Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/NF00000068/00026
 Material Information
Title: Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Ashmead Bros.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 18, 1882
Publication Date: 1869-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (1869)-n.s. v. 9, no. 4 (Jan. 21, 1889).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of North Florida
Holding Location: University of North Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0497
oclc - 08331006
System ID: NF00000068:00026
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch, farmer & fruit grower; farmers alliance

Full Text


lth t'ebd ti thje ^Aricultural> TTannfact'a ing and industrial Intersts tf Ehxrida and tkh $autt.

Vol. i--No. 26. New Series.--Published by ASHMEAD BROTHERS, Jacksonville, Fla. Prce 5 cents.

Monday, September 18, 1882. $1.00 per Year, in.advance; postage free.

New Publications.
CATALOGUE of 1882 anal 1883, containing a
choice selection of plants and seeds, &c., offered
by ARNOLD PUETZ, Horticulturist, Seedsman
and Florist, Jacksonville, Fla. This is an
elaborate and profusely illustrated pamphlet of
thirty pages, filled with pleasant descriptions,
and containing a great deal of practical infor-
mation on plants, flowers, their culture, &c.,
&c. We notice that Mr. PUETZ has made col-
lections of many rare and beautiful Florida
plants, such as Zephyranthus Treatie, Yellow
Jessdrnine, (Gelseminumi); Liatri, Odoratissi-
ma, Deer-Tongue, or Wild Vanilla," &c., &c.;
and that he is strong in a gre.t variety of so-
called green-house plarits, many of which grow
well in the open air anywhere in this favored
land. All lovers of plants and flowers should
send Mr. PUETZ a three-cent stamp for this cat-
alogue, which is worth many times the trifling
sum he asks for it.
Price List, from Bush & Son and Meissner,
Bushberg, Jefferson County, Missouri. Isidor
Bush, the senior of this extensive Grape Nur-
sery, is well known throughout the Union as an
enthusiastic and persevering cultivator of the
grape, wine-maker and connoisseur in wines.
We have often met him at the meetings of the
American Poinological Society, and we know
that he has one of the largest establishments in
this country for the propagation of fine table
and wine grapes, and that he is a trustworthy
and entirely fair dealer. The list before us em-
braces nearly one hundred (100) varieties, in-
cluding the prominent and most valuable sorts
of ,Estivalis, Labrusca, Riparia and Hybrid-
all the out-door, hardy grapes of this country,
except the Scuppernong family (Rotundifolia,)
which, in the lower South, we prize above all
others. We do not think the .Roger's Hybrids,
nor the fine new sorts of Ricketts and Rommel,
have been at all tested in our region, and to
those among our readers having the time, taste
and means, we would suggest a fair trial of
these highly-praised American varieties.
Catalogue des Ognons a Fleurs et Frai-
siers." Also "Semis d'Automne." Both from
the widely known and very reliable house of

Vilnorin-Andrieux et Cie, Marchands Grain-
ers, 4 Quai de la Megisserie, Paris, France.
ANNUAL TRADE LIST of the Huntsville
(Ala.) Wholesale Nurseries, for Autumn of
1882. W. F. Heikes, agent. An extensive and
reliable establishment.
ROBT. J. HOLLIDAY's Descriptive Trade Cir-
cular of Roses, Camellias, Azaleas, new and
rare exhibition and other plants for the
fall of 1882. Baltimore, Md. A very
handsomely illustrated catalogue for "the
trade" only ; from a fair, liberal and en-
tirely reliable dealer, whom we have tried
and found always correct.
SKETCHES from Texas Siftings," by SWEET
& KNOX. Illustrated by W. H. Caskie, 1882.,
A volume of 228 pages, with queer, quaint,
humorous, satirical, pungent and mirth-provok-
ing sallies and outbursts on every page. The
editors of the "Siftings" have struck it rich,"
and are most successfully working out their
" claim," which will doubtless prove a regular
"bonanza." The preface of Sketches states
that the writers have "accumulated vast quan-
tities of cheerful statistics, hilarious facts and
solemn truths," which they wish to administer
to the public in "broken does." We have tried
some of these doses, and find them "good med-
icine." The work can be had, bound, per mail
at $1, or in paper at 50c. Address Sweet &
Knox, Austin, Texas, or Ashmead Brothers,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Railway Notes.
PALACE STOCK-CARS.-The Montgomery Palace
Stock-Car Company has just run a special train from
Chicago to New York in order to exhibit the merits
of its improved stock transportation. The train,
which quit Chicago Wednesday night, August 30th,
ran through to Jersey City in 53 hours, reaching the
Erie Stock-Yards at about 1 o'clock Saturday morn-
ing. There were a number of unavoidable delays on
the route, or the trip would have been inade in 47
hours. Asserting that the usual time for bringing
cattle through from Chicago is more than double
this number of hours, the capitalists interested in
the Montgomery Company claim that in this rapid
transit lies one of their greatest advantages. Their
trains are so constructed and fitted with air-brakes
that the cattle cars may be run on express train time
without discomfort to the stock transported. The
cars are supplied with ingenious devices for feeding
and watering the stock en route. It is stated that the

stock carried on this train weighed on leaving Chi-
cago 418,450 lbs., and on reaching Jersey City 409,-
760 lbs., a loss of 8,690 lbs., or an average of 24 Ilbs.
per head. The usual loss in weight is from 65 to 100
lbs. per head.-Railroad Gazette.
'FAST TIME.-Yesterday morning the fast train
west on the New York Central left Albany an hour
and a half late, but finished the trip to Buffalo only
six minutes late. It was drawn by engine No. 226,
Engineer Gould upon the foot-board. This engine
is a new one from which great speed has been expect-
ed, but of which no adequate test has before been
made. The distance between Syracuse and Buffalo-
150 miles-was made in the unexampled time of
three hours and four minutes. The train pulled out
of Syracuse at 4:42 p. in. and pulled into Buffalo at
7:46. Stops were made at Palmyra for water, at
Rochester for passengers and at Batavia for water.
These stops cannot have been less than five minutes
in duration each, and deducting a total of 15 min-
utes the distance was made in two hours and 49 min-
utes actual running time, or 151 miles in 169 min-
utes I It will be seen that much of the distance must
have been made at the rate of a mile a minute. This
is far better time than used to be made in the days of
the old fast mail.-Rocdester (N. Y.) Post-Express.
George Alcock, of Manchester, and James Johnson,
of Stratford, England, have patented in that country
the following composition of materials for the above
purpose: We place four parts tallow, two parts
water and two parts soda in a vessel, to which we
then apply heat, and we agitate or stir the contents
of such vessel until thoroughly melted and brought
to the boiling point; we then pour the liquid into
another vessel and keep the same agitated therein un-
til quite cool, and thus produce a lubricant or com-
position which is especially suitable for lubricating
railway axles and other bearings."
RAILWAY NUISANCE.--The champion nuisance is
the fellow who borrows newspapers on the cars. Be-
cause a person has laid his newspaper on his lap, that
is not to say that he is done with it. As he rides
along, thinking over what he has read, he may often
wish to refer to the paper; and it is an imposition
upon his politeness that it should be in the hands of
somebody else. Newspapers are cheap enough, and
are to be had everywhere. Be man enough' to pay
for your own reading.-Progress.

The great American journalist once said:
"It is much more important to know what to
leave out of a paper than to know what to
put in.


.. - ". ----- ------------ - -- -- __ -- ----- -~-"------- -- "

~_~_~ ~~~ __


Preserving Oranges in Dry Sand.
Referring to an article from the Tavares
Herald, (printed elsewhere in this issue of Dis-
PATCH,) a correspondent of the Herald says:
From your account in your last issue of the
experiment of Dr. Stivender in preserving
oranges in dry sand, I infer you regard it as a
new and hitherto untried process. In June,
1876, I put up a small lot of oranges in this
way-they had been hanging ripe upon the
tree for six or seven months-and I kept them
perfectly sound until the following October, a
period of five months. On December 20, 1876,
I put away another small lot in the same way
and kept them till the 20th of the next August
entirely unimpaired-eight months. The only
difference discoverable between them and fresh
oranges, was that the rind was a little drier
and somewhat toughened, thereby "enhancing
their resistance to decay when exposed to the
atmosphere, as I found they did not decay
nearly so readily as fresh picked fruit; they
rather dried up than rotted. These two experi-
ments demonstrated that all fruits of the citrus
family could certainly be preserved in this cli-
mate as long as need be-six or eight months, in
fact, throughout the year. All that is required
is that the sand be perfectly clean and thor-
oughly dry, and each fruit to be separated from
the rest in packing, and kept in bins or boxes
in a dry, cool place. I tried a few oranges by
being wrapped in paper and then put in the
sand, but found they do best by being put
away bare. The same experiment was suc-
cessfully tried by different parties in this State
and in California in that year, and accounts of
my experiments have gone the rounds of the
Northern papers several times since. The
method is easy, safe, cheap and certain, and its
great economical value has not as yet been ap-
preciated and taken advantage of by fruit-
growers and dealers. Many of the more per-
ishable of the tropical fruits, as bananas,
guavas, pine-apples, etc., could be kept from
decay for weeks, perhaps months, in this way,
and such vegetables as tomatoes, potatoes,
onions, egg-plants, etc., may be preserved for
many months. It has been found to be the
very best and cheapest means to keep grapes
and apples in the North.
Household Recipes.
tomatoes, six pods red peppers, or one teaspoon-
ful pulverized, four tablespoonsful salt, four
tablespoonsful black pepper,one tablespoonful of
mustard, one tablespoonful ground cloves, one
tablespoonful allspice, two quarts white wine
vinegar; cook tomatoes and peppers in vinegar
until soft; then strain, adding all the spices,
and boil slowly five hours; when cold, put in
bottles and seal.

PICALILLI.-One peck of green tomatoes,
seeded ; two large heads of cabbage; three
green peppers; a small teacup of salt. Chop
and mix well and put in a colander to drain
over night. In the morning cover it with good
cider vinegar, and let it boil until soft. Then
drain off that vinegar and put in one table-
spoonful of mustard, one of allspice, one of
cloves ground, two pounds of sugar, and about
half a teacup full of horse-radish, and three
onions if you like. Cover nicely with cider
vinegar, and let it boil a few minutes. Put
into a stone jar and lay on the top a thin white
cloth. Put an old plate on to keep it under the
SPANISH BUNss.-Four eggs, three-fourths of
a cup of butter, two cups of sugar, beat butter
and sugar to a cream, and eggs separately, one
cup of milk, one tablespoonful of cinnamon,
two cups of flower. Bake in a shallow pan,

like soft gingerbread, and when done spread
over the top a thin icing made of the white of
one egg, a little sugar, and half a teaspoonful
of cinnamon.
COOKIES.-One cup butter, two cups sugar,
four eggs, four cups flour, three tablespoons
milk, three tablespoons baking powder. Rub
the flour and butter thoroughly together, cream
the butter and sugar, beat the eggs separately ;
add to the above, with a little nutmeg, and
cinnamon, or any season preferred. Sift in the
flour and baking powder, and add enough flour
to mold and roll out. These cookies will keep
fresh two weeks, and if the milk is left out, a
SPICE CAKE.-One and one-half cups but-
ter, three cups sugar, one cup sour milk, five
cups flour, five eggs, one teaspoon soda; cinna-
mon, cloves, nutmeg, allspice, each one teaspoon;
one pound rasins. This will make the cakes of
usual size, and will keep for two months.
SCALLOPED OYSTERS.-Butter a large tin
or earthen dish and put in a thick layer of
rolled crackers, season with butter, pepper and
salt, then add a layer of oysters, and so on
nntil the dish is filled, making the last layer of
cracker crumbs. Bake until- nicely browned.
. OYSTER FRITTERS.-To the liquor of the
oysters add the same quantity of milk, three
eggs, a pinch of salt, and flour enough for a
batter ; chop the oysters and stir into the bat-
ter. Bake in butter and lard. The grease
must be very hot and the fritters taken rapidly
from the griddle as soon as they are a yellow
brown. Serve immediately.
OYSTER PIE.-Line a dish with a rich puff
paste and fill the dish with crusts of light bread,
and cover with a top crust of paste. Butter
well the edges of the dish. Cook the oysters as
for a stew beating in two eggs and two tea-
spoonfuls of cracker crumbs. They should
stew five minutes. Lift the top crust, take out
the crusts and pour in the hot stew.
CLAM CHOWDER.-Pare and cut in thin sli-
ces a quart of potatoes, and put them in a kettle
with a half pound of salt pork cut in thin slices;
when the potatoes are nearly done pour into a
dish and drain off the water. Put the pork in
the bottom of the kettle, a layer of the pota-
toes, a layer of clams, then a layer of split
Boston crackers, well buttered and dipped
quickly into cold water, repeat until all is
in the kettle. Season and pour on enough milk
and water to cover the whole. Let boil without
stirring half an hour.
BOSTON BAKED BEANs.-Par-boil the beans
one half-hour; then bake them all day in a
moderate oven. Place on top of the beans a
pound of salt pork, cutting through the rind as
if to slice. When nearly done add seasoning
and a tablespoonful of molasses.
GERMAN CRISPS.-Two cups sugar, one cup
butter,, the rind and juice of one lemon; mix
thoroughly, either with a spoon or with the
hand, adding sufficient flour to make them thick

enough to roll out ; roll very thin and cut in
small cakes with a cutter; after placing in a
pan rub the tops with eggs and sprinkle with
white sugar; two eggs are enough for the tops
of the cakes; they only require a few minutes
to bake. __
Preserving Oranges.
The preservation or keeping of oranges in
quantities so that they can be marketed and sold
during the summer when this luscious fruit is
out of season, and cannot be procured at any
price, is a subject of great interest, not only to
the thousands of people who would willingly
pay almost any price for the golden fruit of
Florida, but to the grower, who, if he could
supply the demand, would realize a handsome
profit on his fruit. During the last few years

a great many plans and devices have been tried
by orange-growers to accomplish if possible a
certain and reliable method of keeping oranges
until the summer, but none so far as we know,
have been attended with the success necessary
to make it practicable and profitable to the
producer to warrant any one to attempt to keep
more than a small amount of fruit on hand, as
an experiment, and no method so far has been
adopted, which is both safe and economical
enough to warrant the endeavor on the part of
the orange-grower to hold a large proportion
of his crop for a summer market.
Dr. A. A. Stivender, of Lake Harris, last
winter tried packing in dry sand, and the re-
sult has been so far a decided success.* The
oranges were packed last winter as they were
gathered, and dry white sand taken from the
beach of the lake, was used. The fruit was
packed in layers in ordinary barrels, care being
taken to have the oranges completely imbeded
in sand; layer after layer of sand and oranges
being used until the barrels were filled. The
fruit thus packed was subjected to the firat test
a few days ago, and the oranges were taken
from their snug resting-place in as fine a con-
dition as when first plucked from the tree.
They did not present the dried-up appearance
of fruit kept any length of time, and were as
juicy and fresh as if just gathered. All that is
required to keep them is to pack compactly in
dry sand and keep in.a cool airy place. Several
parties in this section will experiment this year
with the Dr's process of keeping oranges, and
we trust that other-growers will also try the
experiment, and report the results to us. If
Dr. Stivender's experiment proves successful,
the Florida orange growers will be able to
realize very much more from the sale of their
fruit than they do now. Will the orange-grow-
ers who make the experiment kindly commu-
nicate with the Gazette next season their suc-
cess, giving dates of picking and testing fruit,
so that the matter can be thoroughly investi-
gated and the people at large be benefited by
so cheap and economical a method of keeping
[The Associate Editor of the Florida Times
remembers that while living upon Indian River,
in the summer of 1876, Mr. Joseph Hopkins
brought him from St. Lucie a supply of "French
lemons," a beautiful fruit, the most of which
spoiled before they could be used. Some two
or three months later Mr. Hopkins brought him
some more, saying they were a part of the orig-
inal lot. He had buried them in the dry sand
and they had remained as fresh, clear through,
as if picked the day before.]-Tavares Herald.

Le Conte Pear-Its Quality, Etc.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:

I see in a late number. of your paper a piece
from a correspondent saying, "go slow on Le
Conte pear," etc. Also, that the price fell
from $6.00 per crate to $1.75, and they are
not early enough to "take the market," and will
not sell for as much as some other varieties,
etc. The growers of this pear do not claim it
to be the finest, or as good as some other sorts,
but we do claim for it this: A vigorous grow-
er and prolific bearer, and freedom from blight
when on its own root, and a very good table
pear, and can't be excelled for cooking or dry-
ing ; also a profitable fruit for market, even
should the price fall to fifty cents a bushel net.
Other varieties of the pear bear from two to
five bushels to the tree, the latter considered a


good crop. Le Conte with less care, will pro-
duce at same age twenty to forty bushels, and
live perhaps for a hundred years, as the old
tree now about forty-five years old shows no
sign of decay, without any care. The others
die often after one crop-seldom produce two,
only as an exception. It will pay to grow the
Le Conte to feed hogs with, if it was good for
nothing else. Pears have been so scarce and
high that few people know what condition the
fruit should be in to eat: They think if offered
for sale they must be ready to eat. No pear is
good unless mellow; not over-mellow or hard.
Hence, when eaten hard, they say it is not
good, and I don't blame them for saying so.
the Le Conte pear is not as good in flavor this
year as heretofore. Suppose the unusual season
of thisqyear had something to do with it. The
Le Conte is generally in market some time be-
fore other pears, that is, a -part of thecrop. It
does not cost one-fourth as much to cultivate
the Le Conte as the orange. For instance, I
have a grove of 1500 trees in Florida which
costs me yearly seven hundred dollars to culti-
vate. I have in Thomasville an orchard of
1882 trees of Le Conte that costs not over
$125 a year to cultivate, and has not averaged
more than $75 a year. My orange grove has
averaged over six hundred dollars a year.
Below find what the Pennsylvania Horticul-
tural Society report. Respectfully yours,
A special meeting of the "Committee on Fruit" of
the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, who called
at the office of the President of the Society on August
19th, 1881, for the purpose of examining into the
new pear called "Le Conte," a few specimens of the
fruit having been, received by Col. Henry D. Welsh
from J. T. Chastain, Esq., of Thomasville, Georgia.
The committee have carefully examined the speci-
mens exhibited and reported as follows:
1st. Size-Large, about same as Bartlett.
2d. Color-Beautiful bright lemon.
3rd. Skin-Smooth and glossy.
4th. Shape-Obovate, oblong, pyriform.
5th. Stem-About one and a half inches long,
strong, and set in slight depression.
6th. Calyx-Small and set regularly in an uncom-
monly deep basin.
7th. Quality-Good, flesh firm, crisp, subacid,
juicy and slightly granular.
8th. Ripens-From 15th to 30th July in Georgia.
The committee think very favorably of the speci-
mens presented and from their bright color, large
size, attractive appearance and good quality the new
pear will probably prove an acquisition to fruit-


A Word for the LeConte Pear.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
DEAR SIRS: I too, would like to speak a
word or two about the merits and demerits of
the LeConte pear.
Our friend X. T., it seems, has been disap-
pointed in the market value of this fruit. Now,
who is to blame ? No honest producer of this
pear, that I am acquainted with, has ever claim-
ed that it is of as high a quality as the best
known pears are, and the Seckel, I believe,
stands at the head of the list for quality. So
with the Wilson strawberry; it is condemned as
being too sour, but none has ever superceded it
as a market berry. Now, the LeConte pear
has yet to receive its popularity, as the early
market pear,.for a money crop. It will be an
advantage to the growers, if this pear sellsstill
lower, so it may get into the hands of the masses.
Now none but the wealthy can get it; $2 per

box to producer, means $4 to $6 to consumer.
Why! we here in Tallahassee, can not obtain
them for less than $4 per box. Can California
supply her own people, the great Northern mar-
kets, and then supply our wants in this line ?
She only ships so far from home because there
is such an enormous profit in it, not because her-
own people are supplied. Mr. Varnadoe, has
again and again told me, that at 50c per box, it
would still be the best thing out. The China
Sand pear, one of its parents, is so good, that
my neighbor says that he would not take $100
for two trees just come into fruiting, if he could
not replace them; they are only good for cook-
ing purposes. The LeConte is better for the
same purpose, and is excellent for all other
purposes for which pears are used. I say excel-
lent, first-rate (as used commonly), though not
first-class as to quality, though first-class in a
money point of view.
I see by the Thomasville papers, that there
will be 1000 boxes of this fruit shipped from
there this season. Why this is not a box for
every fruit-dealer in our national metropolis,
surely a good prospect yet, to say nothing about
our home needs, preserving, drying, &c.
For every-eleven miles of latitude, there is
one day's difference in the seasons, later North
and earlier South. So if our friend X. T. lives
in South Florida, say, between parallels 280
and 290, his fruit (LeConte pears) will be two
weeks earlier than South Georgia fruit, so that
he may "take the market" surely. As we eat
good specimens of this fruit properly ripened,
from year to year, we must say the LeConte is
really a good fruit.
Notes on This, That, and the Other.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Have just finished picking the first crop of
cow-peas, which was quite a task, as there were
only a few hands to work at it; but they are
"housed" at last, and the hens will have plenty
to eat, and we find they lay much better when
fed with peas than with corn. Thanks for the
two copies of THE DISPATCH sent me. It is
almost impossible to keep one, for if any persons
stop here who are not subscribers, I always
give them a copy, and in that way have in-
creased your list of subscribers; for the many
attractions of the paper, and its low price, is
the "open saseme" to heart and home.' Mr.
Spitzer, of Ravenswood, is one of these. He
left a beautiful home in Iowa, hoping to make
one more beautiful in Florida; he has a wife
and three children, and they are a family whom
it is "good to behold." He is trying many dif-
ferent kinds of grasses, and with much success
so far; hope he will give us his experience in
these things through your columns. I am sure
they would interest many.

I notice that some make entire failures in
growing things here, while others are succeeding
finely with the same things. I believe many
fail in onion-culture from the sole reason that
they do not use enough onion food. Mr.
Goutenhous has been the most successful of any
onion-grower around here, and he used large
quantities of cotton seed meal; some think if
they put a handful of manure in a hill, that is
sufficient, but not so; the ground should be
covered broadcast with ashes, lime, and stable
manure when it can be had; and in using guano
it should be well mixed with the soil, and we find
it does better around the hill than it does in it-
is not so liable to injure the seed or the young

plant, which it often does in the hill when the
weather is dry and hot. We planted the Ber-
muda seed, and although the dry weather last
spring injured them very much, we raised some
three or four inches in diameter, and have had
them up to the present time, and have a few
yet. We find them a great help in the provis-
ion question, and when asked, if we have any-
thing in summer that we raise, to eat ? which we
often are, we answer: stay to dinner and see.
We can give you the lady-finger, which is
nice, and the lima, which is rich; cassava bread.
and tapioca (home-made from cassava,) pud-
ding; turtles, from a lake near the house, make
fine soup; and for side dishes we have egg-
plant, sweet potatoes, collards and okra; and
for fruit, watermelons, tomatoes, and guavas.
This is the first year we have had the latter,
and we think pies made of them are delicious.
I make them exactly as I do apple pies; peel

the fruit, slice it thin, fill the plate and cover
thick with sugar: granulated is cheapest and
best; I make the crust same as I do biscuit
with baking powder, and after it warms in the
oven rub the top crust over with butter. They
that don't like this, I should say, were no lovers
of pies. I also make marmalade with guavas,
same as quince marmalade; jelly is made by
stirring until the fruit is very soft; strain
through a jelly bag, or a piece of flannel will
do; put it on the stove and boil until quite
thick, taking off all that rises on top ; put in the
sugar, one pound to a pint of juice, and let it
boil up a few minutes; dip your tumblers' in
warm water and pour in some more, hot, until
you cannot hold your hand in it; take out and
fill with the jelly; I do jars same 'way and
never have broken one. I wish some one more
experienced with this fruit would give their
way. Dear friends, when you know of a good
thing, don't rob your neighbors by keeping it
to yourself. Remember this:
"He that hath the truth and keeps it,
Keeps not what to him belongs;
But performs a selfish action
That his fellow mortal wrongs."
Now, when I don't say anything, it is not be-
cause I have nothing to say, for such women-
there Mrs.-will learn so much about "North-
ern," well, never mind; as I was saying, such
women are scarce. It is lack of time more
than lack of words that keeps me silent. Many
others I know are silent for the same reason,
no chance to sit down through the day and
when it comes night, so tired, the eyes will shut.
But labor has its reward, "And you shall reap
if you faint not." I have been trying te think
of the "reason" that I sign "Northerer;" I
am sure it is none of them given by your cor-
respondent. His store of "reasons" were very
small, as well as crude, but then they were "all
he could think of." I can think of a few more

that he might add to his stock which would
give it a little more of that Christian grace,
without which, according to the old version,
all others are as nothing. He can have them
by addressing me as signed below.
I have a vine, of which I send you a leaf,
covering my piazza, with a delicate leaf, some-
what variegated; it bears a round black berry,
very much resembling a large whortleberry; it
is sweet to the taste. I don't know the name
and have never seen any one that did. It is
green all the year, with the exception of the
hard freeze two years ago, when the leaves died
off. Would be glad if you can give it a name.
Would exchange guava and other seeds, such
as china-berry, evening bells, etc., with any
one who would like. NORTHERER.
[The leaves sent were those of the "Virginia



Pine-Apple Culture.
OCEAN SPRINGS, Miss., Aug. 20, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Will you or some of your readers be so kind
as to tell me something about Pine-apple cul-
ture. I would like to give it a trial, but
don't know where to obtain the seed and how to
plant it. By answering the above you will
oblige, yours truly,
REPLY.-We have, already, published several
articles on Pine-apple culture; which is really
quite a simple matter, in the proper climate.
Address : A. J. Bidwell or A. Puetz, of this
city, for plants and hints on culture. Send for
the catalogue of these gentlemen, and see what
they have to say on the subject. We may as
well remark, however, that you cannot raise
Pine-apples at Ocean Springs, Miss., without
ample protection from cold and frost. You will
have to come to South Florida. Read the fol-
lowing from the Sanford Journal :
"Mr. J. H. Wilcox, of Geneva, who has been
experimenting in Pine-apple culture, has prob-
ably the best varieties known, growing at his
place, the finest of which are the "Golden
Queen," "Egyptian Queen," "Pride of Brazil,"
"Cayenne," "Cubadon," and "Trinidad," also
the "Crown Prince." Of this latter variety,
Mr. H. brought two to Sanford last week, one
of which weighed 16 pounds and the other 10.
The shape of the apple is long and slim, taper-
ing both toward the stem and crown from the
centre. The smaller of the two was left at the
Journal office for the purpose of sampling and
pronouncing on its merits. We found upon
slicing one-half of it that there was sufficient
for a family of seven, and the balance was
given to friends. Everyone that tasted it pro-
nounced it the richest in flavor, and most deli-
cate in texture of any pine-apple they had ever
seen. There is no core in the centre, and no
stringy, woody fibres in the fruit. In raising
these apples, no more care was exercised than
with other varieties. The fertilizer used was
H. J. Baker & Bro's."
Bermuda Onions, &c.-Pure Seed and Plenty
of Manure Absolutely Essential.
GOSHEN, CT., Sept. 8, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Permit me to congratulate you on the read-
able paper that you are making, and on the
amount of information you are giving the
people for the small subscription of one dollar
per year.
I desire also to thank you for publishing the
article of Judge Tucker on the Bermuda On-
ion. I have facilities for knowing that no Ber-
muda onion seed (true) came to America a
year ago this present season. When once the

Florida vegetable-growers can get good seed
they can hardly pay too much for them,
and the seeds Judge Tucker has heretofore
brought to Florida, have been just what they
purported to be-the Bermuda.
The Bermuda Onion matures from two to
three weeks earlier than the red and white
Italian, or any of the Italian varieties. It yields
better, ships better, keeps better and is a better
onion. I compare it with the Italian, because
I believe they are next in quality on the list of
onions which can be successfully grown in Flor-
ida, and by care they can be kept six weeks
after maturing, for our home markets; and the
prices last June and July, were good in Florida,
from $2.50 to $2.80 per bushel. The prices the
next season will of necessity be good, for there
is a short crop, owing to the excessive drouth
here. There is a section of the Connecticut
Shore of Long Island Sound, which probably
grows more onions than any other part of

our country. I have spent some time getting
at their modes of culture and examining their
improved hand-hoes, etc .
I have met many of these successful vegetable-
growers the last few weeks, and I find the ques-
tion of seeds is with them of prime moment.
One farmer who has about 40 acres of cabbage
this year, land lying within the corporation of
the city of Brooklyn, told me he "would pay
any price for reliable seed of his favorite cab-
bage, for the New York market, from $20 to
$100 per pound," and he did pay, I know, $20
per pound. He usually raises his own seed, but
failed on account of drouth this season.
Here, I also met one of the large growers of
vegetables from Louisiana, looking, like myself,
at modes of cultivation, and how much and
what kind of fertilizer, these growers use. His
last year's crop of cabbage was sold by one firm
in Chicago, and brought $10,000. He wanted
cabbage seed, of which there could bo no doubt
about quality, and paid $20 per pound.
We found that chemical manures were greatly
preferred by these successful growers, though
their grounds were in such close proximity to
the city of Brooklyn. They informed us that
they "could buy stable manure for 50c. a two-
horse load." One man said "I have used chem-
ical manures on one piece of land eight years
in succession with the same crop, and notwith-
standing the drouth, my crop this year, is the
best I have ever marketed ; my land has stead-
ily improved."
If we will bring the same care to the culti-
vation of the onion and cabbage, and as gener-
ously feed our lands, thoroughly pulverize our
soil, and incorporate our fertilizers with the
soil, and use good seed, there is no doubt but
that there is a greater profit in raising these veg-
etables in South Florida, than in Connecticut
or on Long Island. My experience in Orange
County has convinced me of this; that we did
not feed enough, and that we did not, as a rule,
take enough care in preparing our land, and
I am the more convinced by what I saw last
year, and am seeing this, in my rambles among
the truck-growers. Much must go back on the
land if we take much off year-by-year. It is
an inevitable law.
The Jersey and Alderney cattle that I see here,
are perfect creatures, "handsome as a picture,"
glossy, smooth, naturally with good points, but
only kept so by plenty of good feed and water,
and above all, care,
A most successful business man, of whom one
of oqpr prominent men in the nation said once,
"He never touches anything that he does not
make it succeed," said last winter in Florida,
"I have had and seen many good hogs, but I
never saw one that you got any thing but squeal
from, if you did not feed."
So I say. We cannot get something from
nothing, and if we succeed in our fruits and
vegetables in Florida, we must use plant-food
seasoned with care. LYMAN PHELPS.

"Blanket Grass"-Bermuda, &c.

TANGERINE, Sept. 3, 1882.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
In a letter from W. Beckwith, of Kansas,
printed in THE DISPATCH, of Aug. 28th, is an
inquiry about "blanket grass."
As I am trying it for a lawn grass, I am
anxious for more information. I have sent you
a specimen. From my study of its nature I
think it belongs to the species known as "crow-
foot," but as there is over a dozen individuals of
that species, described in botany, I am not cer-
tain which it is. From its manner of growth,
rooting at the joints, decumbent habit, and
small, short spikes, it forms a very pretty
lawn, but as it is an annual, it would have to
be set out or raised from seed every spring. I

have had some experience with Bermuda
and find it makes a very nice lawn grass. I
have it around my house, also on a thirty foot
avenue to the lake, twenty rods distant. I have
a margilliof over sixty rods to protect, but a few
hours work, once a month, will keep it from ex-
tending into my grove. It sometimes starts
runners under ground, but soon shows on the
surface, and can easily be hoed or pulled up.
As it never propagates by seed, he must be a
slow mortal, who can not keep ahead of it.
I would introduce it on my side-hill orange
grove to protect it from washing, if I was sure
the orange roots, growing under the soil, would
not be injured by it. The work ofkeeping it hoed
around the trees, a radius of six or eight feet,
would not be as much as ordinary hoeing and
For a croquet ground, or path, it will wear
like irov. The more it is used, the better it
grows. The only charge against it is, in soft soil
it will sometimes run under the ground-the
"blanket-grass" never does. Any information
on this subject, I think will be of interest to
the subscribers of your very excellent paper,

Watering Trees, Drouth, Etc.
NASHUA, FLA., Sept. 14, 1882.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
Seeing the article in the last DISPATCH, from
your Brooklyn subscriber, and reply, on
watering trees, drouth, etc., I thought I would
give you my experience. In October, 1876, I
bought a lot of orange trees, among them were
four old sour stumps, about four feet high and
from four to six inches in diameter, having
two-year-old buds on them. At the time of
the purchase, one of the trees held eight
oranges, and another held twenty-seven. I
was to move them the coming winter, intending
to do it about Christmas; but at that time it
was quite dry, so I waited for rain; January
was dryer, and I waited; February was dryest,
and in March, I dug a well in the center of a
plat I had prepared for two hundred trees,
then commenced transplanting, giving all the
trees plenty of water. The large trees were
in full bloom when moved, and I had to carry
them more than a mile; one of them ripened
three oranges that year, which was a very dry
one, and I watered all the trees freely each
week. My method was to fill a fifty gallon
cask at the well and roll it under every tree
and pull out the top and let it run ; the smaller
trees I applied a less amount, but intended to
soak the ground thoroughly, further than any
root extended, every week. I have continued
that practice ever since, during the summer.
The grove has had a good soaking every week,
whether it rained or not, except in 1876 and
1880, when I was away, for three months the
first time, and eight weeks the last time. The

seasons that I was away and the trees were not
watered, the fruit bursted and rusted badly.
The years they were watered I had very few
rusty oranges, and bursting was not one to five
hundred. Three of those large trees ripened
last year fifteen hundred, nice, bright oranges,
and now the four hold about the same number.
I have had about fifty head of fowls running in
the grove, and they have done the cultivating
and fertilizing it has had, except watering and
mulching. A SUBSCRIBER.

No community was ever prosperous where
"wealth accumulates and men decay ;" no social
circle ever improved in morals, intelligence or
happiness, when labor was rejected as wanting
in respectability ; and no individual idler ever
made himself useful or gladdened a home with
the wealth of sweet content.

1 O00


-- ----- ---;-, ---- n - -Try~l.~~-I~R ~ -- I __C--l-~_

_ .^.... o' -__ .... ,-- ..- ..-T HE- P L.I DA---i -D S AH 4 0-1-- < -- .... 1 ,,, .. .. " I " ......... .....


Horse Ailment and Cure. Virginia, 51 in Indiana, Kansas, New Mexico
MANDARIN, FLA., Sep. 9, 1882. and Washington Territory, 50 in Connecticut,
Editorso The Flida Di. tch: Illinois, Nevada and New Jersey, 49 in Iowa
itors of The Florid Di.patc and Nebraska; Massachusetts ranks with
I have a very fine mare that was taken sick Rhode Island, New York and Colorado at 48;
September 1, 1882, and, after I tell you Michigan and Dokata are equal at 47; Alaska
the symptoms, you may be able to give it a is not the coldest part of the Union, as is com-
Iname. only supposed, but stands with New Hamp-
Sm e e shire at 46 ; colder than these are Maine and
SYMPTOMS.-Running matter at the eyes and Wisconsin at 45, Montana and Vermont at 43,
nose; sleepy, stiff, cramnpel, and legs very much Minnesota at 42, and coldest of all, Wyoming
swollen, staggering, and partly blind. at 41.-New EnglCand TFarmer.
How I TREATED HER.-Three hundred IN A LTU .-At a recent
grains calomel (in three doses), 100 grains WOMAN IN A ers' Clb in Massachu-
morning, noon, night; one pound of salts, to be meeting of the Farmers' Club in Massachu-
given each day (in two doses), one-half pound setts the question cisussed wasg "Ho can
morning, one-half poun niht twice a day women best promote the cause of Agriculture?"
morning, one-half poun night; twice a day I Here is the answer of one of the members:
(morning and night) a heaping tablespoon fll By making farmer's sons and farmer's daugh-
of sulphur, the same of charcoal, mixed, in tears ore willing to be farmers. Tie mothers
half bucket of ground feed. Bathe her legs cn o good deal towards influencing the
with rock-silt 'dissolved in water-, can do a good deal owards influencing the
Cith ro.k-salt dislved i water t children by making the home attractive. They
CAUTIoON.--Don't let the aninimaletwet,eand tb tn t
don't give o much water, til the calomel is should be taught that it is not the most im-
don't give too much water, till the calomel is p tn b rc. M the fe tha
well worked off. Would say that my mare is portat tlingto be rich. oake them feel that
Sell n rigIt as ever farm life is particularly honorable; let them be
as well and bright as ever.
After telling people here her symptoms, tthey taught to aspire t the possesson of a
IDfarm of their own and to respect their
said she was as good as a dead horse, as two or of their o, th
three had died of the same disease lately. I father because he is a armer. et the mother
leave it to you to say whether it is worth pub- study to make home agreeable for the children.
fishing. I remain, gentlemen, CRIBBrN IN I HORSES.-A late Country Gen-
Yours respetnlaly, t tleman says: "I will give a cure generally
HARRY ,IIAMMANT. successful iln a young horse, and sometimes for

Bees-Caterpillars, &c. Io( ones. Get some cayenne pepper (red pep-
NEWCASTLE, DUVAL CO., FLA. ,Sept. 4, 1882. per pods will do), and make a strong pepper
tea. WVash the stall, manger and feed-box
Editors of The Florida Di.;,sltch: thoroughly with the tea boiled down very
Would it be too much to ask you to give men strong. Also wash the neck-yoke, and wagon
some information, through your valuable pub- or sleigh-tongue, if driving the horse daily.
location, THIE FLORIDA; DISPATCIH, concerning Do this once a week for several weeks, and if it
Bees, in regard to keeping the caterpilars out is a young horse it will most likely cure him.
of thie hive ? If you can give me this desired A good many old ones have also been cured."
information, you will much oblige yours truly. ----- T----

[Will our correspondent,W. S. Hart, Esq., o Semi-Troicl says "Mr N. M.DANIEL, for-
New Smyrna, e good enough to reply to te imerly of Lake City, but now a resident on Grand
New Smyr, e good enough Island, across the lake just north of this place,
above?] _has okra plants that have borne plentifully
The Climate in D t P s f te for one year and four months last past, con-
The Climate in Different Parts of the Union. tinuously, and which have been a source of
Figures gleaned from the observation points considerable revenue to him as a vender of
of forty-nine States and Territories, show that edibles. It is only plowed occasionally. Okra
the hottest places in the Union are Florida, sells here at sixty cents a peck."
Louisiana and Arizona, the mean temperature ---
of which is 69. Texas ranks next at 67, Ala- The following from a traveling correspond-
bama 66, Mississippi 64, Arkansas 63, South ent of the Savannah News speaks well for
Carolina 62, Indian Territory 60, North Caro- Florida: "In all parts of Florida I met gen-
lina 59, Georgia and Tennessee stand on a par tlemen of high character, originally from the
at 58, Virginia 57, Kentucky 56. The mean North, who assured me that they had pro-
temperature of 55 prevails in California, Mis- longed their lives by changing their residence
souri and the District of Columbia; 54 in to Florida. Some of them came to the South
Maryland and Pennslyvania, 53 in Delaware, thirty years ago, and were then what are
Ohio and Oregon, 52 in Idaho, Utah and West called confirmed consumptives."

" Abide with me-fast falls the eventide,"
The sunset fires are paling in the West,
The tender shadows of the gloaming fall,
And purple twilight shrouds world at rest.
"Abide with me," a little maiden sings,
With clasped hands and reverend face upturned;
Joyous and clear the childish treble rings,
No undertone of sadness in the strain.
" Abide with me,"--the girlish voice is sweet,
Yet half unheedful of the grand old hymn.
Earth's joys, earth's love, seem so exceeding fair,
And Heaven's glories far away and dim;
Yet still the singer chants the sweet old strain
With drooping head and humbly bended knee,
" When other helpers fail and comforts flee,
Help of the helpless, oh, abide with me."
" Abide with me," the weary mother sings,
As the deep shadows fall at close of day,
Hushing, with loving voice and soft caress,
The little ones so tir-ed with their play.
And when the blue eyes close in restful sleep,
Still she sings softly on in earnest plea,
" Who like Thyself, my guide and stay can be ?
Thro' cloud and sunshine, LORD, abide with me."
' Swift to its close ebbs out life's little day,"
A trembling voice uplifts the dear old hymn,
And Heaven seems so near and fair a home,
And earth's allurements far away and dim.
"Hold Thou Thy cross before my closing eyes,"
But little more of earth those eyes will see;
"Heaven's morning breaks and earths vain shadows
In life, in death, oh, Lord I abide with me."

-How strong we feel when we have never
been sick.

One of the best rules in conversations never
to say anything which any of the company can
reasonably wish had been left unsaid.

Mr. M. R. WHEELER, of Columbia County,
planted twenty-two acres of land this year in
peas, from which he has gathered four hundred

American barbed wire fencing has invaded
Germany, and is advertised as kept for sale at
25 different places. It is manufactured there at
Mulheim, on the Rhine.

LEMONs.-Mr. E. BEAN, of this city, has
recently received at his ripening and packing
house in this city large quantities of lemons,
and shipped the same to the North.

Mankind worships success, but thinks too
little of the means by which it is attained;
what days and nights of watching and weari-
ness; how year after year has dragged on and
seen the end still far off; all that counts for
little, if the long struggle do not close in vic-
tory.-II. M. Field.

It is stated that for every ten hogsheads of

sugar extracted from the sugar cane, eleven
hogsheads are lost because no adequate ma-
chinery has yet been devised for crushing the
cane and extracting the rich juices thereof.
The assertion comes from the very highest au-
thority on matters appertaining to the sugar
culture that our planters lose 200,000 hogs-
heads a year by this waste, an amount repre-
senting $20,000,000 per annum.
PINE-APPLES.-The Leesburg Advance of
26th inst. says: "For the past few days there
may have been seen, in the drug store of
Spicer & Co., a tub containing three pine-apple
plants with the fruit. For these three apples
and the adherent plants or buds $5.75 have
been offered and refused. Also may have
been seen ten sweet potatoes weighing seven
and one-half pounds. The crop from which
these were taken averaged ten potatoes to the
peck, and the plants were set in the spring."

I _____ -------- __

THE I L L itiD DA Dl S fP Arkdl fl

~ ,.-.
Irc;-24.~hs~c-u~~rrpr --


Business Prospects.
The abundant crops with which the country
has been blessed have already had a most salu-
tary influence upon business, and from all sec-
tions of the country reports are very encourag-
ing as to the improvement in trade and manu-
factures. With the largest wheat crop ever
harvested, and full yields of other cereals, a'
good carrying business is assured to the rail-
roads, and from these the improvement is soon
communicated to manufactures. In nearly all
manufacturing lines there is considerable activi-
ty, and the prospects give reasonable ground
for anticipating a still livelier trade as the sea-
son advances.
In the South, the outlook is more cheering
than for many years, and in reality, all things
considered, is better than ever before. The
cereal crops of that section have been unusu-
ally abundant, and the South will thus have to
spend less money for breadstuffs than heretofore
It is quite probable that the net amount paid
out to the West for foodstuffs by the South will
this year be fully $100,000,000 less than in
1881-'82. The cotton crop promises to be fair,
while prices will doubtless be better than usual.
Manufactures are increasing very rapidly
throughout the South, and they also are adding
largely to the wealth of that portion of the
country. So far as Baltimore is concerned, all
indications point to an active trade, both do-
mestic and foreign. A heavy grain business is
assured, while the increased facilities for hand-
ling cotton will doubtless cause a large gain in
our receipts and exports of this staple. The
domestic trade has already opened up well, and
orders from the South for merchandise of all
kinds is very active.-Baltimore Journal of
All Good Things Cost.
Generally that which we admire and which
seems to us, perhaps, to be done so easily has
cost all that it is worth. And the reason why
it does not seem so to us is because we do not
see when and where and how the work is put in.
We are riding along and looking out upon a
beautiful lansdcape. We admire the skillful ar-
rangement of trees, and shrubbery, and flowers,
or the smooth and gently sloping grounds. This
is, indeed, lovely, we say. How fortunate the
owner was to find such a place. But some one
replies, could you have seen all this years and
years ago, when it was in a natural state, you
might never have dreamed of this. It has taken
much thought and hard work and great expense
to bring these grounds to their present condi-
tion. Tell a man how a thing has been done
(nd he says: "That's easy to do." Very pos-
sible, now that you have been shown how to do
it, but could you have done it in the first place ?
that is the real test. You listen to a man whose
mind is richly stored with facts and thoughts
and fruitful in combinations of these varied

stores, and as he expresses the thought which
needed expression, perhaps you say : "how easy
that was done. I could have said it." Could
ou ? Why did you not then, before he did ?
Why not go one step farther and give expres-
sion to the next thought which, so soon as ex-
pressed, the orator and all the people shall say
that was the right word rightly spoken. That
is the very word we were waiting to hear.
When the lightning flashes you can see very
clearly. And, if you act quickly, you can take
all your bearings by its instantaneous light.
And such a flash of thought may prove to you
an apple of gold.
But we want more than fitful gleams. Steady
lights are best. And he is the true speaker
whose light shines on clear and true while it is
at the same time able to throw a great flood of

radiance on the dark spots when the right mo-
ment comes.
Never say such things do not cost. I tell you,
if such a light blazes before you and does not
cost him who gives it, then it is an ignis fatuus
and will lead him and you, too, on to destruc-
Great men are hard-working men. Genius
means a great capacity forwork. "Genius will
work." The men eminent in all the noble
walks of life have been, are now, great workers.
They are trained to endure, and when occasion
requires, can, and do, labor tremendously.
You see a train fly down the track. It goes
easily, does it not? Swift and strong, without
friction and without sign of labor, it shoots
along. You simply see the results. But what
leads to and insures these results ?
So you look upon the outside appearances of
great lives and see no signs of heat, and noise,
and worry, and weariness, and you state your
proposition that they lead easy, charmed lives.
Try it and see. Try to grapple with the labors
of some great legislator, merchant, writer, or
divine, for even one day. He who puts off the
harness makes the wisest statements. A truly
great man bears a great load easily. To do
this gives the right to bear the name.
Are you dazzled by the lives of generals,
senators, millionaires, or great men of letters ?
Consider the cross well ere looking at the crown.
It is a grand thing to win the crown. Try for
it. Try all the manhood there is in you. You
are worth little if you do not make the trial.
But remember that you only reach the high
seats and wear the crown after long, arduous,
unremitting labors. Let no word of mine dis-
courage you. But try no short cuts. Count
the cost and then do valiant battle. Determine
to win all these good things, but win them le-
gitimately. Great and good work merits and
will in due time receive a great reward.-- Gold-
en Rule.
He Wanted to Know About His Goat:
A Princess Street boy who is sojourning in
the mountains thus touchingly writes to his
Pa: "Dear Pa:-Me and Ma are havin boss
time up here. How is my goat getting long?
Went fishing Wensdy, Fell In, Ma says its a
cryin shame that I should mess up a nice duck
suit theater way. I told her that that was how
they got their name cause boys get ducked in
um. Ma never said nothing. Dont forget to
take care of my goat. Is Tommy at Smiffle or
the Sound ? His goat aint bigern mine now is
it ? Me and another fellow went inter an old
man's peach orchart last week and come purty
nigh gitten chawed up. He an a yaller bull
dog, size my goat, made things kinder hot for
a minnit or so, but we got all the peaches we
wanted, Tother feller told me next day he
hed been auful sick, i had bin sic 2 but I didn't
tell him so. Well i mus close. Be sure and
look after my goat. Your affexshunate son."
-New South.

"Are there not women who will fill our vase
with wine and roses to the brim, so that the
wine runs over and fills- the house with per-
fume; who inspire us with courtesy; who un-
loose our tongues and we speak; who anoint
our eyes and we see? We say things we never
thought to have said; for once our walls of
habitual reserve vanished and left us at large;
we were children playing with children in a
wide field of flowers."

SOAPsUDs.-How many farmers let the
soapsuds from the family washing run off into
unsightly gutters, when it might be used for
manure, and applied to plants to destroy in-
sects. Into this water may be put a little car-
bolic acid or tobacco. The curculio will be
killed by it; also other insects.

Alachua County.
Alachua is steadily growing in numbers,
prosperity and wealth. Many business enter-
prises have opened within the past twelve
months, and others will be in full operation be-
fore the year closes. The internal improve-
ments in the eastern and southern portions of
our territory have brought extraordinary pros-
perity and development to those sections.
There are three railroads, the construction of
which is in contemplation, that will open the
residue of the immense area of Alachua county
to greatly increased settlement and prosperity
of surpassing largeness. We have assurances
of the most reliable kind that these railroads
will be built. They will connect the Suwannee
with the St. John's River, and the Transit with
the Florida Central and Western Railroad,
thus, with the Florida Southern and the Penin-
sular Railroads, webbing our territory with
railroads. With these facilities for travel and
transportation to and from every section and
from every point of the compass, and
with lands unsurpassed in the State for
fertility and timber, population by the hun-
dreds and wealth by the thousands will flow in.
Gainesville, our county capital, is feeling the
impulses of expansion. Money is continually
changing into private and business buildings,
mills and mechanical shops, and new public
buildings will soon adorn the city. When
made, as it will be, the point of junction for
the several railroads spoken of, it will be the
principal inland town of the State.
Our rich lands and immense pine forests not
alone invite immigrants of energy and enter-
prising capitalists. All the accessories which
make permanent settlement desirable and home
life what it ought to be, will be found here.
Health, churches and schools abound. The
people are intelligent, neighborly and law-abid-
ing. Field cropping, vegetable farming, fruit
cultivation, all are prosecuted successfully.
Lands are abundant and cheap. Most of those
that are unopened belong to one or another of
the railroad companies, which dispose of them
at very reasonable figures. There are a large
number of landholders in every settlement who
are ready to dispose of lots, ofany desired acreage,
to purchasers, on exceedingly favorable terms.
A number of reliable land agents in Gaines-
ville, and elsewhere, will give information on
this point to inquirers.
It is with peculiar satisfaction that we see
the future of Alachua county looming up and
assuming the proportions that will keep her at
the head of the column of successful progress.-
Alachua Advocate.

grams inform us that M. Etienner, a well.
known French authority on the subject, has
issued his estimates of the harvests of the world

for 1882. His report is on the whole, decided-
ly favorable, indicating no serious deficiency in
crops in any quarter of the world and a general
abundance throughout Europe and America.
has been received from a reliable source that
the St. Augustine and Jacksonville Railroad
is possessed of ample funds and that the road
will be completed by the 1st of December, and
that a locomotive, iron, and construction cars
will arrive at Jacksonville in about three
weeks time. Do the doubtful still continue in
their doubtfulness ?-St. Augustine Press.
The season's cattle shipment to Cuba, the
Key West Democrat says, is nearly over; dur-
ing the spring and summer fully 25,000 head
have been landed on that island from this

I t
.~ .. I ,~ I~ -,_ -,.- I- I -I----- I ---------- ------- ----- ---- - ------- --------- - ---- -- --


We Are Not Missed.
If you or I
To-day should die,
The birds would sing the same to-morrow;
The vernal spring
Her flowers would bring,
And few would think of us -with sorrow.
Yes, he is dead,
Would then be said;
The corn would floss, the grass yield hay,
The cattle low,
Arid summer go,
And few would heed us pass away.
How soon we pass!
How few, alas!
Remember those who turn to mold;
Whose faces fade
With autumn's shade
Beneath the sodden churchyard cold!
Yet,it its so-
We come and go
They hail our birth, they mourn us dead;
A day or more,
The winter o'er,
Another takes our place instead.
A Safe Explosive.
We have long been looking for some explo-
sive substance, powerful yet safe, for blowing
up the huge pine, live-oak and other stumps
which are such a hindrance to anything like
thorough cultivation in our new lands; and we
find in a late number of the Chicago Journal of
Commerce the following account of "Hecla
Powder," which, if true, will "fill the bill:"
"The terrible accidents which have accom-
panied the use of what are called "high explo-
isves," such as nitro-glycerine, dynamite and
giant powder, have stimulated the watchful
scientific mind to increased effort to discover or
invent some compound which should be equally
effective, and yet be comparatively safe for use
and in transportation. The chemist and the
inventor have united in such research and in-
vestigation, and, after innumerable and ex-
haustive experiments, their joint labors have
achieved a result which they confidently assert
will, with any ordinary degree of care, avoid
the terrible consequences which have attended
the use of the dangerous high explosives. This
result is the "solidification" -of nitro-glycerine,
long sought for, but never before attained, and
is called "Hecla Powder," which is an explo-
sive of a very high power, very low price, free
from the dangerous defects of other explosives,
and a security from danger to transportation
"Hecla Powder is only exploded by the use
of a fulminate explosive which is prepared and
transported separately from the powder. The
powder itself may be hammered with any
metal hammer, the cases smashed and broken
by collision, or the powder crushed or pulver-
ized without explosion, unless connected with
the fulminate. It will burn as harmlessly as
sawdust, or subjected to the roughest handling
without the slightest danger of explosion.
"It is from three to five times more powerful
than ordinary blasting powder, and bulk for
bulk is only about one-half as hea'y as the

"This powder, together with the fulminate,
are prepared and sold only by the Hecla Pow-
der Company, having offices at 57 Broadway,
New York City, and owning the patents under
which the powder is made. Its value in coal
mining and for all blasting purposes, except
perhaps hard rock work, has been abundantly
tested and proven, as the many certificates on
file with the company will show. The company
has also for sale rock drills, miners' supplies,
fuses and electric batteries for exploding pur-
poses, and also printed instructions in regard
to the use, storage and care of Hecla Powder.
"From the testimonials which we have seen,
it would appear that at last a safe explosive of
very high power and cheap in price has been
-How many men and women are there with-
out a weak spot somewhere?

Drouth-Benefit of Stirring the Soil.
The result of a series of careful experiments
at the New York Experimental Station (Agri-
cultural) are given below:
"The question of drouth is one which peri-
odically engages attention, and any means by
which its injurious effect may be mitigated
should certainly be known to the farmer.
That cultivation, by forming a loose soil upon
the surface which acts as a mulch, conserves
the water to the soil, is a fact which is well es-
tablished, and should be more commonly appre-
ciated. For the purpose of offering numerical
values which shall express the influence of cul-
tivation, we have tried the following experiment:
Oak boxes of one cubic foot capacity were
made of half inch stuff and thoroughly soaked
with oil. The bottoms being removed, the
frame was forced down into the earth in the
cornfields, and the bottoms afterwards put in
position. We thus had a foot cube of soil in
its natural position. The surface of the earth
in one box was left undisturbed, while the sur-
faces of two boxes were kept cultivated. By
weighing these boxes the gain or loss in weight
is assumed to measure the evaporation which
has taken place from each. From July 26th
to August 1st, six days, the cultivated soil
evaporated at the rate of 906 gallons per acre
less than the undisturbed soil, or less 151 gal-
lons daily per acre. From August 1st to Au-
gust 10th, nine days, the cultivated soil evapo-
rated 2,367 gallons per acre less than did the
undisturbed soil, or less 263 gallons daily per
acre. During the whole period from July 26th
to August 10th, fifteen days, the' saving of
water effected through cultivation figured up
212 gallons daily per acre, or expressing these
facts in another form, the undisturbed soil lost
per acre, from July 26th to August 10th; 4,243
gallons, the cultivated soil 1,060 gallons.
In calculating our results to the acre by mul-
tiplying the evaporation which has taken
place from a square foot of surface by 43,560,
the unavoidable errors are correspondingly
multiplied, and while duplicate series can never
be expected to give precisely the same numer-
ical results, yet the one fact becomes unques-
tionable, that through cultivation we are ena-
bled to conserve to the soil a large amount of
water during a drouth. Indeed, observation
through extended periods of drouth, also
plainly shows the superiority of fields that have
been well cultivated over those where cultiva-
tion has been neglected.

An Asparagus Bed.
The Fruit Recorder has some sensible re-
marks on Asparagus culture which we copy :
Asparagus is as easily raised as anything that
grows in the garden, and yet it is comparatively
rare to find it upon the farmer's table or in
market. The reason may be that much non-

sense has been published about the difficulties
of raising it, and that we have to wait two or
three years for the full maturity of the plant.
It is true that a full crop will not be given in
less than three years, but when the bed is
once made, the job is done for a dozen or twenty
years. If made this fall there will be one year
the less to wait. Any good, well-drained soil
that will bear corn is suitable for asparagus.
Put in a half cord of manure to every four
square rods of ground. Work it in thoroughly.
Set out one year old plants, in rows four feet
apart, and two feet in the row. (Too far apart

for a family bed; one foot by two is plenty far
enough). They can be kept clean with the
harrow or cultivator. It should have cultiva-
tion once in two weeks, through the growing
season. Cover the beds with manure in the
fall, and fork it under in the spring, Culti-
vate thoroughly through the second season and
top dress as before. The second season a few
stalks may be cut in April or May, but there
should be no close cutting until the third year,
and this should not be continued later than
the middle of June. The plant must have
time to grow and recuperate in mid-
summer, or the bed will soon fail. The
secret of large, fine asparagus is abundant
manure, applied in the fall every season, thor-
ough cultivation until the tops prevent, and
stopping the cutting by the middle of June.
The blanched asparagus that is so popular in
soine markets, is secured by covering the beds
with seaweed, straw or other mulch. It is a
poor stuff in comparison with the long, green,
tender shoots that have had the full benefit of
the sunlight on a rich soil.- The Fruit Recorder.
Florida Fruits.
Guavas are selling for $1 per bushel in
Sumter County. Hillsborough, says the Tam-
pa Tribune, can supply her thousands of bush-
els at one-half the money.
Colonel MALONEY, of Key West, shipped
about a dozen bunches of dates to friends
North by a recent steamer. Some of them
weighed not less than forty pounds.
Alligator pears and cabbages are the chief
articles of diet at Key West now. Sometimes
as many as twelve thousand of the former, the
Democrat says, are sold in one day by Key
West commission houses.
FIRST ORANGES.-The De Bary steamer, on
the 4th inst., unloaded at the Waycross depot,
in Jacksonville, the first shipment of the season
of five crates of oranges for Atlanta and New
York, and seven barrels of honey from New
Smyrna for Cincinnati and Cleveland, Ohio,
and Springfield, Ill.
S. B. Valls, the energetic marmalade and
preserve manufacturer, informs us that he is
now receiving his stock for manipulation from
Sumter and Orange Counties. He is canning
about five barrels of guavas per day.--t.
Augustine Press.
DRIED FRUIT.-The New South, of Wil-
mington, N. C., says:
"The dried fruit industry of Greensboro is
attaining fabulous proportions. One of our
exchanges speaks of one firm in that place
having a pile of black-berries as large as the
Court House, and from the Bugle we clip the
following which will give our readers some
idea as to the size of the traffic:
"'Scott & Co. have shipped, since the 12th
instant, 58,625 pounds of dried fruit. Houston
& Bro. shipped 58,063 pounds of dried fruit

this week. Odell & Co. shipped one day this
week 100,000 pounds of dried fruit, worth
about $10,000. This is what we call a boom
in fruit.'
LIMES AND FIGs.-A subscriber writes:
"Please try to get from S. B. Valls, of St.
Augustine, his recipe for publication for pre-
serving limes and figs, and also guava jelly, as
it will be a benefit to your subscribers and the
REPLY.-The St. Augustine gentleman
makes a business of putting up the fruits men-
tioned, and we do not feel that we have any
right to ask for his methods. But, if he will
send them, pro bono public, it will, of course,
give us great pleasure to put them in print.-

S -. . ..- .. .4--I - - .. .. ..


D. Redmond, D.H. Elliott, W.H. Ashmead,

Shbseption, $1.00 per annluL, in advance.

SQUARES. 1 TIME.! 1 MO. 3 MO. 6 MO. 1 YEAR
One................ $ 1 00 $ 2 50 $ 5 50 $1000 S 1850
Two....... .......... 2 00 500 10 00 18 00 3400
Three..................... 3 00 7 00- 14 00 25 00 46 00
Four.... ...... 4 00 9 00 17 50 30 00 58 00
Five................... 4 50 11 00 19 00 35 00 65 00
Eight .................. 8 00 16 50 30 00 5000 10000
Sixteen.............. 16 001 30 00 5000 8000 15000
Ten lines solid nonpareil type make a square.
LoCAL ADVERTISING (seven words to line) ten cents
per line,
The FLORIDA DISPATCH has a very large circulation
in Florida and South Georgia, and is by far the best d-
vertising medium for reaching the merchants and freit
and vegetable growers of those sections. All business
correspondence should be addressed to
ASHMEAD BROS., Publishers, Jacksonville, Fla.


Special Club Rates with "The Dispatch."

Read and Subscribe--It Saves Money and
Will Pay You.
We have made arrangements with the publishers
and will club THE DISPATCH with any of the
following publications, which will be mailed promptly
upon receipt of price; for ONE YEAR :
Savannah Weekly News.... .............$2.50
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New York Weekly Times........................... 1.75
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Philadelphia Weekly Times.......................... 2.50
American Agriculturist................................ 2.00
Country Gentleman.................. ...... 2.75
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Atlantic Monthly Magazine .... .......... 4.00
Harper's Monthly Magazine......... ....... 4.00
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Lippincott's Monthly Magazine...................... 3.15
Popular Science Monthly....................... 5.00
North American Review............................ 5.00
Harper's Illustrated Weekly.... .............. .. 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Bazar ......................... 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Young People.............. 2.00
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly........... 4.00
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Frank. Leslie's Popular Monthly...................... 3.15
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The above are among the very best publications"
Remittances should be sent by Check, Money Order,
or Registered Letter, addressed to

GYPSUM.--B. A. Coachman, Esq.: It gives
us pleasure to correct our opinion printed in is-
sue of 17th ult. In the specimen, is a large per
cent. of Gyp.um. Mixed with phosphate or
ground bone it would make a very valuable
OUR ILLUSTRATION for this week, shows
the interior of a green-house or propagating-
house for tropical and semi-tropical plants,
taken from the catalogue of Mr. ARNOLD
PUETZ, Of this city, which we have noticed

ERRATUM.-On page 384, DISPATCH, for
Sept. 11, fifteenth line from head of 3d column,
read: From 30' down to say 260 north lati-
tude," instead of "from 360" &c.

Our Florida Fair.
It is not too soon to call the attention of our
people to this Great Exposition of all the pro-
ducts of our favored State. Send to Maj. A.
J. Russell, of this city, for a Premium List, and
begin at once to prepare some worthy and in-
teresting articles for exhibition. Every man
who owns a square rod of ground can get up
something, and it is the vast aggregation of
"things," little and great, that make up the
Exposition. -
Our old-time friend, Hon. R. B. HILTON, of
the Tallahassee Economist, has these kind
words to say of our little paper:
TIlE FLORIDA DISPATCH.--Does every far-
mer, gardener and fruit-grower of the State,
who is able to read, subscribe for THE FLORIDA
DISPATCH ? Whoever does not, makes a great
ton, the widely-known and honored President
of the American Pomological Society, writes us,
under date of August 3:
"THE FLORIDA DISPATCH is a live paper!-
just what was needed in your region. No doubt
of its success!"
Native Grass for Lawns.
The sample of grass sent last week "for
name,".by our esteemed correspondent, E. H.
HART, of Federal Point, Fla., is the spurious
"Bermuda;"-seeds (!) of which were sent out
two years ago by the Government Agricultu-
ral Department. Prof. GEO. THURBER expos-
ed the humbug in the 1American Agriculturist
for May, 1880; but that does not prevent
people from still enquiring for seed of Bermuda
-a grass which never perfects any seed in this
country. The "native grass" alluded to by
Mr. Hart (1st page of last DISPATCH,) is the
Stenotaphrum Americanum, often called here
the "St. Augustine grass." We are glad that
our friend Hart has found it of some practical
value, and, thanks to our accomplished friend,
Prof. Thurber. We shall be able to give a fuller
account of it in another issue.
THE "HARVEST MdoN !"-We are reminded
by the Providence (R. I.) Journal that the
September moon fulls on the 27th at 12:26 a. m.
It is the beautiful harvest moon and possesses
special claims to distinction. For, owing to the
position of the ecliptic in regard to the equator
at this season, the moon rises for several con-
secutive nights with only a comparatively small
interval between the successive risings. The
short Autumnal days seem thus to be prolonged

by the floods of silvery moonlight that makes
the nights beautiful as day. The phenomenon
is as easily explained as the axial rotation of
the earth. But in the older times, when man
was nearer to nature, the harvest moon was
considered a direct interposition of Providence
to assist the husbandman to gather in the har-
vest. The waning moon was in conjunction with
Neptune oil the 2d, with Saturn on the 3d,
with Jupiter on the 5th, and with Uranus on the
12th. The new moon of the 12th was in con-
junction with Mercury and Mars on the 14th,
and with Venus on the 16th, passing a degree
and a half north of her.
Our deeds determine us as much as we deter-
mine our deeds.

"Hard-Pan"- 'Saw-Grass" Pond, &c.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
I want to plant a vegetable garden, especially
strawberries, and want to know if I can plant
the following described land this fall, and if so,
how am I to go to work? The land is at the
foot of a pine hill, on the edge of a hammock ;
the soil is rich black loam (low) covered with a
palmetto scrlb ; a part of it has no scrub, but
a wild grass. (1.)
Please tell me if the sample of sandstone I
send you is allied to "hard-pan," or if it has
any qualities objectionable to the orange
trees. (2.) I think hard-pan one of the most
serious things the new comers have to contend
with, for they do not know of it, and the land-
sharpers sell it to them readily. I wish your
readers would tell me some of its doings, and
what its evil qualities are. Last fall, there were
several families settled on a piece of hard-pan,
which had been sold them as "fine orange land."
They settled only four miles from Crescent City,
but they have found out the swindle and have
settled elsewhere. I would like to hear this
thoroughly explained, and I think a good many
others would, also.
I have a saw-grass pond, so called, a sink in
the pine hills, which holds water, and is rich in
appearance, as the soil is deep and of a black,
loamy appearance. I could drain it easily, if
it would pay. How would you go to work after
it was drained, to get it fit for cultivation next
spring, and what would be the best to plant the
first planting, and how long before I could plant
everything? By answering the above questions,
you will oblige four of your readers. (3.)
Yours, SALT.
(1.) Begin by clearing off, grubbing and burn-
ing all the scrub palmetto roots, &c. If the
land is at all wet, or over-moist, under-drain it.
Then, when dry enough, work the surface fine
and friable, and you can plant anything you
please. The addition of a good coating of
oyster-shell lime to the surface, plowing in and
intermixing with the "black-loam," or vegeta-
ble matter, will be of great benefit.
(2.) The sample of earth you send looks
more like disintegrated sandstone than "hard-
pan." We do not think it is at all allied to
"hard-pan," nor do we imagine that it can be
of any injury to the orange, other things being
(3.) Drain off your "Saw-Grass Pond'" thor-
oughly ; and, when dry, add plenty of oyster-
shell lime to it. Rice or Sugar Cane would be
good crops to start, on and you could safely
plant all other crops, only when theland became

dry. Your pond is now a sort of Okeechobee
Lake in miniature, and only needs draining
and "sweetening" (as the old gardeners call it)
by limeto be very valuable and productive.-

COOKING OIL.-We have fully and fairly
tested the refined cotton-seed oil supplied by
JONES & BOWEN, of this city, and find it a
very excellent, economical and every way de-
sirable substitute for lard in nearly all culinary.
operations where the latter is generally used.

The Florida pine and cypress make the best
railroad cross-ties to be had, and they are: being
continually shipped to different parts Qf the
country. Six thousand two hundred and sev-
enty-five were sent to New York from Fernan-
dina one day recently.



it f f R ,Ft 1 f D -4DA PI S P ACi 0 I f

up into eight hundred rails, three hundred
fence posts, besides ten cords of fire-wood. By
its fall twelve squirrels and one raccoon were
killed. This was undoubtedly the largest tree
in Missouri.
--t- -- c- --
NEW ORLEANS is the most cosmopolitan
and polyglot city of this continent. A good
many people can speak only English, but such
numbers can manage three or four or five lan-
guages that the average is set down at fully
two. One man there recently observed that of
six nurse girls he hired in as many months
every one spoke at least two languages, and
yet they were generally ignorant and prac-
tically worthless.

PHOTOGR-APHuIC !-See the card of }Ir. S. P.
BURGERT, the new Lightning Photographer, in
present issue. We have seen some of the work
of Mr. B. and examined his mode of operating,
stock of frames, etc., etc., and we advise all
who desire "living" and "speaking" likenesses
of themselves or their friends to give him a

FUTURE OF THE SOUTH.-An enthusiastic
believer in the great future of the South, thinks
the discontented people of Europe will soon
discover the immense advantages offered them
in the South, and that inmnigration will turn
this way, "making the desert blossom as the
rose." Sparsely settled and comparatively un-
cultivated tracts of enormous extent invite all
who wish to own the soil they cultivate
to enter in and possess the land. The Atlantic
is only another Jordan, and the South a "prom-
ised land."

eight fingers and as the flower grows the fin-
gers continue to increase. Other patcles in
the vicinity not receiving any benefit from the
cow-pen have put out but a few fingers. The
fact is self-evident, that after growing the large
stalk and putting out the bud there is not
enough vitality left in the soil to put on the
desired fruit. Therefore, if you would have
more fruit and larger bunches, you must ma-
nure them. Bananas, like all other fruits and
plants, must have manure.

A Photographic Card.
To the Puibic :
I take this method of informing the citizens of
Jacksonville and vicinity that I have opened a PHO-
TOGRAPH GALLERY at 791 West Bay Street, where I
expect to do first-class work at the lowest rates consist-
ent with the times. A first-class assortment of
frames and mats of latest styles and best quality
kept on hand at lowest figures.
Parties wishing anything in my line will please
call and examine goods and learn prices before apply-
ing elsewhere, as I am confident that they cannot
find. such an assortment at any other estal li-lh:ne t in
the city. I make a specialty of baby pictures, and
as I use the q/ilbtingq .s autter in conjunction with the
instantaneous D)ry Plate, success is certain. Having
the only Solar Camera in the city, I am prepared to
make life-size pictures in the best style and for less
money than any other Gallery in the city. Prompt
attention given to copying and enlarging old and
defaced pictures, and you run no risk of sending pic-
tures at a distance to be made. I have also the finest
out-door view outfit in the State, which will be
operated by Mr. Marshall, a gentleman of large ex-
perience and ability as an operator. Views of resi-
dences, boats, i'alnily groups, animals, etc., will be
made at moderate prices. All orders should be left
at 79.1 West Bay Street, or with Mr. M. Don't for-
get the place. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Sep. 18, tf.
I HAVE an A. No. 1 buggy and harness
which I will sell at a great bargain. Address
P. O. Box 113, Jacksonville. Sep 18&25p.

Weather for week ending September 15, 1882.

!^--'~ i -------- ^ !* ----- 1
'erm. Wind.

D B .

Saturday 9...... 29.82 80 73 77.7 92.71 0.86 NE 1141 Cloudy.
Sunday. 10...... 29.68183 76; 79.3 73.31 0.66 SW 261Fair.
Monday 11.... i 29.85)95 733 78.7 61.3; 0.00 SW !201Clear.
Tuesday 12...... 30.04i82167i 74.3 69.3! 0.00 NE 4|Clear.
Wednesday 13 30.14 84;68 75.7 71.3i 0.00 NE 5 Clear.
thursday 14... 30.13 85!70I 76.7 80.7 0.00 E 2 Clear.
Friday 15 ........30.07189681j 77.71 71.3 0.00 NEi 21Clear.
SHighest barometer 30.7, lowest 29.60.
Highest temperature 89, lowest 67.
NOTE.-Barometer readings reduced to sea level.
J. W. SMITH, Signal Observer U. S. A.

Feacoh Growing, &c. Sugar, and Sugar Cane.
BIM~i yUAM,, ALA., Aug 12, 1882. The extrad'ton of a larger per cent. of juice
Editors of ke Florida Dispatckh: frori the cane seems to be the leading item of
I am here engaged in growing fruit and vg interest among southern manufactures. This
etam here engage td in ge rowing fust ad ver- will hardly apply to K-ansas, at present, owing
eta tohe sprg o, every- to the fact that land is cheap, and the amount
thing' comes too late for profit, so I want to move
my business to Florida, the "Land ofFlowers," of sorghum cane grown on an acre so much in
where I can get my truck in market, in tim e t excess of what it costs, that manufacturers are
make ire I can get my truck in make, in time ta spe- content, if not satisfied, with the results as at
make it pay. I want to makepeaches a speci-resent obtained. The great need is more
alty, and soI take the privilege ofasking you at present obtained. ohe great need is more
what point in Florida peaches "hit" every year, is so much in excess of capacity of the mills
or where they approximate perfection ? As to is so much in excess of capacity of the mill
or where they approximate perfection ? As to of the country that the saving of waste juices
strawberries and vegetables, they will grow has ot begun to attract attention.- wa sas
has not be"-Un to attract attention.-Kansa,,,s
almost anywhere. Will you be so kind as to Rural West.
answer this, and very much oblige yours &c., EW SUGA CANES.-G e et and
nW TATE NEW SUGAR CANES.-Governments and
W. E. TT planters should always be experimenting with
REPLY.--The northern and north-western new canes. The Agricultural Society of New
parts of the State are most favorable for the South Wales is introducing a variety of sugar-
growth of the peach. An experienced and canes, said to be rust-proof. The red Assam
observing friend informs us that most of the sugar cane, said to be proof against frost, has
Sibeen obtained from India, and the Colonial
land in Baker County produces excellent Sugar Refining Company will give this cane a
peaches; and he also states that, east of the complete test on their estates in New South
Suwannee river, the peach is never affected by Wales, and Northern Queensland. We hope
the worm. The peach also does well in Middle the Mary and Brisbane River planters will
Florida, near Tallahassee; also, we believe, also procure the above canes, because if
near Quincy. Not so well in East and South they are proof against rust and frost, then who
would not be a Southern planter ?--Sugar-
Florida, though we have seen and eaten fine Planter, llaryborough, Australia.
specimens grown in Duval County. The Chinese ---
varieties and native seedling are most reliable. Growers' Gazette says: Writers on bananas
-EDS. DISPATCH. frequently remark and wonder why the bananas
' do not fill out, that is bear a bunch of fifteen or
A MAMMOTH TREE is described by the Mis- twenty fingers, instead of five or six at the
souri Republican, as having been cut in An- most. The cause of this lack of filling out was
dreau County, Missouri, not long since. It accidentally discovered by Judge EDWARDS
measured nine feet through near the ground, last week. The Judge has a large number of
was one hundred and ten feet high, the first banana patches, all of them bearing from one
to five fingers on a bunch, He has one patch
limb growing out at a height of thirty feet from of bananas, however, next to his cow-pen and
its base, and is thought to have been at least the benefits arising from their fertilization is
three hundred years old. The wood was made shown in the fact that one bunch now contains

I I I ___ _ -- 1

A NEW MOTOR.-The long-desired motor for
small machines has, according to a foreign
journal,_ at last appeared. It is adapted to
driving sewing machiries, iatichmakers' tools,
and similar light machines, and consists of a
seat supported on a trek, which, slowly dis
tending under the weight of the operator sit-
ting on it, transfers its motion through geariig
contained in the supporting box to the band
pulley from which the machine is driven; the
ever serves to lock the seat in any position,
and a slight pressure of the feet upon the
treadle raises the seat again, without the
operator having to get up, and without stop-
ping the motor. The treadle is adjustable, so
as to suit the weight of the person at work, and
the speed can be varied to suit the require-
ments of the work by the back pressure of the
treadle. While a sewing machine requires 100
to 150 movements of the treadle per minute,
this motor requires only four or five.

LIME CULTURE.-Seven years ago, Mr. E.
SUMMERALL living at Astatula, planted some
lime seeds. Two of the small seedlings he
afterwards transplanted in the yard near his
house. A year afterwards he pulled up one of
the trees to give to a friend, a Mr. MEEKS, of
West Apopka. He did not consider the small
trees of any great value, and gave one away
rather than go to his nursery a short distance
off to give away the small seedling. The lime
tree bore fruit a year ago, and this year has
had a very fair crop of fruit on it. Mr. Sum-
merall has sold for cash limes to the amount of
$13.33, and has shipped over 2,500 to Jack-
sonville, from which he has not got returns as
yrt.- Tavares Herald.

IRISH POTATOES.-The importation of pota-
toes from Great Britain and Ireland to the
United States and Canada is increasing. For
the first quarter of 1882 the receipts at New
York were 596,927 sacks, or 742,842 barrels.
An average of seventy cents a bushel was ob-
tained in New York. Deducting duty and
freight, a profit of nearly $1,000,000 was the
result. Potatoes are about $10 per ton in Eu-
rope. This profit is encouraging shippers, and
the Canadians are expecting to see a decrease
in the cost of native potatoes in consequence of
these importations.
"Don't kill the toads, the ugly toads, that
hop around your door. Each meal the little
toad doth eat a hundred bugs or more. He
sits around with aspect meek until the fly has
neared, then shoots he forth his little tongue
like lightning double-geared. And then doth
wink; and when he's wunk, he shuts his ugly
mug, and patiently doth wait until there
comes another bug."
------c ------
ORANGE WRAPS.-Order your orange
wraps from Ashmead Bros., Jacksonville, Fla.
For prices see advertisement. tf

. . .. . . . . . . . ..
. . . . . . . . . .



S Agricultural, Horticultural and Pownological
F] rida Fruit-Growers' Association-Office at Jack-
sonv.2e-D. Redmond, President; W. H. Sebring, Vice-
President; D. H. Elliott, Secretary; W. H. Ashmead,
'Assistant Secretary; C. A. Choate, Corresponding Sec-
retary; D. Greenleaf, Treasurer. Executive Commit-
tee-Dr. C. J. Kenworthy, Dr. J. J. Harris, 0. P. Rookes,
P. Houston. Official organ-THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
'THEIR POST-OFFICES.-Master, Wm. H. Wilson, Lake
City, Florida; Overseer, Wm. Hicks, Houston, Florida;
Lecturer, B. F. Wardlaw, Madison, Florida; Steward,
Daniel Lynn, Lake Butler, Florida; A. S., T. W. Field-
ing, Wilson, Florida; Chaplain, A. M. Clontz, Live Oak,
Florida; Treasurer, J. H. Lee, White Springs, Florida;
Secretary, R. F. Rogers, Welborn, Florida; Gate
Keeper,- Frasier, Suwannee Shoals, Florida; Ceres,
Mrs. Wm. H. Wilson, Wilson, Florida; Pomona, Mrs.
7T. W. Fielding, Wilson, Florida; L. A. S., Mrs. J. H.
.Lee, Suwannee Shoals, Florida; Executive Committee,
J. C. Waldron, White Springs, Florida; Geo. W. Wal-
,dron, Suwannee Shoals, Florida; Geo. Umstead, Hous-
:ton, Florida.
State Park Association, located at Jacksonville.-
!Damon Greenleaf, President; A. J. Bidwell, Vice-Presi-
dent t A. J. Russell, Secretary; J. C. Greeley, Treasurer.
'Directors-J. H. McGinniss, G. C. Wilson, J. P. Talia-
iferro, P. McQuaid, J. W. Whitney. Annual meeting-
Last Friday in April each year.
Orange Park Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Associa-
tion.--Orlando Knapp, President; E. D. Sabin, Vice-
President; 0. E. Campbell, Corresponding. Secretary;
Rev. 0. Taylor, Secretary and Treasurer.
Lake George Fruit Growers' Association, Georgetown,
Florida.-President, A. B. Bartlett, Georgetown; -Vice-
Presidents, E. A. Manville, N. W. Hawkins, Lake
George, and E. Kirby, Mt. Royal; A. H. Manville, Sec-
retary, Lake George; George H. Thom, Treasurer,
ieorgetown; Corresponding Secretary, Rolla Ham-
mond, Fort Gates.
Picolata Agricultural and Horticultural Society.-R.
B. Canova, President; J. J. Lee, W. N. ParKer, Vice-
Presidents; N. R. Fitz-Hugh, Corresponding Secretary,
RN. R. Fitz-Hugh, Jr., Recording Secretary; J. F. Sowell,
Treasurer. Meets first Saturday in each month.
Micanopy Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Associa-
tion.-G. W. Means, President; J. J. Barr, First Vice
President; A. H. Mathers, Second Vice-President; 'B.
W. Powell, Corresponding Secretary; B. F. Jordan, Sec-
retary and Treasurer.
Tropical Fruit Growers' Association of Monroe County,
'lorida.-Home office, Myers, Florida; F. A. Hendry,
president; T. M. Parks, Secretary. Meets once a week.
Levy County Immigration Society.-J. M. Jackson,
President; Thomas Tillis First Vice-President; J. B.
Button, Second Vice-President; W. H. Sebring, Corres-
onding Secretary; J. M. Barco, Recording Secretary;
L. W. Hamlin, Assistant Recording Secretary.
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Association.-
John Bradford, President, Bradfordville, Florida; D. H.
Elliott, Secretary, Jacksonville, Florida.
Pinellas, Florida, Fruit Growers' Association.-D. VW.
Meeker, President; Wm. P. Neeld, Secretary.
Central Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Association, Ar-
redondo, Florida.-Eli Ramsey, President; Dr. B. P.
Richards, Secretary.
S Evergreen Horticultural Society Dunedin, Florida.-
W. Matchett, President; WV. Tate, Vice-President;
Geo. L. Jones, Secretary.
Decatur County Fair Association Bainbridge, Geor-
ia.-Maston O'Neil. President; I. Kwilecki, Secretary.
Lake Wier Agricultural and Pomological Society (of
Marion County, Florida).-Captain J. L. Cainy, Presi-
dent Dr. L. M. Ayer, Corresponding Secretary.
Welaka Horticultural Society (Welaka, Florida).-J.
p. North, President; C. M. Higgins Secretary.
Southwest Georgia Industrial Association, Albany,
Georgia.-L. E. Welch, President; T. M. Carter, Secre-
Sumter County Agricultural and Fruit Growers' Asso-
ciation.-Col. T. C. Lanier, President; D. L. Hubbard,
Vice-President; A. P. Roberts, Corresponding Secre-
tary; B. E. Sharrard, Recording Secretary;, Thos. W.
Spicer, Treasurer.
Sumter County Fair Association.-Col. T C. Lanier,

President; A. J. Phares, Vice-President; R. E. Sharrard,
Secretary; Thos W. Spicer, Treasurer.
SFlorida Central Agricultural Society.-Thos. F. King,
President Gainesville Secretary,
- ; W. K. Cessna, Corresponding Secretary, Gaines-
SArcher Agricultural Association.-W. B. Lipsey,
resident, Archer; J. A. Pine Secretary; Dr. J. C. Neal,
Corresponding Secretary, Archer.
I Middle Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Associa-
ion.-P. Houston, President; John A. Craig, Secretary;
Edward Lewis, Treasurer, Tallahassee.
Indian River Agricultural and Pomological Society.-
IA. P. Cleveland, President; W. H. Sharp, Secretary,
Rockledge, Florida. Meets second Saturday in each
' Madison County Agricultural anU Mechanical Fair
iAssociation.-R. J. Mays, President; Frank W. Pope,
Secretary, Madison, Florida.
Orange County Fair Association.-General Joseph
Finnegan, President; Frdd L. Robertson, Corresponding
Gadsden County Fair Association.-Jesse Wood Pres-
ident; W. H. Scott, First Vice-President; J. R. Harris,
Second Vice-President; J. W. Kendricks, Secretary; E.
C. Lou Treasurer.
South Georgia Agricultural and Mechanical Associa-
tion Thomasville, Georgia.-H. M. Sapp, President; K.
T. McLean, Secretary.
[Will our friends in the different associations above
enumerated, be kind enough to correct any errors into
which we may have fallen in the naming of officers, &c.,
and oblige THE DISPATCH ?]

Strawberry Plants!



Very choice selected stock-all barren plants care-
fully taken out.
Our vines produced a remarkably heavy crop of full-
sized, fine colored fruit during past dry season.
Would refer to Mr. W. H. Pillow as to this fact, and
superior quality of berries.
1$3.00 per thousand, cash with order, delivered on
boat in any quantity.

St. John's River.
to sept. 19.


sept 11 tf

$-3.50. W.


New York and Return.

Savannah, Florida & Western Railway,
Waycross Short Line and Ocean Steamship Company.

--o- --

Close connection with the magnificently appointed
every Wedaesday and Saturday.
Passengers via this route will find every comfort and
convenience in this fleet of elegantly equipped steam-
ships, rivaling in construction and appointments the
finest ocean-going vessels of the day. The mixtures of
rail and water transportation-both of the best charac-
ter-combine the attractions of a first-class Summer
Excursion Route,
For tickets, engagement of staterooms and other in-
formation, apply to the office of the Savannah, Florida
& Western Railway Company, 84 West Bay Street (Astor
Building), or at the ticket office at the Waycross Short
Line Passenger Station.
General Pass. Agent.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville. [to Oct. 2.

Having orders for several hundred boxes of Oranges
already entered on our books, we solicit correspondence
from growers having early Oranges to market. We
want good bright fruit, and will make it to the interest
of produces to write us early. Address
Wholesale Fruit Dealers,
to sept. 20, '82. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


Choice acclimated Strawberry Plants for
sale at $3 per thousand.
to sept. 27 P. Riverside, Jacksonville.




THE TIMES is the official paper of the city and the
leading paper of the State. It has the largest circulation
in Florida, and reaches all parts f it. It Is not merely
a local newspaper, but aims to advocate the interests
and promote the prosperity of Florida as a whole.
Its reputation outside the State is very high. It has
taken rank among those journals whose columns are
looked to for news and whose comments are quoted
with respect throughout the country.
Its editors have had wide and varied experience in
journalism North as well as South; its advertising pa-
tronage is liberal and of the best character; and its re-
sources, financial and other are ample. It will furnish
Florida with a live, progressive, outspoken, and reada-
ble newspaper, the peer of any.


THE TIMES has secured by special contract the full
despatches of the ASSOCIATED PRESS. Besides that
its Editor is Agent of the Associated Press for the State
of Florida, which gives him great advantages in obtain-
ing the freshest and most important State news.


With representatives in the leading news centres of
the country, THE TIMES is well served in addition to
the regular Press reports. During the past winter it has
received a very large number of telegraphic specials."

Its regular correspondence from Washington, New
York and Boston is of noteworthy excellence; and its
State correspondence has attracted much attention.
This feature will be extended and improved; and to
this end correspondence containing news or items of
information of any kind is solicited from all quarters.

"OLD SI. "
In addition to his editorial work, Mr. Small will write
regularly for THE TIIES, and in its Sunday issues the
famous "Old Si" will disseminate wisdom in chunks
to the Florida public.
TERM (strictly in advance): One year, $10; Six
months, $5; three months, $2.50; one month, $1. sent
one month on trial for 50 cents.
Remittance should be made by draft or post-office
order, or in a registered letter. Address
to sept 26,'82 Jacksonville, Fla.







We respectfully announce to our friends and the pub-
lic generally, that, having secured the services of com-
petent Draughtsmen, Architects and Mechanics we are
prepared to estimate on and contract for the building of

etc., at any point accessible by the several railroad and
steamboat lines. Possessing the advantage of manufac-
turing our own lumber, we are enabled to offer very lib-
eral inducements as to terms and quality of material.
Draughts, plans, estimates and information furnished
on application.
We have also made extensive additions to our Plan-
ing Mill, and will continue as heretofore, to manufacu-
ture and keep in stock a full line of Framing and Finish-
ing Lumber, Mouldings, Brackets, Balusters, Pickets,
Laths, etc.

July 17, '82-tf.

Ellaville, Florida.

-- I


IRO1 SES a specialty.
'Several thousand Sweet Seedling Orange Trees, Chero-
kee Roses and Strawberry Plants for sale.
Wilson Albany Strawberry, price per M.................$ 2.00
Address, WM. DALE,
to nov. 27 82. Jacksonville, Florida.

tterntiorl nPo. 1trzy %::ea.
DR. R. BACHMANN'S Vermin Hate; the only relia-
ble antidote to Vermin on Poultry of every description
now extant, viz: Lice on Fowls and Fleas on Dogs; all
other domestic animals are benefitted by its use. This
being an internal remedy to be given mixed with the
food, because all external remedies have been a failure.
It is put up in packages of FIFTY CENTS and ONE DOL-
LAR. Sold at Groceries and Seed Stores. The best of
reference given on application to the proprietor.
Jacksonville, Florida.
Depot with PAINE BROS., 36 Bay Street.
aug. 21 to feb. 21. '83.




A Chance for Small as well as
Large Capitalists.
I AM OFFERING FOR SALE some of the finest young
Orange Groves in Florida, at prices far below their true
value. My reason for these extraordinary offers is that
I wish to concentrate my attention and means upon my
other property.
First.-I offer nine groves of 20 acres each, known as
part of my Hyde Park place, one mile south of Ocala.
These groves are fully set with trees, one-half being
sweet seedlings five years old, and the remainder five
year-old trees with sweet buds. Trees all growing luxu-
riantly. Price, from $150 to $200 per acre, according to
location and size of trees.
Second.-I ofter thirty-two (32) lots-part of same tract
and same location-each containing five acres, upon
which no trees are planted. Price, $500 per lot, and I to
furnish (without extra charge) to the purchaser of each
lot 250 sour trees containing dormant sweet buds.
These lands are desirable for the following considera-
LOCATION.-They are situated one mile south of the
growing town of Ocala, the county site of Marion
QUALITY.-They are of the best quality of marl ham-
mock-high rolling and well watered, and admirably
adapted to the growth of the orange.
HEALTH.-No portion of the State can show a better
record for health.
Railway and the Tropical Railroad pass through these
lands, and each will have depots or flag stations on the
same-thus giving every facility for travel and ship-
ment of freight.
SURROUNDINGS.-The lands adjacent are being rapidly
settled by first-class people, including, among others,
General CIAMBERLAIN and TILLSON, of Maine and
Dr. G. T.'MAXWELL late of Atlanta, but now of 6cala,
Who hawe invested in adjacent lands, and are making
valual~l improvements. The society is as good as can
be found anywhere, and the religious and educational
advantages are unsurpassed. Besides the public schools
in the vicinity, the Ocala High School, a first-class in-
stitution, is sufficiently near to be attended by the chil-
dren of settlers upon tlese lands.
Surmter Coouty Grroves-
I also offer the following lands in Sumter County,
First.- rtyg-acre lot (known as Hacienda Grove),
with eighteen acres in grove of oranges and lemons,
having upon the same a good dwelling house. Of the
trees in this grove, fifty are now bearing, and all will be
bearing in two years. Upon this tract is a nursery of
12,000 budded trees from four to five years old-one-half
orange, and the rest in my celebrated lemons, that
took the premium at the Atlanta Exposition and the
Orange County Fair.
Second.-Watula Grove, containing twenty acres, of
which twelve acres are in orange trees, about two hun-
dred ot which are bearing, and the remainder will be
bearing in two years. There is also upon this tract a
nursery of ten thousand five year-old sour trees budded
with orange and lemon buds.
Third.-Forty acres of unimproved hammock land.
LOCATION.-The above tracts are all beautifully situa-
ted on Panasoffkee Run, one mile from Panasoffkee
Lake, in which is known as the "Tropical Centre,"
where the tenderest tropical plants are never injured by
cold weather. They adjoin the celebrated groves of Rt.
Rev. Bishop John F. Young and A. C. Brown; are upon
a navigable traj and nine miles-from a depot of the
Tropical Ra Te nds in the immediate vicinity
are being ra s#ttt d the best of citizens.
PRICES.- Tract No. 2 $10,000; Tract
No. 3, $5,Otree sufmeint to plant the
whole forty ,
QUALITY- l g- e l'heaboveene=tiouied tracts are
of the best quality of rich marl hamm~iOk high, rolling
and well watered, and, in my opinion; better adapted
than any other lands in the State to the growth of Or-
anges, Lemons, Limesc.andrtOtbe tropical fruits.
For further 1nfdrssation, address
to sept. 18.] Ocala, Marion Co., Florida.

Nurseryman 1 Florist

A full and choice stock of

Flowers, Plants & Trees,

ORAN E ANDLEMONTREES Budded from tried and approved varieties, and
ORANGE AND LEMONTREE on good healthy stocks.
Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, LECONTE PEARS, GRAPES, and a general line of Fruit Trees suitable to
Florida. Address,
Au T oNSIS, reorgetowxz q loxid.a
Aug. 14 to Nov. 6.

Ocean Steamship Company.


The Magnificent New Iron Steamships.sail from Savannah on following dates:
GATE CITY, Friday, September 1st, 9:00 a. m.
CITY OF MACON, Wednesday, September 6th, 1:30 p. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Monday, September 11th, 5:30 p. m.
GATE CITY, Wednesday September 13th, 7:00 p. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Friday, September 15th. 8:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Monday, September 18th, 10:00 a. m.
DESSOUG, Wednesday, September 20th, 12:00 noon.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Friday, September 22d, 2:00 p. m.
TALLAHASSEE, Monday, September 25th, 5:00 p. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Wednesday, September 27th, 6:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Friday, September 29th, 8:00 p. m.
Through Bills of Lading and Tickets over Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western
Railway, and close connections with the new and elegant steamers to Florida.
Freight received every day from 7 a. m. to 6 p. m., at Pier 35, N. R.
H. YONGE, G. M. SORREL, Agent, Savannah, Ga.
Agent of Line, and C. R.R. ofGa,, Office New Pier 35 N. River, N. Y.
W. H. RHETT, General Agent, 317 Broadway, New York.
H. R. CHRISTIAN, GIn'l Soliciting Agent. C. D. OWENS,
12-2m Gen'l Ag't Sav'h, Florida & Western Ry. Co, 315 Broadway. N. Y.


Agent in Orange County for



Orange Groves and Orange Lands on Commission,

june 12-tf

An Orange Grove or Orange Lands, in a healthy, beauti-
ful country,
Entirely Free from Frost,
where you have the finest
of all descriptions, and the best chance to raise early
vegetables, in a new country. Address me with stamp,
at Anclote, Hillsborough County, Florida.
I can sell you five acres, or five thousand acres, as you
to aug 20, '83 M. R,. MAt KS.





Has been during the past season thoroughly tested by many of the first Orange Growers and Gardeners of the
State, and received their endorsement and approval. The material which forms the base of this Fertilizer, cor-
tains potash, lime, phosphoric acid, ammonia and the other essential elements of Plant Food, making a corn
plete Fertilizer. Many who have tried it with Stockbridge, Baker & Bro.'s, and other high-priced Fertilizeis,
say it is equal to them in the same quantity, and has the advantage of being an Insecticide.
This Fertilizer is put up in barrels containing 250 pounds, or 8 barrels to the ton. Price $4 per barrel, $32 )er
All orders with remittance promptly filled and delivered free on board cars or boats.
Gentlemen-I used one-half ton of your Fertilizer, in connection with the same amount of Baker & Bro.'s,
New York, and Bradley's, of Boston, last February, using the same quantity of each on alternate rows through-
out my grove. I find yours gave as good results as the others, which are much higher priced fertilizers-costing
$50.50 per ton for B. & Bro.'s and $51.50 for Bradley's, delivered here. I consider yours equal to either of the
others, and a great saving to the growers. Very respectfully, T. J. TUCKER.
WILCOX, ORANGE COUNTY, FLA., September 12, 1881.
LEESBURG, SUMMER Co., FLA., March 6, 1882.
GOULD & Co.:
Gentlemen-Allow me to express my thanks for the promptitude with which you have directed your
agents at this point (Messrs Spier & Co.,) to deliver to me the premium of one ton of your valuable fertilizer,
so generously offered for the best display of vegetables grown under its fostering care, I having had the honor
to win the said premium.
It was with very small hope of so substantial a reward, that I placed my vegetables among the exhibits
of our first county fair last month; but I wanted our people to know that we have at our own doors, as it
were, a fertilizer and insect destroyer better and cheaper than any of the celebrated Northern brands,
Gould's Fertilizer. kills two birds with one stone," inasmuch as it feeds the plant, and destroys its enemies
at one and the same time. I bave been testing it in the field, garden and orange grove for nearly two years, and
the result has been such that I feel independent of scale, leaf rollers, borers, and the other insect plagues whose
name is legion, while my plants are well fed and vigorous, and exhibit the dark, glossy green of health and
For my part, I ask nothing better than Gould's Fertilizer, and at our next county fair. if I live to see it, I
mean to show yet more of its handiwork.
Yours truly, HELEN HARCOURT.
to aug 27, '82 NO. 6 W. BAY ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

_ _r __ ____I__L*_ _~_ ____ ~ ~____1_~1 ____II_____ _1 __~_ ~ __T_______ ______ ___ ______ __ ____ 1____ __11__1
__ __ ___
I r

--- II ----~ -- -.---. -- -- ----- ~5 ;7.,-7. -. --- I~ 1 II





Jacksonville Wholesale Prices.
Corrected weekly, by JTONES & BOIVEN, Wholesle dand
Retail Grocers, Jacksonville, Fla.
SUGARS-Granulated ......................... .. ..... 10
White Ex. C..................... ......... 9
G olden CL .......................................... 81
Pow dered ............................................. 11
Cut Loaf........................................... 110
COFEE, o-Far....................................... 10
G ood.......................................... 10 .,
Choice .... ..... ................ 11 "
B est ........................................... 12
Java 0. G ......................................... 25
M ocha ............................... ............... 35
P eaberry................................................ 18
Maracaibo....................................... 18
Any of above grades roasted to order
FLOUR-Snow Drop, best................................. 8 00
Oreole, 2d best ...... .......................... 7 50
Pearl, 3d best........... ................. ........ 7 00
Orange Co., No. 1 .............................. 60 75
MEATS-Bacon.......... ................... ............ 1
Hams (Merwin & Sons) ........................ 13
Shoulders........... ........................... 14
IIoMINY-Pearl, per bbl..................................... 575
MEAL--per bbl................................................ 5 75
LARD-Refined in pails.................................. 14'
BUTTER-Very best, kegs (on ice).................... 30 to 32
CHEESE-Full cream ......... ..... ...........
H alf cream ............................ ............ 12
TOBACCO-We have made arrangements direct with
the manufacturers and offer you to-day as fol-

Smoking-"the Boss" Durham /ss
and 4s......... ..........................
"The Boss" Durham 1 lb pkge.........
"Sitting Bull" D. (genuine) ......
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) s..........
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) s,.............
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) 1 lbtpkge..
Plug--"Shell Road" 4 plugs to lb., 30
lb b oxes......................................
"Florida Boys" 5 plugs to Ib., 30 lb
boxes.............. .............................
"Florida Girls"-Bright twist, 14 to
lb., 17 lb boxes..... .................
Cigars--"Long Branch"a very pop-
ular brand, per thousand.........
"Our X," choice cigar, easy smok'r
"Our XX," a very choice smoker....
"Florida Boys," (we areState Agt,)
These are all fresh goods and will compare favora-
bly in price and quality with any goods.
SOAP AND STARCH-Colgate's 8 oz., per box..
Peerless, 8 oz., per box............. .......
Starch, lump, per lb...... ...............
Hops, per lb)................................ ..... 1
Ager's Fresh Yeast Cakes, per doz..........
Grant's 3-Dime Baking Powder, per
doz. lb ................................... .... .........
Town Talk Baking Powder, per doz. lib.
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. Y lb .....
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. 1b......
Florida Sugar and syrups ruling high
for first grades.
POTATOES-Irish, per bbl., new....................... 3 75
CHICKENS, each..................... .............................
EGGs-Per doz................................................
HIDES-Dry Flint Cow Hides, per lb., first class
Country Dry Salted, per lb.................
Butcher Dry Salted, per lbf....................
Damaged Hides................................
Kip and Calf, 81bs. and under................
SKINS-R-aw Deer Skins, per lb....... ..................
Deer Skins Salted, per 1b...... ...............
FUts -Otter, each, (Summrer no value) Win-
ter............................................ ...... 1 5
R accoon, each ........................................
Wild (at, each...............................
Fox, each ...........................................
BEESWAx-per I .........................................
WooL-Free from burs, per fIh....... ...............
Burry, per 11) .........................................
GOAT SKINS- Eaclh per lb...................................

25 00
24 00
26 (X)
45 00

3 50
3 50
2 25
2 25
2 70
1 50

@4 09
)@q}4 00

2 )
171 2-2
llta 15


Real Estate Agents,

Have lands in every county in the Orange Belt, at from
$3 to $100 per acre. Orange groves from $1000 to 100,00).
Government lands in every part of the Orange Belt.
(an guarantee all of our property.
StrawTvb jerry Plants.
We have 200,000 best varieties for s&le low.
Orange Trees.
We have 300,000 trees, all ages, for sale, at from 10 cents
to $2 per tree, as to age.
Sep. 18, tf.

If you have any Books, Magazines, Pamphlets, etc.,
that you want bound, you cannot do better than send
them to the undersigned. They do all kinds of work in
the best style and at Northern prices.
Quotations furnished when desired. Address
Jacksonville, Fla.



XVholesale Dealers in.

Foreign and Domestic Fruits.


Florida Oran ges and Leiinons,

167 South Water St.,



4T' REFERIENCES.--First National Bank, Jacksonville, Florida. Union National Bank, Chicago, Illinois.
sept 4, tf.



Vegetables, Orange Trees

*'-- BY -

CEO. B. FORRESTER, 169 Front St., New York.

Do not Breed Vermin or Insects in the Soil.
They have been used on FLORIDA LANDS for Years, and produce Wonderful Results.
For sale by

Sanford, Orange County, Florida.

~ Send for circular.

(to mar. 3, '83)


In lots to suit in the town of Satsuma, Putnam County,
Florida. Send for circular to N Garden Field, and Flower
ar the iFarm and Garen. nlustmte Oats.
Satsuma, Nashua P. 0., iogue sentfree. JOIInSON STOKES,
ju1e 26-t N Market treetA Uil
"F- I -- -- . (to Jan 9,'83)
Fmorql R as a P manniit m, .....

Address c. TO NEW YORK Bt..U.It' dem o
to oct 23. Jacksonville, Fla. .-
Invaluable patented improvements found in o other
ENGINES in the world. For Pamphlets and Price
List,(also for SAW MILLS), address
TH k ULTMAN & TAYLOR O.. Mansfield, Ohol.
(to Oct 6, '82) __ Via all Rail to Portsmouth, Virginia, and

I have removed my seed store to No. 22 East Bay st.,
next door to postoffice, where I have the largest and
most complete stock of pure and fresh Seeds in the State.
to Dec. 3, '82 Jacksonville, Fla.

As. M. C ./m 1= :E I.JT1.,
15 East I3ay Jacksonville.
Sbranch of Ladden & Bates, Savannah-EXACTLY
SAME PRICES AND TERMS, Sheet Music, Strings
and small instruments of all kinds. Send for cata-
logues, prices and terms. TUNING AND REPAIRING
a specialty. My tuner will make regular tours through
the State, and my customers will thus have my repre-
sentative at their doors, a great advantage to purchasers
of instruments. to sept 26, '82

thence by the elegant steamships of the
old Dominion Line to New York.

Persons leaving Jacksonville by the fast mail on Sun-
day, Monday, Tuesday and Friday, at 9 a. m., arrive at
Portsmouth the following afternoon, making close con-
nection with sieamships, and arrive in New York the
next evening thereafter.
The appointments of this line, and elegant steamship
accommodations, the absence of delays, whether going
or returning, together with the low rate of fare, make it
a most desirable summer excursion route.
For tickets and other information apply to office of
the S., F. & W. Railway, 84 West Bay Street (Astor
building), or the Ticket Office at the Waycross Short
Line passenger station.
Gen. Pass. Agent.
GEO. .W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
to Oct. 2.



___ ~-- .' -' -- ---a--- ,,~ar~-r-uLL~zc~L'~(-'rl-~--~-, -,,,,_-~.,,,,,rlI- ---~l-'-~:~rr --_l.~U

- ----- -- --






I 1T ELr:F V"A.I T"T OFT Ta Sr 1T yst, 1 8 8 2.

Subject to Uniform Classification of Southern Railway & Steamship Association

To Stations on Florida Transit, Peninsula and Tropical Railroads, Tampa, Manatee and To Landings on St. John's River, Palatka, Tocol, St. Augustine, Stations on ant via St. John's
Gulf Coast Points, via Cedar Key. & Lake Eustis Railway, Sanford, Enterprise and points on and via South Florida Railroad, Etc.

I II l I' ) I I ) f | I I I

(By Direct Steamship Only)
Hart's Road........................Florida.
Dutton's..... .......................
T olu .......................... .............
Brandy Branch ....................
Maxville............................. ... .
Highland................ ..............
Temple's......... .....................
Starke........................... "
Waldo............... ........... ........
Gainesville........................... "
Pairbank 's...................."..
Arredondo ............................
Archer ,6
B atton's. ............................... "
Bronson.............................. "
Otter Creek........................ "
Rosewood ........................... '
Cedar Keys.......................... "
Tampa ................................. "
Manat ee................................ "
Santa Fe................................ "
D ix ie................................... ..
Hawthorn ......................... "
Island Grove........................
Orange Lake......................
Sparr' ..... .....................
Anthony Place.................
Silver Springs......................
Lake Weir............................
Wildwood ...........................

c i3 vi

9011 50

1 00 1 65

70 1 25
901 35

1 65





1 00

(By Direct Steamship Only) 00
Mandarin .................................Florida.
Magnolia ..... ............... "
Green Cove Springs............
Picolata ... .......................... 90 80 75605044040 4042745 45 45 90
federall Point............................... "
Orange M ills................................ "
Tocoi ........................ ................... "
Palatka........................... ...... "
St. Augustine ......................... 1 20 1 05 9880 6755575553346562 61 30
San Mateo................................
Buffalo Bluff.......................... ..... "
W elaka ..................................... "
N orw alk ................................ ... .
Fort G ates.................................
Volusia.............. .................... 1 10 95 8570 53255 1 20
A store .............................. ............
Bluffton....................... .........
DeLand Landing.........................
Lake Beresford..........................
Blue Spring................................
Sanford................................... "
Stations on the St. Johns &
Lake Eustis Railway .............. 80
Fo Maso alah 1 45 1 25 1 13 95 77 65 72 70 68 47 80 77 95 1 80
Longeesbuwood etc..............................
Longwo od...................................
Maitland................................. 50 1 251 10 92 75 63 68 65 70 50 80 75 1 001 85
O rlando .......................................
Kissimmee City......................... 60 15 1 20 987965 72677554 85 15 220
i i L

Special Rates on Hay, Hoop-Iron, Empty Barrels, Moss, and Salt, furnished on application.

*T ro gh Bills Ladinag guaaranteeing Rates to Destin.atiQga
I-rorplot adjustrment of all just Claixns.
1V-ZEarlm and cooonsigna Freielght "-via S-, V. dS "t 777. ZRallray:-"

Al&For further information, call on or address

H1. YOlNGE, Jr.,
Agent Ocean Steamship Company,
Pier 35 North River, New York.

General Agent S., F, & W. R'y,.
a15 Broadway, New York.

qfene ral Freight Agent,
Savannah, Ga.

- ------ -"--- --- ~~-/ ---21.---- .. ----~ I- -- ~rp~l I -. --. -






The steamships of this company are appointed to
and from SAVANNAH for BALTIMORE, as follows:
Friday, September 15th, at 8:30 a. m.
Tuesday, September 19th, at 11 a. m.
Friday, September 22d, at 2 p. m.
Tuesday, September 26th, at 4 p. m.
Friday, September 29tih, at 9 a. m.
Tuesday, October 3d, at 11 a. m.
Friday, October 6th, at 2 p. m.
Tuesday, October 10th, at 4 p. m.
Friday, October 13th, at 8 a. m.
Tuesday, October 17th, a 10 a. m.
Friday, October 20th, at 1 p. m.
Tuesday, October 24, at 4 p. m.
Friday, October 27th, at 8 a. m.
Tuesday, October 31, at 12 nm.
The steamers are first-class in every respect, and every
attention will be given to passengers.
CABIN FARE from Savannah to Baltimore, $15,
Including Meals and Stateroom.
For the accommodation of the Georgia and Florida
this company has arranged a special schedule, thereby
perishable freight is transported to the principal
points in the WEST and SOUTHWEST by rail from
By this route shippers are assured that their goods
will receive careful handling and quick dispatch.
Rates of freight by this route will be found in another
JAS. B. WEST & CO., Agents.


ON AND AFTER SUNDAY, JUNE 4th, 1882, Passen-
Sger Trains will run over the Waycross Short Line
as follows;
as follows;Fast Mail. Jack'lle Ex.
Daily. Daily.
Leave Jacksonville at.................. 9:00 a. m. 5:35 p. m.
Arrive Callahan at..................... 9:00 p. m. ...........
Leave Callahan at.......................... 9:45 a. m. 6:45 p. m.
Arrive Waycross at......................11:45 a. m. 9:15 p. m.
Arrive Jesup at.............................. 1:32 p. m. 11:25 p. m.
Arrive at Brunswick at............... 6:10 p. m. 8:20 a. m.
Arrive Savannah at................... 3:35 p.m. 2:30 a. m.
Arrive Charleston at ..................... 9:30 p. m. 8:45 a. m.
Arrive at Augusta at.................... 5:20 a. m. 2:30 p. m.
Arrive Macon at....................................... 7:00 a. m.
Arrive Atlanta at........................... 3:40 a. m. 12:50 p. m.
Arrive Louisville at..................................... 8:00 a. m.
Arrive Cincinnati at................................... 7:00 a. m.
Arrive Washington at.................. 9:40 p. m. 7:40 a. m.
Arrive Baltimore at.....................11:45 p. m. 9:15 a. m.
Arrive New York (limited express)......... 3:50 p. inm,
Arrive New York P. R. R............. 6:50 a. m. 5:20 p. m.
Arrive St. Louis at...... ............................... 7:00 p m.
Arrive Chicago at.......................... ...... ... 7:00 p. m,
Fast mail arrives at Jacksonville daily at...... 6:10 p. m.
Jacksonville express arrives at Jacksonville
daily at ...................................... 8:10 a. "m.
To Savannah.................... ........................ 6:40 hours
To New York............................................ 45:45 hours'
To W ashington.. ............................................ 36:30 hours
To Chicago ........................................... .. ... 49:00 hours*
To St. Louis................ ................................ 49:00 hours*
lDaily Jacksonville to Charleston.
l.1)aily Jacksonville to Cincinnati.
Sleeping car from Jacksonville to Savannah (5:35 p.
m. trains) Tuesdays and Fridays.
A Restaurant and Lunch Counter has been estab-
lished at Waycross, where passengers will be bounti-
fully furnished at moderate rates.
The morning train from JacKsonville to Savannah,
connects daily with through Pullman sleeper for New
Only one change of cars to New York.
Passengers going to Montgomery and New Orleans
take the evening train.
Passengers from line of Transit Railroad take the
train at Callahan.
Passengers from line of Jacksonville, Pensacola and

Mobile Railroad either take train at Live Oak, leaving
2 p. m. and arriving at Savannah at 2:30 a. m., or train
atJacksonville, leaving at 9 a. m. and arriving at Sa-
vannah at 3:35 p. m.
Connecting at Savannah with steamers for New York,
Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore.
Connecting at Charleston with steamers for New
York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail and Steam-
ship connections, and Baggage checked through. Also
Sleeping Car berths and sections secured at Company's
Office in Astor's Building, 84 Bay street, at Depot Ticket
Office. JAS. L. TAYLOR,
Gen'l Freight and Pass. Ag't.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent. [*]


Oldest Established Bank in East Florida.
Organized in 1870 by Mr. D. G. Ambler, and
S Generally Known as
Deposits received, Discounts made and Exchange
Bought and Sold on MOST FAVORABLE TERMS.,
Collections made and Proceeds promptly remitted.
Correspondents-Importers & Traders National Bank,
New York; Merchants National Bank, Savannah, Ga.
Resident correspondents of Brown Bros. & Co., Drexel,
Morgan & Co., Jas. G. King's Sons, Kountze Bros., New
York and other prominent Bankers issuing Letters of
Credit. apr 10-tf

20 FORTY-ACRE TRACTS only 12 miles from Jack-
sonville; extra good land, well located, between river
and J., St. A. and H. R. R. R. Price, $10 per acre. Will
sell on monthly payments of $12.50. These lands will in-
crease in value, being located in an already prosperous
town, making a paying investment at small outlay.
Maps can be seen at No. 41 East Bay Street.
to nov 21, '82. GEO. R. REYNOLDS.
Jacksonville, Fla.




Window, Picture and Carriage Glass.

Sand and Einery Papers, ce.
3000, 1FIREt TEST.
Johnson's Prepared Kalsomine. Wads-
worth, Martinez and Longman's
Prepared Paints.
Ne. 40 West Bay St., Sign of Big Barrel
to mar 25,'83 JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

3"70M(SOa1E1 SA i |
Fine Nunan Strawberry Plants. The best known
variety for shipment.
100 Plants.............. ......................... ......... $ .75
500 Plants...................................................... 2.00
1000 Plants..... ......... .......................... .......... 3.00
Terms cash delivered at Express Office or Railroad,
Charleston. Address,
112 Broad Stfeet,
to Oct. 7-P. CHARLESTON, S. C.


Arcritects ff CGivi Eni ners

Plans Specifications and Estimates for Buildings of
all kinds. Water Supply, Drainage, Sewerage, Bridges
Roofs, Etc. P. O. Box 754. Room No. 12 Palmetto Block,
Bay Street. to Feb. 7, 83

Are manufactured right in our establishment in the
best manner and at the shortest notice.
AGT-Send in your orders.
May 1-tf

Sand Coloring Stores, Factories, Mills, Dwellings,
Churches, Barns, or for any purpose where whitewash
or calsomine is used; is easily applied; keeps clean
longer than lime ; will not crack, peel or rub off; does
better work than lime; its sanitary qualities are excel-
lent. Packed in barrels, half-barrels and kegs. Send
for circulars. Ilazlettf & IFoster,
sept 11 tf 132 W. Pratt-st., Baltimore.


nia~R ~GlP -lAi AGENCY
Has closed till NOVEMBER. Present address,
may 12, '83. :Rolhester, N'. Y.

(Sent by mail, postage free, on receipt of price)
In Book IForm, Containing 12
Vie ws Each.
Souvenir of Florida, (small size).......................25c.
Scenes and Characters of the Sunny South, (small
size)... ....... ....... ..... ... ................25c.
Souvenir of Jacksonville,( large size)..................50c.
Souvenir of St. Augustine,(large size)...............50c.
Stereoscopic Views, pep Doz. $1.50.

ST. .1- K HOTEL,



to April 23, '83

.SuwDaw rr Plants For Sal! I
200,000 Choice puie Beatty's stock........$4.00 per Thousand
100,000 Pure Nunan's............................. 6.00 per Thousand
50,000 Pure Crescent Seedlings............ 6.00 per Thousand
Terms: Cash with-order.
Address. WV. E. SCUTLILE ,
to nov 3, '82. Jacksonville, Florida.

A partner with a capital of THEE THOUSAND DOLLARS
cash, to start an Orange Nursery. The trees to be grafted
the whole year by artificial means (a process not known
in Florida). The trees will have a head of three to'five
feet in two years; will propagate one hundred thousand
yearly, with the above amount.
P. S.-No one need apply without the capital. Would
prefer a partner who has already trees of the finest
varieties. Apply to
II' ORTUlS," Box 1036,
to sept. 20. Jacksonville P. O., Fla.



Laces, Worsteds,

67 West Bay Street, Corner Laura,
to feb 20, '83
--- ^ - -

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in

H rllrwro, stoUes, Doorsbl,Bl B s
Sugar Mills, Rubber and Leather Belting,
Steam 4 Gas-Fitting, Plumbing Tinsmithing,

Agricultural Implements of all Kinds,
4w Send for Price List and Catalogue, ija
to June 11 '83


_ __ ---- -


President and Business Manager.

Secretary and Superintendent.


viaT .. "" I L TT E E ~ : SEI ES,
Lake George, Florida.
A FULL LINE OF FRUIT TREES adapted to this climate, including Japan Persimmons, Japan Plums
Peaches, Figs, Grapes, LeConte Pears; and over one hundred varieties of the Citrus.
Catalogue free, to apr 17, '83


LTo. 7 larlrk Street, I3:Ia..,

Commission Merchant for the Sale of

REFERENCE.-Hibernian Banking Association, Chicago.
Correspondence solicited. No. 1 packing only solicited, to sept 20 '82.





60c. PER




First -i-zt d.s onl Finzest Q'Lsility"

Best Butter in Tubs at 30 to 31 Cents per Pound,

No.^ West Bay Street, Jae 0nville, Florida.
To sept 27, '82

Ocean Steamship Company of Savannah.

Savannah and Philadelphia.
be received for passage by the Company's Ships to New York. Tickets sold by all Agents to New York via Phil-
Philadelphia steamers for September are appointed to sail as follows:
CITY OF SAVANNAH, September 2d, at 10:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, September 9th, at 4:00 p. m.
RAPIDAN, September 16th, at 8:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, September 23d, at 2:00 p. m.
RAPIDAN, September 30th, at 8:00 a. m.
4G-The Rapidan does not not carry passengers.
Days and hours subject to change, without notice. Both ships have elegant passenger accommodations.
44-tf Agent, 13 S. Third St., Philadelphia. Agents at Savannah.







1879. | 1870.

Crockery, China; (lass and Earthenware.
We have the largest and most complete stock in the State. All the Latest Novelties in Majolica and Fancy
Goods, Vases, Motto Cups and Saucers, etc. Decorated Tea, Dinner and Chamber Sets in a large Variety. Lamps
and Chandeliers, Fancy Vase Lamps in Majolica, Faience, Kito, Porcelain and other Wares. Wood and Willow,
Stone and Tinware. The American, Crown and Peerless Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers, Filters, etc.

Monitor Oil Stoves and Little Joker Oil Cans.
THE BEST IN THE WORLD. Send for Price Lists.
The best and only absolutely safe Oil Stove in the World. It is Economical, Ornamental, Convenient, Dura-
ble, Compact and Cheap. Its fuel is Coal Oil. No Dust! No Ashes! No Smoke! No Trouble! Testimonials
from those using the Stoves given on application.
Fruit Jars and Jelly Tumblers, Wine Bottles, Flasks, etc. Special inducements to the trade.
Merchants, Hotels, Boarding Houses and Bars will find it greatly to their advantage to give us a trial. Send
for list of assorted packages.
to July 5, '83. (Mention this paper)

Hostonl n SDYIIInnII stolnmshin IlO

Hickory Bluff, 46 acres, 18 acres Hammock, cleared and
enclosed with Picket fence. 200 thrifty young Orange
trees growing on the place. Bold bluff riverfront of over
a qurr aq o mile, and steamer channel close in shore,
and over five miles of water protection to the northwest giv-
ing perfect security against frost. Nine miles below Jack-
sonville, and one mile from New Berlin. Can come to
city every morning on mail steamer and return in the
afternoon. A choice place for orange growing and truck
farming. Price, $2,500.
Also, two desirable city lots 58x209 feet, and one 70x156
feet covered with thrifty orange trees- 6 years old half
mile from business center. Good neighborhood (all
white). Price of first, $600each. Price ofsecond, a corner,
very handsome, $800. Apply to
No. 1 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE.
State that you saw this in TIIE DISPATCH.
July 3, tf


Transhipment and extra handling saved. No danger
of fruit being frozen. Cars are unloaded at the steam-
ship wharf in Savannah, avoiding drayage.
Seminole, Thursday, July 27th, at 4 p. m.
--- Thursday, August 3d, at 10:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 10th, at 4:50 p. m.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 17th, at 9:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 24th, at 3:00 p. in.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 31st, at 9:00 a. m.
44-tf Savannah, Ga.

Merchants' Line,



FREDERICK DE BARY, Capt. Leo. Vogel.
H. B. PLANT, Capt. J. W. Fitzgerald.
ANITA, Capt. C. H. Brock.
One of the above-named steamers will leave De Bary
Wharf, foot of Laura Street, daily except Sunday, at 3
all intermediate landings.
ROSA, Capt. J. L. Amazeen.
GEO. M. BIRD, Capt. G. J. Mercier.
Steamer ROSA leaves De Bary Wharf every Sunday
at 1 p. m., and every Wednesday at 5 p. m. for above-
named landinsrs.
Steamer GEi. M. BIRD leaves De Bary Wharf every
Tuesday and Friday at 5 p. m. for same landings.
Connects at Palatka with Florida Southern Railroad
for Gainesville and Ocala.
Connects at Astor with St. John's and Lake Eustis
Railroad for Ft. Mason, Yalaha, Leesburg and all points
on the Upper Ocklawaha.
Connects at Volusia with coaches for Ormond and
Connects at Sanford with South Florida Railroad for
Longwood, Maitland, Apopka City, Altemonte, Orlando,
Kissimmee, and with steamers for* Lake Jessup, Salt
Lake and Rock Ledge and Indian River.
Connects at Enterprise with coaches for Daytona and
New Smyrna.
Returning, Mail Steamers leave Enterprise every
morning at 7 a. m., and Sanford on arrival of train.
Steamer Geo. M. Bird will leave Enterprise every
Thursday and Sunday at 5 a. mn.
Steamer Rosa leaves Enterprise exery Friday at 5 p. m.
GThrough bills of lading given to all points.
The steamers of this line are all first-class in every
For further information, apply at General Ticket
Office, corner Bay and Laura Streets, Leve & Alden,
corner Bay and Ocean Streets, or on board.

Several thousand Nunan Variety. Also, Crescent
Seedling, price $1.00 per 1,000, packed and shipped in
good condition. Money must acompauy each order.
Address, MRS. A. BEA~TTY,

o.R s.A... iE. +


The agent of the "Royal Mail Line to the Nether-
lands,' and of the "Florio Italian Line," in Jackson-
ville, offers his services to reliable parties in search oj
competent labor for their
Groves or Gardens,
to try to induce people from
Northerl'n i l so uthlierin i Europe
tb onme to Florida,
i9.-Correspondence solicited,
Care Florida Land and Imp't Co.,
sept 4, '82, tf. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

A Fine Imported Jersey lied hoar, four
months old; "and an Alderney IDull, seven
months old.
Stock guruteed. For prices and further information,
sept. 4, tf. Battonville, Florida.

I will pay 22 cents per pound for pure, bright beeswax
in lots of of 20 pounds each, or upwards. Five hundred
pounds wanted. Address

toOf;3'82 -

New Smyrna, Fla.


"The most effective, simple and economical Hive yet
invented. All bee-keepers in Florida should take hold
of it. The agent is here, and you can buy rights for $5.
Address Z. G. HEGE, Agent,
to Oct. 3-p. Jacksonville, Fla.

Pitman's Phonography
thoroughly and successfully taught through the mail by
a practical short-hand writer. It is so simple as to be
easily learned by any one of ordinary ability in a very
short time, and the public benefits to be derived from
it are entirely incalculable. Especially adapted to tak-
ing notes at lectures and every variety of verbatim re-
porting at a speed of 150 to 200 words per minute; com-
manding a salary of from $40 to $175 per month. Tui-
tion, including book, $12; also, for $1.00 will be mailed
a system of acquiring proficiency in penmanship with-
out an instructor. The trade supplied with books of
instruction at publisher's prices. Circulars on applica-
Sept. 4 & 18, Oct. 2 & 16, Hawkinsville, Ga.

40 Hours from New York City : 108 miles from Savannah.
Here we can plant and gather some crops every month
in the year; good water, plenty of grass in the woods for
sheep, cattle and hogs all the year round; very profita-
ble to the owner Farms of 40 acres each at $1 to $3 per
acre; lumber, $1 per hundred feet, delivered at depot;
shingles, $4 per 1,000; will build a house with 4 rooms, 6
windows, cement flue for chimney, well dug and curbed,
for $150, on easy terms. Labor of all kinds needed at fair
wages; board at Mrs. Bainbridge's, from $15 to $20 per
We need farmers, truckers, stock and fruit growers.
One bushel crate of vegetables delivered in New York
City for 50 cents; per barrel, $1, and with quick dispatch.
A number of Northern and Western families now here
are doing well: no stones, no underbrush, no winter,
climate delightful and perfectly healthy all the year
round. Land is not cleared, but near depot; some cleared
land from $5 to $10 per acre. All kinds of grain, vegeta-
bles, berries, fruit and stock, do well. Our farmers are
out of debt, some lend money.
Any number of acres, for colonizing or grazing, at $1 to
$3 per acre; 40 acres, with house complete, for $250; EASY
Call and see for yourself, or address
.June 19-tf


Locksmis ang Stncil oIttrs,
funsmithing done in all its branches.
Special rates on Stencil Cutting, by mail. Address,
to June 12'83, (P. O. Bqx 833.)


General Stock of Select Seeds for Gardeners.

The Cabbage Seed Crop of '92 is alzmost'a, complete
failure 2Nortkh, 1b2t. I av secur r pounds
eachl, of stuchL select atr ieties at, are a lacess in. our
climate. I h -ve a stook o f Cabbage Fertilizers,
Bonxe IVCeal, Cotton= Seed. VCeal, Etc.

tojan 6, '83 Jacksoi ll1e T"iF
_._.._. ......-__ . ..-. -



Soutlier Psruit and reit&
3,b6 and 3S North Delaware A7-wenue, Philadelphia.
to Jan 6, '83
..e.~ ........... ..... ....... .. .' .. :: .. ,'--






NEWSDEAIRS.--W Ill the latest Daily and Weekly Papers from Boston, New York, Philadelphia
Baltimore, Chidgo, St. Lod isville, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Charleston, Savannah and Jacksonville, and
take subscriptions to all publicatons at publication price. Orders by mail promptly attended to.
FLORIDA: FOR TOURISTS, INVALIDS AND SETTLERS (Barbour, Profusely Illustrated)...............Price $1 50
FLORIDA: ITS SCENERY, CLIMATE AND HISTORY (Lanier)................................................ ..........Price 1 50
GUIDE TO EAST FLORIDA (Edwards), paper........... ...................... .. .............................Price 10
FAIRBANKS' HISTORY OF FLORIDA.....................................................................................................Price 2 50
GU IDE TO JA CK SON V ILLE ...............................................................................................................................Price 25
TOURISTS AND INVALIDS REFERENCE BOOK OF WINTER TRAVEL........................................Price 75
SOUTH FLORIDA, THE ITALY OF AMERICA..................................................................................... Price 25
DAVIS' ORANGE CULTURE (new edition)enlarged and improved..........................................................Price 50
MOORE'S ORANGE CULTURE (new edition, enlarged and improved)........................................................Price 1 00
ORANGE INSECTS-Illustrated (Ashm ead, ....................................................................................................Price 1 00
ORANGE CULTURE IN CALIFORNIA, by A. T. Garey, (cloth)............................................................Price 1 25
A MANUAL OF GARDENING IN FLORIDA (Whitner).............................................................................Price 50
COLTON 'S M AP OF FLORIDA .......................................................................................................... .....Price 75
COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA (Sectional-the best)..................................................................................Price 1 25
NEW AND ACCURATE MAP OF ST. JOHN'S RIVER..............................................................................Price 25
McCLELLAN'S NEW DIGEST OF LAWS OF FLORIDA, (8vo sheep postage extra)............................... Price 6 00
INDEX TO THE DECISIONS OF THE SUPREME COURT OF FLORIDA.....................................................Price 3 00
Its Climate, Soil, and Productions, (By Samuel C. Upham).............................................................Paper .25
Any of the above books mailed on receipt of price.
O A G R A .................................................................................. 10x 14c.; 11x 17c.; 12x12,20c.
W A RRA N TY DEEDS, per dozen.........................................................................................................................Price 50
QUITDCLA IM DEEDS, per dozen........................................................................................................................ Price 50
M OR TG A G E S, per dozen ......................................................................................................................................Price 50
NOTARIAL SEAL PRESSES, made to order.............................................................................................Price $5 00
We publish a full line of Law Blanks for Lawyers and Justices of the Peace. Pric!t st mailed on application.
Special prices to large, buyers. Adddress

14 c. pr
14 c. pr rm.


[Full count-480 sheets to the ream.]

17 c. pr rm.

Special Prices to Large Buyers.

19 c. pr n.

Remit by check, money-order or registered letter, and in ordering, give shipping directions.

Ashmead Brothers,

sep 1 1 ..JAC SO VILE FLA.


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sept 11 tf