VOLUME 1 NO. 4 -- UNIVERSITY OF NORTH FLORIDA -- JACKSONVILLE. FLORIDA -- FEBRUARY 7,1977
UNF: mirror image of community
" V ' -,s t *" ". '
This issue of The PHOENIX explored
S. ways in which UNF carries forth its
...;.- image into the community. Other
stories are on page 2.
-.. By CHERYL OERLY One good reflection of this is the
*i fact that 60 per cent of UNF's students
...B, ..... -. The lack ofdormitories, curriculum are only part-time with most of them
......- -- "- which heavily emphasizes technology coming at night. Another is the fact that
S, .a .. ... and businessadministration and a high the board of regents, in creating the
o *",, percentage of part-time students are school in 1965, directed ittoemphasize
JA all reflections of the city that business administration, education,
4 surrounds UNF. arts and sciences and technology.
S- "Our major goal is to meet
;. .. ..ii educational needs of Jacksonville and Many UNF students have come from
Sthe surrounding region for quality Florida Junior College, the largest
S" undergraduate education," said Dr. junior college in the state, whilealarge
G' : George Corrick, vice president of number of the students come from the
M. .university relations. business community.
'"Ne provide educational services
and resources to help people such as The university, in fact, was part of the
local governmental workshops. The same movement to localize education
optimal combination is teaching with that brought about the junior college
THAT GOAL has been the keystone EVEN THOUGH the University of
in the development of the University of Florida, wit its ast resource, is o
North Florida's self image. 75 miles away, UNF was designed and
North Florid's self im placed in Jacksonville to make it easy
i a f t for the student who, for one reason or
S. "This school was built for efficiency another, couldn't go out of town and
and gets the highest utilization of stay for nine months of the year.
B n g a u classrooms out of all the Florida
universities," Corrick added. "We
Bpcfp. Wchn thegroh o"We have a continuing problem of
measuring demand and our resources
N. "UNF is attractive but not opulent." are limited," Corrick said.
The school has grown with the "Our mission is to provide
Jacksonville area-- from 2,100 to 4,500 educational opportunities at
students-- and the student body baccalaureate and beginninggraduate
s reflects a highly mobile business levels for citizens of Northeast Florida
Sa community which is interested in defined as Duval, Clay, and Nassau
educating itself if not in spending a lot -ounties. We have to take education to
As UNF campus spreads, so does it community involvement.--Photo by Mary Kahler. of time on the schools nature trails or :e people because some people are
As UNF campus spreads, so does It comment using the athletic facilities. place bound."
Vocal,vibrant, versatile is Bill Brown
lLyric tenor Bill Brown works hard at singing and instructing.--Photos by Pam King.
Y GAY LYNN MONTGOMERY .areer in voice receiving his Masters in BROWN'S LIFE as a performer is not When asked, "Anything unusual ork with a strong personality." Betty Jacksonville. "I feel, that we as artists
When he speaks, his vibrant recording as listed in the top 10
debut in Busoni's "Turandot", have the opportunity of seeing an'
Snemoizing his role in five days. orchestra. With a high quality of
Brown enjoys teci ashmuch asrdie."
d, starting as a trumpeter in a "PrgyandBess."Heisscheduledfor professor at FloridaJuniorCollege, Voice student JeaneneMcCullough light, don't get heavy, because
avelling jazz and blues band. With three recordings this year one obtained her doctorate in music said, "As a voice instructor, he is Brown thinks that there should be a everything is going to continue. Be
'i experience he purse a musical written especially for him. education from Indiana. explicit and demands nothing but har changeosensitivity towa ta..rts i- resint."
; .a 'i,. "
Lyrick teno Bill Bonwrs hr tsnigadisrctn.-htsb a ig
.BY~~: GAY LYNMNGMR re nviereevn i atesi RW' IF sapromr snt We sed Ayhn nsulwr ihastogproaiy. et akovil." el ha earit
Mui rmIdaaUivriy i ae eiosyb i agtrTla bu n fyorpromne?,heBafedcmet,"H sfnadms oniu ihlvlo
mos rcen aarwasth pestgiusTheneghbrhodnotce Bownon re)lid,"Ys, y per dbu wih uny."Hi pysialstmin i pefomace t lltims y uttngou
Cobnnghsvestliya a"h'sWoinItrntoa Oea" eeiso ndtaedTla fhr eel Slsan oma rige nbleabe e ae itmn adbstfo frad.Teeijstoltl
profession pefre n ucsfu ehspromdprcial l h ate' ae h elid H' o uigdrs eeras eerynvrjg he mlsady iighi eun o nthswrd n fea
Voc ntutr ila rw aorlrceorlsnprada aouh' utm ad. ag utspk e od n fsrn iaitpoieafwmmnso eun
(ascaepoesro msc nul rdcd he nentoa ors agfl oc t l ieaaeesan asn fcncos
Feb. 7,1977--The Phoenix-Page 2
Studies over for some inmates
BY KAREN BOWLING Richard Cury, a former UNF student, Since 1970, 10 residents of the replacement. Two reading teachers from the federal government. We are better use of my time if I were able to
i correctional center have obtained come to the center twice a week and a required to work, pay room and board, use the scholarship now. At least when
The Jacksonville Community is a victim of the study release being Associate in Arts degrees and two have mandatory pre-release course is plus transportation. Where is all this I'm released I would have some
Correctional Center opened its work killed. "I have obtained 86 credits hours obtained Bachelors degrees. In June of taught. This class offers everything money going?" schooling behind me."
and study release programs in August through the program but I am now at an 1976, however, the center received a from how to buy an automobile to Leonard Dantzler, resident, says he saying, "If (former President Richard
of 1970. Six years and 20 students later, educational standstill until I am call from the state legislature in dialing the telephone. A drug program has a scholarship available to him. "It M.) Nixon can get a break, wh can't
the study release is dead. released from the center," he said. rallahassee telling them to pull all their is offered for those who wish to attend. seems as though I would be making wA9
-- 3 students from school that day. .
P Why did the state legislature
abruptly cancel the study release and But for inmates like Cury the center
abruptly cancel the study relea a fers nothing. David Lucus, another
order that the students be taken from offers nothing. D avid Lucus, another
Crtlsrtistninmate at the center, feels that the
School that very day? classes within the penal institution are
John Mixon, a counselor at the
center, says that the legislature did not
comment as to why this was done.
."I'm an electronic technician," he
drcosaid. "In four to six months I will be
S"I feel that a group of citizens expected to go into this society and
3f pressured the legislature into taking work. Why can't I go now while I still
Boot. this action," said Mixon. "Why should have the supervision of my counselor?
S. they work to put their child through At this center they train you for a '30's A X.
oe school. If they committed a crime the world and expect you to make It in the
state would eventually put them '70's."
through school. That was their
Residents at the center may still go to
To be a participant of the study school. However, they must work all
release program is not as easy as it day and are required to pay all school q I
sounds. An inmate must be in the top expenses. They are also required to
five percent of the prison population to pay $1.50 for transportation and
be admitted to the Community between two and seven dollars for
Correctional Center. They must also room and board.
be serving the last 18 months of their
sentence. The inmate may be admitted
early if he is recommended by the
a parole commission at the institution ir Mixon apparently discourages
which he is serving his sentence. inmates from going to school at night
because of the logistic complications
and the pressures.
The study release program allowed
inmates to be transported to the
community colleges and technical
schools. The state waived tuition, Raymond Venson, a resident, says,
payed transportation, and $20 a month "My only gripe isthat I can't use my G.I.
for expenses. Bill. A student must be full time to
receive the benefits and it's most
impossible to be full-time at night. It is o '.
Leonard Dantzler has a scholarship--but can't use It.-- Classroom instruction has been my understanding that the state avid Lucas speaks his mind on the study release
Photo by Pam King. brought into the center as a receives between $5-15,000 per inmat e program.--Photo by Pam King.
Skills center is more than three R's Faculty resources
By SUZANNE ROTHLISBERGER THE CENTER FEELS it necessary to THE WRITING PROGRAM, similar "Every student should develop good lim it c o u rs e s
develop the total student. Group to one offered at Florida State. study skills," notes Hansford. A basic BY CHERYL OERLY
enrichment programs are offered by University, offers varying workshopsto how to course is offered at the center. Have you ever wondered why the through the week, classes must be
Counselling Services through the improve skills. Betty Meers, writing.. Through literature, individualized help class you wanted to take isn't being spread so that no class is scheduled
"The Academic Enrichment and Skills Center. instructor, has designed along with the and workshops, students will learn the offered until'next year? It's really more against another olasp that students
"heer s a or a sernd ey e e a re regular writing lab, a research paper essentials in time scheduling, note complicated than you might expect. may need or want," said Gary Harmon
Skills Center is a program that serves Betsy Gehring leads an Assertive workshop designed to give students a taking, improved memory and Basically it is the department head chairman of the department.
the students and is funded by the Living workshop in which techniques basic guideline for writing research preparation for exams. who arranges the schedule. He meets "Since students need
students," says Sandra Hansford, to become a more effective person are papers in only one session. with his faculty to study the student both major and venture courses
director of the center. discussed. demand and also the program needs. enough of both must be offered up to
"Any student can become a better The math department is unique in "Most classes are offered on the the limit of faculty resources.
student with ouar 1help." that it is the only section of the center accounting students. Fifty film strips basis of the proection of stent Harmon further noted that, "A
If you want to quit smoking Bonnie utilizing student tutors as ,instructors. and cassettes following ACC 501 and demands, id Dr. eph Perry number of courses are offer
Booth directs a six-week workshop to These students are math or math- the venture courses in this field are chairman of the department of quartmber or time slot r we'vefferchosen the
Over 335 students were enrolled at help you unlearn your habit. To education majors and serve over 60 available. For the student with real Economictere is a relatively small simply because we know that most of
the skills center during the Fall counteract anxieties from school and students a quarter. They also help difficulty, tutoring is available. ncer e is a jresa the students can take the cos
Quarter, with over 50 per cent involved also foregoing cigarettes, self individuals prepare for the Graduate number of economics majors, the the students can take the courses at
in more than one program. hypnosis, the center's most popular Record Exam. advisors know their history and can some instances profe
nmrtaoepo mpro tcanthelp S pecia laSrvices Jasita d make accurate projections as to what allowed to develop their own classes
program, can help. Special Services Jo Brook, assistant director in classes students are most likely to and present ideas to department heads
offers fulltime counseling funded by a charge of planning, is responsible for need each quarter." Perry added. for approval. In Fine Arts if the course
grant from the Department of Health, The speech workshop uses both the tutoring program. Majors from the FINE ARTS CAN be a little more approval In Fine Ashe ce
The center offers numerous Education and Welfare. audio and visual tapes. "Everyone fields of psychology, education, flexible as to what courses they offer is also approved by Willard Ash, Dean
programs for any UNF student and the should be capable of speaking in front accounting, math and writing are each quarter. "It is a matter of what of the College of Arts and Sciences, it
fees for the various workshops and of an audience," says Meers. This waiting to help any student in need. courses the students will take," stated can be offered sometime during' the
classes are covered by the students program is ideal for students who get Dr. Gerson Yessin, chairmanof the ye full outline and explanation of
activity fees. Reading instructor Nicole Lauwaert, butterflies just thinking about it. department of Fine Arts. w
works with students to increase In the Language and Literature rts.full outline and e
compbary dentsio arean prateend tCenter is working for the students. department classes are offered based presented," said Yessin. Periodically, a
Aside from the three Rs-- reading, determine individual deficiencies ALSO OFFERED IS a language Activities are free to those enrolled at venture courses. Students are asked to
writing and 'rithmetic-- the center Programmed materials and individual master machine to aid students with the university. It is located in Building "Because students must have the rate each course so that Ash can getan
offers aid in speech, study skills and tutoring enables-the student to become pronunciation. This is all done on an One, room 1529 and is open from 8:30 choice of classes in the' morning, idea of how students are reacting to
accounting. a more efficient reader. individual basis, a.m. to 8 p.m.- afternoon and evening times and certain classes.
Jobs: where are they?
By VIVIAN INFANTINO There are several unpleasant but The CEPC finds that unclear job
realistic facts to keep in mind when goals tend to hamper a person's
"A college education is not for looking for a job. This is why it is so search. Infinger explained, "Many
vocational training, except for necessary to be flexible, to be able to don't know where to look or what to
technical things. There's no sell yourself so that you stand out in the look for. It's frustrating."
correlation between your major and eyes of an employer.
the jobs you can get." SO THE CEPC has organized
To begin with, there's 12 per cent "Smooth Sail," scheduled for Febp. 11,
That doesn't sound quite right, does unemployment in the state of Florida, so that students can hash out the kind
it? You've been in college for awhile eight per cent nationally. Employers of jobs they want now, and where they k .
now, or you just decided to begin, can't say they don't want employees want to be in five or 10 years.
perhaps for the second time. And it's all over 40, but, as Infinger explains, an
supposed to lead to a good job, or a unspoken policy may discriminate C e fa y"e o
better one, in your field of study. against qualified, older applicants. types of students thosewhoexpectWo
the center to find them a job, to do all
Not so, says Steve Infinger, "Jobs are cyclical," he says, "There the work, and those who want to do it
placement coordinator for the UNF may be a need for nurses engineers, all on their own, missing out on the
Cooperative Education and Placement and some math and science individualized helpofthecoordinators. :
Center. professionals now, but in a number of .
years the market will be glutted." The best type of person to work with, '-":--
"It's your job hunting personality the one who will obtain maximum
that plays the biggest part in what you HOW TO KEEP ahead of all these results from the services, Infinger says,
can do," Ihfinger says, "and be potential problems? The Cooperative is one with a combination of self-
flexible." You may find a job in an area Education and Placement Center is motivation and the desire to let others
seemingly unrelated to your field. armed with services ranging from give helpful advice or suggest a new ae, ."
job hunting. At least one-third of the to individual counseling. "We have listings of state jobs that
students at UNE are here for self- change daily," said Infinger. "Our
enrichment. Of the remaining two- resume referral service is most used Political science major Mike Bruce checks out job posstllities.--Photo by Pam King.
thirds, some are local professional You can start with the "Introduction by potential employers who are
people who want to update theory and to Graduate Placement Services" looking for applicants. Our Job Bank the end of each interview for the questioning others means you hear book intended to help you formulate
application in already established seminar, where Placement Coordina- on the board outside the office lists applicant to ask questions. For from the employee or the self- your goals and your job search.
businesses, tors Infinger and Irene Roberts outline both part-time ahd full-time jobs. A example, you may want to know what employed professional. The placement program has all this
So who is doing the job hunting? all the services available, weekly newspaper, Ad Search, lists job chance you have in the company for You may have participated in Career information. It also has recommended
Retired military personnel, housewives opportunities across the country. The upward growth. Exploration Day, when representatives readings that may supplement your
perhaps influenced by feminists' push Appointments are available with the Career Library provides background of various companies are on campus to search. The office can direct you to
for independence and mobility, or the coordinators to find which service will Information on institutions as well as introduce you to their profession. You internships or cooperative education
sheer necessity for a second help you best. There are weekly occupational literature." The Career Library is intended to may have heard about the on campus where you work full-time one quarter
breadwinner in these times of inflation, seminars in resume writing, in Roberts and infinger will be the first provide the information. It is then up to interview program, where actual and the next, take a full academic load.
Don't forget the student who's next interviewing techniques, as well as an to point out how important it isto know theapplicanttotalkfurtherwithpeople interviews are held on the UNF And the advisors can help show you
natural step after 12 years of school upcoming special seminar on goal about the company you intend to in his desired profession. The interview campus. Or you may have heard about how to beat the numbers game if you
was a four-year hitch in college. clarification, interview. An interviewer allows time at is a chance to ask the employer, "What Color Is Your Parachute?" a are starting a second career.
Page 3-The Phoenix-Feb. 7,1977
Child care center aims high
operates entirely on a professional childhood and elementary education. master's degree in Early Childhood ,,
level. All workers are required to have Barbara Hardee holds a bachelor's -and Elementary Education from
BY KAREN BOWLING at least an Associate in Arts Degree in degree in English and isalso working Jacksonville University and
ne i child cam"e on a masters in early childhood and certificates in first aid and food
Ine University of North Florida's elementary education management.
child care center is not your average Malcolm worked in the child Rates at the center are kept at a
day care center. It aims way above the development program at JU for two The child care center is licensed for minimum as the center is a non-profit
minimum standards required by the years before coming to UNF. He plans 43 children per qUarter. The average organization funded through the
state. yto start work on his doctorate in quota on thiscampus hasbeen kept at Student Government Association.
e ge t children h th best o administration and supervision on this about 22 children per quarter. Malcolm estimated the SGA funded the
"Wegive the children here the best of ca s i center approximately $33,000 in 1976,
care," said Everett Malcolm, the iin ddi to Malcolm, the staff Malcolm designed the program and while only $12,000 was brought in by
director of the center. includes two certified teachers. Gail has operated it since it's opening in funds from students using the center..
"The only state requirement is that. Reynolds holds a bachelor's degree in March of 1975. He has a bachelor's
an employee in a childcarecenter be at Elementary Education and is uantly degree in English Literature from St Since the SGA funds the largest part of
le.t 1R vRors iil ThA staff here working on a masters in early B'ernrd College in Alabama. a the center only fee paying students ar'e
'"The center is just great," said Diane
Kilmer, a student who keeps her child .
at the center. "I can bring my daughter't "
a snack in between my classes. The b .-; '
good thing about the center is that I
only pay when my child is here. At
other centers you pay for the week so d "'-,
they can meet their overhead." ',
At the UNF child care center an ."
s hourly fee of 75 cents is charged per s. c-
af ti child. There is a $22.50 per week r
maximum charge. This price is paid by i et
those who use the center between 30
and 40 hours a week. ,
S. th"We also have a food plan option for
t" *. :on han extra $1.25 per day," said Malcolm. -' e
Milk is furnished for those who bring pla n
T their lunches.
SWho is eligible for the program? Anry .
Child ranging in age from two to 12
Years old and has a parent attending
Malcolm says that the center is p-
ameeting needs with just the university
I students. If the enrollment drops the
S center may be opened to the university
Staff. But with this quality of care it is V Io .'gi,. cl:'
I :tuit:on C r .unlikely that this will take place in the
near future. This tot aims high with the assistance of Everett Malcolm,
Teacher assistant Jula Butler helps youngsters to enjoy a story.--Photo by Pam King.diecto of the center.--Photo by Pam King.
SGA freezes $15,000 of A&S fees UNF faces drop in enrollment
BY KERRY BRYANT Committee, comprised of the SGA It also voted to freeze $6 from the BY KERRY BRYANT with the problem for the first time in The criteria for drop out used by
tion mst ct back its activity and SGA, three faculty members and a the Arts, and $175 volunteered by the students," said Ben Campbell, UNF not give the appearance that retention and recruitment problem are
Service budget by nearly $15,000, at career service employee, has met and Child Care center. Admissions Director, "but it is a good recruitment is a scattered problem. planned by the admissions office.
leastce buneti byecause$e dtoee thametplace to start." Campbell said one will be given to new
least until he Srin, because UNF did recommenations to the UNF By reing the money, as opposed UNF's failure to meet its projected "One way to solve the recruitment students when they enroll, and a
hempur ing, becausn cura t ude is planetarsum wh ll onn theyenroln e
ot meet its projected enrollment by The to a cut in funding, the moneycannot enrolmentby 150 studentsfortheast problem might be to give there of others wil be maed or
pm t oe students for the las two queers has caused the Student committee more clout," said Campbell. delivered to the offices n campus as
S aproxmiately 150 students for the last committee tried totrimfrom areassuch, e spent without the SGA's explicit Government Association to cut its "This would not necessarily mean the admissions office attempts to get
Sarte as postage, travel and office supplies,; approval. If the money needed is Activities and Service budget 15,000. controlling people or passing
Each year the SGA allocates soneysjudgement, but the committee should statistics from new uts
"I'm glad these questions are being have an adequate budget to deal with returning students, drop outs,
from the Activity and S-rvic6 fee leaving services for the students as realized by future enrollments, the asked," said Campbell. "The more have an adequblicat e budget to deal with currently enrolled students, facu
udget to Counselling Services, the unaffected as ossible.freeze would be lifted and the money people that ask them, the less chance service training needs. One study on students who were
budget to Counselling Services, the unaffected as possible. there is to dodge them. "A lot of students have dropped ot. accepted by the university but did not
Skills Center, the Council of the Arts, he house has voted to sustain Nould be available for spending. The admissions office will be This is an urban center and people are enroll has already been conducted.
Co-op and Placement, Financial Aid, spite of the apparent bleak outlook launching a campaignthisyearagainst getting better jobs, have academic With a 50 per cent response to the
Co-op and Placement, Financial Aid all of the comttees recommendation caused by the cuts, which are being the recruitment problem. Prior to this problems and leave for a variety of survey, conflict between studies and
and Student Activities for their except $7,500 from Student Activities, called temporary, SGA President Mary year, these functions of recruitment other reasons," Campbell added. employment was listed most often as
operating budgets. The moneycomes which will be voted on when the Husewere divided in the university. "Many students who leave are in the reason they did not enroll.
from $2.14 taken out of each creditmeets on Feb. 9. The House voted t Anne Waters said, "One good thing "An attempt is now being made to good standing. Out of 2400 dropouts Scheduling of classes was second and
hour paid in tuition by both freeze $5,739 of its own budget which, you could tell the students is that there consolidate recruitment into one area, sincethe school began in 1972 only 10 not enough money to go.to college was
Included the und for the will b no increase in tuition fees nex said Campbell. "This is the first time per cent have been on academic rated third. This survey was surprisi'.g
conig nc recruitment has been a priority. A suspension. Many were on the dean's since many people expected ac of
TheundPrgraduate and gr B ud e entire Activt an Sec fee budget. year.eaeiutoesnxsi
Come Learn with Us This Summer
". makes you see stars
ue Newswritin and Editing Once inside, it is as though one is on Cosmic Concert, which differs during
Newswriting and Editing By SUZANNE ROTHLISBERGER 4 voyage into the Milky Way. The each performance.
.center of the 40-foot star chamber is
Creative Feature Writing occupied by the planetarium. A The presentations change every
The Alexander Brest Planetarium, Minolota projector accompanied by eight to 12 weeks. Each Sunday,
S. Design and Illustration located within the Jacksonville various effects produces a unique volunteers present a free program to
Children's Museum, offers some of the blend of the sciences and the arts. the residents of Jacksonville entitled
Most sensational entertainment in "Sky Over Jax."
SFilm nd TV Criticism town. SIX YEARS AGO the planetarium
; ..-.Visitors are swept above and beyond was constructed at the cost of $38,000. A science fiction spectacular, "A
the stars to experience the mysteries of The aluminium star chamber houses New World," offers one the chance to
Photocommunications the universe. numerous projectors, lights and even a climb aboard a spaceship of the future
ht unistage where bands play in a surround- seeking a new home.
sound system. The auditorium seats
THE NEW COSMIC Concert
Modern Media Institute will offer during its 1977 summer a -Phil Groce, curator, thinks of the Peaturingthe musicaof an Parsons
trimester five academic programs designed for college stu- Editor and General Manager-- planetarium as a "learning entitled "The Systemof anDoctor Tarr,
dents seeking involvement in a unique learning experience. William J. Roach experience." The programs offered are
d s n v m n n e n x eExecutiveEditor--Bill Skutt "to catch everybody in the and Professor Fether" has been a
community," he added. sellout.
You will work with skilled teachers and with professionals Production Editor--Stephanie These 45-minute programs range
from The St. Petersburg Times and Evening Independent McLain from presentations of the universe to
and other media in unusual laboratory situations. Photo and Art Editor--Pam King Cosmic Concerts. Various clubs in the "You don't need to be freakedout to
Reportersand other media in unusual laboratory situations. Jacksonville area such as the.Astro- get freaked out here, Grockett
RePam Allen, Gwen Ansley, Karen Gator Astronomy Club, Jacksonville commented.
Students who are selected will receive fellowships equal to BPaowling, K erry nt, arryn for Star Trek and a new UFO club all
MMI tuition charges. Cheryl Oerly, SuzanneRothlisberger makeThe planetarium is continuously
growing. The Ronald B. garelick
Please return cliout0for course de Osrr pton..dan aplica ton THE PHOENIX is a laboratory THEPLANETARIUMisuniquein the Observatory is now open, for
publication in the journalism! manner that it produces much of its observation, and is in constant
MODERN MEDIA INSTITUTE communication program at the own programs rather than dependingdemand.
556 Central Avenue St. Petersburg, FL 33701 (813) 821-9494 UniverSity of North Florida. It is upon two groups, "I See the Light" and
published at least twice each "Lasarium" which tour the country The planetarium is sponsored by a
SUMMER TRIMESTER, JUNE 13-AUGUST 5, 1977 quarter .for the purpose of giving light and sound shows. federal grant anv donations through
displaying work of students in the the Jacksonville' Children's Museum.
program and sharing their views Groce is responsible for the audio With continued community participa-
Name 'and reviews with others on the portion of the programs. Russell tion, a new, fully automated
campus. Grockett, assistant curator, is planetarium will open in the early
Responsible for effects. Production 1980s.
AddThis public document was costs range from $50 to $600,
Phone School producedatacostot$200 or$ .06 depending on the complexity. Memberships with the Children's
NOTE: Deadine for applications is March 1; Notification will bc by April 15, 197pe I Y, to Intorm the UNF Flanning for a production can range Museum include free planetarium
communIty of the work of anywhere from six months, as in the tickets and are available for as low as
NOTE: Deadline fo applications is March 1 Notification will b by April 15, 197 coun i o mu artwork case of "The Gods Themselves," $5
Modern Media Institute admits students of any race, ostudentsm/communcatlons written and produced by Groce, to a
color and national or ethnic origin, students.
Feb. 7, 1977--The Phoenix-Page 4
Where will the linebe drawn?
SBy VIVIAN INFANTINO Twenty years later the Supreme saturates our culture with a neurotic
SCourt was to ask itself, "Do the sexually babble of sexual suggestions, symbols
Feeling under pressure to crack mature have no prurient interests?" and exhortations."
down swiftly and decisively against
local pornography shop owners, a
Jacksonville committee concluded a As obscenity laws developed, they NOT ONLY IS sexual pornography
thrde-week zoning and state included such vague standards as immensely profitable, so is sexual
legislation to restrict materials of "patent offensiveness" and "serious suggestion. To what extent will we
prurient interest, artistic, historical or literary value." accept sex? As long as there's no
The "contemporary community" exploitation? What about the other
changed from a local one to a national kinds of exploitation that exist in jobs,
one and back again, in personal relationships, in business
Adult theatres, adult bookstores and transactions. How can we privately or
adult entertainment in general have a If porno shops cluster does that publicly condone one and not the
great degree of freedom under the make them patently offensive? By other?
latest obscenity. Now the local whose standards does a film of any
community, too, has greater freedom nature lack some kind of value? By trying to control pornography we
to exercise controls over its own
Territory. are giving it more attention. By
repressing it, making it more secretive,
IN 1965 THE Kinsey Institute for Sex we may be making it more pleasurable.
. iResearch said sex was okay and that
-Now, the Jacksonville community is the "impulse to seek pleasurable Why not focus our attention
Trying, by its own particular methods, sexual visual stimuli is statistically, elsewhere, as is done in Sweden, and
to prevent theexploitation ofatimeless biologically and physiologically let pornography be relatively free from
phenomenon, and to some, a problem. normal." If this is normal how can we censorship. When there's no longer a
attach to pornography stores or the secretive, illegal association with
"Civilized society has always taken clustering thereof the reputation pornography prurient interest may
upon itself the grievious burden of carnival atmosphere or an incitement subside.
L A- delivering its members from their own toward crime.
impure and improper thoughts about IF THE SUPREME COURT could nit,
morality and politics," a mass Communication of a sexual nature is even establish a definition toY,
communications law casebook points more likely to reinforce already pornography as it forged new.
out. existing attitudes than to create new obscenity standards, how can sociebf
ones. Sex alone can hardly stir up hope to elucidate any more clearly
TO WHAT EXTENT can adult criminal tendencies. Sex coupled with such standards as "redeeming social
entertainment exist? Should porno violence is another story. value" and "beyond the customary
a' shops be clustered together-- is there limits of candor"? There is a
safety in numbers?-- or should theybe In a film review for "Psychology continuous struggle between some
i ~Lzoned and dispersed so that attention Today," Silvia.Feldman discusses one form of control and protection of First
will not be drawn to them. Today," Silvia.Feldman discusses one Am nd protection of First
will not be drawn to them. film as "psychologically insightful...ani Amendment right to. both the purveyor
important educational and cathartic and patron of pornographic materials.
What is obscenity? Can it be experience" for normal adults. Yet, for
standardized or does its meaning the would be criminal, such a film Jacksonville and every othei'
7 .~. naturally depend on the psychological might be a lethal influence. By banning concerned community, is expending a
and physiological responses of each such material aren't we protecting great deal of energy trying to pinpoint'
person? ourselves and depriving ourselves at that fine line beyond which obscenity:
the same time.? exists.
."- .- The Supreme Court never came up
-. with a definition. The first test for Back to sex without violence. We "If our society falls," quotes Gillmor?,
obscenity came in 1957 in a landmark already tolerate a great deal of sex in "the reason will not be salacious'
case (Roth vs. United States) requiring literature, art and advertising. literature, erotic art, or obscene films...
S't ". that "to the average person, applying Professor Donald Gillmor, co-author but the soul rot that comes from the
contemporary communitystandards,the of the law casebook, writes, "...if sex, moral hypocrisy of straining at the gnat
dominant theme of the material taken one of the most emotive words in our of sexuality and swallowing the camel
Porno thrives in downtown Jacksonville.--Photo by Pam King. as a whole appeals to prurient language, is thebaneofagoodsociety, of human deterioration and
Porno thrives In downtown Jacksonville.--Photo by Pam King. interest." then Madison Avenue is culpable for it 'destruction."
The typewriters jam on
BY KERRY BRYANT previously used with one from a "Keep in mind," said the ribbon man,
different company, which sold- its "a ribbon is quite dumb. It won't do
Once upon a time in a mythical land ribbons for half the price, anything unless you do something to it.
ne uponahtime in amhical n It won't turn unless you make it turn. It
far away, a school of infinite learning
lay hidden away amongst the trees. won't jam unless you make it jam."
The fairies were raising a ruckus.
"The new ribbons are no good!" they
cried. "Bring back the old ribbons." "But the ribbons don't work!" cried
The school of infinite learning also the fairies.
had infinite paper work, so it hired a lot
of fairies to do all of the typing. All day
they pecked away on their magic Finally a prominent lord of the The ribbon man was undaunted.
typewriters which practically typedall school of infinite learning called a "Older typewriters have more
by themselves. meeting to the table of rounded problems than new ones," he said.
discussion. To the meeting he invited
the fairies and the representatives of
the ribbon company which owned the "Our typewriters are new and they
Everything went smoothly and the evil ribbons, still jam!" screamed the fairies.
lords were very thappy with their paper
work. Then one day one of the magic
typewriters jammed, then another "m as confused as you are," replied
jammed, and then another. The fairies The meeting started late, but nobody I'm as confused as you are," replied
were furious and screamed and yelled was mad since they all got there late. ibs n A bn
when returned the evil ribbons you are complaining about is only
problems we have with all the ribbons
typewriters to jam. can assure you" began the ribbon we produce." BY JOSEPH HARRY would quickly change their tunes if a "I don't really advocate the death
representative, "our ribbons are just as
good as the ones that cost twice as Gary Gilmore had his wish granted family member were murdered, penalty as such, but I thinkitdoeshave
Now, the King was having money much. We use the exact same, magic "But the ribbons don't work!" cried tothedismayofsomeandtheapplause Gilmore developed "illusions of some deterring effect on criminals.
problems. In order tocutcosts, he had machines. Our wizards perform the the fairies, of others. granduer" as a result of the media This is very apt to start more
replaced the typewriter ribbons exact same incantations and adhere to The case of the 36-year-old coverage, according to one business- executions," remarked Charles W.
the exact same methods of quality- convicted 'murderer from Utah who psychology major who.felt the death Young, professor of finance.
control. We even use the same magic And so it went. Round and round the wanted to die was a boiling penalty should be reinstated also. '
tape as the other company." table of rounded discussion they controversy from all sides--the hottest "Barbaric," was the feeling Sue west Some people thought the media.
talkedd until they both grew tired and thing since Patty Hearst. had about election. Director of sensationalized the incident andthat'it' ',
went home. Approximately 20 people on the UNF Skills Center, she didn't believe helped create a folk-hero image of
campus were interviewed to find out they had a deterring ettect on Gilmore. There was a-heavy air 'of'
But the ribbons don't work!" cried what they think. Most favored capital crime. negativity concerning televised-,
the fairies. In spite of the magical powers and punishment and agreed that Gilmore "Our penal system isn't rehabilita- executions.
infinite wisdom of the kingdom, got what he deserved. But the media tive," said a liberal studies student. A liberal studies student thought the
coverage was deemed as overly She supported capital punishment idea of televised executions was'
figure out where the problem lay ana sensational by any. only as a "'sad alternative" and felt the ridiculous, that it wouldn't put a
cast-the correct spell. The King still had "An eye for an eye," said Bill Andreu, high crime rate was due in part to the decisive dent in the murder rate and
money problems. The typewriters kept a business major who staunchly failure of our penal system, which she that they would have a detrimental
jamming. And they all lived unhappily supported reinstatement of the death thought needed to be reorganized into effect on children.
L Ever after, penalty. He added that people who a more humane rehabilitative program.
were o osed to capital punishment "Convicted murderer Charles "The overexposure by the media is ,
Manson was kept as a ward of state as a probably the reason for the folk-hero
te EtlP O 3 ,rS V J child because he had no parents. This image that has been. created," said-
KNPOJUTSU is eily for made him feel like a prisoner early in Richard White, professor of finance.
actua use and sefdefese in life," she remarked. "Prisons should "There is very little moral value in, ,
the. street. No fancy tour- probably be designed somewhat like sensationalizing a criminal."
nament techniques or time- small towns in order to prepare ,
f cosuming rituals. A pure self inmates for the outside world." He added he feels televised"
defensmtym ifrt c in executions are out of the question; '
mature lndiv Iuaat Emphasis t "I'd rather die than spend my life in although a lot of people would watch
is on fasf, poweikful, deeptlve prison," said Betsy Costello, a biology them.
hand techniq~ejpr elll as low student who was opposed to capital
kicks, throws, chokels, and use punishment but felt Gilmore had a right They would scare people a lot, but
of weapons. Develop physical to die if he so desired. they wouldn't stop murders in the long-.
condtiaoni.g. ReSon erun," stated a bookstore employee who
uontrtitniang.neblte' SF "The death penalty is a deterrent to thought the media coverage aroused-'
axclutivo only.iruttrniitg 'by' crime," commented Dr. S.K. Kuthiala, sympathy for Gilmore.
nfo~, ond f~al', professor of Sociology. He believes at r lme'.
.1h fsea .,tjUJt er more executions will occur because of You can't really blame them. That's.
iAetea .. the Gilmore execution. what they're paid to do," said George
iIaitee w a r Marcelin, a math major.
SFoar~applictl, I'm "Execution seems horrible initially,"
ca---l; he said, "but when the impact wears off "If one station didn't do it, another one
-.. people will begin to support it in great would.
Page 5-The Phoenix-Feb. 7. 1977
Jay Coalson measures muscle tension on electromyogram while Dr. Jack Hartje and Elenor Mann check out thermal feedback chart.--Photo by Pam King.
Biofeedback: a natural wa to pain relief
BY STEPHANIE MCLAIN severe headaches are treated with headaches. Sensors are placed on the Some people are so tense that they "We measure success in terms of the The future of biofeedback looks
prescription pain relievers and persons forehead and connected to may think they are relaxed when individual," he continued. "The promising. Experiments are being
tranquilizers. the machine. The EMG makes a they're not. Unlike self-hypnosis, mind individuals are compared against done around the country to find other
Got a headache? Get biofeedback! clicking sound and moves a dial telling control and others, the EMG themselves according to their own applications for biofeedback
"The body reacts to its environment the subject how relaxed he or she is by objectively tells the subject how progress." treatment. It has already been used to
Biofeedback teaches a person to with the sympathetic nervous system reading electrical impulses in the relaxed he is. treat high blood pressure and some
control his or her body's response to its which controls the body's response to muscle tissue. Biofeedback is a method of treating diabetics who have gone through the
environment without the use of drugs. stress," explained Dr. Jack Hartje, "It's not a medical treatment," said the causes of headaches, especially biofeedback program report as much
It is being used at the University of assistant professor of psychology at Hartje. "In fact we don't accept anyone muscle tension, instead of merely as a 50 per cent reduction in insulin
North Florida in a classroom/lab UNF. Subjects are trained in relaxation that hasn't been cleared by a physician. masking the symptoms of headache requirements.
situation to help people who complain When faced with stress different methods. The object of the treatment is Our only cases are ones that pain with pain relievers. According to Hartje, research shows
of tension or migraine headaches. people's sympathetic nervous systems to try to make the EMG stop clicking, physicians can't treat successfully." evidence that epilepsy may be
react in different ways. Some people The slower the clicks the more relaxed It has a lot of appeal for people who controlled or eliminated by using
Over 120 million Americans get high blood pressure, others get the person is. believe in the "natural way" of doing biofeedback methods.
complain to physicians of headaches. ulcers and still others get headaches. Out of approximately 100 students in things because there are no drugs
The generally accepted remedy for a the last year taking the UNF course, involved. Hartje pointed out that "If people could learn to 'turn off'
headache is some form of pain reliever. In biofeedback treatments, a "Biofeedback is the only relaxation Hartje says 60-70 per cent felt they people who learn to control their their sympathetic nervous systems,"
machine called an electromyogram technique that objectively tells you completed a successful program. The sympathetic nervous systems tend to Hartje said, "not just one but a whole
Aspirin or aspirin substitutes are (EMG) is used to measure muscle whether you are relaxed or not," Hartje average program lasts oneanda half to gain self-confidence which may range of physical problems would
used to treat mild headache pain. More tension often associated with said. two months. spread over into other areas of life. disappear."
Arts and tmusemets
The movie scene aThe art scene
'B' movies back Cummer features
These reviews were written by
students in COM 351--Writing
in 'Silver Streak' C dira al history in portraits
BY HAROLD MORGAN BY ELIZABETH TOWERS
.Gone are the days of enjoyable "B" Although he doesn't make his The Colonial Dames Historical American in this historic exhibition is
movies. Gone are films pitting June entrance until half-way through the The mUSIC SCene Portraits Exhibit,whichjustconcluded the pioneer builder of Duval County,
Allyson against Fred MacMurray for 90 film, Richard Pryor as a thief on the lam m at the Cummer Gallery of Art, should David Lounsbury Palmer (1790-1871).
minutes of domestic tomfoolery. They is superb. He has been in show more appropriately be named
just don't make entertaining, simple business since the mid-60's, starting v l, R ae "Jacksonville Families' Claims to
movies anymore. Hollywood is into out as a stand-up comedian. Later h m Fame." This collection is not only important
blockbusters and spectaculars--not Pryor began appearing in cameo roles i\/1 ,stic a from a historical perspective but also
quite true. in low budget movies. His first major from the artistic point of view. Man has
"Silver Streak" is acomedy su enst movie was "Uptown Saturday Night," A The exhibit consists of over 100 always been fascinated by the study of
which makes proud again use Bnse with Sidney Portier and Bill Cosby. He m portraits of prominent Americans of man, and the artist has been no
oh mies b in meca. The fiBm was good, but not real good. In "Silver IId the 18th and 19th centuries, owned by exception, For centuries, the imageof
movtaries business in America. The film Streak Pryor stands out and Jacksonville residents. This showing is man has been portrayed by artists in
stars Gene Wilder, veteran Young establishes himself as a fine character By JOSEPH HARRY particularly significant to Jacksonville different ways, recording for us the
Brooks' "Blazte ing Saddle" an d "Young actor. because the people portrayed are the accepted ideas of that period.
Frankenstein," as an unassuming how- The Mystic Raven is not the name of "WE HEARD they eat rock and roll ancestors of the lenders of the
t ook editor. He is a quiet man who "SILVER STREAK" is a solid "B" an Edgar Allen Poe composition, but it for breakfast around here," said lead portraits
admits he has edited some sex movie, in the best sense of the term. is the name of the seven-piece band singer Pertierra, who prefers rhythmtorical portraits
manuals, "blush." He rides the Silver The cliched camera shots of the train that appeared recently at Armen's on blues and jaz rather thanrock and roll in the Colonial the hiames exhibit. These
Streak, a train going to Chicago from hurtling through the night area part of University Boulevard "We're just not into itasa band. Butwe Included inin thare olonisual recoDames o exhibitway Theartiste
L.A., to get some rest and do some our film heritage. The characters are like to communicate with our crowds, Inc udedi in s t e re sting art e visual records of the way the artist
work. recognizable, the story is familar--and The group hails from Gainesville, lldertcodmrollexhibition is Robert M. Bishop, the interpreted the subject at that
Everything works where two of the members, drummer so we're doing a lot more rock an roll Governor of Ohio at the end of the Civil particular time in his life. There are no
ALONG THE WAY he meetsand falls Rob Wallis and lead guitarist Eric than usual. War, and Sheldon Clark Dunning nude forms, no distorted bodies, no
in love with a beautiful secretary, Liberman, attend the University of Apparently they communicate quite (1776-1858), owner of the first exaggerations of forms and no
played by Jill Cfayburgh. Although her The movie introduces no new Florida. Filling out the rhythm well, considering they have played the steamship to cross the Atlantic, the abstractions. Rather, the figures of the
past work isunknowntome,shegavea philosophical horizons, no revolu- section are Kenny Shore on bass and Great Southern Music Hall in S.S. Savannah. Another portrait isthat subjects are detailed and realistic,
class performance in this movie, tionaryeditingtechniques.Noonesaid Allan Calkins on rhythm guitar. On Gainesville, and Max's Kansas City in of Judge Theodore Gaillard (died preserving for us the acceptable forms
Clayburgh avoided the confines of the it would. No one expected it would, keyboards is Richard Mufson. Chuck New York. 1829), of Charleston, S.C. Judge during the 18th and 19th centuries.
"dumb blond" role and gave us a real People will watch and enjoy "Silver Duggins plays saxophone and flute, Gaillard was Speaker of the South Throughthemediumoftheseportraits,
woman rather than a Hollywood Streak" because it is entertaining. For while Juan Pertierra handles the Mystic Raven's rhythm and blues Carolina House of Representatives in 20th century man knows the style of
sterotype. the same reason, people patronize the vocals, influence can be traced to the music of 1800, and served as State Chancellor dress, coiffure, and the air of dignity
a sBruce Springsteen. Lead guitarist
The basic story is an old one. A man "Pink Panther series. "This isour theme song,"shouts lead Liberman, who knows and has jammed Judge of the Court of Common Pleas expected of man at that time. Few
meets a woman and they fall in love. Sure, June Allyson and Fred singer Pertierra to the crowd gathered with Springsteen, is especially for 16 years, vehicles could record the message so
However, outside forces over which MacMurray aren't making "B" movies aroundthebandstand,"alittlethingwe indebted to him. His original clearly as that of the portrait.
they have no control, interfere in a anymore, but a new generation of film call the 'Mystic Raven'." compositions--such as, "Ain't No
deadly way. makers has come along. Flicks such as THE SOFT, EERIE opening chords Crime," a funky number that would fit ALSO INCLUDED is a portrait of Many of the artists of these historical
The outside forces in "Silver Streak" "Dirty Harry" and "King Kong"o of the song do tend to conjure up nicely on any Springsteen album--bear Jean Baptiste Charles Lucas (1758- portraits are unknown, but one in
are a band of international art Harry"images of dark, mysterious nights of witness to the R&B influence. 1842), founder of St. Louis, Mo., and particular stands in the forefront,
swindlers. They are led, wickedly old. You can almost sense a "WE CAN'T DO too many originals in agent for President Thomas Jefferson Gilbert Stuart (1775-1828). Stuart
enough, by ex-Secret Agent Patrick bewildered tension in theatmosphere, here," said Liberman. "People will in the Louisiana Purchase. Another painted most of the leading
McGoohan. His henchman murder Center planned A raven shrieks in thedistance--no, t's isten to a few but f you're not pa ytin otat dered historical by the personalities in the 18th century, and it
Clayburgh's boss, a professor Center only the sax player. Then suddenly, identifiable song you lose the Catalog of American Portraits is that of is his famous 'image of George
ho had Gsome original Rembr andte il the band breaks into a familiar u- audience. The only place wen William Seton, one of the founders of Washington that we see on the dollar
letters. The letters contained A $3.5 million student activity tempo rock and roll beatandthecrowd away with doing a lot of r gs is the City Bank of New York. This bill, and adorning the walls of many
information that would expose a multi- complex is scheduled to have ground is quick to respond, undulating in certain clubs in Jersey and New York, relative of a Jacksonville family is schools throughout the country.
million dollar hoax McGoohan had broken for it in June, according to Bill unison to the music -- their musical like Max's. Here in Jacksonville it's all particularly interesting because he is
perpetrated against the Chicago Art Munsor of the physical planning roots happily reaffirmed. boogie." the father-in-law of Mother Elizabeth
ntute department. Ae l g o e b e Ann Bayley Seton, the first American Stuart achieved the distinction of
institute. After listening to the band for about Armen's caters to the 18 to 25 age born Saint. being the leading portraitist of his day
THE PROFESSOR DIES with his The new center, which promises to half a set, I realized this wasn't just group, and they do indeed like to influencing every society portrait
secret and the rest of the movie is a become the center of activity for your average -Southern-boogie-band. boogie. It must have been either the painter of the early 19th century. We
paper chase. The "bad guys" beat up University of North Florida Students, The group performed such diverse booze or the music, or a combination Some proud local residents claim are fortunate to lrave two examples of
and generally abuse Wilder, Clayburgh consists of six connecting buildings selections as "James Dean," a rocker of both, but by the end of the second two "historical" Florida Governor as this master's works in the Colonial
and anyone offering them assistance and include lounges, a food service by the Eagles, "Dancin' in the Streets," set the dance floor was full nearly every relatives. Among them William Dunn Dames exhibit, the portraits of William
center, an auditorium;, recreation area, the old Martha and the Vandellas tune, song. Mosely (1795-1863), a college friend of Seton and David Palmer. These are
"Silver Streak" works as comedy office suites, storage, meeting rooms, "Twist and Shout," and even their s r a
Without working against the suspense 250 parking spaces and an activities Theme from the Pink Panther" not For a band that doesn't really like to President James K. Polk andelected first-class evidences of what man was
it builds. Thisisduetofinedirectionby office exactly the usual fare heard in play rock and roll that much, The the first Governor of the State of likes over 150 years ago, reflecting that period. For
Arthur Hiller. The plot is twisted t will be located south of Buildings Jacksonville bars. They also do about Mystic Raven produces a more than Florida in 1845; and, Thomas Brom this reasofman's these historical portraits
around itself, but Hiller manages to Eight ad Nine, west of Buildin70per cent original material, mostly in reasonable facsimile. Johnny B. (178549-1867),53. Anothernor of Florida prominent will never become obhistorical portraits
lead the viewer through, laughing all Twenty Four; on Candy Cane Lake. the rhythm and blues vein, with ooe is still alive an well. 1849-1853. Another prominent will never become obsolete.
the way--or most of it. 'everyone contributing a fair share.
Feb. 7, 1977--The Phoenix--Page 6
1st Jax history conference opens
The first annual Conference on
Jacksonville History kicked off a three
day seminar yesterday with a lecture
on historic preservation priorities in
... Jacksonville and an accompanying
I NM photo exhibition at the Jacksonville
Pam King, Phoenix Art/Photo Editor,
photographed some 30 old residences,
office buildings and stores around
Jacksonville to illustrate Herschel E.
Shepard, Jr.'s comments on the need
Conferences held at the University of
I_ -ANorth Florida today and tomorrow will
i cover the historical development of
Jacksonville from the Civil War to the
af_ I6Npresent, including panels on
researching Jacksonville's history and
the effects of preservation on the
modern urban community.
SOME OF THE older buildings
around Jacksonville include the
Jacksonville National Bank, the St.
James building (May Cohens), and the
St. Andrews Episcopal Church on
SLocal sponsors, including the
University of North Florida and
Jacksonville University History
departments, hope to raise the
historical consciousness and perhaps ai
S: i organize continuing support for
historic research and preservation in
the Jacksonville community.
Jacksonville's first conference will
wrap up Tuesday at the Independent
Life building with a banquet at 7 p.m.
followed by a lecture on the "Prairie
School of Architecture in Jacksonville"
j by Robert C. Broward.
Detail of the Florida Title Building. All photos b Pam King view of Jacksonville National Bank Tower.
Classic photo of the Jacksonville Terminal Building. Intricate detail of the Jacksonville National Bank Tower.
(right)ttledA "Vlichara atmoa #," is by David L.auderdal.--Dhoto by Pam K .ing.
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