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Minor Vegetable Crops: Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsely

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Title: Minor Vegetable Crops: Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsely
Physical Description: Fact sheet
Creator: Ozores-Hampton, Monica
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2012

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Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "January 2012"
General Note: "HS731"

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Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00003485:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00003485/00001

Material Information

Title: Minor Vegetable Crops: Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsely
Physical Description: Fact sheet
Creator: Ozores-Hampton, Monica
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2012

Notes

Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "January 2012"
General Note: "HS731"

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00003485:00001


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Page 187 Chapter 15. Minor Vegetable Crops: Beets, Carrots, Celery, and ParsleyM. Ozores-Hampton, P.J. Dittmar, S.E. Webb, R.N. Raid and S.M. Olson BEETS BOTANYNomenclature Family Chenopodiaceae Beet Beta vulgaris Origin Beet is native to areas of Europe, the Near East, and Africa adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea. Leaves and roots (enlarged hypocotyl) are the consumed plant parts. Related Species Spinach and Swiss chard are the only other vegetables of significance in the Chenopodiaceae family. The most important crop plant in this family is sugar beet.CARROTS, CELERY, AND PARSLEY BOTANYNomenclature Family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Carrot Daucus carota Celery Apium graveolens Parsley Petroselinum crispum Origin The origin of carrot is believed to be in central Asia, perhaps in present-day Afghanistan. Celery is native to marshy sites that may be somewhat saline in areas of southern Europe and North Africa that border the Mediterranean Sea. Parsley is believed to be native to the Mediterranean area as well. Its early use was medicinal. Present day use is as a garnish rather than as a primary component of the diet. Related Species Other common vegetables in the Apiaceae family are celeriac and parsnip. This family also contains many important herbs and spices including cilantro and fennel as well as some ornamentals.VARIETIESCommon Florida beet, carrot, celery, and parsley variet ies are listed in Table 1.SEEDING AND PLANTINGSeeding and planting information for minor vegetables is listed in Table 2.FERTILIZER AND LIMEBeet Broadcast all P2O5, micronutrients, and 25 to 50% of N and K2O before planting. Sidedress remaining N and K2O four to five weeks after planting when plants are four to six inches tall. Soil test and fertilizer recommendations for beet grown on mineral soil are described in Table 3.Carrot For mineral soils, broadcast all P2O5, micronutrients, and 25% of N and K2O prior to forming beds. Sidedress remaining N and K2O in two or three applica tions during the early growth period (see Table 3).Table 1. Common minor vegetable crop varieties. Beets Carrots Celery ParsleyAsgrow Wonder Apache Floribelle M9 Forest Green (CL) Bulls Blood (tops) Choctaw June Belle Jade (CL, H) Golden Beets (yellow) Navajo Florida 683 Improved Market Gardeners (CL) Green Top Top Notch Dark Green Italian (PL) Pacemaker III Red AceCL=Curley Leaf; PL=Plain Leaf; H=hybrid 2012-2013

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Vegetable Production Handbook Page 188 On Histosol soils, broadcast all fertilizer prior to bed forming. Better P2O5 efficiency might result on alkaline mucks from banding. Supplemental N (40 lb/A) might be needed in cool winter weather or after leaching rains (see Table 4). Celery On mineral soils, broadcast all P2O5, micronutrients, and 20 to 25% N and K2O before transplanting. Apply the remaining N and K2O in 40 to 60 lb side dressings through the early part of the growing season (once at 2 to 3 weeks after planting and the second one at 6 to 8 weeks after planting) (see Table 3). On Histosol soils, broadcast and incorporate all P2O5 and micronutrient fertilizers (Fig. 15-5) prior to planting. On high-pH soil, there might be benefit from banding P2O5. Potassium should be applied in three applications (at planting and at 1 and 2 months after planting) to reduce soluble salt burn and minimize leaching losses. For crops harvested before December 1, make two applications of 40 lbs N each at 1 and 2 months after transplanting. For crops harvested between December 1 and March 31, make two applications of 60 lbs each. For crops, harvested after April 1, make two applications of 30 lbs each (see Table 4). Parsley For mineral soils with subsurface or sprinkler irrigation, broadcast all P2O5, micronutrients, and 20 to 25% of N and K2O before seeding. Top dress or band remaining N and K2O at rates up to 30 lbs/A each several times during growing season for single cutting. For multiple cuttings apply 30 lbs/A each of N and K2O after each cutting. Soil test and fertilizer recommendations for parsley on mineral soils are given in Table 3. For Histosol soils, broadcast all fertilizer prior to seed ing. Supplemental N might be needed during cool, winter periods or after leaching rain. For more than one cutting, apply additional 20 to 30 lbs K2O/A after each cutting. Soil test and fertilizer recommendations for parsley grown on Histosols are given in Table 4.PLANT TISSUE ANALYSISPlant tissue analysis data for all minor crops are listed in Table 5. IRRIGATION Beet Irrigation is critical if rainfall is low during the rapid growth period of root (hypocotyl) development. Crop water requirements (see Chapter 3, Principles and Practices of Irrigation Management for Vegetables Tables 4-6) will equal ETo (see Chapter 3, Table 3) during this stage of growth, and decrease to 90% of ETo during the final stage of production. Overhead (sprinkler) irrigation might be needed to aid seedling emergence, especially on crusting soils in dry periods. Sprinkler irrigation might also be needed at harvest to refresh plants when beets leaves are sold separately or when bunched beets are harvested. Carrots Carrots have a high demand for water dur ing rapid growth and root development, 105% of ETo (see Chapter 3, Principles and Practices of Irrigation Management for Vegetables Table 4-6). However, rates will decrease to 75% of ETo during the final stages of growth.Table 2. Seeding and planting information for Beet, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley. Beets Carrots Celery Parsley Planting DatesNorth Florida Aug Feb Aug-Mar Aug Feb Sept Mar Central Florida Sept Feb Aug-Mar Sept Mar Sept Mar South Florida Oct Jan Sept-Mar Oct Mar All yearPlanting InformationDistance between rows (in) 12 30 10 12 18-40 6 12 Distance between plants (in)22 4 1 3 6-12 drilled4Seeding depth (in) 0.5 1.0 1/4 on surface20.25 Seed per acre (lb) 10 15 2 4 1 236 8 Days to maturity from seed 50 70 70 120 75 90370 80 Plant population (per acre)1261,360 630,000 58,080 1 million+1 Population based on closest between and within row spacing2 Seed pressed in beds, not buried, and kept moist for transplant production. Transplant production takes three months in seedbed. 3 For celery, column one should read Seed per acre from transplants (lb) and Days to maturity from transplant.4 Cut and bunched via ratoon system.

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Page 189 Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and ParsleyCelery Celery water requirements (see Chapter 3, Principles and Practices of Irrigation Management for Vegetables, Tables 4-6) during rapid growth are similar to carrots (105% of ETo) with a slightly lower demand for water during the final stages of growth and development (95% of ETo). (See also Chapter 3, Table 3) Parsley Because parsley is produced for its vegeta tive growth, initial water requirements (see Chapter 3, Principles and Practices of Irrigation Management for Vegetables, Table 4 to 6) will increase from 20% to 30% of ETo to 100% of ETo (see Chapter 3, Principles and Practices of Irrigation Management for Vegetables, Table 3) at complete canopy or foliar coverage through harvest. Water stress will reduce leaf growth and development resulting in reduced yields.WEED MANAGEMENTHerbicides labeled for weed control in beets are listed in Table 6. Herbicides labeled for weed control in carrots are listed in Table 7. Herbicides labeled for weed control in celery are listed in Table 8. Herbicides labeled for weed control in parsley are listed in Table 9.DISEASE MANAGEMENTInformation on managing diseases affecting beet is given in Table 10. Information on managing diseases affecting carrots is given in Table 11. Information on managing diseases affecting celery is given in Table 12. Information on managing diseases affecting parsley is given in Table 13.INSECT MANAGEMENTTable 14 outlines the insecticides approved for use on insects attacking carrot. Table 15 outlines the insecticides approved for use on insects attacking celery. Table 16 outlines the insecticides approved for use on insects attacking parsley.Table 3. Soil test and fertilizer recommendations for mineral soils for minor crops. Target pH N lb/A VL L M H VH VL L M H VH P2O5K2OBeet 6.5 120 120 100 80 0 0 120 100 80 0 0 Carrot 6.5 175 150 120 100 0 0 150 120 100 0 0 Celery 6.5 200 200 150 100 0 0 250 150 100 0 0 Parsley 6.5 120 150 120 100 0 0 150 120 100 0 0See Chapter 2 section on supplemental fertilizer application and best management practices

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Page 190 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 4. Soil test and fertilizer recommendations for Histosol soils for carrot, celery, and parsley with target pH = 6.5 and N rate = 0 lb/A. Crop P and K indexes and fertilizer ratesCarrot P index 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 P2O5 (lb/A) 260 200 140 80 20 0 0 K index 50 80 110 140 170 K2O (lb/A) 200 140 80 20 0 Celery P index 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 P2O5 (lb/A) 260 200 170 100 60 30 0 K index 50 80 110 140 170 200 K2O (lb/A) 300 240 180 120 60 0 Parsley P index 3 6 9 12 15 18 P2O5 (lb/A) 200 140 80 20 0 0 K index 50 80 110 140 170 200 K2O (lb/A) 200 140 80 50 0 0Table 5. Plant tissue analysis for beet, carrot, and celery. Dry weight basis. N P K Ca Mg S Fe Mn Zn Bo Cu Mo Status Percent (%) Parts per million (ppm)Beet Deficient <3.0 0.22 2.0 0.7 0.25 0.2 40 30 15 30 5 0.05 Adequate Range 3.0-5.0 0.25-0.4 2.0-6.0 0.7-2.0 0.25-1.0 0.2-.05 40-200 30-200 15-30 30-80 5-10 0.2-0.6 High >5.0 0.40 6.0 2.0 1.0 0.5 200 200 30 80 10 0.06 Carrot Deficient <1.8 0.2 2.0 1.0 0.15 0.2 30 30 20 20 4 Adequate Range 1.8-2.5 0.2-0.4 2.0-4.0 1.0-2.0 0.2-0.5 0.2-0.4 30-60 30-60 20-60 20-40 4-10 High >2.5 0.4 4.0 2.0 0.5 0.4 60 100 60 40 10 Celery Deficient <1.5 0.3 6.0 1.3 0.3 20 5 20 15 4 Adequate Range 1.5-1.7 0.3-0.6 6.0-8.0 1.3-2.0 0.3-0.6 20-30 5-10 20-40 15-25 4-6 High >1.7 0.6 8.0 2.0 0.6 100 20 60 25 6 -Note: No plant tissue analysis available for Parsley.

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Page 191 Active Ingredient lb. a.i./A Trade name Formulation/A Weeds Controlled / Remarks***PREEMERGENCE*** Carfentrazone up to 0.031 (Aim) 2 EC or 1.9 EW up to 2 fl. oz. Emerged broadleaf weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down for emerged broadleaf weeds. Use crop oil concentrate or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. May be tank mixed with other herbicides. Ethofumisate1.88(Nortron) 4 SC 60 fl. ozAnnual broadleaf and grass weeds. No more than 96 fl. oz./A should be applied in a single growing season. Glyphosate (various formulations)consult labelsEmerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down. Consult label for individual product directions. Pelargonic acid (Scythe) 4.2 EC3 10% Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down treatment. Scythe is a contact and nonresidual and can be tank mixed residual preemer gence herbicides to lengthen control. Pyrazon1.95 2.28(Pyramin DF) 65 DF 3.0 3.5 lb. Use lower rate on lighter soils. If rain doesnt fall in 10 days irrigate or cultivate. Pyraflufen0.0008 0.003(ET Herbicide) 0.208 EC 0.5 2.0 fl. oz.Emerged broadleaf weeds. Apply as a preplant burndown treatment.*** POSTEMERGENCE *** Carfentrazone up to 0.31 (Aim) 2 EC or 1.9 EW up to 2 oz. Emerged broadleaf weeds. Apply as hooded application to row middles only. Use crop oil concentrate or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. May be tank mixed with other herbicides. Do not exceed 6.1 fl. oz. per cropping season. PHI 0 days. Clethodim0.09 0.13 0.07 0.13(Select, Arrow) 2 EC 6 8 fl. oz. (Select Max) 1 EC 9 16 fl. oz Perennial and annual grass weeds. In fields with heavy grass pressure or larger grass weeds, use higher rates or repeat applications 14 days apart. Use a crop oil concentrate at 1% v/v in the finished spray volume. Nonionic surfactant with Select Max. PHI 30 days. Ethofumisate0.16 0.33(Nortron) 4 SC 5.25 10.5 fl. oz.Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Consult label for rate based on table beet stage of growth. Do not exceed 96 fl. oz./A in a single growing season.Pelargonic Acid (Scythe) 4.2 EC3 10% Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Direct spray to row middles. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar applied herbicide with no residual control. May be tank mixed with several soil residual compounds. Phenmedipham0.5 1.0(Spin-aid) 1.3 EC 3 6 pt. Apply after the 4 to 6 true-leaf stage of beet. May be applied as a split application. PHI 60 days. Phenmedipham + desmedipham0.24 0.73(Betamix) 1.3 EC 1.5 4.5 Sequential application should be used at 5 to 7 day intervals. Consult label for rate based on weed size. Do not exceed 0.96 lb. ai/A per season of demedipham and phenmedipham. PHI 14 days for tops. PHI 50 days for roots. Pyrazon1.95 2.28(Pyramin DF) 65 DF 3.0 3.5 lb. Apply after beets have 2 expanded true leaves and before any weeds have more than 2 true leaves. Sethoxydim0.28 0.47(Poast) 1.5 EC 1.5 to 2.5 pt.Emerged grass weeds. A maximum of 5 pt./A applied in one season. Include a crop oil concentrate. Unsatisfactory results may occur if applied to grasses under stress. PHI 60 days. Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Table 6. Chemical weed control in beet..

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Page 192 Vegetable Production Handbook Active Ingredient lb. a.i./A Trade name Formulation/A Weeds Controlled / Remarks***PREPLANT / PREEMERGENCE*** Carfentrazone up to 0.031 (Aim) 2 EC or 1.9 EW up to 2 fl. oz. Emerged broadleaf weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down for emerged broadleaf weeds. Use crop oil concentrate or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. May be tank mixed with other herbicides.Glyphosate (various formulations)consult labels Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down. Consult label for individual product directions. Linuron0.5 1.0(Lorox DF) 50 DF 1 2 lb.A single application after planting and before crop emergence. Plant seed at least 0.5 inch deep. Preemergence and postemergence applications should not exceed 4 lb./A per season.Paraquat0.5 1.0 (Gramoxone Inteon) 2 SL 2.0 4.0 pt. (Firestorm) 3 SL 1.3 2.7 pt. Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down treatment. Apply before crop emergence. Use a nonionic surfactant. Pelargonic Acid (Scythe) 4.2 EC3 10% Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down treatment. Scythe is a contact and nonresidual and can be tank mixed residual preemergence herbicides to lengthen control. Pendimethalin0.95(Prowl H 2 O) 3.8 2.0 pt. Broadleaf and grass control. Apply within 2 days of planting before the emergence of the crop. PHI 60 days. Prometryn1 2(Caparol) 4 L 2 4 pt. Most annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Do not exceed one application. Consult label for rotational crop restrictions. Pyraflufen0.0008 0.003(ET Herbicide) 0.208 EC 0.5 2.0 fl. oz. Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burndown treatment. Trifluralin0.5(Treflan, Trifluralin) 4EC 1 pt. (Treflan TR-10) 5 lb. Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Do not apply to muck soils. Mineral soils with 2 5% organic material, apply 0.75 lb ai/A. Incorporate 4 inches or less within 8 hours of applica tion. PHI 60 days. *** POSTEMERGENCE *** Carfentrazone up to 0.31 (Aim) 2 EC or 1.9 EW up to 2 oz. Emerged broadleaf weeds. Apply as hooded application to row middles only. Use crop oil concentrate or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. May be tank mixed with other herbicides. Do not exceed 6.1 fl. oz. per cropping season. PHI 0 days. Clethodim0.09 0.13 0.07 0.13(Select, Arrow) 2 EC 6 8 fl. oz. (Select Max) 1 EC 9 16 fl. oz Perennial and annual grass weeds. In fields with heavy grass pressure or larger grass weeds, use higher rates or repeat applications 14 days apart. Use a crop oil concentrate at 1% v/v in the finished spray volume. Nonionic surfactant with Select Max. PHI 30 days. Fluazifop0.188(Fusilade DX) 12 fl. oz. Actively growing grass weeds. Maximum is 48 fl. oz./A per growing season. Withhold field flooding 45 to 60 days following application. In Palm Beach and Hendry counties a 60 day interval must be observed for flooding. PHI 45 days. Linuron 0.5 1.0 (Lorox DF) 50 DF 1 2 lb. Apply after carrots are 3 inches tall. Repeat applications may be made but do not exceed 4 lb./A. Can be applied following Stoddard Solvent provided that the applications are at least one day apart. Do not tank mix with Stoddard Solvent. Metribuzin 0.25 (Metribuizn, Metri DF, Tricor DF) 75 DF 0.3 lb. (Metri, Tricor) 4 F 0.5 pt Broad leafTotal amount applied in a season should not exceed 0.5 lb. ai/A. Apply after carrots have 5-6 true leaves and weeds are les than 1 inch in height. If needed, a second application may be made after an interval of at least 3 weeks. PHI 60 days.Pelargonic Acid (Scythe) 4.2 EC3 10% Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Direct spray to row middles. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar applied herbicide with no residual control. May be tank mixed with sev eral soil residual compounds. Prometryn1 2(Caparol) 4 L 2 4 pt. Most annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply up to through 6 leaf stage of carrot. One application of 4 pt./A or two applications of 2 pt./A. For POST control of weeds, include NIS or COC. Consult label for rotational crop restrictions. PHI 30 days. Sethoxydim0.28 0.38(Poast) 1.5 EC 1.5 to 2.0 pt. Emerged grass weeds. A maximum of 5 pt./A applied in one season. Include a crop oil concentrate. Unsatisfactory results may occur if applied to grasses under stress. PHI 30 days.Table 7. Chemical weed control in carrot.

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Page 193 Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Table 8. Chemical weed control in celery. Active Ingredient lb. a.i./A Trade name Formulation/A Weeds Controlled / Remarks***PREPLANT / PREEMERGENCE*** Bensulide 5 6 (Prefar) 4 E 5 6 qt. Broadleaf and grass weeds. Incorporate mechanically 1-2 inches deep or with irrigation 2-4 inches deep. Carfentrazone up to 0.031 (Aim) 2 EC or 1.9 EW up to 2 fl. oz. Emerged broadleaf weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down for emerged broadleaf weeds. Use crop oil concentrate or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. May be tank mixed with other herbicides. Glyphosate (various formulations) consult labels Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down. Consult label for individual product directions. S-metolachlor 0.95 1.26 (Dual Magnum) 1.0 1.33 Broadleaf and grass weeds and nutsedge. Label is a third party registration (TPR, Inc.) and authorization and waiver agreements must be obtained prior to use. Rates are based on organic matter. Pelargonic acid (Scythe) 4.2 EC 3 10% Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burn down treatment. Scythe is a contact and nonresidual and can be tank mixed residual preemergence herbicides to lengthen control. Trifluralin 0.5 (Treflan, Trifluralin) 4EC 1 pt. (Treflan, Trifluralin) 10 G 5 lb. Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Do not apply to muck soils. Mineral soils with 2 5% organic material, apply 0.75 lb ai/A. Incorporate 4 inches or less within 8 hours of application. *** POSTTRANSPLANT *** Carfentrazone up to 0.31 (Aim) 2 EC or 1.9 EW up to 2 oz. Emerged broadleaf weeds. Apply as hooded application to row middles only. Use crop oil concentrate or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. May be tank mixed with other herbicides. Do not exceed 6.1 fl. oz. per cropping season. PHI 0 days. Clethodim 0.09 0.13 0.07 0.13 (Select, Arrow) 2 EC 6 8 fl. oz. (Select Max) 1 EC 9 16 fl. oz Perennial and annual grass weeds. In fields with heavy grass pressure or larger grass weeds, use higher rates or repeat applications 14 days apart. Use a crop oil concentrate at 1% v/v in the finished spray volume. Nonionic surfactant with Select Max. PHI 30 days. Linuron 0.5 1.0 (Lorox DF) 50 DF 1 2 lb. Broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply after transplanting but before celery is 8 inches tall. Do not apply when temperatures exceed 85F nor as a tank mix with surfactants, nitrogen, or fertilizer solution. PHI 45 days. Pelargonic acid (Scythe) 4.2 EC 3 10% Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Direct spray to row middles with hooded or shielded sprayer. Product is a contact, nonselective herbicide with no residual control. May be tank mixed with several soil residual compounds. Prometryn 0.8 1.6 (Caparol) 4 L 1.6 3.2 pt. Broadleaf weeds. Apply one application during the 2 to 6 week period after transplanting. Weeds should not exceed 2 inches. S-metolachlor 0.95 1.26 (Dual Magnum) 1.0 1.33 Broadleaf and grass weeds and nutsedge. Label is a third party registration (TPR, Inc.) and authorization and waiver agreements must be obtained prior to use. Rates are based on organic matter. Sethoxydim 0.28 (Poast) 1.5 EC 1.5 pt. Emerged grass weeds. A maximum of 3 pt./A per season. Include a crop oil concentrate. Unsatisfactory results may occur if applied to grasses under stress. PHI 30 days. *** CELERY SEEDBEDS *** Prometryn 0.6 0.8 (Caparol) 4 L 1.2 1.6 pt. Broadleaf weeds. Apply once per year to seedbeds. Apply after celery has 2-5 true leaves. Apply after seedbed covers have been removed for at least one week.

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Vegetable Production Handbook Page 194 Table 9. Chemical weed control in parsley and cilantro. Active Ingredient lb. a.i./A Trade name Product/A Crops Weeds Controlled / remarks*** PRETRANSPLANT AND PREEMERGENCE *** Bensulide 5 6 (Prefar) 4 E5 6 qt.Parsley, cilantro Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Incorporate or irrigate 1 to 2 inches deep within 36 hours of applicatons. Consult label for rotation restrictions.Glyphosate (various formulations)consult label Parsley, cilantro Control emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Consult individual labels for restrictions. Linuron0.5 -1.5(Lorox DF) 50 DF 1 3 lb.Parsley Mineral and muck soils. Apply after planting and before crop emergence. Use lower rates on coarse solis. Pelargonic acid (Scythe) 4.2 EC3 10% Parsley, cilantro Controls emerged weeds. Apply before emergence of crop. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar applied herbicide. There is no residual activity. Prometryn0.5(Caparol) 4 L 1.0 pt Parsley A single preemergence application can be applied up to 14 days after planting. A second application can be made up to 30 days prior to harvest. Do not apply on sand or loamy sand. Read label for rotation restrictions. Prometryn1 1.6(Caparol) 4 L 2 3.2 pt. Cilantro Make one application after planting, but before crop emergence. Do not use on sand or loamy sand soil. Pyraflufen0.0008 0.003(ET Herbicide/Defoliant) 0.5 2.0 fl. oz. Parsley Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Plant 1 day after application. Apply as a preplant burndown treatment. *** POSTEMERGENCE *** Carfentrazone up to 0.031 (Aim) 2 EC, 1.9 EW up to 2 fl. oz.mineral and muck soilParsley, cilantro Emerged broadleaf control. Post-direct hooded application to row middles for burndown of emerged broadleaf weeds. Include COC or NIS at recommended rates. PHI 0 days. Clethodim 0.094 0.1250.07 0.125(Arrow) 2 EC 6 8 fl. oz. (Select Max) 1 EC 9 16 fl. oz. Parsley, cilantro Annual and perennial grass control. Select max is not registered in cilantro. PHI 14 days. Linuron0.5(Lorox DF) 50 DF 1 lb Parsley Apply after crops has a minimum of 3 true leaves or crop injury may result. Apply when weeds are in the 1 to 3 true leaf stage. Do not exceed 3 lb. of Lorox / acre per season. PHI 30 days. Pelargonic acid (Scythe) 4.2 EC3 10%Parsley, cilantro Controls emerged weeds. Row middles only. Use a shielded sprayer directed to the row middles to reduce drift to the crop. Prometryn 0.5 (Caparol) 4 L1.0 ptParsley An application can be made up to 30 days prior to harvest. Another application can be applied after harvest to the new regrowth. Do not use on sand or loamy sands. Read label for rotation restrictions. Sethoxydim0.19 0.28(Poast) 1.5 EC 1.0 1.5 pt. Parsley, cilantro Growing grass weeds. Decreased efficacy if weeds are under stress. Do not exceed 3.0 pt./A per season. Include a COC in the spray solution. PHI 15 days.

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Page 195 Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Table 10. Beet fungicides and other disease management products. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest ReentryM1 (copper compounds) Many brands available: Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, C-O-C-S WDG, Champ DP, Champ WG, Champ Formula 2, Champ WP, COC DF, COC WP, Copper Count N, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra, Kentan DF, Kocide DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 3000, Kocide 4.5 LF, Nordox 75 WG, NuCop 50WP, NuCop 3L, NuCop HB, NuCop DF, Top Cop w/ Sulfur 1 Varies by product from 4 hrs to 2 days Cercospora See individual labels for more details. M2 (sulfur) Many brands available: Kumulus DF, Micro Sulf, Microthiol Disperss, Sulfur 90W, Top Cop w/ Sulfur, Wettable Sulfur 1 1 Cercospora Do not apply during periods of warm weather. Do not apply within 2 weeks of an oil spray. M3 Defiant 75WP (thiram) 5.3 oz/ 100 lbs of seed 1 Damping off Seed treatment only 3 Bumper 41.8EC (propiconazole) 4.0 fl oz 16.0 fl oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Do not apply more than 4 appl/season 3 Folicur 3.6 F (tebuconazole) 7.2 fl oz 28.8 fl oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Do not apply more than 4 appl/season 3 Monsoon 3.6 F (tebuconazole) 7.2 fl oz 28.8 fl oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Do not apply more than 4 appl/season 3 Orius 3.6 F (tebuconazole) 7.2 fl oz 28.8 fl oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Do not apply more than 4 appl/season 3 Toledo 3.6 F (tebuconazole) 7.2 fl oz 28.8 fl oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Do not apply more than 4 appl/season 3 Tebuzol 3.6F (tebuconazole) 7.2 fl oz 28.8 fl oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Do not apply more than 4 appl/season 3 Tebustar 3.6L (tebuconazole) 7.2 fl oz 28.8 fl oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Do not apply more than 4 appl/season 3 Tilt 3.6E (propiconazole) 4.0 fl oz 16.0 fl oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Do not apply more than 4 appl/season 4 Allegiance FL (metalaxyl) 0.75 fl oz/ 100 lb seed 0.5 Pythium seedling blight Seed treatment only. See label for details. 4 Apron XL LS (mefenoxam) 0.64 fl. oz./ 100 lb seed 2 Pythium seedling blight Seed treatment only 4 Metastar 2E AG (metalaxyl) 8 pt 1 Pythium seedling blight Apply as a broadcast soil application and incorporate into top 2 inches. See label for directions. 4 Ridomil Gold EC (mefenoxam) 2 pt 2 Pythium seedling diseases Apply at seeding in a 7-12 band on soil over seed furrow 4 Ridomil Gold GR (mefenoxam) 40 lb 2 Pythium seedling diseases See label for specifics regarding preplant incor porated applications and surface applications at the time of planting.

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Page 196 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 10. Continued. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest Reentry4 Sebring 2.65 ST (metalaxyl) 0.7 fl oz/ 100 lb seed 1 Pythium seedling blight Seed treatment only 4 Ultra Flourish (mefenoxam) 4 pt 2 Pythium seedling diseases See label for specifics regarding preplant incor porated applications and surface applications at the time of planting. 9 & 12 Switch 62.5WDG (cyprodinil/fludioxonil) 14 oz 56 oz 7 0.5 Alternaria Powdery mildew See label. 11 Amistar 80DF (azoxystrobin) 5 oz 2.5 lb 0 4 hrs Cercospora See label for Rhizoctonia control 11 Cabrio EG (pyraclostrobin) 16 oz 48 oz 0 0.5 Cercospora Limit is 3 appl./crop & alternate chemistry. 11 Flint (trifloxystrobin) 3 oz 12 oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Gem 500SC (trifloxystrobin) 2.9 fl oz 11.6 fl oz 7 0.5 Cercospora Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Quadris (azoxystrobin) 15.4 fl oz 3.75 qt 0 4 hrs Cercospora Alternate with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Reason (fenamidone) 8.2 fl oz 24.6 fl oz 2 0.5 Cercospora Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 12 Maxim 4FS (fludioxonil) 0.16 fl oz/ 100 lb of seed 0.5 Various seedling diseases Seed treatment only 33 Monoand di-Potassium salts of phosphorous acid (See individual labels) including: Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, Prophyt, Phostrol, Rampart, Topaz (potassium phosphite) Phorcephite (potassium phosphate /potassium phosphate) 4 hrs Pythium, Rhizoctonia, Fusarium Do not exceed 6 appl/ crop. Caution should be used when applying in a management program including copper fungicides. See label for foliar, root dip and irrigation application details. 43 Presidio (fluopicolide) 4 fl oz 12 fl oz 7 0.5 Downy mildew Do not exceed more than 2 sequential applications. P Regalia (Extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis) 1% v/v 12 qt 7 4 hrs Bacterial blight Begin applications preventatively. Spray volumes should be 50-100 GPA. NC Actinovate AG (Streptomyces lydicus) 12 oz 12 oz 0 1 hr Alternaria Antracnose Botrytis Fusarium Pythium Phytophthora Rhizoctonia Sclerotinia Apply to soil through irrigation, as a seed treatment, to foliage as a spray. See label for details.

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Table 10. Continued. Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 197 Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest ReentryNC Cease (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt/100 gal mix 0 4 hrs Apply to soil through irrigation, or to foliage as a spray. See label for details. NC Companion L (Bacillus subtilis GB03) 1 gal 0 4 hrs Alternaria Fusarium Soft rot Pythium Rhizoctonia Can be applied in field, greenhouse, or hydroponically. See label for details. NC Kaligreen (potassium bicarbonate) 3 lb 1 4 hrs Powdery mildew Apply in a minimum spray volume of 25 GPA. NC Oxidate (hydrogen dioxide) 1:100 dilution 0 0 Bacterial blight Botrytis Powdery mildew See label for details. NC Rhapsody (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew See labels for details. NC Serenade Max (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 3 lb 0 4 hrs Sclerotinia See labels for details. NC Serenade Soil (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt 0 4 hrs Rhizoctonia Pythium Fusarium Verticillium Phytophthora See label for details. Soil treatment. NC Sil-Matrix (potassium silicate) 4 qts 10 gal 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew Apply at a rate of 2-4 qt/100 gal water NC Soilgard 12G (Gliocladium virens strain GL-21) 4 hrs Damping off Root diseases See label for details. NC Sonata (Bacillus pumilis strain QST 2808) 4 qt 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew For suppression or use as a preventative in a program with other registered fungicides. NC Sporatec (Clove Oil, Rosemary Oil, and Thyme Oil) 1.5 qt 0 0 hrs Powdery mildew Sporatec is a concentrated oil-based product. It requires the use of an approved adjuvant to improve spreading and sticking. OMRI listed NC Tenet WP (Trichoderma asperellum and T. gamsii) 3 oz/ 1000 ft of row 1 hr Various soilborne diseases Apply up to 7 days before planting. For organic production. NC TerraClean (Hydrogen dioxide) 1 gal/ 1000 gal of water 0 hrs Various soilborne diseases Apply as a soil treatment prior to or after planting NC Trilogy (Neem Oil) 2 gal 4 hrs Apply at a rate of 0.5% 1.0% in 25 to 100 gall water/acre or at 2 pt in a minimum of 5 GPA for low volume appls.

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Page 198 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 11. Carrot fungicides and other disease management products. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest ReentryM1 (copper compounds) Many brands available: Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, COCS WDG, Champ DP, Champ WG, Champ Formula 2, Champ WP, COC DF, COC WP, Copper Count N, Cuerva, Cuprofix Ultra, Kentan DF, Kocide DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 3000, Kocide 4.5 LF, Nordox, Nordox 75 WG, NuCop 50WP, NuCop 3L, NuCop HB, NuCop DF, Stretch, Tenn-Cop 5E, Top Cop w/ Sulfur 1 Varies by product from 4 hrs to 2 days Alternaria blight, Cercospora leaf spot M2 (sulfur) Many brands available: Dusting Sulfur IAP, Kumulus DF, Micro Sulf, Microfine Sulfur, Microthiol Disperss, Sanction, Sulfur 90W, Super-Six, Top Cop w/ Sulfur, Yellow Jacket Wettable Sulfur 1 1 Powdery mildew Do not apply during periods of warm weather. Do not apply within 2 weeks of an oil spray. M3 Defiant 75WP (thiram) 5.3 oz/ 100 lbs of seed 1 Damping off Seed treatment only. 4 Sebring 2.65ST (metalaxyl) 0.7 fl oz/ 100 lbs of seed 1 Pythium damping off Seed treatment only. M5 (chlorothalonil) Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90DF, Echo ZN, Equus 500 ZN, Equus 720SST, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN 7 0.5 1 Mertect 340F (thiabendazole) 41 fl oz/100 gal water 0.5 Botrytis rot, Sclerotinia white mold Apply as a post-harvest dip. See label for details. 2 Iprodione fungicides (See individual labels) including: Iprodione 4L AG, Enclosure 4F, Nevado 4F, Rovral 4F 2 pt 8 pt 0 1 Alternaria blight, Black crown rot See label for details. 3 Propiconazole fungicides (See individual labels) including: Amtide Propiconazole, Bumper 41.8EC, Propimax EC, Tilt 3.6E 4 fl oz 16 fl oz 14 0.5 Alternaria blight, Cercospora leaf spot, Powdery mildew Do not exceed 4 total appls. 4 Apron XL LS (mefenoxam) 0.64 fl. oz./ 100 lb seed 2 Pythium seedling blight Seed treatment only. 4 Metastar 2E AG (metalaxyl) 8 pt 2 Pythium seedling blight, cavity spot Apply as a broadcast soil application and incorporate into top 2 inches. See label for directions.

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 199 Table 11. Continued. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest Reentry4 Ridomil Gold EC (mefenoxam) 2 pt 2 Pythium seedling diseases, cavity spot Apply at seeding in a 7-12 band on soil over seed furrow. 4 Ridomil Gold SL (mefenoxam) 2 pt 2 Pythium seedling diseases cavity spot See label for specifics regarding preplant incor porated applications and surface applications at the time of planting. 4 & M1 Ridomil Gold Copper 2 lb 8 lb 7 2 Cavity spot See label for details. 4 & M5 Ridomil Gold Bravo WP (mefenoxam/chlorothalonil) 2 lbs 7 2 Cavity spot, Alternaria blight, Cercospora leaf spot See label for details. 4 & M5 Ridomil Gold Bravo SC (mefenoxam/chlorothalonil) 2.5 pt 7 2 Cavity spot, Alternaria blight, Cercospora leaf spot See label for details. 7 Endura (boscalid) 4.5 oz 22.5 oz 0 0.5 Alternaria blight Alternate with non-FRAC code 7 fungicide. See label for directions. 7 & 11 Pristine (boscalid/pyraclostrobin) 10.5 oz 63 oz 0 0.5 Various (see label) Limit is 6 appl/crop and alternate chemistry. 9 & 12 Switch 62.5WDG (cyprodinil/fludioxonil) 14 oz 56 oz 7 0.5 Alternaria blight, Powdery mildew See label. 11 Amistar 80DF (azoxystrobin) 5 oz or 0.25 oz/1000 row ft 20 oz 0 4 hrs Various (see label) Do not exceed 1 sequential and 4 total appl. of Amistar or other Qol fungicides. See label for soil appl. 11 Cabrio EG (pyraclostrobin) 12 oz 48 oz 0 0.5 Alternaria blight, Cercospora leaf spot Do not exceed 2 sequential and 4 total appls. of Cabrio or other Qol fungicides. 11 Flint (trifloxystrobin) 3 oz 12 oz 7 0.5 Various (see label) Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Gem 500SC (trifloxystrobin) 2.9 fl oz 11.6 fl oz 7 0.5 Various (see label) Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Heritage (azoxystrobin) 10.5 oz 4 lb 0 4 hrs Various (see label) Do not apply more than 3 sequential applications without altenating to a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Quadris (azoxystrobin) 15.4 fl oz or 0.8 fl oz/1000 row ft 3.75 qt 0 4 hrs Various (see label) Do not exceed 1 sequential and 4 total appl. of Quadris or other Qol fungicides. See label for soil applications. 11 & M5 Quadris Opti (azoxystrobin/ chlorothalonil) 2.4 pt 14.4 pt 0 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Powdery mildew Alternaria Do not exceed 2 sequential and 6 total appl. of Quadris Opti. Rotate with non Qol fungicides.

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Page 200 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 11. Continued. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest Reentry11/3 Quilt (azoxystrobin/ Propiconazole) 14 fl oz 55 fl oz 14 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Powdery mildew Alternaria Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11/3 Quilt XCEL (azoxystrobin/ propiconazole 14 fl oz 56 fl oz 14 days 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Powdery mildew Alternaria Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Reason (fenamidone) 8.2 fl oz 24.6 fl oz 14 0.5 Cavity spot Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 12 Maxim 4FS (fludioxonil) 0.16 fl oz/ 100 lb of seed 0.5 Various seedling diseases Seed treatment only. 21 Ranman (cyazofamid) 6 fl oz 30 fl oz 14 0.5 Cavity spot, Pythium Alternate with fungicides of dissimilar chemistry. 33 Monoand di-Potassium salts of phosphorous acid (See individual labels) including: Alude, Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, Prophyt, Phostrol, Rampart, Topaz (potassium phosphite) Phorcephite (potassium phosphate/potassium phosphite) 4 hrs Pythium, Rhizoctonia, Fusarium Do not exceed 6 appl/ crop. Caution should be used when applying in a management program including copper fungicides. See label for foliar, root dip and irrigation application details. 33/M2 Sanction (Potassium phosphate and sulfur) 6 pts 2 Powdery mildew See label for details. P Regalia (Extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis) 1% v/v 12 qt 7 4 hrs Bacterial blight, Powdery mildew Begin applications preventatively. Spray volumes should be 50-100 GPA. NC Actinovate AG (Streptomyces lydicus) 12 oz 12 oz 0 1 hr Alternaria Antracnose Botrytis Fusarium Pythium Phytophthora Rhizoctonia Sclerotinia Verticillium Apply to soil through irrigation, as a seed treatment, to foliage as a spray. See label for details. NC Cease (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt/100 gal mix 0 4 hrs Black root Black crown rot Alternaria Apply to soil through irrigation, or to foliage as a spray. See label for details. NC Companion L (Bacillus subtilis GB03) 1 gal 0 4 hrs Damping off Botrytis Fusarium Powdery Mildew Pythium Rhizoctonia Sclerotinia Can be applied in field, greenhouse, or hydroponically. See label for details.

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 201 Table 11. Continued. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest ReentryNC Contans WG (Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08) 6 lbs 4 hrs Sclerotinia diseases Apply to soil surface and incorporate prior to, at planting, or at transplanting. NC Kaligreen (potassium bicarbonate) 3 lb 1 4 hrs Powdery mildew Apply in a minimum spray volume of 25 GPA. NC Oxidate (hydrogen dioxide) 1:100 dilution 0 0 See label See label for details. NC PlantShield HC (Tricoderma harzianum Rifai strain KRL-22) 5 oz 0 0 Damping off Apply in-furrow or in transplant starter solution. NC Rhapsody (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt 0 4 hrs Various (see label) See labels for details. NC Serenade Max (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 3 lb 0 4 hrs Various (see label) See label for details. NC Serenade Soil (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt 0 4 hrs Rhizoctonia Pythium Fusarium Verticillium Phytophthora See label for details. Soil treatment. NC Sil-Matrix (Potassium silicate) 4 qts 10 gal 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew Apply at a rate of 2-4 qt/100 gal water NC Soilgard 12G (Gliocladium virens strain GL-21) 0 Damping off Root diseases See label for details. NC Sonata (Bacillus pumilis strain QST 2808) 4 qt 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew For suppression or use as a preventative in a program with other registered fungicides. NC Sporatec (Clove oil, Rosemary oil, and Thyme oil) 1.5 qt 0 0 Powdery mildew Sporatec is a concentrated oil-based product. It requires the use of an approved adjuvant to improve spreading and sticking. OMRI listed. NC Tenet WP (Trichoderma asperellum and T. gamsii) 3 oz/ 1000 ft of row 1 hr Various soilborne diseases Apply up to 7 days before planting. For organic production. NC TerraClean (Hydrogen dioxide) 1 gal/ 1000 gal of water 0 Various soilborne diseases Apply as a soil treatment prior to or after planting NC Trilogy (Neem oil) 2 gal 4 hrs Apply at a rate of 0.5% 1.0% in 25 to 100 gal water/acre or at 2 pt in a minimum of 5 GPA for low volume appls.

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Page 202 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 12. Celery fungicides and other disease management products. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest ReentryM1 (copper compounds) Many brands available: Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, C-OC-S WDG, Champ DP, Champ WG, Champ Formula 2, Champ WP, COC DF, COC WP, Copper Count N, Copper-Z, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra, Kentan DF, Kocide DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 3000, Kocide 4.5 LF, Nordox 75 WG, NuCop 50WP, NuCop 3L, NuCop HB, NuCop DF, Stretch, Top Cop w/ Sulfur1 Varies by product from 4 hrs to 2 days Bacterial blight M2 (sulfur) Many brands available: Cosavet DF, Dusting Sulfur IAP, Kumulus DF, Micro Sulf, Microthiol Disperss, Proganic Micronized Sulfur, Sulfur 90W, Top Cop w/ Sulfur 1 1 Early blight Late blight Powdery mildew Do not apply during periods of warm weather. Do not apply within 2 weeks of an oil spray. M5 (chlorothalonil) Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90DF, Echo ZN, Equus 500 ZN, Equus 720, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN 7 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Late blight (Septoria) Stalk rot (Rhizoctonia) 3 (propiconazole) Many brands available: Amtide Propiconazole, Bumper 41.8EC, Fitness, Propiconazole E-AG 41.8EC, Propimax EC, Tilt 3.6E 4 fl oz 16 fl oz 14 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Late blight (Septoria) Stalk rot (Rhizoctonia) Do not apply more than 4 appl/season. 4 Apron XL LS (mefenoxam) 0.64 fl. oz./ 100 lb seed 2 Pythium seedling blight Seed treatment only. 4 Metastar 2E AG (metalaxyl) 8 pt 2 Pythium seedling blight Apply as a broadcast soil application and incorporate into top 2 inches. See label for directions. 4 Ridomil Gold EC (mefenoxam) 2 pt 2 Pythium seedling diseases Apply at seeding in a 7-12 band on soil over seed furrow. 4 Ridomil Gold GR (mefenoxam) 40 lb 2 Pythium seedling diseases See label for specifics regarding preplant incor porated applications and surface applications at the time of planting. 4 Ultra Flourish (mefenoxam) 4 pt 2 Pythium seedling diseases See label for specifics regarding preplant incor porated applications and surface applications at the time of planting. 7 Endura (boscalid) 9 oz 18 oz 0 0.5 Alternaria Botrytis Sclerotinia Alternate with non-FRAC code 7 fungicide. See label for directions.

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 203 Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest Reentry11 Aftershock (fluoxastrobin) 5.7 fl oz 22.8 fl oz 3 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Late blight (Septoria) Stalk rot (Rhizoctonia) Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Cabrio EG (pyraclostrobin) 16 oz 64 oz 0 0.5 Various (see label) Do not exceed 2 sequential and 4 total appls. of Cabrio or other Qol fungicides. 11 Evito 480SC (fluoxastrobin) 5.7 fl oz 22.8 fl oz 3 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Late blight (Septoria) Stalk rot (Rhizoctonia) Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Flint (trifloxystrobin) 3 oz 12 oz 7 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Late blight (Septoria) Stalk rot (Rhizoctonia) Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Gem 500SC (trifloxystrobin) 2.9 fl oz 11.6 fl oz 7 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Late blight (Septoria) Stalk rot (Rhizoctonia) Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Quadris (azoxystrobin) 15.4 fl oz or 0.8 fl oz/1000 row ft 2.88 qt 0 4 hrs Various (see label) Do not exceed 1 sequential and 4 total appl. of Quadris or other Qol fungicides. See label for soil applications. 11/M5 Quadris Opti (azoxystrobin/ chlorothalonil) 3.7 pt 22.2 pt 7 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Late blight (Septoria) Stalk rot (Rhizoctonia) Do not exceed 2 sequential and 6 total appl. of Quadris Opti. Rotate with non Qol fungicides. 11/3 Quilt (azoxystrobin/ propiconazole 14 fl oz 56 fl oz 14 days 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Late blight (Septoria) Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11/3 Quilt XCEL (azoxystrobin/ propiconazole 14 fl oz 56 fl oz 14 days 0.5 Early blight (Cercospora) Late blight (Septoria) Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 11 Reason (fenamidone) 8.2 fl oz 24.6 fl oz 2 0.5 Late blight Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 12 Maxim 4FS (fludioxonil) 0.16 fl oz/ 100 lb of seed 0.5 Various seedling diseases Seed treatment only.Table 12. Continued.

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Page 204 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 12. Continued. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest Reentry14 Botran 5F (dichloran) 3.2 pt 4 qt 7 0.5 Pink rot (Sclerotinia) Direct spray to base of plant. 25 Agri-mycin 17 (streptomycin) 200 ppm 0.5 Bacterial blight See label for details. For transplant production. 25 Bac-Master (streptomycin) 200 ppm 0.5 Bacterial blight See label for details. For transplant production. 25 Firewall 17 WP (streptomycin) 200 ppm 0.5 Bacterial blight See label for details. For transplant production. 27/11 Tanos (cymoxanil/famoxadone) 8 oz 72 oz 3 0.5 Early blight Late blight Do not alternate or tank mix with another FRAC group 11 fungicide. 33 Aliette WDG (fosetyl-Al) 5 lb 20 lb 0.5 Pythium 33 Legion 80WDG (fosetyl-Al) 5 lb 20 lb 0.5 Pythium 33 Linebacker WDG (fosetyl-Al) 5 lb 20 lb 0.5 Pythium 33 Monoand di-Potassium salts of phosphorous acid (See individual labels) including: Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, Prophyt, Phostrol, Rampart, Reveille, Topaz (potassium phosphite) Phorcephite (potassium phosphite/ Potassium phosphate) 4 hrs Pythium, Rhizoctonia, Fusarium Do not exceed 6 appl/ crop. Caution should be used when applying in a management program including copper fungicides. See label for foliar, root dip and irrigation application details. 40 Revus (mandipropamid) 8 fl oz 32 fl oz 1 4 hrs Downy mildew Do not exceed 2 sequential applications. See label for soil applications. 43 Presidio (fluopicolide) 3-4 fl oz 12 fl oz 2 0.5 Downy mildew White rust Must be tank-mixed with a fungicide of different mode of action. Do not exceed two sequential applications. See label for soil applications. P Regalia (Extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis) 1% v/v 12 qt 7 4 hrs Bacterial blight Begin applications preventatively. Spray volumes should be 50-100 GPA. NC Actinovate AG (Streptomyces lydicus) 12 oz 12 oz 0 1 hr Alternaria Antracnose Botrytis Fusarium Pythium Phytophthora Rhizoctonia Sclerotinia Verticillium Apply to soil through irrigation, as a seed treatment, to foliage as a spray. See label for details. NC Cease (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt/100 gal mix 0 4 hrs Sclerotinia Apply to soil through irrigation, or to foliage as a spray. See label for details.

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 205 Table 12. Continued. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest ReentryNC Companion L (Bacillus subtilis GB03) 1 gal 0 4 hrs Damping off Botrytis Fusarium Powdery Mildew Pythium Rhizoctonia Sclerotinia Can be applied in field, greenhouse, or hydroponically. See label for details. NC Contans WG (Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08) 6 lbs 4 hrs Sclerotinia diseases Apply to soil surface and incorporate prior to, at planting, or at transplanting. NC Kaligreen (potassium bicarbonate) 3 lb 1 4 hrs Powdery mildew Apply in a minimum spray volume of 25 GPA. NC Oxidate (hydrogen dioxide) 1:100 dilution 0 0 hrs Bacterial blight Botrytis Early blight Late blight Powdery mildew See label for details. NC PlantShield HC (Tricoderma harzianum Rifai strain KRL-22) 5 oz 0 0 hrs Damping off Apply in-furrow or in transplant starter solution. NC RootShield Granules (Tricoderma harzianum Rifai strain KRL-22) 12 lb/A field 1.5 lb/cu yd greenhouse 0 hrs Damping off Apply in-furrow in field or incorporate in soil mix for greenhouse. See label for details. NC Rhapsody (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt 0 4 hrs Pink rot (Sclerotinia) See labels for details. NC Serenade Max (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 3 lb 0 4 hrs Pink rot (Sclerotinia) Begin application approx. 8 wks prior to harvest and repeat on 14 day interval. Direct spray at base of plants and surrounding soil surface. NC Sil-Matrix (Potassium silicate) 4 qts 10 gal 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew Apply at a rate of 2-4 qt/100 gal water NC Soilgard 12G (Gliocladium virens strain GL-21) Damping off Root diseases See label for details. NC Sonata (Bacillus pumilis strain QST 2808) 4 qt 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew For suppression or use as a preventative in a program with other registered fungicides. NC Sporatec (Clove oil, Rosemary oil, and Thyme oil) 1.5 qt 0 0 Powdery mildew Sporatec is a concentrated oil-based product. It requires the use of an approved adjuvant to improve spreading and sticking. OMRI listed.

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Page 206 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 12. Continued. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest ReentryNC Tenet WP (Trichoderma asperellum and T. gamsii) 3 oz/ 1000 ft of row 1 hr Various soilborne diseases Apply up to 7 days before planting. For organic production. NC TerraClean (Hydrogen dioxide) 1 gal/ 1000 gal of water 0 Various soilborne diseases Apply as a soil treatment prior to or after planting NC Trilogy (Neem oil) 2 gal 4 hrs Apply at a rate of 0.5% 1.0% in 25 to 100 gal water/acre or at 2 pt in a minimum of 5 GPA for low volume appls.

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Table 13. Parsley fungicides and other disease management products. Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 207 Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest ReentryM1 (copper compounds) Many brands available: Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, C-OC-S WDG, Champ DP, Champ WG, Champ Formula 2, Champ WP, COC DF, COC WP, Copper Count N, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra, Kentan DF, Kocide DF, Kocide 101, Kocide 2000, Kocide 3000, Kocide 4.5 LF, Nordox, Nordox 75 WG, NuCop 50WP, NuCop 3L, NuCop HB, NuCop DF, Stretch 1 Varies by product from 4 hrs to 2 days Bacterial blight M2 (sulfur) Many brands available: Sulfur 90W, Super Six, Top Cop w/ Sulfur 1 1 Powdery mildew Do not apply during periods of warm weather. Do not apply within 2 weeks of an oil spray. 3 Bumper 41.8EC (propiconazole) 4 fl oz 16 fl oz 14 0.5 Alternaria Cercospora Powdery mildew Do not apply more than 2 sequential appl. without alternating to different mode of action. 3 Procure 480SC (triflumizole) 8 fl oz 18 fl oz 0 0.5 Alternaria Powdery mildew Repeat applications at 14 day intervals. 3 Tilt 3.6E (propiconazole) 4 fl oz 16 fl oz 14 0.5 Alternaria Powdery mildew Septoria Do not exceed 2 sequential and 4 total applications. 4 Allegiance FL (metalaxyl) 0.75 fl oz/ 100 lb seed 1 Pythium seedling blight Seed treatment only 4 Apron XL LS (mefenoxam) 0.64 fl. oz./ 100 lb seed 2 Pythium seedling blight Seed treatment only. 4 Metastar 2E AG (metalaxyl) 8 pt 2 Pythium seedling blight Apply as a broadcast soil application and incorporate into top 2 inches. See label for directions. 4 Ridomil Gold EC (mefenoxam) 2 pt 2 Pythium seedling diseases Apply at seeding in a 7-12 band on soil over seed fur row. 4 Ridomil Gold GR (mefenoxam) 40 lb 2 Pythium seedling diseases See label for specifics regarding preplant incorporated applications and sur face applications at the time of planting. 4 Ultra Flourish (mefenoxam) 4 pt 2 Pythium seedling diseases See label for specifics regarding preplant incorporated applications and sur face applications at the time of planting. 9 & 12 Switch 62.5WDG (cyprodinil/fludioxonil) 14 oz 56 oz 7 0.5 Alternaria Powdery mildew See label. 11 Cabrio EG (pyraclostrobin) 16 oz 64 oz 0 0.5 Various (see label) Do not exceed 2 sequential and 4 total appls. of Cabrio or other Qol fungicides. 11 Heritage (azoxystrobin) 10.5 oz 4 lb 0 4 hrs Various (see label) Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications without altenating to a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action.

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Page 208 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 13. Continued. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest Reentry11 Quadris (azoxystrobin) 15.4 fl oz or 0.8 fl oz/1000 row ft 2.88 qt 0 4 hrs Various (see label) Do not exceed 1 sequential and 4 total appl. of Quadris or other Qol fungicides. See label for soil applications. 11 Reason (fenamidone) 8.2 fl oz 24.6 fl oz 2 0.5 Various (see label) Alternate every other application with a fungicide of dissimilar mode of action. 12 Maxim 4FS (fludioxonil) 0.16 fl oz/ 100 lb of seed 0.5 Various seedling diseases Seed treatment only. 4 Sebring 2.65ST (metalaxyl) 0.75 fl oz/ 100 lb of seed 2 Pythium damping off Seed treatment only. 27 & 11 Tanos (cymoxanil/famoxadone) 8 oz 72 oz 3 0.5 Do not alternate or tank mix with another FRAC group 11 fungicide. 33 Aliette WDG (fosetyl-Al) 5 lb 35 lb 0.5 Damping off Caution should be used when applying in a management program including copper fungicides. 33 Legion 80WDG (fosetyl-Al) 5 lb 35 lb 0.5 Damping off Caution should be used when applying in a management program including copper fungicides. 33 Linebacker WDG (fosetyl-Al) 5 lb 35 lb 0.5 Damping off Caution should be used when applying in a management program including copper fungicides. 33 Monoand di-Potassium salts of phosphorous acid (See individual labels) including: Alude, Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, Prophyt, Phostrol, Rampart, Reveille,Topaz (potassium phosphite) Phorcephite (potassium phosphate/ Potassium phosphite) 4 hrs Pythium, Rhizoctonia, Fusarium Caution should be used when applying in a management program including copper fungicides. See label for foliar, root dip and irrigation application details. 40 Revus (mandipropamid) 8 fl oz 32 fl oz 1 4 hrs Downy mildew Do not exceed 2 sequential applications. See label for soil applications. 43 Presidio (fluopicolide) 3-4 fl oz 12 fl oz 2 0.5 Downy mildew Must be tank-mixed with a fungicide of different mode of action. Do not exceed two sequential applications. See label for soil applications. P Regalia (extract of Reynoutria sachalinenesis) 1% v/v 12 qt 7 4 hrs Bacterial blight Begin applications preventatively. Spray volumes should be 50-100 GPA. NC Actinovate AG (Streptomyces lydicus) 12 oz 12 oz 0 1 hr Alternaria Antracnose Botrytis Fusarium Pythium Phytophthora Rhizoctonia Sclerotinia Verticillium Apply to soil through irrigation, as a seed treatment, to foliage as a spray. See label for details.

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 209 Table 13. Continued. Fungicide Group1Chemical (active ingredient) Maximum Rate/Acre/ Minimum Days to Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens Remarks2Applic. Season Harvest ReentryNC Cease (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt/100 gal 0 4 hrs Soil-borne fungi Apply to soil through irrigation, or to foliage as a spray. See label for details. NC Companion L (Bacillus subtilis GB03) 1 gal 0 4 hrs Alternaria Damping off Botrytis Fusarium Powdery Mildew Pythium Rhizoctonia Sclerotinia Can be applied in field, greenhouse, or hydroponically. See label for details. NC Kaligreen (potassium bicarbonate) 3 lb 1 4 hrs Powdery mildew Apply in a minimum spray volume of 25 GPA. NC Oxidate (hydrogen dioxide) 1:100 dilution 0 0 Various (see label) See label for details. NC RootShield Granules (Tricoderma harzianum Rifai strain KRL-22) 12 lb/A field 1.5 lb/cu yd greenhouse 0 Damping off Apply in-furrow in field or incorporate in soil mix for greenhouse. See label for details. NC PlantShield HC (Tricoderma harzianum Rifai strain KRL-22) 5 oz 0 0 Damping off Apply in-furrow or in transplant starter solution. NC Rhapsody (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 6 qt 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew Sclerotinia For suppression or use in a preventative program with other fungicides. NC Serenade Max (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713) 3 lb 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew Sclerotinia For suppression or use in a preventative program with other fungicides. NC Sil-Matrix (Potassium silicate) 4 qts 10 gal 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew Apply at a rate of 2-4 qt/100 gal water NC Soilgard 12G ( Gliocladium virens strain GL-21) 0 Damping off Root diseases See label for details. NC Sonata (Bacillus pumilis strain QST 2808) 4 qt 0 4 hrs Powdery mildew For suppression or use as a preventative in a program with other registered fungicides. NC Sporatec (clove oil, rosemary oil, and thyme oil) 1.5 qt 0 0 Powdery mildew Sporatec is a concentrated oil-based product. It requires the use of an approved adjuvant to improve spreading and sticking. OMRI listed NC Tenet WP (Trichoderma asperellum and T. gamsii) 3 oz/ 1000 ft of row 1 hr Various soilborne diseases Apply up to 7 days before planting. For organic production. NC TerraClean (Hydrogen dioxide) 1 gal/ 1000 gal of water 0 Various soilborne diseases Apply as a soil treatment prior to or after planting NC Trilogy (Neem oil) 2 gal 4 hrs Apply at a rate of 0.5% 1.0% in 25 to 100 gall water/ acre or at 2 pt in a minimum of 5 GPA for low volume appls.

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Page 210 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 14. Selected insecticides approved for use on insects attacking carrots and garden beets Chemical Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes Actara (thiamethoxam) 1.5-4.0 oz 12 7 aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, whiteflies 4A Do not exceed 8 oz product/acre/ season. Admire Pro (imidacloprid) 4.4-10.5 fl oz-soil 1.2 fl oz-foliar 12 21-soil 5-foliar aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, whiteflies 4A Limited to one soil application. If applied as a foliar spray, use no more than 3.7 fl oz per acre per season. Leaves may be used for food. Agree WG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 lepidopteran larvae (caterpillar pests) 11 Apply when larvae are small for best control. Leaves and roots. OMRI-listed2. *Asana XL (0.66EC) (esfenvalerate) 5.8-9.6 fl oz 12 7 aster leafhopper, cutworms, leafhoppers, carrot weevil 3 Do not apply more than 0.5 lb ai/ acre per season. Carrots only. Avaunt 3.5-6.0 oz 12 7 Beet armyworm 22 Do not use adjuvants. Do not apply more than 24 oz per acre per crop. Beets only. Aza-Direct (azadirachtin) 1-2 pts, (max 3.5 pts) 4 0 aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, leafminers, miters, stink bugs, thrips, weevils, whiteflies un Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator. OMRI-listed2. Azatin XL (azadirachtin) 5-21 fl oz 4 0 aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, weevils, whiteflies un Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator. *Baythroid XL (beta-cyfluthrin) 1.6-2.8 fl oz 12 0 en aster leafhopper, carrot weevil, cutworms, flea beetles, potato leafhopper 3 Do not exceed 14 oz/acre per season. Carrots only. Beleaf 50 SG (flonicamid) 2.0-2.8 oz 12 3 aphids, plant bugs 9C Do not apply more than 3 times at high rate. Biobit HP (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki ) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars (will not control large armyworms) 11 Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. Can be used in the greenhouse. OMRI-listed2. BotaniGard 22 WP, ES (Beauveria bassiana) WP: 0.5-2 lb/100 gal ES: 0.5-2 qts/100 gal 4 0 aphids, thrips, whiteflies -May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer for recommendations if an adjuvant must be used. Not compatible in tank mix with fungicides. *Brigade 2EC (bifenthrin) 5.12-6.4 fl oz 12 21 car rots, 1 beets aphids, beet armyworm, celery leaftier, corn earworm, cutworms, fall armyworm, fire ants, flea beetles, loopers, southern armyworm, spider mites, yellowstriped armyworm, whitefly 3 Do not apply more than 0.5 lb ai/acre per season for carrots or 0.4 lb ai/acre per season for beets. Apply no more than once every seven days Coragen (chlorantraniliprole) 3.5-5.0 fl oz 4 1 beet armyworm 28 Do not apply more than 15.4 fl oz product per acre per year. Make no more than 4 applications. Crymax WDG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Use high rate for armyworms. Treat when larvae are young. Deliver (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.25-1.5 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Use higher rates for armyworms. OMRI-listed2. *Diazinon AG500, *50W (diazinon) AG500: 1-4 qt 50W: 2-8 lb 72 preplant cutworms, mole crickets, wireworms 1B Do not make more than on application per year.

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 211 Table 14. Continued. Chemical Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes DiPel DF (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. Can be used for organic production. Entrust (spinosad) 1-2 oz 4 3 armyworms, dipteran leafminers, flea beetle, loopers, thrips 5 Do not apply more than a total of 7 oz/acre per crop or apply more than 4 times. OMRI-listed2. Extinguish Fire Ant Bait ((S)-methoprene) 1.0-1.5 lb 4 0 fire ants 7A Slow-acting IGR (insect growth regulator). Best applied early spring and fall where crop will be grown. Colonies will be reduced after three weeks and eliminated after 8 to 10 weeks. Intrepid 2F (methoxyfenozide) 6-16 fl oz 4 14 armyworms, loopers, saltmarsh caterpillar, webworms 18 Do not apply more than 64 fl oz per acre per season. Javelin WG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.12-1.50 lb 4 0 most caterpillars, but not Spodoptera species (armyworms) 11 Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. OMRI-listed2. Knack IGR (pyriproxyfen) 8 fl oz 12 3 whiteflies 7D Do not apply more than twice. Wait at least 14 days between applications. *Lannate LV, *SP (methomyl) LV: 0.75-3.0 pts SP: 0.25-1.0 lb 48 1 carrots 0 beets, roots 10 beets, tops armyworms, aster leafhopper, beet armyworm, variegated cutworm 1A Carrots: Do not apply more than 21 pt LV or 7 lb SP per acre per crop. Garden beets: Do not apply more than 12 pt LV or 4 lb SP per acre per crop. Malathion 8F (malathion) 2.5 pt 12 7 aphids, beet armyworm, blister beetles, flea beetles 1B Beets only. M-Pede (potassium salts of fatty acids) 1-2% V/V 12 0 leafminers, aphids, thrips, whiteflies -OMRI-listed2. *Mustang (zeta-cypermethrin) 1.4-4.3 oz 12 1 cabbage looper, cucumber beetles, cutworms, flea beetles, grasshoppers, leafhoppers, tarnished plant bug, vegetable weevil, whitefringed beetle (adult), yellowstriped armyworm; aids in control of aphids and beet armyworm 3 A maximum of 0.3 lb ai/acre per season may be applied. Leaves cannot be used for food or feed. Neemix 4.5 (azadirachtin) 4-16 fl oz 12 0 aphids, armyworms, cabbage looper, cutworms, leafminers, whiteflies un Acts as IGR and feeding repellent. OMRI-listed2. Platinum Platinum 75SG (thiamethoxam) 5.0-12.0 fl oz 1.7-4.0 oz 12 at planting aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, whiteflies 4A Do not exceed 12 oz Platinum or 4.0 oz Platinum 75SG per acre per season. Provado 1.6F (imidacloprid) 3.5 oz 12 7 aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, whiteflies 4A Maximum of 3 applications or 10.5 fl oz/acre per season. Tops or greens may be used for food. Pyronyl Crop Spray (pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide) 1-12 fl oz 12 0 ants, aphids, armyworms, cabbage looper, corn earworm, crickets, flea beetles, leafhoppers, thrips, whiteflies 3 Radiant SC (spinetoram) 6-8 fl oz 4 3 armyworms (except yellowstriped armyworm), dipterous leafminers, loopers, thrips 5 Maximum of 4 applications per year.

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Page 212 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 14. Continued. Chemical Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes Sevin 80S; XLR; 4F (carbaryl) en 80S: 0.63-2.5 lb XLR, 4F: 0.5-2 qt 12 en 7 en armyworms, aster leafhopper, corn earworm, cutworms, fall armyworm, flea beetles, leafhoppers, Lygus bug, spittlebugs, stink bugs, tarnished plant bug 1A Highly toxic to bees. Repeat applications, as needed up to 6 times, at least 7 days apart. *Telone C-35 (dichloropropene + chloropicrin) See label 5 days See label preplant symphylans, wireworms -See supplemental label for use restriction in south and central Florida. *Telone II (dichloropropene) *Thionex 3EC (endosulfan) 0.66-1.33 qt 48 7 armyworms, flea beetles, green peach aphid, leafhoppers, whiteflies 2 Carrots only. Do not make more than 1 application per season. Do not use tops for food or feed. This use is not on current label. Product with an older label can be used until July 31, 2012. Trilogy (extract of neem oil) 0.5-2.0% v/v 4 0 aphids, mites, suppression of thrips and whiteflies un Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn. Toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment. OMRI-listed2. Xentari DF (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. May be used in the greenhouse. Can be used in organic production.The pesticide information presented in this table was current with federal and state regulations at the time of revision. The user is responsible for determining the intended use is consistent with the label of the product being used. Use pesticides safely. Read and follow label instructions. 1Mode of Action codes for vegetable pest insecticides from the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) Mode of Action Classification v. 6.1 August 2008. 1A. Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors, Carbamates (nerve action) 1B. Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors, Organophosphates (nerve action) 2A. GABA-gated chloride channel antagonists (nerve action) 3. Sodium channel modulators (nerve action) 4A. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists (nerve action) 5. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor allosteric activators (nerve action) 6. Chloride channel activators (nerve and muscle action) 7A. Juvenile hormone mimics (growth regulation) 7C. Juvenile hormone mimics (growth regulation) 9B and 9C. Selective homopteran feeding blockers 10. Mite growth inhibitors (growth regulation) 11. Microbial disruptors of insect midgut membranes 12B. Inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase (energy metabolism) 15. Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 0, lepidopteran (growth regulation) 16. Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 1, homopteran (growth regulation) 17. Molting disruptor, dipteran (growth regulation) 18. Ecdysone receptor agonists (growth regulation) 22. Voltage-dependent sodium channel blockers (nerve action) 23. Inhibitors of acetyl Co-A carboxylase (lipid synthesis, growth regulation) 28. Ryanodine receptor modulators (nerve and muscle action) un. Compounds of unknown or uncertain mode of action2 OMRI-listed: Listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute for use in organic production. Restricted Use Pesticide

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 213 Table 15. Insecticides approved for use on insects attacking celery. Trade Name (Common Name) Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes Actara (thiamethoxam) 1.5-5.5 oz 12 7 aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, whiteflies 4A Do not use if other 4A insecticides have been or will be used. Admire Pro (imidacloprid) 4.4-10.5 fl oz 12 45 aphids, leafhoppers, whiteflies, foliage feeding thrips 4A Do not apply more than 0.38 lb ai per acre per year. Agree WG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 lepidopteran larvae (caterpillar pests) 11 Apply when larvae are small for best control. OMRI-listed2. *Agri-Mek SC (abamectin) 1.75-3.5 fl oz 12 7 Liriomyza leafminers, spider mites 6 No more than 2 sequential applications. Must be used with an adjuvant (but not binder sticker types). Not for use on leafy vegetables grown for transplant. *Ambush 25W (permethrin) 6.4-12.8 oz 12 1 beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, cutworms, fall armyworm, leafminers 3 Do not apply more than 128 oz/ acre per season. Assail 30SG (acetamiprid) 2.0-4.0 oz 12 7 aphids, whiteflies 4A Begin applications for whiteflies when first adults are noticed. Do not apply more than 5 times per season or apply more often than every 7 days. Avaunt (indoxacarb) 3.5 oz 12 3 beet armyworm, cabbage looper, 22 Do not apply more than 14 ounces of product per acre per crop. Aza-Direct (azadirachtin) 1-2 pts, up to 3.5 pts 4 0 aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, weevils, whiteflies un Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator. OMRI-listed2. Azatin XL (azadirachtin) 5-21 fl oz 4 0 aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, weevils, whiteflies un Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator. *Baythroid XL (beta-cyfluthrin) 0.8-3.2 fl oz 12 0beet armyworm (1st and 2nd instars), cabbage looper, corn earworm, cutworms, flea beetles, grasshoppers, potato leafhopper, saltmarsh caterpillar, thrips, vegetable weevil, yellowstriped armyworm, suppression of adult whitefly3 Maximum of 12.8 fl oz per acre per season. Belay 50 WDG (clothianidin) 1.6-3.2 oz 12 7 aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, leafminers (suppression), whiteflies (suppression) 4ADo not apply more than 6.4 oz per acre per season. Do not use an adjuvant. Toxic to bees. Supplemental label for rates over 2.1 oz.Belay 50 WDG (clothianidin) 4.8 -6.4 oz (soil application) 12 Apply at planting aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, leafminers (suppression), whiteflies (suppression) 4A Do not apply more than 6.4 oz per acre per season. See label for application instructions. Beleaf 50 SG (flonicamid) 2.0-2.8 oz 12 0 aphids, plant bugs 9CDo not apply more than 8.4 oz/ acre per season. Begin applications before pests reach damaging levels.Biobit HP (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars (will not control large armyworms) 11 Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. Can be used in the greenhouse. OMRI-listed2. BotaniGard 22 WP, ES (Beauveria bassiana) WP: 0.5-2 lb/100 gal ES: 0.5-2 qts/100 gal 4 0 aphids, thrips, whiteflies -May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer for recommendations if an adjuvant must be used. Not compatible in tank mix with fungicides. Confirm 2F (tebufenozide) 6.0-8.0 fl oz 4 7 armyworms, cabbage looper, gar den webworm 18 Do not exceed 56 ounces of product per acre per season.

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Page 214 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 15. Continued. Trade Name (Common Name) Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes Coragen (rynaxypyr) 3.5-7.5 fl oz 4 1 beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, leafminers, suppression of whitefly nymphs 28 May be applied via drip chemigation in addition to foliar and various soil application methods. Courier 40SC (buprofezin) 9.0-13.6 fl oz 12 7 leafhoppers, planthoppers, whiteflies 16 Do not make more than 2 applications per crop cycle. IGR targets immatures. Crymax WDG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Use high rate for armyworms. Treat when larvae are young. Deliver (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.25-1.5 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Use higher rates for armyworms. OMRI-listed2. Dimethoate 4EC (dimethoate) 1 pt 48 7 leafminers, mites 1B Use ground equipment. Florida only. DiPel DF (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. OMRIlisted2. Durivo (thiamethoxam, chlorantraniliprole) 10.0-13.0 fl oz 12 30 aphids, beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, fall armyworm, flea beetles, leafhoppers, whiteflies 4A, 28 Do not exceed more than 13 fl oz per acre per season. Entrust (spinosad) 0.5-3 oz 4 1 armyworms, cabbage looper, leafminers, thrips 5 See label for resistance management recommendations. Apply no more than 9 oz per acre per year. OMRI-listed2. Extinguish ((S)-methoprene) 1-1.5 lb 4 0 fire ants 7A Slow-acting IGR (insect growth regulator). Best applied early spring and fall where crop will be grown. Colonies will be reduced after three weeks and eliminated after 8 to 10 weeks. May be applied by ground equipment or aerially. Fulfill (pymetrozine) 2.75 oz 12 7 aphids, suppression of whiteflies 9B Apply when aphids first appear, before populations build to damaging levels. Two applications (maximum allowed) may be needed to control persistent aphid populations. Intrepid 2F (methoxyfenozide) 4-10 fl oz 4 1 armyworms, cabbage looper, webworms 18 Do not apply more than 64 fl oz per acre per season. Javelin WG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.12-1.5 lb 4 0 most caterpillars, but not Spodoptera species (armyworms) 11 Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. OMRI-listed2. *Lannate LV, *SP (methomyl) LV: 0.75-3 pt SP: 0.25-1.0 lb 48 7 armyworms, aster leafhopper, beet armyworm, loopers, variegated cutworm 1A Do not apply more than 24 pt of LV or 8 lb SP per acre per season. *Larvin 3.2 (thiodicarb) 16-30 fl oz 48 14 armyworms, beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, fall armyworm, southern armyworm 1A Do not exceed 60 fluid ounces of Larvin per acre per season. Lepinox WDG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 1.0-2.0 lb 12 0 most caterpillars, including beet armyworm (see label) 11 Treat when larvae are small. Thorough coverage is essential. Malathion 8F (malathion) 1-1.5 pt 12 7 aphids, mites 1B

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 215 Table 15. Continued. Trade Name (Common Name) Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes Movento (spirotetramat) 4.0-5.0 fl oz 24 3 aphids, whiteflies 23 Do not apply more than 10 fl oz/ acre/crop. M-Pede 49% EC (Soap, insecticidal) 1-2% V/V 12 0 whiteflies -OMRI-listed2. *Mustang (zeta-cypermethrin) 2.4-4.3 oz 12 1 corn earworm, cucumber beetles, cutworms, flea beetles, leafhoppers, saltmarsh caterpillar, tobacco budworm, aphids, whiteflies, armyworms, ground beetles, crickets, loopers, Lygus bugs, stink bugs, wireworm adults 3 A maximum of 0.3 lb ai/acre per season may be applied. Do not make applications less than 7 days apart. Neemix 4.5 EC (azadirachtin) 4-16 fl oz 12 0 aphids, armyworms, cabbage looper, cutworms, leafminers, webworms, whiteflies un IGR and feeding repellant. OMRI-listed2. Orthene 97 (acephate) 97: 0.5-1.0 lb 24 21 cabbage looper, fall armyworm, green peach aphid 1B Do not use more than 2 lb active ingredient per acre per season. Platinum Platinum 75SG (thiamethoxam) 5.0-11.0 fl oz 1.66-3.67 oz 12 30 aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, leafminers (suppression), whiteflies 4A Maximum = 11 oz/acre or 3.67 oz/ acre (75SG) per season. Do not use in conjunction with other 4A insecticides. *Pounce 25 WP (permethrin) 3.2-12.8 oz 12 1 aphids, beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, cutworms, fall armyworm, leafhoppers, leafminers, loopers, southern armyworm, tobacco budworm 3 Do not apply more than 1.0 lb active ingredient per acre per season. *Proclaim (emamectin benzoate) 2.4-4.8 oz 12 7 beet armyworm, corn earworm, fall armyworm, Liriomyza leafminers, loopers, tobacco budworm 6 Provides suppression of leafminers. Rotate with other products with different modes of action. PyGanic Crop Protection EC 5.0 (pyrethrins) 4.5-18 fl oz 12 0 Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, whiteflies, others 3 Can be used in greenhouses. Thorough coverage is essential. Breaks down rapidly in sunlight. OMRI-listed2. Pyronyl Crop Spray (pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide) 1-12 fl oz 12 0 ants, aphids, armyworms, cabbage looper, corn earworm, flea beetles, leafhoppers, leaftiers, webworms, whiteflies 3 Radiant SC (spinetoram) 5-10 fl oz 4 1 armyworms (not yellowstriped), cabbage looper, corn earworm, Liriomyza leafminer, thrips 5 Maximum of 6 applications, no more than 2 consecutive applications before rotating to another MOA. Requiem 25EC (extract of Chenopodium ambrosioides) 2.0-4.0 qt 4 0 green peach aphid, suppression of Liriomyza leafminers, potato aphid, turnip aphid, whiteflies un Sevin XLR; 4F; 80S (carbaryl) XLR; 4F: 0.5-2 qt 80S: 0.63-2.5 lb 12 14 armyworms, aster leafhopper, corn earworm, fall armyworm, flea beetles, leafhoppers, Lygus bug, spittlebugs, stink bugs, tarnished plant bug 1A Repeat, as needed, up to 5 times, with at least 7 days between applications. SunSpray 98.8%, JMS Stylet-Oil, Saf-T-side, others (Oils, insecticidal) 3-6 qt/100 gal (JMS) 1-2 gal/100 gal 4 0 aphids, beetle larvae, leafhoppers, leafminers, mites, thrips, whiteflies (pests controlled vary by product) -See label for cautions on tank mixes. Organic Stylet-Oil and SafT-Side are OMRI-listed2.

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Page 216 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 15. Continued. Trade Name (Common Name) Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes Synapse WG (flubendiamide) 2.0-3.0 oz 12 1 armyworms, loopers 28 Do not apply more than 9.0 oz/ acre per season. *Telone C 35 (dichloropropene + chloropicrin) See label 5 days See label preplant symphylans, wireworms -See supplemental label for use restrictions in south or central Florida. *Telone II (dichloropropene) Thionex 50W (endosulfan) 1-2 lb 96 4 or 7 armyworms, cabbage looper, flea beetles, green peach aphid, leafhoppers, whiteflies 2 If two applications at lowest rate used against aphids, then PHI is 7 days. This use is not allowed after July 31, 2012 and only with old labelnot on new product label. Trigard (cyromazine) 2.66 oz 12 7 leafminers 17 Do not make more than six applications per crop. Trilogy (extract of neem oil) 0.5-2.0% V/V 4 0 aphids, mites, suppression of thrips and whiteflies un Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn. Toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment. OMRI-listed2. Venom Insecticide (dinotefuran) foliar: 1-3 oz soil: 5-7.5 oz 12 7 Foliar: brown stink bug, cucumber beetle, flea beetle, grasshopper, green stink bug, suppression of green peach aphid and potato aphid, southern green stink bug, whiteflies Soil: suppression of green peach aphid and potato aphid, leafhoppers, leafminers, whiteflies 4A Do not apply more than 6 oz per acre per season (foliar) or 12 oz per acre per season (soil). Do not use both methods of application. See supplemental label. Vetica (flubendiamide and buprofezin) 12.0-17.0 fl oz 12 7 armyworms, cabbage looper, corn earworm, cutworms, green cloverworm, imported cabbageworm, suppression of leafhoppers, saltmarsh caterpillar, tobacco budworm, suppression of whitefly 28, 16 Do not apply more than three times per season or apply more than 38 fl oz per acre per season. Same active ingredients as Synapse, Coragen, and Courier. Voliam Flexi (thiamethoxam, chlorantraniliprole) 4.0-7.0 oz 12 7 aphids, beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, fall armyworm, flea beetles, leafhoppers, southern armyworm, tobacco budworm, whiteflies 4A, 28 Do not apply more than 14 oz per acre per growing season. An adjuvant may be used when applying to celery. *Vydate L (oxamyl) 2-4 pt 48 21 leafminers (except Liriomyza trifolii) 1A

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 217 Table 15. Continued. The pesticide information presented in this table was current with federal and state regulations at the time of revision. The user is responsible for determining the intended use is consistent with the label of the product being used. Use pesticides safely. Read and follow label instructions. 1Mode of Action codes for vegetable pest insecticides from the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) Mode of Action Classification v. 6.1 August 2008. 1A. Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors, Carbamates (nerve action) 1B. Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors, Organophosphates (nerve action) 2A. GABA gated chloride channel antagonists (nerve action) 3. Sodium channel modulators (nerve action) 4A. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists (nerve action) 5. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor allosteric activators (nerve action) 6. Chloride channel activators (nerve and muscle action) 7A. Juvenile hormone mimics (growth regulation) 7C. Juvenile hormone mimics (growth regulation) 9B and 9C. Selective homopteran feeding blockers 10. Mite growth inhibitors (growth regulation) 11. Microbial disruptors of insect midgut membranes 12B. Inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase (energy metabolism) 15. Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 0, lepidopteran (growth regulation) 16. Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 1, homopteran (growth regulation) 17. Molting disruptor, dipteran (growth regulation) 18. Ecdysone receptor agonists (growth regulation) 22. Voltage dependent sodium channel blockers (nerve action) 23. Inhibitors of acetyl Co A carboxylase (lipid synthesis, growth regulation) 28. Ryanodine receptor modulators (nerve and muscle action) un. Compounds of unknown or uncertain mode of action2 OMRI-listed: Listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute for use in organic production. Restricted Use Pesticide

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Page 218 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 16. Selected insecticides approved for use on insects attacking parsley. Trade Name (Common Name) Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes Actara (thiamethoxam) 1.5-5.5 oz 12 7 aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, whiteflies 4A Do not use if other 4A insecticides have been or will be used. Admire Pro (imidacloprid) 4.4-10.5 fl oz 12 21 aphids, leafhoppers, thrips (foliage feeders), whiteflies 4A Limited to 10.5 fl oz per acre per season. Agree WG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 lepidopteran larvae (caterpillar pests) 11 Apply when larvae are small for best control. OMRI-listed2. *Agri-Mek SC (abamectin) 1.75-3.5 fl oz 12 7 Liriomyza leafminers, spider mites 6 No more than 2 sequential applications. Must be used with an adjuvant (but not binder sticker types). Not for use on leafy vegetables grown for transplant. *Ambush 25W (per methrin) 6.4-12.8 oz 12 1 beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, cutworms, fall armyworm, leafhoppers, vegetable leafminer 3 Do not apply more than 2 lb ai/ acre per season. Assail 30SG (acetamiprid) 2.0-4.0 oz 12 7 aphids, whiteflies 4A Begin applications for whiteflies when first adults are noticed. Do not apply more than 5 times per season or apply more often than every 7 days. Avaunt (indoxacarb) 2.5-6.0 oz 12 3 beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm 22 Do not apply more than 24 ounces of product per acre per crop. Aza-Direct (azadirachtin) en 1-2 pts, to 3.5 pts if needed 4 0 aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, leafminers, mites, stink bugs, thrips, weevils, whiteflies un Antifeedant, repellent, insect growth regulator. OMRI-listed2. Azatin XL (azadirachtin) 5-21 fl oz 4 0 aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, weevils, whiteflies un Antifeedant, repellent, insect growth regulator. *Baythroid XL (beta-cyfluthrin) 0.8-3.2 fl oz 12 0 beet armyworm (1st and 2nd instars), cabbage looper, corn earworm, cutworms, flea beetles, grasshoppers, potato leafhopper, saltmarsh caterpillar, thrips, vegetable weevil, yellowstriped armyworm, suppression of adult whitefly 3 Maximum of 12.8 fl oz per acre per season. Belay 50 WDG (clothianidin) 1.6-3.2 oz 12 7 aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, leafminers (suppression), whiteflies (suppression) 4A Do not apply more than 6.4 oz per acre per season. Do not use an adjuvant. Toxic to bees. Supplemental label for rates above 2.1 oz. Belay 50 WDG (clothianidin) 4.8 -6.4 oz (soil application) 12 Apply at planting aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, leafminers (suppression), whiteflies (suppression) 4A Do not apply more than 6.4 oz per acre per season. See label for application instructions. Beleaf 50 SG (flonicamid) 2.0-2.8 oz 12 0 aphids, plant bugs 9C Do not apply more than 8.4 oz/ acre per season. Begin applications before pests reach damaging levels. Biobit HP (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars (will not control large armyworms) 11 Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. Can be used in the greenhouse. OMRI-listed2.

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 219 Table 16. Continued. Trade Name (Common Name) Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes BotaniGard 22 WP, ES (Beauveria bassiana)en WP: 0.5-2 lb/100 gal ES: 0.5-2 qts/100 gal 4 0en aphids, thrips, whiteflies -May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer for recommendations if an adjuvant must be used. Not compatible in tank mix with fungicides. Confirm 2F (tebufenozide) 6.0-8.0 fl oz 4 7 armyworms, cabbage looper, gar den webworm 18 Do not exceed 56 ounces of product per acre per season. Coragen (rynaxypyr) 3.5-7.5 fl oz 4 1 beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, leafminers, suppression of whitefly nymphs 28 May be applied by drip chemigation, in addition to foliar and various soil application methods. Courier 40SC (buprofezin) 9.0-13.6 fl oz 12 7 leafhoppers, planthoppers, whiteflies 16 Do not make more than 2 applications per crop cycle. IGR targets immatures. Crymax WDG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Use high rate for armyworms. Treat when larvae are young. Deliver (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.25-1.5 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Use higher rates for armyworms. OMRI-listed2. DiPel DF (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.5-2.0 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11 Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. Durivo (thiamethoxam, chlorantraniliprole) 10-13 oz 12 30 aphids, beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, fall armyworm, flea beetles, imported cab bageworm, leafhoppers, whiteflies 4A, 28 May be applied by one of several soil application methods. Entrust (spinosad) 0.5-3 oz 4 1 armyworms, cabbage looper, leafminers, thrips 5 Use no more than 9 oz per acre per crop. OMRI-listed2. Extinguish ((S) methoprene) en 1.0-1.5 lb 4 0 fire ants 7A Slow acting IGR (insect growth regulator). Best applied early spring and fall where crop will be grown. Colonies will be reduced after three weeks and eliminated after 8 to 10 weeks. May be applied by ground equipment or aerially. Fulfill (pymetrozine) 2.75 oz 12 7 aphids, suppression of whiteflies 9B Apply when aphids first appear, before populations build to damaging levels. Two applications (maximum allowed) may be needed to control persistent aphid populations. Intrepid 2F (methoxyfenozide) 4-10 fl oz 4 1 armyworms, cabbage looper, webworms 18 Do not apply more than 64 fl oz per acre per season. Javelin WG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 0.12-1.5 lb 4 0 most caterpillars, but not Spodoptera species (armyworms) 11 Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. OMRI-listed2. *Larvin 3.2 (thiodicarb) 16-30 fl oz 48 14 armyworms, beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, fall armyworm, southern armyworm 1A Do not exceed 60 fl oz per acre per season. Lepinox WDG (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki) 1.0-2.0 lb 12 0 for most caterpillars, including beet armyworm (see label) 11B2 Treat when larvae are small. Thorough coverage is essential.

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Page 220 Vegetable Production Handbook Table 16. Continued. Trade Name (Common Name) Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes Malathion 8 F (malathion) 1-2 pt 12 21 aphids 1Ben Movento (spirotetramat) 4.0-5.0 fl oz 24 3 aphids, whiteflies 23 Do not apply more than 10 fl oz/ acre/crop. M-Pede 49% EC Soap, insecticidal 1-2% V/V 12 0 aphids, leafhoppers, mites, plant bugs, whiteflies -OMRI-listed2. *Mustang (zeta-cypermethrin) 2.4-4.3 oz 12 1 aphids, armyworms, corn earworm, crickets, cucumber beetles, cutworms, flea beetles, ground beetles, leafhoppers, loopers, Lygus bugs, saltmarsh caterpillar, stink bugs, tobacco budworm, whiteflies, wireworm adults 3 A maximum of 0.3 lb ai/acre per season may be applied. Do not make applications less than 7 days apart. Neemix 4.5 (azadirachtin) 4-16 fl oz 12 0 aphids, armyworms, leafhoppers, leafminers, loopers, whiteflies un IGR and feeding repellant. OMRIlisted2. Oberon 2SC (spiromesifen) 7.0-8.5 fl oz 12 7 whiteflies 23 Maximum amount per crop: 25.5 fl oz/acre. No more than three applications. Platinum Platinum 75SG (thiamethoxam) 5.0-11 fl oz 1.66-3.67 oz 12 30 aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, leafminers (suppression), whiteflies 4A Maximum = 11 oz/acre or 3.67 oz/ acre (75SG) per season. Do not use in conjunction with other 4A insecticides. *Pounce 25 WP (per methrin) en 3.2-12.8 oz 12 1 aphids, armyworms, beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn ear worm, cutworms, fall armyworm, leafhoppers, loopers, southern armyworm, tobacco budworm, vegetable leafminer 3 Do not apply more than 1.0 lb ai/ acre per season. *Proclaim (emamectin benzoate) 2.4-4.8 oz 12 7 beet armyworm, corn earworm, fall armyworm, loopers, tobacco budworm, suppression of leafminers 6 Do not apply more than 28.8 oz/A per season. Provado 1.6 F (imidacloprid) 3.8 oz 12 7 aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, whiteflies 4A Maximum of 19.0 fl oz per acre per season. Do not use with other 4A insecticides. PyGanic Crop Protection EC 5.0 (pyrethrins) 4.5-18 fl oz 12 0 Aphids, beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, whiteflies, others 3 Can be used in greenhouses. Thorough coverage is essential. Breaks down rapidly in sunlight. OMRI-listed2. Radiant SC (spinetoram) 5-10 fl oz 4 1 armyworms (not yellowstriped), cabbage looper, corn earworm, Liriomyza leafminer, thrips 5 Maximum of 6 applications, no more than 2 consecutive applications before rotating to another MOA.. Requiem 25EC (extract of Chenopodium ambrosioides) 2.0-4.0 qt 4 0 green peach aphid, suppression of Liriomyza leafminers, potato aphid, turnip aphid, whiteflies un Sevin 80S; XLR; 4F (carbaryl) 80S: 0.63-2.5 lb XLR; 4F: 0.5-2.0 qt 12 14 en armyworms, aster leafhopper, corn earworm, fall armyworm, flea beetles, leafhoppers, Lygus bug, spittlebugs, stink bug, tarnished plant bug 1A Do not apply more than a total of 7.5 lb or 6 qt per acre per crop. Synapse WG (flubendiamide) 2.0-3.0 oz 12 1 armyworms, loopers 28 Do not apply more than 9.0 oz/ acre per season. *Telone C-35 (dichloropropene + chloropicrin) See label 5 days See label preplant symphylans, wireworms -See supplemental label for use restrictions in south and central Florida. *Telone II (dichloropropene)

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Chapter 15: Minor Vegetable Crops; Beets, Carrots, Celery, and Parsley Page 221 Table 16. Continued. Trade Name (Common Name) Rate (product/acre) REI (hours) Days to Harvest Insects MOA Code1Notes Trigard (cyromazine) 2.66 oz 12 7 leafminers 17 No more than 5 applications per crop. Trilogy (extract of neem oil) 0.5-2.0% V/V 4 0 aphids, mites, suppression of thrips and whiteflies un Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn. Toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment. OMRI-listed2. Venom Insecticide (dinotefuran) foliar: 1-3 oz soil: 5-7.5 oz 12 foliar: 7 soil: 21Foliar: brown stink bug, cucumber beetle, flea beetle, grasshopper, green stink bug, suppression of green peach aphid and potato aphid, southern green stink bug, whitefliesSoil: suppression of green peach aphid and potato aphid, leafhoppers, leafminers, whiteflies 4A Use only one application method (soil or foliar, not both). Do not apply more than 6 oz/acre (foliar) or 12 oz/acre (soil) per season. See supplemental label. Vetica (flubendiamide and buprofezin) 12.0-17.0 fl oz 12 7 armyworms, cabbage looper, corn earworm, cutworms, green cloverworm, imported cabbageworm, leafhoppers (14-17 oz rate), saltmarsh caterpillar, tobacco budworm, whitefly (14-17 oz rate) 28, 16 No more than 3 applications per season or 38 fl oz per acre per season. Same active ingredients as Synapse, Coragen, and Courier. Voliam Flexi (thiamethoxam, chlorantraniliprole) 4.0-7.0 oz 12 7 aphids, beet armyworm, cabbage looper, corn earworm, fall armyworm, flea beetles, leafhoppers, southern armyworm, tobacco budworm, whiteflies 4A, 28 Do not apply more than 14 oz per acre per growing season. Do not use an adjuvant. Xentari DF (Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai) 0.5-2 lb 4 0 caterpillars 11Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. May be used in the greenhouse. Can be used in organic production.The pesticide information presented in this table was current with federal and state regulations at the time of revision. The user is responsible for determining the intended use is consistent with the label of the product being used. Use pesticides safely. Read and follow label instructions. 1Mode of Action codes for vegetable pest insecticides from the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) Mode of Action Classification v. 6.1 August 2008. 1A. Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors, Carbamates (nerve action) 1B. Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors, Organophosphates (nerve action) 2A. GABA gated chloride channel antagonists (nerve action) 3. Sodium channel modulators (nerve action) 4A. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists (nerve action) 5. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor allosteric activators (nerve action) 6. Chloride channel activators (nerve and muscle action) 7A. Juvenile hormone mimics (growth regulation) 7C. Juvenile hormone mimics (growth regulation) 9B and 9C. Selective homopteran feeding blockers 10. Mite growth inhibitors (growth regulation) 11. Microbial disruptors of insect midgut membranes 12B. Inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase (energy metabolism) 15. Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 0, lepidopteran (growth regulation) 16. Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 1, homopteran (growth regulation) 17. Molting disruptor, dipteran (growth regulation) 18. Ecdysone receptor agonists (growth regulation) 22. Voltage dependent sodium channel blockers (nerve action) 23. Inhibitors of acetyl Co A carboxylase (lipid synthesis, growth regulation) 28. Ryanodine receptor modulators (nerve and muscle action) un. Compounds of unknown or uncertain mode of action 2 OMRI listed: Listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute for use in organic production. Restricted Use Only.