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Stratigraphy and micropaleontology of two deep wells in Florida ( FGS: Bulletin 16 )
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Title: Stratigraphy and micropaleontology of two deep wells in Florida ( FGS: Bulletin 16 )
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Full Text



STATE


DEPARTMENT


DOWLING,


FLORIDA


CONSERVATION


Supervisor


GEOLOGICAL


BULLETIN


No.


STRATIGRAPHY


AND


MICROPALEONTOLOGY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


. STORRS


COLE


Ohio


State


University


















































PU BLISHED OCTOBER 31, 1938.


S* -


S*


a S*
S
* a
*


- a.


.q a i I U


- d *


7,5


*5&


hrU, r Ih






LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL


HONORABLE R.


L. DOWLING,


Supervisor of Conservation,


SIR:


I have the honor to transmit a report on the Stratigraphy


and Micropaleontology of Two Deep


Wells in Florida by Dr.


Storrs Cole of the Ohio State University,
lished as Geological Bulletin No. 16.


Columbus,


to be pub-


the drilling of


deep


wells in Florida much information


of permanent value is obtained and this is especially true when


samples


the cuttings


and


cores


material


penetrated


are saved and studied.


The two wells here reported upon have


yielded fundamental data about the character, thickness and age
of the deposits encountered and will add to our knowledge of the
structure and stratigraphy of that portion of Florida in which
they are located.

I want to take this opportunity of expressing my appreci-
ation of the interest you have shown in the work of the Geological
Department and the support you have so generously given it.

Very respectfully,


HERMAN


GUNTER,


Assistant Supervisor,
State Board of Conservation,
Geological Department.







CONTENTS


Page


Introduction


Acknowledgements


Port St. Joe Test


Wells 3 and 4


(W-288 and W-289) ...


Stratigraphy


-------------_---__- _-------. _------ 8


Recent and Pleistocene ------------------ --
Pliocene -_ ..-------........ ...----.-----
M .iocene ...... _. ......


Choctawhatchee


Shoal River


Chipola


Formation


Formation _--------------------


Formation


Tampa Formation


Oligocene
Comparison


Calhoun


with


Gas and


other


Florida


Company


wells
Well


(W-7)


Marathon


Well


on Florida Keys


(W-2)


Paleontological Record Port St.


Joe


Well 3


(W-288)


Granberry


Well


Stratigraphy .---------------------------------------
Eocene ----------------------------- ---------------------------------------
Ocala Limestone-------- ----------------------


Claiborne


Group


Wilcox Group


Salt Mountain Limestone _-. --- -- ----- ----------


Nanafalia


Formation


Midway Group


Upper


Cretaceous


Selma Formation ---------


Eutaw


Formation


Tuscaloosa Formation ---------- ------------------ ------------------


Comparison of the Granberry


Well with the Chipley


Well


Formations' in
Thicknesses on


the Chipley


Well


the Outcrop and


Wells


Description


cores


from


Granberry


Well


_ ___ II







CONTENTS


(Continued)


Page


Heterostegina ..-.......-----.. ---..- ............... -.-----. --


Summary


Characteristics


Oligocene


Species


Heterostegina


Miogypsinac


(Miogypsina)


gunteri


Cole, n.


hawkinsi
venezuelan


a Hodson _- -------__-


Buliminidae


Budimina kickapooensis Cole, n.


Orbitoididae --.
Lepidocyclina


(Lepidocyclina )
(Polylepidina)
(Eulepidina)


parvula


garanerae


undosa


Cushman


Cole


Cushman


--e-m-m-------- a--
* -.. -_


ILLUSTRATIONS


Plates


1-12


Figure 1


. Index map showing


location


wells


7


Figure 2.
Figure 3.


Logs


Log of


of Port St.


Cranberry


Joe


Test


Well


Wells


-.-.--...--.-.-..---..- 9


No.


4





STRATIGRAPHY


AND


MICROPALEONTOLOGY


OF


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


STORRS


COLE


INTRODUCTION


The Florida


Geological Survey has collected for many years


information and samples from numerous wells drilled within the


state of Florida in


the search for possible oil horizons or water-


bearing


State


zones.


Geologist,


Through
samples


kindness


from


two


Herman


these


wells


were


Gunter,


sent


writer


results


October


investigation


1936
were


preliminary


so gratifying


study.


The


amount


of information


which


was obtained


concerning the stratigraphy


and micro-faunas of the areas involved that Mr.


Gunter decided


publish


the results of this study,


if permission


to do so could


obtained


from


owners


wells.


The


owners


very


generously


granted


this


permission.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The preparation of the final report was made possible through


assistance


and


kindness


numerous


persons.


thanks


are due


Mr. Herman


Gunter for


his kindness and never fail-


ing interest during the progress


this


study.


obligated


to Dr. T. Wayland Vaughan for
comments on the large foramini-


fera and to


Drs.


Stephen-


and


reading
Helen
ined m


C.
the


Jeann


any


minifrn. 1


Wythe


Cooke


manuscript.
e Plummer


the


FHr


smaller


comments


Mrs.
exam-
fora-
Swere


FIGURE


Location


wells


Port


- -


I.n S ' --


Ohio State


University


son


'w i


,s.





FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


All the specimens mentioned in this bulletin are filed in


Florida
ception


Geological Survey


few


specimens


Museum at Tallahassee,


used


comparison.


with


the ex-


Notation


depository


these


will


be found


on the explanation


plates.


PORT


ST.


JOE


TEST


WELLS


AND


These


wells were drilled by the Layne-Central


Company


Memphis,


Tennessee


for the


city


Port


Joe,


Gulf


County,


Florida,


in search


water-bearing


zones.


The


elevation


well mouth


each


well


is about


5 feet above


water


bay.
Ray


All the samples are cuttings as cores were not taken.


Hudson,


field


superintendent,


and


.R.


Gait,


Mr.
city


manager,


furnished


samples


and


data.


concerning


wells.


Five


samples


were


submitted


from


test


well


, starting


surface


and


extending


a depth


104


feet.


The


total


depth


penetrated


by the


well


was


114


feet


(W-289)


Test well


was


drilled


a depth


1037


feet.


Brackish


water


was


encountered


and


this


well


will


not


used.


The


samples represent the interval from


a short


were


not


section


between


available


911
88).


975


feet


1035
from


feet,


which


except for


samples


STRATIGRAPHY


The


lithologic


formations
character


penetrated


shown


by test wells


Figure


3 and


The


and


their


combined


sections


present


a picture


stratigraphic


succession


depth


of 1035 feet.


RECENT


AND


PLEISTOCENE


The


with the


Recent and


information


Pleistocene


obtained


epochs


from


could


these


not


wells.


separated


Although


. W





STRATIGRAPHY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


LOGS


PORT

PORT


TEST


ST. JOE. GULF


WELL


CO., FLORIDA


WELL


WELL


no soamp.s


Broken


Green/sh-grey.
/rmorinif'era/ mar/


0/asr gres cAry
Pcaw/s, wh//e.As5fa*y/Cs mrta*r


Whlhe. rav-om'n//era/


mrr/l


9ss///'ntrws


/vwos,

Porous


formirwomero/l


mrar/


/osshf7lerous /limes/o


While.


frvwx w/V/.6sz,/'/ferocs


Wb/ White,

Cream
marl


Whi/e. shghf/y
*cr nm/ni/ero/


f/hbie,


marl
soqy


torbwmnifero/ ar/l


I/mes/rwn


crayr'nwn/hro/


orenaceous
mar/


no sonto/as


While


i/trneswM


* a-


17- ]


She//s


white,


limesn is


, crom-colored


forarmi/nifero/


loss i/ferous


- ccdrore


gauconibce
Il//wrwe


(0ossri/iferos


.///wflsw


/03J5


/osr///ervos


a


...






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL SURVEY--BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


PLIOCENE
The Pliocene is represented by only two samples, covering


the interval from 114 to


(114-130 feet)


145


feet.


contains numerous


a considerable number of Bryozoa.


The first of these samples
broken shell fragments and
A number of the Bryozoa


were submitted
tional Museum.


Dr. R. S. Bassler of the


United States Na-


The following is a quotation from his letter


will first report that this assemblage of species


doma


d'Orbigny,


denticulata


Conrad


and


umbellata,


De-


france)


is unfortunately found in all of the rocks from Miocene


to Recent times.


These species commence growth usually around


a sand grain


so they indicate


that


sort of


a sea


bottom,


but


for stratigraphic purposes they are only useful in recognizing
the Miocene or younger rocks.'1


The second sample


(130-145


feet)


contained a number of


foraminifera.


The fauna suggests the one described from


Waccamaw formation" rather


than


that of


Caloosahatchee


marl.3


MIOCENE


Choctawhatchee


formation.


The


contrast


lithologic


character between


the material from


the first Miocene sample


(145-171 feet)


and that from the samples representing younger


epochs is most striking.
formation is dominantly


feral


marls


with


some


The Miocene to the top of the Tampa


composed


beds


of greenish-grey


olive-green


clay.


foramini-
Occasional


phosphate pebbles are encountered.
Foraminifera are scarce in the upper samples representing


the Choctawhatchee.


However, sufficient number of foramini-


fera occur at the depth of 145-171 feet to assign definitely this
sample to the Miocene, especially when the litholoeic chance is


(Cupularia






STRATIGRAPHY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


of Buff Bay, Jamaica.


It occurs in


the Miocene of the


Domini-


can Republic, Mexico and probably in the Miocene of Venezuela.


is interesting


samples


from


note


coast


that this
Florida i


species


Occurs


depths


water


Recent


from


-100 fathom


The largest specimens are all from 100 fathoms


or less,
more.
water i


although


This


which


specimen


suggests


have


been


maximum


Choctawhatchee


found


and


deposition


to 350


minimum
took place.


fathoms


depth


Foraminifera increase in abundance in


succeeding sam-


ples, but the first large fauna is not encountered


until


the depth


of 235-257 feet.


Mansfield


and


Ponton"


have


divided


Choctawhatchee


into five zone


Cushman and Ponton" have listed and


the foraminifera found in


these zones.


described


present study


attempt wa


made to recognize these zones.


Inasmuch as the sample at 235-257


feet had


the first abun-


dant


fauna,


probable


species


zone


a definite


repre


'different


decision


ented.


from


could


Though


that


reported


made
range


concerning


a study


various
outcrop


samples and many of the species are apparently so rare that they


do not appear in large samples of


cuttings, it is evident that the


well


had


penetrated


Area


zone


Choctawhatchee


tween 235 and 257 feet.


Thi


conclusion was strengthened by finding in the


ample at


278-300


feet Plectofrondicularia


floridana


Cushman


and Sipho-


generina lamellata Cushman,


two striking and


easily recogni


species
found


confined


i


species


Operculinoides


been


Area


zone.


tuxpanensis


reported


Tuxpan formation


this


same


(Thalmann.


date only from


(Miocene)


sample


Although


type


and adjacent areas in


was
this


locality


Mexico


it should make a


valuable index fossil in


the Miocene of Florida.


Associated


with


the


above


- V -1 wr -- -.- -


was


Textularia


warren


i Cush-






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


is confined


the Shoal River formation.


Though


it is


danger


ous


base


that the top of
above 300 feet.


a decision


the Shoal


n a single
River was


species,


penetrated


probability


by the drill


just


Mansfield


and


Ponton8


give


thickness


Choctaw-


hatchee from


surface outcrops as 135 to 150 feet of which 55 feet


is occupied


by the Arca zone.


The


thickn


of the


Choctawhat-


chee in the well under discussion is approximately that given for
surface measurements.


Shoal


River


Formation.-The


lithologic


character


the


section assigned to the Shoal River is similar to that of the over-


lying


Choctawhatchee.


Foraminifera


are


present


throughout


this portion of the section, but more abundant in certain


than


samples


others.


The


Oak


Grove


sand


was


not


recognized


this


well.


present,


may


represented


sample


from


384


406


feet


was


, at


which


dominantly


depth


clay.


there


is a lithologic


change.


This


Though it yielded a considerable


sample
number


of foraminifera, diagnostic Oak Grove


species could not be found.


Chipola


Fornmation.-At


406


feet,


drill


encountered


white,


porous


limestone,


in which


fossils


are


very


poorly


preserved
specimens


and


are


hard


Amphistegina


obtain.


were


However,


recovered


rather


which


to be Amphistegina chipolensis Cushman and Ponton


numerous
e thought
The pres-


ence


this


species


and


change


lithologic


character


sufficient indication to warrant the statement that the well pene-


treated


Chipola


formation


this


depth.


469-490


feet,


fragments of Sorites


were found.


Sorites sp.


has been found


Chipola


and


Tampa.


Tampa Formation.-At 616-637


feet,


a few specimens were


recovered


which


are


referred


Archaias


floridanus


(Conrad)


Sp----_-_ _ J _- _


A -- L_ 2 _


*- _ 1 ___ __


II _1 11 -


rr _


J.~ *


w






STRATIGRAPHY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


with the introduction of a cream-colored marl at this


depth.


The


faunal


change, however,


unique.


Abundant specimens


Miogypsinac


were


found


associated


with a species of Operculinoides.
0. forresti Vaughan and Cole, M.


These have been identified


hawkinsi Hodson and M


zuelanat


Hodson.


The Miogypsinae


were described from


Oli-


gocene-Miocene
scribed from tl
hawkinsi from


fauna


Venezuela'
Oligocene c


many


while


localitie


middle


Antigua.


Venezuela
Oligocene


Gravell"


was


report


associated


age.


with


Inasmuch


the exact range of M


hawkin


is still


doubt,


indications


are


that


this


species


is confined


Oligocene,


although


may range


upward


Miocene


contact.


At 859 to 870 feet, specimens of a Heterostegina were found


which resemble H


texanac Gravell and Hanna.


At 890 to 911 feet, another species of Miogypsina was found.


This species is the same as that referred to Miogypsina cf.


zrreg-


ularis


(Mich.)


Barker an'd


Grimsdale.'"


Hanna and


Gravell3


figure a specimen from a core from


the Gulf Refining Company


No.


2 Pascagoula


well


located


Section


. 3S


7W


George County, Mississippi,


which is identical with the specimens


found in


this


well.


As will be pointed out under the description


species,


this


form


represents


new


species


which


name M


gunte


given.


Again


975


1017


feet,


specimens


were


found


which


could


assigned


gunteri,


sp.,


but


associated


with


Heterostegina which seem


to be identical with H


texana Gravell


and Hanna.


these Miogypsina have an entirely different type


of preservation from that of those found at 890 to 911 feet,


do not represent cavings from


they


that depth.


The


last


sample


(1017


-1035


feet)


furni


shed


a few


peci-


- a- a -


vene-


Lepilocyclina


Operculinoides






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


Cushman


as both


microspheric


and


megalospheric


individuals


were


found.


The


other


is undoubtedly


undosa


Cushman


though


only


two


broken


.specimens


were


found


from


which


was


difficult


make


satisfactory


preparations.


The


paleontological


evidence


from


700


feet


bottom


of the well


(1035 feet)


is such that this portion may be referred


Oligocene


into


various


without


formations


question,


not


but


division


practicable


present


this
time


with the information at hand.


It is probable, however,


that the


maj or
stone."


portion


this


section


represents


Suwannee


lime-


After


stone,


studying


Mansfield"


mollusks


states


"The


found
fauna


the
the


Suwannee
Suwannee


lime-
lime-


stone, as a


whole, lived during the latter part of the


time repre-


sented by the Flint River formation."
Cooke'" correlates the Flint River formation


with the Chick-


asawhay


nation


marl


(Leeward


member


Islands)


Byram


and


marl,


Meson


Antigua


formation


for


(Mexico)


The


apparently


upper


portion


equivalent


Oligocene


section


this


Heterostegina-Miogypsina


well
zone


charted 1
authors"


Hanna


state


and Gravell."


terms


a recent


Miocene


and


article,


Oligocene


same


must


used in the Gulf Coast,


we believe it more logical to consider the


Heterostegina


zone


and


associated


beds


, the


Chickasawhay


and


associated beds


and the


Vicksburg and associated beds as Oligo-


cene


, rather than part Oligocene and part Miocene."


The


writer


agrees


with


views


expressed


Mansfield,


Cooke and Gravell and Hanna


with


the exception of the correla-


tion


Meson


of the


Flint


formation


River formation


Mexico,


and


as shown


associated


beds


with


correlation


the


table


presented


Cooke.'"


The


Meson


contains


abundant


specimens






STRATIGRAPHY


OF TWO DEEP WELLS IN FLORIDA


of Lepidocyclina parvula which has been considered to date to
be confined to the middle Oligocene.
The information obtained from this well in conjunction with
the available known ranges of the larger foraminifera suggests
that the Meson is older than the Heterostegina-Miogypsina zone.
The writer believes that the last sample of the well represents


a formation


which


will


eventually


found


the equivalent of the Meson formation.
The writer20 described a fauna of larger foraminifera from


near Duncan Church


, Washington County, Florida, and assigned


the beds which contained this fauna to the Glendon.


Cooke, in


a personal communication to the writer, states that at present


he correlates these beds with the Suwannee limestone.


As this


fauna contains Lepidocyclina super which is characteristic of


the Byram marl,


Cooke


is undoubtedly


correct.


Although


present well was studied in great detail, none of the species re-
ported from near Duncan Church were found, except L. undosa


Cushman.


The


relationship


Duncan


Church


fauna


those in the present well cannot be stated with the information
at hand.


COMPARISON


WITH


OTHER FLORIDA


WELLS


The nearest well to the Port St. Joe wells on


which a de-


tailed study
Gas and Oil


ville,


Calhoun


has


been made is


Company


County.


the one drilled


by the


Calhoun


about half a mile northwest of Clarks-
The record is not entirely satisfactory


and this well should be restudied


(W-7).


Mossom"' in interpreting the stratigraphy of this well gives


the following


0-20 feet, Pliocene and Pleistocene; 30-100 feet,


upper


Miocene


100-180


feet,


Alum


Bluff


group;


180-600,


the formations between the base of the Chipola and top of the
Ocala.






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


Another


interesting


paleontological


record


needs


checking.


Cushman"


reports


occurrence


Miogypsinc


panamensis Cushman from a depth of 852 feet in the well drilled


at Marathon


on the


Florida Keys.


a description


or figures


were


not


doubt.


presented, tV
Sis entirely


specific


possible


identification


that


these


must


specimens


remain


from


the


Marathon
ent well.


well


represent


one


species


found


the


pres-


Besides


other


to-date


present


from


which


record,


the


Miogypsina


Marathon


has


been


well


reported.


only
De-


tailed study would


undoubtedly show that


this genus


is present


in many


of the wells


which have


penetrated


the Oligocene.


PALEONTOLOGICAL


RECORD


Port


Joe


Test


Well


130


-145


feet


Textularia gramen d'Orbigny
mayor Cushman


Brady


lamarckiana d'Orbigny
Globulina gibba d'Orbigny
Elphidium incertum (Williamson)


m (Cushman)
(d'Orbigny)


(Reuss)


ainne)


carinata


var tepida


d'Orbigny


Cushman.


sterigerina


Amphistegina gibbosa d'Orbigny
Globigerina triloba Reuss


(d'Orbigny)


Planulina ariminensis 'd'Orbigny


concentricus


lobatulus


(Cushman)


(Walker and Jacob)


. -I *I .r *


Quinqueloculina fusca H.


fimbriatulu
poeyanum
Rectobolivina sp.


Reussella spinulosa
Rotalia beccaria (L


Anomalina edwardsiana


Cibicides


.J





STRATIGRAPHY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


171-192 feet


Textulariella barrettii


Nonion pizarrensis


(Jones and Parker)


Berry


Elphidium fimbriatulum


Planulina depressa (d
Globorotalia menardii
Cibicides concentricus


(Cushman)


['Orbigny)
(d'Orbigny)
(Cushman)


192-213


feet


Identical with 171-192 feet


213-235


feet


Pseudarcella arenata Cushman


(Reuss)


ian)


Valentine


C


235-257


feet


Robulu


amerwcanus
americanus


Lagena clavata
Nonion gratelou


Nonion piz
Nonionella
Elphidiumn


'arrens
auris


fimbrit


(Cushman)
(Cushman)


var.


sptnosus


d'Orbigny
pi (d'Orbigny)


(Cush-
man)


is Berry


(d'Orbigny)
ztulum (Cushman)


Virgulina punctata d'Orbigny


Reussella spinulosa


(Reuss


Uvigerina peregrina Cushman


Angulogerina


occidentalis


(Cushman)


Discorbis candeiana


Eponides antillarum


Cancris


sag'


Cassidulina


(d'Orbigny)


var


bullata Cushman


and Ponton


(d'Orbigny)


ra (d'Orbigny)
crassa d'Orbigny
laevigata d'Orbigny,


Orbulina universe d'Orbigny


Globorotalia menardii


Cibicides


(d'Orbigny)
(Cushman)


(Cushman)


nOr9 n f7


E! _L


rns~I S rnnr


Reusella spinulosa


Siphonina pulchra Cushman
Cibicides floridanus (Cushnr


Dyocibicides


biserialis Cushman and'


var. carinata Cushman


concentricus


floridanus


wj -X v







FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY--BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


278-300 feet


Spiroplectammina gracilis (von MY
Gaudryina (Pseudogaudryina) a
Robulus americanus (Cushman)
americanus (Cushman),


vaughani (Cushman)
Frondicularia sagittula Vanden


Siphogenerina lamellata Cushman
Discorbis floridana Cushman


Eponides antillarum (d'Orbigny)
lateralis (Terquem)
Cancris sagra (d'Orbigny)
Cassidulina laevigata d'Orbigny,
Orbulina, universe d'Orbigny


[uenster)
tlantica

var. sVi'


Broeck


(Plate


S


(Bailey)

nosus (Cush-
man)


figure


var. carinata Cushman,
'


Glob orotalia menardii (d'Orbigny)
Cibicides concentricus (Cushman)
floridanus (Cushman)
300-342 feet
Nothing diagnostic


342-364 feet
Textulari

Gaudryin
Robulus


*


ia foliacea Heron-Allen and Ea
occidentalis Cushman
a. (Pseudogaudryina) atlantica
americanus (Cushman)
americanus (Cushman), var s;


rland,


var.


(Bailey)


mnosus


vaughani (Cushman)
Guttulina irregularis (d'Orbigny)
Globulina aibba d'Orbigny


(Cush-
man )


Nonion pizarrensis Berry
Operculinoides tuxpanensis (Thalmann)
Plectofrondicularia floridana Cushman
Buliminella elegantissima (d'Orbigny)
Bulimina buchiana d'Orbigny
Virgulina punctata d'Orbigny
Loxostoma gunteri Cushman


9


#






STRATIGRAPHY


OF TWO. DEEP WELLS IN FLORIDA


Amphistegina lessonii d'Orbigny
Cassidulina crassa d'Orbigny
Orbulina universal d'Orbigny


Cibicides concentricus
floridanus ((


(Cushman)
Cushman)


406-425


feet


Amphistegina chipolensis Cushman and Ponton
469-490 feet
Sorites sp.
490-512 feet


Sorites sp.


616-637 feet


(very abundant)


Archaias floridanus


(Conrad)


700-721 feet
Operculinoides forresti Vaughan and Cole
Miogypsina hawkinsi Hodson
venezuelana Hodson


feet


Amphisorus sp.
859-870 feet
Heterostegina texana Gravell and Hanna
870-890 feet
Heterostegina texana Gravell and Hanna
890-911 feet
Miogypsina gunteri Cole, n. sp.
975-996 feet


(very abundant)


996-1017 feet
Heterostegina texana Gravell and Hanna.
Miogypsina gunteri Cole, n. sp.
1017-1035 feet
Heterostegina texana Gravell and Hanna.


Lepidocyclina


(Lepidocyclina) parvula Cushman
(Eulepidina) undlosa Cushman


807-828


Amphisorus sp.


In







FLORIDA-


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


CRANBERRY


WELL


NO. I


S.E. COR. S.W.5 N.E.W SEC.15


, T.5N., R.9W.


JACKSON CO.. FLORIDA


SUr/ace


Sobobs


Seo level
(no saompne
Afrenaceous


GbrAco-r.i


she//


G/ny.ar
/j/>/<


inM -e*be wed w/n
/A'tn sJads/ones


Oense.
j -- A


A s/- I


IflieTOWi


DeAnsaeyw^yy/
ash-yn7, s/&h///r
nnotacnws $ haks

Cooarvc, obrk
grye bssrkvezws
in wowCt shah's


6nj, cbo/4y
-

Sands


Grey. cha/ky
Shales


Grey,. e gro'tned.
m/c ceous, s/ight /y
/4n4/fi/C g/aucon/itc
sonon'sfc n rberdade c


grey


s/w/es


O mtoceouJs. of/en
/&n'//c sha/es.
i/n far- ob'eofro *v./
gwy, mr- o'sd/um-
gyravfed sovo'sf tana


limes fone


I@*-i,


cho/ky


shoale


IP1


Limestone


JSone
/rognwn/s


enaceous
shl/e;


1 1 IPl'






STRATIGRAPHY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


The set of


samples


complete


from


210


feet


5022


feet


at which depth the well was abandoned on July


most of the samples are cuttings,


1936.


32 cores were submitted.


While
These


cores
285).


furnished


an excellent


check


cutting


samples


STRATIGRAPHY
The groups and formations encountered with their lithologic


characteristics are shown


on Figure 3.


The four main


divisions


of the Eocene are represented,


but the data


not warrant the


separation


certain


these


Upper Cretaceous is represented


groups


into


by the Selma,


formations.


Eutaw and


The
Tus-


caloosa


formations


which


well


end


EOCENE


Ocala


limeston


e.-Although


samples


were


not


submitted


first


200


feet


this


well,


there


little


question


that


this portion should be assigned to the Ocala limestone ; reference


geologic


map of


Florida."8


indicates


that


township


which


well


was


drilled


underlain


Ocala


except


extreme


southern


portion.


Below 20 feet of


surface sand


, the driller's log records


"hard


and


soft


cavernous


lime"


a depth


210


feet.


This


section


is assigned


the Ocala limestone.


The


first


sample


from


200


220


feet is


composed


soft


limestone fragments and subangular quartz grains,


but


with-


diagnostic


fossils.


CLAIBORNE


GROUP


The succeeding sample from 220 to 240 feet is


composed al-


most


entirely


large


foraminifera.


These


represent


three


genera.


The most abundant is Operculinoides sabinensis


(Cole),


but


numerous specimens


LepHoeyclina


(Polylepidina)


gard-


nerae Cole were also


found.


Associated


with


these,


there are a






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


formation concerning the age of the type locality of this species,


probably


Crockett formation


Cook


Mountain.


Below 310 feet the samples are composed of medium coarse,


sub-angular


quartz


grains,


rather


large


grains


dark


green


glauconite and


broken


shell fragments.


Foraminifera


were


not


present.


This


characteristic


lithology


changes


708-730


feet.


WILCOX


GROUP


The


driller'


indicates


that


a marked


lithologic


change


was


encountered


723


feet.


point


sandy


shale


and


shale


was


penetrated


drill.


Examination


sample


(708-730 feet)


indicates that the shale is strongly lignitic.


From


776


lignitic shales


1406


with


feet,


varying


samples


amounts


contain


sand


fragments


without


fossils


far a


could be observed.


This


section is apparently non-marine.


Salt Mountain Limestone.-At 1406 feet a limestone was en-


countered.


Examination of the sample from


this


depth revealed


that


while


certain


others


fragments


were


dense,


were


extremely


non-fossiliferou


siliferous
limestone.


limestone


Certain


these


fragments


limestone


had


grains


glauconite


scat-


tered


through


them.


extreme


interest


was


discovery


broken
ments.


specimens


of the genus Discocyclina in


Unfortunately


state of


some of


preservation


was


the frag-


such


that


entirely satisfactory thin


sections


could


not


prepared.


thin


sections of
identificati


sections


Discocycli
)n of this


which


were


prepared,


were encountered.


Discocyclina


several


Though


is practically impo


vertical
specific


sible


with


the material at ha:
specimens are D.


However,


various features suggest that certain of the


cookei Vaughan.


presence of Discocyclina in a limestone below


Wilcox


suggests


immediately that


this


limestone





STRATIGRAPHY


OF TWO DEEP


WELLS IN FLORIDA


Salt


group


Mountain


liraestone


between


occupies


Tuscahoma


place


sand


and


within


Wilcox


Nanafalia


for-


nation."

The base of the Salt Mountain limestone is encountered at


1600 feet.


Although the section between 1406 and 1600 feet may


be definitely assigned to the Salt Mountain limestone,


the data


at hand do not warrant the separation of the interval from 723


1406 feet into definite formations.


Nanafalia Formation.-Immediately


below the Salt Moun.


limestone,


cutting


samples


carry


small


foraminifera,


although they are not abundant.


A core taken at 1672-79 feet


does not yield much paleontological information.


This core rep-


resented a greenish-grey, fine-grained, compact slightly


arena-


ceous shale with minute grains of glauconite and small flakes


of mica.
factorily.


It was very refractory and did not break down satis-
The washed portion contained a few calcareous fora-


minifera and ostracods of the type encountered in the cuttings
immediately above and below.

A core taken at 1761-68 feet, however, contained an excel-


lent fauna of undoubted upper Midway age.


The lithologic and


paleontologic evidence from these cores indicates that the base


of the Nanafalia formation and the


top of the Midway


occurs


between 1679 feet and


1761


feet.


Inasmuch as the driller's


log indicates a change of lithology


at 1726 feet, this depth has been chosen as the base of the Nana-
falia formation.


MIDWAY


GROUP


Though the determination of the top of the Midway is un-
satisfactory, it is the best estimate which can be given with the


information at hand.


Without more cores and more information


tain






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY--BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


Two i
Rzehakinac


interesting
epigona


species were
(Rzehak) has


found
been


Midway


reported


date


cores.
only


from


Cretaceous


strata


foraminifera


Cretaceous,


genus
lowest


may


America.


states


Cushman


range


lowest Eocene


now


Eocene


definitely


North


in his
genus:


The


established


as high


text-book


"Upper


range of
as from


this


America.


Associated


with


Midway


specie


both


cores


was


Globorotalia membranacea.


(Ehrenberg)


. This species is one of


the characteristic


species of the


Vela


co shale of Mexico.


Muir"


has recently stated


that the name


Velasco, shale should


be aban-


doned in favor of the Tamesi formation, apparently without rea-


son


and


in opposition


rules


priority


Although


the ex-


posure


around


Velasco


on the


Mexican


National


Railway


may


not be a
cannot 1


satisfactory as


considered


beds designated by


as sufficient


reason


Muir,


that fact


abandoning


name


Velasco which not only has priority but is also well under-


stood by all


workers in


Mexican geology.


Another


species


which


should


mentioned


Globigerina


triloculinoides


with


Plummer.


The


Cushman.


writer


these


compared


two


this


seemed


species
identical


the slides were sent to Mrs.


Plummer,


who reports as follows


"G.
and


velascoensis and


perhaps


could


However, for those


correlations
problems of
that some


another
Midway.


without


without
who deper


much


argument


regard


are
be


on species as


other


very


close


combined.


such


aspects


correlation, it might introduce a hazard in
might automatically believe that here is


strong


plea


synchroneity


Velasco


and


Such a conclusion may be right, but I am not


inclined yet to


agree.


Certain consistent differences seem to mark G.


from


- -


trloculinoides


even


though


they


velas-


may


velascoensis


triloculinoides


coensis


Europe.""


_


b


,





STRATIGRAPHY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


the peripheral
minute arc of


outline


shows


the fourth


show such a curve.


has
more


fully


three


and


T


a faint


chamber,
'he whorl


one-half


on frequent tests.


location


due


but many tests


of G.


chambers


fail


triloculinoides


even


a little


I believe for the


two


present it will


names."


wise


to retain


Thalmann'"


has


stated


that


Velasco


foraminifera


more closely connected with forms occurring in


the Eocene than


in the


regarded


Muir


rather


Cretaceous.


His


being of lower


considers


than


Palaeocene.


micro-paleontologists


opinion


Tertiary


tentative


that
age.


age


quotes


support


this


view


Velasco


Vela


opinions


These


should


as Danian


various
opinions


need not be repeated here.
Though the evidence from the well under discussion is slight,


writer


inclined


regard


Thalmann's


stand


as the


more


logical.


UPPER


CRETACEOUS


The


first


Cretaceous


foraminifera


appear


cuttings


1934-1956


feet.


core


taken


1940-1943


feet


contains


typical
defined


Cretaceous


by the


fauna.


sample


The


between


1934


and


Cretaceous


1940


feet.


is thus
change


lithologic character was observed


driller


1937


feet.


This depth,


without doubt


marks the


top of the Cretaceous.


addition
covered


the core


from


two


mentioned


additional


above,


cores


splendid


2014-2017


fauna


feet


were


and


2047


2050 feet.


Ima


Formation.-The


faunas


from


these


cores


char


acteristic of the Taylor formation


nostic Navarro


foraminifera are


of Texas.


not. present,


Inasmuch


it is


as diag-


assumed


that


J. An


Midwav


this


area


rest


s directly


on a formation


which


- -


VL-A


k





* FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


Much


known


additional


outcrops


Foraminiferal


without


more


will
and


doubt,


exact
result


zones


study


Ripley
which


is needed


and


on the


Selma


well


recognized


correlations


through


Sandidge"


detailed


work


have
needs


foraminifera


well


established


Ripley


between


detailed


made


studies


preliminary
accomplished


and


and


eastern


this


studies
before


as from


Texas


Selma.
western


type.


but


from
cores.


will,


Thus,
Gulf


Cushman"1


much


more


certainty


trained in the use of micro-faunas.


Eutaw


Formation.-The


well


penetrated


fine-grained,


mi-


caceous


, slightly


glauconite


2879


carbonaceou


feet.


These


sandstones
sandstones


with


some


grain


mark


Eutaw.


After pa


ssing through


these


andstones


which


undoubtedly


represent in part the Tombigbee sand member,


ered a series of shales and


the drill encount-


sandy shales.


Tuscaloosa


Formation.-Even


with


a rather


complete


of cores


it is difficult to decide on


the position of the


top of the


Tuscaloosa.


The


most


logical


place


appears


be at


3454


feet


at the bottom of the shales and sandy shales which were assigned


to the Eutaw and above a zone of conglomeratic sandstone.


The


break between


these indicate


a marked change


condition


deposition.


The


Tuscaloosa


extends


from


depth


bottom


of the


well.


Though this section is assigned to the Tuscaloosa,


a reserva-


tion


must


made.


Monroe


and


Toler"'


their


description


the State Fee No.


sissippi,


assigned


2 deep
certain


below the Selma


test well


drilled in Hinds


beds


Trinity


(Early


encountered


Cretaceous)


County,


that
This


Mis-
well
cor-


relation was made solely on the basis of lithologic character.


The


lithologic


character


certain


portions


section


pnenounteried in


the Cranberry well below the Eutaw corresponds





STRATIGRAPHY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


Until


more


evidence


obtained


futile


speculate


garding


possibility


that


well


under


discussion


actually


penetrated t
kept clearly


Lower


mind


Cretaceous.


with


hope


However


that


this


additional


fact


must


data


future will solve the problem.


COMPARISON


THE


CRANBERRY


WELL


WITH


THE


CHIPLEY


WELL


A well drilled by the Chipley Oil
ink in NWI/A of the NW1/4 of Section


Company at Falling
27, Township 4 N.,


Water
Range


., Washington


County


Florida


is the


nearest


well


one
The


under


discussion


this


ments


had


well


which


was


?a number
opportunity


there


published


paleontologists


examining


is published


Mossom"


and


information.


with


stratigrapher


com-
who


samples


The most recent interpretation


the section


penetrated


well


has


been


given


Semmes


who


gives


following


interpretation:
FORMATIONS IN THE CHIPLEY WELL


Formation


Thickness


Depth


Alum


Bluff


Glendon
Marianna


limestone -..-.-.-.--


160'


185'


Ocala


limestone


Jackson (
Claiborne


Wilcox
Wilcox


190'
225'


Claiborne


185-
375-


600-


370'
650'
440'
350'


or Midway


Midway


970


375'
600'
970'


-1620'


1620-2060'
2060-2410'


Rinlev


- *- v






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETI N


SIXTEEN


addition


Semmes"


republished


a section


studied


in de-


tail by


Langdon" along the Chattahoochee river from


Columbus,


Georgia


formations


Alum


Bluff,


Florida.


encountered


Though


Chipley


the


and


thickness
Granberry


the


wells


vary


considerably


from


those


obtained


on the


surface


outcrop,


a summarized


table


is presented


below to


illustrate


the similar-


ities


and


differences.


THICKNESSES


ON


THE


OUTCROP


AND


THE


WELLS


Latngdon' s
Chattahoochee
Section


Ocala


Jackson
Claiborne
Wilcox -.
Midway ..


- - - -
- .


- -- -- - .
- - -.


30'
224'
402'
218'


Ch ipley
Well


190'
225'


370'
1090'
350'


Granberry
Well
210'


513'
1003'
210'


Ripley-Selma


Eutaw


1071'

345'


1060'

655'


942'

575'


Tuscaloosa


857'


1568'+


NOTE:--In the Granberry


Well,


the Ocala apparently rests directly


on the


Claiborne.


If the interval which is called Jackson in


the Chipley


Well


ness of the


considered


Claiborne,


Claiborne


it will


be observed


wells compares


that
very


thick-


closely.


- Ibid., pp. 309-314.
T E. A. Smith and others, "Report on
A1l fl.alnAwtnnl C..nnnwy A1\ O AAr.


the Geology of the Coastal Plain of Alabama,"
1QQ0






STRATIGRAPHY OF TWO DEEP WELLS IN FLORIDA


DESCRIPTION OF CORES FROM THE

CRANBERRY WELL 1.


Washed


Unwashed


1672-79' This core was very refractory.
The washed residue consist-
ed mainly of large fragments.
A few foraminifera and ostra-
coda were recovered.
1761-67' Foraminifera and some ostra-
coda.
1878'- Small shale fragments; con-
siderable number of foramin-
ifera.
1940-43' Small shale fragments, some
rounded quartz grains, abun-
dant foraminifera.
2014-17' Foraminifera; few subangular
quartz grains.
2047-50' Abundant foraminifera; con-
siderable fine quartz; Inocera-
mus prisms.
2885-88' Small, subangular grains of
quartz, some mica, glauconite
and carbonaceous material.
2971-74' Fine to medium sized sub-
angular quartz, shell frag-
ments, carbonaceous material.

2995-98' Fine subangular quartz grains;
few grains of glauconite; some
carbonaceous material, v e r y
few shell fragments.
3065-68' Fine subangular quartz; abun-
dant flakes of muscovite; con-
siderable quantity of lignite;
some shell fragments.
3193-97' Fine subangular quartz; abun-
dant flakes of mica and carb-
onaceous material.
3291-94' Small shale flakes; some
quartz; a few foraminifera.
3472-77' Fine to large, angular and
subangular quartz; some flakes
of carbonaceous material.


Greenish-grey, fine grained,
compact, slightly sandy shale
with some very small grains of
glauconite and flakes of mica.

Hard, dark grey, micaceous
shale.
Grey, brittle, slightly micaceous
shale.

Grey, slightly s a n d y, chalky
shale.

Dark grey, waxy, slightly mica-
ceous, fossiliferous shale.
Dark grey, fossiliferous shale.


Light grey, fine grained, mica-
ceous, carbonaceous sandstone
with some grains of glauconite.
Light grey, fine grained, shaly
sandstone with small amounts of
glauconite, carbonaceous mater-
ial and a few shell fragment.
Light grey, fine grained, shaly
micaceous sandstone.


Greyish green, slightly glauco-
nitic, strongly micaceous, lig-
nitic, fossiliferous sandstone.

Light grey, fine grained, strong-
ly lignitic, shaly sandstone.

Dark grey, slightly sandy shale.

Coarse grained sandstone, con-
taining pebbles up to 1A inch in
diameter and showing s ome
carbonaceous material.


Depths






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


Depths

3488-92'
3868-71'


Washed


Similar
Medium


some


to 3872-77.


sized


larger


quartz


grains


Similar


with
quartz;


Unwashed


to 3872-77.


Medium grained,


grey


with some white ash as


sand


tone


3902-05'


few flakes of lignite.
Poorly sorted, subangular grey


clear


quartz.


material.


Coarse,


grey


streaks of brown


sandstone


, slightly


with
ni ,"a-


ceous


clay.


3967-70'


Fine
shale


subangular


flake


quartz


abundant


Red to brown, micaceou


mica


carbonaceous,


sandy


, slight-


shale.


(muscovite and biotite.)


4044-48'


Medium
quartz;


grained,


some


subangular


mica and


lignite


Grey


ceous,


, medium


grained,


mica-


shaly sandstone.


fragments.


4082-85'


Fine


to medium


coarse',


poorly


sorted, subangular quartz.


4123-26'


4179-82'


Fine,
flakes


Medium
quartz.


subangular


quart


mica.


grained


subangular


Grey,
stone
Dark
ceous,
Grey,


slightly


micaceous


grey


mlcaceous


with
grey


sandy


medium


micaceous,


sand-


cement.


, carbona-


shale.


grained,


cemented


slightly


sand-


stone.


4262-65'


Fine


, subangular


clear


Mottled,


reddish


brown


mica-


brown


stained


quartz


flakes


ceous


, slightly


sandy


shale.


of mica.


4344-46'
4357-60'


4387-92'


Similar to 4262-65.


Grey,
sized
Fine,


subangular,


quartz;


flakes


subangular


medium-


mica.


ear


Similar
Grey,
ceous,


4262-65.


medium


grained,


cemented


Reddish, micaceous,


mica-


sandstone.


sandy shale.


brown.


4424-27'


stained


Subangular


quartz;
medium


mica.


sized


Grey


, medium


grained,


mica-


4701-04'


quartz;
Poorly
quartz;
pebbles


some


mica.


orte'd


subangular


some of the individual


reaching


ceous
Grey,


grained


ashy


poorly


sandstone.


cemented


coarse


sandstone.


a size


inch.


4752-55'


Poorly
quartz;
are %I


sorted,


some


inch in diameter


subangular


pebbles
: flakes


Grey,


coarse,


sandstone
streaks.


with


poorly


some


cemented


shale


- a.


-C -aa


cemert







STRATIGRAPHY


OF TWO DEEP WELLS IN FLORIDA


PALEONTOLOGICAL RECORD


Granberry


Well No. 1


Certain


small


foraminifera


were


selected


illustration


in order that a representative picture of the important markers
used in determining the various formations might be given. As


most of these are well known


, descriptions and synonymies are


not given.
Notation is made in the paleontological lists of the plate and
figure, if the species is illustrated.


220-240 feet and 240-260 feet.


Cuttings.


Operculinoides sabinensis (Cole)
Lepidocyclina (Polylepidina) ga


, figures 1, 6-8)


Discocyclina


(Discocyclina)


(Plate 12, figures 1


(Plate 5
rdnerae

rlintensis


, figures 1-7)
(Cole) (Plate


(Cushman)


These specimens are from


the Ocala and represent cavings.


1390-1412 feet.


Cuttings.


Discocyclina cf. D.
4, 5)


cooked Vaughan


(Plate 12, figures


1605-1759 feet.


Cuttings.


The base of the Salt Mountain limestone is encountered at


1600 feet. T
foraminifera.


'he sample from


1605


1627


feet contains small


The table on page 33 gives the various small fora-


minifera encountered in the cuttings between 1605 and 1759 feet.
A core taken at 1672-79 feet in the interval covered by the


table


(p. 33)


does not yield much


paleontological information.


This sample was a greenish-grey fine grained, compact, slightly
sandy shale with minute grains of glauconite and small flakes


of mica
torily.


It was very indurated and did not break up satisfac-


p


It contained a few calcareous foraminifera and ostracoda


of the type encountered in the cuttings.


1761-67 feet.


Core.


Bathysiphon sp.
A flttA \ rr ^%/^ti t n fl^hfl N f An nf fl I fl ltAn ^f I Il ff10 44%Y 1 1 l 1 9 \


I


}





FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY-BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


Saracenaria sp.
Ramulina sD.


Nonionella


Bulimina
and


turgida


welleri


arkade
Parker


Bulimina sp.
Valvulineria sp.


(Williamson)


(Plummer)
Iphiana, v
(Plate 1. j


C


(Plate


ar.
figu


(Plate


, figure


, figures


midwayensis


re


(similar to one in


Gyroidina, subangulata
Coleites reticulosus (P


14)

Texas


,8)


Cushman


Midway)


(Plummer)
summer)


Siphonina prima Ph
Pulvinulinella culter
ures 2, 3)


exzguat


Allomorphina


(H.


trigona


velascoensis


Glo bigerina


Lmmer
(Parker and Jones)


1. Brady)
Reuss
Cushman


(Plate


e fig-


Plummer


Plummer


velascoensis


Cushman)


Globoratalia
ures 4, I


Cibicides


membranacea


wilcoxensis


Cushman


(Plummer)


(Ehrenberg)


and


(Plate


(Plate


Ponton
1, figures


, fig-


,11)


1878 feet.


Core.


Eggerella
Dorothia g


trochoties


(Reuss)


(Plate


, figure


Rzehakina epigona
Quinqueloculina sp.
Hemicristellaria lo\


(Rzehak)


ngiforma


(Plate


(Plummer


figure 5)
Nodosaria longiscata d'Orbigny
radicula (Linne) (Plate


Flabellina


oldhami


Frondicularia sp.
Spiroplectoides clotho
Nonionella welleri (P


Bulimina
and


arkadelphiana,
Parker


(Plummer)


(Plate


(Grzybowski)
lummer)


var


Valvulineria allomorphinoides


Kflrtnwr^u nlsrvtntnf


(Pllmnvmna\


, figure 15)

9) (Plate 2,


figure


, figure


(Plate 2, figure 4)


midwayensis


Cushman


(Reuss)


psevdobulloides


triloculinoides


alleni


- - ^ _ _





DISTRIBUTION OF SPECIES BETWEEN 160 AND
1605- 1627- 1649-
1G27' 164WI T67


Bathyspkon sp

IfsmnstEullma. Longiffira (Plummer)
NorduQndia reiwida (Lm4n6)
Nonii ieaweii ert (Plummer)
Bsliiita sp
Bif/arm elegasla (Plummer)
Gyrodnol subnmgista (PIummer)
uia exm (H B Brady)
AdUomorpksma fngown Reuss
Chlstoamlla cldroidee RAeMs
GfoEipensi peaIuoS aid2zea Plummer
r fhaou disa Flamnme uer
GiotbrotIiwL wJlcoxens Cushman and
Ponton
cGloborotoJla nmmranceo (Ehrenherg)


x x x x
1
I





FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY-BULLETIN SIXTEEN.

Vaginulina legumen (Linnaeus)
Glandulina comata (Batsch)
Neobulimina quadrate (Plummer)
Eponides tenera (H. B. Brady)
Epistomina elegans (d'Orbigny)
Anomalina vulgaris (Plummer)
Cibicides alleni (Plummer)


1940-43 feet. Core.
Proteonina difflugiformis (H. B. B
Heterostomella americana Cushi ar
Eggerella trochoides (Reuss)
Nodosaria radlicula (Linne)
Nonionella cretacea Cushman
Giimbelina excolata Cushman
Ventilabrella carseyae Plummer
"Buliminella cushmani Sandidge (
Bulimina kickapooensis Cole, n. sp.
Uvigerina seligi Cushman (Plate
Gyroidina depressa (Alth)
Gyroidina alabamenis Sandidge
Pullenia americana Cushman
Globotruncana arca (Cushman)
Anomalina henbesti Plummer (Pl


2014-17 feet. Core.
Ammobaculites


Irady)
1


Plate


figure


figure


ate


figures


agglutinans (d'Orbigny)
stephensoni Cushman


Textularia sp.
Heterostomella americana Cushma
ures 11, 12)
Clavulina trilatera Cushman (Plate
Arenobulimina americana Cushman
Eggerella trochoides (Reuss)
Dorothia bulletta (Carsey)
Lenticulina sp.
Astacolus sp.
Dentalina aculeata d'Orbigny
cf. consobrina d'Orbigny
Flabellina rugosa d'Orbigny (Plate
Frondicularia archiaciana d'Orbigny
nr7nlA, fl*n- /P J I 0 .4


n


(Plate


fig-


3, figure






3, figure


S.
*1 tY~tlnv


U U





STRATIGRAPHY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


Bolivinoides


decorate


(Jones)


Pseudouvigerina cretacea Cushman


plummerae
Buliminella carseyae


Cushman
Plummer


Bulimina reussi Morrow


triangularis
figure:


Cushman


(Plate 4,


(Plate 4,


and


figure 3)


figure 2)


Parker


(Plate


Bolivina in
Loxostoma


ckapooensis
wrassata R<
plaitum ((


Cole,


euss (I
Sarsey)


Valvulineria allomorphinoides


Gyroidina depressa


(Alth)


n. sp
Plate


(Plate 3
i, figure


, figure
1)


(Reuss)


girastlana


globose
nitida


(Reuss)


(v. Hagenow)
(Reuss)


(Plate


, figure


subconica


coryelli


Globigerina


(Morrow)


White


cretacea


Globigerinella aspera
Glob otruncana area, (


d'Orbigny


(Plate


(Ehrenberg)
Cushman)


, figure


(Plate 4,


figure 5)


Stensitina


excolata


(Cushman)


Anomalina taylorensis Carsey


Karreria


2047


feet.


fallax
Core.


(Plate 3,


(Plate 3,


figures


figures


,3)


13, 14)


Rzehak


Ammobaculites
Textularia sp.


Gaudryina


agglutinans


(Pseudogaudryina)


Heterostomella americana


Clavulina


Marginulina
Nodosaria r


trilatera


bullata
adicula


Cushman


Reuss
(Linn6)


(d' Orbigny)


ellisorae


Cushman


Cushman


(Plate


, figure


Flabellina rugosa d'Orbigny
Lagena orbignyana Sequenza
Giimbelina excolata Cushman
plummerae Loetterle
pseudotessera Cushman


Ventilabrella
Bolivinoides


carseyae
decorate


Pseudouvigerina
ure 8)


Plummer


(Jones)


plummerae


(Plate 4, figure 9)


Cushman


(Plate


, fig-


Pullenia





FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY-BULLETIN SIXTEEN


Globigerina cretacea d'Orbigny
lacera (Ehrenberg
Glob otruncana area (Cushman)
Stensiiiina excolata (Cushman)
Anomnalina taylorensis Carsey


(Plate 4, figures 11,12)


3291


-3294 feet.
Gilmbelina E
Globigerina
Globotrunca


Core.
sp.
cretacea
na area


d'Orbigny
(Cushman)





STRATIGRAPHY OF TWO DEEP WELLS IN FLORIDA

DESCRIPTIONS OF SPECIES
Family CAMERINIDAE
Subfamily Camerininae

Genus OPERCULINOIDES Hanzawa, 1935


Operculinoides forresti


Vaughan


and


Cole


Plate 5, figures 8-13


Operculinoides forresti Vaughan and Cole, Proc.


U. S. Nat.


Mus., vol. 83, No. 2996, pp. 493-94, pi. 37, figs. 1-3, 1936.


Test small, completely involute,


thin,


compressed,


without


ornamentation


except


a small


umbo


and


trace of


septal


lines.


Diameter


from


outer


edge


aperture


through


center ranges from 1.5 to 1.7 mm., diameter at right angles to
apertural plane ranges from 1.7 to 2.1 mm.; thickness through


the center is about 0.5 mm.


The diameter of the central umbo


is about 0.25 mm.
A section of a specimen about 1.9 mm. in diameter has 3


coils
men


with


18 chambers in


final


evolution.


of approximately the same diameter


Another speci-


has 3 coils,


with 20


chambers in


the final


whorl.


The initial


chamber is circular


with a diameter of about 80 /L.


The second chamber is kidney-


shaped with dimensions of 40 p by 80 A.
The chamber walls are but slightly curved for most of their


length, radiating out at 90"


from the inner wall.


As they ap-


proach


the periphery,


they are sharply and strongly recurved,


so that the point of attachment of the chamber wall to the pe-
riphery is directly above the point that the preceding chamber
wall starts its recurvature.
The height of the chambers slowly and regularly increases


as the chambers are added.


The final chamber has a height of


about 0.6 mm.






FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY-BULLETIN SIXTEEN


Operculinoides


sabinensis


(Cole)


Plate 5, figures 1-7


Operculinella sabinensis Cole, Bull. Amer. Pal.,


56, p.


vol. 15, No.


6, pl. 2, figs. 5, 6, 1929.


Test small, completely involute, compressed, thickest in the


center, gradually thinning to a bluntly rounded periphery,


with-


out ornamentation except for traces of the septal lines. Diameter
from the outer edge of aperture through the center of average


sized specimens is about 2.1


mm.


diameter at right angles to


line through aperture of average sized specimens, about 2.4 mm.
The thickness of average sized specimens is about 0.7 mm.


A specimen


with diameters of 2.25


mm.


whorls with 19 chambers in the final coil


by 2.46 mm. has
another 2.9 mm.


by 3.3 mm.


has 4


whorls with


chambers in


the final whorl.


The initial chamber is circular, about 100


L inI


diameter.


The


second chamber is kidney-shaped with diameters of about 80 p.
by 120 iL.
The chamber walls are thin and slightly but evenly recurved


throughout their


length.


There is a


very gradual


increase


height of the chambers as they are added.


Granberry well No. 1,


first appearance at depths of 220-240


feet.


Horizon


Claiborne, middle Eocene.


The specimens from


this well are identical to the ones de-


scribed


from


Cooper'


Mill,


one


and


one-half


miles


south


Sabinetown,


Texas, except for size.


The type specimens have a


diameter of 3.6 mm.


The largest specimen in the present collec-


tion has a diameter of about 3.3 mm.


Operculinoides
fl~in-n


tuxpanensis


'i.


(Thalmann)


*4 A t


3- a. ann 'u *





STRATIGRAPH Y


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


test is slightly thicker in


the center


and


slopes


gradually


rather


narrow,


but


rounded


periphery.


The


smallest


specimen


in this collection has a diameter from


the outer edge of the aper-


ture


through


center


mm.


and


a diameter


right


angles to apertural plane of 1


mm.


the largest specimen has a


diameter from


the outer edge of the aperture through the center


of 2.3 mm. and a diameter


at right angles


to apertural


plane


2.6 mm.
2.6 mm.


The


thickness through


the center


a specimen


about


in diameter is 0.4 mm.


A section


a specimen


about 2.0 mm. in


diameter


has 31/2


coils


with 17


chambers in


final


evolution.


Another specimen


about 2.5


mm.


in diameter has 3%, coils with 21


chambers in


final


whorl.


The


initial


a diameter varying from


chamber
40 to 60


small


, nearly


circular


with


The chamber walls


are


gently


recurved


except


near


riphery where they are sharply recurved.


some of the cham-


ber walls are more strongly recurved
have an irregular appearance.


than


others,


the chambers


Port


Joe


well


first


appearance


depths


278-


300 feet.


Horizon


Choctawhatchee,


upper


Miocene.


These specimens are identical to those described by


Vaughan


and


Cole from


Tuxpan formation


of Miocene age of Mexico.


However,
placed in


name


proposed


synonymy under O.


Vaughan


tuxpanensis


and


Cole


(Thalmann)


must


as Thal-


mann's article appeared


while the one of Vaughan and


Cole


was


in press.


Although


spheric


specimen,


Thalmann


there


describes
no doubt


and


figures


but that


only


micro-


megalospheric


specimens
species. T
'Erun f l FlvT


described
'he feature
I-bn ainVnI


Vaughan


and


Cole


represent


same


are similar and the two suites of specimens


inn ali+ir






FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY-BULLETIN


the Meson of Mexico.


SIXTEEN


Figures are given of certain specimens as


follows:


Heterostegina


texana


Gravell


and


Hanna


(from


Meson


formation)


(Plate


figures


3-8.)


Heterostegina


Joe


test


well


texana


(Plate


Gravell
figures


and


Hanna


Plate


(from


Port


, figures


1-2.)


LOCALITIES


FOR


TABLE


PAGE


Horizontal


measurements


from


topotype


specimens


from


Long


Island, Antigua, B.


Thickness


measurements from


a specimen from


Man of War


Island, Antigua,


Thin


sections are


property


National Museum.


After


Gravell.


Specimens


from


about


kilometer


northeast


Pecaya


District of Democracia


Venezuela.


After


Gravell


Hanna.


Specimens


from


Company's


1-A Hamilton


well,


located


1400


feet


south


1400 feet east of


northwest


corner


Sec.


128,


Chambers


County,


exas


at depths


of 7336-7346 feet.


After Gravell and Hanna.


Same locality


as number 3


, except from


depths


7356-7366


feet.


Specimens


17-18.5


on the


from


Aguila


Meson


Petroleum


formation


Company


between


narrow-gauge


kilometer


posts


railroad


tween Potrero and Tanhuijo,


Mexico.


Port St. Joe test well Number 3 at depths of 870-890 feet.


Same


as number 6, except the depths are 1017-1935 feet.






SUMMARY


CHARACTERISTICS


OLIGOCENE


SPE CIES OF HE'


1. Heterostegina antillea 14.2mm. 3.9mm. 0.7-0.9mm. 0.25-0.35mm.
Cushman

2. Heterostegina panamensis 3.0mm. 0.75mm.
Gravel

I I I
3. Heterostegina israelskyi 14.25mm. 3.0mm. 10.35mm. 10.2mm.
Gravell and Hanna
I I
4. Heterostegina texana 4.4mm. 13.1mm.10.75mm. ]0.25mm.
Gravell and Hanna I

*

5. Heterostegina texana 4.2mm. 3.2mm. 0.6mm. 10.3mm.
Gravell and Hanna I


I I I
6. Heterostegina texana 13.3mm. 2.5mm. 10.76mm. 0.2mm.
Gravell and Hanna I
I I


Heterostegina texana
Gravell and Hanna


3.9mm.


3.2mm. 10.76mm.


0.44mm.


1/3 raised
sutures

umbona
boss an'
raised
costae
1/4 sutures
slightly
I raised
2/3 boss of
clear
shell ma
erial;
raised
sutures
1/3 boss of
to clear
/2 shell -ma
erial;
raised
sutures
2/3 slightly
raised
sutures


1/3


raised
sutures






FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY-BULLETIN SIXTEEN


Subfamily


Miogypsininae


Vaughan


Barker and Grimsdale" have recently demonstrated the pres-


ence of a canal-system in


Miogypsina.


certain representatives of the genus


It is obvious that such a discovery automatically


removes this group from the Orbitoididae.


Barker and Grims-


dale present evidence to show that the subfamily Miogypsininae
should be transferred to the family Rotaliidae.
It seems more logical to the writer to place this subfamily


under the family Carmerinidae.


This conclusion is based


on a


study of the relative forms of the tests.
Miogypsina is composed of a definite equatorial layer with
the lateral chambers and pillars developed on either side of the


equatorial layer.


In general plan, the test of Miogypsina is not


essentially


different from that of Spiroclypeus.


The subgenus


Miogypsznoides resembles


Cycloclypenus


in having thick


lateral


walls.


Miogypsina


(Miogypsina)


gunteri Cole, n.


Plate 6, figures 10-12, 14.


Plate 8, figures 1-9


Miogypsina, (Miogypsina) cf. irregularis Barker and Grims-


dale (not Michelotti), Ann. and Mag. Nat.


pp. 163-166, pi. 5,


figs. 4, 5, 7-10; pi. 7


Hist., vol. 19, Ser. 10,


figs. 2, 3, 1937.


Miogypsina


Hanna


and


Gravell,


Guidebook


the.


Eleventh Annual Field Trip of the Shreveport Geological Society,


6, figs.


,4, 1934.


Test compressed, ovate in plan, thickest over the embryonic.


apparatus


and


thinning


regularly


from


this


point


riphery.


The macrospheric form has a length of 1.44 to 1.6 mm.


and a


width of 1.27


1.5 mm.


thickness varies from


0.46 to


0.64 mm.


Surface of the test is ornamented by a series of mi-


nute papillae which completely cover it.


The average diameter


of these is 60 p..







STRATIGRAPHY


OF TWO DEEP WELLS IN FLORIDA


tend almost completely around the initial chambers in the form


of a partial spire.


These chambers gradually increase in length


as added until the fifth


to seventh


chamber after which


there


is a progressive


decrease


length.


The


distance


across


embryonic apparatus is about 0.34 mm.


The


equatorial


chambers


are


various


sizes


and


types.


Commonly


they


either


rudely


diamond-shaped


with


arcuate outer walls and pointed inner ends.


Their length ranges


from 80 to 120 and their width from 60 to 100 (4.


The thick-


ness of the equatorial layer is rather uniform, about 160 p..


The


lateral


chambers


not


definite


layers,


but


imbricately


laid


down


one above


the other.


There are from 3


to 4 layers on either side of the equatorial chambers.


The lateral


chambers have a length of about 80 u and a height of about 20 g.


The roof of the lateral chambers is usually arcuate.


Pillars are


irregularly present.


Port St. Joe well T.


, first appearance at depths of 890-911


feet.


Horizon: Suwannee limestone, upper Oligocene.


Cotypes:


Fla.


Geol.


Surv.


Cat. Nos.


S2501-S2504.


M. gunteri differs from M. irregularis in possessing a more


definite coil


chambers


surrounding


initial


embryonic


chambers.


M. irregularis has very strong pillars with the lateral


chambers arranged in


regular


tiers


between


pillars.


The


vertical sections of M. gunteri are considerably different in that
the pillars are weak, irregularly developed and the lateral cham-
bers tend to overlap.


Miogypsina


(Miogypsina)


hawkinsi


Hodson


Plate 7, figures 5-7







FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY-BULLETIN SIXTEEN


ber


both


has


diameters


chambers


about


is about


160


mm.


x 240


The


The


distance


distance


these


across
chainm-


bers from the periphery i


about 0.3 mm


There are a few inter-


mediate chambers surrounding the embryonic chambers.


The equatorial chambers


are normally


diamond-shaped,


but


other
trial


types


may


chambers


observed.


140


Common


Sby


The


diameters
thickness


equa-
equa-


trial layer including the roof and floor walls is


120


The


rather


lateral


regular


chambers


tiers.


The


are


open,


length


distinct
Le lateral


and


arranged


chambers


varies


from 60 to 100 j with an average height of 30 .


There are about


4 chambers


on either


side


equatorial


layer.


Pillars


present with a surface diameter of 60 to 80


Port St.


Joe well T


3, first appearance at depths of 700-721


feet.


Horizon


Suwannee limestone


, upper


Oligocene.


These specimens are identical


with


those


described


Mrs.


Hodson.


Recently,


which


Thiadens'"


he assigned


published


show


this


has


figured


species.


characteristics


The


specimens


vertical


staufferi


from


sections


Koch


Cuba
which
rather


than M


hawkinsi.


Miogypsina


(Miogypsina)


venezuelana


Hodson


Plate


, figures


Plate


, figures


1-4.


Plate


, figure


Miogypsiza


venezuelana


Hodson,


Bull,


Amer


Pal.


vol.


No.


,pp.


29-30


,pl.


8, figs.


3-6, 1926.


Test


surface


compressed,


ornamentated


fragile,


p.


small


ovate


wedge-shaped


papillae,


spaced


plan,


relatively


11







STRATIGRAPHY


OF TWO DEEP WELLS IN FLORIDA


The distance from the periphery of the test to large embryonic


chambers is about 0


mm.


The initial chamber is nearly circu-


lar with a diameter of about 180 u.


The second chamber is sub-


spherical with diameters of about 120 g by 180 u.


The distance


across both chambers varies from 0.28 to 0


mm.


Surround-


ing the embryonic chambers,


there is a


partial


ring


inter-


mediate chambers,
larger chambers.


composed


4 small


chambers and


4 or


The


equatorial


chambers


rudely


diamond-shaped,


but


some


vary from


this form.


Average chambers


have a length


of 140 1 and a


width of 80 u.


The thickness of the equatorial


layer including the roof and floor walls is about 120 /t near the


embryonic


chambers.


becomes


slightly


thinner


riphery is approached.
The vertical section shows 3 or 4 layers of lateral chambers


on either side of the equatorial layer.


The lateral chambers are


in rather definite tiers with pillars equally spaced between the


lateral


chambers.


The


length


lateral


chambers


varies


from 100 to 120 M.


20 It.


The height of the lateral chambers is about


The pillars have a surface diameter of about 60 ,.


Port St. Joe well T.


, first appearance at depths of 700-


721 feet.


Horizon:


Suwannee limestone,


upper


Oligocene.


The extremely compressed form of the test in relation to its


size


serves


separate


this


species


from


other


American


species of Miogypsina.

Family BULIMINIDAE


Subfamily


Bulimininae


Genus BULIMINA d'Orbigny


1826






46 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY-BULLETIN SIXTEEN

Plummer has convinced the writer that the specimens from the
Granberry well 1 represent a new species, but that this species
is identical with those figured by Cushman from the upper Tay-


lor under the name B.


quadrata.


Therefore, the writer proposes


the name Bulimina kickapooensis, n. sp., for this form, designat-


ing Cushman and Parker's
mens were collected from


specimens,


the types.


These speci-


the branch of Kickapoo Creek,


1200


feet south of public road, 1.8 miles northwest of Annona, Red
River County, Texas.
Family ORBITOIDIDAE
Subfamily Orbitoidinae


Genus LEPIDOCYCLINA


Giimbel, 1868


Subgenus Lepidocyclina Giimbel, 1868


Lepidocyclina


(Lepidocyclina)


parvula


Cushman


Plate


, figures


Lepidocyclina


parvula


ton, Publ. 291, p. 58, pi. 3,


Cushman,


figs.


Carnegie


Inst.


Washing-


1919.


Lepidocyclina (Lepidocyclina) parvula


Miscell.


Coll.,


vol.


No.


Vaughan, Smithson-


16-17,


, figs.


1-5;


8, figs 3-5; pi. 9, figs. 1-4; pi.


10, figs. 1-6, 1933.


This


species


has


been


well


described


that


additional


comments are not needed here.
spheric individuals were found.


Port St. Joe well T.


Both megalospheric and micro-


3, first appearance at depths of 1017-


1035 feet.


Horizon


middle Oligocene.


Subgenus Polylepidina


Vaughan,


1924


Lepidocyclina


(Polylepidina)


gardnerae Cole


Plate 9


, figures 1-10; Plate 10, figures 4-5


--


- -


7 s 5 / Wa v v 2 L I A


1


I I


i m JI -- ii L n







STRATIGRAPHY


TWO


DEEP


WELLS


FLORIDA


synonymy


under


proteiformis


Vaughan,


illustrations


thin


sections


figs.


made


1-3)


from


gardnerae


topotype


(P1.


specimens


, figs.


antillea


, 10


(P1.


, fig.


and L.
so that


mens


6 miles
signed


proteiformis


(Plate


direct comparisons


from


south


Granberry
f Brewton


, figures


may
well


6-9)


made.


and


from


n Escambia
illustrated.


presented


Besides
a well


County


these,
drilled


here


speci-
about


, Alabama,


Comparison


gardnerae
differences


with


horizontal


those


between


and


vertical


proteiformis


these


species.


thin
once


First,


sections


shows


marked


embryonic


paratus of L. gardnerwae is in


the form of a distinct spiral,


while


that of


proteiformis


is an indistinct


spiral


composed


two


large chambers with smaller accessory


chambers


often


only two


in number


, arranged


sides


larger


initial


cham-


bers.


Second


two


initial


chambers


embryonic


paratus


gardnerae


much


smaller


than


those


proteiformis.


Third,


vertical sections of


gardnerae show


very
very


irregularly


thick


roofs


developed


and


and


floors,


arranged


while


lateral


lateral


chambers
chambers


with


proteiformis


paratively


are


thin


rather


roofs


regularly


and


floor


arranged
Fourth,


tiers


with


gardnerae


com-
pos-


sesses


more


and


heavier


pillars.


Fifth,


megalospheric


specl-


mens are smaller and have. a more inflated


test than


do average


sized specimens of


proteiformis.


gardnerae and L. antillea are closely related


specie


there
forms


seem
into


be sufficient characters


two


distinct


species.


separate


Equatorial


readily


these


sections


nearly identical that the slight differences shown are not worthy


comment.


However,


vertical


sections


show


marked


dif-


ferences


and


these


a magnitude


which


warrant


specific


aic U t i *n Ut ''1lh n4n


gardnerae,


||I |,| | |l |I


Si I





FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY-BULLETIN SIXTEEN


of L.


gardnerae are relatively small and irregularly spaced


even


strong
regular


central
pillars


increase


portion


regularly


in the


test,


spaced.


thickness


while


Third,


antillea


there


the equatorial


possesses


is a slight,


but


layer


periphery


is approached


gardnerae,


but a


very


rapid


pansion


the


equatorial


layer


peripheral


zone


char-


acteristic of L.


antillea.


Granberry well,


first appearance at depths of 220-240 feet


also a few specimen


Brewton,


Escambia


from a


well


drilled


County, Alabama,


about 6


at depths


miles south of
If 766-786 feet


19).


Horizon


Claiborne


middle


Eocene.


Subgenus
Lepidocyclina


Eulepidina H.
S(Eulepidina)


Douvill6
undosa


1911


Cushman


Plate


figures


Lepidocyclina


undosa


hman


, Carnegie


Inst.


Washington


Publ.


291


, pl.


, fig.


1919.


Lepidocyclina


(Eulepidina)


undosa


Cole,


Jour


Pal


No.


, figs,


10-11


-14,


1934.


Although


species


were


only


two


recovered,


fragments


there


slight


forms


doubt


referred


but that they


this
rep-


resent this species.


Port


Joe


well


, first appearance


depths


1017


1035 feet.


Horizon


middle


Oligocene.






























PLATES 1-12






PLATE


Miocene


and


Midway


Foraminifera


Figure 1


of a specimen from Port St. Joe test well


depth of 270-300 feet.


3 at a


Figures


14 of specimens from


Granberry well


1 from a


core at a depth of 1761-1767


feet.


Figure
Figures


Figure 14,


125


from


Miocene


; from the Midway
from the Midway


FIGURE


Siphogenerina lamellata


Cushman


Pulvinulinella cuiter (Parker and Jones)
Pulvinulinella culter (Parker and Jones)
Globorotalia membranacea (Ehrenberg)
Globorotalia. membranaceca (Ehrenberg) ;


ventral view.


dorsal


ventra
dorsal


view.
view.


view.


Ammobaculites midwayensis


Plummer.


Nonionella


welleri


(Plummer)


side


view.


Nonionella welleri (Plummer)


opposite side of the same


specimen.


Nonionella turgida


Cibicides alleni


Cidici:les alleni


(Williamson)


(Plummer)
(Plummer)


side view.


dorsal view.


ventral


specimen.


view


same


Lenticulina degolyeri


(Plummer)


side view.


A mmobaculites expanses Plummer


Bulimina


midwayy


arkadelphiana
ensis Cushman


Cushman


and


Parker


3und


Parker,


var.






iLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY


BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


, PLATE


- nfl. -






FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


BULLETIN SIXTEEN, PLATE 2







PLATE


Midway and Selma Foraminifera

All Specimens from the Granberry well 1.


Figures


specimens


from a core


the Midway


at a depth of 1878 feet.
Figures 9-10, 12, 14 of specimens from a core in the Selma
at a depth of 1940-1943 feet.


Figures 1:
2014-2017 feet.


from


a core


Selma


depth


All figures,


X 75


, except figures 12,


14 which are


125.


FIGURE


Globorotalia wilcoxensis Cushman and Ponton


side view.


Globorotalia


wilcoxensis


Cushman


view of another specimen.


and


Ponton


: dorsal


Bifarina elegant
Spiroplectoides cloi


(Plummer)
tho (Grzybowski)


Hemicristellaria longiformu


Eggerella trochoide
Nodosaria radicula
Flabellina oldhami


(Plummer)


r (Reuss)
(Linnaeus)
(Plummer)


Anomalina henbesti Plummer
Anomalina henbesti Plummer


specimen.


dorsal view.


ventral


view


another


Frondicularia clarki Bagg
Uvigerina seligi Cushman


Gyroidina girardana


(Reuss


side


view.


Buliminella cushmani Sandidge.


7yp, JEI)I/ oln/r n>nr


(P Rohnir\







PLATE 3

Selma Foraminifera


All specimens


of 2014-2017


are


from


Granberry


well


a depth


feet.


All figures, X 75.
FIGURE


Bolivina incrassata Reuss.


Stensiina excolata


(Cushman)


dorsal


view.


Stensiioina excolata (Cushman)


ventral view of the same


specimen.


Giimbelina excolata Cushman


side view.


Bulimina kickapooensis Cole, n. sp.
Flabellina rugosa d'Orbigny.


7, 8.


Ventilabrella


carseyae


Plummer;


side


view


showing


stages of development.


Giimbelina plummerae Loetterle.


Gilmbelina globulosa


(Ehrenberg).


Heterostomella


Heterostomella


americana.


amertcana


Cushman


Cushman;


end


side


view


view


other specimen.


Anomaltina taylorensis Carsey; dorsal view.


Anomatli na taylorensis Carsey
specimen.


ventral view of the same


Clavulina


trilatera


Cushman.





FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY


BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


PLATE


IR





FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY


BULLETIN


SIXTEEN








4


PLATE


." S l






PLATE


Selma


Foraminifera


All specimen


from


the Granberry well


2017


Figures
feet.


specimens


from


a core


a depth


2014-


Figures
2050 feet.


specimens from


a core


at a


depth


of 2047-


All figures,


, except figures


8 which are


125.


FIGURE


Bulimina


Buliminella


triangularis


carseyae


Cushman
Plummer


and


Parker.


Pseudouvigerina cretacea


Globigerina


Cushman


cretacea d'Orbigny


Globigerinella aspera


(Ehrenberg)


Rzehakina sp.


Pleurostomella subnodosa


Reu


Pseudouvigerina


Bolivinoides
Marginulina


plummerae


decorated


bullet a


Cushman


(Jon


Reuss


Globotruncana area
Globotruncana area


(Cushman);
(Cushman)
(Cushman),*


dorsal
ventral


view.
view.


rPw,









PLATE


Figures


a depth of 220-240 feet.


specimens


from


Granberry


well


Figures 8-21


of specimens from


the Port St. Joe test well


8-13, at a depth of 700-721 feet; 14-17


feet


18, 19, at a depth of 1017-1035 feet


870-890 feet.


Figures 1-3,


at a depth of 342-364
; 20-21, at a depth of


8-10,


Figures


4-7,


15-21


13.5.


Figures 12,


13, X 36.5.


FIGUuE


1-7.


Operculinoides sabiueUHis


three specimens
verse sections.


, 5,


(Cole)
median


external view of


sections;


trans-


8-13.


Opercu il.idCs


eternal
tions:


view


forrestit


Vaughan


three specimens


,transverse section.


Cole;


, 12,


8-10,


median


sec-


14-17.


18-21.


Operculinoides


view of two specimens;
transverse section.


(Thalmann)


external


median sections;


Hetcrostegima. texana. Gravell and Hann a


18, 21, median


sections; 19,


20, transverse sections.


tulm(XpatCniC' tsiS


and





FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY


BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


, c
* .


SPLATE,


M






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


BULLETIN


SIXTEEN


PLATE 6


4. -


,
-
.+., y ,' 'T6
.." f ,.1 ..


nf


m







PLATE


Figures


well
feet
feet


, 13,
1, 12


9-14


a depth


specimens
870-890 fe<


from
et: 2.


at a depth of 700-721 feet;
,14, at a depth of 996-101


7


the
at (


Port St.


lepth


10, at a depth
feet.


! 996-1017
of 890-911


Figures 3-8


specimen


from


Meson


kilometer posts 17-18.5 on the Aguila Petroleum Company's nar-
row-gauge railroad between Potrero and Tanhuijo, Mexico;


collection


of W


Cole.


Figures
Figures


, 9-14


13.5.


FIGURE


1-8.


Heterostegina


ternal


view


texanac


ornamentation;


lospheric


Gravell


a


five specimens


5-7,


individuals


transverse


with
well


section


specimens


median


nd
to


Hanna;
illustrate


section


, microspheric


3-8,
from


figured f(
the Port


surface


mega-


individual;
comparison


Joe


test


9, 13.


Miogypsina


ternal


(Miogypsina)


view


two


venezuelana


Hodson


specimens.


10-12, 14.


Miogypsina


(Miogyps na)


gunteri


Cole,


11, 14, external view of six specimen


, 14,


embryonic
reflected 1


paratypes;
chambers oj


ight.


12,
two


; 10,


equatorial
specimens


sp.; 10,
cotypes;


layer an'd
viewed by


[61]


, 2,


, 6,


test


Joe


formation


between








PLATE


All specimens from the Port St. Joe test well 3 at a depth
of 700-721 feet.


Figure 1,
Figures


13.5.


, X


36.5.


FIGURE


1-4.


Miogypsina


(Miogypsina )


venezuelana


Hodson


1-3,


equatorial sections, showing embryonic apparatus and


equatorial


chambers;


vertical


section


lospheric individual.


a mega-


5-7.


Miogypsina


(Miogypsina)


hawUkinsi Hodson; 5,


section of a megalospheric individual


vertical


7, equatorial


sections, showing embryonic apparatus and equatorial
chambers.


[62]





FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY


BULLETIN


TEEN,


PLATE






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


BU LLETIN


SIXTEEN,


PLATE 8







PLATE


Figures


1-9 of


specimens from


the Port St.


1, 2, 5, 6, at a depth of 890-911 feet; 3,


996-1017


Joe


test


well


,7-9, at a depth of


feet.


Figure 10 of a specimen from Rancho Abajo, Mexico; col-


election of W


S. Cole.


All figures X 36.5.


FIGURE


Miogypsina,


cotypes;


1-4,


sections;


spheric individual;


, 4,


) gunteri Cole,
, paratypes; 1-4,


megalospheric


5-8,


individuals


sp.; 1, 2,
, equatorial


micro-


vertical sections.


Miogypsina (Miogypsinoides) complanata Schlumberger,
t. Barker and Grimsdale; equatorial section introduced


for comparison.


[65]


(Miogypsina






PLATE 9.


Figures


6-8 specimens from


the Granberry well 1,


at a


depth of 220-240 feet.


Figures


miles


.S.


south
Cole.


Sabinetown


specimens
Texas.


from


Cooper 's


Topotypes


Mill


collection


Figures


7 of specimens from a well drilled 6 miles south


of Brewton, Escambia
feet.


County, Alabama,


at a depth of 766-786


Figure 1
Figures ;
Figures


36.5.


13.5.


FIGURE


1-10


Lepidocyclia


nal view;


(Polylepidina )


gardnerae Cole;


exter-


6, equatorial sections of megalospheric in-


dividuals, showing embryonic apparatus and equatorial


chambers
dividuals
dividual.


vertical
equatorial


sections
1 section


megalospheric
microspheric


[66]






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


BULLETIN


SIXTEEN,


PLATE 9


-
/ <;*..< * 9; ;'1*ttJA
1.2'/ '' 1 '** i
,: I Cp' l


kr.


"B'









rS
*I


/I




FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


3 6
[68]


BULLETIN SIXTEEN, PLATE 10





PLATE 10.


Figures 1-3 of specimens from U. S.


Bartholomew.


Museum


National Museum


Cat. No.


Topotypes


collection


S. National Museum Cat. No.


Cat. No.


497950.


497949; 3,


Geol. Survey Loc. 6897,


National


497951; 2, U. S.
National Museum


Figure 4 of a specimen from Cooper'


Mill


1.5 miles south


of Sabinetown


, Texas.


Topotype


collection of W


Cole.


Figure 5 of a specimen from a


of Brewton


well


drilled


6 miles south


, Escambia County, Alabama, at a depth of 766-786


feet.


Figures 5-9 of specimens from 0.5 kilometers southwest of


Palma


Sola,


Vera


writer by Dr. T.


Cruz,


Mexico.


Wayland Vaughan


Topotypes,


presented


collection of W


Cole.


Figures
Figures


X 36.5.


, 6-8, X 13.5.


FIGURE


1-3.


Lepiclocyclina


(Polylepiclina)


antillea


Cushman


vertical sections; :
spheric individual


1, megalospheric individual
; 3, equatorial section of


micro-


a megalo-


spheric individual.


4-5.


Lepidocyclinc a


(Polylepidina)


gardnerac e


Cole;


equa-


trial


section


calcite-filled


specimen,


which


sembles
antillea


state


preservation


encountered


vertical section, showing the irregular dis-


tribution of lateral chambers, the thick roofs and floors
of the lateral chambers, and the weak development of
pillars.


6-9.


Lepidocyclina


(Polylepidina)


proteiform is


Vaughan


vertical section


7-9, equatorial sections to illustrate the


embryonic apparatus which is very different from that
of L. gardnerae or L. antilhea.






PLATE 11.


Figure


Palma


Sola


1 of


Vera


a specimen


Cruz,


from


Mexico.


kilometers southwest of


Topotype,


presented


writer by


Wayland Vaughan


collection of W


Cole.


Figures


2-8 of specimens from the Port St.


Joe test well 3;.


, at a depth of 1017-1035 feet


Figure 1,
Figures '
Figure 4,


at a depth of 700-721 feet.


170.


36.5.


X 13.5.


FIGURE


Lepidocyclina


(Polylepidcina)


portion of the vertical section,


proteifornis


Vaughan


illustrated on pl. 10,


fig.


6, greatly enlarged to show the stoloniferous apertures.


2-5.


Lepidocyclina


(Lepidocyclina)


parv ula


Cushman


vertical sections;


megalospheric individual


microspheric


individuals


equatorial


section


megalospheric individual.
Lepidocyclina (Eulepidina)


6-7.


andosa Cushman


equatorial section illustrating equatorial
vertical section.


6, portion
chambers;


Miogypsina


(Miogypsina)


venezuelana


Hodson


equa-


trial section of a microspheric individual.










[70]






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY


BULLETIN


SIXTEEN,


PLATE


II





II


'1'













2


* *-
*v *, .-/


*aI
9 A


rll






FLORIDA


GEOLOGICAL


SURVEY


BULLETIN


SIXTEEN,


PLATE


: Y








ep
-
A


*'t *''





PLATE


Figures 1-5 of specimens from


at a depth of 240-260 feet


the Granberry well 1


, at a depth of 1390-1412 feet.


Figure 6 of a specimen from
at a depth of 342-364 feet.


the Port St. Joe


test well 3


Figure 1


Figures 2, 3,
Figures 4, 6,


X 36.5.
13.5.


FIGURE


1-3.


Discocyclina (Discocyclina ) flintensis (Cushman)


ternal view ;
Portions of a


4-5.


equatorial section;


thin


section showing


, vertical section.
Discocyclina cf. D.


cookei Vaughan; 5, an enlargement of the largest speci-
men in fig. 4.


Textulariella barrettii


(Jones and Parker).


[73]






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