Energy For Florida Cut Greens And Flowers

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Material Information

Title:
Energy For Florida Cut Greens And Flowers
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Fluck, Richard C.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Publication date: October 1992."
General Note:
"EES-94"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004837:00001


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FactSheetEES-94 October1992 EnergyforFloridaCutGreensandFlowers1 RichardC.Fluck2Atabout11,400acresin1990,cutgreensand EnergyFacts CutGreensandFlowers 11,400acres,0.4%ofthecroppedland. Statewide,uses2.90trillionBtuofenergy, 2.4%ofallenergyusedinFloridaagriculture. Peracre,uses265millionBtuofenergy. $43returnpermillionBtuofenergyused. flowersproductionrankstwelfthamongallFlorida agriculturalcommoditiesindirectenergy requirementsandthirteenthintotalprimaryenergy requirements.Cutgreensandflowersrequire1.5% ofthedirectand2.4%ofthetotalprimaryenergy requiredforallFloridaproductionagriculture. Statewide,cutgreensandflowersproductionaccounts for0.56trillionBtuofdirectenergyand2.90trillion Btuoftotalprimaryenergy. Theamountofdirectenergyforcutgreensand flowersproductionaccordingtoFAECMis49.2 millionBtu/acreandthetotalprimaryenergyis265 millionBtu/acre.Themajorenergyinputsforfield nurseryproductionare"othercosts"(36%),labor (34%),anddieselfuel(20%)(Figure1,Table2). Comparisonofthevalueoffieldnurseries productionwithitsenergyrequirementsshowsthat thevaluepermilliondirectBtuof$220isfarabove theaverageforallFloridaagricultureproductionof $136.ThevaluepermilliontotalprimaryBtuof$43 isapproximatelythesameasthestate'saverageof $44. 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetEES-94,aseriesoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionService,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Publicationdate:October1992. 2.RichardC.Fluck,Professor,AgriculturalEngineeringDept.,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheFloridaEnergyExtensionServicereceivesfundingfromtheFloridaEnergyOffice,DepartmentofCommunityAffairsandisoperated bytheUniversityofFlorida'sInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesthroughtheCooperativeExtensionService.Theinformation containedhereinistheproductoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionServiceanddoesnotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheFloridaEnergyOffice. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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EnergyforFloridaCutGreensandFlowers Page2FLORIDAAGRICULTUREPRODUCTION ENERGYThedatapresentedinthisfactsheetwere developedusingtheFloridaAgriculturalEnergy ConsumptionModel(FAECM),acomputermodel. FAECMusesacresofproductionorlivestock numbersandtheenergyusedtomaketheproduction inputsrequiredperacreorperheadtoquantifythe primary energyusedinFloridaforagricultural production.This primary energyconsumption includesfuels,lubricantsandelectricity,called direct energyinputs,aswellastheenergyusedinproviding allproductioninputs( indirect energyinputs). Ittakesenergytodrillanoilwell,pumpthe crudeoilout,refineitandtransportthedieselfuelto thegrower.Ittakestheenergyinthenaturalgas feedstockplustheenergyusedtoconstructthe productionplant,powertheproductionplantand drivethetrucktogetthenitrogenfertilizertothe grower.FAECMquantifiestheeightdirectenergy sources(dieselfuel,LPgas,etc.),theindirectenergy usedtomakethoseeightenergysourcesavailableand theindirectenergyusedtoprovidethirteenmajor agriculturalinputs(nitrogenfertilizer,pesticides,etc) todeterminetheenergyrequiredtoproduce agriculturalcommoditiesinFlorida. Intotal,FAECMisamodelthatpredictsallthe energyrequiredtoprovideallinputsnecessary,upto thefarmgate,forallofFlorida'sagricultural production,FAECMdoesnotaddressenergy requirementsforanytransportation,packing, processing,distributionorotherfunctionsprovided foragriculturalcommoditiesaftertheyleavethefarm gate. FAECMshowsthatdirectenergyinputsfor Floridaagriculturalproductionhaveremained relativelyconstantsince1974(Figure1).Variations areduemainlytochangesincommodityproduction levelsandachangingmixofcommoditiesproduced. Thereductionintotalprimaryenergyisdueprimarily toincreasesinenergyefficiencyofindustrial productionsystemsforagriculturalproductioninputs. Floridaconsumed66%moreenergyin1990than in1974,dueinlargemeasuretoitsincreasedhuman population.Floridaagriculturalproductionenergy, expressedasapercentageoftherapidlyincreasing Floridatotalenergyconsumption,hasdecreased sharplyfrom7.8%in1974to3.9%in1990. Figure1.PrimaryenergyinputsforFloridacutgreensproduction. TableTable2.2.Primaryenergy inputsforcutgreensand flowers. EnergyInputs % Othercosts 36.3 Labor 34.1 Dieselfornon-irrigation 19.8 Otherpesticides 2.9 Dieselforirrigation 1.3 Fungicides 1.3 Nitrogen 1.2 Electricityforirrigation 1.1 Lubricants 1.0 Insecticides 0.4 Lime 0.2 Phosphorus 0.1 Potash 0.1 Herbicides 0.1

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