Understanding Swine Feeding Programs

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Material Information

Title:
Understanding Swine Feeding Programs
Physical Description:
Fact Sheet
Creator:
Myer, Robert O.
Publisher:
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status:
Published
General Note:
"Original publication date July 2000. Reviewed September 2007 and November 2010."
General Note:
"AS 45"

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00003760:00001


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Full Text

PAGE 1

R. O. Myer and W. R. Walker2 Nutrients commonly added to grain for swine rations Protein (amino acids) Vitamins: Calcium Vitamin A Phosphorus Vitamin D Salt Vitamin E Trace minerals: Vitamin K Zinc Riboflavin Iron Niacin Manganese Pantothenic acid Copper Choline Iodine Vitamin B12 Selenium (Biotin) ** (Folic Acid) ** **Sometimes added.

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Understanding Swine Feeding Programs 2 Major systems of supplying feed nutrients in swine rations. Ground grain + Protein Source + Calcuim and Phosphorus Sources + Salt + Vitamin Premix + Trace mineral premix Ground grain + Protein Source + Mineral and Vitamin Basemix Ground grain + Complete Supplement Complete Mixed Ration (i.e. 16% swine grower) 1.Vitamin and trace mineral premixes may be purchased as one premix. 2.Optional ingredients, (i.e. medications), may be included in the first three systems above be sure to follow label mixing directions. 3.Basemix may include separately packaged vitamins. 4.Booster packs may be required for some ration types, especially for the basemix and complete supplement systems follow manufacturers' directions.

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Understanding Swine Feeding Programs 3 Guaranteed analysis and ingredients of 40% hog supplement (complete supplement). Crude protein, min. 40.00% Crude fat, min. 1.50% Crude fiber, max. 10.00% Calcium (Ca). min. 3.25% Calcium (Ca). max. 4.25% Phosphorus (P), min. 1.25% Salt (NaCl), max. 3.25% Salt (NaCl), min. 2.75% Total added mineral indredients, max. 9.00% Soybean meal, meat and bone scraps, dehydrated alfalfa meal, wheat middlings, riboflavin supplement, vitamin A palmitate, niacin, D-pantothenic acid, choline chloride, cane molasses, D-activated animal sterol (Vitamin D3), vitamin B12 supplement, salt, defluorinated phosphate, ground limestone, manganous oxide, magnesium oxide, copper sulfate, sodium selenite, cobalt carbonate, ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, and calcium iodate. 16%14% Be sure to follow manufacturers' directions

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Understanding Swine Feeding Programs 4 Guaranteed analysis and ingredients of 40% hog supplement (complete supplement). Ingredients (grower) (finisher) Ground yellow corn (or other grain) 1,550 lbs1,650 lbs Supplement 450 lbs 350 lbs Total 2,000 lbs2,000 lbs When using the commercially available products be sure to follow manufacturers' directions to ensure proper diet mixing for each class of swine

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Understanding Swine Feeding Programs 5 Example swine mineral-vitamin basemix. Calcium (Ca) Minimum 21.50% Calcium (Ca) Maximum 25.50% Phosphorus (P) Minimum 10.00% Salt (NaCl) Minimum 13.75% Salt (NaCl) Maximum 16.50% Fluorine (F) Maximum 0.10% Cobalt (Co) Minimum 0.01% Copper (Cu) Minimum 0.16% Iodine (I) Minimum 0.009% Iron (Fe) Minimum 0.42% Magnesium (Mg) Minimum 0.54% Manganese (Mn) Minimum 0.22% Potassium (K) Minimum 0.10% Sulphur (S) Minimum 0.50% Zinc (Z) Minimum 0.42% Selenium (Se) Minimum 0.00033% Vitamin A Minimum 67,000 USP units per pound Vitamin D3 Minimum 12,500 USP units per pound Vitamin E Minimum 250 USP units per pound Riboflavin Minimum 84 mg per pound d-Pantothenic Acid Minimum 260 mg per pound Niacin Minimum 350 mg per pound Choline choloride Minimum 1690 mg per pound Vitamin B12 Minimum 0.335 mg per pound Viamin K activity Minimum 68 mg per pound Biotin Minimum 3.1 mg per pound

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Understanding Swine Feeding Programs 6 Example swine mineral-vitamin basemix. Thiamine Minimum 32 mg per pound Folacin Minimum 20 mg per pound Monocalcium Phosphate, Dicalcium Phosphate, Calcium Carbonate, Cobalt Carbonate, Copper Oxide, Calcium Iodate, Iron Oxide, Magnesium Oxide, Magnesium Sulfate, Potassium Sulfate, Manganese Sulfate, Manganous Oxide, Zinc Oxide, Sodium Selenite, Vitamin A Supplement, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Vitamin E Supplement, Riboflavin, d-Pantothenic Acid, Niacin, Choline Chloride, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Vitamin K Supplement, Mineral Oil, Iron Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Zinc Sulfate, Thiamine, Folic Acid. Ingredients 16% (grower) 14% (finisher) ----------lbs---------Ground corn (9%) 1,525 1,640 Soybean meal (44%) 415 300 Base mix 60 60 Total 2,000 2,000 Anaylsis: Protein, % 16 14 Calcium, % 0.7 0.7 Phosphorus, % 0.6 0.6 Lysine, % 0.79 0.64 To change from 44% to 49% soybean meal, subtract 12% from soybean meal and add this quantity in corn.