- Permanent Link:
- From contested to â€˜greenâ€™ frontiers in the Amazon? A long-term analysis of São Félix do Xingu, Brazil.
- Series Title:
- The Journal of Peasant Studies DOI: 10.1080/03066150.2017.1381841.
- Schmink, Marianne
- Taylor & Francis
- Publication Date:
- Physical Description:
- Journal Article
- The Amazonian frontier, shaped by developmentalist policies in the 1970s and 1980s
and a socio-environmental response in the 1990s, has historically been a site of
widespread violence and environmental destruction. After the imposition of new
environmental governance measures in the mid-2000s, deforestation rates in the
Brazilian Amazon dropped to historic lows. Many analyses of this â€˜greeningâ€™ of
Amazonia operate within a limited historical perspective that obscures complex and
still-evolving contestation among diverse actors and projects. The long-term evolution
of the frontier is illustrated dramatically in the municipality of São Félix do Xingu
(São Félix). Emerging as a â€˜contested frontierâ€™ in the 1970s, São Félix in the early
2000s lost over 1000 km2 of forest annually, but since the mid-2000s, the
municipality has entered a period of â€˜greeningâ€™. This contribution deploys a historical
political ecology framework to analyse how decades of agrarian frontier change and
land conflicts among actors on the ground interacted with shifting national policy
debates. Nearly a half-decade of field research in São Félix is combined with data
from a 2014 field â€˜revisitâ€™ to situate the current â€˜greeningâ€™ of policy and discourse
within the longer term history of frontier development, revealing positive social and
environmental developments and persistent contradictions and uncertainties.
- Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Marianne Schmink.
- Source Institution:
- University of Florida Institutional Repository
- Holding Location:
- University of Florida
- Rights Management:
- Copyright Creator/Rights holder. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.