Venomous Snake Bite

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Material Information

Title:
Venomous Snake Bite
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Palm Beach Herpetological Society
Publisher:
un
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"ASPBHS"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004588:00001


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VenomousSnakeBite1 PalmBeachHerpetologicalSociety2STATISTICS 7000venomoussnakebitesarereportedannually intheUnitedStates. 15fatalitiesresult,placingthechanceofsurvival atroughly499outof500. Approximately3000areclassedas"illegitimate," meaningthesebitesoccurredwhilethevictimwas handlingormolestingthesnake. 85%ofthenaturalbitesarebelowtheknee. 50%aredry.Squeezingthevenomglandsto injectisavoluntaryreflex.Inthatstrikesagainst humansaregenerallydefensiveactions,itis estimatedthatnovenomispurposelyinjected abouthalfthetime.Thisholdstruewiththepit vipers.WiththeCoralSnaketheamountof venominjectedisdirectlyrelatedtothesizeof thesnakeandthelengthoftimeitholdsonto thevictim.FIRSTAIDTHERAPYThestabbingstrikeofapitvipercanbe recognizedbyoneortwodefinitepuncturewounds, andifvenomisinjectedtherewillbeintense,burning painandswellingaroundtheholes. TheCoralbitesandholds.Therewillbelittle pain,butthevictimwillbegintolosecontrolofall reflexes.Droopingeyelidswillprobablybethefirst outwardsignofenvenomation.Do Doremaincalm Rememberthatthereisan excellentchanceforsurvival,andinmostcases thereisplentyoftime. Dosuckandsqueeze asmuchvenomas possibledirectlyfromthewound.Venomis proteinandcanbetakenorallywithnoilleffects. Doremovejewelry Swellingcanprogress rapidly,sorings,watchesandbraceletscanbea realproblem. Domarkthetime Theprogressofsymptoms (swelling)isthemostobviousindicatorofthe amountofenvenomation. Dokeepthestrickenlimbbelowtheheart. Dogettoahospitalasquicklyaspossible Anti-venomserumistheonlysurecurefor envenomation,andbecausesomepeopleare allergictohorseserumitshouldonlybegivenin afullyequippedmedicalfacility. IncaseofaCoralbite,dopullthesnakeoff immediately Corals'fangsarerelativelysmall, andtheyhavetoworkatgettingvenomintothe 1.ThisdocumentwascreatedbythePalmBeachHepetologicalSocietyincooperationwiththeFloridaCooperativeExtensionService,Institute ofFoodandAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida. 2.P.O.Box125Loxahatchee,FL33470. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/JohnT.Woeste,Dean

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VenomousSnakeBite Page2wound.Therefore,thefasterthesnakeis removedthelessvenomisinjected. Doattempttoidentifytheoffendingsnake Positiveidentificationintheformofadeadsnake ishelpful,ifconvenient,butnotimeorsafety shouldbewastedsincethesymptomswillgive medicalpersonnelanaccuratediagnosis. Dogetatetanusshot.Don't Don'tcutthewound Thisalmostalwayscauses moredamagethanit'sworth. Don'tuseatourniquet Thisisolatesthevenom inasmallareaandcausesthedigestiveenzymes inthevenomtoconcentratethedamage. Don'tusealcoholorally itspeedstheheart andbloodflowandreducesthebody'scounteractingability. Don'tuseice Freezingthestrickenlimbhas beenfoundtobeamajorfactorleadingto amputation.PREVENTION Donotplaywithsnakes. Keeplandscapewellmanicured. Wearshoesaroundthehouse. Weargloveswhenweeding. Wearbootsinsnakecountry. Developthehabitofwatchingwhereyoustepor placeyourhands.ADDITIONALINFORMATIONForfurtherinformation,ortorequestaguest speaker,contactthePalmBeachHerpetological SocietyatP.O.Box125,Loxahatchee,FL.33470.