Energy For Florida Peanuts

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Material Information

Title:
Energy For Florida Peanuts
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Fluck, Richard C.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Publication date: October 1992."
General Note:
"EES-91"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004834:00001


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FactSheetEES-91 October1992 EnergyforFloridaPeanuts1 RichardC.Fluck2Peanutsweregrownonabout102,000acresin EnergyFacts FloridaPeanut 102,000acres,4.2%ofthecroppedland. Statewide,uses1.61trillionBtuofenergy, 1.3%ofallenergyusedinFloridaagriculture. Perpound,uses6,610Btuofenergy. $43returnpermillionBtuofenergyused. Floridain1990andrankfourteenthamongall Floridaagriculturalcommoditiesindirectenergy requirementsandeighteenthintotalprimaryenergy requirements.Evenwiththeirlargeacreage,lower thanaverageenergyrequirementsperunitarea resultedinpeanuts'relativelylowrankingsamongall commodities.Peanutsrequire1.4%ofthedirectand 1.3%ofthetotalprimaryenergyrequiredforall Floridaproductionagriculture.Statewide,peanut productionaccountsfor0.52trillionBtuofdirect energyand1.61trillionBtuoftotalprimaryenergy. Theamountofdirectenergyforpeanut productionaccordingtoFAECMis5.13million Btu/acreandthetotalprimaryenergyis16.4million Btu/acre.Thisis2,070Btu(equivalentto0.015 gallonsofdieselfuel)ofdirectenergyperpoundof peanutsproducedand6,610Btu(equivalentto0.047 gallonsofdieselfuel)oftotalprimaryenergyper pound.Themajorenergyinputsforpeanut productionare"othercosts"(28%),dieselfuel(25%), electricity(19%)anddieselfuelforirrigation(6%). "Othercosts"includessuchinputsasseed,spraying, scouting,repairs,dryingandfixedcosts(Figure1, Table2). Comparisonofthevalueofpeanutproduction withitsenergyrequirementsshowsthatthevalueper milliondirectBtuof$134isapproximatelythesame astheaverageforallFloridaagricultureproduction of$136.ThevaluepermilliontotalprimaryBtusof $43isalsoapproximatelythesameasthestate's averageof$44. 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetEES-91,aseriesoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionService,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Publicationdate:October1992. 2.RichardC.Fluck,Professor,AgriculturalEngineeringDept.,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheFloridaEnergyExtensionServicereceivesfundingfromtheFloridaEnergyOffice,DepartmentofCommunityAffairsandisoperated bytheUniversityofFlorida'sInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesthroughtheCooperativeExtensionService.Theinformation containedhereinistheproductoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionServiceanddoesnotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheFloridaEnergyOffice. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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EnergyforFloridaPeanuts Page2FLORIDAAGRICULTUREPRODUCTION ENERGYThedatapresentedinthisfactsheetwere developedusingtheFloridaAgriculturalEnergy ConsumptionModel(FAECM),acomputermodel. FAECMusesacresofproductionorlivestock numbersandtheenergyusedtomaketheproduction inputsrequiredperacreorperheadtoquantifythe primary energyusedinFloridaforagricultural production.This primary energyconsumption includesfuels,lubricantsandelectricity,called direct energyinputs,aswellastheenergyusedinproviding allproductioninputs( indirect energyinputs). Ittakesenergytodrillanoilwell,pumpthe crudeoilout,refineitandtransportthedieselfuelto thegrower.Ittakestheenergyinthenaturalgas feedstockplustheenergyusedtoconstructthe productionplant,powertheproductionplantand drivethetrucktogetthenitrogenfertilizertothe grower.FAECMquantifiestheeightdirectenergy sources(dieselfuel,LPgas,etc.),theindirectenergy usedtomakethoseeightenergysourcesavailableand theindirectenergyusedtoprovidethirteenmajor agriculturalinputs(nitrogenfertilizer,pesticides,etc) todeterminetheenergyrequiredtoproduce agriculturalcommoditiesinFlorida. Intotal,FAECMisamodelthatpredictsallthe energyrequiredtoprovideallinputsnecessary,upto thefarmgate,forallofFlorida'sagricultural production,FAECMdoesnotaddressenergy requirementsforanytransportation,packing, processing,distributionorotherfunctionsprovided foragriculturalcommoditiesaftertheyleavethefarm gate. FAECMshowsthatdirectenergyinputsfor Floridaagriculturalproductionhaveremained relativelyconstantsince1974(Figure1).Variations areduemainlytochangesincommodityproduction levelsandachangingmixofcommoditiesproduced. Thereductionintotalprimaryenergyisdueprimarily toincreasesinenergyefficiencyofindustrial productionsystemsforagriculturalproductioninputs. Floridaconsumed66%moreenergyin1990than in1974,dueinlargemeasuretoitsincreasedhuman population.Floridaagriculturalproductionenergy, expressedasapercentageoftherapidlyincreasing Floridatotalenergyconsumption,hasdecreased sharplyfrom7.8%in1974to3.9%in1990. Figure1.PrimaryenergyinputsforFloridapeanutproduction. TableTable2.2.Primaryenergy inputsforFloridapeanut production. EnergyInputs % Othercosts 28.0 Dieselfornon-irrigation 25.3 Electricityforirrigation 18.7 Dieselforirrigation 5.6 Fungicides 3.5 Potash 3.2 Labor 3.1 Nitrogen 3.0 Insecticides 2.5 Lime 2.2 Phosphorus 2.1 Herbicides 1.6 Lubricants 1.3

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