• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Map
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Vowels and consonants
 Diagraphs
 Pronouns, greetings and respon...
 Days of the week, time
 Numerals, currency
 In the house
 Domestic animals, parts of the...
 Family relations, in the marke...
 Colours, asking for direction
 At the lorry park, at the...
 At tema
 At the railway station, at the...
 Back Cover














Group Title: Language guide : Ga~ edition.
Title: Language guide
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00000004/00001
 Material Information
Title: Language guide Gã edition
Physical Description: 25 p. : ;
Language: English
Creator: Ghana -- Bureau of Ghana Languages
Publisher: Bureau of Ghana Languages
Place of Publication: Accra Ghana
Publication Date: 1961
Edition: 1st ed.
 Subjects
Subject: Gã language -- English -- Conversation and phrase books   ( lcsh )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00000004
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002061177
notis - AKP9273

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Map
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Introduction
        Page 5
    Vowels and consonants
        Page 6
    Diagraphs
        Page 7
    Pronouns, greetings and responses
        Page 8
    Days of the week, time
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Numerals, currency
        Page 11
    In the house
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Domestic animals, parts of the body
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Family relations, in the market
        Page 16
        Page 17
    Colours, asking for direction
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    At the lorry park, at the air port
        Page 21
    At tema
        Page 22
    At the railway station, at the shop, common expressions
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
    Back Cover
        Back Cover
Full Text




Language


Guide


(Ga Edition)


Bureau of Ghana Languages
Accra


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Language Guide

(Ga Edition)










First Edition 1961
Second Impression 1963









Bureau of Ghana Languages
Accra









CONTENTS


1. Introduction
2. Vowels and Cot
3. Digraphs......


isonants


Pronouns
Greetings and Responses
Days of the Week
Tim e ...... ....
Numerals
Currency......
In the House
Domestic Animals
Parts of the Body
Family Relations
In the Market ......
Colours .......
Asking for Directions ......
At the Lorry Park
At the Airport ......
At the Railway Station
Common Expressions ......


""^










INTRODUCTION


Ga is the aboriginal language of the people of
the Ga State. Accra, the principal town of the
Gas, is the seat of the Republic of Ghana and the
Headquarters of the Civil Service and other
commercial establishments.
The Ga State lies along the Gulf of Guinea, in
Southern Ghana, extending from the Aplaku Hill
on the West to Tema in the East. To the North
the State covers a wide expanse of grassland
dotted with over four hundred villages and bor-
ders at the foot of the Akwapim Hills. The Gas
have the Awutus as their immediate neighbours in
the West and the Dangmes in the East. The
Dangme people also speak Ga.
Ga is a tonal language and changes in meaning
of words may be brought about by tonal diffe-
rences.
It is not expected that one can learn the whole
of the Ga language through the medium of this
treatise, but it is hoped that much useful help can
be obtained to spur one on to progress steadily
within a short possible period.








GA VOWELS

Ga vowels may be divided into two groups.
Short a e o
Long --e i o u


Short Vowels
a as in father
S ,,,, bet
e ,, ,, pit
a ,,,, pot
o ,, ,, pole
u ,, ,, good
Long Vowels


as in fate
,, fee
,,,, so
,,,, two
,, or


Example:











Example:


ba
fe
le

Jo
fo
tu


fee
bii
loo
kuu
boo


- to come
- to burst
- to know
- to suck
- to weep
- to jump


- did
- children
- fish
- group
- to create


It will be noticed that the vowels 'e' and 'o' have
two sounds each. The Ga consonants are the same
as in English except that c, j, q, x, are not used and
J is used in place of the English digraph "sh."








DIGRAPHS


In addition to the consonants
digraphs are used:-

dz as in jail Example: dze

dzw ,, -dzwei

gb ,, ,, -gba

kp ,, -kpe

ny ,, -nys
Jm ,,,, Dangme Dajme


the following


- from

- rubbish

- to tear

- chew

- you (pl)
- name of a
tribe


w ,, ,, 13wi the skies

fw ,, wa blame
ts ,,,, church tse to pluck

tsw ,, -tswa to strike

hw ,, ,, what hwanya to shake

It is difficult to get exact English sound equi-
valents for Ga digraphs; the examples given above
are only close approximations.








PRONOUNS


English: Ga:
I mi
You (Thou) bo
He 18
We wo
You nye
They ame
Objectives
Me mi
You bo
Him le
Her, (it) 1I
Us wo
You nye
Them ame

GREETINGS AND RESPONSES


English:
Good Morning
Good Afternoon
Good Evening
Welcome
Good-bye
How are you ?
I am fine
I am not feeling well


Ga:
Owoir or Awor
Ofwiee
SOmagnii (maanii)
Heni odze ?
Yaaba
Te oyoo te ?
Miye dzogbaiji
Minaa hetsels








DAYS OF THE WEEK


English:
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday


Ga:
Hogbaa
Dzu
Dzufo
1o
Soo
Soha (Sohaa)
Hoo


TIME


Today
Tomorrow
Yesterday
This year
Last year
Morning
Afternoon
Evening
1 O'clock
2 ,,
3 ,,
4 ,,


Dmens
Wo
Nye
Afi nes
NyEsse afi
Lebi
Ewane
Gbsek
Dmls kome
Dmedzi enya
DmEdzi etg
Dmsdzi edwe








English:


5 O'clock
6 ,,
7 ,,
8 ,,
9 ,,
10 ,,
11 ,,
12
Today is Sunday
Tomorrow is Monday
Yesterday was Saturday
I shall go to Kumasi on
Tuesday
I shall return on
Wednesday
I shall arrive in the
morning
We shall go to the mar-
ket in the afternoon
We shall rest in the
house in the evening
I shall go to bed early
I had good (sound) sleep
I woke up at 7 o'clock


Dmedzi enumo
Dmedzi ekpaa
Dmls kpawo
Dml kpaanya
Dmle neehu
Dmls nyoijma
Dmle nyoijma ke ekome
DmlE nyorma ke enyo
Dmens Hogbaa
Wo Dzu
Nye Hoo
Maya Kumase Dzufo

Maku miss lo

Mafe fi lebi

Wobaaya dzra 1s no
fwane
Wobaadzoo wohe ye fia
le gbekc mli
Mawo mra
Miwo dzogbairj
Mite fi rimle kpawo


Ga:









English:
One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
Seven
Eight
Nine
Ten
Hundred
Thousand
Million


NUMERALS
Ga:
Ekome
Enya
Et9
Edzws
Enuma
Ekpaa
Kpawo
Kpaanyo
Neehu
Nyoima
Oha
Akpe
Akpei-akpe


CURRENCY


English:
Penny
Halfpenny
Twopence (tuppence)
Threepence
Sixpence
One shilling
Two shillings
One pound


Ga:
Kp~a-edzwe
Kpaa-enyo
Kp~a-kpaanyo
Tro
Meo
Yi kome
Yii enyo
Paun kome (yii
nyormai-enyo)








IN THE HOUSE


English:
What is this?
What is your name ?

My name is Oko (Atswei)

How old are you ?
I am.......Years

Have you brothers
(Sisters)?
What is the name of your
brother, (sister)?
How old is your brother
(sister) etc.

Is this my room ?
Thank you
It is a very nice room

Please give me a glass of
water

Please I don't under-
stand

Say it again


Ga:

Meni n ?
Te atseo bo tee ?

Atseo mi Oko (Atswei)
Afii enyie oye ?
Miye afii.........

Oye nysmimei hii (yei)?

Te atseo onysminuu
(onyemiyoo) le te ?
Afii enyis onysminuu
(onysmiyoo) 1I eye?

Mitsu nee lo ?

Oyiwaladogrj
Edzi tsu fefso.

Ofains, yeE nu ke glaase
oha mi

Ofains, miniu Jifi

Wiemo ekogrjj







English:

Say it slowly
I will try not to forget it


What do you call this?
A spoon

A fork

A knife
A tumbler (glass)

A table
A chair

I like this groundnut-
soup very much

It tastes very nice

I want to go out, please

Can you arrange taxi for
me?

Very well, thank you


Ga:

Wiemo le nyda
Mabo modelg1 ni mihie
akakpa no

Te atsso ene tE ?
Awale

Faka

Kakla
Nu-kpulu (glasse)

Okpl
Sei

Misumoo rkatie wonu
nes dzogbaIrj

Erioo dzogbarj1

Ofains, miitao madze
kpo

O6nye otss "taksi" ohi
mi?

Odzogbarij, oyiwala-
doliy







DOMESTIC ANIMALS


Ga:


English:

Cat
Hen
Sheep
Goat
Bird
Monkey
Parrot
Turkey
Duck
Cow
Horse
Pig


Aloite
Wuoyoo
Gwantesj
Abotia
Loflo
Aduij
Akoo
Krakurj
Dokodoko
Tsinayoo
Okponjo (nuu)
Kplotoo


PARTS OF THE BODY


Ga:


English:

Head
Hair
Eye
Nose
Mouth
Teeth


Yitso
Yitsoi
Hiesmei
Gugo
Naabu
Nyanyoi







English:


Lip
Cheeks
Face
Ears
Neck
Chest
Arm
Chin
Hand
Palm
Finger
Stomach
Finger-nails
Navel
Waist
Legs
Knee
Ankle
Toes
Feet


Naabu
Kpaii/Dabii
HiE
Toii
Kue
Tsitsi
Nine
Tsei
Nine-koko
De
Wao
Musu
Waonaa
Lanmo
He
Nadzi
Nakutso
Nanetalor
Nane woabianaa
Nadzi-tokota


Ga:







FAMILY RELATIONS


English:
Father
Mother
Brother
Sister
Maternal uncle
Aunt
Cousin
Grandfather
Grandmother
Nephew
Niece
'Husband
Wife
Children


Ga:
Tse
Nye
Nyeminuu
Nyemiyoo
Tsekwg (nysses)
Nyekwe
Yeienyabii (Hii-enyobii)
Nii
Naa
Nysmi-binuu
Nysmi-biyoo
Wu
Gbekbii
Gbekebii


IN THE MARKET


English:
Bananas
Oranges
Pear
Tomatoes
Plantain
Yams
Eggs
Chicken


Ga:
Akwadui
Akutui
Pea
Ameo
Amadaa
Ysdzi
Wuowodzi
Wuobii







English:

What is the name of this
market ?
It looks/seems a bit
crowded
Where do they sell
fruits ?
Where can I buy.........?

T h e s e are beautiful
oranges, pineapples,
bananas
What is the price of this ?

How much do you sell
this?
I want to buy sixpence
worth of banana
What is the price of this ?

The price is two shillings

It is too dear
Please, reduce the price
for me
And these pineapples


Ga:

Te atseo dzra nes te ?

Etamo noni ewo sag)
fioo
Negbe ahoo aduawai ye ?

Negbe mana ...... mahe
ye?
Akutui ke blofogmei ke
akwadui nse ye fso

Enyis ne (Tsoomo mi ene
naa)?
Enyie ah5o ene ?

Mahe akwadu meo

Enyie ne (Tsoomo mi ene
naa) ?
Edzra dzi yii enyo
(Eelerj enyo)
Edzra wa tso
Ofains, tse no ohA mi

Ni bloformei nee hu?







English:


I don't like this one
I like that one
Give me this one
Please, give me my
balance
Are there any eggs for
sale?


Misum5o ene
Miisumo no
Ha mi ene
Ofaine, daimo mi seE

Ani wuo wodzi komEi ye
ni aah5o ?


COLOURS


Ga:

Eyse
Edi)
Etsuru
Akase
Baaimorg (Ejoli)
Lamlulamlu
Asra su

ASKING FOR DIRECTION


English:
Please show me the road
to.........
I am a stranger
I do not know this area


Ga:
Ofaine, tsoomo mi gbe
keyaa.........
Gbo dzi mi
Mile kutso nEe mli


English:

White
Black
Red
Blue
Green
Grey
Brown


Ga:








English:


Take this road on your
left/right
Go straight ahead
Take the first turning on
the left
You have missed the
road
Turn back
Ask anybody
Is the road to the Post
Office long?
No, it is not long
It is about two miles
Thank you sir/madam

I am lost
I am looking for where I
live
I live in the Ambassador
Hotel
or
At Mr. so and so's house
I think it is not far from
here
It is near


Tso gbs ni ka obsku
(oninedzuro) nee no
Yaa ohii tei
Yi gbs klesrkle ni egba
ketee obekuiarJ lI no
Olaadze gbe Il

Kuu osee
Bi mofeemo
Ani Post Office gbe
dzek ?
Dabi, edzekes
Afee Jitoi enyo
Ataa (Awo) Oyiwala-
dorirj
Milaadze
Miitao mifia gbe

Miye Ambassado Hotel

aloo
Ataa...... iale
Efeo mi ake dzei ks bis
dzekee
Ebeijkc bie


Ga:








English:


Can you take me there,
please ?
That is the house
It is very kind of you to
bring me home
Thank you very much
Goodbye
I lost my way
Is that so ?
Yes
A kind friend showed
me the way
A kind friend brought
me here
I don't think you would
miss your way
Why didn't you take a
taxi?
You didn't see very
much from a taxi
I wanted to see the
shops
I am glad to be at home
again


Ofaine, o6nyE
mi aya dzi ?


oks


Naa fia Il (Xia Is ns)
Ohedzo ni oke mi
ba fia
Miida o fi dzogbajg
Yaaba
Midu gbs
Nakai lo ?
HE~
Naanyo mlidzol ko
ts3o mi gbe
Naanyo mlidzolo ko
ks mi ba bis
Ef6e mi aks obaadu
gbs
Meeba owoo tsone
(taksi)?
Ks ota tsone mli le
onda nii ts5
Mitao ni makwe
Swapoi ls amli
Mimii efs mihe aks
miku see keba fia
ekorijr


Ga:








AT THE LORRY PARK


English:

Where is the lorry park ?

I want a lorry to............
What is the fare to?
I have some luggage
How much for my lug-
gage?
My luggage is only a
small bag
Help me' to carry my
luggage
Get me a taxi, please


English:


Ga:

Negbe tsonei-
amaamohe yoo?
Miitao tsone keya............
Enyis aheo kEyaa......?
Miys dzatsui komsi
Enyie abaahe
midzatsu Ie ?
Kotoku fioo ko pe dzi
midzatsu 1e.
Wa mi kstere
midzatsu is
Ofaine, tse "taksi"
oha mi


I am leaving Ghana
today
I am going to Kumasi
by air
Thank you for seeing
me off
When does the plane
arrive?


Miifi Ghana jmens

Miiya Kumase ke
kooyonlelE
Oyiwaladorji ni obakwe
miyises
Msebe koyooojlels le
Sfo fi?


AT THE AIR PORT

Ga:








English:

Will you arrive today?

This plane is very fast

This plane is not so fast


Ga:

Ani obaafe irmene?

Kooyaooilel nee dzoo
foi waa

Kooyoorjlle nee edz6o
foi tso.


AT TEMA


English:

Where is the harbour?

When was it built?

Where is the old
village ?
Where are the old
buildings ?

The old houses have
been pulled down
What is the work of
the people here?


Ga:

Negbe meeledamahe
le yoo ?
Meebe afee?

Negbe akrowa
momo Ie yoo ?
Nsgbe tsui memedzi
Ie yoo?
Akumo tsui memedzi tc

Meni mei ni yoo bie
ls tsi o?







AT THE RAILWAY STATION


English:

Which train is this ?
When does the Kumasi
train arrive ?
When does the Kumasi
train depart ?
How far is it to Swedru ?


English:


Ga:

Mee oketeke ne ?
Meebe Kumase oketeke
1 f'eo ji?
Mecbe Kumase oketeke
1s f ibie?
Bie ke Swedru dzsksmo
enyie ?


Where is Kingsway?
Where is U.T.C.?
Where is G.N.T.C?


English:


Negbe Kingsway yoo ?
Negbs U.T.C. yoo?
Negbe G.N.T.C. yoo?


Come here child
Can I send you ?
Buy me some oranges
Call him for me
Find me Mr. Kwame


Ba bis, gbeke Ie
Mitsu bo lo ?
He akutu oha mi
Tse Ic oha mi
Taomo Ataa Kwami oh~
mi


AT THE SHOP

Ga:


COMMON EXPRESSIONS

Ga:







English:


Do you go to school?
Yes, I go to school
No, I do not go to
school
I am very happy

I am very hungry

Give me some water,
please
I do not know............
What is this?
I think so
I don't think so
I have not been here
before
Where can I change
my money ?
Where do you come
from?
I come from............
Where are you going ?
I am going to............
Can you show me
where I can get............?


Ani oyaa skuul?
HeE! miyaa skuul
Dabi, miyda skuul

Mimii efs mihe
dzogbagj
H5mo miiye mi
dzogbaijg
Ofaine, yee nu oha
mi
M il6e............
Meni n ?
Efeo mi nakai
Ef6e mi nakai
Mibako bie da


NcgbE matsake
y ?
Negbs odzE ?


fika


M id z ..................
Negbe oyaa ?
M iiya................
Odnys otsoo mi heni
mana............ye?


Ga:








English:

Where can I see......?
It is very beautiful
I like you
Will you be my friend ?

What is this building ?
Where can I find......
The Post Office
Bank of West Africa

Barclays Bank
Ghana Bank
The House of Parlia-
ment
The State House
The Government
House
Kwame Nkrumah
Circle
Korle Bu Hospital
Ambassador Hotel


Ga:

Negbe mana......ys ?
Eye fso pam
Miisumo osane
06suma ni woba naanyo
lo?
MeE tsu ne ?
Negbe......... ya ?
Wolomadzemohe
Bank of West Africa
likatoohe lI
Barclays likatoohe 1s
Ghana likatoohe ie
Mlawookpeehe lI

MarJ 1ia Is
Osu Moa Ie

Kwame Nkrumah gbe-
rita Is
Kolebu
Ambasado gbaiatoohe lI





































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