Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/NF00000068/00032
 Material Information
Title: Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Ashmead Bros.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: October 30, 1882
Publication Date: 1869-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (1869)-n.s. v. 9, no. 4 (Jan. 21, 1889).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of North Florida
Holding Location: University of North Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0497
oclc - 08331006
System ID: NF00000068:00032
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch, farmer & fruit grower; farmers alliance

Full Text

tevsoted to the tgAricultural, Manufacturing and Industrialf Interests of Florida and the south .

Vol. 1.--No. 32. New Series.--Published by Sf1MEAD BROTHERS, Jacksonville, Fla. Price 5 cents.

Monday, October 30, 1882. $1.00 per Ye, in advance; postage free.

(Diospyros Kaki.)
Our engraving, (though copied faithfully
from a photograph,) does scanty justice to the
beautiful cluster of Japan Persimmons, kindly
sent us by the grower, E. G. HILL, Esq., of
Lawtey, Fla. This branch or
cluster, contained seventeen (17)
full-grown Persimmons, each av-
eraging 10 inches in circumfer-
ence, and so closely packed on
the branch that they more nearly
resembled a bunch of huge 4
grapes, than anything else to
which we can compare them.
The nomenclature of the Dios-
pyros Kaki, or Japan Persim-
mon, is, of course, somewhat con-
fused, as it is only a few years
since our nurserymen entered
into the regular business of im-
porting trees of this fruit from
its native country; but we have
every reason to believe that the
fine sort pictured above, is known
in Japan as the Tanenashi, and
that it is entitled to a place in
the front rank of productive and
super-excellent varieties.
Mr. Hill informs us that he
obtained the tree, which pro-
duced the above extraordinary
bunch of fruit, from the Agri-
cultural Department at Wash-
ington, during the time that
Gen. LE Duc was in charge.
The tree now stands in a rather :
low and moist place, in Mr.
Hill's garden, and has received
no special culture or forcing.
We have cultivated the Japan

Persimmon four or five years, and we are dis-
posed to give it the foremost place among for-
eign fruits of recent introduction-especially for
the sea-board of the Southern Atlantic States,
from Virginia to Texas, and all parts of Flori-.
da. We cannot add much to the excellent
essay of our friend, Mr. BERCKMAYN'S, (pub-

lished elsewhere,) but we offer a few practical
hints and suggestions in regard to this fruit,
which may be of service to beginners.
1. Where to plant.-Our native persimmon
seems to prefer a moist locality; and, when
convenient, we should plant the Japan variety
in a rather moist, but well-drained, situation.
We believe it will grow any-
where in Florida, .with proper
culture, but our preference of
situation would be as indicated.
2. Distance apart.-Not less
than 15, nor more than 25 feet.
3. Kind of trees.-One year
buds or grafts, on native Flori-
da stocks. No need of further
importations from Japan or Cal-
ifornia, unless we can be sure we
are getting new and superior
4. Time to plant.-From the
first of November until the last
of February. The tree is de-
ciduous, and should be moved
when dormant.
5. Pruning, Cultivating, etc.-
The tree needs little or no prun-
ing; remove only the interfering
or chafing branches. Let your
tree spread out low, near the
ground. Cultivate as you would
the peach, apple or pear. Man-
ure moderately. Sometimes the
fruit sets too thick and close on
the branches of young trees;
then a judicious thinning of the
crop is necessary. Do not let
your young trees over-bear.
6. Propagation-The Japan Per-
simmon may be root-grafted on
native stocks of from half an inch
to an inch, or more, in diameter,
Continued on page 501.


"The Land of Florida."
A slanderous article, signed by RICHARD
LEE, with the above heading, appeared in the
New York Sun, of 16th inst., sent us by sev-
eral of our subscribers in the North, with a re-
quest for a reply through the columns of THE
As the article contained so many misrepre-
sentations and lies calculated to do our State
great injury, we deemed a refutation of vital
importance, and wrote to our friend, Dr. C. J.
KENWORTHY, to write such for us. He replied,
however, that he had already written one for
the New York Sun, which, at our request, he
very kindly permitted us to copy and publish
in our columns. Although rather lengthy we
yet find it refutes so thoroughly the slanders of
Mr. Lee, and contains so many important facts
respecting our State, that we reproduce it en-
To the Editor of the Sun:
SIR-In the Sun of the 16th, I notice a com-
munication over the signature of Richard Lee,
in which he grossly misrepresents the "Land of
Flowers"-Florida. The article referred to is
a mere tissue of unfounded assertions, and is
calculated to injure the State, and I ask for
space for a reply. I would examine and dis-
prove each statement in detail, but your space
forbids. I shall merely refer to a few salient
points, and if I can establish that a few of the
writer's statements are unfounded, it is to be
presumed that the others are of a like charac-
To convince your readers that I have some
knowledge of Florida, as well as other lands, I
will state that I was born and educated in
Philadelphia, have traveled around the world,
visited many foreign lands, and am personally
familiar with the United States from Canada
to the Gulf of Mexico, and the healthfulness
and climatic advantages of Florida induced
me to make it.my future home. To establish
the fact that I have some knowledge of the
State, I may remark, that my first visit to it
was made in 1844, and after the war to the
year 1875, when I became a permanent resi-
dent. I visited and traveled in the State each
winter. As I have a personal knowledge of
the State, as I am not a real estate agent or
connected in any way with immigration com-
panies, and have no lands to sell, my state-
ments should have some weight.

Every State and country contains chronic
grumblers, and some of this class visit Florida
annually. They visit and examine the poorest
portions of the State, seat themselves in an arm
chair on a hotel verandah, expecting a bonanza
to fall in their laps, and because the bonanza
does not appear they become soured and resort
to misrepresentations.
The writer informs his readers that the "pop-
ulation of the State is only a little over a quar-
ter of a million," but he neglects to state that
the tide of immigration has flowed to the North-
ern and Western States, and that the advanta-
ges and resources of the Southern States have.
been overlooked. That the advancement of the

by a change of flags, by bloody Indian wars,
by the late "unpleasantness;" and that the cli-
mate, productions and resources of the
State have been misrepresented by prejudiced
writers. The population of Florida is rapidly
increasing and the State is being settled by im-
migrants from the North and Northwest-by
persons possessing intelligence, and, as a rule,
ample pecuniary resources. As an evidence of
the progress of the State, I need but cite the fact
that the returns of the assessors showed an in-
crease of taxable property, from 1880 to 1881,
of $5,000,000.
When a writer makes positive statements, it
is to be supposed that he is prepared with facts
to sustain his positions. The writer asserts
that, "Thousands of families have been nearly
ruined by attractive stories of Florida." I deny
the correctness of this statement, and call for the
The writer condemns in the most unjustifia-
ble manner the agent of the "Agricultural De-
partment" at Washington, who visited the
State and prepared a report on the soil, climate,
&c. He asserts that the pamphlet "bears evi-
dence of having been written in the interest of
an immigration company." Here is a statement
based on mere presumption, and a gentleman
condemned because he discharged a duty in a
conscientious manner. The author of the pam-
phlet stated facts, and Mr. Lee indulged in
The writer states that "Florida is not
healthy; no part of it is free from malaria."
The census returns of 1880 show the mortality
of Florida to be 10.6 per 1,000, and I will ask
Mr. Lee where he can find another State east
of the Mississippi with so low a death rate?
Malarial diseases exist in Florida as in other
States, but they are mild in type and rapidly
yield to simple treatment. Malarial diseases
are not so common, severe, and difficult to cure
as in some of the Northern, Western and South-
ern States, for if they were, Florida would not
be one of the healthiest States in the Union, as
is evidenced by the death rate, 10.6 per 1,000.
But Florida is almost entirely exempt from
diphtheria, which is scourging the North and
Northwest. Small-pox and typhus fever are
unknown-cholera infantum, dysentery, rheu-
matism and catarrhal and lung diseases are
very infrequent. According to the census of
1870 the consumptive mortality of this State
was but 58 per 1,000 from all causes; that
of Maine, was 258; New Hampshire, 222;
Vermont, 202; Rhode Island, 201; Massa-

chusetts, 199 ; Minnesota 133, and for the en-
tire United States 152 per 1,000 deaths from all
causes. Facts are of more value than mere as-
sertions, and it must be admitted that Florida
is a healthy State or the death rate would not
be so low.
The writer asserts, that "two-thirds of the
State is under water by actual survey." I
maintain the assertion is unfounded, and I ask
for proof. The facts are as follows: Gross
area of the State of Florida, 58,680 square
miles; coast waters, bays, gulfs and sounds,
1,800 square miles; lakes, rivers and ponds,
2,250 square miles; whole water surface, 4,440

State in the past was retarded by Spanish rule, square miles, leaving of land surface 54,240

square miles. Instead of "two-thirds of the
State being under water," as asserted by Mr.
Lee, the area covered by water is but about
one-thirteenth of the whole.
The writer asserts that the highest point on
the Peninsula is "not more than 160 feet above
the level of the sea." In 1881, General Gil-
more, of the U. S. engineer staff, ordered a
survey to be made for a ship canal from Lake
Monroe to Peace Creek. The lowest level was
selected, and to-day one of the engineers, J. F.
LeBaron, authorized me to state, that he "found
hills to the north and northeast of Crooked
Lake over 250 feet above the sea level." If
Mr. Lee had visited Sumter and Hernando
Counties he would have found plenty of land
over 200 feet above the sea. The existence of
lakes entails the presence of land; and in Polk
County Mr. Lee will find Lake Brushy 177
feet; Wire Lake, 195 feet, and Beaulah Lake
176 feet above the mean ocean level. In Clay
County Mr. Lee can find land over 300 feet
high. The summit level on the Transit Rail-
road at Trail Ridge is 210 feet, and Lake
Kingsley, in Clay County, is 179 feet above the
But mountains and hills are not necessary
for health or fertility, for where will Mr. Lee
find more prosperous truckers and farmers
than in the low sandy lands of Eastern New
Jersey? The altitude statement of Mr. Lee is
like the balance of his assertions, without any
Mr. Lee asserts that "physicians are frequent-
ly employed by land agents to write up the
country," and that "a man in Jacksonville has
attained great notoriety in this line." I
pointedly assert that the "employment of phy-
sicians by land agents" is false, and a slander
upon the members of an honorable profession,
and I call for proof. "A man in Jacksonville,"
to whom he refers, is evidently the author of
"the climatology of Florida." A physician in
Minnesota, in a New York medical journal,
grossly misrepresented the climate of Florida,
and "a man" referred to by Mr. Lee, reviewed
the statements in an essay read before the Florida
Medical Association. The Society deemed the pa-
per worthy of publication and it was published.
The facts contained in that paper have been ex-
tensively copied by real estate agents and
others, and I deny in the most positive manner
that the gentleman has ever been employed by
any person to write up the Stater that he has
ever received one cent from any source for what
he has written regarding Florida. Now I chal-

lenge the veracious Mr. Lee to disprove any of
the statements made or data published by the
physician whom he terms a "man." I publicly
ask Mr. Lee to prove his statements with re-
gard to the physician of Florida, or to wear the
ensignia of one who intentionally misrepre-
sents the members of a noble profession.
The writer asserts that "deaths frequently
occur without a record." With the exception
of the city of Jacksonville, I am not aware that
deaths are recorded in any other portion of the
State, and if he intends his remarks for this
city, he has asserted what is false. I am pre-
pared to admit that some of the old residents of
the sparsely settled country districts are not


as robust and healthy as persons in the North
and West; but wax complexions cannot be
referred-to climatic conditions, but to improper
food-"the three times a day hog and hominy,
corn meal and plenty of fat"-when they eat
food adapted to the climate. Old residents are
as healthy as are those of the North and West,
and the statement of Mr. Lee will not apply to
such when he says, "they exhibit few signs of
health." The wanderer in the rural districts
will find those who live on improper food, pre-
senting a waxy appearance, but dyspeptic or
rheumatic subjects are seldom seen. In the
cities, towns and villages, and country districts
where the residents have comfortable homes,
and consume food adapted to the climate, there
will be found as many robust, active and
healthy people as in the North and West. Mr.
Lee published a slander when he wrote, "Long-
time residents exhibit few signs of health." He
states that "Old people are few." My experi-
ence justifies me in asserting the opposite.
Mr. Lee states that "When the inhabitants
of an entire village leave Florida in a body,
disheartened, disgusted, and reduced to pov-
erty, as was the case not long ago, at Archer,
I can positively state that the above assertion
is unfounded and a gross misrepresentation;
and to sustain my position, I will quote from a
letter received from an intelligent resident of
ARCHER, FLA., October 21, 1882.
DEAR SIR: I send you this morning a Sun
with a long letter from some fellow signing
himself Richard Lee, evidently an alias of Eli
As I live in a depopulated town, which has
been reduced to abject poverty, and all the vil-
lagers have removed, the heading above may
seem singular. But this morning there seems
to be some stir among the ghosts. Seven stores
are doing a lively business somehow, two cot-
ton gins are making a furious noise about
something, and groups of dusky shades fill the
deserted streets.
But the above is a wholesale slander appa-
rently by some Texas agent for land. With
regards, I am, dear sir, Yours truly,
J. C. NEIL, M. D.
Mr. Lee asserts that "in 1879 the thermom-
eter fell to 32 at Key West, and to the south
of St. Augustiue it fell to 16." These asser-
tions are untrue, and I ask for proof. It is a
well-known fact that as we proceed south and
east in this State the higher is the range of the
thermometer during the cold months. Not
even during the severe freeze of 1835 did the
thermometer fall to 16 South of St. Augus-
tine. J. C. Neil, M. D., of Archer, writes me

that the lowest temperature in St. Augustine
in 1879 was 22. The lowest range of the
thermometer on the peninsula in 1879 was
reached at the signal station in Jacksonville,
where it fell to 190. I telegraphed General
Hazen, chief of the signal service at Washing-
ton, D. C., for "lowest point reached by ther-
mometer at Key West in 1879," and received
the following reply :
"WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 23d, 1882.
Forty-eight on January 7th, 1879.
Hence Mr. Lee has merely stretched his
thermometric blanket to the extent of sixteen
He asserts that in a "previous winter to
1879 ice was three inches thick," but he does
not inform us where it was found. He may

have seen imported ice three inches thick, but
neither Mr. Lee or any one else saw ice one
inch thick in any lake, pond or stream in a
"previous winter."
The writer asserts that "fevers are more
acute in the southern portion of the State," but
the opposite is the case and the assertion is
groundless. The most southern portion of the
State is Monroe County, which includes the
Everglades and nearly all the territory south-
east of the Calloosahatchee River, and it can-
not be excelled for health by but few counties
in the north. For the census year the mortali-
ty of Monroe County, including Key West,
was but 61 per 1,000, and on the mainland,
with a population of 977, there were but two
deaths during the census year-a mortality of
a trifle over 2 per cent. The low mortality of
the southern portion of the State is something
remarkable when we take into consideration
the fact that a large portion of the inhabitants
are engaged in exposed callings, such as fish-
ing, turtling, sponging, truck growing and cow
Mr. Lee asserts that it does not pay "to grow
tropical fruits, and even the banana inexcep-
tionally remains green through the winter."
If Mr. Lee will visit Chuckaluskee he will
find that he is in error about the profitableness
of tropical fruit culture, and I can unhesitat-
ingly state that the banana is not injured by
frost south of the Caloosahatchie River, and
that it always remains "green." South of this
river, bananas are remarkable for their produc-
tiveness, and the fruit is equal in quality to that
of South America.
The cocoanut is a tender tropical fruit tree,
and to disprove the statement of Mr. Lee, I
need but cite the fact that cocoanuts were
planted at Fort Myers in 1859; have been
bearing fruit for many years, and in no instance
have they been injured by frost.
Mr. Lee asserts that "oranges cannot be safe-
ly left on the trees as they would be injured
by frost." In the southeastern and southern
portions of the State, they have not been injured
by frost since 1835, and in but two instances in
fifteen years have they been injured by frost in
the northeasterly portion of the State. In the
north and west apples and peaches are occasion-
ally injured by frost, but this does not prevent
persons from engaging in their culture. The
orange crop has been injured by frost in the
northerly and westerly portions of the State on
several occasions, but in the eastern portion of
the State, south of Matanzas, and in the south-
ern portion of the State they have not been in-
jured in forty-seven years, hence this statement
of Mr. Lee is without foundation.
Mr. Lee states that "land can be purchased
at $1.25 per acre, and is dear at that price."
To illustrate how little dependence can be
placed -in the statements of this gentleman, I
need only cite the fact that unimproved land
in the up-river counties and on Indian River is
selling at from $25 to $150 per acre.
Mr. Lee asserts that "Truck farming in Flor-

ida will not afford a living; Florida cannot
supply herself with vegetables." It is somewhat
surprising that so many persons have engaged
in the business. Florida, not alone, produces
vegetables for home consumption, but I am in-
formed by a reliable person that there was
shipped from East Florida to Northern mar-
kets, in the year 1881, over 500,000 crates of
vegetables, and owing to the absence of rain
during the early part of this year, the crop was
a short one and but about 250,000 crates were
shipped. Irish potatoes will not keep for any
length of time in this climate, and in summer
cabbages are not a successful crop, and as these
productions are cheap in Northern markets and
freights very low, we import them at certain
times. In the spring Floridians receive for
their early potatoes from $6 to $8 per barrel in
the Northern markets, and in the summer and

fall receive them from the North at about one-
third of this price.
The writer refers to analysis of soils, and the
question arises, where did he obtain his samples
-from sand hills of from unfavorable localities ?
In some sections oi the State the soil is "sandy"
as in portions of New Jersey, yet this sandy soil
is remarkable for its productiveness. In many
portions of the State the surface soil is a deep,
rich dark loam, containing an excess of humus
and underlaid by clay, and such soils are almost
inexhaustible. Sandy lands, if manured and
properly cultivated, are very productive, as is
evidenced by the "sandy" lands of Eastern New
Jersey. If a settler objects to a sandy soil he
can be accommodated with rich hammock land,
a deep, rich, loamy soil underlaid by clay, or a
heavy, red loamy soil like that found on the
Island of Bermuda. Mr. Lee would lead per-
sons to believe that all the lands are "sandy,"
and he thereby misrepresents the State. My
garden and small grove is planted on "sandy"
loam with a sub-soil of pure white sand, and
upon it I raised as fine flowers, vegetables and
fruit as I ever did in New Jersey or Pennsyl-
vania. My orange trees, five years from the
bud, have on them at the present time from
200 to 900 luscious oranges, worth $2 per 100.
Mr. Lee states that "no man can go on new
land in Florida and earn a living." If he had
taken the trouble to investigate, he would have
found numbers of poor men who took up land,
and who have made livings, and who own prop-
erties worth from $3,000 to $8,000.
This statement is contradicted by his own
"That it is easy to find many colored families
enjoying a considerable degree of prosperity,
some of them having accumulated property
worth thousands of dollars."
The colored people that he refers to were but
a few years since houseless, homeless, and
exceedingly poor. It is self-evident that if un-
educated colored people can attain "a consider-
able degree of prosperity," and "accumulate
property worth thousands of dollars," that
whites can do the same, and that Florida is a
good place for the poor man.
I have wandered over many lands, and in
my opinion Florida is the place for the poor
but industrious man. In many localities U.
S. lands of good quality can be pre-empted.
Owing to the cheapness of lumber a comforta-
ble home adapted to the climate can be cheap-
ly erected. Expensive barns and stables are
not necessary to shelter stock; it does not re-
quire six months of the year to produce hay
and grain to carry stock through the winter.
Owing to the absence of underbrush, land is
easily cleared, and the pine trees furnish fenc-
ing. Within a few months after settlin the
new comer can raise a supply of Irish and
sweet potatoes and a full supply of vegetables,
meat is very cheap and every stream and pond
will supply the table with fish. The climate
does not require as expensive clothing as in
the North. Fire wood is cheap and provisions

in most of the cities and towns are as cheap as
in the North.
Chronic growlers and D. Bs settle in Florida
as everywhere else, make failures and grumble,
but the industrious succeed.
The writer refers to the production of sugar,
and asks: "How are the lands of Florida to
surpass Louisiana ?" The answer is simple.
Sugar culture on an extensive scale was a suc-
cess before the war. In Louisiana frost usually
occurs about October, and planters are forced
to cut their cane before it matures-before
growth and full saccharine development is at-
In Louisiana the cane, as I have been in-
formed, produces on an average about sixteen
matured joints, and it has to be planted annual-
ly. In the eastern and southern portions of
Florida the cane finds a spring, summer and


I ,


full range of the thermometer, and rains fall
to meet its requirements; it tassels, a condition
seldom, if ever observed in Louisiana, and the
cane attains full saccharine development.
Instead of being planted annually in the
cane-growing portions of this State, it rattoons
and produces from five to seven crops from one
planting. Instead of sixteen matured joints,
as in Louisiana, it is nothing unusual to find
canes in Florida with from thirty to forty-five
joints. In many portions of South Florida the
soil is as rich as in Louisiana, and the time is
not far distant when the southern portion of
the State will excel Louisiana and equal Cuba
in the production of sugar. Mr. Lee must re-
member that sugar culture is an old business in
Louisiana; that the capabilities and resources
of South Florida are comparatively unknown
and undeveloped, and that this truly tropical
portion of the United States has a bright fu-
The writer refers to the corn crop but neg-
lects to inform his readers that the new settlers
do not engage in thjs culture, and that the old
residents and colored people follow the old cus-
tom of planting much land, neglecting fertili-
zation and clean culture. With fertilization
and clean culture, the corn crop can be made
to equal that of other States, as demonstrated
by ex-Governor Drew, who produced over 100
bushels of corn to the acre.
I have been informed that in Polk and Her-
nando Counties that it is nothing unusual to
produce from thirty to forty bushels of corn per
acre year after year without fertilizers.
The writer refers to the cotton crop, and
compares the yield per acre with that of Texas.
But he neglects to inform his readers that long
staple, or sea island cotton, does not produce
one-half as many pounds of lint per acre as
short cotton; that sea island cotton brings
three times the price of short staple; that the
main portion of the cotton produced in this
State is long staple; that Florida produces
nearly one-half the long staple cotton grown,
and that the monetary yield per acre is greater
than in Texas.
The writer refersto the cattle of Florida,
and I admit that they are scrubs. The cows of
Florida are the descendants of the old Spanish
stock, and have deteriorated as a sequence of
in-an-in breeding, and the ruinous practice of
selling and slaughtering the best. The day is
not far distant when attention will be paid to
stock raising, and it is more than probable that
Florida will at no distant day supply New
York with beef, as she is supplying Cuba to-
day. Cattle run wild in Florida, receive no
artificial feed and require no shelter, hence the
profit of even raising scrubs is great. Within
the last year some of the southern counties
have shipped $350,000 worth of cattle to Cuba.
Cattle men of England and the West are pro-
specting Florida as a stock field, and when im-
proved stock is introduced, artificial pastures
anad root crops provided for feed, even "sandy"
Florida may prove a thorn in the side of

The writer refers to the cost of clearing
land, and is guilty of exaggeration. In a large
portion of the State there is an absence of
underbrush, and parties will contract to clear
land at from $8 to $20 per acre. Even the
most dense hammocks can be cleared at less
cost than that given by Mr. Lee. With the
exception of the prairies of the West, the
lands of Florida can be cleared, fenced and
rendered fit for cultivation cheaper than the
lumbered lands of the North and West.
The veracious Mr. Lee asserts that the "saw
palmetto covers the ground, and that myriads
of unsightly pines obstruct the view." Saw
palmetto exists on some of the poor lands of
Florida, but vast areas of excellent land can
be found without a specimen. The statement

of Mr. Lee is calculated to mislead, for he im-
plies that the palmetto exists everywhere.
Even the despised saw-palmetto possesses a
prospective value, for it is being converted into
paper stock. In most countries "trees obstruct
the view," but in Florida the "unsightly pines
are useful and possess a value. They furnish
rails for fencing. The superior pine lum-
ber of Florida has a world-wide reputation and
is in great demand. Its preparation for mar-
ket employs hundreds of mills, gives employ-
ment to thousands of men, and brings many
millions of dollars annually into the State. In-
dependent of this, it gives employment to the
machine shops of the North to supply machin-
ery, and to Northern vessels to transport it to
other States and lands. Within a few years the
pineries of Michigan will be depleted and
then the "unsightly pines" of Florida will prove
of great value. Already the lumbermen of the
Northwest are investing in the pine lands of
The gentleman asserts that "the people of
Florida are listless, devoid of energy, and in
appearance haggard and cadaverous." This is
a vile slander, for the inhabitants of the cities,
towns and villages, and even the country dis-
tricts, where they live, on proper food, and not
"hog and hominy three times a day," are as
active, energetic and healthy as in the North
and West. If they were haggard, unhealthy
and cadaverous, the mortality of the State would
exceed 10.6 per 1,000, and would equal that of
New York city, where it is nearly three times
as great. I will admit that you will not meet
with as many corpulent persons in Florida as
in some of the Northern or Western States, for
corpulency is not a characteristic of the inhab-
itants of tropical and semi-tropical climes, and
as much lager is not imbibed in Florida as
States further north--lager favoring corpulency.
The writer repeats the oft reiterated slander
regarding a "moist atmosphere in Florida."
To dispose of this statement, I will furnish relia-
ble data from the work of Dr. E. J. SPARKS on
the Mediterranean Sanitaria, and figures fur-
nished the writer by the late General MEYERS,
Chief Signal Officer, U. S. A.
It is admitted that the climate of Mentone, on
the Mediterranean, and of Minnesota, in the
United States, are comparatively dry ones, and
recommended as such by physicians. But for
purposes of comparison we append figures, giv-
ing the mean relative humidity of Mentone,
three stations in Minnesota, and three in Pen-
insula Florida for the five cold months

-4 -T -T 1 -411c$

- 4 T -T --4
ioo 'i' cno





Mean for
5 Months.

Mean for
5 Months.

From the above data, it appears that the mean
relative humidity of Mentone, during the cold

months, exceeds that of Jacksonville by nearly
four per cent. Three stations in Minnesota
have a mean of 74.3, and three in Florida a
mean of 72.7, showing a per cent. of 1.6 in fa-
vor of Florida, and 5.5 per cent. in favor of
Jacksonville over Minnesota.
If we take the entire year, for a period of
five years, we will find but little difference in
the meTn relative humidity of Minnesota
and Florida, as the following data kindly fur-
nished us by the Chief Signal Officer of the
United States Army, will demonstrate :
Minnesota. Florida.

Years. .

pr ct. pr et. pr ct. pr ct. pr et.Ipr ct.
1875. 75.7 67.2 69.0 70.3 76.0 71.5
1876. 67.7 68.2 69.1 67.2 73.9 76.1
1877. 72.2 71.9 67.6 69.3 70.5 74.1
1878. 76.2 71.5 67.7 68.7 72.4 74.5
1879. 74.1 72.8 65.3 69.7 72.3 74.2
Mean for 5 years...... 73.2 70.3 67.7 69.0 73.0 74.2
Mean for 5 years for
States ..................... 70.4 72.1
From the above reliable "data," it will be
found that the "atmosphere of Florida," al-
though a "moist atmosphere," contains for the
year but 1.7 per cent. of moisture in excess of
the "dry and desiccating" climate of Minne-
sota. During the five cold months, the mean
humidity of Florida is less than that of Minne-
The writer refers to the illiterate condition
of Floridians, but he neglects to state that, as a
rule, the colored people have not taken advan-
tage of the educational facilities provided them.
I unhesitatingly assert that in the cities, towns
and villages, as much intelligence will be found
as in the North. This writer states that "it is
not unusual to find towns and villages of long
standing, where there is neither a school-house
nor a church belonging to the white people."
This statement is false as regards churches,
and I defy Mr. Lee to point out a town or vil-
lage of "long standing," without a church,
belonging to the whites.
School-houses exist in every town and vil-
lage, but they do not belong to white or colored.
They are free schools, and virtually belong to
the respective school boards, and are under the
control of the State, as in the North. He re-
marks that "negro schools are numerous."
They are numerous, and are mainly provided
and supported by the whites to educate and ele-
vate the colored race. The common school law
is an honor to the State and school-houses, as
regards the number of population, are as com-
mon as in the North.
The gentleman assails the State officials, and I
assert that his statements are false and ask for
facts, not assertions. He refers to the lawlessness

and drunkenness, and I will ask him if these
do not exist everywhere in the United States.
I unhesitatingly assert that in this respect he
has slandered the people of this State. Many
acts of drunkenness and lawlessness can be
found in other States as well as in Florida. From
extended observations and experience I assert
that as regards sobriety, morality and absence
of lawlessness, the State of Florida will favor-
ably compare with New York or any portion
of the North.
The writer refers to the wages of laborers,
and it will be found -that they differ but little
from those of the North and West. But he
neglects to state that rents are lower than at
the North; that warm and expensive clothing
are not required; that fuel is very cheap, and
that but little is necessary; that meat is much
cheaper than in the North, and that superior
fish are plenty and reasonable. Flour, homi-
ny, grits and groceries generally can be pur-



chased as cheaply in Florida as in the interior
of New York and Pennsylvania. To refute
the charges of the writer, I may remark that
we have but one small poor house in the State;
persons do not starve to death, and that beg-
gars are almost unknown, unless an occasional
Northern tramp puts in an appearance.
The Writer refers to the erection of a hotel in
the city of Geneva, anm in justice to the State,
Mr. Lee should give the names and residences
of the "confederation of adventurers," in
order that the finger of scorn may be pointed
at them. I opine that if he will give their res-
idences that it will be discovered that they are
residents of the North. Because a few "ad-
venturers" (and they can be found every-
where) misrepresent a given locality should a
whole State be censured ? Mr. Lee has grossly
misrepresented the State of Florida, but this is
no reason why the population of the city of
New York should be censured.
The writer states that "new settlers are no-
where wanted in Florida except for the money
they may bring with them." I can reply that
new settlers are wanted with or without money,
and are treated with as much kindness as in
the North and West.
An intelligent English gentleman cated on
me last evening, after visiting a large portion
of the State. He remarked that he was great-
ly disappointed as regards the productiveness
of the soil and products; that thrift was mani-
fested everywhere, and that in all his travels
he had not received as much kindness and at-
Florida wants settlers, both rich and poor, and
they will be kindly treated ; but the State does
not want Northern tramps, political bosses, D.
Bs and those who maliciously misrepresent her.
Mr. Lee makes many references to land
agents and immigration companies, and I be-
lieve it is generally admitted that they "draw
the long bow;" but I will say that such parties
in Florida do not misrepresent climate, soil
and productions as those of other sections. The
advertisements of Florida land agents and im-
migration companies are not exaggerations.
In the previous remarks, we have established
the fact that Mr. Lee has been guilty of many
false statements, regarding this State, and it
is evident that no dependence can be placed in
any of his assertions.
I dislike to be censurious, but Mr. Lee's
communication leads me to believe that he
represents a Texas Land Company, or has
been engaged by some of the trunk lines to
misrepresent the "Land of Flowers," and di-
vert emigrants to the West. I merely add my
initials, but you are at liberty to give my
name to any enquirer. C. J. K.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Since the preceding was written, I have ascer-
tained that the veracious Mr. Lee is a D. B.;
and if any of your readers desire information
regarding his character, morally, socially and
pecuniarily, we refer them to Mr. Campbell,

music dealer, of this city, and Ned E. Farrell,
of Waldo, Fla. C. J. K.
Since the above was written, the publishers
of THE FLORIDA DISPATCH called on the
music dealer referred to, and find Richard Lee
and his wife rented a piano in 1880, and when
they left the State, about August, 1881, owed
rent to the amount of $60. This is bad enough,but
it does not begin to "show up" the inward cussed-
ness of Mr. Lee. Before he left, he tried to sell
the piano-which, mind you, was only rented-
for half its value. Moreover, his reputation
was so bad at Waldo, that to escape his many
creditors, we are informed when he left the
State he took the trouble to walk to another sta-

tion, seventeen miles away, to get on the train.
Further comment is unnecessary.

A RARE FRUIT?-The Riverside (Cal.)
Press says: "Mr. JAMES BETTNER favors this
office with some very fine fruit known as Amyg-
dalus Persica, grown by him on his ranch in
Arlington this season. The fruit is very large
and fine-flavored, and is good either eaten as it
is taken from the tree, or it is very fine after
being canned. Those who desire to sample this
fruit will be furnished samples by calling on
Mr. Betterr" [All right, Brother Press. We
have some of that rare and luscious fruit in
Florida. We "own the soft im-peach-meant."-

OUR CROP REPORTS for the present month
are very satisfactory. The wheat crop of the
West will exceed by 20,000,000 bushels the
previous estimates of the Department of Agri-
culture, and it is now nearly all harvested.
The cotton average is higher than in any Octo-
ber for ten years, with two exceptions, 1875
and 1878. Texas stands highest with an aver-
age of 100. Arkansas is 96, South Carolina
89, Alabama 88, Virginia and Georgia 86,
North Carolina 85, Tennessee 84, Florida, Mis-
sissippi and Louisiana 82. Unfavorable weather
has done more harm in Florida than any other

Weather for week ending October 27, 1882.
I Therm. Wind. !


Saturday 21...... 29.85 77 70 71.7 89.0 2.65 NE 7 Cloudy.
Sunday 22....... 29.94273166 65.3 92.0 2.61 NE 7 Cloudy.
Monday 23...... 29.96 71 63 66.7 66.7 0.00 N 4 Fair.
Tuesday 24...... 30.05,70'58 63.0 54.0 0.00 NW 4 Clear.
Wednesday 25 30.18!71j51 60.7 67.7 0.00 NE 2 Clear.
Thursday 26... 30.22175 54 65.0 69.0 0.00 BE I Clear.
Friday 27........ 30.17177 156 67.0 74.0 0.00 SE 1 Clear.
Highest baronmeter 30.26, lowest 29.82.
Highest temperature 77, lowest 51.
NOTE.-Barometer readings reduced to sea level.
J. W. SMITH, Signal Observer U. S. A.
MIeteorological Sunmmary.
KEY WEST, FLA., Sept. 1, 1882
IMonthly mean actual barometer of three telegraphic
observations, 29.956.
Monthly mean humidity, 75.8.
Monthly mean dew point, 73.6.
Average hourly velocity and prevailing direction of
wind at 7 a. m., for month, 7.7 miles, northeast and east.
Average hourly velocity and prevailing direction of
wind at 11 p. m., for month, 8.7 miles, east.
Sergeant Signal Corps, U. S. A.

CEDAR KEY, FLA., Sept. 1, 1882.
Monthly mean actual barometer, 7 a. m., 3 p. m., 11 p.
m. observations, 30.008.
Monthly mean reduced barometer, 7 a. m., 3 p. m., 11 p.
m. observations, 30.028.
Monthly mean temperature, 79.2.
Monthly range of temperature, 23.
Monthly mean humidity, 73.2 per cent.
Monthly mean dew point, 69.5.
Total rainfall, 9.37 inches.
Prevailing wind direction, determined from the three
telegraphic observations, northeast.
Pvt. Signal Corps, U. S. A.

PUNTA RASSA, FLA., Sept. 1, 1882.
Monthly range of barometer, 0.350
Mean of maximum temperatures, 87.10
Prevailing wind direction, northeast.
1871, 80.20; 1872, 79.7; 1873, 80.00; 1874, 78.80; 1875, 80.10; 1876,
80.8; 1877, 81.90; 1878, 80.1; 1879, 78.80; 1880, 80.00, 1881, 79.90;
1882, 79.6.
Sergeant Signal Corps, U. S. A.


Commission Merchants.-G. L. Lawrence &
Co., New York.
Steel Wire Fences.-Sedgwick Bros., Rich-
mond, Ind.
Farm Mills.-Simpson & Gault M'fg. Co.,
Cincinnati, 0. -
Farm Mills.-Thos. Bradford & Co., Cincin-
nati, 0.
C. N. 0. & T. P. RailWay, agency No. 49
Bay street, Jacksonville, Fla.
Surveying Instruments For Sale.-W. G.
Parsons, Jacksonville, Fla.
Necat-An Insect Exterminator.-C. Wil-
liams, Jacksonville, Fla.


ASPARAGUS PLANTS for sale; 2 and 3 years
old. Seventy-five cents per 100, $5 per 1,000.
Packed for shipment. J. W. WHITNEY,
oct23 tf Jacksonville, Fla.

FOR SALE.-800 to 1,000 LECONTE
PEAR TREES from four to seven feet high.
Address, JAS. B. GAMBLE.
to nov 7-p. Tallahassee, Fla.

ies of which have just been issued by us, consists
of 20 imperial size colored views in a hand-
some cloth case, illustrating the different sec-
tions of the State of Florida.
This is the handsomest work of the kind ever
published on Florida. Price by mail, postage
free, $1.00. Every one interested in Florida
should have a copy. Address,
tf Jacksonville, Fla.

TOBACCO STEMS.-Just received and for sale,
50 TONs TOBACCO STEMS, for fertilizing and
keeping insects off orange trees, cabbages, &c.,
&c. Send for prices. J. E. HART,
octl6-tf Jacksonville, Fla.

map, for tourists, invalids and immigrants. For
sale by all booksellers and newsdealers in the
State, or sent to any address for 50cts. by
to aprl5-'83 St. Augustine, Fla.

do County, lying near surveys of railroads,
can be bought at FIVE DOLLARS PER ACRE
from W. B. CLARKSON, Jacksonville, Fla.
Send for descriptions. oct9-tf

LAW BLANKS.-A full line for Justices
of the Peace, Circuit Courts, etc. Deeds,
Mortgages, etc., are printed and published by
ASHMEAD BROS., Jacksonville, Fla. Write
for a catalogue, tf

ORANGE SEEDLINGS-sour or sweet-
one or two years old-wanted IN QUANTITIES
of one thousand and upwards. Address, D.
REDMOND, Jacksonville, Fla. oct2-tf.

TO ADVERTISERS.-Large circulation:
For the next two months THE FLORIDA DIS-
PATCH will issue from 8,000 to 10,000 copies
every week; about 40,000 a month.
Merchants and others should take advantage
of this and advertise liberally.
For Advertising Rates see editorial page. tf

ORANGE WRAPS.-Order your orange
wraps from Ashmead Bros., Jacksonville, Fla.
For prices see advertisement. tf




I -


The Palm-No. 1.
FEDERAL POINT, FLA., October 16, 1882.
.Editors of The Florida Dispatch :
The Palm is the most distinctive feature, and
the crowning glory of tropic vegetation. In the
primeval forests of the temperate zone exoge-
nous trees of gigantic size are found, that rival
in height and spread the most stately growths
of the tropics, so that, to the traveler journey-
ing southward, these latter present nothing new
beyond a pleasing difference, and often a more
luxuriant development of leaf and blossom, and
a greater diversity of color. But where his eye
first rests upon the Palm, the contrast to famil-
iar forms is so striking, that he seems trans-
ported, as it were, into another world. The
exquisite curves of leaflet and branch, offering
to mankind the first suggestions of the line of
grace and beauty ; the massive columnar stem
bearing aloft its plumy crown-a very type of
strength, and teaching the lesson of shaft and
capital; the meeting of vaulted branches, illus-
trating the arch ; the play of light through the
meshes of the evergreen canopy, with the blue
sky for a background, furnishing an inexhaust-
ible study of interior decoration; the nutri-
tious fruits, the useful fibres, the exhilarating
sap, the tough elastic timber and the hospitable
thatch, all combine to invest the Palm with a
deep and peculiar interest. And this interest
is further enhanced by the consideration that
in primitive ages the human race relied chiefly
for food, clothing and shelter upon its fruit and
leaves; and to this day some portions of the
world would be scarcely habitable but for the
bounty of the date and cocoa, and certain sav-
age tribes even yet derive nearly all their means
of sustenance from a single species of this no-
ble tree. Undoubtedly the Palm grove gave
to architecture its earliest models, inasmuch
that the ancient temples with their aisles, col-
onades, arches, airy lattices and flowing tracery
are simply imitations of it in marble and gran-
ite. But where the history and uses of a single
species, like the Palmyra of India, have fur-
nished materials to fill a sizeable volume, it is
impossible, within the limits of a newspaper
article, to more than briefly touch upon a few
salient points: therefore, we propose to confine
our remarks mainly to the cultivation of Palms
in Florida. Lying, as this State does, on the
outer edge of the Palm zone, and being sub-
ject to occasional light frosts in winter, we can
hope, except in the more congenial climate of

Orv4ard, Oiodf-, #@19

fion against frost, sun and wind. A few speci-
mens of the Date or other valuable sorts, will,
after several years, add much to the appearance
and value of a place. Take away the Dates that
line the banks of the Nile, and that historic
river would be robbed of one of its chief attrac-
tions, and what would be an oasis without the
Palms? I remember an unusually tall and
elegant Date growing in front of a modest
dwelling in a street of Nassau, on one of the
Bahamas, which was a never-failing object of
admiration to every stranger that visited the*
city, and that is saying a good deal for a land
where Palms abound.
A very common belief is that Palms tower
above all the other denizens of the forest, which
is exceedingly erroneous, for only a few of the
tallest reach the height of 150 to 170 feet-far

the southern portion, to grow successfully but
a few, and these the hardier kinds; still, even
the limited material available for us, if dili-
gently improved, is sufficient to make a display
in horticulture that might well excite the envy
of those living in a less favored latitude.
So little attention has been given to land-
scape gardening in Florida, that our knowledge
of what exotic plants will thrive here is as yet
very meagre, but the gradually developing
taste for the aesthetic excites a keener interest in
the subject, and brings out numerous inquiries
relating thereto. Many of our Northern visit-
ors are people of culture and refinement, and
ardent lovers of the picturesque, and when they
come here, naturally expect to see, in full vigor
of out-door growth, specimens of the tropical
vegetation about which they have heard so much,
and which they have so previously seen culti-
vated with laborous care in conservatories. The
employment of Palms for the decoration of
apartments, tables and pleasure grounds, has of
late largely increased, indicating a growing re-
finement of taste that prefers, as did the famous
sculptors of antiquity, elegance of form to
the gaudy effect of rich color. We are glad
that one admirer of trees, at least, Col. COD-
RINGTON, of the Florida Agriculturist, has lifted
his voice in earnest denunciation of the barba-
rous practice of destroying, for the sake of a
single leaf, the lordly Cabbage Palms that line
our streams, and which are objects of interest
and curiosity to strangers, only second to the
alligators that sport in the waters below. It
would seem that vandalism could no further
go, than to sacrifice the growth of a century
for so trifling an object.
Even in the tropics, where Palms abound in
infinite variety, no amount of familiarity can
diminish the admiration some of the most beau-
tiful of them excite; and they are left standing
when clearing the forest, or planted in shrub-
beries and around dwellings, or along walks
and drives, like the famous avenues of Rio Ja-
neiro and Havana, composed of the Cabbage
Palm or Oreodoxa, which name signifies liter-
ally, "Glory of the Mountains." It was the
sight of a fan Palm and a dragon tree, growing
in an old tower in Germany, that first thrilled
the usually calm and philosophic HUMsBOLDT
with an ardent desire to explore foreign lands,
and study in their native habitats the wonders
of the vegetable world. Many of the Palms
require scarcely more than standing room, as
their rbots, striking deeply, interfere but little
with surrounding vegetation. The Arabs affirm
that grain grows as luxuriantly, and yields as
heavily up to the base of their Dates as at a dis-
tance, which is by no means the case with other"
trees. The experiment has been tried in Flor-
ida of leaving scattering cabbage palmettoes
when clearing up the forest for an orange grove,
and they have been found to be a great urotec-

have created greater disappointments to the
majority of those who incautiously invested in
their purchase. The American persimmon oc-
cupies a very extended habitat, ranging from
the State of New York to the Mexican gulf. It
is hardy alike in all this vast area, and this
fact has no doubt led to the supposition that its
Japanese congener would adapt himself equally
well to these regions. Here is the cause of dis-
appointment, as we will explain further. Al-
though Japanese persimmons have been culti-
vated in the south of France since the begin-
ning of this century, yet they seem to have re-
mained unknown to American Pomologists un-
til recently.
Some eleven years ago, I became acquainted
with a gentleman who had lived several years
in Japan, and whose pomological tastes were of
a high order. He expressed surprise, when
told that what he considered by far the best

below what is attained by many other trees.
ORTON says that the altitude of the loftiest Am-
azonian Palm, measured with a sextant, was
only 120 feet. Some species, like our Sabal
Adansonii, or blue palmetto, are stemless, and
others have slender, reed-like stems scarcely
larger than a straw, and only a foot or two high.
Some flourish in the full blaze of the most pow-
erful sun, while others would at once wither and
die if removed from the cool, moist atmosphere
of the deep forest shade. About six hundred
species have been named and described, but
new ones are being constantly brought forward
by enterprising plant collectors.
Seeds of many of the Palms are kept by cer-
tain dealers in England, France and Germany.
They should be planted as soon as received,
and if reasonably fresh, usually appear above
ground in a month or two. Sometimes, how-
ever, they will be twelve or fifteen months in
sprouting. The safest method is to grow them
in pots under a partial shade for a year or two,
as while small our hot sun is often too power-
ful for them. When finally planted out, the
ball should be disturbed as little as possible,
because young Palms are a long time in recov-
ering if the earth is shaken from their roots.
Care must be taken to'preserve from mutilation
the large fleshy roots coiled about the bottom
-these are the feeders upon which the plant
relies for support. Should they happen to be-
come injured or broken, water must be freely
supplied till new ones form. For a year or two
after planting out, or until .thoroughly estab-
lished, shade and abundance of moisture are of
great service, and with some species an abso-
lute necessity. This is evident from the fact
that they naturally spring up under the shelter
of other trees and flourish while young in a
comparatively cool and moist atmosphere.
For the first few years, while the stem is form-
ing, the earth should be drawn up around the
plant to the top of the bud every winter as a
protection against possible frosts. Many species
can bear no more frost than a stalk of corn-
others, on the contrary, will stand uninjured
through several degrees of freezing, if not too
prolonged. Precisely what varieties can bear
the winter climate of Middle Florida, can only
be fully ascertained after a number of years of
experiment. It is to be hoped that persons
interested in the cause of horticulture, who may
have opportunities of procuring seeds of the
hardier species, will plant them and report re-
sults from time to time. E. H. HART.

Japanese Persimmons.
(Diospyros Kaki.)
Read before the American Pomological Soci-
ety, at its Eighteenth Session, held in Boston, Sep-
tember 14-16,1881, by P.J. BERCKMANS, ESQ.,
of Augusta, Ga.:
Few fruits introduced to the notice of fruit-
growers within the last twenty-five years, have
given more expectations of success, and none

n. a - -4 1,- ,, I I


fruit in Japan was totally unknown here.
Shortly afterward, it was my good fortune to
meet with the Japanese Embassador, Mr. AmI-
NORI MoRI, whom many of the members of
the American Pomological Society will remem-
ber as being present at the session of 1871, held
at Richmond, Virginia. Mr. Mori corroborat-
ed the statement of my friend, and urged us to
introduce this fruit. Three attempts to import
trees failed. It was supposed that the distance
was too great to bring them here successfully,
but subsequent efforts resulted in perfect suc-
cess anid demonstrated that the causes of failure
were owing to inferior trees and defective pack-
ing. There is, perhaps, no fruit-bearing tree of
the temperate zone that possesses such good
traveling qualities. I would instance that
twenty-four trees received from Japan early in
December, 1879, were immediately reshipped
to Australia, and after their journey around
the world, and a confinement in cases from the
end of October until the following May, twenty
trees out of that number were alive and made
a good growth afterwards.
The early importation of trees from Japan,
as proved by subsequent invoices, were of small
size, imperfectly rooted and usually indifferent-
ly packed. This caused the loss of the greater
number brought East, and consequently disap-
pointment. American energy, however, soon
remedied this, when it became evident that a
market was opening here, and trees commanded
a good price. Nurseries for exporting their
products to America were at once established,
the best varieties secured, and a vastly improv-
ed quality of trees grown. The stock received
from Japan within the last three years, has
been of the highest standard and the results
proved more encouraging. The trees grown in
California have not as good an appearance as
those grown in Japan. They have enormously
long tap roots, almost entirely devoid of later-
als, and are, therefore, difficult to transplant.
The Japanese trees of the best selection, aver-
age four feet in height at one year from graft,
and their roots are usually numerous and sound.
In several localities of the South, experiments
have been made by grafting upon our native
stocks. This has almost always been success-
ful, when the graft was inserted upon the collar
of the root, two or three inches below the sur-
face of the soil. Top grafting or budding has
invariably failed. [Mr. BERCKMANS is cer-
tainly mistaken here. Our neighbor, BIDWELL
has succeeded perfectly in buddiny the Japan
Persimmon, often quite high on the stock.-
I would in this. connection, state that, al-
though trees are not quoted very high in Japan,
the risk connected with their importation here
is great. As their growing season extends far
into the fall, shipments of well-matured trees
can seldom be made from Japan until Novem-
ber. This renders their reshipment from Cali-
fornia by ordinary railroad freight almost im-
possible. The severe cold in transit is fatal to
them. Express carrying, is, therefore, abso-

lutely necessary, and this increases the cost of
trees fifty per cent. As regards the hardiness
of trees, the experience of Southern Pomolog-
ists is that they are well adapted to- the cotton
belt, but are more successful below the thirty-
second degree, and especially on the coast of
Florida. The many instances of loss of trees
by spring frosts, and last winter from a cold of
zero, leads to the conclusion that the Japanese
species is less hardy than our native type, and
that it is not suited to as wide area as the lat-
ter. From these facts, it is doubtful if success-
ful results will ever be derived, when cultivat-
ing the fruit more than one or two degrees
north of the orange zone.
Again, we find some varieties more liable to
be injured by the late spring frosts than others.
Some varieties, like Hyakumi and Kurokumo,
start in vegetation earlier than others, and their

first growth was nipped by frost two years in
succession. Those which do not enter into ac-
tive vegetation until later, may possibly prove
adapted to sections further north. Of the latter
are Almnong and Zingi.
There seems to be some confusion in the no-
menclature of the varieties. Those who are
competent from their experience derived from
their residence in Japan, state that there are
from thirty to forty varieties cultivated there,
but that the really distinct and desirable sorts
number from six to eight.
Basing our experience upon actual test of the
fruit here, there are evidently several synonyms
for several varieties. Thus we find as follows:
Seedless, synonyms, Tanenashi, Hyakumi; Ha-
chiya, synonyms, Yomato, Imperial, and it is
probable that the names of Daimia, Nihon, Ka-
nosan, will prove synonyms to others.
The growth differs as to varieties. While
some kinds, like Kurokumo and Seedless, have
made a growth of three to four feet in one year,
and bid fair to become trees of twenty to thirty
feet in height; others, like Almong and Zingi,
are assuming a dwarf, compact habit.
Seedling trees are making a more rapid
growth than those grafted. These seedlings have
a tendency to produce male flowers only, during
their first three or four years of blossoming.
After that time a few female flowers are pro-
duced, but in very small proportion-one fe-
male flower to three hundred males. The graft-
ed trees, as received from Japan, produce per-
fect flowers.
I learn from reliable information from Japan,
that trees grown from seed are unreliable as to
producing eatable fruit. This we have not been
able to determine here.
A great merit of many of these varieties is
their early bearing. One-year-old imported
trees set fruit within the same year of planting,
and it is not unusual to see a three-year-old
tree yielding from thirty to fifty specimens.
This precocity seems, however, to be confined to
the Almong more than any other kind.
Trees grafted upon native stocks growing in
the woods, have produced.from six to ten fine
specimens the second year from the graft.
Imported trees are often late in putting forth
leaves. They will often remain dormant for
months, during hot and dry weather, and not
show signs of life until the rains of June or
July moisten the earth.
The fruit is most attractive in appearance ;
the color is bright red in most varieties; others
have an orange tint, and all, so fai as fruited,
are mantled with a delicate bloom. A peculiar
feature is, that although left hanging on the
tree until. so soft as hardly to bear their own
weight, they cling so tenaciously to the stem
that they require cutting off with a knife. They
color a long time before perfect maturity, and
this has caused them to be gathered premature-
ly and destroyed their peculiar, pleasant flavor.
When fully matured, the texture is soft, flavor

sweet and peculiar, resembling somewhat the
taste of a Date, but with an apricot aroma. A
slight astringency can be detected next to the
skin. They mature from the middle of September
until November.
The varieties fruited so far are as follows :
Almong.-Round, somewhat flattened; aver-
age size 21 inches by 2 inches ; color, bright
vermilion; pulp juicy, sweet and without seeds.
Kurokumo.-Larger than the above, and a
little more pointed.
Zingi.-Globular ; average size two inches ;
deep orange; an excellent kind, but the small-
est of the list.
Hachiya.-Oblong; shaped like a Minnie
ball; two inches by three. This variety is
principally used for drying, and when in latter
shape it is decidedly superior to the best Smyr-
na fig offered in these markets.
Trees seem to thrive in any soil where the
native persimmon grows. A peculiarity with

some varieties is to set a second crop of fruit
upon the growth which begins here in August.
This second crop has so far not matured.

Do Bees Injure Grapes?
This question is thus discussed in the Scien-
tific American, Dr. T. T. ROBERTSON, of
Winnsborough, S. C.:
It has long been believed, and is now al-
most universally accepted as a fact, that the
bee destroys grapes and other fruits. I have
watched the little workers for years, and have
been loth to believe it. I observed long ago
that they never attacked sound grapes. But
when defective, or split as the result of a rainy
spell, they would then suck out the juices.
Being unable to convince others of the harm-
lessness of the insect in any other way, I de-
vised for that purpose the following experi-
ment, which any one may try for himself.:
I placed at the mouth of the hives bunches
of several varieties of thin-skinned grapes, and
for days, although the bees were constantly
crawling over them, not a berry was injured.
I then punctured half of the berries on each
bunch, and instantly the bees went to work on
all so punctured, in a short time sucking them
dry. The remainder of the berries were un-
touched, and remained so until punctured by
me, when they in turn were attacked as prompt-
ly as the former.
This experiment demonstrates that it is nec-
essary for the grape to have been previously
injured so as to allow exudation of juice; other-
wise the bee will not molest it. I have not ob-
served so carefully in the case of other fruits,
but it is my belief that this is the modus ope-
randi in all cases.
Rot, splitting of the grape, injury by insects
and birds (in this latitude a small yellowish bird
is conspicuous), are the causes that render
grapes liable to attack by bees. And when we
reflect that the berries thus injured would de-
cay, it will be seen that the bee actually saves
to us what would otherwise be lost, by storing
it up as honey.
I have been hurried into this communication
by observing that in some quarters legislative
action is about to be taken against an insect
which I believe closer observation will demon-
strate to be not only innocent of harm, but
productive of good.

CANDID OPINIOs.-Mrs. S. L. Reed, of
Altoona, Fla., writing to the Bible Banner,
"Those who have written me about coming
here without any means, I have not given much
encouragement to, for, although some have suc-
ceeded who had nothing to start with, yet oth-
ers have failed. I am glad to give you all the
information I can about the country, and think
there is no better, considering all things. Out
in these woods a man cannot expect to earn

much money outside of his own place, and if
he has enough to make a beginning, and to live
on for a year or so, he has a good chance to
succeed. But they ask: "How much does it
want to make a beginning?" Well, that de-
pends on what kind of a one you make. Five
thousand dollars would make a good begin-
ning; but you might venture to make one, two
or three hundred dollars, if you have plenty
of muscle, and can do all your own chopping.
I would advise all who think of coming here to
subscribe for THE FLORIDA DISPATCH, pub-
lished by Ashmead Bros., Jacksonville, Fla.
It is only one dollar a year, and is full of good
and useful things. It clubs with the Florida
Agriculturist at $2.25. With both of these you
would get full information. But don't expect
too much; there is no perfect land outside of
Eden. There only can you find "Love, rest,
and home, sweet home."

I ,- ?I- - I ma eho"23


he glorida jivach.

D. Redmond, D. H. Elliott, W. H. Ashmead,
Subscription $1.00 per annumn, in advance.
SQUARES. 1 TIME. 1 3MO. 3 MO. 6 MO. 1 YEAR
One.................... $ 100. $ 250 $550 $10 00 $ 18 50
Two ................... 2 00 5 00 10 00 18 00 34 00
Three .................. 3 00 7 00 1400 25 00 46 00
Four....................... 4 00 9 00 1750 30 00 58 00
Five........................ 4 50 11 00 1900 35 00 65 00
Eight..................... 8 00 1650 3000 5000 10000
Sixteen.......... 16 00 30 00 50 00 8000 15000
Ten lines solid nonpareil type make a square.
LOCAL ADVERTISING (seven words to line) 20 cents
per line.
This paper has the largest circulation of any
paper (daily or weekly) published in Florida,
with a very large circulation in Georgia and the
Southern States; also has subscribers in every
State in the Union, with many in foreign coun-
tries. After October 23d, we shall issue weekly
from 8,000 to 10,000 copies, about 40,000 per
Persons are warned against paying subscrip-
tions to any one calling himself our Agent, as
we have no regular canvassing agent.
Special Club Rates with "The Dispatch."
We have made arrangements with the publishers
and will club THE DISPATCH with any, of the
following publications, which will be mailed promptly
upon receipt of price, for ONE YEAR :
American Agriculturist.................................. 2.00
Atlantic Monthly Magazine......................... 4.00
Country Gentleman................................. 2.75
Detroit Free Press...... ................... 2.35
Eclectic M agazine........................................ 4.00
Florida Agriculturist.................................. 2.25
Florida Weekly Union................................. 2.25
Florida Weekly Times ............................ 1.50
Family Story Paper.................................... 3.35
Fireside Com panion..................................... 3.35
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly.................. 4.00
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Chimney Corner...... 4.00
Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly.................... 3.151
Frank Leslie's Sunday Magazine....... ........ 3.15
Harper's Illustrated Weekly................. 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Bazar.... .. ..... 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Young People.................. 2.00
Harper's Monthly Magazine...................... 4.00
Lippincott's Monthly Magazine................... 3.15
Nebraska Farmer ....................................... 2.00
North American Review... ................. 5.00
New York Weekly Sun...... ..................... 1.75
New York Weekly Herald............................. 1.75
New York Weekly Tribune......................... 2.50
New York Weekly Times......... ............... 1.75
New York Weekly World. ................. 1.75
New York Ledger .................................... 3.35
New York W eekly .................t.................... 3.35
Popular Science Monthly.............................. 5.00
Philadelphia Weekly Times.......................... 2.50
Southern Cultivator.............. ..................... 2.00
Scientific American.................................... 3.75
Saturday N ight................... ........................ 3.35

Savannah Weekly News.................... 2.50
The Century Monthly Magazine (Scribner's).... 4.00
W averly Magazine............ ................... 5.00
The above are among the very best publications*
Remittances should be sent by Check, Money Order,
or Registered Letter, addressed to
The attention of shippers and orange grow-
ers is called to the advertisement of G. L.
LAWRENCE & CO., Commission Dealers, New
York. ___
THE orange crop is ripening rapidly. It is
said that it will be moving to market in quan-
tities from all sections by the 15th of Novem-

Work for November.
Garden work, of all kind, shall now be vig-
orotuly continued. See directions for last
Peas should be planted in double rows to
save trouble in sticking. The Marrowfats are
probably the most profitable, as market varie-
Seeds of cabbage, lettuce, beets, carrots, rad-
ish, onion, &c., must be put in at once.
Strawberry plants must not be delayed any
longer. Plant immediately. See hints on cul-
ture, &c., in previous number. Remember that
ashes, or potash in some form, is absolutely nec-
essary to insure a good crop of strawberries.
Sweet Potatoes must now be dug and "banked,"
or housed. If your ground is not wet and cold,
you may try the plan recommended in a pre-
vious number of THE DISPATCH-viz: Cut off
the vines with a sharp hoe level with the top of
the ridge, and let your potatoes remain in the
ground all winter, digging them ad lib. If you
dread Vennor's "cold snap," run a furrow be-
tween the rows to loosen the soil, and haul a
few inches of earth from the middles to the top
of the ridges-this will give you sure protection
from ordinary frost, and prevent the roots from
sprouting too early in the spring. We recom-
mend this, as an experiment; it succeeded finely
with us last winter. If the potato patch is wet,
or liable to become so during the winter, we
should prefer to dig and bank or house the
roots, soon, and during a warm, dry season. A
correspondent asks us about "keeping over"
sweet potato vines. We ha ve'done this success-
fully, by cutting the green vines on a warm day
before frost, and le dding them in a cool, dry,
sheltered place for the winter. It is on the plan
of "matlaying" sugar-cane for seed-only the po-
tato vines must not be exposed to the rain or
frost during the winter. We generally cover
up the stemaspretty well, leaving the tops above
ground, but always protected from the weather.
Rye, Oats and Barley, for winter and early
spring-forage, should now be sown on thorough-
ly prepared and well manured land.
Sugar Cane, during this month, should be
cut, "matlaid" for seed, and ground.
In anticipation of a severe winter, it may be
well to delay the planting of budded orange
trees until the middle or last of January.
Tender seedlings and young trees, in exposed
places, should be protected-standing trees by
wrapping the stems with moss, broomsedge, or
bagging; and young seedlings by a covering of
pine-tops or dry litter. In raising seedlings for

budding, we frequently take them up in the fall
-"sort" and "size" them; "heel" them in, in a
dry, sheltered place-protect them during the
cold weather with evergreen branches, and set
them out in the spring in prepared ground-
arranging the rows according to size of plants.

A Good Advertising Medium.
One of our advertisers, J. W. Whitney, Esq.,
of Messrs. Whitney, Gold & Hodges, real es-
tate dealers, informs us they have received over
four hundred letters in reply to their advertise-
Advertisers, is not this the kind of evidence
you wantY

Nursery Catalogues.
"Descriptive Catalogue of Arlington Nurse-
ries," Jacksonville. Fla. Winter 1882-83.
ALBERT I. BIDWELL, proprietor. A modest
little pamphlet of eight pages (from the press
of Ashmead Bros.,) in which Mr. Bidwell
makes the (to us) unwelcome announcement
that he is closing up his nurseries here, "pre-
paratory to moving further south." We shall
miss our friend Bidwell, very much; but our
loss will be Orlando's gain, and we feel sure he
will make fast friends wherever he is known.
He offers a very large and varied stock of rare
and valuable trees and plants, and all who de-
sire anything in the nursery line should send
for this catalogue at once. Address A. I. Bid-
well, P. 0. box 1020, Jacksonville, Fla.
S"Catalogue of the Manville Nurseries," Lake
George, Fla. A very neat and tastefully
printed catalogue of more than twenty pages,
from the press of Ashmead Brothers.
In addition to copious descriptive lists of
citrus fruits, such as the orange, lemon, lime,
shaddock, &c., this catalogue contains interest-
ing and valuable hints on varieties, selection of
sorts, &c., with descriptions of many other de-
sirable pomological novelties, such as the Japan
Persimmon, LeConte Pear, Mulberries, Grapes,
&c., &c. The catalogue is arranged with much
taste, and is creditable alike to the compiler
and publishers. For copies, address "Man-
ville Nurseries," Lake George, Fla.
Illustrated Descriptive Catalogues-Whole-
sale and retail.-Hints on the culture of Pan-
sies, etc., from Robert J. Halliday, of Balti-
more, Md., whose-advertisements may be found

\ Southern Agricultural Fairs.
Florida State Fair, opens at Jaeksonville, on
Tuesday, February 13, and continues four days.
Send for Premium List to Major A. J. Rus-
SELL, of this city.
The following Fairs will be held in other
Southern States; at the time mentioned:
Camden, Alabama, October 31, six days.
Richmond, Virginia, (State) November 1,
three days.
Wadesboro', North Caroliha, November 8,
three days.
Welborn, North Carolina, November 13, five

Montgomery, Alabama, (State) November
13, five days.
Columbia, South Carolina, (State) Novem-
ber 14, six days.

Kind Opinions-Pleasantly Expressed.
In a late business letter, from Lake Como,

Florida, the writer takes occasion, to speak of
"I regard the paper, as at present edited, as
a credit to the realm of journalism. The liter-
ary make-up and style are especially commend-
able; while for instruction and suggestion, it is
simply indispensable, especially to the orange
"Before the late war, our Southern sea-coast
was studded and embellished with cultivated
homes., Your paper, conducted as it is now,
will do much towards re-forming the agricultu-
ral homes, and reconstructing the rural soci-
ety of the 'New South' on a basis of intelligence,
culture and refinement. So I wish you 'GOD
speed.' Very truly yours,
"H. V. C."


_ I


Guava, the Sapodilla, and other tropical fruits,
the "taste" and "flavor" of the Japan Persim-
mon is sui generic; but we have found few per-
sons who did not "ask for more," when treated
to fully-ripe specimens. This ripeness is a mat-
ter of special moment, however; for like its
congener, the native 'simmon," it carries its
full quantum of "pucker" and astringency, un-
til fully and perfectly ripe, (as we have de-
scribed it in section 7.)
Finally, the hardiness and special adaptation
of the tree to all parts of Florida, where the na-
tive persimmon grows; the ease with which it
may be propagated and transplanted; the great
beauty of foliage, and the ornamental value of
the tree, (which has not been dwelt upon suffi-

Continued from page 493.
in the ordinary style of splice," whip" or
"tongue" grafting. Wild stocks, from the
woods and fields, may be taken up with care,
in this way, and re-planted in prepared nursery
ground : but the better way is to raise clean,
well-rooted stocks, from the wild seed, in the
nursery, and graft or bud these at the proper
age. Buds take readily on healthy, free-grow-
ing stocks, and produce fine tops and early-
bearing trees.
7. Gathering, Ripening, Shipping, etc.--When
the fruit is full-grown, and assumes a shining
yellow color, it may, like most varieties of the
pear, be gathered and ripened in the house.
Clip, or cut off the fruit with a sharp pruning-
shears or knife, leaving, if possible, from half
an inch to an inch of stem. Do not pull the
fruit off! Gathered at the stage we have indi-
cated, and placed on shelves in a moderately
warm room, the Japan Persimmon will ripen
up gradually, and somewhat irregularly, in
from 3 or 4 days to 2 or 3 weeks. When ripe,
the fruit assumes a deep red color, and is quite
soft to the touch, but so tough and elastic is the
skin, that it must be dead ripe before any
sign of mashing or decay is evident. We are
told, by gentlemen who have lived in Japan,
that the natives of that country pull out the
stem and calyx of the ripe fruit, or cut a round
hole in the stem-end, and eat the luscious and
jelly-like pulp with a spoon-holding the fruit
in the hand, meanwhile. It may, also, be eaten
from a plate or saucer, after cutting it through
lengthwise; but the pulp is so exceedingly ten-
der, that the fruit cannot well be eaten from
the hand like an orange or apple. If intended
for distant markets, the Persimmons, when
gathered, unripe and hard, should be wrapped
in manilla paper, (" orange wraps,") packed in
boxes of say 50 to 100, and handled precise-
ly like the orange. We believe, with careful
gathering and packing, they can be safely sent
to Europe.
8. Precosity.-The Japan Persimmon will not
keep the grower "waiting" long. We have had
fruit from two-year-old buds, and quite a crop
on three and four year old trees.
We can hardly convey to those who have
not eaten this fruit in perfection, a proper idea
of its peculiar luscious delicacy. We have
heard ladies compare it to a fine wine-jelly ;"
and were it not so entirely free from all trace
of acidity, we should endorse that verdict. It
is safest, perhaps, to say, that like the Fig, the

alligator, palm trees, &c.; Sunrise on Orange Lake ;
Way Down in Dixie; Fernandina Harbor; Silver
Spring; The Ocklawaha by Night and Day; The
River Front at Palatka, with a glimpse of Hart's cel-
ebrated orange grove; Villa Alexandria, the Mitch-
ell Estate; Ball's Orange Arch, at St. Augustine ;
An Orange Grove on th.e Margin of the St. John's
River, etc., etc. These views are put up in a neat
case,.and mailed at $1 per set. Magazines, Florida
views and maps, daily papers, new books, periodi-
cals, &c., may all be obtained from Ash-mead Bros.,
Jacksonville, Fla.
first number of which has just reached us-is a
remarkably neat and well-filled sheet of four
pages, at the very low rate of $1 per year. At
this price, it will doubtless achieve a wide cir-
culation. Address, Florida Times, Jackson-
ville, Florida.

ciently ;) the peculiar fitness of the fruit for
r transportation to the markets of distant coun.
tries, where it cannot be grown ; its fitnas foi
preserving and drying, (like the Smyrna fig ;
its truly delicate, luscious and wholesome qual-
ity; its freedom, so far as yet observed, from
the attacks of all noxious or destructive in-
sects : all these good "points" seed to justify
the praises which have been lavished on this
new Japan fruit, and strongly indicate, in Flor-
ida, at least, the imminence of a Persimmon
New Publications.
"The Century," for November, is a surpassingly
fine and interesting number. As a frontispiece, we
have the portrait of FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE, the
noble and philanthropic Nurse of the Crimea; not
as she appeared in the familiar portrait taken many
years ago, but in her mature age. Then follows an
extremely well written paper on Venice, by Henry
James, Jr., illustrated by more than twenty superior
engravings of the "Queen of the Adriatic," forming
the most exhaustive and satisfactory magazine article
we have ever read on this subject. A brief account
of Henry James, Jr., (with a'very fine portrait) by
W. D. Howells; "Victor Hugo ;" "The Poet Years;'"
"A New Profession for Women ;" "Wood Engrav-
ing Direct from Nature," with a remarkable illus-
tration; "The Beginning of a Nation," quaintly
embellished; "The Lady, or the Tiger; "The Baby
Sorceress;" The Led-Horse Claim," a new and
very promising Romance of the Silver Mines, by
Mary Hallock Foote; "Through One Administra-
tion," chapter xiii, by Frances Hodgson Burnett;
"Is the Jury System a Failure?" "England;" Topics
of the Time ;. Communications ; Home and Society ;
Literature; The World's Work; Bric-a-Brac, &c.,&c.
Priee-$4 per year, single number 35cts. (Ashmaead
"The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature" is
always good and commendable. The present nunm-
her contains about twenty articles from the lead ng
periodicals of Europe--embracing tales, essays, poems,.
philosophical disquisitions, criticisms, travels, &c.,
something to satisfy the varied tastes of the reading
public. We give titles of a few of the leading ar-
ticles: "Who was Primitive M'an'?'' "Rachel ;
"Race and Life on English Soil ;" Some Impressions
of the United States ;" "'The Salvation Army ;" "A
Night in the Red Sea;" "A Tennessee Squire ;" "In
the Forest;" "Great Men's Relatives;" "England,"
a poem by Paul Hamilton Hayne, of Georgia. Lit-
erary Notes; Science and Art; 3tiscellany, &c., &c.
Price-$5 per year, 45 cents single number.
(Ashmead Brothers.)
"Illustrated Florida."-A series of colored views,
embracing many of the most salient features of our
wonderful State, such as the Lower St. John's River;
Views in St. Augustine; Streets and Hotels of Jack-
sonville; The Upper St. John's, with the inevitable

Special Telegram to The Florida Dispatch:
NEW YORK, October 28.-Florida Oranges
are now selling from $4 to $5.50 per box.

Jacksontille Wholesale Prices.
Corrected weekly, by JONES & BO WEN, Wholesale and
Retail Grocers, Jacksonville, 1la.
SUGARs-Granulated .............. ....... ............... 101
W white E x. C ........................................ 9
G olden C ............................................. 8
P ow dered ............................................. 1l
C ut L oaf.............................................. 119
COFFEE, Rio-Fair ............................................. 9
G o o d ............................................. 10l
C h oice .......................................... 11
B est ............................................ .. 12
Jav a 0 G .............................................. 1814
M och a .................................................. 35
P eab erry ................................................ 1s
M aracaibo........................................... .. is
Any of above grades roasted to order
FLOUR-Snow Drop, best.................................... S 00
O reole, 2d best........................................ 7 25
Pearl, 3d best........................................ 00
Orange Co., N o. 1 .................................. 6 50
M EATS-Bacon.................................................. 15 to 15
Hams, (Merwin & Sons)........................ 18
S h oulU ers ......... ......... ........................... 14
HoMIvY-Pearl, per bbl......................... ... 5 25
M EA L- per bbl .................................................... 5 25
LARD-Reflined in pails...................................... 141
BUTTER-Very best, kegs (on ice)..................... 33
CHEEsE- Full cream .......................................... "42-
H alf cream ........................................ 1 1/
ToBAcco-Smoking-"the Boss" Durham >s
a n d s......................... ..............32
"The Boss" Durham 1 Ib pken......... 30
"Sitting Bull" D. (genuine)/s ........ 50
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) /...... .... 75
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) 1s ............ 49
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) 1 lb pkge.. 15
Plug-"Shell Road" 4 plugs to lb., 30
lb box es.............................. ....... s55
"Florida Boys" 5 plugs to lb., 30 Ib
b o x es .............. ................................. 36
"Florida Girls"-Bright twist, 14 to
lb., 17 lb boxes............................. 50
Cigars-"Long Branch"a very pop-
ular brand, per thousand......... 27 00
"Our X," choice cigar, easy smoker 24 00
"Our XX," a very choice smoker.... 26 00
"Florida Boys," (we are State Agt,) V5 00
SOAP AND STARCH-Colgate's 8 oz., per boo.. 3 50
Peerless, 8 oz., per box............................ 3 .50
Starch, lum p, per b................ ........ .............. 6
Hops, per lbE.............................. 15(t(22c
Ager's Fresh Yeast Cakes, per doz.......... 60c
Grant's 3-Dime Baking Powder, per
doz. 1 bt)...................................... .......... 2 25
Town Talk Baking Powder, per doz. 1 lb. 2 25
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. ylb t..... 2 70
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. lb ...... 1 50
Florida Sugar and syrups ruling high
for first grades.
POTATOES-Irish, per bbl., new.......................... 3 25
CH ICK NS, each................................................. 20( 540
EGGS- Per doz..................................................... 28@ 32
HIDES-Dry Flint Cow Hides, per lb., first class 13
Country Dry Salted, per Ib..................... 9(11
Butcher Dry Salted, er Drr llt)................. 9I10
Dam aged H ides..................................... 6
Kip and Calf, 8h8. and under................ 10
SKINS-Raw Deer Skins, per lb.............................. 35
Deer Skins Salted, per Ib ..................... 26@30
FU1S -Otter, each, (Summer no value) Win-
Raccoon, each........................................ 5@ 15
W ild Cat, each...................................... 10@ 20
Fox, each.............................................. 5@ 15
BEESwAx-per lbf............................................... 20
WOOL-Free from burs, per lbf............................ 17@22
Burry, per.lb1............................11 15
GOAT SKINS-Each per l)b... .................... 10
$1 per year.



Our New Railway.
The "Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Halifax
Railway' is now progressing quite rapidly under the
management of- Col. Lawtoni and his energetic assist-
ants. The wharf at the river terminus, here, is
nearly completed; the rails are spiked down for
quite a long stretch into the "piney woods;" the
"double-ender" ferry boat is en route from New
York, and before the waxing and waning of many
moons, the iron-horse will be screaming along the
track from our south shore to ye Ancient City. "So
mote it be !"
0 do
THE first cargo of oranges shipped this year
to Chicago, were shipped last week from Put-
nam County, consigned to Messrs. HIGLEY
& SMITH. We hear the oranges are brighter and
freer from rust this year than for many years.

- __.._ ----- -------- --



-O2 TH FLOR I -ri- --~ I- IIDA DISPATCH.l ____- --- --

Does Death End All?
No other question so deeply interests man-
kind individually and personally as the one
propounded above ; and no intelligent man or
woman of the countless millions who have lived
and died upon this earth has approached the
final change without seriously asking the same
question. For thousands of years it has been
one of the chief efforts of philosophers and re-
ligionists of all schools to give a definite and
satisfactory answer to this question, and to es-
tablish such a system of intelligent belief, based
on such an array of facts, or other rational
considerations as would convince persons of
ordinary intellects that there is as much a real
hereafter to humanity beyond the night of
death, as there is a real to-morrow beyond the
setting of the physical sun of to-day. It
scarcely needs to be said that all efforts to such
an end thus far have failed-not wholly, but
to the extent of absolute satisfaction on the
part of an inquiring mind.
Could we know positively that when this body
dies that which animates it will immediately
awaken in another life with a spiritual body,
clothed upon with spiritual vestments, and sur-
rounded by a real spiritual environment as tan-
gible to the soul as is the present environment
to the bodily senses, it is manifest that the
present state of existence would be a very dif-
ferent thing to that which it now is. With
such a future before us clearly defined and ra-
tionally assured upon such unimpeachable evi-
dence as to defy reasonable doubt, man could
walk erect and smile in the midst of the most
exasperating vexations and disappointments,
and be enabled thereby to meet the trials and
discouragements of life with a serenity that
would tend to allay the very storms which they
generate and which would otherwise lead to
disaster and ruin.
It is possible in this life to acquire such a
practical assurance of a real existence beyond
the present, independent of the ordinary chan-
nels of religious faith, as to make the future
state a matter of business consideration, as we
would anticipate the coming spring-time and
prepare for its duties and enjoyments when this
winter of our discontent shall have passed
away ?
We believe that such a degree of assurance
on the part of every intelligent man and wo-
man, is the chief and legitimate inheritance
which the Creator of our bodies and the Father
of our spirits originally intended for us to pos-
sess and enjoy here.
We do not claim that the same kind of evi-
dence can be given of a future life as we enjoy
of the rising of to-morrow's sun, because the
latter is the result of experience in our often
seeing the sun to rise and set, and in witnessing
the close of one day and the dawn of another.
But even personal experience, oft-repeated, is
no stronger or more convincing evidence than
that which depends upon other kinds of testi-
mony, such as the unquestioned voice of con-

current circumstances coupled with various
other rational considerations. For example,
we met a friend whom we have well known for
years on Broadway yesterday, and conversed
with him for several minutes. Of this we have
the evidence of our senses, as well as for years
of previous acquaintance. But in point of fact
we are not nearly so sure that we met, or saw,
or conversed with this friend as we are that
there is a real city called London, which has
existed for hundreds of years on the other side
of the Atlantic ocean, though we never saw
that city and only know of its existence by ra-
tional considerations outside of personal expe-
rience. The "fool" concludes that there is no
God because he never saw one. Yet if God
should actually present himself to the gaze of

such an atheist he would be more apt to con-
clude that he had been momentarily out of
his senses than to believe that he had seen the
Almillty, unless he were really too big a "fool"
to reason soundly. So we might be mistaken
about having met our friend on Broadway be-
cause others have been so mistaken before from
momentary derangement of the sight or aber-
ration of the mental faculties; but we cannot
be mistaken about the city of London, because
its existence in our convictions depends upon so
many current facts, evidences, and circum-
stances that we are necessarily as certain of
such a city beyond the Atlantic as we are cer-
tain of our own consciousness, which is
the only basis of all other classes of knowl-
We hold, therefore, that the want of personal
experience with reference to a future state of
conscious being for man does not necessarily
detract from the certainty of the evidence in
its favor, or the undoubted assurance which we
may rationally entertain of such a hereafter
for humanity.
We believe that the time has at last arrived
in the world's philosophical and scientific prog-
ress when many may absolutely know, in a
most important sense of that word, that the
present life is not, in the very nature of things,
all there is of us or for us; and that the Power
that created and placed us here, with the count-
less evidences of intelligent design manifest in
our marvelous vital, mental and physical or-
ganizations, and everywhere witnessed in our
relations to the environment, contemplated
more by such existence than to mock human
intelligence and to stultify all ideas of Divine
wisdom which man is capable of forming. We
purpose, therefore from time to time, as oppor-
tunity offers, to present brief articles upon this
most pregnant theme, of which this forms the
introduction.- Wilford's Microcosm.

"river and harbor" men may get a hint from
the following, which we find in the New York
On Friday, August 24th, the steamer Walla
Walia began cutting through the bar of the
Columbia River at St. Helen's, Ore., and by
Sunday afternoon following had made a chan-
nel 1,000 feet long, 100 feet wide and 22 feet
deep. There were only about 18 feet of water
on the bar (which is composed of pure sand)
when the vessel was put at work. Her after
ballast tanks were filled so that her stern rested
on the bottom while her bow was way out of
the water. When she began to turn her screw
and reached forty-five revolutions per minute,
huge bodies of sand, some of which seemed as
large as wagon beds, rose to the surface and
were driven down stream and disintegrated by
the strong current, sinking into water from
forty to sixty feet deep. When it is considered

that the dredge would have required from forty
to fifty days to excavate a similar channel, the
achievement seems a most remarkable one.
The other bars of the Columbia and Willa-
mette are to be disposed of in like manner.

The largest individual sheep-owner in Texas is
a woman, known all over the State as the
"Widow Callahan." Her sheep, more than
50,000 in number, wander over the ranges of
Uvalde and Bandera Counties, in the south-
western part of the State. Their grade is a
cross between the hardy Mexican sheep and
the Vermont Merino. They are divided into
flocks of 2,000 head each, with a "boss'ero"
and two "pastoras" in charge of each flock.
At the spring and fall hearings, long trains of
wagons transport the "Widow's" wool to the
market at San Antonio.

Fleas, Bed-Bugs, Mfosquitoes and Roaches.
NEW YORK, Oct. 15, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Dr. Dawson W. Turner, an English author
of eminence, gives a plan to prevent fleas, bed-
bugs and mosquitoes from biting, which may
be worthy the attention of your readers. He
says-in the appendix to his "Hints and Rem-
edies for the Treatment of Common Accidents
and Diseases," (a little book, by the way, that
everybody ought to have a copy of)-giving
his own experience: "I have never found the
following recipe fail, and I have traveled in
many flea-bitten, -bug-bitten and mosquito-
bitten countries. In Jerusalem, during the
height of summer, I have seen my bed pretty
well alive with fleas, and have swept them out
with my hands before going to bed."
And he gives his experience at Athens, at
Mount Moriah, and elsewhere, where all three
of these pests abound several months in the
year. His antidote, he gives in these words:
"I oiled myself all over, from head to foot, with
the best sweet, or olive oil. Rub the oil well
in with the palm of your hand over the whole
body-head, face and all-in a warm room,
before a fire, if possible. It is quite a mistake
that oiling oneself with sweet oil is a nasty,
dirty operation. The oil sinks into the skin at
once, and does not stain either cotton or linen.
The only effect is that you feel lithe and supple;
and it enables you to defy the sanguinary at-
tacks of your creeping, crawling and skipping
Will not some of our Indian River friends
give us the benefit of their experience, and the
methods successfully adopted there to render
mosquitoes harmless ?
And will not some of our Gulf Coast read-
ers tell us how best to circumvent the annoying
practices of the skipping flea ?
And will not benevolent spirits, all over Flor-
ida, tell us how to limit the population of
Yours, hoping for information on these prac-
tical points, CORSAIR.

Black Ants on Orange Trees-Remedy.
SOUTH LAKE WEIR, FLA., Oct. 18, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
In your issue of October 2d, W. S. H. asks.
for a remedy for black ants that are eating the
young sprouts on his orange trees.
Having been very seriously troubled with
them last year, I tried many things and fought
them persistently, but they gained the victory.
But this year the tide of battle has turned, and
I no longer fear them.
REMEDY.-One peck of fine air-slaked lime
rubbed up with one quart of crude carbolic
acid-acid costing from twenty-five to fifty
cents per gallon. Put the lime in a shallow
box with a tight bottom, and add the acid a

little at a time, rubbing them up with a hoe
until thoroughly mixed. Run the powder
through a coarse seive, crushing all the lumps,
and it is ready for use. For the black ants,
make a little cup of earth around the roots of
the tree affected, and sprinkle a handful of the
powder over the bottom and sides of it, and
over the trunk of the tree. Throw a little
over the sprouts and cover all parts where the
ants have eaten, or whenever they are at work
on the tree. Repeat this occasionally, and
they, will soon leave. For the white ants, ex-
pose the roots where they are at work, and
scatter the powder freely around. One or two
applications will generally be sufficient. The
black ants may be destroyed in the same way
around rose bushes and other shrubbery, where
hot water cannot safely be used; but where

- __




boiling water can be used with safety, I have
found nothing better.

Blue Grass.
ORANGE COUNTY, FLA., Oct. 18, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Can Kentucky Blue Grass be successfully
raised in this part of Florida ? Do you think
the climate adapted to this grass, and if so,
how should it be managed? Yours,
REPLY.-If you have the proper soil, we do
not think the climate unfavorable to the pro-
duction of Blue Grass. Like most grasses, the
"Kentucky Blue" succeeds best on a strong,
rich clay. We have very little of this soil in
Eastern or Southern Florida. We cannot rec-
ommend the Blue Grass for dry, sandy soils.
A portion of the soil of Kentucky is no doubt
more naturally adapted to Blue Grass, yet
other States do grow it with more or less suc-
cess. The difference in yield may be owing as
much to the fertility of the soil as to its nature.
It is not so desirable a grass nor so far superior
as to make it any object to dispute about its
special adaptation to the soil of Kentucky.
While it has its advantages on fine soil it has
its disadvantages on exhausted soils. It is not
as well adapted as some other grasses for soil-
ing and producing pasture and hay. Where
it has been tried and failed, the land may have
been too poor to stand the heat of summer. Too
much has been expected of it for the first
season. I does not become perfect and vigor-
ous until the third or fourth year, although it
will make fair returns during the first and sec-
ond years. Why not try Bermuda for pasture
on upland, and Para for your low grounds?
Let us avail ourselves of the advantages we
possess, and cease "sighing for the unattain-

Sore-Head in Poultry,
WILLCOX, P. 0., FLA., Sept. 29, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch "
For "sore-head" we use sulphur, lard and
kerosene oil, made into a thin paste, using just
enough of lard to prevent the blistering effects
of kerosene oil. Care must be taken not to
get any into the eyes. One or two applications
will cure. It will also keep off mites.
Very respectfully,

s _

Preserving Ripe Fruit.
That fruit can be preserved for a long time
in a frozen state, and even in a non-frozen state,
so long as the temperature does not exceed 32,
is a well-known fact. But it is equally well
known that articles so preserved lose flavor
every day after they are so stored, and that
when exposed afterward to an ordinary tem-
perature they perish almost immediately. This
happens to fruit when merely set on ice and not
actually frozen; but it is certain that the freez-
ing does not improve its chances of keeping,
and very much depends on how the frozen mass
is thawed, sudden thawing being mostly de-
structive to the tissues of either fruits or vege-
tables. For many years we have been in the
habit of storing both fruits 'and vegetables in
the ice house, but they are deteriorated by the

treatment, and must be used immediately they
come off the ice. In tin boxes we have kept
peaches sound, though dead ripe when gathered,
for a month, and nectarines for six weeks, in a
perfectly spotless condition; but they lost fla-
vor greatly toward the end of the time, and
grew discolored almost before dessert was over,
although only brought out of the ice house in
time to be dished up for the table. By the fol-
lowing morning they had become quite black
and useless.
Melons that would not keep more than a few
days in the fruit room will keep a long while on
ice, and retain their flavor longer than peaches.
They, besides, are long in cooling, although the
condensed moisture on their surface in the warm
dining-room would, to an experienced person,
betray the quarter they came from, and they
are much more refreshing than when warm out
of the melon house, or even the fruit room. In
placing fruit on ice, the main thing to observe
is not to pack it in any way or to wrap it in
anything. It should be placed on a tray, or in
a tin box with a lid to keep off drip, but each
fruit should be set out singly by itself and not
come in contact with its neighbors, and great
care should be used to prevent bruising, as that
will greatly hasten decay when the fruit is taken
out. It is not needful to bury the boxes quite
in the ice; but they may be set in it with the
lid of the box above the surface, so that any of
the fruit can be got out without any trouble.
Peaches, nectarines, melons, pine-apples, figs,
and other fruits that do not keep long, succeed
best preserved in this manner.-The Garden
MUCILAGE.-An excellent mucilage may be
made by taking one ounce gum tragacanth, as
much corrosive sublimate as will lay on a silver
five-cent piece; put in a jar and pour over it
one quart of cold soft water ; let stand twenty-
four hours, thin stir and it is ready for use,
and will keep two years.

1 Half Medium Universal Printing
Press........ .... ................ $300.00
1 Ruling Machine............... ...... 125.00
Jacksonville, Fla.

E postpaid, for $1.00 viz: Ampelopsis
Veitchii, lovely miniature climber; Hydrangea Panicu-
lata |Grandiflora, white; Passon Vine, blue flowered;
Chyrsanthemum Spotless, white; Hydrangea Otaska,
pink flowered; Akebia Quinata, chocolate colored climb-
er; Phlox White Lady, flowers white; Crape Myrtle,
pink flowered. Premiums with every order. Address,

SFLOW ERS 8 Beautiful Plants for HOUSE
.M. M.^ CULTURE, by mail, postpaid, for
ONE )0DOLLAR. Daphne Odora, very fragrant, light
pink; Caniellia Japonica, double white; Camellia Ja-
ponica, double red; Smilax, beautiful climber; Croton,
foliage variegated; Cape Jasmine, flowers white; Olea
Fragrans, sweet olive Bouvardia Alfred Neuner, double
white. Premiums with every order. Address,
R.obert 7. Halliday, Baltimore, M .d.

R EighE t Winter _Flowering oses for
ROSES-'-- $1,00, by mail, post paid.-Bon Silene,
carmine; Queen's Scarlet crimson; Niphetos, white ;
Perle des Jardins, yellow ; General Jacquiminot,brilliant
crimson; Marechel Neil, golden yellow; Marie Van
Houtte, canary yellow; Catherine Mermet, rosy pink.
Premiums with every order.
Address, t Rob't oe. ialliday, Baltimore, Md.
to nov 16, '82,


In lots to suit, in the town of Satsuma, Putnam County,
Florida. Send for circular to
june 26-tf FLORIDA.

Crescent Seedling.
These plants are very thrifty and perfectly hardy,
even in the climate and soil of Florida, a merit
which will be duly appreciated by growers the pres-
ent season.
Exceedingly productive, berries always large and
of good quality and fine appearance. Its firmness
and shipping qualities are beyond question.
In ripening it is the earliest of the early, three
weeks in advance of the Nunan or Wilson.
It is undoubtedly the plant needed for the success-
ful growing of strawberries in Florida.
Price $5 per 1,000. Special rates on orders over
Pot-grown plants for garden cultivation per dozen
50 cents, 100 $2, 1,000 $15. Orders for these should
be sent two weeks in advance of shipment.
All orders must be accompanied by the cash to re-
ceive attention. P. E. JOHNSON & SON,
to nov8 Jacksonville, Fla.

40 Hours from New York City; 108 Miles from
Here we can plant and gather some crops every month
in the year; good water, plenty of grass in the woods for
sheep, cattle and hogs all the year round; very profita-
ble to the owner. Farms of 40 acres each at $1 to $3 per
acre; lumber, $1 per 100 feet, delivered at the depot;
shingles, $4per 1,000; will build a house with 4 rooms, 6
panel doors, 6 windows, cement flue for chimney, well
dug and curbed, for $150, on easy terms. Labor of all
kinds needed at fair wages; board at Mrs. Bainbridge's
from $15 to $20 per month.
We need farmers, truckers, stock and fruit-growers.
One bushel crate of vegetables delivered in New York
City for 50 cents; per barrel, $1, and with quick dispatch.
A number of Northern and Western families now here
are doing well; no stones, no underbrush no winter,cli-
mate delightful and perfectly healthy all the year round.
Land is not cleared, but near the depot; some cleared
land from $3 to $10 per acre. All kinds of grain, vegeta-
bles, berries, fruit, and stock, do well. Our farmers are
out of debt, some lending money.
Any number of acres, for colonizing or grazing, at $1 to
$3 per acre; 40 acres, with house complete, for $250;
Come and see for yourself, or address
to jan 9, '83. Glenmore, Ware County, Ga.
GAINESVILLE, FLA., October 13, 1882.J
OMPLAINT having been entered at this office by
George V. Burbridge against Michael Bowes for
abandoning his Homestead Entry No. 2126, dated Octo-
ber 2, 1875, upon the Lot 8, Section 21, and Lot 1, Section
28, Township 2 south, Range 29 east, in Duval County,
Florida, with a view to the cancellation of said entry;
the said parties are hereby summoned to appear at this
office on the 21st day of November, 1882, at 10 o'clock a-
m., to respond and furnish testimony concerning salci
alleged abandonment.
L. A. BARNES, Register.
oct 23 to nov 13, '82. JOHN F. ROLLINS, Receiver.


Agent in Orange County for


Orange Groves and Orange Lands on Commission.

june 12-tf
I have removed my seed store to No. 22 East Bay st.,
next door to post-office, where I have the largest and
most complete stock of pure and fresh Seeds in the State.
to Dec. 3, '82 Jacksonville, Fla.


Several thousand Nunan Variety. Price $4 per 1,000,
packed and shipped in good condition. Money must
accompany each order.
Address, MIRS. A. BEATTY,

------------------------- ---- - -.--- --1.1-- ,1





Plant Extractor.

A1(tress W. JAMES, Jrlk vO ille, Fla.
For Sale at S. B. HUBBARD &
PRICE 60c.; -BY MAIL 75c.
to nov 1-'82.

C O'8,

Kieifer Pear. Jap. Persimmon. LeConte Pear.
il0 o0 0 Cuttings and Trees FOR SALE. More
Y0 0 trees in orchard than any five growers
of the LECONTE PEAR. Apply to head quarters.
W. W. TIO-3MPSON, Prop'r.,
LeConte Nursery, Smithville, Ga.


A COMPLETE SET of Surveying Instruments, con-
sisting of a Six-inch Vernier Comnpass, a Fine Tele-
scope, a Compound Ball-socket; Engineer's Chain, 100
leet, oval links, No. 8 best Steel Wire; Galvanized Iron
Stakes, and Jacob Stallf, Steel Point. As good an outfit
as cain bepurchased in any market. For a bargain, ap-
ply to W. G. PARSONS,
with L. I. STEPHENS,
to nov 21 '82. Jacksonville, Fla.

E(:<./^Y..j "WILL .E SUPPILIE.I).
It kills Ant Roaches, Mice and Rats. Nothing ever
before offered has half the merit. Any Druggist in
Jack.sonville will supply you.
Manufacturer and Proprietor,
oct 30-tf [P. 0. Box 126.] JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

tE. Bt E^^ -T, "

Commission Merchant,
Florida Oranges and Lemons,
N. Y. Depot, MAXFIELD y'& Co., 67 and 69 Park Place; Mag-
azine and Packing House, Waycross R. R.Wharf.

IHave a large quantityy olf Manilla "Wrapping
Papers, at Lowest Market rates.
Send iin yoiur orders for BOX MATERIALI. Can
ship promptly while freights are light. Have great
dilliculty in ge tting it transported during the busy
season. [to March 25 '83


1 Half Mcdlitii Universal Printing
P ress..................................... $300.00
1 Ruling M achine.......................... 125.00
Jacksonville, Fla.

We have prepared this Fertilizer
especially for the culture of the or-
ange tree, and from the results al-
ready obtained from its use on the
orange groves of Florida, we feel
justified in claiming that it cannot
be surpassed, if equalled, by any
other fertilizer.
It is composed of the purest and
highest grade materials, combined
in such proportions as to furnish all
the elements of plant-food in prop-
er quantities and in the best form
to promote a rapid and strong
growth of the wood and insure an
abundant yield of fine fruit.
A sufficient proportion of its
phosphoric acid, being readily sol-
uble in cold water, is immediately
available as food for the young i
rootlets of the tree, while a consi- --
erable portion, being present in the
form of pure ground bone, undis-
solved by acid, becomes entirely
soluble in the soil only by the ac-
tion of the elements of nature in
due course of time. Thus this all
important food is not soon ex-
hausted by the tree, or washed into -
the ground by heavy rains, but is
supplied in abundant quantities -


throughout the season.
The nitrogen and potash also are
furnished in the most nutritious
forms and approved proportions
for this crop.
After giving this Fertilizer a
thorough trial of three years on or-
ange trees in Florida, we intro-
duced it last season quite exten-
sively throughout the State, and
the results have even exceeded our
most sanguine expectations. We
have yet to hear of a single instance
where the most satisfactory returns
have not been derived.
We have nothing to say about the
fertilizers manufactured or sold by
other parties, as we believe, with an
established reputation of twenty-
two years in the manufacture of
high grade fertilizers, we can stand
upon our own footing, without call-
ing the attention of the public to
the record of any of our competi-
tors, or to the value of their manu-
factures as compared with that of
our own. Our fertilizers are all an-
alyzed, when manufactured, by
competent chemists, and none are
shipped to market until they are
known to be up to the standard.

IanuTfacturers of the Celebrated

the Stinilird Fertilizer for all Field and Garden Crops, and especially adapted to the wants of the
Cotton Crop.
For further particulars and pamphlets giving testimonials from some of the best orange growers in the
State, address,
A. M. BECIf, General Agent for Florida,

WTholesale Dealers in

Foreign and Domestic Fruits.


Florida Oranges and Lemons,

167 South Water St.,



OfeRERFERE CE.-First National Bank, Jacksonville, Florida. Union National Bank, Chicago, Illinois.
sept 4, tf.








Crockery, China, Glass and Earthenware.

We have the largest and most complete stock in the State. All the Latest Novelties in Majolica and Fancy
Goods, Vases, Motto Cups and Saucers, etc. Decorated Tea, Dinner and Chamber Sets in a large Variety. Lamps
and Chandeliers, Fancy Vase Lamps in Majolica, Faience Kito, Porcelain and other Wares. Wood and Willow,
Stone and Tinware. The American, Crown and Peerless Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers, Filters, etc.

Monitor Oil Stoves and Little Joker, Oil Cans.
THE BEST IN THE WORLD. Send for Price Lists.
The best and only absolutely safe Oil Stove in the World. It is Economical, Ornamental, Convenient, Dura-
ble, Compact and Cheap. Its fuel is Coal Oil. No Dust! No Ashes! No Smoke! No Trouble! Testimonials
from those using the Stoves given on application.
Fruit Jars and Jelly Tumblers Wine Bottles, Flasks, etc. Special inducements to the trade.
Merchants, Hotels, Boarding Houses and Bars will find it greatly to their advantage to give us a trial. Send
for list of assorted packages.
to July 5, '83. (1Mention this paper)


'II -C-- .U*---Y -Y -- I- -C~~.. I L -"-~C -"3 1 I -- II - - ii I




-- - ____ I From
Macon..................................., 35 8 70 $61 25 Madison, Ind.............. .... 751 50125600 From Landings From From From
Augusta................................... 40 80 70 00 Jeffersonville, Ind......... 75 1 50 125 00 Jackson- on Florida Tampa F.C. &W.
Atlanta ................................... 40 80 70 00 Evansville, Ind....... ..... 751 50 125 00 ville. St. Johns Transit and
Columbus, Ga ....................... 40 80 70 00 Cairo, Ill................................. 75 1 50 125 00 River. R. R. Manatee.
Montgomery, Ala................... 40 80 70 00 Indianapolis ......................... 801 60 130 00 TO
Mobile........... ..................... 501 00 87 50 Terre Haute..............................801 01130 00 f 0 M
Chattanooga, Tenn............. 50 1 00 8750 [Columbus, Ohio.................. 80 1 00 130 00 1S 4
Nashville, Tenn ..................... 60 1 20105 00 Chibago................................... 851 70,140 00 4 P : P P P P P
Memphis, Tenn....................... 60 1 20 105 00 Peoria, Ill................................ 851il 701140 00 --
Louisville, Ky......................... 701 40 115 00 Cleveland ........... .............. 901 80 150 00 Boston.... ........ 55 81 10 65 1 30 70 1 30 95 1 60 70 81 5
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................701 401115 00 Toledo.............. .... 9011 80150 00 Providence .......................... 55 1 10 65 1 30 70 1 30 95 1 00 70 1 35
Henderson,Ky........................ 70 1 40 115 00 Detroit................... 90)1 80 150 00 Washington ............................ 60 1 00 70 1 201 80j 1 20 1 05 150 65 1 25
Columbus, Ky......................... 701 40115 00 M iiwaukee ....................... ...... 1 80 150 00 I
Hickman, Ky .......................... 701 401115 00 -I j To make rates from Stations on Peninsular Railroad south of Ocala add 5 cents
The dimensions of the Standard Box for Oranges are 12x12x27 inches, and the per box and 10 cents per barrel to rates from stations on Transit Railroad.
weight is estimated at 80 pounds. "Steamship connection from Savannah for New York every Tuesday and Friday.
The Standard Barrel is double the capacity of the Standard Box. For Boston every Thursday. For Philadelphia every Saturday. For Baltimore
Excess of capacity over the above will be liable to pro rata excess of charges. Tuesday and Friday.
The Car-load is estimated at 20,000 pounds, or 250 Standard Boxes. Excess of this To make through rates from points tributary to the above, add the rates for
amount will be charged for pro rata. Car-load shipments must be to one destina- transportation lines connecting to above rates.
tion and to one consignee. Shipments via New York will be charged at the current rates from that point,
Prepayment of freight will not be required, but good ordtr and condition of with cost of transfer added.
shipments will be an absolute requirement. It is clearly understood between the Single packages will be charged $1 each to Boston, New York, Philadelphia and
shippers and the transportation companies that no responsibility shall attach for Baltimore. If shipped beyond, they will be charged in addition tln single package
loss or damage, however occasioned, unless it be from negligence, and that such loss rates of connecting lines and cost of transfer.
must attach solely to the company upon whose line such negligence may be located. Stencils, shipping receipts and information furnished on application to any of
The above points are the only points to which rates are guaranteed, and to the agents of the Line.
which Bills Lading will be issued. The Bills Lading will be issued only by the ____
Agents of this Company at Jacksonville and Callahan Junction, guaranteeing rates
from those points only. ALL RlI IL
The charges advanced by this Line in good faith to connections at those points
will net be subject to correction by this Line. II A L D a
Unless otherwise instructed by the shippers, the original Bill Lading will be USUVaVl, rlJOlT0 auBl WlOSe irllWay 0mpa y,
mailed the consigee at destination, and all claims for overcharge or loss and damage
must be presented at i destination, accompanied by the original Bill Lading. FORMING WITH ITS CONNECTIONS TIlE ONLY FAST MAIL PASSENG ER
In every case the full name and address of consignee must be given for insertion FO RIDA ND SOUTHERN ND PUATWELTN GEORGIA.
in BTill Lading and on the Way-bill. LAVANDHOTNGEORGIA.

__________________ ~Per Box. Per Bbl. Per Box. Per Bbl. FREIGHT DEPARTMENT.
Jacksonville......................................... .... 25 $ 50 35 $ 60
Landings on St. Johns River............ 35 70 40 75 Movement of Freight in Through Cars, thereby AVOIDING THE RISK OF
Stations on Florida Transit R. R.......... 45 75 50 80 TRANSFER to and from all points on the Florida Central and Western Railroad,
Tampa and Manatee.................... 70 1 05 I 75 1 10 Florida Transit Railroad, St. Augustine, and all landings on the St. Johns and
Stations on the J. P. & M. R...... 40 75 56 85 Ocklawaha Rivers, Chattahoochee, Flint and Apalachicola Rivers, and Havana,
In Connection with direct Steamers of the Boston and Savannah Steamship Co. Key West, Tampa and Manatee.
FromFrom i on From a a From Fruit and Vegetable Shipments Through in Ventilated Cars
Frm Ld'gs on Florida Tampa From
Jackson- Stohe. ers Tran Masit and F.0.& W NO DELAYS. PROMPT ADJUSTMENT OF CLAIMS.
TO .-- --- ~ Between Jacksonville and Savannah daily. TRANSFER TO SHIPS' SIDE
S0 V Rates always as LOW AS BY ANY OTHER LINE. Take out Bills Lading via
P __ Ps s P, P4 P ,PsP Savannah, Florida and Western Railway to insure ADVANTAGES OF THE XLL-
Boston................. ............. 50 1 0060 $1 20 65 $1 20 90 $1 50 65 $1 25 RAIL ROUTE.
Days of sailing subject to change without previous notice. For further informa-
In Connection with Steamships direct from Savannah. tion, if needed, apply to
H. YONGE, Agent of Line, and C. R. R. of Ga., Office New Pier 35 N River, N. Y.
From 1From From rd TFrom Ir Gen. W. L. JAMES, Agent, 25 S.outh Third St., Philadelphia. A. L. HUGGINS,
JacFrom L'd'gs on Florida Tampa From Agent Merchants' and Miners' Line, Baltimore. WM. H. RING Agent Boston and
lJackson-St. Johns Transit and F.C.&W. Savannah Steamship Line, 18- Wharf, Boston. 0. G. PEARS6N, Agent S., F. &
TO vie. iver. Manatee. W. Railway, 219 Washington St., Boston. C. D. OWENS, General Agent S., F. & W.
.. Railway, 315 Broadway, New York. J. B. ANDREWS, Agent S., F. & W. Railway,
S M 0. a .s-4 43 German St., Baltimore. J. M. CLEMENT, Agent S., F. & W. Railway, Pier 41
qW /W I 1 South Delaware Ave., Philadelphia, or to either of the undersigned.
__---- -- -- 1 __ W. 0. AMES, General Freight Agent, Jacksonville,
Boston via New York............ 73 $1 45 83 $1 651 88 $1 65 $1 13$1 15 88 $1 65 F. B. PAPY, General Freight Agent, Fernandina, Fla.
Philadelphia .......................... 1 1 20 65 1 20 901 50 65 1 25 JAS. L. TAYLOR, General Freight Agent, Savannah, Ga.
Baltimore...........50 1 00 60 1 20 65 1 20 90 150 65 1 25 D. H. ELLIOTT, General Agent Florida Dispatch Line, Jacksonville, Fla.
Providence via New York........ 65 1 301 75 1 50; 82 1 50 1 07 1 80 80 1 55 GEO. W. HAINES, Agent S., F. & W. Railway, Jacksonville, Fla.


etc., at any point accessible by the several railroad and
steamboat lines. Possessing the advantage of manufac-
turing our own lumber, we are enabled to offer very lib-
eral inducements as to terms and quality of material.
Draughts, plans, estimates and information furnished
on application.
We have also made extensive additions to our Plan-
ing Mill, and will continue, as heretofore, to manufacu-
ture and keep in stock a full line of Framing and Finish-
ing Lumber, Mouldings, Brackets, Balusters, Pickets,
Laths, etc.
July 17, '82-tf. Ellaville, Florida.

Are manufactured right in our establishment in the
best manner and at the shortest notice.
4riSend in your orders.
May 1--tf


Real Estate Agents,

Have lands in every county in the Orange Belt, at froin
$3 to $100 per acre. Orange groves from $1000 to $100,000.
Government lands in every part of the Orange Belt.
Can guarantee all of our property.
StraWberry Plants.
We have 200,000 best varieties for sale low.
Orange 'rees.
Wo have 300,000 trees, all ages, for sale, at from 10 cents
to -2 per tree, as to age.
Sep. 18, tf.

:BSI I T =D) 3 : 1T C.

If you have any Books, Magazines, Pamphlets, etc.,
that you want bound, you cannot do better that send
them to the undersigned. They do all kinds of work in
thle best style and at Northern prices.
Quotations furnished when desired. Address
Jacksonville, Fla.

An Orange Grove or Orange Lands, in a healthy, beauti-
ful country,
Entirely Free froin Frost,

where you have the finest

of all descriptions, and the best chance to raise early
vegetables, in a new country. Address me with stamp,
at Anclote, Hillsborough County, Florida.
I can sell you five acres, or five thousand acres, as you
to aug 20, '83 M. I. MA1 RIS.




DREW & BUCKI, Proprietors.

We respectfully announce to our friends and the pub-
lic generally, that, hang secured the services of com-
petent Draughtsmen, Architects and Mechanics we are
prepared to estimate on and contract for the building of



Oldest Established Bank in East Florida.
Organized in 1870 by Mr. D. G. AnAbler, and
Generally Known as
Deposits received, Discounts made and Exchange
Bought and Sold on MOST FAVORABLE TERMS.
Collections made and Proceeds promptly remitted.
Correspondents-Importers & Traders National Bank,
New York; Merchants National Btink, Savannah, Ga.
Resident correspondents of Brown Bros. & Co., Drexel,
Morgan & Co., Jas. G. King's Sons, Kountze Bros., New
York, and other prominent Bankers issuing Letters of
Credit. apr 10-tf

20 FORTY-ACRE TRACTS, only 12 miles from Jack-
sonville; extra good land, well located, between river
and J., St. A. and H. R. R. R. Price, $10 per acre. Will
sell on monthly payments of $12.50. These lands will in-
crease in value, being located in an already prosperous
town, making a paying investment at small outlay.
Maps can be seen at No. 41 East Bay Street.
to nov 21, '82. GEO. R. REYNOLDS.
Jacksonville, Fla.



Window, Picture and Carriage Glass.

Sand and Emery Papers, &e.
3000, FIRE TEST.
John8on's Prepared Kalsomine. Wads-
worth, Mfartinez and Longman's
Prepared Paints.
No. 40 West Bay St,, Sign of Big Barrel
to mar 25,83 JACKSONViLLE, FLA.

Only $1.00 a Year!


Floril4a -W 1\y Tims,


THE WEEKLY TIMES contains the choicest things
from the previous six issues of the DAILY TIMES,
which is universally conceded to be on6 of the newsiest,
liveliest, brightest,most readable and most enterprising
newspapers in the South. Its State news is fresh and
full; it comprises Telegraphic Dispatches from all parts
of the world up to the hour of going to press; and its
comments upon current events are pointed and in-
Special attention is given to all matters pertaining to
the Farm and Household ; and its Market and Weather
Reports are invaluable to Merchants, Planters and
In all the qualities of a newspaper for the family cir-
cle and the business man, the FLORIDA WEEKLY
TIMES is the cheapest and best ever offered to the Florida
One year, $1.00. Six months, 50 cents. One month on
trial 10 cents. Specimen copies free to any address.
To each subscriber remitting $1.50, the WEEKLY
TIMES will be sent for one year, together with a copy of
Rev. T. W. Moore's Treatise and Handbook of Orange
Culture, the price of which is one dollar. To each sub-
scriber remitting $2.00, the WEEKLY TIMES will be
sent one year with a copy of Barbour's Illustrated and
Descriptive Work on lorida, the price of which is $1.50.
To any one sending us ten yearly subscribers we will
send an extra copy lor a year.
A-Remittances should be made by draft or Post-Of-
fice order, or in a registered letter. Address
octl6-tf Jacksonville, Fla.



to April 23, '83

trawborry Plants For Sale!
200,000 Choice pure Beatty's stock........$4.00 per Thousand
100,000 Pure Nunan's.......... ............ 6.00 per Thousand
50,000 Pure Crescent Seedlings............ 6.00 per Thousand
-Terms: Cash with order.
Address. WV. E. SCUXLJL,
to nov 3, '82. Jacksonville, Florida.


Architeots ni. Civil lnl n ll rso

Plans, Specifications and Estimates for Buildings of
all kinds. Water Supply, Drainage, Sewerage, Bridges'
Roofs, Etc. P. 0. Box 784. Room No. 12 Palmetto Block,
Bay Street. to Feb. 7, 83





Laces, Worsteds,

67 West Bay Street, Corner Laura,
to feb 20, '83

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in

llrfwrol, tlovos, Doors, ashB, BlUs
Sugar Mills, Rubber and Leather Belting,
Steam d- Gas-Fitting, Plumbing f Ti'nsmithing,
Agricultural Implements of all Kinds,
W- Send for Price List and Catalogue, "-IA
to june 11 '83

Has closed till NOVEMBER. Present address,
may 12, '83. lRochester, N. Y.

(Sent by mail, postage free, on receipt of price).
In B00ook Forim Containing l" 12
Views Each.
Souvenir of Florida, (small size)...................... 25c.
Scenes and Characters of the Sunny South, (small
size)...................................................... 25c.
Souvenir of Jacksonville,( large size)...............50c.
Souvenir of St. Augustine,(large size)...............50c.
Stereoscopic Views, per Doz. $1.50.
Address -



Al-Send for circular.

(to mar. 3, '83)p



REFERENCES: Commercial Agencies, or any Wholesale Grocer in CINCINNATI.
to apl8, '83. LEESBURG, FLORIDA.

INGRAM FLETCHER, of FLETCHER & SHARPE, Bankers, and Meridian National Bank.
ct-16,t Stencils TFurnished on Application. j


Send in your orders for BOX MATERIAL. Can
ship promptly wlle freights are light. Have great
difficulty in getting it transported during the busy
season. [to March 25 '83

The agent of the Royal Mail Line to the Nether-
lands," and of the "Florio Italian Line," in Jackson-
ville, offers his services to reliable parties in search oj
competent labor for their

Groves or Gardens,
to try to induce people from
Northern and Southern Europe
to come to Florida.
Atl-Correspondence solicited.
c. It. VAiNrD R I IriNDENE,
Care Florida Land and Imp't Co.,
sept 4, '82, tf. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

, I .

I_, ----- I-II. -






NEWSDEALERS.-We keep all the latest Daily and Weekly Papers from Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, Chicago St. Louis, Louisville, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Charleston, Savannah and Jacksonville, and
take subscriptions to all publications at publication price. Orders by mail promptly attended to.

FLORIDA: FOR TOURISTS, INVALIDS AND SETTLERS (Barbour, Profusely Illustrated)............... Price P1 50
FLORIDA : ITS SCENERY, CLIMATE AND HISTORY (Lanier)................................................................ Price 1 50
GUIDE TO EAST FLORIDA (Edwards), paper.................................................. .........................................Price 10
FAIRBANKS' HISTORY OF FLORIDA................................................................. .............................. Price 2 50
G U ID E TO JA CK SON V ILLE ............................................................ .. .............................. ..............................Prico 25
TOURISTS AND INVALIDS REFERENCE BOOK OF WINTER TRAVEL......................................Price 75
SOUTH FLORIDA, THE ITALY OF AMERICA............................................................................................Price 25
DAVIS' ORANGE CULTURE (new edition)enlarged and improved............................................................Price 50
MOORE'S ORANGE CULTURE (new edition, enlarged and improved)....................................................Price 1 00
ORANGE INSECTS-Illustrated (Ashm ead, ................. .......... ..... ......... ......................................... Price 1 00
ORANGE CULTURE IN CALIFORNIA, by A. T. Garey, (cloth)..................................................................Price 1 2.5
A MANUAL OF GARDENING IN FLORIDA (W hitner).................................................................................Price 50
COLTON 'S M A P OF FLOR IDA ..................... .................. ............................................................................Price 75
COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA (Sectional-the best).................................................. ...................... .... .... Price 1 25
NEW AND ACCURATE MAP OF ST. JOHN'S RIVER............................................................... ...............Price 25
McCLELLAN'S NEW DIGEST OF LAWS OF FLORIDA, (8vo sheep, postage extra).................................Price 6 00
INDEX TO THE DECISIONS OF THE SUPREME COURT OF FLORIDA..................................................Price 3 00
Its Climate, Soil, and Productions, (By Samuel C. Upham)...................................... .............. ..............Paper .25
Any of the above books mailed on receipt of price.
W ARRANTY DEEDS, per dozen............................ ............................................................................................. Price 50
Q U I -CLA IM D E E D S, per dozen.........................................................................................................................Price 50
M O R T G A G E S, per dozen ......................................................................................... ........................P rice 50
NOTARIAL SEAL PRESSES, made to order........................................................................... ................ Price $5 00
We publish a full line of Law Blanks for Lawyers and Justices of the Peace. Price-list mailed on application.
Special prices to large buyers. Address ASHMEAD BROTHERS,



Vegetables, Orange Trees

BY -

CEO. B. FORRESTER, 169 Front St., New York.


Do not Breed Vermin or Insects in the Soil.
They have been used on FLORIDA LANDS for Years, and produce Wonderful Results.
For sale by
aEnfrd. OLrg:euM.A. Cot FI- orIdaS,
Sa...nford, Orange County, Florida.




Two yards PLYMOUTH ROCKS, two yards each of
and one yard of GEORGIA

We are booking-
orders now for EGGS, and
guarantee fifty per cent. better results
than from Eggs received from the North. Send for cir-
cular. R. W. PARRAMORE, Jacksonville, Fla.
W. C. BIRD, Monticello, Fla. tojanl5-'83

Hickory Bluff, 46 acres, 18 acres Hammock, cleared and
enclosed with Picket fence. 200 thrifty young Orange
trees growing on the place. Bold bluff rivor front of over
a quarter of a mile, auid .iecnr ci(nnel close it.t shore,
and over five miles of water protection to the northwest, giv-
ing perfect security against frost. Nine miles below Jack-
sonville, and one mile from New Berlin. Can come to
city every morning on mail steamer and return il the
afternoon. A choice place for Orange growing and truck
farming. Price, $2,500.
Also, two desirable city lots 53-209 feet, and one 70x156
feet covered with thrifty orange trees 6 years old, half
mile from business center. Good neighborhood (all
white). Price of first, $tX)0each. Price ofsecond, a corner,
very handsome, $800. Apply to
No. 1 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE.
State that you saw this in TIHE DISPATCH.
July 3, tf

.L.tteLtioxi 'n tsr 3^Een-
DR. R. BACHMANN'S Vermin Hate; the only relia-
ble antidote to Vermin on Poultry of every description
now extant, viz: Lice on Fowls and Fleas on Dogs; all
other domestic animals are benilittetl by its use. This
being an internal remedy to be given mixed with the
food, because all external remedies have been a failure.
It is put up in packages' of FIFTY CENTS and ONE DOL-
LAR. Sold at G4roceriv.s and Soed Stores. The best of
reference given on application to the proprietor.
Jacksonville, Florida.
Depot with PAINE BROS., 3 Bay Street.
aug. 21 to feb. 21. '8'.

ARRANTE Garde eld and ower
j WAKK /NILU SEEDS, and Everything
r the Farm and Garden. Illustrated Cata.
ie ent tree. JOHNSON & STOKES,
e Seed and Agricultural warehouse,
No, 1114 Market Street, Philadelphia
(to Jan 9, '83)

Commission Merchant,
Florida Oranges and Lemons,
N. Y. Depot, MAXFIELD & CO., 67 and 609 Park Place; Mag-
axine and Packing House, Waycross RI. R.Wharf.

Have a large quantity of Manilla Wrapping
Papers, at Lowest Market rates.


Merchants' ILine,



FREDERICK DE BARY, Capt. Leo. Vogel.
H. B. PLANT, Capt. J. W. Fitzgerald.
ANITA, Capt. C. H. Brock.
One of the above-named steamers will leave De Bary
Wharf, foot of Laura Street, daily except Sunday, at 3
all intermediate landings.
ROSA, Capt. J. L. Ainazeen.
GEO. M. BIRD, Capt. G. J. Mercier.
Steamer ROSA leaves De Bary Wharf every Sunday
at 1 p. m., and every Wednesday at 5 p. m. for above-
named landings.
Steamer GEO. M. M. BIRD leaves De Bary Wharf every
Tuesday and Friday at 5 p. m. for same landings.
Connects at Palatka with Florida Southern Railroad
for Gainesville and Ocala.
Connects at Astor with St. John's and Lake Eustis
Railroad for Ft. Mason, Yalaha, Leesburg and all points
on the Upper Ocklawaha.
Connects at Volusia with coaches for Ormond and
Connects at Sanford with South Florida Railroad for
Longwood, Maitland, Apopka City, Altemonte, Orlando,
Kissimmee, and with steamers for Lake Jessup, Salt
Lake and Rock Ledge and Indian River.
Connects at Enterprise with coaches for Daytona and
New Smyrna.
Returning, Mail Steamers leave Enterprise every
morning at 7 a. m., and Sanford on arrival of train.
Steamer Geo. M. Bird will leave Enterprise every
Thursday and Sunday at 5 a. m.
Steamer Rosa leaves Enterprise exery Friday at 5 p. m.
AV-Through bills of lading given to all points.
The steamers of this line are all first-class in every
For further information, apply at General Ticket
Office, corner Bay and Laura Streets, Leve & Alden,
corner Bay and Ocean Streets, or on board.
W. B. WATSON, Manager.
C. B. FENWICK, Gen. Pass. Agent. Aug. 7-tf.

N0O. 49.

C. N. 0. and T. 1P. IIAILWA Y,

will consult their interests, and secure all needed infor-
mation, by calling at
TNo. 490 Iay Street,

to nov 30, '83. Southeastern Agent.

Boston 0 l -8 ayRaRt h 818ogmshil l Co

Transhipment and extra handling avoided. Care
unloaded at wharf in Savannah. First-class passenger ac-
The magnificent new Iron Steamships sail from Bos-
ton every Thursday at 3 o'clock, and from Savannah as
Gate City, Thursday, September 28th, at 7:30 a. m.
City of Columbus, Thursday, October 5th, at 2:00 p. m.
Gate City, Thursday, October 12th, at 7:00 a. m.
City of Columbus, Thursday, October 19th, at 12 m.
Gate City, Thursday, October 26th, at 6:00 p. m.
City of Columbus, Thursday, November 2d, at 12:30 p. m.
F. W. NICKERSON & CO., Savannah, Ga.
General Agents, Boston. 44-tf


These lands include all varieties of upland and lowland, and are adapted to Oranges, Lemons, Limes, Pine-
Apples, Bananas, Sugar-Cane, Early Vegetables, etc., and are chiefly in the counties of
St.Johns, Volusia, Brevard, Orange, Sumter, Levy, Hernando, Hillsborough,
Polk, Manatee and Monroe.
The following are reserved and for sale at graded prices:
Gulf Coast Reserve," 268,000 acres, M. R. MARKS, Agent, Anclote, Fla,
"Timber Reserve," 100,000 acres, comprising choice tracts of Pine and Cypress, chiefly in St.' Johns and
Volusia Counties. Address
to mar 24 '83 Jacksonville, Fla.





14 c


[Full cdunt-480 sheets to the ream.]
xlO 11x11 12x12
. pr rm. 17 c. pr rm. 19 c. pr rm.
Special Prices to Large Buyers.
Remit by check, money-order or registered letter, and in ordering, give shipping directions.
Ashmead Brothers,


- I -- -- I ---- I I -- I

- -- -- r

General Stock of Select Seeds for Gardeners.
Thle Cabbage Seed Crop of '82 is almost a complete
failure :LTort1n, but I have secured a fe-x pouL.ds
eachl, of su.chlb select varieties as are a su.coess inx ou.r
climate-. I Iav-e a stock of Cabbage Pertillzers,
7Bone ZVMeal, Otton. Seed Zveal, 2Eto.

to jan 6, '83 Jacksonville, Fla.


Southlern. "r'u.it an.d .V7egetables a Speoialty-.
36 and 3 8 1North Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia.
to Jan 6, '83




COffer from OMPANY

Offer from October 1, 1882, till May 1, 1883,


At Government Price of $1.25 per


--j. -