Energy For Florida Beef

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Material Information

Title:
Energy For Florida Beef
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Fluck, Richard C.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Publication date: October 1992."
General Note:
"EES-83"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004826:00001


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FactSheetEES-83 October1992 EnergyforFloridaBeef1 RichardC.Fluck2 EnergyFacts FloridaBeef Morethan5millionacres ofpasture. Statewide,uses 10.7trillionBtu ofenergy, 8.7%ofallenergyused inFloridaagriculture. Percow,uses 10.3millionBtu ofenergy. $37returnpermillionBtu ofenergyused. BeefproductioninFloridaisprimarilycow-calf operations.Itsmagnitudeisindicatedbythenumber ofbroodcows(1,083,000in1990)andtheacreagein pasture(over5millionacresin1990).Beefranks fourthafteroranges,foliageandgrapefruitamongall Floridaagriculturalcommoditiesindirectenergy requirements.Itranksthirdonlytoorangesand foliageintotalprimaryenergyrequirements.Beef productionrequiresasignificantportionoftheenergy requiredforallFloridaproductionagriculture,6.7% ofthedirectenergyand8.7%ofthetotalprimary energy.Statewide,beefproductionaccountsfor2.60 trillionBtuofdirectenergyand10.7trillionBtuof totalprimaryenergy. Theannualamountofdirectenergyforbeef productionfromFAECMis2.40millionBtu/cowand thetotalprimaryenergyis10.3millionBtu/cow.The majorenergyinputsforbeefproductionare"other costs"(27%),gasoline(22%),nitrogenforpasture fertilization(21%),andlabor(7%)."Othercosts"for beefconsistsofsuchinputsaslandownership,capital costsofmachineryandfacilities,andrepairs(Figure 1,Table2). Comparisonofthevalueofbeefproductionwith itsenergyrequirementsshowsthatthevalueper milliondirectBtuof$151isslightlyabovetheaverage forallFloridaagricultureproductionof$136.The valuepermilliontotalprimaryBtuof$37is somewhatbelowthestate'saverageof$44.FLORIDAAGRICULTUREPRODUCTION ENERGYThedatapresentedinthisfactsheetwere developedusingtheFloridaAgriculturalEnergy ConsumptionModel(FAECM),acomputermodel. FAECMusesacresofproductionorlivestock numbersandtheenergyusedtomaketheproduction inputsrequiredperacreorperheadtoquantifythe primary energyusedinFloridaforagricultural production.This primary energyconsumption includesfuels,lubricantsandelectricity,called direct 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetEES-83,aseriesoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionService,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida.Publicationdate:October1992. 2.RichardC.Fluck,Professor,AgriculturalEngineeringDept.,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheFloridaEnergyExtensionServicereceivesfundingfromtheFloridaEnergyOffice,DepartmentofCommunityAffairsandisoperated bytheUniversityofFlorida'sInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesthroughtheCooperativeExtensionService.Theinformation containedhereinistheproductoftheFloridaEnergyExtensionServiceanddoesnotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheFloridaEnergyOffice. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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EnergyforFloridaBeef Page2energyinputs,aswellastheenergyusedinproviding allproductioninputs( indirect energyinputs). Ittakesenergytodrillanoilwell,pumpthe crudeoilout,refineitandtransportthedieselfuelto thegrower.Ittakestheenergyinthenaturalgas feedstockplustheenergyusedtoconstructthe productionplant,powertheproductionplantand drivethetrucktogetthenitrogenfertilizertothe grower.FAECMquantifiestheeightdirectenergy sources(dieselfuel,LPgas,etc.),theindirectenergy usedtomakethoseeightenergysourcesavailableand theindirectenergyusedtoprovidethirteenmajor agriculturalinputs(nitrogenfertilizer,pesticides,etc) todeterminetheenergyrequiredtoproduce agriculturalcommoditiesinFlorida. Intotal,FAECMisamodelthatpredictsallthe energyrequiredtoprovideallinputsnecessary,upto thefarmgate,forallofFlorida'sagricultural production,FAECMdoesnotaddressenergy requirementsforanytransportation,packing, processing,distributionorotherfunctionsprovided foragriculturalcommoditiesaftertheyleavethefarm gate. FAECMshowsthatdirectenergyinputsfor Floridaagriculturalproductionhaveremained relativelyconstantsince1974(Figure1).Variations areduemainlytochangesincommodityproduction levelsandachangingmixofcommoditiesproduced. Thereductionintotalprimaryenergyisdueprimarily toincreasesinenergyefficiencyofindustrial productionsystemsforagriculturalproductioninputs. Floridaconsumed66%moreenergyin1990than in1974,dueinlargemeasuretoitsincreasedhuman population.Floridaagriculturalproductionenergy, expressedasapercentageoftherapidlyincreasing Floridatotalenergyconsumption,hasdecreased sharplyfrom7.8%in1974to3.9%in1990. Figure1.PrimaryenergyinputsforFloridabeefproduction. TableTable2.2.Primaryenergyinputsfor Floridafoliageproduction. EnergyInputs % Othercosts 26.9 Gasoline 21.9 Nitrogen 20.7 Labor 6.8 Salt&Minerals 5.1 OtherPesticides 4.7 Dieselfornon-irrigation 3.8 Lubricants 2.4 Phosphorous 2.1 Potash 2.1 Veterinary&Medicines 1.9 Lime 1.1 ElectricityforIrrigation 0.3 Dieselforirrigation 0.2

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