Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/NF00000068/00025
 Material Information
Title: Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Ashmead Bros.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 11, 1882
Publication Date: 1869-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (1869)-n.s. v. 9, no. 4 (Jan. 21, 1889).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of North Florida
Holding Location: University of North Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0497
oclc - 08331006
System ID: NF00000068:00025
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch, farmer & fruit grower; farmers alliance

Full Text

whvotid to ts dv Aricuhtural, 1fanufacturinq alld Industrial tnterists j Idhirida and thk $outh.

Vol. 1.--No. 25. New Seri
Monday, September 11, 1882.

Lawn Grasses.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:

Enquiries are often made in THE DISPATCH
and other Florida papers for a grass to hide
neatly and permanently the glaring sand near
our dwellings. /Immigrants from the North
fondly recall the velvet turf that surrounded
their former homes like a soft carpet, and poets
have sung the beauties of the "smooth shaven
lawn." It is true that various sorts of native
grasses grow here abundantly in summer, but
most of them are of too coarse and stubborn a
nature to be coaxed into shape, and during the
.cooler months die out, leaving the ground bare.
The blanket grass alluded to by a late corres-
pondent resembles a dwarf crab grass, and does
,make a good turf in the hot season, but some-
thing is wanted to cover the naked ground with
perennial verdure. The Bermuda would serve
our purpose well, were it not for its propensity
to spread into undesirable places, and its dif-
ficulty of eradication. I recollect an old gen-
tleman who had a patch of it a few feet square
at his door step in lieu of a mat, but complain-
ed that a good part of his leisure hours were
spent in keeping it from straying, and the edges
clipped. In moist places by the wayside, and
around stables, a sod of diminutive clover is
often seen, the seeds of which probably dropped
from Northern hay, but its strangely dwarfed
-habit proclaims it to be a curious exotic rather
than an addition to our resources.
SThere is a native grass, however-I send a
sIecimen for name-which makes a thick sward
on either dry or wet lands ; overgrows other
grasses, and keeps them under, is easily eradi-
cated, and, being shallow rooted, does not crowd
or injure trees and shrubbery like most of the
graminaceous plants. Its value is beginning to
be appreciated in the formation of lawns at
many places on the lower St. John's, and at

es.--Published by ASHMEAD BROTHERS, Jacksonville, Fla.

Price 5 cents.
a I

$1.00 per Year, in advance; postage free.

St. Augustine. I have seen very arid soils ones to set. I never set wild, fractious-natured
planted with it in squares similar to hills of hens. They are restless and impatientltnd apt
corn. From these centers,when established, run- to break their eggs; and after hatching they
ners radiate like the spokes of a wheel, filling, trample the chicks, and do not like to brood
in a short time, the intervening spaces. At this them. They are a sort of "women's-rights"
stage the effect is pretty, the snowy sand spang- hen, and the cares of a family they are not fitted
led with emerald stars! Roots strike readily at for. I choose those hens for mothers that I can
the joints, therefore, it is most conveniently in- move from one nest to another, take them off
creased by division. The blades are somewhat the nest or put them on, or "tote" them around
broader than those of the grasses usually seen
in Northern lawns, and blunt at the point, but on my arm for half an hour at a time without
yielding and elastic to the tread. A sod once their ruffling a feather at me. The Brahma is
formed should be often clipped to render it one of this class ; but they are too heavy and
thick and soft, and an occasional dressing ofsome clumsy to run with young broods. A cross of
good fertilizer will keep it fresh and luxuriant. Brahma and some smaller breed makes usually
Manure in solution has a wonderfully vivifying admirable fowls.
effect upon herbage, as may be seen by the ex- a rable
uberant growth, at any farm house, in places If the weather is warm chicks will do well,
where soapy water from the washtub is thrown, if taken from the hen in two or three weeks.
A handsome lawn cannot anywhere be had They are but very little more care, and the hens
without some care and painstaking. In thek t i i .
older States wealthy people sometimes ungrudg- can go to the business of laying eggs. If
ingly expend hundreds of dollars in preparing, 1 set pullets, they usually wean their brood in
and bringing to the acme of perfection a stretch three weeks; and then, by a little attention,
of smooth and springy turf. In public parks you can have the flock tame in a few days. This
the oft-occurring warning "keep off the grass," is a great point where chickens run at large, for
shows there is a limit to the amount of tramp- if a heavy, drowning shower is seen approach-
ling and rough usage it will bear. In the yield-. ing, you can gather the tender little things into
ing sands of Florida it will be necessary to a basket and carry them under cover, and by
rigorously exclude swine from our lawn, and so doing you may save some who would have
allow fowls to scratch only in moderation, but been drowned if the hen had been with them.
the occasional browsing of other stock will be Curd is an excellent thing to feed the chick,
an advantage rather than a detriment. These for it is healthy and they will eat it with rapid-
observations are written for the benefit of whom ity.-Cor. Western Rural.
they may concern. Many of the old residents .
keep the ground immediately about their houses "Tropical Fruit Trees and Plants."
clean with hoe and rake, from an idea that grass
tafirds shelter for bugs and mosquitoes, and Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
generates unwholesome exhalations as portions In your last issue (No. 24.), in Bidwell's list
of it decay. Whether they are right in* this of plants, &c., there is a name given as"Persea
prejudice, the reader must judge for himself.
prejuicH, the reader t judge Gratissima"-Avocado Pear. In the same arti-
---- cle, your Tampa correspondent refers to it as
'Tame Your Chicks. Alligator Pear.
There is quite as much difference in the 'In the tropics, i. e. Central and South Amer-
disposition of hens as there is in people. Some ica and Spanish speaking portions of America,
will squall and "jaw" in hen language, if you it is the Aguacate, pronounced Ah-wah-ka-te.
look into the nest ; others seem to enjoy being Why not give it the proper name in Florida as
noticed and petted. These latter hens are the well as other Spanish names? F.

, ~g


__IY-[ 7--

Eat Your Breakfast First.
Dr. Hall is authority for the following
thoughts upon breakfasting before much exer-
cise in the open air, particularly in districts
where fever and ague are abundant: Break-
tast should be eaten in the morning before
leaving the house for exercise or labor of any
description; those who do it will be able to
perform more Work anid with greater alacrity
than those who work an hour or two before
breakfast. Beside this, the average duration
of life of those who take breakfast before ex-
ercise or work will be a number of years
greater than those who do otherwise. Most
persons begin to feel weak after having been
engaged five or six hours in their ordinary
avocations; a good meal revigorates; but from
the last meal of the day until the next morning
there is an interval of some twelve hours;
hence the body in a sense is weak, and in pro-
portion cannot resist deleterious agencies,
whether of the fierce cold of mid-winter or of
the poisonous miasm which rests upon the sur-
face of the earth wherever the sun shines on a
blade of vegetation or a heap of offal. This
miasm is more solid, more concentrated, and
hence more malignant, about sunrise and sun-
set than any other hour of the twenty-four, be-
cause thecold of the riight condenses it, and it
is on the first few inches above the soil in its
most solid form; but as the sun rises, it warms
and expands and ascends to a point high
enough to be breathed, and being taken into the
lungs and swallowed with the saliva into the
stomach, all weak and empty as it is, it is
greedily drunk in, thrown immediately into
the circulation of the blood, and carried to
every part of the body, depositing its poison-
ous influence at the very fountain-head of life.
If early breakfast were taken in regions where
chills and fever and ague prevail, and if, in
addition, a brisk fire were kindled in the fami-
ly room for an hour, including sunrise and
sunset, these troublesome maladies would
diminish in any one year, not ten-fold, but a
thousand-fold, because the heat of the fire
would rarefy the miasmatic air instantly and
send it above the breathing point. But it is
"troublesome" to be building fires night and
morning all summer; it being no "trouble," re-
quiring no effort, to shiver and shake by the
hour, weeks and months together.

The Day is Done.

"And the night shall be filled with music,
And the cares that infest the day
Shall fold their tents like the Arabs
And as silently steal away."
Everybody stopped to look at it, the fair
peaceful picture in its handsome sitting among
the other precious things in the jeweler's win-
dow, and all felt the lovely influence of the
mellow, golden sky, flushed with the warm
kisses of the departed sun, the amethyst shad-
ows creeping over the picturesque farm house
and the shadow-blended figures of the tired
harvesters trudging homeward from the field
of stacked grain; people stopped on the pave-
ment still hot and dusty from the day's traffic
and felt a sudden thirsty longing for the quiet

of that pastoral scene, the broad, cool meadow-
land, the lush fragrance of red clover, the
warm, milky breath of the lowing cow, and as
they looked for the name and title of the pic-
ture, wondered if it were some dream-sketch of
the artist's brain or an equally remote poem of'
the Flemish past, and all they saw was this:
"The day is done," and tears rose forbidden at
the pathos of the pictures the artist had given
them, for this one on canvass was only one of
"The day is done and the darkness
Falls from the wings of night,
As a feather is wafted downward
From an eagle in his flight."
The day is done. The tired laborer trudges
home, free from the burdens of toil until the
morrow; he is hard-handed and grimy-faced,
yet in his heart he is making pictures; he sees
his little chubby brood run to meet him. Sup-
per is ready; they have nice sweet stories to
tell him; little gossipping details of their daily
life that interest and amuse him ; he will smoke
after supper and hold the least one of the flock
on his knee, while he talks with his neighbor
on the affairs of government, the laws that local
politicians have made; the shortcomings of leg-
islators, and his boy, who studies political
economy at school, will sit by him and listen
while e thinks "father" a greater man than
his teacher, and this is one of the series of pic-
tures not painted on canvass.
Here is another:
In a little white bed under the roof sleeps
the household pet-
"A violet by a mossy stone,
Half hidden from the eye,
Fair as a star, when only one
Is shining in the sky."
The soft, dimpled limbs are still, composed
in the beauty-sleep of early evening; the ripe
redness of the dewy lips provoke a kiss; the
darling sighs, a faint, tremulous sigh, like a
flower complaining of too much sweetness, for
baby is tired-
"Tired of play Tired of play !
What hast thou done this livelong day ?"
A sick man is tossing on his weary couch;
all day he cries: "Would God it were night,"
and all night complains, "Would God it were
day." Now, like the singer, he asks :
"Come read to me some poem,
Some simple and heartfelt lay
That shall soothe this restless feeling
And banish the thoughts of day."
The angel of peace is reading to him a poem
from the book of life, and as he listens, all
sounds of sorrow cease from out the rhyme;
he hears only the music of running brooks, the

song of birds, the babble of childish fancies,
and through his pain and weariness he dis-
cerns the sweetness of familiar tones long
hushed, and the pulse of pain is forever stilled,
as his soul floats away with the music.
"Such songs have the power to quiet
The restless pulse of care,
And come like the benediction
That follows after prayer."
And this picture, too, can be catalogued,
"The day is done."
There is yet another on a darker canvas.
Tall marble, shafts rise dumbly in the still hour ;
daisies bloom in white forgetfulness on un-
marked graves; peace broods like a fair
winged dove over the peopled solitude; here

rest side by side the lover and the loved one,
the toiler and the poet.
"Who through long days of labor
And nights devoid of ease,
Still heard in his soul the music
Of wonderful melodies."
For them all the day is done; life's little
day of disappointment, of too sweet love, of too
brief pleasure. The day is done and they lie
at rest, unsmiling, with the blue of earth and
the sapphire of heaven enwrapping them in
tender repose, and to this picture the poet's
words bring their fullest significance-
"The day is done and the darkness
Falls from the wings of night."
-Detroit Free Prees.
"The Electric Egg-Beater."

"I have a little invention I should like to
show you," said an old fellow, ambling into the
managing editor's room, carrying a good sized
"See you later," said the editor; "call again
when I'm not so busy."
"But you fellows are always busy," said the
old fellow, commencing to unroll his bundle,
"and you might as well look at my invention
now as any other time."
"Couldn't think of it," said the editor ; "you
have struck the liveliest part of the day. Step
in again about half-past six, or make it later,
I cannot attend to you now," and the editor's
pen fairly flew over the paper.
"You see, I'm not stayingin your town many
days," said the old fellow, "and it's now or
never, if you wish to inspect- "
"Make it never !" said the editor.
"No," said the old fellow, tugging at a cord
about the bundle; "I appreciate the influence
of your paper too highly to miss the chance of
advertising my invention through its pages,
and thus benefiting a much larger public than
I could reach in any- "
"Come, let up!" said the editor. "Can't you
see that I'm too busy to think about you or
your invention this morning ?"
"But you will regret it for life if you don't
take a look at it," said the old fellow. "And
when I become famous you will reproach me
for not insisting upon your giving me a lift at
the start. You see, my machine is something
that must eventually come in use in every
household. I know if your wife could see it
she would insist upon your purchasing one and
giving it a good notice in the bargain. I call
it the self-acting electric egg-beater. First you
screw it to the table like---- "
"Here, don't spoil the furniture," said the

"Not in the least," said the old fellow, "You
see, there are pads on the face of the clamps,
and, by touching the spring we set the machine
in motion."
"Don't touch it," shouted the editor, pushing
back his chair; but it was too late, and a long
heavy bar attached to the machine began to
whirl around, upsetting the ink and scattering
the manuscript in all directions.
"Well, that's odd," said the old fellow,
"There must be something out of order; You
see, this bar beats the eggs, and it should have
a different motion. The spring underneath
here sets the motive power- "
"Will you take that infernal machine away,
or shall I call in the police ?" shouted the edi-
"That is very strange," said the old fellow,
as the bar whirled around and caught him just


below the eye. "I'll just try this spring at the
right, and perhaps we shall get a different ef-
"Leave Git !" shouted the editor.
"That must be attended to," said the old fel-
low, as the bar hit the desk a tremendous
thump, splitting it from end to end. "Now you
see the action of the laws of gravitation."
* "I'll teach you something about laws," shout-
ed the editor, springing forward and walking
the inventor to the head of the stairs "Spanish
fashion," and giving him a persuader that land-
ed the old fellow in a confused heap on the bot-
tom stair.
"You-you'll regret this-when I-I become
fa-famous," groaned the old man, gathering
himself together and looking up at the editor.
"I-I have another in-invention-" But, just
here the cashier got in his work, and the old
fellow was landed out of harm's way, on the
sidewalk, just as his patent egg-beater sailed
through the window and fell a wreck by his
side.-Brooklyn Eagle.

The Dignity of Farm Life.
No employment of a mere earthly character
is so enobling as that of the farmer. Nothing
that he touches but requires mind, culture and
capital; muscle is important, but it is the
cheapest article ever used on a farm.
It requires muscle to forge the iron and head
the rivets of the steam engine, but, that is la-
bor that the thousands could do. The greatest
power required in the construction of the en-
gine was the brain power, out of sight to the
masses. So on the farm, muscle is necessary,
but the engineering, controlling power is mind;
educated, disciplined mind, however it has been
educated or disciplined. Some men are edu-
cated by books, some by observation, others by
both books and observation. Let not the one
despise the other. Books aid observation. He
who has become skilled in the products of the
soil, or in rearing cattle, poultry or the keep-
ing of bees, as many no doibt have, by their
observation, had made unspeakably greater
progress, and might have stood forth eminent
in any given line had he added the combined
observation of kindred powerful minds to his
own. It is said that the first thousand dollars
is the hardest thousand that the millionaire
ever accumulated. But the discipline of getting
that thousand helped in future accumulations.
You can learn more from books in one year,
about keeping bees, poultry or raising stock,
from the life-long observations recorded by
others than you can gain by your own observa-
tion in a score of years.
Farm life opens an abundant field for the stu-

dent ofnature. The laws of animal and vegetable
life, the constituents of plants, the chemistry of
their growth, their native habits, the wisdom or
folly of removal beyond them, irrigation, and
the treatment of plants to insure success, re-
quire no mean attainmentsin knowledge.
Breeding, stock-growing, feeding of animals,
architecture, home decorations, household
adornments, coloring, the laws of harmony,
all demand knowledge, taste and culture, to
make the landscape what God intended-a pic-
ture of Eden's beauty.
All other human employment are thrown
into the shade when the boundless range of
knowledge that may be called into requisition
by the farmer are considered. The whole field

of nature is open before his inquisitive eye, all
the sciences minister to his enjoyments, add to
his mental stores,, and by enriching his mind
advance his wealth in all that makes men truly
great, and noble-true usefulness.
God placed the first happy pair, with capac-
ities, and knowledge far in advance of the
most advanced of their degenerate descendants,
not in a factory or mint to coin dollars, dimes
or eagles, but in a garden or on a farm to dress
and to keep it, as the most ennobling and exal-
ted occupation that infinite wisdom could de-
vise for the new created, where their faculties
could have the fullest play and their knowledge
be best employed. So all the animals and
probably plants, were named by Adam; and,
whatsoever, he with an intimate knowledge of
its nature, qualities and habits, Adam called it,
that was the name thereof.-Practical Farmer.
Progress in Middle Florida
We find the following items of interest in a
late number of DON McLEOD's Tallahassee
"Land of Flowers :
With three hundred and fifty dollars
worth of labor-saving agricultural implements,
Mr. John A. Pearce informs us that he has
performed this year. with one hand and two
horses, the labor of four hands and four horses;
thus saving the expense of three hands and two
horses and doing the work fully as well if not
better than by the old plan. Mr. Pearce is a
progressive farmer and strongly advocates the
adoption ot labor-saving implements.
A ten-horse power portable engine passed
through the city last Tuesday for Col. John
Bradford's plantation in this county. The
Colonel is fitting up for threshing grain. With
portable engine and threshing machine, he will
go to the grain and thresh it in the field.
Mr. J. A. Pearce allowed his oat land to
grow up in crow-foot grass after cutting his
oats last spring, and this week he cut from one
acre seventeen bales of hay that would have
cost him four dollars per bale, to have it laid
down here from the North. Cutting it with his
mowing machine was the work of only a few
We notice that the noxious coffee weeds
recently cut by the street workers, are picked
up and eaten by the cattle as soon a it is cured
enough for hay. The cattle eat them in pref-
erence to green grass, of which there is plenty.
Nothing will eat the coffee weed when green,
not even a worm or grasshopper, but when cut
young and cured, the weed loses all its bad smell,
and cattle or horses will devour it as greedily,
as pea-vine hay. So far as we have seen the
milk does not appear to be affected in the least
by coffee weed hay. ,VTe advise all who are not
satisfied on this subject to cut and cure a few
pounds of this weed and give it a trial this

An excellent provision crop has been made
in this section this year. If the wet weather
does not sprout corn in the field before it is
gathered, there will be no scarcity of corn in
Middle Florida next year. The cotton crop
grew off finely until the rainy season set in,
causing it to shed its fruit and now much of it
is rotting in the field before it is fully opened ;
caused by too much rain. The seasons have
been very favorable to sweet potatoes and the
yield will be large. Shipments to the North
began several weeks ago and will probably in-
crease until the market is glutted.
Judge Bernard is whooping up the Mid-
dle Florida Fair. Every farmer should attend
and take something to exhibit; the 'present
year has been favorable to succeesful crop grow-
ing, and there is nothing to prevent a fine
display- of farm products.

Rights of the Road.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Can some one, conversant with the laws of
Florida, tell me how far the following conforms
to our Road Laws and usages ? B.
"If a farm deed is bounded by, on or upon a
road it usually extends to the middle of the
roadway. There are few exceptional cases, but
ordinarily the farmer owns the soil of half the
road, and may use the grass, trees, stones, gravel,
sand, or anything of value to him, either on
the land or beneath the surface, subject only to
the superior rights of the public to travel over
the road, and that of the highway surveyor or
other similar officer to use such materials for
the repair of the road ; and these materials he
may cart away and use elsewhere on the road,
yet he has no right to use them for his own
private purposes. No other man has a right to
feed his cattle there or to cut grass or trees,
much less to deposit his wood, old carts, wag-
ons and other things thereon. The owner of a
drove of cattle which stops to feed in front of
your land, or a drove of pigs which root up the
soil, is responsible to you by law as much as if
they did the same things inside the fence. No
one has a legal right to pick up the apples under
your trees, although the same stand wholly
outside the fence. No traveler can hitch his
horse to your trees on the sidewalk, without
being liable if he gnaws the bark or otherwise
injures them. You may untie the horse and
remove him to some other place. If your well
stands partly on your land and partly outside
the fence, no neighbor can use it without your
permission. No man has a right to stand in
front of your land and whittle or deface your
fence, throw stones at your dog, or insult you
with abusive language, without being liable to
you for trespassing on your land. He has a
right to pass and repass in an orderly manner
-a right to use the road but not to abuse it."
"Handle With Care," Gentlemen.
SEPTEMBER 1, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
The vegetable and fruit-growers of our
State are much concerned about the' careful
handling of their productions by the public
carriers as they go to market. This is but
natural and right. It is fully time for all such
carriers to awake upon this subject. Recently,
while traveling, this correspondent saw a lot of
lemons rather roughly handled as they were
carried from the cars to the steamboat, while
the owner of the lemons stood by one side
and witnessed the whole proceeding! The
gangway was exceedingly rough, and the
hands worked rapidly, rushing their trucks
loaded with crates of lemons on board
the vessel. "A word to the wise," etc.
Would it not be .well to have smooth gang-
ways, spring trucks, careful hands, and the
work of transferring fruits and vegetables
faithfully superintended ? Being interested, we
(and many others) are watching all this busi-
ness. Yours, etc.,

We endorse all our correspondent says in
above note. There is room for great improve-
ment in the handling of fruits and vegetables.
We have too frequently witnessed most exas-
perating instances of reckless and wilful rough-
ness in handling choice fruits on the part of
steamboat and railroad employees; and in be-
half of our constituents, the laborers and not
over-paid producers, we must insist on greater
care and circumspection in handling and ship-
ping their perishable property.-[Ebs. DIs-

T5 ilt Pt-Obltf~fbA big ]PkAr eff




f-arqpondione~.s~ a


Gapes in Poultry, Etc.
MOUND CITY, KANSAS, August 29, '82.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
I thought I would write you a few lines.
THE DISPATCII comes regularly and I like it
very much. I am taking five papers and THE
DISPATCH stands at the head of them all. I
think I will want it another year.
Now about gapes in chickens. There has
been much written of the origin of the gapes,
and by those, too, that knew nothing about the
disease, but wish to be big writers and have
their names seen in print. These great writers
do a great deal of harm by leading the igno-
rant estray. The New York Times, (a June
number, page 214,) comments thus on the dis-
ease. It says, "There are worms in the intes-
tines of most animals, rabbits, deer, etc., and
they pass out in the excrement of these animals,
and the egg that passes out thus leaves the place
of its deposit and gets on the herbage or grass,
and the animals pick the egg and swallow it, and
it hatches in the stomach and crawls up the gul-
let." I never knew before this,that an egg had the
power of locomotion; it is real news to me. He
says the worm is long, like cotton thread, and
that does not correspond with the gape-worm ;
they are pale-red and instead ofbeing two inches
long, are about one-eighth of an inch or one-
fourth inch. Now, for the benefit of those in-
terested, and Mr. Times in particular, I will
give my experience with gapey chickens. When
I was a small boy, I attended my mother's poul-
try, and our chickens died off with gapes and
grew worse year by year, and my mother got
discouraged and complained to a neighbor that
she lost most all her chickens with gapes. The
neighbor said the old hens were diseased and
gapey and it was hereditary; the chicks took
it from their parents ; the seed or disease was
laid in the egg, and when the chick took the
slightest wetting or cold, it showed the gapes ;
the worm had hatched and was in the chick's
throat and lungs. They told her to get rid of
the fowls and get healthy ones to breed from,
and she sold her's and bought sound fowls
and they roosted on the same roosts, ran on the
same ground in the same yard, that the gapey
ones had occupied the years previous, but had
no more gapes, nor have I seen a gapey chicken
since that time, and I have been in the fowl bus-
iness ever since, and am in my seventy-ninth
year and keep a poultry yard now.
Dr. Dickey says in his "Book of Knowledge,"
that the gapes spring from an egg laid by some
small animal, in the ground, and the egg floats
in the air and is inhaled by the chick from the
air. That is a question of how the egg got out
of the ground and floated in the air ? Now, if
the N. Y. Times or Dr. Dickey are right, why

did not my mother's chicks inhale or pick up
the gapey eggs, by running on the same ground ?
But to cut my story short, which is already too
long, I will say, scrofulous parents produce scrof-
ulous children; consumptives, consumptive
children ; wormy parents, wormy children;
gapey hens, gapey chicks. These diseases are
hereditary ; it is in the blood, and seed from
one to the other. I wish people that write
would try to know what they are writing before
they write on guess-work, and they would do
more good.
A great many write and sign some ficti-
tiots name, as though they were ashamed
of what they had written. They write, then
hide behind a stump or some other out-of-the-
way place, so as not to be found. But I give
you my real name.

A Voice Down on Tampa Bay.
TAMPA BAY, Sept. 1st, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
For along time I have not felt like talking
much, since my garden failed and my fine young
grove has not put on a crop of oranges and my
Mango trees have this year partaken of that
disposition, "to rest," so common to creatures
and things in Florida. Lemons too, have sold
poorly, and no "crops" are ever made here. I
am "blue" as indigo, but am trying to brace up,
for I feel the "longest lane must have a turning,
and the tide will turn at last." Another year,
there will be lots of money from vegetables, as
the railroad will, by that time, reach Tampa
Bay, and afford us, the one thing most needful,
speedy transit. Then again, there will be lots of
oranges from the young groves growing older,
and the thousands of pine-apples, now set out,
will be promising, if not realizing to us, in a
monied sense. Travel will set this way, and we
will at least start up like a rocket, if we have
to come down like a stick." But I just picked
up the stub of an old pen, to add my mite, in
the matter of sanction and praise to good works
and deeds. The prepared queries of the Flor-
ida Fruit Growers' Association, as published in
your paper, from time to time, and the answers
that have been made, I pronounce of the great-
est utility and service, and eclipses any move
ever yet made, to draw out information of our
country and its products. I intended to write
from these parts, when the proper time arrived
and may yet write strictly in answer to the
questions as they are put. But the main object
of this letter, which is already getting long, is
to encourage such writers as Dr. Kilmer, of
Altamonte, Dr. Z. H. Mason, and your corres-
pondent F., especially under the head of "shod-
dy fertilizers." Dr. K's short communication, in
your issue of August 21, throws both light and
darkness on the subject of Phosphorus and
"Florida Agricultural Science" generally-
would like to hear from him several times more.
Dr. Mason's views on insects and diseases are
splendid, especially that part recommending the
application of manure and elbow-grease to
the soil, as well as wash to the tree. Some-
time ago, I wrote substantially what F. now
writes about humbug fertilizers, but being plain
enough to be understood, the manufacturers of
this, the greatest of all Florida humbugs, came
to me with the word "lie" and as good as assert-
ed that their fertilizers contained bone element
and animal matter, as well as rusty nails, china-
ware, wads of paper, pieces of charcoal, brick,
stone coal, etc., etc., besides a large percentage
of moisture-weight. No, we must not buy lime

at!the cost of bone-dust, or formulated fertilizers
at four times the cost of the chemicals or con-
stituents. In short, I can recommend the pres-
ent number, (22) of THE DISPATCH, as almost
an enclycopedia of our affairs, as the two an-
swers to the fruit-growers' queries are very
good indeed and embrace generally very popu-
lar views. May THE DISPATCH increase in
usefulness and may we all live to rejoice in our
Florida works. Your friend,

Oranges--Where they Grow.
CHICAGO, ILLS., Sept. 4, 1882.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
I have seen a great deal written about the
hazard of growing the orange, lemon, lime, etc.,
much further north than 290. Is there any-
thing to show that there is any hazard or dis-
advantage in this at or below 27"? Does not

the orange grow in the West Indies and Cen-
tral America just as abundantly as in colder
regions? I feel an inclination to spread out on
this subject. But the above is the essence of
what is wanted, and what we have not seen in
THE DISPATCH or any Florida paper, very
pointed on the subject. Would be glad to
know your opinion of it.
Yours respectfully,
W. L.
REPLY.-Oranges grow well in the West
Indies, Central America, Mexico, California,
and some of the South American States-but
we do not, honestly, believe that any of these
countries can produce oranges equal in quality
to our best Florida fruit. From 360 down to
say 26' north latitude seems to be the proper
"belt" for the orange.-[EDS. DISPATCH.

Hay Fever.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch :
I noticed a letter in your paper of Sept. 4,
from Col. ALBERT S. ASIIMEAD, in which he
states that for many years he has suffered with
hay fever, but this summer finds him free,
though he has been only one season in Florida.
I wish to say for his comfort and encourage-
ment that for twelve years I was regularly at-
tacked with it on the 15th of August in Illi-
nois, but that I have been five years in Florida
without a touch of it. It is not strange, there-
fore, that I should consider the climate of
Florida a certain cure for that terrible disease.

*'TROPICAL SWEET."-A correspondent of
the "Land of Flowers," describes the Japan
persimmon thus:
"In October comes the Japan persimmon.
This, like all the Japanese and Chinese fruits,
does fine here in the lower South. The tree
grows rapidly and fruits early at two years
from the bud. The foliage is a dark green,
and the leaves are shaped like an apple leaf,
but very large, thick, glossy and leathery in
texture. The fruit is variously shaped, some
tomato shape and as large as a half dozen ordi-
nary persimmons. Others in form like a rifled
cannon shot or acorned shape. In color they
are a dark orange, flesh same color, though
more solid. Taste, a rich tropical sweet. Ripen
late in season and will keep some time. Used
in fresh state, preserved or dried. It is a de-
ciduous tree."
All correct, except the "tropical sweet." We
cannot quite see how that differs from any
other sweet; but we endorse all the writer says
of the fruit otherwise.--[EDs.

Weather for week ending September 8, 1882.
-Therm. rd Winld.
1 ,
DATE. 0- I 0 i 0i
0 0

Saturday 2...... 30.1 -G90 743. 76.7 0.00 E 3Fair.
Sunday. 3...... 30.09 8)75 81.7 .0 0.00 E Fair.
Monday 4N...... 30.08 8874 81.3 71.0 0.00 NE 4 Clear.
Tuesday 5...... 30.07 90 74 82.0 70.0 0.00 E 3 Clear.
Wednesday 6 30.01 90 79 83.374.3 0.00 E 5 Fair.
Thursday 7... 29.96 92 781 82.375. 0.00 2 Fair.
Friday 8........ 29.919475 81.777.3 0.66 NE 3!Cloudy.
Highest barometer 30.12, lowest 29.85.
Highest temperature 94, lowest 74.
NOTE.-Barometer readings reduced to sea level.
J. W. SMITH, Signal Observer U. S. A.



iP~b~Q~6Ybr~Ei~;--L~.~' A I i Ili lisp 0-1 -~;" -~J-----b"Lll -~~"-W ~- C-LA Q L~nr-YC- _F -- LP ~I~~d~-.- -Z-

/ 1~~-

P, 1

Our Illustration
Represents a characteristic scene far up on the head-waters of the St. Johl
quite a vivid sketch of our wild, varied, but attractive scenery; and our artist
aly and faithfully depicts the more picturesque phases of "orange growing
derful, indeed, is the skill with which he has portrayed the lonely life of ai
grower in these luxuriant, primeval wilds of Florida. In the left hand corner
resented two swarthy Ethiopians, apparently gentlemen of leisure" and m

all they survey ;" just below them glows the smiling countenance
of an orange grower, probably due to the fact of his having re-
Sceived satisfactory cash returns for a shipment of a thousand
=- boxes of oranges. He will visit "Saratoga" and "the White
Sulphur Springs" next summer. To the left is his son, modest
and bashful, hiding his good looks and flashing eyes under the
Srim of his palmetto sombrero. To his right 'is the head and
bust of an orange picker, not remarkable for good looks, and
with a visage scowling, dark and ominous. A "squatter's
cabin," misnamed, a "grower's home," stands to the right of
these, and below an orange railroad claims our attention, re-
markable for the motive power that propels it, which is run by
neither locomotive or electricity, but by one of Arabi Pasha's
Egyptian donkeys and a black Turk. Below this is a "steam-
boat," at a landing on the upper St. Johins, being loaded with
oranges; opposite, close to the water's edge, is dimly seen an or-
ange grove; upon the right hand corner, enclosed in a circle, our
n's. It is artist gives a glimpse of the interior of an orange packing es-
graphic- tablishment," where the golden spheres are assorted, wrapped
." Won- and packed for shipment to Northern and Western commission
a orange- houses; "going to town," a sight often seen, represents a "Flor-
r are rep- ida cacker" and his good, faithful wife taking their chickens
monarchs of and eggs to market.

\ :i =b9



Truck Farms in North Carolina-Taxes in
Florida, &c.
A writer in the Atlanta Constitutio. tells
marvellous stories of the success of some of
our Nortbl Carolina neighbors in raising vege-
tables for market. We quote:
"That man" said Gen. Roberts, pointing out
a man in the crowd, "sold $80,000 worth of
Irish potatoes this year, every one of which he
raised on his own place." That sounds incred-
ible, and yet it is true. The man alluded to
was Ambrose Lindsay, who lives on the coast
near the Carolina line. Of this enormous crop
I have no doubt $50,000 was clear money. Sol
Haas told me of a man at Norfolk who cleared
$35,000 raising potatoes this year, and paid off
a debt that had accumulated in business and
threatened to ruin him. This is the best year
for potatoes ever known. The last crop was
short and poor, and there was no stock to start
the season with. The high price of bread andh
meat increased the consumption of potatoes,
and the heavy crop of this season was taken
at high -figures. Potatoes that dragged at $2 a
barrel in New York last year brought $6.50 a
barrel on the Carolina coast this year.
I have written a good deal about the truck
farming of this section, but I was not prepared
to see the progress that had been made. In the
Newbern country it has quadrupled in the past
two years, and every season sees new land clear-
ed. Some of the stories of the profits would
be fabulous were they not well avouched.
-Mr. Joseph Rhene, of Newbern, is an exam-
pie. "I had occasion," said Mr. Bryan, an in-
telligent gentleman, "to look into his accounts
five years ago, and he was then $25,000 behind.
He went to truck farming, commencing with
about sixty acres. He is now worth $80,000
besides his farm. He has increased this to sev-
eral hundred acres, and so enriched it that what
he gave $10 an acre for will now command
$100 an acre. He raised $30,000 worth of
potatoes this year. The total crop of truck for
this season is worth $55,000 and it cost him
about $14,000 to make it. His sales for the first
five days of the season were $15,000 or $3,000
a day." "If the profits are so immense why
does not everybody go in ?" "Nearly every-
body in this section is going in. I planted
about ten acres in potatoes this year, on which
I made $130 an acre at an expense of $22 an
acre. I shall enrich my land next year and
increase my operations. Every season new
people come in. Mr.- Dunn, of our city, who
was in the railroad service, bought sixty acres
of land a few years ago and started. He has
made over $10,000, and his farm, for which he
gave almost nothing, would sell for $5,000
easily. There is an abundance of similar land
to be had cheap, but it has to be cleared and
enriched, and is often out of reach of market.
In spite of everything, however, the truck bus-

iness of the Carolina Coast, already enormous,
is destined to double and quadruple even its
present proportions. We grow everything here,
and there are special farms for tomatoes, ber-
ries, onions, &c, It is not unusual for one of
our growers to ship 30,000 boxes of strawber-
ries. The cultivation of these small crops is a
godsend to our people, who have.been forced to
give up heavy operations in rice and cotton
because of labor troubles. It is really a sur-
plus above our staple crops anyhow. For when
we raise a crop of peas we then pitch in and
raise cotton on the same land."
In reference to the foregoing, Judge HILTON,
of the Tallahassee Economist, remarks:
An article republished in to-day's paper
shows what the people of North Carolina in the
neighborhood of Newbern are doing in truck

p -_

farming-and with Irish potatoes, too. Nobody
who knows our lands in the neighborhood of
Tallahassee and all through Middle Florida,
near the railroad, and our climate, can doubt
that nature has given us advantages over any
portion of North .Carolina in vegetable culture
for Northern markets; especially of such vege-
tables as Irish potatoes. We have but to aban-
don the culture of cotton, and reduce the taxes
to the North Carolina rates, in order to make
this, which at present is one of the poorest of
all civilized communities, in a few years one of
the richest. Why is it that American ship-
building no longer thrives and that the Amer-
ican merchant-ships have nearly disappeared
from the face of the ocean ? It is mainly owing
to the high taxes, in the way of duties, and
otherwise, imposed by the United States gov-
ernment upon ship-building material imported
from abroad. Why is it that Florida, espe-
cially Middle Florida, with its fine lands, is
poor, and competes on such unequal terms with
Georgia and the Carolinians in vegetable grow-
ing ? It is because under their cheap, and our
costly government, the money which there can
be applied to the purchase qf fertilizers, im-
proved stock, and improved agricultural im-
plements, in Florida goes to the tax-collectors.
Take two horses of equal speed and bottom,
handicap one with th6 weight of two hundred
pounds, the other with ninety pounds, and put
them on a four-mile track and is it doubtful
which willcome out ahead, and which will be
distanced ?
The rate of State taxation in North Caro-
lina in 1881 was 31 mills; in Florida 8 mills;
and we have no doubt but the difference in
county taxes was quite as great. Let us sup-
pose, then, a truck farmer in North Carolina
with farm, stock, and farming implements,
worth ten thousand 'dollars. His State taxes
would have been $32.50, while his brother in
Florida, with the same property, would have
paid eighty dollars. With a like difference in
county taxes-supposing them the same in each
State as State taxes therein (though here they
are greater) the difference would be that while
the North Carolinian in State and county taxes
paid $65, the Floridian would have paid $160,
or $95 more. Just as if, to resume our com-
parison, a horse weighted down with 160 pounds
should be compelled to run a four-mile race
against another carrying only 65 pounds.
Now, there is no valid reason why taxes
should be any higher in Florida than they are
in North Carolina. But, you see, North Caro-
lina pays her Governor but $3,000; her Su-
preme Court Judges, (three of them,) but $2,-
500 each; her Attorney-General but $1,000;
her Adjutant-General but $300; her legisla-
tors $4 per diem; while Florida pays her Gov-
ernor $3,500; her Supreme Court Judges $3,000
each; her Attorney-General $2,000; her Adju-
tant-General $2,000; and her legislators $6 per
day-to say nothing of the fact that Florida
has on her pay roll of Judges (Circuit and Su-
preme) one-third more than she needs and on

her pay roll of legislators twice as many as she

Rice in Japan.
Between the road and the bluffs, and even
between the beach and the road, were the rice
fields, some with the rice growing up thickly
as sown, others with the plants carefully culled
and transplanted, and others with no plants
at all, but in preparation for the coming crop,
and all covered with water. Women were
standing up to their knees in the mud and
water carefully culling the plants and trans-
planting them to other fields. In the unoccu-
pied fields men.were plowing with great wooden
plows in a mire that threatened to engulf man,

horse and plow. Everywhere preparations for
the second crop of rice were active. Dams-
for each field is dammed in and the whole plain
arranged in terraces, the highest nearest to the
water supply and so on down-were being re-
paired, and water drawn off from one field to
another. Here and there we saw a field with
the dry rice stubble still left as when the har-
vest was gathered in, but knew that its idleness
would last but a short time, for the soil in this
wonderful clime is never left unoccupied. Win-
ter and summer the work goes on, and one crop
is quickly succeeded by another. Soon the road
passed through a village, and in front of the
houses we saw the bundles of harvested rice
lying on mats in the open streets. Other mats
were occupied with grain and beans, which had
been thrashed out.
The villages now succeeded one another very
rapidly, and between them not a single house
marred the view of the fields. The farms are
separated by narrow paths, and all the laborers
live in the villages. In front of many of the
houses we saw great wooden mortars, in which
the women were pounding the rice to remove
the husks. Seated inside of other huts before
a heavy beam, armed with iron teeth, women
are drawing the grain by handfuls across, in
front of them, tearing the heads from the straw.
Standing in the street, where the wind is
strongest, men and women were fanning the
grain by pouring it from one vessel to another,
allowing the wind to sweep away the chaff.
Passing on we came to a house where they were
converting the rice into flour. Great, heavy
pestles worked by the feet, were suspended
over huge mortars, in which the grain was
placed, and little by little the grain was ground.
It is rare, however, for the people to convert
the rice into flour, and then only enough for
their own use.- Correspondence of Detroit Free-
Shrinkage of Corn Fodder in Drying.
A correspondent sends us the following clip
from "The Country Gentleman" for an answer.
With many thanks to Mr. Geo. F. Cook, for
the carefully prepared tables of his experi-
ments in feeding green corn, dried stalks and
ensilage, I beg to suggest that it seems to me the
real point for us farmers has net been given.
If it has, I have failed to see it. He gives as
contained in 100 pounds of green stalks :
W water ............... ............................. ....... 7.00
A sh............................... ..................... .. 1.58
Protein............................................ 1.25
Fat .......................................... ................... 0.22
F iber ....................................................... 6.35
Carb.......................................................... 15.00
Now what we really want to know is how best
to preserve this 100 pounds of green stalks for
winter feed, so as to lose as little of its desira-

ble elements as possible. He gives us an analy-
sis for 100 pounds of dried stalks, but he fails
to tell us how many pounds of green stalks
were required to make the 100 pounds of dried
I take it that it would not do to infer that
the 1,200 pounds of dried stalks he names
were all that were nettedfrom the five tons of
green stalks which were stacked. If we knew
how many pounds of dried fodder, then with
his valuable tables we could very promptly
decide whether to dry our fodder, or try to pre-
serve it in silos. Perhaps he will be kind
enough to give us this point also.
Marion County, Mo. J. W. BRADY.
There is but one difficulty in this problem.
The analysis gives 75 per cent. water. On the
the removal of this water 25 per cent. or 500
pounds per ton would remain. But the chemist
dries his samples at a temperature of 212'
which removes all the water. Air-drying at



ordinary temperature will leave about 10 per
cent. of the water, and even this will vary
with the moisture of the atmosphere as every
farmer who has handled fodder on a damp day
will testify. A ton of green fodder will give
between 600 and 700 pounds of air-dried feed,
without the grain in either weighings.-Indiana
Root Pruning.
The experiments were made on the apple and
pear. A vigorous apple tree, eight or ten years
old, which had scarcely made any fruit buds,
has done best when about half the roots were
cut in one season and half three years later, by
going half way around on opposite sides in one
year and finishing at the next pruning, work-
ing two feet underneath to sever downward
roots. It has always answered well to cut from
such trees all the larger and longer roots about
two and a half feet from the stem, leaving the
smaller and weaker ones longer, and going half
way around as already stated. The operation
was repeated three or four years later by ex-
tending the cut circle a foot or two further
away from the tree. By this operation unpro-
ductive fruit trees become thickly studded with
fruit spurs, and afterwards bear profusely.
This shortening of the roots has been continued
in these experiments for twenty years with
much success, the circle of the roots remaining
greatly circumscribed. The best time for the
work has been found to be the latter part of
August and beginning of September, when
growth has nearly ceased and whilst the leaves
are yet on the trees, causing greater increase of
bloom buds the following year than when per-
formed after the leaves had fallen.-London

The Odorless Ailantus.
The extremely disagreeable and oppressive
odor of the flowers of the ordinary Ailantus (or
"Tree of Heaven,") has always been a great
drawback upon its extended culture. It is
really a most graceful and beautiful tree-a
rapid grower, and quite valuable for the quality
of its wood. We gladly hail even the faint
promise of an odorless variety, suggested by the
following interesting communication of James
Hogg, to the New York Tribune:
Mr. Eastman Johnson makes inquiry in re-
gard to the odorless Ailantus-not Allanthus,
the name being derived from Ailanto, the name
it bears in the Moluccas or Spice Islands.
This tree is a remarkable instance of a tropical

tree, being hardy in cold northern latitudes,
for it is not only a native of China, but also of
the Spice Islands, which are intertropical and
noted for the production of spices, especially
cloves and nutmegs. Mr. Johnson will find
it difficult to obtain any seeds upon which he
can rely to produce male plants. If he did
obtain male trees he would get the very kind
he did not want, for it is the staminate or male
flowers which give out the offensive odor, al-
though the popular opinion is to the contrary.
The tree is only imperfectly dioecious, or bear-
ing male and female flowers on different trees.
Sometimes it is monoecious, bearing male and
female flowers separately on the same tree;
again, it is sometimes hermaphrodite, or pro-
ducing flowers in which the male and female
organs are produced in the same flower. It is
probable that the last is its normal condition,
and that its unsexual forms are due to abortion
or the non-development, from some cause or

other, of one of the sexes on some of the branch-
es, or on some trees. In England it only pro-
duces male flowers; in France it generally does
the same, although once in four or five years it
will produce both male and female flowers.
I have noticed, however, in the nurseries,
what I have supposed to be a variety, and which
I have been told has odorless flowers. The varie-
ty to which I allude has in its young state a dark
brown bark, and is of a much more erect habit
of growth than the common sort, which has a
yellowish brown or drab color bark when
young, and branches off much lower than the
first. There is another species known as A.
excels which grows taller than the A. glandu-
losa. It is a native of the mountainous parts of
Circars in the East Indies, and it is barely pos-
sible that the variety to which I allude may
be this species. In both the species the leaflets
of the leaves are coarsely toothed at the base;
in A. glandulosa these leaflets are furnished
with glands beneath the teeth; in A. excelsa
they are without glands. Should a variety be
found which permanently produces odorless
flowers, it can be readily propagated by mak-
ing cuttings of the roots about three or four
inches long, i' the spring, and planting them
in any good garden soil, small end downwards,
and covering the upper end with about half an
inch of earth. The wood of the Ailantus ought
to be of value in cabinet work. Although it
is brittle, yet it is hard and heavy, takes a very
fine polish, and is as glossy as satin. The tree
also yields a resinous juice when the bark is
wounded, which may possibly be of use in the
arts, as, for instance, varnish-making, as the
tree is closely related to the Rhus family, some
of which yield beautiful varnishes. By some
of the earlier botanists it was called a species of
Rhus. If it should prove that there is money
in the cultivation of this tree, perhaps its odor
may not be considered so offensive as at pres-
ent; for, as Vespasian said to his son Titus on a
certain occasion, "The smell of profit is good,
let it arise from what it may."

Leaves and Grasses for Ornament.
Our lady 'readers who "love all beautiful
things," will, probably, feel interested in the
following from the N. Y. World and American
SKELETON LEAVES.-Plan No. 1: Select
only perfect specimens, and remember that
gathered too early in the season the fibres of
the leaves are not strong enough to resist the
process of decay; too late, some leaves will
have become so tough they cannot be freed
from the cellular matter. A leaf to be suitable
for skeletonizing must have a strong and woody
network. The usual plan is to place the leaves
in a bowl filled with rain-water and expose to
the sun; add water occasionally to supply the
loss caused by evaporation. Examine twice a

week, if the weather is very warm, and any
leaves found soft or pulpy remove to a basin of
clear water. Slip a piece of glass under the
leaf you try, and remove the pulpy matter
with a soft brush ; then return to the water
and reverse the leaf and brush the oth-
er side. The cleansed skeleton must again
be put into another basin# of clean water
until time for bleaching. The sooner this
is done the better. For bleaching take
two tablespoonfuls of chloride of lime to a pint
of water, mix well, allow it to settle, and pour
off the clear liquid for use. Lift your skeleton
on the glass and allow it to float into the solu-
tion. Some skeletons bleach in a couple of
hours, while others take longer. After bleach-
ing they must be immersed in clean water and
allowed to remain an hour or so, then arranged
on the glasses and dried in the sun. Leaves
containing tannin, such as the oak, walnut and
chestnut, resist the action of the water, and

cannot therefore be used. Ferns require no
preparation besides bleaching.
Plan No. 2.-said by the Am. Cult. to be
superior to the "old and tedious one of macera-
tion," described above :
First disolve four ounces of common wash-
ing soda in a quart of boiling water, then add
two ounces of slacked quick-lime and boil for
about fifteen minutes. Allow the solution to
cool; afterwards pour off all the clear liquor
into a clean saucepan. When this liquor is at.
its boiling heat place the leaves carefully in the
pan and boil the whole together for an hour,
adding from time to time enough water to make
up for the loss by evaporation. The epidermis
and parenchyma of some leaves will more read-
ily separate than others. A good test is to try
the leaves after they have been gently boiling
for an hour, and if the cellular matter does not
easily rub off between the finger and thumb
beneath cold water, boil them again for a short
time. When the fleshy matter is found to be
sufficiently softened, rub them separately but
very gently beneath cold water until the per-
fect skeleton is exposed.
The skeletons at first are of a dirty white
color; to make them of a pure white, and
therefore more beautiful, all that is necessary is
to bleach them in a weak solution of chloride of
lime-a large teaspoonful of chloride of lime
to a quart of water ; if a few drops of vinegar
are added the solution it is all the better, for
then the free chlorine is liberated. Do not al-
low them to remain too long in the bleaching
liquor or they will become too brittle, and can-
not afterwards be handled without injury.
About fifteen minutes will be sufficient to make
them white and clean looking. Dry the speci-
mens in white blotting paper, beneath a gentle
pressure. Simple leaves are the best for young
beginners to experiment on ; the vine, poplar,
beach and ivy leaves make excellent skeletons.
Care must be exercised in the selection of
leaves, as well as the period of the year and the
state of the atmosphere when the specimens
are collected ; otherwise, failure will be
the result. The best month to gather
the specimens in the South are September and
October. Never collect specimens in damp
weather and none but perfectly matured leaves
ought to be selected.

"Blanket Grass."
WELAKA, PUTNAM CO., FLA., Sep. 1, '82.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Noticing in your last number an inquiry
about "blanket grass," I herewith send you a
sample of what goes by that name in these
I set out some of it about a year ago on high
pine land, and it lived through the winter, cov-
ering the ground this summer with a beautiful
carpet of light green. It runs over the ground
somewhat like Bermuda grass, but does not

spread under ground like that "vile weed,"
consequently is easily killed by cultivation.
It seems to grow best on moist land, near
ponds, but will do well on any good pine land.
Have not tested it long enough to be fully sat-
isfied as to its value. I do not find a descrip-
tion of it in either Woods' or Gray's botany.
Yours truly,
0. D. AUGIR.
[We thank our friend for the sample of
grass, but we are not at all willing to class
Bermuda among "vile weeds." It is, when
properly managed and controlled, a grass of
great value. Can our correspondent furnish
seed of the "Blanket Grass"? and at what
price ?-EDs.]



h 0lorizdai jisaltch.

D. Redmond, D.H. Elliott, W.H. Ashmead,

Subscription $1.00 per annual, in advance.

SQtfAltES. 1 TIME.! 1 M31O. O. 310. 6 3MO. 1 YEAR
One....................... 100 $ 2 50 5 50 $10 00 i 50
Two........i.. 200 500 10 00 18 00 3400
Three .................... 3 00 7 00 14 00 25 00 4 00
Four ...................... 400 9 00 17 50 30 00 58 00
Five....................... 4 50 11 00 19 00 35 00 65 00
Eight............ 800 1650 3000 50 00 100 00
Sixteen........... 1600 30 00 5000 80 00 15000
Ten lines solid nonpareil type make a square.
LOCAL ADVERTISING (seven words to line) ten cents
per line.
The FLORIDA DISPATCH has a very large circulation
in Florida and South Georgia, and is by far the best ad-
vertising medium for reaching the merchants and fruit
and vegetable growers of those sections. All business
correspondence should be addressed to
ASHMEAD BROS., Publishers, Jacksonville, Fla.


Special Club Rates with "The Dispatch."

Read and Subscribe--It Saves Money and
Will Pay You.
We have made arrangements with the publishers
and will club THE DISPATCH with any of the
following publications, which will be mailed promptly
upon receipt of price, for ONE YEAR :
Savannah Weekly News............................... $2.50
Florid" .Weekly Union.............................. 2.25
New ork W weekly Sun............................... 1.75
New York Weekly Herald........................... 1.75
New York Weekly Tribune.................... 2.50
New York Weekly Times............................. 1.75
New York Weekly World....................... 1.75
Philadelphia Weekly Times.......................... 2.50
American Agriculturist................................. 2.00
Country Gentleman.. ...................... ....... 2.75
Southern Cultivator............................ 2.00
Atlantic Monthly Magazine.................. .. 4.00
Harper's Monthly MaIgazine.................... 4.00
The Century Monthly MAagazine (Scribner's).... 4.00
Lippincott's lMonthly Magazine................. 3.15
Popular Science Monthly.................. ..5.00
North American Review............................... 5.00
Harper's Illustrated Weekly.............. ........ 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Bazar.................... 4.00
Harper's Illustrated Young People.................. 2.00
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly............ 4.00
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Chimney Corner...... 4.00
Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly...................... 3.15
Frank Leslie's Sunday Magazine.................. 3.15
Scientific American ....................................... 3.75
W averlv M aiazine ..................................... 5.00
Detroit Free Press............ ........................... 2.35
Nebraska Farn er.. ....... .. ............... 2.00
The above are among the very best publications"
Remittances should be sent by Check, Money Order,
or Registered Letter, addressed to

Portable Houses.
Some months since, we called the attention

of mechanics to the great opening for portable
houses, and we now see by our exchanges that
John Boyd, of Galveston, has formed a stock
company at New York City, with $500,000
capital for the manufacture of his patent port-
able houses in the State of Florida. Factories
are to be erected at once at Cedar Key, Tampa
Bay, Jacksonville, and Charlotte Harbor, And
probably at other places. Orders have been
already filed for the houses to the number of
over 3,000, with the prospect of five times that
number 'being ordered almost immediately.
Mr. Boyd also states that he has been offered
all the capital he requires to establish a large
manufactory in Texas, but his hands are too
full at present to avail himself of it.

Watering Trees Fatal-Long Drouth, &c.
BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, Aug. 4th, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
As a subscriber to your valuable and in-
teresting paper, which devotes some of its col-
umns to the growing and culture of orange
trees, etc., etc., I should be glad if you could in-
form me, as well as others, who are interested
in the growth and culture of the orange tree,
whether, during the past spring and summer,
brackish water (for instance, like that running
through Trout Creek), when applied to water-
ing young trees-say 900 Indian River seed-
lings, 8 years old, seven t feet high, and
100 choice budded orange trees, buds three
years old, on six year old sour stalks-that the
said brakish water killed every one of the 1000
trees owing to the intense heat *and drouth
which prevailed during the spring and summer,
notwithstanding cow peas were sown in the month
of last April, which in the following month,
were looking very fine. Secondly, I am in-
formed that trees, when planted, (in every in-
stance,) during last fall, winter and spring, have
all died, owing to the intense drouth and heat
which prevailed in and around Jacksonville,
in fact, all over the State of Florida. I have
been informed that during February and
March last, not one drop of rain fell for 60
days, in and around Jacksonville. Has such
been the case? Gentlemen, you will be confer-
ing an essential benefit to some of your sub-
scribers, in this section of the country, by en-
lightening them on the above subject. I remain,
gentlemen, yours most respectfully,
REPLY.-:Profuse watering at a very dry time
-watering-a parched soil and allowing the hot
sun to shine upon and scald the damp surface-
an over-supply of water to the roots, when the
atmosphere is in what may be called a super-
heated condition-all these practices are inju-
dicious, unwise, and sometimes fatal, to orange
and other trees and shrubs; but we do not be-
lieve the "brackish" water of Trout Creek,
properly applied, could injure our correspond-
ent's trees, much less ki'l them. We do not
advise watering orange trees in extreme dry
weather-except with the hoe, by keeping the
soil around them open, clean and porous. But
some one has been playing upon the credulity
of our correspondent in regard to that terrible
drouth of last spring-trees all over the State,
dead, &c. Such a condition of things has not
occurred, within our knowledge, and we
deny it in toto. The size of our correspondent's
trees-"8 years old and 7 to 10 feet high ;-"im-
proper and unreasonable planting, and neglect
of proper attention, after planting-all these
causes were, probably, at the bottom of the
trouble. Orange trees, properly planted and

cared for have lived and grown well during the
past summer; and those alluded to by "A Sub-
scriber" must have struck a fatal streak of
drouth, (?) not felt elsewhere.-EDS. DISPATCH.

OUR BEACH RAILWAY.-We have strong
reason to hope that work will be commenced
within a month or two on a new railroad from
Jacksonville to the beach, seven or eight miles
south of Mayport, where a large hotel will be
built, for the purpose of affording another sum-
mer resort for F16ridians. Push it ahead!

ORANGE WRAPS.-Order your. orange
wraps from Ashmead Bros., Jacksonville, Fla.
For prices see advertisement. tf

Our Daughters and-Sons.
Referring to a short article on the first page
of last week's DISPATCH (Sept. 4,) we have
the following anonymous communication:
MANDARIN, FLA., Sept. 5, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
We have learned, through' your valuable
paper, what to do with our daughters. Now,
sirs, please to inform us, through your columns.
what to do with our sons.
Yours respectfully,
The chirography of the above was decidedly
feminine, and presuming that it really was
written by one of the fair "girls" of our up-
river village, we -for once depart from our
standing rule of ignoring all anonymous com-
munications, and make brief reply:
1st. We never see "oursel's as others see us,"
therefore, we sha'l have to leave the task of
pointing out "what to do with our sons" to the
miter and better half of creation.
2d. If we should undertake to tell all that
ought, might, could or should, be "done with
our sons," in order to rake them fitting and
proper mates for our ideal girls, we should have
no room in one number of THIE DISPATCH for
anything else!
3d, and finally. Isn't that inquiry on the
part of "Mandarin aRLS" as to "what to do
with OUR soNS?" just a little "pretious"--in
short, "not to put too fine a point on it"--one
that should be referred to the MATRONS of the
hamlet ? We "pause for a reply."-[EDs. DIs-
"The Gulf-Coast Reserve,"
Is described by Maj. M. R. Marks as a very
desirable body of land of 268,000 acres, west
of Lake Butler and south of Anclote River.
He says it is located directly in the orange
belt, or in that parallel of latitude in which
all the varieties of the citrus family put on a
luxurious growth, and the more delicate fraits,
which may be regarded as strictly tropical, are
produced there without danger from the frosts
which interfc''e with their maturity in the more
northern sections. Among these fruitA are the
sugar apple, alligator pear, sapadillo, the fine
varieties of banana, mango, pine-apple, cocoa-
nut, etc. The surface is broken by a series of
beautiful undulations which are distinctive
from the features usually developed in what
we regard as a rolling country almost impossi-
ble to describe, but in effect very 'charming.
"There is, also, an absense of low marshy
lands, and dense undergrowths, and the pres-
ence of a continuous body of beautiful pine tim-

ber with heavy tops, affording ample shade;
nature carpeting the earth with a perennial
verdure presenting the appearance of preserv-
ed parks, and beautiful lawns. In many in-
stances nature has done her work so that arti-
ficial adornment would be a disfigurement."
Surely-all this should be sufficient to at-
tract crowds of immigrants, and we expect to
see this portion, at least, of the Disston pur-
chase settled up right speedily.

GOURDS!-A lady in Tampa is said to have
kept the scale insect out of her orange grove
for a number of years by cultivating gourds be-
tween the trees.

I ` (
- -T~ :T r- I r I

.- -- ------------------------------------------------------------.

Bamboos and Palms.
Among the most useful of the tropical trees
is the Bamboo. i Yet it really cannot be called
a tree with strict accuracy, as it is a grass in
eai respect but size. The stenr is.: hollow,
'like that of grass, and is divided by Joints or
knots, and the flower is enclosed in a couple of
scales, like the grass. But in size it rivals the
palm, and a bamboo thicket with its towering
columns and feathery crowns is very beautiful.
A hundred stems will spring from a single root
and rise each to the height of a hundred feet.
In China, which is the home of the bamboo,
par excellence, it furnishes almost all the neces-
saries of life. The shoots are used as a vegeta-
ble, and are also made into an excellent pickle
in some parts of Europe. The fibres may be
wrought into a kind of cloth. The sails, cables
and rigging of the Chinese junks are made of
bamboo, and not only the house but all the
furniture in it, including the bedding, may be,
and often are of the same. Hollow bamboos are
used for water vessels, and also to contain honey,
fruit and vinegar. Rice is thought superior
when cooked in a green bamboo to any other
mode of preparation. Meat is also boiled in
this curious sort of pot. The bamboo is cut
into lengths of two or three feet and the hollow
part filled with the rice or meat, and water. It is
then placed over the fire so that only the hard,
green part comes in contact with the flames
and is not burned through before the cooking g
is completed. A ladder is also made by which
the tallest tree is climbed. A number of bam-
boo pegs, a few long, thin strips of bamboo cane
and some vegetable cord are all the materials
required. The ladder is made by driving the
pegs into the tree one above the other and ty-
ing the cane to it, ascending as the process
goes on. The perilous looking bridges which
sway above the ravines of Borneo are made of
bamboo, and the same material is used largely
for the preservation of roads. The natives of
India often make a blow-pipe out of the hollow
bamboo stems, from which they blow poisoned
arrows, a touch of which is certain death. The
natives acquire great skill in the use of these
weapons, though they are somewhat heavy and
difficult to manage effectually. The inhabi-
tantsof. Java extract a poison fcom the bam-
boo. This consists of little black filaments
found in the joints. These are mixed with the
food or drink and do not pass into the stomach
but lodge in the throat, producing inflammation,
swelling, and ultimately death from suffocation.

In' China, a smooth, soft paper is made from
bamboo, by the following process: The shoots
are soaked in water, then placed in a dry ditch
and covered with lime. After a few days they
are taken out, cut into shreds and left in the
sun to dry. They are then boiled and beaten
to a pulp, after which a certain proportion of
vegetable glue is added and the whole beaten
till it becomes a fluid mass of uniform consist-
ency. It is then poured into a mould of bam-
boo, of exactly the desired size, and dried, be-
coming firm, glossy, and of the consistency of
a sheet of paper. I have by no means exhausted
the almost innumerable uses to which the bam-
boo is put, but those given will enable the

reader to form some idea of its great value to
the natives of the tropics.
Among all the great families of trees per-
haps none are so rich in historic and legendary
interest or so indispensable to mankind as Palms.
Completely encircling the globe in a belt nearly
fve thousand miles wide, they are found in the
most varied localities, from the summits of lofty
mountains, to wave-washed, uninhabited coral
islands far out into the ocean, and in the midst
of burning desert sands. Beautiful and stately
beyond all their fellows, they have from time
immemorial been universally conceded royal
rank among trees. Long before the Christian
era they were crowned "Kings among grasses"
by the Hindu poets, while in later times
Linnaeus proclaimed them "Princes among
vegetation." .Among all people the palm has
been pre-emihently the emblem of victory, of
joy. The sun-worshipping Phoenicians select-
ed the palm as an emblem of their worship,
on'account of the circular shupe of its crown,
the beauty of its foliage, its longevity and fe-
cundity. The Egyptians regard the palm tree
as an emblem of lifa after death, because young
plants spring up from the ashes of the old, if
that be burned, and the early Christians used
to bury a palm-branch with each of their num-
ber who died. Mahomet and David both used
the palm tree to typify the character of an up-
right man. Some of the savage tropical tribes
depend upon this tree for their very existence.
Linnaeus, the renowned naturalist, declares
that "man dwells naturally within the tropics
and lives on the fruit of the palm tree ; he
exists in other parts of the world, making shift
to feed on corn and flesh." The Arabs liken
the palm to a human being, and point out in
proof of the resemblance that, unlike all other
trees, if the head be cut from a palm it surely
dies. Indeed, how can the value of a tree be
over-estimated which produces bread, milk,
wine, honey and oil ? Yet these are only a
tithe of its produce. After certain of the pines
and a species of eucalyptus, the palms attain
the greatest height among the members of the
vegetable kingdom. The Cabbage Palm of the
West Indies has been known to reach the height
of two hundred feet, the Wax Palm of the
Andes is from one hundred and fifty to two
hundred feet, while Rumphius speaks of a Cane
Palm in the East Indies six hundred feet in
height. In marked contrast is the fan-leaf palm
of Brazil, which seldom exceeds six feet in height
and bears fruit about the size of hazel
nuts. Compare with this fruit the double co-
coa-nut, the product of another species of palm,
which is three feet in circumference and weighs

forty to fifty pounds.
Over.600 distinct species of palmsare known
to naturalists, and the limits of this article will
of course prevent more than a brief mention
of a very few of the most important varieties.
First in order and perhaps in usefulness comes
the Date Palm of the East. Thiiis isthe spe-
cies referred to in the Bible and the -one-'so
highly prized by the Arabs. Indeed, they be-
lieve that this tree was bestowed upon them by
Allah as a mark of his peculiar favor. Ir the
desert it is a special boon for the :thirsty ttav-
eler, for water may always be found by dig-
ging at its feet. The date palm averages sixty
feet in height, living between two and three
hundred years. It bears fruit for about sev-
enty years, producing from two to six hundred
pounds annually. The dried fruit is well known
and much esteemed in this country and Europe,
but only those who have eaten the fresh fruit

can have any idea of its delicious flavor. Some
idea of their extensive cultivation may be
gained from the fact that some half century
ago, during the siege of an Arabian town, over
forty thousand date palms were cut down to
force surrender, but there yet remained over
seventy thousand. The tax on palm trees in
fypt has been estimated at nearly half a
million dollars annually. To the Arab and
North African the date occupies much the same
position as the cereals to Europeans, being eaten
by both men and the domestic animals. Even
the stores and stalks, when softened by soak-
ing and ground, are fed to camels and cattle.
The harvest is in June and the fruit remains
fresh two months. It is preserved the rest of
the year by pressing into a solid paste or dry-
iug and grinding'into flour. The burned seeds
are used in the preparation of India ink, while
from the fruit is obtained a sticky treacle used
for making leather bags and pipes air-tight.
From the fruit mixed with water, is distilled an
alcoholic liquor, and a thick sweet fluid found
in the interior of the leaves soon ferments, be-
coming the well-known fiery "arrack." Not
only food, but clothing is furnished by the date-
palm, the leaves being plaited into garments.
Some of its fibres are twisted into very strong
ropes, and bows are made of the wood. A
soft part of the fibre is used as a bath-sponge,
while bird-cages are made from the stalks from
which the fruit hangs. Carpets, mats, baskets,
bags, brooms and brushes are all woven from
the leaves, and they are often used for walls
and roof of the native huts. In many parts of
Southern Europe, the palm has been introduced
and flourishes, though it does not ripen its fruit.
The sap of the Indian date is boiled down into
sugar. It was estimated many years ago that
a million pounds of palm sugar were made an-
nually in Bengal alone. One tree yields from
seven to eight pounds of sugar annually, which
sells for about one-quarter less than cane sugar,
and the tree continues productive for some
twenty years. Many varieties of date'palm are
known, varying in size, character of fruit, etc.
-R. S. Wilkie, in "Lumber World."
Weight of Timber.
The weights of logs and lumber are given as
follows in a book recently issued by H. K.
Porter & Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.: "Weight of
green logs to scale 1,000 feet, board measure-
Yellow Pine (southern) 8,000 to10,000 pounds,
Norway pine (Mich.) 7,000 to 8,000 pounds;
white pine (Mich.) off of stump, 6,000 to .7,000
pounds, white pine (Mich.) out of water, 7,000
to 8,000 pounds; white pine (Penn.) bark off,
5,000 to 6,000 pounds; hemlock (Penn.) bark
off, 6,000 to 7,000 pounds. Weight of 1,000
feet of lumber, board measure-Yellow or Nor-
way pine, dry, 3,000 pounds; green, 5,000
pounds; white pine, dry, ,500 pounds; green,
4,000 pounds. Weight of one cord of seasoned
wood, 128 cubic feet per cord-hickory or
sugar maple, 4,500 pounds; white oak, 3,850
pounds; beech, red oak or black oak, 3,250

pounds; poplar, chestnut, or elm, 2,320 pounds;
pine, white or Norway, 2,000 pounds; hemlock
bark, dry, 2,200 pounds. (One cord bark got
from 1,500 feet logs.)"
A PROFITABLE ACRE.-The Sanford Jour-
nal, of Aug. 24th, says: "From the experi-
mental acre at Bel Air Grove, there was sold
during the month of July $461 worth of pine-
apples and plants, and thus far in August 100
boxes of lemons, at $2.50 per box, making a
total of $711, and yet there is to be gathered a
great many more lemons, a few more pine-ap-
ples, and the entire orange crop. These are
authenticated facts, with the. dollars and cents
to prove it. Who else in this country can
show an acre of land which will give a better
return ?"

I' -
- - --


Flowers and Insects.
All admire the color and forms of flowers,
but these are only part of their endless attrac-
tions. Close observers have found out many
curious things which hasty lookers never
see. That close questioner of nature, Charles
Darwin, found that insects were attracted to
flowers by their colors. He cut the showy
petals off some of the flowers in clumps in the
garden, and found that bees never went near
those, though very-busy with the others. Sir
John Lubbock put honey in glass over colored
papers, and found that bees readily discrimi-
nated rlalways went to the blue, as they do
in the flowers. Muller noticed that each kind
of butterfly visited only its own favorite color
of Lantana. Grant Allen shows that. as near-
ly all colored flowers depend upon insects to
brush the pollenon the stigma and so cause
them to produce seed, that their preference for
the intensest color of their choice tends to the
production of the most from them, and so to
the fuller development of color. He shows,
too, that at first, the only color was yellow, as
seen in the seed parts of nearly all flowers
still, and that white, pink, red, purple and
blue were developed in succession. Many
flowers still open with a yellow or pink tinge,
and gradually change through this series to
some shade of red, or finally, blue. Blue and
purple are most common in complicate corol-
las which only bees and butterflies penetrate
easily; moths only see white flowers.- Vick's
Floral Guide.

BONANZA BED-SPRING !-Important Inven-
tion.---Our patent bed-spring has been remod-
eled. The one for two in a bed is so arranged
that the part the wife lies on can be set by the
husband unknown to the former, and it springs
her out of bed and stands her up on the floor
at any hour for which it is set. It then re-
mains turned up on the sharp edge so
she can't get back again, at least on
her side of the bed, and she won't
come back on his side, for she's too allfired
mad to come near him. So the result is she is
compelled to dress and go down stairs and see
to breakfast, and the old man will get a rest.
Oh, it's a daisy !-Kentucky State Journal

thoroughly dissolved in a quart of boiling
water and used while lukewarm, will be found
about the right strei th for most grasses. Sus-
pend the grasses in the lukewarm solution and
let remain about six hours, then take out and
dry; if not sufficiently crystallized repeat the

Agricultural, Horticultural and Pornological

Florida Fruit-Growers' Association-Office at Jack-
sonville-D. Redmond, President; W. H. Sebring, Vice-
President; D. I. Elliott, Secretary; W. H. Ashmead,
Assistant Secretary; C. A. Choate, Corresponding Sec-
retary; D. Greenleaf, Treasurer. Executive Commit-
tee-Dr. C. J. Kenworthy, Dr. J. J. Harris, O. P. Rookes,
P. Houston. Official organ-THE FLORIDA DISPATCH.
THEIR POST-OFFICES.-Master, Win. H. Wilson, Lake
City, Florida; Overseer, Wm. Hicks, Houston, Florida;
Lecturer, B. F. Wardlaw, Madison, Florida; Steward,
Daniel Lynn, Lake Butler, Florida; A. S., T. W. Field-
ing, Wilson, Florida; Chaplain, A. M. Clontz, Live Oak,
Florida; Treasurer, J. H. Lee, White Springs, Florida;
Secretary, R. F. Rogers, Welborn, Florida; Gate
Keeper, Frasier, Suwannee Shoals, Florida; Ceres,
Mrs. Wm. H. Wilson, Wilson, Florida; Pomona, Mrs.
T. W. Fielding, Wilson, Florida; L. A. S., Mrs. J. H.
Lee, Suwannee Shoals, Florida; Executive Committee,
J. C. Waldron, White Springs, Florida; Geo. W, Wal-

dron, Suwannee Shoals, Florida; Geo. Umstead, Hous-
ton, Florida.
State Park Association, located at Jacksonville.-
Damon Greenleaf, President; A. J. Bidwell, Vice-Presi-
dent; A. J. Russell, Secretary; J. C. Greeley, Treasurer.
Directors-J. H. McGinniss, G. C. Wilson, J. P. Talia-
ferro, P. McQuaid, J. W. Whitney. Annual meeting-
Last Friday in April each year.
Orange Park Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Associa-
tion.-Orlando Knapp, President; E. D. Sabin, Vice-
President; O. E. Campbell, Corresponding Secretary;
Rev. O. Taylor, Secretary and Treasurer.
Lake George Fruit Growers' Association, Georgetown,
Florida.-President, A. B. Bartlett, Georgetown; Vice-
Presidents, E. A. Manville, N. W. Hawkins, Lake
George, and E. Kirby, Mt. Royal; A. H: Manville, Sec-
retary, Lake Geor ge; G e H. Thom, Treasurer
Georgetown; Corresponding Secretary, Rolla Ham-
mond, Fort Gates.
Picolata Agricultural and Horticultural Society.-R.
B. Canova, President; J. J. Lee, W. N. ParKer, Vice-
Presidents; N. R. Fitz-Hugh, Corresponding Secretary,
N. R. Fitz-Hugh, Jr., Recording Secretary; J. F. Sowell,
Treasurer. Meets first Saturday in each month.
Micanopy Fruit and Vegetable Cirowers' Associa-
tion.-G. W. Means, President; J. J. Barr, First Vice
President; A. H. Mathers, Second Vice-President; B.
W. Powell, Corresponding Secretary; B. F. Jordan, Sec-
retary and Treasurer.
Tropical Fruit Growers' Association of Monroe County,
Florida.-Home office, Myers, Florida; F. A. Hendry,
President; T. M. Parks, Secretary. Meets once a week.
Levy County Immigration Society.-J. M. Jackson,
President; Thomas Tillis, First Vice-President; J. B.
Sutton, Second Vice-President W. H. Sebring, Corres-
ponding Secretary; J. M. Barco, Recording Secretary;
L. W. Hamlin, Assistant Recording Secretary.
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Association.-
John Bradford, President, Bradfordville, Florida; D. H.
Elliott, Secretary, Jacksonville, Florida.
Pinellas Florida, Fruit Growers' Association.-D. W.
Meeker, P-esident; Wm. P. Neeld, Secretary.
Central Fruit and Vegetable Growers' Association, Ar-
redondo, Florida.-Eli Ramsey, President; Dr. B. P.
Richards, Secretary.
Evergreen Horticultural Society Dunedin, Florida.-
J. W. Matchett, President; W. Tate, ViCe-President;
Geo. L. Jones, Secretary.
Decatur County Fair Association, Bainbridge, Geor-
gia.-Maston O'Neil President; I. Kwilecki, Secretary.
Lake Wier Agricultural and Pomological Society (of
Marion County, Florida).-Captain J. L. Cainy, Presi-
dent; Dr. L. M. Ayer, Corresponding Secretary.
Welaka Horticultural Society (Welaka, Florida).-J.
S. North, President; C. M. Higgins, Secretary.
Southwest Georgia Industrial Association, Albany,
Georgia.-L. E. Welch, President; T. M. Carter, Secre-
Sumter County Agricultural and Fruit Growers' Asso-
ciation.-Col. T. C. Lanier President; D. L. Hubbard,
Vice-President; A. P. Roberts, Corresponding Secre-
tary; R. E. Sharrard, Recording Secretary; Thos. W.
Spicer, Treasurer.
Sumter County Fair Association.-Col. T C. Lanier,
President; A. J. Phares, Vice-President; R. E. Sharrard,
Secretary Thos W. Spicer, Treasurer.
Florida Central Agricultural Society.-Thos. F. King,
President, Gainesville; Secretary, -
---- ; W. K. Cessna, Corresponding Secretary, Gaines-
Archer Agricultural Association.-W. B. Lipsey,
President, Archer; J. A. Pine, Secretary; Dr. J. C. Neal,
Corresponding Secretary, Archer.
Middle Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Associa-
tion.-P. Houston, President; John A. Craig, Secretary;
Edward Lewis, Treasurer, Tallahassee.
Indian River Agricultural and Pomological Society.-
A. P. Cleveland, President; W. H. Sharp, Secretary,
Rockledge, Florida. Meets second Saturday in each
Madison County Agricultural and Mechanical Fair
Association.--R. J. Mays, President; Frank W. Pope,
Secretary, Madison, Florida.
Orange County Fair Association.-General. Joseph
Finnegan, President; Fred L. Robertson, Corresponding
Gadsden County Fair Association.-Jesse Wood Pres-
ident; W.H. Scott, First Vice-President; J. R. Harris,
Second Vice-President; J. W. Kendricks, Secretary; E.
C. Lou, Treasurer.
South Georgia Agricultural and Mechanical Associa-
tion Thomasville, Georgia.-H. M. Sapp, President; K.
T. McLean, Secretary.
[Will our friends in the different associations above

enumerated, be kind enough to correct any errors into
which we may have fallen in the naming of officers, &c.,
and oblige THE DISPATCH ?]

Strawberry Plants!

-- -----


Very choice selected stock-all barren plants care-
fully taken out.
Our vines produced a remarkably heavy crop of full-
sized, fine colored fruit during past dry season.
Would refer to Mr. W. H. Pillow as to this fact, and
superior quality of berries.
$3.00 per thousand, eash with order, delivered on
boat in any quantity. ANE,
St. John's River. MANDARIN.
to sept. 19.




THE TIMES is the official paper of the city and the
leading paper of the State. It has the largest circulation
in Florida, and reaches all parts of it. It is not merely
a local newspaper, but aims to advocate the interests
and promote the prosperity of Florida a a whole.
Its reputation outside the, State is very high. It has
taken rank among those journals whose columns are
looked to for news, and whose comments are quoted
with respect throughout the country.
Its editors have had wide and varied experience in
journalism North as well as South; its advertising pa-
tronage is liberal and of the best character; and its re-
sources, financial and other, are ample. It will furnish
Florida with a live, progressive, outspoken, and reada-
ble newspaper, the peer of any.


THE TIMES has secured by special contract the full
despatches of the ASSOCIATED PRESS. Besides that
its Editor is Agent of the Associated Press for the State
of Florida, which gives him great advantages in obtain-
ing the freshest and most important State news.


With representatives in the leading news centres of
the country, THE TIMES is well served in addition to
the regular Press reports. During the past winter it has
received a very large number of telegraphic specials."

Its regular correspondence from Washington, New
York and Boston is of noteworthy excellence; and its
State correspondence has attracted much attention.
This feature will be extended and improved; and to
this end correspondence containing news or items of
information of any kind is solicited from all quarters.

In addition to his editorial work, Mr. Small will write
regularly for THE TIMES, and in its Sunday issues the
famous "Old Si" will disseminate wisdom in chunks
to the Florida public.
TERM (strictly in advance): One year, $10; Six
months, $5; three months, $2.50; one month, $1. sent
one month on trial for 50 cents.
Remittance should be made by draft or post-office
order, or in a registered letter. Address
to sept 26,'82 Jacksonville, Fla.




DREW & BUOKI, Prprietors.


We respectfully announce to our friends and the pub-
lic generally, that, having secured the serVicos of Comn-
petent Draughtsmen, Architects and Mechanics we are
prepared to estimate on and contract for the building of

etc., at any point accessible by the several railroad and
steamboat lines. Possessing the advantage of manufac-
turing our own lumber, we are enabled to offer very lib-
eral inducements as to terms and quality of material.
Draughts, plans, estimates and information furnished
on application.
We have also made extensive additions to" our Plan-
ing Mill, and will continue, as heretofore, to manufacu-
ture and keep in stock a full line of Framing and Finish-
ing Lumber, Mouldings, Brackets, Balusters, Pickets,
Laths, etc.
W uly 1, '8-tf. Ellll, Fl
July 17, '82-tf. Ellaville, Florida.

_I_ ___
;---;-- --- ,_~__~__,,e -- -- ,-,.,... -.....--.---. --




A Chance for nSmall as well as
Large Capitalists.
I-4M OFFERING FOR SALE' some of the finest young
Orange G(roves in Florida, at prices far below their true
vah*e. My reason for these extraordinary offers is that
I wish to concentrate my attention and means upon my
other property. *
First.-I offer nine groves of 20 acres each, known as
part of my Hyde Park place, one mile south of Ocala.
These groves are fully set with trees, one-half being
sweet seedlings five years old, and the remainder five
year-old trees with sweet buds. Trees all growing luxu-
riantly. Price, from $150 to $200 per acre, according to
location size of trees.
Seco7rft-I of'e~4-lTi rty-t wo (32) lots-part of same tract
and same location-each containing five acres, upon
which no trees are planted. Price, $500 per lot, and I to
furnish (without extra charge) to the purchaser of each
lot 25Q sour trees containing dormant sweet buds.
Thpee _f ds aie desirable for th'e following considera-
tions :
LOCATION.-They are situated one mile south of the
growing town of Ocala, the county site of Marion
QUALITY.-They are of the best quality of marl ham-
mock-high, rolling and well watered, and admirably
adapted to the growth of the orange.
HEALTH.-No portion of the State can show a better
record for health.
Railway and the Tropical Railroad pass through these
lands, and each will have depots or flag stations on the
same-tlhus giving every facility for travel and ship-
ment of freight.
SURROUNDINGS.-The lands adjacent are being rapidly
settled by first-class people, including, among others,
Generals CHAM-BERLAIN and TILLSON, of Maine, and
Dr. G. T. MAXWELLt late of Atlanta, but now of Ocala,
who have invested in adjacent lands, and are making
valuable improvements. The society is as good as can
be found anywhere, and the religious and educational
advantages are unsurpassed. Besides the public schools
in the vicinity, the Ocala High School, a first-class in-
stitution, is sufficiently near to be attended by the chil-
dqin ofiettlers upon these lands.
Summer County rroves-
I also offer the following lands in Sumter County,
Florida :
First.-Forty-acre lot (known as Iacienda Grove),
with eighteen acres in grove of oranges and lemons,
having upon the same a good dwelling house. Of the
trees in this grove, fifty are now bearing, and all will be
bearing in two years. Upon this tract is a nursery of
12,000 budded trees from four to five years old-one-half
oranges,.and the rest in my celebrated lemons, that
toek the premium at the Atlanta Exposition and the
Oruarge County Fair.
Second.-Watula Grove, containing twenty acres, of
which twelve acres are in orange trees, about two hun-
dred of which are bearing, and the remainder will be
bearing in two years. There is also upon this tract a
nursery of ten thousand five year-old sour trees budded
with orange and lemon buds.
Third.-Forty acres of unimproved hammock land.
LOCATION.-The above tracts are all beautifully situa-
ted on Panasoffkee Run, one mile from Panasoffkee
Lake, in which is known as the "Tropical Centre,"
where the tenderest tropical plants are never injured by
cold weather. They adjoin the celebrated groves of Rt.
Rev. Bishop John F. Young and A. C. Brown; are upon
a navI lt e stream, and uiue miles from a depot of the
Tropi' -i oad. The lands.in the Immediate vicinity
are bn) idly settled b-y the best of citizens.
PRTo ; ct o. o1, l$15,1001; Tract No. 2, $10,000; Tract
No. 3 N~'ith budded trees sufficient to plant the
whol ty acies..
Q uITt~ o r. i AD.-The above-mentioned tracts are
of the best quality of rich marl hammock, high, rolling
and well watered, and, in my opinion, better'adapted
than any other lands in the State to the growth of Or-
anges, Lmnsons; Limes and other tropical fruits. \
For further information, address
aug. 21 to sept. 18.] Ocala, Marion Co., Florida.

Nurseryman i Florist

A full and choice stock of

Flowers, Plants & Trees,

ROSES a specialty.
Several thousands Sw S eedl ig Orange Trees, Chero-
kee Roses and Strawberry Plants for sale.
Wilson Albany Strawberry, price per M................. 2.00
Address, WM. DALE,
to nov. 27 82. Jacksonville, Florida.

.A.ttention PoUltry 1VCen.
DR. R. BACHMANN'S Vermin Halte; the only relia-
ble antidote to Vermin on Poultry of every description
now extant, viz: Lice on Fowls and Fleas on Dogs; all
other domestic animals are benefitted by its use. This
being an internal remedy to be given mixed with the
food, because all external remedies' have been a failure.
It is put up in packages of FIFTY CENTS and ONE DOL-
LAR. Sold at Groceries and Seed Stores. The best of
reference given on application to the proprietor.
Jacksonville, Florida.
Depot with PAINE BROS., 36 Bay Street.
aug. 21 to feb. 21. '83.



JT, L P JLV JLJ f X 4X % w. Pe


Il T rEIEi3ar OI

Has been during the past season thoroughly tested by many of the first Orange Growers and Gardeners of the
State, and received their endorsement and approval. The material which forms the base of this Fertilizer, cor -
tains potash, lime, phosphoric acid, ammonia and the other essential elements of Plant Food, making a co.
plete Fertilizer. Many who have tried it with Stockbridge, Baker & Bro.'s, and other high-priced Fertilize s,
say it is equal to them in the same quantity, and has the advantage of being an Insecticide.
This Fertilizer is put up in barrels containing 250 pounds, or 8 barrels to the ton. Price $4 peidarrel, $32 : cr
All orders with remittance promptly filled and delivered free on board cars or boats.
Gentlemen-I used one-half ton of your Fertilizer, in connection with the same amount of Baker & Bro.'s,
New York, and Bradley's, of Boston, last February, using, the same quantity of each on alternate rows through-
out my grove I find yours gave as good results as the others, which are much higher priced fertilizers-costing
$50.50 per ton Tor B. & Bro.'s and $51.50 for Bradley's, delivered here. I consider yours equal to either of the
others, and a great saving to the growers. Very respectfully, T. J. TUCKER.
WILCOX, ORANGE COUNTY, FLA., September 12, 1881.
LEESBURG, SUMTER CO., FLA., March 6, 1882.
GOULD & Co.:
Gentlemen-Allow me to express my thanks for the promptitude with which you have directed your
agents at this point (Messrs Spier & Co.,) to deliver to me the premium of one ton of your valuable fertilizer,
so generously offered for the best display of vegetables grown under its fostering care, I having had the honor
to win the said premium.
It was with very small hope of so substantial a reward, that I placed my vegetables among the exhibits
of our first county fair last month; but I wanted our people to know that we have at our own doors, as it
were, a fertilizer and insect destroyer better and cheaper than any of the celebrated Northern brands,
Gould's Fertilizer kills two birds with one stone," inasmuch as it feeds the plant, and destroys its enemies,
at one and the same time. I bave been testing it in the field, garden and orange grove for nearly two years, and
the result has been such that I feel independent of scale, leaf rollers, borers, and the other insect plagues, whose
name is legion, while my plants are well fed and vigorous, and exhibit the dark, glossy green of health and
For my part, I ask nothing better than Gould's Fertilizer, and at our next county fair. if I live to see it, I
mean to show yet more of its handiwork.
Yours truly, o HELEN HARCOURT.
to ang 27, '82 NO. 6 W. BAY ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

ORANGE AND LEMON TREES Budded from tried and approved varieties, and
on good healthy stocks.
Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, LECONTE PEARS, GRAPES, and a general line of Fruit Trees suitable to
Florida. Address,
--A- OlQ2T I.:E5:, Oeogetoerwi, 'Florida .
Aug. 14 to Nov. 6.

Ocean Steamship Company.


The Magnificent New Iron Steamships sail from Savannah on following dates:
GATE CITY, Friday, September 1st, 9:00 a. m.
DESSOUG, Monday, September 4th, 12:00 noon,
CITY OF MACON, Wednesday, September 6th, 1:30 p. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Monday, September 11th, 5:30 p. m.
GATE CITY, Wednesday, September 13th, 7:00 p. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Friday, September 15th. 8:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Monday, September 18th, 10:00 a. m.
DESSOUG, Wednesday, September 20th, 12:00 noon.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Friday, September 22d, 2:00 p. m.
TALLAHASSEE, Monday, September 25th, 5:00 p. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Wednesday, September 27th, 6:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Friday, September 29th, 8:00 p. m.
Through Bills of Lading and Tickets over Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western
Railway, and close connections with the new and elegant steamers to Florida.
Freight received every day from 7 t6. m. to 6 p. m., at Pier 35, N. R.
H. YONGE, .G. M. SORREL, Agent, Savannah, Ga.
Agent of Line, and C. R. R. of Ga., Office New Pier 35 N. River, N. Y.
W. II. RHETT, General Agent, 317 Broadway, New York.
H. R. CHRISTIAN, Gen'l Soliciting Agent. C. D. OWENS,
12-2m Gen'l Ag't Sav'h, Florida & Western Ry. Co, 315 Broadway. N. Y.


Agent in Orange County for



Orange Groves and Orange Lands on Commission,

june 12-tf

An Orange Grove or Orange Lands, in a healthy, beauti-
ful country,
Entirely Free frown Fro t,
where you have the finest
of all descriptions, and the best chance to raise early
vegetables, in a new country. Address me with stamp,
at Anclote, Hillsborough County, Florida.
I can sell you five acres, or five thousand acres, as you
lyr to aug 20, '83 M. El. JMARIKS.


__ ___ ... C I _ I

er II I IC III 1 I -~ I I Il




I u Vholesale Dealers ill

My new Illustrated Cata-
eForeign and Domestic Fruits.
~ Si ~eeds, for Fall Plan t-
ing, for the House and
Garden. ROSES, Hya-
cinths, Tulips and Jon-
Catalogue FREE for 3c.
stamp. Address ARNOLD
WNFlorida Oranges and Lemons,

sept 11 tf

DORti to Whiteowash.
and Coloring Stores, Factories, Mills, Dwellings,
Churches, Barns, or for any purpose where whitewash
or calsomine is used; is easily applied; keeps clean
longer than lime ; will not crack, peel or rub off; does
better work than lime; its sanitary qualities are excel-
lent. Packed in barrels, half-barrels and kegs. Send
for circulars. 1- az iett t ] "fXoste~r,
sept 11 tf 132 TV, Pratt-st., 1laltimore.

Having orders for several hundred boxes of Oranges
already entered on our books, we solicit correspondence
from growers having early Oranges to market. We
want good bright fruit, and will make it to the interest
of produces to write us early. Address
Wholesale Fruit Dealers,
to sept. 20, '82. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


Choice acclimated Strawberry ]Plants for
sale at $3 per thousand.
to sept. 27 P. Riverside, Jacksonville.

A.. ". C:.A.1 E=E".'r'. .
15 East Bay Jacksonville.
U branch of Ludden & Bates, Savannah-EXACITLY
SAME PRICES AND) TERMS, Sheet Music, Springs
and small instruments of all kinds. Send for cata-
logues, prices and terms. TUNIN G AND REPAIRING
a specialty. My tuner will make regular tours i roughg
the State, and my customers will thus have my repre-
sentative at their doors, a great advantage to purchasers
of instruments. to sept 26, '82


New York and Return.
Savannah, Florida & Western Railway,
Waycross Short Line and Ocean Steamship Co' ,Iany.

Close connection with the magnificently appointed
every Wednesday and Saturday.
Passengers via this route will find every comfort and
convenience in this fleet of elegantly equipped steam-
ships, rivaling in construction and appointments the
finest ocean-going vessels of the day. The mixtures of
rail and water transportation-both of the best charac-
ter-combine the attractions of a first-class Summer
Excursion Route.
For tickets, engagement of staterooms and other in-
formation, apply to thile office of the Savannah, Florida
& Western Railway Company, 84 West Bay Street (Astor
Building), or at the ticket office at the Waycross Short
Line Passenger Station.
General Pass. Agent.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
Aug. 7 to Oct. 2.

167 South Water St.,


-- O 0

-o-iREFERENCES.-First National Bank, Jacksonville, Florida. Union National Bank, Chicago, Illinois.
sept 4, tf.


FO ZVS'.I'S CC41-2:v MI: 1T 0 mS

Vegetables, Orange Trees,


BY -

CEO. B. FORRESTER, 169 Front St., New York.
THESE MANURES are prepared from Concentrated Chemicals, are free from odor, do not breed vermin or
insects in the soil. They have been used on Florida lands for years, and produce wonderful results.
'or sale by
ML:'=7r. "r, vl: a IS.:T 3=N-: Z--I' :F'V,

- Senul Ifor circular,.

(to feb. 3, '83)

Sanford, Orcange Coun ty, Florida.


In lots to suit, ill the town of Satsuma, Putnami Counity,
Florida. Send for circular to A T Garden Field, and Flower
WHITNEY, GOLD & HODGES, he Fari and GrSEEDe and E etryth Oa
Satsuma, Nashua P. 0., logue sent free. JOHNSON & T OKE3,
ISeed and A %ricultusl Warehouse.
june 26-tf FI I1 1 )A. A No. 1114 Market Street, Pbi aelpi
"Florida aRS a IPrmannl Homl t (to Jan 9, 83)

july 24 to oct 23. Jacksonville, Fla.

ianaluable patented improvements fous in o other
ENGINVYES in the world. For Pamphlets and Price
List(also for SAW MIILLS) address
T AUILTMAN & TAYLO CO.. Mansfield. Ohi. Via all Rail to Potsmoth, Virgiia, and
(to Oct 6,'82) Via all ail to Po mouth, Virgini, and
REMOVED. thence by the elegant steamships of the
I have removed nmy seed store to No. 2 ,East Bay st., old Dominion Line to New York.
next door to post-office, where I have the largest and
most complete stock of pure and fresh Seeds in the State.

to Dec. 3, '82


Jacksonville, Fla.


Are manufactured right in our establishment in the
lst manner and at the shortest notice.
&t Send in your orders.

May 1-tf


Persons leaving Jacksonville by the fast mail on Sun-
day, Monday, Tuesday and Friday, at 9 a. m., arrive at
Portsmouth the following afternoon, making close con-
nection with sieamships, and arrive in New York the
next evening thereafter.
The appointments of this line, and elegant steamship
accommodations, the absence of delays, whether going
or returning, together with the low rate of fare, make it
a most desirable summer excursion route.
For tickets and other information apply to office of
the S., F. & W. Railway, 84 West Bay Street (Astor
building), or the Ticket Office at the Waycross Short
Line passenger station.
Gen. Pass. Agent.
GEo. W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
Aug. 7 to Oct. 2.



- ?




I1T oE FFEC= T A. C. l T.TT S 1st, 18S2.

Subject to Uniform Classification of Southern Railway & Steamship Association

To Stations on Florida Transit, Peninsula and Tropical Railroads, Tampa, Manatee and
Gulf Coast Points, via Cedar Key.

(By Direct Steamship Only)

___________________ I -

Hart's Road........................Florida.
Tolu..................................... ".
Brandy Branch ...................
Maxville.............................. 15
Highland...................... ... 1
Temple's ...... ...................... "
Thurston ............................. "
W aldo.......................... ........
Gainesville......................... "
Fairbank's........................... "
Arredondo ............ ............... "
Archer ................................... 1 23
Bronson .............................
Otter Creek........................... "
Rosewood .................. ........... "
Cedar Keys.......................... 1 10
Tampa ................................. ". i
Manatee ................................ f
Santa Fe........................... ... "
Dixie..................................... "
Hawthorn .......................... "
Lochloosa............................ "
Island Grove.....................
Orange Lake......................... I
SparrK .........................
Anthony Place ... .............
Silver Springs.......................
Ocala....................... ...........
Lake Weir...........................
W ildwood ........................
Leesburg .................. ............


|2 !

I B oi I .I "

95 85

1 03

311 03




68 5568

70 60 68

60 5556

70160 681




63 4078

50132 65


S73 3


w a)B
$:4 0.|q


L 00jl 65

70!1 25
901 35.

88 1 0011 65

To Landings on St. John's River, Palatka, Tocoi, St. Augustine, Stations on and via St. John's
& Lake Eustis Railway, Sanford, Enterprise and points on and via South Florida Railroad, Etc.

BETWEEN _______
as I. ..L% %% .B

(By Direct Steamship Only)
Mandarin ..................................Florida.
Hibernia ................................ .
Magnolia ............... .................. "
Green Cove Springs.................. 4
Picolata ..................................... "
Federal Point............................. "
Orange Mills................................
Tocoi ........... .........................
Palatka................................ ..... "
St. Augustine ..................:.......... "(
San Mateo................................
Buffalo Bluff................................
Welaka .....................................
Norwalk .................................. "
Fort Gates........................... ....... "
Seville .......................................... "
Volusia.................. ....................
A stor .............................. ...........
Bluffton..... ......... .........
DeLand Landing........................
Lake Beresford.........................
Blue Spring.............................
Stations on the St. Johns &
Lake Eustis Railway..............
Fort Mason, Yalaha ...................
Leesburg, etcr............................... "
Longwood............ ...............
Snow's..................... ...............
Orlando ............................... ...... "9
Kissimmee City.......................... "

"Q U
.z uu -


1 20



1 051 981



6511 30

110 857055 455050501325555 651 20

1 451 25 13 9577 65 7270 68 478077 95180

1 50 1 251 10 9275 63 686570508075 1 001 85

1 60 1 35 1 20 98 7652 67755485801 15 2 20

liThrolugh iBills L~dcing guaranteeing Eates to Destination.

P-rompt adjustment of all just Claims.

lV-Jrark and consign =reight "avia S., :F dr "~7". sailwvay."

A&-For further information, call on er address

H. YONGE, Jr.,
Agent Ocean Steamship Company,
Pier 35 North River, New York.

General Agent 8., F. & W. R'y,
315 Broadway, New York.

General FEcight Agent,
Savannah, Ga.





-- --I I-- t



tlqfi Pto etrbA blSPATCtt.




The steamships of this company are appointed to
and from SAVANNAH for BALTIMORE, as follows:
Monday, July 3d, at9 a. m.
Saturday, July 8th, at I p. m.
Thursday, July 13th, at 5 p. m.
Tuesday, July 18th, at 9:30 p. m.
Monday, July 24th, at 1 p. im.
Saturday, July 291th, at 5 p. 111.
Thursday, August 3d, at 10 a. m.
Tuesday, August 8th, at 1 p. In.
Monday, August 14th, at 8 a. m.
Saturday, August 19th, at 10 a. mn.
Thursday, August 24th, at 2 p. m.
Tuesday, August 29th, at 8 a. m.
The steamers are first-class in every respect, and every
attention will be given to passengers.
CABIN FARE from Savannah to Baltimore, $15,
Including Meals and Stateroom.
For the accommodation of the Georgia and Florida
this company lias arranged a special schedule, thereby
perishable freight is transport thed e tdprinmip l
points in the WEST amnd SOUTHIWEST by mialL f:o ni
altli more.
By this route shippers are assured that their goods
will receive careful h handling and quick dispatch.
Rates of freight by this route will be found in another
JAS. B. WEST & CO., Agents.
Savannah, Janmuary 8th, 1878. 30-t1


ON AND AFTER SUNDAY, JUNE 4th, 1882, Passen-
Oger Trains will run over the WVycross Short Line
as follows;
Fast Mail. Jack'lle Ex.
Daily. Daily.
Leave Jacksonville at................. 9:00 a. m. 5:35 p. m.
Arrive Callahan at.................... 9:00 p. m ...........
Leave Callahan at.................... 9:45 a. m. 6:45 p. m.
Arrive Waycross at....................11:45 a. m. 9:15 p. im.
Arrive Jesup at................ 1:32 p. m. 11:25 p. m.
Arrive at Brunswick at.............. 6:10 p. m. 8:20 a. m.
Arrive Savannah at................. 3:35 p.. 2:30 a. m.
Arrive Charleston at ..................... 9:30 p. m. 8:45 a. m.
Arrive at Augusta at.................... 5:20 a. i. 2:30 p. m.
Arrive Macon at........ ................................ 7:0 a. m.
Arrive Atlanta at.. .... ...... 3:40 a. m. 12:50 p. in.
A rrive Louisville at.......................................... 8:00 a.
Arrive Cincinnati at...................................... 7:00 a. im.
Arrive Washington at............ 9:40 p. i. 7:40 a. im.
Arrive Baltimore at .....................11:45 p 9:15 a. m.
Arrive New York (limited express) ........ ... 3:50 p. ,
Arrive New York R. R ............. 6:50 a. m. 5:20 p. im.
Arrive St. Louis at ....... ......................... 7:00 p m.
Arrive Chicago at............................................ 7:00 p. m .n
Fast mail arrives at Jacksonville daily at...... 6:10 p. m.
Jacksonville express arrives at Jacksonville
daily at. ............. .................... 8:10 a. mix.
To Savannah...................................................... :40 hours
To New York ...................................................... 45:45 hours'
To W ashington .............................................. 36:30 hours'
To Chlicago.......... .......................... ......... 49:00 hours'
.'o St. Louis..................................................... 49:00 hours'
Daily Jacksonville to Charleston.
l.im)aily Jacksonville to Cincinnati.
Sleeping car from Jacksonville to Savannah (5:35 p.
nm. trains) Tuesdays and Fridays.
A Restaurant and Lunch Counter has been estab-
lished at Waycross, where passengers will be bounti-
fully furnished at moderate rates.
The morning train from Jacrsonville to Savannah,
connects daily with through Pullnman sleeper for New
Only one change of cars to New York.
Passengers going to Montgomery and New Orleans
t.akle tihe evening train.-
Passengers from line of Transit Railroad take the
train at Callalman.
Passengers from line of Jacksonville, Pensacola and
Mobile Railroad either take train at Live Oak, leaving
2 p. m. and arriving ar at Savannah at 2:30 a. m., or train
at Jacksonville, leaving at 9 a. m. and arriving at Sa-
vannmah at 3:35 p. inm.
Co innectinig at SavaInnah with steamers for New York,

Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore.
Connecting at Charleston with steamers for New
York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail and Steam-
ship connections, and Baggage checked through. Also
Sleeping Car berths and sections secured at Company's
Office in Astor's Building, 84 Bay street, at Depot Ticket
Office. JAS. L. TAYLOR,
Gen'l Freight and Pass. Ag't.
GEO. W, HAINES, Agent. [*]


Oldest Established Bank in East Florida.
Organized in 1870 by Mr. D. G. Ambler, and
Generally Known as

Deposits received, Discounts made and Exchange
Bought and Sold on MOST FAVORABLE TERMS.
Collections made and Proceeds promptly remitted.
Correspondents-Importers & Traders National Bank,
New York; Merchants National Bank, Savannah, Ga.
Resident correspondents of Brown Bros. & Co., Drexel,
Morgan & Co., Jas. G. King's Sons, Kountze Bros., New
York, and other prominent Bankers issuing Letters of
Credit. apr 10-tf

20 FORTY-ACRE TRACTS only 12 miles from Jack-
sonville; extra good land, well 19cated, between river
and J., St. A. and H. R. R. R. Price, $10 per acre. Will
sell on monthly payments of $12.50. These lands will in-
crease in value, being located in an already prosperous
town, making a paying investment at small outlay.
Maps can be seen at No. 41 East Bay Street.
to nov 21, '82. GEO. R. REYNOLDS.
Jacksonvile, Fla.
M. L.. HARNETT, formerly BEN GEORGE, late of the
of the Marshall House. Screven House.
HARNETT & GEORGE, Proprietors.
This favorite family Hotel, under its new manage-
ment, is recommended for the excellence of its cuisine.
homelike comforts, prompt attention and moderate
rates. to sept 4,82

S3f-A RE'"" "'T7EISCIs"77O7F,



Window, Picture and Carriage Glass.

Sand and Enitery Papers, &c.
3000, F'IiERi3u TE'.sr'.

JOhlnson'8s prepared Jalsomine. WVads-
worth, Martinez and Longman's
]Piepared Pain 8ts.
No. 40 West Bay St., Sign of Big Barrel
to mar25,'83 JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

SEND $i1.50 TO1

35 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.,

And get a bottle of Richmond's Samaritan Nervine.
Cures Nervous Disorders, Dizziness, Vertigo, Seminal
Weakness. The only sure cure for Epileptic Fits.
to aug 20, '82

Fine Nunan Strawberry Plants. The best known
variety for shipment.
100 P lants........................................................$ .75
500 Plants......................................... ............... 2.00
1000 P lants.......................................................... 3.00
Terms cash delivered at Express Office or Railroad,
Charleston. Address,

to Oct. 7-P.

112 Broad Street,


Architects ai C il rs.

Plans, Specifications and Estimates for Buildings of
all kinds. Water Supply, Drainage, Sewerage, Bridges'
Roofs, Etc. P. O. Box 784. Room No. 12 Palmetto Block,
Bay Street. Aug. 7 to Feb. 7, 83

P. iT)i-A NUlE

Has closed till NOVEMBER. Present address,
may 12, '83. M1AC ON1, GA.

(Sent by mail; postage free, on receipt ogprice)
In Book Foi-, -Conttiniin og- 1
Views -Em eh.
Souvenir of Florida, smalll size).....................25c.
Scenes and Characters of th(lsuuir. So~ptliall
size) ...... .. ....... .. ...........25c.
Souvenir of Jacksonvitie,( l1rgp site)................. c.
Souvenir of St. Augustine,(large size)...............50c.
Stereoscopic Views per Ioz. $1.O0.
Add es#
J -A, I LE, FLA.



1 yr to April 23, '83

.aw o .rry -Plants For .Sai !
200,000 Choice pure Beatty's stock........84.00 per Thousand
100,000 Pure Nunan's.............................. 6.00 per Thousand
50,000 Pure Crescent Seedlings............ 6.00 per Thousand
Terms: Cash with order.
Address. WV. E. i C U I_, L,
aug 1 to nov 3, '82. Jacksonville, Florida.

A partner with a capital of TiHEE THOUSAND DOLLARS
cash, to start an Orange Nursery. The trees to be grafted
the whole year by artificial means (a process not known
in Florida). The trees will have a head of three to five
feet in two years; will propagate one hundred thousand
yearly, with the above amount.
P. S.--No one need apply without the capital. Would
prefer a partner who has already trees of the finest
varieties. Apply to
f IIO2T2TUof Box 1036,Fl.
aug. 21 to sept. 20. Jacksolnville P. O., Fla.

0. L. KEENE,


Laces, Worsteds,

67 West Bay Street, Corner Laura,

to feb 20, '83


Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Harfwar Stcvs, Doors, Sas, BlinBfls

Sugar Mills, Rubber and Leather Belting,
Steam ,- Gas-Fitting, Plumbing Tinsmithing,

Agricultural Implements of all Kinds,
S- Send for Price List and Catalogue,
to june 11 '83

e94: .

-- I I I _


President and businesss Manager. Secretary and Superintendent. Treasurer

Lake George, Florida.
A FULL LINE OF FRUIT TREES adapted to this climate, including Japan Persimmons, Japan Plums
Peaches, Figs, Grapes, LeConte Pears, and over one hundred varieties of the Citrus.
Catalogue free, .. to apr 17, '83


TLo. 7 Clar1s Street, C.MI-Z~OO.,

Commission Merchant for thle Sale of

REFERENCE.-Hibernian Banking Association, Chicago.
Correspondence solicited. No. 1 packing only solicited. [aug. 21 to sept. 14, '82.






60,.. PER




First rLcLs 03 o. inLest Q2%ality

Best Butter in Tubs at 30oto 3x Cents per Pound,

.:0 E2 : B:P 1 0>T I C _,.

No. Weest Bay Street, Jacksonville, Florida.
To sept 27, '82

Ocean Steamship Company of Savannah.

Savannah and Philadelphia.
be received for passage by the Company's Ships to New York. Tickets sold by all Agents to New York via Phil-
Philadelphia steamers for September are appointed to sail as follows:
CITY OF SAVANNAH, September 2d, at 10:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, September 9th, at 4:00 p. m.
RAPIDAN, September 16th, at 8:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, September 23d, at 2:00 p. m.
RAPIDAN, September 30th, at 8:00 a. nm.
4S-The Rapidan does not not carry passengers.
Days and hours subject to change, without notice. Both ships have elegant passenger accommodations.
44-tf Agent, 13 S. Third St., Philadelphia. Agents at SavannOh.


1879. I 1870.

Crockery, China, Glass and Earthenware.
We have the largest and most complete stock in the State. All the Latest Novelties in Majolica and Fancy
Goods, Vases, Motto Cups and Saucers, etc. Decorated Tea, Dinner and Chamber Sets in a large Variety. Lanmps
and Chandeliers, Fancy Vase Lamps in Majolica Faience, Kito, Porcelain and other Wares. Wood and Willow,
Stone and Tinware. The American, Crown and Peerless Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers, Filters, etc.

Monitor Oil Stoves and Little Joker Oil Cans.
THE BEST IN THE WORLD. Send for Price Lists.
The best and only absolutely safe Oil Stove in the World. It is Economical, Ornamental, Convenient, Dura-
ble,Compact and Cheap. Its fuel is Coal Oil. No Dust! No Ashes! No Smoke! No Trouble! Testimonials
from those using the Stoves given on application.
Fruit Jars and Jelly Tumblers Wine Bottles, Flasks, etc. Special inducements to the trade.
Merchants, Hotels, Boarding Houses and Bars will find it greatly to their advantage to give us a trial. Send
for list of assorted packages.
to July 5, '83. (Mention this paper)

Boston nll 8Vannnl Slm8toamshiP Line

Transhipment and extra handling saved. No danger
of fruit being frozen. Cars are unloaded at the steam-
ship wharf in Savannah, avoiding drayage.
Seminole, Thursday, July 27th, at 4 p. m.
---- Thursday, .August 3d, at 10:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 10th, at 4:50 p. m.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 17th, at 9:00 a. in.
Seminole, Thursday, August 24th, at 3:00 p. m.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 31st, at 9:00 a. m.
44-tf Savannah, Ga.


Merchants' Line,



FREDERICK DE BARY, Capt. Leo. Vogel.
H. B. PLANT, Capt. J. W. Fitzgerald.
ANITA, Capt. C. H. Brock.
One of the above-named steamers will leave De Bary
Wharf, foot of Laura Street, daily except Sunday, at 3
all intermediate landings.
ROSA, Capt. J. L. Amazeen.
GEO. M. BIRD, Capt. G. J. Mercier.
Steamer ROSA leaves De Bary Wharf every Sunday
at 1 p. m., and every Wednesday at 5 p. m. for above-
named landings.
Steamer GEO. M. BIRD leaves De Bary Wharf every
Tuesday and Friday at 5 p. m. for same landings.
Connects at Palatka with Florida Southern Railroad
for Gainesville and Ocala.
Connects at Astor with St. John's and Lake Eustis
Railroad for Ft. Mason, Yalaha, Leesburg and all points
on the Upper Ocklawaha.
Connects at Volusia with coaches for Ormond and
Connects at Sanford with South Florida Railroad for
Longwood, Maitland, Apopka City, Altelnonte, Orlando,
Kissimmee, and with steamers for Lake Jessup, Salt
Lake and Rock Ledge and Indian River.
Connects at Enterprise with coaches for Daytona and
New Smyrna.
Returning, Mail Steamers leave Enterprise every.
morning at 7 a. m., and Sanford on arrival ot train.
Steamer Gee. M. Bird will leave Enterprise every
Thursday and Sunday at 5 a. m.
Steamer Rosa leaves Enterprise exery Friday at 5 p. m.
i-Through bills of lading given to all points.
The steamers of this line are all first-class in every
For further information, apply at General Ticket
Office, corner Bay and Laura Streets, Leve & Alden,
corner Bay and Ocean Streets, or on board.
W. B. WATSON, Manager.
C. B. FENWICK, Gen. Pass. Agent. Aug. 7-tf.


Several thousand Nunan Variety. Also, Crescent
Seedling, price $4.00 per 1,000, packed and shipped in
good condition. Money must accompany each order. ,-
Address, MIR. A. BEATLTY,
Aug. 7 to Nov. 6. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

Hickory Bluff, 46 acres, 18 acres Hammock, cleared and
enclosed with Picket fence. 200 thrifty young Orange
trees growing on the place. Bold bluff river front of over
a quarter of a mile, and steamer channel close in shore,
and over five miles of water protection to the northwest, giv-
ing perfect security against frost. Nine miles below Jack-
sonville, and one mile from New Berlin. Can come to
city every morning on mail steamer and return in the
afternoon. A choice place for orange growing and truck
farming. Price, $2,500.
Also, two desirable city lots 53x209 feet, and one 70x156
feet covered with thrifty orange trees 6 years old, half
mile from business center. Good neighborhood (all
white). P o Price of first, 00 each. Pce second, a corner,
very handsome, $800. Apply to
No. 1 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE.
State that you saw this in THE DISPATCH.
July 3, tf



.--~~ -~~-


The agent of the "Royal Mail Line to the Nether-
lands," and of the "Florio Italian Line," in Jackson-
ville, offers his services to reliable parties in search oj
competent labor for their
Groves or Gardens,
to try to induce people from
Northern and Southerin Europe
to come to Florida.
-Correspondence solicited.
Care Florida Land and Imp't Co.,
sept 1, '82, tf. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

A Fine Imported Jersey IRed Boar, four
months old; and an& A.lderney Bull, seven
Months old.
Stock guaranteed. For prices and further information,
sept. 4, tf. Battonville, Florida.

I will pay 22 cents per pound for pure, bright beeswax
Sin lots of of 20 pounds each, or upwards. Five hundred
pounds wan te. Address
to Oct. 3, '82 New Smyrna, Fla.

"The most effective, simple and economical Hive yet
invented. All bee-keepers in Florida should take hold
of it. The agent is here, and you can buy rights for $5.
Address Z. G. HEGE, Agent,
to Oct. 3-p. Jacksonville, Fla.

Pitman's Phonography
thoroughly and successfully taught through the mail by
a practical short-hand writer. It is so simple as to be
easily learned by any one of ordinary ability in a very
short time, and the public benefits to be derived from
it are entirely incalculable. Especially adapted to tak-
ing notes at lectures and every variety of verbatim re-
porting at a speed of 150 to 200 words per minute; com-
manding a salary of from $40 to $175 per month. Tui-
tion, including book, $12 ; also, for $1.00 will be mailed
a system of acquiring proficiency in penmanship with-
out an instructor. The trade supplied with books of
instruction at publisher's prices. Circulars on applica-
, tion. CHAS. R. MITCHELL,
Sept. 4 & 18, Oct. 2 & 16, Hawkinsville, Ga.

40 Hours from New York City: 108 miles from Savannah.
Here we can plant and gather some crops every month
in the year; good water, plenty of grass in the woods for
sheep, cattle and hogs all the year round; very profita-
ble to the owner Farms of 40 acres each at $1 to $3 per
acre; lumber, $1 per hundred feet, delivered at depot,
shingles, $4 per 1,000; will build a house with 4 rooms, 6
windows, cement flue for chimney, well dug and curbed,
for $150, on easy terms. Labor of all kinds needed at fair
wages; board at Mrs. Bainbridge's, from $15 to $20 per
We need farmers, truckers, stock and fruit growers.
One bushel crate of vegetables delivered in New York
City for 50 cents; per barrel, $1, and with quick dispatch.
A number of Northern and Western families now here
are doing well; no stones, no underbrush, no winter,
climate delightful and perfectly healthy all the year
round. Land is not cleared, but near depot; some cleared
land from.$5 to $10 per acre. All kinds of grain, vegeta-
bles, berries, fruit and stock, do well. Our farmers are
out of debt, some lend money.
Any number of acres, for colonizing or grazing, at $1 to
$3 per acre; 40 acres, with house complete, for $250; EASY
Call and see for yourself, or address
June 19-tf


Pun, LocTkmiths and stencil llttors,
Gunsmithing done in all its branches.
Special rates on Stencil Cutting, by mail. Address,
.to june 12'83, (P. 0. IBox 833.)



General Stock of Select Seeds for Gardeners.

Tlhe cabbage Seed Crop of '32 is alxnmost a complete
failure 3-Tortl., but I have secured a few pou .nds
each., of s'uchl select varieties as are a success i=n our
clizrxnte. I :l.ave a stock of Cstb'babge "Fertilizers,
Bo ne Measl, Cotton Seed ~vseal, Etoc

tojan 6, '3 JaoBtc pnii~e, 1




SoLut.lerzn. ruit a3nd ~Tegetabtles a Specialty=.
3~O and 32 1North Delaware Avenue, Philadelphia.
to jan 6, '83




NEWSDEALERS.-We keep all the latest Daily and Weekly Papers from Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, Chicago, St. Louis, Louisville, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Charleston, Savannah and Jacksonville, and
take subscriptions to all publications at publication price. Orders by mail promptly attended to.

FLORIDA: FOR TOURISTS, INVALIDS AND SETTLERS (Barbour, Profusely Illustrated)..............Price $1 50
FLORIDA: ITS SCENERY, CLIMATE AND HISTORY (Lanier)..... ..................................Price 1 50
GUIDE TO EAST FLORIDA (Edwards), paper........................................................ Price 10
FAIRBANKS' HISTORY OF FLORIDA................................................. ..................................................Price 2 50
GUIDE TO JACKSONVILLE........ ................................................................................. Price 25
SOUTH FLORIDA, THE ITALY OF AMERICA............................................................ ..................Price 25
DAVIS' ORANGE CULTURE (new edition)enlarged and improved........................................ ...................Price 50
MOORE'S ORANGE CULTURE (new edition, enlarged and improved)...................................................Price 1 00
ORANGE INSECTS-Illustrated (Ashmead ................................................................ ............................Price 1 00
ORANGE CULTURE IN CALIFORNIA, by A. T. Garey, (cloth).......................................................Price 1 25
A MANUAL OF GARDENING IN FLORIDA (Whitner)........................ ........................Price 50
COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA.... .............................................................. ...............................................Price 75
COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA (Sectional-the best)..................................... ............................................. Price 1 25
NEW AND ACCURATE MAP OF ST. JOHN'S RIVER...................................................... ....Price 25
McCLELLAN'S NEW DIGEST OF LAWS OF FLORIDA, (8vo sheep postage extra)................ Price 6 00
INDEX TO THE DECISIONS OF THE SUPREME COURT OF FLORIDA................... ......................Price 3 00
Its Climate, Soil, and Productions, (By Samuel C. Upham)....... .................. .........Paper .25
Any of the above books mailed on receipt of price.
O R A N G E V A P S ..... .............................................. ....................................10x 0,14c.; 11x11, 17c.; 12x12,20c.
W ARRANTY DEEDS, per dozen....................................................................................... ..............................Price 50
QUIT-CLAIM DEEDS, per dozen................... ............... ....................................... ..................... ............... ..Price 50
MORTGAGES, per dozen.... .................................................................Price 50
NOTARIAL SEAL PRESSES, made to order...................:.....................................Price $5 00
We publish a full line of Law Blanks for Lawyers and Justices of the Peace. Price-list mailed on application.
Special prices to large buyers. Adddress

feb 12-tf



[Full count-480 sheets to the ream.]

14 c. pr rm.

17 c. pr rm.

1 2X12
19 c. pr rmi:

Special Prices to Large Buyers.

Remit by check, money-order or registered letter, and in ordering, give shipping directions.

Ashmead Br.others,

sept 11 tf