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Scorpions, whip scorpions, and wind scorpions of Florida
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 Material Information
Title: Scorpions, whip scorpions, and wind scorpions of Florida
Series Title: Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas
Physical Description: 28 p. : ill., maps. ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Muma, Martin H ( Martin Hammond ), 1916-
Florida -- Division of Plant Industry
Publisher: Florida Division of Plant Industry
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1967
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Scorpions -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Whip scorpions -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Solpugida -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Bibliography: p. 28.
Additional Physical Form: Electronic version available on the World Wide Web as part of the Linking Florida's Natural Heritage Collection.
Statement of Responsibility: by Martin H. Muma.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0030
notis - AEA1679
alephbibnum - 000807108
oclc - 00020508
lccn - a 68007946
Classification: lcc - QL434 .A75 vol. 4
ddc - 595/.46
System ID: UF00000084:00001

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
    Title Page
        Page ii
    Frontispiece
        Page iii
    Front Matter
        Page iv
    Foreword
        Page v
        Page vi
    Table of Contents
        Page vii
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
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        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
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        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text

ARTHROPODS OF FLORIDA
AND NBOItMG LAND AEAS
VOLUME 4


IN


. .

. 1 < 4'
,,, ? : . ..' . ,.. , *- ' � J


SCORPIONS, WHIP SCORPIONS
AND WIND SCORPIONS
OF FLORIDA

MARTIN H. MUMA

FOAIDA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
DOYLE CONNER, COMMISSION


I







ATHROPODS OF FLORIDA
AND NGmoIG LAI AMlU


VOLUME 4


197


SCORPIONS, WHIP SCORPIONS

AND WIND SCORPIONS

OF FLORIDA

MARTIN H. MUMA
Unrwersity of Florida Otrus Experiment Station
Lake Alfrtd

RFMRA DPWMS OF AGcUITM1
Dl6 Clmn, -rM0
DvIVON OF PAN BMUSIM
Iomlb L Jwas Dkeod

- hmpin * p st.^a em on - a#ets a
w.m.. upeases . AgvculneW
DivIa of Plans lidshiy Li y
FPS Offlce hex 1269
Climvillh, PwFlorida 32601


mMMnAMn uM. nL, MI mwmoh-n a


fmh- ow Drecaus 1, 1to







Lit' ~ ,h4.~


* 'IL


Female orpla, Cn trwids e rw~at (Laelae), nd yomun








Cover: ScorpionL, GCentrwroide grao* (LatrAffla)











FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE





DIVISION OF FPIANT LD STUY



PlatM miar Tee&ikaI CommiMee


Vernom . Chaim ..........
Roy VasuAgrift Jr., Vit Chairmus
Coltn tgelth. Sr- -
W. RK "Bill" McMuolk
N. Curtds Pto. Jr .......
St rt Stmpm n ...... ..................
F tq r h m ith ................. .
Felix H. U il ........
Ralwin L. Jon , S ry .. ............. . ...


.. ... ..Moat Don
... ... al nt
Ta.lahamse


. ... ......Laketand
.-......Monteelo
......tarke
. . . Sebrinf
-. - - -------- Gainesvills


Adminltsruuive Staff

Halwin L. June, Division Director . ................. Ga.nesvlie
P. E. Frieruon. Aniatant Director ...................... .. .. .................Ganesvlle
V, W. VifltMauve, Flial Ofcaer .............. ........ ...... Gdinuevfle
R. L Meeker, Information Officer ............. . . .. Gaineille
G. D. Bridge.. Chief, Citrus Budwood Registration Section Winter Haven
H. A. Denmark. Chief. Entomology Section .. ... -... GafneMille
G.. GNorma, Chief, Methods Development Section ... Winter Haaen
P. M Pdukard Chief. Apiary Sliot. . . ... Ga nawille
C. Pucbwr, Chief Spwim Pgran Srti .. . Winter FHma
C. P. Sqymur, Chief, Plit Patholk Sction Gainerle
C. EL Sbqpad, Chief. Plant nspKtion Stkm ... -.Gainale
(Un Alled), CiL Nmatonlouy Sectia. .. - Ginflla









FOREWORD


Entomologists of the Division of Plant In-
dustry, Florida Department of Agriculture,
provide an identification serve lee for the State
of Florida of insect, mitee, spiders, scor-
pions, millipedes, centipedes and other ar-
thropods, Fairly frequently, scorpions and
other arachnids closely related to scorpions
are received for identification and informa-
tion is requested concerning the virulence of
their stings or bites, their recognition char-
acters, their habits and their control. The
accurate Identification of these groups in
Florida has been confused due to the inade-
quacy of identification keys,. the occurrence of
highly questionable records for Florida which
have appeared In the literature, and the Iack
of detailed descriptions of those species
which are known to occur in Florida; at least
two Florida species have been undescribed,
Dr. Martin H. Muma, Rewearch Associate of
The Florida State Collection of Arthropods
and Technical Advisor to the Florida Depart-
ment of Agriculture, was asked to prepare a
bulletin stressing the recognition and distri-
bution of the species found in the state,
Scorpions, whip scorpion and wind score'
pions are predaceous on other small animals.
mostly upon soft-bodied insects, but aa the
author indicates in this bulletin, only the
scorpions possess poison glands and consti-
tute any danger to man. None of the several
species of scorpions which occur in Florida
ia capable of inflicting a lethal sting. al-
thouhrb the site of the sting may be painful
for several hours. Scorpion venom, a neuro-
toxin, is comparable in toxicity and in its
mode of action to that of the cobra, but the
dose injected by the scorpion usually is in-
sufficient to prove fatal to the human adult.
The potency of the venom varies consider-
ably from one species to another, and even
cJosely related apecles may differ widely in
this respect In North America, species
highly dangerous to humana, eApscia~ly to
children, uccur only in arid regions of the
extreme southwestern United States and
Mexico


Scorpions, Whip Scorpinrz and Wind Scor-
pions of Florida is the fourth of an irreg-
ularly appearing series of publications relat-
ing to the insects and other arthropods of
Florida and neighboring land areas-the
southeastern United States,. the Bahama Is-
lands, the Greater and Lesser Antilles, and
the land areas in an around the Gulf of Mex-
ico and the Caribbean Sea-with emphasis
on taxonomy, ecology, biology, and zoo-
geography.

The files and preserved specimens of the
Florida State Collection of Arthropods pro-
vided a basis for many of the records in this
publication. This collection is being devel-
oped by the staff members of the Entomology
Section, Division of Plant Industry, Florida
Department of Agriculture, and more than
fifty Rewearch Associates of the state ar-
thropod collection. Close support is provided
by staff members in several departments of
the University of Florida, including those in
the Department of Entomology, the Depart-
ment of Biological Sciences, the Department
of Zoology and the Florida State Museum,
The collection is housed in the entomnlogy
building of fhe new Division of Plant In-
dustry headquarters located on the campus
of the University of Florida.

The author, Dr. Muma, was born in To-
peka, Kansas. July 24, 1916. He received his
B, S. degree from Frostburg State Teachers
College in 1989, his M. S. degree from West-
ern Maryland College in 1940, and his Ph. D.
degree from the University of Maryland in
1943. From 1940 into 1945 he served as an
Instructor and Assiatant Entomotogist at the
University of Maryland, then as an Exten-
sion Entomologist and Associate Professor
and Entomologist at the University of Ne-
braska from 1945 into I95l. Since 1951 he
has been an Associate Prufensor, and then a
lull Profesor of Entomology at the Univer.
sity of Florida Citrus Experiment Station
located at Lake Alfred, working primarily
on research relating to the biological control








of citrus inses and mites. In the field of
taxonomy be has made important contribu-
tiona on the taxonomy and biology of citrus
mites, and he is one of the foremost North
American authorities on the taxonomy, bi-
ology and behavior of Arachnida, including
spiders, scorpions and wind seorpluna. He is
the author or coauthor of forty articles in
the field of entomology and forty-five articles
in the field of arachnoslgy, in addition to 21


extension bulletins concerning insects and
other arthropods and six articeas on speTe-
ology,
Howard V, Weemw, Jr.
Editor

EnLoniology Section
Division of Plant Industry
Florida Department of Agriculture
O-lober 4, 1907











TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
Intro duction .. ................ .. . ......... .................. .. ............................. 1

KEY TO "SCORPION" ORDERS AND FAMILIES IN FLORIDA.. 2

KEY TO THE GENERA AND SPECIES OF SCORPIONS
IN FLORIDA .................-...........---...................... . ..... .... 2
Scorpionida ...... _ ........... ............................-..-................-- -------... ........... 3
Buthidae ................----------......--........-...........--.......--..---.....---....----.................. 8
Cein raroides kentsi (Banks) .............. 3.............. .. ..... ...............
Centtrroidte keygi new spees -------........-....--.... .....-.................... 6
Centruroides graeflis (Latralle) ..-....----------.....-..-...-..........---------........................ 8
Isometris aculaCtWs (DeCeor)................................-------.................-------------....... 11
Tf floridanu Bank..........................................---------------------------..................... 13
Vjovid .------------------------------------.................................................................................................. 14
Vej wis aroiitinua (Bauvols).......-.............------------......-----........................ 14

D oubtful R records ...... .............................. ....... . ................................ 15
Cetitr roides b~iacu eatus (Lucas) ..................................................... 15
UCntruroides margaritatus (Gerais) ---------------------................................................ 15
Centruroides vittatus (Say)......................... ..... ............................ 16
Diptocmntruz lesueurii (Gervais) ...-------------................................................... 1
"CrntruroidtNr" testacous (DeGeer) ............ ............. ........... 16
A'nuroceonus phaiodaotytus (Wood).....................------------...................... 17
Pedipalpida ..........-----..-----------------------................................................................,,. 18

KEY TO THE GENERA AND SPEC) ES OF WHIP SCORPIONS
IN FLORIDA ............................................................................................----------- 18
Schisom idae .... . . .. . .. 1 . ... ..................... 18
Shizomms floridanwu new species ......... . .................................. 18
Thelyphonidae ............................................................................................ 21
Maotigrnproha s giganteus (Lcae) ................ ................................ 21
T a ra ntu lid ae .. .. .. .... . . . ............. ...... ......... . ............................ 28
Tarntulc fuscimanm (C. L. KoEch).................. ................................ 28
Tarimfta marginepm ala d (C. L. Koch) ........................................ 24
S olpug ida ........ ............... . ............. ................................................... 2
Ammotrechidae ...............-........................------------ .. . ---............-- 28
Ammotreehefa stimpsoni (Putnam) ..---------------................------................-............. 26

L IT E R A T U R E C IT E D ... . ............ .. .................... .................. ......... 28








SCORPIONS, WHIP SCORPIONS, AND WIND SCORPIONS

OF FLORIDA
(Arachnida: Scorpionida, Pedipalpida, and Solpugida)

Martin H. Muma1
Entomologist
University of Florida Citrus Experiment Station
Lake Alfred


Arachnids of the orders Scorpionida, Pedi-
palpida, and Solpugida in Florida have re-
ceived no attention as a group since Nathan
Banks' (1904) presentation of "The Arach-
nida of Florida" 63 years ago. The present
publication reviews the recorded species of
scorpions and their allies in Florida, cites
additional distribution records and, where
possible, gives biological and ecological data
of both scientific and popular interest.
Although an intensive literature search
and a systematic, morphologic investigation
were required to properly identify and name
some included species, this is not primarily a
taxonomic paper. It is, rather, a zoogeo-
graphic presentation of the species found in
the state. Because of a general public in-
terest in scorpions and scorpion-like animals,
information on the habits and habitats of the
various species is included. For the same
reason, known effects of the stings or bites
are cited.
Morphologic drawings have been re-
stricted to those absolutely essential for ac-
curate, scientific diagnosis of new or little-
known species. Most species have been
illustrated by photographs of living or care-
fully arranged museum specimens. These
will help interested Florida residents to
identify these "scorpions" so that they may
read the appropriate paragraphs of this
report and better understand these overly
feared and often maligned animals.


1 Research Associate, Florida State Collection of
Arthropods, Division of Plant Industry, Florida De-
partment of Agriculture.


Keys to orders, families, genera, and spe-
cies have been prepared for those interested
in technical species identification. Para-
graphs entitled "coloration" and "measure-
ments" also contain technical information.
Paragraphs entitled "remarks" and "rec-
ords" contain both general and technical
information on the occurrence, distribution,
and bites or stings of the cited forms.
Persons interested in learning more about
the lives, habits, and histories of scorpions
and their allies are referred to the following
general works which contain excellent sum-
maries and bibliographies: The Spider Book
by J. H. Comstock (1912, revised 1940) ;
American Spiders by W. J. Gertsch (1949);
The Arachnida by T. H. Savory (1935);
Spiders, Men and Scorpions by T. H. Savory
(1961).
I acknowledge and express my apprecia-
tion and thanks to the following persons for
special assistance that they have given me:
Dr. W. J. Gertsch of the American Museum
of Natural History for the loan of study
materials, encouragement, and personal as-
sistance; Dr. H. W. Levi of the Harvard
University Museum of Comparative Zoology
for the loan of types and study specimens
and personal assistance; Dr. H. V. Weems,
Jr., of the Florida State Department of Agri-
culture, Division of Plant Industry, Entomol-
ogy Section, for the loan of study specimens
and encouragement; Dr. R. E. Crabill, Jr., of
the United States National Museum for the
loan of Florida specimens; and Mr. A. G.
Selhime, Mrs. Harriet Long, Mr. Ernest M.
Collins, Jr., and Mr. Robert C. Hermes for
the photographs.








KEY TO "SCORPION" ORDERS AND FAMIJIES IN FLORIDA


. Pedilpldp cheate, swoll at tip intn a
graspinr hand with opposbAe fngers
wphalotborax amnivided : inter nrovid-
ed with a pair of cwmAik. poftism ; ab-
dn praoonged into a ta-ji4ke, sLX eg-
imnted, pot-axbdommn provided with a
stitngt; with four pain of book-thmresX
- Order Scorpkmtkis-
tA. Pedipa lp raptorial armmd mmally worth
"purn and spie for r)utc ig; ephaslo-
thornx undivided or dMivded t most linto
two reogizable segmnts: pt-bdo-
men. when present, not provuidd with a
ating; with one or two pair or book-
lungs .............- Order Pedipalpid-a
B,. Pedipalp. ter-like with retractable ad-
hegsve organ at tip; cephalothornx di-
vided into head and thorrilc.like oeg-
mentA; coflXa trochantere of fourth leg.
provided with racquet organ; post-nb-


domen abent, without blxk-lumg .
.... _ Orcr Solpwrida
(Family Ammo chidlae), p. 2L
. Srin m triangulr:; post-bdomi dlen-
der, much lihwer than body --____
Family Buthida. p. &
2A Sterunm prtagoual; pot - abdome
thickL only hdiy* tkoimw thau bod.__
Family Vejovida., p. 14.
3. Paot-abdonRw long. simer. a mnw y-
maeuntmL; twn pain of boomklungz;
tarpS mp cisf ( I to 5 em in leith)...
.........-- . Family Thelyphoide p. p 1,
SA. Post-abdomn short, and three or four
sementcd; one pair of bok-lungs:; tiny
species (Cle than I rm in Ilenth)
Y.. Fmly Sehizomidae, p. 18
3B. Post-abdomen sb i t; two pair of book-
lunnge medium sized spee[e (1 to 3 cm
in tenth) Family Tn'r ntulidae, p. 23.


KEY TO THE GENERA AND SPECIES OF SCORPIONS IN
FLORIDAL


3- Sternum pentauna; pot - abdomen
thkik and only slightly longer tLha hody;
no spir, at the base of the stlng
Vejaris emrodiraiua (Bcauvt,6) p. 14-.
Sternum triangular; postabdomen Ale-
der and mwc kIur than body: dutinct
wM or spnr a the bae of the stl -2
2. Median defticles nm morab finrers of
the a. baked by rows of supraumer-
ary dticle
. Ge Crwrwrodrs Marx-4
Median dentirulc on mvbler Aners of
c etle not flanked by roww of supernum-
nwary denticules .. ........
rnpurw I .howu tOh csmparti mIse. MCrf. smd
roukr patteram of Jiera searplmas.
S. Median denticules in strongly overlap-
ping oblique rows; a large uniformly
brown specise .............. ......
TifywA. flridanu. Bnnks, p. 13.
Median d ttlculea seemingly In a contin-
uous row; a slender yellow and brown


spotted p ies .. ...........
...f.rmetrva mtoaJ Wi (DeGter). p. 11.
4. Movable finger of chels with eight oh-
lique ruu of median dentimule; a large
slender red-rowmn spec$a - -
CeUntruroidse grjsltI (Latmr e). p. 8
Moable finers of chdea with nine ob-
lique rows of median dmEcule: yellow
ipei ~artbed sad sniped with brown
--- - --. . 5
S. LarWe specie (84 to 73 mm)n: females
lack a pit on the huwnl Rririte of the pec-
tie"; nmaeik aerally larger than fe-
malts; found in Lbe Jouthern keyw. Mi-
ami area, and mauthern part of west
tmalt ........... ..... ....
CeGntruroide kcysi new pewime, p. 6.
Small species (S2 to 44 mm); female
have a pit on the hasal snlerite of the
pectinee; mnales genernlly smaller than
females; found on the peninsula, north-
ern keym. ansd in the panhandle counties
.. Centrroide Arvtrm (Banka), p. 3.








Florida Snurpoin


Fir. I. - l.ft to right 1'rftfii erftinitatus (Beauvols). Immtrfrwv macutatus (DeGeer).
Cr-Orurnwiriidr grai.u {(latrellIc). rrfrtruroirdr kcpei new fLpecie, ('Crrurroidru kntIzi
I Harikm). (Approximately lG per relnt of life sizel.

Order Sonrpionida
Family Belthidar
Ctaftrarmdts efiai (Bunks)
(Hcnt'I Striped Scorpjon)
Fig-. 2 and 3


('rirwe r trtr.i; Banks. 1900. Amer. Nat
%'al. :. No. 401 p. _426-
C('nrrmr*s Ahnt-i, Banks. 19I-, Proc Acaid.
Nat. S i. PhilLa. VoL 8. p. 142.
t.'rnirwroidif khetri, Cinstock. 1912. The
Spider Book revised W. J., Gi;rth. 1910)
L ubleday Duran and Co., Ir-., N. Y. p.
27.

r '01ORATION: Color in alcohol pole to
dark yellow, heavily marked with brown
FIw. 2), Carapate h]ack on eye tuberdI-
but otherwise symmetrically numrkud with
brown blutches and lines that radiate later-
ally ind anteriorly from a narruw pale ye]-
low median stripe, Abdhominal tergitri mar.-
ained with brown and marked with two
brUad. sub-mtndian. mottled, ruwn stripes.


-belinrae, pedipalpa. and les marbled with
brown on the dJrnal and lateral surfac-.
Ventral surface of l os pale and unmm rkd.
("'oxae endjtis, gerital J lertte. pertinea,
and ftrst abdominal inernmte pale but nar-
ruwly margined with brown. Second, third.
and fourth allbominal aterniLes medially
dusky and narrowly margined with brown.
Fifth albdominal sternit. darker yellow, mar-
gined with hbrnwn and marked with two short
sub-median hrnwn rtrlpes that extend an-
terinrly from thle Ivituror margin about
one-half the length of the wrlerite. Poet-
ak�dnmen pale Lturmilly but marbled with
brown on the lateril annd ventral Burfaces of
the segmoianta the ImIl wjrnmnt and apical
neRgment, or v E nic. are lenat msrked- Sting
dark brown on the spiral third to half of ita































Vig. 2,-CC-rntrrOuid hriitzi (Ran kl), female and mate (about 2.7 times ]Efe size.)


Fig, .--f.'e rroid fs Attz.i (Banks), pectinet uf female (l8g).








Tah. l.-Comp m atr morphokwrc caraters of rratruoidta ArifL Bmnks and C'W-
trmnwdt kejir wr sfwie


Tamgtk i - - - Carupmru Kahn

Sprine Nau wK Twt Carapwo abdume nUn tah
rfnmnriem Arntmi fBauki
Mcali (8)
MK 41.0 i3 27-5 IT.S 13
Min 8.o 3.0 It.o 1;:S3 1s
Xfen 37.1 3.8 34,1 1:7.S 1i
PumIk m ill)
Man 44.0 4- 251,0 1:.2 115
Mi IM-5 3-7 20.0 1;4.5 i
M'au &LM 4.1 21.1 1A.4 17
Femakl heal .aer-i atf WUnms (jum with large tainwene Fit Pit. a.


CetTimwide keyi ftL Ia
l,.' (I)
Mat
Nb
TrrI1re (LAtI


Nh .1. 4, 6tl

Fwnp banal eilMt* of pl,,in , jug a i MooM" 4 l.g 5|.


length. Pedtina pale, teeth with dusky
spot.
MEASUREMENTS: Diagaostir measure-
ments and characters of thifis Hpecles are
compared with Lhose of Cefrt--ridrn keysi
new species in Table 1.
REMARKS: Banks (1904) reported sp&ci-
mens from Runnymede (Omola County) in
October and Fort Reed (Seminole County).
The type vWi. in the Muamn of Cn'mpmrtive
Zouogy at larvard University, Cambrkil
Msachusett., is laele Ruannvmde. 191.
October. and ronuains two =ma malen and
am immature au well s two ceatipedcs.
This spcm uad Centruroidet keyn n.. sp
resemble Cnrrmtrroes thorelti Krieptmn, a
Central Amerhcan species. in mief, coloration.
and marking but have a much Treater num-
ber of teeth In the pectinesm Centruroidea
vitt9tui (Say) also is closely related but
differs by havl-n a distinct dark brown tri-
anrular wpol over the interrwular aruma no
brown nmarblifmg on the upper surfaceA of the
chelicerae. 22 to 24 teeth in the pectimm aSd
a minute retral pit in the basal Tnerite of
the fetnal' prtintes
The author has been stunif wrnai time
by this spt-ie witLh littr or no ill erffct-
Ther* i a mild local tingrig md burning


for a few minutes and tenderness for a few
hour.
Although this peT'.in sl collected fra-
quently under stones. Iags, and litter on the
ground, it Is also common under the bark of
dead standing trees, as high as 20 feet off
the Mround, and commonly invades ho'us. It
readily cats crickets and roaches under lab-
mmtarr conditions, and be you feed on
termin
RECORDS: Tlimv are nunmrmw records
of this pmcies from the pjmninsLa aud pwu-
handle of ihe slAte and from northern ia-
lands or keys. but it has not been cleted
from the outhem keys. A few represnta-
tie records are given.
ALAI' HUA COUNTY, one female. July 14,
1959. under bark of rotting mak log. H. V.
Weemn, Jr.: GalnevIlle, one female, July 22,
1D59. under bark of pine log. W. J. Platt,
Ill; BAY COUNTY. Panama City, one fe-
male, January 12, 1940. in decaying pine lo.i,
Tom Johnson; BROWARD COUNTY. one
female and immature. April 16, 1949. H. K.
WaUac: CITRUS COUNTY. Homa o
Spinng. on female. April 25. 1943, B. Mal-
kin: CLAY COUNTY. Ortema. one male and
two female 1920; tOLLIER COUL'NTY, one
female. November 3. 166, H. A. Dezark;


TiD
U],
iato


1:11A
1:Le
'45
lin
i1-.
1:J.t








COLUMRIA COUNiTY. two mak. three fr-
male. Fehbruar 18, 190, unda r brk of oak.
EL V, Weem, Jr.; DADE COUNTY. cw. f.-
ml.h January 7, 1956, und&r o hark; For
ida Citr one female, Juanry 30. IN, saler
tlh~ M. H- Muma: ESCAMEIA COUNTY.
PeatMmla, aoe mi.e two female, sad yoaag;
RIGHLANDS rCOUTY. Hi.hlands Ham-
mwk Stat. Park, one fem[ . De6mbr 15.
157, under bark af punk tre, HI V. Weem.
Jr.:; HTnIIBOROUGH COUNTY. Hiibor-
ouh Rtiver State Park, a malt. one female.
March 3. 19MK nuder logs ad board, M.
H. Muma: LAKE COUNTY. Tavars, one
male, May 19. 1941. on concrete block, J. tR.
Hey; LEVY COUNTY. Sea Herm Key, two
femalei. October 10. 1M5, under wood walk.
C. H. Wharton: LIBERTY COUNTY, Rock
Bluff, one young, November 20.4 191, under
pine log bark, M. H. Muma:; MARION
COUNTY, Ocalt, two young, July 4, 1969,
under bark of dead pine, W. J. PIntt, III;
OKALOOSA COUNTY. Valpnalia. one ft-
malt, Fail, 1943. Edwards; ORANGE
COUNTY, Winter Park. ane female. March
21. I98. W. J. Gertach: PALM REACH
COUNTY. Lake Worth, two yoeng, June 16.
190. G. W. Deain; PINrLLAS COUNTY,
Tarpon Springs. one male. owe fetu.,
March 21, 1943 . Malki-: POLK COU'N-
TY. Witr" HlTae. oa female with iuma-
tarm 1965. in house, XH.. Munm; Wlnate
Havdm. oe female. May IS 167. ta hboos.
M. EH Mama. PUTNAM COUNTY, near
Hawthorne, m male, JanuarI y T 190, M-


S . -.


^-- * 1




'lug







r"""i~ i"" -"


.5.


-,
u- S


der bark of dead plan, H. V. Weems, Jr.; ST.
LUCtE COUNTY, one male, September 9,
1959, under log. G. W. CampbeD; SARASO.
TA COUNTY. Sarast, one yuugs, Pu-
ruary C. 1S96, under hark of pine, Il- V-
Weans. Jr.; SEMINOLE COUNTY. Lona-
wood. -m female. April S0. 19 on grand
in wod ed anrm G. W. Desi; VOLUSIA
COLNTY. ewe male. December s. 1950. H.
KL Walla.


CAn^saro-�f. keyi um pi
(K y stripSd Smrploa)
Fit. 4 mad S


COLORATION: Color and markings in
alcohol nearly identical with thoi of C.
hknti. Brown markings on caphalnthorax,
abdormn, and appendages not quite as dark
or extensive am those on C. hensti, muttling
interrupted by yelow more frequently (Fig.
4). Post-abdomen marked below with a
dark mottling on every smgmmnt including
vekle.
MEASUREMENTS: Diagnotic maunr.-


Imeta and charactrs ar eoompared with
those of C. kntnii in Table 1.
TYPE LOCALITY: Fezmle holotype col-
lected under coconut on Loggerhead Key in
Monroe County, Florida, September 1, 1982,
deposited in the American Muaum of Nat-
ural History, New York, New York. Eight
males and 13 female have been designated
as paratype; paratypu have been deported
in the American Musemn of Natural History,















N,


N'


Fig, -1.-CeratrurvidE keri new xperie s female ao male (Ibout 2 2 limes life siz).


Fig. 5.-V 'emtrwrmide k'ryai nau species, pctin rim nf ffemna ( ]BXI


New YLprk. New York; UnJiI S FLa~e Na-
tional Museum. %% ashirtr.rt. r I .; and For-
ida Scate I'olkltpon of Afrhrpms st. (GaiDe&-
rifk. Florid
REMAKRS S: The larger ize. bitiryr ptet-


aidJ(,mrn, compaamLivrly larger maYnl, mrre
(m.rlinAnl leth,, and &abLnce of a pit on the
ItalL A!er:te of the frnmal pertines dis-
ti t1riim thL species fp n tm . ht t-zi
I helitated for sone tinw to sepniac








this form from C. Aentzi, with which it 1bas
been confused for many years. Study of C.
vittatus from Nebraska, Texas, and Mexico
and a compartIso of specimens of C. keysi
with description of C, fhoreli, C. s-uffusu
(Pocock), and C. ornatwu (Pocock) cDnvince
me, however, that C, keysi is equally as dis-
tinruishable from C, hentzi as C. hrntzi is
from C. vitlutzs or C. suffusus and C. oamatu
are from each other and from C. ,ittatua.
The author has been stung while collecting
this species. The sting may be comparable
to that of the honey bee, Apis mellifera (L.),
or a prolonged local staingrI and burning
with tenderness may occur at the A ing site
for several days, arnd a slight neeroeis of the
skin may develop a millimeter or two around
the site.
This species is collected under the aame
conditions aa C. hentra with perhaps more
specimens found on the ground. However,
it is found frequently under the bark of dead
pine and buttonwood trees, especially those
infested with large termites.
RECORDS: Key records other than that
from which the type was taken include Key
Largo, Plantation, Upper Matecumbe, Lower
Matecumbe. Sugarloaf, Torch, and Big Pine,
AlM , it has been collected from the Miami
area and Collier County. Representative rec-
ords are given,
COLLIER COUNTY, Ccrkscrew Swamp.
one female, April 9, 1958. R, E. Woodruff:
DADE COUNTY, Homestead, one female.
January 80, 1960, under reek, H. V. Weems,
Jr.; MONROE COUNTY, Big Pine Key, two
females. one young, April 10, 1959, under


WY,
a
j4


weathered cardboard, H. V. Weetm, Jr,; Key
Largo, one female, January 30, 1959, under
bark, H. A- Denmark; Lower Matecumbe
Key, one male, one female, December 16,
1959, R. E. Woodruff. Sugarloaf Key, one
male, September 5, 1961, under bark of dead
limb. H. V. Weems, Jr. - Torch Key, two
males, two female, June 8, 1960, under bark
of small dead trees, H. V. Weems, Jr.; Plan.
tation Key, two males, three females, Jan-
uary 4. 1964, under bark of dead trees, M. H.
and K. E. Mama.


CentruroideU greuii (Latreille)
(Slender Brown Seorpton)
Fig, 6 and 7


Sorpie granteis Latreille, 1804, Hist. Nat.
Gen. Crust. et Ins., Vol], 7. p. 127.
Centrwrus gractli, Karbch, 1879, Mittheil.
Munch. ent. Ver., Vol. 3, p. 18,
Centruroides gracisi&, Pocock. 1902. Biol.
Center. Arner., Arachn. Scorp,, Vol. 3. p. 32.
COLORATION: Color in alcohol predom-
inantly brown to reddish brown with pale
brown and yellowish markings (Fig. 0).


Carapace black over median eye tubercle
and marginal eyes: median furrow behind
eyes narrowly yellow which terminates in a
abort yellow transverse bar at posterior
border of carapaen; otherwise carapace mot-
tied and reticulate with dark and light
brown. Abdominal tergites dark brown
marked with a pair of pale brown lateMlly
extending V-shaped marks, a pair of pale
yellow to brown spots and a pair of pale






























Fig. 6.-Centj'vroid' gaJnrJf (I,tareille]. female und mani (]3. times life size).




















Fix, 7,-Centruroidre ryrnr'ii* (IAtrEitle), perlinEs uc fetrnae {OX),

yellJ(w lr, liirwn luntlitudiril tiM.JLhe.le 11 ceich lines, hand inmewhat LJUghLer than bisal
of tLe firlrt live seementIM; M lh .egeniL't asegjnments, but finMaer darker. Legs asome-
Ilghl'r bruwn marked with narrow dark Inn- what paler than pudlpips with narrow dark
jitudinal stripes. (Chelicerrte piJld wLUit i fine Inmgitudinal lines. Venter. including coxae
itftrk retiLulation. PcdipaJps brown 141 rmdr and endite3i, pule yellowish brown, narrowly
dish brown with narrow dark lngiritudinal margined with dark brown. Abdominal ster-









nites brown nmarbed with yellow and sme-
what lighter msally. Poet-abdomen brown
to reddish brown with nrrorw dark lanfita-
dinal kne*; fifth sepmeat somewhat darker
than thers, Tsicle sOmwhat lighter. Sting
dark o apical third. Pertlea elHow; teeth
sometime f with dua* spots.
REMARKS: Nar* 100 rewor&d speci-
mens am redily plawd into this spiern.
Young have pike yedow l. and rrd hands.
PresFky unlted vspecimens m ar p a brown.
Descriptive and morpbologkicl cm pariwos
ind Ate that this swcie is 4Jksely related
to C. rwbrincau Pocok. C, bieflor Pocock.
and (. Jimbahwa Pecock, tt is most really
distinguished from them by the number of
teeth in the pecthies ind the downward or
outward slope of the sub-au lear tooth.
Florida native believe this large icorpior
Ii poisonous. If not dendly. Thlre arn, how-
evar, no known validated c ase of poisoning
by this species. Further, although many
spepimcen have been collected, the Karpion
ham nut Pucceeded in stinging thew iuLhnr,

MEASUREMENTS: The following re
femma and six males collected in thve tate.


Nj
r jpr'
__-
as-a' Cl


.0A


maureme and nmorphologieal details of 10


kmrs - Ca r s
PtS
Towta raml aSs ra


L- Nm&hwy
Ue2a Itnmi MXarLLnu
- (ajth rhaureudf


M0
MAX

Ma
Mte


T1 09



t.2


to USL@ Iu
V. "AO 1714
1-64 14-5 5L


pwI Wteif tk to
41neaWt. wil t AMi -
eM4. -nPd - a
tarek Pi. i-


"0He *paie MeemO to be lethUgle,. not an-
tamlnistic Like C. hetiz and C. kyai., Other
collectors have been stunr, but the reported
efirts are minor.
This species is mort frequently taken un-
der or in objects on the ground and on tone
watIn but has been colectLed In mont of the
places inhabited by the other species ot Crn-
truroidce. It feeds readily on roches.
RECORDS: There are more than 50 col-
lectkaon of this scorpion. Selected records
Mare given.


ALACHUA COUNTY. GCainemnill two fe.
males: DADE COUNTY. HomlteLd, one
femak. May 28. 19N. O. D. Link; LAKE
COUNTY, Clermont, one female, in home.
LEE COUNTY, Fort Myers, one female,
March 3, 1962. Joe Kelley; MANATEE
COUNTY, one female, October 1, 1962, D. C.
Chancey; MONROE COUNTY, Garden Key,
males, females, August 31, B141, on coconut
palm trunks at night, II. V. Weems Jr.: Key
Wimt, three rimat s, W. W. Warner;








l[AAN'E COUNTY. R1in-kdl]. one fkrrnxle,
Ni-pmmlT Tr 13. 17, LLndt-r rain., r! W Swan-
-in : POLK I. OUNTY. l.akeLmnd. ,t-r frnme.
Aiuml., 26-2.7. .961. m bu-dinn, ST ALt l|I*


C'OU'NTY. FI Pmerco. ime nudil-. ue ferniale.
May v1. 1961., . W. I nampl'ell: SEMI MI.K '.V
COUNTY. Sg-.ndhnl. tu-n fri'adt-, Jim:]"ary -0.
1961. G. W. Ibtlin


faIv.rlif mmurlarim (tIhrr)
(Sprttafl S.rorpion I
Fig. and 9


';,,,, 4. - ,r n r t,< ic* C[ 'e-Cr. 1'i . N Ipm r li tl.
In'<, VJ. 7. p. 346. pl. 41. fl ir 9. 10
fi n.j.. ru Fr i tiriiflt., Thurtit, 187I6- ..nn an1l
Maqi. Nat. HLqt.. V.I1. 17. N,. I-, p. r8.
COLORATION: CIolor in attoh-il p.il 1to
lark yelinw. hefLVily .Iottt9L wiLtl brnwn
( Fi, ) foirar1'tL.- tl r- k 4in iri' l iIh'erL]e;
lir'vr iriowrn -pit.-' H N1St.LrLUr to ryt- tutwrcle
ILirlrIgferl in rwfl tn Worm t iL |ii f rniirlinni
li'lpr'.m II p1 nir of Lub-me(dl[CLi l ririlw', andrl
rlrl.hI mnpdinn rdriipe; iiiluhint ir Li .yv, tuber-
(ti'., 111r1Rr sTpriL.r rrinT'lTn , In 1 illv'irlting pair
of t1rir.wi IhlaL extlnl ni - rl y 1" (1 ' linlitri i
ii.nl in front of The' murilmn l -.vI gry ups.
Ahbiomininl te:riltea lmLrmrfrtl wilh iilrwnl hi
tMi' I aTW 'ruilint-r as 1hr i.1-i-rJi.r '.ar! of
She caripincc. Chelic--rar ].lr. rpliIFltlhr
Trilh tbi'n.- and with uath finm'rrR btnvwb.


P Eitaai-s n..-arhk- anfd q.ittdi -ith brnr D
,'n the ror al andI lalrr-l surfaces and with
the finnerr bruwwn fa14ing tn pale ryellu at
the tipr. K[lj2 marbled and :potted with
brown on the' !l.rari and lateral -urfaie i
Eniilttl., irOXin', -ftqrnite,-. rnrl vtrntsr of the
abdomen rTRlh yvll t ixtL'ejt for the 11fth
bLknlinInLL .'gmeniril whli-rlh ! lightly spultLed
with brimwri. P4 l-lti-b meni huav[lly A.spitr
with bruwn, IrsA u on Ith rli rnal surface ilnd�
more m )t t]ie O lWMiLI Ond Lit each segmentt.
St[in' brrwn, lrji rk4Lr lht 1ti1irLI hailf. PeCtinic'
pil]V will dliiky c iu> I' NIH n th J b at e of tilth
tooth.
REMA ItIS I hAv.e -.,n p ny one ,q4--I-
men tf f 1Jii. IwIlt-'' frirl the ta te. It in
1:cdly d-Iamjt'iI-igt j~il ailpepur2 to br- a nailli
frnjilJ.- but mnaU iJ 4in jnimmatirn.k Males ainr
4o0 Aflder the- aJiprnir [frailg<.


N


'V


Fig. 8.-Iqjweru tr.u /rdrleoff NrsW (DeGter). female 21 2 utirn- life size),


/.








Despite diligent col]crting in the southern
'FInridj keys and in the Miami area, I hIav
not fund the species. Iluwever, it hi known
Ni oLumr thnougihut thu tropics ankd is fairly
common in Ihe West Jndies so it .heuld oc-
LaHjiona]ly be fuund in the southern-most
parts ,' th. ftate.t.
This .scorpion, although commonly refer-
red to aE Litu "�POtttC(t COVljiOhn.'" nmildt well


be called the house scorpion a. it, is atlmnat
invarinhly rnit.ct:ld nm or in buildings. The
sting reporLedly is in HrLwLGLLs.

RECORDS: One female Florlda ?'. in M.
C.Z./Bank s (191l) stated that l)r, Marx had
the RpeLciea from Key WetL. Ewing (1928)
stated thiL there were two speL-imens in the
U.S.N.M., both fram Key West, Florida.


MEASITREMENTS: The following measurumcrits anLd morphological details of six fe-
males and four males are of specimens from other tropical [ and f ub tropical area-.&


Lengths In nmm

Tital; C'aralkpace -iJon L f


Male. (41
Max
Min
1',muah I I

Mi n
Mean


(Ca ru.pa u
alKlid-nen


1 -tI
1:7.7
1;,:50
1:5.0


poctinalL
teeth


1R
iF;
I1
ir
1B
18


Miacellaneoui
charucten

Batsa] eehrite 0f pi.-
tin-es nf hath sexea
dr.Ilp lY Invinld hy thM
fiwitpfrir median mar-
Lna nohDt-A, Fir, B.
enilta] opercala athahL
sexef with a meLdian
dark shadow-


rfig. .-IwRImn.'t ru- IUrtirn0ur (Dr IMee.r), peetine.is f female (14X).








Tivry4 fliori4rrnu Banks
Fig, 10


Tidgis fl riitanua Banks. 1900, The Amer.,
Nat,, Vol, 34, No, 401, p. 42G5,
Tit'ynsq flnridanir., Itanks, 104,. ProL. Acad,
Nat. SAti- Phila., Vol. 8, p. 142.
Tftyoes flordin u.vM. Ewing, 1928, No. 2780,
Pro.r, U, S. NLt. Mus,, Vnl. 72, Art. 9. p.
22,
COLORATION: Color in alcohol brown
with appL]]dlges slightly lighter { 1ig. 10);
Jegs pale on tip. off mtatatrs uand tarsi;
L'hehlmIn LMOhewlat. darker on fingers nf hand:
chellerne p ale brnwn; lift uuid laixtth eeg
n]ctti.s of pL.t-abdomen Rlightly idarker than
s.gments one through four; pectines yellow;
sterniro of third ablominMil .se mIent with
palt yellow LrianguLar mark on caudal rnar.
xin.
TYPE LTOCALITY: Type frnm Floridn in
Muiieinm of Curnparattlv Zoology, HaIrvard
University, tim.nhridsre, Ma nMachisRetts,
REMARKS: Except for the name and de-
pnsilnrrv lhlaI, thoie re iti r(no lat_ in Lhe type
jar, exrL'pt. the letter FJ.A on the back of
Banks' irigniml Jiarne label. At the time the
species was def'ribesd, however. BELInk.
.stanLt:l that the specimen was fromn Key
West..
Althnugh .qeverEl huniilredl MirpiinnAM h;LVe
been -illeutiled nIt or txamiineil during the
course 1if the present Lt.ifly. no Jad4litionKl
FloridtE sp]t'nireils ]lav' ht n .e.n. It is Tiny
opinion thaLt the Flo'iilai rev.l'ti ol tlle speCNies
is spLiriiOS,
The spew6ie is probably Melxi[aEn or C'n-.


N


N


I'p


Fit. 10.-Tityua florida.nus Banks, female
holotype (about 1.2 times life size).

trail American. A comparison of R. I. Po-
i-nrk's (O1 302 descriptions of the typical and
suli-spec'tlhc fournm of Tilt:,j aer.hriiigci Po-
ilck, with Banks' description of T. Jflri.
rrrnrfs indicates that the lalLtter is eiLlher a
synonym or ,U very closely related species.


TMEASUiNTlEMINTS: I lno]tyie female in mm.


Total length 88.0 Pedipalp total
Carsnp'ee length 8,l 8.Femur
Anterlor wid(lh 3.8 Tflila
Piw.tcrior width S-I.O [ nrd
Abdulnime leJgtb 1.0 Mlvable theier
Ct-raqest wirith !, .2 VrsicLr
l'usL-abrtoisien LuLal 5O.U Stinge
SeK. 1 - T. long, -l.7 wlde
Klr. 2 - RIt.) long, 4.i1 wide
Seg. - 10.0 long, -L. wide
SeS . -I - II..,q 4tng, -1.8 wide
SOei. 5 1-'.1) 4tJu , .lIP wdlu


41.7
10.0 long,
11.r luSkng,
18.0 long,
11.0 loili
5.0 long,
4.2 Loni"


2.5 wide
3.3 wide
31J Widu
3-3 widr








Family Vejerka
VefjudE rwrliahnims (Rnmvh)
(Soathern Uhltriped Scorpin)
Fig U .ad 12


$rorpuw aroia inwxn Heanvois. 1821. Ins. rec-.
Afr. Amer., p, 191, pL, 5. fix. S.
Vcjoria caromt uia. BRankA 1P09, Anwer Nat,,
Vol. '4, No. 401, p. 425.
Var ovie c rolianlb u, Poc1ck, 1902, BiaL
Center. Amer., Aatchn. Scorp.. Vo]. 3. p. 24.
Vaejoris crotinianjus. Ewing. lMlS, Prrc. U.
S. Nat, Mum.. VVol. 75. Art. 9. No' 2730,
p- 14,
COLORATION: Color in akot lifht
browLn nouled and retiuated with dark
brown (Fi. 11 l, Carapaem black on eye
tuberck; anre in front of rre ttlwrle kigMht
except for a dutky trmlwn ere maurinal band
between the later eye clusters: ar beside
and behind iuberrte with irrmgublr dark
bltches that arc connected by a fine dark
reticulation. Abdominal tergitew dark brown
with pale mppti the most striking of which
are a pair of > <.huped marbk an all ar-
cept the rnMt Ajgment. which is pIalO mar-
bled. Cheliccr pale-, slightly darker on the
fingers and frequently with a dtuky median
dorai blotch. P*dipalps dark bruwn with
dusky spots mand rwticulatmns thiwh form
longitudimal trips on the hald: fingen
imnewhat paler thn hands and bhtel eg-
m,.Ls, fading to yellow at the tUp& Le
paie yelEw-brown marked with duAsy' mts


and strip an anterior surfaces of the fem-
ora, pateline, and tiblae. Endites, oxas,
sternites. and venter of abdomen pale ypl-
lwisph-hrown with dusky Ihadows, the moit
prominenri uf whir.h are an anterior marginal
band on the sternum. dark marffins on the
abdominal segment, aid a pair of dark sub-
marginal bands on the Afth abdcnminaj mg-
metrit Post-abdonm dark brown, with paIt
spola and bma in mino Inter.carinx areas:
Tirle mnewba lighter than other ee-
tantm nid fine reticiate. Stingr dark
brvwn on apk-al third Pertibn ple yellow
with the usual dusky spot on the teeth and
mnm duskiimn on the landlre I(Fig- 11 ).
REMARKS: Unquestionably the above di-
rTihed specimens the ~batern species of
Vrjoria known as the Pouthern unetriped
scnrplnn. The material BCn doem not agree.
however. with descriptions given by Bankbi
(1900) and Ewing (1928)I
'ro date, no specimenn of thi species have
been ollecrted within the state boundary, but
its occurrence In saoutber Georgia and Ala.
bmma indicates tha it may be found in the
twrthern and panhandle counties.
No spegkai of this Smps ha ever been
incrinunated as pimvnous It seem unlikely-
that this spers is hihly pummms to maa.


MEASUREMENTS; The fu wtoing mewinrenmnt and inorphotowkal details ar of
nine females from Genrgia. Alabama, and Kentucky,


L.ngth. in mm Cars_ il
-- -- Ipast- Nruiber
Post.- bdorwn parlirwi imeltanmmu*
Total Caurmac abdaowv TiSo toQ thai Akuftw


a. 4


21.0 1:S
17-5 1:4.
13.2 3:41


DIaud sftflar tiam
mediai kOlr ac&mar M
th Abu (war wemEfSs
tf ofa h**- k - v
estli4M f be b are
fused we bs 4


Femalon 41i
Mn







Doubtful Records
The following species of sceorpions have dental itrurlucLions uf non-endrnmic forms
been recorded from Florida but the records that have not berrnme established, Extensive
are believed to be spurious, either because fom Ky Wet t Pensacola for
of �].; i. - nnth[ [i iT re ting from Key West to Pensacola for
of misidenlification or misiabeling. IL is, of
course, po~sihle that they were collected 15 years has not produced addition] identi-
from the .tante. but if so. they were acci- viable specimens under natural conditions.
Centruroidei binculewus (Lueas)
Atrdrocton rs bfacuieatus Lucas, 1.35, in SLLtut Natiumal Museum. One via] in the
Webb and Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Canar., same collection is labeled C.nr1r-u biratu-
Arachn., p. 45, tea us Lucas and contains two females, a
Key West., Florida, IFbel and a Jacksonville,
There are three females from Florida, Florida, label, all Marx's. All of these spe-
three femralan from Key West, and two fe- diniens appear to be C('ntrjtnuide graeili
male frum Dry Tcrtugus. Keys bearing this (Latreille)r of which I'ocock (1902) records
name, all labeled by Marx in the United C. Ia curaituR as a synonym,


Cenrr;irojdeg mnrgcrihflrn (Cervu is)


Scrr'pin nrvargaritnfuR Gerrais. 1841, Voyage
de la Bonite I. p. 281,
There is one fetiate b-.ariiLg this nLmef
from Tortumas, Florida, collected by Marx, in
the United State; National Museum. Bnnk.s
(1904) and 1904) a]so recorded the species
frnm the state, 'I'his Central American spe-


cies is efaily distinguished from C. gracilia.
the common large brown scorpIon in Florida.
The above records are either spurious or are
the chance collections of introductions of a
sixrL-ie. that is not normally capable of re-
producing and living under the eci]ugical
condtltons that presently exiLt in this state,


4:


cc


%%I -A


V2


A4


Fig. 1I.-VejO~vr! ' caroliniamil (Reauvoia). femaLe (about four times life size),
































Fi.- 12-Vejuri, ' vX Prftrn fi jrin U L i (E atimu ), pectin s ov fetrrinv i (1RX ).


Cr.fmrnluraids rit-aru ($a )


IitrHwo --rfIfton Say. 1I21. Jlrua. A.'941 SRi.
,V-J. 2. p. 61-62.

Ih-rf i. inme ftm.a e t-.nrir a F i '.rila li-
l'-1 anrid a .V'l L' "1.lt'itiO tl1 rr Ja.r 19 A
Ihr t nrift StateP, NaT;'iraF .%(u'cu l] kLank-,
i 1I4H rpv.rtrded thi.a m1 ivr unidirr tr..f nfamir

in The *aIle


The i1isti[nctc[v rrilkir;ition. rdmrkinrg. and
murpd)'ov- ift' I i. V'inlriun u.utLhwEllern
?srLpW .-iirpurni. will L miin . n Itainkf. make
tT tmprrba th a tha he above rcord r,
iarte ir!:zi'intlfiatlnu*. Either the sw
N -r-rdWi in the utat. At Mone tinx. Viali aTrr
rfldaltiel. 4.r :1 ha. berm ;ui.rtf.fflWe l fri-
JLstIntlI arnil it j-tuJ tO survive and breMv.f
herf-


Dpipwnzrmns tma rwi (Grnai6)

,.ro .,3 ibrai-',r Gcr-v-a. 1l41, In ',al'k- he had n"ne rn m S*m"i'n-i fromn Key Wi't
haner'. in. Apt.-rr. V1n]. [ i. . Gt xnd that the ITy %.*ut probably frmm Florida.
I% anks ( I -M i and 19411 rewrhrdrd th J..-pc. I have 'not v Oldh Ii t h. nper ise. and un Tiider
ci Im 'in iftl sEtat: In 1 t.1, Iii tiit-d thxlt he .ingle rnn-rdl t' bi of an introductionl.


"'C.rtnrttlrei"ti' trstaupnous (1)3a*(i;,r)


'rffl'i'TrrJ te'st'erecous'' Dutcver. HILnki, Ik 0.
Ani r. Nut., V(L. 3.1, No. . rl, p. ,125.

A4 inlijcjtt@i abi.JLr. Bank I 1900) r'-riil-
nil Ih6.s 41w-ie, frnm �%.jth Flusria Thorut


is no adriilHlnnnl r'efri.'ivero t lih species
[Lmong puibl i iuil.ion 1in Norn h Ameriran icor-
pions, and MHinkm f 19H-1) ldii not list the
.pOieER., .i t iinIu'rlt that the Frigminal re'nrd
wv Lh. result )r a rtLLSjii nltirteation-








AaroWums penLTmyls( (Wood)


Ccrtrurmu phziode flus Wood. 196, Proc.
Acmd. Nat, Sci. Phila., p. 1 1.
Aitr.rwoums phaetdofllus, PWnWL 189I ,
Ann- and Mag. at. Hist. Vo0 C, N.o 7,
p. 3m8-
Amwrnwcn.a pANidctpmua. EVrnf. 19M5,
Pri. U. S- Nar. Mus., VoL TS. Art- 9. o-
2730. p. 14.
There is one nae. of this .operm. in the
Muswum of Comparative Zoolocy. nlcmtccd


by A- N- Harriman before 19ft in East Flor-
ida. There mre two males Jaibeld "Fiorida"
in thbe tnit'i Staite NatnMal Musem cal.
lertio. As this menrpk it a -esten sNd
scuthwemten smmm I aprft with Ewmur
(1928) that -the spwns probably dmm Mt
o~uir in a state of nature n m eatnr United
StaL." The spqrtOna rwordled hetre u-
doubtedly wert ItroductWiou










Order Pedipalpida
KEY TO THE GENERA AND SPECIES OF WHIP SCORPIONS IN FLORIDA


1. With one pair of book-lungs; post-ab-
domen short, only three segments; tiny
pale yellow, to grey spies ...........--......
Schimnnusa fl&idanus new species p. 18.
With two pair of book-lungs; post-ab-
domen long and whip-like or absent;
moderate to large brown, red-brown or
black species ...........---.. .................... ,,.-.. .2
2. Post-abdomen long, slender, and many
segmented; large, swollen, red-brown to
black specles with clumry movements
Ma.sifgproctus gfgoantes (Lucas), p. 21,


Post-abdomen absent; moderate-aized,
flattened. yellow-brown to red-brown
species with extremely rapid movements
..................--.. .......... -.............. .....- - ..... .. a
3. With two short spines between the prin-
cipal (longest) dorsal spines on the tibia
of the pedipalps ........................................
Tarantula fuscimana (C. L. Koch), p. 23.
With one short spine between the princi-
pal (longest) dorsal spines on the tibia
of the pedipaps .........-......... Tarantula
margnem -ida aB (C. L. Koch). p. 24.


Family Schblomidae
Sehisomua floridanum new species
Fig, 13 to 1V


Female holotype in alcohol 3,43 mm long
from anterior projection of propeltidium to
tip of telson. Four slide-mounted female
paratypes measure in length a maximum of
3.31 mm, a minimum of 3,01 nnmm, and a
mean of 3.16 mm. Leg formula 1423. Telt-.
son with three segments.
COLORATION: Sclerites in alcohol some-
what variable in color but generally a pale
yellowish brown with the chelicerae. espe-
cially the movable finger, and pedipalpl pale
reddish brown (Fig. 13). Basal leg seg-
ments slightly darker than apical segments,
which also tend to be lighter toward the
ends. There are no identifiable leg markings
as occur on some species of this genus. See-


ond through sixth abdominal tergites exhibit
an indistinct to distinct circular dark spot on
each side near the lateral margin. Most
sternites and coxae similar in color to but
somewhat paler than dorsal aelerites, but
coxal endites of the palpi are pinkish along
their mesal margins. Obviously immature
specimens off-white to pale yellow in color.
Some apparently penultimate and ma-
ture specimens have a greyish or greenish
elAt. There are pale eye *pots on the pro-
peltidium, and the metapeltidium is pale
meassily but not divided.
STRUCTURE: Generalized and basically
the same as other female of the genus-
Diagnostic characters that distinguish fe-


MEASUREMENTS: Comparative measurements of schizomid appendages, those
studied and those previously recorded, indicate specrfir differences, These measurements
are recorded here for a paratype of this specie
Meaurenmen in mm
Segment TLe 1 Le 2 2 Lec 3 Ler 4 PedMlalpua
Trchanter 0O.S 0.1V 0.1B 0.26 0.8
Fempr 0-91 0.70 0.65 0 98 OA
Patella 1.05 D.WSt 0.2 0.S 0.44
Tibia 077 0.46 0. 0..70 0.S
Metattars Of. 0.9 0.42 0.60
Tanus 0.42 0.33 0.35 039 0.19
Total 36 E-4B 2.E 3.35 181








mrle iof thim ,.peciLa incit]Ld the foLiowini:
pertipalp rlaw less than utLU-hiL]f the length
of pclipalp tuLrnua. five to six pits -or "senrs-
nria" on the minn-eal urfice of th[e pedipailp
taJrsus, aril 12 to l1E on the mesa surface of
Lhe pedipal]p tibia. Fixed finger of the cheli-
cerjte with fnf' major and six to seven minor
teeth. Mesal siirface of cheliNeral lba.-e pro-
vilted with dlJrila] row cf six strong. eltingatc
setae anrl two shtrt, ba'.ulty swuol]t widely'
.pneold tned'un .'tai'L. Mona;ble finger of the
chr]ierae with 16 to 18 teeth in the ventral
or caiida] Lcomth, [iPtinipiishing charactLer
olr Lhe uihclierlno as inl Fig. 14; thob-e nf the
pedlpi ilji asS iTl i*'ir, 1-i,
BIL'ause if the pauicity of RIurh data for
rnrily peie'Js, 1o ising14iLtlt: anulysus uf these
measurements can be male at the preisertt


j


to11


--I


Fig. 1I.-.Schizontrr floridrfrta new spe-
ViieA, femIa[e 4ELbuuLt I]l L tiiLUS liife L4 2.).


- A

fl .


Fig- !I*.-S- inni flrf idAfHt.( rlow 1W-
ela, right cIhuLu'ur, niSial view.


--
, . I


Fij, 15.-S.-ri.iorntd ridanuit new apc-
cies, right palput msnal view.
time Thie �.tn IaLJiu itim IJL' L-f v'.,liie olso in tfi1 R.parjition
of rpocinf. These rating f'or this .pwirs are
n.j fr O[lws I- li p ipa'lp tr prop-itiilial length,
t.6:1 ', .tern,'lu Itigth Et width, 1. 3 :]; nulta-
toSiiq rof leg 1 N1:inl to five buLil tIIaIi-.s
s-ezIrinH'lI.; sixth tiursal segment about unc-
halJf length oIr mletjilair.'sii; leg 1 p.tulla to
Ltibil I1.-:1 ; kgir 4 patlla to tilhin 11 :.L and
api'ni1 L., s;ub-kjptiJJl Sgceg nt iUI ci Lvsi-oI 4..6:1,
ItEMIAFli KS: TIhis pewies ha.k Iefn known
tu uocur in Flkl-i[dL ijIL- 1986. hilt i1 lhi. not
beoin idescrihed pre'.'vioisly IJP'c';Lu-I. t he rn iF
ivus unktltrlI'll, At fhi., jtre.9epr timLm, there
atre it d1 'llzeii litK I-le o rEpiire.-tLnting nlore
t.hln fI femnikFa, rind imTnjAt.itres have bteen
takltL ili a.l SeLH'HIL .. tho year, sEuven of
the 12 rnnt.hhi. It w'oudld seem tha Lthe mail
either is short lived, iF rare, r rlues tut








exus Therefnrep comparative study was
made of available S Aii w s pp. females,
and the Florida sp wies is decrrWd from
the female - It is clohly redltd La. but
distinct frmn. mevral utndfcribed specie
from Mexko and Centra] Americna
This tiny whip-rorpwn is quite wrmrtiT.
It liive uAder and in the porems marl in the
Miami arte and southew key*. It hs al &I
been co*l ed under and ti the tnrtev of
bark nn tr'w and in rrank debrii in the
faMM localiti Bectaue of its nall size
and fraile stratmnel it is Incapable of biting
humans, and it has no sting.
TYPE LOCALITY: Female holotype from
Rofn and Ct Lellow Hammock, Dade County,
Florida. under bark, January 1, 1958, by
H- V. WEms., Jr., deprmited In the American
Museum of Natural History, Now York, New
York. Both aidide.mumnntei and alcohol-pre-
MPrved femnleg are designated a pIjnrntypeN
from the following Ltw Lt.llertinng: 16 fe-
mali and two Imnatures from Plantatlotn
Key. Monroe County, Florida, in Fuhruary
29. 19K6, and 20 femaIde and seven imma-
turn frum 2 tn 5 milM south of Florida City,
llrkla. on April 1. 19(i7. by R. Fwnrtr and
W'. J. GertaM- Paratypes are deposited in the
Museum of Carnparative ZoAolory, Harvrd
ULniversity, Cambridge MAss chueLUs; the
t'nited Stat - National MaNwum. Washing-
ton. D. C.: Mnd the Florida State CoJlectmaun
of Arthropods. Gaiuevile. Florid,.
RECORDS: Thi sw pwri% has ct taken
only in Thade, Monroe. and St. LAcs Cwun-r
tim Additional record are rild. DADE
COUN'TY; Everv ades west of Hoimertad
om# vomunre Dtnember 17 196] . byt' Wlhmn
lvre, Energladr N3ational Park, four fe-
males. January 3. 1952. under xtonm, by X


t-- r--





I .
J"
- �-


. '/


H. Muma; Miami. one female, February 10,
1961. by R. E. Woodruff;: Matheson Ham-
mnck, one female. AaguJut 29, 1961. in leaf
mild by H. V- Wem&m. Jr.; Matheon Ham-
mock, two youin. August 29. 1961. under
bark. F_ V. Weemn. Jr.; hrirkell llamnwmt,
Miarm, one young. November 30, 19iM. from
ornnk debris. F. W. Mend; MONROE
COUL TY: I. iarwada, Upper MatecumbE
Key, one finaLtf. May 6. 1961. under roLk
H. V. W-ne , Jr.; StIUck )lkan, one femak.
Mayv 12. 1961. wndorr rwk. H. V, Weems. Jr.;
ST. LUCIE COUNTY: Ft. Pirce, one
female. January G. 1965. in rotten limb of
Brazlian pepper. M. H. Mum-.







Family ThIelyphunidae
Mastigopractui gignnnluets (Lucas)
(Giant WhiLp-Scrpicn)
Fig. 16


Thteflponu.'h t fgigani.den-I tLt.V4, li .5, Mag.
Z.noL. Vol. 8, pt. 8-
TI pItloneIu.,r .rerbitor Gil'L.'cl, ]852. in Mar.
ry's kept.. ked River Exjpdition, p. 2&9,
pl, 17, Fig. I to a.
Thelf/ puX u ytritvnjtf�, MLLr1x, 1886, Entlrn.
Amer., Vol. 2. No. 2, p. 38.
MJHtigopLyrovhJf ignln'ds, PucLuk, 1894,
Ann. ami Mag,. Nat. Ilist. Vol. 6, No. 1.1,
p. 130.
COLORATION: Colar in alcohol reddish
brown tni blark with the L-arapare and chelaRe
somewhat darker and the venter and ap.
prndlagMn somewhatat lighter. Young speri-
mean aind newly moulted MIlults may Ieo pale
brown. to re d itt culor.
The sLngle male has the caraprme 1t-.0 mmn
loig, abdoruei 27.0 tnilL lon0g, total klngth
45 mm, and the tel-n lirniken, nrot ineRstur-
nbLe. Florlida specimens, Fil. 16, agree in
niost detaifls with the descriptioni] ant fig-
ures of this species by Marx (1886) and
Porcwk (1902). Marx'1 and PWocI-k's de-
scriptinrts and lgiirers IagrPee almn.at exactly,
except that Florida females are niuch
smaller. The F]oritldi male, on the �ther
hand, lIIIrFer in several comrrraLive details
from those previously dcscriLbtd. It is only
Lightly smaller than thI fmvmail wiLh which
it wa'%s collected, and iL Is subtiqual to the
]ne-an of F[urida fetr.m1Le. IMrx t1t886), who


)/e


Nk


Fir. 16.-Mastipgofrodtus gifantteu (Lu-
ri2L), female (about life size).


MEAStUR1FMENTS: Although more than 50 specimens front Flurida were Kxamined,
only one was n finale. The following rtLuisurerrnnL. n and morphological details are of 14] fe-
male.,k


Tutal


t[-ngths in mT
('riLIIL= A bdjomtn


Pujea-le (IDo
Max
Min
Mealn


Tetlun
.MAit broken, pL fow were
as3 lonri a boz y.








ma have illustrated a Florida frnmae with
a Tnexa mle. described and figurrwd the male
s irgfer than the female Poeowk (1902)
dwrribed and figured the male as much
smaJier thin the femak. The armauttr of
tbe pedipalp trchant"tr of the Frida male
is quite similar Lo Poaock's ubapwiw mierf-
EtWu. but it lacks the xternal mrrtion
oa Lhe pediplap femur sad tibia.
REMARKS: This large. amm-cheLa e whip
rorpion hsa several local coloqu ll nmmnrw
amMs. Marn (1886) hled "nigr kilk*r.
mule killer, grampus. viinarrter. and vinegar
maksr." In Florida today, It is known am
the grampus or vinegaroon. I prefer. how-
ever, a more technically accurate name uich
mo "giant whip-ncorpinn,"
Morpholorical data have Indirnted that
l'nrrita specimens of thWi specie. are smaller
than. the' sexe mo'r e fiul 1ln41] than, and
rnmesl distinct from sp e meni from other
area, If Poeock (1902) Ja correct in a.-
Aigning sub-species status to the several
forms recognized in Mexico, then the Florlda
population should be reenmized ma the ftori-
dei ne suub-pecie&s However, additional spif-
imens and further study are noreary' be-
fore a decision can he made. Purther, venm if
the population should prove to be distinct,
assimnwot of rare or varietal status mi ht
be preferred over sub-,cieA.
Thin ulare, formidable species is most
coamonmy collected under and in mrntrm kil
and other debris on the surface of the
ground but is ocrauionaly takn in houses
No poison apparatus has emr bni" dan-
onstrated for the giant whip-a'irpion, but
the lar powerful pedipalp arppmr capable
of i nlictin a nasty wind4 whih would prn-
ably i subject to secondary inftectin. Fur-
ther. Eisner. et at. (19f) demnutratad the
effertivenew of the aetic acid-caprylk acid
containing defensive spray of the species.
The aprny originates at the base of the puln.
der tall or tuIoan and could cause d4pvcomfort
to an unwary pernsn sprayed In the fa.e.
The author can attest to this. A living Ilbo-
ratory' study specimen sprayed my face from
a distance of 18 inches to twn feet, causing a
mild burning of the akin, unmarting eyes, and
chokins nausea for several minuteN.


m- -~
* ~.-~-.a- -r-w C
~ i
�r�CK, 9~~J


I-m"
RECORDS: To date, the giant whip-sear-
pion has been rollerted only from peninuular
Florida Wod the mouthert keyrt The records
include: ALACHUA COUNTY. Gainesville,
one female, Septemtwr 10. 1966, at porch
tldp, Ladonia O'Benry; BREVARD COUN-
TY. Coco, orw female. Ololber 4- 1961. H. C-
Ijn-a; one female, August 31. 1960, under
board at water towrr. H. C. LeanH: DADE
COUNTY. North Miami. oCe female, Febr-
ary 5, 1966, L D. Ober: HIGHLANT)S
COUNTY. Sering. oe female December
25. 1953, under rwk. IT V. Weets. Jr.;
Sebrin, nee young. JuaI 21. 1959. in trash
pile. Pameta Wenm: 1TILTSBOROUGH
COUNTY. one female, October 14. 19WS, J.
Bean; LAKE ('0t.NTY. Mt. Donr, one
young. March 1936; MANATV:K COUNlTY.
Anna Maria Inland, une rfema)e, April 1949,
N. C- Smith; Patmetto, nne female, January
21, 1966. under nrtten palmetto log, E. 11.
Frederfi; MARION CO(lNTY, Ocala, one
female. September 28, 1963, in house, Dar-
rel Rucklen aind E, A, Graham; MARTIN
COUNTY, one young, February 19, 1962, F.
Campbell; ORANGE COUNTY, Orlando, two
young, Winter 1911-1912; POLK COUNTY,
Winter Haven, one female, October 8, 1955,








M. F. Oberbacher; Winter Haven, one male,
one female, 1953. under trash, M. H. Muma;
SARASOTA COUNTY, EnglewooLd one fe-
male, August 2B, 1963, in house, Mrs. W.
Knull: ST. JOHNS COUNTY, St. Augustine,
one female, July 81, 1965, in decaying wood,


P. R. McMullen; ST. LUCIE COUNTY, Ft,
Pierce, one female, September 19, 1956. F.
Campbellh one female, January 27, 1959, R,
E. Woodruff; VOLUSIA COUNTY, Allan-
dale, one female, August 29, 1960. E. B.
Smith.


Family Tarantllidae
TamrntWa ufscimama (C. L. Koch)
(Dusky-handed Tail-less Whip-Scorplon)
Fig. 17


Phrynus fwima-nus C. L Koch, 184, Die
Arachniden. 15:67, Fig, 1463.
Tarantula fuatimansw, Kraepelin, 1899,
Scorpiones et Pedipalpi, Das Tlerreichis:
243.
COLORATION: Color in alcohol predom-
inately brown to reddish-brown; pedipalps,
endites, and carapace reddish-brown; legs
and abdomen brown, the latter with a pair
of sub-median pale spots on each tergite;
sternum,. leg coxae, and genital stervite yel.
lowish-brown, Spines, granulations, and mar.
gins of elerites and segments all tend to be
darker than other areas. Juveniles and
males have a tendency to be somewhat paler
than females but otherwise are similar.

REMARKS: This species is not common
in Florida. The only specimens seen to date
have been from Key West, The presence of
two nttermedlate spines on the apper sur-
face of the palpal tibia (Fig. 17) and the
larger size are the most striking characLers


, , .
. . , 7 * , - *. .* * r* ' J , . . . . .-


Fig. 17-Tarantuta ftusimana
tibia of palpus.


(Koch),


thai separate this species from the common
Taranitd marginemattdata (Koch).
Because of its rarity, little is known about
the habits of this species in Florida. A fe-
male from Key West has a case of about 48
eggs attached to the venter of her abdomen.
RECORDS: MONROE COUNTY, Key
West, one female. August 15, 1952, W. W,
Warner- Key West, one female, March 30,
1961, in outside privy. W. W. Warner,


MEASUREMENTS: Five females and two males were utilized for the following
measurements.
Milkmeters
Maximum MintLmutm Mean
SLruct ur 9 9 5
Total length 24-0 .20 17.5 1D.0 0 2020
Caprapa
length 11.0 8tO B, 7.0 9.0 7.5
width 14.0 11.0 11.0 10.0 12.1 104
Palpus
lfnwr -0 7. t0 7
tMi 100 8.0 8,0 8.0 9.1 8.
metatarnu& 4.0 4.0 315 35 3- 3-7
tarus 4.5 4.0 3.0 3.6 a.8 LT








Tnranmttn fmwri niemardta (C. L Knmw)
cSpo-tti+ Tai!-iea ts hip-c9.rrpmi
Fir 18 zM 19


P4rTus , Pnar mirmar-i4ri rt In- IL K-e .h, 1841.
Die Arac h niln 8: 6. Fig. 597.
Taran tida rml i 2t ii I nradait.I. K rPep] in.
189I , Srrirli,.iTin et Pedtipalp, rpn Tier-
reiLeh : 255. li'l. 89,
COLORATION : Color in alrihojl similar to
thaLit of T. fIMAe ni' disjh-1)rwnn: j, lq-Jtnt-ir with one in thrpt' pale
yell]ii' nt lk Pi each posLtriur wt4til JHivnle
(Fig. 191 :; a1rrniji, with six 41rnjl marginal
pTiLr aniid tw1i lark EriedLJn q9Ati S;mi.nn
grTn'.latkoi-t, halh mrL.BrT o^f ITf ywnwntL Anrd
elterite iikrk 3MWl. teni1 t, be trh her- Twit
ffmalw.; J mcnAr ir' n-H taIlrr than A'dilttS
r'At the b (r3Ii-i r anEd i athbLpr-fi i'.lmvireftl
(l-e]e or LiLE-rrjIiy -nkprn k ith cark rrnaw'in.
tkrnA.
FlRMARKS: - ThiF A.M- -i n-4 Hatively-
cnmmnn in Scuth Floirida a. foLr r:trth as
Sunn]unml. C'nLlier ('unty, in the L.-ntur of
the sate, MIirlln Il:'othnty tn LhEI eh.. ' t COflSt,
Fand Puniti (nrd~ on the wtstM 4Nm4la, It ia
Eli .lingui] ishil f 1i'fm T. fI.e'ir. r rn irr " hy its
5mialler MTa.,, hrrr(ower rJL.JtJtr'e, inP. I the
prteuicc- fol ilI "IP i tnrlin t errediat gipe on
the LIpT~ir 1uJrfaj -. (,f the p 181.
Aflh'-ugh i.t i fund c.tmnuNiim.] under
tnArd&. ic.-., and trah4 on The rrnrtil. under
the L hark of dr-d tr--.. ard .nm ani in hoI.us_-.
no rc-mmun narre ]5 kmt'wnM fOrt th! .*pters.
The name n- i ate or Lprrptied tjil 1r"A whip.
otrp~~~n 1. sur -irl Iherr- Tfhe iiial Ai

311AS ItM'EKNTS: Ten frrmaleu. and 10
Autremen Ls.


NI r Iunu Inl


Hi u.r!iminn'




PaJlp


17,n1


s --

47 1 7 y j.. .k* ' '* .q. *






I,-pr. Ij4 - TaraPFr1I rppirrrcimnrfqrulafa
K. r.F). !i:a I.uf aalJpu-


Pt


-:7


Fig \ - Tdre-,r[ mat'rri.mar.l ta
I k - hi. f-LmTakJ C < .:iL i I6 1,ptn- life sit |p.

mainl w'ere rptilizEd fur the following mna-


Mi ll mm mrs
Mn I nl Will


/ IV
17 t1".


10.5


M IrTn


4
14.7


i;








capable of biting or pinching, but the teeth
and spines seem to be too weak to puncture
th. skin of adult humans,
Living specimens have been maintained
in the laboratory for longer than one year
in flat run-ways provided with termites,
Feeding, mating, and egg-laying have not
been observed. Six preserved females car-
ried transparent lenm-ashaped egg cases pres-
sed tightly to the venter of the abdomen.
The number of eggs in these cases ranged
from 17 to 36 with a mean of 24.
RECORDS: Sixty-six collections from
South Florida and the keys were examined.
Thome cited below represent the state dis-
tribution both geographically and neawanally.
BROWARD COUNTY, Ft. Lauderdale.
one male, October 29, 1959, R. E. Woodruff;
Ft. Lauderdale, three female, March 1919.
T. Barbour and H- W. Smith; CHARLOTTE
COUNTY, Englewood, one female and one
young, November r6 1934. sawdust pile in
pine tlatwoods, Elsa Bass Punta Gorda,
males, females, and young, Mrs. Slosson and
N, Ranks; COLLIER COUNTY, Sunniland,
one female, January 31, 1959, under crosa-
ties, M. H. R4Luma ; DADE COUNTY, Home-
stead area, two mates and one female, Jan-
uary 30, 1969. under old fertilizer bags, H.
V. Weems, Jr.; Miami, two males and one
female, February to March 1903, J. H. Cacn-
stock; Flamingo, Everglades National Park,
one female, March 9. 1963, under pieces of
sand, H. L Levi:; Royal Palm Park, two fe-
males, one male, and one young. May 17,
1912, Blatchley; Homestead, one male, Au.
gust 25, 1955. D. 0, Wolfenbarger; Mathe--
son Hammock. one female, September 12,
1959, on wall of stone building at night, H.
V. Weeims, Jr.; Cn.onut Grove, Fairr-hild
Estate, males and females, December 2.6,
1956, F. and C. Phillips, MARTIN COUNTY,
one male, January 27. 1959, at Station No.
4, R- E. Woodruff; MONROE COUNTY, Key
Largo Key, one male and one young, January
30, 1959. under rock, IL V. Werems, Jr. , Key
West, one female, February 12, 1878; Plan-


-.., '.


nation Key, one male Marrh 11, 1963, edge
hardwood forest, H. L. Levi; Big Pine Key,
males, females, and young, April 10, 1959,
under weathered cardboard and rocks, H.
V. Weems, Jr.; Islamorada, Upper Mate-
cumbe Key, males, females, and young, May
6, 1961, under romks, H. V. Weems, Jr., Log-
gerhead Key, one female, May 8, 1961, un-
der fallen coconuts, H, A, Denmark; Pal-
metto Key, males, females, and young,. June
11-18, 1942, in laboratory, C. Breder; Garden
Key. one female, July 12, 1963, on wall of
Ft. Jefferson at night. :rnest M. Cnilins, Jr-.
Garden Key, one young, August 31, 1901, on
outer walls of FL Jefferson; Big Pine Key,
two young, November 20, 1958, R. E. Wood-
ruff; Big Pine Key. females, males, and
young. December 28, 1956, F. and C. Phil-
lips; PALM BEACH COUNTY, Hobo Sound,
one male, September 17, 1957, under board,
Howard Josephson; Palm Beach, two males,
1897.










Order Solpugida

Family s.am Arrrfhidae
4amm arn rkfl zrtimpsomni (Pullnim)
(Stimpeon's Solpwril)
Fig. 20


fpi('10- r ,4i i ( 'trinhis) StirnJ ertni Pu niLiani. 1883,
Proc. Iivtinport Acad, Nat. S.. Vol. 3,
p. 26l-24fUL I1. 1, Fig. 4, pl. 3, Fig. 19-31.
A j rnntr -rhri et'daur, Banks, 9I4 i, Arnr. Nat.,
Vol, 34. p 127. Not Ajinnmf rrrnfjrT riher
I [irjL"),
A imqoitrr&, Anfl *1-J'jiPro. Muma. 1At1. Bull.
Amer. 31Mu, N, a Hist.. Vil. 97, ArL .2 p.
127 ,-F'r ZNI.LtM
COIS)RATION: Light to runt yellow
with mErkmtnr cnmewhat Nariatl. Chelli-
reae light lu riuirty elloiw wtIh the teeth
red to bniwn. Prupclidium lirgh ywrllow to
pale bruwn. nrmewhat mlitrker un anterior
martin anrd litL-k 4.iver the eye tmlwrI-lr. Mes-
opelti[dum, rnlativellidunum. and R b tmninta
tergite-4 p4al with a pair nf bhrcil light to
dark, purple li bruwn laterni isripep on
each l4k-'rIt, ('Thbrhe trips Mre irinlltinct on
living spe.'Ilmei.,) that united intfi Ja single
PLript on thi (iiILtericr a[buniiwiAl EfrmPntR-
LeIrs ale with a duskin'tA on the ermis of
the fenwpra anm all 4f the tibiae and mpla-
tari that i f[li- t the jints.- Palpi dark cn
the emdK otf thr frrwrrL and anl nf the tUbie-
mntata.i-, and tari. ,-anwwhatl darker on the
Iast two *npxwfln. maikoli w*hitu to light
yelJow. ("oane, vwnter, and sternttes palk
aind unmarked.
fDentitkin typi'al of u b-farnt-y, male.
flagellum attached to tlxeii finger over first
meal fucncla] truth. female Ilirkal rarina


Fig. ?N Atm.retrDfellc 5lNim aWi Pult.
fmli., ermnal ( -abt .2 inmer life sie)

with prak just behind prinri pal toit-h of fixed
Ifnrrr Paipi - ith tormakl metall clothing,
metnitnl i with a ventral rwrie of frie short
stouit mpine_*. Male prol|rtlimrn wider than
lung by a ratio of 1: -1, furrmle 1:l13. FPe-


MEASLrItEMIENTS: The following measurement- and nmorphotalical details from
Miima I(1951) rive the range for 11 males and 14] f(mnles.
Nm 'IInrrtirll-t-I, ill IiW p
ChClicrais FPrpelUdiuim
Ta]- - - --
SC-r fcpAl ran" h-prlth wvith Atngth idrT Inmrth


Mka 10-

MS I LO
Msn -O


I.

4,
17
3-M








male rnital phlte wider tkan hu o by a rxti
of 1:La
REMARKS: This, the xtmt'a only soip-
gid or wiad worpian, in foad throughout
penmnular Florid lbut la Mnwt common in
the keys and along the lower est eut.L
Muma 1951) gires_ a complete discuskon
of its relattonmhip Lo other Iperieo of the
family. In general feature, it cloely re-
sembles A mmotrechona cvbac (Lucas).
Although the species will bite, the cheli.
ceras ar not harp nor strong enough to
break the skin.
RECORDS: The foDowtnf are ruprenta-
tie reords of te specri CLAY COUNTY.
one fenak, October 25. 199. in G iomp
moudd, K1 H. Mount; DRY TORT'GAS.
Garden Key. two female. M younn May
8. 1961. off wall of Ft. Jtverme: INDIAN,
RIVER COUNTY, Sebatian. two inna
turm, November 4. 1965, undwr pine bart.
M. H- Mumna ad L, L. GCrte. MONROE
COUNTY, Plam nation Key. one male, May 3.
1957. IT. V. Wecrs, Jr.; Hush Key. one fes
male, Ja'Ltisry 13, 1962, beatIng dead bay
cedar. Hi, A. Denmark; Windlefy Key, one fe-
male, July 15, 1961. Don Payne; Big Pine


*:^ r J . '
-4


[1AAbt


-~p -- - a


r0/


Key, one male, May 5, 19,t W. W. Warner;
ST. LUCIE' COUNTY, Ft, Fierce, one male,
April 22. 1960, on ground, E. W. Campbell.










UFRmAfltE CO~l


1. Bamk. Nathan. 1904. The ArnaWda
of Florida. Prow. Acad. Nat Sed Phla-
delphi 8: 120-147. Plate7.
2. . 1900. Synopfse of North
Ameriran Invertebrates, The Scor.
piona, Solpugids and Pedipalpl. Amer.
Nat. 3(40(1) : 421-427. 4 flgs.
3. Comstock, J, H. 1912., The Spider Rook
(revlimd W. J, Gertmh. 1940). Double-
day. Doran and Co., lnc.. New York.
4. ELer. T. J. Meinwan. A- MXnro, and
R. GbCht 196-1. Defen M tw nim
of ArthropodLa L The campowitjio and
fuction of the spray o Lbhe whip acor-
piorn. Mastiaffprius gfpaVntrua (Lams)
ArachnidK. Pediappda. J. In.srt Physi-
ol. 644): 272-29S.
5. Ewing, H. E. 19I8. The Scorpions
of the Western Part of the United
States with Notes on thoes Occurring in
Northern Mexico. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus.
73 (9): 1.2-. 2 p-.


6- Gerwth, W. J. Ameriau Spiders. 1949.
D. Van Nostrand Co,. Ic-. New York-
286 p.

7. Marx, George, 18t6, Notes an ThAly.
phoun Latr.. Fntom, Amur. 2(2): 88-
40. 1 pl.

8. Muma, Martin H. 1951. The Arathnjd
Order Solpugida in the United Stats.
Bull. Amer. XM . Nat. Hint. 97(2): 35-
341. 315 Wfi.

9. Pn&k, K. J. 19W. Archnida. Slar-
pioms. PedijpWl mad Solifufp. Bloo-
gia Ctr. Amer. 5: 1-71. L pla.

10. Sarory, T. H. 193,5 The Arachubida
Edward Arnold and Co., LoMdo,

11. -- , 1961. Spiders, Men and
Scorpions. Univ. of London Press Ltd.,
London.




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