Energy For Florida Egg Production

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Material Information

Title:
Energy For Florida Egg Production
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Fluck, Richard C.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Publication date: October 1992."
General Note:
"EES-86"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004829:00001


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FactSheetEES-86 October1992 EnergyforFloridaEggProduction1 RichardC.Fluck2EggsareproducedinFloridabyabout10,500,000 EnergyFacts FloridaEggProduction Thereareabout10,500,000layinghens. Statewide,uses4.39trillionBtuofenergy, 3.6%ofallenergyusedinFloridaagriculture. Perdozeneggs,uses21,600Btuofenergy. $30returnpermillionBtuofenergyused. layinghens(1990).Layersrankseventhamongall Floridaagriculturalcommoditiesindirectenergy requirementsandtenthintotalprimaryenergy requirements.Layersrequire4.3%ofthedirectand 3.6%ofthetotalprimaryenergyrequiredforall Floridaproductionagriculture.Statewide,egg productionaccountsfor1.65trillionBtuofdirect energyand4.39trillionBtuoftotalprimaryenergy. Theannualamountofdirectenergyforegg productionaccordingtoFAECMis15.6million Btu/100layersandthetotalprimaryenergyis44.2 millionBtu/100layers.Thisis7,600Btu(equivalent to0.06gallonsofdieselfuel)ofdirectenergyper dozeneggsproducedand21,600Btu(equivalentto 0.16gallonsofdieselfuel)oftotalprimaryenergyper dozeneggs.Themajorenergyinputsforegg productionare"othercosts"(46%),gasoline(33%), electricity(7%),andlabor(6%)."Othercosts"for layersconsistsofsuchinputsasfeed,replacement pullets,housingandcapitalequipment,andrepairs (Figure1,Table2). Comparisonofthevalueofeggproductionwith itsenergyrequirementsshowsthatthevalueper milliondirectBtuof$81issomewhatbelowthe averageforallFloridaagricultureproductionof$136. ThevaluepermilliontotalprimaryBtuof$30isalso somewhatbelowthestate'saverageof$44.The consumerispurchasingahigherthanaverageinvested energywhenpurchasingeggsthanwhenpurchasing theaveragecomplementofFloridaagricultural products.Theproducermayfindthatwhenenergy pricesincrease,eggswillbecomelesscompetitivethan theaverageFloridaagriculturalproduct,unlessegg productioncanbemademoreenergyefficient. 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetEES-86,aseriesoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionService,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Publicationdate:October1992. 2.RichardC.Fluck,Professor,AgriculturalEngineeringDept.,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheFloridaEnergyExtensionServicereceivesfundingfromtheFloridaEnergyOffice,DepartmentofCommunityAffairsandisoperated bytheUniversityofFlorida'sInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesthroughtheCooperativeExtensionService.Theinformation containedhereinistheproductoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionServiceanddoesnotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheFloridaEnergyOffice. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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EnergyforFloridaEggProduction Page2FLORIDAAGRICULTUREPRODUCTION ENERGYThedatapresentedinthisfactsheetwere developedusingtheFloridaAgriculturalEnergy ConsumptionModel(FAECM),acomputermodel. FAECMusesacresofproductionorlivestock numbersandtheenergyusedtomaketheproduction inputsrequiredperacreorperheadtoquantifythe primary energyusedinFloridaforagricultural production.This primary energyconsumption includesfuels,lubricantsandelectricity,called direct energyinputs,aswellastheenergyusedinproviding allproductioninputs( indirect energyinputs). Ittakesenergytodrillanoilwell,pumpthe crudeoilout,refineitandtransportthedieselfuelto thegrower.Ittakestheenergyinthenaturalgas feedstockplustheenergyusedtoconstructthe productionplant,powertheproductionplantand drivethetrucktogetthenitrogenfertilizertothe grower.FAECMquantifiestheeightdirectenergy sources(dieselfuel,LPgas,etc.),theindirectenergy usedtomakethoseeightenergysourcesavailableand theindirectenergyusedtoprovidethirteenmajor agriculturalinputs(nitrogenfertilizer,pesticides,etc) todeterminetheenergyrequiredtoproduce agriculturalcommoditiesinFlorida. Intotal,FAECMisamodelthatpredictsallthe energyrequiredtoprovideallinputsnecessary,upto thefarmgate,forallofFlorida'sagricultural production,FAECMdoesnotaddressenergy requirementsforanytransportation,packing, processing,distributionorotherfunctionsprovided foragriculturalcommoditiesaftertheyleavethefarm gate. FAECMshowsthatdirectenergyinputsfor Floridaagriculturalproductionhaveremained relativelyconstantsince1974(Figure1).Variations areduemainlytochangesincommodityproduction levelsandachangingmixofcommoditiesproduced. Thereductionintotalprimaryenergyisdueprimarily toincreasesinenergyefficiencyofindustrial productionsystemsforagriculturalproductioninputs. Floridaconsumed66%moreenergyin1990than in1974,dueinlargemeasuretoitsincreasedhuman population.Floridaagriculturalproductionenergy, expressedasapercentageoftherapidlyincreasing Floridatotalenergyconsumption,hasdecreased sharplyfrom7.8%in1974to3.9%in1990. Figure1.PrimaryenergyinputsforFloridaeggproduction. TableTable2.2.Primaryenergy inputsforFloridaegg production. EnergyInputs % Othercosts 46.5 Gasoline 33.0 Electricity 6.6 Labor 5.9 Diesel 4.1 Lubricants 3.7 Veterinaryandmedicines 0.1

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