Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/NF00000068/00031
 Material Information
Title: Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Ashmead Bros.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: October 23, 1882
Publication Date: 1869-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (1869)-n.s. v. 9, no. 4 (Jan. 21, 1889).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of North Florida
Holding Location: University of North Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0497
oclc - 08331006
System ID: NF00000068:00031
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch, farmer & fruit grower; farmers alliance

Full Text

~Jl9 _

r 1 r x

l.Bevoted to

Vol. 1.--No 31.

the q A.'ricultural, flaIn ufacturinq and Industrial Interests of Florida

New Series.--Published by ASHMEAD BROTHERS, Jacksonville, Fla.

and the South.

Price 5 cents.

Monday, October 23, 1882.

The New Gentury Plant.
We have already given a brief description
of this plant, which must soon be brought into
our Florida collections. W. FALCONER, of
Cambridge, Mass., thus discourses of the
"Queen Victoria Century Plant," in the Coun-
try Gentleman :
This new, rare, exceedingly distinct and
beautiful century plant is botanically known
as Agave Victorice reginw, which name was
given to it by Mr. J. T. Peacock, of London,
in 1875, by special permission of lher Majesty,
Queen Victoria. It is indigenous to the moun-
tains of northern Mexico, where it is found in
rocky and gravelly soil, high upj on steep ac-
clivities, and in a limited and rather inaccessi-
ble locality, some miles from Monterey. The
first plant of it introduced to cultivation was
brought from Alexico to France in 1872, by M.
V. Considerant. That plant died the next
winter, and the species was lost to cultwivation
till 1874, when M[. Considerant succeeded in
introducing some more. In Europe it has
been honored by a silver medal of the first
class, a gold medal, and a first-class certificate.
Illustrations of the plant have appeared in En-
glish and French horticultural works, but the
inflorescence was unknown till February, 1880,
when Dr. Edward Palmer, an American bota-
nist and collector, found fruiting specimens of
it in its native wilds. These he forwarded to
Dr. Engleimann, of St. Louis, who, therefrom,
lescribed the inflorescence for the first time.
Dr. Palmer also sent living plants of this
agave to the Agricultural Department at Wash-
ington, Dr. Englemann, of St. Louis, and
the botanic garden of Harvard College at Caim-
One of these plants is now in flower in the
Cambridge garden, and this is the only plant
of the kind that has ever blossomed in cultiva-
tion, or been seen in bloom in its native coun-
try. The plant is semi-spherical in form, and
consists of-a dense rosette of short, stiff leaves,
varying in number from about 20 in small
plants to nearly 300 in mature )-peci mns. The
leaves are deep green, edged and streaked with
white, and terminated by a rigid or twisted
short blackish spine, with two or three teeth at
its base. The flower-scope of our plant rises

$1.00 per Year, in advance; postage free.

10 feet 4 inches above the leaves, and is termi- Rice in the United States.
nated by a very dense spike 5 feet 8 inches Rice is a very profitable crop and its cultiva-
long. The flowers are arranged in clusters of tion in Florida and Georgia should be more
three, of a whitish-green color, and the bright
yellow-anthered stamens protrude an inch or largely entered into by our planters. Upland rice
yellow-anthered stamens protrude an inch or
more beyond the flowers, giving the spike an is especially adapted to Florida soil. We give
appearance somewhat like an immense bottle- below, statistics of the yield and number of
brush. __acres under cultivation, as given before the
Tariff Commission at Savannah, September 25:
i ints for Good Times.. The number of acres reported in rice in the
The times in this State are good this autumn. United States by the census of 1880 was 17 ,-
The crops were never better, and the prices they 173. The number of pounds produced was
bring are satisthctory. The credit of the far- 110,131,373 of clean rice, an average product of
mer is good, but here is a lesson. Credit never 632 pounds per acre. The acreage of Georgia
permits a man to know the real value of money, was 34,973, which is about one-fifth of the total
area in rice. South Carolina had 78,388 acres
nor to have full control over his affairs. It pre- and produced 52,077,715 pounds or nearly half
sets all of his expenses in the aggregate, and of the total of the United States. Louisiana
not in detail. Every one has more or less of had nearly as much as Georgia. In the census
the miser's love of money-of the actual gold year the number of cultivators is far less than
pieces and the crisp bank notes, Now, if you the number of acres,while at Savannah the num-
Sb, i er of persons interested in this cultivation was
have these things in your pocket, you see them stated at 45,000 as against 40,000 under cultiva-
as you make your purchases visibly diminishing tion, 5,000 more people than acres. While a wit-
under your eye. The lessening head cries to ness at Savannah puts the number of acres un-
you to stop. You would like to buy this, that der cultivation in 1881 at nearly 20,000 less
and the other, but you know exactly how much than in 1880, he states the product for 1881 to
money you have left, and if you go on buying have been 11,000,000 pounds greater than that
more things your purse will soon be empty. of the previous year.
You do not see this when you take credit. You
give your orders freely, without thought or cal- THE CLIMAX AND CHATTAHOOCHEE EXTEN-
culation; and when the day of payment comes SION OF THE S., F. & W. RY.-The completion
you find that you owe more than you expected. of this extension, in connection with the Pen-
The great secret of being solvent and well-to-do sacola and Atlantic Railway a its one-
and comfortable, is to get ahead of your expen- .
ses-eat and drink this month what you earned tions, will enable the perfection of quick sched-
last month, not what you are going to earn ules and through trains by a preferred route
next month. There are, no doubt, many per- from New York to New Orleans, passing, as
sons so unfortunately situated that they can the passenger could, through Philadelphia, Bal-
never accomplish this. Then again, no man
can guard against ill-health; no man can in- timore, Washington, Richmond, Wilmington,
sure himself a well-conducted, helpful family Charleston, Savannah, Thfomasville, Pensacola
or a permanent home. There will always be and Mobile to New Orleans. As also in con-
people who cannot help their misfortunes, but nection with the Waycross Short Line, a desira-
the credit business leaves a bitterness that no ble route between Jacksonville and New Or-
one enjoys. The man with his fine house, his leans, and also opening up to the merchants of
glittering carriage and his rich bouquets, for Jacksonville a field for trade in South Georgia
which he is in debt, is a slave, a prisoner, for- and West Florida. We notice that some Jack-
ever dragging his chains behind him through sonville merchants are soliciting and securing
all the grandeur of the false world through a trade on the line of the S., F. & W. Ry. in
which he moves.-Farmer's Union. South Georgia.

WUlp_ ___ ISO-_~


Ancient Agriculture.
Every age and period in history has been
one in which men have considered themselves
to surpass all previous times in knowledge and
skill, and have thought, with something like
contempt, of generations which have preceded
them. But yet "there is nothing new under
the sun." And so far as regards agriculture,
we may go back several thousand years and
find much to learn from the most ancient prac-
tice of agriculture. We are amazed at the oc-
currences to-day; we are stricken with wonder
at the operations of the great "bonanza
farmers" in the northwest; we think our grain
exports altogether unprecedented and a sign of
the most extraordinary enterprise and industry;
the flocks and herds of the plainsmen to be
vastly more numerous than ever known in his-
tory, and, in short, we consider the nineteenth
century as the very pinnacle of time, and our-
selves-the men of it-as the only persons
worthy to occupy so exalted a position.
But when we go back to the ancient days in
the very dawn of history, we find Job to have
had a respectable little flock of 14,000 sheep,
6,000 camels for his riding and his transporta-
tion, and 1,000 yoke of oxen to do his plowing.
And his race, the Hebrews, had been trained to
such habits as this, and to such a complete ag-
riculture as we know they practiced, by the
Egyptians who had conquered them and en-
slaved them. When the Israelites emigrated
from Egypt they numbered 601,730 able-
bodied men capable of bearing arms, and with
their wives and children and camp-followers
formed an exceedingly great army of probably
over 3,000,000 of persons, and yet as this vast
body moved on their road to conquer Canaan,
the promised land, they found abundance of
"old corn" for their maintenance from the day
they crossed the Jordan until they reduced the
fertile fields of their conquest to possession.
Their former masters and instructors in the
arts of agriculture, the Egyptians, were rich
and accomplished farmers. Diodorus Siculus
wrote of their skill and wealth. They prac-
ticed rotation of crops, and exercised remark-
able good judgment in adapting their crops to
the soil and season. Twenty million bushels of
wheat were amiually explrted to Rome-avast
surplus for that time and people and colmpara-
tively narrow country. They practiced the
most skillful system of irrigation ; they made

hay for the support of their cattle during the
yearly flooding of their fields, and for the rest
of the year soiled them on green clover and
other forage as we do now. The flocks were
numerous and were shorn twice in the year,
as is done now in California, and their ewes
lambed twice in the year, which ours do not.
They reared vast quantities of poultry, and
practiced artificial incubation successfully and
to a great extent, hatching out thousands at
once in great ovens, or in beds of horse ma-
nure, an old practice now newly patented in
the United States. The rural villas of the
well-to-do farmers of those ancient days were
constructed in many ways on the )principles of

our modern improved country houses. There him at the bottom who should be at the top.
were many apartments-the kitchen and the But among the Romans the names of some of
Sthe bath- tc the most lte-d1 families were taken from the
resting-room, the bath-r.oom, thc. rooms fr field crops, and the Pisones, the Fabii, and the
show and for hospitality ; the S-.Is ir cattle, Lentuli were doubtless enabled to perform their
the stables for horses; carriaTgI-ios ; gardens distinguishedl services to their people by reason
for vegetables, and fruits and flowers grana- of their virtues, learning, skill, judgment, in-
ries which were vermin-pr-of, which 0ours are lh-tl>)'' and intelligence, which they gained in
not, wand into we i the grain wa i their observant and successful culture of the
not, and 1i1t,,) which ti (lie rain i as ,,ir'i at ? I I
special crops from which the families first took
the top, to be removed by suites at th' bot- their maloe. And why not? Is there not
tom ; farm mills and 1ii, s1i.- n mill-s for ,rind- 0 more s"1ope and opportunity for the enlarge-
ing grain, and ii' their implements were not ment of tle mind and the cultivation of the
constructed upon the most ci'm iii,. principles, intellect in the process of cultivating the soil
I I and the production of crops than there is in
they were certainly e(L with v' complete selling, distributing or transporting them, or in
effect, as the "crop reports" of those days men- buying and .s-li1g dry goods or hardware ? Give
tioned "thirty, sixty and an hundred fold" as the farmer the leisure and the opportunities
the common returns of the harvest. But the that are needed to acquire a fitting education;
most significant point in regard to their meth- let the farmers boy and girl have as good an
SI education as the child of the man who lives by
odical and careful habits is, perhaps, their the farmer's business, the merchant, the lawyer,
method of transfrrinig Iland, which shows by or the preacher ; and what is there in tlIe far-
its formal manner how much they valued their ner's business that is in the least calculated to
possessions, press him down or to degrade him ? On the
Their deeds were accurately dated, the reign- contrary, there is everything to elevate him and
ing King and the year of his reign being men- raise him to the highest rank among his fellow-
tioned with precision, as well as the name of citizens.
the President of the court in which they were
executed and of the clerks who drew them. The LisCitento he words of Cato as put into his
seller was described by name ; by his -personal ips by Ciceron "I come now to the pleasures
appearance, age, pau pri ag e or b>si- of iusbndemir-y in which I vastly delight. They
ness, and residence, and with the name of the are noiterrupted by old age, and they are the
purchaser, a description of his personal p:tr- pursuits in which a wise man's life should be
ance was also entered. Theland was described spent. The soil does notrebel; it always gives
by its locality, extent, boundaries and charac- back with usury what it receives. But the
ter ; a warranty clause was given on the part gains of hsbandry are not its chief commnen-
of the seller, and the ipurchmaser made an ex- dat s although te nature ad productive
plicit acceptance of the bargain. The deed virtues of the soil charm me greatly. Cain
was numerously witnessed, as many as sixteen those old mDen be called unhappy who delight
names being often inscribed, and the President i the ultivatin of the soil ? There can be
of the court witnessed the acknowledgment. no happier life, not only because the tillage of
After thle Egyptians, the Hebrews, under the te. s( s :lt 1y to all, but from the pleasure
wise, thoughtful and shrewd guidance of their yields. The homeof a good aid industrious
w o me im er is stored with' wealth; it abounds in
ruler, Moses, still further improved their agri- farmer Is stored win wealth t l bounds in
culture. They enjoyed that very wise and rain and fruit, in pigs, lambs, in poultry,
beneficial exemption from debt, which pre- in milk, in cheese, in honey. Noting can be
vented them from sacrificing their heritage by more beautiful, nothing more profitable than a
extravagance or foolish speculations.1 No wellt ulie atie flrst i ow, pit is very saf toi
mortgage could !ind them for mo)re t!a .ee say that when the first writer, philosopher, and
years; and no sale could transfer the soil for man of the period can utter such words, and
more than fifty years. They practiced the they can be duly appreciated by those who es-
highest kind of farming, cleared their land of. ti:m,; themselves privileged to hear and read
stone, drained it, used irrigation and maiii d tr ilst tid thoughts then agriculture is in its
their fields liberally. Every seven years was usti p sihe condltion. F or then tIe great-
a fallow in which the weeds that grew were est minds which are cmcermi:l about it cannot
gathered carefully and burned, so as to destroy fitil to raise it to a high state of perfection and
the seeds, a practice we might adopt with ad- an.,es.-
vantage. Let us for a moment cnmpnmre this It is not surmprisimg, then, that when we go
careful practice with our wasteful and neglect- back to that time we may find not only all we
fill toleration of the most troublesome weeds now know and think to be new but much that
which are permitted to seed year after y''ar halas been forgotten and is now being slowly re-
upon our fields, not to mention our supreme'mly discuvered. Then it was well known that leg-
neglectfil cultivation of all sorts of insect ominous crops, as clover, peas and beans, re-
pests. ThIe crops then grown comprised wheat, frleshed and enriched the soil, precisely what
barley, millet, peas, lentils, rice and cotton, our experiment stations are just now telling us
Of fruits there were abundance, and cucum- at a cost of thousands of dollars every year.
bers and melons were largely grown. The And Piiny, the renowned historian, wiho was

standard measure of land was a yote or an an accomplished agricultural writer as well,
acre, a quantity which could be plowed in a day said in regard to reaping wheat: "The later
by a pair of cattle. it is reaped the better it casts (thrashes), but
But we must hasten to notice the really the sooner it is reaped the fairer the sample."
scientific agriculture of the Romans, among In fact, when we come to study these old
whom agricultural literature and the agricul- writers we find continually the very same prac-
tural writer first appeared. With them agri- tical information which we read to-day in ag-
culture occupied the most distinguished place ricultural journals; but then, the writers of
among the industries, and very often when a that ancient time were considered the foremost
more than usually competent official, executive, men of their time; but an agricultural writer
or soldier, was required in an emergency he of to-day--well, we may not be unprijudicd,c,
was drawn from the ranks of thie farmers, and and so we refrain. But we cannot help think-
called directly from the plow. What a falling ing that one most sig mificant proof of the ad-
off is there in this respect in these days of all vanced condition of ancient agriculture is that
the modern improvements, every one of which the farm and its work engaged the thoughts
seems to have bidden the farmer take a lower and pens, as well as occupied the time and la-
place, and has enabled every other industry bors of the very first men of those days.- -New
to lift itself upon his broad shoulders, leaving York Ti,:m .




ALTAMONTE, FLA., October 4, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Special fertilizers came into use naturally
from a chemical analysis of vegetables and
plants. It was supposed that if the ingredients
of these same plants and vegetables were sup-
plied to the soil, that just so many vegetables
would result. Reason should, and practical
experience has proven its impracticability.
PETER HENDERSON, than whom a more
practical man never lived, says they were tried
and speedily abandoned around New York city,
amid where gardeners, using from $100 to $300
worth of fertilizers per acre, would be not only
willing, but eager to use these special fertitizers,
if they were practicable; as it is, they confine
themselves to the freshly-ground bones from the
abuttoirs in the immediate vicinity of the city.
Why, Messrs. Editors, go to Holland and
Belgium, the garden spot of Europe-a country
reclaimed-that once, as to poverty of soil, was,
as compared to Florida, as gold to copper. No
commercial fertilizers were used to build it up,
but stable and all other manures. Our improvi-
dence and watchfulness is their wealth. I am
a long way within the truth when I say that
$100,000,000 annually are wasted from our
back-doors. This is a homely phrase, but nev-
ertheless true, that there is enough fertilizing
matter produced by man himself to support him
and leave a large margin for profit. I be-
lieve this was designed in the economy of na-
ture. Now, I do not wish to imply that there
is no virtue in special fertilizers, for if true,
phosphates and potash form the basis of them,
and whatever of these they contain is not waste.
Whenever a man gets so fanatical he can't see
anything beyond chemical fertilizers, and tries to
explain everything on that hypothesis, he has
forgotten, or ignored too many other conditions
that enters into the vital existence of plants as
well as vegetables. Germination cannot take
place without chemical change. No chemical
change takes place without the development of
electricity. These do not take place without
the presence of moisture and heat, and these
later are only rendered fructifying by the sun's
rays; and lastly, for practical purposes, you
must have plenty of humus, or the above will
be of no avail. "A little learning is a danger-
ous thing ; drink deep, or taste not." I will trust
an unlearned practical farmer in agriculture
before a scientist. I)DR. W. KILMiER.

SoUTHERN vs. WESTERN CORN. -It is a fact
worthy of notice that a large amount of South-
ern corn, produced in this State and Florida,
has been recently received in this city, and that
it is offered at so much lower rates than the
Western article, that it has seriously interfered

with the latter as feed corn. In past years a
few of the most far-seeing of our Southern farm-
ers would produce corn enough for their home
and plantation use, and all such were considered
exceedingly fortunate. Now, however, as a
rule, our farmers not only have corn for home
use, but instead of having to send their money
to the West to purchase supplies, can keep their
money at home and successfully compete with
Western farmers besides.
This is indeed an encouraging condition of
affairs. Our farmers have taken the first step
onward to true independence, and they will
never regret it. The abandonment of the all
cotton policy this year will convince the
Southern planter that he can raise his own sup-
plies, and still receive as much if not more

money for cotton as surplus crop, as he formerly
received when he pinned his faith wholly to
the great staple, 'and then had to trust in the
West for what he needed. In a diversity of
crops is to be found the true source of Southern
prosperity, and it is exceedingly fortunate that
our agricultural classes have discovered it.-
Sav. New.s.
Irish Potatoes -Varieties.
TlFe Irish Potato may easily be made one of
our most important shipping crops, and for the
benefit of those who desire specific information
on the new varieties, we condense an article
from a correspondent of the Iowa IHowoe.tead,,
who says the very carlicst variety is the Alpha;
the largest early variety--first, Crawford Seed-
ling ; second, Early Olhio, and third, Beauty
of IIebron; the best medium early kinds-
first, Belle; second, Whipple Seedling; third,
Laplume Triumph ; fourth, White Star ; fifth,
White Elephant, and sixth, Mammoth Pearl;
the best baking potato, Burbank Seedling;
the best keeping late potatoes-first, Almo ;
second, Belle ; third, Star, and fourth, Elephant
and Whipple ; the largest varieties, Queen of
the Valley, American Giant, Dunmore, Belle,
White Elephant, Mammoth Pearl, Late Rose
and Amno in the order named ; the most vig-
orous growth of late potatoes, White Elephant,
Almo, Mammoth Pearl, Laplume Triumph,
Dunmore and Star ; nearest perfection in form
and appearance, Pride of America, Silverskin,
Perfection Belle, White Star and Late Snow-
flake ; the most promising new kinds, Wall's
Orange and Clark's No. 1. Three years' careful
trial of the above varieties forms the basis for
the above assertions.

Palmetto Fibre and its Uses.
A correspondent of the Flida Mirror
writes: It is well known that the various spe-
cies of palmetto, which are abundant in this
State, possess a remarkable fibrous texture.
This far, however, there has never been any
practical method of obtaining this fibre in suf-
ficient qualities to make it of any commercial
Several years since, an est:ilishmnent at Or-
ange Park, aind later, one at Daytona, shreded
the palmetto hl- v,- and made a so-calle(d "pal-
metto fibre" for mattresses. This hlas been sold
by itself and mixed with "long pine leaves" as
palmettoo fibre." This is a misnomer. It is
in no sense a fibrp. It contains the fibre and
all the various gums, saccharine matters, resins
and intercellular tissues of the plant. It has
the odor of hay, and cattle eat it very readily.
Later, at Jacksonville, there has been estab-
lished a "Palmetto Brush Factory.' This es-
tablishment uses about four feet of thie tops of
cabbage palmnetto, from which is obtained a

stiff, short, true fibre, suitable for brush n'mk-
During this process there is obtained a short
refuse fibre, about four to six inches in length,
brown in color, which is offered for sale to mat-
tress-m:ikers and upholsterers.
A third establishment, located at Fernandi-
ia, is cutting the various kinds of palmetto
and having it partially dried, shipping in bales
to Valley Forge, Penn., for grinding and mak-
ing paper. This company does not make any
A fourth company, "The Nassau Palm Fibre
Company," has established a factory here for
the purpose of putting the "fibre" in market
for commercial purposes, for all kinds of busi-
ness for which it may be suitable. They have
a large building with extensive machinery, and

are manufacturing a true palmetto fibre from
three to ten feet in length. It is a clean, white
fibre, entirely free from all saccharine matters,
gums, resin oils, intercellular tissues, and other
impurities. This is offered to the various trades
in bales of about 100 pounds each. There are
various grades-long, short, coarse, fine, etc.,
at various prices.
These various factories for utilizing the pal-
metto crop of our State are entirely independ-
ent of each other, in "methods and processes of
manufacture." There is not a single piece of
machinery in common ; in fact, no two use the
same machine.
Whatever may be said of the others, it is be-
lieved that, as a manufacturing business, "The
Nassau Palm Fibre Company" will become the
most valuable to the State. It does not con-
fine itself to a specialty as beds or brushes or
paper, but offers the fibre to the various trades
and industries that need a fibre. The fibre, to
a great extent, takes the place of jute, and will
for many purposes be better than some grades
of flax, hemp, cotton and wool. It is far supe-
rior to the highest grades of "Excelsior," of
which over a million tons are used each year.
It is thus seen that the palmetto, hitherto a
nuisance, and annually burned to get it out of
the way, is valuable.
It is not like any other crop, to be harvested
in a fev( days, once a year, but may be harvested
every day in the year.
No time is to be lost, or expenses paid in pre-
paring and manuring the soil, in plowing, cul-
tivating and harvesting. No army worm, wet
or dry weather prevents dr injures the crop.
It is not like a lumber crop, taking forty or
fifty years to obtain it. It is an annual growth
and requiring no care or attention, being al-
ways ready for harvest, even at a very low fig-
ure, it is a most valuable crop.
Florida should aid in the development of
these interests in every possible way. It is en-
tirely a new industry, and if properly devel-
oped will become of untold value to the State.

promises to become an important industry in
South Georgia and Florida, as well as in Louis-
iana. The Morninqg Ne'w., of Savannah, has
this to say on the subject:
Mr. C. Menelas, of New Orleans, who is
located in this city for the season as a cotton
buyer, is a large grower of jute, and has fine
specimens of this valuable article of commerce
and manufacture. Similar samples have been
exhibited by him to manufacturers in the North,
who pronounce it fully equal to the East India
jute. Mr. Menelas is now interested with par-
ties in St. Louis who are perfecting machinery
by which the art of preparing the fibre for the
market can be so reduced that it will be able,
if the present duty is allowed to remain for a
few years, to compete with the foreign article."
If we are not mistaken, and we think we are
not, a jute bagging factory has been in success-

ful operation at Columbus, Ga., for nearly two
years past. There is no reason, therefore, why
the farmers of South Georgia, as well as those
of Florida and Louisiana, may not make jute
culture profitable. Other factories could be
started, and all the fibre raised in Georgia man-
ufactured here at home.
DRESSED JUTE.--" Mr. Garrett Swindall, one
of Levy County's enterprising farmers, living
six miles southwest of Bronson, brought us a
sample of dressed jute that he raised this year
from seed furnished by Gen. W. H. Sebring,
procured last spring from the West Indies. The
sample brought us measures four feet in length
and is of very fine fibre. As an article of in-
dustry the jute is said to be very profitable, as
the crop comes in immediately after the cotton
crop is gathered, and while it is not in the way
of raising a cotton crop, it pays much better
than cotton.-Bronson Enterprise.


Weather for week ending October 20, 1S82.
Therm. Wnd.

-i . t- s' o-',

Saturday 14...... 2 97185, 73 7. 81.0 0.07 NE 5' Fair.
Sunday 15....... 30.07 79 66 72.0 70.7 0.00 NE 5! Fair.
Monday 16 ...... 30.01 79 61f i1.3 0.00 NE I HClear.
Tuesday 17...... 30.03 82 63 72.0; 75.7 0.00! E l1Clear.
Wednesday 18; 30.04 8165' 71.0i 80.7 0.00 E 3 Clear.
Thursday 19... 29.95 86171: 77.3!7.0 0.11 S 7PFair.
Friday 20(........ i 85 8170l 71.71 87.01 2.36 S 1 iCloudy.
HIighest barometer 30.08, lowest 29.81.
Highes.t temperature 86, lowest 63.
NOTE.-Barometer readings reduced to sea level.
J. W. SMlITH, Signal Observer U. S. A.

October 6th, 1882. f
Editors of The Florida Dispatch :
I take the liberty of sending you a couple of'
plants growing on my place, and in this neigh-
borhood, for examination, and to get you to
name them, and if you can, give me their
properties for good or evil. The one with
square stalk is believed to contain a deadly
poison for either cattle or shcee1), if eaten by
them in a certain state of growth. The other
slim, round stem, is a fibrous plant. I enclose
a bundle of the fibre, obtained by hand. The
plant has been of late denominated "Florida"
or "Native Jute." I am told its proper name
is "Pita," or "Bromelia," a much superior fibre,
in both strength and fineness, to India Jute.
With proper encouragement, I feel certain it
can be cultivated and prepared for market at
a much greater profit than cotton, as it re-
quires little or no cultivation, and when once
started will seed itself; and I believe will prove
a valuable fertilizer to lands, but little inferior
to clover in more northern latitudes, the tap-
root being from six to ten inches in length and
the plant with a great profusion of leaves.
Would be pleased to hear your opinion through
THE DISPATCH, if you deem it worthy of note.
Yours Truly,
REPLY.-Plants were referred to our bota-
nist, Prof. A. II. Curtis, who reports as follows
The "square-stemmed" plant is one common
throughout Florida and adjacent States. Its
botanical name is Melanthera hastata, and it
belongs to the Composite family. Probably it
has some mild medicinal, but not noxious prop-
The "fibre plant" is the well known Florida
jute. Its botanical name is Urena lobata. It
belongs to the Malvaceae, or cotton family,

nearly all species of which, like those of the
related Jute and Basswood families, are noted
for toughness of bark fibre. The Urena has
become introduced from the West Indies, and
is found around most settlements in the central
portion of the Floridian peninsula. It prom-
ises to be of great utility. For the develop-
ment of a long stalk, such as is needed for
manufacture, rich soil is needed. The lands
promised us by the Okeechobee Company will
probably be finely adapted to its culture.
-Trust him little who praises all, him less
who censures all, and him least who is indiffer-
ent about all.-Lavater.


g(els, .jt3jou mo111unis, ejaitpa n pl is, stirawIDerTres,
corn and Guinea corn, potatoes (sweet and
Irish), rice, field peas, cabbages, turnips, pea-
nuts, goubers, sugar, syrup, honey, long cotton,
jute fibre and plant, hay, iron and ore, valua-
ble woods, etc., etc., and kindly ask that com-
petition which will attract notice to the coun-
ties making exhibits.
Errors Corrected-Antigonons, &c.
FEDERAL POINT, Sep. 28, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
With all due deference, I must protest against.
the errors in the orthography of the names of
plants, frequently occurring in the otherwise
excellent DISPATCH. There are no less than
fifteen mistakes in spelling in the short list of
Mr. Bidwell's plants, published several weeks
since, and now it comes to the front and in-
flicts upon the noble family of Antigonons the
indignity of calling one of its members "Anti-
Mr. Puetz, too, informs us in his new cata-
logue, of a current tradition that the crown of
thorns worn by our Savior is said to have been
plaited from the branches of the Euphorbia
Splendens. Now, this plant is a native of the
Isle of Bourbon, in the Indian Ocean, which
was discovered by the Portuguese navigator
Mascarenha in 1505, up to which time it had
apparently never been inhabited. Besides,
the Euphorbia Splendens is a tender plant, and
could not bear the frosty nights of a Judean
winter. The true Christ's thorn is supposed to
be either Palinrus aculeatus, or Zi',;1phn spina-
Christi, both hardy, deciduous shrubs occurring
in Southern Europe and Western Asia. There
is a specimen of one in the garden of Mr. Av-
eilhe, of Penn, a little north of Palatka, on the
east bank of the St. Johns, raised from seed
brought from Cuba.
I can fully endorse your praise of the Anti-
gonon leptophus, the discoverer of which pro-
nounced it the most beautiful climber he had
ever beheld. The leaves are light green, deli-
cately veined, cordate, and four to five inches
long by three wide. The flowers-not fragrant
-are of a lovely pink, inch the same tint as

Hog versus Fence.
"So the devils besought him, saying: if tho u
cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd
of swine.
"And he said unto them, go. And when they
were come out, they went into the herd of
swine, and behold, the whole herd of swine ran
violently down a steep place into the sea, and
perished in the waters.-Matt. viii chapter, 31st
Iand 32d ',;'."
BI.Dr)ENTOWN, FLA., Oct. 6, 1882.
H/lirs of The Florida Dispatch:
Although it is generally conceded by coinm-
mientators that the swine "perished in the wa-
ters," the characteristics of the Florida hog
favor the belief that a few escaped death at
that -time, and having crossed the Atlantic,
landed on the coast of Florida. That a Flor-
ida hog is as full of devils as a lightning-rod
agent, no one can deny who has undertaken to
raise a crop of sweet potatoes in South Florida.
We are informed, in the good )ook, that Mary
Magdalene- was possessed of seven devils, and
that they were cast out. The razor-back hog
is possessed of perhaps twenty devils,which have
never been cast out, and probably never will
be, so long as there is a grunter left to rob a po-
tato patch. An ordinary rail fence is no bar-
rier against their devilishness. They will
climb it with the agility of a gymnast, or throw
it down with their long snouts. They will bur-
row under a picket or barbed-wire fence like a
rat, and will swim half a mile to circumvent
the man who has extended his fence into the
water that distance.
"For ways that are dark,
And tricks that are vain,"
they are far in advance of the Heathen Chinee,
and bid fair to remain masters of the situation
until the devil claims his own. The alligator,
or razor-back hog, seldom gets fat; his meat is
of very little account; his bristles are worth-
less, and there is not lard enough in his infernal
carcass to grease a shoe-string.
With the above facts staring you in the face,
Messrs. Editors, is it reasonable to ask or ex-
pect a man who does not own hogs to expend

A Valuable Insecticide. the species of Oleander commonly seen around
Professor A. J. COOK, of the Michigan Agri- here; five petaled, and about an inch in diamn-
cultural College, has been experimenting on the eter. When the flowering period arrives, small
efficacy of the pyrethrum powder for the de- racemes of bloom, like clusters of grapes, ter-
struction of the cabbage worm and other insects minating in a tendril and carrying about a
injurious to vegetation. (dozen 1)uds to each, push out near the extrem-
The experiments showed conclusively that ity of theI vne, at the axil of every leaf. As
the powder, whether applied with water or in a the growth continues, new buds, at first scarce-
mixture with flour, was fatal to the caterpillars., ly larger than a pin's head, are constantly ap-
This powder has only to be sprinkled upon the hearing, swelling out and opening, till sprays
plants, but two applications may sometimes be several feet in length are formed, containing
necessary. The success was better with the hundreds of individual blossoms, and making
liquid than with a flour mixture, and the ap- a floral display so profuise and rich as to excite
plication more speedy and economical. Even the admiration of all belholders. It can be
so diluted a mixture as the 1-200th of a pound trained up the posts of a rnstic piaza, from
of the powder to a gallon of water was enough whence it will spread over (?) the under part
to kill eleven out of fifteen larva. The aphides of the roof, clinging by its numerous tendrils
on a twig of alder were killed by 1eing dipped to the boards and rafters, and in due time hid-
into the liquid mixture. All the flies and mos- ing the woodwork by festoons of gorgeous col-
quitoes in a room were thrown to the floor by boring. It continues in flower for a long-time,
the effect of blowing a little of the powder into and the blooms do not wither and fall as soon
it. Squash bugs, however, seemed able to resist as they open, like those of many otherwise de-
the strongest applications, sirable plants.
Having a tuberous root like the Jln,,cUti
p.) d > .. :,'1if,,lie and Bignonia Tweediana, both well-
known climbers from Brazil, should the top be
killed by frost, it will be sure to sprout up
Levy to the Other Counties in Florida.I) bn r
again early in the spring, amn being a rapid
CIIATLLEN E. grower, soon regains its former size. Unlike
many fine exotics, it takes kindly to Florida
BIONsox, FLA., Oct. 10, 1882. soil, and grows off with the thrift and vigor of
Editor of The Florida Di.' itefl1. a native.
Editors of e ori: There are other Antigonons found in Cen-
Feeling that a gain of diploma, medal or trial America and the United States of Colom-
premium would possess but little merit if ob- bia, said to surpass even this in their profusion
trained without competition, Levy gives notice of bloom and size and brilliancy of flower, but
that, at the State Fair, to be held at Jackson- I do not think they have as yet been introduced
ville in February next, she will exhibit oran- into this county. E. H. HAiT.

4~c la~ --- ---- I' D r I II~ st 7~- 1 r LI II qp~ 14BIp" -C-..--~.l.-^-- I I ---- -Il~sb ~pmCLII~~a~ll~L~LreeCI~L~*


one hundred dollars to protect twenty-five dol- draws upon the soil, peas from the atmosphere,
lars worth of potatoes or garden truck from the to which answer can be made, that to what ex-
ravages of his neighbor's devilish razor-backs? tent and under what circumstances the air
The existing fence law of Florida is an out- yields up her nitrogen is yet far from being
rage on civilization and the age of progress. authoritatively ascertained, while thei grass does
Any member of our next Legislature who will certainly .afford abundant stock of roots whose
draft, introduce and advocate successfully a decay adds, perhaps, as much fertilization to
bill requiring the owners of hogs to keep them the soil as its top, while peas have far less root
on their own premises, or failing to do so, make growth.
them liable for all damages inflicted on their I notice the original key note of the praise of
neighbors by their negligence, will receive the Cow Peas as a fertilizer was struck in the "up
gratitude and heartfelt thanks of three-fourths country" of the Southern States, in upper Mis-
of the popIlation of Florida. sissippi, Alabama and Georgia, especially
Proprietors of newspapers in this State, not where the soil near, even at the surface is every-
committed to the hog, who will perftiorm an act where clay.
pro bono puiblico by publishing this comimuni- There tie Cow Peas have been and are unde-
cation, will receive the thanks of niably useful to a great extent; however me-
S. C. UruAM. chanically. Individual experiences and news-

Analysis of Fertilizers.
SUMTER COUNTY, FLA., Oct. 9, 1882. j
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
I notice on page 437 of your issue on the 2d
inst. an article on the analysis of commercial
fertilizers. I suppose I am chairman of the
committee appointed at the last annual meeting
of the Florida Fruit Growers' Association, as
my name comes first on the list. I have been
in correspondence with the Agricultural De-
partments of Georgia, South Carolina and
North Carolina, and I have the laws of each
of the above States organizing a department of
agriculture. I think we should and ought to
have a similar department in our State. The
industries of Florida being more diversified
than any other State, renders it more import-
ant to us than to any other, and in connection
with the department, we should have an ex-
perimental farm garden. I expect to confer
with the other members of the committee be-
fore the Legislature meets. I think we can
frame a bill to suit the case and make the de-
partment nearly self-sustaining. I think it.
the duty of the State to aid her citizens in de-
veloping her resources.
As you justly observe, politics should have
nothing to do with the agricultural department
of the State. What is needed are competent
men, and men above suspicion in regard to
honesty, regardless of politics. I am satisfied
that our farmers, vegetable and fruit-growers
are badly imposed upon by adulterated fertil-
izers; a good, wholesome law would protect
honest dealers, and also the purchasers. The
use of' commercial fertilizers is rapidly increas-
ing in our State, and in a few years it will be
over fifty thousand tons annually.
Tnos. C. LANIER.
Cow Peas as Fertilizers.
September, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Of what practical value are Cow Peas?
Theoretically the pot:sisa in the stalk and foli-
age should b)e a considerable and valuable fer-
tilizer. In fact, the cry is echoed and re-ech-
oed all over the South, "Use Cow Peas," "Plant
Cow Peas," "The great renovator of exhausted
farm lands," &c.
Now for the opposite side : Several planters
in this vicinity have a similar experience to
my own, which is, that the crop as a fertilizer
does not pay planting or even repay for the
Perhaps when land is too poor to raise crab
grass, peas may, and indeed, I judge would
answer a good purpose, since they will grow
freely on the poorest natural soil. But crab
grass turned under just before it forms a seed
improves the soil both in its element and in its
textures, while springing up again a half-dozen
crops can be availed of, where at the best, but
two crops of peas could be practical.
Perhaps the objection is made that crab grass

paper utterances, based thereon, issued in these
sections, have been copied all over the country,
South and North, commended to the sandy as
well as the clayey sections. Hence the opinion
has been widely disseminated that Cow Peas are
invaluable, and many a man who has been con-
tented with results without observing the pro-
cesses of nature, has assun ed that peas have
done for him what really has been done by his
other applications of fertilizers or by the free
bounty of Dame Nature following the course
of faithful culture.
However, our object in writing this is to
educe experiences, with especial regard to the
use of Peas as a citrus fertilizer.
C. V. H.
REMARKS.-We are glad our correspondent
has opened up this subject for discussion.
There is a good deal of force in his remarks in
regard to Cow Peas on sandy land. We con-
fess to considerable disappointment in regard
to the amount of crop on such lands, and have
only succeeded in getting a satisfactory growth
by the use of fertilizers. Still, the Cow Pea
has very decided advantages. It gives us shade
for our groves before crab-grass makes any
growth; we can put it just where we want it;
and it does, undoubtedly, like all leguminous
plants, draw a large share of its sustenance
from the atmosphere. It is not, by any means,
so exhausting.a crop as crab-grass, nor does it
interfere to the same extent with the proper
culture of our trees. We shall be glad to
have this question fully discussed by the prac-
tical readers of THiE DISPATCH.-[EDs.
New Publications.
"The American Journal of Forestry," edi-
ted by Prof. Franklin B. Hough; price, per
year, $83; published by Robert Clarke & Co.,
Cincinnati, 0. It is a new monthly, neatly
printed, and devoted to an important subject-
the planting of forest trees, care of woodlands,
ornamental plantations, &c., and we wish it
The popular Philadelphia publishers, Porter
& Coates, send us a new edition of that stanid-
ard work by Stonehenge, "The Horse in the
Stable and the Field ; his management in health
and disease, with an essay on the American
trotting horse and suggestions on the breeding
and training of trotters by Ellwood Harvey,
M. D." Price $2. It is a handsomely bound
book, profusely illustrated with eighty-five
engravings,and gives a good history of the horse,
its origin, varieties, &c. ; chapters on breed-
ing, care and training, with several chapters
entirely devoted to diseases peculiar to horses,
and the necessary recipes or formulas for their
cure. To those owning breeding or training
horses it is invaluable, and every one should
procure a copy.
"The American Gardeners Assistant," by
Thomas Bridgeman; new edition, revised, en-

large and illustrated by S. Edward Todld,
price $2; from same publishers. A large 12
mo. cloth bound volume, of nearly 400 pages,
containing complete practical directions for the
cultivation of vegetables, flowers, fruit trees
and grape vines. It is a valuable and practi-
cal publication, and those interested in these
subjects should secure a copy. They will find
it filled -with practical, valuable and useful
hints on the cultivation of the things treated
Wilford's Microcosm, a relegio-scientific
monthly ; A. Wilford Hall, Ph.D., editor and
proprietor, price $1 per year. The October
number of this new monthly is before us, and
contains some very good reading. It is too
metaphysical in its general scope for ordinary
mortals, but metaphysicians, philosophers and
scientists would probably enjoy reading it.
Hall & Co. publishers, 23 Park Row, New
"Harper's Monthly Magazine," for. Novem-
ber, is an unusually full and interesting
number. The leading articles are: "The
Early Quakers in New England and Pennsyl-
vania," copiously illustrated; "The Home of
the Doones ;" "Across Lots ;" "Southern Cali-
fornia," part 2; "The Vertical Railway;"
"Virginia in the Colonial Period;" "For the
Major," a new novel, by Constance Fennimore
Woolston, author of "Anne," &c. ; "The
Problem of Living in New York," a capital
and rather startling paper, by Julius Henri
Browne; "Shandon Bells," continued; and
poems by Howells, Powers, Burke, -Herrick,
&c. Many of the engravings in this number
are really exquisite specimens of art, and the
whole make up of the November issue alto-
gether satisfactory. Price, $4 per year-35c.
per number.
"The North American Review" for the
coming month has eight articles, mostly of that
solid, sound and thoughtful cast which charac-
terizes this time-honored magazine. These
articles are: "English Views of Free Trade;"
"Disorder in Court Rooms ;" "A Problem for
Sociologists;" "The Industrial Value of
Woman;" "Advantages of the Jury System ;"
"Safety in Theatres;" "The Pretensions of
Journalism ;" and "The Suppression of Vice."
The "Review" is sustained by our most pro-
found thinkers, and is prized by all cultivated
people as a model of pure style, terseness of
expression and intellectual force and culture.
Price-$5 per year; 50 cents per single num-
"The Popular Science Monthly," for Novem-
ber, has fifteen or sixteen excellent articles,
mostly of a practical and scientific character,
and generally set forth in that lucid style and
manner which has made this magazine so wide-
ly read and admired. We mention a few of
the leading subjects discussed in this issue:
"Sewer Gas;" "The Science of the Present
Period ;" "Some Curious Vegetable Growths,"
illustrated; "The Law of Human Increase;"
"Science in Relation to the Arts;" "The

British Lion ;" "Scientific Farming at Rotham-
sted ;" "Who was the Primitive Man ?" Cor-
respondence, Editor's Table, &c., &c. Yearly
subscription, $5, single number, 50cts.
The above and all other current publications
of value, may be obtained from Ashmead
Cotton Seed." The Greatest Wonder of the
Present Day. By Prof. J. P. STELLE, Agricultu-
ral Editor Mobile Register. We are indebted
to our friend, the author, for copies of this
interesting pamphlet, which was delivered in
the form of an address, before the "American
Agricultural Association," in New York, last
February. It is the production of a man who
always studies and masters his subject, and is
full of valuable information-a portion of
which we shall impart to our readers hereafter.


The South's Triumph.
The extraordinary development of indus-
tries in the Southern States, especially within
the past few years, is a matter that excites
wonder at home as well as abroad. Mutuality
of interests renders the North as necessary to
the South in the development of her resources
as steel to flint in the production of fire, and
the combined forces of these two sections are
laying the foundation of a future industrial
wealth in the South, so vast and mighty, that
human conception is inadequate to forecast at
the present day its magnitude and power.
The spirit of activity which was awakened
in the Southern people during the war-the
vigor and reach of capacity which character-
ized them at that period still lives, and is
turned in all its vigorousness and persistency
to the development of the magnificent and
limitless variety of resources which so abound
throughout her favored land ; and the question
whether the South possessed the energy and en-
terprise,the ability and ambition to achieve great-
ness through her wonderful natural advantages,
is being answered. The alarm of enthusiasm
is ringing throughout her vast dolmin -people
are roused to enterprise and competition by the
contagion of success, and will crowd where the
situation is tempting, until the South will be
peopled to the measure of its means of
subsistence; and those means are almost infi-
While recognizing the great importance of
population, the South will not lose sight of the
fact that the value of immigrants depends more
upon their character, skill and labor than upon
their numbers, for it is anxiom in political
economy, that the more a man gains for him-
self the more he augments the wealth of his
country. The necessaries of life are the real
constituents of wealth, and population will in-
crease in proportion to the success of indus-
tries assuring these necessaries. The means
for obtaining all the requirements of life are
abundant on every side, and it only needs the
application of labor to bring out not only coinm-
petence, )but wealth.
A distinguished advantage of some of the
Southern States is that they are bordered by
seas, or traversed by rivers, which give the
greatest scope and facility to commerce.
Land, earth and water abound in visible
means of wealth, and hold wealth yet undevel-
oped, unsuspected, undreamed of-for all the
discoveries of industries, all the inventions, and
all the different contrivances which serve to in-
crease manufactures, and to perfect mechanical
appliances, are but the prolongation of threads
which conduct to other discoveries and other

inventions; for the materials of commerce
seem to accumulate without any determinate
limit, and the mechanical appliances to im-
prove them may admit of perpetual refine-
ment, as no measure of fortune or degree of
skill is found to diminish the necessities or re-
quirements of life.
The South, with her plenteous store of ma-
terial will be able to meet these ever-extending,
ever-refining necessities in all their varying
character; and in this vast field of enterprise
she will grandly demonstrate how "Peace hatli
her victories."-The South.
-Employment, which GALEN calls "na-
ture's physician," is so essential to human hap-
piness that indolence is justly considered as the
mother of misery.-Burto:,

Some New Strawberries. Blasting Stumps.
IThose who, like ourselves, have annually The new process for removing stumps gives
followed the ignu fats of the new strawber- promise of more satisfaction than any of the
ry lists through the ,nitalogue.s, for the last stuImp-pullers that were so extensively adver-
twenty or-thirty years--each year trembling tised some years ago. One advantage it has
on the dizzy verge of discovering the plant of to start with, is that a man may invest only a
perfection, for which we have always vainly dollar or two by way of experiment, and re-
sighed and yearned-all such people, we re- moving a dozen stumps or more, whether he
peat, will thank Puck for the brilliant and in- finds it too expensive or concludes, for any
comparable list of new and satisfactory vamie-
ties furnished below. We quote' : reason, to quit the business, he has no costly
It has long been a question whether the and perhaps useless machine on hand. This
strawberry is a fruit or vegetable. Some people new !0proM( consists in "blowing up" the stumps
have asserted that it is a vegetable, because it (or trees) with "htena" powder or dynamite,
grows like a cucumber or squash. The straw- i
berry tastes like a fruit, and as nobody lhas which is far more powerfly explosive than
arisen to call ii an insect or a fowl, perhaps it ordinary gunpowder or blasting powder. This
will be safe to say that the strawberry would very peculiar compound is also singular in the
have been a vegetable if it had in early life facet that it does not explode on the more appli-
got into the habit of growing underneath ii- cation of fire or heat as by an ordinary fuse,
stead of on top of the ground. This question ,
being definitely settled, we pass to a few varie- but requires to be fired with a percussion cap.
ties with a few appropriate remarkson each If simply touched with fire it burns rapidly
"HIliJ,,hal.s Double Early," is a large like wet gunpowder, but developed no force;
squat berry, with blue eyes and a coy, winning but if' a small quantity of detonating powder-
mouth, bursting all over with coquettish like that in an ordinary gun cap-be fired in
sweetness. It is a good grower; but requires contact with the dynamite, the latter explodes
judicious tickling with a straw to awvken it to with tremendous force.
a generous enthusiastic interest in its own cul- In blasting stumps the process is as follows:
tivation. A hole of an inch or more in diameter is made
"R, dy, the Blai.'., ij Roid To.p S,'Rl/n," in the earth near the stump, inclining at an
is a good family 'erry but of no use in gen angle of about 45 degrees, so as to reach under-
eral society. The last crop was a failure, ow- neath the body of the stump. This hole may
ing to the name, which weighed heavily on the be made with a crow bar through the soil, but
berry, and retarded its growth. if there be a large and deep tap-root it will be
"Blue Jeans Late Canadian. S'o yst,"' used necessary to continue the hole into the body of
to be fine, but has fallen into dissipated ways, the tap-root by means of a long auger. A car-
and is more or less stunted, and has an acid tridge containing three or four ounces of dyna-
flavor, like an old maid whose last, hope has mite is then inserted to the bottom of the hole
just been carried off by a red-headed\girl with and a slow match having a peculiar percussion
freckles. cap on the end is inserted in the cartridge. The
Calithumpian Amurora" is a beautiful board- hole is then tamped with earth, and when all
ing house berry, much admired by dealers. is ready the outer end of the match is-lighted
Owing to its modest and retiring haixits which and the operate retires to a afe. distance. The
impel it to grovel on tile cold, cold ground, it explosion usually not only extracts the stump
is enabled to pick up and retain large quanti- f rom the ground but tears it into pieces small
ties of sand and (dirt, on which account it is enough to handle easily. The dynamite costs
sometimes called "Triumph of Real Estate," about 40 cents per pound, so that a three or
or "True Grit." This berry may also be used four ounce charge with its fuse would cost
)by careful hou sekeepers in the place of bath about ten lcnts-imaking the cost of blowing
brick. up a stump aboutien cents, besides the labor.
"Tuscaro,'a (C(oqrt,'." promises to develop to It is well to say that the cost of removing
such wonderous prop,)ortins that two of them, stumps where they are numerous, would be too
adroitly manipulated by street vendors, could mnuch-by this or any other plan-unless ad-
1e made to fill a box with bottom located about vantage is taken of their removal to use the
half way to the top. It also pr nised( that ilmpryoved labor-saving machinery and iimple-
each would be sufficient fora short cake. How- ments fir cultivating and harvesting, and at
ever, it is not great in size. It is probably as the same time to bring the land up to a high
small as Conkling's chances of becoming Pres- culture. There are many acres of land in this
ident. Tuscarora Conquest is a slender, low- country whose market value is not equal to the
necked specimen of its kind, and, when feeling aggregate of ten cents per stump and tree now
well, is productive as a spring poet. The best standing, and it is patent that it would not pay
way to raise it is with a pair of ice tongs. to go to the expense of five or six or more dol-
"Fur' Tippet" I consider one of the finest lars per acre to them merely for the sake of

berries I have ever seen. This berry is so phe- the space they occupy and to get them out of
nomenally intelligent that it can be trained to the way of ordinary implements.-Southern
jump through a hoop and do light chores about Cultivator.
the house. T.TTm;v,,v Werfn v0 T'r -M oi Vr-
TRUE 4,-EVER:YWORD OF PrT-Maioi' Rair-

BROAD T[EES.-A writer says that a year's
Cexp(rienc( with broad w ag,-wheols is conclu-
sive as to their value. A four-inch tire will
carry two tons over soft ground with greater
ease to the team than a two-and-half inch tire
will carry one ton. The wheels are not so much
strained by stones and rough tracks on the road,
and the road is not cut up, but, on the contrary,
is packed down and keeps smooth. The preva-
lent idea that the draught is increased by wid-
ening the tire is altogether baseless; on the con-
trary, a wide tire reduces the draught. The ex-
tra cost of the tire is repaid many times over
every year in the extra work that can be done
by a team.-Portland, Oregon, Nort/h '.t Far-
mer aod Dairyman.

bank, of the Fernandina Mirror, writing from
his old home in Watertown, N. Y., says: The
South, it seems to me, offers far better openings
to success than the West. To a young man
who is willing to work as hard as the farmer's
sons of the North are in the habit of doing, a
thousand opportunities are open for employ-
ment, and the congenial occupation of horticul-
ture and gardening can hardly be overstocked
by any number of competitors. Florida may
not be a peculiarly favorable place for a man
with a family and without means, but to a
young man willing to work, work enough can
be found to do, with an opening and opportu-
nities for future success."

-- --M% wwr No I- -mon




e Mammoth Poultry-Yard.
OCTOBER 5th, 1882.

Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
I have read, in THE DISPATCH, with no little
"wonderment," the account of thel Massachu-
setts man (A. C. HAWKINS), who keeps eight
thousand Plymouth Rock fowls Do you know,
or can you tell me, how he does it ? How much
land does he occupy? How large a flock does
he keep in each yard? How does he keep his
fowls healthy in confinement, free from vermin,
etc.? I, for one, "should very much like to
know." Yours, CACKLER.
REPLY.-We are seeking after precisely the
information which our correspondent desires,
and we hope to be able to furnish it, hereafter,
as Mr. HAWKINS has kindly promised to tell
us something of his great poultry operations.
We find a brief account of his operations in
the October number of the "Ameriocan Poultry
Journal," which we copy for the benefit of
"Cackler" and others:
"Mr. Hawkins is proprietor of doubtless the
largest poultry establishment onl the continent.
His present stock being about 8,000 birds.
After careful experiment with the different va-
rieties, he has given up all others, and has for
several years made a specialty of the Plymouth
Rock, believing them to be the most practical
for all purposes. From his large number he
has selected only the finest specimens for breed-
ing purposes, and has brought his entire stock
to a high standard of excellence. He writes us
that he bred from twenty yards this season and
did not breed from a male bird that scored less
than 90 points, and that the females were all
fit for the show pen. He has made a specialty
of shipping fine stock and eggs of this variety
and his customers are numerous in every State
and Territory, Canada, England and Germany,
and his trade promises to be larger this season
than ever before. His facilities for selecting
fine specimens for exhibition are unequalled by
any other breeder. Besides this large fiacy
trade, Mr. Hawkins ships quantities of poultry
and eggs for table use, supplying several large
hotels and receiving the largest prices for his
gilt edged eggs and poultry. He has shipped
to market this last year upwards of 35,000
dozen eggs. To accommodate his large flock
he has long ranges of houses for his laying
fowls-he having some 1,50Q. running feet of'
houses on his place. The fowls that produce
the market eggs are confined in large yards
connected with each department. The breed-
ing stock and growing, chicks have unlimited
range at all times over large farms, thus pro-
ducing strong, healthy chicks of large size.
Mr. Hawkins has thoroughly demonstrated the
"no water" theory in raising chicks. He gives
them no drink of any kind duri-ing the first
four weeks of their lives and thinks he saves
one-half the care and 5 to 10 per cent. of the
chickens. The chicks are fed during this time

with a very moist dough made by mixing one-
half wheat middlings and one-half corn-meal
with thick skimmed milk. After the chicks
are four weeks old they are taken from the
hens and put into lots of' 100 in small movable
houses and scattered over the farm, where they
remain with free range till grown or ready foir
market. The old fowls are disposed of every
fall and pullets are kept to fill their places.
The laying lens are fed with all kinds of grain,
vegetables and meat; always having green food,
fresh water, and ground oyster shells. before
them. He believes that laying fowls are more
profitable confined in these departments, with
good care than if allowed to range at will."

Florida in Summer.
The impression prevails at the North that it
is positively unsafe for one to come South in
summer; but the writer knows of three fami-
lies which have come here during the hot
weather, and every individual member has im-
proved in health. In fact, statistics show that
the death rate per thousand is very low, not-
withstanding the thousands who come here too
late to receive any benefit and die. The inhab-
itants live to a great age, though, as a rule, they
are not exceedingly temperate. Only last week
an old darkey died in this place aged 110 years,
and others are still living who bid fair to live
equally as long. In the North we hear the
deadly miasma of the Florida swamps spo-
ken of as a fixed, fact; but in reality, railroad
hands work in these swamps from choice, where-
ever they can keep dry; and white men who
have resided long in the State will build their
houses on their very borders. Then, too, the
awful beasts, serpents and insects which are
supposed to abound in such profusion are
mythical to a great degree. It is doubtful if
they ever had an existence, save in the brain of
sonic imaginative writer.-O rr.epondence Chi-
cago Tribune.
ALL our hearts are saddened by intelligence.
of the ravages of the pestilence in Pensacola.
May GOD grant speedy relief to our afflicted
brethren! It is a calamity involving great
trial, great sufferings, and great griefs. But
hidden within every dark dispensation of GoD,
to any land or people, there is a lesson of truth
and mercy to us all, if we will only try to read
it. The black wing of pestilence which in the
past decade has settled over so many of our
flourishing business centres, calling out from
loving hearts in every section of our country
speedy and generous aid for the sufferers, seems
to point the hidden lesson. Our common coun-
try covers many degrees of latitude and longi-
tude. Its interests are equally diverse. Its
power of unity seems to consist in its common
government, and its commercial interests pass-
ing with immense values along its coasts,
through its navigable streams, and over its al-
most limited stretch of railroad and telegraph
lines. But trade and commerce are intensely
selfish, and politicians have made their ideas of
government equally so. Government officials,
and railroads and steamers cannot make a peo-
ple one. The unifying principle springs not
from the test of "What is it worth," or "What
will it pay," but from the heart. The true
bond of unity is the bond of a common, deep-
Srooted and far-reaching sympathy. In this the
heart assumes control, over masters' self-inter-

ests, and says, to all the people of the land, we
are one. The mites of the poor and contribu-
tions of the better class flowing so liberally from
every quarter, to nurse the sick, feed the hun-
gry, and allay suffering in all its manifold forms,
establishes a bond of unity stronger than laws,
and more lasting than iron rails, in its CARIST
LIKE mission o1011f mercy in time of need.-
Florida Churchman.
-A good word is an easy obligation; but
not to speak ill requires only our silence, which
costs us not-hing.-Tillotson.
-Conceit is to nature what paint is to beau-
ty; it is not only needless, but impairs what it
would improve.-Pope.
-To smile at the jest which plants a thorn
in another's breast, is to become a principal in
the mischief.-Si, ride ,.

Training the Grape.
Those who cultivate such varieties as the
Hartford, Ives, Concord, Delaware, &c., will
do well, perhaps, to adopt the simple mode fig-
ured below. It is known as the "Kniffin Sys-
term," and we copy it from "Green's Fruit-
Grower :
One wire 31 .feet above ground, and one 6
feet. Each vine has four arms; train to these
wires. Renew the arms each year. Thus:-




1 represents the main cane, which stands six
feet high; 2 and 3 are the two lower arms, fast-
ened to the lower wires; 4 and 5 are the two
upper canes, fastened to the upper wires, the
length of the canes being governed by the
strength of the vine. The buds along these
arms will throw out strong canes, which will
droop over to each side, leaving the fruit well
exposed, and requiring no summer pruning or
any attention whatever but cultivation. In
trimming, a strong young cane is selected to
take the place of each old arm which is re-
moved each season. This is a simple and ex-
cellent method, and must come into general
The "St. Augustine," or Herbemont grape,
needs a longer bearing-cane than most other va-
rieties; and the Scuppernong and its congeners
must, of course, be "canopied in the simple
way so well known to Southern growers.

ORIGIN O FIGs.-The fig is a native of
Western Asia, Northern Africa and the South
of Europp, Greece and Italy being quite favor-
ed localities for it. In ancient times the figs
of Africa were celebrated for their exquisite
flavor, and their exportation from Athens was
prohibited. In the time of Cato only six va-
rieties were known in all Italy; but Pliny
gave a catalogue of thirty distinct sorts. Its
culture was introduced into Britian in 1525.
The figs of commerce are obtained largely
from Turkey, and countries bordering on the
Mediterranean, Turkey alone exporting nearly
2,000 tons annually.-Ex.
The culture of the fig is succeeding well in
Florida, and we are likely to have a large sup-
ply from our State in the near future.-EDs.
-Deference is the most complicate, the most
indirect and the most elegant of all compli-
Run not into debt, either for wares sold or
money borrowed; be content to want things
that are not of absolute necessity, rather than
'to run up the score.-Sir M1. Hale.
In private conversation between intimate
friends, the wisest men very often talk like the
weakest; for indeed the talking with a friend
is nothing else but thinking aloud.-Addison.
The world will never be in any manner of
order or tranquility until men are firmly con-
vinced that conscience, honor and credit are all
in one interest, and that with the conscious of
the former, the latter are but impositions upon
ourselves and others.-Steele.


- -- .. --Lr ,, i. e~ L-C -L -~- ~ g I -~--~-----: : I




D. Redmond, D. H. Elliott, W. H. Ashmead,
Subscription $1.00 per nmtni in adv(nlce.
SQUARES. 1i TIME. 1 31MO. I 3 O. 6 MO. 1 YEARt
One....................... ..... 1 00 2 50 5 50 00 18 50
Two...................... 2 001) 5 00 10 00 18 00 34 00
Three ........ .......... 3 00i 7 00 14-00 25 00 40 00
Four..................... 4 00 900 1750 30 00 5800
Five........................... 4 50 1100 1900 3500 65 00
Eight................. 8 00 1 50 30 00 50 00 100 00
Sixteen.................. 16 00 30 00 50 00 80 00 150 00

Levy to the Front--A Challenge.
We direct the particular attention of1 our'
readers to the "challenge" from Levy.
By this act she not only places herself, as a
producer of each article specified, prominently
before the whole country, but shle will create,
we hope, that conliln(dable pride ill eerry
countV, whlie1 wil g'ive us, 1in February next,
an exhibition hitherto unequaled.
We would ask the publ)lication ol'th "chal-
lenge" by every paper in the State, ac(compla-
nied by such appeal as will produce aIn earnest
effort of each county. Ti: DISPATCH would

Ten lines solid nonpareil type nnake a square. like to know what counties accept the "chal-
LOCALe ADVERTISING (seven words to line) ten cents
per line. lenge."

This paper has the largest circulation of any
paper' (daily or weekly) published in _Florida,
with a very large circulation.in Georgia and the
Southern States; also has subscribers in cecrny
State in the Union, with many in foreign coun-
tries. After October 23d, we shall issue weekly
from 8,000 to 10,000 copies, about 40,000 per
Persons are warned against paying subscrip-
tions to any one calling himself our Agent, as
we have no regular canvassing agent.
Special Club Rates with "The Dispatch."
We have made arrangements with the publishers
and will club THE DISPATCH with any of the
following publications, which will be mailed promptly
upon receipt of price, for ONE YEAR :
Savannah W weekly News ................................ $2.50
Florida W eekly Union................................... 2.25
New York W eekly Sun ................................ 1.75
New York Weekly Herald............................. 1.75
New York Weekly Tribune........................... 2.50
New York W eekly Times.............................. 1.75
New York Weekly World............................. 1.75
N ew Y ork Ledger ....................................... 3.35
N ew York W eekly .................................... 3.35
Fireside Comipanion...................................... 3.35
Saturday N ight............................................ 3.35
1Phi'ladelphia W eekly Times ............................. 2.50
A m erican A griculturist................................. 2.00
Country Gentleman.................................... 2.75
Southl rn Cultivator...................................... 2.00
Atlantic M monthly M agazine........................... 4.00
Harper's Mlonthly Magazine........................... 4.00
The Century Monthly Magazine (Scribner's).... 4.00
Lippincott's Monthly Magazine..................... 3.15
Popular Science Monthly............................ 5.00
North Amnerican Review................................ 5.00
Harper's Illustrated W eekly........................... 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Bazar............................. 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Young People .................. 2.00
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly................. 4.00
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Chimney Corner...... 4.00
Frank Leslie's Popular Monthlyv...................... 3.15
Frank Leslie's Sunday Magazine.................... 3.15
Scientific American...................................... 3.75
W averly M agazine...................................... 5.00
D etroit Free Press............ ........................... 2.35
N ebraska Farm er......................................... 2.00
Florida A griculturist................................... 2.25
Eclectic M agazine......................................... 4.00
Family Story Paper............... ......... 3.35
Florida W weekly Times ............................... 1.50
The above are among the very best publications'
Remittances should be sent by Check, Money Order,
or Registered Letter, addressed to

THE New York Herald, in commending the
spirited and persistent efforts of the Southern
women to reconstruct society for the better,
says: "Woman's influence has always been
peculiarly powerful in the South, and if now it
is further strengthening itself by organization,
its results will be more beneficial than anything
that can come from political effort."

We are indebted to A. I.- BinWELL, Esq.,
our well-known nurseryman, for a choice spec-
imen of a new Guava (Psid l im Lutea?)
remarkable for its delicate flavor, hardiness
and solidity of flesh. Also, for s'omne excellent
colored pictures of the different va rights of
Japanese Persimmons, &c.
Dr. Hall kindly sends us very fine and
rather-prematurely-ril)pe samples of' the some-
what famous Satsiina orange-the most deli-
cate and highly-flavored of the Mandarin, or
-so-called "Kid Glove" varieties. The Sats,,ma
is from Japan, and is said to withstand a lower
temperature than any other variety known
Answers to Inquiries.
Cotton Seed Oil--J. A. S., Orangedale,
Florida.-You can obtain the refined cooking
oil from JOxES & BOWEN, grocers, of this city.
'rish Potatoes--A fBereford Subscr'ib,'.--Do
not risk having the tops of your potatoes cut oIff
by frost. You will avoid this by planting last
of December or early in January.
Japana Per.immons--0. II. K.-Will publish
BERCKMANs's Essay and other matter respect-
ing this fine and attractive new fruit, soon. The
trees are deciduous, and can be either grafted
or budded on our native variety. They may be
transplanted safely from November to March.
Mr. BIDWELL, of this city, can furnish good
specimens of a few varieties.
W. E. E., Lake Weir.-Your article, with
replies, in our next.

Southern Agricultural Fairs.
Florida State Fair, opens at Jacksonville, on
Tuesday, February 13, and continues four daysy.
Send for Premium List to Major" A. J. RUS-
SELL, of this city.
The following Fairs will be held in other
Southern States; at the time mentioned :
Meridian, Mississippi, October 30, six days.
Aberdeen, Mississippi, October 30, six days.
Camden, Alabama, October 31, six days.
Richmond, Virginia, (State) November 1,
three days.
Wadesboro', North Carolina, November 8,
three days.
Welborn, North Carolina, November 13, five
Montgomery, Alabama, (State) November
13, five days.
Columbia, South Carolina, (State) Novem-
ber 14, six d(lays.
MR. N. R. FITz-HUGH, of Picolata, has our
thanks for one of the largest and finest speci-
mens of Japan Persimmon we ever saw. It
measures 13 inches in circumference and weighs
17 ounces.

In our() issue announcing the tariff on fruit
for 101 :i- n of 1882 anld 1883, we neglected to
quote rate by steamers from Savannah d(lirect
to Boston ; the rate is the same as to New York.
The ships of the Boston and Savannah Steam-
ship Company sail from Savannah direct for
Boston every Thursday. See schedule of sail-
inlg hou rs and tariff in this number.

The Florida Pamphlet.
Commissioner ROBIN-SO N'S new paniphlet on
the "Resources and Natural Ad\vanltages of
Florida" is winning "golden opinions" in all
parts of the country. We have already heard
very favorably of' it from far-off Kansas, and
a private letter from that true friend of Flor-
ida, Col. M. P. Wilder, President of the Ameri-
can Pomological Society, dated Boston, Oct.
13th, says :
"Thanks! my d(lear friend, for a copy of the

Bureau of Immigratioi It is a most interest-
ing document. Its appended map illustrates
the great extent and facilities which are open
to settlers, and cannot fail to impress the pub-
lie of the superior advantages which Florida
oflfrs to cultivators of the soil. Florida is
going ahead Success to her and all her peo-
ple / As ever, yours,

A Mistake About Cotton.
The Florida Union very properly calls at-
tention to a serious mistake made by the Agri-
cultural Department in the report for 1880,
which places the value of the cotton product
at ten cents a pound, except in the single State
of Florida, which is placed at only nine cents;
and in North Carolina at eleven cents. i\[ore
than one-half the cotton produced in Florida
is of the sea island or long staple variety, which
always brings from two to three times as great
a price as the short staple grown in North
Carolina and the other cotton States. All of
that variety grown in the United States is pro-
(luced on the islands of South Carolina, and
Georgia, and in this State, where the entire pe-
ninsula is given up to its culture alone. But
the general price of cotton in these States re-
ceives no credit for this more valuable lint.
The fault must be attributed to defective re-
ports made to the department.
JAPAN PERSIMMONS.-We have had on ex-
hibition, for some days, at the publication office
of THE DISPATCH, a very extraordinary clus-
ter of Japan Persimmons, raised by E. G. HILL,
Esq., of Lawtey, Fla. This cluster we have
had photographed for the engraver, aud we
shall soon give our readers an illustrated article

on this fine new fruit, accompanied by the es-
say of Mr. Berckmans, read at the last meeting
of the "American Pomological Society."
that our friend and correspondent, E. H. HART,
Esq., of Federal Point, cut and shipped a bunch
of Bananas that had on it one hundred and
twelve perfect fruit! The plant from which
this bunch was cut, grew on ordinary pine land,
and received only common culture. This fine
variety has recently been described in THE
DISPATCH. It was introduced and brought
into notice by Mr. Hart, who deserves much
credit for his taste and enterprise in all matters
connected with rural improvement.





ADveLrisI.-THE DISPrATCH is taken and TOBACCO rSTEs.-Just received and for sale.
read by all the progressive agriculturists, fruit- 50 Toxs TOBACCO STEMS, for fertilizing andi
growers, gardeners and rural residents gener- keeping inc os off rn trees, cabbages, &c.,
SC. Send for prices. J. E. HART,
ally, throughout Florida and the adjoiin octl6-t for prices. Jackslvile, Fla.
States. It is also extensively circulated in other
States an countries offers BLO LS ILLUSTRATED 1)IHISTORICAL
States and countries, an offers a vertise. the GIE OF ST. AUUsTN AND FLORIDA, with
widest and most promising opportunity fIn map, for tourists, invalids and immigrants. For
reachlin tllose most likely to need anld purchase sale by all bo)ks.nl-ers and new\daieirs in the
their warcs. The greatly enlarged edition. State, or sent to any address for 50cts. by
which we shall issue for the next few weeks, S M A- t Fl<.
to aprl5-'88 St. Augustine, Fla.
should be taken advantage of by all wI1o
appreciate the power of "printer's ink." [See CHOICE ORANGE LANDS in Hernan-
(10do County, lying near so rvevy of railroads,
our very reasonable terms elsewhere. can be 1bouht at FyIVE OLLAiS PER ACRE

TOWNSIP MAPS.--What every owner of or from V. B. CLARKSON, Jacksonville, Fla.
person interested in Florida lands wx td, was Send for 11(5s iptiens. oct9-tf
a small, accurate Towvnslip M\fap, at small ex- LAW BLANKS.-A full line for Justices
pense, showing situation of lands, quality of of the Peace, Circuit Courts, etc. Deeds,
soils, &e. This long .felt want, Mr. J. J. Tre- Mrt es, ec., are printed and published by
ASIMEAD BROS., Jacksonville, Fla. Write
veres, Civil Engineer and Dr:tuglts:nan to i catalogue, tf
Florida Land and Improvement Company (s. ': ........- ....
4. 1 O1 ) 1It Z-1 _7%q_- AN I 1> I N D 110 Ei
his a(lvertisement), can now supply, at htl
small cost of 50 cents. These maps are made FOR SALE.
from United Statcs survey-scale two inches to 1 HIalf Me(ium 1Universal Printing
the mile- and are accurate and reliable, and Press........... ... ....................$300.00
being personally acquainted with Mr. Trevercs, 1 Ru Machine.................. 125.00
SY 1 AhddresJs AkSHIMEAD BeOS.,
we eom"ent himt tir readers. Jacksonville, Fla.

THE DISPATCH will have a line illustrated
article on Japan11 Pc1rsitnlons in next week's


Civil Engineer and Draughtsman.--J. J.
Treveres, Jacksonville, Fla.
Fruit Trees for Sale.-W. W. Thompson,
Smithville, Ga.
Notice from U. S. Land Office, Gainesville,
LeConte Pear Trees for Sale.-Jus. B. Gam-
ble, Tallahassee, Fla.
Printing Press and Ruling Machine for
Sale.-Ashmead Bros., Jacksonville, Fla.
Asparagus Plants for Sale.-J. W. Whitney,
Jacksonville, Fla.


ASPARAGUS PLANTS fbr sale ; 2 and 3 ears
old. Seventy-five cents per 100, $5 per 1,000.
Packed for shipment. J. W. WHITNEY,
oct23 tf Jacksonville, Fla.

FOR SALE.-soo to 1,000 LECONTE
PEAR TREES from four to seven feet high.
Address, JAS. B. GAMBIL\E.
to) no-v 7-p. Tallahassee, Fla.

ies of which have just been issued by us, consists
of 20 imperial size colored views in a hand-
some cloth case, illustrating the different sec-
tions of the State of Florida.
This is the handsomest work of tle kind ever
l)published on Florida. Price by mail, postage
free, $1.00. Every one interested in Florida
should have a copy. Address,
tf Jacksonville, Fla.
ORANGE SEEDLINGS-sour or sweet-
one .or two years old-wanted IN qtuAN'rJ'TIT1 E:
of one thousand and upwards. Address, D.
REDMOND, Jacksonville, Fla. oct2-tf.

TO ADVERTISERS.-Large circulation:
For the next two months THE FLORIDA Dis-
PATCH will issue from 8,000 to 10,000 copies
every week; about 40,000 a month.
Merchants and others should take advantage
of this and advertise liberally.
For Advertising Rates see editorial page. tf

-EIG-H iT A Y (. EN PLANT'r hi byMail,
E .jBA. post paid, for $1.00, viz: Atpelop'.si
Veitchii, lovely miniature climber; Hydrangea Panicu-
lata iGrandillora, white; Passon Vine, blue flowered;
ChyrsanthelItmun Spotless, white; lhydranw-,ea Otaska,
pink flowered; Akebia Quinata, cliocolate colored climb-
er; Phlox White Lady, Ilowers white; Crape Myrtle,
pink 11owered. !Prc nminis with ever/ order. Address,
IO'i1T ,r. 1 LALI)J.tY, ILTritOi:E, AIi).

FLOW UiRS ]'Lifti'i1l( ^i)/ts toll, forus
ONE DOLLAR. Daphn (0dora, very fragrant, light
pink; Camellia Japonica, double white; Camellia .la-
ponica, double red; Snmilax, beautiful climber; Croton),
ftliage'varieg'"ited; tape ,asmine, flowers white ; (ttea
Fra i;ns, sweet olive Itolvairdia A llred Neiuiiari, double
white. Pr,,m i,'witi h .'rory or lobert .J. 1(<1'nidfy,, BInltimooore', M1d.

RS OS PES 1'htW '"'r" t er, rt,,.lnRoscw, for
S $1,00, b) miai, po(t paid.-Bon Siene,
carminei ; (Queen's Scarlet, crintson; Niphetos, white
Perle desJardinls, yellow; General Jacqluiminot,brilliant
crimson; M1arechel Nel, golden yellow ; Marie Van
Hfoutte, canary yellow; Cathlerine 1r,,_t, rosy pink.
lrenaiiumns rii lii ('ver'/ ori1d'r.
Address., b' .t. Hn, l (lidon, 11 illl're, Md.
o nlov 16, 't2,

A*m mi


ber"2 t-
i S. 1.xNI A )\,'a,'K(!F., 'a
-OMPLAINT having bee. eat -iete at his )lti'e l,\
G-eorge Vi. ur 'idgt e i againsll M iciaelt owes We ,
abandoning his loiiest,,eat t N). 212i, date, i, -
lt r 2, 1875), upon thel Ieot s, Secl(ion ` I, lld L t i, L St ti -w
28, Township 2 south, itle 2!) east. ini Ouval CIlount
Florida, with a view to the (canceilat-ion of said e'lllry
the said1 i.iti,-s Iarel hereby summoned lo -l .ar atii 1tti
office on the 21st day of No\-_ili!., It, M'2, a l () o(l(ik a.'t,
In., to reSponld t niuo, sh i (-'.ds It i ,c.- loncl rnlin s!i' .li
alleged abanidonmenit.
L, A. IA RNEIS, R/-,I',
oct 23 to nov 18, 'S2. .J)11N F. IOLLINS-, ,. i

If (-) INT

(L.NMO' ,E, W\VARE CO('NTY. (A. .
40 Iours I ri,;i N,'w York City' ; ls M il',

Here we canl plant and 'ather smn e crops e-very ,!ion;[ I
in the year; good water, plenty o(fi *n,. inl the woods for
sheep, c.atti-0 and lIgs al l the year round( ; very prol)llt -
ble to the i owner. Faro ts of 40pavcres ea at i oi to *' per
acre; lu 111ber, '11 per 1i)0 'eet, ( telivt red at lie dlet ;)t
slui (.les, per 1,00); will build a house with rooI m ;-,ii
pani.l doors, (m windilw-, comment rine for (1 1i1111y, w( l
dug and curbed, for OS50, on easy ternis. La4oA of lil11
kinds needed iat thir wages; board ait l rs. lUinbritidg'
from $15 to 20 p)(r montlt.
-We need farmers, truckers, stock and fruit-growet's..
(One bushel crate of I\,etill. delivered in New )York
City Ior 5;) celits; per barrel, t1d an witl quick dispa(ll. ;
A number of Northern and Western I'andilies now here
are doing well; no stones, no(underbrushli, no winl,'r,.li-
natit, delIig'htful and perfectly liealtl 1ya" l ttie year r'ou nd.
Land is not cleared, hbut, near the depot; some ci e:h,,id
iand from ito tt10 per acre. Allk kins 1 of g1rain, vetl,-
bles, berries, fruit, and stock, do )well. (AO i ltI'l l'wI /'(ir '
out, of debt, Some lending money.
Any number of (acres, for colonizil.,ng or-' : in,,. ;.t O .-' to(
$3 per acre; 40 acres, with house completet, for z250;
Colme and see for yourself, or address i

(2illOnmore, WVare Countlly., .i.

to jan 9, *S' .

('t'esceif t('0 eli nf'.
These pillilts are very th itIv a1 d 1p(1'e0c(t1 v i t n'(1,
even in th I cl liat' tn ( soili of" l,' i ,. a 'i
which will he duly pi! i )v i'.. ti e pI
("It s! ,aso l.
Exceedingly productive, L'rif.es al\wt'a't 1.,C-l ni
(f ilnl 1(1 lity antd lin t.(e ap)poe r111e. r1 iii!i
alnd ippin qtialitie-,s are it yond (, In ripenin, it i< tiW 01' O W th ( Iar l hPi I ('
weeks in advance of the Nuijan or' V,,i.-',i .
It i.-: und IouLt(dly i, the )!;int ne ,w ,odId;, I ;) If l c, (-.... .
t'ul g'rwi;g o,' stfiiwtberries in Fi.i(!'!.
Price f .,.- I) 1,000. Special r -ates (on o r 5,000.
Pot-grown plants for g'rdon clultivntio,, le d,,ze('n
50 cents, 100 $2, 1,000 $15. Orders ( or tie i.,, i
be sent two weeks in advance' m"shipnt.
All orders inust ,e, a.]companied vby tie cas t., tI,-
ceive :1llti'll. P. E. ,J) n 'x & S .
to nov8 JLackson\Ville. F1:;.


O vite ih 'f Florid Lano .Od land provement C., 0co. P ,te a((G, For.ifith-e/St., .


TmnadhI M nTdOe fr"om United States Surveys-scale two inches to the mile--wit ,i
topography complete, for every township in EAST and SOU TH FI'IA)R-
IDA, delivered, or sent by mail, for 50 cents .each. Discount to Dlalers.
of, M of al Counties, Cities and towns DESIGNs a specialty.
93IOii ll liSiljmalde to order. Aliull
iMy long connection with the Florida Land and Improvement Company (DISSTON PIR-
CHASE) is a guarantee of satisfactory work.
Correspondence solicited. ()ct 2,t1'

1. 0GEORGE & .

General Commission Merchants,

JF 1111 EN /,':- Natiolmnl Bal k o1 Illinois, First National Bank, Commercial Agencies, )or any Wholesale
Grocer in CU)IC AGO.
Stencils furnished by J. C. LANIEIR,
toapl S'8:. ]01I1:KS Iu F"L )I A.\.

- I-- I g -~BI- ---




A chance for small as well as large Capitalists.
Orange Groves in Florida, at prices far below their true
value. My reason for these extraordinary offers is that PRINTERS AND BINDERS,
I wish to concentrate my attention and means upon my
other property.
]Fir.st.-1 offer nine groves of 20 acres each, known as AND DEALERS IN *
part of my Hyde Park place, one mile south of Ocala.
These groves are fully set with trees, one-half being A A A T
1seet sedling,. fivie years old, and the remainder tye TOYS AND FANCY ARTICLES.
yea r-old trees with sweet buds. Trees all growing luxtu-
riantly. Price, from .$150 to :21N. per acre, according to NEWS)DEALERS.- -V k-cp all the latest Daily and Weekly Papers from Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
location and size of trees. Baltimore, Chicago, St. Louis, Louisville, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Charleston, Savannah and Jacksonville, and
'cond.--I ofler thirly-two (32) lots part of same tract tike subscriptions to all publications at publication price. Orders by mail promptly attended to.
and same !oi;I- ,.';rh containing five acres, upon
which no trees are planted. Price, $O00 per lot, and I to
fturnisi (witboat extra charge) to the purchaser of each LIST OF BOOKS ON FLORIDA.
lot 250 sour trees containing doi na l. s.\ ee buds.
These lands are desirable for the following considera- FLORIDA : FOR TOURISTS, INVALIDS AND SETTLERS (Barbour, Profusely Illustrated)...............Price $1 50
tons: FLORIDA : ITS SCENERY, CLIMATE AND HISTORY (Lanier)............................................................. Price 1 50
Loc. vri o .- They are situated one mile south of the GUIDE TO EAST FLORIDA (Edwards), paper.................... .......................................................... ............ .Price 10
county FAIRBAN KS' H ISTORY OF FLORIDAT.................................................................................................... Price 2 50
QUALITY.- They are of the best quality of marl ham- GUIDE TO JACKSONVILLE...................... .........................................................................................................Price 25
mock-high, rolling anlt well watered, and admirably TOURISTS AND INVALIDS REFERENCE BOOK OF WINTER TAVEL ........................... Price 75
adapted to the growth of the orange ........................................
H EALTH.-.~No portion of the State can show a better SOUTH FLORIDA, THE ITALY OF AMERICA........................................................................... Price 25
record for health. DAVIS' ORANGE CULTURE (new edition)enlarged and improved................................................Price 50
TRANSPORdTATION FACLrrEs.--The Florida Southern MOORE'S ORANGE CULTURE (new edition, enlarged and improved)..................................................Price 1 00
Railway and the Tropical Railroad p,15ss through these
lands, and each will have depots or flag stations on the ORANGE INsEit S-Illustrated (Ashmead, ................................................................................ .............. Price 1 00
sanme-thus giving every facility for travel and ship- ORANGE (CULTURE IN CALIFORNIA, by A. T. Garey, (cloth)............................................................Price 1 25
t -The landsadjacent arebeingrapidl A MANUAL OF (GARDENI NG IN FLORIDA (Whitner)....................................................................Price 50
settled by Itrst.class people, including, among others, COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA..................................................................................................................Price 75
Gren(erals CHAMX AILN and TiLSOtN, of ofaine, and COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA (ectional--the best).............................................................................Price 1 25
Dr. (". T. MAXWEJL, late of Atlanta, but now of Ocala, W N A... i, T1 ? ..
have invested in adjacent lands, and are making NEW AN ACCURATE MAI OF ST. JOHN'S RIVER................ .................................................. Pric....... e 25
valuable imtproveents. The society is as good as can McCLELLAN'S NEW D.IGET OF LAWS OF FLORIDA, (8vo sheep, postage extra).....................Price 6 00
be found anywhere, and the rel igious and educational INDEX TO THE DECIt-. 'JNS OF THE SUPREME COURT OF FLORIDA............... ................Price 00
1 ;tLt s mre u 11lst1l,;s1l. esi(esthe pit lics(chools NOTES FROM SUNLAND, ON THE MANATEE RIVER, GULF COAST OF SOUTH FLORIDA.
isiu ti- ion il- Its Climate, Soil, and Productions, (y Samuel C. Upham).......................... ....................... Paper .25
dren of settlers upon these lands. Any of the above books mailed on receipt of price.
S'u.ter oao try -0roves.1 LAW BLANKS.
I also offer the following lands in Sum ter County, W ARRAN TY DEEDS, per dozen............................... ........... ......................... .....................................................Price 50
Florida : QUIT-CLAIM DEEDS, per dozen ... ........................... .................................................................Pr. ice 50
Fl r.Vt.-Forty--acre lot (known as H hacienda Grove), M ORTGAGES, per dozen................................... ............. ...... .. ......................................................Price 50
with eighiteenl acres in grove of oranges and lemons,
h:avitg uI o0n tie sa ine a gd dwelling house. Of NOTARIAL SEAL PRESSES, made to order........................................ ........................... ..................Pric $5 00
trees in this grove, tifty are n"v- bearing, and all will te We publish a full line of Law Blanks for Lawyers and Justices of the Peace. Price-list mailed on application.
bearing in two years. Upon this tract is a nursery of Special prices to large buyers. Address
12,(000 budded trees from four to five years old-one-half ASHMEAD BROT -' RS
ritug te, eI itten t laileon 1 th feb 12-tf 21 WEST BAY STREET, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
Orange County Fair.
,lclm(nd.-Watula Grove, containing twenty acr-es, of; I-
whitiltw~veV- al-t.s tie in orttnge ttiees, about two 1tun- 1kW
tre| o1 whi-h iaro ))l rin g, antd the renai dnt11 vr will be !,.
bearing in two years. There is also upon this tract a CAN MAKE MONEY BY USING
nursery of ton thousand Hille year-old sour trees buddted
Loc.vioN.-l'l-The il)Voe tracts tire all beautifully situa-
ted on Panasoffkee Run, one mnile from Panasoffkee
Lake, in which is known as the "T'ropical Centre,"
where the tenderest tropical p)iants are never injured by PREPARED ESPECIALLY FOR
cold weather. They adjoin the celebrated groves of Rt.
Rev. i3ishop John F. Young tiand A. C. Brown; are upon
Sa navigable stream, and nine miles from a depot of the ; V
Tropical Railroad. The lands in the immediate vicinity
are being rapidly settled by the best of citizens. AA
i PK,[cEs.--'rnact, No. I, 1.-), ; Tract No. 2, $1',, l i; Tract ALL
No. b, 5,idX)0--witlh budded tre-'s sufficient to plant. the [
whole forty ares. A SL.A j 7 FR U ITSL6,
QUAIiTYv OF LAND.-The above-nmentioned tracts are
-of the i-bt ,-tiality of rich marl hammock, high, rolling Y
tand wvell watered, and, imn my opinion, be-teiradapted GI 0 0TE n
tha ny oi r lnds in t tate to the ro,th oEO B. FO RRESTER, 169 Front St., New York.
anges, Lemons, lines and other tropical fruits. "
For further information, address O--
'i::- ................ D o not Breed V erm in or Insects in the Soil.



They have been used on FLORIDA LANDS for Years, and produce Wonderful Results.
For sale by

a nfordc, Orange County, Florida.

(to imar. 3, '83)p

.'?y Send for circular.

Agent in Orange Countfo JOi 0. rOOIE & CO.,

Orange Groves and Orange Lands on Commission. A D A
ALSO ORANGE TREES. [EFERENCES: Comnmercial Agencies, or any Wholesale Grocer in CINCINNATI.
junl 12 .. -to apl8, '82'. LEESBURG, FLORIDA.

Shave removed my seed store to 22 East, Bay st., PO T COMMISSION MERCHANTS
next door to post-office, where I have the largest and
most complete stock of pure and fresh Seeds in the State. NO. 41 SOITTII DELAWARE STREET,
to Dee. '82 Jacksonville, Fla. REFERENCES:
ORANGE WRAPS.-Order vou'r orange INGRAM FLETCHER, of FLETCHER & SHARPE, Bankers, and Meridian National Bank.
wraps from Ashmead Bros.. Jacksonville, Fla. t tencil Furnished on Application.
For prices see advertisemeoit, tf oct-lti,tf


A-ttertion PMo:ultry IZV.en.
DR. R. BACHMANN'S Vermin Hate; the only relia-
ble antidote to Vermin on Poultry of every description
now extant, viz: Lice on Fowls and Fleas on Dogs; all
other domestic animals are benefitted by its use. This
being an internal remedy to be given mixed with the
food, because all external remedies have been a failure.
It is put up in packages of FIFTY CENTS and ONE DOL-
LAR. Sold at Groceries and Seed Stores. .The best of
reference given on application to the proprietor.
Jacksonville, Florida.
Depot with PAINE BROS., 36 Bay Street.
aug. 21 to fob. 21. '83.


Gunn, Locksmitms an ,tocil Gcttore ,
Gunsmithling done in all its branches.
Special rates on Stencil Cuttifg, by mail. Address,
to june 12'83, (P. 0. 13ox 833.)

Commission Merchant,
Florida Oranges and Lemons,
N. Y. Depot, MAXFIELD & Co., 07 and 69 Park Place; Mag-
azine and Packing House, Waycross R. R.Wharf.
Have a large quantity of Manilla Wrapping
Papers, at Lowest Market rates.
Send in your orders for BOX MATERIAL. Cani
ship promptly while freights are light. Have great
difficulty in getting it transported during the busy
season. [to March 25 '83



Y^-i oWus

a i^
^^1* c i^j
If^i & IttI
^11 vni

s o
g, w

to sept 10 '83

The agent of the Royal Mail Line to the Nether-
lands," and of the "Florio Italian Line," in Jackson-
ville, offers his services to reliable parties in search oj
competent labor for their
Groves or Gardens,
to try to induce people from
Nortliern and Southleriq Eu rope
to come to Florida.
# Correspondence solicited.
Care Florida Land and Imp't Co.,
sept 4, 'S2, tf. J A CKSONVILLE, FLA.




HIas been during the past season thoroughly tested by many of the first Orange Growers and Gardeners of the
State, and received their endorsement and approval. The material which forms the base of this Fertilizer, con-
tains potash, lime, phosphoric acid, ammonia and the Qther essential elements of Plant Food, making a corn
plete Fertilizer. Many who have tried it with Stockbridge, Baker & Bro.'s, and other high-priced Fertilizers,
say it is equal to them in the same quantity, and has the advantage of being an Insecticide.
This Fertilizer is put up in barrels containing 250 pounds, or 8 barrels to the ton. Price $4 per barrel, $32 per
All orders with remittance promptly filled and delivered free on board cars or boats.
Gentlemen-I used one-half ton of your Fertilizer, in connection with the same amount of Baker & Bro.'s,
New York, and Bradley's, of Boston, last February, using the same quantity of each on alternate rows through-
out my grove. I find yours gave as good results as the others, which are much higher priced fertilizers-costing
$50.50 per ton for B. & Bro.'s and $51.50 for Bradley's, delivered here. I consider yours equal to either of the
others, and a great saving to the growers. Very respectfully, T. J. TUCKER.
WILCOX, ORANGE COUNTY, FLA., September 12, 1881.
LEESBURG, SUMTER Co., FLA., March 6, 1882.
GOULD &.Co.:
Gentlemen-Allow me to express my thanks for the promptitude with which you have directed your
agents at this point (Messrs Spier & Co.,) to deliver to me the premium of one ton of your valuable fertilizer,
so generously offered for the best display of vegetables grown under its fostering care, I having had the honor
to win the said premium.
It was with very small hope of so substantial a reward, that I placed my vegetables among the exhibits
of our first county fair last month; but I wanted our people to know that we have at our own doors, as it
were, a fertilizer and insect destroyer better and cheaper than any of the celebrated Northern brands,
Gould's Fertilizer kills two birds with one stone," inasmuch as it feeds the plant, and destroys its enemies,
at one and the same time. I bave been testing it in the field, garden and orange grove for nearly two years, and
the result has been such that I feel independent of scale, leaf rollers, borers, and the other insect plagues whose
name is legion, while my plants are well 4fed and vigorous, and exhibit the dark, glossy green of health and
For my part, I ask nothing better than Gould's Fertilizer, and at our next county fair. If I live to see it, I
mean to show yet more of its handiwork.
Yours truly, HELEN HARCOURT.
to oct 27, '82 NO. 6 W. BAY ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA,

RAN AND LEMON TREES Budded from tried and approved varieties, and
ORANGE AND LEMON TREE on good healthy stocks.
Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, LECONTE PEARSl, GRAPES, and a general line of Fruit Trees suitable to
Florida. Address,
4AA& 10T "v.A:R, reorgeto-wn, :Florida.
to Nov. 6 p.






firstt I~-an.ds oz rin.est Q .ulity

Best Butter in Tubs at 30 to 31 Cents per Pound,
NT-I: E3IE3T? 03T I 0 E .

No. Y West Bay Street, -

Jacksonville, Florida.

President and Business Manager. Secretary and Superintendent. Treasurer.

Lake George, Florida.
A FULL LINE OF FRUIT TREES adapted to this climate.


Catalogue for 1882-3,jnst out, free on application.

tp apr 17, '83


In lots to suit, in the town of Satsuma, Putnam County,
Several thousand Nunan Variety. Price $4 per 1,000, Florida. Send for circular to
packed and shipped in good condition. Money must
accompany each order. WHITNEY, GOLD & HODGES,
Address, 3MIRS. A. 3BEATrTY, Satsuma, Nashua P. 0.,
to Nov. 0. JACKSONVILLE, FLA. june 26-tf FPLORIDA.

I- a-- --~TTI~---L~ 1*-~7_75--~~--r___?l_ ~ I_--s~-~~--- ----~--~L~-~ill.__ __I~* _T ~ _IC_-L~ ----c_~ Irr...--_-_- _- -- Y




a n d !<4 s ......... ..............................
F'"' Sle Boss" Durham. 1 i ` pk.e..........

"':ii i 'ng Bull" (genuine) 5..... .....
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) ls............
'Sitting lOll" (genuine) 1 lb pkge..
S1l '-S1n.l 1 Road"'4 plugs to lb., 30
1 b ox es.....................................
'"Florida loy)'y"'" 5 plugs to 1b., 301 if
I-(O X S .............. .................................
Florida Girls"--Brighlt wist, -1 t1o
1t ., 17 t) bo x es.............................
( 'igars-"Long Branch"a very pop-
'Our X," choice cigar, easy smiok'r
"Our XX," a very clic.. smnoker....
"'Florida Bloys," (we areState Agt,)l
Tliest( aSre all freosl goods andd will compare la\'lo
bly in price and quality with any goods
SOA[' ANtD STA'iCTI-Colgate's 8 oz., per box..
Peerless, S oz., per box..... ................... .
Starch, lum p, per lh...... ........................
I op s, per It ...............................................
Ager s Fresh Yeast (Jakes, per doz .........
(n ran 's 3-!Diue Baking Powder, per
doz. 1 b........ . ........................ ........
To yal k Bakin g Powder, per doz. lb .
Royal B making Powder, per doz. lb......
Florida Sugar and syrups ruling highS
for Jirs-t grind.ls.
ATOES-rish, per bl., new.......................... 3
( '] I r t E N S, eaC l ............. ... ........... ...................
E ( s- P er do z ....................................................
I 1l DS-Dtry Flint Cow Hides, 1'r It., first, class
Country l)ry Salted, per lb.....................
Butcher D)ry Salted, per lb....................
Damaged Hides.................................
Kip and Calf, Sibs. and under................
SINS-Raw iDeer Skins, per lb.........................
rDeelr s kin.s Salted, per lb...... ...............
FIl s --Otter, each, (Summer no value) Win-
ter. .................... ... ....... ................... 1
Rlaccoon, each.......................................
W ild Cat, each.......................................
Fox, each....... ..... ...................
111..EsV Ax--per lb.... .............................
V L,--Fre from burs, per lb.......... ..............
B u rry per lb ........................................ ...
Gt()l'AT SKl NS-s each per lb...................................

S. I R :'E I!-c t;XC ES .- First National ank, .l:-l k-,niiv'illt, Florida. Union National Bank, Chicago, Illinois.
55 sept I'. __. .. .......


24( (A)
26 00
35 00 -- SUCCES(IORS TO --
r- 1 "7< 187 0 .
. 1 '. MUlIIY & CO. JNO. S. DRIGGS & CO.
3 50 I

Saro ker y, hina, Glass and Earthenware.

2 ; 5 We have tl1 largest and most complete stock in the State. All the Latest Novelties in Majolica and Fancy
70 Goods, Vases, Motto Cups and Saucers, etc. 1)ecorated Tea, Dinner and Chamber Sets in a large Variety. Lamps
1 50 and Chandeliers, Fancy Vase Lamps in Majolica, IF'aience, Kito, Porcelain and other Wares. Wood and Willow,
Stonli and Tinware. The American, Crow and P'eerless Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers, Filters, etc.
(Or FI AT Arp G, A i(I !', NITrl- LO iiTHEr. T ; /'C L Hl- .> 'Il

Monitor Oil Stoves and Little Joker Oil Cans.
THE BEST IN THE WORLD. Send for Price Lists.
The best and only absolutely safe Oil Stove in the World. It is Economical, Ornamental, Convenient, Dura-
ble, Compact and Cheap. Its fuel is Coal Oil. No Dust! No Ashles! No Smoke! No Trouble! Testimonials
from those using the Stoves given on application.
Fruit Jars and Jelly Tumblers, Wine Bottles, Flasks, etc. Special inducements to the trade.
Merchal.l; hotels, Boarding IHouses and Bars will 1ind it greatly to their advantage to give us'a trial. Send
for list of assorted( pack ages.
to July 5, ''.:. (Ie 7tio s this paper)

53)i, 3 75


50'@-4 (00
5 ," 15
-1 7

SWe have prepared this Fertilizer f throughout the season.
Oranges in rPhiladelphia. especially for the culture of the or- hThe nitrogen and potasl also are
ange tree, and from the results al- G furnished in the most nutritious
We have tle following card from the cor- ready obtained from its use on the forms and approved proportions
hrocu.o e roves of Flonrida, we feel f or this crop.
ission0l house of C. A. Bockoven & Co., No. jusieid in claing that it cannot, After giving this Fertilizer a
3"2 North Wtater street, Philadelphia, under be surpassed, if equalled, by any thorough trial of three years on or-
-^ \ teother fertilizer. ange trees in Florida, we intro
Iate O' 0eto)br 13 otl It is composed of the purest and duced it last season quite exten-
( O ANES. ,--Finev, >er larrel, .0(10 in such proportions as to furnish alit the results have even exceeded our
per the elements of plant-lood in prop- most sanguine expectations. We
1 e, ier Irrel, $8.t -(19. 00 fair to good, er quantities and in the best form have yet to hear of a single instance
..t promote a rapid and 0 ti( 1 where the mostsatisfactory returns
per barrel, (i i7.00; rusty to rood, per growth of the wood and insure an have not been derived.
l, u to god, pe abundant yield of tine fruit. We have nothing to shy about the
Te, 0).00 fancy, per half barrel A suflicieiI proportion (;f its fertilizers manufactured orsold by
p]. ( y a. re acid, being readily sol- other parties, nswe believe, within
b)OX, .*4 7-(i5 .00 ;' choice, per half barrel box, ube in cold ( water, is inediatey established reputation o] twenty-
S available as food for tlie young- .: two years in the manufacture of
.l 1.50 ir to g(l, per half barrel )ox, rootlets of th tree, while a consi- high grade fertilizers, we can stand
Se'rable portion, iin; prs t in lte -. upon our own footing, without call-
-. ....J ,?.7 rusty, per half barrel box, form of pure ground bone, undi"s- ing the attention of the public to
"solved by acid, i',,a ,s entirely the record of any of our conpeti-
8.0 ..)0. soluble in tle soil only by the ac- tors, or to the value of their nuanu-
tion of the elemlienits of nature in l fractures as compared with that of
LMNXS.-i( 'lice, per half barrel box, $3.00 due course of time. Thus this a1 our own. Our fertilizers are all an-
S 1 -important food is niot soon ex- Q alyzed, when manufactured, by
( .0) fair to ood, per1111 half barrel box, 82.00 hasted by tli, tr,., or washed into competent chemists, and none are
,. -) the ground by heavy rains, but is shipped to market until they are
i.). supplied ill aibunldanlt qu'iti -- known to be up to the standard.
I u t:h.\J-.s.-lioice wedl-colored oranges are ? IrT]
veryI scarce andlt in good deioand at outside quo- A 2 -, ,
stations. There are very few oranges of any Mianutiu etiureirs of the Celebrated
kind in market no)v. Tlhe apple crop is al-
most a failure this .sin, which will no .doubt "" Eraced.le-y"'s "LE'osl a e,'"
tend to stimulate tlie market for other fruit, thil StadL(rd Fortiliz('er or ll Field and Gar(dn Crops, and (. ..i:lly adapto(l to the wants of the
espe, A.LIIN 01fICE, '27 KTILIY ST'RETN, BO M TON, .i,, i'IH U.ETSI'S.
J,!l,'kl:;onv;ll Wlfs'.alo Pi'ics. F or i'urthoi r particulars and pamphlets giivinjg tlstiet ontial,- from soi e of the Lest orange growers in the
(r,. ,d ,.ekLy, b. JO.JVE < BO lI I ihol/ ,tle ,(0 d t Stt tdd c i'ss..
0. 1, 11, (r/,. ,.,,er.,, J a k s o n c illC, F lLa t L ( "
" r(o, is-- A.. i. lECIiK, General A elent for Florida,
'(; ranulated ......................................... to oct 9, 83. JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA.
itle x.................. ................ ...........
ol e ..................... ...... .......... ........... /2
'Pow(lere .t............................................... Ii 4'
o ............................................ i .1.= W
-'lH o t".. .......11
G o o d .................... ...................... 1
............................................. V h o le e a l r i -
lava 0. G ......es............. .. ............... JSl
eaoc tra ......... .............. ...... ..... ....... .
a ge .......................................... 1 F

Ay <>f( rdes wasted t o rF O r i n a n d stic F r i t
rolel, 2d 1... .... ....................... ............. 7 25
'ea srl, :d best..................................... 7 00
O range C- o., N o. 1................................... (i 50
, .:A TS-- co .. ..........................................d15 t ) 15L. .. .
lai s (M'erwin &Hons)........................ 1! (OMM[MSSION 3 [J('CIIANTS FOR THlE SALE OF
Sh Iou l ders..................... ................... ..... 1
11 t i x Y- 'earl, per b)bl...................................... 5 35 to 40
M l l-per bbl.............................................5.. o4.. .15 ) TS
S ^ S .n^^.1. :-"";' i Florida Oran es awn Leswn
iiT'i.l So-Very'7 best, kIgs (on i .(e)..................4.. to i ...
S' .:sE --Full crea ......................................... 141
J1 11a l f crea( ............................ ........ ...... 1
ToA() .co--W\e ljlave iade( arl'ranlig( cents direct 'with
il, n,,uacturters a,, ofe.r you to-day as i- .167 South W after St., C H CAGO, LL.
Smlokin7--".the S hoss" DIulraSC H


,-~---- ---- ---- -rr I I Ir. -r~--- --~-~-- II- -- C



- -~ -~'--~ ~



IlT E FE0T CTOBE s st, 1.S2-

FROM F 0 -A !
TO To 4
M acon ...................................... 3 70 .-fI 25 M adison, Ind........ .. ..... 7 01 5 125 00
A ugusta ................................... 140 1' 7) 00 Jeffersonville, Ind................. 7 1 0125- 00
A tlanta ................................... !40 80 70 00 !Evansville, Ind.......... 75 1 50 125 00
Colum bus, Ga ........................ 40 80 70 00 1Cairo, Ill................................. 75 5 12" (I 00
Montgomery, Ala ... ...... 40 80; 70 00 Indianapolis ........................... 80 1 0 l.'; 00
Mobile ........ ................. ...')0 1 00; 87 .' Terre Hlaute.... ....... .....S 1 60 1"30 00
Chattanooga, Tenn............... 5011 00 87 '! oluinlm s, Ohio......................80 1 i 60 130 00
N ew Orleans........................... 60 1 20 105 00 St. Louis... ............................... o85 1 70 140 00
Nashville, Tenn ......... ...... 60 1 201105 00 Chicago.................................... 85 70 140 00
Memphis, Tenn........................ 60 1 20105 00 Peoria, Ill............................ 1 70140 00
Louisville, K y......................... 70'1 40 115 00 Cleveland .. ................ ........ 90 1 80 150 00
Cincinnati, Ohio..................... "70 1 40 115 001 Toledo.... .... ................ 0 1 : 1: 0
H enderson, K y .........................70 1 40 115 00 Detroit............. ......... .......... 90 1 80150 00
Colum bus, K y......................... 70 1 40 115 00 M ilwaukee ......................... ... 1- l ): O0
Hickman, Ky.................... 70 1 40115 00
The dimensions of the Standard Box for Oranges are 10x12x27 inlces, and the1
wei-ght is estimated at 80 pounds.
The Standard Barrel is double the capacity of the Standard Box.
Excess of capacity over the above will be liable to pro rata excess of ei;>r.e-.
The Car-load is estimated at 20,000 pounds, or 250 St;' o ird Boxes. :x\.ess ,f 'is
amount, will be charged for pro rata. Car-load "lhil'ents must be to one destina-
tion and to one consignee.
1'r-p\, in'it of freight will not be required, but good order and condition of
shtiprments will be an absolute requirement. It is clearly understood between the
shippers and the tran-portal ion companies that no r,-pmnsiility -hall attach for
loss or (iaI iia., iho -ver o '',io Il, unless it be from negligence, and that such loss
Si: u- at ttali solely to the company upon whose line such negligence may be located.
The above points are i;L- oly points to which rates are guaranteed, and to
which Bills Lading will be issued. The Bills Lad:lin will be issued only by the
Agents of this Comnpany at Jacksonville and Callahan Junction, guaranteeing rates
from those points only.
The charges advanced by this Line in good faith to cmic.tii oi at those points
will not be subject to correction by this Line.
Unless otherwise in-dtri.td 1)y the shippers, the original Bill Lading will be
mailed tile consigce at de(sli n-ltiio, a all claims.for o(vrrl..;r'_eC or loss and damage
must be presented at destination, accompanied by the original Bill Lading.
Shipments of single packages charged double rates.
In every case the full name and address of consignee must be given for insert ion
in lill Lading and on the Way-bill.

Jack soI vill e............................................
lmani(linils on St. Johns River................
Statiolnson Florida Transit R. R...........
Tampa and Manatee..........................
Stations on the J. 1. & M. 1R. ............

Per Box. oPer Bbl.

35 i 70
45 75
70 1 (05
440 75

Per Box. iPer Bbl.

40 75
50 :
75 110
560 S5

liitCl (I~letP(iol with Steamiships'. direct front Savaiiiia1i.


B o sto n 11 ................................. ......
Bloston via New York.......... .
N ew Y ork .................................
B altim ore..................................
Providence via New Yortk ...

!i From -L

vill. iSt. Johns

50 ) 0 'i
50 1 o00 I0 1 2-)
50 1 ,i 60 1 2'
50I 1 00 00 1 21
05 1 80 75 i 1 .1)

From 1: From t! From
Florida- ", T.,ip1 i, ., P. T M.
Transit and l H. R3.
R.R. 'Manatee.

5 1 2 0 I1 o 65 1 2.5
88 1 1 13 1 1 88 105
65 1 2. 90 1 50 6 5 1 25
65 1 2i 90 1 5i (i5 i 1 25
S2 i ",' 0 1 {7 1 -. 80 S 1 55

; ... .. ..... From
From ILandingsi From From From
S Jackson-I on i Florida .Tampa :J.,P. & M.
ville. list. Johns Transit and 1 R.
River. It. R. i Manatee.

0 0 ai 0 c

Boston ..................................... 5 10 05 1 i 70 1 : 95 1 600 70 1 351
Providence ............................... 55 1 10 5 I 1 30 70 1 95 1 00 70 1 1 :;5
W ashington ............................... 0 1 001 70 1 20 0 1 28i0 1 05 1 50 .5 1 25

Steamship connection from Savannah for New York every Tuesday and Fritday.
For Boston every Thursday. For Philadelphia every Saturday. For ,:ultio,,
T'unesdi: and Friday.
To make through rates from points tributary to the above, add the rates lor
tian.spourtl i, n1 lines (conne.' ing to above rates.
shipmlnis via New York will be charged at the current r:i'.-s from that point,
\1iti1 '(l- ()t l l' I n -or added.
Sinil .'1,_,. ai' -s will l) ia :'. ',1 each to Boston, New York, Philadelphia and
laltiiion '. If .-liiipd le.yo)n ttli.y will be ch(.l ri-.i in addition the single package
rates of con( c ll'tini' lines and cost of transfer.
Stencils, -lppi in receipts and information furnished o(n applia111 ll to any of
the agents if' Ih.. Lil e.


avvanuiiah, Florida and Western always Company,

Movement of Freight in Through Cars, thereby AVOIDING THE RISK OF
T!t.\AN- lSFER to and from all points on the Florida Central and 'Western ll:ilr, ii,
Florida Transit Railroad, St. Augustine, and all Itndint s on the St. Jol(ns nd- o
Ocklawaha Rivers, C(hattahoochlee, Flint and Apalachicola Rivers, and Havana,
Key West, Tampa and Manatee.

Fruit and Vegetable Shipments Through in Ventilated Cars
.l\.-1.i-n .iacksonville and s.-ivannah daily. TRANSFER TO SHIPS" SIDE
Rates ;i1\\wli-s as LOWV. A BY ANY OTHER LINE. Take out Bills L[.idin2 via
Savannah, Florida and Western Railway to insure ADVA\NTA.GES OF T Il: .\ LI-
lDays of sailing subject to change without previous notice. For further informa-
Iion, if nIeeded, apply to
H. YONG(NE, Agent of Line, and C. 1R. R. of Ga., Office N.w Pier 35 N ivier, N. Y.
W. L. \TMES, Agent, 2-5 South Third' St., Philadelphia. A. L. HUGGINS,
Agent Merchants' and Miners' Line, Baltimore. WM. H. RING, Agent Boston and
a vannah Steamship Line, 18- Wharf, Boston. 0. (. PEARSON, Agint S., F. &
\T. Railway, 2149 $)'-Iingtol St., Boston. C. D. OWENS, (.(jeiinal Ag Railway, 315 Broadway, New York. J. B. ANDREWS, Agent S., F. ,A W. Railway,
13 German St., Baltimore. J. M. (CLEMENT, Agent S., F. & W. Railway, Pier 41
South Delaware Ave., Philadelphia, or to eil hr of tle undl-r-in' I.
WV. 0. AMES, General Frigh l A_ *ent Jacksonville.
F. B. PAPY, General Freight Agent, 1Firnil dina, Fla.
JAS. L. TAYLOR, General Freight A- -cnt, S;s nn, G a.
D. H. ELLIOTT, General Agent Florida Dispatch Line, Jacksonville, Fla.
GEOI. W. HAINES, Agent S F. & W. R.l\\w:)y. Jacksonville, Fla.

- ------ --~n~s ~rcrrr~B~e CU-~rCpsr~i~ul;~psin~;_~~c ~rr~L. ~l~p~c)---- cV- ---- --- - --- ------- ~---I -- I- a~amr~ll~b411~




Real Estate Agents,

Have lands in every county in the Orange Belt, at from
$3 to $100 per acre. Orange groves from $1000 to $100,000.
Government lands in every part of the Orange Belt.
Can guarantee all of our property.
Strawberry Plants.
We have 200,000 best varieties for sale low.
Orange Trees.
We have 300,000 trees, all ages, for sale, at from 10 cents
to $2 per tree, as to age.

Sep. 18, tf.

B I bT D I T -.

If you have any Books, Magazines, Pamphlets, etc.,
that you want bound, you cannot do better than send
them to the undersigned. They do all kinds of work in
the best style and at Northern prices.
Quotations furnished when desired. Address
Jacksonville, Fla.

An Orange Grove or Orange Lands, in a healthy, beauti-
ful country,
Entirely Free froin Frost,

where you have the finest
of all descriptions, and the best chance to raise early
,vegetables, in a new country. Address me with stamp,
at Anclote, ltillsborouigh County, Florida.
I can sell you five acres, or five thousand acres, as you
toaug20, '83 M. II,. MA.RItS.




DREW & BUCKI, Proprietors.

We respectfully announce to our friends and the pub-
lic generally, that, having secured tihe services of com-
petent Draughtsmen, Architects and Mechanics, we are
prepl)ared to estimate on and contract for the building of


etc., at any point accessible by the several railroad and
steamboat lines. Possessing the advantage of manufac-
turing our own lumber, we are enabled to offer very lib-
eral inducements as to terms and quality of material.
Draughts, plans, estimates and information furnished
on application.
We have also made extensive additions to our Plan-
ing Mill, and will continue, as heretofore, to manufacu-
ture and keep in stock a full line of Framing and Finish-
ing Lumber, Mouldings, Brackets, Balusters, Pickets,
Laths, etc.
July 17, '82-tf. Ellaville, Florida.

Are manufactured right in our establishment in the
best manner and at the shortest notice.
4A-Send in your orders.
May 1-tf

"MA.Z .w2>T27":E-. S-.
Oldest Established Bank in East Florida.
Organized in 1870 by Mr. D. G. Ambler, and
Generally Known as
Deposits received, Discounts made and Exchange
Bought and Sold on MOST FAVORABLE TERMS.
Collections made and Proceeds promptly remitted.
Correspondents-Importers & Traders National Bank,
New York; Merchants National Bank, Savannah, Ga.
Resident correspondents of Brown Bros. & Co., Drexel,
Morgan & Co., Jas. G. King's Sons, Kountze Bros., New
York, and other prominent Bankers issuing Letters of
Credit. apr 10-tf

20 FORTY-ACRE TRACTS, only 12 miles from Jack-
sonville; extra good land, well located, between river
and J., St. A. and 11. R. R. R. Price, $10 per acre. Will
sell on monthly payments of $12.50. These lands will in-
crease in value, being located in an already prosperous
town, making a payinginvestment at small outlay.
Maps can be seen at No. 41 East Bay Street.
to nov 21, '82. GEO. R. REYNOLDS.
Jacksonville, Fla.


Window, Picture and Carriage Glass.

Sand and Einery Papers, &-e.
300 0, PIRFJ TE;SrT.
Johnson'802 P I'eared Jtl d,sominc. I ad'8-
worth., mrtinez amd Longan..',s,
'Prepared Paints.
No. 40 West Bay St., Sign of Big Barrel,
to mar25,'83 JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


Ar hitocts anti MCivl E1 ROOrs,

Plans, Specilications and Estimiates for Buildings of
all kinds. Water Supply, D)rainage, Sew.rarg'e, Bridges'
toot's, Etc. P. O. Box 7.1. Room No. I:. liliiitht BIock,
Bay Street. to Feb. 7, 83

Boatli to ?itowa ,li.
Mand Coloring Stores, Factories, Mills, wellings,
Churches, Barns, or for any purpose where whitewash
or calsomine is used; is easily applied; keeps clean
longer than lime ; will not crack, peel or rub oit; does
better work than lime; its sanitary qualities are excel-
lent. Packed il barrels, half-barrels and kegs. Semd
for circulars. Ilazlett &fc Foster,
sept 11 tf 132 W Pratt-st., Baltimore.


A COOK for small family in the country. High wages
and light work. Address
Oct to 17, 82p.J Yalalha, Fla.


Two yards PLYMOUTH HOCKS, two yards each of
and one yard of GEORGIA.
We are booking
orders now for EGGS, and
guarantee fifty per cent. better results
than from Eggs received from the North. Send for cir-
cular. It. W. PARRAMORE, Jacksonville, Fla.
W. C. BIRD, Monticello, Fla. tojanl5-'83


Has closed till NOVEMBER. Present address,
may 12, '83. Rochester, N. Y.

(Sent by mail, postage free, on receipt of price)
Ii B3ookl Forn, Containing 11
Views Eangh.
Souvenir of Florida, (small size)........................ c.
Scenes and Characters of the Sunny South, (snall
size) ..... ... .J........ ....... ........................ 25c.
Souvenir of Jacksonville,( large size)................. 50c.
Souvenir of St. Augustine,(large size)............... 50c.
Stereoscopic Views, per Doz. $1.80.




to April 23, '83

Sawboi T Plants For BSal!
200,000 Choice pure Beatty's stock.... $4.00 per Thousand
100,000 Pure Nunan's.......................... 6..00 per Thousand
50,000 Pure Crescent Seedlings......... 6.00 per Thousand
Terms: Cash with order.
Address. -W. E. SCUTIL,
to nov 3, '82. Jacksonville, Florida.
Tr r 4;`

ADN OaedoFeld, and Flower
WARRANTED SEEDS, and Everything
tr the Farm and Garden. Illustrated Cat&
Seed and Agricultural Warehouse,
No. 1114 Market Street, Philadelphia
(to Jan 9, '83)



Laces, Worstedt,

67 West Bay Street, Corner Laura,
to feb 20, '83

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in

llor lwgro, tovos, Doors, Sashl, HiIBIS
Sugar Mills, Rubber and Leather Belting,
Sin, j- Gas-Fitting, Plumbing Tinsmithing,
Agricultural Implements of all Kinds,
*Z- Send for Ptice List and Catalogue, i
to june 11 '83

"Fmridy:, O)tobor c ,0tit, at1 p. m. n,- Connecting at Charleston with steamers for New
Steamer ROSA leaves I;e Bary X'iWharf every u ,I lTuesday, ()ctober 24, at p. i. York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
at I p. Im., and every Widsi;day at 5 p. for above- r, rday, October 27ith, at S a.. -i. Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail and Stet-i
named andings. uesay, ctob,. 3t. 12 m. ship connections, and lBag'ae checked through. Also
Steamt.tC (. M. BtIRD leaves De Barv -Whalf every ( Cbin t, te', :L;: Seconl Cabihn, 12.1-9; Rltoundi.i Lopi,, Car berths and .ctio- '.. i,',i at Colnany s
Tuesday and Friday at 5 p. in. for same lI.ding.. l..'.' r-,'. ihe company reserveti i the 'ihtl of Astor's Building, ;4 Bat-street, and at Ie1t1
Connects at Palatka witit Florida ,untlw ri I railroad 'htnAgi t' -iln0 ,.loay.-. lorida TilcLet Office. GEO. \. HAIEs. A'
for Gainesville and Ocala. 0 or t'he i, ii iii of the teorgia 'i( ioida Te c_. L. TAYLO, en'iT. and P. Ag't. A '1 '
Connects at Astor within St. John's and Lake Eustis i T'i 1' AND VEGET AI E .. SHIPPER
Railroad lor Ft. Mason, "Yalailt, i n ra, til ,_tt- d allt points .... i ND LLI L I
on the Upper Ockltwaha. this company tha arranged a special schedule, thereby =
Connects at Volusia with coaches for Ormond and perishable freight is transported to thu principal [,1 ,8lior /t,', 4i ; *,,, s acres Hnm"I oci ., ;. d
1)ay t ts at s:nford with South oridpoints il th}i '1 '.":.'' and S1I THWEST biy rail front enclosed wiltiI Picket 20 ,'f,, ., ,. 1 '/e
L n wood,Maitland -,,,opka City,A!temonte, Orlando, is ro ute, shippers are assured that their goods f ila ., <,.. ,1 ,
Kis.i ,, and with steam ers for Lake Jessup, al. will re(eiv ctrefu l;n lg .nd quick dispatch. , l,, .;,, .i:.of .,'c, protection, o t .r .;
Lakeanid Rioek ledge and J3 d iain lier. ttes of freight b" hi, ,i te ovill be found in another I,1. ,,,'; ,,'tl,,..,an,.,Ot, 1,1in'1 f,1,o ii. ine iles i.1,,\ut ta i -.
Cont eci1s at. l 'ntrp't1ise xitil ciaci's .or l)ayton: t tld C, o I "uu it ii';,aii itindo ne ilt i ..ii Net1i'imtew n.i ionc I
iNewt r.. SirJAm.(S. It. WEST 8:I & '0. Agents, I ity' every m''i'4 on ail :t--;I.-"e 'it and riet'urn in tiie
Itheturning, MailX.I,. .r txave Fiti ,- exit 1h14y-I Bay-St., Savannah, Gat. I at 't(0non. choice place ".r',r-;kl. e own and t ruk
morning ai t 7 t. il., iand Saiiford o1 1-irrtIl t Irrito A. L. JH Am.IU. NS, Agent, i+t.rnuin' Price, '-,., "-
Stelaert Geo. I. Bird wi ii leave Etierprise every i Lo I)ock, Baltinore, Md. 30-tl Also, two lesir ble city lots :.' feet, and one 7u0x 5 i
stit R.a os leaves n t x ry Friday at 5 p. l fe -- : .covered with thrift: oru- g. trees .years old, aif
4Through bills oa i atx iiL given to all points i. ie nun busiisim tot', toi '
The st.nrs of tis i, i re all i irst-o lass ill t1every rv i e .Pie d rte, A--1it o i, he u .
res iiect..1 i
Fo'r i'tte'thr' iiif .r'mnimnoliim, iappy' ait General Ticketl ,1. IIo ]rOIIJ .[]7.C)"N
o0Icm, crier B-ay amid Laura Stret, i e & 32-PAG E PAMPHLET. PRICE, 10C.
corner Bay and Ocean Streets, or on board. Adtits No. 1 West, Bay S'.. -, - J.AISON V I LE.
W. B. WATSON, ianaimgr. 'ril[ LEFAAI: L TOCIiTON, State that you saw this in TaHi DIiSPAT'CHt.
C. B. FENVWICK, Gen. Pass. Agent. Aug. 7-tf. to oct 23. Jacksonville, Fla. July 3, tf

T H E Fi~ R I DA D I S PATC H -1

Ocean Steamship Company of Savannah. osto ul DVglll 8toMlillil ao.

Savannah aiad Phildelphia. -


be received for ln tI te coi )any 's Ships to Ne York. Tlk'i .. 1 by all Ag s to New York via Phil- ipm t and exta din avoided. Car
hdelphlza atAt I'I.1811 1_ 'I".' as isI E(T(IM) NEW 1i`01-K.
Philadelphia slinrsr for September :re appointed to sall ts follows: unl adted at wharf in Savinah. Firs,-L p:..n;-..r"-
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Septe'1m)e 2d, at I0:(.)0 a. It. C i iidlllicn now Iron i sail m -
T NI ATA, Setetniber It9l, itt 4:00 p. in. ton every 't -n 1, at 1 o'cioS, a.d iii Bva nhs
t.APIIDAN, Septelber 116,, at. a:(y) a. 1n.tonoccid iniSavaia]
JUNIATA, ,.lpteimer 23d, at 2:0) p. m. follows
,APIDAN, Sptember 390th, at :00 a. in. Gate City, Thursday, S vp.t:iir tM, at 7:30 a. in.
The l Rapidan does not not carry passengers. City of ColuI,.,iihu, Thursday, )October th, at 2:00 p. in.
Days and hours subject to change, without notice. i Bt ll,.ii,:- haye elegant 1! .. 1, *WI.'.Ir incom ti)dations. Gate City, Tt-hutrsday, October 12th, at7::0) a. M1.
WM. L. .tAM iE V' \:'. Itt'NTER i S N, City of C(olnmbuhs, l ruv i..ay, tOctober 19tli, at 12 in.
44--tt Ageint, 13 s. Third St., Philadelphia. A ,.;it: at Savannah. Gate City, Th'ur.sda October 2ith, at :*:, p. i-.
......... Ciy of Colunbi s; Ts. lurday. Noi' iil r.,' I a.t : p.1 n .
................FIRST-C.ASS C'AIN 'A GE S. ',' AS TO) NEW
Ocean Steamsmip C.omipay icAiso & IA. .\
F. W. N Ki-.ls- N & O.. '., in ali, ,a.

-If A

The Magniticent New Iron Steamships sail front Savannah on otllovwing dates: ( N AND AFTE SUNDAY, A)UA IFTh, iESS2, RV-
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Tuesday, October 30, 11:A0 a. In. ,:2ger T: ii will ruit over the WayVr's .Shor-t Line
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Friday, Oct'ober ith, 2:00 p. i. ats follows;
CITY OF MACON, Tuesday, October 10th, 5i:30 p.m. Fast Mail. Jak'iie ,x.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Friday, October 1:t1h, 7:00 ). In. Daly. Daly.
TA.ILA I[A.SSEE, Sunday, October 15th, ':1' a. I. Leave .acksonvilie Iat ........ 9:00 a. n. :10 p. ii.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Tuesday, October 17th, 10:t0 a. Arrive Jacksonville at................ (:15 p. i. 7:30 a. mn.
CITY OF MACON, Friday, October 20th, 12:30 p. . Leave Callahan at .......................... !:5 a. 7:05 n .
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Sunday, October 22d, 2:30 p. ni. Arrive Wa\ t.-s at.... .......... :i a. .. 9:2 p. .
TALLAHASSEE, Tuesday, October 24th, 4:30 p. mI. Arrive Jesup at..................... 1:32 p. n 10 p.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Friday, October 27th, 7:) a. Arrive Brunswick at..................... :5 a. m.
CITY OF MACON, Sunday, October 29ith, S:30 a i. .Arrive Savaninan it ................ ;:5 D. :n. 2:-0 a. i.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Tuesday, October 31st, 10:)00 a. Im. Arrive 'li .-sion at ........................ i '. a. m.
T.IA LAH A.SS:E Friday, Noveimber' 3d, 12:30 1). jji. Arrive August at........................ 52 m. 1:p0 p. -.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Sunday, November 5th, 2:00 p. in. Arrive Macon at................
Through Bills of Lading and Tickets over Central Railroadl ot i,, < i:t.. s. in tii h, Florida A, Western Arrive Atlanta at........................ .2:-.. p. ii.
Railway, and close connections with the new and letanlt .im s to l'!oIr;i;. i Arrive Louisville ait..................... S:. a. t.
Freight received every day from 7 a. in. to ( p. iim., :t Pier :, R. Arrive Cincinnati at..................... 7:0 a. in.
H. YONGE, G. M. SO i REL, I, Savannah, (Ga. Arrive Washington at................... :;0 p. i. 7:- a. n.
Agent of Line, and C.(. R. of Ga., Office New Pier :o3 N. River, N. Y. i Arrive Baltimore a................ .. :30 a. .
W. H. RHETT, General Agifent, :17 Broadway, New York. Arrive New York P. 11. ............. a. :50 p. .
H. R. CHRISTIAN, Gen'] S.liciting Agent. ( ENS. Arrive St. Louis at....................... 7:00 p ..
12-2ni Gen'l g't v'i, Florida '. .-t n Co, 315 Broadway. Y. Arrive ic go at ......................... 7:) p.
TIttI E. l.
. ..S.... ... ...... ..l.. . .......... .. .. . .. .... . . . .
T o N e w Y ...... ....... . ............... .... .... . . . -
o To lChicIgo.................... ......... ... .......... 09
AAET st.EL iuis,....................................... ..............
MEICfIL.NTS AND I i'MI[NERSL TR A.NS- 'Tost1 'THi. SLi'ii.'" 1"
A- hO M -IPOTATION C_ ()OMPANY. .Jacksonviile to (Cncin.na.ti.
1 A-erIItoCHtS fled i I to
".4 -:' tt' 4 eginnini0t with Monlday, Octo'.'.ir 1'i, trains over iie

CA RRYTN G TH E U, S. I A I Leave Live Oai............................................. 2:.. p. .
Si Arrive at New Branfo d..................... ....... 1 ) p .
". leave New Branford.............................. ... : a. .
S.. .' i i1. 1 Arrive at Live Oak........... ..................................10:30 a. it.
-S A ..N N A I, (xA ., 4 i ,-p t ( ")l b e r 12, 1SS2. ,
"!The s(..;n,,,s!i[^ of tihis company are aiolpnint<.d to .'!Co iie.-iini. at ('harl' on with ilihroi -h Puillman
ELEGANT SII)E-W \ IHEEL STE. Ei.M M \T .P sii fromn BALTIJMORE foro SAVANNAH jSieepers for VSashlagton. i i t iiS
". "Y E N DAY.,, ..... AND .\TT i A l1 Ivannah and ('aim -.,ton, affords supp)er to pa.-s,'.n...-rs .
T 'T ,t.i, bound N'ortlh, and breakfast to thios'e cominii" Sout 1.
tilld 1"ioi SAV.A N NAXII for1i.-.L'~Xhi )II!:,;, )inly one change of cars to New Yoik.
LI'assengers going to the WeAst al North west ik e l ii
FREDERICIK DE 1ALitY, Capt. Leoi. Vogei. Ei VER Y '""' ,:I 9IA Y AN ) FIII T)A. ", evening train.
passengers froet liuo of Transit Railroad take the
H. B. PLANT, C(apt. J. \V. Fitzgera'd. a.s allows train at Callahan.
ANITA, Capt. C. H. Brock. ITuesday, S,_'li .i r 1t t 11 t i r. I ,., ,. f, t,,,i i l alt: d li utSe fth; Fir'i'itit Sittt 'r
One of the above-tnamedt stairs will leave. e 1 y tuesday, SepteOtbe I 2te (ti., :t *i p. m. Passenigor fros i line )f .1ckson'vilel 'te's(c',la a1nd
Xtharf, foot of Ilura Street, daily except Sunday, at 3 Fridaly, September 29th, ,at a. Mobile IRailroad either take train at Live Oak, 'eaviing
p. nt., for PALATKA, SAN1FO-R0 .-N 'lRPRls'.'E, tanid Tuesday, October 3d, at 1i a.m i. p. m. and arriving atSavannxtii at 2:35 a. nt., or train
all intermediate tlandings. r'iday, Octobier i, it 2 p. tm. at Jacksonville, leaving at 9 a. m. aitd arriving at Sa-
ROSA, Caplt. J. L. Amazeen. Friday, October iti, at 8 a. I. ',,.n at t Sa'nnat with steamers for New Yo'k,
GEO..M. .BIRD, Capt. G. J. ,i,r.'.r,. ','.'-:', y, ...tober _17tl, at, 10 a. m. Phi]ndelphia, Boston and Baltimore.



I -_ - L --~-~ I_ ~----a~--- -- _~1~ II- -- --- --li~LLI--- CI -ss- -Ll~w--LI -sl-e _ls~L--~-a~19------___I- --- ~ ----i~--- ----




Orange Groves at from 51,000 to $20,000.
t I l'-2 p



Gnerai Stock of- Select Seeds for Gardeners.
The a bba~g'e Seed. Crop of '82 is almront a complete
failure oT-rth, but I h-e secxrecd a fe po azils
eacl7 of 'uc- eelet 4a-rieties as are a suiZcess in our
climate. ae aC j tock of Cab.bage ertilizer",
7Bonr.e leal, OCttcm. Seei \:eal, Etc-

to jan 6, 'S3 Jacksonville, Vla.
[ESTA1ILls'e: 1871.]
0 A. 4* AR 1-<1.,

Southern. Frtit nzd. "Tegetables a Specialty.
.3 10 and -1 North Dela-ware A-veLnie, Philadelphia.
to jan 6, '83


sK i, ,r PN .*p,, '. 'ersi mm o n L ,C on to Paea r.
' ',; t ,10 1n'n,,s n',. ,-(A rE. More
-1ej 0 tr0:S in n.lrd tn a'y iive growers
,'i thlu iL, ")N T E'l .'l,: ,\il. A p ply to head .m ;'rrt r.
W. W. T-IOMIPS4ON, ?Prop'.,
LeConte Nursery, Sinithviile, (a
S!:n FOR CATA LO, -TUE. 1 *2-t
Only 1.00 a Year,!
T It E--

SFlorifa W8kly Tims,.


TIE WEIEKLY TIM IS contains the choicest things
from the previous six issues of the DAILY TIMES.
which is universally conceded to be one of the newsisI,
liveliest, lbrightest;nost readable and most i-nterprisi ng
newspaper. in the .ou Hi. Its State news is fresh and
full; itl .inri-es Telegraphic DI)patches from all parts
of the world up to the hour of going to press; and its
mconmnents upon current events are pointed and in-
-.1 nuc'tiNi.
Special attention is given to all matters pertaining to
thlie Farmn an(d Household ; ad1 its Market and Weather
Reports arena vdallhl to Mrcrehant-, Planters and
In all the qualities of a newspaper for the family cir-
cle and the business man, the FLORIDA WEEKLY
TIM EIS is the chca.I oXtl and bcst ever offered to the Florida
()ne year, $1.00. Six months, 50 cents. One month on
rial lO (cents. Sp-cinn copies free to any address.
To each subscriber remitting $1.5'), the WEEKLY
TIMES will be sent, for one year, together with a copy of
Rev. T. W. Moore's Treatise and i1andbook of Orange
Culture, tho pri(e of which is one dollar. To each sub-
scriber remitti 'J $2.00, the WEEKLY TIMES will be
sentiine year with a copy of B>arbour's Illustrated and
D)escriplive Work on Florida, the price of which is -k..-7).
To any one sending us tn yearly subscribers we will
send 11n1 extra copy for a year.
i, *tenittttn'-s should be made by draft or Post-Of-
lice order, or in a registered letter. Address
octi!;-t f Jacksonville, Fla.
11 A M %1 1O'" 0 N & (0 .,

These lands include all varieties of upland and lowland, an,,are adapted to Oranges, Lemons, Limes, Pine-
Apples, Bananas, Sugar-Cane, Early Vegetables, etc., and are chiefly in the counties of
St.Johns, Volusia, Brevard, Orange, Sumter, Levy, Hernando, Hillsborough,
Polk, Manatee and Monroe. *
The following are reserved and for sale at graded prices ;,
Gulf Coast Reserve," 2i,0-"0 acres, AM. R. MARKS, Agent, Anclote, Fla.
"Timber Reserve," 0,0,0) acr-s, comprising choice tracts of Pine and Cypress, chiefly in St. Johns and
Volusia Counties. Address
to mar2183 .Jeksonville, F21'la.



| "v7I3-0LES.A..L'E ...N--33 3:"BT,,'I.--r,.

Ji.A.MES' I.MIPcROVE )r tD-=- ............
Plant Extractor. ORANGE W
SAVE TIME AND PLANTS. [Full count--480 sheets to th
Address, W. JAMES, Jacksonville, Fla. lOx0 11x11
For Sale at S. B. HUBBARD & 1O'S, 1rm
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. 14 c. pr ru. 17 c. pr
PRICE 60o.;-BY MAIL 75c. Special Prices to La:
to nov 1-'82.

PE).__ ORDR D= FRO AD-.Remit by check, money-order or registered letter, an(



ie ream.]
_- 12x12
19 c. pr rm.
rge Buyers.
d in ordering, give shipping directions.
mead Brothers,


..,.. -~_. I---S-YPUPL







Offer from October 1, 1882, till May 1, 1883,

Government Price of $1.25 per Acre