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Group Title: Fishes of the St. Johns River, Florida.
Title: Fishes of the Saint Johns River, Florida
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Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Fishes of the St. Johns...
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Collecting localities
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
    Fishes
        Page 31 (MULTIPLE)
        Page 32
        Page 33
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    Literature cited
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Fishes of the St. Johns River, Florida
MARLIN E. TAGATZ

THE St. Johns River watershed has an area of approximately
8,350 square miles. The headwaters are about 50 miles north of
Lake Okeechobee and 15 miles inland from Florida's east coast.
From there, the river flows northward 260 miles to the vicinity of
Jacksonville, and then swings eastward for about 25 miles before
emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. Tidal influence extends as far
upstream as Lake George, 115 miles above the mouth. Salinity
varies greatly in the lower reaches, but south of Jacksonville it is
normally less than 1 o/oo.
This system is of particular interest because of the extent to
which marine forms penetrate the strictly fresh waters in the river's
upper reaches. Such fishes as Archosargus probatocephalus, Sciae-
nops ocellata, Micropogon undulatus, Pogonias cromis, Lutjanus
griseus, and Dasyatis sp. have been found far upstream. As a re-
sult, the so-called primary-division freshwater fishes, i.e., those
fishes that are intolerant of salt water (Myers, 1938, 1951), often
occur together with various marine species.
The St. Johns estuary is a nursery area for the young of many
marine fishes that spawn in the ocean, and also is a feeding and
spawning area for various adult marine fish. Spawning popula-
tions in the river consist of species that are anadromous, those that
extend their breeding range into the river, and some that have
established isolated resident populations in the fresh water.
The abundance of marine fishes beyond the zone of brackish
water (salinity of 5 o/oo or less) probably is due to the configura-
tion of the river and to the presence of moderate traces of salt in
its upper reaches. Many tributary creeks and large coves along
the lower 25 miles of river provide areas of intermediate salinity
where fish can undergo gradual transition from salt to fresh water.
Odum (1953) stated that the main reasons for the extensive move-
ment of marine forms into the St. Johns system appear to be the
abundance of calcium chloride in the water and the presence of
the salt springs that drain into the river. Salinity actually increases
with distance upstream between Palatka and Lake George from
the discharge of a number of these springs (Beck, 1965).
The boundary between brackish and fresh water, which moves








26 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

back and forth from its usual location in southern Jacksonville, de-
termines the upstream or downstream penetration of many species.
The following selected salinity readings indicate the effect of tidal
stage and runoff on the vertical and horizontal location of brackish
waters. In October, at low tide, salinity in the channel, 29 miles
upstream, was 0 o/oo at the surface and 4.6 o/oo at the bottom; at
high tide, it was 10.2 o/oo at the surface and 10.9 o/oo at the bot-
tom. Salinity on the channel bottom normally is greater than that
at the surface. Freshwater fishes rarely occur downstream of the
boundary between brackish and fresh water, and, conversely, marine
forms that cannot tolerate fresh water seldom occur upstream of
the boundary. For example, Ictalurus catus and I. punctatus were
the only freshwater forms collected at salinities above 1 o/oo (up
to 9 o/oo).
The abundance and size of many fishes changes seasonally with
temperature. Gunter (1945) stated that the temperature cycle was
more definite than general salinity changes and was chiefly respon-
sible for the seasonal movements and other recurrent activities of
marine fishes in Texas. The occurrence in the St. Johns of marine
forms that reach the northern or southern limit of their ranges off
northeast Florida is particularly dependent on favorable seasonal
temperatures.
Various scientists have contributed to knowledge of the fish
fauna of the St. Johns River, particularly since the turn of the cen-
tury. The first comprehensive checklist of Florida fishes included
112 species from the St. Johns, of which 28 were found only at the
mouth (Evermann and Kendall, 1900). Fowler (1945) included
a number of records from the system in his study of fishes of the
southern Piedmont and Coastal Plain. The most extensive study
was a 10-year investigation by McLane (1955), who provided an
annotated list of the species known to occur in the St. Johns drain-
age, but excluded those forms found only near the mouth. Of the
118 forms he reported, 52 are strictly freshwater species. Some of
McLane's data (collected in 1953) were from a long-term study of
the exploited fish populations of the river (Moody, 1961). Carr
and Goin (1959) reported the occurrence of certain marine species
in the St. Johns in their guide to the freshwater fishes of Florida.
Briggs (1958) summarized the ranges of St. Johns River fishes in
his checklist of Florida species.








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


From April 1961 to November 1963, the seasonal occurrence of
fishes in trawl and seine collections was noted during a study of
the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) in the St. Johns River by the
Bureau of Commercial Fisheries. Capture of fish was incidental
to the "random" or regular sampling of juvenile crabs. The num-
ber and size range of many of the fish collected from 10 to 135
miles upstream were summarized and a complete checklist was
prepared.
A 70-foot seine having a funnel-shaped bag 15 feet long (net,
%-inch, and bag, 5/32-inch stretched mesh) and an 8-foot trawl
(net, %/-inch, and bag, /4-inch stretched mesh) were used to obtain
nearly all of the fish. Specimens of Sphyrna lewini were obtained
from commercial fishermen.
At the time of each collection we determined surface salinity
in parts per thousand (hydrometer readings corrected for tempera-
ture) and surface water temperature in degrees centigrade. All
salinity readings beyond 30 miles upstream were less than 1 o/oo
and were recorded as 0 o/oo.
Specimens in each sample were identified, counted, and meas-
ured in the field. Representative individuals from almost all col-
lections were preserved in 10 per cent formalin and sent to the
Florida State Museum, Gainesville, Fla., for identification and in-
clusion in its collection of fishes. Lengths of fishes with forked
tails were measured from the tip of the snout to the caudal fork;
those with nonforked tails were measured to the tip of the longest
caudal ray. Fork lengths were taken in preference to other meas-
urements because of the ease and speed with which they could be
obtained.
COLLECTING LOCALITIES
Collections were obtained from 12 localities or stations that were
assigned letters from A to L according to distance upstream (Fig.
1). Fish from tributary streams (stations A, C, E, and F) were
captured 1 to 3 miles from the mouth of the tributary. Specimens
from the main river and from Lake George (stations B, D, and G
to L) were taken in the channel and adjacent waters.
The various stations represented different types of habitat. The
bottom material at stations C, E, and F was muck; at all others it
was firmer mud and sand. Bottom vegetation was most dense at
stations H and I where it consisted of coontail-moss (Ceratophyllum









28 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES


Fig. 1. Location of the 12 collecting stations, A to L, in the St. Johns
River.









TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


sp.) and eelgrass (Vallisneria sp.). The maximum depths were 6
feet at station C, 11 feet at F and K, and more than 20 feet at all
other stations.
The following is a complete list of collections, numbered con-
secutively by station and date. Data for each station are given in
the order: year, collection number (in parentheses), month and
day, surface salinity (o/oo) and surface temperature ( C). Salin-
ity is omitted for stations G to L, where all readings were 0 o/oo.


Station A (10 miles upstream).
1961: (1) April 18-14.6, 20.0
(3) June 7-21.5, 28.8
1962: (4) Mar. 13-28.2, 17.4:
(6) Apr. 9-25.8, 19.3;
1963: (8) Feb. 14-7.7, 11.0;
(10) Mar. 5-9.5, 19.0;
(12) Apr. 9-22.1, 21.3;
(14) Apr. 23-15.4, 23.5;
(16) May 22-23.1, 27.0;
(18) June 18-22.5, 28.7
(20) July 23-14.5, 29.2;
(22) Aug. 26-20.1, 29.5
(24) Sept. 30-10.3, 24.0
(26) Nov. 18-13.1, 17.z
Station B (13 miles upstream)
1962: (1) Mar. 13-28.0, 17.0;
(3) June 6-23.7, 28.5;
(5) Sept. 6-16.0, 28.3;
1963: (7) July 23-19.6, 30.0
Station C (20 miles upstream)
1961: (1) Oct. 24-13.4, 22.2;
(3) Dec. 19-9.0, 19.8
1962: (4) Jan. 15-24.5, 12.8;
(6) Mar. 29-18.0, 21.5
(8) May 25-25.0, 29.5
(10) July 12-17.5, 31.4;
(12) Aug. 16-14.0, 31.0
(14) Sept. 17-10.2, 29.1
(16) Nov. 19-8.8, 18.0;
(18) Dec. 18-10.3, 13.0


; (2) May 17-27.3, 25.2;

;(5) Mar. 29-20.8, 21.5
(7) Sept. 19-15.8, 30.0
(9) Feb. 20-10.8, 13.0;
(11) Mar. 21-11.4, 18.5;
(13) Apr. 22-19.5, 27.0;
(15) May 7-26.8, 23.5;
(17) June 5-24.7, 26.6;
;(19) July 3-14.5, 27.4;
(21) Aug. 13-15.8, 29.8;
;(23) Aug. 27-25.2, 28.7;
; (25) Oct. 4-7.9, 26.2;
4;

(2) May 15-30.2, 26.5;
(4) Aug. 6-14.1, 30.1;
(6) Sept. 19-15.8, 30.0


(2) Nov. 20-13.7, 20.3;

(5) Feb. 19-22.2, 18.5;
;(7) Apr. 9-20.0, 23.5;
;(9) June 14-19.9, 29.2;
(11) Aug. 10-0, 30.6;
; (13) Aug. 30-13.7, 30.8;
;(15) Oct. 24-11.1, 21.0;
(17) Dec. 17-12.0, 12.0;


1963: (19) Jan. 17-6.9, 14.0; (20) Feb. 14-1.7, 10.5;
(21) Mar. 4-0, 17.5; (22) Mar. 7-0, 16.8;
(23) Mar. 18-5.2, 21.0; (24) Mar. 19-3.9, 25.7;
(25) Apr. 10-10.5, 21.5; (26) Apr. 23-6.7, 23.0;
(27) May 8-21.3, 24.0; (28) May 21-16.6, 26.2;
(29) June 4-22.7, 26.4; (30) June 17-10.3, 28.5;








30 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

(31) July 2-0, 27.5; (32) July 23-5.8, 29.1;
(33) Aug. 13-13.3, 31.0; (34) Aug. 26-7.6, 31.5;
(35) Sept. 9-4.0, 28.5; (36) Sept. 30-0, 25.4;
(37) Oct. 8-0, 24.1; (38) Oct. 18-1.0, 23.0;
(39) Nov. 19-2.5, 20.0
Station D (22 miles upstream)
1961: (1) Aug. 16-24.5, 29.0
1962: (2) May 29-13.7, 29.7
1963: (3) Jan. 29-18.3, 11.7
Station E (25 miles upstream)
1961: (1) Apr. 18-5.7, 21.0; (2) May 9-11.3, 24.8;
(3) June 7-14.3, 30.8; (4) Aug. 16-13.5, 28.2;
(5) Oct. 24-9.5, 22.0; (6) Nov. 20-8.8, 20.5;
(7) Dec. 19-10.0, 20.5
1962: (8) Jan. 15--17.8, 14.0; (9) Feb. 19-19.0, 21.2;
(10) Mar. 29-16.9, 18.5; (11) May 25-22.1; 33.8;
(12) June 14-14.9, 29.9; (13) July 12-15.3, 34.1;
(14) July 27-11.0, 30.0; (15) Aug. 10-0, 32.6;
(16) Aug. 16-9.0, 31.8; (17) Sept. 17-8.4,30.8;
(18) Oct. 24-8.0, 21.0; (19) Nov. 19-5.5, 19.4;
(20) Dec. 17-10.8, 11.0
1963: (21) Jan. 17-5.2, 13.0; (22) Mar. 6-2.0, 19.5;
(23) Mar. 20-3.0, 23.5; (24) Apr. 8-13.9, 20.3;
(25) Apr. 24-6.6, 24.3; (26) May 6-17.9, 22.8;
(27) May 20-14.9, 27.0; (28) June 3-22.1, 26.7;
(29) June 19-11.9, 29.1; (30) July 1-0, 29.8;
(31) July 16-10.5, 30.2; (32) July 24-8.6, 29.3;
(33) Aug. 14-12.2, 29.8; (34) Aug. 27-9.0, 31.0;


(35) Oct. 1-6.2, 24.8; (36) Oct. 9-0, 25.3;
(37) Nov. 20-2.2, 16.5
Station F (30 miles upstream)
1962: (1) May 29-11.9, 32.4
Station G (40 miles upstream)
1961: (1) Apr. 17-20.0; (2) May 8-25.5; (3)
Station H (60 miles upstream)
1961: (1) Apr. 17-21.0; (2) Apr. 19-21.0; (3)
(4) June 16-29.0; (5) Aug. 25-29.5; (6:
(7) Nov. 21-20.0; (8) Dec. 13-20.2
1962: (9) Jan. 19-12.0; (10) Feb. 21-19.0; (1:
(12) Apr. 20-21.2; (13) May 14-26.8; (1
(15) July 17-29.0; (16) July 30-29.3; (1
(18) Aug. 13-31.6; (19) Aug. 15-34.0; (2
(21) Oct. 19-24.1; (22) Nov. 20-17.7; (2
1963: (24) Jan. 23-14.0; (25) Feb. 13-13.0; (2(
(27) Mar. 25-20.0; (28) Apr. 11-22.2; (2
(30) May 9-25.0; (31) May 23-28.0; (3
(33) June 24-28.8; (34) July 11-28.4; (3


June 19-25.0


May 8-25.5;
) Oct. 23-24.5;

1) Mar. 28-20.5;
4) June 13-28.0;
7) Aug. 7-30.5;
!0) Sept. 14-31.0;
!3) Dec. 14-8.3
3) Mar. 12-20.0;
19) Apr. 26-23.8;
2) June 14-28.9;
5) July 29-29.5;








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


(36) Aug. 12-30.0; (37) Aug. 28-29.8; (38) Sept. 16-26.0;
(39) Oct. 2-24.5; (40) Oct. 10-23.5; (41) Nov. 21-16.6


Station I (84 miles upstream)
1961: (1) Apr. 20-21.5;
(4) Aug. 29-28.8;
(7) Dec. 12-21.1
1962: (8) Jan. 16-12.9;
(11) Apr. 25-25.8;
(14) July 30-33.5;
(17) Sept. 26-30.0;
(20) Dec. 14-8.8
1963: (21) Jan. 23-15.5
Station J (105 miles upstream)
1961: (1) May 11-22.0;
(4) Nov. 23-19.9;
1962: (6) Jan. 12-12.0;
Station K (120 miles upstream)
1961: (1) Apr. 21-20.5;
(4) July 10-29.0
1962: (5) May 23-29.0
Station L (135 miles upstream)
1961: (1) Apr. 21-21.0;


(2) May 11-19.0; (3) June 8-29.0;
(5) Oct. 12-25.2; (6) Nov. 28-20.8;

(9) Feb. 12-16.0; (10) Mar. 28-19.7;
(12) May 28-30.2; (13) June 13-32.8;
(15) Aug. 17-30.0; (16) Sept. 18-29.7;
(18) Oct. 12-27.4; (19) Nov. 21-19.0;


(2) June 22-26.0;
(5) Dec. 21-17.8
(7) Feb. 15-20.5;


(3) Oct. 17-23.0;

(8) Dec. 19-12.2


(2) May 12-23.8; (3) June 20-26.5;



(2) May 12-28.5; (3) June 20-26.8


FISHES
The fish fauna of the St. Johns River consists of 55 species that
are typical freshwater forms and 115 that are euryhaline (occur
both in sea water and water of moderate to zero salinity). One
species, Cyprinodon hubbsi, is endemic to the river system. Fam-
ilies particularly well represented are Clupeidae, Cyprinodontidae,
Centrarchidae, Sciaenidae, and Gobiidae.
The list of marine fish for the St. Johns would be longer if fish
collected in the river within a few miles of the mouth had been
included. In this category, I collected Anchoa lyolepis (dusky
anchovy), Hippocampus erectus (spotted seahorse), Pomatomus
saltatrix (bluefish), and Sphaeroides spengleri bandtaill puffer).
The following list is a taxonomic grouping of all records of fish
for the St. Johns known to me, 170 species representing 55 families.
This listing is primarily based on 116 species reported by McLane
(1955) and 51 records from the present study. The changes that
were made in the records given by McLane are: Notropis sp. to N.
welaka, Ogcocephalus sp. to 0. cubifrons, Ictalurus platycephalus
to I. brunneus (validated by Dr. Ralph Yerger, Florida State Uni-








32 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

versity) and deletion of Alosa pseudoharengus (a 19th-century
record considered in error). The checklist also contains Paralich-
thys albigutta (reported in Carr and Goin, 1959), and, from speci-
mens in the Florida State Museum collection, Elassoma okefenokee
and Umbra pygmaea. Nomenclature follows that of Bailey, Lach-
ner, Lindsey, Robins, Roedel, Scott, and Woods (1960).
For each of the 101 euryhaline species collected in the present
study, I have included a summary of the stations (collection num-
ber in parentheses) at which it was taken, the ranges in surface
salinity and temperature when collected, and number and length
range of fish, by month. Salinity is in parts per thousand, water
temperature in degrees C, and length (FL) in mm. Some speci-
mens were not identified to species and are listed as undetermined,
by genus or family. In addition to Anchoa hepsetus and A. mitch-
illi, one other engraulid (of uncertain identity) was collected and
is referred to as Anchoa sp. Fourteen euryhaline species, those
reported for the river but not obtained in this study, are listed with
the notation "None captured."
Entered without annotation are the 55 species that are con-
fined to fresh water (indicated by an F). Except for an adult
specimen of Eleotris picta captured at station H on August 13, 1962
(first record of occurrence in the river) my samples of strictly
freshwater forms provided little new information.
Fifty-one species not previously recorded are designated by an
asterisk.

Family PETROMYZONTIDAE
Petromyzon marinus Linnaeus. Sea lamprey. None captured.

Family SPHYRNIDAE
Sphyrna lewini (Griffith and Smith). Scalloped hammerhead*.
Station: B(3). Salinity 23.7, temperature 28.5. Number and
length: June (2, 324-381).

Family DASYATIAE
Dasyatis americana Hildebrand and Schroeder. Southern sting-
ray. None captured.
Dasyatis sabina (Lesueur). Atlantic stingray. Stations: A(6),







TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


B(6, 17, 20), C(7), D(1), E(37), H(12, 16, 22, 38), 1(8, 9, 13, 16,
18-21), J(3-6, 8). Salinity 0-25.8, temperature 8.8-32.8. Number and
length: Jan. (5, 495-635); Feb. (3, 478-533); Apr. (3, 533-711);
June (2, 508-521); July (2, 394-660); Aug. (2, 330-700); Sept. (2,
310-432); Oct. (2, 500-508); Nov. (5, 381-711); Dec. (8, 432-648).

Family ACIPENSERIDAE
Acipenser brevirostrum Lesueur. Shortnose sturgeon. None
captured.
Acipenser oxyrhynchus Mitchill. Atlantic sturgeon. None cap-
tured.

Family LEPISOSTEIDAE
Lepisosteus osseus (Linnaeus). Longnose gar. F
Lepisosteus platyrhincus DeKay. Florida gar. F

Family AMIIDAE
Amia calva Linnaeus. Bowfin. F

Family ELOPIDAE
Elops saurus Linnaeus. Ladyfish. Stations: A(25), C(33),
E(20, 37), H(17), 1(12). Salinity 0-13.3, temperature 11.0-31.0.
Number and length: May (1, 51); Aug. (3, 198-250); Oct. (1, 305);
Nov. (1, 195); Dec. (1, 239).
Megalops atlantica Valenciennes. Tarpon. None captured.

Family CLUPEIDAE
Alosa aestivalis (Mitchill). Blueback herring. Stations: C(7),
L(2). Salinity 0-20.0, temperature 23.5-28.5. Number and length:
April (1, 28); May (1, 39).
Alosa mediocris (Mitchill). Hickory shad. None captured.
Alosa sapidissima (Wilson). American shad. None captured.
Brevoortia smith Hildebrand. Yellowfin menhaden. Stations:
A(24); D(3). Salinity 10.3-18.3, temperature 11.7-24.0. Number
and length: Jan. (2, 201-266); Sept. (15, 228-254).
Brevoortia tyrannus (Latrobe). Atlantic menhaden*. Stations:








34 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

A(25), C(13). Salinity 7.9-13.7, temperature 26.2-30.8. Number
and length: Aug. (1, 123); Oct. (10, 69-74).
Dorosoma cepedianum (Lesueur). Gizzard shad. Stations:
C(22), G(3), H(17, 37), 1(5, 6, 8, 9, 12, 15, 20), J(3-7), K(4).
Salinity 0, temperature 8.8-30.5. Number and length: Jan (4, 99-
121); Feb. (2, 55-64); Mar. (1, 111); May (1, 287); June 2, 75-80);
July (9, 25-157); Aug. (12, 90-272); Oct. (10, 31-234); Nov. (8,
115-220); Dec. (16, 68-237).
Dorosoma petenense (Giinther). Threadfin shad. None cap-
tured.
Harengula pensacolae Goode and Bean. Scaled sardine*. Sta-
tions: H(4, 33), 1(3, 12), J(2). Salinity 0, temperature 26.0-30.2.
Number and length: May (2, 23-27); June (103, 24-46).
Opisthonema oglinum (Lesueur). Atlantic thread herring*.
Stations: A(15, 16, 22, 23), B(6), 1(20). Salinity 0-26.8, tempera-
ture 8.8-30.0. Number and length: May (160, 21-53); Aug. (48,
73-121); Sept. (1, 59); Dec. (2, 73-81).
Undetermined Clupeidae. Stations: A(10, 14, 18, 20), C(7, 21,
25-28, 32-34), E(22-24, 27), 1(4). Salinity 0-22.5, temperature
17.5-31.5. Number and length: Mar. (19, 25-125); Apr. (50, 22-
97); May (58, 22-59); June (1, 61); July (45, 43-70); Aug. (46,
26-69).

Family ENGRAULIDAE

Anchoa hepsetus (Linnaeus). Striped anchovy. Stations: A(3,
12, 24, 25), B(6), C(3), D(2), E(3, 12). Salinity 7.9-22.1, tem-
perature 19.8-30.8. Number and length: Apr. (1, 94); May (2, 37-
45); June (23, 17-62); Sept. (2, 70-74); Oct. (2, 52-71); Dec. (1,
89).
Anchoa mitchilli (Valenciennes). Bay anchovy. Stations: A(2,
3, 7-9, 12, 14-22, 24, 25), B(6), C(1-9, 11-17, 19-22, 24-34, 36-39),
E(3, 5-9, 11, 13-17, 21-29, 35, 37), F(1), G(1-3), H(4, 6-9, 11, 15,
19, 23, 27, 28, 33, 35, 37, 40), 1(7-11, 14, 15, 20), J(5-7). Salinity
0-27.3, temperature 8.3-34.1. Number and length: Jan. (281, 21-60);
Feb. (26, 31-75); Mar. (92, 29-71); Apr. (321, 40-78); May (658,
23-77); June (738, 19-73); July (897, 21-71); Aug. (1,501, 21-83);
Sept. (153, 19-62); Oct. (3,189, 10-68); Nov. (119, 22-61); Dec. (63,
27-71).








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


Anchoa sp.* Station: E(11). Salinity 22.1, temperature 33.8.
Number and length: May (1, 37).

Family UMBRIDAE
Umbra pygmaea (DeKay). Eastern mudminnow. F

Family ESOCIDAE
Esox americanus Gmelin. Redfin pickerel. F
Esox niger Lesueur. Chain pickerel. F

Family SYNODONTIDAE
Synodus foetens (Linnaeus). Inshore lizardfish*. Stations:
A(1, 15-21, 24, 25), B(6), C(8-10, 29, 36), E(12-14, 28, 29, 35).
Salinity 0-26.8, temperature 13.0-34.1. Number and length: Feb.
(1, 99); May (13, 39-104); June (73, 36-118); July (26, 37-136);
Aug. (1, 49); Sept. (8, 22-63); Oct. (9, 45-83).

Family CYPRINIDAE
Hybopsis harper (Fowler). Redeye chub. F
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Mitchill). Golden shiner. F
Notropis chalybaeus (Cope). Ironcolor shiner. F
Notropis cummingsae Myers. Dusky shiner. F
Notropis hypselopterus (Giinther). Sailfin shiner.. F
Notropis maculatus (Hay). Taillight shiner. F
Notropis petersoni Fowler. Coastal shiner. F
Notropis welaka Evermann and Kendall. Bluenose shiner. F
Opsopoeodus emilae Hay. Pugnose minnow. F

Family CATOSTOMIDAE
Erimyzon sucetta (Lacepede). Lake chubsucker. F

Family ARIIDAE
Bagre marinus (Mitchill). Gafftopsail catfish. Station: D(3).
salinity 18.3, temperature 11.7. Number and length: Jan (1, 116).
Galeichthys felis (Linnaeus). Sea catfish. Stations: A(1, 6, 7),
C(12-14, 17, 25, 27), D(1), E(20). Salinity 10.2-25.8, temperature








36 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

11.0-31.0. Number and length: Apr. (7, 86-186); May (1, 112);
Aug. (12, 74-187); Sept. (8, 59-103); Dec. (3, 81-91).

Family ICTALURIDAE
Ictalurus brunneus (Jordon). Snail bullhead. F
Ictalurus catus (Linnaeus). White catfish. F
Ictalurus natalis (Lesueur). Yellow bullhead. F
Ictalurus nebulosus (Lesueur). Brown bullhead. F
Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque). Channel catfish. F
Noturus gyrinus (Mitchill). Tadpole madtom. F
Noturus leptacanthus Jordan. Speckled madtom. F

Family ANGUILLIDAE
Anguilla rostrata (Lesueur). American eel. Stations: C(30),
E(27, 28, 32, 35), G(1), H(1, 6-11, 14, 16, 18, 19, 22, 23, 25-28, 30-
33, 35, 36, 38-40, 42), I(1, 7, 8, 21), J(5-6), K(2,4). Salinity 0-22.1,
temperature 8.3-34.0. Number and length: Jan. (31, 52-533); Feb.
(6, 155-635); Mar. (16, 136-508); Apr. (7, 115-495); May (10, 165-
546); June (6, 118-508); July (11, 152-610); Aug. (12, 74-576);
Sept. (2, 274-379); Oct. (9, 251-611); Nov. (10, 120-512); Dec. (10,
279-533).
Family BELONIDAE
Strongylura marina (Walbaum). Atlantic needlefish. Stations:
A(17, 25), C(31), E(28, 30, 32), H(15, 17, 29), 1(17). Salinity
0-24.7, temperature 22.2-30.5. Number and length: Apr. (13, 28-
74); June (3, 136-198); July (5, 76-483); Aug. (6, 252-545); Sept.
(2, 114-324); Oct. (1, 356).

Family CYPRINODONTIDAE
Cyprinodon hubbsi Carr. Lake Eustis minnow. F
Cyprinodon variegatus Lac6pBde. Sheapshead minnow. Sta-
tion: E(30). Salinity 0, temperature 29.8. Number and length:
July (2, 19).
Fundulus chrysotus (Giinther). Golden topminnow. F
Fundulus cingulatus Valenciennes. Banded topminnow. F
Fundulus confluentus Goode and Bean. Marsh killifish. Sta-
tions: A(9), C(16). Salinity 8.8-10.8, temperature 13.0-18.0. Num-
ber ard length: Feb. (5, 50-56); Nov. (10, 33-53).








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


Fundulus heteroclitus (Linnaeus). Mummichog. Stations:
A(9, 21, 22, 25), C(16, 18, 21, 27-29, 31, 35, 37), E(22-25, 27-31,
33). Salinity 0-22.7, temperature 13.0-30.2. Number and length:
Feb. (7, 50-57); Mar. (42, 6-64); Apr. (11, 54-66); May (52, 34-68);
June (81, 24-93); July (48, 17-78); Aug. (6, 34-53); Sept. (2, 25-
30); Oct. (6, 28-55); Nov. (15, 31-63); Dec. (25, 35-65).
Fundulus majalis (Walbaum). Striped killifish. Station: B(6).
Salinity 15.8, temperature 30.0. Number and length: Sept. (2, 75-
79).
Fundulus notti (Agassiz). Starhead topminnow. F
Fundulus seminolis Girard. Seminole killifish. F
Fundulus similis (Baird and Girard). Longnose killifish*. Sta-
tions: A(9), B(5, 6). Salinity 10.8-16.0, temperature 13.0-30.0.
Number and length: Feb. (4, 60-62); Sept. (6, 22-56).
Jordanella floridae Goode and Bean. Flagfish. F
Leptolucania ommata (Jordan). Pygmy killifish. F
Lucania goodei Jordan. Bluefin killifish. F
Lucania parva (Baird and Girard). Rainwater killifish. Sta-
tion: H(18, 20). Salinity 0, temperature 31.0-31.6. Number and
length: Aug. (5, 22-30); Sept. (9, 29-43).

Family POECILIIDAE
Gambusia affinis (Baird and Girard). Mosquitofish. Stations:
C(28, 29), H(17). Salinity 0-22.7, temperature 26.2-30.5. Num-
ber and length: May (19, 34-40); June (10, 31-43); Aug. (2, 42-43).
Heterandria formosa Agassiz. Least killifish. F
Poecilia latipinna (Lesueur). Sailfin molly. Stations: C(17),
E(24). Salinity 12.0-13.9, temperature 12.0-20.3. Number and
length: Apr. (1, 38); Dec. (1, 44).

Family GADIDAE
Urophycisfloridanus (Bean and Dresel). Southern hake*. Sta-
tion: A(8, 9). Salinity 7.7-10.8, temperature 11.0-13.0. Number
and length: Feb. (9, 34-120).
Urophycis regius (Walbaum). Spotted hake*. Station: A(8,
9). Salinity 7.7-10.8, temperature 11.0-13.0. Number and length:
Feb. (8, 36-121).








38 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Family SYNGNATHIDAE
Oostethus lineatus (Kaup). Opossum pipefish. None captured.
Syngnathus fuscus Storer. Northern pipefish*. Station: E(7).
Salinity 10.0, temperature 20.5. Number and length: Dec. (1, 108).
Syngnathus louisianae Giinther. Chain pipefish. Stations: A(1,
15-17), C(15, 29, 36), E(11, 12, 35, 36). Salinity 0-26.8, tempera-
ture 20.0-33.8. Number and length: Apr. (1, 195); May (3, 115-
298); June (5, 56-146); Sept. (6, 78-166); Oct. (6, 76-213).
Syngnathus scovelli (Evermann and Kendall). Gulf pipefish.
Stations: A(1), C(6), E(9, 11, 22, 25, 37), H(15, 18, 20, 22), 1(19),
J(8), K(5). Salinity 0-22.1, temperature 12.2-33.8. Number and
length: Feb. (2, 56-135); Mar. (13, 88-126); Apr. (4, 64-130); May
(2, 70-141); July (2, 77-136); Aug. (5, 77-107); Sept. (3, 113-126);
Nov. (5, 81-121); Dec. (6, 71-99).
Undetermined Syngnathidae. Stations: A(3, 14, 19, 25), C(30,
31, 34, 37, 38), E(2, 4, 27-30). Salinity 0-22.1, temperature 23.0-
31.5. Number and length: Apr. (1, 68); May (2, 68-126); June (6,
69-156); July (9, 32-157); Aug. (8, 36-179); Oct. (14, 78-156).

Family APHREDODERIDAE
Aphredoderus sayanus (Gilliams). Pirate perch. F

Family CENTROPOMIDAE
Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch). Snook. None captured.

Family SERRANIDAE
Centropristes philadelphicus (Linnaeus). Rock sea bass*. Sta-
tion: A(8). Salinity 7.7, temperature 11.0. Number and length:
Feb. (2, 129-131).
Centropristes striatus (Linnaeus). Black sea bass*. Station:
A(8, 11, 17, 19, 21, 26). Salinity 7.7-24.7, temperature 11.0-29.8.
Number and length: Feb. (1, 91); Mar. (2, 101-122); June (1, 28);
July ('3, 38-71); Aug. (1, 176); Nov. (1, 176).
Mycteroperca microlepis (Goode and Bean). Gag*. Station:
B(6). Salinity 15.8, temperature 30.0. Number and length: Sept.
(1, 182).
JRoccus saxatilis (Walbaum). Striped bass. Station: J(1).
Salinity 0, temperature 22.0. Number and length: May (1, 46).








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


Family LUTJANIDAE
Lutjanus analis (Cuvier). Mutton snapper*. Station: E(12).
Salinity 14.9, temperature 29.9. Number and length: June (1, 65).
Lutjanus griseus (Linnaeus). Gray snapper. Stations: A(25),
C(35-37), E(8, 20, 35-37), H(42). Salinity 0-17.8, temperature
11.0-28.5. Number and length: Jan. (1, 67); Sept. (11, 19-54);
Oct. (27, 24-58); Nov. (4, 40-58); Dec. (1, 105).

Family CENTRARCHIDAE
Acantharchus pomotis (Baird). Mud sunfish. F
Centrarchus macropterus (Lac6pBde). Flier. F
Chaenobryttus gulosus (Cuvier). Warmouth. F
Elassoma evergladei Jordan. Everglades pygmy sunfish. F
Elassoma okefenokee Bbhlke. Okefenokee pygmy sunfish. F
Elassoma zonatum Jordan. Banded pygmy sunfish. F
Enneacanthus chaetodon (Baird). Blackbanded sunfish. F
Enneacanthus glorious (Holbrook). Bluespotted sunfish. F
Enneacanthus obesus (Girard). Banded sunfish. F
Lepomis auritus (Linnaeus). Redbreast sunfish. F
Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque. Bluegill. F
Lepomis marginatus (Holbrook). Dollar sunfish. F
SLepomis microlophus (Giinther). Redear sunfish. F
Lepomis punctatus (Valenciennes). Spotted sunfish. F
Micropterus salmoides (LacepBde). Largemouth bass. F
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur). Black crappie. F

Family PERCIDAE
Etheostoma fusiforme barratti (Holbrook). Scalyhead darter. F
Etheostoma edwini (Hubbs and Cannon). Brown darter. F
Etheostoma nigrum Rafinesque. Johnny darter. F
Percina nigrofasciata (Agassiz). Blackbanded darter. F

Family CARANGIDAE
Caranx hippos (Linnaeus). Crevalle jack. Stations: A(25),
B(7), C(28, 32), E(30). Salinity 0-19.6, temperature 26.2-30.0.
Number and length: May (5, 33-54); July (5, 38-106); Oct. (1, 47).
Chloroscombrus chrysurus (Linnaeus). Bumper. Stations:
A(20, 22), B(6), C(2), E(7). Salinity 10.0-20.1, temperature 20.3-








40 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

30.0. Number and length: July (3, 22-52); Aug. (2, 61-67); Sept.
(3, 44-48); Nov. (12, 48-65); Dec. (1, 105).
Oligoplites saurus (Bloch and Schneider). Leatherjacket*.
Station: B(6). Salinity 15.8, temperature 30.0. Number and
length: Sept. (1, 55).
Selene vomer (Linnaeus). Lookdown*. Stations: A(19), E(29,
32, 35). Salinity 6.2-14.5, temperature 24.8-29.3. Number and
length: June (1, 59); July (6, 27-76); Oct. (1, 83).
Trachinotus falcatus (Linnaeus). Permit*. Station: E(31).
Salinity 10.5, temperature 30.2. Number and length: July (1, 50).
Vomer setapinnis (Mitchill). Atlantic moonfish*. Station:
A(20). Salinity 14.5, temperature 29.2. Number and length: July
(1, 38).

Family GERRIDAE

Diapterus olisthostomus (Goode and Bean). Irish pompano.
Station: C(32, 34-36). Salinity 0-7.6, temperature 25.4-31.5. Num-
ber and length: July (2, 26-40); Aug. (2, 40-68); Sept. (16, 24-78).
Diapterus plumieri (Cuvier). Striped mojarra*. Station: C(13,
15). Salinity 11.1-13.7, temperature 21.0-30.8. Number and length:
Aug. (2, 71-73); Oct. (3, 63-76).
Eucinostomus argenteus Baird and Girard. Spotfin mojarra.
Stations: A(20-22, 24, 25), B(6), C(1, 13, 15, 16, 32, 34, 36, 39),
E(11, 12, 14, 17, 18, 31, 32, 36, 37), H(17, 19), 1(6, 7). Salinity
0-22.1, temperature 16.5-34.0. Number and length: May (1, 26);
June (2, 30-47); July (36, 36-85); Aug. (13, 28-98); Sept. (15, 22-
104); Oct. (61, 16-115); Nov. (134, 15-111); Dec. (2, 45-52).
Eucinostomus gula (Quoy and Gaimard). Silver Jenny*. Sta-
tions: A(20-22), B(6), C(10), E(13, 31). Salinity 10.5-20.1, tem-
perature 29.2-34.1. Number and length: July (16, 46-83); Aug. (6,
78-100); Sept. (2, 91-103).
Undetermined Gerridae. Stations: A(18, 19), C(2, 3, 37, 38),
E(6, 29, 30, 33-35). Salinity 0-22.5, temperature 19.8-31.0. Num-
ber and length: June (41, 36-58); July (66, 46-69); Aug. (19, 79-
95); Oct. (37, 22-102); Nov. (12, 46-73); Dec. (8, 44-73).

Family POMADASYIDAE
Orthopristis chrysopterus (Linnaeus). Pigfish. Stations: A(15-








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


17, 24), C(8), E(11-14, 16, 27, 32, 34, 35), H(15). Salinity 0-26.8,
temperature 23.5-34.1. Number and length: May (74, 17-54); June
(4, 39-69); July (19, 67-97); Aug. (3, 82-113); Sept. (1, 142); Oct.
(2, 115-118).

Family SCIAENIDAE
Bairdiella chrysura (Lac6pede). Silver perch. Stations: A(2,
3, 7, 9-11, 16-19), C(2, 10, 11, 13, 14, 16, 29, 32, 38), D(3), E(3,
5, 6, 13, 15, 22, 23, 28-30, 34), H(15, 17-20, 37). Salinity 0-27.3,
temperature 11.7-34.1. Number and length: Jan. (1, 142); Feb. (1,
81); Mar. (13, 104-137); May (10, 46-100); June (117, 22-97); July
(131, 45-124); Aug. (25, 71-122); Sept. (6, 83-91); Oct. (2, 135-
141); Nov. (3, 74-91).
Cynoscion nebulosus (Cuvier). Spotted seatrout. Stations:
C(15, 32, 34-38), E(18, 22, 35, 36), H(17). Salinity 0-11.1, tem-
perature 19.5-31.5. Number and length: Mar. (3, 97-118); July
(4, 64-84); Aug. (13, 13-136); Sept. (56, 15-128); Oct. (87, 19-173).
Cynoscion regalis (Bloch and Schneider). Weakfish*. Sta-
tions: A(3, 15), B(4), C(9, 13), E(3). Salinity 13.7-26.8, tem-
perature 23.5-30.8. Number and length: May (2, 31-32); June (13,
23-65); Aug. (5, 143-206).
Leiostomus xanthurus Lac6pede. Spot. Stations: A(2, 3, 8, 10-
12, 14, 18, 19, 21), C(1-3, 6-11, 13-15, 21-29, 31, 33-38), D(3), E(1,
6, 10, 12-16, 19, 22-31, 33-37), G(1, 2), H(2-4, 6, 10-12, 14-16, 21,
30), 1(1-3, 10-12), K(2). Salinity 0-27.3, temperature 11.0-34.1.
Number and length: Jan. (9, 124-158); Feb. (508, 20-188); Mar.
(2, 186, 17-164); Apr. (1,250, 16-178); May (823, 38-160); June
(504, 40-138); July (255, 57-115); Aug. (60, 68-157); Sept. (15,
96-137); Oct. (26, 97-185); Nov. (15, 105-136); Dec. (2, 129-130).
Menticirrhus americanus (Linnaeus). Southern kingfish*. Sta-
tion: E(35). Salinity 6.2, temperature 24.8. Number and length:
Oct. (4, 28-44).
Micropogon undulatus (Linnaeus). Atlantic croaker. Stations:
A(1-3, 8-12, 14-16, 18), B(2), C(2-14, 16-22, 24-30, 32-35, 39),
D(3), E(1, 3, 6, 9-14, 16, 17, 19-25, 27-29, 31, 33, 37), F(1), G(1-
3), H(2-14, 16, 19, 20, 22, 23, 25-38, 40-42), 1(1-16, 19-21), J(2, 6,
7), K(3-5), L(1). Salinity 0-30.2, temperature 8.3-34.1. Number
and length: Jan. (368, 16-105); Feb. (388, 5-147); Mar. (1,858, 16-
162); Apr. (1,711, 17-155); May (1, 110, 16-182); June (1,499, 24-








42 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

145); July (395, 59-162); Aug. (268, 78-171); Sept. (13, 123-154);
Oct. (92, 27-175); Nov. (220, 11-162); Dec. (392, 17-151).
Pogonias cromis (Linnaeus). Black drum. Stations: A(16),
C(4, 17, 22, 26, 27). Salinity 0-24.5, temperature 12.0-27.0. Num-
ber and length: Jan. (1, 194); Mar. (2, 181-184); Apr. (1, 194);
May (4, 178-203); Dec. (3, 174-195).
Sciaenops ocellata (Linnaeus). Red drum. Stations: A(20),
C(29, 39), E(25, 27, 28, 37), H(31). Salinity 0-22.7, temperature
16.5-29.2. Number and length: Apr. (6, 106-129); May (3, 116-
164); June (11, 110-160); July (1, 249); Nov. (6, 31-70).
Stellifer lanceolatus (Holbrook). Star drum*. Stations: A(7),
C(36), E(3, 20). Salinity 0-15.8, temperature 11.0-30.8. Number
and length: June (3, 94-95); Sept. (24, 12-150); Dec. (1, 77).

Family SPARIDAE
Archosargus probatocephalus (Walbaum). Sheepshead. Sta-
tions A(8, 12, 15-18, 20-22, 24, 25), C(14), E(6, 11, 13, 18, 24, 28),
H(12, 15, 31). Salinity 0-26.8, temperature 11.0-34.1. Number
and length: Feb. (1, 95); Apr. (8, 75-258); May (7, 26-181); June
(3, 136-190); July (4, 59-166); Aug. (3, 166-194); Sept. (2, 106-
195); Oct. (4, 98-216); Nov. (1, 190).
Lagodon rhomboides (Linnaeus). Pinfish. Stations: A(8, 10,
12-14, 16, 19, 20, 25), B(6), C(8-11, 13, 15, 22, 30-32, 34, 38), D(3),
E(11-18, 22-33, 35, 37), H(15, 17, 20). Salinity 0-25.0, tempera-
ture 11.0-34.1. Number and length: Jan. (1, 94); Feb. (1, 127);
Mar. (14, 102-141); Apr. (14, 21-121); May (27, 22-157); June (32,
44-153); July (117, 43-159); Aug. (22, 73-170); Sept. (11, 104-146);
Oct. (23, 72-203); Nov. (2, 100-109).

Family EPHIPPIDAE
Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet). Atlantic spadefish*. Sta-
tions: A(3, 21), E(11, 13, 32, 36). Salinity 0-22.1, temperature
25.3-34.1. Number and length: May (2, 15-28); June (1, 98); July
(2, 43-58); Aug. (1, 32); Oct. (1, 24).

Family TRICHIURIDAE
Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus. Atlantic cutlassfish*. Stations:
B(3), C(1, 2). Salinity 13.4-23.7, temperature 20.3-28.5. Number
and length: June (3, 330-406); Oct. (1, 134); Nov. (1, 325).








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


Family SCOMBRIDAE
Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill). Spanish mackeral*.
Stations: A(18), B(6). Salinity 15.8-22.5, temperature 28.7-30.0.
Number and length: June (1, 108); Sept. (1, 58).

Family ELEOTRIDAE
Dormitator maculatus (Bloch). Fat sleeper. Station: H(18).
Salinity 0, temperature 31.6. Number and length: Aug. (5, 97-126).
Eleotris picta Kner and Steindachner. Spotted sleeper*. F

Family GOBUDAE
Awaous taiasica (Lichtenstein). River goby. None captured.
Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes). Frillfin goby. None
captured.
Gobioides broussonneti Lacepede.. Violet goby*. Stations:
B(3, 5), C(22), F(1), G(2). Salinity 0-23.7, temperature 16.8-
32.4. Number and length: Mar. (1, 597); May (2, 185-200); June
(1, 502); Sept. (3, 381-572).
Gobionellus boleosoma (Jordan and Gilbert). Darter goby.
Stations: A(8, 11, 14, 20-22, 25), B(6), C(15-17, 36, 39), E(17, 20,
21, 26, 27, 29, 34-37), H(20). Salinity 0-20.1, temperature 11.0-
31.0. Number and length: Jan. (1, 32); Feb. (1, 37); Mar. (5, 20-
39); Apr. (5, 32-44); May (3, 42-49); June (1, 43); July (11, 26-
37); Aug. (5, 14-39); Sept. (9, 15-36); Oct. (10, 19-38); Nov. (17,
18-40); Dec. (3, 24-28).
Gobionellus gracillimus Ginsburg. Slim goby*. Station: C (29).
Salinity 22.7, temperature 26.4. Number and length: June (2, 129-
159).
Gobionellus hastatus Girard. Sharptail goby*. Stations: C(17,
35), E(14, 20). Salinity 4.0-12.0, temperature 11.0-30.0. Number
and length: July (1, 218); Sept. (1, 84); Dec. (2, 91-178).
Gobionellus shufeldti (Jordan and Evermann). Freshwater
goby. Stations: A(10), C(10, 13, 17, 21-27, 31, 34, 36, 37), E(1, 2,
10, 22-26, 30, 37), G(1), H(18, 25, 27, 29), 1(7-9, 19). Salinity
0-21.3, temperature 12.0-31.6. Number and length: Jan. (2, 39-91);
Feb. (1, 67); Mar. (151, 28-74); Apr. (60, 28-77); May (11, 31-61);








44 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

July (3, 44-73); Aug. (8, 24-41); Sept. (5, 15-33); Oct. (1, 59);
Nov. (21, 35-92); Dec. (11, 40-66).
Gobionellus smaragdus (Valenciennes). Emerald goby*. Sta-
tion: E(13). Salinity 15.3, temperature 34.1. Number and length:
July (1, 57).
Gobiosoma bosc (Lac6pBde). Naked goby. Stations: A(8, 11,
14, 15), C(3, 16, 24, 28, 31, 35-38), E(12, 22-24, 28, 30-32, 34-37),
H(7, 9, 10, 20, 29, 33, 36, 40, 42), 1(15). Salinity 0-26.8, tempera-
ture 11.0-31.0. Number and length: Jan. (91, 15-40); Feb. (7, 20-
37); Mar. (13, 33-50); Apr. (15, 24-42); May (2, 32-38); June (3,
29-34); July (7, 13-41); Aug. (10, 14-26); Sept. (38, 12-32); Oct.
(542, 14-47); Nov. (113, 16-33); Dec. (1, 20).
Gobiosoma robustum Ginsberg. Code goby*. Stations: E(14),
H (25). Salinity 0-11.0, temperature 14.0-30.0. Number and length:
Jan. (4, 20-23); July (1, 26).
Microgobius gulosus (Girard). Clown goby. Stations: C(9,
34, 36-38), E(12, 13, 35-37), F(1), H(4-9, 12, 19, 20, 22, 25, 29, 31,
41, 42), I(1, 4, 6, 7, 9-11, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21), J(3-6, 8),
K(1, 4, 5). Salinity 0-19.9, temperature 12.0-34.1. Number and
length: Jan. (26, 28-52); Feb. (3, 43-49); Mar. (11, 47-62); Apr.
(14, 25-65); May (4, 17-61); June (5, 23-62); July (2, 35-60); Aug.
(18, 17-45); Sept. (13, 22-47); Oct. (85, 11-54); Nov. (92, 14-61);
Dec. (80, 13-56).
Microgobius thalassinus (Jordan and Gilbert). Green goby*.
Stations: A(15, 20, 25), C(13, 15, 24, 36, 37), E(12, 14, 30, 32, 35-
37). Salinity 0-26.8, temperature 16.5-30.8. Number and length:
Mar. (1, 43); May (2, 46-47); June (4, 23-35); July (12, 24-42);
Aug. (1, 32); Sept. (2, 19-21); Oct. (12, 27-42); Nov. (16, 30-36).

Family TRIGLIDAE

Prionotus scitulus Jordan and Gilbert. Leopard searobin*. Sta-
tion: A(17, 18, 24, 25). Salinity 7.9-24.7, temperature 24.0-28.7.
Number and length: June (9, 43-63); Sept. (7, 22-43); Oct. (9,
26-58).
Prionotus tribulus Cuvier. Bighead searobin*. Stations: A(3,
8, 11, 12, 15, 19, 20), C( 6, 8, 15, 26, 35, 36, 39), E(19, 21, 32).
Salinity 0-26.8, temperature 11.0-29.5. Number and length: Jan. (1,
68); Feb. (5, 61-88); Mar. (8, 19-93); Apr. (2, 28-71); May (2, 38-








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


67); June (1, 32); July (3, 32-36); Sept. (5, 37-72); Oct. (1, 39);
Nov. (2, 46-47).

Family URANOSCOPIDAE
Astroscopus y-graecum (Cuvier). Southern stargazer*. Sta-
tions: A(11), D(3). Salinity 11.4-18.3, temperature 11.7-18.5.
Number and length: Jan. (1, 65); Mar. (2, 45-55).

Family BLENNIIDAE
Chasmodes bosquianus (Lacepede). Striped blenny*. Stations:
A(9), E(13). Salinity 10.8-15.3, temperature 13.0-34.1. Number
and length: Feb. (2, 51-63); July (1, 39).
Hypsoblennius hentzi (Lesueur). Feather blenny*. Station:
A(11, 17). Salinity 11.4-24.7, temperature 18.5-26.6. Number and
length: Mar. (3, 56-66); June (1, 65).
Hypsoblennius ionthas (Jordan and Gilbert). Freckled blenny*.
Station: A(17). Salinity 24.7, temperature 26.6. Number and
length: June (1, 36).
Undetermined Hypsoblennius. Station: A(16, 19, 21, 24-26).
Salinity 7.9-23.1, temperature 17.4-29.8. Number and length: May
(1, 62); July (1, 53); Aug. (1, 40); Sept. (3, 62-72); Oct. (2, 22-
52); Nov. (2, 61-62).

Family OPHIDIIDAE
Ophidion welshi (Nichols and Breder). Crested cusk-eel*.
Station: A(2, 5). Salinity 20.8-27.3, temperature 21.5-25.2. Num-
ber and length: Mar. (9, 69-179); May (3, 128-145).

Family STROMATEIDAE
Peprilus alepidotus (Linnaeus). Southern harvestfish*. Stations:
B(5), D(3). Salinity 16.0-18.3, temperature 11.7-28.3. Number
and length: Jan. (2, 81-90); Sept. (1, 96).

Family SPHYRAENIDAE
Sphyraena barracuda (Walbaum). Great barracuda*. Station:
A(20). Salinity 14.5, temperature 29.2. Number and length: July
(1, 41).








46 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Family MUGILIDAE
Agnonostomus monticola (Bancroft). Mountain mullet. None
captured.
Mugil cephalus Linnaeus. Striped mullet. Stations: A(10, 12,
17, 18, 23, 25, 26), B(6), C(13, 18, 26, 29, 32-34), E(22, 24, 28-32,
36), H( 17, 20, 29). Salinity 0-25.2, temperature 13.0-31.5. Num-
ber and length: Mar. (23, 24-166); Apr.. (31, 22-330); June (69,
32-254); July (14, 76-330); Aug. (8, 122-381); Sept. (2, 131-159);
Oct. (3, 117-164); Nov. (6, 145-155); Dec. (13, 24-229).
Mugil curema Valenciennes. White mullet. Stations: A(19,
21), B(6), C(15, 16, 21, 31, 33-35), E(19, 22, 28-31, 33-35, 37),
H(17, 20), 1(17). Salinity 0-22.1, temperature 16.5-31.5. Number
and length: Mar. (22, 22-139); June (56, 45-167); July (83, 48-92);
Aug. (24, 75-169); Sept. (14, 93-130); Oct. (9, 113-125); Nov. (13,
108-170).

Family ATHERINIDAE
Labidesthes sicculus (Cope). Brook silverside. F
Membras martinica (Valenciennes). Rough silverside. Station:
A(25). Salinity 7.9, temperature 26.2. Number and length: Oct.
(25, 32-75).
Menidia beryllina (Cope). Tidewater silverside. Stations:
A(16-19), C(15, 18, 28, 31, 32, 35-39), E(27, 28, 30, 31, 33), G(3),
H(3, 4, 8, 18, 20), 1(2, 3, 6, 17), J(2-6, 8), K(3), L(3). Salinity
0-24.7, temperature 12.0-31.6. Number and length: Jan. (1, 45);
May (51, 25-42); June (363, 18-53); July (71, 38-57); Aug. (6, 38-
56); Sept. (38, 19-52); Oct. (28, 23-42); Nov. (8, 27-49); Dec.
(13, 21-54).
Menidia menidia (Linnaeus). Atlantic silverside. Stations:
A(10-12, 15, 20-22, 24-26), C(26, 34, 36), E(35, 36). Salinity
0-26.8, temperature 17.4-31.5. Number and length: Mar. (100, 65-
96); Apr. (54, 57-96); May (3, 69-79); July (50, 55-65); Aug. (520,
38-59); Sept. (21, 54-63); Oct. (40, 32-71); Nov. (17, 37-72).

Family BOTHIDAE
Ancylopsetta quadrocellata Gill. Ocellated flounder*. Station:
A(6, 8, 11). Salinity 7.7-25.8, temperature 11.0-19.3. Number and
length: Feb. (4, 55-67); Mar. (1, 85); Apr. (3, 34-59).








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


Citharichthys spilopterus Giinther. Bay whiff. Stations: A(15-
17, 19, 20), B(6), C(2, 7-9, 11-15, 25, 27-29, 33-35, 39), E(3, 11-18,
28, 30, 32, 34-37), H(5, 19, 40), 1(2). Salinity 0-26.8, temperature
16.5-34.1. Number and length: Apr. (3, 38-86); May (45, 26-93);
June, (90, 31-97); July (45, 38-121); Aug. (35, 41-125); Sept. (14,
97-126); Oct. (8, 26-124); Nov. (5, 51-62).
Etropus crossotus Jordan and Gilbert. Fringed flounder*. Sta-
tions: A(8, 9, 17, 24-26), B(1, 6), E(14). Salinity 7.7-28.0, tem-
perature 11.0-30.0. Number and length: Feb. (2, 69-72); Mar. (1,
89); June (3, 35-42); July (1, 78); Sept. (4, 33-88); Oct. (6, 28-
89); Nov. (1, 56).
Paralichthys albigutta Jordan and Gilbert. Gulf flounder. Sta-
tions: A(8, 16, 17), C(6, 16), E(17). Salinity 7.7-24.7, tempera-
ture 11.0-30.8. Number and length: Feb. (5, 127-168); Mar. (2,
51-57); May (1, 71); June (3, 66-68); Sept. (1, 139); Nov. (1, 159).
Paralichthys dentatus (Linnaeus). Summer flounder*. Sta-
tions: A(15), C(7). Salinity 20.0-26.8, temperature 23.5. Number
and length: Apr. (1, 73); May (2, 65-86).
Paralichthys lethostigma Jordan and Gilbert. -Southern flound-
er. Stations: A(9, 21, 22), B(2), C(6, 8, 14, 16, 17, 21, 29, 30, 35,
39), E(10, 12, 18), G(2), H(3, 20, 29, 38), 1(2). Salinity 0-30.2,
temperature 12.0-31.0. Number and length: Feb. (1, 311); Mar.
(19, 22-56); Apr. (6, 40-78); May (6, 67-155); June (43, 61-145);
Aug. (3, 257-503); Sept. (6, 106-201); Oct. (1, 139); Nov. (3, 112-
202); Dec. (6, 129-144).
Undetermined Paralichthys. Stations: A(1, 3, 10-12, 15, 18-20),
C(10-13, 21-28, 30-32, 36-38), E(13-15, 22-25, 27, 32, 34), H(4, 19,
25, 30, 32, 33, 37, 41), 1(4, 12, 13). Salinity 0-26.8, temperature
14.0-34.1. Number and length: Jan. (1, 210); Mar. (126, 15-254);
Apr. (104, 32-178); May (43, 25-362); June (9, 71-240); July (27,
54-231); Aug. (13, 89-356); Sept. (3, 106-191); Oct. (4, 110-164).
Scophthalmus aquosus (Mitchill). Windowpane*. Station:
E(19). Salinity 5.5, temperature 19.4. Number and length: Nov.
(1, 122).

Family SOLEIDAE

Achirus lineatus (Linnaeus). Lined sole*. Stations: A(15),
C(15, 21), E(20). Salinity 0-26.8, temperature 11.0-23.5. Number
and length: Mar. (1, 96); May (1, 31); Oct. (1, 77); Dec. (1, 92).







48 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Trinectes maculatus (Bloch and Schneider). Hogchoker. Sta-
tions: A(1-5, 8, 11), C(9, 10, 25, 34, 36, 37), D(3), E(1, 2, 13, 14,
22, 35-37), F(1), G(2, 3), H(1, 2, 4-14, 16, 18-22, 25-42), 1(1-16,
18-21), J(1-8), K(1-5), L(1-3). Salinity 0-28.2, temperature 8.8-
34.1. Number and length: Jan. (116, 26-108); Feb. (90, 27-128);
Mar. (785, 16-172); Apr. (230, 25-112); May (170, 36-114); June
(220, 15-122); July (140, 16-118); Aug. (189, 17-123); Sept. (70,
15-103); Oct. (366, 17-140); Nov. (240, 28-135); Dec. (231, 25-121).

Family CYNOGLOSSIDAE

Symphurus plagiusa (Linnaeus). Blackcheek tonguefish. Sta-
tions: A(1, 8-12, 15-22, 24-26), B(6), C(2, 9-11, 14, 16, 17, 21, 25,
27, 29-39), D(3), E(10, 13-15, 22, 24, 25, 28, 30-32, 34-37). Salin-
ity 0-26.8, temperature 11.0-34.1. Number and length: Jan. (8, 32-
81); Feb. (21, 44-106); Mar. (50, 31-88); Apr. (7, 32-115); May
(4, 25-77); June (20, 19-81); July (47, 19-68); Aug. (35, 11-76);
Sept. (55, 18-92); Oct. (91, 18-84); Nov. (28, 22-152); Dec. (3, 33-
37).

Family GOBIESOCIDAE

Gobiesox strumosus Cope. Skilletfish*. Stations: A(8), C(21),
E(19). Salinity 0-7.7, temperature 11.0-19.4. Number and length:
Feb. (1, 40); Mar. (1, 40); Nov. (1, 38).

Family BALISTIDAE

Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus). Planehead filefish*. Sta-
tions: A(15-18), C(27, 29), E(3, 11-14, 26-29). Salinity 11.0-26.8,
temperature 22.8-34.1. Number and length: May (12, 17-60); June
(14, 21-59); July (3, 65-70).

Family TETRAODONTIDAE
Sphaeroides maculatus (Bloch and Schneider). Northern puf-
fer*. Stations: A(16-19), C(10, 26, 29), E(12, 13, 28, 32, 33).
Salinity 6.7-24.7, temperature 23.0-34.1. Number and length: Apr.
(1, 16); May (1, 19); June (25, 18-56); July (4, 42-64); Aug. (1,
40).








TAGATZ: Fishes of St. Johns River


Family DIODONTIDAE
Chilomycterus schoepfi (Walbaum). Striped burrfish*. Sta-
tions: C(15), E(3, 4). Salinity 11.1-14.3, temperature 21.0-30.8.
Number and length: June (1, 23); Aug. (1, 101); Oct. (1, 39).

Family BATRACHOIDIDAE
Opsanus tau (Linnaeus). Oyster toadfish. Stations: A(1, 11,
14, 17, 19-21, 24-26), B(6), C(19), E(6, 18, 24, 30, 32, 33). Salin-
ity 0-24.7, temperature 14.0-30.0. Number and length: Jan. (1, 51);
Mar. (3, 133-233); Apr. (4, 130-161); June (2, 118-172); July (22,
18-289); Aug. (3, 26-163); Sept. (2, 135-229); Oct. (4, 89-205);
Nov. (7, 88-205).

Family OGCOCEPHALIDAE
Ogcocephalus cubifrons (Richardson). Shortnose batfish. None
captured.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Dr. Carter R. Gilbert, Assistant Curator in charge of fishes, the
Florida State Museum, Gainesville, identified representative speci-
mens from almost all of the collections, read the manuscript, and
offered helpful suggestions on treatment of the data. Dr. William
M. McLane, Florida Aquatic Nurseries, Ltd., Ft. Lauderdale, gen-
erously allowed me to include the records from his unpublished
dissertation on the fishes of the St. Johns River. Martin A. Roessler,
University of Miami, identified the fine-scaled species of Gobionel-
lus.

LITERATURE CITED
BAILEY, REEVE M., ERNEST A. LACHNER, C. C. LINDSEY, C. RICHARD ROBINS,
PHIL M. ROEDEL, W. B. SCOTT, LOREN P. WOODS. 1960. A list of
common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Can-
ada. 2nd Ed., Amer. Fish. Soc., Spec. Pub. 2, 102 pp.
BECK, WILLIAM M., JR. 1965. The streams of Florida. Bull. Florida State
Mus., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 91-120.
BRIGGS, JOHN C. 1958. A list of Florida fishes and their distribution. Bull.
Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 223-318.









50 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

CARR, ARCHIE, AND COLEMAN J. COIN. 1959. Guide to the reptiles, amphibi-
ans, and fresh-water fishes of Florida. Univ. Florida Press, Gainesville,
341 pp.
EVERMANN, BARTON W., AND WILLIAM C. KENDALL. 1900. Check-list of the
fishes of Florida. U. S. Comm. Fish and Fish., pt. 25, Rep. Comm.
1899, pp. 5-103.
FOWLER, HENRY W. 1945. A study of the fishes of the southern Piedmont
and Coastal Plain. Monogr., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 7, pp.
1-408.

GUNTER, GORDON. 1945. Studies on marine fishes of Texas. Pub. Inst. Mar.
Sci., Univ. Texas, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-190.
MCLANE, WILLIAM M. 1955. The fishes of the St. Johns River System. Un-
published Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. Florida, 362 pp.
MOODY, HAROLD L. 1961. Exploited fish populations of the St. Johns River,
Florida. Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1-18.
MYERS, GEORGE S. 1938. Fresh-water fishes and West Indian zo6geography.
Rep. Smithsonian Inst. 1937, pp. 339-364.
MYERS, GEORGE S. 1951. Fresh-water fishes and East Indian zo6geography
Stanford Ichthyol. Bull., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 11-21.
ODUM, H. T. 1953. Factors controlling marine invasion into Florida fresh
waters. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Caribbean, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 134-156.


Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Biological Laboratory, Beau
fort, N. C. 28516


Quart. Jour. Florida Acad. Sci. 30(1) 1967 (1968)




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