Community Development

http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ ( Publisher's URL )
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Material Information

Title:
Community Development
Physical Description:
Fact sheet
Creator:
Clouser, Rodney L.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"December 1992"
General Note:
"RF-AA103"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00004408:00001


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CommunityDevelopment1 TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanEqualOpportunity/AffirmativeActionEmployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,ornationalorigin. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/JohnT.Woeste,DeanRodneyL.Clouser2CommunityDevelopmentasaneducational programisdesignedtodeveloppeople'sabilitiesto createthekindofcommunityinwhichtheywishto liveandwork.Theeducationalaimofthisextension programistohelpcitizensfindthewaysandmeans toimprovetheireconomicwell-beingandqualityof living.Thisisdonebyworkingdirectlywithcitizens andpublicofficialsontopicsandproblemsthat concernthemmost. Communitydevelopmenteducationstartswhen Extensionstaffandlocalcitizensengageindeveloping aclimatewherebytheycaninteractanddeal effectivelywitheventhemostcontroversialissues. Citizensofdiversepointsofviewareencouragedto discusstheirdifferencesinacreativemanner.The educationalprocessincludestheidentificationof communityopportunitiesandproblems,establishment ofgoalsandpriorities,factcollectionandanalysis, studyofalternatives,selectionofanagreedupon courseofaction,andimplementationofthisaction. Communitydevelopmentextensioneducationenables localpeopletocreatetheirownprogramwithhelp fromvarioussourcesrealizingthatthecommunityhas therightandobligationtoacceptorrejectthishelp andadvice.RESOURCEDEVELOPMENTIntheearlystagesofaprogram,consideration shouldbegiventoastudyofresourcesavailableor potentiallyavailabletothecommunity.Program operationshouldcontinuallyevaluatetheresource situationinviewofchangingconditions. Acommunity'sresourcesmaybeclassifiedas human,institutional,andphysical.Resource developmentisconcernedwiththeefficientuseof theseresourcesinthecommunity. a.Humanresourcesarethepeopleofthe community.Humanresourcedevelopment entailsraisingtheproductivityand informationlevelofpeople. b.Institutionalresourcesincludeallservicesgovernment,schools,communication, transportation,etc. c.Physicalresourcesincludeclimate,water, minerals,andlandandtheimprovements thereon. Allaspectsofresourcedevelopmentareclosely relatedandinterdependent.Thedevelopmentof humanresourcesprovidesthenecessarybasefor successfuldevelopmentofphysicalandinstitutional resources.Adequateinstitutionsarenecessaryforthe fullestdevelopmentofpeople.Peoplewhoarebetter informedcreatemoreadequateinstitutionsandmake betteruseofphysicalresources.Utilizationof physicalresourcesinturncontributestothe developmentofpeopleandinstitutions.Thedegree towhichtheExtensionServiceisinvolvedandthe mannerofinvolvementwillvarybetweencounties.EXTENSIONWORKERROLESCountyworkersarethefrontlinemembersof Extension'scommunitydevelopmentteam.Theylive inthecommunityandhavedaytodaycontactwith thelocalpeople.Amongtheirmanyrolesare creationofawarenessofsituation,stimulatingaction, andexpeditingandfacilitatingtheuseofhuman, 1.ThisdocumentwaspublishedDecember1992asRF-AA103,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService.Formoreinformation,contactyour countyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. 2.CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida,Gainesville.

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CommunityDevelopment Page2 institutional,andphysicalresources.Anothervery importanttaskofthecountyworkeristhatof providinglinkagesbetweenthelocalcommunityand consultantswhocanhelpthecommunityformulate alternativesolutionstoproblemsandopportunities. Theseconsultantsmaybeextensionspecialists, governmentalagencypersonnelorotherindividuals withrelevantexpertise.Stateextensionspecialists plananddevelopeducationalprogramsintheirareas ofsubjectmattercompetenceforcommunityleaders, generalpublic,andextensionandotheragency personnel.Countyagentsandspecialistsworktohelp citizensbebetterabletomakecommunitydecisions, buttheydonotattempttomakethedecisionsfor them,nortopromotetheirownfavoredsolutionsto theproblems.FREEXTENSIONOFFERINGSExtensionspecialistscanassistincommunity developmenteffortsbyprovidingaframeworkfor analyzingcommunityproblems.Theyareskilledat providinginformationandstimulatingdiscussionon local,state,andnationalissueswhereactionmustbe takenbyagrouporpublicbody.Inaddition, communitydevelopmentspecialistswithintheFood andResourceEconomicsDepartmentarepreparedto offertechnicalexpertiseonanumberofspecific problemareas,includingprogramsto: 1.Improvetheunderstandingofthe community'seconomicbase,includingthe roleoftheagriculturalsector,andtoincrease thecapacityofcitizensanddecision-makers inFloridacommunitiestounderstandand anticipatetheeconomicconsequencesof growthandchange. 2.Provideinformationontheeconomic implicationstoberealizedfromalternative usesofFlorida'slandresource,particularlyas theyrelatetoagriculture. 3.Assistonmatterspertainingtowaterandthe environmentthroughinformationand interpretationofregulations,provisionof inputtothosemakingtheregulations,and castingoftheproblemsinadecision-making frameworkforconsiderationbycitizens, agencypersonnelandelectedofficials. 4.Provideeconomicinformationonselected communityservicesandfacilitiestoenable FloridaCommunitiestobetterplanand deliverthoseservices. 5.Workwithgovernmentleadersonmattersof stateandlocalgovernmentfinanceincluding theprovisionofacomputersearchoffederal programsavailabletocommunitiesfor assistanceonspecificproblems. 6.Assistinidentificationandtrainingoflocal communityleaders. 7.Provideeconomiceducationmaterialsand programsonfarmproductionandmarketing forthesmall,limitedresourcefarmer. Floridacommunitiesandruralareasare experiencingrapidsocio-economicchange. Communitychange,byitsverynature,creates problemsandaneedforinformation.Peopleneed informationwhichwillimprovetheirunderstanding andincreasetheirabilitytocopewiththechanges occurringinthecommunity.Severalofthese educationalprogramsdescribedabovearedesignedto meettheneedsofcommunitiesexperiencingchange. Thecountyextensionworkercangreatlyassistall oftheseprogrameffortsbycommunicating communityissuestothespecialistandbyproviding accesstocommunityleaders,civicorganizations,local agencies,publicofficialsandothersrequiring assistance. FormoreinformationonCRDprogramscontact: FoodandResourceEconomicsDepartment P.O.Box110240 McCartyHall UniversityofFlorida Gainesville32611