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The Florida Christian advocate
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/NF00000242/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Florida Christian advocate
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31-37 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Sanford Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Sanford Fla
Creation Date: April 8, 1909
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Methodists -- Newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Sanford (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Seminole County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leesburg (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Lake County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Gainesville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Alachua County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Live Oak (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Suwannee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Lakeland (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Polk County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Polk -- Lakeland
United States -- Florida -- Seminole -- Sanford
United States -- Florida -- Lake -- Leesburg
United States -- Florida -- Alachua -- Gainesville
United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
United States -- Florida -- Suwannee -- Live Oak
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1886?
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 52, no. 5 (Jan. 30, 1941).
Issuing Body: Official organ of: the Florida Annual Conference, Apr. 1, 1886-<Dec. 25, 1901>; the Florida Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, <Jan. 12, 1904-Aug. 3, 1939>; the Florida Conference of the Methodist Church, Aug. 10, 1939-1941.
General Note: Editor and Publisher: Josephus Anderson, Sept. 9, 1890-<Dec. 25, 1901>.
General Note: Published by: Hill Print. Co., <1902>; J.C. Trice, <Jan. 26, 1904>; Live Oak Co., <July 23, 1907>; Publishing Committee Florida Christian Advocate, <Jan. 28, 1909-1910>.
General Note: Published in: Leesburg, Fla., Apr. 9, 1889-<Dec. 25, 1901>; Gainesville, Fla., <1902>; Tallahassee, Fla., <Jan. 26, 1904>; Live Oak, Fla., <July 23, 1907>; Jacksonville, Fla., <Jan. 28, 1909-1910>; Lakeland, Fla., <1914-1941>.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (Apr. 1, 1886).
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 17197000
lccn - sn 93062869
System ID: NF00000242:00001
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida advocate

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Editorial
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Contributions
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Personal and other notes
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Woman's foreign missionary society
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Quarterly conference directory
        Page 12
    Epworth league department
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Advertising
        Page 16
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JACKSONVIILLE, FLA., APRIL 8, 1909.


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EDITORIAL


We present to the readers of the Advocate a good like-
ness on the front page of Rev. L. B. Bridgers, our pastor
at Perry. Bro. Bridgers assisted recently in a revival in
Springfield church, this city, in which there were about
forty who professed conversion. Bro. Bridgers is a.
fine preacher, and is a good revivalist. He is a man of
fine presence and makes a lasting impression for good
upon his hearers.

We believe that saintlinfss is the prime equipment
for doing God's work. In the times of spiritual dearth,
the saints have saved the world from spiritual decay.
Against saintliness infidelity can lift no voice. No
enemy can conquer a saint, because his weapons recoil
to his own hurt. The crucifiers of Jesus confessed "Sure-
ly this was the Son of God." Let us love, then do as we
please, said John Chrysostom. Let us be saints by God's
help and Hell's foundations will quiver.

Since we entered itinerancy we have not heard of so
many revivals, and those that have been so blessed of
God as have marked the work of the church this year.
Here in our own conference, we believe the converts
will run up into the thousands since our annual session.
This is as it should be. We may lay our plans, we may
write books or print papers, but nothing will take the
place of leading sinners to accept Jesus Christ as their
Savior and Lord. Let us seek first a Holy Ghost revival
and all such things as new churches, thriving Sunday
schools, conference collections and the missionary spirit
will be added unto us.

We call especial attention to the contributed article
from the ,pen of Bishop Candler upon another page.
Bishop Candler is writing upon one of the livest ques-
tions that is before the Church today. We think our-
selves fortunate in being able to lay before our readers
the thoughts of one of our chief pastors. Bishop Cand-
ler's long association with our educational enterprises,
as president of one of our leading colleges, renders him
especially well informed in this matter. Not only has he
the information, but he knows how to put it in a literary
style that grips the heart and conscience.: Let. us hope
we have no Methodist college so poor as to be bought
with these crumbs that fall from the rich man's table.


Editorial Correspondence.

FEELING that the revival which has been in prog-
ress at Estelle Street Church, Jacksonville, in which
Rev. W. C. Norton has been assisting, should continue,
we offered our services to fill the appointment at Bron-
son on last Sunday. En route we stopped at Gainesville
on Saturday, arriving about one o'clock. We were taken
in hand by Bro. H. L. Phifer, escorted to his residence
and feasted on fried chicken and other good things. We
say this on purpose to show people that even an editor
has his friends.
We spent Saturday afternoon securing renewals to
the Advocate, and with Bro. Phifer's help, we secured
quite a number. We desire to say right here that we
certainly appreciate it when a busy layman leaves his
business on Saturday afternoon to assist in securing re-
newals for the Advocate. It makes us feel happy to re-
member such kindness.
While in Gainesvile we met Bro. Rape, who was there
on business. He reports his work in good condition,
and as usual, himself abundant in labors. We have
learned to appreciate the worth of this good man- more
and more as we have become better acquainted with him.
We found Bro. Bridges firmly entrenched in the
hearts of his people. They say he is a very fine preacher.
A sister remarked that she always looked forward to his
sermons, expecting to receive good and helpful soul food.
Sister Bridges was not at all well, but was improving.


Bro. Bridges and other members of the family had been
indisposed, but were then enjoying good health.
We arrived in Bronson on good time and were met at
the depot by our good friend, Bro. John R. Willis. He
took us to his home and cared for us.
Sunday in Bronson was a very beautiful day. Just
cool enough for real solid comfort. The congregation
was not large at either service, but what they lacked
in numbers, they made up by good attention. We en-
joyed preaching to these good people. In the afternoon
we went to Meredith and preached to a congregation that
filled the schoolhouse. Bro. R. D. Phillips is the super-
intendent of the Sunday school. He has large sawmill
interests there. We- added two new subscribers to our
Advocate list, one of whom was Sister Stewart, daugh-
ter of Bro. C. W. Inman, of Starke.
We met again Sister S. E. Norton, widow of the late
lamented Rev. W. F. Norton, and mother of Revs. W .C.
and M. H. Norton. Sister Norton had the misfortune
of falling and breaking her hip, and is still unable to
walk, now four months after the occurrence of the acci-
dent. She is, however, much improved, and hopes soon to
be able to walk again without crutches.
We enjoyed our visit to Bronson and feel that it was
a help to us. We shall carry pleasant memories of the
good people of that choice village. Again we were forci-
bly reminded of the faithfulness of the wives of our
preachers. While Bro. Norton was away preaching in a
revival, Sister Norton was faithfully caring for affairs
at home. God bless the faithful wives of our preachers!
N. H. W.


Strange Doctrine.

THE CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE (Nashville) has a
habit of advertising "strange" doctrines on its
editorial pages. We are sometimes tempted to believe
that Dr. Winton would make a fine "General Secretary
of Theological Gymnastics." If the powers that be de-
cide we need some more church machinery, and such a
department is organized, we think he would be eminently
fitted for the position. Should there be any doubts in
the minds of our readers as to his qualifications for the
place, the following quotation from the editorial columns
of the General Organ will dispel them. Read the edito-
rial:
"Under the old Jewish dispensation much was
made of the "anointing of Jehovah." Kings were
anointed, priests were anointed, captains were
anointed, the coming Redeemer himself was to be
the Messiah-'the Anointed of Jehovah.' The Jews
were never content unless some outward ceremony
confirmed God's choice. Yet in time there arose
among them prophets on whom no human hand had
been laid, but who could say: 'The spirit of Je-
hovah God is upon me, because he hath anointed
me.' The gift of an aroused spirit and of gracious
words proceeding out of his mouth is to this day
the best proof that the hand of God is upon a man.
He who can show these signs need not wait for the
commission given by men. Let him speak the word
and do the work to which the Spirit moves him,
communing not with flesh and blood."
We suppose Dr. Winton would have the various
charges in our Annual Conferences given to every ranter
who may have the gift of "lungs." If the ranter can
show certain "signs," of which we suppose the ranter
himself is to be the interpreter, as he is not to confer
with flesh and blood, let him not wait for a commission
given by men. We suppose he means that he is not to
wait for a license to preach, or ordination, but to get
right into the office and work of the ministry if the
Spirit moves him to this work. '
We wonder just how much such doctrine as this will
assist in integrating the church. We wondeit if Dr.


Winton wants us all to turn to the doctrine of the
"Come-outers," who would have no human organization.
Our judgment is that all who take such advice as he is
giving will be injured thereby. In so far as such edito-
rial utterances have any influence at all, they are hurt-
ful to Methodism. We have been laboring under the
impression that our General Organ was a defender of
the Methodist doctrine and polity. We are grieved at
such vagaries, and write this editorial as a fair and
brotherly treatment of what we consider a grievous
error in our brother on the Cumberland.
Of course we know that there must be a divine call
to the ministry, but the "laying on of the hands of
the presbytery" has apostolic sanction. Ordination was
practiced by St. Paul, and enjoined upon Titus. We be-
lieve the Methodist Church has not outgrown apostolic
practices, nor has she arrived at that stage where she
does not feel bound by apostolic injunctions.


Universality of

the Atonement.

SOME of the very Scriptures upon which the Calvin-
ists depend as proof of a restricted election are
proofs of universal atonement, and hence of salvation
being made possible for all men. Romans, eighth chapter
and twenty-ninth and thirtieth verses, are foundation
Scriptures for the universality of the plan of salvation.
"For whom he did foreknow he also did predestinate to
be conformed to the image of his Son." aIhis is an open-
ing expression of ideal salvation, and if the reader holds
to the thought of ideality he will see one of the strong-
est base stones of our Arminian faith. Is there any
limit to God's foreknowledge? None whatever. There-
fore-he foreknew all men, and would have all men to be
saved and come unto a knowledge of the truth. Then
if he predestinated those whom he foreknew, it follows
that he predestinated all men, since all men came within
the sweep of his foreknowledge. All men therefore were
predestinated to be "conformed to the image of His Son,"
not that He might be one Head of a few, but that "He
might be the firstborn among MANY brethren." Pur-
suant to this purpose God "also called" those whom he
foreknew and predestinated-called all men; and "them
he also justified"-justified all men; "and whom he jus-
tified them he also glorified"-glorifie'd all men. If we
put a limit to God's foreknowledge in this passage of
Scripture we are then allowed to put a limit to the num-
ber whom he foresaw and predestinated, etc. But, start-
ing out, as we must, with an unlimited forekn6wledge,
we find in the succeeding steps an unlimited salvation
ideally set forth. Mark this question of ideality. It
reads as if the whole human race had been,saved, when
really it had not. Therefore it is simply the ideal
salvation based upon the universal atonement-a salva-
tion brought within the availability of all men.
In harmony with the foregoing let us quote: "That
he by the grace of God should taste death for EVERY
man." "He is the propitiation for the sins of the whole
world." "The grace of God which bringeth salvation
to ALL MEN hath appeared." "Whosoever believeth in
him should not perish but have everlasting life." "God
our Savior will have ALL MEN to be saved." "If One
died FOR ALL then were all dead."
It is plain, therefore, that if Christ died for all, he.
did not make provision for the salvation of a single mant
without at the same time making provision for the sal-
vation of all men. It has been truthfully said that "if
the salvation of every man is not possible, then men are
damned for not performing an impossibility." But there
is a possibility for all because the plan of redeihption is:
clearly seen to be for all. If men are damned it is be-
cause, as free agents, they have rejected the offer of a,
complete redemption, or sufficient atonement. "I have
no pleasure in the death of him that dieth; wherefore


THE FLORIDA CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE.





4X,


4:1C






T=B FLORIDA CRIITIAN ADYOOATB.


turn yourselves, and live ye." (Ezek. 18:32.) If this
dead or dying man was elected or foreordained to die
why should he be mocked with the exhortation to turn
and live?
By the way, who are the elect? Evidently they are
those who elect to be saved. Election is retroactive. Per-
haps we should use the word reciprocal. God foreknew
that Abraham would command his household after him,.
and therefore elected him to be a father of a multitude
in the school of faith. Did God show any partiality in
the range of his love? Not a bit. He was electing the
best material for his own "purpose." And when God
"called" Abraham, the latter elected to obey. This is
reciprocal election. Abraham was not compelled to re-
ciprocate, since he was not a machine to act when acted
upon. So of the plan of salvation. God has elected that
all may be saved; .but evidently he will save only those
who in turn elect Him as their sovereign Lord. "I have
'called' and ye refused to answer," implies the ability
and freedom to answer. "He that believeth shall be
saved, he that belieth not shall be damned." God's call
comes to all men, because he loves all men and gave his :
Son to die for all men; but the call implies man's abil-
ity to elect for himself One who calls. Belief elects
to salvation; unbelief elects to damnation. Hence our
gospel is a world-gospel: "Go ye therefore into all the
world, and preach the gospel to every creature," because
"he is the propitiation for the sins of the whole world."


Around and About.

F ENHOLLOWAY.-We had a refreshing season with
Rev. G. W. Wesley at Fenholloway. It was not
only our first visit to this charge, but it was Brother
Wesley's first experience in a Methodist quarterly confer-
ence. The brethren remember him as our accession from
the Christian church, along with a Baptist minister who
came to us at our last conference. Such changes are
nothing new to us, and therefore our people never blow
their horns about it as our Baptist friends do when one
of another denomination joins them. Brother Wesley
confessed that he had some things to learn in regard to
what is required in the quarterly conference, but he was
not far behind a great many of us who were brought
up in the Methodist church. One thing impressed us, and
that was his success in working up the charge to ex-
pect great things at a quarterly meeting. He had
planned well, and made our mid-week visit a delight, and
the meeting a success. The people think they have a
stirring preacher who will make things come to pass.
His congregations are always large, and even other de-
nominations are, giving him an appreciative hearing.
He has helped to bring a brighter day at Day, where a
new church has been provided for, and which will be
completed and paid for by the time we go there to hold
the second quarterly conference.
SOUTH LAFAYETTE.-This is a newly formed work,
almost "without form and void." It has been the glory
of Methodism that it can bring order out of confusion
and form the unformed. This work is another new
specimen of such efforts. Rev. T. B. Shores has been
sent to blaze the trees and Cast up a highway. He will
be numbered among the pioneer heroes if his blazes are
followed by future generations of preachers. He has
only one organized church in this vast territory, and it
has only about twelve members, with no church house to
worship in. His parsonage is a rather open house which
a kind sister and her husband tendered him without
charge. With scant furniture and a three-legged stove
of very small dimensions, he and his wife and little girl
are trying to put on Methodistic appearances the best
they can. Our quarterly conference was necessarily
very simple and brief. Receipts for the quarter, five
dollars. Our district has promised to help supplement
the receipts, and it is hoped it may be realized very
soon.
OLD TOWN.-We found Brother Boykin and his
young bride occuping an "upper room" in the palatial
residence of Brother and Sister Ehzy, a beautiful resi-
dence about thirty-five feet from the gliding waters of
the Suwanee river. The first few weeks were not so
propitious for the young couple, as they were strangers


in a strange land and no house to call their.
the quarterly meeting seemed to bring the
thought of the people together and kindled
and brighter expectations. The people ar
fully able to do the right thing to make
work amongst them a blessing to the con
the railroad has been completed to and beyond
and since there are thousands of acres o:
waiting to be tilled by industrious hands,
that a city ought to rise on the banks of tl
has been enshrined in well known verse.
mission, therefore, is among the charges that
ise of a future.
MAYO AND MAYO CIRCUIT.-Rev. H.
is the first to be assigned to Mayo as a sta
He lives in a parsonage that was about con
last annual conference, and which the ladies
ing to paint at an early date. It wears th
a "pastoriun," "manse," "rectory," or what
a model of neatness, strength and conve
pastor is a hustler, and hence this and othe
come to reasonable fruitage. The church is
some true and loyal supporters, who are an
tain this new station. Our visit was in tl
and hence we did not see the congregation
The circuit is served by Rev. J. F. Clark, wl
ed highly for his works' sake and his fine ch
acter. His work is weak in numbers a
strength. This, however, is accepted withoi
and the pastor cultivates his field with ho1
He has made anew the old Mayo parsonag
stands on a new lot given by Brother Dees



The Resurrection

BOUT this fundamental of the Christ
theological battles of the ages have
nor has the conflict ceased. Jesus and the
constituted the burden of apostolic preachit
risked all upon the Resurrection. It is. tr
heart of the Christian religion.
As it appears to us, the doctrine of the Ri
not to be established by metaphysical disq
abstruse speculations. The unanswerable
the establishment- of the doctrine of the Re
the living presence of Jesus in the world
only is he enthroned in the hearts of his tr
followers, but he is truly the world's consc
As Sir Oliver Lodge points out, it is not
to whether the soul is immortal or not, it
as to whether there are souls. If we are co
Jesus was a real Being, possessed of a soul,
a long way toward the establishment of th
the Resurrection. If we are convinced tha
soul, immortality is a corollary. Congress
posed of certain members; but the Congre
not the Congress of 1809. The idea is never
ent when we pronounce the word, whether
to the Congress of the present or the Cot
past. Even should Congress as a legislative
to exist, the idea would still be immortal.
ideal conception back of its constituent pa
never die. In a sentence, spoken or written
remains despite the transposition of its
thought is the soul of the-sentence. It
the existence of Jesus Christ. When we sp
ing to Christ," it is an admission that he
of the living Present and not of the dead
from eternity and self-existent in all re:
So the idea of the Resurrection has woven i
very fibre of our thinking. When we fee
souls, we become living witnesses of a livin
When we see the chlorophyll in the lea
we come face to face with a scientific riddl
hear the faint throbbing betokening the life
in the shell, or note the first stirring of t
life of a human being, we are face to face
tion inexplicable by science. Whence is
science has no answer, it is essentially aj
Christit makes short work of the matter b



I


r own But it is from God. All of which we steadfastly believe.
e heart and There has been a determined effort to rule God
Fresh hope out of his universe by many of the wise and prudent,
e kind and from time immemorial. One of the most determined
the pastor's efforts made in recent years is by Earnst Hackel, with
entry. Since his Monism, which is but another name for Pantheism,
d this place, with its maxim: "God and the world are one." In pop-
f rich lands ular language we hear Haeckel's doctrines exploited under
we feel sure such terms as "Nature," "physical sequence,' 'etc. Let us
he river that get hold of these fundamental ideas: God and Nature
Old Town are not one. There is a God, and Nature is but his habit
have prom- of doing things. Life is not to be confounded with
energy or magnetism. Life belongs to a different realm
J. Haeflinger from matter or energy. Life comes from God, and from
nation charge. God only.
With these ideas firmly fixed in our minds we are
plete at our ready for the consideratigoof the reasonableness of the
are prepar- resurrection. The essential difference between man and
.e dignity of all else, whether it be mice or mountains; is in the
not, and is fact that he is a living soul. He can say "I." As a
nience. The great psychologist says: "The most thorough-going
distinction in psychology is the antithesis between the
r enterprises ego and the non-ego." The "I" is essentially immortal,
blessed with created so by God. Man becomes immortal when he has
xious to sus- the breath of life breathed into his nostrils. So infants
he mid-week, are as truly immortal as philosophers, and sinners as
at its best. truly immortal as saints, despite the foolish doctrine
ho is esteem- which we sometimes hear preached, namely that we re-
iristian char- ceive immortality only by believing on Jesus Christ.
nd financial As it appears to us Jesus is immanent in spiritual en-
ut complaint, deavor and manifestation. His heart is evidenced by
?e of results, the altruistic philosophy of his church. His hands are
e, which now evidenced by the deeds of mercy in which his true fol-
lowers are engaged. His feet are shown by his church
L. W. M. as with the swiftness of light she flies to the utter-
most islands of the sea with her message of salvation.
Truly his church is his bride, bone of his bone and flesh
L. of his flesh, speaking after the manner of spiritual
things.
ian faith the If these present-day manifestations of the living
been waged, Christ do not convince the gainsaying and slow of
Resurrection heart to believe, we scarcely believe that an appeal to
ng. St. Paul the well attested facts of history will do it. Upon what
uly the very he is to us, does our hope depend.
Finally, we are to consider Jesus as resurrected and
resurrection is glorified Humanity as truly as resurrected Divinity. The
uisitions and name he bears fixes his station. He is referred to as
argument for Jesus, his human name, by the dying Stephen, and the
resurrection is martyrs and confessors who followed in his glorious
today. Not train. This to us is a very wholesome doctrine and very
ue lovers and full of comfort in that it invites us to look upon our
ience. resurrected Lord as "closer to us than breathing and
a question as nearer than hands and feet. Truly he is touched with
is a question the feeling of our infirmities and the living Brother to
convinced that our souls. As was his resurrection, so will be ours. As
we have gone is his glorified humanity, so will be burs. "We shall be
-e doctrine of like him, for we shall see him as he is."
t a man is a
exists, com- The Legislature of the State of Florida began its
ss of 1909 is work this week. The speakers elected are the
rtheless pres- Hon. F. M. Hudson, for the Senate and Hon. Ion L.
we apply it Farris for the House. We have no doubt but that this
igress of the body will receive advice from many quarters, and that
'e body cease it shall come in for a full share of criticism.
There is an There is one thing we are very axious to see done.
arts that can We want the Legislature to amend the Constitution so
, he thought as to allow the people of Florida to say whether they
words. The want State prohibition or not. We believe this is demo-
is thus with cratic. We hear much said in favor of local option.
'eak of "com- This means in effect that the county shall be the unit
is the Christ of administration. So far as we know there is no other
Past, filiated law that applies to the county as the unit of adminis-
alms forever, tration, exception the Local Option -Law. If State-wide
itself into the prohibition is not democratic, then we do not know what
1 him in our it is. We might as well make carrying concealed weap-
g Savior. ons a crime in one county and not a crime in another,
ves of grass, if the argument, of the local optionists be true. Let us
.e. When we have the right, gentlemen of the Legislature, to say
e of the chick whether we shall have State prohibition or not. Florida
he embryonic is the newest State in the Union from the standpoint of
with a condi- the development of her resources. We need immigration,
life? Pure but let us not bid for the human refuse of which Geor-
gnostic. The gia, Alabama, North Carolina and Tennessee have purged
y saying that themselves.


-r


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THE FLOP-IDA OMRISTIAN ADVOCATE.


FOR THE GOOD

OF US ALL


CONTRIBUTIONS


Cheer Each Other

on the Way


THE ACTIVE ALLIES AND ULTIMATE
AIMS OF "THE GENERAL EDUCA-
TION BOARD."
By Bishop Warren A. Candler.
Among the very extensive powers grant-
ed to the "General Education Board" by
its charter is the power "to aid, co-operate
with, or endow associations or other cor-
porations engaged in educational work
within the United States of America, or
to donate to any such association or cor-
poration any money or moneys" which at
any time may be held by the Board. This
gives it the power to do through others
any thing which for any reason it might
not find it convenient to do directly in its
own name.
This provision was doubtless inserted
in the charter to enable it to assist and
use certain allied bodies already in exist-
ence, closely identified with it in history,
purpose and personal composition, and
other bodies also, as occasion might re-
quire.
Very intimately related to the "General
Education Board" is a rather indefinite
body called the "Conference for Education
in the South," which body however, can
not be called a "Conference" in the strict-
est sence of the word; for in its proceed-
ings there is usually small room for con-
ferring. In its annual sessions it is main-
ly occupied with the hearing of addresses
by selected speakers on specified topics in
the fulfillment of a fixed program, which
in the very nature of the case excludes any
thing akin to free conference and brings
forward what is devised by the program-
makers. This "Conference" (if it may be
called such by courtesy) has passed
through a process of development since
its first session at Capon Springs in 1898.
It was then composed of thirty-four mem-
bers, twenty of whom were ministers of
the gospel, and it was called "The Confer-
ence for Christian Education in the South,"
being concerned primarily for the ad-
vancement of the mission schools of cer-
tain Northern churches for the education
of the Negroes in the Southern States. At
its second session the word "Christian"
was dropped from its name, and it was
called thereafter "The Conference for Ed-
ucation in the South," and its scope was
enlarged to take hold of education for all
races in the South. It began to consider
Southern education as a national problem
at that time. At that session or the one
next following, Mr. William H. Baldwin,
Jr., suggested a General Board for the
strengthening of Hampton and Tuskeegee
Institutes for the education of Negroes.
This seems to have been the first sugges-
tion of a "General Education Board," and
when. what is now called "The General
Education Board" was organized Mr. Bald-
win was elected as its first president, Mr.
Baldwin advocated also government aid
for the education of the Negroes through
the medium of the General Board, and at
its next session "The Conference for Edu-
cation in the South" adopted a resolution
calling upon the Federal Government to
assist the Southern States in the work of
educating the Negroes and the "poor
whites" of the South. In those early
sessions of the Conference such men as
William L. Wilson, eagerly desiring to do


everything possible for the education of
our people, were present, and that very
able and incorruptible statesman opposed
the resolution concerning federal aid to
education, which was in effect a proposal
to vevive the old "Blair Bill." On account
of Mr. Wilson's opposition to it the reso-
lution was reconsidered and referred to an
executive committee.
Out of the "Conference for Education in
the South" has emerged also what is call-
ed "The Southern Board of Education,"
and "the Conference" may be regarded as
the popular assembly through which sen-
timent is sought to be made in further-
ance of the two "Boards" which have thus
issued from it,-"The General Board of
Education" and "The Southern Educa-
tion Board."
The co-operation of these two Boards
was insured at the first by the appoint-
ment of seven men to membership in each,
and at this time the Treasurer of both
Boards is the same man, and four members
of the "General Board" are members of
the "Southern Education Board," and Mr.
Robert C. Ogden, who is the President of
the "Conference for Education in the
South" is Chairman.of the "Southern
Board of Education" and an influential
member of the "General Education Board."
The work of the "Southern Education
Board" is that of a propaganda to influ-
ence public opinion and to secure legisla-
tion with reference to the public school
systems of the several States. The object
of the "General Education Board," as pub-
lished, is "to promote education in the
United States without distinction of race,
sex, or creed, and especially to promote,
systematize, and make effective various
forms of educational benevolence." "The
General Education Board" is the heavy
weight among these allied bodies; for it
has the power of the purse with all that
fact implies. It can make appropriations
to the "Conference for Education in the
South" and for "The Southern Education
Board," and has done so; but they have
nothing to give it but the aid of the propo-
ganda which they constitute. This return
for the Board's help, however, may mean
very much on occasion. The names of the
leading educators of the South among the
officers of these bodies, and the presence
of other Southern leaders at the Confer-
ence and on its programmes, might go a
long way to forestall criticism and allay
-distrust while the "General Board of Ed-
ucation" is advancing with its plans to
"determine the character of American ed-
ucation."
It is known also that the officers of
"The General Education Board" and the
officers of "Th'e Carnegie Foundation for
the Advancement of Teaching" co-operate
with a very good understanding between
them. Mr. Carnegie is now a member of
the "Genearl Education Boad," and the
comment of Mr. Rockefeller on the fact
of Mr. Carnegie's entrance into the Board
is strikingly suggestive both as to the
idea underlying "The General Education
Board" which is endowed with his gifts
amounting to $43,000,000, and the expect-
ed alliance and co-operation of the "Car-
negie Foundation" which rests on some
$10,000,000 of Mr. Carnegie's money. Mr.


Rockefeller said, "If a combination to do
business is effective in saving waste and
in getting better results, why is not com-
bination far more important in philan-
thropic work? The general idea of co-
operation in giving for education, I have
felt scored a real step in advance when
Mr. Andrew Carnegie consented to become
a member of the General Board of Edu-
cation."
The country knows what Mr. Rockefel-
ler means by "a combination to do busi-
ness." In the Standard Oil Company's
dialect it has meant to destroy.all others
engaged in the oil business, and then do
as you please with the oil market. Shall
we have that in education? Dr. Wash-
ington Gladden considered Standard Oil
money tainted. Shall we have tainted
education?
"The General Education Board" refuses
to make gifts to State educational insti-
.tutions, except in the matter of profes-
sors of secondary education in certain
State universities whose main function is
not so much with the State universities as
with high schools in various parts of the
several States. This fact sufficiently
evinces the aim and clearly foreshadows
the ultimate results of the efforts of the
"General Education Board," in so far as
State universities are concerned. The
Board also conducts its system of agricul-
tural lecture tours in some sort of quasi-
relation to State schools. Beyond these
two small items, no gifts of "The General
Education Board" are "intended to be
given to State educational institutions."
While the "General Education Boards"
declines to make gifts to State colleges,
Mr. Carnegie's "Foundation" equally re-
fuses its teachers' pensions to the facul-
ties of colleges and universities under de-
nominational control.' As an "educational
agency" its president proclaims that its
policy "is not to pass on the merits of in-
dividuals but of colleges." It is manifest
that by picking certain institutions whose
professors may receive pensions from
"the Carnegie Foundation" it will give
great advantage to the accepted colleges
over the rejected institutions, and the only
way of escape for the institutions not on
the list of accepted institutions will be to
revise their charters and' get rid of control
by the churches which founded them.
Some colleges have been willing to thus
deny the church parentage which gave
them birth in order to get at Mr. Carne-
gie's pension fund. For example, Bowdoin
College in Maine received years ago the
endowment of one of its professorships on
condition that the fund should be forfeit-
ed to another institution whenever a ma-
jority of the board of overseers ceased to
be in sympathy with the orthodox Con-
gregational Church, and for this cause
the authorities of the Carnegie Founda-
tion held that Bowdoin was ineligible -for
a place on the Carnegie pension roll. And
Bowdoin has forfeited the endowment
given by former friends in order to get a
chance at pensions for its professors from
"The Carnegie Foundation." Other col-
leges may follow in such a course. Still
others who will, not renounce their faith
may have their: professors carried off to
accepted colleges by the temptation of a


pension in their old age. So disestablish-
ment may be the fate of some institutions
and death perhaps, the fate of others.
Of course, the "General Board's" denial
of its gifts to State educational institu-
tions will work a somewhat similar disad-
vantage to them as the "Carnegie Foun-
dation" lays on church schools, and some
of them may be led to seek disestablish-
ment and disconnection from all State con-
trol in order to get the aid of "The Gen-
eral Board," as Bowdoin surrendered
church connection to get on the "Carne-
gie Foundation."
Suppose now that eventually, after
many colleges have died and others have
been wrested from any responsibility to
State or Church, "The General Education
Board" and the "Carnegie Foundation"
should unite on a "chain of colleges across
the continent," independent of all author-
ity or influence, except the control and'in-
fluence of those two corporations, endow-
ed with the millions of Rockefeller and
Carnegie; what would then be the "Char-
acter of the American education?"
But they do not expect to be limited to
the millions of these two magnates of the
steel and oil trusts. They expect millions
more. Did not Mr. Rockefeller invite oth-
ers to join them when he said, "The gen-
eral idea of co-operation in. giving to edu-
cation scored a real step in advance when
VIr. Andrew Carnegie consented to become
.a member of the General Education
Board?" Was there not here a sly hint
to philanthropists? The hint might be
expressed thus, "Mr. Carnegie and I have
combined in the work of giving to educa-
tion. Now, if any of the rest of you men
in the United States, who are disposed to
give to educational institutions want to
put your money where it will do the most
good, join our educational combination."
What is the expressed object of the. Gen-
eral Education Board? Is it not "for the
receipt and disbursement of money for
educational purposes?" Mr. Robert C.
Ogden, in May, 1902, discussing the "Con-
ference for Education in the South," the
"Southern Education Board," and the
"General Board of Education" together
said, "But a million dollars for that pur-
pose! Why it is a mere trifle. A hundred
millions could be used, and a hundred mil-
lions will be used before the work is thor-
oughly done." Whether he was just
prophesying in general, or speaking con-
cerning purposes then in the formative and
unpublished condition but of which he
had knowledge, I do not surmise. I am
sure, however, that Mr. Rockefeller and
his Board expect to influence other gifts
to higher education, as well as to assign
where they will have the income from the
Huge fund in their control. In 1904 Mr. Og-
den said "it is already quite important to
every worthy institution seeking private
aid to be registered in the office of the
General Education Board." The natural
inference from this is that the Board's
"little red pins" will determine even "pri-
vate aid," as well as its own gifts, to a
college, according as the college may or-
may not be "registered in the office of the'
Board." Can any one overstate the sig-
nificance of such a menacing institution?'
And let us recall again what the "Out-


CC _i__ _~___


I II _II








look" said about the ability of the Board
to control college funds which have been
given by others in the past. The "Out-
look" said, "The funds it holds represent
only a fraction of the amounts which it
will really control; by giving a sum to an
institution on condition that the institu-
tion raise an equal or greater amount, it
will be able to direct much larger amounts
than it possesses."
Think of what is now proposed! To di-
rect its own funds; to "control" funds
given in the past; and to direct funds that
may yet be raised! Here is dominion
over the offerings of the dead and the
gifts of the living, authority over the do-
nations and bequests of the past, present
and future! Truly said the Outlook, "Its
power will be enormous; it seems as if it
might be able to determine the character
of American education."
Let us not imagine that this "General
Education Board" will stop with controll-
ing the colleges. Through its allied body
"The Southern Education Board," it seeks
to influence public opinion and direct leg-
islation concerning the common schools.
With its professorships of secondary edu-.
cation tacked on to the State universities,
it will project its influence into the high
schools of the country. With its agricul-
tural leaderships it will lay hold of the
farmers. Then after a time, when its
"Conference for Education in the South,"
together with its other schemes of propa-
gandism, have done their work, we may
reasonably expect to see the old "Blair
Bill" for federal aid to education revived,
-the thing that the lamented William L.
Wilson drove to cover as soon as it showed
its head in one of the earlier and less
rigidly programmed "Conferences."
After Federal aid to education is se-
cured we may expect to see started a
movement to.make the national Commis-
sion of Education a cabinet officer. Mr.
Ogden, one of the leading spirits in all
this movement,-who is a member of the
"General Education Board," chairman of
the "Southern Education Board," and for
many years President of "The Conference
for Education in the South," and the only
man who is a member of all these three
bodies,-favors Federal aid to education
in the South.
Of course with Federal aid we must sub-
mit to Federal-supervision, and with that
accepted, why not raise the Bureau of Ed-
ucation at Washington to an Executive
Department in such an event. "The General
Education Board," with its multiplied mil-
lions and national following, would have
something to say about who should be
chosen for the position of Secretary of
Education. It could then fulfill the Out-
look's forecast when that periodical said
,of this "General Education Board." "It can
.do in many ways what the government
.does for education in France or Germany."
"The General Education Board" in the
final outcome, may adopt the suggestion
of Mr. Charles A. Gardiner of New York,
which is the logical conclusion from the
premises of Federal aid to education. He
advocates endowing "The National Bu-
reau of Education with supervisory pow-
ers so that it can make education
compulsory, fix the courses of study, and
direct instruction into any channel-in-
dustria., intellectual, moral, or religious-
that the citizenshipp of any locality may
yartiu'larly require."
,efn too? 4 school question in Qptlifor-
9.


nia with reference to the Japanese, as well
as that of the South with reference to our
race question, could be dealt with nation-
ally-which I dare say many of the edu-
cational agitators, who look at the South
as missonary ground calling for their al-
truistic evangelism, would be glad to see.
(By the way the "General Education
Board" has reason to look after that Jap-
anese issue in California; for in the pub-
lished lists of its securities, as reported to
the Department of the Interior at Wash-
ingto under the requirement of its Feder-
al charter, it appears that the Board holds
over $500,000 of "Imperial Japanese Gov-
ernment Bonds.")
It is manifest that there is a clearly de-
fined purpose to centralize the educational
work of the country under a huge "educa-
tional system," of which "The General
Education Board" will be both the author
and finisher. Such a scheme is full of per-
ils to the nation, and especially to the
South, a section upon which the gaze of
this Board is fixed as upon a helpless
minor needing its guidance or a benighted
sinner needing its missionary efforts. It
has been by some considered unfortunate,
(to state the case mildly) that Mr. Rocke-
feller's "Standard Oil Company" controls
the character and cost of the light for the
poor man's body; but that is as nothing
compared with an effort to control the
education of the country, which is the
light for the minds of both present and
future generations.
We have nowadays concentrated wealth
and a tendency to centralize the govern-
ment. If now education be centralized
also, and directed by a corterie of men
.called a "General Education Board," we
may prepare to see the entire character of
American civilization, as well as the char-
acter of American education, determined
for us by our masters. They may con-
sider that it is all for our good, and that
they are very wise and benevolent masters,
better able to direct and control the
American people than are the people them-
selves; but one may be permitted yet to
doubt that such is the case without lay-
ing ones self liable to indictment for trea-
son.
But some one will say, "What are we
going to do about it? The thing is already
done. Tell us how to make the best of a
bad situation that has developed before
we knew it and in which we seem to be
helplessly and hopelessly involved."
Of that phase of the subject I will speak
in my next communication. For the pres-
ent it is enough to say our case is not
hopeless, unless our colleges can be
bought with a mendicant's dole and our
people can be misled by "Conference"
declamations and dazzling promises of pos-
sible donations.

HISTORICAL SKETCH OF OUR METH-
ODIST MINISTRY.
By R. Ira Barnett.
Second Paper: Deacon and Elder.
Robert Strawbridge baptized as early as
1763 and for some time before 1773 had
been administering the Lord's Supper al-
so. If he had received ordination-which
is not certainly proven-it was Presbyter-
ian, and thus not the Episcopal ordination
which most early Methodists held. Yet
the Conference of 1773 consented to his
administering the ordirwn-es in his so-
cieties. The Fluvannp Conference, 1779,
in yiPW Pf the urgft ne of the eara-


ments apart from the Episcopal Church,
decided upon ordination, and elders and
deocons were accordingly ordained. But
the Northern Conferences and some per-
sons in the South opposed the step-and,
under Asbury's leadership, the opposition
prevailed, the ordained ministers only ex-
ercising their offices one year. But Wes-
ley initiated an ordained ministry in 1784.
Assisted by Creighton and Coke he, Sept.
1, 1784, ordained Richard Whatcoat and
Thos. Vasey deacons. Asbury was the
first deacon ordained in the Methodist
Convention in America-on Dec. 25, 1784.
Others were ordained deacons also. The
Conference made it the duty of the Con-
ference to elect to deacon's orders, and the
duty of the Superintendent, with the as-
sistance of elders, to ordain. It made it
the duty of the deacon to baptize in the
absence of the elder, to assist the Super-
intendent, to marry couples and to read
the burial ceremony-practically the same
as it is today.
All the deacons were members of the
General Conference from 1792 to 1796.
At one time only half of Wesley's sermons
were in the deacon's course of study.
Now, all of them are. Colored preachers
were admitted to local deacon's orders in
1800.
In the Conference of 1744 there were
six members who were elders in the Es-
tablished Church. We have already re-
ferred to the ordaining at the Fluvanna
Conference in 1779. which was short lived.
This Conference elected a Presbytery.
The members-elect ordained each other,
then ordained deacons. So here was con-
stituted an ordained ministry after the
simple Presbyterian idea as against the
Episcopal. While Wesley advised the dis-
continuance of these ordinances we have
it from his pen that the question was not
one of principle. It was a matter of ex-
pediency. He was doubtless influenced
by the American Conference in the simi-
lar step which he took only a few years
later when he as an elder only, ordained,
-with two other elders, Dr. Coke as Super-
intendent and two others as deacons and
elders. This was in 1784. He plead two
hundred years history in the early Alex-
andrian Church as his authority and said
further, in explanation of his step, that in
1746, while reading Lord King's book on
the Primitive Church, he was convinced
that bishops and presbyters were origi-
nally the same order, that in 1756 Stilling-
fleets' Irenicon had satisfied him that
the .diocesan episcopacy was never heard
of in the primitive Church. The Minutes
of 1747 declare: "We think there are three
orders in the New Testament and gener-,
ally in the early Church, but we are not
assured that God designed that there
had written inshreahhintes ConsteA
should be always everywhere." Wesley
form of government) is prescribed in
Scripture I do not believe." In 1780 he
wrote to his brother Charles: "I verily
believe I have as good a right to ordain
as to administer the Lord's Supper. -
the uninterrupted succession I know to be
a fable." So Wesley was conscientious
and not rash in the step he took in 1784.
September 2, 1784, Wesley, Coke and
Creighton ordained Whatcoat and Vasey
elders. On Dec. 26, 1784 Asbury was or-
dained elder by Coke, Superintendent,
Whatcoat and Vasey-in Baltimore. This
(Chrlatmas) conference also elected twelve


THM PFLRIDA CHRITIAN ADVOCATE.


elders for the work in the United States,
two for Novia Scotia, and one for Anti-
gua, who were ordained by the same
hands that consecrated Asbury to the
office, and decided that thenceforth the
elders were to be elected by the confer-
ence and ordained by the Superintendent
and elders. Their duties were defined as
they have continued until today, viz: to
administer the sacraments of baptism and
the Lord's Supper and to perform all the
rights of the Discipline. The annual Con-
ference of toaay, though not exactly the
same as the annual Conference of 1784,
still elects to elder's orders. The Con-
ference of 1796 and 1800 refused to make
possible elder's orders to the. local deacon.
In 1804 the vote tied and the measure was
again lost. In 1812 local deacons were
admitted to elder's orders. From 1792 to
1796 all elders were members of the Gen-
eral Conference.

THE OLD AND THE NEW.
By Seth Ward.
Two distinct notes are heard in the
teaching of our day. One heralds a new
age,-an age of change and re-adjustment.
The other advocates the "old order," an
order established by the fathers and sanc-
tioned by long usage. Lines are being
drawn and good men are divided into half-
defined parties-the "Conservatives" and
the "Progressives." In truth, both of these
notes ought to ring full in the message
that comes to the church today. The
"scribe instructed unto the kingdom of
heaven" now needs to bring forth from
his treasure things both new and old.
To speak of the changes through which
the world has passed, and is passing, is to
thresh old straw. The revolutionary char-
acter of our age is proclaimed with almost
ceaseless iteration. We are ever expecting
'to hear of "some new thing," and are not
often disappointed. But I seriously ques-
tion if the church has begun to fully real-
ize the meaning of the revolution taking
place about her,-the relation of these
changed conditions to the work with which
she is charged.
We are today in the midst of new social
conditions. The character of our popula-
tion has changed radically. We have al-
most ceased to be a rural people, and are
rapidly becoming urban. We are no longer
a land of a few large towns, but a nation
of many cities, and great ones. Much of
our work as a church is in the cities and
larger towns. The influx of a large body
of foreign immigration is a matter of grave
concern. As result, we have a diverse pop-
ulation,-diverse in language, in social
ideals, in moral standards. Wealth has
increased amazingly. The figures needed
to express our material growth stagger is
because of their magnitude. In 18-0, our
national wealth was estimated at $7,135,-
000,000, now it is placed at $107,104,000,-
000, an increase from $307.69 to 1,310.11
per capital. Individuals now have a
monthly income greater than ihe entire
fortune of the wealthiest citizen a cen-
tury ago. The church today must minis-
ter to two classes of men of whom the
fathers did not know, tramps and multi-
millionaires. Both are the product of our
modern civilization. Both classes arc .oim-
posed of inen, and our gospel is for ALL
men. When it ceases to be atnessage for
all men it will cease to be a real message
for any man. We must also reckon with
inreasing,-now well-nigh,-universal in-
(Continued on page 8.)






TER FLOMDA CRIMSTIAN ADVOCATE.


THE FLORIDA CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE

Entered at the Postoffice at Jacksonville, Fla., as second-class matter.

N. H. WILLIAMS, Editor. L. W. MOORE, Associate Editor.
Subscription-$1.50 a year in advance. Ministers-One Dollar.
OUR AGENTS.
The preachers of the Florida Conference are our authorized agents for The
Advocate.
Write all names distinctly. In ordering the paper changed give the old as well as
the new address. All communications relating to the business or editorial depart-
ments should be addressed to N. H. Williams, Box 841, Jacksonville, Fla.
All correspondence relating to advertising should be addressed to N. H. Williams.

Published Every Thursday by the
PUBLISHING COMMITTEE FLORIDA CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE.
Rev. L. W. Moore, Chairman; Rev. W. J. Carpenter, Rev. T. J. Nixon, Rev. J. P.
Hilburn, D. D., Mr. G. I. Davis, Dr. G. B. Glover, Prof. W. N. Sheats.

VOL. XXIII. JACKSONVILLE, FLA., APRIL 8, 1909. NO. 28.


PERSONAL AND OTHER NOTES


To Our Subscribers: We are in receipt of a very kind note
We hope you will look at the label on of invitation from Bro. A. B. Haltom,
f i it i .4. t TF 1+.


your paper and see I O 1. *
not ,will you please write us a card and
let us make the corrections? We are anx-
ious to get it right. Do please let us know
if it is not.
Do not wait for us to send you a notice.
We must have seventy dollars per week,
or we can not meet expenses. Send in
your subscription.
4 *
A request for changing his Advocate
from Mount Calm, Texas, to Hoehne, Colo-
rado, brings the unwelcome news that Bro.
Marvin Glazier has had to move again on
account of health conditions. We extend
our sympathy to our dear brother in his
afflictions and hope the change will com-
pletely restore him to health.

We enjoyed a pleasant visit from Rev.
G. J. Kennelly, pastor of Kings Ferry and
Crandall charge, recently. Brother Ken-
nelly's health has not been good recently,
but he is feeling much better now and
hopes to be entirely restored to health
soon. He is one of our best and most
faithful men.

Rev. John A. Morrow has returned to
his charge, Green Cove Springs, after hav-
ing led the singing for the Riverside re-
vival for about fifteen days. Brother
Morrow has made a fine impression upon
the Green Cove Springs people, the church
there employing him now for his full
time.

We take this opportunity to acknowl-
edge the kind invitation of Rev. F. Pix-
ton to attend the Annual Meeting of the
W. F. M. S. of the Florida Conference
which convenes at Ft. Meyers May 8-11.
We assure you, Brother Pixton, that we
would like to come, but we do not see
now how we can.
*
Rev. F. M. C. Eads continues to send in
new subscribers to the Advocate, he real-
izes the value of circulating his church
paper. 1Y; appreciate this service and
feel sure that such work will count for
the Kingdom. Bro. Eads is an able writer
and will favor us from time to time with
the fruits of his pen,


pastor of our church at Largo, to visit his
charge and preach for him. It would be a
great pleasure to accept this invitation at
the time indicated by Bro. Haltom, but we
cannot. We will come later, when we can
make everything fit all around. Thank
you, Bro. Haltom, for your kind invitation.

A note from Bro. Walstein McCord tells
us that he is in Spring Vale, Georgia, en-
gaged in revival work. He has just closed
a very successful meeting with Bro. S. I.
Hendrix, which is reported elsewhere.
Bro. McCord is a very successful evangel-
ist and a good friend to the Advocate.
We pray that he may have a blessed meet-
ing at Spring Vale.

Bro. L. D. Lowe, of Madison, writes us
that he is preparing for a revival which
he expects to begin, by God's help, on the
14th of April. Bro. Swope, of Missouri, is
to be present and do the preaching. Bro.
Lowe is now editing the W. C. T. U. col-
umn in the Advocate and is doing it well.
Later in the year he will favor the readers
with a sermon, occupying the Advocate

Pulpit by request of the editor.

Rev. B. T. Rape has been gathering up
chickens to forward to our Conference Or-
phanage at Enterprise. No work of the
church gets closer to the hearts of our peo-
ple than the work of caring for helpless
orphans. It is truly a work of God and
one that is responded to by every sympa-
thetic heart. Let the good work go on
and let the little ones there at Enterprise
be furnished not only with chickens, but
with everything else they need to make
them happy and comfortable.

Brother John C. Barnes writes us re-
questing a change in the address of his
Advocate from Belleaire to Clearwater.
He has some kind words to say about the
paper which the editor takes as a per-
sonal compliment. He also says that the
Advocate must be maintained at its pres-
ent high standard, promising a part of
the wherewithal to keep it up. Such men
as this is the dependance of the paper,
and a dbepnenece that we much pLpre-
ciate,


We take this occasion to ask again why
those who remit to the Advocate do not
drop in a line concerning the work of the
church in that charge, it will be a very
welcome bit of new and will help in more
ways than one. If you are the least bit
embarrassed by seeing your name in print,
we will not say who sent in the news
notes. We do not see anything, however,
to be ashamed of in sending in news notes
about the work of your church. Please
send in the notes.

Brother Faus writes some good news
items in a private letter, among them
that he is progressing pleasantly upon
his charge, the Ft. White Circuit. He also
tells us tiat Brother I. Rider, once' a
member of this Conference, but having
transferred to the Baltimore Conference,
has returned to Florida and is now in
charge of work on the St. Johns River,
having his home with Dr. Coleman, at
Mandarin. We hope Brother Faus will
write us a full report of his work. It
will be thankfully \received by the editor,
and ready by our constituency with pleas-
ure. He is doing well for the Advocate.

We have received some news items for
publication recently which we can not
use. Not because they are not accepta-
ble but because their arrangement for
publication is defective. Let us urge upon
all our correspondents to use pen and ink,
upon good paper, writing upon one side
of the sheet, spelling correctly and punct-
uating to the best of your ability. Every
letter you write advertises you. If we
publish some letters that come into this
office, just as they are written, there
would be serious embarrassment. We
really need the church news, and the peo-
ple are anxious for it because they love
the work, but we cannot use the matter
that is sometimes sent in, and we simply
have not time to rewrite the articles.

FROM FT. MEADE.
Yesterday we had fine congregations
both morning and evening. In the morn-
ing I administered the sacrament of the
Lord's Supper, baptized two infants, re-
ceived one member on profession of faith
and four by letter, made an address at 4
p. m. to the Epworth League and preached
at night on lessons from the life of Pon-
tius Pilate.
Next Sunday will be Orphanage day at
both of my appointments. Our second
quarterly meeting will be April 14 and will
begin a protracted meeting at Homeland
the Tuesday following. With much love
to yourself and your constantly enlarg-
ing numbers of readers, I am yours cor-
dially, D. A. COLE.

NOTICE.
The Second Quarterly Conference for
Melrose Circuit, for the current year, will
be held in Waldo instead of Hampton.
This change has recently been made by
mutual agreement between the two places.
The date of the meeting is May 8-9, and
comes on my regular appointment at Wal-
do.
We are praying and planning for a suc-
cessful meeting.
Waldo has taken on new life this year,
and is making a. fine record on several
lines.
The church ig doing specially fine on
financial lines, g1t4 that i h1eping pur col.


gregations and deepening the spiritual
interest of many of our people.
Let us all expect a meeting of Spiritual
power.
T. L. Z. BARR,
Pastor in Charge.
4 4
MARTEL CiRCUIT.
Three months of labor here finds us on
the advance. Congregations are good and
growing services deeply spiritual, finances
up to date, and a happy family in the par-
sonage. I feel sure the hearts of pastor
and people are being knit together as it
was with David and Jonathan. We have.
four Sunday schools and one Epworth
League, all doing well.
We are in the midst of a revival at
Martel. Rev. T. I. Nease, of the South
Georgia Conference, is assisting in the
meetings. He preaches an exceptionally
plane, practical gospel and it is the "pow-
or of God unto salvation." The appeals
stir young, middle-aged, and old alike.
Rev. J. L. Folsom of the Holder Circuit,
was with us one day and preached with
great power. I feel sure men will, in after
years, look back to this meeting as one
of the bright spots in life.
W. J. NEASE, P. C.

BRO. HAEFLINGER WRITES.
Dear Bro. Williams: I closed a pro-
tracted meeting of 10 days' duration at
Dowling Park last Sunday night. Seems
to me it was the best meeting I have been
in in years. There had never been a ser-
vice held at that place before by a Meth-
odist preacher, the Advents having had
entire charge of the town. My congrega-
tions were good from the very first, and I
believe many gave themselves to the
Lord. I organized a Methodist church
there with 23 members, and expect a
number of others to join. Our member-
ship consists of some of the leading men
of the place. The field is very promising,
and within a few years, we will doubtless
have a self-sustaining station there.
We are very much in never of a revival
here at Mayo, an;! are planning for one
in, the near future.
Come and spe'nl Sunday with us at your
earliest conver.i-ncc. Your brother,
H. J. HAEFLINGER.
Thank you, Bio. Haeflinger, I will come
.-:st as or,n as I can.-N. H. W.

BRO BARR WRITES.
Dear Bro. Williams:
As I travel over my large Circuit I see
some indications of progress at every
place except one, and the work is not en-
tirely in vain at that point-as it has a
few very loyal members, and one of the
best Stewards in the State.
At all the other four churches the con-
gregations seem to be growing, and inter-
est in the Lord's work is certainly increase,
ing. The Stewards are doing very effic-
ient work this year-making collections
every month, and keeping the churches up
with the pastor's and Presiding Elder's,
salaries.
Our members seem to like the "monthly
payment plan," and feel that it is the
easiest plan of paying church dues.
I am now taking my missionary collec-
tions, and expect to have our full. ssess-
mento in hand the first of May..
Money seems to be very scaae just at
this prne, but some of our prqlke out


I








a heart full of religion have increased con-
tributions over last year.
All of our Sunday Schools are doing
good work, but I wish to make special
mention of our Orange Heights Sunday
School.
For some years our church at Orange
Heights has had no Sunday Shool, but
ever since our good meeting there last
year we have had a very flourishing Sun-
day School--numbering between forty and
fifty on roll. Brothel J. A. King is Sup-
erintendent, Brother Joseph Adams is As-
sistant Superintendent, and they are
greatly assisted by the very faithful
teachers who labor so earnestly in the
school. Fraternally,
, T. L. Z. Barr.

FROM COCOA.
Dear Bro. Williams:
Will you change the address on your
mailing list of the undersigned from Pa-
latka td Cocoa, Fla.?
I am Brother McCord's successor here
for the balance of the year. I find the
people delightful, so warm hearted and
willing. We have organized a Men's
Class in Sunday School and they call
themselves the "Christian Brotherhood" of
Cocoa". Have adopted a splendid Christ-
ly Constitution, and have an enrollment of
19 new; judging by their enthusiasm they
will soon number nearly all the available
men in town, as they seem to have gotten
the correct idea. It is afi honor to be a
member. They have held their first two
business meetings at the parsonage and the
last was the jolliest Christian gathering
I have had the pleasure of being in, in
many a day and we can well look.forward
to rich and beautiful fruits from these
"bifaiilies of the vine,"
We also tifgalized a W, H. M. Society,
which among the ladies seems to just meet
the requirements. There is a friendly
rivalry among these two organizations.
The ladies are planning their first public
reception for this week and in that are
one ahead of the men. May God always
bless that beautiful Christian Spirit and
loving rivalry that seeks to excel in good
deeds for His sake. We expect to receive
in the Church this week at least three by
letter and at least two on profession of
Faith; there are several others who may
put off joining till a little-later, but these
have asked for admission. God is bless-
ing our work very much, we are merely
trying to do His Will and nothing else.
Cordially yours,
R. O. Wright.

WHITE SPRINGS.
Our second quarterly Conference came
on last Sunday and Monday. Bro. Hend-
ry, our beloved, came down from Genoa;
not as Columbus did, in a small sailing
vessel, but in a buggy, driven by Bro.
King David Jones, and drawn by his dash-
ing pony.
He preached at night on Missions to a
large and appreciative audience. The ap-
peal to the consciences of the people to
recognize and accept the responsibility
and obligation resting upon them to give
the gospel to all the nations of the earth,
was strong and earnest.'
He showed the peril staring us in the
face from the many hundreds of foreign-
ers who are coming to our shores every
yelr, and showed that it wae a question
dfftwho wags tp dominate; either we' must


Christianize them or they


will Paganize


us.
The reports at the business session held
at 10 A. M. showed the church to be in
fair condition. There has been no growth
in membership but the Sunday School,
and other lines of religious. activity are
quite lively and energetic.
We are planning for a meeting here
soon, and are praying for a great revival,
and a great harvest of souls for God.
Oq4r people like the paper, and are sub-
scribing for it to some extene. I hope to
be able to put it into every home in my
church by the end of the year. The Lord
help me in this undertaking.
Very respectfully yours in the Mast-
er's work,
A. H. Cole.
*
FROM BROTHER SHORES.
Dear Bro. Williams:
As it has been sometime since I wrote
for the Alvocate, I have decided to tell
the people something about South La Fay-
ette Mission.
On the ninth of March we had Bro.
Moore with us to hold quarterly confer-
ence, which was a success. We were able
to bring a list of thirteen names before
the conference as members, if we did have
to start with no membership at the first
of the year. The quarterly conference
elected officers for the year and the stew-
ards made the assessment for pastoral
support for the year. It was as follows:.
For pastor in charge....... $130.00...
For Presiding Elder .......... $16.00
Total ..................... .$146.00
The above is for the entire charge.
While it may look small to some, it looks
large to us, as we are but few in number
and far between. We were glad to have
one church in working order when our
Elder came to see us. It was a real de-
light to have such a Godly man as.Broth-
er Moore with us. He spent three days
with us enjoying some of our fine hunt-
ing. We are looking for and praying for
a prosperous year. It is true that we are
in the back woods, but God will certainly
help us if we will only trust him. I sent.
you one subscriber to the Advocate last.
week. Yours truly,
T. B. Shores.
*
FROM; HASTINGS.
Dear Bro. Williams:
You will excuse me I am sure for not
reporting my work sooner. I give you
my promise to do better next time.
Mrs. Hendrix and myself came here on
Christmas Eve ard were met at the train
by one of the stewards, Brother A. M.
Stevens, who carried us to his beautiful
home and kept us there until the parson-
age was ready for us. Brother R. T.
Hewitt, the other one of the stewards,
came to see us early Christmas morning,
gave us a check, and they both together
assured us that they were with us in the
work of the Lord. And they have proved
it.
The people not only of the church, but
of the whole community are as good to
us as a people could be.
Brother G. J. Kennelly, my predecessor,
was here and helped me get a good start.
He has done a fine work here and prepared
the way for us to do a good years work.
fHe had spent his time ,ere doing the work


that would make ready for the revival
that we have just had. I have followed
his advice as far as I could and find that
he knew the situation.
The Lord has been wonderfully good to
us already for we have been permitted to
have a real revival in each one of our
churches. Brother W. H. MeLeod helped
us in the first two and Brother W. W. Me-
Cord in the last one. They are both fine
preachers and as loyal to the pastor and
their church as ever I saw two men. Our
Conference Evangelist could not help us
but the Lord sent these two and we are
thankful to him for it.
We ran the first meeting eight days and
received thirteen members into the church,
the second one three days and received
twelve members, and the third one three
weeks and shall receive about twenty
members as a result of it. About fifteen
members joined other churches from the
last meeting.
We have begun to remodel the church
building. We have finished a part of the
work and shall wait until after potato-
digging to do the remainder. It will be a
fine modern church when finished with
two Sunday School rooms.
Yours and His,
S. I. Hendrix.
*
AN ORPHANAGE BOX.
Dear Advocate:
In the interval between other work, I
have been making a quilt of tiny squares,
and bright colors, so pleasing to the eyes
of young children. Nearly every stitch
was interwoven with sweet memories of
two little sisters who went home to
heaven years ago. While preparing it for
the Orphanage at Enterprise, I decided to
give some of my friends the opportunity
to send something in the same box. The
box, though not very large, nor as costly
as some others, will be acceptable, I am
sure, to the children and those who care
for them. The donors are so modest they
do not want their names published; but
the orphanage people have the names of
all, and what each gave. One sweet lit-
tle girl gave all she had. That reminds
me to suggest that children be put on
committees to raise funds for these wards
of the Church. They have more sympa-
thy for each other than grown people. I
believe they would make successful can-
vassers. Yours respectfully,
(Miss) Mary E. Mosely,
White Springs, Fla.
*
BROTHER WOODWARD WRITES.
Dear Brother Williams:
I enclose $1.00 for renewal of my per-
sonal subscription to the Advocate, more
anon.
Our first quarterly meeting was a de-
lightful occasion. We had "dinner on the
.ground" on Saturday, not on the ground
literally, for we had two long tables
loaded with all sorts of good things, not
least of which was barbecued kid. Don't
hold up your hands in holy horror, we are
not cannibals up here; they were sure-
enough, genuine Goat, with a big G., and
it was' "savory meat" sure. Brother
Moore was at his best in preaching,
brainy, logical, clean, and convincing, as
he always is. No Presiding Elder in the
Conference is more beloved than he. He
iq one whom promotion does not spoil,


THB FLORIDA OMCISTIAN ADVOCATE.


Genial, social, companionable, one among
the brethren.
The meeting had been largely advertised
with a view of bringing the members of
the various churches together in a re-
ligious and social reunion and as such
was a joyful success, many attending from
Sardis and from Thomas City.
Reports were very satisfactory, finances
nearly up, and a committee appointed to
look after repairs on the Parsonage.
Our young people, I am glad to say, do
not become weary in well-doing. We have
a Sunday School lesson study circle on
Tuesday night. Prayer meeting Wednes
day night, and Cottage Prayer meeting
Friday night, kept up pricipally by young
people.
Rave re-organized the Senior League at
Thomas City with a corps of competent
officers and they start off with commend-
able zeal.
Yours fraternally,
A. L. Woodward.

END OF THE CONVICT LEASE.
Tomorrow night the convict lease sys-
tem in Georgia ends and it is sincerely
hoped that this blemish upon our civiliza-
tion has been wiped out forever.
The beginnings of this institution ex-
tends so far back that it is difficult to re-
call a time when it did not exist, and ithas
grown so gradually that it seemed a part
of the permanent machinery of the state.
But the abuses which crept into the sys-
tem gradually drew attention to the an-
achronism of the system itself, and a de-
termined effort was made during the spec-
ial session of the general assembly to wipe
it out.
Public sentiment in Georgia stood unan-
imously behind this reform and while
there were differences as to the best plan to
adopt in substitution of the old system,
there was a definite determination that
the lease system should end, and a sat-
factory arrangement was finally per-
fected.
It is a matter of regret that differences
should have arisen at the present time
as to the most available farm on which
to place the white convicts and.that they
should be even temporarily forced upon
the public roads. These differences will
be finally adjusted, however, and nothing
will be allowed to interfere with the plans
which have been provided for by the gen-
eral assembly.
While the extinction of the convict
lease system and the abuses incident
thereto furnishes the greatest ground for
gratification, it is of the highest import-
ance that the solution of the convict ques-
tion has provided a means by which the
highways of the state may be improved
by the various counties at a nominal cost.
The next few years will witness the great-
est improvement in our roads in the his-
tory of the country.
The existence of the lease system has
been a long, dark stain upon the history
of Georgia, but tomorrow will witness
the end of it forever,-Atlanta Joural,






THE FLORIDA CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE.


(Continued from page 5.)
telligence. The spirit of democracy is
growing the world over. Men are claim-
ing the right to think, to decide, to act for
themselves. He is blind indeed who fails
to read to some extent at least "the signs
of the times." With changing social con-
ditions, the church is coming to fuller ap-
preciation of the social message of our
Gospel. The closing verses of the twenty-
fifth chapter of St. Matthew's gospel were
written, not to reveal the details of the
Judgment Day, but to give eternal sanc-
tion to human relationships and every-
day duties. May we not say with all rev-
erence that the passage was not given to
show the "Son of Man on the throne of
His glory," but "the least of these my
brethren." The church has also come to
a day of broader horizon. We are reading
our commission in world terms. The great
declaration that God loved the world and
gave His Son for the world's salvation, is
beginning to have definite and practical
meaning. Christ's promise is being ful-
filled. The Spirit is leading into larger
knowledge of the truth.
In consequece of all this, the church has
come to a time of great opportunity. Ser-
vice must be rendered on a larger scale
than ever before. Great works must be
wrought or great guilt will be incurred.
World wide missions challenge our faith.
Nations are in process of transition, and
may be stamped with the features of a
Christian civilization. At home a cru-
sude for civic righteousness is being
preached and waged. Gigantic evils are
being attacked. Great ideals are set be-
fore individuals and before our people as
a whole. To these things the church can-
not be indifferent and remain Christian.
The urgent call for immediate and larger
service must be heard, and to these chang-
ed conditions the most earnest thought of
Christian men and women must be given.
The church's greatest need today is,
amid constant startling changes, to hold
fast to the things that are changeless.
No new device, no additional organiza-
tion, or legislation, can meet the needs of
the new age. The Gospel of Christ is the
power of God unto salvation. Nothing
less than that, nothing other than that,
can meet the needs of a sinful world in
any age. It is only as the custodian of a
divine Gospel, the servant of a divine Lord,
and the organ of a divine Spirit, that the
church can accomplish the work to which
she is appointed.
But with her supernatural and all-suffi-
cient endowment, the church must faith-
fully use the ordinary means of success-
fil work. Here is the field for the "Pro-
/ gressives," and the opportunity is ample.
It should no longer be true that "the chil-
dren of this world are wiser in their gen-
eration than the children of light." I can
only suggest.
There must be a wider distribution of
the sense of responsibility and a larger
enlistment of the forces of the church. It
will require the -whole church to reach
the whole world. This calls for the lay-
men. the women, the young people. Each
must feel a measure of responsibility for
the work to which God calls us.
There must le wise adaptation of meth-
ods to conditions. It is the glory of Meth-
odism that she developed the best system
the world ever saw for reaching a rural
population and building up the church on
the frontiers of pi rapidly developing coun-


try. Now, she must develop and operate
plans for successful work under new con-
ditions. The growing city, the factory
district, the mining camp, are harder to
reach with our Gospel than the group of
cabins on the frontier, but we must reach
them and transform them by the power of
the Gospel that is committed to us. If
polity and methods of work are not adapt-
ed to the needs of the day, they will be
adjusted. The Spirit who has led in the
past will not forsake the church now, or
in the days to come.
May I add, that the church needs wise,
strong, aggressive leadership? And for
that leadership she must look to the men
who fill her pulpits. I hail the advent of
the Laymen's Movement, and trust the day
may soon come when.many of the burdens
now resting upon the minds and hearts of
our preachers may be borne by the strong
laymen of our congregations. But the
day will never come when the preacher
can abdicate his place of leadership in the
great moral and spiritual movements of
the church without being recreant to his
commission from Almighty God. May
God give us a great ministry in this day
of great need and of great opportunity, a
ministry "full of faith and of the Holy
Ghost. After all, this is our greatest need
apart from our need of God Himself.
Houston, Texas.

CONFERENCE BROTHERHOOD.
The articles which have appeared in the
columns of the Advocate have created con-
sideiable interest and desire for the re-
vival of the brotherhood, and, while in last
week attending the State Sunday School
Convention, a number of the preachers
who were there met and talked over the
matter, and requested me, as the last
President of the Brotherhood, and also
President of the Conference Auxiliary of
the Methodist Benevolent Association, to
make a call through the paper for mem-
bers for a new Brotherhood.
Let all who wish to become members of
the Florida Conference Brotherhood send
their names to Rev. J. B. Ley, former Sec-
retary of the organization who will report
the names through the Advocate monthly.
Each one who wishes to become a member
promises thereby to pay a mortuary fee
of three dollars should one of our mem-
bers die before our next Annual Confer-
ence. At our next Conference we will se-
cure an hour and perfect an organization.
It is my purpose to appoint one person in.
each District to present the matter to the
District Conference, either as participating
or honorary members of the Brotherhood.
Brethren, let us bring the matter be-
fore our people, and secure their help to
make the Brotherhood a success.
Very respectfully,
A. H. COLE.
White Springs, Fla., March 31, 1909.

The many friends of Rev. and Mrs. A.
J. Quattlebaum, a useful and faithful lo-
cal preacher of Springfield Methodist
Church, Jacks'onyille, will be pained to
learn that both Brother and Sister Quat-
tlebaum have been and are yet, seriously
ill, suffering..from acute malarial poison.
Let prayers ascend for these servants of
God,


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THBF.LORIIDA CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE.


ANNUAL REPORT OF WALDO
AUXILIARY.
The W. t, M,'Society from March 1st,
1908 to 1909.
Let your light so shine before men, that
they may see your good works, and glor;
ify your Father which is in Heaven.-
Mat. 5:6.
Bring ye all the Tithes into the store-
house.-Matt. .3:10.
Cast thy bread upon the waters: for
thou shall find it after many days.-
Eccl. 11:1.
Be not forgetful to entertain strang-
ers.-Heb. 13:2.
Blessed is he that considereth the poor.
-Psalm 41:1
Number of members in Auxiliary ..... 15
Number of subscribers to "Our Homes,".1
Number pledged to tithing ............. 4
Number of papers and leaflets distrib-
uted ...... ....................667
Amount of money Week of Prayer..$3.00
Number of visits made to sick and
strangers .......... ......... ..178
Number of garments in good order dis-
tributed .......... ...........132
Number of needy assisted .-...........48
Amount of money sent- to Conference
treasury ...... .... .........$16.60
Amount of money expended for local
work ....... ..... ..........$108.82
Amount of money for Vashti home and
school ....... ......... .... .$1.00
Amount of money for printing annual
minutes .................. ......50
The delegate traveling expenses to an-
nual meeting.... .. ..........$10.00
Total amount of money raised by the
Society-... ............... $150.59
Total amount of expense ........$139.92
Balance in treasury ............ $10.67
Report at annual meeting W. H. M.
Society, corresponding secretary of Wal-
do Auxiliary of Florida Conference for
year ending March ist, 1909.
Dear Bro. Williams:
I send you this report by the request
of our Auxiliary, asking you to please
publish it in your Advocate. So doing
you will greatly oblige us.
Yours respectfully,
Mrs. J. R. Wilkerson,
Corresponding Secretary of Waldo Aux-
iliary. Waldo, Fla.

(Quarterly Conference Directory.)
TALLAHASSEE DISTRICT. SECOND
ROUND.
Greenville and Mission, Sirmons, April
10-11.
Madison Circuit, Pinetta, April 17-18.
Madison Station, April 18-19.
Quincy, April 21.
Midway, Friendship, April 24-25.
Havana, April 28-29.
linson, Concord, May 1-2.
West Madison, Cherry Lake, May 8-9.
Aucilla, Bethel, May 15-16.
SSopchoppy, Curtis Mills, May 15-16.
Sycamore,. Greensboro, May 22-23.
Carrabelle, District Conference, May
.':27-30.
Apalachicola, May 30-31.
Bristol, June 3.
Hosford, Sumatra, June 5-6.
Fenholloway, Day, June 5-6.
Perry, June 9.
S Waukeenah, Sardis, June 12-13.
Leon Circuit, June 12-13.
Old Town, Hardee, June 16-17.


Mt. Pleasant, Siloam, June 19-20.
Chattahoochee, Mt. Pleasant, June 19-20
South Lefayette, June 19-20.
Mayo Circuit, Cook's Hammock, June
26-27.
Mayo Station, June 27-28.
Woodville, July 3-4.
Let us have at least one half of the
connectional claims in hand by district
conference. Conference Claimants, For-
eign and Home Missions, with the dis-
trict special, would put us more than half
out and relieve an urgent need at present.
L. W. MOORE. P. E.

MIAMI DISTRICT.
First Round.
Palatka-April 4-5.
Volusia at Seville-April 10-11.
Hastings-April 17-18.
District Steward's meeting at Titusville
Thursday, February 4th, at 3:30 p. m.
EDWARD F. LEY, P. E.

MIAMI DISTRICT.
Second -Round.
Lemon City, at Naranja-April 24-25.
Miami-April. 25-26.
West Palm Beach-April 27.
Key West Memorial Church-May 1-2.
Key West First Church May 2-3.
Key West, Sparks' Chapel-May 4.
Key West, La Trinidad-May 6.
Dania and Fort Lauderdale-May 8-9.
Delray and Boynton-May 9-10.
Sebastian at Viking-May 15-16.
Fort Pierce-May 16-17.
Cocoa-May 22-23.
Kingston-May 24.
New Smyrna-May 29-30.
Sanford-June 5-6.
Titusville and Enterprise-June 12-13.
Oviedo and Geneva-June 15-16.
DeLand-June 19-20.
Volusia-June 22-23.
Hastings-June 24-25.
Palatka-June 27-28.
District Conference at Enterprise June
9-13. It is expected that Bishop Morrison
will preside, and the editors of the Advo-
cate, the President of the College, and
others representing conference interests,
are cordially invited.
EDWARD F. LEY,
Presiding Elder.

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TMZ FLOMDA CMSRI"TA ADVOdATI.


Woman's Foreign Missionary Society
aWS J D. RUH. P. Orimndo, F6b Mr. LAD. SHOc.LAND Cor S tc, Bow, Fla.
- -_ --- -- 00 9 0 -


NOTICE.
Will all the delegates elected from the
Woman's Foreign Missionary Societies,
who expect to attend the annual meeting
of this society at Fort Myers, from May
8-11, please send their names to me, at
their earliest convenience.
FRED. PIXTON, Pastor.
Fort Myers, Fla., April 2, 1909.

AN EASTER AWAKENING.
By Mrs. 0. W. Scott.
Glad Easter bells were chiming as Mrs.
Burton Trescott decorously followed her
broad-shouldered husband down the aisle
and swept past him into their well-cush-
ioned pew. She bowed her head a moment
in silent prayer. but Trescott did not. He
was a generous, kind, and genial man, one
of the "brothers-in-law" of the church, but
not a Christian. In fact, he was somewhat
inclined to use the microscope when he
looked at those who were, and to congrat-
ulate himself that his attainments were
quite equal to theirs. Every new pastor,
in the prayerful silence of the old parson-
age, study, prepared a "special sermon" for
this splendid man; so that in the course of
years sufficient spiritual ammunition had
been wasted upon him to have converted
an entire heathen village. Wasted? I am
not acquainted with the laws which gov-
ern spiritual dynamics, so you may limit
that word according to your faith.
As soon as Mrs. Trescott raised her
head, she critically surveyed the flowers.
She had worked over them until nearly
midnight, and knew just where the ever-
green had been massed to hide the old song
books which formed a portion of the pyra-
mid. The work was evidently well done,
and the potted plants were beautifully
grouped on each side, and the few Easter
lilies were just where they showed to the
best advantage.
It was a trial to Mrs. Trescott that the
church was too poor to afford a larger dis-
play; but the committee had certainly ex-
pended a small sum of money judiciously,
and the lilies, true to their inborn nature,
"made the most of themselves" in beauty
and fragrance. --
Mrs. Trescott's next anxiety was con-
cerning their choir which, sensitive body
that it was-with nerves for wires and
"feelings" for keys-had been "out of
tune" for weeks. But the leader and the
minister and the music committee had been
acting as a "court of arbitration;" and
when in due time the reunited whole ap-
peared, she smiled in glad relief. The
opening anthem was an inspiration. "The
Lord is risen, is risen indeed," rang out the
sweet high soprano, and the full chorus re-
peated over and over the joyful news
which thrills all Christendom. A couple
of boys heavily freighted with "Sunday
'Eralds" paused to listen as they shifted
their "business man's Bible" from one tired
arm to the other, and two or three tramps,
from the station near by, leaned against
convenient railings in dejected silence; for,
sepulchered in sin as they were, they recog-
nized the spell of Easter music.
Thus far all went well; but when, af-
t$r the opening exercises, Mr. WpTtpte,


the pastor, announced as the theme mis-
sions, and his text, "Go ye into all the
world, and preach the gospel." Mrs. Tres-
cott cast one look of dismay toward her
husband, and sat in uneasy discontent
through the sermon and its practical ap-
plication.
"0 dear!" she exclaimed, as soon as they
turned away from the crowd into a more
quiet street.
"What's the trouble now?" inquired her
husband.
"To think he should preach a mission-
ary sermon Easter Sunday, a regular beg-
ging sermon, just because he didn't think
we had done our duty."
"0, that's it! I thought he did rather
better than usual."
"Yes, he always outdoes himself when
he's begging for money. That man is a
terror when he's after benevolences! And
there was Mrs. McAllister at our church
for the first time."
"Came visiting, did she?"
"Why, no, Burton! You know she is
that wealthy widow who has just come to
the city. What must she have thought of
such an Easter sermon? I didn't dare
look toward her after the subscription pa-
pers started."
"But I did. She took one, and signed it,
too."
"Of course, she had to. But she won't
care to come again, I'm sure. That's just
the way. We frighten people away with
our multitudinous collections."
S"But what kind of a sermon were you
expecting? I don't quite understaiid."
Mr. Trescott asked the question in a pre-
occupied tone, and his wife felt almost
tried that he was apparently unmoved by
her opinions.
"Why, you know what an Easter ser-
mon ought to be-such as dear Dr. Spencer
used to give us. Something spiritual and
elevating and poetic and heavenly-to suit
the music and flowers."
"But I thought you believed in mis-
sions ?"
"So I do. I'm perfectly willing our pas-
tor should take one Sunday and just have
a good rally, and get all he can; then I
want the subject dropped, as it used to be.
But now, if I hear the word once I hear it
fifty times; and I'm perfectly sick of it.
Some of the dear sisters are really 'mission
mad,' and I'm hit first by one and then
by another until-well, they're learning to
let me alone."
Mr. Trescott made no reply, and-the sub-
ject was not referred to again until they
sat down to dinner. Then his wife sud-
denly exclaimed: "Mrs. McAllister begged
for a missionary contribution the first time
she appears in our church! I can't get
over it, Burton."
"I wouldn't feel so troubled if I were
you. I guess she's able to take care of
her money-most people are. And per-
haps she feels as Westgate does about the
present moment being pivotal-wasn't
that what he said?"
"Yes, the 'great opportunity' is always
just when he is on a begging tournament,"
she replied, with a vexed laugh. Mr. Tres-
cott did not give an answering emile, but


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sat twirling his fork in an absent-minded
fashion. His wife suddenly realized that
his repartees had been neither playful nor
sarcastic, as usual.
"What's the matter, Burton? Aren't
you feeling well?" she inquired.
"Yes, but, Mattie, but I wish you
wouldn't talk so. I am an old sinner, I
know, but I can't help noticing how touchy
you are over what you call 'the benevo-
lences.'"
"Why, Burton," said the wife, in a
grieved tone.
"Yes, I've always noticed it. You don't
mind saying 'I must have some money' for
this, that, and the other; but you say 'I
suppose I've got to have some money'
when it comes to church work. You do,
now, and you needn't deny it. Lots of
Christians act just that way-as if they
were paying taxes to some dreaded and
dreadful old tyrant. Fact, now, and you
can't dispute it."
"Why, Burton, I"-
"Now, today, I couldn't help admiring
Westgate when he said the risen Lord had
left a big business in the hands of his fol-
lowers. In my business I have to do lots
of advertising. Takes a good deal of
money, but I calculate it pays. So if this
religion is a business, and all these.Chris-
tians are in it, I can't understand what
they have to growl about when the minis-
ter asks for money to advertise it. You
literally 'want the earth;' and if you get
it, you've got to be in dead earnest.
You've got to, let the nations see advertis-
ing agents everywhere, till they believe


you've got the best thing there is in the
market.".
"Why, Burton, you're really"-
"No, I'm not irreverent. Westgate made
me see this thing as I never saw it before.
When he said, 'Whose hands are out-
stretched for your gifts this morning?
Not mine, but the pierced hands of the
risen Lord,' I had a kind of vision. And I
seemed to see what he could do for this
wretched old earth if everybody would re-
spond."
Mrs. Trescott looked at her husband
with a strange, puzzled expression, but
within her heart an almost lifeless hope
was stirring.
He continued, speaking rapidly and earn-
estly: "I thought: 'Suppose it's all true,
and this "Christ love," as Westgate says,
is really bound to win? What if those
rusty old nations-China, India, Japan, and
all the rest-are coming to the cross?
What if the bullet-headed Turks and de-
generate Africans are to have their
churches and their Easter songs and flow-
ers? What if it is all actually true-true
in a plumb-line, yard-wide sense?' Why,
Mattie, don't you see it's the only business
in the universe that's going to succeed?"
There were tears in the strong man's.
eyes as he paused, and his voice was husky
with feeling. Mrs. Trescott arose impul-
sively and knelt beside him. "Burton,"
she whispered, "you never talked this way
before. You couldn't if you didn't believe.
Do tell me"-
Recalled to himself, he met her beseech-
ing look with some confusion. "WTll.
(Continued on page 15.),






7=1 F!IP A CHMISTIAN ADVOCATE.


THE ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE AND THE.
COMMISSION OF INQUIRY.
Because of the criticisms being made in
certain quarters for the part the Anti-Sa-
loon League took in preventing the passage
of the Commission of Inquiry Bill before
Congress, it is proper that a brief state-
nexit of the reasons for that opposition be
given.
First-The chief reason offered by those
who criticise, us is that "such a large
number of temperance societies favored its
passage." It is true that a few temper-
ance societies favored its passage, but that
is not a sufficient reason. It has oily
ben a few years since the Anti-Saloon,
League favored the appointment of such
a commission, but it was at a time in the
history of this reform when we had but
little authoritative information concern-
ing the liquor traffic, and when we espe-
cially needed something that would furnish
a sane working basis. Then neither Con-
gress nor our State Legislatures, with rare
exception, would give even scant consid-
eration to the request. The temperance
people of the country have themselves at
their own expense gathered the necessary
information for waging the inost effective
warfare against the traffic everywhere.
Already more than forty millions of the
people of the United States have passed
upon the question by abolishing the sa-
loon, and millions more are ready to do so
as soon as proper State legislation will
permit.
second-A further reason for criticising
the League for'its opposition to this
measure is, that "the liquor people opposed
it." It is true that some liquor men did
oppose it, just as some temperance people
favored it, because they had opposed it so
long they had gotten the habit. Some
of our very best temperance people favor-
ed it because they have worked for it so
long and earnestly that they did not stop
to observe that we have passed the point
where it could possibly do good, but would
do actual harm. The League does not
question the good faith of those both in
and out of Congress who favored the Com-
mission, but the League is in possession of
information, confirmed by some of the
leading liquor journals themselves, that
their opposition to the appointment of
such a commission was withdrawn. If
further confirmation of the attitude of
the liquor people to such legislation is
needed, we call attention to the fact that
in a number of States they have been and
are seeking the appointment of such com-
missions. As far back as four years ago
in Ohio, while a local option bill was pend-
ing in the Legislature, certain persons who
opposed it, at the instigation of the liquor
people, made overtures to the Anti-Saloon
League to have such a commission ap-
pointed, and offered to make the State
Superintendent of the League a member
of that commission, with a good salary and
the opportunity to travel over the coun-
try at the State's expense, if -he would
not interpose objections to it and with-
draw pending local option legislation until
that commission 'could report.
Within three weeks after the Commis-
sion of Inquiry was disposed of by Con-
gress, and within one week after the lo-
cal option bill had been killed in Pennsyl-
vania, a member who voted against local
option introduced into the Pennsylvania
Legislature, undoubtedly at the behest ol
the liquor people, a measure substantially
the same as the one that was before C'on,


gress for the creation of a Commission of
Inquiry into the liquor traffic. What is
the purpose of this? Simply to check and
postpone proposed temperance legislation.
If Congress had created the Commission of
Inquiry, as proposed, the wheels of tem-
perance legislation, both State and na-
tionally, would be locked until that com-
mission made its report. Not only liquor
interests, but every legislator who wanted
an excuse for not going on record on this
question would demand it.
Third.-The difference between the work
of the Anti-Saloon League and the temper-
ance societies has much to do with the dif-
ference of viewpoint. The sphere of oper-
ation of temperance societies, and espe-
cially church temperance societies, is of
a didactic and oratorical nature-fervid
denunciation and general arraignment of
the liquor traffic before public assemblies,
hence the more facts ready made the bet-
ter. The Anti-Saloon League is every-
where in a hand-to-hand grapple with the
liquor traffic before every Legislature
throughout the Union as well as before the
national Congress, struggling for and se-
curing legislation, the operation of which
is developing facts about the traffic more
numerous, practical and effective for suc-
cessful warfare than a dozen commissions
could find or temperance advocates can use
The Anti-Saloon League, by securing leg-
islation and then by the help of-all other(
agencies putting it in operation, has made
commissions of inquiry unnecessary. When
such commissions were necessary the tem-
perance people could wait for their report
because they were not securing legisla-
tion, but to stop now in the midst of a
winning fight, when the liquor traffic is on
the retreat everywhere, to secure informa-
tion that we already have, is to surrender
the advantage gained by years of sacrifice
and service.
The League deeply regrets that in tak-
ing this position it is temporarily com-
pelled to appear in opposition to some tem-
perance forces, especially the Woman's
Christian Temperance Union, which for
twenty years has been fighting for such a
commission, and which has done more to
lay deep and strong the foundation upon
which the recent splendid victories have
been won than all other agencies combined
except the church. But much as we re-
gret it, we cannot yield one iota in our
opposition to giving the liquor interests
this advantage at this time, even though
it should cost the estrangement of some
valued friends. This great nation-wide
movement is more important to the com-
ing kingdom than any individuals or any
society. P. A. BAKER,
General Supt. Anti-Saloon League of Am.

OBITUARY.
Miss Cornelia P. Laws was born in
Sumpter District, South Carolina, May
6th, 1840. She was received into the
Methodist church about fifty years ago by
Bro. J.-C. Ley of sacred memory.
All through these years of discipleship
she loved mercy and truth and walked
humbly with her God. Her's was a char-
acter that the fires refin'ed-adversity did
not dim her faith.
For years the church at Archer, in her,
had a faithful worker, many growing up
I under her prayerful teaching in the Sun-
day school, now bless her memory-look-
ing for a reunion by the grace of our God,
of whom the whole family n Heaven and
art4h is named," J, Gates,


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QUARTERLY CONFERENCE DIRECTORY


OCALA DISTRICT-SECOND ROUND.
Bushnell, April 3-4,'at Oxford.
Coleman, April 10-11.
Umatilla, April 17-18, at Tavares.
Leesburg, April 18-19.
Williston, April 23, at Archer.
Bronson, April 25-26, at Cedar Keys.
Martel, April 29, p. m.- 30 (Conference
30).
Inverness, May 1-2, at tnverness.
Holder, May 3, at Dunellon.
McMeekin, May 6, at Bethel.
Melrose,_ May 8-9.
Starke, May 9-10.
Crystal River, May 15-16, at Lecanto.
Micanopy, May 27-30 (District Confer-
ence).
Gainesville, June 2.
LaCrosse, June 3, at Paradise.
Alachua, June 4, at Alachua.
High Springs, June 5-6, at Newberry.
Rochelle, June 11, at Lochloosa .
Interlachen, June 13-14, at Rodman.
Lady Lake, June 19-20.
Citra, June 24.
Reddick, June 26-27, at Fairfield.
Ocala, June 28..
Anthony, June 30.
The District Conference will be held at
Micanopy May 27-30. Opening sermon
Wednesday night by Rev. R. H. Barnett.
The Conference will convene on Thursday
at 9 a. m. The following committees of
examination are appointed: For License
to preach, F. R. Bridges, C. W. Matheson
and T. L. Z. Barr; for admission on trial,
R. M. Williams, J. L. Yeats and M. T. Bell;
for deacons' and elders' orders, E. J.
Gates, B. T. Rape and F. M. C. Eads.
T. J. NIXON, P. E.
Ocala, Florida.

JACKSONVILLE DISTRICT.
Second Round.
South Jacksonville-March 17.
Estelle Street-March 18-21.
City Mission--March 19, P. M.
Springfield-March 21, A. M.
First Church-March 21-22.
Riverside-March 24.
White Springs Circuit (Genoa)-March
27-28.
White Springs-March 28, P. M.
Jasper-April 2-4, P. M.
Jennings-April 3-4.
Green Cove-April 7, P. M.
Middleburg (Park)-April 9-11, P. M.
St. Matthews-April 11-12.
Callahan-April 14.
Live Oak-April 16-18, P. M.
Welborn (Pine Grove)-April 17-18.
St. Johns-April 21. \
Kings Ferry (Crandall)-April 23.
Fernandina-April 25.
Lake Butler-April 28.
Worthington-April 30.
Fort White-May 1-2.
Columbia (Siloam)-May 7.
Pine Mount (New Harmony)-May 8-9.
Lake City-May 12.
The District Conference will be held at
Lake City May 12-16 inclusive. We cor-
dially invite the Editor, College President,
Conference Lay Leader and all the Con-
nectional members of the conference to be
wjth us. Stnd names to Rev. Frederick
Pasco, for entertainment. One full day
will be devoted to tho Layman's NMove,


ment. Bro. A. W. McLeran, District Lay
Leader, will be in charge and preside. It
is our hope on that day to get a large
representation of laymen from all works
in the district. These do not have to be
elected to go to the Layman's Conference.
J. A. HENDRY, P. E.

BARTOW DISTRICT.
Second Round.
Maitland (at Fairview)-March 27-28.
Orlando-March 28-29.
Kissimmee-March 31.
Apopka (at Apopka)-April 3-4.
Lakeland-April 5.
Mulberry-April 9.
Pearce (at Pearce)--April 10-11.
Ft. Meade and Homeland (at Homeland)
-April 14.
Bowling Green (at B. G.)-April 17-18.
Arcadia-April 23-25.
Wauchula (at Brownville)-April 24-25.
Nocatee (at Nocatee)-May 1-2.
Punta Gorda (at P. G.)-May 3.
Alva-May 5.
Ft. Myers-May 7.
Ft. Myers Mission (at Wulfert)-May
8-9.
Everglade (at Everglade)-May 8-9.
Webster (at 'Webster) Dr. J. P. Hilburn
-May 8-9.
KathlKen (at Knight's)-May 13.
Brooksville-May 15-16.
Winter Haven (at W. H.)-May 15-16.
Bartow-May 16-17.
Board of Trustees Meeting at Suther-
land-May 21-26.
District Conference at Ft. Meade-May
27-30.
S. W. LAWLER, P. E.

TAMPA DISTRICT.
Second Round.
Tarpon Springs-April 2.
Curlew Mission-April 3-4.
Sutherland-April 11-12.
St. Petersburg-April 12.
Largo-April 17-18.
Clearwater-April 18-19.
Manatee-April 24-25.
Bradentown-April 25-26.
Palmetto (Oneco)-May 1-2.
Miakka (Venice)-May 8-9.
First Church-May 9.
Sarasota-May 15-16.
Hyde Park-May 16.
Ybor City and W. Tampa-May 17.
Parrish-May 22-23.
Little Italy-May 25.
Bloomingdale-May 29-30.
Seffner-May 30-31.
Gary-June 5-6.
Tampa City Mission-June 6-7.
Hernando-June 9.
Blanton-June 10.
Pasco-June 11.
Dade City-June 12.
Tampa Heights-June 13.
Plant City-June 16.
W. M. POAGE, P. '.
213 Lee Street.
The Tampa District Conference will con-
vene in Plant City Jni 10-14,






TI=E FLORIDA OIRCIGSTIAN ADVOCATE.


S Epworth League Department

REV. C. FRED BLACKBURN, Editor. BARTOW, FLORIDA.


OFFICERS FLORIDA STATE EPWORTH
LEAGUE, 9go8-9go9.
President-0. O. McCollum, Esq.
Vice-President-Frederick Pasco, D. D.
Secretary-John E. Mickler.
Treasurer-Miss Bessie Turnbull.
Editor-C. Fred Blackburn.
Superintendent Boys' League-J. Law-
ton Moon.
Superintendent Junior League-Miss
Lois Pedrick.
League Board.
J. E. Mickler, President.
F... Steinmeyer, Secretary.
District Secretaries.
Tallahassee-Miss Lilla Smith.
Gainesville-W. R. McKinstry.
Jacksonville-W. C. Guthrie.
East Coast-Mrs. A. L. Chandler.
Orlando--D. G. Barnett.
Tampa--Miss Florida Dewar.

APRIL i. EASTERR.)
Comforted by the Risen Savior.
(John xx. 11-29.)
The Prayer Meetings.
1. Open the meeting with the recitation
of the following passages of Scripture:
"He is risen, the Lord is risen indeed."
(Mark xvi. 6; Luke xxiv. 34.) This is the
day which the Lord hath made; we will
rejoice and be glad in it." (Ps. cxviii. 24.)
2. Hymn 156: "Christ the Lord is
risen today." (First tune.)
3. Responsive reading of Psalms lvii.,
cxi., and cxiv.
4. The Lord's Prayer in concert, fol-
lowed by the collection for Easter.
Collect.
Almighty God, who through thine only
begotten Son Jesus Christ, has overcome
death and opened unto us the gate of ever-
lasting life, we humbly beseech thee that,
as by thy special grace preventing us,
thou dost put into our minds good desires,
so by thy continual help we may bring
the same good effect; through Jesus Christ
or Lord, who liveth and reigneth with
Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God,
world without end. Amen.
5. Some Easter anthems that may be
said or sung: 1 Corinthians v. 7, 8; Ro-.
mans vi. 9; Corinthians xv. 20.
6. Hymn 165: "He dies! the Friend of
sinners dies!"
7. The Easter story. (Reading of Scrip-
ture, John xx. 11-29.)
8. Leader's address.
9. Opening meeting.
10. Prayer.
11. Hymn 160: "Sing with all the sons
of glory."
12. Benediction. (Heb. xii. 20, 21.)
Bible Illustrations.
1. An early resurrection faith. (Job
xix. 25-27.)
2. Old resurrection truths. (Ps. xlix.
13-15; xvi. 8-11.)
3. A reasonable belief. (Acts xxvi. 3-8.)
4. Theme of the first missionary
preaching. (Acts xiii. 27-32.)
5. Resurrection and life. (John xi. 23-
26.)
6. The great reason for our hope. (John
xiv. 19.)
7. Comfort on account of our friends


gone before. (1 Thess. iv. 13-18.)
Illustrations.
As flowers lean outward to the light,
I lean to thee:
The one who makes the darkness bright;
The north star in the moonless night.
Thou art to me.

As children must trust and know no fear,
I trust in thee:
Heaven, in thy presence, seemeth here:
Where thout art, whether far or near,
'Tis sweet to be.

As travelers long, when worn and tired,
Their home to see,
So my heart, wandering far and wide,
Finding its goal, is satisfied
To rest in thee.
-Sarah K. Bolton, in Frank Leslie's.
(From Helps for Devotional Depart-
ment.
*
OBSERVE EASTER.
Let every chapter magnify the Easter
Sunday occasion. Without going to the
extremes of the Roman church or the High
church Episcopalians, we should make
much of the Easter season. The mother
church of Methodists, the Wesleyan church
in England, always observes Good Friday
by holding a morning service on that day
and in almost all European countries it is
a legal holiday and the Christian people
attend their churches. We would do well
in our God-blessed land to make more of
the anniversary of the Atonement. If we
observe Christmas day, the birth of our
Lord, it seems we ought to observe the day
of His crucifixion.
That every Leaguer may derive the most
spiritual good from the Easter season
let him read all the passages in the Bible
on Christ's suffering, crucifixion and resur-
rection. Then will he be ready to rededi-
cate his life to Him who has done so much
for man.

WANTED.
The editor wants one hundred reports
from the chapters, BRIGHT, BREEZY,
BRIEF. 'Who will be the first to reply,
"Here I am."
Wanted, some items from the meeting
of. the Executive Committee in regard to
the approaching Annual League Confer-
ence to be held at DeLand.

EASTER THOUGHTS-REUNION.
John 14:2, 3.
Most of our people know what the rap-
ture of an earthly reunion means; but
such a welcome will pale into insignifi-
cance before the heavenly embrace. After
the famous battle of Five Forks, General
George E. Pickett, of Gettysburg fame,
was reported to have been killed. Day af-
ter day his wife sat with her baby in her
arms in the silence of despair. But one
day there rode up the lane of the Virginia
home a familiar figure. He cried to his
horse "Whoa, Lucy! Whoa!" With that
the mother, with a wild cry of joy, arose
and said, "George! George Is that you?"
"I do. not know how to dcribe it," wrote


/ I


Mrs. Pickett, "the peace, the bliss of that
monient! It was too deep, and too sacred
to be translated into words." And so,
when in the heavenly reunion, you shall
greet your dear ones, the sacredness of
that moment will be too deep and holy to
be translated into words.
C
WHAT DYING IS.
Phil. 1:21; 2 Cor. 5:1.
I am standing upon the seashore. A ship
at my side spreads her white sails to the
morning breeze and starts for the blue
ocean.' She is an object of beauty and
strength, and I stand and watch her until
at length she hangs like a speck of white
cloud just where the sea and sky come
down to meet and mingle with each other.
Then some one at my side says: "There,
she's gone!" Gone where? Gone from my
sight, that is all. She is just as large in
the mast and hull and spar as she was
when she left my side, and just as able to
bear her load of living freight to the place
of her destination. Her diminished size is
in me, and not in her. And just at that
moment, when some one at my side says,
"There, she's gone!" there are other eyes
that are watching for her coming and oth-
er voices ready to take up the glad shout,
"There she comes!" And that is-dying.-
Current Anecdotes.

TABOR-PITCHER.
"DeLand, March 31.-A very pleasant
but quiet wedding was celebrated last
Sunday evening at the residence of Hon.
Sand Mrs. J. L. McCrory of this city, when
Rev. U. S. Tabor and Miss Bessie Pitcher
were united in holy wedlock. Rev. Ed-



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ward F. Ley, presiding elder of the Miami
District, officiating. Mr. Tabor is the pop-
ular and much beloved pastor of the First
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and
the bride is the handsome and accom-
plished daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. D.
Pitcher, of Daytona. Mrs. Tabor was in
attendance at the John B. Stetson Uni-
versity, pursuing a special course and is
a young lady of much accomplishments.
The happy couple left on the early train
Monday morning for Daytona, where they
will spend a week with the parents of the
bride. A host of friends in DeLand will
follow them with best wishes for their
future success and happiness."
The above is copied from the Times-
Union. The groom is one of the most
popular pastors in the Florida Conference.
The Advocate extends to Sister Tabor a
cordial welcome into our itinerant ranks,
and to Bro. Tabor its congratulations.
We trust that this couple may have a
long, happy, and useful life.

IWANTED-For the Orphanage, Chickens,
Chickens. I want to send a coop of lay-
ing hens to the children at the Orphan-
age. Who will donate one? Send it in
to the Riverview Hotel. If you can't
send the hen send 50 cents to buy one.
Help the Orphans. T. Griffith, Secre-
tary and Treasurer Orphans Board.

Yours for Good Clothes

Hedengren

The Tailor
0 West Forsyth St., Jacksonville, Fla


MARCUS CONANT

Funeral Director

and Embalmer
Private Ambulance Service Chapel
16 E. Forsyth St. Phone 2240
IACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Telegraph orders given prompt attention


Rico Laundry
33-37 East Eighth St. Phone 157

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Agents wanted throughout the State


BELLS.
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THE FLORIDA (YHMtISTIUN ADVOCATE.


FLORIDA PEOPLE


>" JJ -

AT THESE PRICES
And consider the quality
Every chair illustrated here is made of the
best white maple stock and finished natural
out-door varnish. The seats are best grade
double woven rattan inot cheap pith'.
$250 We are selling hundreds of hairs to the people of
this State, and every customer brings us another Why? $2.25,
Because our prices are one-third lower than it is possible
for the retail stores to sell the same grade chairs at.
SThese are only a few of our patterns If you need
chairs of ANY SORT write for our
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WANTED-At our Orphanage, at Enterprise, donations of clothing, bedding, fur-
niture, and room furnishings for the children. Much is needed to furnish and
equip the HOME. Send direct to Mrs. T. L. Brooks, Matron, Enterprise, Fla., or,
if more convenient, to T. Griffith, Secretary and Treasurer, River View Hotel,. Jack-
sonville, Fla.


-WOMAN'S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE
UNION NOTES.
Edited by L. D. Lowe, Madison, Fla.
In our last two articles we have taken
a cursory glance at the situation in Geor-
gian since the passage of a State.wide pro-
hibition law. The facts about prohibition
in Georgia are sufficient to silence every
honest advocate of local option and op-
posed to State prohibition. No friend of
prohibition can make a stronger argument
in its favor that the actual facts present-
ed in States where the law prevails.
Judge Nelson was asked if prohibition
was a failure in Knoxville, Tenn., and he
wrote in reply as follows: "If larger and
more regular attendance at Sunday school,
preaching and other services at our
churches; if a larger and more regular at-
tendance at day schools, by better shod
and better clad, and cleaner children; if
forty thousand dollars more money for in-
creased room, better equipment, and larger
pay to teachers; if more revenue for the
city, from ad valorem and license taxes;
if sixty per cent decrease of arrests for
drunkenness and kindred causes; if a de-
crease of a like, or even greater, percent-
age in homicides and all grades of crime;
if a million dollars a year spent for the
necessities of life is less helpful than a
like amount spent for liquor-if these
things indicate failure, then prohibition in
Knoxville is a failure."
A similar testimony is borne by Ensign
LeBar, of the Salvation Army. He says:
"When I first came to take charge of the
work in this city, in September, 1907, be-
fore the close of saloons, I had occasion
to go down South Central street from
Jackson avenue, one block, and in that
short distance counted twelve drunken
men. The saloons were filled with men
and boys drinking and cursing, and the
corners of the streets were filled with
loafers. The past week I have passed over
the same street, two or three times daily,
and during the whole week have seen only
one man under the influence of liquor. The
first night we conducted a meeting in our
hall, located on North Central street, we
had seven men in our meeting who were
in a drunken condition, and this was not
unusual; for when the music started tup
in our hall, these drunken men would come
across from the saloons. Since they were
closed, four months ago, we have had only
two drunken men in our building.
Our relief department revealed a decid-
ed improvement. Many families who last
year were on our list for aid, and whose
poverty was caused by the head of the
family spending his money for drink, have
this year been self-supporting, and in sce-
eral instances, instead of requiring relief,
have actually contributed to our relief
fund."
State-wide prohibition promises more
relief to our larger cities, now dominated
by the liquor element, than any other pro-
posed law.
It is a well-known fact that the saloon
crowd when driven out of Georgia, Ala-
bama and. Tennessee will seek our Florida
cities as favorable localities for the per-
petuation of their crime-breeding traffic.
These cities are now dominated by the
liquor element. They make it impossible
for the best people in these cities to ex-
press their wishes at the polls. So far as
these cities are concerned local option is
an inoperative law. Saloons are multi-
plying, crime is increasing, public morals


are being degraded, and all forms of vice
and pollution are prolific. Even some
newspapers, usually friendly td the liquor
traffic, are occasionally tried beyond their
patience, by the grasping, over-bearing
liquor dealers and denounce in severe lan-
guage the methods of these enemies to the
public good. But what will be our con-
dition when the saloons, and breweries and
gambling dens and houses of ill-repute
from our neighboring prohibition States
become located in our cities of Florida? If
it is impossible to secure a local option
election now in the counties where the
rum-soaked cities are located, it will be
doubly so when the criminal population of
other States has been added to the pres-
ent majority favoring sin and saloons in
our wet counties. If the moral conditions
of Jacksonville, Tampa and Pensacola are
now deplorable, they will then be unspeak-
able.
We cannot afford to invite the filth and
off-scouring of other States to take up
their abode in Florida. But this will be
in effect what we are doing should we fail
to advance in our conflict with the liquor
element. And the only advance worth the
name at present is a Constitutional amend-
ment providing for State-wide prohibition.

DRAFT OF A GOOD ROADS BILL.
An Act to Be Entitled An Act to Encour-
age the Construction of a System of
Good Roads in the State of Florida, by
Paying a Bonus to Each County for
Each Mile of Hard Surface Road Built
and Constructed by Such County.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the
State of Florida:
Section 1. That upon the passage and
approval of this Act and its ratification by
vote of a majority of the electors of the
State of Florida, the Board of the Internal
Improvement Fund of the State of Florida
shall have power, and it is herby directed
to issue two million dollars in bonds in
denominations of one thousand dollars
each, or so much thereof as may be nec-
essary from time to time to fulfill the re-
quirements of this Act; said bonds to bear
interest at the rate of 4 per cent per an-
num; said bonds to be sold and the pro-
ceeds thereof used in the creation and es-
tablishment of a system of good roads in
the State of Florida, and such other roads
as are tributary thereto.
That the said Board of the Internal Im-
provement Fund is authorized to employ
a State Inspector of roads whose duty it
shall be to inspect all materials and pass
upon their fitness for making good hard
roads before construction is begun, and to
inspect said roads upon completion and
issue certificates to the Board ef the In-
ternal Improvement Fund where roads are
built according to specification, stating
number of miles built, and upon such cer-
tificates the Board shall order the Comp-
troller to pay to the County Commission-
ers of each county for each mile of road so
hard surfaced that is part of the State sys-
tem of good roads hereinafter outlined,
$500.00. And for each mile of hard sur-
faced road built in each county that is a
part of a system of county roads and
not part of the State system, $250.00 per
mile.
The specification for a hard road shall
require that the material used shall be of
marl or rock or such substance as shall
harden when exposed to the atmosphere,
due preference being given to local mate-


Co has been known to
, 0, Mickier Brick C builders throughout
the State for the
past fifteen years as a high-grade, first-class brick. Brick are
hard and regular in grade and rank with the very best madein
the State. Prices are right. Don't contract 0. O. MICKLER,
till you see our brick and get our prices. Callahan, Florida.


i


L I ~ I% ~L I


I






THB FLORIDA CHRISTIAN ADVOOATB.


rials, and shall be laid fully 10 feet wide,
and when packed shall not be less than 8
inches thick in the centre and 5 inches
thick at the edges, elevated in the centre.
For the purpose of this Act the system
of good roads shall consist of a road from
Jacksonville to Pensacola; from Tampa to
Plant City; Plant City to Lake City and
Gainesville; Gainesville to Jacksonville via
Palatka, Jacksonville to Miami via St.
Augustine; Plant City to a point on the
Jacksonville and Miami route, near New
Smyrna in Volusia county via Lakeland1
and Orlando;- Palatka via DeLand, inter-
.secting road from New Smyrna to Or-
lando; Bartow Junction to Fort Myers via
Bartow, Arcadia and Punta Gorda.
The routes shall be selected by the
Board of County Commissioners of the
Counties through which the road passes,
together with the Road Inspector or Com-
missioner of that County, should there be
one, and the State Inspector who shall de-
cide upon the route through each county.
(The above draft was presented to the
Advocate for publication by the Arcadia
Board of Trade. We take pleasure in giv-
ing it publicity. We believe in good roads
and are willing to do all we can to fur-
ther the enterprise.-Editor.)



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PRESCRIPTION DRUGGISTS
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Phone 193 Phone 2311
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OBITUARY.
James M. Giles was born in Chester
District, South Carolina, June 5th, 1840,
and departed this life in Jacksonville, Fla.,
January_ 16th, 1909, in his 69th year.
V \en' quite a youth he enlisted as a
soldier in the Confederate army, going
forth to take his country's side; it was
said by his comrades that he was a.true
and faithful soldier, up to the time of his
capture. He was sent to Camp Chase, 0.,
and after suffering the horrors of prison
life; and the war closed he returned to his
old mother who had prayed fervently and
persistently for his safe return. He mar-
ried a Miss Susan Watson of Wakulla
county, Fla., and their union was blessed
with four children, two boys and two girls,
three of whom had gone on before him to
the'better world; he leaves a widow, one
son and some grandchildren to mourn
his loss.
It was not the privilege of the writer to
see him for several years before he died,
he having moved to Jacksonville, Fla.
But his heart-broken son informs me that
his death was a peaceful death; went out
in the great eternity leaving every assur-
ance of his acceptance with God. He was
the youngest of five brothers who came to
Wakulla county, Florida, in 1849 from
South Carolina. Three of his brothers
served in the Annual Conference and my
dear old father was a local preacher, all
gone andpwe, too, will soon be gone. May
God's richest blessings rest-upon the be-
reaved ones is my prayer.
His nephew,
S. J. GILES.

We wish our readers would be sure to
mention the Advocate when writing to our
advertisers. It helps us and will be to
your advantage as well. We have been
very careful in selecting our patrons and
feel that we have as clean advertising as.
can be found in any paper. We accept
nothing but what is strictly reliable. Help
us and yourselves by patronizing the Ad-
vocate's advertisers.

AN EASTER AWAKENING.
(Continued fro page 10.)
Mattie," said he, laying his hand tenderly
upon her head, "wouldn't it be strange if
what pastors, teachers, and evangelists
have failed to do has been accomplished
by your dispised missionary sermon? No,
dear, don't speak yet. You see, I hadn't.
got hold of the underlying idea before.
I've been told that Jesus died for me, but
the whole tremendous scheme burst upon
me today. Death, life, immortality for
the world-0 that is. worthy of the God-
man! And then I. wanted to do my share,
just my share, in .bringing it all to pass.
Yes, Mattie, since the morning sermon,
I've just longed to rise from the dead and
follow my Lord!"
The great unexpected joy was too much
to grasp at once, and Mrs. Trescott knelt
like the women of old, bewildered in the
presence of her Lord.
"O Burton!" she. exclaimed, ."while I
counted the lilies and criticised the min-
ister, you saw the risen Christ and be-
lieved."-From Bright Bits.

Churches, Aid Societies, etc. Do you
want to raise funds easily and do mission
work at the same time? Our Lord's Pray-
er Book-Mark will do it. tend stamp for
particulars; sample 25c. ovelty Selling
Co', Box 863, Spencer, Mas


Florida Life Insurance Co.
HOME OFFICE: JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA



We issue all standard forms of policies

for Life, Accident and Health Insurance.

Our policies contain every feature, bene-

fit and privilege to be desired. They are

the right kind and the fates are right.

Get a sample and compare it with others.

See what it will do for you and your


dependents.


Gives superior protection.


Features of Life Policies


Highest Cash Values.

Liberal Loan Values.

Full Return Premiums.

Extended Insurance.

Paid-up Insurance.

Policies Automatically Non-Lapsing.

Contains Total Disability Clause.

Incontestable from Date of Issue.

Cash Value Increases Daily.

No Restrictions as to Residence oz

Travel.


Our Accident Policies


You pay us $20.00 a Year.
We Pay You $25.00 to $50.00 a Week
while disabled by accident.
Can You Afford to Take the Risk?
Then Let us Take It.
Pay Us $20.00 or Leave it to Chance.

Our Standard Policy Pays for
Loss of life, or both hands, or boih
feet, or both eyes, or one hand and
one foot, or one eye and one foot,
or one eye and one hand ..... $5,00(
Loss of right arm at elbow ........ $3,50C
Loss of right hand at wrist or left
arm at elbow, or either leg at knee $3,00(
Loss of left hand at wrist or either
foot at ankle .................. $2,50(


Beneficiary can be Changed at any Time. Loss of one eye .................. $1,50C


Premiums can be Paid Quarterly, Semi-

Annually or Annually.

Thirty Days of Grace in Payment of
Premiums Without Interest. Thirty days
extension at 5 per cent interest.


And fa Addition the Jndemnity Provded for Loss of
Time from Date of the Acldlent to Date of Such Loss
DOUBLE INDEMNITY.
All the above amounts shall he doubled
if injuries are received in a passenger car
or steamer.


Men of ability and character wanted in

every town in Florida to represent this

company. Write for our agency prop-

osition. Experience not necessary. We


can help you make money.


FLORIDA LIEE INSURANCE CO.
I ~i~lon1N~ ~NSURNC 1


:-: :-: :-:
* *





STHE FLORIDA CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE.
"IP. -


PUMPING
+
,% PROPOSITIONS
OUR SPECIALTIES
Private and Municipal Water Works Systems Irriga-
ting and Draining Outfits, Spraying Outfits, Sewer= o
4* age Contractors Outfits, etc., etc. Complete Installa- 4
ions made -and Guaranteed.



2 J.: P. CAMPBELL

222-224"E. Bay St. :: :: :: Jacksonville, Fla.
I 4 *__ __ ___ 4a n
Inz addition to our already very large stock ,of Gas, Gasoline and Oil Engines, and Power
Punfs we have. recent completed an arrangement with the Gould Company of Chicago, and .
+ The Goulds. Manufacturing Company of Seneca Falls, N. Y., whereby we will act as their exclu-
sivesdistributing. agents on their power pumps in. this territory and will carry-an immense line

++
++ft ++++.i F4 4 1, 1, d it-i 1


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-
7


A M.ONG the teaching profession, the advocates of the Pianola include
SW y M sic such distinguished names as: Leschetizky, the teacher of Paderewski.
9h Mui c. Mine. Marchesi, the celebrated vocal teacher of Paris. -Joachim, the
Teachers Value famous violinist. Carl Reinecke 'of the Berlin Academy of Music. Sir A. C.-
SMackenzie, of the Lendon Royal Academy of Music. Dr. Harris, late U. S.
Il'I n IA Commissioner of Education. Prof. Spalding, of Harvard. Prof. Gow, of Vas-
STheI IANULA -sar. Prof. Lewis, of Tufts. Frank Van Der Stuien, lafe of the .National
P o P n Conservatory of Music. Prof. Dickinson, of Oberli Prof. Stanley, llniver-..
And Pianla Piano sity of Michigan. Etc., etc.
S Another Phase of The Pianola's IT should be noted that the endorsement of the Pianola by the musical profession does
S UNIVERSAL AGEPTANCEI not extend to other Piaoo-players. The great authorities make a very Strong dis-
UNIV L tinction here. While other Piano-players may have the ability to repeat all' the notes
Sof a composition in proper sequence, they lack the Pianola's superiorresponsi.eness, its
quality of giving the temperament of the-performer full sway. In addition there are those vital improvements the MVTROSTYIE
and TH'MODisT, the principles of which are as important in the minds of many musicians as that of the Pianola itself.,
HI The list of Pionola enthusiasts among the teaching profession might be indefinitely extended. These teachers not only-endorse
the Pianola, but buy it to use in their daily routine of instructions. Over 100 prominent universities colleges and high
schools have installed the Aeolian Company's-instruments.
1 The teachers appreciate that the Pianola is doing for music what the printing-press did for literature. They recognize in it a
Powerful ally, not only in opening up the by-ways of music to the masses, but in helping to teach piano-forte playing itself.
S* ggTlCAUTION-..There is but oire Pianola. Do not make the mistake of supposing that because a music store sells Piano.players
o' that it sells the Pianola and Pianola Piano. Only the Aeolian Company makes the genuine Pianola and Pianola Piano. .
23 East Bay Street
SUDDEN & BATES S. Mo HE- JACKSONVILLE, FLA,
SSOLE DISTRIBUTORS FOR FLORIDA 'RITE US FOR CATALOGUE
PIANOS THIRTY-I-EIGHT YEA.-RS IN U S I C ORGANS