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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00003380/00001
 Material Information
Title: Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables
Physical Description: Fact sheet
Creator: Bonina, Jennifer
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: Original publication date, July 2004. Revised November 2009."
General Note: "HS981"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00003380:00001


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Jennifer Bonina and Daniel J. Cantliffe2

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 2 205.204 The producer must use organically grown seeds, annual seedlings, and planting stock, Except, That, (1) Nonorganically produced, untreated seeds and planting stock may be used to produce an organic crop when an equivalent organically produced variety is not commercially available, Except, That, organically produced seed must be used for the production of edible sprouts.

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 3 5.3.1 Recommended Practices: Organically produced seeds, seedlings, scions and rootstocks; Other forms of non-toxic seed treatments, such as hot water, legume inoculants, pelletization (when not involving fungicides); Assorted plant and/or animal preparations, biodynamic preparations, microbial activators, bacterial inoculants, and mycorhizea, etc. All products must be naturally occurring (not the result of genetic engineering); 5.3.2 Restricted Practices Untreated conventionally produced seed may be used if organically produced seed is unavailable until 2003. Thereafter, organically produced seed must be used; the extent to which producers rely on nonplant materials should be clearly documented. Organic Vegetable Production

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 4 Aphidius colemani,

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 5 Hylobius transversovittatus

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 6

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 7 Seed spacing recommendations for vegetable seed production. Solanaceae Tomato Eggplant Pepper 9 12 inches 18 24 inches 14 18 inches Cucurbitaceae Cucumber Squash Watermelon 12 inches 24 36 inches 24 36 inches Compositaceae Head Lettuce Loose Leaf 10 12 inches 6 8 inches Brassicaceae Broccoli Cauliflower 18 24 inches 18 24 inches

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 8 Products and organic methods for pest control Azatin EC Whiteflies, leafminer, fungus gnats, armyworms, aphids, thrips, loopers, cutworms Botanical insecticide of Neem tree Controls insects by disrupting insect molting by antagonizing the insect hormone ecdysone Bacillus thuringiens Caterpillars, cabbageworms, fruitworms, hornworms Bacterial spore extract toxic to caterpillars After ingesting Bt, caterpillars stop feeding (usually within an hour) and die within a few days Insecticidal Soaps Soft-bodied pests such as whiteflies, aphids, and spider mites Kills susceptible insects by washing away the protective coating on the surface of the insect disrupts normal membrane function Commercial brands are available, and are safe to use with little no damage to beneficials Pyretherin Beetles, caterpillars, various sucking insects Causes a rapid knockdown and paralysis of most insects Insects may recover unless the product is mixed with a synergist or other toxicant Rotetone Aphids, certain beetles, and caterpillars Stomach poison, insects short residual activity, losing its effectiveness within a week Insecticide harmless to plants highly toxic to fish and many insects, moderately toxic to mammals, and leaves no harmful residues on vegetables Copper Leaf spot, anthracnose, mildew, blight and black rot Disrupts electron transport along the cytochromes Copper sulfate, alone or mixed with hydrated lime (Bordeaux mixture) Sulfur Powdery mildew, rusts and some other fungal leaf diseases Nonspecific denaturation of proteins and enzymes Finely ground sulfur, Can burn plant tissue when used with copper and oils Listing of organic, open pollinated, and heirloom seed suppliers 7 Harris Place Salinas, CA 93901 Certified organic seed (daughter company of Enza Zaden BV) 831-751-0937 http://www.enzazaden.nl P.O. Box 520 Waterville, ME 04903 Certified Organic vegetable, seed potato, tubers and supplies for organic growers 207-873-7333 http://www.fedcoseeds.com P.O. Box 24966 Rochester, NY 14624 Selected organic vegetable seeds 1 oz packets and organic pelleting 800-544-7938 http://www.harrisseeds.com PO Box 57 Stockton, CA 95201-3057 Organically produced and packaged hybrid tomato seed 209-932-5730 http://www.heinzseed.com 813 Brook Road Walcott, VT 05680 Organic and Open-pollinated vegetable, flower, herb seeds for Northeast 802-888-1800 http://highmowingseeds.com P O Box 337 La Honda, CA 94020-0337 Vegetable seeds, herb seeds, flower seeds, fruit plants and seeds, native plants and seeds, ornamental plants No phone http://www.JLHudsonSeeds.net

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 9 Listing of organic, open pollinated, and heirloom seed suppliers Foss Hill Road Albion, ME 04910 Wholesale & Retail certified organic vegetable, flower, herb seeds & potting mix 207-437-4301 http://www.johnnyseeds.com Rte. 1 Box 5510 Mt. Vernon, ME 04352 Wholesale organic seedlings & retail herb and vegetable seed 207-293-2268 38325 Pepperweed Road Squaw Valley, CA 93675 Vegetable plants, herb seeds, herb plants, flower seeds, fruit plants or seeds, native plants or seeds, ornamental plants 559-338-2775 http://www.mountainvalleygrowers.com P O Box 750776 Petaluma, CA 94975-0776 Certified organic seeds, plants and drip irrigation 707-776-9303 http://www.naturalgardening.com P.O. Box 2209 Grass Valley, CA 95945 Wholesale & Retail Bulk Seed certified by CCOF & carries Seeds of change packets 888-784-1722 http://www.groworganic.com 10601 Vista Road Columbia, MO 21044 Certified organic tomato seed only 401-531-5144 rebsorggarden@aol.com P.O. Box 15700 Santa Fe, NM 87592 Certified Oregon Tilth organic vegetable, flower and herb seeds 888-762-7333 http://seedsofchange.com P O Box 596 Cornville, AZ 86325 Vegetable seeds, herb seeds, flower seeds, cover crop seeds, native plants or seeds 928-649-3315 http://www.seedstrust.com 1255 Zeager Road Elizabethtown, PA 17022 Certified organic and untreated vegetable seeds 800-952-7333 http://www.seedway.com/ P.O. Box 418 Center, CO 81125 Certified organic seed potato only 719-754-2946 http://www.semtecseed.com 21855 Rosehart Way Salinas, CA 93908 Over 400 organically grown and untreated vegetable and herb seeds 831-758-9869 http://www.snowseedco.com P.O. Box 548 Buffalo, NY 14240-0548 Certain organic vegetable seeds available, OP, untreated seeds 716-695-6980 http://www.stokesseeds.com P.O. Box 158 Cottage Grove, OR 97424 Organic vegetable seed supplier 541-942-9547 http://territorialseed.com Jim and Megan Gerritsen 49 Kinney Rd Bridgewater, ME 04735 Organic seed potatoes and selected vegetable seed 207-429-9765 http://www.woodprairie.com Town Road 19 Wallingford Box 428 B Tinmouth, VT 05773 Certified by OCIA over 1000 organic herbs 802-446-2812

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 10 Listing of organic, open pollinated, and heirloom seed suppliers P.O. Box 9000 Calais, ME 04619-6102 Certified organic seed and certified as a shipper/handler of organic seed (NOP accredited) 800-363-7333 http://www.veseys.com/ 300 Park Avenue Warmister, PA 18974 Certified organic vegetable seeds 888-333-5808 http://www.burpee.com/ 49 Kinney Road Bridewater, ME 04734 Organic Potato Seeds Only 800-829-9765 2278 Baker Creek Rd Mansfield, MO 65704 Especially large selection heirloom eggplant, melon, watermelon & squash 417-924-8917 http://www.rareseeds.com 78 Barry Road Oxford, CT 06478 Non-hybrid hardy vegetable strains raised by cooperating farms 203-888-2000 P.O. Box 451 Great Barrington, MA 01230 Non-profit Seed Exchange 413-229-8316 P.O. Box 4604 Hallandale, FL 33008 Open Pollinated, Hybrid pepper seed & organic tobacco, garden supplies 954-455-0229 http://www.eonseed.com P.O. Box 245 W. Elizabeth, PA 15088-0245 Heirloom vegetable, fruit, herb seed 417-384-0853 http://heirloomseeds.com P O Box 397 Aurora, IN 47001 Good source for heirloom varieties of vegetables 513-354-1494 http://www.henryfields.com 5045 Robinson Canyon Rd Ellensburg, WA 98926 Organic seed potatoes, garlic and early season organic/heirloom vegetable seeds 509-964-7000 http://www.irish-eyes.com 23 Tulip Drive Bantam, CT 06570 New Company 02 Vegetables and Herbs 860-567-6086 http://www.kitchengardenseeds.com 3580 Main Street Bldg. 10 Hartford, CT 06120 Oldest Seed Co. in US large heirloom vegetable seed collection 860-724-1240 http://www.neseed.com (acquired Sow Organic in 2007) 1 Parkton Ave Greenwood, SC 29647 Certified organic, open pollinated, non-hybrid, non-GMO vegetable seeds 800-213-0076 http://www.organic seed.com P.O. Box 300 New Gloucester, ME 04260 Specializes in seed packets sized for home gardeners http://www.superseeds.com

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 11 Listing of organic, open pollinated, and heirloom seed suppliers P O Box 460 Mineral, VA 23117 Open-pollinated, heirloom, and organic seed 540-894-9480 http://www.southernexposure.com P.O. Box 5010 Hodges, SC 29653 Open-pollinated vegetable, flower, herb seeds 800-457-9705 http://www.cooksgarden.com P.O. Box 1308 Jackson, NJ 08527 Retail & Wholesale open-pollinated vegetable, herb and flower seed 800-274-7333 http://www.thompson-morgan.com 3904 North Winn Rd Decorah, IA 52101 Retail Branch of largest US seed exchange 563-382-5990 http://www.seedsavers.org 410 Whaley Pond Road Graniteville, SC 29829 Heirloom seeds for the Southern states http://www.seedsforthesouth.com P.O. Box 460 Mineral, VA 23117 Open-pollinated vegetables and herbs 540-894-9480 http://www.southernexposure.com P.O. Box 2237 Fort Myers, FL 33902 Heirloom tomato and pepper seeds 888-478-7333 http://www.tomatogrowers.com 8333 Swanston Lane Gilroy, CA 95020 Custom organic coating and seed enhancements 408-848-8120 http://www.germains.com 1293 Harkins Road Salinas, CA 93901-2295 Organic seed coating, pelleting, encrusting 831-757 4367 http://www.incotec.com Via Cipro 60 47023 Cesena ITALY Certified organic vegetable seed 39 (0547) 382121 http://www.anseme.com Hengelderweg 6 7383 RD Voorst THE NETHERLANDS Organic seed certified by the EU-regulation 2092/92 31 (0) 575-502648 http://www.enzazaden.nl Kirchenweinbergstr. 115 71672 Marbach am Neckar GERMANY Certified organic vegetables seeds 49 (0) 7144 / 8473-11 http://www.hildsamen.de 10 Plaut St. Weizmann Science Park Rehovot 76122 ISRAEL Certified organic vegetable, herb and flower seeds 561-391-8467 http://www.genesisseeds.com

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Seed Production and Seed Sources of Organic Vegetables 12 Listing of organic, open pollinated, and heirloom seed suppliers P O Box 80 Parkside, SK S0J 2A0 CANADA Vegetable seeds, herb seeds, grain seeds 306-747-2935 http://www.sprouting.com P.O. Box 103 Gedera 70750 ISRAEL Certified organic vegetable seed Jose Luis Gonzalez 526-461-7164 Ext. 04 http://www.zeraimgedera.com