Energy For Florida Bell Peppers

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Material Information

Title:
Energy For Florida Bell Peppers
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Fluck, Richard C.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Publication date: October 1992."
General Note:
"EES-90"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004833:00001


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FactSheetEES-90 October1992 EnergyforFloridaBellPeppers1 RichardC.Fluck2Bellpeppersweregrownonabout24,000acresin EnergyFacts FloridaBellPeppers 24,000acres,1.0%ofthecroppedland. Statewide,uses2.52trillionBtuofenergy, 2.0%ofallenergyusedinFloridaagriculture. Perbushel,uses172,500Btuofenergy. $44returnpermillionBtuofenergyused. Floridain1990.Bellpeppersrankthirteenthamong allFloridaagriculturalcommoditiesindirectenergy requirementsandfourteenthintotalprimaryenergy requirements.Onlytomatoproductionrequiresmore energythanbellpepperproductionamongthe vegetables.Bellpeppersrequire1.4%ofthedirect and2.0%ofthetotalprimaryenergyrequiredforall Floridaproductionagriculture.Statewide,bell pepperproductionaccountsfor0.56trillionBtuof directenergyand2.52trillionBtuoftotalprimary energy. Theamountofdirectenergyforbellpepper productioninFAECMis24.2millionBtu/acreand thetotalprimaryenergyis113millionBtu/acre.This is36,900Btu(equivalentto0.26gallonsofdiesel fuel)ofdirectenergyperbushelofpeppersproduced and172,500Btu(equivalentto1.23gallonsofdiesel fuel)oftotalprimaryenergyperbushel.Themajor energyinputsforbellpepperproductionare"Other costs"(32%),labor(24%),dieselfuel(20%), pesticidesotherthanherbicides,insecticidesand fungicides(7%),andnitrogen(5%)."Othercosts" includessuchinputsastransplants,plastic,containers, equipmentandrepairs(Figure1,Table2). Comparisonofthevalueofbellpepper productionwithitsenergyrequirementsshowsthat thevaluepermilliondirectBtuof$199is46%above theaverageforallFloridaagricultureproductionof $136.ThevaluepermilliontotalprimaryBtuof$44 isatthestate'saverageof$44. 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetEES-90,aseriesoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionService,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Publicationdate:October1992. 2.RichardC.Fluck,Professor,AgriculturalEngineeringDept.,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheFloridaEnergyExtensionServicereceivesfundingfromtheFloridaEnergyOffice,DepartmentofCommunityAffairsandisoperated bytheUniversityofFlorida'sInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesthroughtheCooperativeExtensionService.Theinformation containedhereinistheproductoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionServiceanddoesnotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheFloridaEnergyOffice. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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EnergyforFloridaBellPeppers Page2FLORIDAAGRICULTUREPRODUCTION ENERGYThedatapresentedinthisfactsheetwere developedusingtheFloridaAgriculturalEnergy ConsumptionModel(FAECM),acomputermodel. FAECMusesacresofproductionorlivestock numbersandtheenergyusedtomaketheproduction inputsrequiredperacreorperheadtoquantifythe primary energyusedinFloridaforagricultural production.This primary energyconsumption includesfuels,lubricantsandelectricity,called direct energyinputs,aswellastheenergyusedinproviding allproductioninputs( indirect energyinputs). Ittakesenergytodrillanoilwell,pumpthe crudeoilout,refineitandtransportthedieselfuelto thegrower.Ittakestheenergyinthenaturalgas feedstockplustheenergyusedtoconstructthe productionplant,powertheproductionplantand drivethetrucktogetthenitrogenfertilizertothe grower.FAECMquantifiestheeightdirectenergy sources(dieselfuel,LPgas,etc.),theindirectenergy usedtomakethoseeightenergysourcesavailableand theindirectenergyusedtoprovidethirteenmajor agriculturalinputs(nitrogenfertilizer,pesticides,etc) todeterminetheenergyrequiredtoproduce agriculturalcommoditiesinFlorida. Intotal,FAECMisamodelthatpredictsallthe energyrequiredtoprovideallinputsnecessary,upto thefarmgate,forallofFlorida'sagricultural production,FAECMdoesnotaddressenergy requirementsforanytransportation,packing, processing,distributionorotherfunctionsprovided foragriculturalcommoditiesaftertheyleavethefarm gate. FAECMshowsthatdirectenergyinputsfor Floridaagriculturalproductionhaveremained relativelyconstantsince1974(Figure1).Variations areduemainlytochangesincommodityproduction levelsandachangingmixofcommoditiesproduced. Thereductionintotalprimaryenergyisdueprimarily toincreasesinenergyefficiencyofindustrial productionsystemsforagriculturalproductioninputs. Floridaconsumed66%moreenergyin1990than in1974,dueinlargemeasuretoitsincreasedhuman population.Floridaagriculturalproductionenergy, expressedasapercentageoftherapidlyincreasing Floridatotalenergyconsumption,hasdecreased sharplyfrom7.8%in1974to3.9%in1990. Figure1.PrimaryenergyinputsforFloridabellpepperproduction. TableTable2.2.Primaryenergy inputsforFloridabell pepperproduction. EnergyInputs % Othercosts 31.7 Labor 24.2 Dieselfornon-irrigation 20.1 Otherpesticides 6.5 Nitrogen 5.3 Lubricants 2.7 Fungicides 1.9 Gasoline 1.7 Phosphorus 1.3 Insecticides 1.2 Dieselforirrigation 1.2 Electricityforirrigation 1.0 Potash 1.0 Herbicides 0.1

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