S. ITHEB UNITED STATES, .
c ,^l)'.* XMtirAB 24, 1819.
' U T A
i t, k, from the committee appointed in pursuance of the resole '". .
fthe Senate, of the 18th o'December last, That the message
.President, and documents, relative to the Seminole war, be re-
"elect committee, who shall have authority, if necessary,
.persoos and papers: that sa committee inquire relative
of the United States' troops into West Florida; whe-
in command at Pensacola and St. Marks, were ame-
twgapd upder the control ol, Spain; and particularly, what cir.
existedd, to authorize or justify the commanding general
SpossewUm n of those posts,"
AI ws e t uwthoritj conferred on there, called foq
pgs.al The testimony obtained is herewitN
Scomittee, aftr tihe most mature and dispassionate ex-
sutbect, offer'for the consideration of the Senate, the
re of facts, ad the opinions and deductions clearly
d growing out l, the facts thus presented. On the orf
cities between thd United States and the Seminole India[
leave to remark, that the different savage tribes living
riders the Floridas,denominated Seminole Indians,
tiV the more northern tribes, resident wit
d A r the treaty of 1814, with the Cre
was dte td the number of those fui
wo r s diss edwith the provisions of
there can be little doa
e feelings seem to haq
issaries who had
as the most conspicumiJ
Armbrister. In this state
t of the government
S t. to establish a line of
CJand to occupy those foei
ca m d these meanss peace
iian -a O *KOrm ei of 1117,
the regular forces were h Rm the posts on the Gergi$ fron-
tier, and-eWcentrated at Fort.? 1, the Alabama riVea a con-
siderble' distance west 4 a e. t it seems that abut
this tiqw s border war between the SeminAe In-
diana and the frontier i It is difficult to deB.t-
I~idr .c..a.. a, or on --the
gots4t dies were o r, w
sartfder i the I diE i5ees f
f rushed to comply, dredging
ad been fadeby the white ,men.
Se dna a 1 was authorized by the Secre-
to remove the Indians, still remaining oa
I.' t1 United statess by the treaty made with the CreeAk
in he is told that it might be proper to retain sWp df
t1treparatioin \as made for the depredWigeal*u-
n pursuance of this discretionary aua ,lI
Himent of near 500 men, under the
dirrround and take an Indian village, called V6'Q. M P'
rt Scott, and near the Florida line. Thfidi e*
nin ftie night, and the Indians taking thealar%
rp, ere fired on by the detachment, an
Twar Indians were made pr4inswrs; the
df A*?yor two afthWint& statlu
Vt05he-' 6 y, about the fl~ e Il
insp: M~ (a, (a.e t pu. '
pese hIWBj Ipert, tile ladng their wagons with ers an
c d cmtt e, they were fired upon hy the Indians, and a4
k in which,a sm;Ill Inl, a a suot.tined on both sides, it
is l 1 Young, the rtpo,'aphiral engineer, that this town con-
3fldian warriors, be"rile. women and children.
ff e the affair ,f FIu1 nir ni. lieut. Scott, witl a detacg-
An, 7 women anii iiiae cliildi en aiLending tie Appalachi-
ct o' and supplie- Ibr fite g.rij i"n at fort Scott, when with-
in l that place, aas attackle by .a party of Indians, himself
an Iljrty fell victims to their tiry, cs ept six men, who made
tlieir esai one woman made prisoner.
From A l ipe the war became nore serious, the Indians in consid-
erab4 trere embodied, and dn open attack %\as made on fort Scott.
Genar rith about 6ltl re~tlilar soldiers, uas confined to the'gb'-
fi "'1i (te ofthing, inloi timation havi,np been commuinttoed to
the .ent, general Jacksn was ordered to take the field; he
'4A theregilar and militia force amounting to 1,800 men, pro-
i I. rt i .rvce, and the estimated force bygenrOnes, of the en-
ri olfe It-OO strong) and directed, if he 6hnuld comirder thfe frce
pa 'd, t'opf ient to beat the enemy, to call on the overnor of the
k for such portioiis of the militia, as be fitt think ftqu
a ipt of this order, gen. .lJackon, instead o observihg lJ
or apartment of War, by calling oni the governor Eo TeItrna
sle ville, near the place of h-is residence, chose to a
(ft t pressions,) to the patriotism of the west Trevineffi a
i blhim in the last war. 1000 mh
1f l e s&k*t
voe~Mtpeed their t**iws. from the states oFTennefteb
and repaired to hi~dat ai Olcers were appointed to "g j
corps b the general htmaslf, or by other persons, acting mnder
ity. Thus org4ia hey were mustered into the service of the
About the time gen. Jackson was organizing this detachment' '.
unteers in the state of Tennessee, or perhaps, previously thereto, go f
Shines was likewise employed in raising forces, among the
Ifians. There was this di&eredce in the two case; general Jacksd .
al hbi iarm ia disreard of positive orders; general Oaines, withA i i
h biamfsh4ef auM ty of raising an army of at least 16(4
= MMARtitLE :titba*, oilers, with a brigadier general at their
S i|A. M w jwt hi4ts 'force into the service of the Unitd
While your committee feel a pleasure in applauding the zeal and
promptitude that have marked the military conduct of these general oaS
cers, on manm foriner occasions, they would reel themselves wanting a ,
thetr duty to the Senate and the nation, it' they did not express their dec-
d l ddlspprobation of the conduct of the commanding generals, in the
_e y .t 1 to raise and organize the force employed on this occt-
st W no law in existence th at authorized even the President
N.tog, to raise or accept the services of volunteers. The
f that urpuoe had expired in the year 1815. The constitu-
United i states gives to Congre exclusively, the power of rais-,
~atfesand to the Preiident andl Senate, the power of appointing the
| .eglmand diese drmies when raised. The constitution, likewise
"to ide for calling forth the militia to execute
V. s insurrections and to repel invasion -ns :
i ppoiptment of the officers.
S oEthe constitution, the Coo-
aItsathrizag the President;.
[ cmtn "to inildl o ppea, call on the g.
or an O tiesU~Ls for Auch port '
r!filitia aset adiitd fa-.the- doc ion: and in 4tti .
pe e of these Jin -ordeled to call on the
of the state-* ti he 0i4slar, tor t.e' isite mi
is with reg#et that the committee-are com ed to declare, t
conceive geadt Jaicksoa to have ti f he positive orders
th department of War, the eenstitfio 'ls. That he has tAk
* uon self, not only the exercise of thI powehtdelegated to Congr?
as the sole legislative authority of the itiIon, an to the Presideet a
Sete as it relates to lthe appintmenttot ofthe power which had
e Lh reserved to the states in the iat of the eof cers of
A power the more valuable to e'Aitt, because, as they
to the General (overnmemt the revenues and physical f
they could only look to the officer of the militia as a
the osaaible abu.e of the delegated power., The co
oly fct before them, that military officers, even atJ
is republic, have, without the shadow ofauthority,
east 2,500 men, and mustered tIem into ia Wrevice of .
'iwo hundred and thirty rBwe-hvebee t l- F ,
and their lh hedi ap d brigadier general, down to
the Io ,.af were t ose offices ac-
colnpke u of the waited States,
for i essary even to fiari l
hl t of their he ayrolil were made oat
to the Department of
At gaer4 Jakagn
a4 eve ofZ; detailed astirwa
o a tialof life and death. Nlig at,
ackson have tried, condemned, aqrl ex-
eorga militia, by the sentence ofapa rt l partial
created by him.and holding their assumed a -
will dismiss this branch of the subjah. f
the character and genius of our goer
expited hip station, can be justified for ais
t t is an off euce against the sovereirnt4 Jf t fiat
vested in tih great body of the people. The cr-
esion of their M ill, and abinve the control. o
i. Atn d %lhen that instruai'ent hba
,i4o grant thp ind for
q they conceive to.be a correct one, the eor
t f an excuse for (he commandiri ;glewral., e
ltht to the Secretary of W'ar, arum-in ii.te Ipluer.k
national legislature, that a volunteer fonce of ,llmntl Id
thetleast expelisive and the ms-t eficierit. linitv dutq
to- orders of hin .:ipC. i,,i-r Onil,1 ,nt t, ntiso b t t rill; to .b-
ogce.the lats, lint i,,late th-inn: t obedieece--and biori4q-
ret and highest duri- of a ohliier, and no ope kni*e tier
theb f, and the nece-sity fir. oibsnerinii this niax;m, thai tlh Qecr
I-fiQu .Fer the truth (if thi. obser% action we Jeen' his oL n dclarxT
tio. lPIit Itter to the Secretary of \War, of Iuth Janu;ary, 1 8l, h
"yllakttter, enclosing your geileral order of the 29th, ultimo, iba: ben
recea $t*pyourself, I hae no other feelings to gcatify, than thuse-c"t-
VqM~.sihthe public good, and it gives me pleasure to find s e coimtjae
a ntbigm opinions, calculated to produce it. Responsibility nuw ret, .
w b should, an the officer issui it the order; and the Pj Ic plle Cat,medr-
4d qnculated to inure that 1u1bordinalion so nqgpysri' tothe har-
aroW Plpr ept of every part of the military ma hiae."' .
g ttae rretted, that an officer ho seeered.p be ;QperfecLly ac-
itqh what belonged to the duty; it others, s tpkl ba\e been so
;ardkPiof, or unconscious of, hi. own;. and .ahkt.die conmijt-
ig toa d it, that lhe volunteer I;rces 'c; ed into.s -..
by $pckso, were niore efficient and less expense tI a th *
IC 9lpjed himself tio the usual p'porLion of ola ra,
u p ne urged as aA arigume ino fa r,0ofe I
qf.hUB intiiLtu-at -,L~bC~L .
considered eamcl should be acquiesced in, t
with encreas fed. by, this prece4e ili
army of repnl. coitddred (as thjl ,
%S lese either the volunteat, if
pe militia, er at the head of such a'rmv,, (ting op
ciples bef restted ,.and encouracrd bli the acqureSq. e ote
loay dispense with'the milftiai altogther, ,ind increase,thq regil
to.any extent that folly or amibiti,.ni tpay sugget; and all this, u
fa of necessity. The committ-ee caln stercely imagtue a posibe
S owsr.Pin a future adr, ulhere tihe iieres~ity i'll be.less ar
vap spl Va waged nlien tlhe Utiited Stitei
in selrabLe undisciplined bandit
r whole stretitl when
to whom (pretil.u, to gene
.the ZoAm ) er general Gaines, ;ere a. f
of it" liregl'irs and militia 1,500 friendly Indian, 1il
1 qubdidiied by the lait mentiroedgenerl; what then in thii state ot
uph o.tht plea ofnecessitvr And if it be admitted in thia casl
ior a act ufmuilitary'usurpation, the committee would
is tube disavowed or denied? And here the com
elvefm 'f .l qly to disclose facts ,inhd unparti
ler4 to r!park,that the conduct of the uommll
~ -hain g this volunteer corps, "as approbated by the W
a;a :Ti appear by thei- letter of Ole Secretary, dated the 9
,l1j88, and it i' but justicee to the lDepartlle t u sUatet o
S i.eers 4tht had assisted in thiu,i ,ttiCrling and org
ed by the committee, th::t tilhe. were ui
; fog there is utmhiung to be f.uni
ihl ItSepra pry .rof War, ofC
.. it can be fairly
mI wLF oIk seem
agud his prefe
S4 lQw, the letters
~d q( this conduct
ts, in raising
before he ha
gpations of the a
e the enemy; a
.. Gaines, to
a emay tO
but to report
i 7 ord#r the copw
iqd th il- of the Se
uncrie _ws observed,
Florida, with & force of 1,800 g eulars, volunteer ad
the Geo 'M April,wit 6Y
enerit in his ha d be b
port e ored to vH ere
his il;" and here also e taken o Indian cth
( landed f posses ti t proec; the w g
of canrae ititle c0rea nv
"n-bed ~t't. al4h S Opanish garrisi_, which -,as surrend g r-
ed' wt bi o andi then occulrrned a an Amarican post: the
S pa ni c t=, t having first 4y humble etreatie. and then b
mid prohest,iedeWavored to avert the measure. Here lexwh
nott was found, taken prisoker, and put in conflemt, q and s
as it was stated by Gen. Jackson, of colecti se
his Lilt;" and here also e tiakn ode o indian csieit
tanded to possess the spirit of prophecy; they we e .in.A n
and with little cerem,'nv.
l beiaP done, al 9. Marks l arria oned by American tr Sop the
o as- -their fo arch eas, oan t-o th auey river, on which thei
iato the Secreiar i hi in the ollowand h nner. an
21 2 Mirs,
edt tki iPentWe d tu'4ofer deartd, askI .i;
anae is in otr a ied in like manner, foia nd sentenced to
ce~~oawc g ement. l Ge. Jackson annat d te sentence, andelor-
d'ach to be shot; and this order owas e ecuAted.
ar W r by the testimony, thate arbmy had arrived at St. Mark%
o0n tur from Suwantir on th, .ith ,nf April, and oA the 6of th,rge
iJ ns rit'.ha o the Secretarv (o War, in the e nollo th inanner. If
sha.at e tis in i or f daoy fi r r t Gadsdeng o It andfter making, all net
cedl ial emic etments lur the si urnie o the position s occpied, s dllbe-
tach tt.frce to scour the couaptin east of the Appalachicolh., had d
prt~ ~~tetto Nashvtille; ma prese nc in this country can d the
er The Indian I7orces. have been divided and scattIve- ; ~
oi a unications with thobe unprincipled agents of foreign ha-
tions, ave deluded thea to their rain, they heaer not the paoer, ifn
tha W,of annoying our frontier." It appears, however, t" the.
coas of the commandlrg T general, thhat he had, at this time, look to
d tabementi, for, at the time he was writihg this ettfer, as will be
9 the teiimony of captain Call andl surfon Broauitgh, he had des-
ti teat, 'Sands to Mobile, to forward -ona trainof 'artillery to a gi-
v iiihe ready to be made use of itn redutilg Peiisacota and the
fo n.cas; should that measurebe thereafter thola proper; having
b rrnments, lp the vnY marched to foIbrt Ga rm, on he -
p 'ver. There, a, stated by general Jackson, and &Mflrm .
th' o f colhmel Butler, information %ws f*e'nld'h a
letti fol f a merchant at Pensacola to M t Doyle nd
gen lawatr w f fifdie ah$i raimiy tl 1
Sd weree Lteamn on, the Spunihita
piae and were ya etnrort froethe gatjeon. bi
of this itel solfipf seem to Tavel taken, to
that plai e; troop; nd after a march o' about twee
avin met i ery, general Jackson, with about 1t'O men,
hbt te ed, appeared before Pensacola, the capital of the
viMce. '1ie place was taken with scarce the show of resistance.
nor had escaped, and taken refuge in the fort of the Barrancas;
bomut saix miles, the army marched, and the forit
and a deniand being made for its
reas by land and water, and
been kept up for a part,,
was auroendered, the
of f th'e jtovernlment, civil
itit ltto the vi' lblyto tloe terms of the ca
tal4O)i't C t tirs, geoeratl J 1 k, lelaT ette of ~d Jane, 1818,
0 s tlee -stx* favorable than a rnquered enemy would
'-,''T[lsaU. sad wilitary~gnvermeat of Spain'thus annul
9itolIes to abOlish the revenue lawvs of S
United.mte s ,As mc npo favorable to e c
o fs this purpose, captain Gadsden
s -byMl tlunder the authority of gen. Jackson,
Inewqgovernment was organized. The Spanish
put down by the -,ord, buth civil and military, an
for this nely acquired territory, the pow*
aere vesi in military officers.. rnd gn
rou uications to the De
i ndthe object o
erloed; ut .
utety to be
he Issued an
S p7 of this 0o
SOei to the S ,
Paqon., fully ,a
c intent', a
_. ~ per oIn
kev*,J, more e
[ fm is theyp
0tVt t i-ore emin
%oeijeUt ty of the laws;
betweenrebe United Sta
I-ttinhs t he #an
cea of tO~She naoa
Wan. (r~~mee 4a~a
16r h the mitit
betWeen AM t*u cuMti~lt;
Ba peniih puiceitiIlfl& in the
uctc.n. JacLmrf. wa botww
wn7trv. ttdb~u~ aBfi *hoetitMbTdw.
t'yrsue be. denea c 1theI arjbeq.s
rr ,I& .R om. nre eafm llei Pe sewr aoorlr
i f ite be dUted .e c. mt 1111C
ta no F lhr Wan radi Io sW on
df crprA that die inisw"&M wl& Imo
Rn m m the pie ...Bathe
con-r~(U~iofl. b moyi tis~
orsue this e; littWEiLheheer, mawIbm
*iear hid bnascregi thkitr o r
artrsseo. nnre espeodrly Pm
iireto be fou i 6 Itb31D;1~3L~
)odtter to the Spirlwh
sadurethese:: That Spl lnWO'* -pb*A*Fmd
L ith the United c, f.as it MiJ
e conduct SWn quaII eitie; United
ida fid rummshe8 Ili s oII-WR~lL~C UYe
'ammuoildon ond 1% tlM4 0M
Lt- itq-"ouldwl obilete're. at ~ A ts
'iF~paim thore cami bmen-,
e emfintmC~~. ghen tkBAllad ftu o
conmri tutirrulon, by safiv.
elarepotmakeL thesuac; H 61 Lhe he, www~tLk t
~ ~ 6llltrs, bhd anyJ discl~ ( Be
vwv& OM, c 6 of *iin W8.1thee~itn d~.b~ w in-~ ~ Cow
Tress,,. The tremy with Spain e11ul eximed; It % ai made v I e comru-
[o9 [1o) 0
tidk, the u trrme he of the land, and had Spain violated, an .
every article o that treaty, still the executive of the Uniied Statsml~ '.
isneud twieetie aws faithfully executed," nmt, in gdd fIrth to
1$ Sp ,aveti~ited on oir part that treaty; and theobligation of I
s v t; peace of the nation would have remained until the treAt;
du tB velbeen revoked or annulled by Congress. Farnishing the I- A
disr.iwith arms, ammunition, and supplies, were so many violations of
treaty stipulations, and might have been considered good cause Of war
byt gpe Lbut of this, general Jackson was not the judge. Hisdcty t-
y T *t *ael"vb r.l ad punish the Seminole Indians, wit .
S4l 1' ktr p e he was ordered to pursue then
ts t(y5piiia~bltier nra part of which territory,
h taAt leas, a qw4ti.es t of possession and property.
t U erde orders no actof agression on the Spanish authorities coaud
' harvebeen designed, nor can any clch acts be justified. Spaini before t
.coe1 becene or be made a party.to thib war, must have merged hernea-.
i. uAthat of the enemy, and clearly indentiied herselfwith
tie a inmd by a&its of open and undisguised hostility to
lim by Ihvsical, not moral force.
S5 ie -Spanish iathonities is urged in justiieatd i
nation; and is the weakness of an indepen-
lia& e their neutral rights or furnish pretences for &
ibr, to' ieaken them further by hostile aggressions? And
S ' to be furnished:by an American officer, witta justificatit
nbetment of Poland, the capture of the Danish fle6th
of op by Boiaparte; and shall th
J le, or "sitly acquitsc
measure' the are In dj.*
I deelarIions of uvera.
throuOh thd j4csiat edivu q(
eacn nflberpublic ministtg
l I the subject of neutral
e ch ed our natlnal-policyP SbL8Y
by the nations of -uropti
lte were also weak, she ha, *
e d ite i a strong advocate for Wei-
d make free goods; that the iOW
hn der 'it, ever. protest*
tioin he neutral rights, btythe
have passed away, the natios
-hmeytqsv equai totihebtu
h army, tad increase her,navs ybr
acepts abandotpad, and .ealiMg
i f a, te constitution, t( aO
See. tough n ral colony, ihpa
e Athe aggressioDn sbMld have byilg
Pople for protections." '
tiittee have too much reason to lr
S action,and if sanctioned by tb a
be too much reason given, thurtr~ge
1 ioov 0 .] I'a
"iflfthere are still other reasons disclosed nd faetadevellped, that
discover the motives oL the copumnding officer, more fully than those
altorptatled. Barethan two monthit sfor"hicampain hai ended, and
dl andinlf~l rreff& irthe United Wtesr,. ered to execute it, which is
to reduce thatfrI of St. Aug timEf ecapifaof East Florida. Th" te--
sons of lr~d fT kis measlwoe o tet jn his-oders to general OG e,
dated *OAklA8e' th Aueuat, I sgag
S"I hdve noted withattenBS Lr, mar ,o. L.
I tontemplited that the agents
fine, noMud-exiw the Indiun
maprs apror. .It li- den ub8teisth aing
thiv~i ,nd thatl ve been fed and furnished from
tie g t ufftA t ign lne. Th'bering obtained, should you deem your
= P xlPI(l i proceed to fake and garrison Iort St. Augusnnu
1 wIftMhjlb hold she ~arron pri owners unul you bear
fanm im 'fltJaentbff the United 'Staies, or transport them to Mite 410
S inf ya~sl ae uer existing circumstances y lar
1 A p ifeimiembered, that tt precdedin .
ofrd l'el the ground tcat we are at war i ia m t
grE~ ift servation, bottomed on the bI 41is of the-law of .
nI fentll and jumsified by -,ing peace and security to our -
fitnt l necessity of procur;in evidence of the fact of thab
Sof .paim, having erected ihelndians to contmue -rhe
war ithat td e have- finished them with the mean, olf ar-
S )'o time tiab since ht en se to the officer of the ordi-t
rana, -tdin g at Charleston, to hate iq readiness a complete bat-
iefin train, the ntafer and calibre ol the guns pointed out, I have no
ddfbr y l H4 find them in readiness.
'k*, enclose ytn the report of captain Henley, of the naval force An.
that Mstuiewyou will open a correspondl-rne ith conmmardaot A.J. Dalk
)latIftrtn pis co-operation, provided itshould be iequidr.d -
fItbir r4rjctetd expedition, it was not thought necessary or expew.-
dilt W0itautt the executive branch of the government; the order sPti
tf''te'q siBis was peremptory, a thediscovery being rade'that th..
Ihdiantl etatpplied with ammunition and provisions, and xitedicdt
war; *ito-wasto be struck, and-nothin at an express order romtf
the Sifalbryt War was to prevent it. Long before this periodthe cora-
mria iidtc emI khad1 by his letters to the Secretary fWar, declared
thd8at atitet& rat an end, and after which notasingle aQk act of hoa-
tilHt ld.bceroonmmitted. Yet in this state ofEl te, is a 4iplitaWyfft-
cerditectqd to ascertain certain facts, and ol uch facts being sultaua.
tihatet-u w r-en the neutral colony of a nation a pjeae andamity
'wi'thefe Unitedt States; thus disregarding not 'my there legislative
and 'brstif tathorities of the United States,but~ettag, at naMght the,
u ag t all civilized nations, by making war without a previous ando
Sm ic. 4s iaratio. Were this nation subject to the will of a military
dspdt, api weretere no constitutional barriers to the inordinate et-
Seise of':iJtary ambition, more than this could scarcely have bn eIx-
~;ap l~c-cl-g-- ~ ~ T-Laill
pected. Itia witlrain the committee are constrained tom3nke thebJ b-
S servatioas, bat where the vital.principles of the constitution have been
violated. as they conceive, it would be criminal in them under the injtrue-
mso tliey havereceived from the Senate, and the duty they owe the thn
Si qsrts be silent. Silence on their part would have been considered an
ac' quieaceace in thoseineasures, and they fear this precedent and example
may be pleaded and.fllowed on future occasions. ." .
SlM B hthu bheadmimtted.in the -juIi will they notbe considered
* ss r b wnoth? Are thepe .,i.1 Ifrtresses there to be won, and
W at e conquered and are tlhere.lno Indians in that quarter like-
ndtAd ~may not the officer ;n romman d find means to prove that these
Indian hae been, or hereafter may be furnished by the British with aftr
tad munitions of war, and if so, may he not follow the example set i,
?hs south?' And add something to his stock of military fame by reducing
heBdtitis.fktresses of Canada, and unfurling the star spangled banner
of t ikafion, oth.Ae wall of Quebec.
B b ins of the distinguished officer, at the head of our
wkiee and better thing'of the Hero of New Orleans, but
ltlas been dia d and if the conduct of the officers in the south,
g|aatiSoned and approved by the nation, we are free to declare that the
S j ofrQ' eer., ( ,ertr Mlontgomery fell, unable to conquer) would
a- ucnll o ifligrI La.m to public approbation.
Itis neesaary here to remark, that a copy. of the order issued by
r al Gatines, for the reduction of St. AugustiPf
-lf War, and. a' countermanding ordet
reached him, before the mi-
Jackson,.had commenced; and
"i_ ds~a scheme, (as unconstitutional as.it
Sted by the Secretary of War, in ies
ler, 418, have involved this nationifi
pg fhel authorized -seizure, at the will of
de poese ns of a neighboring nation with
e ateace, the committee recognize that sacred
astiona, eih ought never to be departed from
- I-that vigilant attention to theco.-
,.. their, which sis necessary to secure a due subt-
c Athea executive of the Unita
S84Marks and Pensacola, wrested froa
ed the course, that the coatitfi
^re h i sntstifid, and to which. tbepb-
ofArbathnott and Armbrister, youarint
.,aotat unnecessary act of severity, othe
,aMpertere from that mild andr ,
ers1bich, in all our conflicts with sava ~ W
W ie oh o been considered, not only honorable to
', te' but qlfhormable to the dictates, of sound policy.
re ulecks of Great Britain, with whom the,Uaited
Btate ar at peace. Hving left their country, and united their fate
- I .
with liMie sam othe VW.
tand ofthe en th.i.
theil tha j wee ns .
anthe with "&
teal it i r foes. ave uniformly experienced,
de j" g "u ia or HfumanitV shudders at the idea of a
cold hb ftlif priionets disarmed, and in the powerof the con-
0 , Nh.sawagem, who repe ct no laws may, acerdw to
t i B lM the law oi nations, have their own
ity hy way of rtealhaioan, t i be r
.nd debase the civilized a tmi,..lius
l* ity"Hit nt to the mW principles of thCh riNtia e ae
bta h tioa of those great pr ceipl of moral rectitude which i-stin.
SuisLubh lnrita character. Retaliaton in the United SLateA has always
jbeeSaLii 'ified acts of cruelty. It is not believed that .ni at.
.., j4 .M o retaliate for charges so gpmeral a 'tIose eA-
Shil~ _~M A '~ilntomris a ser, suu L' a" I the Jndianl 40
; war.. Shesr Prontar s persa
seized r whas executed. *
case 4iA e o accoaot the murder o4 HLutlj d. jl~is I
mffbw atenes, for specific ctrs or cruelty also. Hamilton ira con-
fined'fcr.&hrt time with rigour, and afterwarld released. During the
Wtla laPked withsome cases of cold blooded massacre on the part of
ourt- particularly the one at the river Raisin, no such measure as re
talitfi was resorted to.
i.. i'ciple assumed by the commanding general, that Arpbuilt
and .A 'ister, by uniting in war against the United ir whil we
were atpeace with Great Britain, became outlaws and pi ,aiid liati
to suedeath,"is not recognized in any code of nation law. Nothing
cat bef a ind in.the history of civilized nations, which reognais esuc
Sa prin4p except a decree of the :BHecntive Directory of Franc duaftg
"theiril slst erer of folly and madness, which declares that,
found o board enemies ships, should be considered'and treated asi
The committee forbear to make any other remarkson the vyisk
d th4~ ii'aitmacustomed forms in the pumaihmant ind con icfion of
SA i 1 iitt Armbrister, except that even despots ain',to-eesle
abio ti*- erO cannot with propriety violate their own. o e:
t a detailed a court martial, for the purpose of i theprison-
ere, fl commanding general by his own authn oity et a~esne
of ti- covrt avd weWbtuted for that sentence, his own ablay Wi. Ina
trialsuinrving theipife of an individual, a strict adherenee" to formiJ "
Srdfp cases considered the best security against opp reionan&ii -
*f. 41tk 4* &c4.tq oto qcr qof tt Vd4 lp -4 IL
S' i dartu fromathe form iscalcated to inflicta won the
Wfional character and.tymish the laurtls sojustly acquied by
ma.ding general b/vi former victories. are the flcts astI .
pear to the committeeand such are the Niewsi en by them of tlt< .
portanm isueet retired to their consideration, ai together with r-p
.. report, theymobmit various depositions and documents,to which, andt
the cnrresbndence aod docu meant. relating tothe Seminole war, commvr'^
nicated to the Senate by the President of th United StateW ,atthelast "
Sjnd resent session, they refer.
- . *. 4
O'*4-L ~ ..
rn : ", T
IIF L .i .. .
VT"-r .* *W
- - I
DEPARTMENT OF AR,
o th February, 1819. -
Agreeably to the request made in ypur letter of the 8th ist
I now transmit an extract of general Jackson's letter of the th of
August last, and a copy of gen. Jackson's order to gen. Gaines, of the
7tof last st, n relatioo to St. Augustine, a copy of the order
to gonetI e ist of September, and an extract of the an-
a N 4 the -It of August, 1818; which
aiifori mtin t rMl required by the committee.
I have the hoOt to be,
Your most obedient servant.
J. C. C HOUN.
% M Bed quaers, Div. SuthrA
'. aKXuhi&, I2At January, 1818.
t acknowledge the receipt of your order of
lon oglat; its contents are duly noted,
*qaP ddrices from gen. Gaines, although I
rim o Cfhe express sent to him :
tak '-into view the strength of the.
pn rted to you by gen, Gaines,
h bfl, tgularand militia amounting to
affords like number of fc&ctiveus
TV portion of his forces are draught*
apply for their discharge at the eai
Sion of three months from he time 'hey were first mustered, and
So may be ditkpb d r am right and abandon the campaign
a out the time s ou .n cot, I have deemed it both
-prudent gl V1>P4ppuf014tfhe Cras of Teq-
feber, fer aa v maptued gun men, to nerve dur-
ll5f 'tfilmB ri6etm by-tdi6thfr pairiotisf td ,i
ing ttbt i- lcein cct Mnvtion with the frtpilar
.pd_,:| cos ex pive; but whei ,e cxni^Uke i
Soro t, anoua of qPner a.h' cVt aven. sfcc or
Sfo baggage won, anvd other means of iraiaport ids-
si l~Ho rnhiuan ve' da ounteid u*d mln as
Sbe te by ith r inpec stt, to
in' e.tet n. Ia suwg.
da most pensive; but whei we coins' *
-i, rtu.. countryy occupied boy qhe S mcit aostbt'e s c Sin ald ri for
S' Ifdf ,-Ifrtfa wtiich mayratslblvl eecfi 'ti8teat ofwm-,. wr hnb.ld
fe alp pls, or cand other means of transport is-
S, in e rret ,ttn ofthie Wtance saved, mitunted gun A me as
With respect, &c.
Afrj. Se66. Vemmdg.
4o*EA country occupied by the Sthmidlelativn; ad ptdrtkalr.
Lrdrl1an wliich mayrfetsiblvbtid'dle tedeecof war Situld
SbeIii suy pins. or charts, of th seethat f cburnn aitlt d
S gftopy. ttasmited to fort Scbatlrit 'tac. pmcatle.
;l -(Si -ed) r J .
-- "" *5 .. ''*
Division ofthe South,
.Xashille, 13th January, 1818
Being advised that the assistant deputy quartermaster gene-
gal of gsoaral ;Qine' brigade, has resigned; and being unadvised
4.*a4uWy~rwi f funds- within the 7th Department, I have. to
rq*ts tjsejpCmuary fIais he. forwarded to quartermaster gene-
ral Gibeen at fot Soott, whom I- have .ordered to meet me at that
place without loss of time.
Should the one thousand vllteer mounted gunmen attend to
L y pppea to :their patriotism, I shall send on a confidential agent to
fg*o iaphai~ ,the necessary supplies for them procured and for-
war4 I t. quatmriea af.er, if -any there, to fort Gaines, and if
amre.ay the agent seat, iakhinstruciopa to draw on quartermase
SIMqI,|J :G.llon for the amount of his purchases; this is done to
Jfacs t the march of the volunteers called for. I need not ob*
sern ht, without quartermaster's funds an army cannot be wield*
-. ed '4,~~jib promptitude or effect-promptitnde in the present .
c ig %tl i L.e great saving to the United States, both in charac-
,have the honor to be,
;. ** a "
'* M t ryapectfully,
'y ':w^ 't.l ,.', c ,
)#'A it T ,",- Your ni6stobedient servant,
Ld) ANDREW JACKSON,
Sjor General Conatng.
to t ..t '"
ui, 'i ."" A o me Ehat Francs. or lills Ha'" i:
risag L lrte (0mtoae ar Francis. or Hilli, B ad Ibh
S)Qme W ltpopheta, who excked the Red Silcks in
a. git the Unit d States, and are now exciting t
S l-ati of bsiliy, are aT in the aei hb-b oa.oib
uilll ~i l hdwem it is stated dAt Woodbiae, A'RMthfrnot and d lrr
fOl~Iit wrive assembled a motley crew of bhfgads--s-laves entie-
4.h li masteCrs, citizens of the United States, or stoiei,
duwilattLae conflict with Grat Brtain. It is all important tl ha
tfhe--l5&Ie fbe captured'and made examples of, ahdit is my be.
.... will .. .m b.
Unite i I ot( t e t.red f aloi ic among thecoam, a ly,
and as rodwance capture ..aJ make priranors.r all, or csery p'son, or
description of persons, white, red or black, with all their goods chat-
teli and effects, together with all crafts; vessels, or means of transpor-
tation by water, which will be held possession of for adjudication.
Any of the subjects of his catholic majesty, sailing to St.
Ma rks, maybe permitted freely to enter the said river; but none to
pass out, unless after a e xaminatiou it may be made to appear that
they have not been attaibed to or in any wise aided and abetted our
common enemy. I shall march this day, and insight days will reach
St. Maiekswhere I shall expect to communicate with you in the bay,
Sad ~frosq the transports receive the supplies for my army. will
th-tre"tie an opportunism of concerting with you future plans of co-
operation; for additional operations you will ell on colonel Gibson,
quartermaster general, who is left in the co nmas f-fonrt Gads4de'
and who is instructed to furnish yoi with such vessels and equip-
ments ais may be deemed necessary for yptr -iopararion with me.
Col. Gibson will place under your command transports loaded with
provi siods arms, military stores, &c. which I wish you to protect to
the 6f St. Mairks.
BK ~ ~~~~~ :ocGbo il lc n: or omn rnpot odwt
.Captain Neil.with tirty (detachmnpt> of men, principal o a.
men, have recent~ l int;uctions to report Ia you as a reinforsemo t
to your command. .
SI remain your host obedient servant,
(Signed). ANDREW JACKSON,
Major General Commanding.
O Ja. e F '1erever,
S' .. A arin g v .al P rces in
4Ail at of a fer from major general Jackson to brevet major general
* Ga.'r.res dated Xashville, 7th JAugust, 1818.
-ppyi A* a t t'hat the notorious Micco-de.cozey, is at
.od. The distress of the Indians for provisions I ex,
o pro*iing for their wants meets my, entire approba.
t:ii 1f, approbation of the government, as it cor.
S a u manity extended to the suffering Indians.
th ub t o~, major 'Twiggs' letter, marked No.
S1 atf. agents o Spain, or the officers of fort St.
Bans to hlWtility, and furnish them with
be necessar to obtain evidence substan-
he hostile Indians have been fed and fur.
of St. Augustine; this being obtained,
apre sufficient, you will Iproceed to, tak,
SatitAsmithlAmerican troops, and hold the,
you hear from the President of the United
-uba, as in your judgment, \under ex..
that the proceedings carried on by me,
ta the gtoun4d j at we are at war with Spain; it
*elf prescvaslon, bottomed on the broad basis of
A nd just f ed bi y giving peace andses
necessicy of procuring evidence of
S of Spain having excited the Indians
'Mthajt tbeft hbve furnished them-
S .ii~. This evidence being obtal -
ri 1 '" ^ '' <>'" .L tr * 4 .*1
i 8 ydd tfl f fJeb tht1mnt) perbt aeig to' c t
,|sih "r .8 ,uairt. A^ eitai psnhit6 order f
Departme of War.
Orders sota l be i gre .a the officer of the or-
Sdianow.comma rin ats t to evrl in readiness a com-
pler bae tt ba t'
tkq station. ndence whiceawnklte A.
J. AiIAto -asisre rtion, rmvidtd it should bvrtquired.
oI Wic hgjlbes, you will have destroyed the seic men:
L^l -i_ f 6fi this an easily be done by a coup de main.
Si h rcy o. youin movements be observed, and gre epe-
Sition aofman uwed. Without eapedion of m sP wq
V"tion, you wHI be dadconcd, and the enemsyr lea-
Ver-r.eap Atenade you; bottf which ought se be g f aOt.
I Mwe a careful eye to your supplies onftand, tha before thei are
a-i cenAfailra de may be ordered, and reach you. Without ncces-
n army cannot operate with effect. The I.ae scarcity
So us a lesson on this head, never to Ue Iorgoiten. I
no uj jDen at an nc 1, .e .r
c, e r course 6s With *ry, flpy ea rWC.
Sij vLa yery respectfully,
Sour obedient servant ;.
S* ';!* [SSigned] ANDifIWJACISON,
True copy. *
[Signed] R. H. CALLT de camp.
| *. (Ex tract.
S ead ~ artery, s
SJashvile, August 10,s.
i, ~ pt Gadsden will likewise deliver you his re ort made n pur-
Suanc of my order, ascompanicd with the plans ofthe fortificatioBns
'thought ncesesary~for the defence of the Floridas, in connexiD wiah
the line ofdefeer;on our southern frontier. This was dune und&r
ie beli that government will. never jeopardize the safety of. t
uiioBn, q .thecrity of our frontier by surrendering those pntfa
Unla u 'iasuare gut antee. agreeably to the stipulations of the ar.
ticles of Capitulation, that will eusure permanent peace xf-nquillity,
.and security to our southern frontier. It is believed that Spain-caa
Peler furnish this guarantee, as long as there are Indians in Florida
ed it possessed by Spain. They will be excited to war, and the in,-
I d -*C!U murder of our citizens, by foreign agents and Spanish
oW rs ri e C conduct of Spain for the last six years fully proves
this.', it was under the belief that the Floridas would be held, that
smy orders to make the report, were given to capt: Gadsden. To this
I refer you; its perusal will show you how important it is. not only
to the dafnce and security of the frontier, but to the whole United
States. Itpoints to our vulnerable points, and shows our country
caaijlR alc8ed to be invaded during the last war from this
quj t. attempt would have been made, had not the
Ce im bdued previous to the arrival of the British
i, .e Ui md' afterwards their attempt to gain possession of Mobile
f iy aaidtrated by the repulseecy met with at fort Bowyer, If
.poitasiop is given of the points now occupied by our troops and a
eses, an attempt willno doubt be made to penetrate our coun-
,palacbicola, and by the aid of the Indians to reach the
actor above the Chickasaw Bluffs. Should this be done
t force hi our iosorek'red state, it is highly probable
S reach the banks of the Mississippi; occupying
Ldsedanger of such an occurrence; sum lender
U t without a much stronger force,.hold myself
Emy division. But with those posts for-
an effective force of five thousand
fending the country from St. Mary's to
themachinations and attacks of the Holy
S ou will receive some letters* lately enclosed
Sod thao~he Spaniards at fort St. Angus-
ie li~anato war against us, and a copy of
s thi subject. It is what I expected,
I u-l .policy of not only holding the
,ss hsio. of, but likewise of our possess-
gusti simthis alone can' insure peace and
a. coarse of conduct that we- I,
from Europe, and not by a tijd~,
mand arndmiration and esdeeno, tie
State epahmnt, and cannotnow ba
i -l. --- -
Jtter contempt; but frommhe coipoNstion of the present dministra-
ton, I can aeT r sqppolse, Thi 'will abaon righsar uaume a
timid and te rising course n polcy, Ftherefof co~ldede thl
the po9sp~ l ver be t d, unless upon the tens dged on
in the i oin, tnd t iIrilr ed that those terms wH be
punctou faloted; particulrtly ted thit u i
is done, b frontier will "
w& .n 4trted, re i.kt'they should be he t oevoicc
of the.p willdemand tA. i'l upon this, as well as every other
subject, Bia~ tr.qape. Gadbden.
r"fhavethe honor to b, .
A *. with g reatrcspo r. .:
,Te r. st ,ob.dtAr i. -
"- ANDREW JACKSON.
S Mj., en.. c M~U.
Department of -i -
lt Septeb ,4 4lMt .'
his letter t you of the 7th ultimo. It is to be pr.suno that his or-
der. in relation to St. Augustine; were given before weas apprised
ofthe decisionof the President in relation to St: Marks and Pensa-
co as the principle on which that decision wasmade, would equal-
-ly extend to the case of St. Augustine, you *ill, "cardigl~y, to .,
cary tt part of general Jackson's order into eeqeiof ecept to ,
cola with care the evidence of such facts as go to proe any coun-
teis ltr a yossistnc f te from the Spanish authority in St. Atguhste,,
to:thehoslle:lte dians; and should you ascertain that they heavhf. .
forded' ay, you ill report the facts, properly supported by evidence,
to h1t artmedit.
23  -
You will also report the facts on which y8u ordered the issue of
rtlions toahe Indians, andshe extent of the issue. I refer you to the
iqt whicti is alluded to in general Jackson's letter to you ofthe 7th
Altiho, as the Department has notyet received any information p'
-, I have, &c.
(Sned) J. C. CALHOUN.
SB aict ofa letter from J.. C Calhoun, Secretary of War, to Major Ge-
n erbld ndrew Jackson, dated the 8th September, 1818.
I 4 copy of my orders of the 14th ultimo, to gene-
Siq vipw which you have taken in relation to the im-
d, to the'effectual peace and security of our south.
S5 U sch' I believe, is the opinion of every member of
tratio: In fact, the grounds assumed are very far from
St. Marks will be retained until Spain shall be ready
it ith a sufficient force; and fort Gadsden, and any other
ES i si o Florida, within the Indian country, which
ig will be retained so long as there is any dan.
ij 1 afford the desired security. We ought,
S.gd measures to avoid war; but it ap-
,ee of caution (not from the fear of
time, to mark our policy. A war
Switit er alone, and were there no
mselies of the opportunity of embar.
Sbut such a war would not continue long
es, and it certainly would, in a few years,
Sa war, I would not fear for the fate of
if it can be prudently and honorably
t tobe. We want time; time t -
s, j enlarge our navy, to replenish
.-speak to'you frankly, knowing
w ee glory yours is now identified.
y polal course, will, [ am sure, think
ced b timid councils.
of August, referred to in tle
'nnictte d to Congress.
E AR -i l .- : (Copy ...
-' FoCrdtuftd -;tl ka2y, 181t
-DEALR ^-, .
Proceeding to Georgia for the purpose of bringing mytalflyto
this terrtory.,d 1desirti b prtvrde for the safety of the iobabi-
tants daera'dabJ my absence, I have sought an interview
with the officer in command at this p -i At Camp Mo aotnm e
I learnt that you would pr4bbly
indulged the hope of seeI J 11m
have bmen to me a sou e lasre, and I re my
aruggements trillamn 1 l to await your arrival.
The Indiaps comment tr murderous incursions on the fron-
Steier sotdel:t j aamuary last, when two men were killed in this
neighborhood No events occurred afterwards to excue apprehen-
sopd, until6the14th March, when a house on the federal road, near
EdolarAprfit 9(t-ap cll, and .eight pmcaft 404 -'TbwiS
ttdhgencygac. sq eo aCl G4ra* ', from *wRg t :,a*.j nt or
mounted rfleiprn was impidaiately ordered to the plqpe,,fp one
rrmoon's service. A few days afterward five Inen while travelling the,
r U ro yc re' .a t, h kree killed; from whom fileen hundred or
t ors wrrc taken. The people for the most part were
1 rn, very 4fiP on, and 411 corpmunication by mail or 4
oneho have tiqsructions to sacr the woe
day to A ortnight since they found a camp, but on their ap-
ire!da'd tilled one man. The commanding officer informs me that
ie thiqks thne omber of Indians now in the nxighborbood cpidr
2tbl.' Ishould have mentioned that in April a house within fifeenor
twi"nfy wiles of Claiborne was attacked; the hiusanld killed and wife
and two daughters wounded. Thirty dollars, a quantity of aicop,
and cve 'jrp1cle which could be conveyed away, taky r.a crre ,SP
Peezpsola," h're believe the murderers might still hUb o, ..
i yesterday learnt that one indian wa s)illd ad noLber roa( -
1r4 .jre Poplar Spring." .
'.~deiadl of events, however, was probably unneceSAfy,
ypu wll receive Irom major oungs, every iqtollgence upoit)l4
a taqtjc. M. principal object is to state, l.bqt in crflori to pp'
tect, the,peopic oer whom Ipreside, the ttrritorialrreaautk heing
destrate of fundl, has afforded me no supplieswhp qqV pyj has it
"ben in the io.ncr of the commanding offic4g ber ,.p rCt the a*
which he has uniformly manifested the best disposiion to afford. I
i 4dpitrailsthat the troops should be considered ps in4t hf service of
thlie bitedStqte, and the accounts adjusted when their term'no 'r-
s,^ 1 8i83
vica cres'. On -e comb any rendezvoused at PoplarSpring for three
mop'hi service on the 10th of April, and a detachment of twen-fitv
avg epulgar lately, for the same term of service. The eipendidiroa
incurred have been considerable, and altogether beyond my meaii
.ofpaying. You will readily perceive how unpleasant has beeg my
situation, without the means of affording the protection, necessary to.
keep the hhhabitats at their homes The regular force in this quar-
ter, has been insufficient for the defence of the country-the militia I
had not had time to organize, and above all, not a -ollar in the trea-
sury. My views of the necessity of forwarding men and money t&
this section of the country, have been repeatedly stated to colonel
Tri ble, but I apprehend it has not been in his power to meet them.
bvi tndeavored in vain with my limited resources to ar-
rest the enemy after their successive murders, and being satisfied
that they sought refuge in Florida, I determined to raise a volun.
tewr force and order them to attack the hostile Indians without regard
to our boundary. A part of the force is now under the command of
major. Youngs, and captain Stull is in possession of my order. Had
I beq forished with funds the enemy would have been driven from
that rettcu tlo before this times. persuaded as I am, that it is the
only *etaal~pethodof afi jng security to this Territory.
S:- I be tis moment received intelligence, which leaves no doubt
Sof d our t*ach to this quarter; and I shall now leave the Territory
perfectly) satisfied that the people will not suffer by my absence. Mr.
Rcpryflitcbcock is appointed territorial Secretary, and willactas go-v
aQ irset out from fort lackson, which will be on the 26th or
Samo~,t I may however be detained a few days longer
witte gtig Warrior the reception of a party ofln-
Ssuwd for peace and delivered themselves to major
dt y pi so spon as the major convinced them bya
Sepedition, that they would no longer
S. citizens and find refuge in the Spanish
volunteers, and the same number of
'Should you need any additional aid from
tIlpy furnished should you notify me at
Shave received from the commanding
Springs, which will present to you
r. Excuse this hasty scrawl, and ac-
' ^ *WM. W. BIBB.
- -- -.p
M ".-', -
I CS deputy quarterm1aster c.
.Forage master, .
Assistant forage master,
2 Cplonels, "
4 Lieutenant colonels, .
4 Adjutanto (regimental)
2 Surgeons, do. -" >
CUstpatep, o. -^
4 jntjors, do.
4 u master sergeants, do. ,, -.
,20 a a - .
20S Fi lieutenants,
I, Sepend 4ieutenants, -
FI 2lird lieteants, -
t. V l i'ets;,
.. Of whom ne captain and bne first lieutenant appear to hilg9b
'pd to kewtucky; the others to Tennessee.
'ptt "the'number and grades of the office ca com-
L L M-::::::::~ ~-~:-- -r- ~-.. -li
Tw th an.
I Pa rly~wt7fl~fOiJ cftyof f/yto
-. .J fl?.o.: f fl .Mataku xewi rng
gn^ .^ ..-' C. .-,. .-. -- 4 a 4-- !*.
the hujr mate, -~
0oie wHo coP l S .
appear in the -roHs
,manud (or served lith) the two companies of rangers" 'uder cap.
tios Boyle and M'rtt, appear from a communication of the pay-
mYter of the 4th rgiment of infantry, died the 23d of September,
8is8, to have been,
2 FireTtet aat. s,
I am very respectfully,
.;. ryotp most obedient,
.r- NATH'L. FRYE, Jun.
I RNiWn. .bner Lacock, chairman ofthe committee
: n ~A.t bject of the &eminole war, in
S- hsisfd Uit ed States.
!^ u~ jq ^. *~ .- .. -
ealP OffIee, city of Washington,
SFebruary the 23d, 1819.
j 'si e is now before me, and with re-
nstwnt, I have to state, that "the whole
emiooyed as volunteers from Tennes-
~ia the muster rolls to have been,
ilptain Boyle's and captain M'Gise's
m ueh respect,
r most obedicai,
4.- NATHL 1
.7 *'* ""
RYE, Jun. ".
an ofthle committee
^ ^ '" '''" '.*- -/^
YP___ _-.i *3^^i-- .^--Y .- '. s 1
. .4 .- ";X- el' ,- '. T. -
T-*ii iv. MV 5*nf
the prent daW. nacl -a
m-o -h 8I~ ~ lr ad.
Aet d Iby- t j p governor Mant, on the 27th
Aprii 1te having a report from major Younga, rela-
ve q i1 lnith governor Masot, or his attack on the
beilE*b MY1 the vicinity of Pensacola, the only information I
h mhMM, nln snbject is colnaiand in the letter of govas Bibb,
i wtLMafy. tj8g -o which I .JJ~ahm .
* OtOlly ratlor from a ,o to .,t.-
shruQ~'biM medium of Mr.Hambly) p~ieael di.
'rest f om Puscola. that a number ofZatile Indtans had assembled
at titat lace. Othiterrogatig the captain, he reluctantly stated, that,
b t stiWm of his sailing, there were in Pensacola 4b6 or 500 Indians;
tha~e had been fed, and JIrnished with munitions of war and
w were cOiam tiDn depridasti^., i_ person and property ethe
citiatdC on the frontier o0A iE K *f ii is.
SAfter reeivig thii infor I ibnficatira W. r.e, daed at
St. Mark on the 26th of Apritl that] abould leave that place ler Fort
Gad esd ie two or three days, and after making all necessary ar-
rangements for the security of the position occupied, and detactisg
a force to scour the country west of the Appahchicola, I should prb-
ceed direct to Nashville. I then ordered captain Sands to Mobile, to
prepare and hold in readiness a train of artillery, s, ould circrn-
Stancps, rising out of facts disclosed, render its use in the field us,
cessarT. On this occasion, as on all others, I thought it moy d, to
be prepared fally to execute my orders, in putting an end to, qhe cg.-
On ~ y arrival at Fort Gadsden, nmjuartermaster g cral, tp-
lonet Qbrge Gibson, (who was charged with the def nce od'thJlth.pr
b' andqljmn several letters, brought from tIpr Momngomer) by"'i .o ,
S Bogan, from respectable citizens, confirming the report made by the
captain of the schooner while at St Market sad detfng the 'iarder
of eighteen of our citizens on the Sepulgurs, ans the destruction of a
family near Fort Claiborne. Major Hogan alo confirmed this in-
formation, and added, that the citizens at Montgomery W r f rti:
finthemselves. Similar information was received from two ga*
t ie t who arrived in a vessel laden with sutlers' stores fo.h%
S tipsat Fort Gadsden, but whose are not now recollected l Yby
the Oa.ine of the sloop Hector and barge Peacock, direqp -m Mo.
S bi4 T' addition to the foegoing, I was sha a h li tr (confden.
friteoi4) frosq a person of high respectability in Pensacola, de-
:I n Ong the facts wr stated by the captain of the schooner at Si~ larks.
SThis .inermatiom, corroborated by so many person, determined
e to go in person Pensacola; and I ordered colonel Gibson.foir.-
with to Mobile. with instructions to give every facility to-captain
.Sands, in ?ig the artillery secretly moved to Fort Montgome9y,
there, i. wait my orders; and immediately organized a force u.
cient for the execution of my orders, under date of,26th December,
After crossing the Choctawhachy, I despatched an Indian guide
i h;&ago4li4tfepress to Fort Crawford, with orders to colonel Gib-
4PD Sands, at Fort Montgomery, to move on the artillery
-, M jlction with me, after I crossed the Escambia river;
,bhedo tr was promptly executed. On my reaching the Escam-
b4, I' was met by captain Boyls, express from governor-Bibb, with
lttU r of the 19th of May, abovementioned; and on reaching the
'st -, received information that Holmes and his warriors were
q 1afor which place I immediately marched For my
; r 4Aer," I pfer you to my detailed report-
Wll wiA iifqreation onaoy other points growing out of
A& 4. L;I ep dairgthat campaign, it will afford me much
. f iYY 4 ttw o you.
X47 I am, sir, respectfully,
ST aqr obedient servant,
S-~ ANDREW JACKSON,
S 3'L r4 Gen. com'dg. Southern Division.
l t ngton, near Baltimore, .
st f, .bruary, 181,-
Sto recqve your letter of the 2d ftit.
with the Serinole Indians, and in-on-
- .- ~
L : >" '
the information required tal *P eve v, wh the ", at
Scott, under.t commandOt 'iaBl -0 atfie esnka e
of hostii-.l.,as 't moV
r of the t ies, U l f m ma ded tihe f it.
tachmaM ~mvisirtd the. J TAteddn
thdeast side of Flint rivrnitW
of his odersea now not; f W '
t nderatoild P% j In.
dltinfw d fioen s~i.PIa i leS ~4 Pacent swamp; they were fire aon
and tc b warrliof, ind unforrndsteld, on woman, was killed; there
was one pimeawr-'ktkc by the detachment, on is march to Fowl
'P Sh ~iH was allerwards confined as a prisonrr ai fT wco
ri f brought on their return, three or four
ShiAOd tQd iii achmernt tat visited the vilte ntr
wapjiord-tmder the commaedpf lieut. col. Arbuckleof
fatiryj,'wh M I iear approach, detached me with a ctuismd ad.
vance oa thtiilage b) a different route from that which he took; my
orders ftiRg im were"t1 take prisoners if possible, but if an attempt
to scapt nsi made, to fire; add-to examine all the buildings for cc*i
we Were howrrer discovered when within two hundred yard-, and
the Indcian to Io Bight, gig se war and frinpMler
gunal corn, oskte, and other Tprad S d O .*i 4
r' ^wa, the oectfihi.n visit. W had ner a.wo qmagS e siah de.
tachmeni, which were loading with coru Arbt the cribs of the Indlam,
when an attacrwas commenced by them, in which we bad one ma
killed. As th( rIdians fought on the edge of.the swam t, tecir loss was
not ascertaiped, otherwise than by their own acknowledgeamett.which
wa aftefwards said to be five or six warriors killed. Welb g arut
all.te curn which we conveniently could, and perha ttt~bY t
Seen head of cattle, and a few horses; previous to our rTurn to fort
Scott., it detachment was halted on the Flint river,.three mile from
FQwl Towp, and twelve from fort Scott, where they rematined -fou
or five days, in building a small picket work called, fort HMane tr.tt ,
provisions thus taken was just sufficient for the support of thetroeWt t
during their absence from tort Scott. The third and last visit
the rill.gg b% pur troops, was during the absence of general Gani,
who was at Amelia Island. This detachment,was alo comanude.
by lieut. tol. Arbuckle, and on our arrival, finding the pjce entirely
abandoned by the Indians, it was destroyed by fire -
.-The horses taken by the detachment under pajorTwiggsps well
is t6he taken by that uuder the command of liclitufc. Arbuckle,
werert.isidered of no value, but were ordered by the general to be
turned itp the quartermaster's hands. I afterwards saw some of thml,
inHrisLposes6sion; others were claimed by the Irt ndly Indippm a Offir
propev'y. wbich was g.ve, up to them by the general's-oder."- I be-
li gi r that this isaH the information which is in my powVto give
ml4t lttWject that y u a hav requested.
*I t, sir, very respectftily,-" -
Y r: obedient and very humble servant, .
; JNO. N. M'INTroSfr7-
C aptain, 4th Rgt,. 3. Infantry.
-. Jon. bner Lacoca
SExecutie Department, Georgia,
i dilledgeville, 6th January, 1817.
S $-I-Fat*eritand that the 4th regiment of theJnited States infant-
ryn Ohich, for some time past, has been stationed on the frontier of
r tih aste, nearthe junction of the Flint and Chattahouchie rivers, is
to fort Montgomery, on the waters of Mobile, and I have not
bei g ordered to supply their place. By
'Athe 'tier of Georgia is left without de.
i ~ psfied part of the Creeks, who are
S ine, and at no great distance from
occupied by the 4th regiment under
b without any check, and I have no
osity.:or mischief by acts of murder,
sellers and frontier settlers. It is a
cMlodel Clinch, and to every officer v'ith
S nothidg has kept those Seminole I.-
I the;7'ost inveterate of the hostile fetk ,
chece but the presence of the troops,
'seriois consequences are to be appie.
evident, that; by the removal of the
h thle neighboring. country, that p~r.i
S Jacksoti's treaty, as it is usuhj"
bta hhic, and which of course, falls-
"+ the Indians.
h, is~sjay judgment, will l oduce these rd-
M .strate of Georgia, to protest. Ie
ag that it is the intebtionp of the ?e .
t, to lepYeeer"t~as a rootiereatek.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~Br~~~ ,+- -:,. ... .,.: ..
rtezm, of Florla,. .noltncedi
e lieutenant cnloid ClI"
rh.,JpiUwder dtieir. place
iilotb letter may b conm-
obhidls ration tbhreon;my
i Sith^as li delay a
Aw%-tt Z-- '-
. .., air,
i.. hladeriion and respect '
Your ery obedient servant.
boderstandin that you are thusar on yo.rw4y i.
omety. I avail myself of the present opporruay, *
s e f in the expectation that you wilhave it in qir wer, i
your judgment approve, to adopt the measures I am:abai.-ope~ao~ps
Tou-pe doqlt have already. been informedv, hat "*ete oie
Woodbine ps recently made his appeaSvpe qa ~- a iti
the Appalachiccla, and that he haban agem now among. the
Indians aid -ogroes in that quarter, stirringthem up to acts o, *sti.
iy agaigs i #i. country; and that Woodbinae iaZ- has goaiu iat
O ted v 4t-o some part of the West InCdiesf B esqps. ~ ts.
ed wir the fact, isanother, which may servnasaingu atioda Mhe
fuRtr conduct of these people, when once 3i peosesaui of the sop.
proe, a which it is said, they expect on the, repi'n aof odinci l About
teo or titlve days ago, a small party of those Idiamn optrWd ihe
frouiierof Wayne county, and stole two hoots m aemnalttea; they
weropursued by some of the inhabitants, who peaceab laAminuv a
restorrion of the stolen property, and instead of a comphaso~ot the
part tf9p Iqduans, they immediately fired upon the whizeslrho re-
* dS tiidiatsad d the
and that if the removal
;~5~Sr -~FIY_ r r ""
... % epee .
t oi f thout returning a shot; one of the whites was morally wound* "
S efititbre this last circumstance came to my knowledge, I bsd ad.
dressed the actig,Secretary of War, anddesired the contentaof my
S etter to be onommunicated to.the President, in which I represented
the evil cpntequeqces that were likely to result to Georgia in i -a
S lar. by the removal of the 4th tegiment from Camp Crawford, wi
out their place was supplied by an adequate force from some other
quarter, and requested the order for the removal of that regiment
;night be countermanded, or their place supplied; to this commuaica.
tion there has not yet been time to receive an answer. One object of K
my present address is, to know if you cannot spend the march of
; e 4dhregien unt, uil I can hear from the War Department, if you
el authorized, or disposed to order them back to their for-
Ji. t Camp Crawford. Another object of the present address,
g out of the following fact. Son of our people have gone over
SeOcmulgee, and settled between that river, and the line run under
late treaty with the Creeks, on or dear Goose Creek, of which the
S Ii|T compplain. I.have appointed an agent to go and order them
pe the names of all such as refuse to remove from the
as ib;fulal, om4he character V those intruders,
.. l Atenanf wic g is used to compel them; and
S, whether can 1eg apply that force, add the United
e to request, ff consistent with your duty, or the
e general government, that you will order a detachment
oceed to the spot, and remove these intruders. Iam
e thcjdiaps any just cause or complaint against us,
amde inedas long as I hold the sta.
Srmi pny aggression on their part, to
le however, 1" to do as I would
mg to this rule in the pies-
sideration and respect,
'Your very obedient serveat f
SAlving been summoned'to attend a committee of the honorable.
the.Senate of the United St .. to give evidence touching the Semi-
Sole war. did adsend accoatlingl,; and alter a vepb t statement P,
and etaminadon by, the committee, ihe following questions wereiAk.
ed me. with a request that ou.ld s ,iier( writing.
first. As to ithe o of the SecikoWe war, and the Fowl
zt is, no doubt, within tie Inc m-
inltte .that. during the Ints War Wl
4 were established and orifda-l.
'1 cers and agents; and ie-force there organized, fr the
puroton.hfannoying the souN Ifrontier ol the Unzed States. It
is aalo s4o,,nthat the hostile Indians of the Creck %t.ar. who had not
embnctd the terms of peace proposed by general Pmcknei, and
finally s~ldilby the trteat of F.rrt Jackson. had taken shelter in the
alorlildT. .roam their r sientq i, and the motley crew plidipeCr
Nichol, Mith mischief was to e apprehended by the idhAbitants on
ih riOfi irpof Georgia; aid rpinist of F-rt Sent, situaie in the fork
of the +Iintand Chailahouchie t e,!e.and'fiar their function, was el-
_it_ la%., kid'gtcupied by a conr,.lcrabhle frcc oa Unitedl Srater
s for the protectrnn of that irontitr; anti the same -n.ps., with
tdl-d mospe naval force.wch scernded the AppalachitoIn: de-
qtrod e fort about rty mils ow, bhilt by colel Nichol. Ocu-
pla.id defa dedby re e btoi
jra p ,irong 6, except a. Ie Wloctiewi_
believe, no other Ind.aneare in the Fort. had a ia m id.
enceib h'eI aning the fuglt.ve tom the Creek %ar, and those under
the inflpence of6 icholand his partizans. I'say the fugitives from the
Creet war, and thepartizans of Nichol, because it is well understood
"t the Seminoles took no part in the reek wari: unless the receipt
.. of goods,& c. from Nichol or his iub-agents, be considered aiperooie
thisfact. But the trtth is, they will receive presents oam any party,
withoit.lty intention of adopting his projects; and schl. I have no
'doy_% #as the case with the e .minoles upon this occasion. The
troops occupying Fort Scott were, however, soon after removed, a9)
the post abandoned, or so nearly so, the it was in the power oF the
Indians at any time to have destroyed it. Filling, at that time, the-ex.
ecutie c4air of Georgia, I addressed the then Secretary of War on
the subject of the removal of thb troops, pointing out some of the
eAvl .iutich were likely to result, and urging the necessity of there.
oq0#h of the post by a respectable force. To this communication a
= a #j was received, by which I was informed, that, although it was
ion of the government to coricestuate a respectable force
fartsherto the west, yet it never was contemplated to leave the fron-
tief of Georgia exposed.
T he peace of the frontier of Georgia, has Always been exposed
and disatrbed more or less, by acts of violence committed as well
by the Wfite as the Indians, and a spirit of retaliaioea hgrmutually
t. A' -
35 [* El
prevailed. These petty acts of aggression, wereincreased and mu.l-
tiplied by a set of lawless and abandoned characters, who had taken
refuge on both sides of the St. Mary's river, living principally by
plunder. I believe the first outrage committed on the frontier of
Georgia after the Treaty of fort Jackson, was by these banditti who
plundered a party of the Seminole Indians on their way to Georgia for
the purpose of trade, and killed one of them. This produced retalia.
tion on the part of the Indians, and hence the killing ol Mrs. Garrett
and her child. The evidence of these plunderings and murders, s
on the files of the executive of Georgia.
Early in March 1817, I resigned the government of Georgia, and
acceptedd my present appointment, and in July of the same year call-
ed a general meeting of the Creek nation at fort Hawkins. At this
meeting I endeavored to impress upon the minds of the Indians the
necessity on their part of preserving peace-that many of the peo-
Spie of the lower towns had been led astray by evil counsel-had re.
ieived presents from the British Agent, colonel Nichol, and although
it was acknowledged that they had not taken an active part with the
edCSticks in the Crek war, yet thqir conduct had made them in
S, measure obnoxions to the frieuly part of their own nation, and
w0lt LUnised States; and that it was the duty of the friendly chiefs
to reelaim those people, and restrain the restless spirits among them,
S whose conduct might eventually, if not checked in time, bring them
Sito much trouble if not utter ruin; assuring them at the same time,
*4I. hl o United States would punctually fulfill all their engagements
el which. 1 had then given them substantial proofs, and
F uasderers'who should return to their duty and renew
relations with the nation, should receive protection and
erticulm on account of their connexion with what
the lapt of August of the same year5
Smontkbefore the meeting at fort Haw.
major Twiggs, then at fort Scott, dated
written a he says, at the request of the
that placeexpressive of their willingness '
Iired by e in July, at fort Hawkins. A
Hitter, and *ie memorandum enclosed there.
Of the Fhee towns referred to, the Fowl
W I had yP^ opportunity of sending for those
or meeting their proposition, g .
detacent of troops from the west, sent
an ihis contumacy,in not immedi-
ahe town was attacked and destroyed by
f'tder of general Gaines. This
cause of the Seminole war. The
tion of Fowl Town, in addition to
the refusal of the chiefs of the Ser
r- and the hostile aspect which
----. .. ._"
l .G.]3 36 -
ithey had astitied. Of ts demand and refusal I' know nothing
more than wh' t hWa been published; 'but, truth cbmpels ioe to say,
that befrptetieattack on Fowl-Town, aggressions of this Hnd were
Sas frequent .the part'of the Wites, as on the part bf the Indians;
thq eii e itc f which cni Iie fiTrdishedfroni fries of the executive of
Geo tkgi~ati*rhich I have beforgf ferret;.
The second question put by th cons i "the orgf ation
ofMi t"bth's brigade, houwnd b-W ft h
field other office i ui. i dot ii; vetdt the War
Department; whether any If ans. was received?"
the letting at fort awkin., In Jul), 1817, colonel Brearly,
of the 7th ildfntry, attended, and stated to me, that he was directed
Sby general daines to -apply fr the assistance or services of general
M'-ntosh and five or six hundred of his friendly *warriors,in'casb he
Sshouldgo agiiast the Seminolas. I immediately commiunieate4th
'ppltct~ n o ihe chiefs in c knc l. and received fr answer, thr
they would leave that busineslo M',Lntosh 'ad myself, f then tolf
I'Inioshihaihe nmul hold hiinself and his warriors in readiness to
jolA the 'i~ked Stat-s troops whenever ordered.- This he readily
eed to. Whether I received a written communication from g ee-
1ra aiia Uiion this subject or 1i, I do r.n It t llfe4. but I w t..il
S-by gsobae 6nei'et he had.w en Lrn M'lntosh olr hi- distancee
However, bd ore a call Wtas on the wf7ei
received a tit-rr from the t.lhicg Ser tfflfP Wi4lbh-
cating the fact to ine. that pen l Gdia.v wia piolft.bited Brom crosi-
ing the Spanish line without a peial order trom that Iiepartment.
This.Iconsidered as notice, or rather as an order, to me, not to permit
the friendly warriors to cross theline under sanction of, or in theser-
viceof the United States. This letter I think I received some time
' -in November, and a meeting of til chiefs having been called by the lit.'
e Prince, to take into their consideration the affair of Fowl 'lTon.
, I informed them of the determination of the governmentin this par.
Stic!ar, and desired them to remain quiet until they heard i om ~me
again. 'This meeting was held ii. Decemlwr, at the Brobe)arrow,
on the (hattahouchie. And on my return to the agency, IfeWfln ith
'geanral aines, to whom I connmmunicated the contents of the asuing
Secretary's letter, and the course I had taken with the Indians. The
general then informed me that hethad received the order spoken of,but
that from the representations he had made, he did not doubt btythat.
thejrobhibition to crossing the Spanish line wouldbe removed. I
Shadi'ppointed another meeting with the Indians to take place at th!
agency at the end of twenty-five days, expecting to hear from the War
Department in the mean time, but upon the subject ofcrossing the Spa-
high line I. received no immediate answer. A meeting was according.
ly held at ihe agency, which commented on the 9th January, 1818, at
which colonel Brarly attended, and although he brought no common -
cation iA w itiig from gen. Gaines, yet he informed me, that he knew
the;'pohibition to crossing the Spanish line had been withdrawn, and
-BU~a --1 .-- 'A
S A rigeiteal Oaires hid ordered him to muster as niaoi d. J
S'y Indian into service as were wilHnf to engage. A
S "eremn mediately made, and a day assi 'for enro ling
S -t*riosi1Cr ad.4lonel Brearly attended at tort Murchell to
osesq.ladrblerlrsu tered die greater part of them. Some c
were mustered into seAice at several other places which w
convenient-for the purpose, owing to the local stusuiqn ol the ldi.
ans. The first organization was that of a regimen'9ut, 6 s gj '
into the field, they were recognized by general Jackson as a brigl .
All these roceedingp were communicated to the War Depart :
(fro .timV tipu; to some of which, answers wese receivedt~.4 -
S iel made out emustering the brigade outo&
M _istea oflic of the pay aster general, or atleast, were mat
Stat fibce by me. The staffof t brigade consisted of 1 briga4ie
pm .ral, i.colboels,.2lieutenant colobels, 2 majors, 1 assistant ai -
SiA t gpneta, 4 assistant commissaries of purchases, and 1 aide
.~ho.* ,as.omi.ted in the muster roll. Theforce ofthe bw-1
h y. mmitec is, The force of c
ihb.taccouts I hab e been able to receive from.or
S illioter, I have never ionmated the number of the S 416
Sib~~at more than seven hundred .warriors, and I doubt whAlhAr '
vnthatnumbir,erclusive ofthose towns on the Chattahoucie,
dring that war. The negroes'bye
S t go e .. When M'Intosh auw4his
Sorechell, he divided his force,'gnd
Ct dEc-his own command, he deJun- .
s bank, a1 on reaching theTan.
eir chief and warriors. IqJ~h
.one hundred and thirty jo.
sacaps with a few warra -
of warriors, tm teredat Fort-.. -
the eastern bank, and gpi '
rkthe two detachmeasu
re th-ey alljoined general .-
I lad generdly fled4, and big few '
Sth aurch, tmannee M'Intoswith
hutldrd of the hostile pag ..
a d children prislo.".'M
tleveaor. syelve wci* -
diadi o4tbis part of the comply
Seminole campaign as F ,
epbeerve, that the Mt++: +.s
k ation as Beminoles. <
-od.ly onecoAd'sldered by th- as .
$6innoes, al h, f spe aipwg sBray oft;e Seminolai. ri
tioo to the WQmiIole war, I include all the Indians who had an'
share la'bumas t,-.
Beigmi S what became of the prisoners taken by M'siwh,
I mesana They were parally sent into the nation, and ae
ow tihe- q .
r A p WJOU LL,
4, P.0 gwd aswe cd, '- : ...- c
S Fort w&ot,41&Ju -8giYrO
SU '. ^ A. .;?~!er~
e. tfhde d ae f the'mwer towAn, orttke ChattagoucHe,
nmot arIIt tp-day. The chiefs of three towns were present,
who qiMxwtb Fort Hawkins, at the time the stipend was de-
lli O a dem. 'They requested, me to forward their names, and
the na-i r towns to yoand to inform you, that the talk
a I' *- j S ^-v w s Sm ^ ^ ^ -
S i'urb edien Tvat .
(Signed) E. TWIOS.
f .jf/or Commanding.
I ertify the foregoing to
t2d arfy, 1819.
*The chiefof owl Town.
be a true copy of the original, swt in
SD. B. M1TCHELL
gaisfor I. 1.
-^ .' '--
- ien -ythe mfert gtobe a tro epy tof the Ae petjij e
t aebdel tae& # ie I the flbrf gag later by u
S L-. MITCUB -
Arde gfA dJ4snt General ofnthe Southern s l vision fo the bnft
Ok hhArd States# being du-y swq tot:es:
et 18s John Donaldson, of the neiae;
Sn hew f era Jakson's wife
s amont P emaldson's purchase; that he
i;tereas h rchase, nor did he eier hear it
*, -r... t.AM-R
t'h" t there were two regiments li-,
ygeneral Jackaon in Janwary
the colonels and most or anl
j rdr J aru Generalofthe nd tendered their service
r,4 f f:s k--e CeCUtd 8tsteey beins Muly swrn. tenifies: 'a
S h only person con cerned; he a also undersrding too the
gave nor of Tennessee w'1 at
the V e were appointed.. .
a Atlrirmination tovi goi to Pensaola or he en of
from Suwanny, an l .$
t is nephew of ge on or abotn wife
overor, and so
en lo'a purchased thon he
t general Jackson had or
hiacrcts chase, nor did he nevr her it
appointed the inflation anru
tea.of volunteer., calkd.d ae -
acpdthat according to he
a~~~. -.i*~' -a
* f1003 40
.- %- : 40
rJsbbon saw a letter, which dAponathinrs riA from Taserarity.
one of the hope of Forbes, JOn &4o, at Pensacola, to Doyle, a
Trader, then at ftot Gadsden, givng information as to the ausber of
Indian at ~4tI ;h thit t b Iuetr also stated that the property of
the people of Z!acola was da ddepredated on by the ladiai;
that when an Jacks on determination to go to Pepa..
cola. heo nlred heutenanri'nd; *tIilpe,.to prepare artillery to
meet him after he should have -tTJ
-to Pensacola; which order w -. .
Thacst he time Lha not
moir than Eve hundred embodied, nor dues the de-
po lt believe there were time during the war hiore than Eve
or six htdr eurm die d at any ont place; that from the nature of
the subject, this isatment must be conjectural; that the enemy's
Swarriors tpye i general well armed; that deponent was told there
,were abdifb4a eep hundred souls at Suwanney, of wbinh t bha .
drq~#fd fy or three hundred Were fighting mean t oaragy had.
one H nan leW ad four wounded in acuiona with. lodians during
the cs ia and two billtd at the Barrancas.
l..-.ur(t)er says, that general Jackson received from a
praisd ce, a plan of the fortress of St. Augustine. and as the de.
pon j it was sent to thq'general at St. Marks or fort Gads-
den, rte et tttll Stkeuw f
tS amerafltiakn and
dred, lndr4 4oder MlIntosh as e received
into trh nikk white general Ga&es commanded, add were regular.
lv mtaruted in and out of service by the United States' officers.
CoCL Qt1i iason, of the United Sates' arty, being duly sworn;, es-
tifes and says:
t. A.he acted as quartermaster general in general Jacksons'
campaign g apinst the Shminoles: Thti on the 29th day oftJaauary,
1818, at New Orleins, he received an order from general Jackson to
Sprocureand bring to fort Scott a supply of rations, ordnance, and
quartermaster'4 and hospital stores: That he joined the general at
fort Qadsden on the 24th or 25th of March: That the.general then
placed him in command of the post, with orders to send stores round
to fort St. Marks, which was done: That in April, major Hogan,
payinaster, joined the army. He brought information 'of the
timurders committed in Alabama and on the Sapolgus, a branch '
of the Conecuh by the Indians. About the same time,' ~n,*
iAtlion was 'bitu(ght by the sloop Hector to fort Gadsden S*er
Mobile, that a large number of Indians were in Prnsacol~a~i
'This wais t'onfiried by capt. Rogers, of the Peacock, front
a Mobile. In consequence of this information, the deponent held thd .-
Ltransportation in readiness, and sent thirty-three thousand rations to
fort Scott, believing from the information he had, that the armn
would move to the west. On the arrival of general Jackson, the de.
o am eislini th abovementioned information, and a number of
S Iiet i erj of the Indian war to the westward of the Appa.
luA l fiO tA the 6th of May, the general ordered the depo,
Dent to Mobile by water, with instructides to send artillery and am-
muniuion iofort Montgomery, and to be there ready himself to meet
hin:with artillery forage, and provisions. The general was to ad-,
vise the deponent by express of the point at which he was to meet
him. That the deponent accordingly received an express, and met
the gen~pil twelve miles from Pensacola: The deponent further
Ssaya thetihbs thiknlth probable, that ftews of the assemblage of In-
di;a*Penacotl reached general Jackson at or near St. Marks, by
a sc*hoionr which went from Pensatola. and was sent by Innerarity,
and wasa.trading s.hooneer, load d m ith sutler's stores: Tnat she
ar ived at fort Gadsden, after leaving St. Marks. between the 1st
nA of May: That lieut. Sands was sent from St. Mark to Mo- .
ion and artillery, 0s deponent understood aud
tas air artill y officer: That th army enter-
*.hye after i ederonent joined, viz on the 2as
SOrleans at the time captain Call
tay:j.|at the schooner Italiana ar
r,' ws Of provisiCns from. the
ai Pefacola, and.the duties paid by.
i befo this, the contractor had breen
|isi the Escavabiai and had beetl
J fm rt Mobtgomeryiofoirot Crawl.
t it was impracticable tO
S b land; andasthatplace was is
th* attempt was renewed
fu o -rtMtonmery to faor
aioss ont his rkal, as w
r nI ined dellrd.
4;g/li~~~~,.LCL~,' '. ~ :iiaii.
110 o3 42
SI was attached to gen, Jackson's staff during the whole Sadmi
Sole campaign. At St. Marks, the general received information, by a
r vessel from Pensacola, of a large number of Indians having collected
there, where they were furnished with provisions, arms, and muna
tions of war Believe that capt. Sands sailed from St. Marks fgq
Mobile, in quest of a train of artillery to have it at fort Montgomery,
subject to the general's orders. I uodersmoa'ftoairthc gecral that#
he would have all his arrangements made and enteYed i-tn, that eve-
ry thing might be in complete readiness, provided he should ulti.
mately come to the conclusion to visit Pensacola. I am impressed
with the belief; that an actual determination to occupy this place and
the Barancas, was never formed until the protest of gov. Masot was
received op the-line of march.
J. C. BRONAUGH;
4. 8. J)rmy.
S Richard K. Call, captain U. S. 1st infantry, acting as an aid tb
general Jackson, beingduly sworn, testifies and says: that in the cam-
paign against the Seminoles, he first joined general Jackson at For-
Gadsden, and afterwards, on the arrival of the Tennessee volunteers,
he joined him again near St. Marks; that he understood that gene-
ral Jackson determined uIon going to Pensacola, on hearing that the
governor of that place had protested against the passage of supplies
up the Escambia river, and in consequence of subsequent informa-
tion relative to the assemblage of Indians at Pensacola; that the'de-
ponent had been at Pensacola, by orders of colonel Trimble; com-
manding at New Orleans; that he arrived there on the'2stofFebru-
ary. 1818, and remained there till the 26th; that his orders were to
obbain a passage for supplies up the Escambia to fort Crawford;-that
the governor of Pensacola stated to the deponent, that he considered
it unsafe for him to give the privilege asked for, as be was under
great -apprehension, if he did so, the Indians would take possession of
St Marks, or give the Spaniards in that place great annoyance; that '
deponent made report of the above to col. Trimble, and also gave in.
formation of this protest or objection of the governor to gen. Jack-
W Thant be the return of the army from the Sayaaey, lHi ~inj
v& sent from St. Barks to Mobilr for cannon
Thai at fo Gadsden or St. Marks. #eponant heard that
mkdsonipd a leter.from Inneraritv to ovyle or Hamblv. in
t thcrus~.re'a number of hostile Indians at Pensacola; the
,her he tlhr s, win said to be hie hundred.
S Deponent further says, that Arbuthooti' schuoner wa ,enhj i '
6hint to col. William Brady, who, as the deponent undcrstooeddefqj 1 ..
ed him bef9rc the court martial.
Ti I he doe' not know what became of the property ion biba
sofskins. and some wearing apparel, a1o i
-etg form. c e
takeb a Suwany. consisted princip illt
. l ad cartf; that khe army subispd on the cattle, and that tb
qthc ~.jtpe ry was ,vte to the friendly Indians; that the negrnqf
Snfgive to the Indians that as he understood,col. Arbucle -
f dollars a head to the Indil, for every pegro delred p -
aiels, intending to deiver thenm lteier owners whtie
Sraatherqse, lhp ge neral Stark, from Georg,~
hAftipypaggresred Jpperty. .
I sed to a Mr.James Jackla
a ase of lots Pensacola idi.-
d me. andsix otbiw gentlcmin
e d John Donleon n (wh(.ut..
o mola apd make the" purchab.-
d siiane thousand d..Illa
wai, that I believed ith
-so htbl St.sj arid I was I.
be.;d sodhiant period: I
e tlbrmiiion deril'. "
duc fro p. Jack*s to
gave- w.s t h1
~ Indians frequently into .'
I .and this danger we
octian of the gover ,
ed by inrodu ry et
I r sometime in Novcmber,
that Mr. Donnelson proceeded on his mission. for Nashville, ia com-
pany withalMr (ordon whr, wi employed'to gowiih hil
'The purc iasep were made, consisting of a number o timalmprov-
Sed lota in'Pensacola, sixtytr ers ofgrou adjoining the tdowon the
lower aidt, and about two thousand acres on the bay, two or titee
miles out. The detds I have reen an o cow at Naahville. written
Sn fhe Spanish lan.u ige, made I 'p aj htiK since
conveyed to the eight gentlehen i" qdueicd O iy. 0 stirred
to me, that his first pumcha war refused to be acqueicttd in bE the
g ernor of Prnsacol.a aff 'ig that American citizeris should not
i 'atiltd 4iei s hiobjection however, was withdrawn afterwards,
4 ;d.M r. Donndlson was permitted to go on and complete his purcha-
ses : i
I aver, that gen. Jackson is.ot, nor eves was inany manner coti-
ccrwed.with tiis company; nor was it entered into from anyiconvrr-
SauIon, h~in, or opinion ever given by gen, Jackson, but done entire
fiom th; c rcumasancts first Lated in this affidavit, the belief that the
v cruniry would ere longbcg to this government; and that if so, the
a pi'daliou would prove a beneficial one.
The eight gentlemen concerned, are as follows
S. Jiaes Jat.son sen. Ja.meJackson jun. John H. Eaton, John C.
M'LIamoreJohn WCray, fPhddvlphia, Jhn.sa Jcon, PE, ,delphia,
'Thiunas OCbilress. John D pelson. ,
The alboi, gtntlcmen Iaring the'same name, are in no wise
ScoannttWed of related to gen. klran. The general, in fact, has no
Relations; all his family having perished during the revolutionary war
Sk-this country, as I have ever understood. Mr. Donnelson is ne-
phew to Mrs Jackson, the wife of gen Jackson.
SQuestion. Did you have any conversation with general Jackson
Sbforda.ortr" getting his orders to go to the Seminole war?
J., iw cr, After getting his orders, I did not. borGtly after tur
Sanciatioi was formed, 1 sawvtgeueral Jackson, apd. named.tohian
-w4iat had been done; and his armark was, that he had seadoubt but
tha obr,project would turn out advantageously, or wardi t:thit ef-
fact; butgea.Jackson'a opinion rested on no better foundation than
dru n, air blipf prevailing through the country at that tiaqp, .bat
Sat;hecoay.w.v was about to be ceded. Many purchases were made in
Pensacola last fall, I have understood, founded no doubt, oq this
S\ cr alp~ibic impression.
JNWO. W. ETON.
:Head Quarters, Fernandifa, E. F.
December tth,8l 1 8 t
'. te'tvretived information from several persons lately from St.
Ajugutane. that a party of armed men, headed by a person called cap.
tain Miller, assuming the rank and authority of a Spanish officer,
about the 23d instant. fired upon Augustus Santee, a sergeant of the
United States artillery, with two citizens of the state of Georgia.
The sergeant hadobtained a short leave of absence to accompany his
brother on a visit to St. Johns. This brother and the other citizen
A'treported't have been badli woGnded. The sergeant and one o
.Ws companions (the other beiig'guible to travel) were seen on the
StL, marching under guard towards St. Augustine.
have:addressed a n'te (o trovernor Coppinger, demanding the
immediate liberation of the sergeant and other perkns confined-a
copy is enclosed herewith, marked No. 1.
"" The captain Miller, abovementioned, is reported to be a desert-
$ he .is neverth4ess understood to be a captain of
to have acWd under the authority of the 8pago
ST geapt was absent without my knowledge; the unfio~i
Sided are represented to be disoerlr
v t gone to Florida with a desi -
t escaped fron prison ina i
4er dars to b6buanded ond y in ,
> is nitwithstanding, mich :
h aunthi tie only want the means t
do oa proofs of feir settledkboqa
V htr rdd i es. In support#
h ).4, arbyW of a letter fro'iasr
cee e the last mafl. 13W
it panimtrds f t.
at gamst us. i shi
tii be'done with the IWiiO
Sany former that -:maJ-
es* iith the stam af~dP-
-uand dothm4&r 4tUktayntftiW that department .
Sat a battalion a e inatry aj bse orderid a this plae I r dditit
to ary pssasevad.
/- ii obedient servant,
IQdl 4r&kC. M.uI U% C
4.- --4 -,4 fi .
% iad -arkrs, Amelay Isnd,
;c ret r ed in ibreaion rhat Augtus tan aS
of Reab** esw qrullery. w hcrdobtained from i*tinommn
*g 7,ry leave -f absnocrmas a few dayset ob fired as,
rr iTpqrisoned, by \. a ty of armed m- -it St. Jobn*
ha a onLauming th rank and character of afpml-
id reported that two eitcecnD of the United Sate
owr llgsalrty, fired on, woundedand imprisoead andh- --
the af this outrage, wih a view- to'shott eir .nd -
nedo .utgpauish authorityktookAkbie cscR citiia n "
.f & ugu W tine whither it was they were to
be e rp pretext that they would tb erf Amberraigned,and
r t ce informatigivn Augustus aot a ect is
arreJad ippristoVed, by a rty of armed Went St. JobnIs
C trr deprteand of yo ithe iia~ndiatliheration of the.
Ca. erri p thus arrested, wounded, and impriasoed witdh .
in yogstie whither it was hey were to
I. M Glassell, of the general stall of the army
of the ft Si4qt, i inasgcted to hand you this letter, and to talt
ts-63. ) P.I DI I
11'F...!, r *. .. M., 1 1: 1,:V li -~,
Eill. IN mi Am I
lierI~; I I r I I '.' I
w 1b,1~1 1 1n..I. II ie\~
II I I
-~o .d a
,..1,.. rrL Lfl~ ~*I n r.r-Ilrr
-4$VbjIj. C.'Ll r -- 6 Z I ..
I hw cip- 0 r. Nj
ve u ~i- u , ..
"'-Plb IviI-. i~. il
ima'.8 p -1 A 1,14'~ I~ I~. p.Ml .
ow -U hlYP g .,a t.l.. i, Un d .1'-d Lt..
r-.1 -A."' Ir~r Ilr~l
pl-- II , l r msl
jari T Nod, I '' "'''~
LI M I j r