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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Letter of transmittal
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 Introduction
 Geology
 References
 Back Cover














Geology of Wakulla County, Florida ( FGS: Bulletin 60 )
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00000239/00001
 Material Information
Title: Geology of Wakulla County, Florida ( FGS: Bulletin 60 )
Series Title: ( FGS: Bulletin 60 )
Physical Description: vii, 46 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Rupert, Frank
Florida Geological Survey
Publisher: State of Florida, Dept. of Natural Resources, Division of Resource Management, Florida Geological Survey
Place of Publication: Tallahassee
Publication Date: 1988
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Geology -- Florida -- Wakulla County   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by Frank Rupert and Steve Spencer.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management:
The author dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001530554
oclc - 19907527
notis - AHE3936
System ID: UF00000239:00001

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Letter of transmittal
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
        Page vi
    List of Tables
        Page vii
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Geology
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
    References
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text
STATE OF FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Tom Gardner, Executive Director
DIVISION OF RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Jeremy A. Craft, Director
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Walter Schmidt, State Geologist
BULLETIN NO. 60 GEOLOGY OF WAKULLA COUNTY, FLORIDA
BY
Frank Rupert and Steve Spencer
Published for the
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Tallahassee
QE 1988
99
.A3
n. 60
c. 2
\




STATE OF FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Tom Gardner, Executive Director
DIVISION OF RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Jeremy A. Craft, Director
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Walter Schmidt, Sfafe Geologist
BULLETIN NO. 60 GEOLOGY OF WAKULLA COUNTY, FLORIDA
BY
Frank Rupert and Steve Spencer
Published for the
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Tallahassee 1988


DEPARTMENT OF
NATURAL RESOURCES
BOB MARTINEZ Governor
Jim Smith Secretary of State
Bill Gunter Treasurer
Betty Castor Commissioner of Education
Bob Butterworth Attorney General
Gerald Lewis Comptroller
Doyle Conner Commissioner of Agriculture
Tom Gardner Executive Director


LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
Bureau of Geology August 1988
Governor Bob Martinez, Chairman Florida Department of Natural Resources Tallahassee, Florida 32301
Dear Governor Martinez:
The Florida Geological Survey, Division of Resource Management, Department of Natural Resources, is publishing as its Bulletin No. 60, Geology of Wakulla County, Florida, prepared by Frank Rupert and Steve Spencer. This report fulfills a need for information on the stratigraphy of Wakulla County, which is fundamental to ground-water resource investigations and land use planning. Information on mineral resources is also presented, along with data helpful to other agencies, planners, and the citizens of Florida.
Respectfully yours,
Walter Schmidt, Ph.D. State Geologist and Chief Florida Geological Survey


Printed for the Florida Geological Survey
Tallahassee 1988
ISSN 0271-7832


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Introduction....................................................................... 1
Purpose.........................................................................1
Location and Extent...............................................................1
Previous Investigations............................................................1
Maps...........................................................................4
Well and Locality Numbering System................................................4
Metric Conversion Factors.........................................................4
Geology.......................................................................... 4
Geomorphology..................................................................4
Marine Terraces................................................................7
Woodville Karst Plain............ ..............................................7
Lake Munson Hills...........................................................10
Wakulla Sand Hills...........................................................10
River Valley Lowlands........................................................10
St. Marks River............................................................10
Wakulla River.............................................................11
Coastal Marsh Belt..........................................................11
Apalachicola Coastal Lowlands.................................................11
Ochlockonee River Valley Lowlands............................................11
Sopchoppy River and Lost Creek...............................................12
Sinks........................................................................ 12
Springs......................................................................12
Indian Springs..............................................................12 ..
Kini Spring.................................................................12
Newport Spring.............................................................12
Panacea Mineral Springs................................................'.....13
River Sink Spring............................................................13
Wakulla Springs.............................................................13
Spring Creek Springs.........................................................19
Stratigraphy.................................................................... 19
Paleozoic Erathem.............................................................19
Mesozoic Erathem.............................................................23
Cenozoic Erathem.............................................................23
Tertiary System.............................................................23
Paleocene Series..........................................................23
Upper Paleocene Wilcox Group
Undifferentiated.......................................................23
Eocene Series.............................................................24
Lower Eocene Wilcox Group Undifferentiated................................24
Middle Eocene..........................................................24
Avon Park Formation...................................................24
Upper Eocene...........................................................25
Ocala Group..........................................................25
Oligocene Series..........................................................26
Lower Oligocene........................................................26
Suwannee Limestone..................................................26
Miocene Series............................................................28
Lower Miocene..........................................................28
St. Marks Formation...................................................28


Hawthorn Group Torreya Formation.....................................30
Middle Miocene.........................................................30
Bruce Creek Limestone.................................................30
Intracoastal Formation.................................................30
Pliocene Series...........................................................33
Upper Pliocene..........................................................33
Jackson Bluff Formation................................................33
Pleistocene and Holocene Series............................................33
Structure.....................................................................33
The Peninsular Arch.........................................................33
The Apalachicola Embayment.................................................34
The Chattahoochee Anticline..................................................35
The Gulf Trough.............................................................35
The Ocala Platform..........................................................35
Groundwater..................................................................35
The Floridan aquifer system...................................................36
Potentiometric Surface.......................................................36
Mineral Resources........ ....................................................36
Clay.......................................................................36
Limestone..................................................................38
Sand ...................................................................... 38
Phosphate..................................................................39
Peat.......................................................................40
Heavy Minerals..............................................................40
Petroleum..................................................................40
References.......................................................................41
FIGURES
Figure Page
1 Map showing location of study area........................................2
2 Index to topographic map coverage of Wakulla County........................3
3 Well and locality numbering system........................................5
4 Marine terraces of Wakulla County.........................................8
5 Geomorphic map of Wakulla County........................................9
6 Wakulla Mastodon recovery, Wakulla Springs, 1930 .......................... 14
7 The Wakulla Mastodon skeleton..........................................15
8 Cross section of the Wakulla Cave (Olsen, 1958)............................. 16
9 Block diagram of the Wakulla Springs conduit system........................17
10 East-West diagrammatic stratigraphic section in Wakulla County..............20
11 Geologic cross section location map......................................21
12 Geologic cross section A-A'..............................................22
13 Geologic cross section B-B'..............................................23
14 Geologic cross section C-C..............................................24
15 Geologic cross section D-D'..............................................25
16 Geologic cross section E-E'..............................................26


17 Structure contour map of the top of the Suwannee Limestone..................27
18 Structure contour map of the top of the St. Marks Formation...................29
19 Columnar section, W-16053, National Forest No. 1 Core.......................31
20 Columnar section, W-16020, Mackery No. 1 Core.............................32
21 Principal subsurface structures of north Florida.............................34
22 Potentiometric surface map of the Floridan aquifer system in Wakulla County .... 37
TABLES
Table Page
1 Wells cited in this study...................................................6
2 Sieve analyses of sand samples...........................................39


figwilHI auitWCE LIBRARY
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
3 1262 05552 5975
BUREAU OF GEOLOGY FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Walter Schmidt, Chief Peter M. Dobbins, Admin. Asst. Alison Lewis, Librarian
Jessie Hawkins, Custodian Sandie Ray, Secretary
GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS SECTION
Thomas M. Scott, Senior Geologist/Administrator Jon Arthur, Geologist Jim Jones, Draftsman
Paulette Bond, Geologist Ted Kiper, Draftsman
Ken Campbell, Geologist Jacqueline M. Lloyd, Geologist
Cindy Collier, Secretary John Morrill, Core Driller
Joel Duncan, Research Asst. Albert Phillips, Asst. Driller
Richard Howard, Laboratory Tech. Frank Rupert, Geologist
Richard Johnson, Geologist Frank Rush, OPS Lab. Tech.
OFFICE OF MINERAL RESOURCE INVESTIGATIONS
AND
ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY SECTION
J. William Yon, Senior Geologist/Administrator David Allison, Research Asst. Ron Hoenstine, Geologist
Melissa Doyle, OPS Draftsman Ed Lane, Geologist
Roger Durham, Research Asst. Steve Spencer, Geologist
Mike Weinberg, Research Asst.
OIL AND GAS SECTION
Brenda Brackin, Secretary Robert Caughey, Prof. Eng. Joan Gruber, Secretary Scott Hoskins, Geologist
L. David Curry, Administrator
George Heuler, Research Asst. I Barbara McKamey, Secretary
Pete Parker, Geologist Joan Ragland, Geologist
Charles Tootle, Engineer
A31262055525975A


DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
This public document was promulgated at a total cost of $3,261.15 or a per copy cost of $4.35 for the purpose of disseminating geologic data.