Florida dispatch
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/NF00000068/00023
 Material Information
Title: Florida dispatch
Uniform Title: Florida dispatch
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 33 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Ashmead Bros.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Creation Date: August 28, 1882
Publication Date: 1869-1889
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1 (1869)-n.s. v. 9, no. 4 (Jan. 21, 1889).
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of North Florida
Holding Location: University of North Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0497
oclc - 08331006
System ID: NF00000068:00023
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Florida dispatch, farmer & fruit grower; farmers alliance

Full Text

llletrnted tci thie Agjvietdtnta1, tanttfaetirin~j und Tdustvial Intei'iests of Ehtrida

Vol. 1.--No. 23.

New Series.--Published by ASHMEAD BROTHERS, Jacksonville, Fla.

and. the Slauth

Price 5 cents,

Monday, August 28, 1882.

Time's Cure.
Mourn, Oh rejoicing heart,
The hours are flying,
Each one some treasure takes,
Each one some blossom breaks,
And leaves it dying ;
The chill dark night draws near,
Thy sun will soon depart,
And leave thee sighing;
Then mourn, rejoicing heart,
The hours are flying !
Rejoice, Oh grieving heart.
The hours fly fast,
With each some sorrow dies,
With each sone shadow flies,
Until at last
The red dawn in the East
Bidweary night depart,
And pain is past;
Rejoice, then, grieving heart,
The hours fly fast!
Something for Sunday--The Right
Something for Sunday--The Right

Way to

LOOK at Life.
We are apt, says a noted journalist, to take
life altogether too seriously. It was the evi-
dent intent of the Creator to make the life of
His creatures an enjoyable and a pleasant one.
To birds and beasts and fishes He gave the air
and earth and water for their enjoyment; to
them He gave but little care-that of procuring
food for themselves and for their young-and
the young are not too long permitted to depend
upon the parent's care. To man He gave do-
minion over the earth; and through art and
science, skill, labor and industry, he is to sub-
ject it to his use. That use is for the advance-
ment of his pleasure, for healthful, rational
enjoyment. The man or woman who does not
make that use of life is as unnatural and run-
grateful, as wicked and absurd, as the well-fed
bird who sits in the sun and will not sing. And
the parent who does not delight in seeing child-
ren enjoy themselves is as unnatural as the
austere sheep who suiks and frowns when lamb-
kins sport upon the meadow in the sunlight.
There is more sunshine than shadow, If we only
look for it; there are more gay than grave
things ; there is more of music and melody, and
joy and gladness in the natural universe than
there is of sad and solemn sound and gloomy
sight. The bright and glorious orb around
which our earth revolves has only here and
there a dark spot upon its shining surface ; the
moon is always half in light, and reflects more

$1.00 per Year, in advance; postage free.

of sunshine than shadow; the stars are very putting it down always raised coughing, and it
bright, and when hidden by the darkness of in- did little good. Half a teaspoonful of fresh
tervening clouds, these are silver-lined. There powdered charcoal was given. In six hours all
are the appearance of the bloat had gone, and the
Books in the running brooks, heifer was well.
Snllllns in stones, and good in everything." __
There is music in the rustling wind, the bab- What Shall We do with Our Daughters ?
bling stream, the insect's breathing hum, the Bring them up in the way they should go.
song of birds and the whirr of cities; solemn Give them a good substantial common edu-
anthems sung in the forest leaves, and sublim- cation.
est melody from the ocean ,waves. There are Teach them how to wash and iron clothes.
grand paintings by the Master hung upon the Teach them how to darn stockings and sew
arching vault as the sunset lingers upon the on buttons.
western skies; scenes upon our hills as they Teach them how to make their own dresses.
change from emerald green to rnsset brown; Teach them to make shirts.
more gorgeous landscapes in our valleys than Teach them to make bread.
Claude Lorraine could paint; more beauties in Teach them all the mysteries of the kitchen,
the heart of mountains than the glowing pencil dining-room and the parlor.
of artists can catch and transfer to canvas. Teach them that a dollar is only one hun-
This is a jolly world of ours if we would make dred cents.
it so. It is a glorious life spread out for our Teach them to wear calico dresses-and do
enjoyment for three score years and ten of our it like a queen.
allotment, if with happy hearts and cheerful Teach them that a round rosy romp is worth
minds we would make it so. Too many of us, fifty delicate consumptives.
ambitious of power, or too anxious to grow rich, Teach them to wear thick warm shoes.
annoyed by small vexations, make life a con- Teach them to foot up store bills.
stant battle from the cradle to the grave.- Vil- Teach them to do marketing for the family.
liamisport Breakfast- Table. Teach them every-day, 'hard practical com-
..... mon sense.
Charcoal for Sick Animals. Teach them self-reliance.
In nine cases out of ten when an animal is *
sick, the digestion is wrong. Charcoal is the ORANGES, BANANAS, ETC.-Mr. A. L.
most efficient and rapid corrective. The hired EICHELBERGER presented us with some fine
man came in with the intelligence that one of specimens of oranges, limes and bananal s from
h his Sumter County grove last Saturday. The
the finest cows was very sick, and a kind neigh- oranges were the favorite velvet peels," and
bor prlopsed the usual drugs and poisons. will be ripe enough for shipping in two or three
The owner being ill and unable to examine the weeks. The limes and lemons were as fine as
cow, collcluded that the trouble came from over ever imported, and the prices they are now
eating, and ordered a teaspoonful of pulverized bringing ill give a fresh boom to Florida
tn lands this winter. Mr. E. and other parties in
charcoal to be given in water. It was mixed, Sumter and other southern counties are putting
placed in a junk bottle, the head turned down- out a large number of lemon and lime trees,
ward. In five minutes improvement was visi- and they bid fiir to ie even more remunerative
ble, and in a few hours the animal was in thie than orange groves. A very I1rusprus future
pasture quietly grazing. Another instance of is certainly in store for our State. Lime and
equal success occurred with a young heifer lemon groves are also being plh;ted at Lake
which had become badly bloated by eating Weir and other portions of our own county.-
green apples after a hard wind. The bloat was QOcal u :u!r,.
so severe that the si-des were as hard as a bar-
rel. The old remedy, saleratus, was tried for -What we ch.ariitably forgive will be reconm-
correctin(g the acidity. But the attempts at pensed as well as what we charitably give.

_ ~ ____ _____ _________MIR ___m



Western New York and Effect of Railroads
Upon the Country.
Mr. EDWARD ATKINSON, who not long ago
wrote an article on the benefits conferred on
farmers by railroads, has since addressed a cir-
cular to various individuals in different parts
of the Union, asking what has been the effect
of the consolidation and extension of railways
upon the prices of farm lands and products.
Five of the replies to that circular he publishes,
with comments, in the Agricultural Review.
The fullest and the most interesting is the
one which relates to central and western New
York. It is from Mr. P. C. REYNOLDS, the
editor of the Rural Home. The region of
which he writes was once the great granary of
the Union, and even now, despite the enormous
Western competition, it is remarkably prosper-
ous, and far richer than it was in the days of
its greatest renown, when the Genesee Valley
wheat was celebrated in both Europe and
When Mr. Reynolds first became acquainted
with western New York agriculture, in 1836,
wheat was the principal product grown for the
market, and the only one upon which the
farmer could depend for cash. The prices at
tidewater were then about those of the present
time, but the canal was the sole means of trans-
portation to New York, and the difference in
the market prices of cereals between Rochester
and this city was much greater than it is now.
Thus, in 1835, when wheat brought only 75
cents a bushel at Rochester, its price at New
York was from $1.04 to $1.06 the bushel,
whereas now the difference is only about three
and a half cents a bushel. The consolidated
railways carry grain from Chicago to New
York for about the same rates as they charge
from Chicago to Rochester, and accordingly
the millers at Rochester must pay nearly New
York prices for Western grain; and by those
the prices of tl hoe product are regulated.
The rise of Western competition in grain-
growing at first greatly alarmed the farmers of
western New York. They had been exhaust-
ing a virgin soil, which began to yield less
every year, and in 1845 the mnidge appeared in
the wheat, to increase their anxiety. They
then saw that they were unwise in confining
themselves so strictly to a single crop. By
varying their crops, by the use of manure, by
more economical tillage, and finally with the
aid of labor-saving machines, they have suc-
ceeded not only in withstanding competition,
but also in enriching themselves as never be-
In 1836 the incomes of the farmers were
small, their labors were severe, and their luxu-
ries were few. Now they are generally prosper-
ous, and many of them rich enough to surround
themselves with elegancies and luxuries. Beafts,
for instance, have become an important crop
with many farmers in western New York, and

in some regions they occupy larger areas than
corn, now extensively grown for the fattening
of stock for the market. Some farmers must
have received over $6,000' each for their crop
of beans this year, a greater sum than the ag-
gregate of their receipts from all the cereals.
Great attention has also been given to the
growing of fruit and nursery stock, seeds, and
garden vegetables in western New York, espe-
cially since the extension of railroads has de-
veloped the far West. In 1879, though it was
not an apple-bearing year, and half his trees
were barren, one farmer, who had 100 acres in
fruit, mainly apples, obtained a gross income
from the crop of $17,000. A pear orchard of
ten acres has produced fruit in a single year
that sold for $5,000. And yet, says Mr. Rey-
nolds, the capacity of the region for fruit grow-
ing has not begun to be developed. It might

be increased a hundred fold if the demand
would warrant."
Between 1850 and 1870 the value of the
farms in twenty-three of the westernmost coun-
ties of the State more than doubled. The fig-
ures of the census for 1880 are not yet to be
had, so slow is the progress of the publication
of that enormous work. Mr. Reynolds, how-
ever, thinks that the increase between 1870 and
1880 was small. But the region is far less
heavily mortgaged than ten years ago. Since
the reverses of 1873, farmers have been paying
their debts, so that savings banks have com-
plained that mortgages came in faster than
they went out, and it was not easy to find secure
The value of farm implements and machinery
nearly doubled between 1850 and 1870, and
during the last ten years the increase has un-
doubtedly been very great, though how much
it is the Census Bureau does not yet tell us.
Between 1840 and 1870 the value of orchard
products multiplied nearly nine times, and Mr.
Reynolds is of the opinion that the increase
during the last decade was two or three mil-
lions of dollars. Moreover, it is to be remem-
bered that the census gives returns for the non-
bearing year of apples, the bearing year being
the even one, when the yield is from four to
ten times that of the odd year.
Between 1860 and 1870 the value of the live
stock increased 65 per cent., and during the
last ten years there must have been a large
gain, though Mr. Reynolds is of the opinion
that the increase in value has been more in the
way of improved breeds than in numbers. And,
despite the multiplication of products since the
earlier year, more wheat was grown in 1880
than in 1840. The increase was largely the
result of improved methods of culture. The
yield of corn has nearly trebled since 1840;
that of oats has increased 250 per cent., and
that of barley 500 "per cent. The value of
dairy products was about two and a half mil-
lion dollars in 1840, against nearly twenty
million in 1870. The value of nursery products
was trifling in 1840. Now it is several mil-
lions of dollars.
The above facts are applicable to Florida,
for there is no one thing to which its develop-
ment is more indebted than its railroads and
transportation facilities. Such are public bene-
factors; their opponents can be numbered alike
unto the political Bourbons whom we have
heard much of but rarely see, and are rapidly
passing away behind the march of prosperity
and civilization. Were we all to address our-
selves to the effort of overcoming the evils of
speculation, we would make another stride in
the direction of a more perfect prosperity, for,
as'we have heretofore shown, it is not the rail-
roads or transportation that make the necessi-
ties of life high or low. Their rates on flour are
about the same whether selling at $5.00 or

$10.00 per barrel, as also on bacon whether
selling at 41 or 13 cents per pound. When
prices of such commodities are grievances to
the Granger, he attributes it to the middle man,
the speculator to the transportation companies,
the politician to whatever source he thinks his
followers will be pleased with. We attribute
this awakening to the truthful situation to un-
biased thought on the part of the producers,
who are the bone and sinew of the land.
It is noteworthy that in not one of the great
labor strikes this year have the strikers suc-
ceeded, and aside from the distress involved
they must have cost the laboring class at least
a million dollars of past savings.-Times.

Learning Farming.
It is generally understood to be a mechanic
a man must serve an apprenticeship at the
trade. The mechanical principles, as well as
the application of them, must be learned. If
mercantile pursuits are to be engaged in, a
course of education in a commercial and busi-
ness college is essential; and then the practi-
cal details of the business must be learned un-
der the eye of one experienced in the business.
No man expects to enter on a successful career
in any of these without years of study and pre-
paration. And none would think of employing
any one professionally who had not qualified
himself for his calling by this course of thor-
ough preparation. This being the case in re-
gard to the other callings in life, it would
seem but reasonable that the farmer, who for
the highest success in his vocation requires a
more general and varied knowledge than is
necessary for any other business, should seek
for that previous training which alone can
qualify him for such success. But such is not
usually the case. It seems to be the prevailing
opinion among men-and especially among
farmers-that anybody can farm, whether he
has had any previous knowledge of the busi-
ness or preparation for it, or not. There is,
happily, a change in the public mind on this
subject; and the time is doubtless near when a.
man will no more think of engaging in agri-
cultural pursuits without an agricultural edu-
cation than he would now engage in profes-
sional life without a suitable education. The
young man who intends to engage in farming
should serve a thorough apprenticeship under
the eye of a first-class practical farmer.
Mineral Manures.
The chief mineral manures that can be em-
ployed with profit in this country are ashes,
salt, lime and gypsum. Ashes are chiefly valu-
able on account of the potash they contain.
The ashes of wood contain much more potash
than those of coal. Most of the potash of the
plants that form coal was dissolved out before
the coal formation took place. Leached ashes
are far less valuable than unleached, as the
potash has been removed from them. Still,
leached wood ashes of both hard and soft wood
are of considerable value as fertilizers. They
improve soil both by their chemical and their
mechanical action. The uses of salt are num-
erous. It destroys grubs, attracts moisture,
renders some substances in the soil soluble, and
directly aids in the growth of plants. Lime
benefits the soil partly by supplying plant
food, as almost all the useful plants contain
considerable lime, and partly by decomposing
inert substances in the soil. Lime liberates
fixed ammonia, decomposes vegetable matter,
and destroys the acidity of sour soil. Its ab-
sence from the soil is generally shown by the
presence of useless or noxious plants, and its

presence is ordinarily indicated by the growth
of the more valuable plants. When refuse
lime can be obtained it is one of the cheapest
fertilizers that can be employed. Although
ground gypsum or land plaster has been used
as a fertilizer for centuries its manner of action
is not clearly understood. Its beneficial effects,
however, have been acknowledged by nearly
all who have employed it. It hastens and pro-
tracts the growth of nearly all plants that are
chiefly cultivated for their foliage, and is highly
beneficial to many other plants. Its best
results are produced when it is applied as a top
dressing to clover, but it is highly beneficial to
potatoes, corn and other crops.- Chicago Times.
-Idleness is hard work for those who are
iot used to it, and dull work for those who are.

I -
I I- ,,, _ , ,


tected from waste by exposure to rain and sun,
this formula is recommended: Stable manure,
650 pounds; green cotton seed, 650 pounds,
and superphosphate 700 pounds, making a ton
of 2,000. If the compost is intended for use on
soil particularly deficient in potash, the follow-
ing formula may be employed : Stable manure,
600 pounds; cotton seed, green, 600 pounds;
superphosphate, 700 pounds, and kainit, 100
pounds, making a ton of 2,000 pounds. These
ingredients may be varied in proportions to
adapt the resulting composts to different soils or
crops, but either of the above is recommended
as giving satisfactory results on any class of
soils and on all cultivated crops.
The ingredients may be mixed either by
building up the heap hy alternate layers of the
ingredients, or they may be thoroughly mixed

The Most Economical Fertilizer.
The Department of Agriculture of Georgia,
has endeavored, through its published reports,
to impress upon the farmers of the State the
importance of fertilizers, and, furthermore,
economy in fertilization. The value of pea
vines as a renovator of the soil has been re-
peatedly urged, while the superiority of compost
over high-priced commercial manure has been
demonstrated by repeated experiments, conduct-
ed under the auspices of the department during
the past six years. In these experiments the
compost of superphosphate with cotton seed and
stable manure has been compared every year
with the best grades 'of commercial fertilizers,
with results most favorable to the compost.
In order that the facts drawn from the re-
ports of these experiments may be more fully
appreciated, extracts from them for six years
are given in condensed form in a circular sent
out recently by the department. From these
extracts it appears that while pea vines and
lime furnish the cheapest and most effective
means of restoring fertility to worn soils or of
maintaining it in those not yet exhausted, the
compost of superphosphate with stable manure
and cotton seed furnishes, beyond question, the
most economical manure the Southern planter
can apply to his crop from year to year.
In addition to supplying plant-food in the
best and most available forms, it is claimed
that the compost in question exerts a mechani-
cal influence upon the soil not produced by the
plain commercial fertilizers. Either the com-
post or the pea vines will supply all the am-
monia needed in the soil; the composts for
special manuring of crops and the pea vines
will furnish ammonia and humus to the whole
soil. It is explained that ammonia is not the
only important element of plant-food supplied
by these cheap sources of fertility. On the con-
trary it is claimed that they supply all the
elements of plant-food though some of these
exist in such small percentage that very large
quantities of the substance must be applied to
supply.these elements in sufficient quantities
for the production of maximum crops. The
principal deficiency is the percentage of phos-
phoric acid contained in the pea vines and stable
manure. This is supplied by the addition of
superphosphates in the compost at the time of
putting it up. The pea vinesmay be manured
with superphosphates and thus at the same time
supply this valuable element of fertilizing to
the soil, and insure the growth of vines to be
returned to the soil.
A comparison of the analyses of the Southern
field pea with that of clover shows but a very
slight difference so far as either their feeding or
manurial value is concerned. The value of sta-
ble manure and cotton seed as manure is well
known. The following formula for composts
are given in the circular quoted from. If the
stable manure and cotton seed have been pro-

Peculiarities of Bees.

ment as to know just how much they will need
of this kind of treatment."
ens (Ga.) Banner- Watchman says: "A farmer
came into town yesterday, for the purpose of
hiring some hands. Tackling a crowd of
loafing darkeys on the street, he proposed to em-
ploy them at good wages for a mbnth. 'Look
here, Mister,' explained the spokesman of the
squad,' do yer take us fer field hands. We'se
dedicated cullud men, and don't propose to
work in the sun !' They were doubtless expect-
ing a political appointment."

and then thrown into a heap. In either case
water should be freely used on the coarse ma:
trials while composting. A plan of composting
followed by many consists in spreading under
shelter a layer of stable manure four inches
thick; on this sprinkle a portion of the phos-
phate; next spread a layer of cotton seed three
inches thick; wet these thoroughly with water,
and then apply more of the phosphate; next
spread another layer of stable manure three
inches thick, and continue to repeat these layers
in the above order, and in proportion to the
quantity of each used to the ton, until the ma-
terial is consumed. Cover the whole mass with
stable manure, or scrapings from the lot, one
or two inches thick. Allow the heap to stand
in this condition until a thorough fermentation
takes place, which will require from three to
six weeks, according to ci rcu stances depend-
ent upon a proper degree of moisture and the
strength of materials used. When the cotton
seed are thoroughly killed with a sharp hoe or
mattock, cut down vertically through the lay-
ers, pulverize and shovel into a heap, where the
fermentation will be renewed and the compost
be still further improved. Let it lie two weeks
after cutting down ; it will then be ready for
Another plan ofmixture giving equally satis-
factory results and by some claimed to possess
additional advantage, is to mix the cotton seed
and stable manure in proper proportion,
moisten these with water, apply the proper pro-
portion of phosphate and mix thoroughly,
shoveling into the mass as prepared.
For cotton, apply in the opening furrow 200
pounds of compost and with the planting seed
75 or 100 pounds, making in all 275 or 300
pounds per acre. If it is desired to apply a
larger quantity, open furrows the desired dis-
tance and over these sow broadcast 400 pounds
per acre; bed the land and then apply 100
pounds per acre with the seed. For corn, ap-
ply in the hill by the side of the seed, one gill
to the hill. An additional application around
each stock before the first plowing will largely
increase the yield of grain.-N. Y. World.
Georgia's "No Fence" Law.
Georgia has a "local option" law in regard
to fences, by which each county is allowed to
determine for itself whether cattle shall be al-
lowed to run at large according to the old cus-
tom or not, and a man living in Coweta Coun-
ty, which has adopted the "no fence" rule,
speaks enthusiastically of the new order of
things, thus: "The whole face of the country
bears a different aspect from what it has before.
There are oats, corn and wheat fields right up
to the roadsides, and watermelon vines, tomato
vines and everything growing right where you
can stand in the road and reach them. In the
towns the back streets are covered with vegeta-

The Gazette des Animan. publishes some
queer facts about the sociology of lees. It ap-
pears that the monarchies of bees, well-governed
as they seem to be, are afflicted nevertheless by
organized criminal classes-sneak-thief and
highway robbers. Some of these robber bees
go in strong bands to pillage and are able to
storm and sack a hive. After the slaughter
they carry all the provisions home. Some
colonies of bees never work; they live entirely
by robbery and murder. There are also sneak-
thieves who creep unperceived into strange
hives to steal honey. If successful they return
afterward, with hordes of burglar bees, break
open the honey-safes, and carry away the con-
tents. But the most curious fact is that these
bees can be artificially produced, according to
BUCHNER, by feeding the larvae upon honey
mixed with brandy. In the words of the natu-
ralist himself: "Just as man does, the bees
become victims, of their love of this beverage,
which exercises the same pernicious influence
upon them as upon us; they become excited,
drunk, and cease to work. When hunger
comes upon them they fall, like man, from
one vice into another, and finally give them-
selves up without scruple to robbery, pillage
and violence."
Handling Bees.
The JIndian, Farmer gives the following on
handling bees: "Many people are deterred
from the keeping of bees by the dread of being
stung, and many.who have bees run them on
the let-alone plan, simply because they do not
understand the first principles by which they
are governed. Only a few days since, a gen-
tleman visited our yard, who owns a good many
colonies, looking for, as he expressed it, some
plan for their management with the least
possible chance of coming in contact with their
'business end.' His dread of being stung was
so great that we could hardly induce him to
come within ten feet of a colony. After we
had removed the cloth, lifted out and replaced
the frames in several without any signs of be-
ing stung, he began to think it was not such a
terrible feat after all. Gentleness is the first
and most important feature, as regards hand-
ling them. Quick, active motions and sudden
jars will anger them very much at almost any
time. We many times work in the yard all
day long without having to resort to smoke to
quiet them, still we would not recommend this
plan to amateurs, as it requires considerable
familiarity with their 'business end' to be able
to stand without flinching, when by accident of
some kind, some half a dozen resent your inter-
ference. It is not much trouble to start the
smoker so as to have it handy in emergencies
of this kind. In opening hives, avoid all sud-
den jars, remove the cloth by turning it back,
commencing at one corner or end. If the bees
show anger, blow a little smoke on them to
drive them down out of the way, and you will
soon become so familiar with their tempera-


tion, and the uncultivated land in the country
is one sheet of flowers. The sight is perfectly
enchanting. It is noticeable, also, that the best
part of the crops is where the fences stood.
There is a streak of good ground wherever a
fence was before the new law went into effect.
One of the advantages of the new law is that it
brings into use thousands of acres of the best
land that has heretofore been inaccessible, and
enables a man to plant just where he pleases.
The marshes are generally fenced in for pas-
tures, and on plantations where there are no
marshes a piece of other land is set aside for
pasture. The stock has better grazing than
heretofore, and consequently we have better,
fatter and finer looking cows and stock of all
kinds. Many farmers have sold off their sur-
plus stock and only kept what they need.-Ex.
-The best way to cover your tracks so that
no man will find out is not to do the deed.



,, ,, ,, II --


The Cow Pea.
August 19, 1882. }
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
As this is the time of year when a large por-
tion of the Cow-Pea crop of our State is matur-
ing, will you be kind enough to give your read-
ers some practical ideas in regard to this--our
"Southern Clover ?"
1. When should we plant to insure a large
amount of forage ? When is best to plant for
seed ?-(1.)
2. As to cultivation; whether deep, shallow,
or hill up ?-(2.)
3. When is the proper time to cut or pull ?
Some advocate pulling just before they bloom.
4. Length of time the vines should be ex-
posed to the sun. Whether the vines them-
selves should be dried until they are of a light
yellow and the forage nearly the same color;
or, will they cure sufficiently well to stow away
in bulk in the loft, if only partially dried ?-in
which condition we put away 200 pounds.
When scattered over the floor they appear all
right, but when placed in bulk they heat and
mould. This lot was cut and sunned two days.
-(4.) With respect,
W-. A. C.
P. S.-I omitted to ask above, if it is in-
jurious to leave the vines out over night when
curing ?-(5.)
(1.) Plant last of May, or first week in June
for vines. The middle or last of July will do to
plant for seed.
(2.) Cultivate shallow and level, using sweep
or cultivator-("horse hoe.")
(3.) Cut for hay when the pods are just form-
ing, or in "strings." Do not delay until they
are well formed. We cut close to the ground
with a very sharp hoe, a reaping-hook or old
(4.) The curing is the most difficult point in
the whole matter, and deserves a long, separate
chapter. We give you briefly two modes:
First.-Cut in the morning. Let the vines lie
in the swath until 11 a. m. Then turn carefully
over, simply reversing the swath, not shaking
it up. At 4 or 5 p. m., gather up carefully with-
out tossing or shaking, and pile up into cocks
as high as possible, but narrow, like a sugar
hogshead. Leave these thus over night, and, in
the morning, after the dew is off, turn them up-
side down with care, as you would a large pan-
cake. At 4 or 5 p. m., the second day, haul these
cocks or small stacks into the barn or shed, and
stowa way, sprinkling some coarse salt among
the layers of vines, and not packing too close.

This mode requires constant sunshine and fair
weather. Second.-When you commence cut-
ting your pea-vines, send to the woods and cut
a sufficient quantity of poles 10 to 15 feet long,
and three or four inches thick at the large end.
In trimming, leave the side branches on, at least
a foot long, especially near the top or small
end. Sharpen the large end and bring the
other or small ends together at top, so as to
form the frame of a pointed tent or wigwam.
Stick the slharp'inc ends in the ground and tie
the tops or small ends together. As the vines
are cut, throw them up on this frame, letting
them catch and hang on all the projecting spurs
or limbs. Pile on all the frame will hold, and

the vines will cure, "rain or shine" and hold
their leaves when cured-which is the great
(5.) Do not expose to rain in the first mode,
if you can avoid it. Neither moderate rains
or night-dews seem to injure the wigwam vines.
Stow away as soon as well cured. Do not let
the vines hang in the sun too long.-EDs. Dis-

Bee-Keeping in Florida-Our State Fair.
NEW SMYRNA., FLA., Aug. 21, 1882.
Maj. A. J. Russell, Sec. State Park Association:
DEAR SIR-Enclosed please find a stamp for
the State Fair premium list, which please send
me and oblige. I hope your Association has
offered liberal premiums to the bee-keepers of
the State, this year. Our industry is well
worth fostering. Here in this little hamlet of
New Smyrna, we have produced over forty
thousand pounds of honey of the best quality
this year. Most of it produced in three apia-
ries. I think this amount will be nearly or
quite doubled next year. This amount col-
lected, where a few years ago all this delicious
sweet was allowed to waste, shows plainly that
the summer breezes sweeping over our fair
State, bear away thousands of dollars worth
daily, of the purest and healthiest sweet known
to man. By offering liberal premiums at our
State Fair, for. the products of the apiary, your
Association will exert an immense influence
toward saving this wealth to the State and at
the same time help to bring within its border
an intelligent and industrious class of people.
I am glad to see that Mr. N. O. FANSLER, in
his princely generosity, has not forgotten us in
his list of premiums. For modest suggestions
in regard to premium list, I refer you to my
article in Florida Agriculturist of November
23d, 1881. From it, the important article,
bees-wax, was left out by mistake. It should
have a liberal premium. I intend to come to
the Fair and make an exhibit. I will also
give one or more short lectures on bee-keeping,
and reply publicly to any questions propounded,
if it is thought best for me to do so.
Hoping that the above lines will receive due
consideration, I remain,
Yours respectfully,
Vice-Prest. for .Fla. of North American Bee-
Keepers' Society.

JACKSONVILLE, Aug. 31, 1882.
Mr. A. S. art :
Yours of the 21st at hand, and the very in-
teresting contents noted. I have laid the mat-
ter before the authorities of our Association,
and they authorize me to offer a premium of
$25.00 for the best display of Honey in all de-
partments of its production, and $10.00 for the

second best, together with a diploma for the
first prize. Permit me to congratulate you and
the people of New Smyrna on what I conceive
to be so great a success in this important in-
dustry, and to say that I have lotg thought
that in a land called the Land of Flowers,"
this testimonial of a right name should have
been manifest, and have wondered at the
scarcity of honey in Florida.
I am glad you have determined to visit our
next State Fair, and promise you, my dear sir,
to do all in my power to make your visit pleas-
urable and profitable, and will see to it that
you are heard on bee-keeping and honey-pro-
ducing. Wishing you continued success,
I am, faithfully yours,
Sec. S. P. A.
-How the old are forgotten by the young.

Letter from a Lady.
NEAR LEESBURG, FLA., Aug. 22, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
I have thought for some time of putting, or
attempting to put in an appearance among the
very pleasant coterie of writers who help to
make your paper so enjoyable. I have in my
mind a great many splendid compliments which
I would like to pass for your regalement, but
am positively afraid you will be puffed up with
vanity, so many nice things have been said of
your paper. I come, then: another to swell the
multitude of praise- Vive le DISPATCH! say I.
There is one characteristic of this paper
which I especially admire-its honesty. I was
struck with the editorial in the last issue,
headed: "Lying About Florida." As you
say, Florida has enough that is true and real
about her to attract the multitudes; so, aside
from other considerations, where is the policy
of making false statements ? I have a relative
in Southern California who is a seeker after
knowledge-looking to "fair Florida" as a
possible future home. In order that she may
have all the light possible on the subject, and I
can clear my skirts of the charge of proselyting,
I desire that you send THE DISPATCH to the
following address: Mrs. -
Cal. If you have back numbers, begin with
the first August issue. Enclosed is the amount,
We are in the midst of the rainy season.
Good rains almost every afternoon; and setting
out trees is the order of the day. Our "settle-
ment" is about three miles north of Leesburg,
and we think it charming-indeed the best
part of the State." Our admiration will be
increased and our hearts gladdened by the ap-
proach of our cherished little Florida Southern
Railroad, which, at present, seems a kind of
myth. The goodly people of Leesburg expect
to welcome the broad guage railroad some time
in September.
The great burden of query seems to be, the
cow. When the getting and keeping of cows
is impossible, do you think it would be practi-
cable to substitute a few goats? By the Scotch
and Swiss peasantry, the goat's milk is very
generally used, and said to. be a' most whole-
some and nourishing diet.
Very respectfully,
GUINEA Cows.-H. W. CHANT, Tallaha ssee
Fla., has a Guinea cow for sale.
In response to our request for the full name
and address of Mr. STAPLETON, of Middle
Florida, we have received the following:
Editors of The Florida Dispatch :-Mr. Edi-
tor GRADY was mistaken. It was STAPLER
who was a breeder of the Guinea cows-not

Stapleton. For information, write to R. L.
Stapler, Bellville, Madison County, Fla., or
Jas. F. Stapler, Valdosta, Georgia.
"Protecting Horses from Flies."
NEW LONDON, CONN., August 18, 1882.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch :
I am reader of your paper, and in Vol. 1,
No. 14, page 215, 1 read what Dr. J. J. RIDGE
said as to "Protecting Horses from Flies." I
have tried nearly everything and failed in
keeping them off; and I have also tried his
mixture with the same result. Perhaps the flies
of the North differ from the flies of the South;
at least, our flies are very fond of the acid and
oil, and it is also good to retain the dust of our
streets. A number of gentlemen had it applied
to their coach horses and are disgusted with

- ------ --~----~ --~----


ploma and $10 ; second best $5.
For the best display of oil paintings, diplo-
ma and $10.
'For the best collection of poultry, diploma
and $10.
For the best drilled artillery company, $50;
second best, $25.
For the best drilled infantry company, $50 ;
second best, $25.
For the best score made by any team of five
riflemen at two hundred yards, $20; best indi-
vidual score, gold medal.
For the best company of Knights, $1001 for
the second. best, $75; for the third best, $50.
There will be three days of tournament exer-
There will be no "professional" "agricultural

it. I wished he could have seen mine when
they came from the road ; perhaps he would
have changed his mind somewhat. I think he
will have to try some other remedy, for it is a
complete failure with us.
Yours, with respect.

Lake Weir, Etc.
August 18, 1882.
Editors of The Florida Dispatch:
Would it be too much to ask of you to give
us some information, either by letter or through
the columns of your admirable publication--THE
DISPATCH-concerning the character of the
country in the vicinity of Lake Weir and Union
Lake ? If you can give us the desired infor-
mation, you will much oblige, yours truly,
(Will some one of our subscribers, near Lake
Weir, be kind enough to answer the questions
of Mr. Abercrombie ?)

Florida "State Fair I"
The coming Florida Fair (for which the State
Park Association is making unusual and very
extensive preparations,) will be held on the
Park Grounds near this city, during the second
week in February, 1883, opening on Tuesday of
that week. The Official Premium List is not out
of press yet; but we give the following as a
sample of the very liberal premiums offered by
the Association and our citizens:
For the best collection and display of fruit
grown in Florida, $50 ; second best, $25. For
the best collection of the citrus family, $25;
for the second best, $15. Best collection and
display of oranges, $15 ; best peck of oranges,
one variety, $10 ; best 100 oranges, $20; best
two boxes of oranges, $10 ; best two boxes of
oranges packed for shipment, $10. Best peck
of lemons, $10. The best dozen pine-apples,
For the best display of strawberries, $20.
For the best bunch of cocoanuts grown in
Florida, $10.
For the best collection and display of decor-
ative and flowering plants, $20 ; second best,
For the best bale of sea-island cotton grown
in Florida, $25 ; best bale of short staple cotton
grown in Florida, $25.
For the best three bushels of rough rice (by
weight) Florida grown, $20.
For the best bale of Florida grown hay, not
less than 100 pounds, $20.
For the best exhibit of Florida grown to-
bacco, $10.
For the best collection of canned fruits and'
pickles, domestic, $10.
The best collection of Florida made preserves
by manufacturers, $10 and diploma.
Fowuhe best collection of native wines, di-

and climate have been proven to be perfectly
adapted to oats, and with the rust proof oat,
now so. generally known, rust is no longer
feared. 2. The chief labor of growing the
crop is included in the sowing, which involves
little more labor than would be expended in
the bare preparation of the land for corn. 3.
Sown early in the fall, the crop is rarely in-
jured by winter freezes, and matures a certain
crop before the the spring drouths set jin. 4.
Oats are less heating and more muscle-pro-
ducing food than corn, and, therefore, better
suited for working animals during the spring
and summer. It costs less to-produce oats than
an equal food value of corn. These, besides
other advantages, are sufficient to decide the
question in favor of oats as the food crop for
working stock.-Southern Live Stock Journal.

-Leisure is sweet to those who have earned
it, but burdensome to those who get it for noth-

trots" or races, and but one day set apart for
the test of the speed of horses to be selected by
the committee in consutiion with the directors.
Only Florida horses will be allowed to enter.
There will be large and liberal premiums of-
fered for cattle and other farm stock. Compe-
tition will be required between three or more
These liberal premiums offered by the State
Park Association, supplemented by the splen-
did premiums offered by Mr. N. 0. FANSLER
for cattle, fruit, etc., ought to stimulate our
fruit-growers, farmers and planters to an extra
effort to make a grand exhibit ; independent of
the great good to the State at large.

Agriculture in Texas.
They have a somewhat novel way of foster-
ing agriculture in our neighboring State of the
Lone Star." We copy from one of our Texas
Capital State Fair, Austin, Texas-October
17 to 21, 1882.-A splendid and varied list of
premiums, aggregating about $10,000. Three
or four running and trotting races daily. In-
ternational Railroad special, $500. Inter-State
military drill, about $1,000 in premiums. Fire-
men's competitive drill. Young ladies' broom
drill. Exhibition by Woman's Exchange of
Texas. Grand shooting tournament. Ladies'
equestrienne race, mile heats. Cow-boy and
ranchman's tournament-silver-mounted sad-
dle, bridle, martingales and spurs for roping
and throwing a wild steer in the quickest
time. Additional special inducements will
amply repay visitors.
We suppose the rural interest of the affair is
hidden away among the special induce-
ments," but we do not "see" it protrude any-
More Oats and Less Corn.
An abundant supply of rust proof oats should
be sown this fall to meet the wants of the farmer
next spring. Hon. T. B. JONES, of Georgia,
writes as follows about this crop:
There is perhaps no crop on which commer-
cial fertilizers will pay better than on oats. A
few acres, at least, may be sowed as "early as
may be deemed prudent, and well fertilized
with an ammoniated potash superphosphate.
There are several important advantages in
favor of oats as the general stock grain of the
South, and it is to he hoped that Georgia
farmers universally (as a few have done
already) will soon adopt the system of farming
that embraces this feature. These advantages
may be briefly stated as follows : 1. The soil

Florida Sugar and syrups ruling high
for first grades.
POTATOES-Irish, per bbl., new.................... 3 75@4 00
CH ICKENS, each................................................... 20@ 40
EGGS-Per doz................ ............................... 18@20
HIDES-Dry Flint Cow Hides, per lb., first class 13
Country Dry Salted, per lb..................... 9@11
Butcher Dfy Salted, per lb.................... 9@10
Dam aged H ides....................................... 6
Kip and Calf, 1ibs. and under................ 10
SKINS-Raw Deer Skins, per lb.................... 35
Deer Skins Salted, per lb...... ................ 26@30
FURS -Otter, each, (Summer no value) Win-
ter ..... ........ ................................ 1 50@ 4 00
Raccoon, each....................................... 5@15
W ild Cat, each....................................... 10@ 20
F ox, each................................................ 5@ 15
BEESW AX- per ib ............................................... 20
WOOL-Free from burs, per lb....................... 17@22
Burry, per lb............................................ 11@ 15
GOAT SKINS-Each per lb.................................. 10
-Without earnestness no man is ever great
or does really great things. He may be the
cleverest of men, he may be brilliant, enter-
taining, popular; but, if he has not earnestness,
he will want weight. No soul moving picture
was ever painted that had not in it depth of

Weather for week ending August 25, 1882.
Therm. Wind.


Saturday 19...... 6.n) s0 s].0 76.7 0.09 NE 4 Clear.
Sunday. 20 ...... 30.17'S 75 77.3 .'.0 0.20 1 NE 5 Cloudy.
Monday 21....... 30.17 841731 76.7 84.7 0.02 NE 3 Cloudy.
Tuesday 22...... ,3.; liS177.0 8l.0 0.03 NE 7 Fair.
Wednesday 23 30.11 86 70 77.3 74.3 0.00 NE 6 Clear.
Thursday 24... 30.0 ;89 69 80.3 71.3 0.00 E 2 1Clear.
Friday 25........ 30.02 90 73 81.0 70.3 0.00 SE 4 Fair.
Highest barometer 30.20, lowest 29.98.
Highest temperature 90, lowest 69.
NOTE.-Barometer readings reduced to sea level.
J. W. SMITH, Signal Observer U. S. A.

Jacksonville Wholesale Prices.
Corrected weekly, by JONES & BOIVEN, Wholesale and
Retail Grocers, Jacksonville, Fla.
SUGARS-Granulated......................................... 10%
W white Ex. C....... ........................... 10
G olden C............................................. 8%
P ow dered............................................. 11;
Cut L oaf.............................................. 11i
COFFEE, Rio-Fair.............. ........................... 10
G ood ............................................. 10 2
C h oice ......................................... 11
Best ......................... .......... 12
Java 0 G .............................................. 25
Mocha ....................................... 35
Peaberry................................................. 18
M aracaibo............................................ 18
Any of above grades roasted to order
FLOUR-Snow Drop, best.............................. 8 50
Oreole, 2d best........ ......................... 7 50
Pearl, 3d best........................................ 7 00
M EATS--Bacon..................................................... 14
Hams (Merwin & Sons)..................... .. 18
Shoulders........................................... .... 14
HOMINY--Pearl, per bbl............................... 5 75
M EAL- per bbl................................................... 5 75
LARD-Refined in pails....................................... 14 2
BUTTER--Very best, kegs (on ice)......................... 31
CHEESE-Full cream.................................... 141
Half cream........................................ 12Y2
TOBACCO-We have made arrangements direct with
the manufacturers and -offer you to-day as fol-
Smoking-"the Boss" Durham 1s
and s......... .... ..................... 32
"The Boss" Durham 1 pkge ......... 30
"Sitting Bull" D. (genuine) s ........ 50
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) ........... 49
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) ............ 47
"Sitting Bull" (genuine) 1 lb pkge.. 45
Plug-"Shell Road" 4 plugs to lb., 30
lb boxes..................................... 55
"Florida Boys" 5 plugs to lb., 30 Ib
boxes............................................. 36
"Florida Girls"-Bright twist, 14 to
lb., 17 lb boxes....... ............... 50
Cigars-"Long Branch"a very pop-
ular brand, per thousand......... 25 00
"Our X," choice cigar, easy smok'r 24 00
"Our XX a very choice smoker.... 26 00
"Florida Boys," (we are State Agt,) 45 00
These are all fresh goods and will compare favora-
bly in price and quality with any goods.
SOAP AND STARCH-Colgate's 8 oz., per box.. 3 50
Peerless, 8 oz., per box............................ 3 50
Starch, lump, per lb.... ................... 5@6c
H ops, per lb............................................. 15@ 22c
Ager's Fresh Yeast Cakes, per doz.......... 60c
Grant's 3-Dime Baking Powder, per
d oz. 1 b .................................................. 2 25
Town Talk Baking Powder, per doz. 1 lb 2 25
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. lb ..... 2 70
Royal Baking Powder, per doz. lb...... 1 50

--- --

How to Raise Calves-Horse Colic Remedy.
In the stock department of the Journal of a
few weeks ago I noticed, among other good
things therein contained, an item on rearing
young calves. If my experience is worth any-
thing I would suggest that the young calf be
taken from the cow as soon as it can walk, or
before it is twenty-four hours old, for it will be
then easier to learn it to drink. With my
calves I generally proceeded in this way: Give
them all the new milk they want until they
are three weeks old, and then for the next three
weeks I give them half new milk and half
skimmed milk. Between the ages of six weeks
and three months I give them skimmed milk
altogether. After a calf is weaned it is a good
idea to give it one pint of oats or oat meal
twice a day. All farmers know that it pays to
feed young stock well for the first year. These
are my ideas about feeding young calves. Now
as I have seven or eight cows that are coming
in this fall, I am interested in this question. I
should like to hear from some older head than
Speaking of colic in horses I do positively
say that colic is brought on by giving too
much cold water at once. A sure cure for
colic in horses is ten drops of coal-oil and about
six drops of chloroform in one pint of warm
water. This is a certain remedy and will cure
any case in thirty minutes. I will close by
asking which is the best breed of cattle to cross
with the common cow to get a good milk cow
and a good beef animal.-Journal of Agricul-

Jersey Cattle.
Jersey cattle are now selling in the.United
States at prices equal to those of Shorthorns.
They bear the same relation among fancy
breeders for milk that Shorthorns do among
fancy breeders for beef. They are coming ap-
parently to be more and more estimated in
England, as in this country, for the superior
quality of their milk, cream and butter. As to
the Jersey cattle in their native homes, the
North British Agriculturist has the following:
"The good milking qualities of the Jersey cows
and the richness of their butter are well known,
but of late years the distinctive points of the
breed have been greatly improved, an agricul-.
tural society having been formed with this ob-
ject. Previously severe penalties were imposed
for the importation of foreign animals for
breeding purposes, and great care was exer-
cised, by branding on the horn and the grant-
ing of certificates by magistrates, to guarantee
the purity of the breed; but the Jersey Herd-
book is intended to give every security neces-
sary in this respect. The cows are petted and

handled, and when the pasturage in the
orchards gets bare, the animals receive extra
feeding in the shape of mangolds and cabbages,
under which treatment they yield a bountiful
return, from ten to twelve pounds of butter in
the week being not unusual, and this is sold at
from Is. 4d. to Is. 8d. per pound. The quan-
tity of milk from each cow ranges from five to
seven gallons a day, but it would appear that
the adulteration of milk and butter is not alto-
gether unknown there. From the stalks of
the tall Jersey cabbages, which are grown in
every cottage garden, and which shoot up to a
great height, handsome walking-sticks are made
and sold at good prices, while the leaves serve
as valuable feeding for pigs and cows. Some-
thing similar to a peasant proprietary is estab-
lished in Jersey, the land being either in the
actual possession of the occupier or there is a
security of tenure which prevents expulsion or
undue raising of rent."

................. ....__ ^ 1- _-. .
The wd Cart.
"While passing over the Camden and At-
lantic Railroad a few days ago, I was intro-
duced to Captain PIERCE, one of the Assistant
U. S. Fish Commissioners, who is constructing
a series of Carp Ponds, for B. THOMAS. The
Captain says that most parties place their small
stocks thus received, into any kind of a pond
which they chance to have, and some into open
streams and all expect to gather rich harvests
of Carp after a year or two, but he sagely re-
marks: 'They may about as soon expect to be
struck with lightning as to meet with a satis-
factory degree of success by any chance method
of culture.' Carp can only be successfully
cultivated in ponds prepared expressly for
them, and there must be no other fish of any
description with them, not even small minnows.
The Captain prefers small ponds, and he says
that, for systematic culture three ponds are nec-
essary, but in most locations, they can be con-
structed very cheaply. He says that much of
his work is the alteration of ponds which have
been constructed by parties .who know nothing
of hydraulic work, and especially nothing of
the requirements of Carp culture. Most of
these ponds have cost their owners double the
sum necessary. The Captain showed me a let-
ter that day received from an apparently intel-
ligent gentleman of Chester County, Pa., de-
scribing what the writer claimed to be a first-
class pond for Carp.' This, says the Captain,
is a fair specimen of letters which I receive
nearly every day, and from all parts of the
country. This gentleman's pond is not at all
adapted to Carp culture. It is evidently one
that was originally made for trout, and trout
culture in ponds is a failure; they are only
adapted to cold, running water, while Carp re-
quire still, warm water. I remarked that I
knew trout culture was a failure, and asked if
Carp culture was any more certain? 'Yes,'
was the reply, 'it is already an assured success.
With ponds properly prepared, we can raise a
ton to the acre annually, and with no attention
or cost worth speaking of.' "-Extract from cor-
respondence of the New Jersey Coast Pilot.

Floridian says: "A careful estimate places
the amount of money brought into Leon
County from the shipment of vegetables this
season at about $24,000, equal to the value of
500 bales cotton. These vegetables were raised
on about 100 acres of land, while 500 acres
will not produce 500 bales of cotton. Again,
the vegetables were grown and marketed in a

few months, and a second crop of corn and
peas or millet is now growing on the same
land; while it takes nearly the whoJe year to
make and market a cotton crop. Every farmer
is familiar with all the details of cultivation,
cost of production, profits, etc., of each crop,
and yet the majority of them still plant large
areas of cotton.
of the Agricultural Department, announces
the important discovery that naphthaline is a
sure insecticide. If, he says, seeds, grain, dor-
mant plants, vines, etc., be placed in a tall ves-
sel with a small quantity of the naphthaline,
and the vessel be covered, in a few hours any
insect which may infest will be asphyxiated.
If the substance be chemically pure it will not
affect the vitality of the seeds or plants.

Immigration Suggestions.
Now that public attention is so largely di-
rected to Florida, it is fortunate that we are
able to indicate to the thousands who are de-
sirous of making a home here the varied pur-
suits by which a living can be made, and the
portions of our State which will be most appro-
priate to the one or the other of these various
Time was when we could only say that the
productions of the State were cotton as an
export crop, and corn, cattle, hogs, and sugar-
cane for a home support. Now we have these,
as still the ordinary productions of our farms,
but have added to them oats, rye, millet and
rice, while much larger industries have been
developed in orange-growing and the raising of
early vegetables; the latter two supplementing
each other. The orange crop is ready for
market in November, and the shipping continues
until about the 1st of March. Strawberries
begin to be shipped in February, and early
vegetables in March, the season ending in
June. Orange trees are transplanted usually
in December and January, so that the work of
making a grove can be carried on during the
fall months, and be virtually finished for the
season by the time the season for planting and
cultivating a vegetable crop begins. The vege-
table crop is immediately available, and a sup-
port can be earned from this source, while the
orange grove is coming to maturity. These
two branches of production are, therefore, not
incompatible, carried on together, although
either is profitable in itself.
This, of course, applies more especially to
East and South Florida. In Middle Florida it
has been demonstrated the past season that
there is an ample field for profitable employ-
ment in raising Irish potatoes, cabbages, cauli-
flower, sweet potatoes, and other vegetables,
for which the rich lands of that section are pe-
culiarly adapted.
In the outset immigration to our State was
largely directed to the St. John's River by the
orange groves already successfully growing
there. The Hart grove, opposite Palatka, has
advertised the orange-growing interests of Flor-
ida to thousands who believed in what they saw,
when they would not have equally believed
what they read. From the St. John's. immi-
gration went back into the country west and
east of that river, and along the Ocklawaha.
By the extension of railroads into Marion and
Sumter, and to the borders of Hernando County,
a large immigration has been carried into those

The completion of the Pensacola and Atlantic
Railroad will, doubtless, bring in a largqlPpu-
lation into Middle Florida, and the black belt
will no longer possess a redundance of colored
population. All indications point to a large
immigration into Florida the coming winter.
They will come from all parts of the country,
and will bring with them the ingenuity, thrift
and cleverness of invention and adaptation of
the East, the business enterprise of the Middle
States, and the endurance, energy and good
nature of the West. Like New York, Florida
will become cosmopolitan, and mingle the peo-
ple of every section of the country together to
the great advantage of all.
We need not say that they will be welcome,
from whatever quarter they come.-Florida

-There is no joy like that arising from the
consciousness of duty faithfully performed.


Hernando County.
A writer in the Brooksville Crescent thus
"sets up" his favorite county:
Within the last twelve months our county
has made rapid advancement. She has awakened
from her lethargic RIP VAN WINKLE sleep in
which she rested for so many years. But, while
dormant, the nerves, the sinews and life-blood
were there, and when she burst her bounds she
made one mighty stride, and now, in twelve
short months, she has assumed gigantic pro-
portions, equalling any of her sisters that have
been fondled and caressed and crowned with
all advantages to assist their prosperity. I am
not writing this for the benefit of those who
are already here. They know all these things,
and are justly proud of this prosperity. Nor
do I seek the fame of a scribbler, for I am strictly
incog., but I desire to do the greatest good to a
seeker for a home in the fairest county in our
beautiful Land of Flowers
The attention of almost the whole civilized
world is turned towards Florida, as evidenced
by the representatives of the different nation-
alities one meets in traveling though the State.
That being a well settled and recognized fact,
it becomes necessary for a two-fold reason that

of other counties whose qualities for orange
culture are fine. I propose, in another com-
munication, to give to your readers a de-
scription of the different kinds of soil in the
county. There are some lands in some lo-
calities that are held at fancy prices. The gen-
eral price for lands on the market is from $10
to $20 per acre. The price is now based on
the value of the lands for growing the orange.
Two years ago it was fixed by the whim of the
owner. Lands are advancing in prices, as im-
provements are added and the railroad draws
nearer, and it will not be long until they will
command fabulous prices. There is not an in-
dividual living in this county who owns lands
that is compelled to sell it through necessity
monetarily, and they know their lands will en-
hance in price. Still they are willing to sell
them at the prices named, that we may secure
settlers, and that all who want good lands may
have them. These prices are nothing when the
intrinsic value of the lands, and their adapta-
bility to the growth of the orange is considered.
Others object that we are too remote from nav-
igation and have no railroad. How ridiculous
for a man to speak in this way who doesn't own
a foot of land in the county, and has nothing to
transport, while we who own groves are using
every energy to get ready for the road. It will
be here before your grove bears, even if it should
bud in 1883. We have all the advantages that
a good, cheerful, ready-to-do fellow wants, that
will -ta-ke is nd all we have as we are. Those

we bring our county prominently before those who are not satisfied, but who are chronic
who contemplate selecting a home in Florida; croakers, must inflict some other country.
first, that we may be benefited by a large influx --
of immigration; second, that the immigrant HENRY'S VELOCIMETER.-A special train,
may be induced to settle where his expectations consisting of an engine and one coach, made a
may be more speedily realized than in any other run of about 15 miles out from Kansas City
county in the State. Some portions of the State a reur, oer te ot Scott & Gulf Roa
have been thoroughly and fancifully written and return, over the Fort Scott & Gulf Road,
up and advertised, and to such an extent that yesterday afternoon, for the purpose of testing
t he visitor expects to see something grand, an invention of the Train Dispatcher of that
when the realization is gloomy and peculiar, road, Mr. JOHN C. HENRY, destined to gauge
We do not wish to delude; in fact, we cannot. and register the speed at which a train is run-
Simply tell the truth, making a plain state- ning. The following gentlemen were on the car:
ment of facts as they are. This will satisfy Superintendent BARNES of the Lawrence and
without redounding to our injury. The county, Southern Kansas, Superintendent CLINTON of
with each distinct portion of it, should be so the Fort Scott and Gulf, Superintendent of Ma-
thoroughly brought to the notice of the inquir- chinery McCRUMB of the Fort Scott and Gulf,
ers that they may leave home to come here. If Mr. McKINSEY, Superintendent of Machinery of
they leave home with no clearly defined plan, the Union Pacific; Superintendent BRINKER-
they pass through the State on the public lines, IOFF of the Kansas Pacific and Mr. GRIFFITI ,
see only what they are passing through, with representing the General Superintendent of the
the idea always that the best is just ahead and Union Pacific. One of the machines was placed
that they must see it all. We have learned that on the engine and one in the car. It consists
when we meet a man with this determination, of a dial like that of a steam gauge, with an
no matter what we show him, he won't stop. index which marks the increase or decrease
'Tis time we stopped bothering with this class, of speed and a registering instrument some-
for our time and labor is our capital. No thing like the anemometer used by the Signal
definite conclusion can be reached by traveling Service for registering the velocity and direc-
the highway. Who ever saw a public road run tion of the wind. This register is furnished
through the best. part of the country ? The with a coil of paper divided into squares by
result is, more of this class leave the State never lines, those running lengthwise 60 in number,
to return, or if they return in after years, it is showing the speed and the transverse lines di-
to purchase property at double the price it could viding the record off into miles. Mr. Henry
have been had for when they were on the tour claims for the instrument that it affords a corn-
of inspection. If they have fully decided to live plete check on the action of trainmen and shows
in Florida, and have thoroughly read up the the officials how near they come to complying
State and decided that Hernando is the county to the rules and instructions. The indicator
he wants to live in, and will so announce it when affords the engineer the means to handle his
he comes, every one will take an interest in engine with great regularity and smoothness.
showing him, and he can secure the best .of During the trial trip the train ran at various
lands at advantageous prices. It will be perti- rates of speed to test the velocimeter. The gen-
nent here to add, that some visitors heretofore tlemen who watched its workings were greatly
have objected to the prices asked for our lands, pleased with it, and pronounce it a valuable
which is absurd. The object mainly in coming invention.-Kansas City Times, July 30.
here is to grow the orange and other fruits.
There is a very small percentage of the lands -Familiarity with tht whistle of the loco-
of Florida susceptible to growing the orange, motive breeds such contempt in the average
Hernando County has a larger percentage than cow that she will stand on the track despite the
any other county in the State, and I assert, engineer's most frantic efforts to blow her away.
without fear of successful contradiction, that By a recently patented device hot water may
not only is her percentage larger, but that her be squirted twenty yards ahead of the train,
lands are far superior to the lands of any other and exert, it is hoped, power enough to switch
county, and this without speaking derogatory off the laziest bovine.

COPYRIGHTS.-Acting Secretary of the
Treasury FRENCH has recently settled an in-
teresting question in reference to copyrights.
The law provides that reprints abroad of Amer-
ican copyrighted books shall be subject to for-
feiture upon importation to or sale in the Uni-
ted States. There is no law, however, ex-
pressly providing for proceedings for forfeiture
of the books on the part of the customs officers
on the importation of such reprints. The Act-
ing Secretery of the Treasury has, however,
decided that the customs officers may detain
the reprints and notify the owners of copyrights
to the end that the latter may take such meas-
ures for the forfeiture of the books as the cir-
cumstances may warrant. A case in point
lately arose in Boston in connection with the
importation of reprints of "Uncle Tom's
Cabin," and many similar cases have arisen on
the Northern frontier.
us recently some splendid Irish potatoes, ac-
companied by the following note: "Knowing
you to be interested in the development of the
agricultural resources of Gadsden County, I
take the liberty of calling your attention to the
specimen of Irish potatoes, which were planted
on the 1st of May. I only used the very small
potatoes from my main crop, planted on the 1st
of January, and harvested on the 1st of April.
The potatoes planted on the 1st of May were
the size of small marbles; some were cut in
half, others planted whole, being too small to
cut. The specimens sent were dug to-day-15th
August. I propose to plant a third crop, and
hope to demonstrate the fact that three crops
can be successfully raised in our glorious old
county in the same year.-Quincy Herald.
Guardian says: We hear several 'rumors'
and 'reports' this week of different things
which would help to fill out our local column
vastly, could we persuade ourself that there was
the least truth in any of them. The reported
loss of the little steamer Sunflower, turns out
to be all false. The death of a man from a
spider bite, turns out not so. The report of the
editor of this paper seeking to be appointed
postmaster, turns out not so, as well as twenty
other rumors and reports with not a particle of
truth in them that have been heretofore pub-
lished. Our State exchanges must be wary, if
they desire, (which we know they do,) to give
correct information about things transpiring in
this part of the world."
Midway correspondent of the Milledgeville
Union and Recorder says : "I believe I am
doing the farmers a service in reminding them
of the number of practical Southern papers de-
voted to their interest. However smart a

farmer may be (he may even think he knows
about all that is worth knowing), still he can
find much in a good agricultural paper that
will be of benefit to him. The monthly or
weekly reminders of what he may do, and that
he may lose sight of if not reminded, is some-
thing even to the most intelligent farmer, and
will do him good rather than harm."
ELFORD, of North Carolina, in a recent speech
in Congress, gave the following items from
gleanings at the Census Bureau, etc.: Total
working force of the country estimated at 15,-
000,000, divided thus: Engaged in agricul-
ture, 7,050,000 (47 per cent.) ; in professional
and personal service, 3,300,000 (22 per cent.);
in manufacturing, mining and mechanical
work, 3,300,000 (22 per cent.); in trade and
transportation, 1,350,000 (9 per cent.).

I -
--- -- ~- ----------- ---- -- ---- --- --C`T;m~~rl:`T-T-"~---- --~ -..:-----~ -~---L-~L C~-*_l




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An Early and Good Season.
The firm of GIBSON & ROCKWELL, fruit
dealers, of our city, received an order this week,
from a large Western house, for two car-loads of
oranges, to be delivered as early as the fruit
can be procured. They also have entered on
their books small orders aggregating several
hundred boxes, which indicates that the com-
ing orange season will open, early and active.

RUSSELL correspondence on this subject, in
present DISPATCH.

Work for September.
In the Vegetable Garden or Field, all plant-
ings which failed last month should now be re-
This is the month in which we generally pre-
pare the land and plant Strawberries, and for
special hints on the subject, see article headed
"Str wberri.es in Florida," elsewhere, in this
Fodder of different kinds may now be cut,
cured and saved. (See article on the Cow Pea,
elsewhere.) Guinea and Crab grass should be
cut-also Para and other grasses, as well as
young and tender Egyptian Millet (described
in our last;) different varieties of Sorghum,
Pea-vines, Corn, etc.
Vegetables of all kinds may now be planted.
Put in, at once, Beets, Turnips, Carrots, Peas,
Raddishes, Lettuce, Early China Snap-beans,
etc. If not successful last month, Onions may
still be sown, for transplanting late in the fall.
Onion sets may be planted the latter part of
this month, and in October. It is impossible
to make the land too fine, or clean or rich for
the onion-"don't forget" this!
Transplant Cabbage, Celery. Cauliflower,
Brocoli, Lettuce, etc., during this month, if soil
and weather are favorable. You can mae,e any
plant live, by proper watering, shading, mulch-
ing, etc.
Irish Potatoes may be planted this month,
using muck, ashes, and other cooling manures
-mulching thickly between the rows, and hoe-
ing frequently, especially soon after heavy and
beating rains.
Oats, (rust proof,) and Rye may be sown
this month, for early spring feeding, either by
pasturing or "soiling."
Orange, Lemon and other trees of the Citrus
nLtL LuduLt-icatltu -evePgreens, 'liy Ue safely'
transplanted now, in rainy or cloudy weather,
if properly handled. Buds may be put in now,
to remain dormant until spring.
Manure everything you sow or plant, in our
light soils, and do not try to make a garden
without a good supply of fertilizing material
close at hand.
Rice should be fit to harvest, the latter part
of this month, or early in October. The old-
fashioned sickle, or "reap-hook," (as our dark
"fellow-citizens" call it,) is probably the best
tool for cutting the crop-though they use a
regular mowing or reaping machine, now, in the
'larger fields of Louisiana. When cut, tie in
bundles of moderate size and dry in the field or
under an open, airy shed; but do not expose

too freely to sun and rain. We hope to see the
acreage of upland Rice greatly increased with
each succeeding year. Properly cultivated, there
is, for us, as "much money in it" as the West-
ern farmer gathers from his wheat fields of the
same size.
Lookout for gales, storms-and heavy "blows",
during this month; and have all things about
the farm made "snug," aloww and aloft," to re-
sist the lawless "elements."
-How few new brooms, after all, sweep
clean, unless there is a clean sweeper behind

.Strawberries in Florida.
Within the past few years, the culture of
early Strawberries, mainly for the northern
market, has become an object of very consid-
erable importance. Through the ingenuity and
industry of our friend, BOWEN, and others, the
refrigerating shipping-crate has become a great
success; so that growers of good berries, who
have, also, the patience and skill to pack prop-
erly, may feel almost certain of safe transit for
their fruit, and satisfactory returns.
We have not space for a long or elaborate
article on the subject, but we will offer a few
practical hints on the culture of the Strawberry
in Florida:
1st. The best soil, (when you can select just
what you want,) is a sandy loam, rich in veg-
etable matter. The land should be moist, but
not wet; and if well underdrained, so much
the better.
2d. The mechanical condition of the soil is a
matter of great importance. The strawberry
plant throws out its roots far and wide, in
search of food, and the ground should, there-
fore, be deeply' broken up and finely pulver-
ized-raked level and perfectly smooth on the
3(. For fertilizer, make a compost of muck,
or vegetable mould, and ashes: three parts of
the former to one of the latter, thoroughly in-
termixed. If you have the muck, and cannot
get ashes, make a solution of one pound of
muriate of potash to two gallons of water;
sprinkle your muck pile freely with this solu-
tion, turn over and over, and use, say a good
handful for each plant, worked pretty deeply in
with the spade or spading-fork before setting
the plant. If you cannot procure the muriate
of potash, readily, then use the German
J'eiM cgintig ua atuoe a u tretda' or tle"'murn-
ate,) when dissolved. Fine rankings from the
surface of the earth, where old wood-piles have
long stood; black mould from the hollows of
woods and from fence-corners, may, also, be
profitably used-but potash, in some shape, the
plant must have, if it is expected to do its
best" in the way of producing large and
luscious berries.
4th. We prefer to plant two feet apart each
way, in small gardens, and to cultivate after
the hill" system. In large fields, or for
market, to be cultivated with the horse-hoe, we
plant in three and a half foot rows, plants
eighteen inches apart in the row.
5th. The three best varieties for this section,
are, we think, Orescent Seedling, Nunan, and

Federal Point; though Charles Downing,
Capt. Jack, and the old Wilson's Albany,
(which some suppose to be identical with
Nunan,) have many "friends and admirers." If
we could get only one variety for one season
we would select Federal Point; but, if we de-
sired a sort to carry through the hot summer,
and to look to with some confidence, for a crop
of runners," our choice would be Crescent
Seedling. We merely indicate these prefer-
ences, to guide beginners-the amateurs and
professional growers, may, possibly, differ with
7th. If at all possible, we would locate our

I -


strawberry patch or field near an abundant
supply of water; which, after all, is the great
stimulant and life of this plant, With land
prepared, fertilized, and planted as we have
described; clean, mellow, careful culture,
and copious and regular watering, we can easily
have strawberries, in almost any part of Flor-
ida, at least six months in the year ; and no fruit
crop pays better or yields more enjoyment.
Kansas and-Florida 1
OLATHA, KANSAS, August 17, 1882.
Editors of the Florida Dispatch:
As we sit in our window with such a wealth
of verdure of flowers and of fruits before us, it
would seem that we should be content, for
Kansas is this year making one of her broadest
smiles. The fruit trees are breaking down in
spite of all our propping, and all vegetable
productions are this year abundant. But, alas!
There is no contentment! We have been read-
ing THE DISPATCH and although we thought
we were not covetous, we must confess it makes
us nervous to hear about an acre of orange trees
producing $1,000 a year. Why, rich as Kan-
sas land is, (and it is black with richness,) we
cannot begin to do-that. And we are afraid it
may be true, for we have been, and seen, and-
been conquered. When you can in one breath
say, one acre, properly planted, will yield $1,000;
and in another say, Florida is a very poor coun-
try, you have a paradox worth disputing about.
This is only another way of saying that Florida
has one of the finest, if not the finest climate on
earth, and with such a climate you do not
need much soil!
We have been asthmatic a long time, and
when we first opened our eyes in Florida, and
became conscious of the luxury of breathing
its air, we rejoiced as we had not rejoiced be-
fore in years; and here we sit wishing we could
go back (yes, and intending to do so, if possible,)
and try being a "cracker" and raising orange
and lemon trees.
As I find the "Florida craze" is reaching
even to Kansas, and many will probably go
when I do, or before, for their benefit as well as
my own, I want to ask a few questions:
1. Will the Osage orange do well in Florida,
and can it be used as a stock for lemons and
sweet oranges; and with what effect?-(1.)
2. Can the Citrus family be successfully pro-
pagated by cuttings, or by root grafts, and thus
relieve the cultivator of the stooping work of
budding ?-(2.)
3. Will the Blackberry thrive in open plant-
ations ?-(3.)
4. Will the seedling lemon improve by cul-
tivation, as the orange is said to do ?-(4.)
5. Will the Tamarind bear any cold, and how
long is it in coming into bearing; also, the Date
palm ?-(5.)
6. Is central Florida too far south for rice ?
'7. Will the black walnut, the white walnut,

(butternut,) or sweet chestnut, grow in Florida ?
8. Is there not a very fine grass called "blan-
ket grass," which makes a good lawn in Flor-
ida? I saw this grass at Mr. HOLMAN'S place
at Longwood, and I think, also, in Jackson-
9. Will some one give us a list of flowering
plants and shrubs which are at home in Flor-
ida ? By way of commencing such list we will
mention :
The oleander; an endless variety of roses,
cape jessamine, crape myrtle, several varieties
of lilies, lantana, salvia, phloxes, verbenas, yel-
low jessamine, ivies, geraniums, honeysuckles-
scarlet and halliana-night-blooming jessamine,
hibiscus, four-o'clock, cacti of many kinds, etc.,
(will some one extend the list ?) for we want to

know what we may raise there of our old favor-
ites at the North.
In visiting Florida we were especially pleased
to find so much of energy by its enterprising
immigrants, and of uncompromising integrity;
and we believe Florida, at no distant day, is
to rank among the first of the States. We felt
so much more at home than we expected to,
that we are now counting the days when we
may return. W. BECKWITH.
(1.) The "Osage orange" (Maclura) does well
enough here as a tree, but not as a hedge-plant.

It grows too rapidly in our stimulating climate
-it cannot well be dwarfed, to meet the re-
quirements of a hedge-it is deciduous-has an
ugly habit of throwing up suckers from the
wandering roots, etc. It cannot be used as a
stock for lemons or sweet oranges-it does not
belong to the same family of plants, and is no
orange, "no how,"-only in name.
(2.) Some of the Citrus family, such as the
lemon, Otaheite orange, etc., strike pretty well
from cuttings, under favorable circumstances;
but neither that mode of propagation or the old
apple and pear style of "root grafting" is prac-
ticed by our nurserymen to any extent. The
nurserymen of New Orleans have a mode of
grafting young orange stocks some inches above
ground, using waxed bandages, etc. It is done
early in the spring, and experts have a reason-
able success-say from 20 or 30 to 50 and 60
per cent. of the grafts live-seldom more. Bud-
ding is the favorite method in Florida, and the
demand for"worked" trees of rare and choice
varieties, is constantly increasing.
(3.) Yes-but the Lawton's, Kittatinny's
Early Wilson's, Snyders, etc., do not grow as
well as our Dewberry or "trailing blackberry,"
are not as early, and of no better quality.
(4.) We have no proof that either the "seed-
ling" lemon or orange have or do "improve by
cultivation." You cannot essentially change
the nature or character of a seedling fruit by
cultivation;--but we are not quite sure we un-
derstand our correspondent's drift or meaning,
(5.) The Tamarind is a tropical plant, and
will not bear frost. It can be successfully raised,
we presume, on the Gulf, as high up as Fort
Myers, and, perhaps, at Tampa. Will our edi-
torial friends in that region tell us about the
Tamarind? The Date Palm is hardier. It has
often fruited at New Orleans-also at Cumber-
land Island, on the Georgia coast, north of
Fernandina. It is slow in coming into bear-

(6.) No.
(7.) The Black Walnut grows well here. We
have never seen the others in this country.
(8.) We do not know the "blanket grass"-
who can tell us about it ? If it will "make a
good lawn" on our dry, sandy lands, thousands
are ready to get up a "craze" about it at once!
Post us fully up, on this grass, "friends and
Thanks! for all that about the "energy" and
"uncompromising integrity." No doubt Florida
is "booming," and pressing rapidly to the front
rank of States and peoples! So mote it be !-
-Human foresight often leaves its proudest
possessor only a choice of evils.

Dried LeConte Pears.
Our thoughtful and very considerate friend,
Capt. L. L. VARNEDOE, of Thomasville, Ga.,
has kindly sent us, per express, a small box of
dried Pears, of the famous LeConte variety.
The Captain makes this fruit a specialty,
and produces it in great perfection and abund-
In a note accompanying the dried fruit, the
Captain states that the sample sent is from poor
fruit; but that a merchant and dealer in Mar-
shallville, Ga., "offered 30 cents per pound for
all he had dried, and said they would bring 40
cents in New York." We submitted the sam-
ple to one of our leading grocers here, who was
greatly pleased with the fruit, remarking that
they were "better than dried peaches, and that
he considered them worth 35 to 40 cents per
pound." He also remarked that they were
somewhat of a novelty in this market, and that
he thought they could not fail to be saleable
and popular. The samples, uncooked, as re-
ceived, appeared to be what housewives call
"sugar-dried." They were of good, light color,
and very sweet and pleasant to the taste, but a
little tough and "insoluble." Upon stewing
them, however, all the toughness passed away,
and we had for "tea" a really nice and delicate
dish of fruit-the juice or syrup of which re-
minded us of the "maple molasses" so keenly
relished in the "sugar-bush" tents of our far-
away boyhood To cook these dried pears in
perfection, they should be cooked stowly and
steadily for at least two hours, adding enough
sugar to make a thick, rich syrup.
Dessicated and evaporated fruit of good
quality is always in demand, at remunerative
prices ; and, if Capt. Varnedoe's drying process
can be easily acquired and clearly practiced,
it certainly offers another broad outlet for the
vast quantities of Pears soon to be forthcoming
from the widespread orchards of Southern Geor-
gia. ___
Good Appointments.
We learn from the Tampa Tribune, that
Judge J. C. KNAPr, of Hillsborough County
(Fla.) has received an appointment from the
Commissioner of Agriculture at Washington,
to collect, summarize and prepare the statistics
for this State. He finds the work in a very
low state of organization ; many counties having
no correspondents, and the specific productions
of the State not reported at all. He intends,
as soon as possible, to prepare proper blanks,
and open a correspondence with every county,

and if possible with each neighborhood of the
State, and especially with all Agricultural
Societies and organizations.
We learn, also, from the Gainesville Bee,
that a commission has been issued by the same
Washington official to our old friend, Mr.
JOSEPH VOYLE, of Gainesville, to carry out a
series of practical experiments in the field with
" Murvite," for the purpose of ascertaining to
what extent it can be relied on as an extermi-
nator of scale insects on the orange tree. He
is also instructed to make comparative trials of
special compounds used by various parties for
that purpose. The facilities of the chemical
laboratory of East Florida Seminary have been
placed at Mr. Voyle's disposal by the principal.

I -


dies. It is about the size of the English oak
and somewhat resembles it in appearance at a
distance. The bark is rough outside, smooth
within, and is easily peeled off from the wood
in large flakes. The wood is white, easy to
work, and produces a very agreeable odor. It
is much prized for cabinets and chests, owing to
the last mentioned quality and to its freedom
from insects. The leaves are shiny green above
and yellowish beneath. Some of the veins term-
inate at the edge in little knobs or warts.
Leaves, bark, wood and roots are all strongly
impregnated with camphor, giving out a strong,
yet agreeable perfume when bruised. The
flowers appear only after the tree is quite old.
They are small and white and give place to
shining, purple, pulpy berries. The camphor

Laurels--Camphor Tree, etc.
On "Facts about Trees," an interesting
WAP running troughT he mber TWor.l,
we find the following:
The family of Laurels is extensively distrib-
uted throughout the cooler portions of the trop-
ics, though it has but one European represent-
ative-the Bay-tree. The common garden
laurel is in reality not a laurel at all, but a
species of cherry. The Bay-tree resembles a
large shrub rather than a tree, and has been
popular in Europe from the earliest times. It
was the custom among the Greeks to keep a
leaf of it in their mouths, it being supposed to
possess supernatural power as a charm against
evil influences. It was also supposed to endow
some persons, favored by the gods, with the
power of divination. It was sacred to Apollo,
and the first temple raised at Delphi in his
honor was composed of bay wood. In Rome it
was considered the emblem of victory and the
successful contestants in the athletic games were
crowned with a wreath of bay. In the tri-
umphal processions, also, the generals were
crowned with bay while each soldier carried a
sprig of it. Moreover, the dispatches announc-
ing the victory to the Senate and people were
wrapped in bay leaves. In the sixteenth cen-
tury the floors of houses belonging to the
wealthy class were strewn with bay leaves as a
substitute for carpets. From the name of the
laurel have been derived two terms at pres-
ent in common use. The first is "poet laure-
ate." This arose from the custom of crown-
ing poets who particularly pleased the popu-
lar fancy, with wreathes of laurel, on which
the berries were retained. More curious than
this, however, is the origin of the term "bach-
elor," as applied to unmarried men. Students
who had taken their degrees at a university
and were continuing in their scholastic pur-
suits were called "bachelors" from the Latin
baccalaureus. re ni-4-(rols uxUc.LaauRv, n11d twrgxu
of honor which they had attained. They were
not allowed to marry, lest the time-absorbing
enticements of Hymen should induce them to
turn aside from the somewhat arid paths of
literature, and hence it came about thateventu-
ally all unmarried men were styled bachelors.
Perhaps the most valuable of the laurel fam-
ily is the Camphor Laurel, from which is ob-
tained the camphor so well known as an article
of commerce. Several other trees and plants
yield this valuable substance, but the princi-
pal supply comes from two trees of which the
camphor laurel is one. This tree is a native of
India, China, Japan, and some of the West In-

about your eyes like the foretop of a Shetland
pony. Your mother and I are the only per-
sons that know you are a fool, and we have too
much pride to allow you to advertise it to the
world. No, no, you must wear your hair
combed back so that people can see you have
a forehead, and they may think you have
some brains behind it. Comb your hair back,
my young ladies, and do not giggle in conm-
pany, and people may think well of you.-N.
Y. Express.
The Conyers (Ga.) Weekly says: "Give a
negro a watermelon and a case in court (also
an umbrella,) if you want to see the happiest
creature on earth."

is distilled from the roots, which are cut in
pieces and placed in an iron retort. Across the
PiIe haM tnp fv h ef11tA4 iin r tqr-6g9t a'a
exposed to strong heat. The camphor rises in
vapor, and adheres to the straw, first in small,
whitish-brown particles, which are afterwards
gradually enlarged by successive deposits, to
the size in which they are sold. A camphor oil
is also obtained from the tree by cutting the
trunk and inserting small reeds through which
the sap oozes. This is caught in vessels and
the oil skimmed from the surface. For some
time the Dutch alone understood the process of
refining camphor, but it is now universally un-
derstood and carried on. The monopoly of the
Chinese camphor trade is sold by the govern-
ment to one man, who bears the title of the
"Camphor Mandarin" and realizes a large profit
from the business. Much camphor is lost by
evaporation during shipment. This loss might
be largely avoided by the employment of tin
cases, instead of wooden boxes, for packing the
camphor, but the Chinese do not take kindly to
innovations, and seem to prefer the old way of
doing things, even when it is confessedly infe-
rior to a more modern one. Camphor, as
is well known, is much employed for medicinal
and various other purposes. It is especially
obnoxious to the moths, which are so destruc-
tive to clothing which has been stored or hung
Another tree from which camphor is obtain-
ed, is the Camphor tree, which is found in the
forests of Sumatra and Borneo. This tree is
not a member of the laurels but of the limes,
and camphor is not only obtained without the
trouble of distillation, but it is of better quality
and less volatile than that of the laurel. Until
within a few years but little camphor from this
source was shipped to European and American
markets, but of late it has won a decided pref-
erence over other kinds, owing to the above
mentioned advantages. The tree is of great
size, the trunk rising sometimes nearly one hun-
feet before branching. Its foliage is dense and
beautiful and its flowers are like those of the
magnolia, making the tree a very handsome
one. The camphor is found in clear, crystal-
line masses in cavities, varying in size up to a
foot and a half in length, in the trunk of the
tree. These cavities also contain an oil from
WxMplo pnm n n r if Tr -^^^ww^^yw^3^^^u^ sary to fell the tree, and, owing to the hard
close-grained wood, this is a very laborious task,
requiring days of labor. The roots, too, are
very hard and extend often to the distance of
sixty yards, even at their farthest extremity a
foot or more in diameter. After the tree has
been felled, it is sawed into blocks and split by
wedges. Often, after all this labor, a worthless,
black, pitchy substance is found, instead of the
valuable camphor. Some men in Sumatra
profess to be able, by the aid of magic, to dis-
cern the right trees to cut down, but they prove
to be mistaken as often as the wood-cutter.
No, MY DAUGHTER.-No, daughter, you
shall not cut off your fore hair to have it hang

in no case should any portion of the rod run
horizontally for more than four feet, unless
ground connections are. provided; where cor-
ners are to be turned they ought always to be
turned with a gentle curve, and finally, light-
ning rods should never be insulated from the
building. Is it conceivable that a stream of
electricity can jump from a cloud to earth, and
can then be kept on an iron rod by half an
inch of glass ? We may rest satisfied that if a
rod is otherwise properly constructed, atmos-
pheric electricity will never leave a good
metalic conductor for a poor wooden one. Hav-
ing noted these points, telephone men can ap-
propriate to themselves a few lessons from
them. First, that it is not safe to rely upon a


- -- -i~--. _i, .....---. .~-.~- -1. --.~- --- -- ---

Lightning Rods.
During a recent thunder storm at Carrollton,
S/ _0_------ --- -- . .
H. Gillespie, a resident of that city. The
course of the electricity was as follows: Strik-
ing the lightning rod on the top of the main
part of the house, this conductor was followed
until a point was reached about the middle of
the peak. Here, it is stated, was a bad con-
nection, which opposed the further passage of
the electricity, It therefore here branched off
down- a tin-gutter until arriving at the edge of
the roof all conducting material ceased. The
electricity then made its way across the wall,
teAring off the weather boards en route until
another conductor was reached, this time a
good one-a telephone wire connected with
good earth; after reaching this wire the cur-
rent passed harmlessly away into the earth.
We may here note that the house referred to
was protected first, by a lightning rod, and
second, by a telephone line. It appeared, also,
that the lightning rod, as usual awas not a well
constructed one; while the telephone line (we
are afraid not as usual) was well constructed,
and, wonderful to relate, had a good and ser-
viceable ground termination. So long as irre-
sponsible parties are suffered to carry on the
lightning rod business, so long must trouble
and disaster be expected to ensue. In the
present case the damage is ascribed to the de-
fective connection at the middle of the roof.
Partly, no doubt, such was the case; other ele-
ments, we think, had their share in the matter.
In the absence of a detailed description we may
assume that the lightning conductor had an
imperfect ground connection, was fastened to
the house with insulators, and probably did not
extend to a sufficient height above the roof to
be an efficient protection. Also from the fact
that the electricity left the conductor at a point
on the ridge, it would appear that the said con-
ductor extended for some distance horizontally;
a position which for lightning rods is to be de-
preciated. A lightning conductor fulfills two
functions; it facilitates the discharge of the
electricity to the earth so as to carry it off
harmlessly, and it tends to prevent disruptive
borhood of the conductor. To effect these ob-
jects the rod should extend to a sufficient
height to be the most salient feature of the
building,*no matter from which direction the
storm may come. The size of the rod, if cop-
per, should not be less than three-eighths of an
inch, or of iron, not less, on any consideration,
than nine-tenths of an inch. (We are aware
that such a size will be considered preposterous
by lightning rod manufacturers, but such a size
is the minimum of absolute safety.) The con-
nection with the earth should be electrically
perfect, should be branched in all possible .di-
rections, and if possible should be both soldered
to gas or water mains and to a plate sunk in
moist earth. All joints should be soldered, and


I is

to fully penetrate the object treated; and water,
by virtue of its greater capillarity, has doubt-
less the advantage over oil in this respect.
Again it was observed that carbolic acid was
more freely given up by carbolic oil in water
than by carbolic water in oil. This may be
accounted for by the greater solubility of the
acid in oil. How far this peculiarity of oil, and
its less tendency to penetrate porous solid bod-
ies and to mix with liquids, is to be regarded as
the cause of the inactivity of carbolic acid in
oil solution.cannot yet be measured, since one
cannot tell how oil and water behave with re-
gard to giving up carbolic acid to minute
organisms. The author considers, however,
that oil should not, in general, be used as a
solvent for carbolic acid where one aims at
killing, within twenty-four hours, fungi adher-
ing to water containing bodies, solid and liquid,
whether as spores or bacilli.

lightning conductor for a ground. Second
always to be particular in constructing such a
good ground wire that a telephone ground wirn
shall be a synonym for a good one, as a light
ning rod ground is a bad one. Third, to havE
our ground wire large enough for the escape o:
heavy currents; this refers especially to th(
lightning arrester ground. Fourth, to run oui
ground wire to as many different points ol
communication with the earth as possible
Fifth, let your lightning arresters always be in
good order and your ground wires attached
thereto as straight as convenient. Finally, let
us be particular in soldering joints, but if we
never solder any other let us never fail tc
solder the earth connection. A telephone line
is always a protection, but much more so, when
properly installed than when carelessly con-
structed.-Review of Teleg. and Teleph.
Some Results of Muscular Training.
In answer to several inquiries as to the value
of rowing, riding, walking, tricycling; boxing,
cricket, etc., as healthful exercises, Knowledgc
says: '"It will probably sound paradoxical,
after the stress we have laid on the necessity
for exercise, to say that we consider each one
of these exercises, as pursued by specialists, un-
deniably bad for the development of a well
proportioned and thoroughly healthy frame.
Take, for instance, any first-class eleven at
cricket; select, if you please, an eleven such as
the Australian, in which all-round aptitude is
a characteristic feature, and you will invaria-
bly find so laroe a proportion of ill-shaped men
as 1o snow ina UtoroUimy wemi-LuLiu K cicKeters
owe their goodly proportions to exercises out-
side of cricket. Despite the running involved
in the game, four cricketers out of five have
badly developed chests. One would say a good
bat should have good shoulders, but that bat-
ting does not tend to improve the shoulders is
shown by two, at least, of the finest Australian
bats. Take rowing, again. Unless a rowing
man does other work especially intended to
correct the defect, he has invariably poor arms
above the elbow, a marked inferiority in the
development of the chest as compared with the
back, and he generally has round shoulders
and a forward hang of the head and neck.
Boxing is better, but it cannot be pursued with
advantage as the chief exercise a man or boy
takes, and it is entirely unsuited to women and
Experiments with Disinfectants.
A series of experiments have been made by
with a view to explaining a fact observed by
KOCH, viz., that oil solutions of carbolic acid
are far inferior to aqueous solutions, of the same
concentration, in disinfectant action. For a
disinfectant to have full action, it must be able



Laces, Worsteds,

67 West Bay Street, Corner Laura,
to feb 20, '83

How MANY ON A TREE ?-A gentleman,"
living in Ripley, Mississippi, having asked
the Courier-Journal concerning the number of
oranges a single tree has produced in a single
season, is told by Mr. H. W. WILKES that there
is a tree in Alachua County, Florida, known
as the Fort Harly tree, supposed to be 72 years
old, which, it is claimed, has borne as high as
18,000; another in St. John's County yields
15,000, and another in Bradford County over
10,000, and a lemon tree at Fort Reid has
borne over 20,000. The above are said to be all
from actual count.

WATERMELON SUGAR.-A writer in the
National Farmer recommends sugar made from
watermelons, as exceedingly delicate and palata-
ble. He says that the juice of the melon is
fully as rich in saccharine matter, as the syrup
of the maple, and thinks the raising of melons
for sugar may be made quite profitable. As
compared with beets the melon he says is alto-
gether superior. In Europe they have been
found more profitable than beets for sugar.
Now, won't he be good enough to go into the
business and give us the results of his experi-
-Who can deservedly be called a con-
queror? He who conquers his rancorous pas-
sions and endeavors to turn his enemy into a
friend. Thou shalt not say, "I will love the
wise, but the unwise I will hate;" but thou
shalt love all mankind.
-He who pretends to be everybody's partic-
ular friend is nobody's.
-If you do what you should not, you must
hear what you would not.


- Proprietors.


We respectfully announce to our friends and the pub-
lic generally, that, having secured the services of com-
petent Draughtsmen, Architects and Mechanics, we are
prepared to estimate on and contract for the building of

etc., at any point accessible by the several railroad and
steamboat lines. Possessing the advantage of manufac-
turing our own lumber, we are enabled to offer very lib-
eral inducements as to terms and quality of material.
Draughts, plans, estimates and information furnished
on application.
We have also made extensive additions to our Plan-
ing Mill; and will continue, as heretofore, to manufacu-
ture and keep in stock a full line of Framing and Finish-
ji A ,tler. Mouldings. Brackets. Balusters. Pickets.

July 17, '82-tf.

Ellaville, Florida.

Are manufactured right in our establishment in the
best manner and at the shortest notice.
a-Send in your orders.

May 1-tf



LCInt Pe TFoos and I ttinis
Dilie NuTlrsery.

to Aug 21

H. H. SANFORD Proprietor,

A. E. C.,V.PE".L'.,
15 East Bay J.acksonville.
branch of Ludden & Bates, Savannah-EXACTLY
SAME PRICES AND TERMS, Sheet Music, Strings
and small instruments of all kinds. Send for cata-
logues, prices and terms. TUNING AND REPAIRING
a specialty. My tuner will make regular tours through
the State, and my customers will thus have my repre-
sentative at their doors, a great advantage to purchasers
of instruments, to sept 26, '82


40 Hours from New York City: 108 Miles
from Savannah.

Sout1l CGeorgia naeds for
Sale by

June 19-tf

Glenmore, Ware Co., Ga.


In lots to suit, in the town of Satsuma, Putnam County,
Florida. Send for circular to
Satsuma, Nashua P. 0.,
june 26-tf FLORIDA.




- -- -- ---- --.- ,-- --~-

A partner with a capital of THEE THOUSAND DOLLARS
cash, to start an Orange Nursery. The trees to be grafted
the whole year by artificial means (a process not known
in Florida). The trees will have a head of three to five
feet in two years; will propagate one hundred thousand
yearly, with the above amount.
P. S.-No one need apply without the capital. Would
prefer a partner who has already trees of the finest
varieties. Apply to
"66 OIr tTUUS, Box 1036,
aug. 21 to sept. 20. Jacksonville P. O., Fla.

An Orange Grove or Orange Lands, in a healthy, beauti-
ful country,
Entirely Free from Frost,
where you have the finest
of all descriptions, and the best chance to raise early
vegetables, in a new country. Address me with stamp,
at Anclote, Hillsborough County, Florida.
I can sell you five acres, or five thousand acres, as you
lyr to aug 20, '83 M. R. MAL1It S.
Invaluable patented improvements fou in no other
EJNGIJVES in the world. For Pamphlets and Price
List, (also for SAW MILLS) address
THE AULTMAN & TAYLOR CO., Mansfield, Ohio.
(to Oct 6, '82)
0. L. KEENE,


Having orders for several hundred boxes of Oranges
already entered on our books, we solicit correspondence
from growers having early Oranges to market. We
want good bright fruit, and will make it to the interest
of produces to write us early. Address
Wholesale Fruit Dealers,
to sept. 20, '82. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


Choice acclimated Strawberry iPlants for
sale at $3 per thousand.
to sept. 27 P. Riverside, Jacksonville.



A Chance for Snmall as well as
Large Capitalists.
I AM OFFERING FOR SALE some of the finest young
Orange Groves in Florida, at prices far below their true
value. My reason for these extraordinary offers is that
I wish to concentrate my attention and means upon my
other property.
First.-I offer nine groves of 20 acres each, known as
part of my Hyde Park place, one mile south of Ocala.
These groves are fully set with trees, one-half being
sweet seedlings five years old, and the remainder five
year-old trees with sweet buds. Trees all growing luxu-
riantly. Price, from $150 to $200 per acre, according to
location and size of trees.
Second.-I offer thirty-two (32) lots-part of same tract
and same location-each containing five acres, upon
which no trees are planted. Price, $500 per lot, and I to
furnish (without extra charge) to the purchaser of each
lot 250 sour trees containing dormant sweet buds.
These lands are desirable for the following considera-
LOCATION.-They are situated one mile south of the
growing town of Ocala, the county site of Marion
QUALITY.-They are of the best quality of marl ham-
mock-high, rolling and well watered, and admirably
adapted to the growth of the orange.
HEALTH.-NO portion of the State can show a better
record for health.
Railway and the Tropical Railroad pass through these
lands, and each will have depots or flag stations on the
same-thus giving every facility for travel and ship-
ment of freight.
SURROUNDINGS.-The lands adjacent are being rapidly
settled by first-class people, including, among others,
Generals CHAMBERLAIN and TILLSON, of Maine and
Dr. G. T. MAXWELL, late of Atlanta, but now of Ocala,
who have invested in adjacent lands, and are making
valuable improvements. The society is as good as can
be found anywhere, and the religious and educational
advantages are unsurpassed. Besides the public schools
in the vicinity, the Ocala High School, a first-class in-
stitution, is sufficiently near to be attended by the chil-
dren of settlers upon these lands.
S LY ter Cotun.ty rores.
I also offer the following lands in Sumter County,
Florida :
First.--Forty-acre lot (known as Hacienda Grove),
with eighteen acres in grove of oranges and lemons,
having upon the same a good dwelling house. Of the
trees in this grove, fifty are now bearing, and all will be
bearing in two years. Upon this tract is a nursery of
12,000 budded trees from four to five years old-one-half
oranges, and the rest in my celebrated lemons, that
took the premium at the Atlanta Exposition and the
Orange County Fair.
Second.-Watula Grove, containing twenty acres, of
which twelve acres are in orange trees, about two hun-
dred of which are bearing, and the remainder will be
bearing in two years. There is also upon this tract a
nursery of ten thousand five year-old sour trees budded
with orange and lemon buds.
Third.-Forty acres of unimproved hammock land.
LOCATION.-The above tracts are all beautifully situa-
ted on Panasoffkee Run, one mile from Panasoffkee
Lake, in which is known as the "Tropical Centre,"
where the tenderest tropical plants are never injured by
cold weather. They adjoin the celebrated groves of Rt.
Rev. Bishop John F. Young and A. C. Brown; are upon
a navigable stream, and nine miles from a depot of the
Tropical Railroad. The lands in the immediate vicinity

are being rapidly settled by the best of citizens.
PRICES.-Tract No. 1, $15,000; Tract No. 2, $10,000; Tract
No. 3, $5,000-with budded trees sul-icient to plant the
whole forty acres.
QUALITY OF LAND.-The above-mentioned tracts are
of the best quality of rich marl hammock, high, rolling
and well watered, and, in my opinion, better adapted
than any other lands in the State to the growth of Or-
anger, Lemons, Limes and other tropical fruits.
For further information, address
aug. 21 to sept. 18.] Ocala, Marion Co., Florida.

AttentioL EPo ltry- :h/ern.
DR..R. BACHMANN'S Vermin Hale; the only relia-
ble antidote to Vermin on Poultry of every description
now extant, viz: Lice on Fowls and Fleas on Dogs; all
other domestic animals are benefitted by its use. This
being an internal remedy to be given mixed with the
food, because all external remedies have been a failure.
It is put up in packages of FIFTY CENTS and ONE DOL-
LAR. Sold at Groceries and Seed Stores. The best of
reference given on application to the proprietor.
Jacksonville, Florida.
Depot with PAINE BROS., 36 Bay Street.
aug. 21 to feb. 21. '83.

RANCE AND LEMON T REES Budded from tried and approved varieties, and
BA E N LEMl. E. Oon good healthy stocks.
Also, JAPAN PERSIMMONS, LECONTE PEARS, GRAPES, and a general line of Fruit Trees suitable to
Florida. Address,
A'A2RO -TTA R, eorgetown., Florida.-
Aug. 14 to Nov. 6.

Ocean Steamship Company.


The Magnificent New Iron Steamships sail from Savannah on following dates:
GATE CITY, Friday, September 1st, 9:00 a. m.
DESSOUG, Monday, September 4th, 12:00 noon.
CITY OF MACON, Wednesday, September 6th, 1:30 p. m.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Monday, Sepi einber 11th, 5:30 p. m.
GATE CITY, Wednesday, September 13, h, 7:00 p. m.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Friday, September 15th. 8:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Monday, September 18th, 10:00 a. m.
DESSOUG. Wednesday, September 20th, 12:00 noon.
CITY OF AUGUSTA, Friday, September 22d, 2:00 p. m.
TALLAHASSEE, Monday, September 25th, 5:00 p. inm.
CITY OF SAVANNAH, Wednesday. September 27th, 6:00 p. m.
CITY OF MACON, Friday, September 29th, 8:00 p. m.
Through Bills of Lading and Tickets over Central Railroad of Georgia, Savannah, Florida & Western
Railway, and close connections with the new and elegant steamers to Florida.
Freight received every day from 7 a. m. to 6 p. m., at Pier 35, N. R.
H. YONGE, G. M. SORREL, Agent, Savaninah, Ga.
Agent of Line, and C. R. R. of Ga., Office New Pier 35 N. River, N. Y.
W. II. RHETT, General Agent, 317 Broadway, New York.
H. R. CHRISTIAN, Gen'l Soliciting Agent. C. D. OWENS,
12-2m Gen'l Ag't Sav'h, Florida & Western Ry. Co, 315 Broadway. N. Y.


ISTo. 7 Clarlk Street, C-Xc4A-c.,

Conmmlission M~erchant for the Sale of

REFERENCE.-Hibernian Banking Association, Chicago.
Correspondence solicited. No. 1 packing only solicited. [aug. 21 to sept. 14, '82.

----()---- I LrBF ek
IR A ANY RANT SE SEDS, and Everything
or the Farm and Garden. Illustrated Cata.
logue sent free. JOHNSON & STOKES,
LSeed and Agricultural Warehouse,
No. 1114 Market Street, Philadelphia,
(to Jan 9, '83)
Very choice selected stock-all barren plants carTe-
fully taken out. K
Our vines produced a remarkably heavy crop of full-$4
sized, fine colored fruit during past dry season. TONEW YOR
Would refer to Mr. W. Ii. Pillow as to this fact, and
superior quality of berries.
$3.00 per thousand, nash with order, delivered on
boat in any quantity.
St. John's River. MANDARIN.
to sept. 19. GOOD TO NOVEMI3EIER 1st.

rFiR| Via all Rail to Portsmouth, Virginia, and

rsery lian o thence by the elegant steamships of the
old Dominion Line to New York.
A full and choice stock of

Flowers, Plants & Trees,
CONSTANTLY ON HAN T Persons leaving Jacksonville by the fast mail on Sun-
CONSTANTLY ON HND. day, Monday, Tony,uesday and Friday, at 9 a. m., arrive at
Portsmouth the following afternoon, making close con-
ItO:. IBES a specialty. section with sieanmships, and arrive in New York the
Several tlhous:n dl Sweet feeling Orange Trees, Chero- next ven ing thereafter.
kee Roses and St wle rrly la nts or sale. The appointments of this line, and elegant steamship
accommodations, the absence of delays, whether going
Wilson Albany Strawberry, price per M..................$ 2.00 or returning, together with the low rate of fare, make it
Address, WM. DALE, a most desirable summer excursion route.
For tickets and other information, apply to office of
to nov. 27 82. Jacksonville, Florida. the S., F. & W. Railway, 84 West Bay Street (Astor
building), or the Ticket Of1ice at the Waycross Short
Line passenger station.
0- GEO. W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
SEVERAL dozen of above reptiles wanted for Scien- Aug. 7 to Oct. 2.
titic Purposes. Will give $18 per dozen.
Address, WMV II. A IMEAD, i a Prma T Hom
aug. 21-tf. Jacksonville, Florida.

TIFYING THEM TO THAT EFFECT. july 24 to oct 23. Jacksonville, Fla.

I _
-- ---



Strawberry Plantss




SIf T EFFECT .A. T C R G- sP T 1st, LoS2.

Subject to Uniform Classification of Southern Railway & Steamship Association



To Landings on St. John's River, Palatka, Tocoi, St. Augustine, Stations on and via St. John's
& Lake Eustis Railway, Sanford, Enterprise and points on and via South Florida Railroad, Etc.
(By Direct Steamship Only) U M
AND ~ -
Mandarin ..................................Florida.
H ibernia .................................... "
Magnolia .................... ......
Green Cove Springs................... ..
Picolata ................................90 80 75605040404040274545 45 90
Federal Point............................. t
Orange Mills.............................
Tocoi ........................... .............. "
Palatka.......................................... J
St. Augustine........................ 1 201 05 988067 575553346562 651 30
San Mateo................................
Buffalo Bluff............................... "
W elaka ..................... ................
N orw alk ......................................
Fort Gates........................ ....... "
Georgetown.... ........................
Seville ...................................... 1 9 0
Volusia............. ............ 110 95 85 7055 45 50 5 55 651 2
Astor .................................
Bluffton .. ............. ............... "
DeLand Landing........................
Lake Beresford...........................
Blue Spring..... ......................
Enterprise.... .........................
Stations on the St. Johns &
Lake Eustis Railway.............. 451 47 77 95 8
Fort Mason, Yalaha ................... "
Leesburg, etc............................. "
Snow's........................................ 11 50 1 251 10 9275 6368657050 80 75 1 00 1 8
M aitland ...................................
Orlando ....................................... "
issimmee City.....................1 60 1351 20987965726775548580 1 152 2
IKissimmee1City .

t-Th-roLugh Bills ILading guaranteeing ratess to "Destination.-
Ar7:Prompt ad.uLstmen.t of all ju~t Clai*ms.
-1V.Eark and consign Preighlt "via S-, F- AS "7"E. EailWay."-

9E For further information, call on or address

H. YONGE, Jr.,
,A ent Ocean Steamnship Company,
Pier 35 North River, New York.

General Agent S., F. & W. R'y,
315 Broadway, New York,

General Freight Agent,
Savannah, Ga.




Mom In M.

To Stations on Florida Transit, Peninsula and Tropical Railroads, Tampa, Manatee and
Gulf Coast Points, via Cedar Key.
S.. i
(By Direct Steamship Only) Q i n I T Xr C
Hart's Road..........................Florida.
Dutton's......... ...................... "
Tolu ... ............................ ........
Brandy Branch ....................
M axville............................. .. 90 50
Highland .......... .............. ( 1 15 958578 68556850581407383 901 50 ...
L aw tey .................................. "
Tem ple's..... ...................... "
Stark e.................................... "
T hurston. ............................... "
W aldo......... .. ............ ....... "
Gainesville.............. ............ "
Fairbank's...................... "
Arredondo ............ ...............
Archer................................ 23 93 8370606855 63 40 001 65 ...
Brollson ........................... (
Otter Creek .........................
R osewood .................. ........... '
Cedar Keys..................... 110 90 0 0 55 640 50 3265 70 70 25 90
Tampa ................................... 10 985750507550 7575 90135
M anatee ................................ 10
Santa Fe...............................
D ixie.................... ................. "
H awthorn ............................
Lochloosa............................. "
Island Grove..................... ...
Orange Lake ....................... 00 1 65
Sparr' ..... ............................70601 00 1 65
Anthony Place...................
Silver Springs....................... "
Ocala.... ... ............
Lake W eir............... ....... "
Wildwood ................ ...... "
L eesb u rg .............................. ...... .... ... ... .. . ... ...... .....


\-~s~B~C~i~ 'T~g~E~S~ ~G~EE- ~"

-- -C----~--~- ~

~ E qg IcaH 2k





The steamships of this company are appointed to
and from SAVANNAH for BALTIMORE, as follows:
Monday, July 3d, at9 a. m.
Saturday, July 8th, at 1 p. m.
Thursday, July 13th, at 5 p. m.
Tuesday, July 18th, at 9:80 p. m.
Monday, July 24th, at 1 p. m.
Saturday. July 29th, at 5 p. nm.
Thursday, August 3d, at 10 a. m.
Tuesday, August 8th, at 1 p. m.
Monday, August 14th, at 8 a. m.
Saturday, August 19th, at 10 a. m.
Thursday, August 24th, at 2 p. m.
Tuesday, August 29th, at 8 a. m.
The steamers are first-class in every respect, and every
attention will be given to passengers.
CABIN FARE from Savannah to Baltimore, $15,
Including Meals and Stateroom.
For the accommodation of the Georgia and Florida
this company has arranged a special schedule, thereby
perishable freight is transported to the principal
points in the WEST and SOUTHWEST by rail from
Bual I more.
By this route shippers are assured that their goods
will receive careful handling and quick dispatch.
Rates of freight by this route will be found in another
JAS. B. WEST & CO., Agents.
Savannah, January 8th, 1878. 30-tf


0N AND AFTER SUNDAY, JUNE 4th, 1882, Passen-
ger Trains will run over the Waycross Short Line
as follows;
as follows; Fast Mail. Jack'lle Ex.
Daily. Daily.
Leave Jacksonville at.................. 9:00 a. m. 5:35 p. m.
Arrive Callahan at ............... .... 9:00 p. min. ..........
Leave Callahan at ......................... 9:45 a.m. 6:45 p. m.
Arrive Waycross at....................11:45 a. m. 9:15 p. m.
Arrive Jesup at .............................. 1:32 p. m. 11:25 p. m.
Arrive at Brunswick at.................. 6:10 p. m. 8:20 a. m.
Arrive Savannah at................... 3:35 p. m. 2:30 a. m.
ArriveCharleston at..................... 9:30 p. m. 8:45 a. nm.
Arrive at Augusta at..................... 5:20 a. n. 2:30 p. m.
Arrive M acon at ...................................... 7:00 a. m .
Arrive Atlanta at................... 3:40 a. m. 12:50 p. m.
Arrive Louisville at...................................... 8:00 a. nm.
Arrive Washington at...................9:40 p.. 7:40 a. im.
Arrive Baltimore at J....... e a....l.........15 pm 9:15 a. m.
Arrive New York (limited express)........ .. 3:50 p. m,
Arrive New York P. R. R............. :50 a ... 5:20 p. m.
Arrive St. Louis at...................................... 7:00 p hours.
Arrive Chicago at................. ......................... 7:0 p. m ,hours
Fast mail arrives at Jacksonville daily at...... 6:10 p. m.
Jacksonville express arrives at Jacksonville
daily at............ .................. 8:10 a. m.
To Savannah................................................... 6:40 hours.
To New York................................................ 45:45 hours.
To Washington................... .. .... 36:30 hours
To Chicago.............. ................ ........ 49:00 hours'
To St. Louis............ ........ ........................ 49:00 hours'

=. Daily Jacksonville to Charleston.
l)Daily Jacksonville to Cincinnati.
Sleeping car from Jacksonville to Savannah (5:35 p.
m. trains) Tuesdays and Fridays.
A Restaurant and Lunch Counter has been estab-
lished at Waycross, where passengers will be bounti-
fully furnished at moderate rates.
The morning train from JacKsonville to Savannah,
connects daily with through Pullman sleeper for New
Only one change of cars to New York.
Passengers going to Montgomery and New Orleans
take the evening train.
Passengers from line of Transit Railroad take the
train at Callahan.
Passengers from line of Jacksonville, Pensacola and
Mobile Railroad either take train at Live Oak, leaving
2 p. m. and arriving at Savannah at 2:30 a. m., or train
at Jacksonville, leaving at 9 a. m. and arriving at Sa-
vannah at 3:35 p. m.
Connecting at Savannah with steamers for New York,
Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore.
Connecting at Charleston with steamers for New
York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
Through Tickets sold to all points by Rail and Steam-
ship connections, and Baggage checked through. Also
Sleeping Car berths and sections secured at Company's
Office in Astor's Building, 84 Bay street, at Depot Ticket
Office. JAS. L. TAYLOR,
Gen'l Freight and Pass. Ag't.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent. [*]

TBA3 t .',S*T MIEMC':; S.
Oldest Established Bank in East Florida.
Organized in 1870 by Mr. D. G. Ambler, and
Generally Known as

SDeposits received, Discounts made and Exchange
Bought and Sold on MOST FAVORABLE TERMS.
Collections made and Proceeds promptly remitted.
Correspondents-Importers & Traders National Bank,
New York; Merchants National Bank, Savannah, Ga.
Resident correspondents of Brown Bros. & Co., Drexel,
Morgan & Co., Jas. G. King's Sons, Kountze Bros., New
York, and other prominent Bankers issuing Letters of
Credit. apr 10-tf

2O .FORTY-ACRE TRACTS, only 12 miles from Jack-
sonville; extra good land, well located, between river
and J., St. A. and H. R. R. R. Price, $10 per acre. Will
sell on monthly payments of $12.50. These lands will in-
crease in value, being located in an already prospc: ous
town, making a paying investment at small outlay.
Maps can be seen at No. 41 East Bay Street.
to nov 21, '82. GEO. R. REYNOLDS.
Jacksonville, Fla.

M. L. HARNETT, formerly BEN GEORGE, late of the
of the Marshall House. Screven House.
HARNETT & GEORGE, Proprietors.
This favorite family Hotel, under its new manage-
ment, is recommended for the excellence of its cuisine.
homelike comforts, prompt attention and moderate
rates. to sept 4,'82




Window, Picture and Carriage Glass.

Sanid and 'Eniery Papers, &c.

3000, FIRE TEST.

Johnson's Prepared Kalsomine. H
worth, Martinez and Longman's
PIepared Paints.


No. 40 West Bay St., Sign of Big Barrel
to mar 25,'83 JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

SEND $1.50 TO

35 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.,

And get a bottle of Richmond's Samaritan Nervine.
Cures Nervous Disorders, Dizziness, Vertigo, Seminal
Weakness. The only sure cure for Epileptic Fits.
to aug 20, '82

Fine Nunan Strawberry Plants. The best known
variety for shipment.
100 Planits..................................... ..................... .75
500 Plants................................ 2.00
1000 P lants........................................................... 3.00
Terms cash delivered at Express Office or Railroad,
Charleston. Address,
112 Broad Street,
Aug. 7 to Oct. 7. CHARLESTON, S. C.


Arc tots (u4 Civil Enwinelrs,

Plans, Specifications and Estimates for Buildings of
all kinds. Water Supply, Drainage, Sewerage, Bridges'
Roofs, Etc. P. O. Box 784. Room No. 12 Palmetto Block,
Bay Street. Aug. 7 to Feb. 7, 83


Has closed till NOVEMBER. Present address,
may 12, '83. MAACON, GA.

(Sent by mail, postage free, on receipt of price)
11 Boolk Formla, Containing 1-
Viewvs Each.
Souvenir of Florida, (small size)......................25c.
Scenes and Characters of the Sunny South, (small
size).,...... ......................... ..... .... ...... 25c.
Souvenir of Jacksonville,( large size)..............50c.
Souvenir of St. Augustine,(large size)...............50c.
Stereoscopic Views, per Doz. $1.50.



1 yr to April 23, '83

strawberry Plants For ale!
200,000 Choice pure Beatty's stock........$4.00 per Thousand
100,000 Pure Nunan's.............................. 6.00 per Thousand
50,000 Pure Crescent Seedlings............ 6.00 per Thousand
Terms : Cash with order.
Address. W, E. SoCUe-L,
aug 1 to nov 3, '82. Jacksonville, Florida.

A Good

Investment !


In the County of Hernando, East of Brooksville, the
county seat, and near the
Tropical :Floricda "E. :MEL,
which is now actively building, two tracts of land. The
first contains two hundred and forty (240) acres in a body;
the second contains eighty (80) acres. These tracts both
touch Upon a XLaketc of about 150 acres area; are
well timbered with pine suitable for lumber; the second
about half a mile southeast of the first; between them
lies a cultivated farm. These lands are well adapted to
Oranges and Other Fruits, being of good
soil, with little underbrush, and are easily cleared. They
were selected by Hon. TWalter Gwynn, Ex-
Treasurer of the State of Florida, and they may be relied
upon as being what is represented. These lands are in a
part of the State that is rapidly settling iup
and offer a good field either for an Investment in Flor-
ida real estate, or for orange groves and the like.
Price and terms will be so arranged as to be satisfac-
tory to the purchaser. Apply to
In corresponding, please mention this paper.
to August 29, '82.

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in

Harflwaro, Stovos, foors, Sash, BlHIls
Sugar Mills, Rubber and Leather Belting,
Steam Gas-Fitting, Plumbing J" Tinsmithing,

Agricultural Implements of all Kinds,
4i- Send for Price List and Catalogue,
to june 11 '83

.... ------ --..- l l -- -

Crockery, China, lass and Earthenware.
We have the largest and most complete stock in the State. All the Latest Novelties in Majolica and Fancy
Goods, Vases, Motto Cups and Saucers, etc. Decorated Tea, Dinner and (Chlin er Sets in a large Variety. Lamps
and Chandeliers, Fancy Vase Lamps in Majolica, Faience, Kito, Porcelain and other Wares. Wood and Willow,
Stone and Tinware. The Alnericain, Crown and Peerless Ice Cream Freezers, Water Coolers, Filters, etc.

Monitor Oil Stoves and Little Joker Oil Cans.
THE BEST IN THE WORLD. Send for Price Lists.
The best and only absolutely safe Oil Stove in the World. It is Economical, Ornamental, Convenient, Dura-
ble, Compact and Cheap. Its fuel is Coal Oil. No Dust! No Ashes! No Smoke! No Trouble! Testimonials
from those using the Stoves given on application.
Fruit Jars and Jelly Tumblers, Wine Bottles, Flasks, etc. Special inducements to the trade.
Merchants, Hotels, Boarding Houses and Bars will find it greatly to their advantage to give us a trial. Send
"- I+ ............. "5. VV ILL IN LJ 1 1:5 U I"N L r.-J Z:LJ"1J-J.,

to July 5, '83. (.Metion this paper)

Boston antl SavanRr Steamshii LinR

President and Business Manager. Secretary and Superintendent. Treasurer

Lake Geo-rge, Florida.
AFULL LINE OF FRUIT TREES adapted to this climate, including Japan Persimmons, Japan Plums
Peaches, Figs, Grapes, LeConte Pears, and over one hundred varieties of the Citrus.
OYRA-]NGCE AN&-D LEIMO(N TaREES a specialty.
Catalogue free. to apr 17, '83


J. A. BA RMN & O.,


Soutlern Fru'it arnd. vegetables a Specialty-
360 and 239 North D6elatware Aveine, Philadelphia.
to jan 6, '83 _____

JFTV' 9,; 6 DB WBSw






IFirstECaln~ d30 n ^Flxs~et t .iality

Best Butter in Tubs at 0o to 31 Cents per Pound,

2 = E3 r= 0 M .

No. 7' wVest Bay Street, - JacCsonville, Florida.
To sept 27, '82

Ocean Steamship Company of Savannah.
av.Sih and Philadelphia,

be received for passage by the Company's Ships to New York. Tickets sold by all Agents to New York via Phil-
^^Philadelphia steamers for September are appointed to sail as follows:
CITY OF SAVANNAH, September 2d, at 10:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, September 9th, at 4:00 p. m.
RAPIDAN, September 16th, at 8:00 a. m.
JUNIATA, September 23d, at 2:00 p. m.
RAPIDAN, September 30th, at 8:00 a. m.
4The Rapidan does not not carry passengers.
Days and hours subject to change, without notice. Both ships have elegant passenger accommodations.
._44-tf Agent, 13 S. Third St., Philadelphia. Agents at Savannah. _


1879. 1870.

Hickory Bluff, 46 acres, 18 acres Hammock, cleared and
enclosed with Picket fence. 200 thrifty young Orange
trees growing on the place. Bold bluff river front of over
a quarter of a mile, and steamer channel close-in shore,
and over five miles of water protection to the northwest, giv-
ing perfect security against frost. Nine miles below Jack-
sonville, and one mile from New Berlin. Can come to
city every morning on mail steamer and return in the
afternoon. A choice place for orange growing and i ruck
farming. Price, $2,500.
Also, two desirable city lots 53x209 feet, and one 70x156
feet covered with thrifty orange trees 6 years old, half
S business center. Good neighborhood (all
No. 1 West Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE.
State that you saw this in THE DISPATCH.
July 3, tf

_ ______ __ __ ~ Ir ----I--


Transhipment and extra handlIng saved. No danger
of fruit being frozen. Cars are unloaded at the steam-
ship wharf in Savannah, avoiding drayage.
Seminole, Thursday, July 27th, at 4 p. in.
-- ---, Thursday, August 3d, at 10:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 10th, at 4:50 p. m.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 17th, at 9:00 a. m.
Seminole, Thursday, August 24th, at 3:00 p. in.
Chas. W. Lord, Thursday, August 31st, at 9:00 a. im.
44-tf Savannah, Ga.

Iterchants9' Line,



FREDERICK DE BARY, Capt. Leo. Vogel.
H. B. PLANT, Capt. J. W. Fitzgerald.
ANITA, Capt. C. H. Brock.
One of the above-named steamers will leave De Bary
Wharf, foot of Laura Street, daily except Sunday, at 3
all intermediate landings.
ROSA, Capt. J. L. Amazeen.
GEO. M. BIRD, Capt. G. J. Mercier.
Steamer ROSA leaves De Bary Wharf every Sunday
at 1 p. m., and every Wednesday at 5 p. m. for above-
named landings.
Steamer GEO. M. BIRD leaves Do Bary Wharf every
Tuesday and Friday at 5 i. for same lanlinigs.
Connects at Palatka with Florida Soutlern Railroad
for Gainesville and Ocala.
Connects at Astor with St. John's and Lake Eustis
'Railroad for Ft. Mason, Yalaha, Leesburg and all points
on the Upper Ocklawaha.
Connects at Volusia with coaches for Ormond and
Connects at Sanford with South Florida Railroad for
Longwood, Maitland, Apopka City, Altemonte, Orlando,
Kissimmee, and with steamers for Lake Jessup, Salt
Lake and Rock Ledge and Indian River.
Connects at Enterprise with coaches for Daytona and
New Smyrna.
Returning, Mail Steamers leave Enterprise every
morning at 7 a. m., and Sanford on arrival of train.
Steamer Geo. M. Bird will leave Enterprise every
Thursday and Sunday at 5 a. m.
Steamer Rosa leaves Enterprise exery Friday at 5 p. m.
Ae-Through bills of lading given to all points.
The steamers of this line are all first-class in every
For further information, apply at General Ticket
Office, corner Bay and Laura Streets, Leve & Alden,
corner Bay and Ocean Streets, or on board.
W. B. WATSON, Manager.
C. B. FENWICK, Gen. Pass. Agent. Aug. 7-tf.


Several thousand Nunan Variety. Also, Crescent
Seedling, price S1.00 per 1,000, packed and shipped in
good condition. Money must accompany each order.
Address, M[R1S. A. I EA'ITY,
Aug. 7 to Nov. 6. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.




Sunsmithing done in all its branches.
Special rates n Stenc il g, Address,
to june 12'83, (1P. 0. B3ox 833.)





General Stock of Select Seeds for Gardeners.

Thle Cabbage Seed Crop of '82 is almost a complete
failure :NTortl., but I have secured a fe-w poutzids
each, of suclh select Tvarieties as are a success in. our
climate. I have a stock of Cabbage Fertilizers,
Borne /l:eal, Otton. Seed Mleal, Etco

to jan 6, '83 Jacksonville, Fla.




Agent in Orange County for TO Y S AN.D FANCY ARTICLES.
NEWSDEALERS.-We keep all the latest Daily and Weekly Papers from Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
FLORIDA LAND AND IMPROVEMENT COMP'Y Baltimore, Chicago, St. Louis, Louisville, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Charleston, Savannah and Jacksonville, and
Stake subscriptions to all publications at publication price. Orders by mail promptly attended to.

Orange Groves and Orange Lands on Commission,
june 12-tf


Soluble Ground Bone,

Combined with POTASH and MULCHING will PRE-
For sale by
Agents for the State of Florida.

AW-Analysis Guaranteed.
Send for Circulars and Price-List.
Jacksonville, March 25, 1882.

to sept 26, '82


New York and Return.

Savannah, Florida & Western Railway,
Waycross Short Line and Ocean Steamship Company.


Close connection with the magnificently appointed
every Wednesday and Saturday.
Passengers via this route will find every comfort and
convenience in this fleet of elegantly equipped steam-
ships, rivaling in construction and appointments the
finest ocean-going vessels of the day. The mixtures of
rail and water transportation-both of the best charac-
ter-combine the attractions of a first-class Summer
Excursion Route.
For tickets, engagement of staterooms and other in-
formation, apply to the office of the Savannah, Florida
& Western Railway Company, 84 West Bay Street (Astor
Building), or at the ticket office at the Waycross Short
Line Passenger Station.
General Pass. Agent.
GEO. W. HAINES, Agent, Jacksonville.
Aug. 7 to Oct. 2.

FLORIDA: FOR TOURISTS, INVALIDS AND SETTLERS (Barbour, Profusely Illustrated)...............Price $1 50
FLORIDA: ITS SCENERY, CLIMATE AND HISTORY (Lanier)...............................................................Price1 50
GUIDE TO EAST FLORIDA (Edwards), paper.........................................................................................Price 10
FAIRBANKS' HISTORY OF FLORIDA ..... ................................................................................................Price 250
GU IDE TO JA CK SON V ILLE ....................................................... ..................................................................... Price 25
TOURISTS AND INVALIDS REFERENCE BOOK OF WINTER TRAVEL......................................... Price 75
SOUTH FLORIDA, THE ITALY OF AMERICA...........................................................................................Price 25
DAVIS' ORANGE CULTURE (new edition)enlarged and improved...........................................................Price 50
MOORE'S ORANGE CULTURE (new edition, enlarged and improved).......................................................Price 1 00
ORANGE INSECTS-Illustrated (Ashmead, ................................................................................................Price 100
ORANGE CULTURE IN CALIFORNIA, by A. T. Garey, (cloth).................................................................Price 1 25
A MANUAL OF GARDENING IN FLORIDA (Whitner)...............................................................................Price 50
COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA..............................................Price 75
COLTON'S MAP OF FLORIDA (Sectional-the best).................................................................... ................... Price 1 25
NEW AND ACCURATE MAP OF ST. JOHN'S RIVER...............................................................................Price 25
McCLELLAN'S NEW DIGEST OF LAWS OF FLORIDA, (8vo sheep, postage extra)................................Price 6 00
INDEX TO THE DECISIONS OF THE SUPREME COURT OF FLORIDA...................... ..........................Price 3 00
Its Climate, Soil, and Productions, (By Samuel C. Upham).............................................................Paper .25
SAny of the above books mailed on receipt of price.
O A E RAPS.........................................................................10x0, 14c.; llxll, 17c.; 12x12, 20c.
W A RRA N TY DEEDS, per dozen........................................................................................... ..................................Price 50
Q U IT-CLA IM DEEDS, per dozen......................................................................................................................Price 50
M O R T G A G E S, per dozen ......................................................................................................................................P rice 50
NOTARIAL SEAL PRESSES, made to order.................................................................................................Price $5 00
We publish a full line of Law Blanks for Lawyers and Justices of the Peace. Price-list mailed on application.
Special prices to large buyers. Adddress

feb 12-tf






Hasbeen during the past season thoroughly tested by many of the first Orange Growers and Gardeners of the
State, and received their endorsement and approval. The material which forms the base of this Fertilizer, con-
tains potash, lime, phosphoric acid, ammonia and the other essential elements of Plant Food, making a com
plete Fertilizer. Many who have tried it with Stockbridge, Baker & Bro.'s, and other high-priced Fertilizers,
say it is equal to them in the same quantity, and has the advantage of being an Insecticide.
This Fertilizer is put up in barrels containing 250 pounds, or 8 barrels to the ton. Price $4 per barrel, $32 per
All orders with remittance promptly filled and delivered free on board cars or boats.
Gentlemen-I used one-half ton of your Fertilizer, in connection with the same amount of Baker & Bro.'s,
New York, and Bradley's, of Boston, last February, using the same quantity of each on alternate rows through-
out my grove. I find yours gave as good results as the others, which are much higher priced fertilizers-costing
$50.50 per ton for B. & Bro.'s and $51.50 for Bradley's, delivered here. I consider yours equal to either of the
others, and a great saving to the growers. Very respectfully, T. J. TUCKER.
WILCOX, ORANGE COUNTY, FLA., September 12, 1881.
LEESBURG, SUMTER CO., FLA., March 6, 1882.
GOULD & Co.:
Gentlemen-Allow me to express my thanks for the promptitude with which you have directed your
agents at this point (Messrs Spier & Co.,) to deliver to me the premium of one ton of your valuable fertilizer,
so generously offered for the best display of vegetables grown under its fostering care, I having had the honor
to win the said premium.
It was with very small hope of so substantial a reward, that I placed my vegetables among the exhibits
of our first county fair last month; but I wanted our people to know that we have at our own doors, as it
were, aFertilizer and insect destroyer better and cheaper than any of the celebrated Northern brands
Gould's Fertilizer "kills two birds with one stone," inasmuch as it feeds the plant, and destroys its enemies,
at one and the same time. I bave been testing it in the field, garden and orange grove for nearly two years, and
the result has been such that I feel independent of scale, leaf rollers, borers, and the other insect plagues, whose
name is legion, while my plants are well fed and vigorous, and exhibit the dark, glossy green of health and
For my part, I ask nothing better than Gould's Fertilizer, and at our next county fair. if I live to see it, I
mean to show yet more of its handiwork.
Yours truly, IELEN HARCOURT.
to aug 2., '82 NO. 6 W. BAY ST., JACKSONVILLE, FLA.