Energy For Florida Field Nurseries

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Material Information

Title:
Energy For Florida Field Nurseries
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Fluck, Richard C.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Publication date: October 1992."
General Note:
"EES-84"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004827:00001


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FactSheetEES-84 October1992 EnergyforFloridaFieldNurseries1 RichardC.Fluck2Atabout16,000acresinproductionin1990, EnergyFacts FloridaFieldNurseries 16,000acres,0.7%ofthecroppedland. Statewide,uses1.77trillionBtuofenergy, 1.4%ofallenergyusedinFloridaagriculture. Peracre,uses114millionBtuofenergy. $78returnpermillionBtuofenergyused. woodyornamentalplantfieldnurseryproduction rankseleventhamongallFloridaagricultural commoditiesindirectandsixteenthintotalprimary energyrequirements.Eventhoughtheacreagein fieldnurseriesisrelativelylow,thehighenergy requirementsperunitarearesultinfieldnursery production'shighstatewiderankings.Fieldnursery productionranksfourthamongornamentalsin statewideenergyconsumption,behindfoliage, beddingplantsandwoodyornamentalcontainer nurseries.Fieldnurseriesrequire1.5%ofthedirect and1.4%ofthetotalprimaryenergyrequiredforall Floridaproductionagriculture.Statewide,field nurseryproductionaccountsfor0.60trillionBtuof directenergyand1.77trillionBtuoftotalprimary energy. Theamountofdirectenergyforfieldnursery productioninFAECMis37.5millionBtu/acreand thetotalprimaryenergyis114millionBtu/acre.The majorenergyinputsforfieldnurseryproductionare dieselfuel(23%),"othercosts"(23%),labor(20%), dieselfuelforirrigation(13%),gasoline(9%)and nitrogen(7%)."Othercosts"includessuchinputsas plantsandseed,depreciablecapitalcosts,peat,soil, containers,seed,andrepairs(Figure1,Table2). Comparisonofthevalueoffieldnurseries productionwithitsenergyrequirementsshowsthat thevaluepermilliondirectBtuof$229isfarabove theaverageforallFloridaagricultureproductionof $136.ThevaluepermilliontotalprimaryBtuof$78 isalsomuchabovethestate'saverageof$44.The consumerispurchasinglessenergyperdollarwhen purchasingfieldnurseryproductsthanwhen purchasingtheaveragecomplementofFlorida agriculturalproducts. 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetEES-84,aseriesoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionService,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Publicationdate:October1992. 2.RichardC.Fluck,Professor,AgriculturalEngineeringDept.,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheFloridaEnergyExtensionServicereceivesfundingfromtheFloridaEnergyOffice,DepartmentofCommunityAffairsandisoperated bytheUniversityofFlorida'sInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesthroughtheCooperativeExtensionService.Theinformation containedhereinistheproductoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionServiceanddoesnotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheFloridaEnergyOffice. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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EnergyforFloridaFieldNurseries Page2FLORIDAAGRICULTUREPRODUCTION ENERGYThedatapresentedinthisfactsheetwere developedusingtheFloridaAgriculturalEnergy ConsumptionModel(FAECM),acomputermodel. FAECMusesacresofproductionorlivestock numbersandtheenergyusedtomaketheproduction inputsrequiredperacreorperheadtoquantifythe primary energyusedinFloridaforagricultural production.This primary energyconsumption includesfuels,lubricantsandelectricity,called direct energyinputs,aswellastheenergyusedinproviding allproductioninputs( indirect energyinputs). Ittakesenergytodrillanoilwell,pumpthe crudeoilout,refineitandtransportthedieselfuelto thegrower.Ittakestheenergyinthenaturalgas feedstockplustheenergyusedtoconstructthe productionplant,powertheproductionplantand drivethetrucktogetthenitrogenfertilizertothe grower.FAECMquantifiestheeightdirectenergy sources(dieselfuel,LPgas,etc.),theindirectenergy usedtomakethoseeightenergysourcesavailableand theindirectenergyusedtoprovidethirteenmajor agriculturalinputs(nitrogenfertilizer,pesticides,etc) todeterminetheenergyrequiredtoproduce agriculturalcommoditiesinFlorida. Intotal,FAECMisamodelthatpredictsallthe energyrequiredtoprovideallinputsnecessary,upto thefarmgate,forallofFlorida'sagricultural production,FAECMdoesnotaddressenergy requirementsforanytransportation,packing, processing,distributionorotherfunctionsprovided foragriculturalcommoditiesaftertheyleavethefarm gate. FAECMshowsthatdirectenergyinputsfor Floridaagriculturalproductionhaveremained relativelyconstantsince1974(Figure1).Variations areduemainlytochangesincommodityproduction levelsandachangingmixofcommoditiesproduced. Thereductionintotalprimaryenergyisdueprimarily toincreasesinenergyefficiencyofindustrial productionsystemsforagriculturalproductioninputs. Floridaconsumed66%moreenergyin1990than in1974,dueinlargemeasuretoitsincreasedhuman population.Floridaagriculturalproductionenergy, expressedasapercentageoftherapidlyincreasing Floridatotalenergyconsumption,hasdecreased sharplyfrom7.8%in1974to3.9%in1990. Figure1.PrimaryenergyinputsforFloridafieldnursuries.

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EnergyforFloridaFieldNurseries Page3 TableTable2.2.Primaryenergyinputsfor Floridafoliageproduction. EnergyInputs % Dieselfornon-irrigation 23.3 OtherCosts 23.1 Labor 19.7 Gasoline 8.8 Electricityfornon-irrigation 5.6 Nitrogen 6.9 Dieselforirrigation 3.1 Electricityforirrigation 2.6 Lubricants 2.2 Phosphorous 1.6 Potash 1.2 Herbicides 0.7 Insecticides 0.5 Lime 0.4 Fungicides 0.1 OtherPesticides 0.1