Pepper Production Guide for Florida: Cultural Practices

http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ ( Publisher's URL )
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Material Information

Title:
Pepper Production Guide for Florida: Cultural Practices
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Hochmuth, George
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"August 1997."
General Note:
"SP 215"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004687:00001


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PAGE 1

1.This document is a chapter of SP 215, last printed in 1990 as Circular 102 E. SP 215, Pepper Production Guide for Florida, last printed in 1990 as Circular 102 E, is a publication of the Commercial Vegetable Guide Series, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Publication date: August 1997. For more information about how to order the complete print document, SP 215, call UF/IFAS Distribution at (352) 392-1764. Please visit the FAIRS Website at http://hammock.ifas.ufl.eduThe Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide resea rch, educat ional information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Servi ce office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service / Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences / University of Florida / Christine Taylor Waddill, Dean 2.G.J. Hochmuth, professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultura l Sciences (IFAS), University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611. The Pepper Production Guide for Florida is edited by G.J. Hochmuth, professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, IFAS. Figure 1. Raised, mulched beds ready for transplantin g of peppers.SP-215Pepper Production Guide for Florida: Cultural Practices1G.J. Hochmuth2Soil PreparationThe field should be plowed to bury old crop refuse. This reduces disease organism carryover. A soil test should be conducted to determine lime and fertilizer requirements. Lime, if required, is applied and incorporated followed by fumigating, fertilizing, and bedding. Bedding can be accomplished with various tools including a bed press, bedding disk, or a double disc hiller followed by a board to level the bed tops. The bed press should be used where plastic mulch will be laid.MulchesVarious types of mulches are available for use, depending on the season (Figure 1). Advantages of using plastic mulches include increased early and total yield, improved weed control, improved moisture conservation, better fertilizer conservation, and better fruit quality. Generally, black polyethylene mulch is used except for plantings made in the fall when temperatures are high. The use of white or white-onblack mulch is recommended for early fall plantings to reduce high bed surface temperatures that might desicate young seedlings. Silver mulches or other highly reflective mulches might have usefulness in reducing aphid populations, at least early in the season before plants become large enough to cover the mulch.WindbreaksAn often-overlooked crop protection aid is that of crop windbreaks. Several windbreak crops are available to Florida pepper growers including sugar cane, rye, and sometimes oats. Care should be taken to choose a windbreak crop that is adapted to a specific growing region. Pepper cropping patterns often dictate how close the windbreaks will be placed to each other. However, in general, close windbreaks, even between every bed, give the best wind protection and might provide some moderation of the plants microenvironment, promoting faster crop development.

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Pepper Production Guide for Florida: Cultural Practices Page 2 April 1998Establishment of a windbreak crop the previous fall will ensure enough growth to become effective as a windbreak by spring pepper planting time. Pepper beds can be established in the windbreak crop by rototilling the bed area. On seep-irrigated land, the windbreaks are usually planted on the field-ditch banks, but also can be planted in the crop harvesting roadways. When the windbreak is removed, ensure that this plant material does not clog ditches. Cereal crop windbreaks between beds can be removed by rototilling.