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24 N. Miami Ave.
THE J[WISH UITV
Vol. 7, No. 6 10c Each Copy January 15th, 1933
AMERICA JEWRY MAKES ITS CONTRIBUTION TO AMERICA
By Calvin Coolidge
HISTORY OF MIAMI JEWRY IN THE MAKING
By Isidor Cohen
By Nina Kaye
COMMON SENSE IN BRIDGE
By Sheldon Dubler
WILL DURANT TELLS ABOUT RUSSIA
AND NOW -
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TELL YOUR FRIENDS
If You Are in Doubt How To Bring Out
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Pierre offers you for a Limited Time
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Permanent Waves, $3
Others at $5 and $7.50
Featuring-All Types of Beauty Culture
and Individual Hair Cutting
23 N. E. 1st Ave. Phone 23828
DR. RALPH B.
405 First National Bank Bldg.
At our market you can be sure that
what you buy is of the choicest
Handled and sold in the most
Capt. Tom's Fish Mart
N. W. First St. and Miami River
925 N. W. Third Street
You Must Investigate
520 Ocean Drive
FArEFIE LUMBER S SUPPLY. IN.
*BILL! FAXON. MANAGER.
Phone 3-2422 1505 N. W. 1st Ave.
Well-Dressed Men Don't Wear Cheaply Made
Quality tailored clothes "wear longer, retain their shape and ordinarily last six times as long
as so-called cheap priced tailored clothes I" SIMONS quality clothes afford you long wear and
are therefore economical. They are hand tailored of exclusive imported fabrics of finest
$50.00 AND UP
IF CLOTHES LACK QUALITY-THEY ARE NOT CHEAP AT ANY PRICE!
HARRY V. SIMONS, Inc.
309 East Flagler Street
NEW YORK TITLE &
J. M. PHILLIPS, Acting Manager
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Whipping Cream Chocolate Milk
Certified Milk Cottage Cheese Dixie Queen Butter
THE HONORABLE DAVID SHOLTZ
Governor of the State of Florida
PUBLISHED MONTHLY ELLARD G. KOHN
and Owned by theS TY PUBLISHER
JEWISH UNITY PUBLISH- THE JEWISH UNITY PUBI
ING COMPANY, Inc. ALSO THE NEW JEWISH UNITY Entered as second class mat-
EXECUTIVE OFFICE "Florida's Leading Jewish Publication" ter October 16, 1931, at the
EXECUTIVE OFFICE post office at Miami, Florida,
1014 First National Bank Founded 1927 under the act of March 3,
Building Subscription Rates, $1.00 Per Year, in Advance 1879.
Volume 7 Miami, Florida, January 15, 1933 Number 6.
NTEREST is being centered upon the
Big Minstrel Show sponsored by the
Junior Committee of the -Beth David
Sisterhood on Wednesday night, January
25th, in the auditorium of the Riverside
school. The show is being directed by
Louis Hayman, professional showman
and minstrel man. The presentation will
be in grand minstrel style and will have
a professional air.
The four end men, (or rather one
should say women) are noted for their
black-face comedy.- The specialty acts
are original and entertaining and when
the quartet of end men sing, sides will
be held in laughter. The evening will be
chuck full of chuckles. No one can af-
ford to miss this grand show. This min-
strel will be unique in that it has a bevy
of beautiful young women-good singers
-music brimming over with rhythm and
dancers-oh, well, just remember the
date, Wednesday night, Jan. 25th at 8
o'clock in the auditorium of the River-
side school, 221 S. W. 12th avenue. Buy
your tickets early from any member of
the Beth David Sisterhood. Mrs. Sam
Weisel is chairman of the minstrel. The
cast is composed of the following: In-
terlocutor ,Claire Cohen Weintraub; end
men are Katie Markowitz, Jeanette Falk,
Juliette Stone and Rose Bogen. Special-
ty acts are tap dance by Dorothy Kopel-
owitz and Claire Solomon; Dance of the
Soldiers by Ida Engler and Rosalyn
Daum; Adagio Dance by Leonard Tobin
and partner; song by little Bobbie Res-
nick. The chorus is composed of the fol-
lowing: Sadie Oliphant, Helene Freid-
man, Fae Weintraub, Sadye Resnick,
Bert Freidman, Freda Markowitz, Reba
Hayman, Ida Goldberg, Sadie Pepper,
Iris Blomberg, Sophie Sapero, Clara
Fine, Reva Silverman, Esther Lichten-
stein, Ruth Dubbin.
Goldstein and Gilbert have reopened
their kosher restaurant on Miami Beach
and have announced a new price policy.
Mrs. Goldstein formerly operated the G.
& R. Kosher restaurant in Miami and
needs no introduction to Miamians. Mr.
Gilbert is well known in restaurant cir-
cles here and in New York state where
he has quite a reputation for culinary
A lot of people are buying fountain
pens they do not really need because it
places them in line for some fancy pro-
Sponsor of the movement is Prosperity
Sales Plan Corp. of Manhattan. You buy
one of their pens through a friend for $3
and become a salesman. Every pen you
sell after your third nets you a $1.50
commission, paid direct by the company
upon receipt of your customer's cash and
order blank. In addition, the first three
pens sold by every purchaser after your
own third net you the same commission
and so with the first three pens sold by
each of their first three customers, and
so on. Your profits increase in geo-
metric progression. Your fourth cus-
tomer sells three pens and the three buy-
ers sell three each and their nine cus-
tomers sell three each and you have
$60-commissions on 40 pens.
"THE cleanest, most delightful and
Most economical evening's enter-
tainment to be found anywhere in the
country." That is what one customer
said of the West Flagler Kennel Club
where the greyhounds are racing night-
ly in one of the most successful meetings
ever conducted in the Miami area.
Rosh Chodesh Shevat.. ...__ Sat., Jan. 28
*Rosh Chodesh Adar ....-- ... Mon., Feb. 27
**Fast of Esther-.........------... Sat., Mar. 11
Purim Sun., Mar. 12
Rosh Chodesh Nissan Tues., Mar. 28
1st Day of Passover...__ Tues., Apr. 11
8th Day of Passover.---- Tues., Apr. 18
*Rosh Chodesh lyar -....-. Thur,, Apr. 27
Lab B'Omer Sun., May 14
Rosh Chodesh Sivan-....--._ Fri., May 26
Shavouth Wed., May 31
Thur., June 1
*Rosh Chodesh Tammuz_ -Sun., June 25
Fast of Tammuz__.-- Tues., July 11
Rosh Chodesh Ab --__.-_ Mon., July 24
Tisha B'Ab Tues., Aug. 1
*Rosh Chodesh Elul .......--... Wed., Aug. 23
NOTE: Holidays begin in the evening
preceding the days designated.
*-Rosh Chodesh also observed the prev-
**-Fast observed on previous Thursday.
There is something in the words of
that greyhound fan. Admission at the
sporty West Flagler plant has been re-
duced to 20 cents this season, the most
reasonable price ever charged at any
track. Half of that admission goes to
the state of Florida through its well
regulated Racing Commission, and the
other half is retained by the track as
its service charge. Twice weekly, on
Monday and Friday nights, women are
admitted to special Ladies Night pro-
grams upon payment of the state tax.
The courteous and efficient crew at
West Flagler, under the able direction of
Joseph Adams and Carson Bradford, is
doing everything to make the fans com-
fortable. Messengers are provided in the
stands to make wagers for persons who
do not desire to leave their seats to go
to the mutuel windows. These messen-
gers also cash winning tickets for pa-
trons holding them.
Every precaution is being taken to
assure the faithful of clean greyhound
racing. Presiding Judge H. B. Diamond,
a man of wide experience in greyhound
lines, has his helpers working at a
smooth clip and there have been no slips
this season from that department. Judge
Diamond, presiding judge at Flagler last
season, also served at Jefferson City,
Indiana, another of the United Grey-
hound Racing Association's plants, in
addition to the new Baden track at South
San Francisco, California, and Nassau,
Sydney Weintraub has been appointed
one of the attorney's for the sheriff's of-
Maxwell Victor (Brick) Miller has
been appointed assistant municipal judge
at Miami Beach.
Nat Kupper received his commission
as a deputy sheriff.
Norman Fregger, (former editor of
The Jewish Unity) and Edyth Mink of
Miami were married last month and have
moved to Washington, D. C.
ENGAGED-Beatrice Shaff, daughter of
Mrs. Rebecca Shaff, of Miami, to Dr.
Leonard Finn of Cleveland, Ohio. The
wedding will take place during the
The JEWISH UNITY
January 15, 195s
History of Miami Jewry In the Making
By ISIDOR COHEN
SEVERAL incidents have occurred
lately which are of historical value
not only to Miami Jewry, but to the
In a recent article, in the "Jewish
Unity", the present writer pointed with
a sense of gratification to the gradual
disappearance of placards flaunting the
bigoted legend "Gentiles only." While
such discrimination aiming at the Jews
is not always inspired by a spirit of in-
tolerance, it is a reflection on the city.
The following correspondence on the
subject should prove of interest to Jew-
ish people as well as to non-Jews:
Nov. 28th, 1932.
Mr. Dale James,
Miami Chamber of Commerce,
Dear Mr. James:
My attention has been called to a sign
on the Dixie highway advertising a cer-
tain Miami Beach hotel, which is not in
keeping with Miami's vaunted spirit of
The sign complained of bears the leg-
end: "Gentiles only," and is offensive to
Jewish people. In this connection I
wish to say that neither the city of
Miami nor Miami Beach can afford to
drive tourists away.
The irony of this is that only a few
days ago I published an article in a
magazine stressing Miami's progressive-
ness, liberality and marked spirit of tol-
Dec. 1st, 1932.
Mr. Isidor Cohen,
607 Meyer-Kiser Bldg.
Dear Mr. Cohen:
I quite agree with you that the state-
ments as indicated by your letter on the
sign board are entirely unnecessary. It
would seem that in this enlightened age
people would give a little more attend-
tion to such things, but they apparently
do not. If you will furnish me with the
name of this hotel I will make a sincere
effort to have the copy changed.
Very truly yours,
Miami Chamb of. Com.
THE desired information has been fur-
nished. Whether the Chamber of
Commerce succeeds in remedying this
evil or not, it is only a matter of time
when the displayers of such offensive
signs will adopt some other means to ex-
clude undesirables-either Jews or non-
Jews. The writer has already noted the
absence of these signs in places where
they were in conspicuous evidence for
a number of years.
As an offset to the foregoing, it is
pleasing to note that in the recent Miami
Beach municipal election Baron de
Hirsch Meyer, an enterprising young at-
torney and loyal Zionist, was successful
in his candidacy for re-election to the
office of councilman. He lacked only a
few votes of being the leading candidate
in a field of fifteen aspirants, five of
whom were elected. Another Jewish
candidate, Paul Pollak, while defeated,
has received a flattering vote.
About a year or so ago, another Jew-
ish attorney, Benjamin Axelroad, was
appointed a member of the board of
trustees of "The Dr. J. M. Jackson Mem-
orial Hospital," a municipally-owned in-
stitution. As a further offset to the
mental abervation noted amongst those
who are unfriendly toward the Jewish
people, the writer is prompted to re-
cord his reactions to a Christian church
service which he and a number of co-
religionists had attended on Sunday eve-
ning, December 18th. (A full report of
this good-will service was published by
this writer in The Miami Daily News
of December 22nd, a transcript of which
N response to an invitation extended
to the Jewish people of Miami by the
Rev. John L. White, minister of the First
Baptist church, the writer was one of
a number invited guests who have at-
tended his services, and was profoundly
impressed with the sympathetic inter-
est in the destiny of the Jews manifested
by this saintly preacher. The theme of
his sermon was: "God's purpose relating
Editor's Note: The writer of this article attended the church service he
describes, and was cordially introduced to the congregation by Dr. John L.
White, their minister. In response, Mr. Cohen spoke on the subject of good-
fellowship between Christians and Jews.
Mr. Cohen's article is the tenth of a series which appeared in the Jewish
Unity in the past few months.. His comments on the minister's lecture, his
sentiments relating to Chanukah and Christmas, his "Mezuza" story and his
impressions of Judge Aaron J. Levy's address, before Congregation Beth
Jacob, make interesting reading. His appeal to visiting co-religionists in
behalf of local synagogues should prove food for thought. His protest against
the display of an anti-Jewish signboard, on one of our principal highways, will
doubtless receive favorable action. All of these live topics will be found in
Mr. Cohen's present article.
January 15, 1983
The JEWISH UNITY
to the chosen people." Its inspiring note
was: "One God and one people."
Dr. White is a firm believer in the
destined restoration of Palestine to the
Jews. .He bases his conviction upon the
prophecies of the Bible. He quoted Ze-
chariah, Chapter 8: "And the word of
the Lord of hosts came saying; Thus
saith the Lord of hosts; I am jealous
of Zion with great jealousy, and I am
jealous for her with great fury.
"Thus saith the Lord; I return unto
Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jeru-
salem; and Jerusalem shall be called The
City of truth; and the mountain of the
Lord of hosts The Holy mountain.
"Thus saith the Lord of hosts; There
Shall yet old men and old women sit in
the broad places of Jerusalem, every man
with his staff in his hand for very age.
And the broad places of the city shall
be full of boys and girls playing in the
broad places thereof.
"Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If it is
marvelous in the eyes of the remnant of
this people in those days, should it also
be marvelous in mine eyes? saith the
Lord of hosts.
"Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Behold,
I will save My people from the east coun-
try, and from the west country; and I
will bring them, and they shall dwell in
the midst of Jerusalem; and they shall
be My people, and I will be their God,
in truth and in righteousness.
"T HUS saith the Lord of hosts; Let
I your hands be strong, ye that hear
in these days these words from the mouth
of the prophets that were in the day that
the foundation of the house of the Lord
of hosts was laid, even the temple, that it
might be built.
"For before those days there was no
hire for man, nor any hire for beast;
neither was there any peace to him that
went out or came in because of the ad-
versary; for I set all men every one
against his neighbor. But now I will
not be unto the remnant of this people
as in former days, saith the Lord of
hosts. For as the seed of peace, the
vine shall give. her fruity, and the ground
shall give her increase, and the heavens
shall give their dew; and I will cause
the remnant of this people to inherit all
"I do not know whether the holy land
will be restored to the Jews through the
Zionist movement (the physical mani-
festation of divine intervention) or by
some other means, but I am convinced
that this great miracle is inevitable,"
said the preacher. "To strengthen our
faith in miracles, let us contemplate the
great miracle of the survival of the Jew-
N reporting this striking demonstra-
tion of good will, it should be noted
that Dr. White's dramatic declaration
that the return of the Jews to Palestine
will be led by Jesus of Nazareth, and
that all races of mankind will worship
Him, and that He will reign in Jerusalem
as the King of Kings, while contrary to
Jewish doctrine, it is an impressive illus-
tration of his ineffable good-will and
true Christian spirit toward Jesus' breth-
ren whose traditions and historical back-
ground render acceptance of his vision
extremely difficult. In the light of the
present spiritual decline noted amongst
votaries of all creeds, the realization of
Dr. White's ideal seems highly specu-
lative. This, however, does not lessen
the writer's appreciation of the preach-
er's noble sentiments.
This is by no means a new theme with
Dr. White. While listening to his utter-
ances which were vibrant with fervor,
the writer was reminded of a similar oc-
casion, which occurred about twelve years
ago, when the good pastor had delivered
a masterful lecture on the restoration of
Palestine to the Jewish people, and which
he had concluded with a fervid prayer
for its speedy realization. As in last
night's lecture, he had accentuated the
part England is playing in this great
drama. Incidentally, the preacher re-
marked that the English people is said
to have sprung from the lost tribes of
Israel. The writer is uncertain as to
its authenticity, but is inclined to believe
that the Rev. John L. White springs
from one of the lost tribes of Israel.
However, why claim a whole Christian
nation as Jews when, according to some
non-Jews, there is scarcely room enough
in the world for those whose identity has
been fully established?
Anyway, this is a wonderful Christmas
THE foregoing episode in local Jew-
ish communal life is one of many
incidents which in their combined effect
shows the trend of the Gentile mind rela-
tive to the Jews. There is scarcely a
sermon preached in Christian churches
that doesn't deal with the religious status
of the Jew. It is rare indeed that a re-
ligious broadcast on the air does not
stress the affinity that exists between
Christianity and Judaism.
It is a fascinating study to meditate
upon the eventual rapprochement be-
tween Christianity and Judaism as visu-
alized by some idealists. It is still more
fascinating to carry the imagination fur-
ther in contemplation of the Jew's status
and the world's history, if Jesus had not
become a martyr.
There should be perfect amity between
Christians and Jews. The deplorable
absence of Christian-Jewish amity, as
noted in unenlightened countries (Amer-
ica in comparison with other lands is in-
deed the New Jerusalem), is not alto-
gether due to religious antipathies-the
secret should be sought in the field of
T should be noted in passing that the
pious and devout Christian (not the
professional missionaries to the Jews)
in seeking to convert the Jew is in most
instances prompted by an irrepressible
desire to share his state of grace and
future salvation with his Jewish brother.
The loyal Jew, however, has built a wall
of resistance round himself which is in-
vulnerable. This type of Jew wins great-
er respect from Gentiles than those that
yield to proselytizing influence. The
persistent reference to the Jews by the
clergy in their sermons, if inspired by
a friendly spirit, tends to minimize the
damage that is being done, though unin-
tentionally, by overzealous Sunday school
teachers who impregnate the minds of
their youth with hatred for Jesus' kin-
folks. There is nothing more tragic
than the estrangement between young
Christian and Jewish children .
A similar trend toward things Jewish
is noted amongst the Christian laity.
As an illustration the writer offers the
following edifying incident: A few days
ago, a gentleman introducing himself as
Col. E. W. called at my office and among
other things told me that he had pur-
chased a house from a Jew. Upon one
of the door posts he noticed a "little
tube" (Mezuza) which, as had been ex-
plained by the former owner, is an old
Jewish tradition. Thereupon the Colonel
insisted that the "little tube" remain.
The former owner and his wife, after
considerable perplexity, graciously con-
sented. Now the Christian owner of the
"Mezuza" asked for full information re-
garding its signification and the mean-
ing of the visible letters composing the
word "Shadai" (Almighty). Upon re-
ceiving the desired information, includ-
ing the English translation of the He-
brew inscription on the enclosed parch-
ment, he remarked, reverently, that he
wouldn't part with that mystic symbol
There is still hope for the "Goyim."
T HERE is a revival of activity in
Miami's several synagogues. Their
respective memberships show consider-
able increase, and their religious and cul-
tural meetings are attracting many win-
ter visitors. The Sunday schools are
largely attended and the Talmud Torahs
are making splendid progress.
Congregation Beth David (Miami's
(Please turn to Page 12.)
The JEWISH UNITY
January 15, 1933
American Jewry Makes Its Contribution
By CALVIN COOLIDGE
(Copyrighted 1933 by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
AT THE bottom of the colonial char-
acter lay a stratum of religious
liberalism which had animated most of
the early comers. From its beginnings,
the new continent had seemed destined
to be the home of religious tolerance.
Those who claimed the right of individual
choice for themselves finally had to grant
it to others. Beyond that, and this was
one of the factors which I think weighed
heaviest on the side of unity, the Bible
was the one work of literature that was
common to all of them. The scriptures
were read and studied everywhere. There
are many testimonies that their teach-
ings became the most important intel-
lectual and spiritual force for unifica-
tion. I remember to have read some-
where, I think in the writings of the his-
torian Lecky, the observation that "He-
braic mortar cemented the foundations
of American democracy." Lecky had in
mind this very influence of the Bible in
drawing together the feelings and sym-
pathies of the widely scattered commun-
ities. All the way from New Hampshire
to Georgia, they found a common ground
of faith and reliance in the scriptural
writings, declared President Coolidge in
his address referring to 1925 as a year
of national anniversaries in states, cities
and towns throughout the older part of
In those days books were few, and
even those of a secular character were
largely the product of a scholarship
which used the scriptures as the model
and standard of social interpretation. It
was to this, of course, that Lecky re-
ferred. He gauged correctly a force too
often under estimated and his observa-
tion was profoundly wise. It suggests,
in a way which none of us can fail to
understand, the debt which the young
American nation owed to the sacked
writings that the Hebrew people gave
to the world.
Biblical Influence in Colonial Law
T HIS biblical influence was striking-
ly impressive in all the New Eng-
land colonies, and only less so in the
Editor's Note: The tragic death of
Calvin Coolidge, the thirtieth presi-
dent of the United States, recalls his
sympathetic attitude towards the
Jewish affairs, and the notable ad-
dress which he delivered while presi-
dent, on May '3, 1925, on the occas-
ion of laying the corner stone of the
Washington Jewish Centre, of which
the following is an extended excerpt.
others. In the Connecticut code of 1650,
the Mosaic model is adopted. The magis-
trates were authorized to administer jus-
tice "according to the laws here estab-
lished, and, for want of them, according
to the word of God." In the New Haven
code of 1655, there were 79 topical sta-
tutes for the Government, half of which
contained references to the Old Testa-
ment. The founders of the New Haven
colony, John Davenport and Theophilus
Eaton, were expert Hebrew scholars.
The extent to which they leaned upon
the moral and administrative system, laid
down by the Hebrew lawgivers, was re-
sponsible for their conviction that the
Hebrew language and literature ought
to be made as familiar as possible to all
the people. So it was that John Daven-
port arranged that in the first public
school in New Haven the Hebrew lang-
uage should be taught. The preachers of
those days, saturated in the religion and
literature of the Hebrew prophets, were
leaders, teachers, moral mentors and even
political philosophers for their flocks.
A people raised under such leadership,
given to much study and contemplation
of the scriptures, inevitably became more
familiar with the great figures of He-
brew history, with Joshua, Samuel,
Moses, Joseph, David, Solomon, Gideon,
Elisha-then they were with the stories
of their own ancestors as recorded in the
pages of profane history.
The sturdy old divines of those days
found the Bible the chief source of il-
lumination for their arguments in sup-
port of the patriot cause. They knew the
book. They were profoundly familiar
with it, and eminently capable in the ex-
position of all its justifications for rebel-
lion. To them, the record of the exodus
from Egypt was indeed an inspired
precedent. They knew what arguments
from holy writ would most powerfully
influence their people. It required no
great strength of logical processes to
demonstrate that the children of Israel,
making bricks without straw in Egypt,
had their modern counterpart in the peo-
ple of the colonies, enduring the imposi-
tion of taxation without representation.
Jewish Participation in Revolution Cited
AND the Jews themselves, of whom a
considerable number were already
scattered throughout the colonies, were
true to the teachings of their own pro-
phets. The Jewish faith is predominant-
ly the faith of liberty. From the begin-
ning of the conflict between the colonies
and the mother country, they were over-
whelmingly on the side of the rising
revolution. You will recognize them when
I read the names of some among the
merchants who unhesitatingly signed the
non-importation resolution of 765: Isaac
Moses, Benjamin Levy, Samson Levy,
David Franks, Joseph Jacobs, Hayman
Levy, Jr., Matthias Bush, Michael Gratz,
Bernard Gratz, Isaac Franks, Moses
Mordecai, Benjamin Jacobs, Samuel
Lyon and Manuel Mordecai Noah.
Not only did the colonial Jews join
early and enthusiastically in the non-in-
tercourse program, but when the time
came for raising and sustaining an army,
they were ready to serve wherever they
could be most useful. There is a ro-
mance in the story of Haym Solomon,
Polish Jew financier of the Revolution.
Born in Poland, he was made prisoner
by the British forces in New York, and
when he escaped, set up in business in
Philadelphia. He negotiated for Robert
Morris all the loans raised in France and
Holland, pledged his personal faith and
fortune for enormous amounts, and per-
sonally advanced large sums to such men
January 15, 1988
The JEWISH UNITY
as James Madison, Thomas Jefferson,
Baron Steuben, General St. Clair, and
many other patriot leaders who testified
that without his aid they could not have
carried on in the cause.
A considerable number of Jews be-
came officers in the continental forces.
The records show at least four Jews who
served as Lieutenant Colonels, three as
Majors and certainly six, probably more,
as Captains. Major Benjamin Nones has
been referred to as the Jewish Lafayette.
He came from France in 1777, enlisted in
the continentals as a volunteer private,
served on the staffs of both Washington
and Lafayette, and later was attached to
the command of Baron De Kalb, in which
were a number of Jews. When De Kalb
was fatally wounded, in the thickest of
the fighting at the Battle of Camden, the
three officers who were at hand to bear
him from the field were Major None,
Captain De La Motta, and Captain Jacob
De Leon, all of them Jews. It is inter-
esting to know that the time of the Revo-
lution there was a larger Jewsh element
in the southern colonies than would have
been found there at most later periods;
and these Jews of the Carolinas and
Georgia were ardent supporters of the
Revolution. One corps of infantry raised
in Charleston, South Carolina, was com-
posed preponderantly of Jews, and they
gave a splendid account of themselves in
the fighting in that section.
It is easy to understand why a people
with the historic background of the Jews,
should thus overwhelmingly and unhesi-
tatingly have allied themselves with the
cause of freedom. From earliest colonial
times, America has been a new land of
promise to this long-persecuted race.
Cosmopolitan Character of American
Jewish Community Makes Its
Contribution to America.
THE Jewish Community of the United
States is not only the second most
numerous in the world, but in respect
to its old world origins- it is probably
the most cosmopolitan. But whatever
their origin as a people, they have al-
ways come to us, eager to adapt them-
selves to our institutions, to thrive under
the influence of liberty, to take their full
part as citizens in building and sustain-
ing the nation, and to bear their part in
its defense; in order to make a contribu-
tion to the national life, fully worthy of
the traditions they had inherited.
The institution for which we -re today
dedicating this splendid home, is not a
charity to minister to the body, but rath-
er to the soul. The 14,000 Jews who live
in this Capital City have passed, under
the favoring auspices of American institu-
tions, beyond the need for any other
benevolence. They are planting here a
home for community service; fixing a
center from which shall go forth the tra-
ditions of united effort for advancement
in culture, in education, in social oppor-
tunity. Here will be the seat of organ-
ized influence for the preservation and
dissemination of all that is best and most
useful, of all that is leading and enlight-
ening, in the culture and philosophy of
this "peculiar people" who have so great-
ly given to the advancement of humau-
Our country has done much for the
Jews who have come here to accept its
citizenship and assume their share of its
responsibilities in the world. But I think
the greatest thing it has done for them
has been to receive them and treat them
precisely as it has received and treated
all others who have come to it. If our
experiment in free institutions has
proved anything, it is that the greatest
privilege that can be conferred upon peo-
ple in the mass, is to free them from the
demoralizing influence of privilege en-
joyed by the few. This is proved by the
experience here, not alone of the Jews,
but of all the other racial and national
elements that have entered into the mak-
ing of this nation. We have found that
when men and women are left free to
find the places for which they are best
fitted, some few of them will indeed at-
tain less exalted stations than under a
regime of privilege; but the vast multi-
tude will rise to a higher level ,to wider
horizons, to worthier attainments.
Forward on Same Broadening Lines
Must Be Aim
TO GO forward on the same broaden-
ing lines that have marked the na-
tional development thus far, must be our
aim. It is an easy thing to say, but not
so simple to do. There is no straight and
smooth and posted highway into the vast,
dim realm of the tomorows. There are
bogs and morasses, blind roads and bad
detours. No philosophy of history has
ever succeeded in charting accurately 9
day of the future. No science of social
engineering had been able to build wide
and easy roads by which to bring up the
van of human progress in sure and easy
marches. The race is always pioneering.
It always has been and always must be.
It dare not tire of unending effort and
repeated disappointments. It must not in
any moment of weariness or inertia cease
from pressing on. Least of all can we in-
dulge the satisfaction of complacency,
imagining that the sum of useful prog-
ress has been attained. The community
or the civilization that ceases to progress,
begins that hour to recede.
The work of spiritual unification is
not completed. Factional, sectional, so-
cial and political lines of conflict yet per-
sist. Despite all experiences, society con-
tinues to engender the hatreds and jeal-
ousies whereof are born domestic strife
and international conflicts. But educa-
tion and enlightenment are breaking
their force. Reason is emerging. Every
inheritance of the Jewish people, every
teaching of their secular history and re-
ligious experience, draws them power-
fully to the side of charity, liberty and
progress. They have always been ar-
rayed on this side, and we may be sure
they will not desert it, Made up of so
many diverse elements, our country must
cling to those fundamentals that have
been tried and proved as buttresses of
It must be our untiring effort, to main-
tain, to improve, and, so far as may be
humanly possible, to perfect those insti-
tutions which have proved capable of
guaranteeing our unity, and strengthen-
ing us in advancing the estate of the
common man. This edifice which you are
rearing here, is a fine example for other
communities. It speaks a purpose to up-
hold an ancient and noble philosophy of
life and living, and yet to assure that
such philosophy shall always be adapted
to the requirements of changing times,
increasing knowledge and developing in-
stitutions. It is a guarantee that you
will keep step with liberty.
Adaptation is Special Lesson of Jewish
This capacity for adaptation in detail,
without sacrifice of essentials, has been
one of the special lessons which the mar-
velous history of the Jewish has taught.
It is a lesson which our country, and
every country based on the principle of
popular government, must learn and ap-
ply, generation by generation, year by
year, yes, even day by day. You are rais-
ing here a testimonial to the capacity of
Jewish people to do this. In the advanc-
ing years, as those who come and go shall
gaze upon this civic and social landmark,
may,it be a constant reminder of the in-
spiring service that has been rendered to
civilization by men and women of the
Jewish faith. May they recall the long
array of those who have been eminent in
statecraft, in science, in literature, in
art, in the professions, in business, in
finance, in philanthropy and in the spir-
itual life of the world. May they pause
long enough to contemplate that the pa-
triots who laid the foundation of this
Republic drew their faith from the Bible.
May they give due credit to the people
among whom the Holy Scriptures came
into being. As they ponder the assertion
that "Hebraic mortar cemented the foun-
dations of American democracy," they
cannot escape the conclusion that if
American democracy is to remain the
greatest hope of humanity ,it must con-
tinue abundantly in the faith of the
The JEWISH UNITY
January 15, 1933
By NINA KAYE
(Copyrighted 1933 by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
SHE seemed a little desperate, a little
pathetic, for all her perfectly fitting
green cloth dress and her pert brown hat
and sable scarf. She looked too exactly
right, standing there in the doorway,
clutching her brown leather bag with
perfectly gloved hands.
Of her, one might have said at first
glance, "She is one of those women one
sees shopping on Fifth Avenue on a
bright, sunny day. One of those women
who make one sigh in envy and visual-
ize as hurrying through their shopping in
order to be prompt at a tea appointment,
and then rushing home to scented bath
and rest and evening clothes for dinner
and the theatre. A woman to make one
hate one's grubby clothes and work-soiled
hands. For, certainly, she had never
worked, she didn't know the inside of
an office, except, perhaps, to drop cas-
ually in to call for her husband for
But wait, she has no wedding band on
her finger, and she has such a desperate,
unwanted look in the grey eyes which
might have been pretty when she was
ten years younger.
Only a breathless moment she stands
there in the doorway, holding her bag,
her glance darting swiftly about the
crowded living room, startling with its
black and silver modernistic furniture,
adorned with women no more smartly
turned out then she, yet, indefinably dif-
ferent in every way.
A girl in bright red velvet, with cal
sleeves neck moves across the room to
meet her. A pretty girl, with hair drawn
back into ringlets at the base of her
neck. The same grey eyes, bright with
"Why, Zara, we've been waiting for
you. Did you finish your shopping?"
she cries, an ecstatic little catch in her
throat, the sign of a perfectly happy
young person. She moves forward until
her lips lightly touch the cheek of the
older woman, but she does not kiss her.
Instead, she whispers, "Now, Aunt Sa-
rah, please don't look as if you had your
teeth clenched. Try to look as if you
didn't care a bit-"
A SLOW, dark flush spread up from
the woman's cheeks. "Why, Made-
linel I thought I looked so nice!"
"You do look nice, if you only didn't
look as if your life depended on it."
Sarah Breen laughed sharply. "Well,
it does! And I can hardly forget it."
Madeline Sachs shook back her curls
with a laugh. "Just pretend it doesn't.
And now I'm going to introduce you to
everybody. And Mrs. Marks! I'm not
going to let them know you're my aunt.
Just a friend from the south."
As she went about the room, nodding
acknowledgement of introductions to the
women who viewed her with hard and
calculating glance, Sarah tried to forget
-everything. "They're figuring how
much my scarf costs. They don't know
Madeline ordered it, and is going to re-
turn it in the morning. They don't know
this dress is the only one I've got-be-
sides the evening dress Madeline picked
out and they're not paid for. And Made-
line's husband will to pay for them un-
less-" Afraid to let her thoughts go
further, she forced herself to listen to
the talk about her.
"Oh, Mrs. Marks,' 'Madeline was say-
ing in her bright young voice, subtly em-
phasizing the importance of this intro-
duction, "I want you to meet an o-a
friend of mine from Cantonville. Yes,
you know, her father's-the house her
father owned was next to ours. Miss
Breen still owns her house. Remember,
I told you about selling mine when I got
married and came to live up here?"'
Mrs. Marks raised her eyebrows with
interest. Gerald Sachs had married
money, looks and youth when he mar-
ried Madeline. This Miss Breen had at
least money and looks, even if she wasn't
so very young.
"I'm pleased to meet you Miss Breen,"
Mrs. Marks said cordially. "I always like
to hear Madeline talk about her home
down south. We miss all that, living up
here in apartment houses and hardly re-
membering the place we lived in last
year. Madeline tells me every time she
thinks of selling her beautiful home in
the south, she could cry. Aren't you
lucky you didn't have to sell!"
A fleet glimpse of the two wooden
houses, with their front rooms converted
into the grocery store she and her sis-
ter, Madeline's mother, had owned in
Cantonville, passed before Sarah's eyes.
She shut her lips firmly, afraid of the
words that might rush out. She simply
smiled and nodded and sipped the tea
from the dainty china cup Madeline's
maid handed to her.
"And I'm so excited about your coming
just in time for my dinner tonight," Mrs.
Marks went on, ingratiating herself on
this wealthy young woman from the
ARAH shut her eyes, remembering
Madeline's imperative telegram.
"My son is so seldom in New York.
And he's so eager to meet you. I've been
talking about no one but Madeline's
friend from the south, ever since he got
home. He says he didn't believe such a
person existed, but he admits that Made-
line never told us a single fib since she
came here as Gerald's wife. Madeline is
such a dear child. But of course, I'd
never want Harold to marry such a
child. After all, his position as a college
professor, needs someone more dignified,
someone like you, Miss Breen."
Sarah murmured a soundless "thanks"
which did not interrupt Mrs. Marks' flow
"And I so want Harold to be married.
Somehow, when I think of him all alone
out at that western university, with no
one to look after him, no one within a
thousand miles who really cares for him
-why, I just can't-"
Mentally, Sarah gritted her teeth. If
she had to sit here and listen to this
unctuous Mrs. Marks all afternoon she'd
scream. Was it possible that she ex-
pected this Mrs. Marks to be her mother-
in-law. Expected? Hoped, prayed, plan-
ned and maneuvered for it. Or, rather,
Madeline had. With the old house eating
up in taxes every one of her few last
pennies, with nobody in the world to look
to except Madeline, who thought it was
magnanimous indeed that she was trying
to marry off her old aunt.
Somehow, though Sarah couldn't im-
agine how it happened, the afternoon
wore itself wearily away. Madeline's
guests trickled home, leaving hardly time
for Madeline and Sarah to dress for Mrs.
Marks' very special dinner.
Sarah stood for an instant before the
mirror in Madeline's guest room and sur-
veyed the alien peson she was in her
January 15, 195S
The JEWISH UNITY
black velvet evening gown. Was this
woman with the crooked, bitter smile
MADELINE rushed in, pretty little
thing prettier in her fluffy negli-
gee. "Oh, Aunt Sarah, you look wonder-
ful!" she exclaimed. "I'm sure he'll think
you're wonderful. Mrs. Marks certainly
seeived satisfied with you, the way she
talked to you all afternoon. Oh, Aunt
Sarah, I'm so excited! Won't it be grand,
your being married! And to such a
man as Harold Marks! His mother says
he was always too studious to bother
with girls. But she's determined to have
him married! I've got to go back and
put in Gerald's studs. I hope he remem-
bers not to call you Auntie!"
Sarah went out to Madeline's odd liv-
living room to wait. And because the
maid was probably busy setting to rights
Madeline's fluffy boudoir, it was Sarah
who answered the bell when it rang.
She opened the door to admit a diffi-
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dent man with pale hair and glasses. He
wore evening clothes and stood uncer-
tainly with his hat in his hand.
In that moment, facing this stranger,
Sarah felt sorry for him. And she felt
sorry for herself. He seemed so cer-
tainly to be here without wanting to be,
just as she was going to the Marks din-
ner without wanting to go.
"I'm sorry," she said, flustered, "but
-well, we're just going out. I'm Mrs.
Sachs' aunt. She and I and her husband
are going out to dinner in a moment."
She laughed, looked up at the embar-
rassed man. "I wish I didn't have to go
to that dinner," she confided, feeling that
in this stranger she could confide hopes
and fears she had never dared utter to
a soul. "But I've got to go," she said
desperately. "If I don't, and even if I
do, and he doesn't like me-well, I just
don't know what I'm going to do. I
haven't a cent in the world and I can't
go on living with my niece. She thinks
she's doing me the biggest favor in the
world by inviting me here and getting a
"shidduch" for me. I don't want to get
married-at least, not that way. I al-
ways thought if I met somebody, some-
body I could like-"
UDDEN consciousness of what she
was doing flustered her. She stopped
as she saw the flush spread over the
man's pale face.
"Why," he exclaimed. "I always felt
the same way. No matter how much they
tried, I never seemed to like anyone. I
didn't want to meet anyone after a while.
I didn't want to come here tonight. But
my mother kept after me. She said-
well, she said I'd have to come and call
for you and I had to do it, even though
I had a book to finish before dinner. But
I'm glad I came now," he said. "Because,
I don't have to go back."
Sarah stared at him uncomprehend-
ingly. "Don't have to go back?" she
"No. I've met you already, haven't I?
I've learned more about you in these few
minutes than I could have if I'd sat next
to you all through dinner. You'd .never
have said what you did say, if you knew
I am Harold Marks. But now," he
laughed, remembering his embarrass-
ment, "we don't need them at all. We
don't need their stupid dinner party and
my mother trying to run my life. Get
your wrap," he commanded, "there are
such few precious hours for us to get
acquainted-before we're married!"
Madeline and Gerald searched the
apartment for Sarah and couldn't imag-
ine where she could have gone. They
sat bewildered, waiting, until Mrs.
Marks telephoned to find out if Harold
had arrived. She had forced him to call
for them because she so heartily ap-
proved of Zara and now she was afraid
he might not have gone. Madeline and
Gerald went on to the dinner, expecting
to find Sarah and Harold there.
But Mr. and Mrs. Harold Marks never
arrived at the dinner.
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The JEWISH UNITY
A Victory For Religious Tolerance In Georgia
January 15, 1933
44 N. Miami Ave.
Director of Funerals
HAROLD HIRSCH HALL, ATHENS, GA.
THE University of Georgia has named
its new Law Building after an illust-
rious Jew in Atlanta, Harold Hirsch, an
Alumnus of the University. The Harold
Hirsch Hall which was dedicated recently
is considered the most modern and up-to-
date Law Building in the whole South.
The honor which Mr. Hirsch received
when this building was given his name is
indicative that a new era is dawning in
Georgia, both from an educational view-
point and from the standpoint of racial
and religious intolerance.
Mr. Hughes Spalding, chairman of the
Regents of the University of Georgia,
said in a message to Mr. Julius W. Frei-
berg, chairman of the Board of Managers
of the Department of Synagogue and
"It is really a wonderful tribute to
Harold Hirsch who is, to my mind, the
most loyal and generous Alumnus that
we have ever had at the University of
Georgia, that the Alumni of the Univer-
sity should be able in these times of de-
pression to raise sufficient funds to build
this magnificent Temple of Law.
"This speaks well indeed for Georgia,
as it has had the reputation of being the
cradle of religious and racial bigotry. I
think our state's reputation in this re-
spect is undeserved. All of us are pull-
ing together now. The people of Georgia
know and realize that bigotry and in-
tolerance is all wrong and make more of
a joke of it than anything else."
In addition to his communal activities,
Mr. Hirsch has been a devoted worker in
Jewish fields. Hs is president of the
Hebrew Benevolent Congregation in
Atlanta, a member of the Board of Man-
agers of the Department of Synagogue
and School Extension, and chairman of
the Southeastern Conference of the
Union of American Hebrew Congregat-
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January 15, 1983
The JEWISH UNITY
Durant Describes Suffering and
Horror In Russia
Says Soviet Has Fooled World With Propaganda-
Communism Is A Miserable Failure.
DESPITE his description of the horror
and misery which he found in Rus-
sia, Dr. Durant told nearly 1,000 persons
who filled Temple Israel Sunday night
that the Soviet has accomplished" some
great things amid tyranny."
The author of "The Story of Philos-
ophy" explained that the Soviet govern-
ment has given the world an idea of
planning, given work to many people, in-
dustrialized a nation, experimented in
socialized agriculture, overthrown des-
potism, liberated women, spread educa-
tion and disciplined its people.
"The Soviet may be making a new
generation, which may falsify everything
I have said,' 'Dr. Durant stated.
"We ought to recognize Russia, not
merely for trade reasons and for de-
cency, but to get Russia into communi-
cation with the world to permit capi-
talism and socialism to take from each
other the more successful parts."
"Sh-h-h!" he said, is the most popu-
lar expression in Russia.
"No one dare talk frankly and express
themselves concerning the Soviet.
"We (Mrs. Durant and I) fled after
three weeks traveling from Manchuria
through Siberia, to Moscow and through
Poland. If I had to stay in Russia I
would go mad or be a cynic forever."
He explained that he entered Russia
with an open mind.
"I would give anything I have if Com-
munism could succeed, but it has failed
in that it has not accomplished what it
Then he recalled the human suffering
that he saw. He found, for example, in
Omsk, people lying in mud, starving, idle,
restless and waiting at a railroad station
for weeks in the hope of going to a place
where conditions are better. He describ-
ed a Mongolian Russian finding a bone
from which he brushed off mud with his
sleeve and ate while hungry dogs look-
"There are hundreds of thousands of
Russian families living off American
"The Soviet has fooled the entire world
with its propaganda when in reality Rus-
sia does not correspond to its advertising.
I had heard that there is no unemploy-
ment in Russia. Yet I found the streets
and curbs occupied by idle people."
He pointed out that if he described too
accurately people who talked to him
about Russian conditions while he was in
the country, their lives would be en-
dangered in an atmosphere of terrorism.
More than 100,000 people have disap-
peared at the hands of the G. P. U. or
secret police. One man disappeared
after he said, while attempting to eat a
meal, that he wished Stalin could eat it.
Even Soviet guides try to keep visi-
tors from seeing the true Russia. They
also spy upon visitors, Dr. Durant said,
and try to make them spend as much
money as possible.
Dr. Durant recommended the raising
of a fund to send American Commu-
nists to Russia and have them report
back to the United States what they saw.
"The Russian people are unhappy and
their condition is worse now than before
the revolution. An authority on Russia
has said that Russia is worse off in
clothing, housing and food.
Dr. Durant said he would be stupid to
recommend, as George Bernard Shaw has
suggested, that a replica of the Russian
experiment would be good for America.
He continued that there is more Christ-
ianity in Russia than in America, adding
that Christianity can not be destroyed
unless poverty is eliminated.
"In 50 years there will be more Christ-
ianity in Russia than in any place in
(Please turn to Page 13.)
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(Continued from Page 5.)
pioneer synagogue) has recently secured
the rabbinic services of Rev. Max Sha-
piro, a graduate of the N. Y. Theological
Seminary. This young rabbi is paying
particular attention to the re-organiza-
tion of the Talmud Torah. Rabbi Sha-
piro is an eloquent pulpit speaker and
capable organizer. His adult Bible class
which meets every Tuesday evening, is
growing in attendance. He has the
hearty cooperation of the synagogue ad-
ministrative committee as well as that
of the most active body of the congrega-
tion-the Beth David Sisterhood. The
congregation is gradually emerging from
its financial doldrums. This may large-
ly be ascribed to the renascence of unity.
There is another great factor in the
process of rehabilitation of the pioneer
synagague, namely, the visiting co-
The winter visitors realize that Jewish
communities in resort towns build syna-
gogues and Talmud Torahs on a scale
to accommodate the periodically in-
creased population. For Miami Jewry's
own needs one synagogue would be ade-
quate. As stated in previous sketches
by this writer, Miami's permanent Jew-
ish population consists of less than one
thousand families. Winter visitors, es-
pecially those who abide here from three
to six months, should support the local
institutions as liberally as they do those
of their respective home towns.
THE Beth David Sisterhood, on the
third night of Chanukah, gave a
banquet to the membership of the con-
gregation and visitors, when Rabbi Sha-
piro spoke in glowing terms of the public-
spirit manifested by its president, Mrs.
Isidor Cohen, the woman whom no dis-
appointments nor heart-aches can swerve
from her duties to the community. The
rabbi's beautiful tribute was preceded
by her presentation with a gorgeous bo-
quet of flowers and decorated birthday
cake which was accompanied by the re-
cital of a beautiful poem, by the presen-
tor, revealing that the banquet was given
in honor of her birthday.
A feature of that banquet was a Cha-
nukah playlet performed by the Sun-
day school children.
It is these children who will continue
to rekindle the light of Israel and act as
torch-bearers-a light that shall never
be extinguished. Some of those juvenile
actors rendered their roles with verve
and flashes of talent.
The Jewish homes in which dwells the
spirit of Chanukah, and the synagogues
that reflect this spirit, are developing
The JEWISH UNITY
a generation of Jews to whom Chanukah
will be as sacred as Christmas is to the
Christian. The writer has no criticism
of the introduction of the Christmas
spirit in Jewish homes; provided the
Chanukah spirit is not subordinated. The
celebration of Christmas in this glorious
country is more secular than religious.
When a Jew is greeted by a Gentile with
a "Merry Christmas" it has the ring
sincerity and is doubtless inspired by
a desire of sharing the celebrant's hap-
piness. What a contrast to the Euro-
pean celebration of the nativity of the
Nazarene! In some parts of the world
the birthday of the "Prince of peace"
is pregnant with war against the Jew.
It therefore should not be surprising to
see Chirstmas trees in American Jewish
HANUKAH is an inspiring holiday.
There is a charm about all Jewish
holidays which time can not efface.
Even those who become lax in their ob-
servance feel a tug at their heart-strings
on the holidays which mark historical
events such as Chanukah, Purim and
Passover. This feeling had exerted an
enthralling influence upon the writer,
during the long period in which he lived
in an exclusively Gentile environment, in
spite of the absence of Jewish commun-
The Miami Beach synagogue is at-
tracting noted Jewish visitors whose
presence at its Friday evening services
is drawing big crowds to that beautiful
little house of worship. Last Friday
(Dec. 30th) the Honorable Aaron J.
Levy, judge of the Supreme Court of the
State of New York, held a large audi-
ence spell-bound for one hour and a
quarter. His address scintillated with
quaint Jewish humor, quotations from
the Hebrew sages and admonitions to his
co-religionists to prize their American
citizenship as their most valuable pos-
session. "Thus, only, can the Jew live
up to the high standard of morals set
up for him by the non-Jewish world, and
safeguard his spiritual heritage," de-
clared the speaker. His reminiscences of
his early experiences as a member of the
New York legislature, about twenty-two
years ago, abounded in pathos and hu-
mor that stirred, the emotions of his
The writer's meeting with Judge Levy
reminded him of former years when
Judge Otto A. Rosalsky, and Judge Jul-
ian W. Mack visited Miami and had
shown a deep interest in the welfare of
their local brethren.
Temple Israel (Reform Congregation)
has entertained one of the distinguished
Jews who visited Miami recently, name-
ly, Hon. Henry Horner, governor-elect of
January 15, 198S
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M. Shapiro. Services every Friday eve-
ning at 8:15.
CONGREGATION BETH JACOB
311 Washington Ave., Miami Beach.
L. Axelrod, rabbi. Services every Fri-
day evening at 8:30. Daily services
morning and evening. Saturday services
MIAMI JEWISH CONGREGATION
1545 S. W. Third St., Miami. Jonah
E. Caplan, rabbi. Services every Friday
evening at 8:15. Daily services morning
and evening. Saturday morning services
at 9 a. m.
129 E. Flagler Street
We have just received from our buyers now in
the market brand new merchandise-a new
store-new merchandise and prices are un-
usually interesting !
412 MEN'S SUITS
To Be Offered In Two Price Groups:
537 SPORT COATS
To Be Offered In Three Price Groups:
$8.50 $11.50 $14.50
In Three Price Groups:
$3.95 $5.95 $6.95
Serges, Flannels and Bedford Cords
Complete line of Furnishings and Hats
and the Famous "Nunn-Bush" Shoes
MEN'S SPORT SHOES
By NUNN-BUSH, Now
Durant Describes Suffering
and Horror In Russia
(Continued from Page 11.)
the world and if the Russian people were
permitted they would return to their
former churches immediately.
He described the hard work done by
women in factories in addition to their
domestic work and the difficulty encount-
ered by the people in trying to leave
"They can not get out because they
can not afford to pay $250 in foreign
currency necessary for obtaining a pass-
"Those who do not belong to a trade
union must pay $500 for a passport.
"When I left Russia I heaved a sigh
of relief and pity for the 150,000,000 peo-
ple who are still in jail."
Several persons defended Russia in a
discussion following Dr. Durant's ad-
dress. Others were permitted to ask
Rabbi Jacob H. Kaplan presided and
Herbert U. Feibelman, chairman of the
committee on arrangements for the pro-
gram, introduced the philosopher.
Dr. Stein walked out of his patient's
room with a worried look on his face.
"I don't like the looks of your wife,"
he sighed to Mr. Greenberg.
"Neither do I, doctor," answered
Greenberg, "but she takes good care of
the children and keeps the house tidy, so
what can I do about it?"
Mrs. Newrich: "I think the Levys, our
next door neighbors, must be as poor as
church mice, Henry."
Mr. Newrich: "What makes you think
Mrs. Newrich: "They can't even afford
one of those mechanical pianos; their
daughter is taking lessons by hand."
Former Dean of College To Resume
Dr. Louis Blumer, natureopath, who
has practiced seasonally in Miami since
1925, has returned to this city and re-
opened his offices in
the Florida National
Bank building, 121
S. E. 1st street. Dr.
Blumer is famed for
S his skill in his chos-
en profession, having
affected results in
some instances where
other attempts had
He is the founder
of the Blumer Col-
lege of Natureopathy, and the National
Society of Natureopathy, and the author
of various health publications with a
In a recent interview with a represen-
tative of the press, Dr. Blumer said: "I
came back to Miami because of the many
patients here who need my services. I
will do all in my power to pave the way
to better health. Improved health means
a more energetic application to business."
MIAMI BEACH'S FINEST FOOD
14TH STREET AT WASHINGTON AVENUE
2 Blocks from Ocean
Southern Life & Health Insurance Co.
T. S. COOK, Manager
All Popular Forms of Life Insurance
610 Realty Board Building Phone 2-3419
Get Your Fishing Tackle Now, and Enjoy It All Year Through!
Here Are Some Suggestions-Clipper Sailfish Rod, $5.00-Take-Apart Reel, $9.15-Casting Rod, $6.00-Ohio Reel, $5.95.
Rods from $1.52 to $40.00-Reels from $1.25 to $100.
PHILLIPS HARDWARE COMPANY
301 N. MIAMI AVENUE PHONE 2-8445
January 15, 1988
.301 N. MIAMI AVENUE
The JEWISH UNITY
January 15, 1988
By SHELDON DUBLER
FOR the benefit of our many patrons
who requested the new contract
bridge scores we set out the following
I j o
50 100 200 400
50 150 300 600
50 200 400 800
50 250 500 1000
50 300 600 1200
50 350 700 1400
50 400 800 1600
Solution of previous issue's problem:
S-A, K, Q, J, 5
Dummy H-Q, 4, 3, 2
C-A, 7, 6, 4
S-10, 8, 6, 3, 2
H-K, 7, 6
C-J, 10, 9, 8
D-J, 9, 8, 7,5,4,3
C-5, 3, 2
1. West leads the jack of clubs which
is taken by South's king.
2. For the second play, South leads
the diamond ace, and sluffs the heart
deuce in dummy.
3. Then the diamond king from closed
hand. West and North sluffing hearts.
When South sees West sluff the heart
six South realizes that West, having led
from his length in clubs and now found
Loans and Investments
Banking House Equipment
United States Bonds
State and County Bonds
Other Marketable Securities
Call Loans Stock Exchange Collateral
blank in diamonds, must have unusual
distribution, and must be attempting to
protect a long suit (which could be no
other suit but spades).
4. For his fourth play, South leads
the DIAMOND QUEEN! West is now
badly squeezed. Should he sluff a small
spade, the fifth spade in dummy is set up.
He obviously cannot sluff the heart seven
which protects his king. West therefore
Declarer H-A, 9, 8, 5
D-A, K, Q, 10, 5
Contract-7 no trump. Possibility of
losing a club, a heart, a spade and/or
two diamonds. West leads the club jack.
2 diamonds pass
4 no trump(2) pass
5 hearts pass
6 no trump pass
(1) North has ample strength and is
undecided whether to bid slam immedi-
ately over South's game demand bid, or
await development. He chooses the lat-
(2) South not only keeps the bidding
open but shows divided strength.
(3) Over South's double raise, North
must show his other aces, if any.
(4) North is now satisfied that slam
The First National Bank
of Condition, Comptroller's Call,
Loans and Investments
Banking House Equipment
Florida Municipal Bonds
Public Utility Bonds
Call Loans, Stock Exchange Collateral
Federal Reserve Bank Stock
United States Government Bonds
Surplus and Undivided Profits
United States Bond Account
Dec. 31, 1933
Banking Service to Southeastern Florida
Coconut Grove Exchange Bank
Coconut Grove Station, Miami, Florida
CONDENSED STATEMENT OF CONDITION
AS OF DECEMBER 31st, 1932
January 15, 1933
The JEWISH UNITY
plays his club eight; North sluffing the
5. South then leads the club queen,
West dropping the ten.
6. On the sixth play, South leads the
Spade 9, which covered by West's ten, is
taken in dummy by the spade ace.
7. Dummy now leads the club ace,
drawing East's five and West's jack,
closed hand sluffing a small heart.
8. Dummy leads the thirteenth club;
upon which East sluffs the diamond
seven and South, the heart eight. West
is again squeezed. Should he sluff a
spade, the spade five in dummy is set
up and the grand slam contract is made.
He chooses to sluff the heart seven leav-
ing his king unprotected.
Here is the hand at the last five cards:
S-K, Q, J, 5
S-8, 6, 3, 2
D--J, 9, 8
Declarer H-A, 9
9. Dummy leads the spade king; East
sluffs the diamond eight, South plays the
spade seven; West plays the spade deuce.
10. Dummy leads the spade queen;
East sluffs the diamond nine; South
sluffs the diamond five; West plays the
11. Dummy plays the spade jack, and
now EAST is squeezed! If East should
sluff the diamond jack, South sluffs the
heart nine, leads the heart queen from
Dummy to South's ace and cashes the
diamond 10; if East should retain his
diamond and sluff a heart, South sluffs
his useless diamond, leads the heart
queen from dummy to South's ace and
draws the jack and king, setting up the
remaining nine of hearts. This hand is
very interesting, inasmuch as big slam
cannot be made if the hand is played
in a trump suit.
N DEFENSIVE play, the defending
team, who cannot see the combined
hands, as can the declarer, frequently
find themselves in a position where they
have two or more possible leads to their
partner and do not know in which suit
their partner's strength lies. Unless
they are ingenious they have only the
bidding and the opening leads to guide
them. Another guide, which the author
has found particularly useful, is the use
of a device which we shall call the dis-
Obviously, if your partner's jack or
other very high card is played after your
honor has assured taking the trick, you
may be reasonably certain that he has a
short suit or high honor remaining in
that suit. By the use of the discard-sig-
nal, we go a little further. A sluff of
any card of five or above (many good
players prefer six or above) only on the
occasion of the first sluff, is to be con-
strued as an absolute demand for a lead
of that suit to the player discarding, as
soon as his partner gains the lead. This
is highly important information to the
partner, who must take the trouble to
remember that discard and act accord-
Opportunities for discards come most
frequently when declarer pulls trumps,
and one opponent has more trumps than
his partner; or in no trump, when the
declarer is running a long suit.
The discard-signal may not only be
used for information to your partner,
but as a clever method of misleading
your opponents; as when one partner,
in fact, has no strength in a certain suit
and so discards as to cause the declarer
to finesse through him, or otherwise mis-
Next issue's problem:
S-9, 8, 5, 3
Dummy H-K, C, 3, 2
C-J, 8, 5, 4
H-A, J, 9, 8, 4
D-J, 10, 7, 6, 3
C-10, 6, 2
S-10, 6, 4, 2
H-10, 6, 5
D-8, 5, 4
C-K, 9, 7
S-A, K, Q, J, 7
D-A, K, Q, 2
C-A, Q, 3
Contract-six spades, South declarer.
West leads jack of diamonds.
and Trust Company
701 Washington Avenue, Miami Beach, Florida
Condensed Statement, December
Cash On Hand and In Banks
U. S. Government Securities
Short Term Bonds, Due 1933 and '34
Short Term Bonds, Due 1935 and '36....._
Public Utility Bonds
Loans Guaranteed by Liquidator
Stock Exchange and Secured Loans
Loans and Discounts
Furniture and Fixtures
Reserve and Undivided Profits
United States Bond Account
The JEWISH UNITY
The semi-annual meeting of the Exe-
cutive Board of the Union of American
Hebrew Congregations was held in Mil-
waukee, Wisconsin, on January 14 and
The officers of the Union are: Honor-
ary President, Charles Shohl, Cincinnati;
Chairman of the Executive Board, Lud-
wig Vogelstein, New York; Vice-Presi-
dents, Jacob W. Mack, Cincinnati, Mar-
cus Rauh, Pittsburgh, and Maurice D.
Rosenberg, Washington; Treasurer, N.
Henry Beckman, Cincinnati, and Secre-
tary, Rabbi George Zepin, Cincinnati.
UNION EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
TURKEY T TTT D A OPEN
CHICKEN DNNLRS 45c ALL NITE
BISHOP & BLAIR Wet
"MIAMI'S OLDEST WAFFLE SHOP"
ALL FRESH VEGETABLES OUR OWN BAKERY
Overlooking Biscayne Bay
and His Cavaliers
Ten Unusually Talented and Versatile
Musicians Direct from the Gateway Casino,
DINNER . $1.50
From 7 Until 9:30
DANCING UNTIL 1 A. M.
Smartest Place To Dine In Miami
Before Feb. 1, 1933
Feb. 1st, 1933
N. E. 2nd Avenue at 11th Street
LLDvWIC ',GEt STEIN
AMT CGLORGL ZWPIN
William Penn Hotel
January 15, 1933
N SERVING the people of Miami
in our capacity as a roofing and
metal company, it is our sincere de-
sire to render the finest type of work.
That is why we proudly point to our
work on the new Miami post office,
the Hialeah Jockey Club, the Indian
| Creek Club, and many others.
MIAMI ROOFING AND
SHEET METAL WORKS
BARRETT BONDED ROOFS
127-29 N. W. Fifth St. Phone 2-7141
ABE KOHN W. E. DWARS
I SHEET METAL WORKS
BARRETT BONDED ROOFS
127-29 N. W. Fifth St. Phone 2-7141
ABE KOHN W. E. DWARS
i~-~-r---------17==~--1====T-1 ---------- ~U
* Atlantic Printers-of Course
4 New Idea--
That Men Will
A Feature EXCLUSIVE With
SShirt Is Ready to Put On
There are no pins or holders of any
kind. You do not have to unbutton
k Up the Shirt
Shake It Out
And Put It On!
for Our Service Car
559 S. W. 8th Street.
*3----" A~- A-~ A- A"-- --6 -
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