Metabolic Diseases Of Dairy Cattle - Acidosis

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Material Information

Title:
Metabolic Diseases Of Dairy Cattle - Acidosis
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Harris, Barney Jr.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"reviewed October, 1992"
General Note:
"DS 71"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004743:00001


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MetabolicDiseasesofDairyCattle-Acidosis1 TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanEqualOpportunity/AffirmativeActionEmployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,ornationalorigin. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/JohnT.Woeste,DeanB.Harris,Jr.,andJ.K.Shearer2Lacticacidosisoccursfrequentlyinfeedlotcattle orthosereceivinghigh-energyorlow-texturefibrous rations.Theconditionisdiagnosedasacute, subacuteorchronic.Acutecasesofacidosisusually developincattlefollowingamix-upinration formulationorfeeding.Cowsreceivethewrongfeed orthefibrousportionofthefeedismistakenly omitted.Othercommoncausesare:1)hungry gorging;2)abruptchangesinrations;and3)rations inadequateinroughage. Subacutelacticacidosisusuallyresultsfromcows beingofffeedforafewdaysduetoillnessorother unusualconditions.Symptomsusuallyobservedare stiffness,reluctancetomove,grayishfecesandlactic acidodor.Thetemperaturemaybenormalto subnormal. Thechronicformoflacticacidosisistheresultof alow-gradeinflammationorfromslightlyhigherthan normallevelsoflacticacid.Theconditioniscaused fromtheconsumptionofhighenergyrationsovera longperiodoftime.Generally,duringthesame periodcowsthentohavevaryingdegreesofdiarrhea andproducemilkwithalowerpercentageoffat. Lacticacidosiscanbepartiallypreventedby addingabufferingcompoundorbyaddingmore roughage.Avoidmakingabruptchangesinthe feedingprogram.Sodiumbicarbonateisfrequently addedtorationsatthelevelof15to20lbpertonof feed(air-dry)topreventacidosis.Acidosisisnota probleminherdsreceivingadequateamountsof roughage.Completefeedsthatarecapableof maintaininganormalfattestwillpreventacidosis. 1.ThisdocumentisFactSheetDS71oftheDairyProductionGuide,originallypublishedaspartofDS12,reviewedOctober,1992,Florida CooperativeExtensionService.Formoreinformation,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. 2.Professor,DairyScienceDepartment;AssociateProfessor,CollegeofVeterinaryMedicine,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFood andAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida,Gainesville.