Energy For Florida Broilers

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Material Information

Title:
Energy For Florida Broilers
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Fluck, Richard C.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Publication date: October 1992."
General Note:
"EES-88"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004831:00001


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FactSheetEES-88 October1992 EnergyforFloridaBroilers1 RichardC.Fluck2ThemagnitudeofbroilerproductioninFloridais EnergyFacts FloridaBroilers 120,000,000areproducedannually. Statewide,uses5.12trillionBtuofenergy, 4.2%ofallenergyusedinFloridaagriculture. Per4.1-poundbroiler,uses42,800Btuofenergy. $30returnpermillionBtuofenergyused. indicatedbythenumberproducedannually,about 120,000,000in1990.Broilersrankfifthamongall Floridaagriculturalcommoditiesindirect requirementsandeighthintotalprimaryenergy requirements.Broilerproductionrequires5.6%of thedirectand4.2%ofthetotalprimaryenergy requiredforallFloridaproductionagriculture. Statewide,broilerproductionaccountsfor2.17trillion Btuofdirectenergyand5.12trillionBtuoftotal primaryenergy. Theannualamountofdirectenergyforbroiler productioninFAECMis182millionBtu/10,000 broilersandthetotalprimaryenergyis450million Btu/10,000broilers.Thisis18,100Btu(equivalentto 0.13gallonsofdieselfuel)ofdirectenergyperone 4.1-poundbroilerproducedand42,800Btu (equivalentto0.31gallonsofdieselfuel)oftotal primaryenergyperbroiler.Themajorenergyinputs forbroilerproductionare"othercosts"(40%),LPgas (35%),gasoline(10%),electricity(10%)andlabor (5%)."Othercosts"forbroilersconsistsofsuch inputsasfeed,litter,capitalcostsofbuildingsand equipment,andrepairs(Figure1,Table2). Comparisonofthevalueofbroilerproduction withitsenergyrequirementsshowsthatthevalueper milliondirectBtuof$70isbelowtheaverageforall Floridaagricultureproductionof$137.Thevalueper milliontotalprimaryBtuof$30isalsobelowthe state'saverageof$44.Theconsumerispurchasinga higherthanaverageinvestedenergywhenpurchasing chickenthanwhenpurchasingtheaverage complementofFloridaagriculturalproducts.The producermayfindthatwhenenergypricesincrease, broilerswillbecomelesscompetitivethantheaverage Floridaagriculturalproduct,unlessbroilerproduction canbemademoreenergyefficient. 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetEES-88,aseriesoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionService,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Publicationdate:October1992. 2.RichardC.Fluck,Professor,AgriculturalEngineeringDept.,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheFloridaEnergyExtensionServicereceivesfundingfromtheFloridaEnergyOffice,DepartmentofCommunityAffairsandisoperated bytheUniversityofFlorida'sInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesthroughtheCooperativeExtensionService.Theinformation containedhereinistheproductoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionServiceanddoesnotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheFloridaEnergyOffice. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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EnergyforFloridaBroilers Page2FLORIDAAGRICULTUREPRODUCTION ENERGYThedatapresentedinthisfactsheetwere developedusingtheFloridaAgriculturalEnergy ConsumptionModel(FAECM),acomputermodel. FAECMusesacresofproductionorlivestock numbersandtheenergyusedtomaketheproduction inputsrequiredperacreorperheadtoquantifythe primary energyusedinFloridaforagricultural production.This primary energyconsumption includesfuels,lubricantsandelectricity,called direct energyinputs,aswellastheenergyusedinproviding allproductioninputs( indirect energyinputs). Ittakesenergytodrillanoilwell,pumpthe crudeoilout,refineitandtransportthedieselfuelto thegrower.Ittakestheenergyinthenaturalgas feedstockplustheenergyusedtoconstructthe productionplant,powertheproductionplantand drivethetrucktogetthenitrogenfertilizertothe grower.FAECMquantifiestheeightdirectenergy sources(dieselfuel,LPgas,etc.),theindirectenergy usedtomakethoseeightenergysourcesavailableand theindirectenergyusedtoprovidethirteenmajor agriculturalinputs(nitrogenfertilizer,pesticides,etc) todeterminetheenergyrequiredtoproduce agriculturalcommoditiesinFlorida. Intotal,FAECMisamodelthatpredictsallthe energyrequiredtoprovideallinputsnecessary,upto thefarmgate,forallofFlorida'sagricultural production,FAECMdoesnotaddressenergy requirementsforanytransportation,packing, processing,distributionorotherfunctionsprovided foragriculturalcommoditiesaftertheyleavethefarm gate. FAECMshowsthatdirectenergyinputsfor Floridaagriculturalproductionhaveremained relativelyconstantsince1974(Figure1).Variations areduemainlytochangesincommodityproduction levelsandachangingmixofcommoditiesproduced. Thereductionintotalprimaryenergyisdueprimarily toincreasesinenergyefficiencyofindustrial productionsystemsforagriculturalproductioninputs. Floridaconsumed66%moreenergyin1990than in1974,dueinlargemeasuretoitsincreasedhuman population.Floridaagriculturalproductionenergy, expressedasapercentageoftherapidlyincreasing Floridatotalenergyconsumption,hasdecreased sharplyfrom7.8%in1974to3.9%in1990. Figure1.PrimaryenergyinputsforFloridabroilerproduction. TableTable2.2.Primaryenergy inputsforFloridabroiler production. EnergyInputs % Othercosts 39.6 LPgas 34.6 Gasoline 10.4 Electricity 9.5 Labor 4.8 Lubricants 1.1

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