|Table of Contents|
824 CRESCENT AVENUE
SAN MATEO, CALIFORNIA
My first reference to a "Book of Memoirs" on which I
am now working, was contained In my Progress Report of
last September 26, 1960, as Executive Director of
National Organization Committee of:
ROOSEVELT MEDAL ASSOCIATES & SENIOR CITIZENS.
In that and subsequent Reports, I stated my Intention
to publish, by December 31, 1961, a "Book of Memoirs", in
(A) the Basic Features ark Specificaticns for
a "Kit of Tools for Effective Citizenship & Trustworthy
(B) the story of Panama Canal Construc-
tion and legislative history of proposed Construction
Annuity bills now pending in 87th Congress, and their re-
lated bills in previous Congresses since 1915--for ending
the unjust discrimination against civilian holders of the
Theodore Roosevelt Medal, who had served on its construc-
tion for two years and more but less than three years.
I also stated that it will be published In serial form
and distributed In monthly or bi-weekly Installments--
thirty days after I will have received a sufficient num-
ber of advance-paid subscriptions at $5 for entire Book.
That Book will be #1 of the 4 Books described below:
Book #4--(1881-1891--Childhood and Boyhood Years.
(1891-1907--Miscel. Jobs and Education Years.
Book #3--(1907-1915--Panama Canal & RR. Valuation Years.
(1915-1932--Miarriage; Land Dev!pmt-Housing Years.
Book #2--(1932-1948--Depression and Research Years.
(1948-1950--2nd Marriage and Discovery Years.
(1950-1958--"Kit of Tools.."-Infancy Years.
Book #1-(1958-1961--Panama Canal Builders' Years.
(1961-????--Memoirs' Publication Years.
This "Foreword", with Preface & Prospectus which
follow, will be the first of Book #1's 12 or more
installments. I %ill try to publish and distribute them
before and during the 2nd session of the present 87th
Congress, which will reconvene next January, 1962.
3an Mateo, Calif., Sept. 2, 1961.
PREFACE & PROSPECTUS OF BOOK #1
Dear Reader: September I, 1961.
At the outset, I should inform you that this, and
the many later installments of these Memoirs, will be
in form of personal letters like this, addressed to
you and hundreds of others, as INDIVIDUAL CITIZENS, who
are capable of understanding, AND ACTING UPON, their
spirit and substance; and on implications of their
subject matter; and|
BETTER STILL, they are being sent to selected lists
of citizens who, I believe, are eager for an oppor-
tunity to express, freely and "WITHOUT FEAIR", your
respective INDIVIDUAL REACTIONS, comments of criticism
or approval, and suggestions regarding any major topics
which you think or feel, should be Included, omitted,
revised, or given more or less emphasis in later install-
ments, or in final editions of entire Book #1.
Accordingly, this is a standing and cordial Invita-
tion to feel free to do that, while your reactions and
thoughts are fresh in your mind during, or immediately
after, your reading of each installment. It will help
you to keep a pad and pencil handy while reading them.
On my part, I will read carefully all such letters
from anyone who has shown, tangibly, a genuine interest
and devotion to the specific objectives of the "Kit-
of Tools"..-Program, by advance-paid subscriptions to
entire Book fl. And, to the fullest extent possible,
I will try to utilize, and give due credit for, the
best ideas, constructive criticism, and suggestions,
if they should impress me as helpful in tne nation-
wide dissemination of our individual and collective
ideas on the "Kit of Tools"..-Program; on the Panama
Canal Construction Annuity bills; and on the continued
functioning of National Organization Committee of:
ROOSEVELT MEDAL ASSOCIATES & SENIOR CITIZENS
as a NUCLEUS for the "Grass Roots Consumers' Watchdog
Councils" which, by that or some other name, will be
an EFFECTIVE "tool" in the entire "Kit of Tools"-Program.
And now to proceed with the first purpose of this
Preface & Prospectus--to inform you on what to mpect.
Yours respectfully, ^,^j
1. Background of Ideas for "Kit of Tools"..-Program
(a) Early beginnings The seed-ideas for that Pro-
of embryo ideas: gram, probably evolved imper-
ceptibly from the totality of
my experiences, observations, and endeavors to understand
the meaning and purposes for which each of us was created
to function in life's adventures and mysteries.
That "totality" for my first 60-year work-period,
1892-1952, will be detailed in lat& Books #2, #3, /4,
and partly in the 12 or more installments of this Book #1,
which will follow. In this PREFACE it will suffice to
note that those "seed-ideas" began to germinate and
assume noticeable form, in gradual stages during the
"Depression-Research-Years", 1932-1948; and more tan-
gible form, during the "Discovery" Years, 1948-1950.
(b) Those "tangible"Ideas induced me to follow-up
their leads with purpose-
ful direction and certain practical tests, comparisons,
inquiries, and further researches which first resulted
in a specific and comprehensive proposal to President
Truman, in a letter dated, May 28, 1948, from which I
quote the opening paragraphs:
"May 28, 1948.
"Dear Mr. President:
"Encouraged by your Secretary,
Mr. Matthew J. Connelly's letter of May 17, stating
that he would bring this to your 'prompt attentiont,
I respectfully submit for your consideration, a brief
outline of the prime objectives, resulting benefits
and necessary steps in A PLAN FOR ATTAINING PEACEFUL
AND PRODUCTIVE LABOR-MANAGEMENT-CAPITAL COOPERATION
IN THE RAILROAD INDUSTRY.
"Its basic principles and methods can be successfully
applied with suitable variations to all other vital
industries. Its ultimate success, I believe, will be
greatly advanced if you should act favorably on the
'First Step' herein proposed."..
The President referred
my letter to his Council of Economic Advisers, as I
had proposed in 'First Step'. What followed during the
months and years thereafter, will be detailed and dis-
cussed in later installments of Book 41, under appro-
2. A Few of My Earliler Reports on Research Projects:
Below, and in following pages, are a few specific re-
search-project-reports, In which the "seed-ideas" for the
tiKit of Tools"t.-Program took root and germinated. Each
of them, with their supporting Exhibits contained more
pages then all the installments of this entire Book #1
will contain, when published. Therefore my Memoirs about
them and their surrounding circumstances In relation to
the public interest, will be told in summarized form, with
a minimum of detail consistent with their clear understand-
ing and practical application to current problems.
(a) Investl&ation and Its purposes are briefly
Report for Illinois stated in the attached
Coal Traffic Bureau: excerpt, "Sec. 114?, of
Attorney's Brief (145 pages)
before the Interstate Comiierce Commission, Docket21838--
by V. Y. Villdman, Traffic Manager, and
Attorney, January 29, 1930.
The Investigtion And Report Requested Of The Witnes.
Sec. 114. Mr. Bortin's evidence was prepared and in-
troduced in pursuance of a request of intervener, Illi-
nois Coal Traffic Bureau, that he investigate and report
upon the physical characteristics and operating and
transportation conditions which prevail on the principal
railroads moving coal to Chicago and the northwest
from the west Kentucky coal fields as compared with
those prevailing on the railroads serving the southern
Illinois coal field, with a view to determining the differ-
ence in the operating conditions and in the complete cost
of service in moving the coal to Chicago from the west
Kentucky field as compared with the corresponding cost
from the southern Illinois field. (R. 1171-1172)
I devoted about
4 months on this
project for which
I was paid a total
$4,003, of which
$1500 was my mini-
mum fee* $900 was
for my days ap-
pearances and tes-
timony as a witness,
at $100 per diem;
$603 for travel ,
hotels and office
expenses; and an
for my services in
helping to win that
case for my client.
In a letter dated Feb. 1, 1930, Mr. ,lldman sent me
a copy of the printed brief, and wrote: (I quote)
"..a digest of your testimony is contained on pages 63
to 98, inclusive. I think you did a very good piece of
worK in this case, and testimony which you gave should
have considerable Influence on the Commission In arriv-
ing at its ultimate decision." (End of his letter).
(b)My Report on Rapid -6- As Chairman of a Citizens
Transit,March, 1930: Committee, I made this vol-
uminous Report on Rapid
Transit for St. Louis. It was reported on front pages
in the three newspapers, of March 17, 1930. One typical
caption In St.Louis THEBORTIN REPORT
Post Dispetch, reads:
"ASSERTS ST. LOUIS I read in a most critical way the Bortin Rec
URGENTLY NEEDS on Rapid Transit, dedicated to the welfare of Sai
PLouis. One may not agree with the writer's co
RAPID TRANSIT dlusions, but it does not diminish one whit the co
"Harry Bortin Urges structive value of the study.
Creation of Paid No review ca do adequate justice to it. TI
Commission to Start report speaks for tsef, and most convincingly,
at once on Kinsey- #t iThe report is not merely a history of curre
Smith Pli an events and current needs in local transportation
"For DOtiTOWN AND but is a call for specific action. a o
GRAND BLVD e SUBWAY fIt humanizes facts- simplifies a complicat
"Declares There Is statue quo; points to a solution in no uncerta
Nothing In Financing terms, and best of all, it does not mince words.
or Legal Aspects is written with understanding, and vigor.
That Need Delay Action" Vitor Packman, Attorn
E. M. GROSSMAN
Dear Mr. Bortin:
IRIALTO BUILDING, a20 N. FOURTH STREET
ST. LoUIS, MISSOURI
April 1, 1950.
I have read your report to the citizens of
St. Louis on the rapid transit problem. It is a comprehen-
sive and exhaustive compilation of all the material neces-
sary to a consideration of the present transit situation in
St. Louis. You are performing a very valuable service in
gathering this data. Your own comments are extremely val-
uable as a guide for those who are sufficiently interested
to attempt a solution of the problem.
You deserve the commendation of all public-
spirited citizens. You have performed a real service.
Yours ery sincerely,
PAUL H. DOUGLAS
MRS. HANNAH CLOTHIER HULL
OSWALD GARRISON VILLARD
LEAGUE# FOR INDEPENDENT POLITICAL ACTION
New York City
HOWARD Y. WILLIAMS
JOHN W. HERRING
trf1n. TrmrTm n'T r(p'AMTT7A TTni"
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE nU.MM i.Ai. wD v.iL . D
---- AND BRANCH ACTIVITIES
DEVERE ALLEN, Chairman
WILLARD E. ATKINS carry Bortin, St. Louis, Mo.,
KATHERINE DEVEREAUX BLAKE
PAUL BRISSENDEN Chairman And Delegate to the
LUCYP. CARNER National Convention
JANEP. CLARK Prof. Robert Morss Lovett, Chicago, Ill.
ELEANOR G. COlT
JOHN DEWEY Vice Chairman
PAUL H. DOUGLAS
SHERWOOD EDDY Rev. Philip Swartz, La Grange, Ill.
HELEN HAMLIN FINCKE Secretary
NATHAN FI NE
FRANCIS A. HENSON Members
JESSE H. HOLMES
HANNAH CLOTHIER HULl E. J F. Arndt, St. Louis, Mo.
HARRY W. LAIDLER Emanuel Davidove, Cleveland, Ohio.
JOHN A. LAPP
ROBERT MORSS LOVETT Miss. Mabel P. DuPont, Stockton, Calif.
WILLIAM MAHONEY Mrs. Royce D. Fry, Cleveland, Ohio.
HOLDENRY NEUMANN Byron O.H.Goldsmith, Columbus, Ohio.
REINHOLD NI1EBUHR ,
AUGUSTUS PIGMAN Chester A. Graham, Grant, Mich.
MERCEDES M. RANDALL Miss Julia Lesser, New York City, N.Y.
OSWALD GARRISON VILLARD
B.C.VLADECK Mrs. C. E. Norman, Columbus, Ohio
Dr. eWalter E. Peck, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Augustus Pigman, New York City, N. Y.
Royal Rood, Detroit, Michigan.
Rev. Raymond Sanford, Chicago, Ill.
F* A. Shoemaker, Red Wing, Minn.
IMr. John I. Herring, Nat'l Sec'y
League of Independent Political Action
c/o Hollenden Hotel
Cleveland, Ohio July 7, 1952
St. Louis, M..
This is to certify that Mr. Harry Bortin has been
duly elected by the St. Louis chapter to be one
of their delegates to the National Convention of
the League for Independent Political Action and
is an active member of the League.
Yours very truly
1.a lon and Branch
Louis Chapter L.I.P.A.
(dW Served as Member of In September, 1933, I
Special Review Board,1953: received an unsolicited
arniserved as a member of one of several 5-men Special
Review Boards of selected Civilians (who were first
certified by the Secret Service), We reviewed, heard
individual Veterans, and made reports of our findings
and recommendations (either unanimous or majority and
minority), to U. S. Veterans Administration.(See letter).
oFICEOF November 24, 1933
THE ADMINISTRATOR OF
Mr. Harry Bortin,
o/o City Club of New York,
My dear Mr. Bortin:
I observe from the reports of accomplishments of
Special Review Boards that the boards at New York will have
completed soon the assignment for which they were organized
pursuant to the provisions of Public No. 78, 73rd Congress.
I feel that the task of the Special Review Board
members, selected by the President from among outstanding
citizens, was especially difficult because the laws and
regulations controlling determinations in veterans' claims
were largely unknown to most persons who have not kept in
touch closely with these matters since the World War. I am
certain that through your service upon the Special Review
Board you have gained some conception of the problems attend-
ing the administration of the laws on this subject a con-
ception, which, if shared by the average American citizen,
will go far towards eliminating much of the misumderstvnding
that exists on the subject of veterans' relief.
On the eve of the completion of your work, permit
me, on behalf of the President and on behalf of the Veterans'
Administration, to felicitate you on the timely completion of
a patriotic duty well done.
S Very truly yours,
PRAK T. HINES,
(e) First I built
4-Family this in
Group: 1924, on
half the 1-acre lot
on which my home res-
GROUP: with rent-
Group to high class
tenants, caused me to
tear down the super-
structure of my home
residence and built
the 2nd Group the fol-
lowing year, 1925,
after I had bought and
moved to another resi-
dence. This 2nd Group
cost $42,000 In which
the equity was $12,000
and the financing on
same basis as on 1st.
$43,000 of which
my equity was $13,000,
and the other $30,000
was financed by a 1st
moqtgage of $20,000
and a 2nd of $10,000.
WEBSTER APARTMENT HOMES
805 E. BIG BEND ROAD-WEBSTER GROVES
934 COTTON BELT BUILDING
SAINT LOUIS, MO.
SSecond Four-Family Apartment-Home Group
r .., -*** :., .. * **-* *" ^ "r fi '
Resident janitor experienced in Automatic Nokol oil burner
garage and car service. Laundry Thermostatic regulated heat
and household services available Electric refrigerator
to all residents at moderate prices Extra toilet downstairs
by janitor's family. Ample closets, window seats, cabinets,
Beautiful lawn and trees Awnings and window shades,
ChIldren's playground Sun rooms, open fireplaces,
Individual cellars; hot water heaters Screens throughout A
Hot water heat 7I I
By 1932, I had paid off
the 420,0002nd mortgages
and reduced the 1st mort-
gages from $40,000 to
$31,000. During preced-
ing 3 years of Depres-
sion, I was unable to
meet principal and some
interest payments (and
for other reasons to be
told in Book the
mortgages were forecl'sd
and my .-54,000 equity
(g) Lockwood The full
Gardens: story will
be told 1
Book #2. Here It may please
the reader that: on recent
(1958) visit to above pro-
jectsy-33 years after I
built the Webster Groves
homes and developed the
85 lots on which 85 fami-
lies now live in $40,000
to 060,000 homes--and
found all of them just as
beautiful as I had envi-
sioned them to be, that
simht comoensated me for
my $150,000 lost equities.
(h) Budget-Research-Report In December, 1933, was
on distribution of rail- appointed to staff of
roads' Gross Income over Federal Coordinator of
15-years, 1918-1932: Transportation, Hon. J.
0 B. Eastman, who was
also a member of Interstate Commerce Commission. As the
Budget Research Analyst,I made a Report on the results
of my detailed studies and analyses of the amounts, and
relationships of every major Item of that $87 Billion
dlstrlbutlon/:to each other; to the Funded Debt, Capital-
ization, and Valuaton of the entire Railroad Plant, Its
Output, Revenues, and Market Value of its securities.
My 140-page and Exhibits also showed the numbers aind
payroll of Operative & Clerical Labor, and their rela-
tionship to the corresponding numbers and payrolls of
Management, Traffic, Overhead and Supervisory officials;
and in relation to costs of the various items of Mater-
ials, and other non-labor items of expense, such as:
Depreciation, Renewals, Taxes, Rents, Interest, Divi-
dends and Surplus items.
The Report also outlined an
"Equitably Balanced Budget Plan" for the railroads,
with Recommendations of 7 PRACTICAL STEPS for Its
application to then current and urgent problems.
Mr. Eastman's Attorney At a conference on the
described my Report as Report, with Mr. Eastman,
"Poltcal Dynamlte": his Attorney, Mr. Carmalt,
his Chief Clerk, Mr. Rogers,
and the writer, Mr. Eastman read each of the 10-page
Recapitulation, after which he asked Mr. Carmalt whether
the Report should be published? Mr. Carmalt advised
against It, because, he said, "it contains POLITICAL
DYNAMITE." It was NOT published, except that I was
furnished 100 mimeographed copies after a year's cor-
In my Book #2, the full story will show
that failure tq publish and act on its recommendations,
caused and resulted in confiscation of $2 Billion
of Stockholders' investments, following the bankruptcy
of 30 percent of all Class I Railroads, etc. etc.
(3) My services and Served for 1 years, 1934-1936,
Reports for FHA: as Financial & Real Estate
Analyst of Housing Projects,
in Large Sacale Housing Division of Fecderal Housing
Administration; made site-neighborhood examinations,
appraisals, financial set-ups of capital, mortgage,
and equity for varying income levels; made researches,
analyses and reports on Limited Dividend Housing Cor-
porations, and on Low Cost Housing Projects of Wash-
ington Sanitary Housing Companies, for a prior 37-year
period. Resigned in 1936 to resume private practice,
as Consultant on Housing and Railroad Reorganizations.
THIS iAP OF THE PANAiA CANAL, ETC., IS! 4. "
SLLF-E.XPLANATURY. A SUALL- lftGNIFYING I
GLASS VoILL HELP IN READING ThRi LL
PRINT. YOU U.ILL FIND IT HELPFUL .HEN S
YUU .ILL READ M Y STORY B IUT IT i\D D"\
THE PA14AI4A ANAU.
'5CA4LE IN 5TATUT R:Itut
141 AMAO J61V *QAi*
"__ ,. .. J I 4 ......" ........94 79,-9
Sq f 5,
DEAR READER: IT IS MY GREAT HONOR AND PRIVELEGE TO PRESENT THE VERY NATURAL
PHOTOGRAPH AND THE MOST FITTING AND INSPIRING STATEMENT OF OUR BFLOVTED AND
DISTINGUISHED FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, THEODORE ROOSEVELT, WHO
MADE POSSIE THAT HISTORIC ACHIEVEMENT BY ALL ITS BUILDERS, HARRY BORTINSR.
ITI O H RTCWOCUTNTT
WHO PO NlS OT HOW-TH TRONG MA STUMBLE,_
ORWEETEDE.F ED OL AEDN
TH MBETE H E-C~-[e .'ilil] Jo] :kEDI lT!BELO.NGS ,'Tl O THi [= E MAN i~l
WHO S ACUALL IN HE RENA WHOE FAE_ I
M~qe e~ARR yGo.WE.DPotterSTo ANDSWolEr oalnATonite AND BLOOD; WHO ST pRIVA tE oStto
V th A LIa ~ A NT L ht oreY, o WHO uS .ArD>', EC'oM FS SH O mmaCnRT AGAIw AN
National Organization Committee of:
5ERY/cc ROOSEVELT MEDAL ASSOCIATES & SENIOR CITIZENS D o
1 'For Informed Citizenship and True Leadership Bw
; J^ ^ On Current Issues Affecting Senior Citizens, '/.
SPanama Canal Veterans and Public Interest
HARRY BORTIN, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR /
|Burlingame, California, and Washington, D. C.
-AM WITH EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 0 9
OF NINE REGIONAL CHAIRMEN:
#I-R. P. Drennan, Mass. #4-Mrs. G. C. McCullough, Ala. #7-A. L. Paulsen, S. Calif.
#2-H. 0. Traver, Mich. #5-Dr. Harry Eno, C.Z. #8-J. C. Russell, N. Calif.
#3-Win. A. Nitzer, Ind. #6-C. J. Bracker, Ariz. I #9-Jas. E. Malcolm, Va.
GEN. GEORGE W. GOETHALS
Chairman & Chief Engineer
Isthmian Canal Commission
GEN. WILLIAM C. GORGAS
Chief of Sanitation
Isthmian Canal Commission
Note: This page is a copy,
(reduced in size), of the
Certificate which was issued
for the purposes outlined on
next page. Full-size copies
of the original are printed
on parchment paper; and are
available to all qualified
holders Of Roosevelt Medal
and their next of kin.
REASONS FOR THE PRESI-
DENT'S VISIT TO CANAL ZONE
were shov;n here on full-size
Certificates, are now shown
on next page herein.
TO THE PANAMA CANAL BUILDERS:
THEY WENT INTO A FAR COUNTRY, A
STRANGE LIND, AND 'WRESTLING
'1ITH DISEASES AND DEATH AND THE
MIGHTY ADVERSE FORCES OF NATURE,
THEY WROUGHT THE GREATEST AND
MOST BENEFICENT WORK IN HISTORY.
THERE IT STANDS, THEIR ENDUR-
ING MONUMENT, WITH THE WORLD
THEIR EVERLASTING DEBTOR.
This is to Certily
a holder of Theodore Roosevelt
Medal for 2 years continuous
service on construction of Pan-
ama Canal and...*.....*.......
are hereby entitled to the ben-
efits, courtesies, and opportun-
ities for service in the public
interest through informed citi-
zenship and true leadership, as
a........member of this Organ-
DATE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
GEN. ROBERT E. WOOD
Isthmian Canal Commission
Civil Engineer & Founder
Of This Organization
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S PLEDGE TO THE WORKERS
"... You are doing a work the like of which has not been seen
in the ages, a work that shall last through the ages to come, and I
PLEDGE YOU as President of the United States, and speaking for
the people of the United States, every ounce of support and help and
assistance that it is in my power to give you, so that we together,
yeu backed by the people of the United States may speedily bring
this greatest of works to a triumphant conclusion." (From speech
at Reception in Corozal)
(In a speech at Culebra, he told them): "that they are earning
a right to the gratitude of the country such as can normally be
earned only by soldiers who have served in the few great wars of
history.... that in the future it will only be necessary to say of any
man 'HE WAS CONNECTED WITH THE DIGGING OF THE PAN-
AMA CANAL' TO CONFER THE PATENT OF NOBILITY UPON
THAT -MAN.... "
THE SUBSEQUENT MEDAL AWARD WAS A TOKEN OF THE PRESIDENT'S SINCERITY IN THAT PLEDGE
The idea for this Certificate was first suggested by our Associate, Isaac H. Andrews, of San Francisco.
PROSPECTUS FOR BOOK #1
My "American Family and
School Dictionary" defines
"PROSPECTUS", as"a printed
circular on a forthcoming
literary work, a new secur-
ity, or the like." That Is
exactly what I have in mind
for the immediate purposes
of this circular letter.
EXCERPTS FROM PAGES 3-4-5 OF JUNE, 1960, ISSUE OF
The Panama Canal Society of Florida
Mr. Harry Bortin and other interested parties
continue their efforts on behalf of Panama Canal
builders with less than three years but more than
two years of service. (On construction).
1. TENTATIVE God willing, A5A ,I ,,f M ,. ,,1 -ti'sfforts, and( 1ay
Schedule I plan to letters receive f6) ,ueiil,'rs of Congrcess. Public Hearings were scheduled
for next work steadi-n
11 Issues: ly and have April 12th and 13th llon. l. Leonor K. Sullivan on 11.11. 8116 before the
11each of the PaRnama Caiial of the I llouse Commiltee on Merchant Marine and Fish-
next 11 installments of the erie
BOOK #1, ready for publish- CERTIFICATE FOR HONORING ROOSEVELT MEDAL HOLDERS: An IDEA
ing and mailing on or about transformed into a REALITY: "The Certificate IDEA which was first
these 11 dates: suggested by our associate, Isaac H. Andrews, of San Francisco, Califor-
(Sept. 0o; nia, is now a tangible REALITY in the attached facsimile copy on ordin-
1961--(Oct 15 and 30; ary bond paper. The permanent Certificates are on parchment paper
(NOV.15&O30; & Dec.26. suitable for framing and display by QUALIFIED holders of Theodore
1962--(Jan. 15 and Feb. 15; Roosevelt Medal and their kin, (wife, husband, sons, daughters and grand-
(March 15 and April 15'children), and their friends among members of any of the 11 Panama
(Nay I5&. Canal Societies in the United States, for whom each qualified member of
2 Their The next seven our organization and of any of those Societies may wish to buy them.
Subject issues will QUALIFICATIONS FOR PURCHASING CERTIFICATES: ONLY those bona fide
Matter: deal wi'h the holders of Theodore Roosevelt Medal who have already paid or will here-
"Kit of Toolsr after pay, the $25 member-fee with one year's membership dues in our
Pr a. The four issues from organization, will be QUALIFIED to purchase one or more Certificates
deab 15 ith EITrough ERla Wll'at $10 each. ALL such QUALIFIED medal holders who desire to pur-
deal with EITHER:
(a) Panama chase one or more Certificates, should send me their full names and names
Canal Construction story and of their kin and friends, with their clty and States for insertion min the
legislative history of our blank spaces of each Certificate which they purchase.
Construction Annuity Bills The qualifications conform wih original purposes: of honoring
s i n c e 1 9 1 5 ; O RT... .. ...
(b) continue the medal-holding Canal builders, of inspiring ilcir children and grand-
with the "Kit of Tools"..-Pro-children by this permanent evidence of their ancc-store achievement, and
gram until completed In Book#lof providing necessary finances for the functioning of our Organization's
above stated purposes. Those Certificates will also demonstrate each
3 .Reasons In my present owner's full appreciation of the honor and opportunities for service to
for "TEN- good health and our associates, to our country and for the public interest, as members of
TATIVE": preparedness forour Organization, and of every Panama Canal Society.
having my manu- QUALITY OF MEMBERSHIP TAKES PRECEDENCE OVER
script copy ready for publish-QUANTITY. WE WILL STRIVE FOR BOTH.
Ing and mailing on above sche-__ _____________
duled dates, I feel almost cer-
tain to do so. THESE REASONS ARE SHOWN ON ORIGINAL CERTIFICATE
BUas sure on the, I can't be asct REASONS FOR THE PRESIDENT'S VISIT TO CANAL ZONE
as sure on the financial aspect..
because MY UNHEALTHY FINANCIAL During first half of construction period, 1904 to 1909, sanitation
CONDITION will prevent me-4UN- and recruiting an adequate labor force to serve for 2 years or more,
LESS & UNTIL I receive suffi- were the most difficult and inter-related problems. The difficult
ent advance-paid subscrip living and working conditions, with high rates of sickness and death
cloenat aa fcr e-pante ubocp-l from malaria black-water fever, yellow-jack, and other tropical
tons at 5 for entire Book 'diseases and hardships, resulted in high rate of employee turnover.
and 50# each for single copies Most of the men who came during those early years, became very
of this and later Installments sick, or died before they had served a few months or a year. Many
or 12 copies for $5--of the left the Isthmus alive or in coffins, or buried locally. Relatively
same or different installments.few remained as long as 1 or 2 years. Conseaueptlv actual building
of the Canal was greatly delayed.
ITHEREFORE, IF YOU WISH TO PAR- It was mainly to see the actual conditions on the Canal Zone,
TICIPATE IN SERVING YOUR OWN to speed up progress, and for the purpose of inspiring and inducing
AND THE PUBLIC INTEREST THRO- the workers, who heard him and those who came later, to remain for
UGH "KIT OF TOOLS"..-PROGRAM, 2 years or longer, that President Roosevelt came in November, 1906,
YOU CAN FILL AND SEND ME THE and made the FkwiTi PLEDGE+-on preceding page.
LETTER ON NEXT PAGE ,
4. Subject-matter It will contain 32 pages, with the fol-
Nf next Install- lowing topics and comments thereon:
ment of Memoirs: (a) More excerpts from my letter to
President Truman, of May 28, 1948.
(b) Excerpts from subsequent correspondence with Preslient's
Council of Economic Advisers, relating to above letter.
(c) References to "An Open Letter to Top Leaders of Railroad
Labor & Management", 4uly 3, 1948, relating to "Cooperative
Partnership Agreements", with detailed Exhibits.
(d) References to my correspondence with Bankers, Railroad Exec-
utives, Courts' Trustees, Reorganlzatibn Committees of Stock-
holders of Railroads In Bankruptcy proceedings--on methods
for avoiding then impending confiscation of about $2 Billion
of their investments In Preferred and Common Stock.
(e) Excerpts from my Open Letter to all U. S. Senators and Mem-
bers of Congress, february, 1950, regarding my first draft
of proposed "Economic Standards Act of 1950".
(f) My letter to Mr. B. M. Baruch, In June 1950, regarding above
proposed "Economic Standards Act of 1950"; and his reply;
together with surrounding circumstances which led me to change
the above titled "Act"to Specifications for "Kit of Tools.."
(g) Excerpts from my first 4-page leaflet, circulated In 1953,
on subject of Basic Essentials and Indispensable Aids em-
bodied In "Kit of Tools"..-Program of Implementation.
(h) Letter to Editor of Washington Post, on "A Sickness of Fear",
from widow of Secretary of War, In President Hoover's Adm'tion.
() Letter received a few weeks ago, from Hon. Arthur L. Buck,
of Cheyenne, Wyoming, a teacher of Journalism and a Repre-
sentative in the Wyoming Legislature, on the merits and
importance of the "Kit of Tools"..-Program, in the public
interest. Also similar testlmontals from other responsible
citizens and leaders, from different parts oil our country;
together with related material.
Harry Bortin, Sr. (date)______
435 Hlllcrest Road, San Mateo, Calif:
I am interested In the
objectives of your "Kit of Tools"..-Program, as referred to
In first installment of your Book #I--MEMOIRS WITHOUT FEAR--
and will try to bring it to attention of my friends and neigh-
bors; to fellow-members of Panama Canal Societies, of National
Association of Retired Civil Employees (NARCE),and of my local
fraternal and civic Organization, as time and opportunity permit.
Enclosed Is my check for advance subscription for _copies of
entire "Book 11, at $5 per copy; for copies of first Install-
ment of Book #1, at 50V each, or J5 for 12 copies of first and
later installments; together with attached list of names and
addresses to whom I suggest you send copies of first install-
ment. Also attachedaare my comments, reactions and suggestions.
(Name and address)______________________