Citation

Material Information

Title:
Geography and Environmental History in Florida
Creator:
Jerome, Melissa
Moczygemba, Sarah Moxy
Language:
English
Physical Description:
PowerPoint

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
National Digital Newspaper Program (U.S.)

Notes

Abstract:
Presentation given by Melissa Jerome and Sarah "Moxy" Moczygemba to students enrolled in UF course Geography of Florida in Fall2018. The presentation provides a brief overview of the Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project, providing a glimpse into the digitization workflow, provides an overview of Chronicling America's functionalities, and showcases newspaper content related to geography and environmental history in Florida.
Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melissa Jerome.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Creator/Rights holder. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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Full Text

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Using Digitized Newspapers for Research Melissa Jerome, Project Coordinator, FPRDNP Outreach & Promotion, FPRDNP UF George A. Smathers Libraries Environmental History

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2 a partnership between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the Library of Congress (LC), is a long term effort to develop an Internet based, searchable database of U.S. newspapers with descriptive information and select digitization of historic pages. Supported by NEH, this rich digital resource will be developed and permanently maintained at the Library of Congress. An NEH award program will fund the contribution of www.loc.gov/ndnp National Digital Newspaper Project

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Creation of a digital version of an analog source For example: sound, image, object Why digitize? Preservation Including avoiding obsolescence Broader access Teachable Content Newspapers an excellent candidate for digitization Source: 2010 Smithsonian Digitization Plan https://www.si.edu/content/pdf/about/2010_SI_Digitization_Plan.pdf 3 What is Digitization?

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4 Our Workflow Prepare title list Select titles Duplicate reels Collation Digitize material Quality review Create backup Ingest

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5 Microfilm reel Microfilm reader/scanner 2TB hard drive Equipment

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6 Processing

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7 Title LCCN Reel number Frequency Publication location Edition order Issue date Issue date as labeled Issue present indicator Volume # Issue # Total frame count # of pgs per frame Page count published Page count filmed Missing issue Missing page #s Duplication page #s Blocked page count Delivered page count Notes Date collated

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8 Vendor Workflow Image provided by Digital Divide Data

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9 Metadata 10

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10 Why metadata? Geographical metadata Title metadata Date metadata

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1879 1933 1836 1910 11 Content Location

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International World War I Spanish American War Travel Technologies Heads of State National Governance and Elections Suffrage Movement Prohibition Sports News Presidents and their Families Ads for National Brands Nativism From The Ocala Evening Star (Ocala, FL) November 4, 1908 Retrieved from Chronicling America. From The Daytona daily news (Daytona, FL) January 8, 1910 Retrieved from Chronicling America. 12 Content

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Florida State Politics and Elections Creation of University System Travel Reports Entertainment Agricultural Reports Railways and Steamboats Natural Disasters From La Democracia (San Juan, PR) June 9, 1902 Retrieved from Chronicling America. Puerto Rico Spanish Governance Sale of Land and Slaves International News Epidemics Social/Cultural Education Politics Autonomy From The Ocala evening star (Ocala, FL) June 17, 1916 Retrieved from Chronicling America. 13 Content

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14 Access

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ChronAm is a database of historic newspapers published in the United States and its territories date range expanded to now include 1690 1963 Currently houses almost 14 million pages of newspapers contributed from 46 states and one territory chroniclingamerica.loc.gov 15 Chronicling America

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Chronicling America is fully searchable Not perfect technology Extraneous marks on page Unusual Fonts Misreading text or combining words Be patient with searches and think outside of the box Context Time period From The Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL) August 16, 1908 Retrieved from Chronicling America. 16 Optical Character Recognition

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From the Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL.) May 3,1913 R etrieved from Chronicling America. From the Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL) February 16, 1913 Retrieved from Chronicling America. 17 Known OCR Errors

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Search options: General Advanced All newspapers chroniclingamerica.loc.gov 18 ChronAm Features

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chroniclingamerica.loc.gov 19 Advanced Search

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Zoom in/out by clicking these buttons. Can also use mouse scroll Full screen view! Use these options to change page Use these options to change issue Save pdf Zoom in and clip something of interest. 20 Additional Functions

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21 About the Papers

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22 Note on Historical Language

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Vocabulary o Historic spelling o Change in terms o Typos Search parameters o Change scope to get more useful results Diversify name searches Affiliated organizations, businesses, and governing bodies 23 From the Monroe City Democrat (Monroe City, MO) August 22, 1907 Retrieved from Chronicling America. From the Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL) November 11, 1919 Retrieved from Chronicling America. Tips and Tricks

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Cite like you would any other newspaper following the guidelines of a particular style (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) o Including the date you accessed it Provide the persistent/permalink o Bottom of display viewer o Via the scissors icon in the page view Permalink is for the entire page From this page you can also download image and print How to Cite Historical Newspapers 24

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Development and the Environment in Florida Until the early 20 th century, most people lived in the north portion of Florida Post Civil development o Henry Flagler's Florida East Coast Railroad and Henry Plant's Plant System o They also built resorts and hotels Movement of people led to development of new towns/cities o Some were company towns o Turpentine, cypress, phosphate, and other industries rapidly developed during this time From The Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL) April 21, 1913 Retrieved from Chronicling America. 25

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From The Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL) April 9, 1911 Article retrieved from Chronicling America. No shortage of info about this topic for development since mid 19 th century Gov. W.S. Jennings supported drainage The availability of drained land was heavily advertised and resulted in the Florida land boom of the 1920s Damaged the ecosystem of the Everglades 26 Everglades

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From the Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL) March 18, 1917 Retrieved from Chronicling America. Europeans and Americans have been interested in the area typically trying to for farming and industry Buckingham Smith in 1847 New Orleans Times Democrat expeditions in 1882 and 1883 James Ingraham survey of Upper Everglades for Henry Plant in 1892 Hugh L. Willoughby in 1896 27

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Governor Napoleon Bonaparte Broward everglades started without any study at more than gravity. Indeed, he ran for governor From The Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL) January 4, 1905 Retrieved from Chronicling America. 28 Paradise Lost?: The Environmental History of Florida eds. Jack E. Davis and Raymond Arsenault

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29 From The sun (Jacksonville, FL) March 10, 1906. Retrieved from Chronicling America.

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30 But Who Will Pay for Drainage? From The weekly true Democrat (Tallahassee, FL) October 19, 1906 Retrieved from Chronicling America. launched his campaign without the funds to finance it. In 1905, he rammed through the legislature a constitutional amendment establishing a Board of Drainage drains, levees, ditches, and reservoirs, to establish drainage districts, and to levy and 1906, voters around the state rejected the Drainage Act amendment to the constitution, Derr (159). Derr

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Other Attempts to Reclaim the Everglades 31 From The Lakeland Evening Telegram (Lakeland, FL) May 5, 1913. Retrieved from Chronicling America. Wright Report in 1912 to the optimism of drainage boosters. These errors were especially glaring with regard to the relationship among rainfall, evaporation, and Randolph Report 1913 (McCally 149 150). End of land boom and hurricanes in 1926 and 1928 slowed development

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Tamiami Trail 32 Construction began in 1915 and finished in April 1928 Goal was to link Miami to the Tampa area through the Everglades Our papers largely support it through all stages of progress Generally optimism that it will be finished within a year or two Environmental concerns largely absent from articles on the trail Official Road Map of Florida, 1930 from Florida Memory

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33 From The Lakeland Evening Telegram (Lakeland, FL) Sept. 20, 1919 Retrieved from Chronicling America the Tamiami Trail disrupted an ecosystem of more than 4 million acres, inflicting injuries to the land, water, and inhabitants that continue to be felt today and may yet prove Lost?: The Environmental History of Florida eds. Jack E. Davis and Raymond Arsenault.

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34 From The Punta Gorda herald (Punta Gorda FL) December 15, 1922 Retrieved from Chronicling America From The Punta Gorda herald (Punta Gorda FL) April 1, 1920 Retrieved from Chronicling America

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35 Additional Topics on our Blog Bird Hunting for Plumage and the Lacey Act of 1900 May Mann Jennings & the Creation of Royal Palm State Park From The Pensacola journal (Pensacola, FL) March 20, 1921 Retrieved from Chronicling America.

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36 Social Media Links : facebook.com/ufndnp twitter.com/ufndnp ufndnp.wordpress.com pinterest.com/ufndnp www.ufdc.ufl.edu/ufndnp www.guides.uflib.ufl.edu/ufndnp Contact us! Project Team: ufndnp@uflib.ufl.edu Melissa Jerome: mmespino@ufl.edu s.moxy@ufl.edu