Energy For Florida Woody Ornamentals Container Nurseries

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Material Information

Title:
Energy For Florida Woody Ornamentals Container Nurseries
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Fluck, Richard C.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Publication date: October 1992."
General Note:
"EES-93"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004836:00001


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FactSheetEES-93 October1992 EnergyforFloridaWoodyOrnamentals ContainerNurseries1 RichardC.Fluck2Atabout3,300acresin1990,woodyornamental EnergyFacts FloridaWoodyOrnamental ContainerNurseries 3,300acres,0.1%ofthecroppedland.Statewide, uses3.01trillionBtuofenergy,2.4%ofallenergy usedinFloridaagriculture. Peracre,uses957millionBtuofenergy. $34returnpermillionBtuofenergyused. containernurseryproductionrankstenthamongall Floridaagriculturalcommoditiesindirectandtwelth intotalprimaryenergyrequirements.Eventhough theareainproductionisrelativelysmallthehigh energyrequirementsperunitarearesultincontainer nurseryproduction'shighrankingamongallFlorida commodities.Containernurseryproductionranks thirdtofoliageproductionamongornamentalsin statewidetotalprimaryenergyconsumption. Containernurseriesrequire2.4%ofboththedirect andthetotalprimaryenergyrequiredforallFlorida productionagriculture.Statewide,containernursery productionaccountsfor0.92trillionBtuofdirect energyand3.01trillionBtuoftotalprimaryenergy. Theamountofdirectenergyforcontainernursery productionaccordingtoFAECMis282million Btu/acreandthetotalprimaryenergyis957million Btu/acre.Containernurseryproductionrequiresthe fourthhighestenergyperunitareaofanyFlorida crop(followingbeddingplants,coveredfoliageand greenhousevegetables).Themajorenergyinputsfor containernurseryproductionare"othercosts"(32%), dieselfuel(19%),labor(20%),electricity(8%),and gasoline(7%)(Figure1,Table2). Comparisonofthevalueoffieldnurseries productionwithitsenergyrequirementsshowsthat thevaluepermilliondirectBtuof$112isslightly belowtheaverageforallFloridaagriculture productionof$136.Thevaluepermilliontotal primaryBtuof$34isalsobelowthestate'saverageof $44. 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetEES-93,aseriesoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionService,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Publicationdate:October1992. 2.RichardC.Fluck,Professor,AgriculturalEngineeringDept.,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheFloridaEnergyExtensionServicereceivesfundingfromtheFloridaEnergyOffice,DepartmentofCommunityAffairsandisoperated bytheUniversityofFlorida'sInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesthroughtheCooperativeExtensionService.Theinformation containedhereinistheproductoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionServiceanddoesnotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheFloridaEnergyOffice. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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EnergyforFloridaWoodyOrnamentalsContainerNurseries Page2FLORIDAAGRICULTUREPRODUCTION ENERGYThedatapresentedinthisfactsheetwere developedusingtheFloridaAgriculturalEnergy ConsumptionModel(FAECM),acomputermodel. FAECMusesacresofproductionorlivestock numbersandtheenergyusedtomaketheproduction inputsrequiredperacreorperheadtoquantifythe primary energyusedinFloridaforagricultural production.This primary energyconsumption includesfuels,lubricantsandelectricity,called direct energyinputs,aswellastheenergyusedinproviding allproductioninputs( indirect energyinputs). Ittakesenergytodrillanoilwell,pumpthe crudeoilout,refineitandtransportthedieselfuelto thegrower.Ittakestheenergyinthenaturalgas feedstockplustheenergyusedtoconstructthe productionplant,powertheproductionplantand drivethetrucktogetthenitrogenfertilizertothe grower.FAECMquantifiestheeightdirectenergy sources(dieselfuel,LPgas,etc.),theindirectenergy usedtomakethoseeightenergysourcesavailableand theindirectenergyusedtoprovidethirteenmajor agriculturalinputs(nitrogenfertilizer,pesticides,etc) todeterminetheenergyrequiredtoproduce agriculturalcommoditiesinFlorida. Intotal,FAECMisamodelthatpredictsallthe energyrequiredtoprovideallinputsnecessary,upto thefarmgate,forallofFlorida'sagricultural production,FAECMdoesnotaddressenergy requirementsforanytransportation,packing, processing,distributionorotherfunctionsprovided foragriculturalcommoditiesaftertheyleavethefarm gate. FAECMshowsthatdirectenergyinputsfor Floridaagriculturalproductionhaveremained relativelyconstantsince1974(Figure1).Variations areduemainlytochangesincommodityproduction levelsandachangingmixofcommoditiesproduced. Thereductionintotalprimaryenergyisdueprimarily toincreasesinenergyefficiencyofindustrial productionsystemsforagriculturalproductioninputs. Floridaconsumed66%moreenergyin1990than in1974,dueinlargemeasuretoitsincreasedhuman population.Floridaagriculturalproductionenergy, expressedasapercentageoftherapidlyincreasing Floridatotalenergyconsumption,hasdecreased sharplyfrom7.8%in1974to3.9%in1990. Figure1.PrimaryenergyinputsforFloridawoodyornamentalcontainer plants. TableTable2.2.Primaryenergy inputsforFl.woodyornamentalscontainernurseries. EnergyInputs % Othercosts 32.2 Labor 20.1 Dieselfornon-irrigation 19.4 Electricity 8.3 Gasoline 7.5 Dieselforirrigation 4.4 Nitrogen 3.1 Lubricants 1.9 Herbicides 1.0 Insecticides 0.7 Electricityforirrigation 0.4 Phosphorus 0.4 Potash 0.3 Fungicides 0.2 Otherpesticides 0.1 Lime 0.1

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