Laws Governing Use And Impact Of Agricultural Chemicals: The Relationship Of Federal, State, And Local Law

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Title:
Laws Governing Use And Impact Of Agricultural Chemicals: The Relationship Of Federal, State, And Local Law
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Olexa, Michael T.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"published 11/91"
General Note:
"FRE-78"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004580:00001


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FactSheetFRE-78 November1991TheRelationshipofFederal,StateandLocalLaw1 MichaelT.Olexa2Untilrelativelyrecentlyinthenation'shistory, pollutionandhealthregulationhavebeenlocal concerns.Whilethenationwassmallandrural, activitiesofamemberofthecommunitythat offendedorendangeredotherscouldusuallybe satisfactorilyresolvedthroughalawsuitfornuisance ortrespass.Aslargepopulationconcentrationsand heavyindustryappeared,localgovernmentsdeveloped landuseregulationstosegregateresidentialareas fromthenoisesandpollutionofindustrialandother commercialactivity.Manyagriculturalactivities, notablyfeedlotsanddairies,weresubjectedtosimilar controls. Agriculturehassinceundergoneitsownindustrial revolution,withgreatlyincreaseduseofagricultural chemicalsandfarmmachineryallowingforfargreater production.Atfirst,pesticideregulationwaslargely forconsumerprotection.Thelawsfocuseduponthe pesticideperformingaspromised.Inthissense, federalregulationofpesticideswasenactedtoprevent abusesinthenationwidedistributionofpesticides. Later,thediscoverythatuseofagriculturalchemicals couldcauseadverseenvironmentalandhealtheffects ledtoanenormousexpansioninthescopeof regulation. Inthe"environmentaldecade"ofthe1970s,a seriesofcomprehensivefederallawswerepassedto addresspressing,nationwideenvironmentalproblems. Thesenewenvironmentallawsaresobroadandso complexthatmanyfacetsofthemarestillfarfrom fullimplementationorinterpretation.Recognizing thewillandcapacityofstategovernmentstoaddress environmentalproblems,andinordertofacilitate implementationandeasetheburdenonfederal agencies,CongressallowedtheEPAtoapprovestate implementationandadministrationofthefederallaws andencouragedstatestopasssubstitutelegislationto meetorexceedthedemandsoffederallaw.Inrecent years,manystateshavegoneforwardwiththeirown pollutioncontrollegislation,someofwhichisfar morestrictthanfederallaw.Further,stateandlocal governmentshavecontributedtothetrendtowards stricterenvironmentalregulationbyenactingextensive landuselegislation.Landuseregulationsmayspecify locationswherecertainpesticidesmaynotbeused. Theresultofthesedevelopmentsisapyramidal massoffederal,state,andlocallawsandregulations. Federallawmustbefollowed,butoftenitprovides onlyaregulatory"floor"towhichstateandlocal governmentsmayaddfurtherrequirements.Because ofthemulti-layeredstructureofregulations,usersof agriculturalchemicalsshouldapproachtheareaof governmentregulationcarefully,beingcertaintolearn localandstatelegalrequirements.Althoughfederal legaldemandsareoftenmetbycompliancewithstate andlocallaws,familiaritywiththefederalregulatory schemeisalsoessentialforallagriculturalchemical usersandapplicators. 1.Thisdocumentwaspublished11/91asFactSheetFRE-78,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService.Formoreinformation,contactyourcounty CooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. 2.AssociateProfessorandAgriculturalLawSpecialist,FoodandResourceEconomicsDepartment,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences, (IFAS),UniversityofFlorida,Gainesville,Florida. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/JohnT.Woeste,Dean