborder).
Dromades Sharpe, 1891, Review of Recent Attempts to Classify Birds, p. 72 (suborder; type Dromas Paykull). Chionides Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder; type Chionis Forster).


Attagides Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 72 (suborder; type Attagis St. Hilaire and Lesson).
Glareolae Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder; type Glareola Brisson). Cursorii Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder; type Cursorius Latham). Oedicnemi Sharpe, 1891, op. cit., p. 73 (suborder; type Oedicnemus Temminck,
1815, a junior synonym of Burhinus Illiger, 1811). Jacaniformes Verheyen, 1957 (Oct.), Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique, vol. 33,
no. 48, pp. 1, 16 (order; type Jacana Brisson).Jacanae Stresemann, 1959
(July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order).
Thinocori Stresemann, 1959 (July 9), Auk, vol. 76, no. 3, p. 278 (order; type Thinocorus Eschscholtz).
Family f Cimolopterygidae Brodkorb
Cimolopterygidae Brodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?),1 Proc. XIII Internat. Ornith. Congress Ithaca, p. 64 (type Cimolopteryx Marsh).
Genus ^Cimolopteryx Marsh
Cimolopteryx Marsh, 1889 (July), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 38, no. 223, p. 83 footnote (nomen nudum).Marsh, 1892 (Aug.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 44, no. 260, p. 175 (type Cimolopteryx rarus Marsh, designated by Hay, 1902, Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv., no. 179, p. 537).
Timolopteryx Ogilvie-Grant, 1912, General Index to Hand-list of Genera and Species of Birds, pp. 153, 154, 184 (misreading of Cimolopteryx, printed in antique type in Sharpe).
1. Cimolopteryx ram Marsh
Cimolopteryx rarus Marsh, 1889 (July), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 38, no. 223, p. 83 footnote (nomen nudum).Marsh, 1892 (Aug.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 44, no. 260, p. 175, pi. 3, fig. 2 (type from "Converse" County, left coracoid, lacking head and hyposternal process, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 1805). Cimolopteryx rara Brodkorb, 1963 (1964?), Proc. XIII Internat. Ornith. Congress Ithaca, p. 64, figs. 4-6 (type restudied).
Upper Cretaceous (Lance formation). Wyoming: Niobrara [formerly part of Converse] County: Lance Creek, locality V-5620.
1 Both volumes of the Proceedings bear the date 1963, but it is highly improbable that they were published before January 1964. As late as December 23, 1963, the binder in St. Louis assured editor J. J. Hickey that mailing would begin on December 30, with the first copy going to the Card Catalog Division of the Library of Congress, but neither printer nor binder have confirmed that this actually took place. There is no record of the date of receipt at the Library of Congress, where both volumes cleared the Monthly Checklist of State Publications Section on January 30, 1964, and "probably arrived sometime earlier in January" (Mary Ellis Kahler, Chief, Serial Record Division, letter of February 20, 1964). Copies of both volumes were delivered in Gainesville on January 10 and 11, postmarked from St. Louis on January 7.


2. Cimolopteryx minima Brodkorb
Cimolopteryx minima Brodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc. XIII Internat. Ornith. Congress Ithaca, p. 67, fig. 7 (type from locality V-5003 Lance Creek, upper two-thirds of right coracoid, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 53976).
Upper Cretaceous (Lance formation). Wyoming: Niobrara County: Lance Creek, locality V-5003.
3. Cimolopteryx maxima Brodkorb
Cimolopteryx maxima Brodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc. XIII Internat. Ornith. Congress Ithaca, p. 66, figs. 8-9 (type from locality V-5711, Lance Creek, upper portion of left coracoid, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 53973).
Upper Cretaceous (Lance formation). Wyoming: Niobrara County: Lance Creek, localities V-5711 and V-5620.
Genus \Ceramornis Brodkorb
Ceramornis Brodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc. XIII Internat. Ornith. Congress Ithaca, p. by (type by original designation Ceramornis major Brodkorb).
4. Ceramornis major Brodkorb
Ceramornis major Brodkorb, 1963 (Jan. 7, 1964?), Proc. XIII Internat. Ornith. Congress Ithaca, p. 69, fig. 10 (type from locality V-5620, Lance Creek, upper portion of right coracoid, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 53959).
Upper Cretaceous (Lance formation). Wyoming: Niobrara County: Lance Creek, locality V-5620.
Family Scolopacidae Vigors
Scolopacidae Vigors, 1825 (Jan. or later, see p. 465), Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, pp. 488-489, 491 (family; type Scolopax Linnaeus).Scolopidae [sicj Bonaparte, 1838, Geogr. and Comp. List of Birds of Europe and North America, p. 49 (family).Scolopacinae Bonaparte, 1838, op. cit., p. 52 (subfamily).Scolopacoideae Stejneger, 1885, Standard Natural History, vol. 4, pp. 91, 49 (superfamily).Scolopacoidea Hay, 1902, Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., no. 179, p. 526 (superfamily).
Charadriadae Vigors, 1825 (Jan. or later), Trans Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, pp. 488-489, 494-495 (family; type Charadrius Linnaeus).Charadridae Bonaparte 1831, Saggio di una distribuzione metodica degli animali vertebrati, p. 56 (familia).Charadrianae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 65 (subfamily).Charadinae G. R. Gray, 1847 (March), Genera of Birds, vol. 3, p. 542 (subfamily).Charadriidae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 44 of reprint (family).Charadrieae Bonaparte, op. cit., p. 44 of reprint (series).Charadrii Ridgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus.,


no. 50, pt. 8, p. 4 (superfamily).Charadriides Wetmore and W. D. Miller, 1926 (July 3), Auk, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 343 (superfamily). Charadrioidae Hay, 1930 (Jan. 27), Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 390, vol. 2, p. 335 (superfamily).Charadrioidea American Ornithologists' Union, 1931 (Oct. 1), Check-list of North American Birds, ed. 4, p. 101 (superfamily).
Phalaropodinae Bonaparte, 1831, Saggio di una distribuzione metodica degli animali vertebrati, p. 59 (subfamily; type Phalaropus Brisson).Phalaropodi-dae Bonaparte, 1831, op. cit., p. 59 (family).Phalaropinae Mayr and Amadon, 1951 (Apr. 2), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 1496, p. 34.
Uaematopinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 65 (subfamily; type Haematopus Linnaeus).Haematopodinae Gray, 1841, List of Genera of Birds, ed. 2, p. 85 (subfamily).Haematopidae Selys, 1842, Faune Beige, p. 278 (family).Haematopodidae Cams, 1868, Handbuch der Zoologie, vol. 1, p. 337.
Totaninae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, ed. 1, p. 68
subfamily; type Totanus Ray, i.e. Bechstein).Totaneae Bonaparte, 1854,
Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45 of reprint. Numeninae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, ed. 1, p. 68
(subfamily; type Numenius Ray [ Brisson]).Numeniae Ridgway, 1919
(June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, p. 149. Tringinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, ed. 1, p. 69
(subfamily; type Tringa Linnaeus).Tringeae Bonaparte, 1854, Am. Sci. Nat.,
vol. 1, 45 of reprint.
Strepsilinae G. R. Gray, 1849 (before Apr.) List of Genera of Birds, ed. 1, p. 70 (subfamily; type Strepsilas linger, 1811, a junior synonym of Arenaria Brisson, 1760).Strepsilasinae Sclater and Salvin, 1873, Nomenclator avium neotropicalium, p. 143.Strepsilidae Ridgway, 1880 (Sept. 4), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 1, p. 239 (family).Strepsilanae Coues, Key to North American Birds, ed. 2, p. 608 (subfamily).
Cinclinae G. R. Gray, 1841, List of Genera of Birds, ed. 2, p. 85 (type Cinclus Moehring, 1752, pre-Linnaean; Cinclus Gray, 1841, a junior synonym of Arenaria Brisson, 1760, is preoccupied by Cinclus Borkhausen, 1797, and by Cinclus Bechstein, 1802).
Limosinae G. R. Gray, 1841, List of Genera of Birds, ed. 2, (subfamily; type Limosa Brisson).Limoseae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45 of reprint.
Calidrinae Reichenbach, 1849, Avium systema naturale, fide Gray, 1871 (type Calidris M err em).
Heteropodinae Reichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (type Heteropoda Nuttall, 1834, a junior synonym of Ereunetes Illiger, 1811).
Lobipodinae Reichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (type Lobipes Cuvier).
Vanellinae Blyth, 1849, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum Asiatic Society, (sub-, family; type Vanellus Brisson).Vanelleae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 44 of reprint (series).
Prosoboniinae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45 of reprint (type Prosobonia Bonaparte).
Aphrizidae Coues, 1884, Key to North American Birds, ed. 2, p. 605 (family; type Aphriza Audubon).Aphrizinae Coues, 1884, op. cit., p. 605 (subfamily).
Anarhynchidae Baird, Brewer, and Ridgway, 1884, Water birds of North America, vol. 1, p. 108 (type Anarhynchus Quoy and Gaimard).


Arenariinae Stejneger, 1885, Standard Natural History, vol. 4, p. 99 (subfamily; type Arenaria Brisson).Arenaridae Shufeldt, 1888 (Nov.), Jour. Morphology, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 338 (family).Arenariidae Oberholser, 1905, Outline of classification of North American birds, p. 2 (family).
Lobivanellinae Sharpe, 1896, Cat. Birds British Mus., vol. 24, pp. x, 90, 122 (subfamily; type Lobivanellus Gray).
Morinellidae Mathews, 1913 (Apr.), Birds of Australia, vol. 3, pt. 1, p. 4 (family; type Morinella Meyer, 1815, a junior synonym of Arenaris Brisson, 1760).
Eroliinae Lowe, 1915, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 609 (subfamily; type Erolia Vieillot).Eroliae Ridgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8, p. 147.
Subfamily f Palaeotkinginae Wetmore
Palaeotringinae Wetmore, 1940 (June 18), Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 99, no. 4, p. 57 (subfamily; type Palaeotringa Marsh).
Genus f Palaeotringa Marsh
Palaeotringa Marsh, 1870 (Marsh), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 208 (type by original designation Palaeotringa littoralis Marsh).
1. Palaeotringa littoralis Marsh
Palaeotringa littoralis Marsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 208 (type from Hornerstown, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, Yale Peabody Museum no. 830).
Upper Cretaceous (Navesink formation, middle Maestrichtian). New Jersey: Monmouth County: Hornerstown (marl pit of Nicholas Wain).
2. Palaeotringa vagans Marsh
Palaeotringa vagans Marsh, 1872 (May), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 3, no. 17, p. 365 (type from Hornerstown, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 835).
Upper Cretaceous (Navesink formation). New Jersey: Monmouth County: Hornerstown.
3. Palaeotringa vetus Marsh
Palaeotringa vetus Marsh, 1870 (March), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 2, vol. 49, no. 146, p. 209 (type from Arneytown, distal portion of left tibiotarsus, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia).
Upper Cretaceous (Navesink formation). New Jersey: Burlington County: Arneytown.


4. Palaeotringa hella (Marsh)
Aletornis bellus Marsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 258 (type from Grizzly Buttes, distal portion of left tarsometatarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 60).
Middle Eocene (Blacks Fork member, Bridger formation). Wyoming: Uinta County: Grizzly Buttes. Position uncertain.
5. Palaeotringa gracilis (Marsh)
Aletornis gracilis Marsh, 1872 (Oct.), Amer. Jour. Sci., ser. 3, vol. 4, no. 22, p. 258 (type from Henrv's Fork, uroximal end of left humerus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 61).
Middle Eocene (Bridger formation). Wyoming: County: Henry's Fork.
Subfamily Rostratulinae Ridgway
Rostratulinae Ridgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt. 8, p. 145 note (subfamily; type Rostratula Vieillot).Rostratulidae Lowe, 1931, Ibis, pp. 503, 507-531.
Genus f Rhynchaeites Wittich
Rhynchaeiles Wittich, 1899, Abhandl. Grossherzogl.hess. geol. Landesanst., vol. 3, no. 3, p. 103 (type Rhynchaeites messelensis Wittich).
6. Rhynchaeites messelensis Wittich
Rhychaeites messelensis Wittich, 1899, Abhandl. Grossherzogl.hess. geol. Landesanst., vol. 3, no. 3, p. 103, pi. 2, figs. 1-17 (type from Messel, skeleton impression).
Middle Eocene (Messele Braunkohle). Germany: Hesse: Messel, near Darmstadt.
Subfamily Scolopacinae (Vigors)
Scolopacidae Vigors, 1825, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 14, pp. 488, 489, 491 (family; type Scolopax Linnaeus).Scolopacinae Bonaparte, 1838, Geog. and Comparative List of Birds of Europe and North America, p. 52.
Totaninae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, ed. 1, p. 68 (subfamily; type Totanus Ray, i.e. Bechstein).Totaneae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45 of reprint.
Numeninae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, ed. 1, p. 68 (subfamily; type Numenius Ray = Brisson).Numeniae Ridgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, p. 149.


Tringinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, ed. 1, p. 69
subfamily; type Tringa Linnaeus).Tringeae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat.,
vol. 1, p. 45 of reprint. Limosinae G. R. Gray, 1841, List of Genera of Birds, ed. 2, p. 000 (subfamily;
type Limosa Brisson).Limoseae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45
of reprint.
Calidrinae Reichenbach, 1849, Avium systema naturale, fide Gray, 1871 (type Calidris Merrem).
Heteropodinae Reichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (type Heteropoda Nuttall,
1834, a junior synonym of Ereunetes Illiger, 1811). Prosoboniinae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45 of reprint (type
Prosobonia Bonaparte). Eroliinae Lowe, 1915, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 609 (subfamily; type Erolia
Vieillot).Eroliae Ridgway, 1919 (June 26), Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., no. 50, pt.
8, p. 147.
Genus Limosa Brisson
Limosa Brisson, 1760, Orn., vol. 1, p. 48; vol. 5, p. 261 (type Scolopax limosa Linnaeus, Recent).
7. Limosa gypsorum (Gervais)
Numenius gypsorum Gervais, 1844, Remarques sur les oiseaux fossiles, p. 39
(type from Montmartre, skeleton impression, Paris Mus.). Tantalus fossilis Giebel, 1847, Fauna der Vorwelt, vol. 1, pt. 2, p. 28 (same type).
Upper Eocene (gypse de Montmartre). France: Montmartre in Paris. Generic position very doubtful.
8. Limosa vanrossemi L. Miller
Limosa vanrossemi L. Miller, 1925 (August), Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ., no. 349, p. 116, pi. 6 (type from Lompoc, postcranial skeleton impression, Univ. Calif. Mus. Paleo. no. 26545).
Middle Miocene (Monterey diatomaceous shale). California: Santa Barbara County: Lompoc.
9. Limosa ossivallis Brodkorb1
Limosa sp. Brodkorb, 1955, Florida Geol. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14, p. 24, figs. 22-23 (type from near Brewster, distal portion of right tibiotarsus, Brodkorb coll. no. 526).
Lower Pliocene (Bone Valley gravel). Florida: Polk County: near Brewster.
1 New name.


Upper Middle Miocene (Tortonian). France: Dept. Isere: La Grive-Saint-Alban.
Genus Totanus Bechstein
Totanus Bechstein, 1803, Orn. Taschenbuch Deutschland, vol. 2, p. 282 (type Scolopax totanus Linnaeus, Recent).
10. Totanus edwardsi Gaillard
Totanus edwardsi Gaillard, 1908, Ann. Univ. Lyon, n.s., vol. 1, fasc. 23, p. 128, fig. 37 (type from Mouillac, distal half of right humerus, Munich Mus. no. 124).
Upper Eocene or Lower Oligocene (phosphorites du Quercy). France: Dept. Tarn-et-Garonne: Mouillac.
11. Totanus lartetianus Milne-Edwards
Totanus lartetianus Milne-Edwards, 1863, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, vol. 56, p. 1221 (practically a nomen nudum)Milne-Edwards, 1868, Ois. Foss. France, vol. 1, sheet 51, p. 402, pi. 63, figs. 1022 (type from Langy, tarsometatarsus, tibiotarsus, coracoid, humerus, ulna, carpometacarpus, Paris Mus.).
Lower Miocene (Aquitanian). France: Dept. Allier: Langy; Montaigut; Saint-Gerand-le-Puy.
12. Totanus praecursor Laube
Totanus praecursor Laube, 1901, Abhandl. Naturw. Mediz. Ver. Lotos, vol. 2, p. 172, fig. 14 (type from Preschen impression of pelvis, in coll. P. Manel, Dresden).
Lower Miocene (Tone von Preschen). Czechoslovakia: Preschen.
13. Totanus mafori Lydekker
Totanus majori Lydekker, 1893, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 521, pi. 41, fig. 14 (type from Grive-St.-Alban, humerus, Brit. Mus.).
Upper Middle Miocene (Tortonian). France: Dept. Isere: La Grive-Saint-Alban.
14. Totanus grivensis Ennouchi
Totanus grivensis Ennouchi, 1930, Contr. Etude Faune Tortonien Grive-St.-Alban, p. 92, pi. 2, fig. 1-8 (type from Grive-St.-Alban, proximal part of right and distal part of left humeri, Mus. Lyon).


15. Totanus scarabellii Portis
Totanus scarabellii Portis, 1888, Mem. R. Acad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, vol. 38, p. 181, pi. 1, fig. 1 (type from Senigallia, fragmentary tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, phalanges).
Lower Pliocene (Messiniano). Italy: Prov. Marche: Senigallia, north of Ancona.
16. Totanus numenioides Serebrovsky
Totanus numenioides Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Sci. U.R.S.S., vol. 33, nos. 7-8, p. 476 (type from Odessa). Lower Pliocene (Meotian). Ukraine: Odessa.
Genus f Paractitis Weigel
Paractitis Weigel, 1963 (Dec. 5), Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 26, no. 3, p. 259 (type by original designation Paractitis bardi Weigel).
17. Paractitis bardi Weigel
Paractitis bardi Weigel, 1963 (Dec. 5), Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 26, no. 3, p. 260, pi. 1, figs, b-c (type from Calf Creek, lower end of left coracoid, Saskatchewan Mus. Nat. Hist., no. 1412).
Lower Oligocene (Cypress Hills formation). Saskatchewan: north branch of Calf Creek, 10 miles NW of Eastend, in legal subdivision 4, section 8, Township 8, Range 22, west of 3rd meridan.
Genus \Elorius Milne-Edwards
Elorius Milne-Edwards, 1868, Ois. Foss. France, vol. 1, sheet 51, p. 407 (type by monotypy Elorius paludicola Milne-Edwards).
18. Elorius paludicola Milne-Edwards
Elorius paludicola Milne-Edwards, 1868, Ois. Foss. France, vol. 1, sheet 51, p. 407, pi. 63, fig. 31 (types from Saint-Gerand-le-Puy, tarsometatarsus, coracoid, humerus, Paris Mus.).
Lower Miocene (Aquitanian). France: Dept. Allier: Saint-Gerand-le-Puy; Langy.
Genus Numenius Brisson
Numenius Brisson, 1760, Orn., vol. 1, p. 48; vol. 5, p. 311 (type Scolopax arquata Linnaeus, Recent).


19. Numenius antiquus Milne-Edwards
Numenius antiquus Milne-Edwards, 1868, Ois. Foss. France, vol. 1, sheet 52, p. 415, pi. 64, fig. 27-31 (type from Sansan, upper and lower ends of tarsometatarsus, coll. Lartet).
Middle Miocene (Helvetian). France: Dept. Gers: Sansan.
Genus Bartramia Lesson
Bartramia Lesson, 1831, Traite d'Orn., livr. 7, p. 553 (type Tringa longicauda Bechstein, Recent).
20. Bartramia umatilla Brodkorb
Bartramia umatilla Brodkorb, 1958, Condor, vol. 60, no. 4, p. 254, fig. 1 (type from McKay reservoir, right carpometacarpus, Univ. Oregon Mus. no. F-3727).
Middle Pliocene (McKay reservoir deposits). Oregon: Umatilla County: east bank of McKay reservoir.
Genus \Palnumenius L. Miller
Palnumenius L. Miller, 1942 (March 6), Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., vol. 47, no. 3, p. 45 (type by original designation Palnumenius victima L. Miller).
21. Palnumenius victima L. Miller
Palnumenius victima L. Miller, 1942 (March 6), Univ. California Publ. Zool., vol. 47, no. 3, p. 45, fig. lb (type from San Josecito Cave, tarsometatarsus, Calif. Inst. Tech. No. 2944).
Upper Pleistocene (San Josecito Cave local fauna, Wisconsin age). Mexico: Nuevo Leon: San Josecito Cave, Aramberri.
Genus Erolia Vieillot Erolia Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, p. 55 (type Scolopax testacea Pallas, Recent).
22. Erolia gracilis (Milne-Edwards)
Tringa gracilis Milne-Edwards, 1867, Ois. Foss. France, vol. 1, pi. 58, fig. 2; 1868, vol. 1, sheet 52, p. 411, pi. 64, figs. 1-24 (types from Langy, tarsometatarsus, tibiotarsus, humerus, ulna, Paris Mus.; type from Weisenau, distal end of humerus, coll. J. Desnoyers).
Lower Miocene (Aquitanian; Hydrobienschichten). France: Dept. Allien Langy; Labeur, near Vaumas; Peublanc; Saint-Gerand-Ie-Puy. Germany: Hesse: Weisenau.


23. Erolia ennouchii Brodkorb1
Totanus minor Ennouchi, 1930, Contr. Etude Faune Tortonien Grive-St.-Alban, p. 94, pi. 2, figs. 9-12 (type from Grive-St.-Alban, 5 humeri, Mus. Lyon). Preoccupied in Erolia by Tringa cinclus minor Schlegel, 1844, a synonym of Erolia alpina (Linnaeus, 1758).
Upper Middle Miocene (Tortonian). France: Dept. Isere: Grive-Saint-Alban.
24. Erolia penepusilla Brodkorb
Erolia penepusilla Brodkorb, 1955 (Nov. 30), Florida Geol. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14, p. 23, fig. 21 (type from near Brewster, distal portion of left humerus, Brodkorb no. 611).
Lower Pliocene (Bone Valley gravel). Florida: Polk County: near Brewster.
Genus Ereunetes Illiger
Ereunetes Illiger, 1811, Prodromus systematis mammalium et avium, p. 262 (type by monotypy Ereunetes petrificatus Illiger, new name for Tringa pusilla Linnaeus).
25. Ereunetes rayi Brodkorb
Ereunetes rayi Brodkorb, 1963 (Feb. 8), Florida Geol. Surv., Spec. Publ., no. 2, paper 4, p. 4, pi. 2, figs. A-B (type from McGhee farm, left coracoid, Univ. Florida no. 32978).
Lower Pliocene (Alachua clay). Florida: Alachua County: C. C. McGehee farm, in SW V* of section 15, Township 9 S, Range 17 E, 3.6 miles north of Newberry.
Genus Calidris Merrem
Calidris Merrem, 1804, Allg. Lit. Zeitung, vol. 2, no. 168, col. 542 (type by tautonomy Tringa canutus Linnaeus, Recent).
26. Calidris pacts Brodkorb
Calidris pacis Brodkorb, 1955 (Nov. 30), Florida Geol. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14, p. 22, fig. 19-20 (type from near Brewster, proximal portion of left humerus, Brodkorb coll. no. 594).
Lower Pliocene (Bone Valley gravel). Florida: Polk County: near Brewster.
1 New name.


Genus Micropalama Baird
Micropalama Baird, 1859, Rept. Expl. Surv. R. R. Pac, vol. 9, pp. xxii, xlvii, 714, 726 (type Tringa himantopus Bonaparte, Recent).
27. Micropalama hesternus Wetmore
Micropalama hesternus Wetmore, 1924 (Jan. 15), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 64, art. 5, no. 2495, p. 11, fig. 6-7 (type from near Benson, proximal portion of right humerus, U.S. Nat. Mus. no. 10550).
Upper Pliocene (Benson beds of San Pedro Valley formation). Arizona: Cochise County: 2 miles south of Benson.
Genus Philomachus Merrem
Fhilomanhus Merrem, 1804, Allg. Lit. Zeitung, vol. 2, no. 168, col. 542 (type Tringa pugnax Linnaeus, Recent).
28. Philomachus binagadensis (Serebrovsky)
Machetes (Tringa?) binagadensis Serebrovsky, 1940, Doklady Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S., vol. 27, no. 7, p. 767 (type from Binagady).
Lower Pleistocene (Kirov beds). Azerbaijan: Binagady near Baku.
Genus Capella Frenzel
Capella Frenzel, 1801, Beschr. Vogel u. Eyer Wittenberg, p. 58 (type Scolopax gallinago Linnaeus, Recent).
29. Capella anthonyi (Wetmore)
Gallinago anthonyi Wetmore, 1920 (Dec. 30), Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 33, p. 78 (type from Cueva Cathedral, right humerus, Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist, no. 4022).
Quaternary (cave deposit). Puerto Rico: Cueva Catedral near Morovis; Cueva Clara.
Genus Coenocorypha Gray
Coenocorypha G. R. Gray, 1855, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Birds, p. 119 (type Gallinago aucklandicus Gray, Recent).
30. Coenocorypha chathamica (Forbes)
Gallinago chathamica Forbes, 1893, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 5, p. 545 (type from Chatham Islands, skull).
Quaternary. Chatham Islands: Wharekauri.


Subfamily Aphbizinae Coues
Strepsilinae g. r. gray, 1840 (before apr.), list of genera of birds, ed. 1, p. 70 (subfamily; type Strepsilas illiger, 1811, a junior synonym of Arenaria brisson, 1760).Strepsilasinae sclater and salvin, 1873, nomenclator avium neotropi-calium, p. 143.Strepsilidae ridgway, 1880 (sept. 4), proc. u.s. nat. mus., vol. 1, p. 239 (family).Strepsilaninae coues, key to north american birds, ed. 2, p. 608 (subfamily).
Cinclinae g. r. gray, 1841, list of genera of birds, ed. 2, p. 85 (type Cinclus moehring, 1752, pre-linnaean; Cinclus gray, 1841, a junior synonym of Arenaria brisson, 1760, is preoccupied by Cinclus borkhausen, 1797, and by Cinclus bechstein, 1802).
Aphrizidae coues, 1884, key to north american birds, ed. 2, p. 605 (family; type Aphriza audubon).Aphrizinae coues, 1884, op. cit., p. 605 (subfamily).
Arenariinae stejneger, 1885, standard natural history, vol. 4, p. 99 (subfamily; type Arenaria brisson).Arenaridae shufeldt, 1888 (nov.), jour. morphology, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 338 (family).Arenariidae oberholser, 1905, outline of classification of north american birds, p. 2 (family).
Morinellidae mathews, 1913 (apr.), birds of australia, vol. 3, pt. 1, p. 4 (family; type Morinella meyer, 1815, a junior synonym of Arenaria brisson, 1760).
Subfamily Charadriinae (Vigors)
Charadriadae vigors, 1825, trans. linn. soc. london, vol. 14, pp. 488-489, 494-495 (family; type Charadrius linnaeus).Charadridae bonaparte, 1831, saggio, p. 56 (familia.)Charadrianae g. r. gray, 1840 (before apr.), list of genera of birds, p. 65 (subfamily).Charadinae g. r. gray, 1847 (march), genera of birds, vol. 3, p. 542 (subfamily).Charadriinae stejneger, 1885, standard nat. hist., vol. 4, p. 99.
Vanellinae blyth, 1849, catalogue of birds in the museum asiatic society, fide gray (subfamily; type Vanellus brisson).
Anarhynchidae baird, brewer, and ridgway, 1884, water birds of north america, vol. 1, p. 108 (type Anarhynchus quoy and gaimard).
Lobivanellinae sharpe, 1896, cat. birds british mus., vol. 24, p. x, 90, 122 (subfamily; type Lobivanellus gray).
Genus \ Dolicopterus Aymard
Dolicopterus aymard, 1856, congres scientifique de france, vol. 1, pp. 234, 267 (type Dolicopterus viator aymard).Dolichopterus lydekker, 1891 (apr. 25), cat. fossil birds british mus., p. 175 (emendation). position uncertain.
Camaskelus aymard, 1856, congres scientifique de france, vol. 1, pp. 233, 267 (type Camaskelus palustris aymard).
31. Dolicopterus viator Aymard
Dolicopterus viator aymard, 1856, congres scientifique de france, vol. 1, pp.
234, 267 (types from ronzon, coracoid, radius, carpometacarpus, vertebrae). Camaskelus palustris aymard, 1856, congres scientifique de france, vol. 1, pp.
233, 267 (type from ronzon, tarsometatarsus).


Lower Oligocene (Sannoisian). France: Dept. Haute-Loire: Ronzon.
Genus Charadrius Linnaeus
Charadrius Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, vol. 1, p. 150 (type Charadrius hiaticula Linnaeus, Recent).
32. Charadrius sheppardianus Cope
Charadrius sheppardianus Cope, 1881 (Feb. 11), Bull. Geol. Geogr. Surv. Terr., vol. 6, no. 1, p. 83 (type from Florissant, synsacrum, 9 caudals, femur, tibiotarsus, tarsometatarsus, feather impression).
Middle Oligocene (Florissant lake beds). Colorado: Teller County: Florissant.
Genus ] Limicolavis Shufeldt
Limicolavis Shufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 55 (type by monotypy Limicolavis pluvianella Shufeldt). Position uncertain.
33. Limicolavis pluvianella Shufeldt
Limicolavis pluvianella Shufeldt, 1915 (Feb.), Trans. Connecticut Acad. Arts Sci., vol. 19, p. 55, pi. 15, fig. 129 (type from lower Willow Creek, distal part of right tibiotarsus, Yale Peabody Mus. no. 957).
Lower Miocene (John Day formation). Oregon: Malheur County: lower Willow Creek.
Genus Vanellus Brisson
Vanellus Brisson, 1760, Orn., vol. 1, p. 48; vol. 5, p. 94 (type Tringa vanellus Linnaeus).
34. Vanellus selysii Van Beneden
Vanellus selysii Van Beneden, 1872, Bull. Acad. Roy. Belgique, ser. 2, vol. 32, no. 11, p. 259, fig. 2 (type from Rupelmonde, distal end of right humerus).
Middle Oligocene (Rupelian sand). Belgium: East Flanders: mouth of River Rupel.
Genus ^Dorypaltus Brodkorb
Dorypaltus Brodkorb, 1959 (May 22), Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, no. 9, p. 281 (type by original designation Dorypaltus prosphatus Brodkorb).


35. Dorypaltus prosphatus Brodkorb
Dorypaltus prosphatus Brodkorb, 1959 (May 22), Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, no. 9, p. 281, fig. 9 (type from Pit 2, Arredondo, distal portion of left humerus, Brodkorb, coll. no. 1712).
Middle Pleistocene (Arredondo clay). Florida: Alachua County: Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 144).
Subfamily Phalaropodinae Bonaparte
Phalaropodinae Bonaparte, 1831, Saggio di una distribuzione metodica degli animali vertebrati, p. 59 (subfamily; type Phalaropus Brisson).Phalaropodidae Bonaparte, 1831, op. cit., p. 59, (family).Phalaropinae Mayr and Amadon, 1951 (Apr. 2), Amer. Mus. Novitates, no. 1496, p. 34.
Lobipodinae Reichenbach, 1849, fide Gray, 1871 (type Lobipes Cuvier).
No extinct fossil species.
Subfamily Haematopodinae Gray
Haematopinae G. R. Gray, 1840 (before Apr.), List of Genera of Birds, p. 65 (subfamily; type by monotypy Haematopus Linnaeus).Haematopodinae Gray, 1841, List of Genera of Birds, ed. 2, p. 85 (subfamily).Haematopidae Bonaparte, 1854, Ann. Sci. nat., vol. 1, p. 45 of reprint.
Genus ^Paractiornis Wetmore
Paractiornis Wetmore, 1930 (May 15), Condor, vol. 32, no. 3, p. 153 (type by original designation Paractiornis perpusillus Wetmore).
36. Paractiornis perpusillus Wetmore
Paractiornis perpusillus Wetmore, 1930 (May 15), Condor, vol. 32, no. 3, p. 153, figs. 54-56 (type from Carnegie Hill, left tarsometatarsus, Mus. Comp. Zool. no. 2191).
Lower Miocene ("Harrison Beds" of Arikaree formation). Nebraska: Sioux County: Carnegie Hill near Agate.
Genus \Palostralegus Brodkorb
Palostralegus Brodkorb, 1955 (Nov. 30), Florida Geol. Surv. Rept. Invest, no. 14, p. 19 (type by original designation Palostralegus sulcatus Brodkorb).
37. Palostralegus sulcatus Brodkorb
Palostralegus sulcatus Brodkorb, 1955 (Nov. 30), Florida Geol. Surv. Rept. Invest., no. 14, p. 20, fig. 18 (type from near Brewster, distal portion of right tibiotarsus, Brodkorb no. 177).


Lower Pliocene (Bone Valley gravel). Florida: Polk County: near Brewster.
Neospecies of Scolopacidae from Pleistocene and *prehistoric sites:
Subfamily Scolopacinae:
1. Limosa limosa (Linnaeus). Czechoslovakia: Certova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 941). Hungary: Palffy cave (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 426): Puskaporos (Lambrecht, 1916,. Barlangkutatas, vol. 4, p. 205). Rumania: Puspokfurdo = Betfia (Capek, 1917, Barlangkutatas, vol. 5, p. 67). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
2. Limosa lapponica (Linnaeus). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
3. Limosa fedoa (Linnaeus). California: Rancho La Brea? (Howard, 1936, Condor, vol. 38, p, 35); San Pedro? (Howard, 1949, Condor, vol. 51, p. 22). Illinois: "Steuben site (Parmalee, 1958, Auk, vol. 75, p. 172).
4. Totanus erythropus (Pallas). Czechoslovakia: Balcarova skala and Certova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938, 940). Hungary: Palffy cave (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 426). Azerbaijan: Binagady? (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
5. Totanus totanus (Linnaeus). Ireland: Kesh Cave and Edenvale Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 763). Corsica: Grotta di Funtanedu (E. T. Newton, 1921, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 231). Czechoslovakia: Certova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. internat: ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 940); Sipka (Lambrecht, 1933). Hungary: Otto Herman cave (Lambrecht, 1916, Aquila, vol. 22, p. 189); 6-Ruzsin (Lambrecht, 1933). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 462).
6. Totanus favipes (Gmelin). Florida: Reddick (Brodkorb, 1957, Jour. Paleont., vol. 31, p. 135).
7. Totanus melanoleucus (Gmelin). Oregon: Fossil Lake Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 183). California: McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ. geol. Sci., vol. 15, p. 321); Rancho La Brea (Howard, 1936, Condor, vol. 38, p. 35). Florida: Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 282); Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, p. 147).
8. Totanus stagnatilis Bechstein. Azerbaijan: Binagady? (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
9. Totanus nebularius (Gunnerus). Italy: Grotta dei Colombi? (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 764). Czechoslovakia: Sipka and Certova dira (Capek, 1910, lier. V. internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, p. 940). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).


10. Tringa ochropus Linnaeus. England: Merlin's Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 764). Italy: Grotta dei Colombi? (Lambrecht, 1933). Czechoslovakia: Balcarova skala, Ludmirau, Sipka, and Certova dira (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938-940). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Burchak-Abramovich, 1962, Ornitologiya, vol. 4, p. 462).
11. Tringa solitaria Wilson. Florida: Arredondo (Brodkorb, 1959, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 4, p. 282). Brazil: Lapa da Escrivania (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 28).
12. Tringa glareola Linnaeus. Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1948, Trudi Estest.-lstor. Muz. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhan S.S.R., pts. 1-2, p. 39, fig. 23).
13. Xenus cinereus (Giildenstaedt). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
14. Bartramia longicauda (Bechstein). Kansas: Jones Sink and Kentuck (Downs, 1954, Condor, vol. 56, p. 211, fig. 1). Vihginia: Natural Chimneys (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian misc. Coll., vol. 145, no. 2, p. 10).
15. Numenius borealis (J. R. Forster). Kansas: Kentuck (Galbreath, 1955, Wilson Bull. vol. 67, p. 62),
16. Numenius phaeopus (Linnaeus). England: Clevedon Cave and Chud-leigh Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 765). Italy: Buca del Bersagliere? and Grotta Romanelli (Lambrecht, 1933). Czechoslovakia: Holubic (Lambrecht, 1933). Hungary: Balla cave? (Lambrecht, 1912, Aquila, vol. 19, p. 283); Pilisszanto? (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 480); Puskaporos? (Lambrecht, 1916, Barlangkutatas, vol. 4, p. 205); Palffy cave (Lambrecht, 1933). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473). California: Rancho La Brea (Compton, 1934, Condor, vol. 36, p. 221). Illinois: "Modoc (Parmalee, 1956, Illinois State Mus., Rept. Invest., no. 4, p. 53); *McDonough Lake (Parmalee, 1958, Auk, vol. 75, p. 173). Includes Numenius hudsonicus Latham.
17. Numenius tenuirostris Vieillot. Italy: Grotta Romanelli (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 765). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
18. Numenius arquata (Linnaeus). England: *Mount Caburn (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Paleorn., p. 765). Czechoslovakia: Holubic (Lambrecht, 1933). Hungary: Tata (Lambrecht, 1916, Aquila, vol. 22, p. 194); Subalyuk cave (Janossy, 1962, Aquila, vol. 67-68, p. 180). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
19. Numenius americanus Bechstein. Oregon: Fossil Lake? (Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 183). California: Rancho La Brea (Compton, 1934, Condor, vol. 36, p. 221); McKittrick (L. Miller, 1935, Condor, vol. 37, p. 78). New Mexico: Howells Ridge cave (Howard, 1962, Condor, vol. 64, p. 242). Iowa: *Mill Creek (Hamon, 1961, Plains Anthropologist, vol. 6, p. 211). Illinois: 'Kingston (Baker, 1936, Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci., vol. 29, p. 245); *Cahokia (Parmalee, 1958, Auk, vol. 75, p. 173). Florida: Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, p. 146).


20. Actitis hypoleucos (Linnaeus). Italy: Caverna d'Equi (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 764). Poland: Wollin (Lambrecht, 1933). Azerbaijan: Binagady? (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
21. Actitis macularia (Linnaeus). Florida: Haile (Ligon, 1966, Bull. Florida State Mus., vol. 10, p. 146).
22. Catoptrophorus semipalmatus (Gmelin). California: Newport Bay (Howard, 1958, Condor, vol. 60, p. 136); Rancho La Brea (Howard, 1962, Los Angeles Co. Mus. Contr. Sci., no. 58, p. 22). Neveda: Smith Creek Cave (Howard, 1; 52, Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., vol. 51, pt. 2, p. 54). Virginia: Natural Chimneys (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian misc. Coll., vol. 145, no. 2, p. 10). Florida: *Goodman site (E. Wing, 1963, Contr. Florida State Mus., no. 10, p. 56). Puerto Rico: Barrio Canas (Wetmore, 1938, Auk, vol. 55, p. 54).
23. Heteroscelus incanus (Gmelin). Alaska: *St. Lawrence Island (Friedmann, 1934, Jour. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 24, p. 93).
24. Erolia alpina (Linnaeus). England: *Caerwent (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 764). Sweden: Skateholm and Schonen (Lambrecht, 1933). Hungary: Palffy cave (Lambrecht, 1913, Aquila, vol. 20, p. 428); Pilisszanto (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 493). California: McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ. Geol. Sci., vol. 15, p. 321); Rancho La Brea (Howard, 1962, Los Angeles Co. Mus. Contr. Sci., no. 58, p. 22).
25. Erolia testacea (Pallas). Azerbaijan: Binagady? (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
26. Erolia melanotos (Vieillot). Kansas: Jones Sink? (Downs, 1954, Condor, vol. 56, p. 211, fig. 5a). Brazil: Lapa da Escrivania (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 28).
27. Erolia minutilla (Vieillot). Virginia: Natural Chimneys (Wetmore, 1962, Smithsonian misc. Coll., vol. 145, no. 2, p. 10).
28. Ereunetes pusillus (Linnaeus). Brazil: Lapa da Escrivania (O. Winge, 1887, E Museo Lundii, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 28).
29. Calidris canutus (Linnaeus). England: Merlin's Cave and Chudleigh Cave (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 763).
30. Philomachus pugnax (Linnaeus). Denmark: Gudumland (H. Winge, 1903, Vidensk. Meddel. naturhist. Foren., vol. 6, p. 96). Finland: Ladogasee (Lambrecht, 1933, Handb. Palaeorn., p. 764). Czechoslovakia: Certova dira and Balcarova skala (Capek, 1910, Ber. V. internat. ornith. Kongr. Berlin, pp. 938, 940). Hungary: Pilisszanto (Lambrecht, 1915, Mitt. Jahrb. ungar. geol. Anstalt, vol. 23, p. 480). Azerbaijan: Binagady (Serebrovsky, 1941, Doklady Akad. Nauk U.S.S.R., vol. 33, p. 473).
31. Crocethia alba (Pallas). California: Rancho La Brea? (Howard, 1962, Los Angeles Co. Mus. Contr. Sci., no. 58, p. 22).
32. Limnodromus griseus (Gmelin). Oregon: Fossil Lake? (Howard, 1946, Carnegie Instn. Washington Publ., no. 551, p. 183). California: McKittrick (L. Miller, 1925, Univ. Calif. Publ. Geol. Sci., vol. 15, p. 320); Rancho La Brea (A. H. Miller, 1929, Condor, vol. 31, p. 223). Illinois: *Kingston (Baker, 1936, Trans. Illinois State Acad. Sci., vol. 29, p. 245).