Energy For Florida Corn For Grain

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Material Information

Title:
Energy For Florida Corn For Grain
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Fluck, Richard C.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Publication date: October 1992."
General Note:
"EES-92"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004835:00001


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FactSheetEES-92 October1992 EnergyforFloridaCornforGrain1 RichardC.Fluck2 EnergyFacts FloridaCorn(Grain) 105,000acres,4.3%ofthecroppedland. Statewide,uses1.83trillionBtuofenergy, 1.5%ofallenergyusedinFloridaagriculture. Perbushel,uses254,900Btuofenergy. $8returnpermillionBtuofenergyused. Cornwasgrownonabout105,000Floridaacres in1990andranksnineteenthamongallFlorida agriculturalcommoditiesindirectenergy requirementsandfifteenthintotalprimaryenergy requirements.Cornrequires1.0%ofthedirectand 1.5%ofthetotalprimaryenergyrequiredforall Floridaproductionagriculture.Statewide,corn productionaccountsfor0.39trillionBtuofdirect energyand1.83trillionBtuoftotalprimaryenergy. Theamountofdirectenergyforcornproduction accordingtoFAECMis3.72millionBtu/acreandthe totalprimaryenergyis18.1millionBtu/acre.Thisis 52,400Btu(equivalentto0.38gallonsofdieselfuel) ofdirectenergyperbushelofcornproducedand 254,900Btu(equivalentto1.82gallonsofdieselfuel) oftotalprimaryenergyperbushel.Themajorenergy inputsforcornproductionarenitrogen(44%),"other costs"(17%),dieselfuel(13%),electricityfor irrigation(6%)andgasoline(6%)."Othercosts" includessuchinputsasseed,repairs,andfixedcosts (Figure1,Table2). Comparisonofthevalueofcornproductionwithits energyrequirementsshowsthatthevaluepermillion directBtuof$37isonly27%oftheaverageforall Floridaagricultureproductionof$136.Thevalueper milliontotalprimaryBtuof$8isalsofarbelowthe state'saverageof$44.Cornproductionoccursin conjunctionwithlivestockproduction,andthis combinationexhibitsahigherproductvalueper energyinputthancornalone. 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetEES-92,aseriesoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionService,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Publicationdate:October1992. 2.RichardC.Fluck,Professor,AgriculturalEngineeringDept.,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheFloridaEnergyExtensionServicereceivesfundingfromtheFloridaEnergyOffice,DepartmentofCommunityAffairsandisoperated bytheUniversityofFlorida'sInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesthroughtheCooperativeExtensionService.Theinformation containedhereinistheproductoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionServiceanddoesnotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheFloridaEnergyOffice. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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EnergyforFloridaCornforGrain Page2FLORIDAAGRICULTUREPRODUCTION ENERGYThedatapresentedinthisfactsheetwere developedusingtheFloridaAgriculturalEnergy ConsumptionModel(FAECM),acomputermodel. FAECMusesacresofproductionorlivestock numbersandtheenergyusedtomaketheproduction inputsrequiredperacreorperheadtoquantifythe primary energyusedinFloridaforagricultural production.This primary energyconsumption includesfuels,lubricantsandelectricity,called direct energyinputs,aswellastheenergyusedinproviding allproductioninputs( indirect energyinputs). Ittakesenergytodrillanoilwell,pumpthe crudeoilout,refineitandtransportthedieselfuelto thegrower.Ittakestheenergyinthenaturalgas feedstockplustheenergyusedtoconstructthe productionplant,powertheproductionplantand drivethetrucktogetthenitrogenfertilizertothe grower.FAECMquantifiestheeightdirectenergy sources(dieselfuel,LPgas,etc.),theindirectenergy usedtomakethoseeightenergysourcesavailableand theindirectenergyusedtoprovidethirteenmajor agriculturalinputs(nitrogenfertilizer,pesticides,etc) todeterminetheenergyrequiredtoproduce agriculturalcommoditiesinFlorida. Intotal,FAECMisamodelthatpredictsallthe energyrequiredtoprovideallinputsnecessary,upto thefarmgate,forallofFlorida'sagricultural production,FAECMdoesnotaddressenergy requirementsforanytransportation,packing, processing,distributionorotherfunctionsprovided foragriculturalcommoditiesaftertheyleavethefarm gate. FAECMshowsthatdirectenergyinputsfor Floridaagriculturalproductionhaveremained relativelyconstantsince1974(Figure1).Variations areduemainlytochangesincommodityproduction levelsandachangingmixofcommoditiesproduced. Thereductionintotalprimaryenergyisdueprimarily toincreasesinenergyefficiencyofindustrial productionsystemsforagriculturalproductioninputs. Floridaconsumed66%moreenergyin1990than in1974,dueinlargemeasuretoitsincreasedhuman population.Floridaagriculturalproductionenergy, expressedasapercentageoftherapidlyincreasing Floridatotalenergyconsumption,hasdecreased sharplyfrom7.8%in1974to3.9%in1990. Figure1.PrimaryenergyinputsforFloridacorn(grain)production. TableTable2.2.Primaryenergy inputsforFloridacornfor grainproduction. EnergyInputs % Nitrogen 43.5 Othercosts 16.8 Dieselfornon-irrigation 12.6 Electricityforirrigation 6.5 Gasoline 5.6 Potash 3.9 Phosphorus 3.3 Dieselforirrigation 2.6 Lubricants 2.3 Labor 1.2 Lime 0.8 Herbicides 0.6 Insecticides 0.3

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