Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/NF00000068/00027
 Material Information
Title: Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Ashmead Bros.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 25, 1882
Publication Date: 1869-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (1869)-n.s. v. 9, no. 4 (Jan. 21, 1889).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of North Florida
Holding Location: University of North Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0497
oclc - 08331006
System ID: NF00000068:00027
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch, farmer & fruit grower; farmers alliance

Full Text

ratar-ufacturhm alnd Industrial btimrsts 'f Flhrida and

.-IMonday, September $;, "1$ 2. .:. ; $1.00 per Year, in advance; postage free,
.-on.y,. Se.-_- ..

Palatka and Uprtiver rooms F -i;
I Lat winter Florida gft .up a iooni, and has
coni ud to boom ever since. We were forci-.
bly impressed with his t wbhilM:Palaka
this week.: No town in Florida, duri: the
ft r, iid mad scth tremiexdb t stride i
taard a high state of prosperity and affluence
as it has. On all of its streets may be seen
new buildings going up, handsome residences
are being erected, while on the business thor-
oughfares, together with our goodly yellow
pine timber, brick and mortar is coming ac-
tivel into play in the construCtion of large
and, impoPing edifices for trade and traffic. In'
the Palatsa Herald office we found everything
working with systematic precision, while the
hum of the job department told that business
there was Ona a boom. The shining Tprses and
bright new material in this establishment is a
sure indication of prosperity. The Herald,
judging iroim its well-filled' columns of adver-
t isemUst, will have to enlarge again, and, it is
hinted, will ~hen be printed on a power press.
Coming p the river,.the boom continues. All
along the shres of the beautiful St. John's it
may be seen, marked in characters uhmistaka-
blZen numerous steamboat ending,, in flour-
ish.ing range groves, in elegant residences and
vmng-qfo ered cottages, while the palatial sjeam-
ers ,o thi JDeBary and other I smes also tin *bf a
b9i0in., At Astor we get offat the depot of the
St.jfohn's and Lake Eustis Railway, and that
ev4nce of prosperity is still present in the
shape of cars, increased wharf and warehouse
facilities and n immense stacks of freight that
is being shipped along the line of the road and
found the lakes, most of it going to Leesburg.
he train leaves at 8 o'clock and we are soon
gopng along the lin with lightning speed over
the8steel rails, drawn by aniron horse. Thun-
dering ;al.ng, we flit by farms and orange
gpove just begun, clearings, deadenings, resi-
dences finished, and half finished and founda-
tions laid for more. The train stops frequently
and we sep stations that were, only a short time
ago, in.t woods, now 'flourishing villages and
growing into towns. We run into Fort Mason,
the terminus of the road, and still that indica-
tion of a prosperous people.-&Sumter Advance.

Boys Smoking,.
A certain doctor, struck with the large numi
her of bys under fifteen years of age, whom he
observed emiki ~ te, was led to inquire
into the ef k general
health. e pur thirty-eight
boys, aged from nine to fifteen, and carefully
examined them. In twenty-seven of them he
discovered injurious traces of the habit. In
twenty-two there were various disorders of the
circulation and digestion, palpitation of:the
heart,, and a more or less marked taste for
strong drink. In twelve there was frequent
bleeding of the nose, ten had disturbed sleep,
and twelve had slight ulceration of the mucous
membrane, of the mQouth, which disappeared on
ceasing from the use of tabacco for some days.
The doctor treated them all for weakness, but
with little effect until the smoking was discon-
tinued; henhen health was restored. Now, this
is no "old wife's tale," as these facts are given
onthe authority of the British Medical. Journal.
Why Eve Didn't Need a "-ired fiirl"
A lady writer, in one of our exchanges, fur-
nishes some of the reasons why our fitsat mother
did not keep a "hired girl." She says:
"There has been a great deal said about the
faults of women and why they.need so much
waiting on. Some one (a man, of course) has
the presumption to ask, "Why, when Eve was
manufactured out of a spare rib, a servant was
not made at the same time to wait on her?"
She didn't need any, a bright writer has said.
Adanm never came whining to Eve wftir a
ragged stocking to be darned, buttfoit to be
sewed on, gloves to be mended "right' away--,
quick, now ?" He never read the newspapersi
until the sun went down behind the palm trees,
and'he, stretching himself, yawned' out, "Is uf
per ready yet, my dear ?" Not he. -He rfriAd'
the fire, and hung the kettle over t'thimself,'
we'll venture, and pulled the radishes, peeled
the potatoes, and did everything else he ought
to do. He milked the c6ws, fed the chickens
and looked after the pigs himself; and never
brought home half a dozen friends to dinner
when Eve hadn't any fresh pomegranates. He
never stayed out till eleven o'clock at night and

then scolded, because Eve was sitting up and
crying inside the gates. -He never loated
around corner groceries while Eve-was roAing
little CCatnacradlet at home. ,-He never' caied
Eve up from the eellar to ptt away his slippers.
Not he- When he tdok th~inem fe p tte
under the fig tee beside hit Sunday boots. In
short, he did not think she was specially created
for the purpose of waiting upon him, and he'
wasn't under the impression that it disgraced a
man to lghten a wife's cares a little. That's
the reason Eve did not need a hired girl, and
with it is the reason her descendants did."
AMMONIA.--It is well known that ammonia
is furnished to crops; from rainwater, buti the
do not receive t'ore than the fourth' of what is.
required from this source. Hence we see the
importance of:conveying to-tillage land all the
ammonia given off by animals that are stabled.
A very great. aid to comfort if the stable, and
an efficient helper in absorbing liquid manure !
is thoroughly dried earth, in a pulverized ataMie
This may be sprinkled among the bedding,laa3ni
it will be found to absorb odors most efafotuaily,
at the same time aiding the bedding to& held
from waste the total of the liquid dro
pings, insuring that this goes to the ied- mi
best possible shape t Those who practice the
European plan of working the manure, :pile
over, cannot do this to advantage unless some
light substance is incorporated. with it. 'he
handling and spreading upon the field then
'1 : ',' .... ..'. '" ;
becomfps, easy.
lJw COTT i-PCPKERi--Accordingto a ,cor-
resp.qn t the ,,Agusta (Maine)j .riile,
a cottotpi'cker that will dQthe wo0 oQftwep4
tymen, will .e.put into. use th fajl. ThMe ma-
chine is. manufactured by. the ayver Cotton
Gin C~opany, east Bridgewater, Massachu-
setts. Te principle upon which this machine.
works is the production of a partial vacuum in
a hose by means of a suction fap Uibe c:to.
heigg drawn into the hose.,as it is pointed to-
wards the open bolls,
L' Goslow". on that.~pie! Try.Sambo and
Ponmpey, a,"spell" longer.--Es.]. .
I HAVE an A. No. 1 buggy aid hariin.
which I will sell at a great bargain. Address
P. O. Box 113, Jacksonville. Sep 1825p.

... -7: --7~-.

-..- i - --~ -F~a~rsr .I Pll~n;l-.ih ti-. rr. cr.~ :* ~~
I _ __ 11 _~ ___ ____ __---__ __ _

I1- 111 ~ .._ .. -. -.


___,-_r__-______ *_-__ _._ -__ _-_ i.- ^^^*. j ii. .g

Revival of the Apprentice System.
We are much pleased in going about from
place to place to learn that some of the leading
manufacturers and buildersof steam- engines
ite becoming fully awake to the necessity of
supplying, in some way, men to fill the places
mtie vacant every year'by skilled workmen,
who are leaving the shops to go into some other
bh0iiess that will be more remunerative. It
ao~ldt be borne in mind that skilled workmen
do not long remain in that capacity before they
become known, and have opportunities offered
them to fil better and higher positions. Dur-
i*g the past few years a number of our best and
largest shops have refused, for various reasons,
tthke any apprentices. One of the reasons is
that Some of the boys, after having worked in
the shops until they became familiar with the
use of tools, would go away to other shops and
Work as journeymen. Since that time they.
hbi*e been making specialists by employing
ii* aid boys to do only one kind of work,
Thie system, may, and does work well under fa-
tlte circumstances, and it must be admitted
t tome workmen ave only sufficient capa-
city to master one branch of work, and may
even excel in that branch alone.
But in every shop, workmen are needed who
are capable of performing all kinds of work'in
their line, and of thoroughly understanding it.
Such men we call natural mechanics who can
be placed in the position of foreman when r'e-
quired, or take the place and perform the
worki of any workman in the shop when a
temporary vacancy occurs.
SWe remember a shop where over'a hundred
workmen were employed, and one day the
workman who'ran the bolt cutter stayed away.
' Same bolts were required to be cut, yet, upon
inquiry, there was found but one workman in
the whole shop who knew how to put in the
dies, set them and cut the bolts. This state-
medt also illustrates the delay and difficulties
which will apply to other processes and opera-
tions in-shops.
We have arrived at a period where it is evi-
dent that something must be done to produce
skilled workmen, and this cannot be done unless
some one becomes interested. While in a shop
in Pennsylvania, not long 'since, in going
through the foundry, a boy of about eighteen
years of age was pointed out to us by the
superintendent, who said, "That boy has a
history. He came into the office one day and
asked for a chance to work as an apprentice.
He was dirty and ragged, so he was told that
there was no place for him. He went away
but in a few days returned, and in a persistent
manner said that he was going :to work there.
He had looked far enough for a situation and
was unsuccessful. Clothing must be had and
thle necessaries of life must be procured, all of
which required money. By insisting upon hav-
ing a situation he attracted attention, and after

answering all the questions that were put to
him in a straight, honest way, he was put to
work in the foundry, where in a very few days
he showed ambition, and now bids fair td make
a ffirst-class moulder. A short time after com-
mencing work his shoes gave 6ut, so he weht
into the office and told the book-keeper that he
must have a new pair of shoes. His p'ay was
insufficient, and some way must be devised to
procure the shoes. The book-keeper; pleased
with his manner, furnished Him with shoes and
he was satisfied.
At the present time it is necessary for a boy
to almost beg his way into a shop to learn a
trade, but we hope that this condition of things
will not last much longer. A prosperous com-
pany who have been erecting buildings to cover
a lot about 200 by 450 feet, have assured us
that they intend to employ a large number of

apprentices in their new shops. They have been
greatly troubled to get workmen who were
skilled in steam engine building, particularly in
their styles, so they have resolved to raise their
own workmen.
Some foremen and superintendents will be
troubled with the tricks of boys. As a rule
we have found in our experience that the boys
who were the widest awake and the fullest of
tricks and jokes eventuallymade the best work-
men, and we believe in never interfering with
the boys except they were doing some positive
Many proprietors and superintendents of
shops deceive themselves by thinking that boys
are only a bore and nota profitable investment,
when the real fault lies with themselves, either
in not selecting the right kind of boys in a
loose agreement, or in not treating them in a
deserving manner. Some of these individuals
seem to forget that they were once boys them-
selves and had to work hard to make any pro-
gress. Since they have male a success in busi-
ness thy cherish their selfish disposition by neg-
lecting or refusing to lend their assistance to the
boys in giving them a boost up the ladder.
Some of th 0nost inconsiderate men in this
respect that :'have ever known, were those in
whom some ope had taken a deep interest, and
at the expenditure oftime and money,given them
a good start in life. We believe one of the best
ways to appreciate the generosity of our bene-
factors is to become a benefactor ourselves, and
the satisfaction experienced in assisting others
will more than repay for any efforts we may
put forth in the endeavor to help our fellow
men.-Ameriac Machinist. .-:

THE BOY HAD THE '--A lad in Boston,
rather small fbhis ag s in an office as
an errand bo~i four' J en who do busi-
ness there. One day, h entlemeni chaffing
him a little about being so small,, said to
"You can never amount to- much, you never
can do much business, yown are too small."
The little fellow looked atthem:
"Welly' said he, "as small as I am, I can do
s6'iething that neither of you four men can
"What can you do?" ? :
"I can keep from swearing," said the little
There were some bhtshes on four manly
faces, and there seeihed to be very little anxiety
for further information on the point.--i E

LAZY BoYs. LA:tly boy makes a lazy man,
just as sure asa crsookel ailing makes a
crooked~ti~W'. Who & 8eve Wboi groio' up in
idleness that did not make a shiftless vagabond
when he had a fortune left to him to keep up
appearances ? The great mass of thieves, crimi-
nals, and paupers have come to what they are
by being brought up in idleness. Those who
constitute the business part of the community-
-'hose who make our great and useful men-

were taught in their boyhood to be industrious.

(Cal.) Mercury says:
A new remedy for the destruction of scale-
bug is given by Mr. George Partee, of this
county. Having a number of trees badly af-
fected with the scale, he tried the experiment
of driving nails into the trunk of the tree near
the ground. The:nails were driven from half
an inch to an inch apart apd all around the
trunk. The result is a total destruction of the
scale and a perfect reinvigoratibn of the trees.
The experiment is easily tried. Mr. Partee,
who resides about four miles from this city, iill
be pleased to show the result of his experiment
to all interested who may give him a call.

Finished Scholars in the Soath aild, li' t
It has been the fashion in the North aoaig
a certain class to discount Southern intelligence ,
and when they are requested to show reason
therefore they refer triumphantly to the iedia-
tional statistics of the various Southe itatms,
and point to the large per centage offiAfray
as a justification of their contempt, saying:
"Figures never lie, and these are the figured'"
Figures may never lie outright, but they' min
frequently outrageously deceive people. T~
class of persons referred to relying wholly upi
the testimony of the statistics, always see-pki
amazed when they meet one frbo m ee oit
who is cultivated, intelligent, lea t td
to yield their prejudice, they ii.tAgiae -iN-
be an exception. They .ve con.equea tey -
pefied at the au llof any16l0aryi g; i.
man who returns e from afebae. Ytir
in America, and Vntures 16 say thi WheTl1 l.
the English ge Aken with geateAt ri-
ty in Chatr s oit aniff ~ yo-
ciferously an.d" W'on bran o-a
ogy. The
not me; sa th
language 's purely as Hayne, or thatSumner's
accent was defective than Pettigru's; but
that the peop e, as he met them in ordinary in-
tercourse in general society, seemed to cae
more for the nice distinctions between words
and for the moddilltion of' their voices than
those met in Northern so t;y. Such an expla-
nation serves only to add -asult to ijry, and
the British scholar wisely avoids snubiIng by
makiiig no additional visits to th1 Stktes. You
will recall the chorus of hisses' that greed
Arthur Mi-rsell's tateie'nt .-- few -years ago
when he declared that the most accomplished
gentlemen it was.his fortune to, meet duringhis.
sojourn in America were some Southern schol-
ars to whom he weis presentta in We "city ~ f
Washiigtori. The poor niant Was i-ally fright
ened when editorially excoriated in; numerous
papers and denounced as a man who had vio-
lated all the hospitalities of the North that had
been so abundantly showered upon him. He
never fully recovered until he tahded iii'Liver-
pool. Happily this class of 'ohtemier"s of
Southern intelligence are rapidly diminibhiing
as the educated people of the two section:come
oftener and more -familiarly together. Y~t I
met a gentleman not long ago who expressed
surprise that a certain public man, the purity
of whose style he had come to admire, was -d-
ucated in the South' and he said he 'hlwas
supposed that the better educatedmenh of tl'it
section were invariably trained At N lhd ierfi
colleges. When I informed hiim that" svfIA?
distinguished scholars occupy professors' hiatus
in not a few famous Noitheirn ifnititiifibi~'d'?f
learning, were men Who :Were born;,breCd diid #
ucated mn the South, his faith' in miiy tateiineit
was of so sower manifestatibAi as to nil;k! 'iime-

afraid he was:committing tlie leinous offeise of
doubting my word. "But as I have intimated,
the noses of this class of persons which used to
be elevated to the extent of lifting hats, have
now taken a downward tendency and no longer
affect a man's horizontal vision. The only
thing that Southern men claim is that a thor-
oughly educated man at the Souti is as thor-
oughly educated as a thoroughly"educated~man
at the North. They well know, ain none so
sadly lament the fact, that there is more illite-
racy at the South in comparison to population
than at the North, arid this arises solely frbm
the superior common school Advantages 'of the
more favored region. There is a wider diffti-
sion of rudimentary knowledge in the North,
but, when you rise to higher education, I think
the proposition can be maintained that there is
as large a per cent. of finished scholars in the
South in proportion to the number who:are ed-

..~;-....-~e- ...~

I i






Training Shepherd Dogs.
Darwin thus describes the training of shep-
herd dogs:
When riding, it is a common thing to meet a
flock of sheep at a distance, guarded by one or
two dogs, at a distance of some miles from any
house or man. I often wonder how so firm a
friendship had been established. The method
of education consists in separating the puppy
whilevery young from its mother and in accus-
toming it to its future companions. A ewe is
held three or four times a day for the little
thing to suck, and a nest of wool is made for it
in the sheep pen. At no time is it allowed to
associate with other dogs, or with the children
of the family. From this education it has no


ucated at all as in the North. The above sen-
tence expresses my deliberate conviction,
formed after long and intimate association with
many respected educators and educated men in
both sections of our country.-Boston Herald.
Protection to Women.
Whatever other objection may be raised
against the white people of the South, they can
not be accused of failing to protect their wives
and daughters. When an outrage is commit-
ted on a woman, the offender inevitably for-
feits his life, if not by the enraged friends of
the injured family, by the slower but equally
sure process of law. This is right and proper,
and we hope the time will never come when
any less penalty than death is attached to the
class of criminals to which we refer. Every
ruffian who strikes a woman should be publicly
whipped, and those who commit a worse offense
should be hung. Not onl.jhis, but we think
that in some cases of particular brutality-and
we frequently read of such, burning at the
stake is not a bit too light a impishment. We
do not believe in this mawki sentimentality
that seeks to make things as easy and comfort-
able aspossible for the fiend incarnate that in-
flicts a fate worse than death on the victim of
his brutal lust.
We are led to write in this strain by the case
of a negro named Ward, whose neck was prop-
erly stretched by the sheriff at San Antonio on
the 21st of last month. The black, who was a
cripple, beat his vic" n, a German girl, into in-
sensibility with his crutch. When he came to
be hung, he was allowed the opportunity of
parading as a hero, and the local papers pub-
lish the lying scoundrel's nauseating mendacity
about the victim of his brutal lust, thus adding
insult and taunts to the irreparable injury al-
ready committed. Not only this, but the
Evening Light even goes so far as to say that
the scoundrel should have been pardoned.
In punishing their criminals, the American
people are the most consummate asses on earth.
We made ourselves the laughing stock of the
world by the manner in which the Guiteau trial
was conducted. No such humbugging is tole-
rated in England, France, Germany, or any
other country of which we have any knowledge.
A person accused of rape is given a fair and
square trial, regardless of his rank or social
status. If he is found guilty, and sentenced to
death, he is very properly deprived of any op-
portunities either to pose as a hero or a mar-
tyr, or to malign his victim fiom the scaffold.
He is given adequate time to prepare for death,
and when the hour arrives he is executed
promptly, arid without any of the horrible
bungling that characterizes so many executions
in this country. At no time are silly women
and soft-minded masculines allowed to make
themselves objects of melancholy derision to
even their friends by visiting the criminal and
bringing him flowers and dainties.
In this, as in many particulars, the Ameri-
can people have a great deal yet to learn from
the effete monarchies of Europe.- Texas Sift-


The Wyandotte Gazette tells of a colored
man who, in March of this year, rented a farm
near Edwardsville, about sixty acres of bottom
land at a rental of $333. He planted largely
in potatoes, besides having melons, corn,.~weet
potatoes, etc. He recently sold about twelve
acres of the potatoes for $640 cash. He has
paid his rent, supported his family and paid
expenses for farming, has several hundred dol-
lars in bank, and prospects for a snug sum
from his crops yet in the field.-Gate City
It is with antiquity as with ancestry, nations
are proud of the one, and individuals of the
other; but if they are nothing in themselves,
that which is their pride ought to be their hu-

wish to leave the flock, and just as another dog
will defend his master man, so will this dog de-
fend sheep. It is amusing to observe, when ap-
proaching a flock, how the dog immediately
advances barking and the sheep all close in his
rear, as if around the oldest ram. These dogs
are also easily taught to bring home the sheep
at a certain hour in the evening. Their most
troublesome fault when young is their desire to
play with the sheep, for in their sport they
sometimes gallop the poor things unmerci-
The shepherd dog comes to the house every
day for his meat,and as soon as it is given him,
skulks away as if ashamed of himself. On
these occasions the house dogs are very tyran-
nical, and the least of them will attack and
pursue the stranger. The minute, however, the
latter has reached the flock, he turns round and
begins to bark, then all the house dogs take
quickly to their heels. In a similar manner, a
whole pack of hungry wild dogs will scarcely
ever venture to attack a flock guarded by one
of these faithful shepherds. In this case the
shepherd dog seems to regard the sheep as his
fellow brethren, and. thus gains confidence; and
the wild dogs, though knowing that the sheep
are not dogs, but are good to eat, yet when see-
ing them in a flock with a shepherd dog as their
head, partly consent to regard them as he does.
"The Early Bird," Etc.
The London Agricultural Gazette says, that
lie who intends to succeed in agriculture must
be an early man ; early in rising, early in get-
ting in his crops, early in reaping them, early
in meeting his men, early at fairs, early in mar-
kets, early at home and early to bed. "The
youth that cannot rise until he is 'called,' who
will not get up where is called, who comes
down to breakfast i'embroiderpd slippers, and
cannot move out of doors until he has had his
pipe, may be a good fellow, a gentleman and
many other good things, but he is not going to
succeed as a farmer, or in any other rural occu-
pation. He has mistaken his calling, and is
himself a mistake." There is much in that
good old Saxon word "early," continues the
Gazette. "It is the early sun that ripens the
corn; the early bird that catches the worm ; the
early cabbage that catches the price; the early
lamb that makes the money.; the early chicken
that pays the hen-wife; the early gooseberry
that commands the market; the early swarm
that makes the honey; the early sown wheat
that fills the bushel; the early sown barley that
pleases the master; the early sack of wheat
that attracts the miller ; the early peas that pay
the rent; the early potatoes that fetch the
money; the early shepherd that fattens the
sheep; the early carter that pleases his master;
the early farmer who grows rich; the early
housewife that keeps her maids; and the early
maid that keeps her place. Earliness is the true
road to success, and the fact that so few can


succeed in the race of life, is because so few can
shake off dull sloth and rise early. There are
some vocations in life in which early rising is
not necessary, but they are chiefly those to
which another wise saying applies, that you
cannot burn the candle at both ends."

been discovered by which wood, sawdust, cot-
ton waste, paper pulp and other fibrous mate-
rials can be converted into a material perfectly
impervious to moisture and acids, easily mould-
ed under pressure into any shape, and capable
of being worked or cut into any form. This
material is an excellent non-conductor of elec-
tricity, and can be used for all forms of bat-
tery cells, telegraph insulators, supporters for
electric light leads and telephone work. It
affords the means of securing perfect insulation
at a very much less cost than ebonite or gutta

I -

The Education of Girls.
The first mistake in the education of girls,
and one fraught with the saddest results, is
made when they are allowed to leave child-
hood too soon. To keep them little girls as
long as possible, and make them, first of all,
what George MacDonald calls "blessed little
animals," is the first step in the right direction.
The second mistake is permitting growing girls
to sit in the house and study when their trans-
parent cheeks tell of anemia and lowered
vitality. The third mistake is making the
school-life of girls final, when it ought to be a
simple preparation for the intellectual life of
the adult woman. A fourth mistake is with-
holding a knowledge of the laws to which
woman is subject in her mental and physical
life, her place in nature and the potential
character of her mental status and habits.-
Popular Science Monthly.
Carp and Turtles.
Judge Bridewell, at Beauregard, had seven-
ty-five or eighty beautiful carp in his pond, but
as a big turtle was seen in it, suspecting the
fellow might be depredating on his young fish,
the water was drawn off and nearly half of
his carp had been devour&l. Rev. J. W. Mc-
Neil found one carp in his pond and that
showed marks of violence from the depreda-
tions of turtles.
Young carp are the biggest fools among the
finny tribe. If the weather turns cool, they
stick their heads into the mud and a turtle
comes long and eats them up.
The only remedy to keep these carp-eaters
out of your ponds is to fence them around
with a plank fence. If it only reaches two or
three feet from the ground, it will answer, as
turtles can't climb. If they are not in the
ponds already, they can easily be kept out by
this simple method.-So. Stock Journal.
MELONs.-An Indiana farmer tried four
different fertilizers for melons-pdultry drop-
pings, well rotted cow manure, barnyard ma-
nure, and old bones gathered upon the farm
and reduced by placing them in alternate lay-
ers with ashes the previous year, mixing them
liberally in the different hills, which were eight
feet apart each way, and he says: "Such a
crop of melons as came from the hills that had
bone dust in them I never saw before."

this luscious variety of the grape, sent in town
for sale by Mr. O. S. COTTON, is certainly the
finest table grape that can be grown in Florida.
Mr. Cotton's mode of treatment is to keep
them cleaned from grass or weeds until during
the month of May, then let the grass take poe-
session of the vineyard. The shade serves the
triple purpose of keeping the roots moist,
ripening the fruit evenly, and keeping the
birds from them. Several acres planted in
this variety near town would prove a profita-
ble investment.-Lake City Reporter.

I ..1_._.~.~.- I III --- III .- -I. _ _



With a Preface.
BEAUCLERC, FLA., Sept. 20, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch :
As a rule, I've neither time, nor deep-seated
love, for furnishing "copy." Yet, I do desire
to aid all-pioneers or tenderfeit-by an occa-
sional "show-up" of any practical points, that
have come under my observation, while mak-
ing an orange grove-and a living (I didn't
say anything about Delmonico's; don't bother
me;) for myself and.family.
"No," my lively enthusiast! it has not been
all coleur-de-rose; neither was my previous oc-
cupation, ere I became wedded "for better or
worse" to Florida the Fair? Still, zare ees a
circuse, "no," "what you call heem," "eh,"
"oui," a vera goot exhe-beet of ze coleur-de-
Now, "don't talk so much," quit asking
questions, and you are welcome to the follow-
ing condensed chapter on
I have at present forty hens and two roos-
ters; part pure brown Leghorns, part pure
Plymouth Rocks; balance crosses of both
breeds. From December 1st, 1881, to March
31st, 1882,-four months,-the forty hens laid
1,945 eggs. Please observe these are the
months that "aigs are aigs." During this time
eight broods of chickens were introduced to
Florida sand. This much for the fowls! Now
for their treatment. Two regular meals per
day, morning and evening, all they will eat up
clean; side-dishes consist of boiled sweet and
Irish potatoes--sound culls-a weekly dessert
of fish or beef lights, served a-la-rare and a-la-
raw, chopped up in sizes for through transporta-
tion, without fear of a blockade; an occasional
diet of onions, a constant supply of fresh water
seasoned with red pepper, in iron vessels; a box
of Stowe's ground bone and shell always in
reach, when they desire it, and most of the
time allowed a free range where there is, at all
seasons, some green crop for the picking; ven-
tilated and clean roosting quarters; nests (with
China inducements) that are "closed after bank-
ing hours." Feed, principally wheat screen-
ings, and wheat bran, varied by corn, rough
rice, cow peas, and oats. The corn is seldom
ever fed, only in cold or rainy weather, and
the result of this is healthy fowls, that pay their
fire, never grumble, occupy but one seat at a
time, and can out-lay, if they don't out-lie, Eli
Perkins, or, truthfully yours,
Addenda.-A little lard, a few drops of crude
carbolic acid, and a small amount of sulphur,

melted and mixed together, and when cold, ap-
plied once or twice to the parts affected, is a
sure cure for sore head on chickens. I doubt
its efficacy in the political flock. An equally
sure preventive is live oak bark in their drink-
ing troughs, from July 1st to October 1st.
Ktrosene on their perches, and diluted car-
bolic acid on the bottom of their nests, will keep
away all mites and prevent the scale on legs of
fowl. L. R. T.
[An excellent article !-pointed, pithy and
pungent! Let us have "more of the same
sort." And now, Captain "L. R. T.," just
"slow down" your train a moment-take on
board Madame "FANNY FIELD," the great
poultry-woma'n of the West, and see what she
has to say (in American Poultry Yard,) anent
the possibility of foretelling the sex of the

chick from looking at the "signs" on the
In the American Poultry Yard, of Aug. 12,
somebody, quoting from French authorities,
says that "all eggs containing the germ of
males have wrinkles on the small ends, while
female eggs are smooth at the extremities,"
and calls upon his "brother poulterers" for an
opinion on the subject. Now I am not a
"brother," but I have lots of "opinions," and
with your permission will tell what I know
about the-sex of eggs. In the course of my
"long and somewhat eventful career" as a poul-
try-raiser, I have experimented a good deal and
used up lots of eggs trying to find out some
way to tell the rooster eggs from the pullet
eggs. I have set all long eggs, all round eggs,
wrinkled eggs and smooth eggs, eggs with the
air-sack right on the end, and eggs with the
air-sack a little on one side, but for some reason
or other the chicks from these eggs never
turned out just as I half expected they would.
Thirteen long eggs, warranted by somebody to
produce all roosters, turned out eight pullets
and three crowers. The round eggs, which"
somebody else warranted to bring forth all
pullets, made an even thing of it-five of each
sex. But the meanest trick of all was played
me by the wrinkled eggs. I set four hens on
thirteen smooth eggs apiece, and those hens,
or the eggs, or both together, "deliberately and
wilfully and with malice aforethought" hatched
thirty-two males and eleven females. I don't
take any stock in that "wrinkle" any more.
When I want all pullets or all roosters, I fol-
low the good old-fashioned rule: gather the
eggs for pullets in a sun-bonnet, and for cock-
erels in a straw hat. The old folks did know
something after all-at any rate their rule for
ascertaining the sex of eggs is just as good as

Fruits Near Tampa.
TAMPA, FLA., Sept. 7, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch :
I see in your paper the past week an inquiry
as to the growth of the Tamarind in the neigh-
borhood of Tampa. Tamarinds, Mammee ap-
ples, olives, sugar apples, are all now bear-
ing large, fine, healthy fruit, and the coffee.
Lawn Grasses, Bermuda, &c.
LINDA, FLA., September 15th.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
In your issue of the 11th inst. there is an in-
teresting article upon "Lawn Grasses," from E.
H. Hart, Esq. He informs us that "there is a
native grass which makes a thick sward on
either dry or wet lands," but does not tell us
whether it is a perennial. He says the Ber-
muda grass would suit our purpose well were it
not for its propensity to spread, and its difficul-
ty of eradication.

I have experimented with the Bermuda for
several years past; find the same objections to
it, and also that it does not retain its bright
green color during the winter season, especially
when we happen to have a heavy frost or two
in the early part of the winter. A desirable
lawn grass, for the sands of Florida, is a thing
much needed, and now that the subject has
been started in your most interesting paper, I
hope it will be continued until your readers
learn, from some one better informed than my-
self; what is really the best grass for the desired
purpose. H. ERWIN.
Pine-Apple "Slips."
FORT DADE, FLA., September 8, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Can you, or any one connected with THE

DISPATCH, inform me how I can get some pine-
apple slips? I would take several thousand.
Truly yours, E. F. D.
REPLY.-See page 400, DISPATCH of Sep-
tember 18. Write 3. H. Wilcox, of Geneva,
Fla., or C. B. Magruder, of Rock Ledge, Bre-
vard County, Fla. Also, A. I. Bidwell, or A.
Puetz, of this city.-[EDs.
Potash-Ash Element--"Blanket Grass," &c.
FAIRBANKS, FLA., Sept. 18, 1882.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
If it is not asking too much, please reply to
the following questions:
1. Can crude Potash be obtained in Jackson-
ville, and at what price per 100 pounds, barrel
or ton ?
2. The price of Ash Element and Superphos-
By replying to the above, you will greatly
oblige me. I should think it would pay mer-
chants havingsuch goods for sale to advertise
in your valuabldaper.
With regard to "blanket grass," we consider
it here one of the worst weeds we have to con-
tend with on the farm. There is a grass grow-
ing on some of the streets in Gainesville and
Waldo that makes the finest sod or sward for
lawns that I have seen since I came South, es-
pecially where stock have access to it and keep
it clipped close. It keeps green summer and
winter-just the thing for lawns. G. W.
REPLIEs.-Muriate of otash is now worth,
in this market, 21 cents per pound; sulphate of
potash, 31 cents per pound; German potash, or
"Kainit," 24 to 28 per cent. potash, remainder
valuable fertilizing salts, $1.40 to $1.50 per
100 pounds.
Superphosphates, different brands, at differ-
ent prices: Mapes's "Complete Manure," $42
per ton; bone meal, fine, $45 per ton; coarser,
$42 per ton; Stowe's "Strictly Pure Ground
Bone," $35 to $40 per ton. Can get no quo-
tations for Ash Element.-[EDs. DISPATCH.
Sore-Head in Poultry.
ARCHER, FLA., September 15, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Can somebody give us a cure for this fright-
ful disease that is ravaging our poultry yards ?
It begins as a small swollen spot on the eve-
lid, or below the bill, and soon becomes a series
of tumors, closing the eyes and invading the
throat. The chicken rapidly loses flesh, and in *
a week is dead. This tumor is eaasly separable
from the skin, bleeds freely but soon reappears.
A cure, or some method of prevention, would
be a boon to chicken raisers in this section.
A few days ago, while talking on the subject
with an old turkey-hunter, he told me that
years ago he had killed wild turkeys in the
Gulf hammock that .were badly affected with
this disease, so that this is a trouble incidental

to wild birds, and not the result of bad food,
confinement or ill-breeding. ARCHER.
REPLY. -Wash the head carefully with soap-
suds, using carbolic soap. Dry with a soft
cloth, and when dry, anoint the warts or sore
places with mercurial ointment, sometimes called
"unguentum." Keep the sick fowl in a cool,
quiet place, separate from the flock, and feed
soft cooked mush, sweet potatoes, &c. See
Capt. Terry's remedy, in article headed "Poul-
try in Florida."-EDs.
SPECIES OF BIRDS.-It has been estimated
that there are about six thousand species of
birds, of which five-sixths are known. Cone's
list of North American birds now embraces
888 species, 120 new species having been added
during the last eight years.

- -- c.- ,, ,.____ ,______ _____-. __ -T.~. -.1



Acalypha Macafeana. green stalks becomes as dry and tasteless as
A splendid bedding-plant, with serrate that of Indian corn when the stalk is dead. In
leaves, eight inches long and six inches broad Barranquilla, on the coast, where we have a
l, t .dry season (which is really a drouth) of five
leaves frequently "cut" intq many irregular and dr sea months' contiruance, I have had it
,or six months' continuance, I have had it
picturesque forms. Very highly colored; planted in my garden, and after it had ripened
bright red, blotched with deep, bronzy crim- one crop of seed, I have cut it down to the
son. From collection of A. PUETZ, Jackson- roots, in the midst of this dry season, and had
ville, Fla. a second crop (of inferior quality, of course,)
-. to shoot up at once from the roots. I have
A New Cereal--" Millo-Maize." been told there that a third crop of fully
S nic in s ripened seed can thus be made from a single
We notice, in several of our changes, plant. I do not know what this can imply (for
allusion to a new grain, the description of the soil at that season gets to be as dry as a
which suggests the "Branching Sorghum," potsherd, and nearly as hard,) unless it means
seeds of which we distributed, from the stock that above most other plants this lives off the
of Dr. DAvis,. to our subscribers last spring, atmosphere, which there certainly is densely
charged with moisture from the sea. It was
Can any one give us more definite information this unlimited capacity to stand drouth which
in regard to the "Millo-Maize ?" We quote the induced me to bring the seed home, in the be-
newspaper account of it: lief that it would be of incalculable service to
Rev. H. B. Pratt, of South Carolina, who our Southern States, where our crops so often
was for some time a missionary in South Amer- fail from drouth."
ica, has presented to the public a new cereal,
which he calls millo-maize. It is found in Co- I ____ ________
lumbia in large quantities, and forms the com-
mon food of the working classes there, and is
also used for working animals. Mr. Pratt has METEOROLOGICAL REPORT.
been successfully growing it in South Carolina Weather for week ending September 23, 1882.
for several years. The cakes made from it OFFICE OF OBSERVATION,
ground into meal are preferred to corn-meal SIGNAL SERVICE, U. S. A., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
bread. The Savannah guano company's chem- id
ist pronounces it superior in food qualities to c I a-,l
wheat. (?) Experiments show that from fifty to 4 1
one hundred bushels of clean seed per acre can DATE. C Ci 0 0
be raised. (?) Mr. Pratt describes the plant as fol- | S
lows: "The plant is allied to the sorghum and | .
the Guinea corn families, and should not be Saturday 16...... 30.07 87 737.772.7 0.00 NE 3 Clear.
planted where there is danger of mixing them. Sunday. 17...... 30.13!87 11 77.7 77.3 0.00 E 4 Clear.
he grain is smaller nd more mealy than the Monday 18...... 30.17 87 70 77.7176.0 0.00 E 2 Clear.
Tuesday 19...... 30.17 88 73 78.7 76.7 0.01 E 3 Clear.
Guinea corn, the heads are larger and less com- Wednesday 20 30.13 86 68175.7 77.0 0.00 E 4 clear.
pact, and the color is milk white instead of red. Friday 2........ 29,97 89i73 79.0 72.0 000 W 2 Fair.
It differs from the sorghum in this, that the Highest barometer 30.21, lowest 29,92.
sugar it contains is fully converted into corn Highest temperature 89, lowest 67.
when the grain mtures,so tht the pith of the TE.-Barometer readings reduced to sea level.
when the grain matures, so that the pith of the J. W. SMITH, Signal Observer U. S. A.


Butter-Different Styles.
Referring to the different styles of butter in
the Northern markets, the American Dairyman
makes the following statement:
"'Factory' butter, is butter picked up here
and there at different farms, or brought to the
store to be exchanged for goods. It is graded
and selected according to quality, and so
packed and sent to market under the title of
"factory or imitation creamery." Milled is
another name for factory butter, and is made
-as follows: Butter of the same quality, but of
any color or character, is thrown into a mill,
where it is ground up and made of uniform
color, and packed in tubs and sent to market,
looking very much like a poor grade of genu-
ine creamery. Creamery butter proper is
made at a creamery, a common depot where
farmers deliver their milk, or gathered cream
is collected. When the milk is gathered, it is
allowed to stand until the cream rises, when
it is skimmed off, butter made of the cream,
and the skim milk turned to use either by
being made into cheese or fed to animals. A
creamery or butter factory cannot be run
profitably unless the milk of several hundred
cows can be obtained, so it is hardly proper to
call butter creamery unless a number of dairy-
men contribute milk to its make: Butter is
often made at cheese factories, when it goes to
market under the name of creamery, though in
that instance it would be a borrowed name."

Mirth should be the embroidery of conversa-
tion, not the web; and wit the ornament of the
mind, not the furniture.

Antigoney Leptophus.
This is one of the most strikingly-beautiful
and showy climbing vines recently introduced.
It is from Central Mexico, and has flowered
profusely wherever grown in Florida. The

whole plant, when in bloom, is covered with
long racemes (two to three feet!) of rich, deep,
peach-blossom flowers, the profusion of which
is such as to give it the appearance, at a dis-
tance, of a large rose-bush. Hence, the Mexi-
can name of "Rosa de Montana," or "Mountain
Rose." It grows freely from seed, and the root
is perennial, and proof against any frosts of this
climate. The stem or top of the plant needs
a slight protection north of latitude 280, intold
weather. It is a very decided acquisition, and
worthy of a place in every choice collection.
Our engraving is from the new illustrated cata-
logue of A. PUETZ, of this city, who has both
plants and seed for sale.

s I -~'-- --- -1 Ir -r-- _
1 I

- I I I I


upon the upper surface. They vary greatly in
size, some leaves having only 800 upon a square
inch, and others have as many as 170,000 in
the same space. They are few upon the upper
sides of the leaf, but exist in great -numbers
upon the under surface of all green leaves.
Leaves vary considerably in form. The seed
leaves of the apple, bean, pea, pumpkin, and
other similar plants are very unlike an ordinary
-leaf; and yet they are leaves; those of the
pumpkin actually change into ordinary leaves
as soon as they have performed their special of-
fice, which is the supply of food to the young
plant. The scales of some bulbs, as the lily,
the onion, and others, are also leaves. In other


The Functions of Leaves.
The leaves are the most important organs of
a plant, and at the same time the most sur-
prisingly varied in appearance and formation.
The morphology, or the law of the formation of
leaves, is a very interesting study, and some pre-
liminary remarks upon this point will be of in-
terest, because one or more of varied functions
of leaves depend to some extent upon their
form. The leaves are really a prolongation of
the inner or green soft bark, or the cambium
layer of the stem. They are exceedingly varied
in form, but their internal structure is very
simple. A leaf consists of an epidermis, which
may in some cases be stripped from it, and con-
sists of thick-walled cells. Under the outer
skin are the interior cells, which are oblong,
arranged endwise as regards the leaf, and are
placed in close contact. Below.these and down
to the lower skin for nearly three-fourths of
the thickness of the leaf are round cells. These
inner cells are abundantly provided with the
green coloring matter of the leaf, known as
chlorophyll, or the "leaf green," in the form of
very minute grains adhering to the walls
of the cells, or to the starch granules in
the cells, or floating free in the sap. This
green matter gives the color to the leaf. The
skin is usually coated with wax. All through
this cell matter of the leaf are found the ribs or
veins, which are really parts of the stem, and
consist of woody matter. These veins or ribs
are beautifully seen in a skeleton leaf, which is
the frame work of the leaf freed from its cellu-
lar tissue. The epidermis is sometimes smooth,
but is often beset with hairs and glands com-
posed of cells, and some of which, as in the
nettle and some other poisonous plants, have
the cells filled with an acid liquid, while others
secrete a glutinous or adhesive substance, and
some, again, exude a sweet syrup known as
honeydew. The skin is provided with an im-
mense number of minute pores or stomata,
which are really air ducts, and .by these the
outer air is brought into direct contact and
communication with the cells of the leaf. These
stomata are oval in form, and have the power
or instinct, of enlarging or decreasing their
openings as the weather may be moist or dry,
by narrowing or entirely closing their oval lips,
just as the sides of an oval spring may be
brought close together. These stomata are not
found in water plants, the leaves of which are
submerged, and on floating leaves exist only

chief function of the leaves is the gathering,
accumulation and dispersion of this carbon. A
very intricate chemical operation is performed
in the leaves through the action of the sun-
light. The leaves gather from the air carbonic
acid, which is mingled with it to the extent of
4 parts in 10,000 of air. The necessity for a
large surface to enable the leaves to gather this
small proportion of the plant-food from so
large a bulk of air now becomes apparent.
Two thousand five hundred pounds of air must
pass into the leaf-substance before one pound
of carbonic acid can be gathered. The car-
bonic acid thus collected is decomposed in the
leaves during the day time and in the sun-
light; its oxygen, or nearly all of it, is sepa-
rated and is returned to the air again. Thus
in the sunshine leaves are continually taking

plants, as asparagus for instance, the scales of
the buds are leaves, and in the hickory (shell-
bark) and lilac these bud scales transform into
foliage. In the barberry, some of the leaves
take the form of spines; in the pea vetch and
some other plants they appear as tendrils by
which the plant supports itself, and in one va-
riety of vetch the whole leaf is a tendril. In
other cases leaves appear like flowers, and are
often supposed to be flowers, as in the common
pitcher plant of the swamps and the calla, gen-
erally supposed to be a lily. In the Dionwa, or
Venus fly-trap, each leaf is provided at the end
with a pair of fleshy-spined appendages, which
close when irritated by a fly or foreign sub-
stance. In the true East India pitcher plant
(Nepenthes) the leaf is curiously varied, taper-
ing to a tendril, which curves spirally as a
watch-spring, and then enlarges into the form
of a pitcher or deep cup, at the mouth of
which is a lid provided with a hinge, by which
it opens, and the whole of this is only one leaf.
Other leaves are thick, fleshy, and succulent, as
in the aloe, the house-leek and the ice-plant.
Again leaves appear to vary their form so as
to prevent a very large surface to the atmos-
phere, and to admit its passage among them
with the utmost facility, they are feathered,
cleft, divided and cut with great diversity. A
moderate-sized tree may bear several millions
of leaves, altogether having a surface of from
100,000 to 200,000 square feet, or, if spread
out, might cover a surface of four or five acres
in extent. The enormous number of breathing
pores thus continually transpiring air or the
various gasses which are mixed with it are
quite beyond our comprehension.
The functions of the leaves is analogous to
the process of digestion in animals. The water
absorbed from the soil, having in solution a
large number of substances derived from the
soil, enters at the roots, passes through the stem,
and reaches the leaves, through which it circu-
lates among the cells. Here it is brought into
contact with the air, inspired by the myriads of
stomata or breathing pores in the leaves. The
sap, which consists of a very weak solution of
mineral matters, is changed in its character by
the action of the atmosphere upon it and be-
comes no longer sap. Its water is evaporated
by the leaves, and the mineral and nitrogenous
matters are left prepared for assimilation and
conversion into organized tissue. Sap does inot
flow downward from the leaves. There is a
downward current of organizing tissue-forming
substance, but not sap, which passes along the
ducts of the'cambium layer, which lies between
the bark and the wood, and from which new
bark and new wood are formed, and which is, in
fact, a continuation of the leaf substance; or,
in other words, of which the leaf substance is a
But the mineral portion of the plant is very
small, and that part of its substance derived
from the soil is seldom more than 1 per cent. of
the weight. The largest part of the plant is
carbonaceous, and the carbon of which these
matters consist is derived from the air. The

ties elsewhere along the maritime belt, is more
easily wrought, but it lacks the strength of the
long-leafed pine and the finer qualities of the
white pine. No product of Southern pineries
can take the place of the wood we have squan-
dered, but it is somewhat consoling to be in-
formed by Prof. Sargent that the supply is
greater than had been estimated, or rather
guessed at, heretofore, for the first trustworthy
data on the subject have been furnished by
these bulletins. Along the southern Atlantic
coast some 25,000,000,000 feet is counted stand-
ing, although much of it has been damaged-in
the manufacture of pitch products. Forty bil-
lions of feet stand in Alabama and Mississippi,
while in Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas stand
190,000,000,000 feet, or more than twice the
amount of the available white pine supply of

in carbonic acid gas, throwing off the oxygen,
and converting the carbon to the uses of the
plant. From this carbon and water, together
with the mineral matter of the sap, the cellu-
lar tissue, the starch, the sugar, the vegetable
acids, the gum, and the fat are all formed-
these being called carbo-hydrates. In per-
forming this operation, the leaves-by synthe-
sis, which is the opposite of analysis-put to-
gether the very same elements which the chem-
ist separates when he makes an analysis of a
plant or any part of it. The difference in the
chemical elements of these carbo-hydrates is
very small, several of them being precisely
alike in their elements; for instance, the com-
'position of these substances is as follows:
Car- Hydro- Oxy-
bon. gen. gen.
Cellulose.......... ... 12 20 10
Starch............................... 12 20 10
Dextrin (gum).........................12 20 10
Cane sugar..............................12 22 11
Grape of fruit sugar..................12 24 12
The acids are formed of different propor-
tions of these same elements, As- water con-
sists of H2 0. the carbo-hydrates are simply
varying compounds of a certain number of
atoms of carbon, with the elements of a vary-
ing number of equivalents of water. Besides
this, the leaves form combinations. of the va-
rious minerals with oxygen or carbon or both,
and also dispose of whatever nitrogen they may
take in from the air or receive from the roots.
And the roots not only send this elaborated and
digested sap downward through the stem, but
they force it upward al. through the new
growth, which occurs at the extremities of the
branches, where it is transformed into new
leaves, and at the end of the growing season
into buds for the next season's growth. These
buds, too, are leaves, the interior ones being
wrapped around each other in the most remark-
able manner, and the outer ones being folded
and cemented or varnished over with gum or
wax as a protection against the rigors of win-
ter. The change of color in the leaf at the end
of the growing season is due to a chemical de-
composition or ripening of the leaf tissue, and
not to the effect of frost. The green color of
the chlorophylla of the leaf is a mixture of yel-
low and blue and not a natural green; the
chlorophyl also contains iron. The yellow
color of the leaves is supposed to be caused by
the separation of the primary colors of the
green, and the various shades of red may easily
be produced by the oxidation of the iron re-
leased from combination upon the decomposi-
tion of the chlorophyl.--N. Y. Times.

Southern Pine.
The long-leafed yellow pine, says the New
York Tribune, which extends in a coast belt
from Virginia to the middle of Texas, yields a
strong and lasting timber, and is Altogether the
most valuable of the pines for heavy construc-
tion, but its wood is pitchy and hard to work.
The short-leafed yellow pine, which abounds in
Arkansas, and is found in considerable quanti-

x.cz-- .
,,, -I.,

T HE- F L O RID A D IS P A T C H.-4 0

Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan-the final
reserve area upon which the country is now
drawing. Tens of thousands of square miles
of pine and hard wood which have never yet
been. invaded by the logger, stand here fully
grown and ready for the axe. But there will
be Use for it all. Europe and the Northern
States are already asking for it, and the vast
timberless area between the Brazos and the
Sierra Nevada must look to these forests alone
for supply.

Cotton-New Freight Arrangements, Etc.
The cotton movement' during the past crop
year followed the course of our other great
crops; that is, there was a great reduction in
production and consequently in transportation.
During the year ending with August last, the
seaboard receipts were nearly twenty per cent.
less than in the previous year. The receipts in
bales for five years past 'have been:
1882. 1881. 1880. 1879. 1878.
4,704,520 5,874,090. 5,001,72 :447,276 4,345,645
The last year (from the crop of 1881) the
receipts were twenty per cent. less than from
the crop of 1880, and six per cent. less than
from the crop of 1879; but more than in pre-
vious years. The production is cQnsiderably
more than these seaboard receipts. In 1880-1881
it was twelve and one-quarter per cent. more;
but the production doubtless fell off about in
proportion to the receipts, or about twenty per
cent. The crop of-880, however, was much
the largest ever grown, and we see that in spite
of the misfortunes to the crop, there was still
more cotton than in any other year except the
two previous. The reduction, great as it was,
was less than in the leading grain crops. The
wheat crop was twenty-four per cent. less and
the corn crop thirty per cent. less in 1881 than
in 1880. The South suffered a worse failure
of the corn crop than the North, however, and
it suffered indirectly, by having to pay high
prices for corn, very seriously; and on the
whole the South probably suffered at least as
much as the North from short crops last year.
As it has good crops of grain this year and
more acres than usual, and at least a fair crop of
cotton (in some places an excellent one,) it
should now show signs of prosperity.
of the eight agents of the trunk lines and
their Southern connections in Commissioner
Fink's office in New York, Sept. 6, the follow-
ing rates on uncompressed cotton to New
* York, with the usual differences to other sea-
board cities, were established, the carrier having
the privilege of compressing:
Points of origin: per 100.lbs.
Memphis, Tenn,. ........ ... ............ 72 cts.
St. Louis and Hannibal, Mo.................... 64 cts.
East St. Louis and East Hannibal, Ill........... 60 cts.
Cairo, Il11............... ............................ 62 cts.
Evansville, Ind................................... 60 cts.

Louisville, Ky.... .... .................................. 58 cts.
Jeffersonville, Ind.................................... 58 cts.
New Albany, Ind..'............ ................. 58 cts.
Cincinnati, 0......................:.................;.. t. 55 cts.
The rate from Memphis via river will be
three cents less than via all-rail.
On compressed cotton reaching the following
points via river under through bills of lading
on steamers of lines, working under agreed
through rates from Memphis, the proportion of
rates to New York from depots will be as follows:
Per 100 lbs.
East St. Louis, Ill...... ............................. 44 cts.
Cairo, Ill t ...............................................44 cts.
Evansville. nd......................................... 44 cts.
Louisville, KyI.................................. 41 cts.
Jefersonville, Ind...................................... 41 cts.
New Albany, Ind............................. 41.cts.
Cin'cinnati, 0................................ 39 cts.
These rates are to take effect September 15.-
Railroad Gazette.

Fruit-Growers' Answers.
August 12, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Enclosed find the answers to the questions of
the Fruit Growers' Association, as applied to
our place, and a few preliminary remarks.
First, the question has been asked: "Where
are you?" We are on the Peninsular Road,
midway between Orange Lake and Ocala.
Land, high, rolling, mixed pine land, with no
swamps to create malaria and mosquitoes near-
er than three to six miles, and of course no
sand flies. Gnats and sandspurs are the pests.
Constant immigration of Northern people and
rapid building up of our new town and sur-
rounding country. We have a good all-the-year-
round part of Florida. Some vegetables and
melons raised for market, and a considerable
orange trade is being opened up in the adjoin-
ing country round about. What we want now,
in connection with the directions for properly
raising and attending these things, is to know to
whom we can safely ship them, and get just,
honest and prompt returns, for small lots as well
as large shipments. We do not propose to
grow vegetables and oranges for the honor, and
nothing more substantial than the piece of
paper containing the reports only, sometimes
received. I find, when talking with friends and
neighbors upon the subject, that cases are
quite numerous where downright stealing has
been indulged in by some of the most promi-
nent, and so-called reliable, commission mer-
chants, generally of New York city. I think
an "experience column would be an addition
to your paper, doing valuable work for us as
fruit and vegetable-growers, and perhaps doing
some good in causing more honest returns to be
sent by commission men. Honest firms should
be rewarded by being made known, as well as
roguery exposed I make this as a suggestion,
knowing that you dire to make your excellent
paper as valuable to the people as possible in
every particular. Yours respectfully,
1. In addition to the orange, we grow straw-
berries, mulberries, blackberries, huckleberries,
plums, peaches, Japan plums, grapes, bananas,
pomegranates, figs and lemons.
2. Orange crop below the average this year.
3. No disease at all, but a few scale on a neg-
lected tree, which disappeared upon applying
labor and fertilizer.

4. Sandy soil, pine land; best fertilizers used
have been the grass and weeds thereon turned
under frequently with a little ground cotton
seed. Never used a pound of commercii1 fer-
tilizers, unless a little home ground cotton seed
be considered as such, or muck, on my trees.
5. Prefer to let limbs remain low on young
trees to shade body; trim higher as tree gets
older to furnish light and air.
6. Favor frequent cultivation until about
September, then rest until early spring.
7. Apply fertilizer by hoeing or plowing in
lightly-not too close to tree.
8. Have both budded and seedlings, prefer
seedlings if you know your fruit.
9. LeConte pear grows well; has not fruited
here yet.
10. Have Japan persimmon and Chinese
quince planted, but have not been planted long
enough to bear.
11. Figs do well, bananas also. If not too

cold a winter have latterevery year. Too much
frost for guava and pine-apple, and too far in-
land for cocoanut.
12. Strawberries do splendidly; depend on a
mixture of the "Wilson's Albany" and "Nui-
nan's Prolific," which is a good berry; shape of
Wilson's, with upright habit of the Nunan;
prefer hill system.
13. All peaches do well if native grown
stocks; imported peaches grow finely, but do
not seem to bear, although they sometimes
bloom; Honey and Peen-To do well.
14. The Scuppernong, in its different varie-
ties, is at home here, and some varieties of
bunch grapes, such as Ives Seedling, Dela-
ware, Diana, &c., are grown also; vines, look
promising, but fruit generally ripens unevenly.

4 goug old.

cake chocolate, grated, one pint of boiling
water, six eggs, one quart milk, one half cup
white sugar, two teaspoonsful vanilla; dissolve
the chocolate in a very little milk, stir into the
boiling water, and boil three minutes; when
nearly cold, beat up with this the yolks of all
the eggs and the whites of three ; stir this mix-
ture into the milk, season and pour into shells
of good paste; when the custard is "set"-but
not more than half done-spread over it the
whites, whipped to a froth, with two tablespoons-
ful of sugar. You may bake these custards
without paste, in a pudding dish or cups set in
boiling water.
LEMON PUDDING.-One pint ofswebt cream;
six eggs, beaten very light. Mix with the
cream one large cup of sugar, grated rind of
two large lemons; Juice of one lemon. Line a
dish with paste; pour the mixture in and bake,
FRICASSEED CHICKEN.-Cut up the chicken
and boil with a slice or two of pork, in suffi-
cient water to cover, until quite tender. Fry
some pork, and when cooked a little, drain the
chicken and fry with the pork till quite brown.
Then take out and pour the broth into the fry-
ing pan with the pork fat, and make: gravy
thickened with brown flour ; season well with
butter, and put the chicken into the gravy. Be
sure to have the fat quite hot, when the chicken
is put in, so it will brown readily.
eggs and boil them hard, with the livers of the
chickens. Chop them fine, adding a small
quantity each of thyme, lemon peel and salt;
also lemon juice, if you desire it. Mix all well
together. Melt half a pound of butter, keep-
ing it as thick as possible, and stir it in.
ROLLS.-Pour one pint boiling milk over one
quart sifted flour, two tablespoons sugar, two of
butter, one of lard, and a little salt; when
lukewarm, add one-half cup of yeast; mix
early in the morning; knead at noon, adding
flour enough for rolls ; when light, roll thin;
cut with a biscuit butter roll oblong, spread a
little butter at one end and roll over; place in
pans; let them rise, and bake ten or fifteen
minutes. These are nice for biscuit, and should
be sponged at night in cold weather.
COaN BREAD.-Four eggs, two cups sour
milk, two cups sweet milk, three tablespoonsful
sugar, one teaspoonful soda; lard size of hen's
egg, which must be melted before mixing ; one
teaspoonful salt; cornmeal to make batter
thick enough to pour. Bake in hot, quick oven.
-["Household"-Detroit Free Press.
EGG PLANT.-Pare the plant and cut in sli-
ces and place them for five or ten minutes in
salt water; dip in eggs well beaten and then in
rolled crackers. Fry a dark brown in lard and


,i, r




E gw 4lerid-a iPspath.,


D. Redmond, D. H. Elliott, W. H. Ashmead,
Subscription $1.00 per annum, in advance.
One....................... $ 1 00 $2 50 $550 $1000 $ 1850
Two .................... 2 00 5 00 10 00 18 00 34 00
Three .................... 3 00 7 00 14 00 25 00 46 00
Four...................... 4 00 9 00 17 50 30 00 58 00
Five............ ... 4 50 11 00 19 00 3500 65 00
Eight ............ 8 00 16 50 30 00 5000 10000
Sixteen .............. i 16 00 30 00 50 00 80 00 15000
Ten lines solid nonpareil type make a square.
LOCAL ADVERTISING (seven words to line) ten cents
per line.
The FLORIDA DISPATCH has a very large circulation
in Florida and South Georgia, and is by far the best ad-
vertising medium for reaching the merchants and fruit
and vegetable growers of those sections. All business
correspondence should be addressed to
ASHMEAD BROS., Publishers, Jacksonville, Fla.

Special Club Rates with "The Dispatch."
We have made arrangements with the publishers
and will club THE DISPATCH with any of the
following publications, which will be mailed promptly
upon receipt of price, fpr ONE YEAR :
Savannah Weekly News............................. $2.50
Florida Weekly Union............................... 2.25
New York Weekly Sun............................ 1.75
New York Weekly Herald.......................... 1.75
New York Weekly Tribune........................ 2.50
New York Weekly Times.......................... 1.75
New York Weekly World............................ 1.75
Philadelphia Weekly Times........................... 2.50
American Agriculturist............................. 2.00
Country Gentleman........................................... 2.75
Southern Cultivator......... ................ .......... 2.00
Atlantic Monthly Magazine ................ ....... 4.00
Harper's Monthly Magazine....................... 4.00
The Century Monthly Magazine (Scribner's).... 4.00
Lippincott's Monthly Magazine..................... 3.15
Popular Science Monthly........................... 5.00
North American Review............................. 5.00
Harper's Illustrated Weekly .......................... 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Bazar............................. 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Young People.............. 2.00
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly................ 4.00
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Chimney Corner...... 4.00
Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly..................... 3.15
Frank Leslie'sjSunday Magazine.................... 3.15
Scientific American ........... ...... ................ 3.75
Waverly Magazine ................................... 5.00
Detroit Free Press............ .......................... 2.35
Nebraska Farmer............... ....................... 2.00
Florida Agriculturist................................... 2.25
The above are among the very best publications"
Remittances should be sent by Check, Money Order,
or Registered Letter, addressed to

A Photographic Card.
To the Public :
I take this method of informing the citizens of
Jacksonville and vicinity that I have opened ahPHo-
TOGRAPH GALLERY at 79 West Bay Street, where I
expect to do first-class work.at the lowest rates consist-
ent with the times. A first-class assortment of

frames and mats of latest styles and best quality
kept on hand at lowest figures.
Parties wishing anything in my line will please
call and examine goods and learn prices before apply-
ing elsewhere, as I am confident that they cannot
find such an assortment at any other establishment in
the city. I make a specialty of baby pictures, and
as I use the lightning shutter in conjunction with the
instantaneous Dry Plate, success is certain. Having
the only Solar Camera in the city, I am prepared to
make life-size pictures in the best style and for less
money than any other Gallery in the city. Prompt
attention given to copying and enlarging old and
defaced pictures, and you run no risk of sending pic-
tures at a distance to be made. I have also the finest
out-door view outfit in the State, which will be
operated by Mr. Marshall, a gentleman of large ex-
perience and ability as an operator. Views of resi-
dences, boats, family groups, animals, etc., will be
made at moderate prices. All orders should be left
at 791 West Bay Street, or with Mr. M. Don't for-
get the place. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Sep. 18, tf.

Sugar Lands of Florida.
We are gratified to learn that rapid progress
is being made in cutting the canal from Caloo-
sahatchee River to Lake Okeechobee by the
Atlantic and Gulf Coast and Okeechobee Land
Company, which is composed principally of
Philadelphia capitalists. About seven miles of
canal, according to the Philadelphia Record,
has been completed, and five more miles will
bring the work to Lake Okeechobee, which is
expected to be reached about the first of the
coming year. The company also has a boat
employed in cutting a canal from Lake Toho-
pekaliga to Cypress Lake, thence down the
Kissimmee River to Lake Okeechobee. A ca-
nal will then be made to the eastward from
Lake Okeechobee, emptying into the Atlantic
ocean. When these canals are finished they
will afford vessels a direct channel from the
Gulf of Mexico to the Atlantic ocean.
C. J. Allen, one of the prime movers and
originators in the reclamation of some 200,000
acres of sugar land in Louisiana, in an inter-
view published in the Florida Times of the
18th of August, expressed himself as greatly
surprised at the quantity and value of the
sugar lands of Florida. He declares the lands
of the Okeechobee Company, located in the
Kissimmee Valley, to be of the finest character
he ever saw, possessing in the quality of the
land, climatic advantages and absence of frost,
all those properties most conducive to success-
ful sugar culture. While in Louisiana they
are compelled to cut cane while still green, and
often lose a whole crop from frost, in Florida
they allow it to Inature to full growth. From
a personal inspection of the lands bordering on
Lake Tohopekaliga and north of Lake Cypress
he found large tracts of land possessing the
prominent natural requisites to the growth and
maturity of rice and sugar cane under the
most favorable conditions. From all indica-
tions, South Florida is defined to become an
important contributor to the production of
sugar cane in the United States. ,Already a
number of Cuban planters have examined the
land and expressed themselves in favor of in-
vesting their capital in sugar lands in Florida.

Prof. GEORGE THURBER, the genial and
highly accomplished Botanist, of the American
Agriculturist, has our thanks for professional
courtesies. In this connection, it gives us pleas-
ure to say that the American Agriculturist for
October is one of the most attractive and valua-
ble numbers ever issued from the prolific press
of the "Orange Judd Company," 751 Broad-

way, New York. At $1.50 per year, it is a
marvel of cheapness, and should be taken and
read by all rural residents throughout the en-
tire country.
pincott's; The Atlantic; North American Re-
view; Popular Science Monthly; The Eclectic
Magazine of Foreign Literature; The Century,
&c., &c.; also, a full assortment of all the most
attractive daily and weekly newspapers; new
works of fiction, novelettes, etc., etc., may be
found at Ashmead Bros.
ORANGE WRAPS.-Order your orange
wraps from Ashmead Bros., Jacksonville, Fla.
For prices see advertisement, tf

Homes for the Millions I The Disston Four
Million Acre Purchase.
A little over a year ago the big Florida
land sale was consummated-4,000,000 acres
of land sold to HAMILTON DISSTON, of Phila-
delphia-at once released the State from a debt
which for years was a grievous burden, threat-
ening her with bankruptcy and prevented her
from making that progress which her sister
States were doing under less favorable circum-
The benefits already derived from this sale
are incalculable; the impetus it has given to
immigration and internal improvement is won-
derful. Florida has been booming ever since.
Railroads are being built in all directions;
canals are being dug to reclaim rich bottom
lands and connect navigable streams; steam-
boats are being placed on all navigable waters;
and villages, towns and cities are springing up
with mushroom rapidity.
*By an advertisement in this week's issue, our
readers will find that Mr. Disston, to stimulate
immigration, offers to sell, through his company,
the Florida Land and Improvement Company,
lands at the government price of $1.25 per
Mr. Disston had the choice of lands all over
the tate, and the past year has been spent in
selecting, surveying, perfecing titles, etc., and
we can safely say that the lands now offered for
sale comprise the choicest lands in the State-
particularly in South Florida.
Acres and acres of these lands are worth ten
times what they can now be purchased at, and
such a chance for securing desirable tracts will
never occur again. Those, therefore, who are
looking to Florida for a home or as an invest-
ment will find no better or cheaper land any-
Write to them for circulars, maps, etc.
THE FUCHSIA is not very generally grown
by our amateur lady florists. Vick's Magazine
says it likes a slight shade and a cool soil, and
then, provided with moisture, it will stand as
high a temperature as may prevail. P- ce the
plants in the open air, a little shady, such a
place as the north side of a house furnishes,
and there is no fear but they will do all one
may expect from them. If they are to remain
on the piazza or the window-sill, the pots
should be sunk up to the rim in a box of soil
which can be kept moist; then, if the drainage
is kept open, they will hold their foliage and
THE Enterprise Herald, of Sept. 9, says:
The orange crop hereabouts will be better this

year, if nothing happens, than was expected
early in the season. Very few oranges have
split this year, compared with others. Also the
number of rusty oranges is much smaller than
usual. If no storm comes to blow them-off the
trees, or other calamity happens, an average
crop will no doubt be gathered.
DEN, of New Smyrna, Fla., has our thanks for
a generous sample of strained honey, of a clear,
beautiful color and exquisite flavor. If the
Major has any more of this honey to dispose of,
he can easily find customers here. One of our
leading grocers authorizes us to order a barrel
at once.

I -





Cotton-Stalk Forage.
The Scientific American says that Edward
Atkinson has found a new element in the cot-
ton crop of importance to Southern farmers,
which is, that for each bale of cotton there are
fifteen hundred pounds of stems, which are
very rich in phosphate of lime and potash.
When ground and mixed with ensilage or cot-
ton seed meal (which is too rich for use as fod-
der in large quantities,) the stem mixture
makes a superior cattle food, rich in all the ele-
ments needed for the production of milk, meat
and bone. It is believed that this utilization of
the cotton stems, hitherto a nuisance, will prove
to cotton growers a new source of wealth, and
in many parts greatly facilitate the raising of
stock, by furnishing a substitute for grain.

There has been, during the past year, a won-
derful and surprising rush of immigrants to
this country. The official returns for the
month of July give 65,010 as the total at all
the ports, against 56,607 for the same month of
last year. This makes a total of 525,658 im-
migrants which have landed in this country for
the seven months ended July 31, 1882, against
447,772 for the same period last year, and of
which 339,922 landed at New York. One
good feature of the case is the fact that the ar-
rivals are of a better class of population than
formerly, and that instead of being content to
hang around the slums of the eastern cities and
take the chances of becoming paupers or crim-
inals, the majority are not only willing but anx-
ious to push out into the country and actively
engage in industrial pursuits. We hope to see
many of these sturdy workers in Florida ere
long; and we feel sure that no State in our
great and vast Union offers stronger induce-
ments to those seeking attractive and happy
Italian Bees--Arrow-Root--Lime Hedges, &c.
September 16th, 1882.1
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Please inform me through the columns of
your intensely interesting paper-THE Dis-
PATCH-where I can procure a colony of Ital-
ian bees, and at what price. Also, where I can
get arrow-root to plant, what it will cost me and
how to cultivate it. Do you think it would be
lucrative here ? How far apart do you set
limes for a hedge ? Respectfully,
Write W. S. Hart, New Smyrna, Fla., in
regard to the Italian bees.

Read what the Enterprise Herald has to say
about bees and honey:
"E. G. Hewett, of New Smyrna, commenced
this year with less than 150 colonies of bees,
and has shipped in all twenty-one thousand
pounds of honey from them. This at 10 cents
per pound (the price he obtains for it) would
be $2,100. He says that 1,000 hives could be
supported easily within one mile of his house,
and would be able to obtain all the honey they
wanted. There are thousands upon thousands
of acres over near the coast upon which the
black mangrove grows in great profusion. This
tree is covered with millions of blossoms, upon
which the bees feed. If a person has a few
hives over there, they will support him until
his grove begins to bear."

Arrow-root can be had from A. I. Bidwell, of
this city. We cannot say how lucrative its
growth and manufacture might be in Hernan-
do. We only know that the plant would grow
well there on any fair soil.
Limes, for a hedge, may be planted in double
rows, thus * * one foot apart in each row,
making the plants in one row stand opposite
the spaces in the other row. Cut th'e plants
back vigorously, to make them branch out at
the ground, and in two or three years you will
have a beautiful and defensive hedge, almost as
good as the Macartney rose, and occupying less
space.-[EDs. DISPATCH.
Sweetest Sweet Potatoes.
A Beresford, Fla., subscriber asks:
Can you in your paper say what is the sweet-
est variety of sweet potato that will be ready
for market from Florida by July 1st? The
sweetest and best potato, something to com-
pete with the Bermuda potato.
REPLY.-Our earliest potatoes are not, gen-
erally,very sweet;-all ordinary sweet potatoes,
of which we know anything, are sweetest after
full maturity, and when taken from the "bank"
or potato-house, a month or more after digging.
Can any of our readers give information
of such a potato as our correspondent desires 9
Do the Bermuda gardeners really ship many
early sweet potatoes to New York?-EDs.
More Cheering Words I
FORT DADE, FLA., September 9, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
I take two copies of your excellent paper,
one to keep, and one to lend and circulate. The
paper gives me great pleasure and instruction.
I would not be without it were the subscription
$10 a year instead of $1. Yours,
E. F. D.
September 13, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
The first time I come to Jacksonville, I shall
feel it a privilege to call and pay the subscrip-
tion to a paper that will talk straight out to
people who perambulate around, "Lying about
Florida;" while, at the same time, it holds up
truthfully the advantages and beauties of our
attractive State. N.

ARTICHOKES.-Some of our readers have in-
quired about artichokes. The Union states
that Mr. MILES PRICE, of this city, has suc-
cessfully raised them; and we find the follow-
ing directions for cultivating the crop, in the
Kansas Farmer: "Plow the ground very early

in the spring and plant as soon as you would
plant early potatoes, three and one-half feet
apart; cut the tubers to one eye in each piece,
plant and cultivate the same as potatoes, and
the richer the ground the better. They yield
from 600 to 1,000 bushels per acre, in
rich soil with good cultivation. The tops can
be gathered and cured same as corn fodder.
Stock will eat them as readily as hay or corn
tember report of the Department of Agricul-
ture, it appears that the aggregate returns of
Winter wheat show a total of about 380,000,000
bushels. Spring wheat about 140,000,000
bushels, o'r 520,000,000 bushels in all. The

per capital supply of wheat this year will not
equal that of 1879 or of 1881, as our popula-
tion has increased in greater ratio than the
yield of wheat. Under date of Sept. 11, a
cable message from the United States statis-
tical agent in London confirms the reported
improvement in the European crops. "The
wheat crop of Germany is better than was ex-
pected; that of France a full average. The
Vienna Congress claims the world's wheat sup-
ply above the average." If this be true, it
means cheap bread for the toiling millions of
the civilized world.
Guavas-Figs-Pears, and Hay.
The Helena correspondent of the Sumter-
ville Times, gives us these items:
I concur with your intelligent correspondent
from Yalaha (Scriba) in his estimate of the
value of the guava. Mr. Paul Bullock has
been selling guavas for weeks from a few large
bushes, and will have many more. A gentle-
man a few miles from here informed me that
from a large field of fruit now beginning to
bear, he expected in two years to harvest fifteen
hundred bushels. The south side of Lake Har-
ris is well adapted to the cultivation of the
guava. It grows with great rapidity and bears
regularly around Turkey Lake. Yalaha
should at once establish a jelly manufactory,
which would stimulate the cultivation of the
A fig cutting inserted in my grounds last
February yielded a crop of ripe figs in August.
Is not that a prodigy ?
A sprout from the cutting of the LeConte
pear came out of the ground in March last
and in August it measured ten feet. I- then
cut off four inches at the top to stop its sky-
ward tendency. Trees have nothing to do but
grow, at Helena.
We are making good hay at Helena from
maiden cane aud crab grass., Our native
grasses have not been sufficiently prized and'
utilized. Florida is not half as poor in the
matter of forage as many suppose.

"WEALTH arising from the solid improve-
ments of agriculture is most durable. No
equal capital puts in motion a greater quan-
tity of productive labor than that of the farm-
er. Not only his servants, but his cattle be-
come producers. Nature, too, labors along
with man. Her work remains as a gain after
deducting everything which can be regardedas
the work of man."

Commission Merchant,
Florida Oranges and Lemons,
N. Y. Depot, MAXFIELD & CO., 67 and 69 Park Place; Mag-
azine and Packing House, Waycross R. IRW haff.

Have a large quantity of Manilla Wrapping
Papers, at Lowest Market rates.
Send in your orders for BOX MATERIAL. Can
ship promptly while freights are light. Have great
difficulty in getting it transported during the busy
season. [to March 25 '83

My residence in the town of Live Oak. House con-
tains four rooms and hall, lathed and plastered ; kitch-
en, pantry and dining-room attached under one roof.
House has been recently painted inside and out. Good
cistern convenient, large garden and yard, has fifteen
or twenty young orange trees, fine scuppernong grape-
vine; also, flowers and shrubbery. To a cash purchas-
er a bargain will be given. Apply to
A. L. WOODWARD, Callahan, or
MRS. A. L. WOODWARD, Live Oak.


described by the Orange County (N. Y.)
"There is a general desire among fanciers of
the dairy cattle to ascertain just what the line
of distinction is between the famous Jersey cat-
tle and the breed known as Guernseys.
"It is evident from all authentic sources of in-
formation that both of the breeds have de-
scended from common stock, yet there are
points of difference readily discernible. The
Guernseys are larger and differ in color and
form. It is claimed that they yield a greater
amount of milk, and this being the case, their
popularity must increase among dairymen.
There is but little difference as regards the per
cent. of butter or the flavor of the milk prod-
uct of either family, the Jerseys thus far hav-

The Angora Goat.
Dr. JOHN L. HAYES, President of the
Tariff Commission and Secretary of the Na-
tional Association of Wool Manufacturers, fur-
nishes the following information in the "Ameri-
can Ayriculturalist" for September:
The Angora Goat (Capra Angoriensis,) spe-
cifically different from the common goat (Capra
cegagrus,) is derived from Falconer's goat
(Capra Fulconeri,) inhabiting the mountains
of Little Thibet, in Asia, and is probably of
recent origin in Asia Minor, its present most
important habitat. The Angora Goat is com-
pletely acclimated in the United States, and
the race appears to have been actually im-
proved in this country in favorable locations
and under intelligent culture. It survives in
all sections of this country where there is not
an excess of moisture; but is most advantage-
ously kept in localities where there is a range for
open-air feeding and pasturage throughout the
year, and where there is no necessity for winter
stabulation. The notion insisted upon in Asia
Minor, and formerly entertained here, of the
necessity for a high altitude for the successful
culture of the Angora, appears to be negatived
by experience in this country and elsewhere.
Regular summer and winter food is an impor-
tant factor for the production of the best An-
gora fleece, which in this country starts to
grow the first of August, and stops growing in
January. Au indispensable condition of suc-
cess in the Angora husbandry in this country
is a provision of acclimated stud flocks of thor-,
oughbred bucks and ewes for regenerators,
meaning, by thoroughbreds, Angoras imported
from Asia Minor of unquestioned selection, and
their progeny.
The most rapid and advantageous method
of forming large flocks of Angoras is by cross-
ing thoroughbred Angoras upon common goats,
and the ewes of the resulting product, with
the object of merging the common race in the
superior. Good results are obtained at the
fifth cross. It is indispensable that thorough-
bred bucks should be invariably used for
propagation. Millions of acres in this country,
unsuitable for sheep husbandry, may be ad-
vantageously occupied by flocks of Angoras,
which may be grown at half the cost of sheep
in their most favorable locations, and with at
least an equal return in the product of the
flocks. There is now a complete assurance of
a domestic market for all the fleece of the
Angora, of good quality, that is likely to be
grown in this country for many years. While
extraordinary profits are not to he relied upon
permanently in any branch of production open
to 'c inpetition, the Angora husbandry offers
opportunities in favorable localities in this
country, equal at least to those in any other
branch of stock-growing, provided sufficient
duties upon the products of the Angora and
mohair industries are preserved.

Florida.-Home office, Myers Florida; F. A. Hendry,
President; T. M. Parks, Secretary. Meets once a week.
Levy County Immigration Society.-J. M. Jackson,
President; Thomas Tillis First Vice-President; J. B.
Sutton, Second Vice-President; W. H. Sebring, Corres-
pondingSecretary J. M. Barco, Recording Secretary;
L. W. Hamlin, Assistant Recording Secretary.
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Association.-
John Bradford, President, Bradfordville, Florida; D. H.
Elliott, Secretary, Jacksonville, Florida.
Pinellas, Florida, Fruit Growers' Association.-D. W.
Meeker, President; Wm. P. Neeld, Secretary.
Central Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Association, Ar-
redondo, Florida.-Eli Ramsey, President; Dr. B. P.
Richards, Secretary.
Evergreen Horticultural Society Dunedin, Florida.-
J. W. Matchett, President; W. Tate, -Vice-President;
Geo. L. Jones, Secretary.
Decatur County Fair Association, Bainbridge, Geor-
gia.-Maston O'Neil President; I. Kwilecki, Secretary.
Lake Wier Agricultural and Pomological Society (of
Marion County, Florida).-Captain J. L. Cainy, Presi-
dent ; Dr. L. M. Ayer, Corresponding Secretary.
Welaka Horticultural Society (Welaka, Florida).-J.
S. North, President; C. M. Higgins, Secretary.
Southwest Georgia Industrial Association, Albany,
Georgia.-L. E. Welch, President; T. M. Carter, Secre-
Sumter County Agricultural and Fruit Growers" Asso-
ciation .-Col. T. C. Lanier President; D. L. Hubbard,
Vice-President; A. P. Roberts, Corresponding Secre-
tary; R. E. Sharrard, Recording Secretary;',Thos. W.
Spicer, Treasurer.
Sumter County Fair Association.-Col. T C. Lanier,

ing the preference in America. Several im-
portations of Guernsey cattle have been made
within the past year, and the favorable opinion
of their excellence may perhaps be traced to
the inability of the Isle of Jersey to supply the
demand for good dairy stock. There is, how-
ever, but little difference in Channel Island
cattle so far as their capacity for dairy pur-
poses is concerned and the Jersey or Guernsey
families,*differing so slightly in form, color and
habit, and relatively equal as butter producers.
Successful dairymen have generally concluded
that the old scrub stock are not the most de-
sirable; and although the Channel Islands may
soon be depleted, so far as first-class importa-
tions are concerned, it is a fact that American
breeders of Jerseys and Guernseys are, or short-
ly will be, prepared to furnish as good a foun-
dation of either breed as can be procured on
the islands where they originated."

Agricultural, Horticultural and Pontological
F) rida Fruit-Growers' Association--Office at Jack-
sonv2:e-D. Redmond, President; W. H. Sebring, Vice-
President; D. H. Elliott, Secretary; W. H. Ashmead,
Assistant Secretary; C. A. Choate, Corresponding Sec-
retary; D. Greenleaf, Treasurer. Executive Commit-
tee-Dr. C. J. Kenworthy, Dr. J. J. Harris, O. P. Rookes,
P. Houston. Official organ-THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
THEIR POST-OFFICES.-Master, Wm. H. Wilson, Lake
City, Florida; Overseer, Wm. Hicks, Houston, Florida;
Lecturer, B. F. Wardlaw, Madison, Florida; Steward,
Daniel Lynn, Lake Butler, Florida; A. S., T. W. Field-
ing, Wilson, Florida; Chaplain, A. M. Clontz, Live Oak,
Florida; Treasurer, J. H. Lee, White Springs, Florida;
Secretary, R. F. Rogers, Welborn, Florida; Gate
Keeper, Frasier, Suwannee Shoals, Florida; Ceres,
Mrs. Wm. H. Wilson, Wilson, Florida; Pomona, Mrs.
T. W. Fielding, Wilson, Florida; L. A. S., Mrs. J. H.
Lee, Suwannee Shoals, Florida; Executive Committee,
J. C. Waldron, White Springs, Florida; Geo. W. Wal-
dron, Suwannee Shoals, Florida; .Geo. Umstead, Hous-
ton, Florida.
State Park Association, located at Jacksonville.-
Damon Greenleaf, President; A. J. Bidwell, Vice-Presi-
dent; A. J. Russell, Secretary; J. C. Greeley, Treasurer.
Directors-J. H. McGinniss, G. C. Wilson, J. P. Talia-
ferro, P. McQuaid, J. W. Whitney. Annual meeting-
Last Friday in April each year.
Orange Park Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Associa-
tion.-Orlando Knapp, President; E. D. Sabin, Vice-
President; O. E. Campbell, Corresponding Secretary;
Rev. O. Taylor, Secretary and Treasurer.
Lake George Fruit Growers' Association, Georgetown,
Florida.-President, A. B. Bartlett, Georgetown; Vice-
Presidents, E. A. Manville, N. W. Hawkins, Lake
George, and E. Kirby, Mt. Royal; A. H. Manville, Sec-
retary, Lake George; George H. Thom, Treasurer,
Georgetown; Corresponding Secretary, Rolla Ham-
mond, Fort Gates.
Picolata Agricultural and Horticultural Society.-R.
B. Canova, President; J. J. Lee, W. N. ParKer, Vice-
Presidents; N. R. Fitz-Hugh, Corresponding Secretary,
N. R. Fitz-Hugh, Jr., Recording Secretary; J. F. Sowell,
Treasurer. Meets lirst Saturday in each .aonth.
Micanopy Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Associa-
tion.-G. W. Means, President; J. J. Barr, First Vice
President; A. H. Mathers, Second Vice-President; B.
W. Powell, Corresponding Secretary; B. F. Jordan, Sec-
retary and Treasurer.
Tropical Fruit Growers' Association of Monroe County,


Agent in Orange County for



Orange Groves and Orange Lands on Commission,
june 12-tf

1. -


.I.-..,... *..
.:,... -~.T-- -..-. -if~c_

President; A. J. Phares, Vice-President; R. E. Sharrald,
Secretary; Thos W. Spicer, Treasurer.
Florida Central Agricultural Society.-Thos. F. King,
President, Gainesville; Secretary,
; W. K. Cessna, Corresponding Secretary, Gaines-
Archer Agricultural Association.-W. B. Lipsey,
President, Archer; J. A. Pine Secretary; Dr. J. C. Neal,
Corresponding Secretary, Archer.
Middle Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Associa-
tion.-P. Houston, President; John A. Craig, Secretary;
Edward Lewis, Treasurer, Tallahassee.
Indian River Agricultural and Pomologtcal Society.-
A. P. Cleveland, President; W. H. Sharp, Secretary,
Rockledge, Florida. Meets second Saturday in each
Madison County Agricultural and Mechanical Fair
Association.-R. J. Mays, President; Frank W. Pope,
Secretary, Madison, Florida.
Orange County Fair Association.-General Joseph
Finnegan, President; FreO( L. Robertson, Corresponding
Gadsden County Fair Association.-Jesse Wood Pres-
ident; W. H. Scott, First Vice-President; J. R. Harris,
Second Vice-President; J. W. Kendricks, Secretary; E.
C. Lou Treasurer.
South Georgia Agricultural and Mechanical Associa-
tion Thomasville, Georgia.-H. M. Sapp, President; K.
T. McLean, Secretary.
[Will our friends in the different associations above
enumerated, be kind enough to correct any errors into
which we may have fallen in the naming of officers, &c.,
and oblige THE DISPATCH ?]



"PR OS O = -TTr.S-

THE TIMES is the official paper of the city and the
leading paper of the State. It has the largest circulation
in Florida, and reaches all parthif it. It is not merely
a local newspaper, but aims to advocate the interests
and promote the prosperity of Florida as a whole.
Its reputation outside the State is very high. It has
taken rank among those journals whose columns are
looked to for news and whose comments are quoted
with respect throughout the country.
Its editors have had wide and varied experience in
journalism North as well as South; its advertising pa-
tronage is liberal and of the best character; and its r-
sources, financial and other, are ample. It will furnish
-Florida with a live, progressive, outspoken, and reada-
ble newspaper, the peer of any.
THE TIES has secured by special contract the full
despatches of the ASSOCIATED PRESS. Besides that
its Editor is Agent of the Associated Press for the State
of Florida, which gives him great advantages in obtain-
ing the freshest and most importantState news.
With representatives in the leading news centres of
the country THE TIMES is well served in addition to
the regular Press reports. During the past winter it has
received a very large number of telegraphic specials."
Its regular correspondence from Washington, New
York and Boston, is of noteworthy excellence; and its
State correspondence has attracted much attention.
This feature will be extended and improved; and to
this end correspondence containing news or items of
information of any kind is solicited from all quarters.
In addition to his editorial work Mr. Small will write
regularly for THE TIMES, and in its Sunday issues the
famous "Old Si" will disseminate wisdom in chunks
to the Florida public.
TERM (strictly in advance): One year, $10; Six
months, $5; three months, $2.50; one month, $1. sent
one month on trial for 50 cents.
Remittance should be made by draft or post-office
order, or in a registered letter. Address
to sept 26,'82 Jacksonville, Fla.


I have removed my seed store to No. 22 East Bay st.,
next door to post-office, where I have the largest and
most complete stock of pure and fresh Seeds in the State.
to Dec. 3, '82 Jacksonville, Fla.

An Orange Grove or Orange Lands, in a healthy, beauti-
ful country,
Entirely Free from Frost,
where you have the finest
of all descriptions, and the best chance to raise early
vegetables, in a new country. Address me with stamp,
at Anclote, Hillsborough County, Florida.
I can sell you five acres, or five thousand acres, as you
to aug 20, '83 M. IR. MARKS.

lavalstle tented$ iNrov etso is so ot Or
ENGINES in the world. For Pamphlets and Price
List (also for SAW MILLS) address
T oAULTMAN & TAYLOR 00.. Manaeld. Obie.
(to Oct 6, '82)

Nurseryman Florist

A full and choice stock of

Flowers, Plants & Trees,
ROSES a specialty.
Several thousand Sweet Seedling Orange Trees, Chero-
kee Roses and Strawberry Plants for sale.
Wilson Albany Strawberry, price per M..................$ 2.00
Address, WM. DALE,
to nov. 27 82. Jacksonville, Florida.


SEVERAL dozen of above reptiles wanted for Scien-
tific Purposes. Will give $18 per dozen.
Address, WM. Ti ASHIMEA D,
aug. 21-tf. Jacksonville, Florida.








Has been during the past season thorouglily tested by many of the first Orange Growers and Gardeners of the
State, and received their endorsement and approval. The material which forms the base of this Fertilizer, cor-
tains potash, lime, phosphoric acid, ammonia and the other essential elements of Plant Food, making a coin
plete Fertilizer. Many who have tried it with Stockbridge, Baker & Bro.'s, and other high-priced Fertilizers,
say it is equal to them in the same quantity, and has the advantage of being an Insecticide.
This Fertilizer is put up in barrels containing 250 pounds, or 8 barrels to the ton. Price $4 per barrel, $32 per
All orders with remittance promptly filled and delivered free on board cars or boats.
Gentlemen-I used one-half ton of your Fertilizer, in connection with the same amount of Baker & Bro.'s,
New York, and Bradley's, of Boston, last February, using the same quantity of each on alternate rows through-
out my grove. I find yours gave as good results as the others, which are much higher priced fertilizers-costing
$50.50 per ton for B. & Bro.'s and $51.50 for Bradley's, delivered here. I consider yours equal to either of the
others, and a great saving to the growers. Very respectfully, T. J. TUCKER.
WILCOX, ORANGE COUNTY, FLA., September 12, 1881.
LEESBURG, SUMMER CO., FLA., March 6, 1882,
GOULD & Co.:
Gentlemen-Allow me to express my thanks for the promptitude with which you have directed your
agents at this point (Messrs Spier & Co.,) to deliver to me the premium of one ton of your valuable fertilizer,
so generously offered for the best display of vegetables grown under its fostering care, I having had the honor
to win the said premium.
It was with very small hope of so substantial a reward, that I placed my vegetables among the exhibits
of our first county fair last month; but I wanted our people to know that we have at our own doors, as it
were, a fertilizer and insect destroyer better and cheaper than any of the celebrated Northern brands,
Gould's Fertilizer "kills two birds with one stone," inasmuch as it feeds the plant, and destroys its enemies
at one and the same time. I have been testing it in the field, garden and orange grove for nearly two years, and
the result has been such that I feel independent of scale, leaf rollers, borers, and the other insect plagues, whose
name is legion, while my plants are well fed and vigorous, and exhibit the dark, glossy green of health and
For my part, I ask nothing better than Gould's Fertilizer, and at our next county fair. if I live to see it, I
mean to show yet more of its handiwork.
Yours truly, HELEN HARCOURT.
to aug 27, '82 NO. 6 W. BAY ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

ORAN ANDLEMON TREES Budded from tried and approved varieties, and
on good healthy stocks. "
Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, LECONTE PEARS, GRAPES, and a general line of Fruit Trees suitable to
Florida. Address,
Aug. Nov.eor6.etown lorid
Aug. 14 to Nov. 6.







Slrst K-ir=Ldz ozi irLest d l slitty

DREW & BUCKI, - Proprietors. Best Butter in Tubs at 30 to 3 Cents per Pound,


We respectfully announce to our friends and the pub-
lic generally, that, having secured the services of com-
petent Draughtsmen, Architects and Mechanics we are
prepared to estimate on and contract for the building of

etc., at any point accessible by the several railroad and
steamboat lines. Possessing the advantage of manufac-
turing our own lumber, we are enabled to offer very lib-
eral inducements as to terms and quality of material.
Draughts, plans, estimates and information furnished
on application.
We have also made extensive additions to our Plan-
ing Mill, and will continue, as heretofore, to manufacu-
ture and keep in stock a full line of Framing and Finish-
ing Lumber, Mouldings, Brackets, Balusters, Pickets,
Laths, etc.
JulDREtf. E le B ,UCFloI,d
July 17, '82-tf. Ellaville, Florida.


No. 7 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Florida.
To sept 27, '82

President and Business Manager. Secretary and Superintendent. Treasurer
.C ...T7ILL E T'. SE IES ,
Lake George, Florida.
A FULL LINE OF FRUIT TREES adapted to this climate, including Japan Persimmons, Japan Plums
Peaches, Figs, Grapes, LeConte Pears, and over one hundred varieties of the Citrus.
Catalogue free. to apr 17, '83


Several thousand Nunan Variety. Price $4 per 1,000
packed and shipped in good condition. Money must
accompany each order.
Address, MLS. A. B3EATTY, -


In lots to suit, in the town of Satsuma, Putnam County,
Florida. Send for circular to
Satsuma, Nashua P. O.,
junq 26-tf FL'ORIDA.

--- -- ------T~ --. -- ----~T-.




A chance for small as well as large Capitalists.
I AM OFFERING FOR SALE some of the finest young
Orange Groves in Florida, at prices far below their true
value. My reason for these extraordinary offers is that
I wish to concentrate my attention and means upon my
other property.
First.-I offer nine groves of 20 acres each, known as
part of my Hyde Park place, one mile south of Ocala.
These groves are fully set with trees, one-half being
sweet seedlings five years old, and the remainder five
year-old trees with sweet buds. Trees all growing luxu-
riantly. Price, from $150 to $200 per acre, according to
location and size of trees.
Second.-I offer thirty-two (32) lots-part of same tract
and same location-each containing five acres, upon
which no trees are planted. Price, .$500 per lot, and I to
furnish (without extra charge) to the purchaser of each
lot 250 sour trees containing dormant sweet buds.
These lands are desirable for the following considera-
tions :
LOCATION.-They are situated one mile south of the
growing town of Ocala, the county site of Marion
QUALITY.-They are of the best quality of marl ham-
mock-high, rolling and well watered, and admirably
adapted to the growth of the orange.
HEALTII.-NO portion of the State can show a better
record for health.
Railway and the Tropical Railroad pass through these
lands, and each will have depots or flag stations on the
same-thus giving every facility for travel and ship-
ment of freight.
SURROUNDINGS.-The lands adjacent are being rapidly
settled by first-class people, including, among others,
Generals CHAMBERLAIN and TILLSON, of Maine and
Dr. G. T. MAXWELL, late of Atlanta, but now of Ocala,
who have invested in adjacent lands, and are Inaking
valuable iml:,rovei1eIntts. The society is as good as can
be found anywhere, and the religious and educational
advantages are unsurpassed. Besides the public schools
in the vicinity, the Ocala High School, a first-class in-
stitution, is sufficiently near to be attended by the chil-
dren of settlers upon these lands.
slumntear 0o0n-ty a-roves
I also offer the following lands in Sumter County,
Florida :
First.-Forty-acre lot (known as Hacienda Grove),
with eighteen acres in grove of oranges and lemons,
having upon the same a good dwelling house. Of the
trees in this grove, fifty are now bearing, and all will be
bearing in two years. Upon this tract is a nursery of
12,000 budded trees from four to five years old-one-half
oranges, and the rest in my celebrated lemons. that
took the premium at the Atlanta Ex ,position and the
Orange County FaiT.
Second.--Watula Grove, containing twenty acres, of
which twelve acres are in orange trees, about two hun-
dred of which are bearing, and the remainder will be
bearing in two years. There is also upon this tract a
nursery of ten thousand five year-old sour trees budded
with orange and lemon buds.
Third.-Forty acres of unimproved hammock land.
LOCATION.-The above tracts are all beautifully situa-
ted on Panasoffkee Run, one mile from Panasoffkec
Lake, in which is known as the "Tropical Centre,"
where the tend(lcerist tropical plants are never injured by
cold weather. They adjoin the celebrated groves of Rt.
Rev. Bishop John F. Young and A. C. Brown; are upon
a navigable stream, and nine miles from a depot of the
Tropical Railroad. The lands in the immediate vicinity
are being rapidly settled by the best of citizens.
]PRICES.-- Tract No. 1, 15,00(>; Tract No. ", -Iio,uialt-: Tract
No. 3, $5,000-with luddlc( tircs sufficient to plant the
whole lorty acres.
QUALITY OF LAND.-The :mbovc-lnlenionled tracts are
of the best quality of rich marl hammock, high, rolling
and well watered, and, in my opinion, better adapted
than any other lands in the State to the growth of Or-
anges, Lemons, Limes and other tropical fruits.
For further information, address
to oct 25.] Ocala, Marion Co., Florida.

JIic:ory .lr.('f.. 16 acres, 18 acres Hammock, cleared and
enclosed witlli Picket fence. 200 thr/ify young Orange
trees growing on the place. Bold bluff river front of over
a quarter of a mile, and steamer c/alnn lI close in shore,
aild orer fiCe miles of water jlOll'O1'/o1 to 1/,/' nor'l/t, ', f/iv-
i,,,j -,:ri,'-t .,'c.,rity c(/ainllst frost. Nine miles below Jack-
sonville, and one mile from New Berlin. Can come to
city every morning on mail steamer and return in the

afternoon. A choice place for orange growing and truck
farming. Price, 92,500.
Also, two desirable city lots 5,20)0 feet, and one 70x156
feet covered with thrifty orange trees 6 years old, half
mile from business center. Good neighborhood (all
white). Price of ii rt, 'i00) en( .l. Price ofsecond, a corner,
very handsome, W ,oi. \Apply to
No. I West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE.
State that you saw this in THE DISPATCH.
July 3, tf


One hundred thousand Wilson's Albany Straw-
berry plants, Two Dollars per Thousand.
Buffalo Bluff, Fla.


A COOK for small family in the country. High wages
and light work. Address
to Oct 17, 82p.] Yalaha, Fla.

Wholesale Dealers in

Foreign and Domestic Fruits.


slorida Oranges "and Lemons,

167 South Water St.,



S-R.EFERENCjES.--First National Bank, Jacksonville, Florida. Union National Bank, Chicago, Illinois.
sept 4, tf.

IMF/ N W- M ---- S-


Vegetables, Orange Trees

-- BY --

CEO. B. FORRESTER, 169 Front St., New York.

Do not Breed Vermin or Insects in the Soil.
They have been used on FLORIDA LANDS for Years, and produce Wonderful Results.
lFor sale by

SSan". r ng e ounty, FloriS,

. f",,ed 1or circular.

(to mar. 8, .8)


1879. 1870.

Crockery, China, Glass and Earthenware.

We have the largest and most complete stock in the State. All the Latest Novelties in Majolica and Fancy
Goods, Vases, Motto Cups and Saucers, etc. Decorated Tea, Dinner and Chamber Sets in a large Variety. Lamps
and Chandeliers, Fancy Vase Lamps in Majolica, Faience, Kito, Porcelain and other Wares. Wood and Willow,
Stone and Tinware. The American, Crown and Peerless Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers, Filters, etc.

Monitor Oil Stoves and Little Joker Oil Cans.
THE BEST IN THE WORLD. Send for Price Lists.
The best and only absolutely safe Oil Stove in the World. It is Economical, Ornamental, Convenient, Dura-
ble, Compact ald (heap. Its fuel is Coal Oil. No Dust! No Ashes! No Smoke! No Trouble! Testimonials
from those using the Stoves given on application.
Fruit Jars and Jelly Tumblers, Wine Bottles, Flasks, etc. Special inducements to the trade.
Merchants, Hotels, Boarding Houses and Bars will find it greatly to their advantage to give us a trial. Send
for list of assorted packages.
to July 5, '83. (lMention this paper)

:To,. 7 Clar1k: Street, C 1S0aTC C)O.,

Commission M3erehant for the Sale of

SREFERENCE.-Hibernihn Banking Association, Chicago.
Correspondence solicited. No. 1 packing only solicited, to sept 20 '82.


I I L--ll I -- I -- --I -- I-IL-l __L

I II I -I I I - --C~ II II- I I I I I I- - I-






SI1tT E:iE:cat -o .A.T-CTr 'T l1st, 1a882.

Subject to Uniform Classification of Southern Railway & Steamship Association

To Stations on Florida Transit, Peninsula and Tropical Railroads, Tampa, Manatee and
Gulf Coast Points, via Cedar Key.


(By Dbirect Steanship Only)'

Hart's Road........................Florida.
Dutton's......... ....................... "
T olu...................... ...... .....
Brandy Branch .................. "
Maxville................. ....... "
Law tey................ ..............
Temple's...... ..................... "
Starke.................................... "
Thurston.............................. "
W aldo ... ............. ...... ......
Gainestille.............. ..........
Fairbank's...................... ... "
Arredondo ....... ...... ......... "
Archer..... .................... ....... "
Batton's............................ "6
Bronson ............ ... ... "
Otter Creek..........................
RoseWood .....'.. ...........
Cedar Keys......................... "
Tam pa .................................. "
Manatee................................ "
Sqnta Pe.............................. "
Dixie.............................. ...
Hawthorn ...........................
Lochloosa............................. "
Island Grove.......... ........... "
Orange Lake... .. .............
Sparr's ..... .......................
Anthony Place...................
Silver Springs ......................
Ocala........... .... ....... ........ "
Lake W eir.............................
Wildwood ....... .....................


115 95 85 78 68 55 68 50

1 23 10393 8370606855

1 10 90 80 70 60 55 65 40,
1 10 95 85 75 60 5075 50

1 23 1 03 938370 60 68 55


11, *

I I- -I , 4



7888 100

.6570 7
75 75 90

)7888 1 00

1 50

1 65

1 25
1 35




1 65 90

To Landings on St. John's River, Palatka, Tocol, St. Augustine, Stations on and via Sj. John's
& Lake Eustis Railway, Sanford, Enterprise and points on and via South Florida Railroad, Etc.

(By Direct Steamship Only) .
AND & Q0
M andarin ....................................Florida.
H ibernia ...................................
M agnolia ........... ...................... "1
Green Cove Springs....................
Picolata .................................. 90 80 756050404040 274545 45 90
Federal Point........................ "
Orange M ills................................
Tocoi .......................... ............. I
St. Augustine ............................. 1 20105 988067 55575553 3465 62 61 30
San. M ateo...................................
Buffalo Bluffl ...............................
W elaka ...................................... "6
Norwalk ......................................
Fort Gates........... .............. .......
Georgetown..... ....... .............
Volusia...................................... 1 10 95 85 70 5545 50 505032 55 55 65 120
A store ........................... ............
B luffton ....................... ..............
DeLand Landing........................
Lake Beresford.....................
Blue Spring............................
Sanford....... ................
Stations on the St. Johns &
LakMe EustisRailway....... ..... 1 45 1 25 1 13 95 77 65 72 70 68 47 80 77 95 1 80
Fort Mason, Yalaha...........
Leesburg, etc........... ................
Longwood................................. "
Snow's....................................... "
Matlnd.....................1 25 10927563 6865 7050 80 75 1 00
Orlando ......................................
Kissimmee City...................... .1 60 1 35 1 208 7965 7267 75 54 8580 1 20

Special Rates on Hay, Hoop-Iron, Empty Barrels, Moss, and Salt, furnished on application.

lTlrougb Bills LadiniLg guarsateeing W ates to Destinatiton-.

zPrompt adjustment of a ll just Olaims.

rar atnd fmationo, call on or adres va S-, s: Eailu "

ftrFor further information, call on or address

H. YONGE, Jr.,
Agent Ocean Steamship Company,
Pier 35 North River, New York.

General Agent S., F. & W. R'y,
315 Broadway, New York.

General Freight Agent,
Savannah, Ga.



~~ __~ __ ___~ ___~~ I I I L- ~1 Illr II -II - I



L .... r^~' '-' "'- -.. - _- . . . . -; ; .... . .' 1 ............ -- ....- ... .. ...... .



ON AND AFTER SUNDAY, JUNE 4th, 1882, Passen-
Sger Trains will run over the Waycross Short Line
asfollows; ast Mail. Jack'lle Ex.
Daily. Daily.
Leave Jacksonville at................. 9:00 a. m. 5:35 p. nm.
Arrive Callahan at.................... 9:00 p. m. ... ..
Leave Callahan at........................ 9:45 a. m. 6:45 p. m.
Arrive Waycross at..................11:45 a. m. 9:15 p. nm.
Arrive Jesup at.............................. 1:32 p. m. 11:25 p. m.
Arrive at Brunswick at................. 6:10 p.. m. :20 a. in.
Arrive Savannah at.................. 3:35 p. n. 2:30 a. m.
Arrive Charleston at ................ 9:30 p. m. S:45 a. m.
Arrive at Auguta at..................... 5:20 a. m. 2:30 p. m.
Arrive M acon at........................................ 7:00 a.'m .
Arrive Atlanta at........................ 3:40 a. m. 12:50 p. m.
Arrive Louisville at................................ 8:00 a. nm.
Arrive Cincinnati at........................... ........ 7:00 a. m.
Arrive Washington at.......................9:40 p. n. 7:40 a. in.
Arrive Baltiore at...........................11:45 p. m. 9:15 a. m.
Arrive New York (limited express)............ 3:50 p. in,
Arrive New York P. R. RH............. 6:50 a. m. 5:20 p. m.
Arrive St. Louis at......................................... 7:00 p im.
Arrive Chicago at............................................ 7:00 p. nm,
Fast mail arrives at Jacksonville daily at...... 6:10 p. m.
Jacksonville express arrives at Jacksonville
daily at................ .................. 8:10 a. m.
To ,Savan nah............ ........... .............. ......... 6:40 hours.
To New York ................ ......................... 45:15 hours.
To W ashington ............................................. 36:30 hours.
To Chicago............ .......... ................... 49:00 hours.
To St. Louis................................................... 49:00 hours
P eeDaily Jacksonville to Charleston.
irl -)aily Jacksonville to Cincinnati.
Sleeping car from Jacksonville to Savannah (5:35 p.
m. trains) Tuesdays and Fridays.
A Restaurant and Lunch Counter has been estab-
lished at Waycross, where passengers will be bounti-
fully furnished at moderate rates.
The morning train from Jaclisonville to Savannah,
connects daily with through Pullman sleeper for New
Only one change of cars to New York.
Passengers going to Mnontgomery and New Orleans
take the evening train.
Passengers from line of Transit Railroad take the
train at Callahan.
Passengers from line of Jacksonville, Pensacola and
Mobile Railroad either take train at Live Oak, leaving
2 p. m. andr arriving at Savannah at 2:30 a. in., or train
at Jacksonville, leaving at 9 a. m. andl arriving at Sa-
vannah at 3:35 p. im.
Connecting at Savannah with steamers for New York,
Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore.
Connecting at Charleston with steamers for New
York, Philadelphia andi Baltimore.
Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail and Steam-
ship connections, and Baggage checked through. Also
sleeping Car ljerthls anld sections secured at Company's
Office in Astor's Building, 84 Bay street, at Depot Ticket
Office. JAS. L. TAYLOR,
Gen'l Freight and Pass. Ag't.
(GEO. W. IIAINES, Agent. [*]


Real Estate Agents,

Have lands in every county in the Orange Belt, at from
$3 to $100 per acre. Orange groves from $1000 to $100,000.
Government lands in every part of the Orange Belt.
Can guarantee all of our property.
SStra'w berry Plants.
We have 200,000 best varieties for sale low.
Orange Trees.
We have 300,000 trees, all ages, for sale, at from 10 cents
to $2 per tree, as to age.

Sep. 18, tf.

If you have any Books, Magazines, Pamphlets, etc.,
that you want bound, you cannot do better than send
them to the undersigned. They do all kinds of work in
the best style and at Northern prices.
Quotations furnished when desired. Address
Jacksonville, Fla.

.4s. : 0B. ..:X E= T ..,
15 1East 13ay .Jacksonville.
Sbranch of Ludden & Bates, Savannah-EXACTLY
SAME PRICES AND TERMS, Sheet Music, Strings
and small instruments of all kinds. Send for cata-
logues, prices and terms. TUNING AND REPAIRING
a specialty. My tuner will make regular tours through
the State, and my customers will thus have my repre-
sentative at their doors, a great advantage to purchasers
of instruments. to sept 26, '82


Oldest Established Bank in East Florida.
Organized in 1870 by Mr. D. G. Ambler, and
Generally Known as

Deposits received, Discounts made and Exchange
Bought and Sold on MOST FAVORABLE TERMS.
Collections made and Proceeds promptly remitted.
Correspondents-Importers & Traders National Bank,
New York; Merchants National Bank, Savannah, Ga.
Resident correspondents of Brown Bros. & Co., Drexel,
Morgan & Co., Jas. G. King's Sons, Kountze Bros., New
York, and other prominent Bankers issuing Letters of
Credit. apr 10-tf

20 FORTY-ACRE TRACTS, only 12 miles from Jack-
sonville; extra good land, well located, between river
and J., St. A. and H. R. R. R. Price, $10 per acre. Will
sell on monthly payments of $12.50. These lands will in-
crease in value, being located in an already prosperous
town, making a paying investment at small outlay.
Maps can be seen at Ne. 41 East Bay Street.
to nov 21, '82. GEO. R. REYNOLDS.
Jacksonville, Fla.


Has closed till NOVEMBER. Present address,
may 12, '83. XlooVhester, N. Y.

(Sent by mail, postage free, on receipt of price)
In Book IForm, Containing 1
Vie ws Each.
Souvenir of Florida, (small size).....................25c.
Scenes and Characters of the Sunny South, (small
size)......... ........................ .............. 25c.
Souvenir of Jacksonville,( large size)...............50c.
Souvenir of St. Augustine,(large size).............50c.
Stereoscopic Views, per Doz. $1.50.





Window, Picture and Carriage Glass.



Sand and Emnery Papers, &e.
3000, FIRI E TES j -r.
Johnson's 1Prepared Kalsornine. Wads-
worth, iMartinez and Longmnan's
lrepar ed Paints.
No. 40 West Bay St., Sign of Big Barrel,
to mrar25,'83 JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

Fine Nunan Strawberry Plants. The best known
variety for shipment.
100 Plants...................................... ............$ .75
500 Plants.................................. ................. 2.00
1000 P lants........................................................... 3.00
Terms cash delivered at Express Office or Railroad,
Charleston. Address,

to Oct. 7--P.

112 Broad Street,


Architects anl Givil lnl noors.

Plans, Specifications and Estimates for Buildings of
all kinds. Water Supply, Drainage, Sewerage, Bridges'
Roofs, Etc. P. 0. Box 784. Room No. 12 Palmetto Block,
Bay Street. to Feb. 7, 83

Are manufactured right in our establishment in the
best manner and at the shortest notice.
AW-Send in your orders.

May 1-tf


Boath to Whitewali
and Coloring Stores, Factories, Mills, Dwellings,
Churches, Barns, or for any purpose where whitewash
or calsomine is used; is easily applied; keeps clean
longer than lime ; will not crack, peel or rub off; does
better work than lime; its sanitary qualities are excel-
lent. Packed in barrels, half-barrels and kegs. Send
for circulars. I-lazlett &E Foster,
sept 11 tf 132 W, Pratt-st., Baltimore.

to April 23, '83

Stawhoerry Plants For gale!
200,000 Choice pure Beatty's stock........$4.00 per Thousand
100,000 Pure Nunan's............................. 6.00 per Thousand
50,000 Pure Crescent Seedlings............ 6.00 per Thousand
Terms: Cash with order.
Address. W. E. SOCUITL,
to nov 3,'82. Jacksonville, Florida.

(to Jan 9, '83)

0. L. KEENE,




Laces, Worsteds,

67 West Bay Street, Corner Laura,
to feb 20, '83

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in

llarwgrou, Stolos, Doors, Ssbl, B iaM s
Sugar Mills, Rubber and Leather Belting,
Steam 4 Gas-Fitting, Plumbing Tinsmithing,

Agricultural Implements of all Kinds,
Ar- Send for Price List and Catalogue, 'V
to june 11 '83

- --

,Qc0an Steamship Company of Savannah.

. Savannah and Philadelphia.
--O ----
be received f6r passage by the Company's Shlps to New York. Tickets sold by all Agents to New York via Phil-
Philadelphia steamers for September are appointed to sail as follows:
CITY OF SAVANNAH, September 2d, at*10:00 a. in.
JUNIATA September 9th, at 4:00 p. m.
RAPIDAN, September 16th, at 8:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, September 23d, at 2:00 p. m,
RAPIDAN, September 30th, at 8:00 a. m.
Al-The '" Rapidan does not not carry passengers.
Days and hours subject to change, without noti.e. Both ships have elegant passenger accommodations.
44-tf Agent, 13 S. Third St., Philadelphia. Agents at Savannah.

Amok fU_*



. :'. \ ^t ,* ,*

The Magnificent New Iron Steamships sail from Savannah on following dates:
GATE CITY, Friday, September 1st, 9:00 a. m.
CITY OF MACON- Wednesday, September 6th, 1:30 p. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Monday, September 11th, 5:30 p. m.
GATE CITY, Wednesday September 13th, 7:00 p. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAlA, FYv4aSeptember elsth. 8:00 p.m.
CITY OF MACON, Moitiat, Fthteieber 18th, 10:0@a. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Friday, September 22d, 2:00 p. m.

TlIffounl hll of LaT d k Ctral Railroad of Georgia, Shvannah, lorida & Wcstern
Railway, and close connections with temnew *nd plegantC steamers to Florida.
Freight received every day from 7 a.jm. t4 6 p. -a., at Pier~35, N. R.
H. YONGE, G M. SORREL, Agent, Savannah, Ga.
Agent of Line, and C. R. R. of Ga., Office New Pier 35 N. River, N. Y.
W. H7. '-TT, Genpral 4nt, 417 Brodway, New York.
H. ~S IAN, en'lPlicitld, AgentU . C D i OWENS,
12-2mi Gen'lAg'tSav'h, Florida & Western Ry. Co, 315 Broadway. N. Y.

!1erehautts' TIJe,





The steamships of this company are appointed to

H. B. PLANT, c. J zr ad Ho B L IMORE, as follows:

p. m., for PALATKA, SANFORD, ENTERPRISE, and Tuesay Octoer dat 1i a m.
all intermediate landings. F y tober 6th at 2 p
ROSA, Capt. J. L; Amazeea. T I Tuesday, Octbbir 10th, .4 p. m.
SFriday, Otobeit 13th, at 8 a.. m.
GEO..M. IRD, Capt. G. J. ercier .Tusday,,qtoer7th, atlp a.1.m.
ate m R -SA.- eaves-pe Vary Wh tie every ndy :rsdiay, r at -. a
t I wery\ Wioesdvay at 5, irn. if ofo:I s :.-
,iigs. Tuesday October3 1 at 1I?.
Steamer GEO. M. BIRD leaves De Bary Wharf every Tuesday, October 31, tat 12 In.
Tuesday and Friday at 5 m. m. for same landings. The searpers are lrst-ess in every respect, and every
Tuesday and Friday at 5 p. m. for same landings. |tttihftlon Wll begl'-"e, t6 psiisseuge r
Connects at Palatka with Florida Southern Railroad ABnioN EIll g e anii .. ltimore, 110, .s s
for Gainesville and Ocala. CABIN FARE .roi. Savannah to Baltimore, $ ,
Connects at Astor with St. John's and Lake Eustis Including Meals and Stateroom .nri
Railroad for Ft. Masorn Yalaha, ie* *iurgmnd4 all Wiftlte f or the accommodntion of the Georgia and Florida
Connects at Volusia with coaches for Ormond and I
Daytona. this company has arranged a special schedule, thereby
Connects at Sanorl with South oaiar, tii-d for peSrishable fre tl is trEnsportid to the- principal
Longwood, MaitltauiAl )ka iltty, 10^noB rlando, lP tin he WES ait 8.aVEST by rail from
Kissimmee, ano th stimrts fo Iake -~piip, Salt Biil nw .
Lake and Rock Ledge and Indian River. By tfils oute sliplers are asshed that their goods
Connects at Enterprise with coaches for Daytona and will receive careful handling and quickdispatch.
New Smyrna. Rates of freight by' this route will be found in another
etu nling, Mail Steamers leave Enterprise -every column.
morning a a. m., and Sanford on arrival of trai. ; JAS. B. WEST & CO.i Agdnt
Steamer Geo. M. Bird will leave Enterprise every i
Thursday and Sunday at 5 a. m. 30-ti
Steamer Rosa leaves Enterprise exery Friday at 5 p. m.
AW-Through bills of lading given to all points. P
The steamers of this line are all first-class i every
For further information, apply at General Ticket
Office, corner Bay and Laura Streets, Leve & Alden, A 32-PAGE PAMPHLET. PRICE, 10C.
corner Bay and Oce*n Streets, or on board. Address
C. B. FENWICK, Gen. Pass. Agent. Aug. 7-tf. to oct 23. Jacksonville, Fla.

Boston ang Sgav o h tomsni Line

Transhipment and extra handling saved. No dati=r
of fruit being frozen. Cars are unloaded at the aste -
ship wharf in Savannah, avoiding drayage.
Seminole, Thursday, July 27th, at 4 p. mo.
L---- Thursday. August 3d, at 10:00 a. m. -
Seminole, Thursday, August 10th, at 4:50 p. m. ;.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 17th, at 9:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 21th, at 8;00 p. m.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 31st, at 9:00 a. m,
44-tf Savannah, Ga.

--- -- 435o- ---


New York and Return.

Savannah, Florida & Western Railway,
Waycross Short Line and Ocean Steamship Company.


Close connection with the magnificently, appointed
every Wednesday and Saturday.
Passengers via this route will find every comfort and
convenience in this fleet of elegantly equipped steam-
ships, rivaling in construction and appointments the
finest ocean-going vessels of the day. The mixtures of
rail and water transportation-both of the best charac-
ter--combine the attractions of a "frst-class Summer
Excursion Route.
For tickets, engagement of staterooms and other in-
formation, apply to the office of the Savannah, Florida
& Western Railway Company, 81 West Bay Street (Astor
Building), or at the ticket office at the Waycross Short
Line Passenger Station.
General Pass. Agent.
GEL. WV. HAINES, Agent,. Jacksonville. [to Oct. 2.

TO N YORK R TURN $43.50.


Via all Rail to Portsmotith, Vitginia, and
thence by the elegant steamships of tle
old Dominion Line to New York.

Persons leaving Jmfisohoitlb b thoe fast iMil or in-
day, Monday, Tuesday and Friday, at 9 a. m., arrive at
Portsmouth the following afternoon, making close con-
nection with sieamships, and arrive inNew York the
next eventeg tthereifter.

The appoiintnmnts'of this line, ad elegant1 steamship
accommodations, the absence of delays, whether going
or relurbing, together with the low rate of fare, make it
a mdTt desirable summer excursion route.
For tickets and other information, apply to office of
the S., F. & W. Railway, 84 West Bay Street (Astor
building), or the Ticket Office at the Wayo*ss Short
Line passenger station.
Gen. Pass. Agent.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
to Oct. 2.

.ALtt93=tic=. MborulamWyr IM6en.
DR. R. BACHMAIAN'S Vermin Hate; the only relia-
ble antidote to Vermin on Poultry of every description
now extant, viz: Lice on Fowls and Fleas on Dogs; all
other domestic animals are benefitted by its use. This
being an internal remedy to be given mixed with the
food, because all external remedies have been a failure.
It is put up in packages of FIF'sY CENTS and ONE DOL-
LAR. Sold at Groceries and Seed Stores. The best of
reference given on application to the proprietor.
Jacksonville, Florida.
Depot with PAINE BROS., 36 Bay Street.
aug. 21 to feb. 21. '83.


I _, _~ __ ___ __________ ___~ -;


to sept 10 '83

Choice acclimated Strawn-berry Plants for
side att $b8 per thousand.
to sept. 27 P. Riverside, Jacksonville.

The agent of the "Royal Mail Line to the Nether-
lands," and of the "Florio Italian Line," in Jackson-
ville, offers his services to reliable parties in search oj
competent labor for their
Groves or Gardens,
to try to induce people from
Northern and Southern Europe
to come to Florida.
Mi-Correspondence solicited.
Care Florida Land and Imp't Co.,
sept 4, '82, tf. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

A Fine Imported Jersey Red Boar, four
months old; and an Alderney Bull, seven
months old.
Stock guaranteed. For prices and further information,
tb oct3 '82 Battonville,'Florida.
I will pay 22 cents per pound for pure, bright beeswax
in lots of of 20 pounds each, or upwards. Five hundred
pounds *anted. Address
to Oct. 3, '82 New Smyrna, Fla.
"The most effective, simple and economical Hive yet
invented. All bee-keepers in Florida should take hold
of it. The agent is here, and you can buy rights for $5.
Address Z. G. HEGE, Agent
to Oct. 3-p. Jacksonville, Fla.


Gun, Locl mitls lau Stncll -n.lttrs,
funsmithing done in all its branches.
Special rates on Stencil Cutting, by mail, Address,
to June 12'83, (P. 0. Box 833.)



T7-WHf =a:,jS a, I.tIE A 3 M A I .J.E'- -I.

[Full count-480 sheets to the ream.]
10x10 11xl 12x12
14 c. pr rm. 17 c. pr rm. 19 c. pr rm.
S;Special Prices to Large Buyers.
Remit by check, money-order or registered letter, and in ordering, give shipping directions.
Ashmead Brothers,




General Stock of Select Seeds for Gardeners.
The Catbbage Seed Crop of '82 is almost a complete
failure 1Torth, but I have secured a feXw pounLds
each, of such select varieties as are a success in our
climate. I ha've a stock of Cabbage Fertilizers,
2Bone Mveal, Cotto~n Seed M/eal, :Etc.
to jan 6, '83 Ja clsonville, Ir'la.
J. A.- BA R'NES & C 0.,

SonuthLernrL mruit axid. Vegetables a Specialty.
320 and 3 S North Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia.
to jan 6, '83



Offer from October 1, 1882, till May 1, 1883,
At Government Price of $1.25 per Acre
These lands include all varieties of upland and lowland, and are adapted to Oranges, Lemons, Limes, Pine-
Apples, Bananas, Sugar-Cane, Early Vegetables, etc., and are chiefly in the counties of
St.Johns, Volusia, Brevard, Orange, Sumter, Levy, Hernando, Hillsborough,
Polk, Manatee and Monroe.
The following are reserved and for sale at graded prices:
"Gulf Coast Reserve," 268,000 acres, M. R. MARKS, Agent, Anclote, Fla.
"Timber Reserve," 100,000 acres, comprising choice tracts of Pine and Cypress, chiefly in St. Johns and
Volusia Counties. Address
to mar 24 '83 Jacksonville, Fla.