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SS-AGR-70 Hay Production in Florida1C. G. Chambliss, M. B. Adjei, J. Arthington, W. E. Kunkle, and R. P. Cromwell2 The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guaran tee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication does not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Larry Arrington, Dean Forages For Hay: Brachiaria
Hay Production in Florida 2 Other Hay Crops: Fertilization: Weed Control: Weed Management in Pastures and Rangeland When to Make Hay:
Hay Production in Florida 3 Figure 1. Effects of maturity on forage protein. Figure 2. Effect of maturity on forage TDN. Hay-making techniquesEquipment Needed: The Weather and Drying Time:
Hay Production in Florida 4Table 1. Harvest schedule for various hay crops. Crop Growth stage or height Harvest interval, weeks Bermudagrass 14 18" 4 5 Stargrass 14 18" 4 5 Mulato grass 14 18" 4 5 Bahiagrass 10 12" 4 5 Pangola 14 18" 4 5 Limpograss 16 24" 5 6 Perennial Peanut (12 plus inches) 6 8 Alyceclover (just before flowering) --Oats, Wheat, Rye Boot to early head --Ryegrass Boot to early head --Red, Crimson, Arrowleaf Clovers Early flowering --Alfalfa (1st harvest at bud stage, later harvest at 1/10 bloom) Sorghum-sudan 30 to 40" --Pearl millet 30 to 40" --Soybean or Cowpea Mid-to full bloom --Hay preservatives:
Hay Production in Florida 5 Making quality hay: Forage Testing Hay Storage Figure 3. Hay tarp.
Hay Production in Florida 6 Feeding Hay Figure 4. Hay feeding ring. Using Forage Testing: Forage Testing