Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/NF00000068/00024
 Material Information
Title: Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Ashmead Bros.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: September 4, 1882
Publication Date: 1869-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (1869)-n.s. v. 9, no. 4 (Jan. 21, 1889).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of North Florida
Holding Location: University of North Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0497
oclc - 08331006
System ID: NF00000068:00024
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch, farmer & fruit grower; farmers alliance

Full Text

1phrotpsd ta the MAri lturaI, ianufaduvinlg and Industrial IntPrists of Florida and th SJoih.

Vol. 1.--No. 24: New Series.--Published by ASHMEAD BROTHERS, Jacksonville, Fla.

Price 5 cents.

Monday, September 4, 1882.

"'Way Down on de Suwannee Ribber."
Apropos to the practical and sensible article
of our friend RICE, in present number of DIs-
PATCH, we print the following from the New
York "Orange Grove:"
THE SUWANNEE RIVER.-The song-writer
who embalmed the name of this stream in his
verses "builded better than he knew"-
"Way down upon the Suwanee ribber,
Far, far away;
Dar's whar my heart is turning ebber,
Dar's whar de ole folks stay.
All around de whole creation
Ebery where I roam,
Sighing for de ole plantation,
And for de ole folks at home."
The words are in the rude dialect of the plant-
ation, but the sentiment touches the univer-
sal heart. As in the Crimean bivouac, when
"Each soldier thought a different name,
But all sang Annie Laurie,"
so the song of the Suwannee calls up to every
hearer tender thoughts of home and its endear-
ing ties. The name of the river is not, as
many suppose, wholly aboriginal. The early
Spanish explorers, in accordance with their
pious customs, named the river San Juan. This
the Indians softened down from the sound of
San Wan to Suwannee, adding the musical ter-
mination which marks all their geographical
Rising in southern Georgia, the river flows
through Florida in a series of sweeping curves,
emptying into the Gulf of Mexico a few miles
north of the Cedar Keys. Above the Santa
Fe, its principal tributary, it flows through a
region consisting chiefly of sandy loam, cover-
ed with a heavy growth of pine. Below the
junction of the Santa Fe, the shores of the Su-
wanee contain much highly valuable hammock
Fort Fanning and the famous "Old Town,"
both scenes of historic events, are situated on
its shores. But, after all, its name might have
remained comparatively unknown, had it not
been wafted over the English-speaking world
on the wings of song.
-How much better is a dog's life than the
lives of some men and women.
-How sorry some people are for faults which
they will commit next month.

S$1.00 per Year, in advance; postage free.

During a residence of several years in the ETC.-This rot about "Southern outrages" is
Bermuda Islands, I had occasion to observe the "played out." Every intelligent citizen knows
cultivation and export to New York of the so- that the potency of that political yawp is as
called Bermuda onion-the finest and most re- dead as Andrew Jackson. In the last political
numerative variety of that vegetable. It is campaign in the North, the merest allusion to
suited only to a Southern climate, as it must be the "bloody shirt" was hooted into silence. We
sown as early as October or November, and be want better enforcement of the law and less pol-
harvested in May. itics. Crimes are committed all over the world.
Upon my first settlement in Orange county, The state of Ireland is worse than the condition
where the climate is so nearly like that of Ber- of the South ever was in its most excited
muda, I suggested to our gardeners to try the days. Crimes will be committed year by year,
Bermuda onion, and procured a pound of the and the shield of political persecution will serve
seed for distribution. The experiment proved to keep criminals bold and make their acts more
a great success-the yield being equal to a rate numerous and more shocking. Stripped of
of 20,000 pounds to the acre. this sympathy, the roughs and cut-throats will
But our merchants failed to import seed and become in name what they are in fact, the low,
the culture fell into disuse. The seed crop of debased, criminal class of society, of which every
1881 was so short that none could be obtained community in the world has its woful burden.
for the American market, and our people have *
been furnished a spurious article from Northern The newspaper is the strong right arm of the
seed stores called Bermuda onion seed. The law. It gathers up facts and heralds them
onion ought to be a staple product in Florida. abroad to all the people. It makes every man
It would be found readily saleable, and very a detective. It supplements the labors of the
remunerative. sheriff and the judge; it leaves no hiding place
Whatever increases the exchangeable pro- where crime may lurk. Crime revels in mys-
ducts of a country-especially in the form of a tery; it is safe only in the dark; the newspa-
food supply, is a public benefaction. And per is the sunlight, and wherever its influence
though I am neither gardener nor seedsman, in is strongest, crime is least known.-Florida
response to many solicitations, I have ordered Times.
from London, through the only business house It is a t t
dealing in this article, a small supply of the FROST ALREADY !It is about time for
genuine, fresh, mixed red and white Bermuda wandering Floridians to be hieingg hame."
onion seed, for which I have the bill of lading, The poor people of northern Wisconsin have
and when the seed arrive I will have them had a visitation of frost already; and the New
placed for sale in small quantities at the seed York Herald has some interesting and curious
stores in Orange, Volusia, Putnam and Duval
counties, so that those engaged in horticulture statistics on the subject of frost. For example,
can give this industry a satisfactory trial. in August there were frosts in New York and
Respectfully, New Jersey from the 3d to the 5th, but the
J. WOFFORD TUCKER. hottest weather came a fortnight later. In
Q ..A A.. [In Florida Union. August, 1879, the first Northwestern frosts

knio.UiIU., TI' 1a., 1LL.Ug. 1".
-It is always well to accept the inevitable
with equanimity. The old proverb runs:
" Since my house must be burned, I will warm
myself at it."
"Take the fruit I give you," says the bending tree;
Nothing but a burden is it all to me-
Lighten ye my branches: let them toss in air!
Only leave me freedom next year's load to bear."

occurred on the 8th in Wisconsin, Iowa and
Michigan, but the crops sustained no injury.
Still earlier, on August 3, 1880, light frost fell
in Michigan, but the crops were not hurt by
the transient cold spell, and the agricultural
returns of that season were almost unprece-
dentedly large.

I -- -
I- rl --- -I-a-, ra -- I


Catley's Hardy Guava.
This plant, which is not a guava at all, but
only a close relation to our common guava,
having many of its characteristics, should be
possessed by every new settler in Florida. It
is of somewhat slower growth than the guava,
and more inclined to spread out near the ground,
its lower branches especially, when loaded with
fruit, resting on it for support. It needs a good
fair quality of soil and ordinary cultivation,
but no need of extra petting or coaxing.
of Sorrento, obtained a few seeds and grew for
himself a few plants. A little over a year ago
they were taken from the box in which they
grew and set out around his house, his kind-
heartedness prompting him to give a few to
certain neighbors. The half-dozen, or there-
about, which have had all the room they need,
and the attention which things planted near a
house usually get, are now about three feet high,
and cover about four feet in diameter on the
ground, and are worth a walk of five miles to
see. The fruit, when ripe, averages little over
one inch in diameter, being nearly round, the
dull, purplish red nearly hiding the ground
color of yellowish green. The fruit commenced
ripening about three weeks ago, and nearly
every day now, about three quarts are picked
from these bushes. Already over one bushel
has been gathered and this is but about one-
third of the summer crop, which will not all be
ripe for several weeks to come.
As it takes about forty such fruits to make a
quart, one can readily see how it is possible, (as
reported last year by 0. P. ROOKs, near Lees-
burg, Fla.,) that a plant about eighteen months
old had 430 fruits. Mr. Johnson's plants have
certainly produced an average of fully 600 fruits.
A month ago there were here and there new
bunches of bloom, and when the present crop is
gathered, and thus ceases to draw on the plants,
they will put forth a new growth and ripen a
late fall crop. I do not know how many degrees
of frost the plant will stand, but it has not suf-
fered at 230 above zero, (December, 1880.) The
leaves are thick and bright, like the magnolia,
and for its beauty alone, I should want one
plant at least in my flower garden. Mr. J. has
neither plants nor seeds to sell.--Foster, in
Florida Agriculturist.

most effective applications that I have ever
known to keep bugs off the vines is tar-water.
Stir coal-tar in a vessel of water, let it stand
over night till the water is scented and colored
with the coal-tar; then, morning, noon and
evening, or as often as convenient, go and sprin-
kle the vines and hill with the liquid; it will
both keep the bugs away and make the plants

grow more vigorously, being a good stimulant
to such plants. Sprinkling the ground freely
over the hills will almost wholly kill or keep
away the cut-worms and grubs. Very freely
applied it does much to kill offthe.potato beetle,
which is so destructive in some localities.-Na-
tional Farmer.
SWEET POTATOES.-The Tampa Guardian
pointedly says: "Florida sweet potatoes are
selling at Palatka at 75 cents.per bushel, while
Northern Irish potatoes are bringing 75 dcnts
a peck. This is not right, and we call Brother
PRATT'S attention to the evident unfavorable
discrimination in favor of Northern products.
Why don't the Palatka folks confine themselves
to the consumption of sweet potatoes, and thus
encourage home production ?"

Raising Sheep in the South.
Before sheep-raising in the South can be-
come generally profitable, farmers must make
great changes in their management of sheep,
and the Legislatures must enact some whole-
some dog laws. Sheep need legislative protec-
tion, and also special care and protection by
their owners. Owners of sheep must study the
nature and habits of these valuable animals and
treat them well. Sheep should not only be
driven up every evening and put in a secure
but they must have salt and tar, and a clean
place to rest on. A sheep, if kept in a foul pen,
will soon become diseased. Sheep cannot stand
filth-they abhor it'. Five sheep will eat as
much as a cow, and discharge as much manure,
solid and liquid. Fifty sheep under one roof
will deposit as much manure as? ten cows. One
can easily imagine how filthy a fifty-foot shed
with ten cows in it would become in a few days
if the manure were not removed and clean litter
placed under foot daily. Some hardly clean
their sheep yards at all until spring, but most
farmers have no special yard or shelter for
sheep, but let them take their chances in a cow
yard with the cattle, or take to the woods and
bottomsf or protection in bad weather, like mast-
fed hogs.
A flock of sheep needs looking after carefully,
morning and evening, every day in the week
and in the year. In lambing time both sheep
and lambs need special attention. If a farmer
or breeder expects to have fat, plump, healthy
sheep, and to save all the lambs, he must make
this animal a close study. He must study sheep
books and sheep papers, and in time his knowl-
edge may pay him a handsome profit all the
balance of his life, or as long as he owns sheep.
-Rural Record.
fore the Tariff Commission, which is now in ses-
sion at Long Branch, a communication was
read from Mr. T. W. HOUSE, of Houston, Tex.,
in reference to the production of sugar in that
State. .It states that a large area of land there
is extremely well adapted to the growth of
sugar-cane; that the lands are never overflowed;
that cane "ratoons" well for three or four years,
and that the chief area of production at present
is on the Brazos River, where the crop in 1880
was about 6,500,000 pounds. A district of 100
miles long by seven miles wide, or some 400,-
000 acres, on the Brazos is peculiarly adapted
to sugar production. Also another district on
Colorado River, which in 1880 produced about
1,250,000 pounds. These two districts are said
to be capable of producing half the quantity of
sugar consumed in the United States, if that
industry were only sufficiently protected. Any
reduction of the duties on low grades of sugar

would inflict incalculable injury on the sugar-
growers of Texas.-Louisiana Sugar-Bowl.
-A wise man must faithfully discharge all
his moral duties, even though he does not con-
stantly perform the ceremonies of religion. He
will fall very low if he performs ceremonial acts
only, and fails to discharge his moral duties.
There are two roads that conduct the perfect
virtue-to be true, and to do no evil to any

-Pleasure is the mere accident pf our being,
and work its natural and most holy necessity.
-Education begins the gentleman, but read-
ing, good company and reflection must finish

Hedges-Macartney-Pyracantha, Etc.
FAIRBANKS, FLA., August 23, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Having inquiries and noticing that you, too,
have them, in reference to hedging, it seems a
chance that by answering through your valu-
able paper we may be helping some of your
numerous readers by giving our practical ex-
perience. If, when we started out, five years
ago, in our search, the information which ex-
perience has given since could have come to
tnenig; wI i oy'f ;eetiungh t oin Ji i>oroefxigud Iukn
gress is to be made. In this case we are amply
repaid for making several trials. After read-
ing up everything accessible in which even the
mention of hedges could be hoped for, we found,
in "White's Gardening for the South," the
Cherokee Rose and the Macartney Rose, both
very highly recommended for hedges. The
last mentioned was preferred. This was, of
course, the highest authority we could have,
and would have satisfied earlier, but in reading
up, the Pyracantha was so often found recom-
mended for a hedge in light sandy soils, that
we did not dare risk all our time and care
on the Macartney, even then. It seemed too
near ideal perfection to hope for a strong fence
of roses. So, fearful we should miss the desire
of our hearts for years, i. e., a beautiful hedge
-by trying the rose alone-we invested six
times as much for the beginning of our Pyracan-
tha hedge as for our rose hedge, because our
soil is light sandy. Now, we have one hundred
or more rose plants to one of Pyracantha, and
the last is condemned to be dug up to be re-
placed by the Macartney Rose. They have
both had the same care, except the first year
when the Pyracantha had more than five times
as much as the rose, thinking that must be the
reliance, but, determined to have a little of the
rose, if for no more than ornamental hedges, to
satisfy our eyes ; also, had at the same time some
of the Cherokee, which, without the Macartney,
with which to compare it, would be pronounced
fine. The Macartney has not so slender a growth,
has a darker colored, more glossy foliage,which
is more thickly set. It blooms more, has more
formidable thorns thickly set on every branch. In
short, the Macartney has the prettiest foliage of
any of the roses known- to botanists as the wild
roses. The hedge set two years last February,
where there was a good stand secured that
spring, is five feet high, and so dense one cannot
see light through it. Nothing could go through,
or over it unless by flying. The fact that it is
as impassible to man or boy as to stock, is one of
its strong points in places where choice fruit is
grown, as it is here. We were informed by the
grower in Texas, to whom we sent for plants,
that they will fill up spaces of ten feet, if need
be, in a single season, and were recommended
to plant three feet apart in the row, which we
did. It took the strength of the plants set to fill

up the spaces by layering so that the fence could
not be making upward growth in the time, and
where vacancies occurred longer than the three
feet it is not now so high as the rest, but the
homely, crooked rail fence can all be taken
away this fall or winter. Thus, it is easy to
make an impassable fence in three years.
For directions, prepare bed about three feet
wide-the better prepared the more labor saved
in the cultivation of the hedge the first two
summers. If plants are set from one foot to
eighteen inches apart they will soon occupy the
whole of the middle, to the exclusion of grass
or weeds. It is often asked: Will they take



possession of the field ? It is easy to keep them
in perfect bounds, for they never root by i un-
ning underground, as many otherwise good
hedge plants do. One precaution cannot be
insisted on too strictly-that the roots, when
out of the ground, be not allowed to dry. If
they do they cannot be saved. After a close,
well-established hedge-row is formed no more
cultivation or fertilizing is necessary. Before
that the hedge should have, of both, the same
as a row of corn. We say nothing of the
beauty of the hedge, because the name suggests
so much to a lover of roses-we think no one
will be disappointed who sees one for the first
time. A.

Fruit-Growers' Reports.
SOUTH LAKE WEIR, FLA., Aug. 7, 1882.
officers Florida Fruit- Growers' Association:
GENTLEMEN: As I see no reply from this
neighborhood to your circular, published in
answer briefly some of your questions:
1. But little fruit grown in this neighborhood
excepting the orange and lemon.
2. Orange crop will not be above medium.
3. Scale insect the most troublesome. Rem-
edies: Whale-oil soap, twelve pounds to forty
gallons of water; or, whale-oil soap, six pounds
and parafine oil, two quarts to forty gallons of
water-applied in the usual manner. In bad
cases, pure kerosene oil applied with an atomizer
and bellows, in the form of SPRAY.
4. Our soil is mainly high, rolling pine land,
with red clay sub-soil, with islands of high
hammock in the lake. Cow-peas, domestic and
various kinds of commercial fertilizers are used.
Of the latter, my own experience is for bone
dust and sand plaster, combined with potash
and sulphate of ammonia, or nitrate of soda-
mixed to suit yourself.
5. Prune only to remove useless branches.
6. Mulch and cultivate sufficiently to keep
down weeds.
7. Apply fertilizers broadcast, and cultivate
or harrow in well.
8. I have both budded and seedling trees;
prefer the budded.
9. The LeConte pear has not borne fruit with
us; the young trees are, however, thrifty and
10. A few Japan persimmons have fruited
here this year.
11. The fig, banana, guava and pine-apple
do well, though some winters the two latter re-
quire a little protection; few, if any, are raised
for market.

12. Strawberries are raised successfully for
home consumption; prefer the Crescent seed-
ling' to any I have tried.
13. The Peen-To and Honey peaches are the
only budded ones that have borne fruit with me,
though some other varieties are growing very
14. I am cultivating the grape; have fruited
some fifteen varieties the present season. With
the exception of the White Matoga, Black
Hamburg, and two unknown varieties, all have
done well; have borne heavily, and ripened
their fruit perfectly, though the Concord ripened
a little unevenly. I make no wine. Varieties
that have done well, named in the order of
ripening: Hartford Prolific, White Sweet-
water, Delaware, Rogers' Hibrid, No. -;
Concord, Goethe, Agawam, Norton's Virginia,
Biessling, Thomas, Scuppernong and Flowers'.
D. S. C.

Suwannee River.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch :
I have been a constant reader of THE DIS-
PATCH from its first publication under the quill
of your worthy, earnest, Col. ELLIOTT. In its
present form, its former intrinsic worth has
been proportionally increased, and now, the
general expression among us plow-boys is, it
is the best paper in the State." Its loss to me
would be very great.
We are twenty miles below Ellaville, twenty
miJes above Rowlan's Bluff, and eighteen miles
southwest from Live Oak, in what is called the
" Old Bend." About twenty-five years ago a
small colony-principally Georgians-of in-
telligent, enterprising gentlemen came to this
section, made homes in the wilderness and
built a reputation for sterling integrity, good
morals and high toned progressiveness, that has
been of much benefit to the surrounding coun-
try. Here we see a reversion of the general
order of things. Usually settlements spread
from towns to the country; ours spread from
this colony towards towns. A large section of
good country has here been developed and
occupied, with the "Old Bend" as a center
and support.. Many of the first settlers have
passed away, but their descendants remain,
" worthy sons of worthy sires," maintaining the
high reputation bequeathed.
For the- past twenty years, our section has
been noted for its good schools, its classes com-
paring favorably with any in the State. Mr.
W. L. IRVINE has, for many years past, been
operating a steam-mill that furnished building
material for a wide section of country. Also,
a grist-mill that made meal for hundreds of
families; besides, a large ginning establish-
ment. Two years ago he built an iron. gin-
house, and has been increasing the ginning
capacity as the business required. A store is
run in connection with the milling interest, and
has done a business possibly second to no
country store in the State. Our domestic ani-
mals are in keeping with the rest. On our oat
fields and beggar-weed pastures we have as fine
beef, mutton and kid as you will find on Ten-
nessee clover. For twenty-three years in suc-
cession our section has produced a surplus of
the supplies necessary to sustain man and beast.
We have given considerable attention to fruits
and vegetables. Many of the older farmsteads
have orange trees in full bearing-younger
groves coming on everywhere-some groves of
five to ten acres. Peaches, plums, figs and
grapes in abundance, and pears coming into
bearing. The famous LeConte grows luxuri-
antly on our soil. Sometimes we can ripen the

banana. We will have a fine crop this year.
Our soil grows all these fruits well, with but
little, and, in many cases, no manuring. Our
soil is sandy loam, red sandy subsoil, -clay be-
neath, with plenty of limestone rocks every-
where. What can be said of our immediate
section can be said for most of the lands adja-
cent to the river from Rowlan's Bluff to Ella-
ville, a distance, by water, of about one hun-
dred and fifty miles. Before and during the
late war, old Capt. JIM TUCKER made regular
trips with his steamboats, except when the
river was very low, to Old Columbus, at Ella-
ville. Now the boats come only semi-occg-
sionally when some special freight induces.
With $50,000 appropriation, one hundred and
fifty miles of one of the finest rivers, with re-
sources for development, second to none in the
State, would be made navigable. This is no
brilliant bubble, but stern and demonstrable
facts. Can't THE DISPATCH put in one of its


many levers for another interest of our State?
With the majestic old Suwannee rolling around
us, surging the waters of its broad, deep channel
against the walls of limestone that line its
banks, we will continue to push forward the
wheel of progression, extending to our friends
of the apple and pear northward, and those of
the orange and pine southward, rejoicings at
their successes. Welcoming THE DISPATCH,
with its varied literature, to our reading table,
and ever ready to welcome one or all of its
editors to the hospitalities of the Old Bend."
LURAVILLE, FLA., Aug. 23, 1882.
Tropical Plants, Etc.
August 1, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
In your paper of July 24, page 270, in an ar-
ticle on "Draining," you state that in Bay
County, Michigan, drains are mostly made of
two-inch plank, made like the letter V.
In Lasaile County, Illinois, where I lived
over forty years, I made miles of under-drain
of one-inch pine fencing four or six inches wide,
or four and six inches, as the size of the drain
needed to be, but the letter V was inverted
thus: A, and short pieces nailed across the bot-
tom about three times in twelve-feet fencing.
Where it was put down three feet or over in clay
land, it did not rot. The first one I put in,
about thirty years ago, had continued to run
ever since, when I left there last winter. *.
They were cheaper there than tile, and much
less difficult to lay. In fact, I have seen tile
drains taken up that had become obstructed
and replaced by these board drains. As to the
profits of draining, I never drained land that
would raise a crop without, and the first crop
usually paid the expense; the land, afterward
being more productive than adjoining land that
would grow a crop without.
I believe I first tried that sort of drain there,
and was followed by most of my neighbors.
The manufacture of tile is now so perfected
that they are cheaper there, and generally used.
An open drain, such. as is common here,
would fill up there by the frost dissolving the
Having followed the business of nurseryman
and fruit-grower most of my life, I concluded to
start a commercial nursery here for tropical
fruits and plants. I have not been able so far
to find any work describing them and their
mode of propagation, so I have to depend on
the local papers and inquiries of individuals.
So far, I find your paper the most valuable
of any I have seen for this purpose, and read it
with great pleasure and profit. Not being yet
well posted on the geography of the towns
where your exchanges are located, I am at some
loss to locate them, but future experience and
a good map will remedy this.

REMARKS.-We shall endeavor to keep our
South Florida readers-(a goodly number, and
constantly increasing,)-fully posted on all the
best and most desirable tropical and semi-trop-
ical plants adapted to their country. The ad-
admirable article of Mr. HART, on the Banana,
will be followed by others on the Pine-apple,
Cocoa-nut, etc., and we give, in present num-
ber, a list of the rare and very valuable collec-
tion of tropical plants for propagation now in
the hands of our friend, Mr. BIDWELL, of the
Arlington Nurseries, near this city.-EDs. DIs-

-No one is more ready than a forger to write
a wrong.

i `----- --- -- '--I--- ~ ''-' I

__~ _I


Cocoa-Nut Culture.
1527 PINE ST., ST. Louis, Mo. Aug. 24,1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Can you tell me where I can procure a pam-
phlet or any publications bearing upon the
cocoa-nut industry-the propagation and gen-
eral requirements for the successful produc-
tion of the nut? Yours Truly,
REPLY.-We are not aware of any special
work on the culture of the Cocoa-nut, though
there is considerable information on the general
subject of the cocoa-palm and nut scattered
through works on Tropical Agriculture, Gard-
ening in India, &c.--which works are not at
present writing, accessible to us. The Cocoa-
Palm is grown to a greater or less extent in all
tropical countries, generally near the sea. It
does not stand frost, though very hardy and
long-lived in a suitable climate. It can be suc-
cessfully grown in Florida, either on the Gulf
or the Atlantic coast, anywhere south of lati-
tude 270, and there are already cocoa groves
of some size in the extreme southern end of
the State. We find this little scrap in one of
our exchanges: "There are about one thousand
acres of land on Matecombie key, Monroe
county, Florida, and it has recently been pur-
chased by three Key Westers, who intend to
convert it into one big cocoa-nut grove."
And we also make some extracts from the notes
of a Florida Times reporter who recently in-
terviewed our neighbor Mr. ARNOLD PUETZ,
the well-known florist and nurseryman :
"Ah Mr. Puetz, I see you have a good
many young cocoa-nut trees."
"Yes, I have planted a good many nuts,
perhaps sixty, and have got fifty shoots,
losing ten. Those you see on the upper shelf
pressing their tops against the glass roof, from.
2 to 3 feet high, are my largest. The others
are now mainly shoots from the nut, in pots.
I have not yet sold many, but expect to create
a trade for them.
"How do you plant them ?"
"I plant the nut as I get them from the fruit
vessels, with the husky outer covering as
it comes from the tree, cutting off the up-
per portion of the husk, so as to expose
the little monkey-face that we call the eyes.
These must not be hurt, but left free for the
bud to come out, otherwise it will wind about
under the husk and you cannot tell where it
may pop up, and then the planting of the nut
with the eyes open will amount to nothing. I
plant the nut in sand, much of it coarse white
sand, as you see in the pots. There are a
great variety of the cocoa-palms, many for or-
nament more than fruit, for the fruit of some

you could cover with your hand, and those
cocoas are more ornaments of the palm variety
than anything else."
Mr. Puetz here lifted the sashes off some of
his compartments, to show the young shoots
just growing from the pots, in each of which
was a single nut transplanted from the seed-
bed in which they had first budded.
The branches or leaves of the young cocoa-
palm grow upright, as those in the green-house
on the upper shelf. As the plant grows to the
tall tree, and the leaves form the beautiful
crown which is seen in the pictures of a cocoa-
nut grove, the lower ones bend down, and droop
of course.
"I should think," we remarked, "that the
pressure of the tops of these upright leaves
against the glass roof would injure the plant,
for plant-growth knows no resistance. It will
fight through, or die."


"No, they will not be hurt by the pressure.
They are a strong plant. Some who have
planted nuts in the ground, without experience,
put them in out places, or exposed them to too
much water. They need some water and some
wetting in a dry time; but the best bed for
the nut is dry sand."

Garden Products-Period of Growth, Etc.
MEDFORD, MASS'., 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Will you have the kindness to answer for
me a few questions in your DISPATCH,, which
I constantly read, and with growing interest. I
wish to try if it is possible to get cucumbers
and melons, at least, if nothing else, while I am
at Green Cove this winter, and nowhere do I
find instructions such as I want. That is, how
long from the time the seeds are sown must I
.wait for the fruit ? I cannot calculate when to
sow unless I know this. There is where all
the gardening books and catalogues are defi-
they say sow in hot-bed in March or in open
ground in May or June, and how high the
plant grows, but no more.
Now, by sheltering and care I want to get
cucumbers, melons and tomatoes to eat while I
am there, but I do not know how much time I
must allow. If the catalogues added a letter
or word to state this, I think they would ac-
commodate many persons who know no more
than I do. We do not want to be told sow
as soon as you go down, it will not be too
early," etc., but to know the time required un-
der favorable circumstances, and make our
own calculations.
Very respectfully,
A. M. A.
The above queries were submitted to Prof.
J. N. WHITNER, of Tallahassee, author of the
very popular and valuable "Manual of Gar-
dening in Florida," and he very kindly sent us
the following reply :
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
The question proposed by your correspond-
ent, A. M. A," has very likely suggested
itself to every beginner in the interesting work
of gardening. And it is a vei'y natural inquiry.
As there is apparently a set time for sowing, so
should there be a fixed period for reaping.
But, while it is practicable to give some general
directions-based upon the laws of heat and
moisture-as to when seeds may be planted; it
cannot be other than mere guessing to predict
the precise day or week to expect the harvest.
Therefore, the silence on this subject, main-

trained by our best horticultural writers, is not
an oversight on their part, as many suppose.
It is simply beyond their ken, unless possessed
of an amount of accurate information, includ-
ing every locality, the collection of which
would be impossible. As well might an
author attempt to fix the number of days or
hours in which his book is to be read and di-
gested, without a knowledge of the taste, con-
venience, capacity, etc., of his reader. There
are so many circumstances to be considered-
such as the character of the soil, locality, alti-
tude, seasons, etc., on the same parallel of lati-
tude, that one naturally shrinks from offering
even an approximate estimate of the length of

time between the seed and the mature vegeta-
ble. And the difficulty of so determining, is
of course increased where the natural period
of growth is anticipated : where the plants are
exposed to the many retarding influences inci-
dent to premature, that is, unseasonable cul-
"Under favorable circumstances," cucum-
bers may be grown for the table in about two
and a half months from the seed ; tomatoes in
three to four, and melons in about four months.
Yet in the process of forcing, these estimates
may require considerable extension on ac-
count of insufficient protection. It sometimes
occurs, as is well known, that early vegetables
started in pots or boxes and housed at night, are
overtaken by others planted weeks after in the
open air. To shelter from frosts alone is not
enough. Northerly winds of winter and early
spring are often quite as damaging. Experi-
ence is the only safe guide in all these matters.
To its teachings we must look, for the correc-
tion of the many errors liable to be committed
by those engaged in a work so dependent on
experiment for success. If the seeds are sown
in the cold frame too early, the bulky size of
the plants may compel their removal out of
doors at a time when the atmosphere is any-
thing but friendly to tender vegetation.
The climate of Green Cove, indeed, of all
Florida, is occasionally so mild, as to invite
open air culture of the most delicate plants,
through the entire winter. And there are many
seasons in which injurious frosts, when they do
occur, pass away with the old year, thereby
allowing the gardener undisputed sway, from
January onward. Such immunities, however,
should not be presumed upon except by the
amateur. As to total exemption from cold, it
is a question whether the constant, or even
very frequent recurrence of such seasons, is not
to be deprecated rather than desired.
J. N. W.

"Mad Stones."-A New Work.
NIBLETT'S LANDING, MIss., Aug. 6, 1882.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
Since the publication of my card, asking for
histories of Mad-Stones of the United States, I
have received many letters revealing novel and
interesting facts. The question of hydropho-
bia has not, till recently, assumed much prom-
inence, Now, one of the first scientists of
Europe, Mr. PASTEURE, of Paris, is investigat-

ing the subject, with the view of discovering
an antidote. German physicians profess to
cure it. Questio sub judice, for ages many soon
be understood. Though terra incognita;
though covered with clouds of doubt, yet, we
may soon be able to throw sufficient light on
the subject to render it easy of exploration.
With some, soi dissante wise men, the curative
powers of mad-stones are a matter of doubt.
1. We will soon issue a book proving the
virtues of mad-stones.
2. We will give location and history of all
genuine mad-stones that may be visited in good
3. In the absence of mad-stones, we will give
well authenticated recipes to cure snake bites
and hydrophobia. Book will cost 50c. in paper
and $1 in cloth. Papers copying or noticing,
please send us a paper to insure a book.
Tallahassee papers please copy.


1 I -- - -
I I -r I ~I I II --


H:ay Fever.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., Aug. 29, 1882.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
For more than twenty-five years I have suf-
fered annually from that annoying and dis-
tressing complaint-Hay Fever-which as sure
as the 15th of August came, seized upon me,
and for six weeks reigned supreme," with its
unvaried succession of fever, catarrh, asthma
and cough in their most aggregated forms; un-
til in later years I had almost wished myself
out of the world, so greatly was its continued
reappearance dreaded; but, thank God and your
health-giving climate, this summer finds me
free, being now in my fourth week, without a sin-
gle symptom. Old physicians here had told me
that they never had a case, and had known those
who by coming here had been relieved; but I
was incredulous and had laid in my usual stock
of "mitigants" in preparation for the anticipa-
ted attack; the package, however, remains un-
opened; and what is better still, my residence
in Jacksonville, since last December, has ex-
empted me from pain and unpleasant sensation,
which previous poor health had subjected me
to, nor have I felt the heat as much as I usu-
ally do North. Being a Philadelphian of the
seventh generation; and dearly attached to that
lovely city, I am content to spend my few re-
maining years in this "Italy of America," and
give you my name to use as an earnest of the
reality, that others may know of the pleasant

"What's in a Name?"
TANGERINE, FLA., Aug. 14, 1882.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
In a recent issue of your every-thing-to-be-
desired paper, I noticed an opinion of DUDLEY
W. ADAMS about people, who, being ashamed
of their true names, hide behind nom de plumes,
when writing for publication. We cannot all
have high-sounding titles like P. M. N. G. to
attach to our names, and so by using nom de
plumes we might, perhaps, be mistaken for
judges, M. C's or M. D's, or-or-well, some-
thing more famous than we are, for that is a
strong element in human nature, as I have, for
many years, observed. But, really, why is not
a truth as much a truth, from a lowly, as from
a lofty origin, or whether or not we know the
name of the individual in whose brain it had
birth ?
If I find in a newspaper a bit of poetry that
calls into activity all the better part of my na-
ture, and lifts me for the time out of my lowly
environments into higher mental altitudes, I
am just as grateful for it, if it has no name at-
tached, or has X. Y. Z., as I should be if I
found at its head the name of one of those ob-
scure but lofty old fellows, Pope or Byron.
If I am unsuccessful, as I have been, in get-
ting my tomatoes to bear fruit for months in-
stead of weeks, and I saw advice that looked

applyable, from "Agricola," "Northerner," or
even "Myrtle,"I should try it; while on the
other hand, if it seemed to indicate that we
must first know the exact diameter of Jupiter,
in order to take proper care of our vines, I should
question its practicality, if it came from Huxley,
Tyndal, Darwin, or Dudley W. Adams.
If Mr. A. stood by and saw a man in dan-
ger of falling over a precipice, he would most
likely, very unceremoniously warn him of his
danger, and would no doubt think the imper-
iled man quite fastidious if he should make re-
ply, "you are a stranger to me, sir, and I al-
ways make it a point never to take advice from
any one 'till I have first been introduced."
Then, of course, under the circumstances,
Mr. A. would feel it somewhat obligatory to take
off his hat, and with a very low bow, say: I
am Hon. Dudley W. Adams, Past Master Na-

tional Grange, at your service. I spend my
winters in Tangerine, Fla., and my summers in
Iowa. Do be careful now, you know who is
addressing you, and don't fall over that abyss."
Truth is eternal and a fact is a fact, whether
glossed by a famous name to make it palatable,
or by no name at all; nevertheless, out of defer-
ence to Mr. Adams's feelings, I subscribe myself,
most truly yours,
P. S.-That's too formidable, Messrs. Editors,
and I believe, after all, I prefer just
Manners-Ethics-Taste, and Morals.
THE GARLAND TRIAL.-The Garland mur-
der trial has come to a close with the acquittal
of the defendant amid the excitement in audi-
dience, press and people which always accompa-
nies such a case in the Southern States. The
slow awakening of common-sense among our
neighbors has shown them the inexpediency of
the frequent blowing out of each other's brains
to assert their honor, but the faith in "The
Code" as an aristocratic, gentlemanly feature
of social life, yet remains. Young men of the
upper classes now compromise between the
high-toned traditions of their order and their
desire to stay alive by the ridiculous, bloodless,
swaggering encounters such as that to which
the Wise family treat us now and then. But
young fellows of the rank of this Garland,
when enraged, follow the example of their
social leaders and have not wit enough to play
hero and coward at once, and so to save their
lives. The poor girl whose coquetries provoked
the duel has received her punishment. She
should not hear a word of censure. With one
man whom she professed to love, dead, and
the other on trial for his life, what condemna-
tion from without could hurt her more ?
But young women like her, and the mothers
of such women, would do well to read carefully
the story of this trial. Here was a girl be-
trothed to one man, corresponding and exchang-
ing locks of hair and photographs with another,
whose moral character she herself declares she
thought to be atrocious. But "letters and
locks of hair go for nothing," she says. In what
other civilized country where wives and sisters
are honored would "letters and locks of hair
count for nothing" with an innocent maiden ?
Where else would a decent girl be left by her
rIother to make herself common and cheap by
such gifts to any stranger with whom she chooses
to flirt ? Yet this hint is an index to the pre-
vailing social custom in a large class of our
young men and women, a class who are in in-
tention and act innocent and respectable. The
consequences are that the girl who is "given
her fling" by her parents to enjoy herself while
she is young, goes to her husband, if not with
smirched reputation, at least with calloused
sensibilities and a heart more like the old wilted
plant which has been exposed all day in the
street for sale, than the dewy flower which he
fancies it.

Women, too, and especially young women,
know nothing of the affections and passions of
men which they provoke. They are children
playing with fire. Now and then there is an
outbreak like the present, or the murder of
Jennie Cramer, or the disappearance of the
pretty child who was complacently suffered to
visit a camp to flirt with the soldiers. How
many thousands of American mothers now are
turning their pretty silly girls loose, unwatched
and unwarned, to ride, flirt, and correspond
with men of whom they know nothing ? We
hear much of the boldness of innocence in this
country, but it is one of those virtues which are
as disastrous as vice.-New York Tribune.
&c.-A late writer from a prominent southern
watering-place* calls attention to the freedom


enjoyed by young persons of both sexes during
bathing hours. The question is asked very
pertinently, why, at that special hour of the
day, nude limbs may without impropriety be
exhibited by ladies who, at another time, would
be shocked to know that an inch of their white
stocking was visible to the unhallowed eye of
masculinity. Undoubtedly the same query has
suggested itself to every thinking mind at any
beach resort during the summer. While soci-
ety at large frowns upon flagrant indecency
wherever the two sexes indulge in promiscuous
bathing, a certain tacitly permitted license pre-
vails which trenches very closely upon indeli-
The same writer claims to believe, that no
scandal has taken its inception during these
untrammeled moments; but what does the
experience of numerous seasons teach as to
bearing out this Arcadian theory ? Enemy
alike to prudery and pruriency (which, by the
way, are most apt to be twin sisters), we cannot
too strongly urge upon fathers and mothers the
great and ceaseless care to be exercised in be-
half of the purity of their daughters, and their
protection from every possible taint. An un-
wearying supervision should be kept over their
associates of both sexes, but the real and only
safeguard lies in the lessons inculcated at home.
A good mother and a wise one rarely has a bad
daughter. More harm is wrought by females
among young and innocent girls than could pos-
sibly be worked by men, even when bent on de-
struction; all suspicion is allayed or unawak-
ened, and feminine vice is so crafty and subtly
insinuating that the poison is in full possession
of its victim before she is fully aware that
any has been injected. Let it be understood
that the same courteous etiquette must rule in
the surf as on the veranda of the hotel; that
advances towards personal familiarity by un-
known persons are to be instantly repelled ; that
acquaintance with unvouched-for people is al-
ways to be declined, and above all, let it be
known that the protecting eye of the mother is
always on the watch, keeping guard about her
dear ones, and wolves in sheep's clothing will
warily keep aloof from that fold.-New Jer-
sey Coast Pilot.
*The prominent Southern watering-place
was in the vicinity of Cape May, was it not,
Bro. Pilot _
POLK CouNTY.-Persons interested in Polk
County, will do well to send for a copy of the
Bartow Informant, Bartow, Fla., published by
D. W. D. BOULEY. The issue of September
2d is devoted exclusively to matters pertaining
to Polk County.
-A mendicant would be apt to make a poor
-To see what is right and not to do it is want
of courage.

~6&~&Y& Hel&~i

Weather for week ending Septem ber 1, 1882.

Saturday 19. 30.03 91 75 80.7 77.7 1.05 SE 8 Eair.
unay. ...... Wind. .
Mondy 9.39. SW udy.

Tuesday 22. 29.97 86 7679.0 79.7| 0. 5 S10 Fair.
1 ~+ Cd ce l

Wednesday 23 30.06 9076 78.7 86.0 0.91 -S Fair.
Thursday 2419..... 30.03 91 76 80.7 78.7 0.02 NE 3 Fair.
Sunday. 20..... 29.9189175 81.0 78.0 0.53 SE 5 Fair.
Monday 21..... 29.92 84.76 79.3 79.7 0.06 SW 6 Cloudy.
Tuesday 22... 29.97186 76 79.0 79.7 0.27 S 10 Fair.
Wednesday 23 30.06190 76 78.7 0 0.91 -S 3 Fair.
Thursday 24:. 30.09 90 76 80.7 78.7 0.02 NE 3 Fair.
Friday 25........ 30.08 89 74 80.3 82.7 0.12 E 4 Fair.
Highest barometer 30.12, lowest 29.90.
Highest temperature 91, lowest 74.
NOTE.-BArometer readings reduced to sea level.
J. W. SMITH, Signal Obsyver U. S. A.

----- ~--~ -- -. c-- ~ Li--.r----'---r-- -. ---- --~i_ _~ ... . ----- ------- --- -- -- -- -;- ---~- -- ---~---i-~;--c---~ --I----------t----- -1------~
..... ~- ... .;\....1.~~ ~.-~.`~`;~.;.. ~ .~~c~~....~ ..- ~. ~ .~.`~'~ .~' .`~.

_ _

_7O THE FLRD DISPATCH,_ __11___ ___ ______ _

Raising Poultry for the Market.
From a very careful consideration of the sub-
ject, we are fully convinced that many owners
of small orange groves could add materially to
the profits of their business by using the grove
as a range and "run-way" for poultry. By se-
lecting the proper breeds, (say Plymouth Rocks
and their crosses,) and by careful and proper
management, the production of eggs, and the
raising of poultry for market may be made
highly remunerative; while, at the same time,
the orange grove or other fruit orchard will be
wonderfully benefitted by the fertilizing drop-
pings of the fowls, their destruction of insects,
&c., &c. We recommend "Plymouth Rocks
and their crosses," for all practical purposes;
observing that the pure fowl is undoubtedly to
be preferred to the "crosses," if the scarcity and
high price of the fowls were not in the way of
gathering a large flock. For market, and as a
good every-day practical fowl, we give the
Plymouth Rock the preference over any one
breed with which we are acquainted; but, if we
desired an egg farm solely, we should, probably,
select the Brown Leghorns. We find, in the
Practical Farmer, some suggestive remarks on
this subject, which, in the main, we adopt. The
writer says: "In raising chickens for market it
makes a great difference whether they attain a
good size and are sent in early in the season
when poultry is scarce and high, or are mar-
ketted late when there is plenty of poultry
offered at low prices. The price of chickens in
August and September is usually fifty to one
hundred per cent. higher than they are in Oc-
tober. By having the chickens hatched early
in the spring they may easily be made ready
for the market early and then secure the high
prices which prevail during the latter part of
summer and first part of autumn.
In order to succeed in raising poultry exten-
sively, plenty of room must be provided for it.
There must be suitable shelter and plenty of
yard room. The yard should be large enough
so that a large part of the ground can be kept
in grass, to afford the poultry a supply of green
food. They need a daily supply of green vege-
tables. Cabbage and lettuce are best, but young
and tender grass is good. Shade is needful in
the yard to afford the birds a chance to retreat
from the hot rays of the sun in summer. Fruit
trees may advantageously be placed in the yard.
They will afford the needed shade, and the pres-
ence of the fowls will help to protect the trees
from insects and insure their thriftiness and fruit-

fulness. Poultry yards are generally too small.
If the yard is large enough the fowls will keep
healthy. A New York hotel-keeper a few
years ago had a poultry-yard which contained
fifteen acres in which he kept large numbers of
turkeys, ducks and fowls. -They had the range
of the lot and during the summer obtained a
large part of their food from the yard, and were
free from diseases usually incident to poultry.
The owner was wont to declare that he could
raise a thousand pounds of poultry as easily
and as cheaply as he could a thousand pounds
of beef, mutton or pork. Under good manage-

ment it is probably true that a thousand pounds
of poultry can be produced as cheaply as a
thousand pounds of beef, mutton or pork. The
fact that poultry usually sells at two or three
times the price of beef, mutton or pork, suffi-
ciently indicates how much greater the profit
must be in poultry raising than in raising beef,
mutton or pork.
In raising poultry for the market the impor-
tance of having the chickens hatched early
should be insisted upon. Next in importance
is the feeding of them to insure their rapid and
continuous growth. The food for the young
chicks should be such as is adapted to promote
growth, and should be abundant in quantity.
Skimmed milk, either sweet or sour, is. an ex-
cellent article to feed young chicks, along with
cooked Indian meal or oat meal or bread made of
these articles. The chickens should be given
about all the food they will eat so as to keep
them growing thriftily all the time. Many allow
their young chickens to be only about half fed
for the first three or four months, and then by
extra feeding endeavor to bring them into con-
dition for the market. By feeding well from
the first the chickens are hastened to maturity,
kept in good condition and are ready for the
market at an early age. If poultry can be
brought to maturity early in the season and
sent to market when there is a scarcity of poul-
try offered, a high price will be obtained for it.
The quicker poultry can be grown ready for
market, the cheaper can it be produced. A
certain amount of food daily is required to sup-
ply the waste of the system, maintain animal
heat and so forth, and what is consumed in ex-
cess of that amount increases growth and flesh.
If a flock of chickens can be brought to matu-
rity ready for the market in four months instead
of six, the cost of keeping them alive or simply
maintaining their condition for two months will
be saved. The more the chickens can be made
to eat and digest the faster they will grow and
the less will be the cost of maturing them. Neg-
lect to feed generously is the cause of many
failures in raising poultry for the market. The
greatest profit is obtained only by feeding all
the birds can eat, while the least .profit is ob-
tained by keeping them about half-starved.
Generous feeding and profit go together and
that fact should be sufficient inducement to se-
cure good treatment of poultry.

TAME QUAILS.-Speaking ornithologically,
and after the manner of ANDUBON WILSON
andothers, we have no "partridges" in this coun-

try-only the pretty little Quail-( Coturnix
vulgaris or Ortyx Virginianus,)-the delicate
bird so popular, when served "on toast" to the
poor millionaires and epicures of the North.
But we must not spoil the story of our neigh-
bor of the Kissimmee Florida, who asks: "Who
ever saw tame partridges? Col. ADERHOLD, the
genial proprietor of the Kissimmee Hotel, has
four that were caught wild, and which he has so
completely succeeded in domesticating that
they will obey his call and come from the woods
and fly into his lap to eat worms or bread.
-The best way to discipline one's heart
against scandal is to believe stories false which
ought not to be true.

The Ammonia in the Atmosphere.
Hitherto the quantity of nitrogen which the
soil obtained from the atmosphere was estimat-
ed by determining the quantity of ammonia
and nitric acid in rain water. A few years ago
SCHLOESING proved, however, that rain water
only carries down the nitric of ammonia, while
carbonate of ammonia is only partially precipi-
tated with the rain, another portion always re-
maining in the atmosphere. Of this latter am-
monia a certain quantity is directly absorbed by
the soil, and, since it is there oxidized to nitric
acid, the soil always remains capable of taking
up some more ammonia, and he calculates that
63 kilos of nitrogen are conveyed to the
earth annually in this way on each hectare of
We know already from our daily experience
that the absorption of this ammonia so import-
ant to the nutrition of plants, is not the same
on all soils, for sandy soils require a more fre-
quent application of nitrogenous manures than
do the clay and loam soils. It was, therefore,
of great practical interest to ascertain just how
much ammonia the different soils were able to
abstract from the atmosphere in the course of
a year. The first experiment in this direction
was made by R. HEINRICH, who sought to de-
termine the maximum amount of ammonia that
any kind of soil could absorb from the atmos-
phere, and he thought to ascertain this with
greatest certainty if he used an aqueous solution
of hydrochloric acid to absorb it.
The experiment was continued for two years
in the following manner: A 20 per cent. solu-
tion of hydrochloric acid was exposed to the
open air for a month in a glass vessel, 5 centi-
meters (2 inches) deep with a surface equal to
78"5 square centimeters (over 12 square inches).
When it rained the glass was covered so as to
keep out the water, but permit free access of air
and wind. The vessel stood on the green sod of
a field, over forty yards from any buildings, at
the experimental station of Rostock, and two-
thirds of a mile from the nearest houses in the
city. The shores of the North Sea are about
seven miles northward from this station. At
the expiration of each month the acid was evap-
orated and the sal ammoniac weighed.
The results of Heinrich's two years of obser-
vation have been tabulated, and all the more
important meteorological data added. Toward
the end he also determined the quantity of am-
moniacal nitrogen contained in the rain and
snow water. The numbers in these tables show,

first, that the amount of ammonia absorbed by
the given surface of acid liquid is very differ-
ent according to what season of the year it is
examined. The mean value of both years
showed 24-068 mg. nitrogen absorbed by the
soil as ammonia in a year. The amount in
winter was 2-912 mg. nitrogen; in spring, 6"712
mg.; in summer, 9"766 mg.; and in autumn,
4-678 mg. From this the relation is seen be-
tween the absorption of ammonia and the tem-
perature, and it is seen more distinctly in certain
months. If the month shows a steadily rising
temperature the absorption is higher relatively
than in months that are just as warm, but have
the temperature falling.
If, however, the warmer months are those

_ _ _~ ____ __ ___ I_ __ ~_- ~J L_ LL r---l- ---- -- -- -C~






land. It was named by Mr. J. T. PEACOCK, of
London, in 1875, in compliment to Queen VIc-
Said a bystander to an old man, busily en-
gaged in setting out young trees. "My old
friend, why are you planting trees? You will
not live to gather the fruit." As the veteran
of eighty mopped the sweat from his brow, he
replied: Somebody planted trees for me be-
fore I was born." The man or woman who
makes no effort to to add to the beauty and
comforts of the world, physically and morally,
has a very low appreciation of life's duties and
-How few value or cultivate a good pair of

which show the highest absorption of ammonia
from the atmosphere, then it would not do to
draw conclusions for the whole year from ob-
servations rcade during a few weeks in sum-
mer, as Schloesing has done.
What was most striking about the numbers
in the table was the small amount ot absorption
during August, 1881, in which time the weather
was unusually calm, and there were no south
or southwest winds.
From the quantity of ammonia absorbed with
different directions of the wind it can be seen
(as might be anticipated) that the ammonia in
the air does not come from sea, but rather from
the air passing over the solid land.
It would not be reasonable to draw any con-
clusions as to the total quantity of ammonia
that the soil gets from the air, based upon the
quantity absorbed by such a small surface of
hydrochloric acid. Nevertheless it is interest-
ing to compare these numbers with those found
by Schloesing. The small surface of 78-5 square
cm. absorbed 26 mg. of amomnia per year, hence
a hectare of surface would absorb 30"6 kilos per
year of nitrogen. Schloesing concluded from
his experiments that it would be 63 kilos. If we
took the June average for the whole year we
should get 48"732 mg. for our small surface,
equivalent to 62"1 kilos per hectare, which is
nearly the same as given by Schloesing. On
the other hand, taking the February average,
it would make only 15'1 kilos a year. These
numbers prove that any determination of the
absorptive power of soils for ammonia in the
atmosphere must be continued throughout the
whole year to get at the true absorption.-For-
schungen auf dem Gebiete der Agriculturphysik.
York Tribune says a new and rare century
plant, botanically known as Agave Victorihe
Regine, is now in blossom in the palm-house of
the botanical garden of Harvard College. It is
said to be the first of its kind to blossom in cul-
tivation and no specimen of the species, so far
as is known, has ever been seen in bloom in its
native home among the mountains of Northern
Mexico. The plant now in blossom, with sev-
eral smaller ones, was presented to the Harvard
garden by Dr. EDWARD PALMER, who collect-
ed them three years ago. The inflorescence,
which is described as looking like an immense
yellow bottle-brush, stands upon a stem about
eleven feet high. The first plant of the kind
ever introduced into cultivation was taken from
Mexico to France in 1872 by M. V. CONSID-
ERANT. That plant died during the succeeding
winter and there was no other one of the sort in
cultivation till 1874, when Mr. Considerant
again succeeded in introducing it. For this
species a silver medal of the first-class has been
awarded in France and a gold medal in Eng-

panied by a written certificate that the person
exhibiting it made and baked it without assist-
ance or instruction from any one. The agree-
ment is imperative:
First premium, Dinner set, 150 pieces,
French China, manufactured by Haviland &
Co., beautifully decorated; value, $150.
Second premium, Dinner set, same as above,
120 pieces; value, $100.
Third premium, a teaset of 56 pieces, French
China, beautifully decorated; value, $25.
A sweepstake premium for the old ladies
above 18 years, whether in single-blessedness
or wearing matrimonial honors, for the best
loaf of white wheat bread, each exhibitor be-
ing required to certify in writing that she re-
ceived no aid or instruction from any lady
friend under 18 years of age; premium, one
six-piece silver-plated tea set, consisting of a
coffee-pot, two tea-pots, sugar-bowl, and slop-
bowl, with a tea-tray to correspond with the

The Special Premiums Offered by N. 0.
Transler, of Atlanta, Ga.
For the best bale of upland cotton, of the
usual size for market, grown in the State:
First premium, $200 in gold.
Second premium, one French China Dinner
Set from the manufactory of HAVILAND & Co.,
Limoges, France; not less than 175 pieces, all
beautifully decorated; value, $160..
Third premium, one set similar to the above;
not less than 150 pieces; also beautifully decor-
ated; value, $125.
For the best bale of sea-island cotton:
First premium, $200 in gold.
SSecond premium, Dinner set of French China,
similar to the above, 175 pieces; value, $160.
Third premium, Dinner set of French China,
similar to above, not less than 150 pieces; value,
For the best two boxes of oranges picked for
shipping, together with the best two baskets of
oranges containing not less than 100 oranges
each, and the best 200 loose oranges dis-
played on the fruit stand, and the largest num-
ber of oranges on one limb, all to be the growth
of one grove, the test to be flavor, texture of
rind, and commercial excellence, and beauty
of combination in exhibit:
First premium in gold, $200.
Second premium, China dinner set, not less
than 175 pieces, similar in decoration to above;
value, $160.
Third premium, China dinner set, not less
than 150 pieces, similar to above; value, $125.
Fourth premium, silver-plated tea set of six
pieces, consisting of coffee-pot, two tea-pots, su-
gar-bowl, spoon-holder and slop-bowl, all ele-
gantly engraved; value, $75.
For the best exhibit of pine-apples and ba-
nanas, not less than two dozen pines and a half
dozen bunches of bananas:
First premium, one French China tea set, 56
pieces, beautifully decorated; value, $25.
Second premium, one silver-plated ice pitch-
er, elegantly engraved; value, $15.
For strawberries, not less than ten quarts
from any one grower :
First premium, one French China tea set, 56
pieces, all decorated; value, $25.
Second premium, silver-plated ice pitcher,
elegantly engraved; value, $15.
For the best loaf of white wheat bread, made
and baked by any young lady under the age of
18. The bread for competition must be accom-

built, and fresh additions are being made almost
daily to the large fleet of passenger and freight
steamers on all our water courses. There is
really going to be a chance next winter to
travel in Florida. The orange crop, generally,
is light. Other crops throughout the State are
good-better than for many years, with perhaps
the exception of cotton. Prospecting parties
and settlers are still coming in large numbers.
The weather is very fine, and has been ever
since November of last year. Refreshing show-
ers, and delightfully cool breezes from the
southeast, coming from the Bahama seas, occur
nearly every afternoon. With the present out-
look, Florida will be one vast orange grove."
-How tame would life be without troubles
and difficulties to overcome.

above described tea-set; the combined set value,
Each loaf of bread must be baked on Tues-
day, the opening day of the Fair, and will be
judged on Thursday of Fair week, at 3 p. m.
The committee of judges on bread entered for
the above premiums will be selected by Mr. N.
O. FANSLER from ladies present, and report
their names to the Secretary, A. J. RUSSELL.
For the best exhibit of Florida honey: Pre-
mium, a silver-plated ice pitcher; value, $15.
For the best collection of home-made pre-
serves exhibited, a silver-plated ice pitcher;
value, $15.
For the best display of cut flowers, a China
tea set, 56 pieces, beautifully decorated ;" value,
The total value of these premiums is $2,040.
Higher Education of Women.
We need higher culture for those women who
do not enter the professions. Our system of
educating the girls, as a rule, is very radically
false. There are notable exceptions, but the
rule is the following: That the object sought to
be gained is accomplishments rather than solid
knowledge. Women are taught to play the piano
and to use the French language. They get a
smattering of many subjects, an intellectual
grip on hardly any. Even knowledge is given
them as an accomplishment-that is, not for its
own sake, but to make them appear pleasing.
To be blunt, women are educated so they may
please men. The fault is less with the teachers
than with the parents, who create the demand
and obtain the supply in our fashionable
schools. All this ought not to be. Our education
of girls should be more practical, more solidly
useful than it is.
Every woman, whether she needs to enter a
profession or not, should be so trained that she
can enter one, or at least perform some useful
service for which society will remunerate her.
Every girl should know that she can support
herself if she desires to do so. If this were the
case, women would have greater independence
and freedom in choosing their husbands than
they now have, and the knowledge that there is
an alternative open to them would cause them
to enter married life on a footing of greater
equality than is now accorded to them. There
would then be fewer of those unhappy mar-
riages into which young women allow thdm-
selves to be hurried for fear of falling a burden
upon their father or their brothers; fewer of
those cases in which a woman says "yes" at the
altar when her whole soul means "no."-Ex-
is from a private letter to the Hartford Times:
"Florida is booming from Key West to the
Georgia line, and from the Atlantic to the
Gulf. A perfect net-work of railroad is being

--~C~ ----~-- --- ~~ I I ___ ~__~ ~~__ h - --- -


heP 4 idai fiy4ck,


D. Redmond, D. H. Elliott, W. H. Ashmead,

Subscription $1.00 per annuim, in advance.

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LOCAL ADVERTISING (seven words to line) ten cents
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The FLORIDA DISPATCH has a very large circulation
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ASHMEAD BROS., Publishers, Jacksonville, Fla.


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upon receipt of price, for ONE YEAR
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American Agriculturist................................ 2.00
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Scientific American.............................. 3.75
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D etroit Free Press....................................... 2.35
Nebraska Farmer....................................... 2.00
The above are among the very best publications"
Remittances should be sent by Check, Money Order,
or Registered Letter, addressed to



HIGLEY & SMITH (see advertisement).-This
firm has recently moved into new and commo-
dious quarters, in a No. 1 locality, and are pre-
pared to receive consignments of Florida pro-
duce. The firm consists of E. E. Higley,
formerly of Lake George, Fla., and B. F.
Smith, of Chicago, who, last year, conducted
the business in his own name at 159 South
Water Street. They say: ." With largely in-
creased capital, and freight rates perfected, we
shall be able to give our Florida patrons good
and quick sales." They make a specialty of
Florida oranges.

Tropical Fruit Trees and Plants.
A short time since, we stepped on board' the
trim and swift little screw-steamer, "Maud F.,"
(now running as a regular packet, several times

each day, along our river shore, from this city
to Chaseville,) and, passing the many commer-
cial wharves, ship-yards, manufactories and
lumber-mills on one side, and the beautiful
cottage-and-villa-crowned slopes and bluffs of
St. Nicholas, on the other, we were soon plow-
ing the somewhat turbid'waters of "Arlingtoji
(formerly "Pottsburg") Creek," and round-
ing-to at the landing of Col. Sammis, near Mr.
Bidwell's extensive Nurseries.
Here we landed, and after wandering ai'ound
the grounds for some time inspecting the count-
less numbers of budded orange, lemon, Japan
Persimmon and other fruit trees (including the
European Olive, Catley's Guava, in fruit, &c.);
liberally sampling four or five varieties of Figs,
just then in perfection; and looking admiringly
over some rare flowering and ornamental shrubs
and plants, we were invited by Mr. Bidwell to
step into his large green-house, where we were
surprised and delighted to find a very extensive,
rare and valuable collection of Tropical Fruit
Trees and Plants, all presenting a most superb
and luxuriant appearance, and many being in
lull flower and fruit.
A few of our readers may remember the lib-
erality and enterprise frequently shown by Mr.
Bidwell in offering high premiums for the best
oranges exhibited at our Florida State Fairs,
and his zeal and energy in supporting and
making a success of these annual exhibitions;
but only his intimate friends and neighbors are
aware of the time, labor and money that he
has expended in procuring from foreign coun-
tries and testing here all the finer and more
tender varieties of tropical fruit-trees and plants,
in the expectation that the extension of fruit
culture into the more Southern portions of our
State would soon create a demand for such
trees and plants, and also actuated by an earn-
est and unselfish desire to disseminate the choice
and valuable productions of the tropics among
our people, at reasonable prices.
With these views, Mr. Bidwell has in culti-
vation, and, to some extent, in propagation, all
the sorts we shall mention, (a few in the open
air, but mostly under glass,) and he claims
that he can now exhibit a greater number and
variety of Tropical Fruit-Bearing Plants than
can be found in the Government Garden at
Washington, or in the collection of any indi-
vidual in the United States.

We believe the claim to be just; and we
think the people, especially of South Florida,
should generously aid Mr. Bidwell in his ex-
pensive and laborous enterprise by ordering and
carefully testing all the fine and rare fruits of
the tropics which he can supply.
We give below a partial list of the Tropical
trees and plants now in Mr. Bidwell's posses-
sion-referring the interested reader to a fuller
and more complete list to be published here-
Queen; Ripley Queen; Sugar-Loaf; Red
Spanish; Monsterrat; Charlotte Rothschild;
Prince Albert; Lord Carrington; Smooth Cay-

enne; Black Jamaica; Lady Beatrice Lamber-
ton; Bracamorensis ; Mordilona.
Musa Cavendishii; Red Jamaica; Zebrina;
Hart's Choice; Uranoscopas.

Anona Cherimolia.
Muricata, or Sour Sop.
Reticulata, or Custard Apple.
Squamosa, or Sweet Sop.
Artocarpus incisa, Bread Fruit.
c" integrifolia, Jack Fruit.
.2Egle Marmelas.
Averrhoa Carambola.
Barringtonia Speciosa.
Blighia Sapida.
Casimirva edulis, Mexican Apple.
Ceratonia Siliqua, St. John's Bread-Fruit.
Carica Papaya, Pawpaw.
Cookia Punctata, Wampes.
Chrysophyllum Cainito, Star Apple.
Cicca disticha, Otaheite Gooseberry.
Calophyllum Madruno.
Cordia Sebestena.
Crataeva Gynandra, Garlic Pear.
Coffea Arabica, Coffee.
Crascentia Cujts, Calabash tree.
Cinnamonium Verum, Cinnamon.
Sericeum, Japan Cinnamon.
Clausenia Corynebiflora.
Diospyros Mobola.
Eugenia Mitchelli, Cayenne Cherry.
Braziliensis, Brazilian Cherry.
t" Jambosa, Rose Apple.
Magnifica, New Caladonia Apple.

Malaqcensis, Malaj Apple.
Ficus Macrocarpa.
Garcinia Livingstoni, African Mangosteen.
Glycosmis Aurantiacie.
Lecythis Pisonis.
Lucuma Deliciosa.
Laurus Camphora, Camphor.
Malpighia punictefolia.
Melicocca bejuga, Honey Berry.
Myroxylon Pereira, Balsam Peru.
Monstera deliciosa.
Persea Gratissima, Avocado Pear.
Platona insignis.
Phoenix dactylifira, Date.
Physocalyx edulis.
Piper nigrum, Black Pepper.
frito cadeura, Japanese Pepper.
Passoflira edulis.
quadrangularis, Granadilla.
Psidium Cattleyanum, Cattley Guava.
aromaticum, Cinnamon "
pomiferrum, Apple "
pyriformsi, Pear "

Sapota achras, Sapadillo.
Spondias Monbin, Plum of the Antilles.
pleiogeyne, Queensland Plum.
Tamarindus indica, Tamarind.
Trichilia Spondioides.
Vangueria edulis.
Zinziber officinalis, Ginger.
This list is not near so full and correct
as we could desire; but we shall revise and
extend it when we have Mr. Bidwell's forth-
coming catalogue as a guide. We ap-
pend a short note from a Tampa friend,
whose kind appreciation of THE DISPATCH is
very gratifying and encouraging, and who fur-
nishes a list of several tropical and semi-tropi-
cal plants and trees cultivated in his vicinity.
Will not some of our friends at Key West, Fort



Myers, Lake Worth and other parts of South
Florida, send us similar lists ?
TAMPA, Augt. 28, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
THE DISPATCH is the most valuable and one
of the best managed papers in the State. I
have heretofore and shall continue to aid in the
extension of its circulation. It is doing more
to develop the material interests of Florida than
all other means combined; but my fear is that
so valuable and useful a paper cannot be sus-
tained at the subscription price of one dollar.
I send you a list of tropical plants that are
cultivated here, uninjured by any frost for the
past ten (10) years, and seem to flourish and do
well, and are extended more and more each
year. There is one industry I have never seen
mentioned in THE DISPATCH, the Castor bean;
it grows here finely, bears three to four crops
each year, will last for a long time, no trans-
planting. Could it not be made a source of
profit? It grows large and very rapid on my
poor land without fertilizing. Orange groves
over this county never looked better. Crops
very good. New groves making in all direc-
tions. Truly Yours,
All varieties of the Orange; Three or four
kinds of Lemon ; Limes and Mangoes; Gua-
vas and Sapadilloes ; Pine-apples'; Plums;
Japan Plums, Japan Persimmons ; Comot or
Egg Fruit, (very choice) ; Cocoa-nuts ; Ba-
nanas ; Coffee bush, bearing ; Alligator Pear :
Cayenne Pepper, (all winter) ; and many oth-
ers not remembered.

HAY FEVER.-Sufferers from this very ob-
stinate and distressing malady, should read the
letter of our respected and esteemed friend,

"EXCHANGES" doing us the honor of copying
from our pages, will confer a great favor by
crediting to our full title-FLORIDA DISPATCH,
instead of merely "Dispatch."
our last,) Capt. L. L. VARNEDOE says: The
pears were evaporated by Mr. Rumph, of Mar-
shallville, Ga., in their natural state, peeled
and sliced. The process is simple. Mr. R.
offered me 30 cents per pound, and says he
could sell in New York at 40 cents. The fruit
were inferior (" culls ") and made 1 pound
dried to 8 pounds green." L. L. V.

THE FANSLER PREMIUMS will be found duly
set forth on page 371, present number, but our
erratic and prankish types have misprinted the
name of the enterprising and munificent patron
of our State Fair. It should read FANSLER,
sire to draw the special attention of orange grow-

ers to the advertisement of these celebrated
manures, appearing in this issue, and to the
fact that they are to be had so near, from Rev.
LYMAN PHELPS, at Sanford, Fla. They seem
to be just the thing for forcing an early and
rapid growth and are very highly recommended.
As the time approaches for applying manures,
we hope Mr. Phelps will receive a merited
amount of success in their sale.

Diehl's Patent Bee-hive is said to be of a
superior make. For terms, &c.,'address Z. G.
Hege. See advertisement.

tell us how to make a good article ?

Not Endorsed Editorially.
We notice that in the comments of several
of our exchanges upon an article from a cor-
respondent of THE DISPATCH (X. T. on Le-
Conte Pear,) they say: "we have a gentle hint
from the Florida Dispatch to go slow on the
Le Conte Pear."
The FLORIDA DISPATCH says nothing of the
kind, editorially. It should be credited to a
We must again call the attention of our
readers to the fact that we do not become re-
sponsible for what our correspondents may say
upon any subject. We propose to permit
all that can be said for and against any fruit,
that growers may be fully informed thereupon.
This is a part of our mission, and we could not
be fair and just otherwise than by allowing
both sides to be heard in a respectful way upon
any subject within our sphere.- But, except
where we specially and explicitly endorse a
printed article or communication, we must not,
as editors, be held responsible for the views or
opinions of our correspondents, or our contem-
poraries of the press.

Skilled Labor for Florida.
It will gratify our readers, capitalists, and
the fruit and orange growers of Florida gener-
ally, to learn that a scheme is on foot to bring
skilled laborers from the over-populous dis-
tricts of Europe to our favored State, this win-
The party who contemplates starting an
agency here for that purpose, is Mr. C. H. VAN
DER LINDEN of this city, a gentleman now in
the employment of "The Disston Land and Im-
provement Company," and is also agent for The
Royal Mail Line to the Netherlands, and The
Florio Line to Italy.
Those desiring to secure good employees or
further information on the subject, should ad-
dress Mr. Van der Linden at this place.

NEW PUBLICATIONS.-The September num-
ber of The Century and the Eclectic Magazine
-both full of variety and interest-are on the
counter of Ashmead Brothers, who can, also,
supply all the leading periodicals and standard
works of the day.
Climate, Soil and Agricultural Capabilities
of South Carolina and Georgia. By J. C.
Hemphill. A companion volume to the work
on Florida, lately issued by the Department of
Agriculture, at Washington.
Report on the condition of Corn and Cotton--
for August, 1882. Department of.Agriculture.

Times-Democrat, New Orleans, 40-page Trade
edition, for September. A mammoth and won-
derful publication.
Beekeeper's Guide, by A. J. Cook. The
best published. Can be had from Ashmead Bros.
Price $1.25.

MAD STONES."-See the communication of
Mr. SACKVILLE, in present number of DIs-
PATCH. We have heard some strange stories
of the wonderful action of these stones in cases
of snake bite, hydrophobia, &c.; and we await
the promised book for further revelations.

-How awfully awful it would be if every-
body, without warning, told the truth.

Prowling and Plundering Hogs.
A correspondent of the Sumterville Times,
writing from Helena, says: "Sweet potatoes
have been very generally destroyed by the
worthless hogs of this region. One gentleman
at Helena has sold all his hogs, declaring that
he will keep no more unless they are of im-
proved breeds, kept in a pen or in a fenced field.
But selling did not save his crop of potatoes.
Aside from all questions of Florida law, would
it not be well for gentlemen to ask themselves
whether they have a moral right to keep a flock
of twenty or forty hogs to depredate on and ruin
the crops of their neighbors. New settlers have
hard work to make a living, and if we are ever
to fill these Florida wilds with a civilized,
thrifty population, we must adopt regulations
compelling owners to control their cattle and
swine so that settlers may reap the crops they
have planted and cultivated. This matter can
not too soon be brought to the front."

-No man was ever written out of reputation
by himself.

Jacksonville Wholesale .Prices.
Corrected weekly, by JONES & BO WEN Wholesale and
Retail Grocers, Jacksonville, .'la.
SuGARS-Granulated ......................................... 10
W white Ex. C......................................... 10
G olden C............................................ 8%
Pow dered........................................... 114
Cut Loaf ..................................... 11Q
COFFEE, Rio-Fair.......................................... 10
Good................................... .... 102
Choice ............. ......................... 11
B est ........................................ ... 12
Java O. G ............................................ 25
M ocha ........................................ ........ .. 35
Peaberry.......................... ............ 18
M aracaibo.......................... ........... 18
Any of above grades roasted to order
FLOUR-Snow Drop, best................................ 8 00
Oreole, 2d best................ .................... 7 50
Pearl, 3d best................................ 7 00
Orange Co., No. 1 ............................ 75
M EATS-Bacon........................... .................... 14
Hams (Merwin & Sons)....................... 18
Shoulders......... ......... ........................... 14
HoINY-Pearl, per bbl............................... 5 75
M EAL-per bbl.................................. .. 575
LARD-Refined in pails................................. 141Y
BUTTER-Very best, kegs (on ice)............... 27 to 31
CHEESE-Full cream ........................................ 14Y2
H alf cream ...................... ........ ..... 123
ToBAcco-We have made arrangements direct with
the manufacturers and offer you to-day as fol-
Smoking-"the Boss" Durham ,s
and Vs.................................. 32
"The Boss" Durham 1 b pkge........ 30
"Sitting Bull" D. (genuine) s........ 50
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) 4s...... ..... 49
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) s.s.......... 47
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) 1 lb pkge.. 45
Plug-"Shell Road" 4 plugs to lb., 30
flb boxes...................................... 55
"Florida Boys" 5 plugs to lb., 30 lb
boxes............................................ 36
"Florida Girls"--Bright twist, 14 to
lb., 17 lb boxes............................. 50
Cigars-"Long Branch"a very pop-
ular brand, per thousand......... 25 00
"Our X" choice cigar, easy smok'r 21 00
"Our XX a very choice smoker.... 26 00
"Florida Boys," (we areState Agt,) 45 00
These are all fresh goods and will compare favora-
bly in price and quality with any goods.
SOAP AND STARCH-Colgate's 8 oz., per box.. 3 50
Peerless, 8 oz., per box......................... 3 50
Starch, lump, per lb...... ..... @6c

H ops, per lb.....;....................................... 15@ 22c
Ager's Fresh Yeast Cakes, per doz .......... 60
Grant's 3-Dime Baking Powder, per
doz. 1 ........................................... ..... ....... 225
Town Talk Baking Powder, per doz. 1 lb. 25
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. lb..... 2 70
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. lb ...... 1 50
Florida Sugar and syrups ruling high
for first grades.
POTATOES-Irish, per bbl., new......................... 3 75@4 00
CHICKENS, each ................................................. 20f@40
EGGS-Per doz.................................. 18@20
HIDES-Dry Flint Cow Hides, per lb., first class 13
Country Dry Salted, per lb..................... 9@11
Butcher Dry Salted, per lbf.................... 9@10
Dam aged H ides.................................... 6
Kip and Calf, 8lbs. and under ............... 10
SKINS-Raw Deer Skins, per lb.......................... 35
Deer Skins Salted, per lb...... ............... 26@30
FURS -Otter, each, (Summer no value) Win-
ter......................... ................. 1 50@ 4 00
Raccoon, each..................................... 5@15
Wild Cat, each...................................... 10@20
Fox, each.............................. ....... 5@15
BEESW AX- per ........................................ ...... 20
WooL-Free from burs, per lb............................ 17@22
Burry, per lb........... ........................... 11@15
GOAT SKINS-Each per lb.................................. 10


- . -__ ._ - -r--_~-~- -_;-___ _-~-~Ll~~r-_~L: -Ir~.--C-- ;. --I-~---~~-


The End of Immigration.
The idea is now ingrained in the American
mind that the one great desideratum is an in-
crease of population. This idea will survive
the circumstances which gave it birth, and then
the Americans will awake to a sense of improv-
idence that is now taking no thought of the mor-
row. It may be objected that the time is far
distant when the population will be too large,
and when, therefore, the growth of population
may threaten the institutions of the country
with danger. But is it so? As we have al-
ready pointed out, in another eight years the
population of the United States will nearly
equal the populations of France and the United
Kingdom added together; while in another ten
years, if the rate of growth is maintained, the
population of the United States will probably
equal that of Russia, and, unless some great dis-
aster occurs to check the rate of growth, in an-
other fifty years it will have reached an enor-
mous magnitude. Already the population is
dense in parts of the older Eastern States. And
when it is borne in mind that the system of
cultivation tends to exhaust the soil, while, also,
as we have said, the desire to increase the pop-
ulation is an overmastering one in the Ameri-
can mind, it is highly probable that the dangers
attendant upon over-population will come
sooner than is now anticipated, especially if the
competition of other raw-material producing
countries should increase very rapidly, and
should threaten American supremacy in the
European markets. Nor is it only the United
States that have to dread this difficulty. Euro-
pean populations are multiplying in confidence
that emigration is always available for those
who cannot live at home. But what'will be the
consequences when the United States are closed
to the intending emigrant ?-London Saturday

BANANAS !-A citizen of Monticello tells the
Constitution that he cut eight fine bunches of
bananas from plants in his garden, an last Sat-
urday. This, says that journal, is tangible evi-
dence that we have a climate that will compare
favorably with South Florida for the cultiva-
tionn of semi-tropical fruit.
Times says: "There is no exaggeration in saying
that the atmosphere of a breakfast-table gives
the key to the atmosphere of the home. It is only
in America and in England that the lady of the
house is as dainty at the morning meal as at
every other; they alone hold papillotes and
crimping pins in horror at the breakfast-table.
In France, Germany and Switzerland early
breakfast is, in reality, no meal at all. It lacks
every element of comfort, and in the majority
of instances, the lady of the house will enjoy
her coffee, and pretzel or roll in her own room,

pausing for the purpose in her housewifery
cares, and clad in the semi-dishabille in which
those tasks are performed by the notable women
of foreign countries. In Italy, again, breakfast
means hot rolls and coffee, and in JIolland the
addition of strong-flavored cheese or smoked
herring is scarcely a redeeming feature. Dainty
breakfast sets are almost unknown, except in
the few families who in traveling have learned
the beauty of such unfamiliar things and whose
views of the possibilities of life are enlarged."
-A memory without blots or contamination
is an exquisite treasure and an inexhaustable
source of pure enjoyment..
-If you wish to remove avarice you must
remove its mother-luxury.

One of the principal purposes of the recent
visit of Mr. ST. CLAIR-ABRAMS to the North
was to obtain the capital needed for the estab-
lishment of cassava culture on a large scale
among these lakes. While all the details have
not yet been determined, we are authorized to
announce that the mission was a substantial
success. Men of large capital in New York
have been interested in the matter, and it is safe
to state that a large factory will be erected at
Tavares for the manufacture of starch and glu-
cose during the coming winter. It is the pur-
pose of the company to aid in the gathering and
distribution of the cassava seed and to that
extent the work of aiding in establishing the
industry for the planter will be in part per-
formed by the company.
It is, however, greatly to be desired that all
the farmers and property-holders owning cleared
lands on, or near any of these lakes, should
themselves begin preparations at once for gath-
ering and planting the seed. We can assure
them that they will find no trouble in selling
the root at remunerative prices. Cassava will
pay better than any annual crop that can be
planted. Planted in between the trees of a
young orange grove, it will more than pay the
entire cost of cultivating, fertilizing and keep-
ing up the grove. The establishment of the
industry is a solution of the problem as to how
persons of limited means can sustain themselves
while making an orange grove. As a planting
industry pure and simple, it will make larger
profits per acre than the richest sugar lands in
After several years of earnest effort in this
matter, an opportunity is at last about to offer
for creating a new source of wealth in Florida.
We trust, therefore, that the people of these
lakes will heartily co-operate with the company
now forming. We want from 500 to 1,000 acres
of cassava planted this fall and winter. No
portion of Florida offers so many inducements
for its successful cultivation as this lake region,
and we have authority to say that $100,000 of
capital stands ready to reward the planter for
his labor. We thus repeat and urge upon all
persons in this lake region the importance of
immediate preparation for planting cassava. In
another issue we shall offer some suggestions
that may be of value to those who will plant
it.- Tavares Herald.

We copy an article on the "Cassava Indus-
try," from the Tavares Herald, which states
that a company with adequate capital will be
formed for the manufacture of starch and glu-

cose from the cassava, on a large scale. There
can be no doubt that such an enterprise would
pay the company handsomely, and prove a
source of great profit to those farmers who
could transport their product to the factory by
water. The lake region of Orange County is
peculiarly well adapted to this industry. The
cassava grown near the lake margins can be
transported in'barges to a central factory, and
the starch and glucose, when prepared for
market, can be shipped by steamer or barge to
this city as a distributing point, at a very little
Mr. SINCLAIR has demonstrated that a better
article of starch can be produced from cassava,
and at a less expense, than from either corn or
potatoes, and it needs no demonstration to prove
that cassava is a better and cheaper glucose-
producing substance than anything now used
in that industry, since its confessedly superior
starch-yielding properties make it also superior

for this purpose. It was in 1854 that we first
saw the experiment of making sugar, or rather
syrup, by treating starch-producing fibre with
acid, in almost the identical way in which glu-
cose is now made. The experiment was con-
ducted by Professor MITCHELL, in the labora-
tory of East Tennessee University, and was
then a great surprise to the class. It is strange
that this principle should remain unutilized for
so long a time, particularly when so many
scientific men were continually on the hunt for
something new that would pay. Introduced
but a few years since, the manufacture of
glucose has spread very rapidly, until now it is
one of the great industries of the country, and
it is now almost impossible to buy a pound of
sugar which is not adulterated with glucose.
If the world will have glucose, we see no good
reason why Florida should not supply it, espe-
cially as it can, we believe, be produced here
more cheaply than in any other State.- Union.
Salt in the South.
Among the stores of mineral wealth which
the South is constantly discovering, none are
more remarkable than the great salt mines of
Louisiana, a few miles south of New Iberia.
The salt is found in solid rock mass which
assays 99 per cent. of pure material, and the
deposit covers an area of 140 acres, which ap-
pears inexhaustible. The mines are situated
directly upon the Bayou Teche and convenient
to terminus of great railroad lines, and although
they have been systematically worked only
three years, the industry has already assumed
great proportions. Salt from these works can
be delivered throughout the South at less than
the price either of forcing importations or the
product of Northern works; and Mobile, which
is the chief distributing point, counts upon soon
becoming the great salt market of the Missis-
sippi valley.
-- *
Gotton-Seed Oil vs. Lard.
Since our last issue, we have given refined
cotton-seed oil a fair trial for various cooking
purposes, and we find it, in very many respects,
superior to lard. So well pleased are we with
this new culinary oil, that we are ready to en-
dorse all that is said of it below, by our brother
of the Aberdeen Examiner:
It is the height of folly for our people to be
paying 15 cents a pound for the filthy trichlena-
bearing W-estern stuff called lard,which is stewed
out of the offal and entrails in many instances
of unmarketable and diseased hogs, when they
have in cotton-seed oil a pure, sweet, clean, veg-
etable substitute, that is the product of their
own soil and prepared for market in their own
factories and almost under their own eyes; and
which is at the same time healthy and cheap.
No other people in the world would be guilty
of such extravagant and senseless folly, as while
they are holding aloof, the hotels and restau-

rants of the very cities that send most of the
lard to market, are economizing and at the same
time consulting cleanliness and health by using
cotton-seed oil in their kitchens.
Those of our people who make their own lard
and are assured of its purity are, of course,
justified in using it, but we cannot understand
why people who are forced into the market
should take a filthy foreign product that has
been hoisted to a ruinous price by speculators,
in preference to using an article made at home
that is known to be wholesome, pure and cheap.

-She cooed; 1he wooed; and the old man
said they could if they would.

-Why should not fish caught in a net act
wildly as long as they are in-seine?

-_____ _~_ r, --I--------- --- - ------- -- --------------




Remarkable Increase to the Wealth of the
United States.
The increase of wealth in the United States
during the last eighty years has been materi-
ally greater than the increased advantage in
per capital. In 1800 the wealth of the United
States was but $1,110,000,000, a per capital of
$210; since then it has grown to $49,800,000,-
000, a per capital of $990. This is the most re-
markable advance of actual wealth in financial
history, as there was but a population of 5,300,-
000 in our republic in 1800. There are some
interesting evidences of growth in the follow-
ing statistics, showing property values in the
United States:
Houses, $13,360,000,000; farms, $9,615,-
000,000; manufactures, $5,225,000,000; rail-
ways, $5,220,000,000; public works, $5,252,-
000,000; forests mines, etc., $2,793,000,000;
cattle, $1,820,000,000; bullion, $720,000,000;
and shipping, $315,000,000. And then there
is the little item of furniture, $5,420,000,000,
to make up the aggregate.

Hard Work.
"What is your secret of success ?" asked a
lady of TURNER, the distinguished painter.
He replied, "I have no secret, madam, but
hard work."
Says Dr. ARNOLD: The difference between
one boy and another is not so much in talent
as in energy."
Nothing," says REYNOLDS, is denied well-
directed labor, and nothing is to be attained
without it."
"Excellency in any department," says
JOHNSON, "can now be attained only by the
labor of a lifetime; it is not to be purchased at
a less price."
There is but one method," said SYDNEY
SMITH, and that is hard labor; and. a man
who will not pay that price for distinction had
better at once dedicate himself to the pursuit
of the fox."
Step by step," reads the French proverb,
" one goes very far."

-When the best things are not possible the
best may be made of those that are.




DREW & BUCKI, Proprietors.


We respectfully announce to our friends and the pub-
lic generally, that, having secured the services of com-
petent Draughtsmen, Architects and Mechanics we are
prepared to estimate on and contract for the building of

etc., at any point accessible by the several railroad and
steamboat lines. Possessing the advantage of manufac-
turing our own lumber, we are enabled to offer very lib-
eral inducements as to terms and quality of material.
Draughts, plans, estimates and information furnished
on application. o
We have also made extensive additions to our Plan-
ing Mill, and will continue, as heretofore, to manufacu-
ture and keep in stock a full line of Framing and Finish-
ing Lumber, Mouldings, Brackets, Balusters, Pickets,
Laths, etc.
July 17, '82-tf. Ellaville, Florida.





Has been during the past season thoroughly tested by many of the first Orange Growers and Gardeners of the
State, and received their endorsement and approval. The material which forms the base of this Fertilizer, con-
tains potash, lime, phosphoric acid, ammonia and the other essential elements of Plant Food, making a com
plete Fertilizer. Many who have tried it with Stockbridge, Baker & Bro.'s, and other high-priced Fertilizers,
say it is equal to them in the same quantity, and has the advantage of being an Insecticide.
This Fertilizer is put up in barrels containing 250 pounds, or 8 barrels to the ton. Price $4 per barrel, $32 per
All orders with remittance promptly filled and delivered free on board cars or boats.
Gentlemen-I used one-half ton of your Fertilizer, in connection with the same amount of Baker & Bro,'s,
New York, and Bradley's, of Boston, last February, using the same quantity of each on alternate rows through-
out my grove. I find yours gave as good results as the others, which are much higher priced fertilizers-costing
$50.50 per ton for B. & Bro.'s and $51.50 for Bradley's, delivered here. I consider yours equal to either of the
others, and a great saving to the growers. Very respectfully, T, J. TUCKER.
WILCOX, ORANGE COUNTY, FLA., September 12, 1881.
LEESBURG, SUMMER Co., FLA,, March 6, 1882,
GOULD & Co.:
Gentlemen-Allow me to express my thanks for the promptitude with which you have directed your
agents at this point (Messrs Spier & Co.,) to deliver to me the premium of one ton of your valuable fertilizer,
so generously offered for the best display of vegetables grown under its fostering care, I having had the honor
to win the said premium.
It was with very small hope of so substantial a reward, that I placed my vegetables among the exhibits
of our first county fair last month; but I wanted our people to know that we have at our own doors, as It
were, a fertilizer and insect destroyer better and cheaper than any of the celebrated Northern brands,
Gould's FertiliZer "kills two birds with one stone," inasmuch as it feeds the plant, and destroys its enemies
at one and the same time. I have been testing it in the field, garden and orange grove for nearly two years, and
the result has been such that I feel independent of scale, leaf rollers, borers, and the other insect plagues whose
name is legion, while my plants are well fed and vigorous, and exhibit the dark, glossy green of health and
For my part, I ask nothing better than Gould's Fertilizer, and at our next county fair. if I live to see it, I
mean to show yet more of its handiwork.
Yours truly, HELEN HARCOURT.
to aug 27, '82 NO. 6 W. BAY ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA,

ORN E AND LEMON TREES Budded from tried and approved varieties, and
ORANGE AND LEMON TREES on good healthy stocks.
Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, LECONTE PEARS, GRAPES, and a general line of Fruit Trees suitable to
Florida. Address,
A&a.04 T 07&AEE, r-eorgetownxr., Florida.
Aug. 14 to Nov. 6.

Ocean Steamship Company.


The Magnificent New Iron Steamships sail from Savannah on following dates:
GATE CITY, Friday, September 1st, 9:00 a. m.
DESSOUG, Monday, September 4th, 12:00 noon.
CITY OF MACON, Wednesday, September 6th, 1:30 p. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Monday, September 11th, 5:30 p. m.
GATE CITY, Wednesday, September 13th, 7:00 p. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Friday, September 15th. 8:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Monday, September 18th, 10:00 a. m.
DESSOUG, Wednesday, September 20th, 12:00 noon.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Friday, September 22d, 2:00 p. m.
TALLAHASSEE, Monday, September 25th, 5:00 p. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Wednesday, September 27th, 6:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Friday, September 29th, 8:00 p. m.
Through Bills of Lading and Tickets over Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western
Railway, and close connections with the new and elegant steamers to Florida.
Freight received every day from 7 a. m. to 6 p. m., at Pier 35, N. R.
H. YONGE, G. M. SORREL, Agent, Savannah, Ga.
Agent of Line, and C. R. R. of Ga., Office New Pier 35 N. River, N. Y.
W. H. RHETT, General Agent, 317 Broadway, New York.
H. R. CHRISTIAN, Gen'l Soliciting Agent. C. D. OWENS,
S12-2m Gen'l Ag't Sav'h, Florida & Western Ry. Co, 315 Broadway. N. Y.


Agent in Orange County for

Orange Groves and Orange Lands on Commission,
june 12-tf

An Orange Grove or OrAtge Lands, in a healthy, beauti-
ful country,
Entirely Free from Frost,
where you have the finest
of all descriptions, and the best chance to raise early
vegetables, in a new country. Address me with stamp,
at Anclote, Hillsborough County, Florida.
I can sell you five acres, or five thousand acres, as you
desire. 1 '8
lyr to aug 20, '83 M[. R. M[A EIKS.

I LI~ _____~_ _ _


Having orders for several hundred boxes of Oranges
already entered on our books, we solicit correspondence
from growers having early Oranges to market. We
want good bright fruit, and will make it to the interest
of produces to write us early. Address
Wholesale Fruit Dealers,
to sept. 20, '82. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


Choice acclimated Strawberry IPlants for
sale at $3 per thousand.
to sept. 27 P. Riverside, Jacksonville.



A Chance for Smnall as well as
Large Capitalists.
I AM OFFERING FOR SALE some of the finest young
Orange Groves in Florida, at prices far below their true
value. My reason for these extraordinary offers is that
I wish to concentrate my attention and means upon my
other property.
First.-I offer nine groves of 20 acres each, known as
part of my Hyde Park place, one mile south of Ocala.
These groves are fully set with trees, one-half being
sweet seedlings five years old, and the remainder five
year-old trees with sweet buds. Trees all growing luxu-
riantly. Price, from $150 to $200 per acre, according to
location and size of trees.
Second.-I offer thirty-two (32) lots-part of same tract
and same location-each containing five acres, upon
which no trees are planted. Price, $500 per lot, and I to
furnish (without extra charge) to the purchaser of each
lot 250 sour trees containing dormant sweet buds.
These lands are desirable for the following considera-
tions :
LOCATION.-They are situated one mile south of the
growing town of Ocala, the county site of Marion
QUALITY.-They are of the best quality of marl ham-
mock-high, rolling and well watered, and admirably
adapted to the growth of the orange.
HEALTH.-No portion of the State can show a better
record for health.
Railway and the Tropical Railroad pass through these
lands, and each will have depots or flag stations on the
same-thus giving every facility for travel and ship-
ment of freight.
SURROUNDINGS.-The lands adjacent are being rapidly
settled by first-class people, including, among others,
Generals CIAMBERLAIN and TILLSON, of Maine, and
Dr. G. T. MAXWELL, late of Atlanta, but now of Ocala,
who have invested in adjacent lands, and are making
valuable improvements. The society is as good as can
be found anywhere, and the religious and educational
advantages are unsurpassed. Besides the public schools
in the vicinity, the Ocala High School, a first-class in-
stitution, is sufficiently near to be attended by the chil-
dren of settlers upon these lands.
SCLa- iter Cox-zt3r C-rTrowrres.
I also offer the following lands in Sumter County,
Florida :
First.-Forty-acre lot (known as Hacienda Grove),
with eighteen acres in grove of oranges and lemons,
having upon the same a good dwelling house. Of the
trees in this grove, fifty are now bearing, and all will be
bearing in two years. Upon this tract is a nursery of
12,000 budded trees from four to five years old-one-half
oranges, and the rest in my celebrated lemons, that
took the premium at the Atlanta Exposition and the
Orange County Fair.
Second.-Watula Grove, containing twenty acres, of
which twelve acres are in orange trees, about two hun-
dred ot which are bearing, and the remainder will be
bearing in two years. There is also upon this tract a
nursery of ten thousand five year-old sour trees budded
with orange and lemon buds.
Third.-Forty acres of unimproved hammock land.
LOCATION.-The above tracts are all beautifully situa-
ted on Panasoffkee Run, one mile from Panasoffkee
Lake, in which is known as the "Tropical Centre,"
where the tenderest tropical plants are never injured by

cold weather. They adjoin the celebrated groves of Rt.
Rev. Bishop John F. Young and A. C. Brown; are upon
a navigable stream, and nine miles from a depot of the
Tropical Railroad. The lands in the immediate vicinity
are being rapidly settled by the best of citizens.
PRICES.-Tract No. 1, $15,000; Tract No. 2, $10,000; Tract
No. 3, $5,000-with budded trees sufficient to plant the
whole iorty acres.
QUALITY OF LAND.-The above-mentioned tracts are
of the best quality of rich marl hammock, high, rolling
and well watered, and, in my opinion, better adapted
than any other lands in the State to the growth of Or-
anges, Lemons, Limes and other tropical fruits.
For further information, address
aug. 21 to sept. 18.] Ocala, Marion Co., Florida.

.A4tteSitio0 P=oaltry :/Ze=.

Wholesale Dealers in

Foreign and Domestic Fruits.


Florida Oranges and emon.s,

167 South Water St.,



ZG-REFERENCES.-First National Bank, Jacksonville, Florida. Union National Bank, Chicaao, Illinois.
sept 4, tf.



Vegetables Orange Trees,


BY -

CEO. B. FORRESTER, 169 Front St., New York.
THESE MANURES are prepared from Concentrated Chemicals, are free from odor, do not breed vermin or
insects in the soil. They have been used on Florida lands for years, and produce wonderful results.
For sale by

Saf'rr". .Xja / Couny F i aS.,
B-anford, Orange County, Florida.

4W-Send for circular.

(tO IOe. ; 'I3)

Strawberry Plants!


Very choice selected stock-all barren plants care-
fully taken out.
Our vines produced a remarkably heavy crop of full-
sized, fine colored fruit during past dry season.
Would refer to Mr. W. H. Pillow as to this fact, and
superior quality of berries.
$3.00 per thousand, oash with order, delivcredl on
boat in any quantity.
C. 0C C.n RAN E,
St. John's River. MANDARIN.
to sept. 19.

Nurseryman | Florist

A full and choice stock of

Flowers, Plants & Trees,
IROSES a specialty.

(to Jan 9, '83)



Via all Rail to Portsmouth, Virginia, and
thence by the elegant steamships of the
old Dominion Line to New York.

Persons leaving Jacksonville by the fast mail on Sun-
day Monday, Tuesday and Friday, at 9 a. m., arrive at
Portsmouth the following afternoon, making close con-
nection with sieamships, and arrive in New York the
next evening thereafter.
.... . .. .. ... _! ... .... 1 ..... ea m n .. .. .n1ip

Several thousand Sweet Seedling Orange Trees, Chero- 'me appointments o tnis line, anu eiel
DR. R. BACHMANN'S Vermin Hate; the only relia- kee Roses and Strawberry Plants for sale. accommodations, the absence of delays,
ble antidote to Vermin on Poultry of every description Wilson Albany Strawberry, price per M........$ 2.00 or returning, together with the low rate
now extant, viz: Lice on Fowls and Fleas on Dogs; all a most.......... desirable summer excursion rout
other domestic animals are benefitted by its use. This Address, WM. DALE, For tickets and other information ap
being an internal remedy to be given mixed with the to nov. 27 82. Jacksonville, Florida. the S., F. & W. Railway, 84 West Bay
food, because all external remedies have been a failure. building), or the Ticket Office at the
It is put up in packages of FIFTY CENTS and ONE DOL- --- Line passenger station.
LAR. Sold at Groceries and Seed Stores. The best of
reference given on application to the proprietor. PERSONS ORDERING GOODS FROM AD- JAS. L. TA
Deot with PAINE BRO cksonville, Florida. PATCH WILL CONFER A FAVOR BY NO- GEO. W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
Depot with PAINE BROS., 36 BayStree TIYIN THEM TO THAT EFFECT. Aug. 7 to Oct. 2.
aug. 21 to feb. 21. '83. TIFYING THEN TO THAT EFFECT. Aug. 7 to Oct. 2.

,ant steamship
whether going
of fare, make it
)ply to office of
SStreet (Astor
Vaycross Short

SPass. Agent.


-- -- I ~ _C , .L~ 3 ~c-e I -L-r--- ----Lb*l~h- -C ~~~- ------ -r.-- -~- .--c-~------~r


r a '' II -- --- I-II~---- I II~- - r I ~- ------------








ISetT EsEif T ioAnfsT.o-TuTST 1RIst, pISo2.

Subject to Uniform Classification of Southern Railway & Steamship Association

To Stations on Florida Transit, Peninsula and Tropicai Railroads, Tampa, Manatee and
Gulf Coast Points, via Cedar Key.

(By Direct Steamship Only)

Hart's Road.........................Florida.
Dutton's......... ....................... "
T olu ...................................... "
Brandy Branch .................... "
Maxville................................ t
Highland.............................. "
Temple's......... ...................... 96
W aldo............... ............ ........
Gainesville............... ............ "
Fairbank's............................ "
Arredondo ........................... "
Archer............................... "
Otter Creek........................... "
Rosewood .................. ...........
Cedar Keys............................
Tampa ..... ...................
Santa Fe................................
Dixie................................... .
Hawthorn ... ..................
Lochloosa.... ................
Island Grove........................
Orange Lake.....................
Sparr's .............................
Anthony Place... .............
Silver Springs.......................
O cala ......................................
Lake W eir.............................
W ildwood ............................ "
Leesburg ..... .....................

1 15



~ 52~


1 23 1 03

1 10 90
1 101 95!

1 2311 03!

R ri2o

55 68 50 58 40173 83'

70 60 68 55 63 40 78 88

60 55 65 40150 32 65170
6050 755016045757

370 60 68 55 63 40 78 88

.... ... ... ... ...

+3 g '

n I n
0o 0 "
I-, *g)

1 50

1 00 1 65

70:1 25
90 1 35

1 0 1

11 00 1 65


To Landings on St. John's River, Palatka, Tocoi, St. Augustine, Stations on and via St. John's
& Lake Eustis Railway, Sanford, Enterprise and points on and via South Florida Railroad, Etc.

(By Direct Steamship Only)

Hibernia .....................................
Magnolia .................................... "
Green Cove Springs.... ............. "
Picolata .......................................
Federal Point............................
Orange Mills................................ ,
Tocoi .........................................
Palatka...................................... .. J
St. Augustine ..............................
San Mateo...................................
Buffalo Bluff................................
W elaka .. .... .......................
Norwalk ......................................
Fort Gates................................ "
Volusia.................. ......................
Astor .......................................... "
Bluffton................ ................
DeLand Landing........................
Lake Beresford.... ....................
Blue Spring...............................
Stations on the St. Johns &
Lake Eustis Railway.............. "
Fort Mason, Yalaha................... "6
Leesburg, etc.......... .,................ "
Longwood. ........ .... ....... "
Snow's........................ ... .....
Maitland....................................... "
Orlando ....................................... "
Kissimmee City........................ "


E E- B P
0 0 _ E S H 1 _
S<(52 ^ CO15 u o)0 0000

1 20 1 05

1 10 95

1 451 25

1 50 1 25

1 60 1 35

1 13

1 10

1 20




6511 20

1 80

1 0011 85

1 152 20

TTrou-g. EBills Iasd.inag guaranteein.g EMates to =DestixatioQ.=

PFrompt adjustmenat of all just Claims.

oVrIfark 1mad corhsigf reigrht "viria S., 1a. S tVi,. tilr-ray."

ADFor further information, call on or address

H. YONGrE, Jr.,
Agent Ocean Steamship Company,
Pier 35 North River, New York.

General Agent S., F. & W. R'y,
315 Broadway, New York.

General Freight Agent,
Savannah, Ga.

- I-t-




The steamships of this company are appointed to
and from SAVANNAH for BALTIMORE, as follows:
Monday, July 3d, at 9 a. m.
Saturday, July 8th, at I p. m.
Thursday, July 13th, at 5 p. m.
Tuesday, July 18th, at 9:30 p. m.
Monday, July 24th, at 1 p. m.
Saturday, July 29th, at 5 p. m.
Thursday, August 3d, at 10 a. m.
Tuesday, August 8th, at 1 p. m.
Monday, August 14th, at 8 a. m.
Saturday, August 19th, at 10 a. m.
Thursday, August 24th, at 2 p. m.
Tuesday, August 29th, at 8 a. m.
The steamers are first-class in every respect, and every
attention will be given to passengers.
CABIN FARE from Savannah to Baltimore, $15,
Including Meals and Stateroom.
For the accommodation of the Georgia and Florida
this company has arranged a special schedule, thereby
perishable freight is transported to the principal
points in the WEST and SOUTHWEST by rail from
By this route shippers are assured that their goods
will receive careful handling and quick dispatch.
Rates of freight by this route will be found in another
JAS. B. WEST & CO., Agents.
Savannah, January 8th, 1878. 30-tf


ON AND AFTER SUNDAY, JUNE 4th, 1882, Passen-
ger Trains will run over the Waycross Short Line
as follows;
:Fast Mail. Jack'lle Ex.
Daily. Daily.
Leave Jacksonville at.................. 9:00 a. m. 5:35 p. m.
Arrive Callahan at.................... 9:00 p. nm ...
Leave Callahan at........................ 9:45 a. m. 6:45 p. m.
Arrive Waycross at.......................11:45 a. m. 9:15 p. m.
Arrive Jesup at............................. 1:32 p. m. 11:25 p. n.
Arrive at Brunswick at............. 6:10 p. m. 8:20 a. mn.
Arrive Savannah at................ 3:35 p. m 2:30 a. m.
Arrive Charleston at..................... 9:30 p. m. 8:45 a. m.
Arrive at Augusta at.................. 5:20 a. m. 2:30 p. m.
Arrive Macon at.......... ......... ....... 7:00 a. m.
Arrive Atlanta at....................... 3:40 a. m. 12:50 p. m.
Arrive Louisville at............................... 8:00 a. m.
Arrive Cincinnati at................................ 7:00 a. m.
Arrive Washington at................... 9:40 p. n. 7:40 a. m.
Arrive Baltimore at......................11:45 p m 9:15 a. m.
Arrive New York (limited express)............. 3:50 p. inm,
Arrive New York P. R. R............. 6:50 a 5:20 p. m.
Arrive St. Louis at................................... 7:00 p n.
Arrive Chicago at......................................... 7:00 p. m ,
Fast mail arrives at Jacksonville daily at...... 6:10 p. m.
Jacksonville express arrives at Jacksonville
daily at........................................ .. 8:10 a. m.
To Savannah............................................... 6:40 hours
To New York........................ ......... 45:45 hours"
To W ashington............................................... 36:30 hours"
To Chicago............................................... 49:00 hours'
To St. Louis............................................... 49:00 hours'
ii3@.Daily Jacksonville to Charleston.
ilDaily Jacksonville to Cincinnati.

Sleeping car from Jacksonville to Savannah (5:35 p.
m. trains) Tuesdays and Fridays.
A Restaurant and Lunch Counter has been estab-
lished at Waycross, where passengers will be bounti-
fully furnished at moderate rates.
The morning train from JacKsonville to Savannah,
connects daily with through Pullman sleeper for New
Only one change of cars to New York.
Passengers going to Montgomery and New Orleans
take the evening train.
Passengers from line of Transit Railroad take the
train at Callahan.
Passengers from line of Jacksonville, Pensacola and
Mobile Railroad either take train at Live Oak, leaving
2 p. m. and arriving at Savannah at 2:30 a. m., or train
at Jacksonville, leaving at 9 a. m. and arriving at Sa-
vannah at 3:35 p. m.
Connecting at Savannah with steamers for New York,
Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore.
Connecting at Charleston with steamers for New
York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail and Steam-
ship connections, and Baggage checked through. Also
Sleeping Car berths and sections secured at Company's
Office in Astor's Building, 84 Bay street, at Depot Ticket
Office. JAS. L. TAYLOR,
Gen'l Freight and Pass. Ag't.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent. [*]

S .EA l.T:E',:E S.
Oldest Established Bank in East Florida.
Organized in 1870 by Mr. D. G. Ambler, and
Generally Known as

Deposits received, Discounts made and Exchange
Bought and Sold on MOST FAVORABLE TERMS.
Collections made and Proceeds promptly remitted.
Correspondents-Importers & Traders National Bank,
New York; Merchants National Bank, Savannah, Ga.
Resident correspondents of Brown Bros. & Co., Drexel,
Morgan & Co., Jas. G. King's Sons, Kountze Bros., New
York, and other prominent Bankers issuing Letters of
Credit. apr 10-tf

20 FORTY-ACRE TRACTS only 12 miles from Jack-
sonville; extra good land, well located, between river
and J., St. A. and H. R.-R. R. Price, $10 per acre. Will
sell on monthly payments of $12.50. These lands will in-
crease in value, being located in an already prosperous
town, making a paying investment at small outlay.
Maps can be seen at No. 41 East Bay Street.
to nov 21, '82. GEO. R. REYNOLDS.
Jacksonville, Fla.
M. L. HARNETT, formerly BEN GEORGE, late of the
of the Marshall House. Screven House.
HARNETT & GEORGE, Proprietors.
This favorite family Hotel, under its new manage-
ment, is recommended for the excellence of its cuisine.
homelike comforts, prompt attention and moderate
rates. to sept 4,'82

Z--2 .: '"' "^T 'mISlE:OD:F,



Window, Picture and Carriage Glass.

Sand and ]Emery Papers, .S&c.

Johnson's Prepared Kalsomine. Wads-
worth, Martinez and Longman's
Prepared Paints.
No. 40 West Bay St., Sign of Big Barrel,
to mar25,'83 JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

SEND $1.50 TO

-2T O'ri 'S I -Fi .: AC^ h/ C'"S

35 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.,

And get a bottle of Richmond's Samaritan Nervine.
Cures Nervous Disorders, Dizziness, Vertigo, Seminal
Weakness. The only sure cure for Epileptic Fits.
to aug 20, '82

3 Or" S.A.-ri .
Fine Nunan Strawberry Plants. The best known
variety for shipment.
100 Plants.... .......... ............. .... .75
500 Plants... ...... ........ .. ........ 2.00
1000 Plants ............................................. 3.00
Terms cash delivered at Express Office or Railroad,
Charleston. Address,

to Oct. 7-P.

112 Broad Street,


Architects an Oivil EngliOOrs.

Plans Specifications and Estimates for Buildings of
all kinds. Water Supply, Drainage, Sewerage, Bridges'
Roofs, Etc. P. 0. Box 784. Room No. 12 Palmetto Block,
Bay Street. Aug. 7 to Feb. 7, 83


Has closed till NOVEMBER. Present address,
may 12, '83. MACOIN GA.

(Sent by mail, postage free, on receipt of price)
In1 Boolk Form, Containing- 1"
Vie ws Each.
Souvenir of Florida, (small size).......................25c.
Scenes and Characters of the Sunny South, (small
size).......................... .... ..................25c.
Souvenir of Jacksonville,( large size).................50c.
Souvenir of St. Augustine,(large size).....................50c.
Stereoscopic Views, per Doz. $1.50.



1 yr to April 23, '83

S aworra Plants For Salo!
200,000 Choice pure Beatty's stock........$4.00 per Thousand
100,000 Pure Nunan's........ ............... 6.00 per Thousand
50,000 Pure Crescent Seedlings............ 6.00 per Thousand
Terms: Cash with order.
Address. -W. E. SCUILL.4,
aug 1 to nov 3,'82. Jacksonville, Florida.

A partner with a capital of THEE THOUSAND DOLLARS
cash, to start an Orange Nursery. The trees to be grafted
the whole year by artificial means (a process not known
in Florida). The trees will have a head of three to five
feet in two years; will propagate one hundred thousand
yearly, with the above amount.
P. S.-No one need apply without the capital. Would
prefer a partner who has already trees of the finest
varieties. Apply toBox1036
s IORTU2TJS," Box 1036,
aug. 21 to sept. 20. Jacksonville P. O., Fla,



Laces, Worsteds,

67 West Bay Street, Corner Laura,

to feb 20, '83


Wholesale and lietail Dealers in

HRrlwgwr, 8tovos, Doors, Sash, Bl1ls
Sugar Mills, Rubber and Leather Belting,
Steam f Gas-Fitting, Plumbing d Tinsnmithing,

Agricultural Implements of all Kinds,
rWSend for Price List and Catalogue, "~1
to june 11 '83


I I I I I I- I

__ __ __ ___~_ __


President and Business Manager. Secretary and Superintendent. Treasurer
Lake George, Florida.
A FULL LINE OF FRUIT TREES adapted to this climate, including Japan Persimmons, Japan Plums
Peaches, Figs, Grapes, LeConte Pears, and over one hundred varieties of the Citrus.
Catalogue free. to apr 17, '83


% To. 7 la-rlk Street, yC -10sC O.,

Commission MIerchant for the Sale of'

REFERENCE.-Hibernian Banking Association, Chicago.
Correspondence solicited. No. 1 packing only solicited. [aug. 21 to sept. 14, '82.







60U. PER




First iEaTnd.sc o 3inest Qlslit3y-

Best Butter in Tubs at 30 to 31 Cents per Pound,

No. 7 West Bay Street,
To sept 27, '82

- Jacksonville, Florxida.

Ocean Steamship Company of Savannah.

Savannah and Philadelphia.
be received for passage by the Company's Ships to New York. Tickets sold by all Agents to Now York via Phil-
Philadelphia steamers for September are appointed to sail as follows:
CITY OF SAVANNAH, September 2d, at 10:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, September 9th, at 4:00 p. m.
RAPIDAN, September 16th, at 8:00 a. Mn.
JUNIATA, September 23d, at 2:00 p. inm.
RAPIDAN, September 30th, at 8:00 a. m.
4*-The Rapidan does not not carry passengers.
Days and hours subject to change, without notice. Both ships have elegant passenger accommodations.
44-tf Agent, 13 S. Third St., Philadelphia. Agents at Savannah.


1879. | 1870.

Crockery, China, Glass and Earthenware.
We have the largest and most complete stock in the State. All the Latest Novelties in Majolica and Fancy
Goods, Vases, Motto Cups and Saucers, etc. Decorated Tea, Dinner and Chamber Sets in a large Variety. Lamps
and Chandeliers, Fancy Vase Lamps in Majolica, Faience, Kito, Porcelain and other Wares. Wood and Willow,
Stone and Tinware. The American, Crown and Peerless Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers, Filters, etc.

Monitor Oil Stoves and Little Joker Oil Cans.
THE BEST IN THE WORLD. Send for Price Lists.
The best and only absolutely safe Oil Stove in the World. It is Economical, Ornamental, Convenient, Dura-
ble, Compact and Cheap. Its fuel is Coal Oil. No Dust! No Ashes! No Smoke! No Trouble! Testimonials
from those using the Stoves given on application.
Fruit Jars and Jelly Tumblers Wine Bottles, Flasks, etc. Special inducements to the trade.
Merchants, Hotels, Boarding Houses and Bars will find it greatly to their advantage to give us a trial. Send
for list of assorted packages.
to July 5, '83. (Mention this paper)

Bostoln anl Sava \ 8toIamshil bLin

Hickory Bluff, 46 acres, 18 acres Hammock, cleared and
enclosed with Picket fence. 200 thrifty young Orange
trees growing on the place. Bold bluff river front of over
a quarter of a mile, and steamer channel close in shore,
and over five miles of water protection to the northwest, giv-
ing perfect security against frost. Nine miles below Jack-
sonville, and one mile from New Berlin. Can come to
city every morning on mail steamer and return in the
afternoon. A choice place for orange growing and truck
farming. Price, $2,500.
Also, two desirable city lots 53x209 feet, and one 70x156
feet covered with thrifty orange trees 6 years old, half
mile from business center. Good neighborhood (all
white). Price of first, $600 each. Price ofsecond, a corner,
very handsome, $800. Apply to
No. 1 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE.
State that you saw this in THE DISPATCH.
July 3, tf

Transhipment and extra handling saved, No danger
of fruit being frozen. Cars are unloaded at the steam-
ship wharf in Savannah, avoiding drayage.
Seminole, Thursday, July 27th, at 4 p. m.
--, Thursday, August 3d, at 10:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 10th, at 4:50 p. m.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 17th, at 9:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 21th, at 3:00 p. m.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 31st, at 9:00 a. m.
44-tf Savannah, Ga.


Merchants' Line,



FREDERICK DE BARY, Capt. Leo. Vogel.
H. B. PLANT, Capt. J. W. Fitzgerald.
ANITA, Capt. C. H. Brock.
One of the above-named steamers will leave De Bary
Wharf, foot of Laura Street, daily except Sunday, at 3
all intermediate landings.
ROSA, Capt. J. L. Amazeen.
GEO. M. BIRD, Capt. G. J. Mercier.
Steamer ROSA leaves De Bary Wharf every Sunday
at 1 p. m., and every Wednesday at 5 p. m. for above-
named landings.
Steamer GEO. M. BIRD leaves De Bary Wharf every
Tuesday and Friday at 5 p. m. for same landings.
Connects at Palatka with Florida Southern Railroad
for Gainesville and Ocala.
Connects at Astor with St. John's and Lake Eustis
Railroad for Ft. Mason, Yalaha, Leesburg and all points
on the Upper Ocklawaha.
Connects at Volusia with coaches for Ormond and
Connects at Sanford with South Florida Railroad for
Longwood, Maitland, Apopka City, Altemonte, Orlando,
Kissimmee, and with steamers for Lake Jessup, Salt
Lake and Rock Ledge and Indian River.
Connects at Enterprise with coaches for Daytona and
New Smyrna.
Returning, Mail Steamers leave Enterprise every
morning at 7 a. m., and Sanford on arrival of train.
Steamer Geo. M. Bird will leave Enterprise every
Thursday and Sunday at 5 a. m.
Steamer Rosa leaves Enterprise exery Friday at 5 p. m.
AaThrough bills of lading given to all points.
The steamers of this line are all first-class in every
For further information, apply at General Ticket
Office, corner Bay and Laura Streets, Leve & Alden,
corner Bay and Ocean Streets, or on board.
W. B. WATSON, Manager.
C. B. FENWICK, Gen. Pass. Agent. Aug. 7-tf.


Several thousand Nunan Variety. Also, Crescent
Seedling, price $4.00 per 1,000, packed and shipped in
good condition. Money miqst accompany each order.
Address, MRS. A.. BEA TY,
Aug. 7 to Nov. 6. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

"O1=' SA.3. -


The agent of the "Royal Mail Line to the Nether-
lands," and of the "Florib Italian Line," in Jackson-
ville, offers his services to reliable parties in search oj
competent labor for their
Groves or Gardens,
to try to induce people from
Northern and Southern Europe
to come to Florida.
4Correspondence solicited.
Care Florida Land and Imp't Co.,
sept 4, '82, tf. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

r015 S.A.l..-

A Fine Imported Jersey Ited Boar, four
months old; and an Alderney Bull, seven
months old.
Stock guaranteed. For prices and further information,

sept. 4, tf.

Battonville, Florida.

I will pay 22 cents per pound for pure, bright beeswax
in lots of of 20 pounds each, or upwards. Five hundred
pounds wanted. Address
to Oct. 3, '82 New Smyrna, Fla.

"The most effective, simple and economical Hive yet
invented. All bee-keepers in Florida should take hold
of it. The agent is here, and you can buy rights for $5.
Address Z. G. HEGE, Agent
to Oct. 3-p. Jacksonville, Fla.

Pitman's Phonography
thoroughly and successfully taught through the mail by
a practical short-hand writer. It is so simple as to be
easily learned by any one of ordinary ability in a very
short time, and the public benefits to be derived from
it are entirely incalculable. Especially adapted to tak-
ing notes at lectures and every variety of verbatim re-
porting at a speed of 150 to 200 words per minute; com-
manding a salary of from $40 to $176 per month. Tui-
tion, including book, $12 ; also, for $1.00 will be mailed
a system of acquiring proficiency in penmanship with-
out an instructor. The trade supplied with books of
instruction at publisher's prices. Circulars on applica-
Sept. 4 & 18, Oct. 2 & 16, Hawkinsville, Ga.

40 Hours from New York City : 108 miles from Savannah.
Here we can plant and gather some crops every month
in the year; good water, plenty of grass in the woods for
sheep, cattle and hogs all the year round; very profita-
ble to the owner Farms of 40 acres each at $1 to $3 per
acre; lumber, $1 per hundred feet, delivered at depot;
shingles, $4 per 1,000; will build a house with 4 rooms, 6
windows, cement flue for chimney, well dug and curbed,
for $150, on easy terms. Labor of all kinds needed at fair
wages; board at Mrs. Bainbridge's, from $15 to $20 per
We need farmers, truckers, stock and fruit growers.
One bushel crate of vegetables delivered in New York
City for 50 cents; per barrel, $1, and with quick dispatch.
A number of Northern and Western families now here
are doing well; no stones, no underbrush, no winter,
climate delightful and perfectly healthy all the year
round. Land is not cleared, but near depot; some cleared
land from $5 to $10 per acre. All kinds of grain, vegeta-
bles, berries, fruit and stock, do well. Our farmers are
out of debt, some lend money.
Any number of acres, for colonizing or grazing, at $1 to
$3 per acre; 40 acres, with house complete, for $250; EASY
Call and see for yourself, or address
June 19-tfDOBBIN


Gun, Locsmiths ag Sltencill Cllttrs,
Sunsmithing done in all its branches.
Special rates on Stencil Cutting, by mail. Address,
to june 12'83, (P. O. Box 833.)



General Stock of Select Seeds for Gardeners.

The Cabbage Seed Crop of "S2 is almost a complete
failure 3 Tortlhi, but I m.aove secured. a few7r pou=.d.s
eachL, of sxucl select varieties as are a success in 0our
climate. I Lha-ve a stock of cabbage fertilizers ,
3Bon-e Veeal, Cottonz Seed nileal, 2Etc.

to jan 6, '83 Jacksonville, Fla.






Southern 'ruit andc T"egetables a Specialty.
36 0 and 3S S North Delaware A-venue, Philadelphia.
to jan 6, '83




NEWSDEALERS.-We keep all the latest Daily and Weekly Papers from Boston, New York, Philadelphia
Baltimore, Chicago, St. Louis, Louisville, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Charleston, Savannah and Jacksonville, and
take subscriptions to all publications at publication price. Orders by mail promptly'attended to.

T have renfhved mv speRd tore to No 22 East. R .v t.

I I VV P C V a V. I
next door to post-office, where I have the largest and
most complete stock of pure and fresh Seeds in the State.
to Dec. 3, '82 Jacksonville, Fla.


New York and Return.
Savannah, Florida & Western Railway,
Waycross Short Line and Ocean Steamship Company.

Close connection with the magnificently appointed
every Wednesday and Saturday.
Passengers via this route will find every comfort and
convenience in this fleet of elegantly equipped steam-
ships, rivaling in construction and appointments the
finest ocean-going vessels of the day. The mixtures of
rail and water transportation-both of the best charac-
ter-combine the attractions of a first-class Summer
Excursion Route.
For tickets, engagement of staterobms and other in-
formation, apply to the office of the Savannah, Florida
& Western Railway Company, 84 West Bay Street (Astor
Building), or at the ticket office at the Waycross Short
Line Passenger Station.
General Pass. Agent.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
Aug. 7 to Oct. 2.

SEVERAL dozen of above reptiles wanted for Scien-
tific Purposes. Will give $18 per dozen.
Address, WM. II". AH~ML3EAID,
aug. 21-tf. Jacksonville, Florida.


In lots to suit, in the town of Satsuma, Putnam County,
Florida. Send for circular to
Satsuma, Nashua P. 0.,
june 26-tf FLORIDA.

A.. M. -a x E=:E: ."r.j,,
15 East Bay Jacksonville.
Sbranch of Ludden & Bates, Savannah-EXACTLY
SAME PRICES AND TERMS, Sheet Music, Strings
and small instruments of all kinds. Send for cata-
logues, prices and terms. TUNING AND REPAIRING
a specialty. My tuner will make regular tours through
the State, and my customers will thus have my repre-
sentative at their doors, a great advantage to purchasers
of instruments, to sept 26, '82

"plrifia as a Prmannt HumH ',m "
july 24 to oct 23. Jacksonville, Fla.
Invaluable patented improvements found in no other
EVNGINES in the world. For Pamphlets and Price
List (also for SAW MILLS), address
THI AULTMAN & TAYLOC O., Mansfield, Ohio.
(to Oct 6, '82)


Are manufactured right in our establishment in the
best manner and at the shortest notice.
A*-Send in your orders.


May 1-tf

3 O0

_ __ _ L

'" I -` ----~-. .,~ ..~. -:. ~--- -~- -~~-- --