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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00003275/00001
 Material Information
Title: Research Needs and Logistic Impediments in Restoration, Enhancement and Management Projects: A Survey of Land Managers
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Adams, Carrie R.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Original publication date March 2010."
General Note: "ENH1161"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00003275:00001


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Carrie R. Adams and Nancy M. Steigerwalt2

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Research Needs and Logistic Impediments in Restoration, Enhancement, and Management.... 2 Imperata cylindrica

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Research Needs and Logistic Impediments in Restoration, Enhancement, and Management.... 3 Journal of Coastal Research Wetlands EvergladesThe ecosystem and its restoration Wetlands BioScience Journal ofCoastal Research BioScience AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment Natural Areas Journal Strangers in paradise: Impact and management of nonindigenous species in Florida Wetlands BioScience Ammodramus henslowii The Auk Southeastern Naturalist

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Research Needs and Logistic Impediments in Restoration, Enhancement, and Management.... 4 Types of ecosystem stressors affecting restored, enhanced, or managed sites by survey respondents in the southeastern coastal plain (n = 38) Survey question: What types of degradation most affect sites that you manage or restore? Stressor Percent Invasive species (please list species below) 74 Hydrologic alteration 55 Erosion 24 Nutrient enrichment 16 All-terrain vehicle damage 13 Nonpoint source pollution 8 Other (please list below) Silviculture impacts 18 Fire disruption, agricultural impacts 13 Development impacts, mining impacts, large-scale mechanical impacts and filling, feral hog damage, timber and bedding issues, off-site species, habitat loss and fragmentation, historical nutrient changes 3 Invasive species Imperata cylindrica 21 Schinus terebinthifolius 11 Ligustrum sinense, Lygodium spp., Panicum repens, Paspalum notatum, Triadica spp. 10 Cynodon, Melinis repens, Microstegium spp. 8 Casuarina spp. 5 Ardisia spp., Cinnamomum camphora, Dioscorea bulbifera, Festuca spp., Lonicera japonica, Melaleuca quinquenervia, Murdannia keisak, Paederia foetida, Pueraria spp., Pyrostegia venusta, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa, Rosa multiflora, Typha spp., Urochloa maxima, all category I and II species, pasture grasses 3 Ecosystem types restored and enhanced or managed by survey respondents in the southeastern coastal plain (n = 38) Survey question: What ecosystem type(s) do you work in? Ecosystem Percent Pine flatwoods and dry prairies 71 Scrub and high pine 47 Wetland mitigation banks 45 Swamps 42 Freshwater marshes 39 Salt marshes 32 Temperate hardwood forests 29 Rivers and springs, dunes and maritime forests 26 Mangroves 25 Lakes 16 South Florida rockland 11 Inshore marine habitats 8 Coral reefs 3 Other (please list below) Wet prairies 5

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Research Needs and Logistic Impediments in Restoration, Enhancement, and Management.... 5 Ecosystem types restored and enhanced or managed by survey respondents in the southeastern coastal plain (n = 38) Wetlands, streams, beaver impoundments, pitcher plant bogs, seepage slopes, limestone glades, tropical hammocks, shortleaf pine woodlands, montane longleaf pine woodlands, xeric oak/hickory woodlands, xeric sandhills, savannahs, Alabama tallgrass prairies 3 Plant community restoration research needs identified by survey respondents in the southeastern coastal plain (n = 33) Survey question: What issues have you tried to resolve related to restoration of plant communities where you found the research to be lacking? Please rank from 1, with 1 being most important. Research area Rank Propagation 1 Practical planting advice (e.g., appropriate seedling density, species selection) 2 Installation of plant material 3 Genotype considerations 4 Other (please list below) Percent Habitat selection, donor and recolonization site management, control of exotics, and effects of site disturbance on restoration 14 Germination cycles and requirements, ecotypic considerations, and geographic barriers, range, etc. for less common species 11 Natural recruitment versus mechanical planting, direct seeding, timing of seed banking and planting (Example: In flatwoods, sites are too wet for equipment during optimum wiregrass planting time. What are the effects of a delay in seeding/planting on wiregrass establishment?) 8 Information sources used by survey respondents who restore and enhance or manage sites in the southeastern coastal plain (n = 38) Survey question: Who or what do you turn to for information and knowledgeable people to help with projects? Information source Percent Other practitioners or natural resource management staff 87 Scientific literature (journals) 74 White papers or reports (nonjournal publications) 61 University researchers 53 Web sites (please list below) 34 Other (please list below) Conferences and meetings 10 Training seminars, center agency discussions 3 Web sites Association of Florida Native Nurseries http://afnn.org Native Plants Propagation Protocol Database http://nativeplants.for.uidaho.edu/network nThe Institute for Regional Conservation http://regionalconservation.org 5

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Research Needs and Logistic Impediments in Restoration, Enhancement, and Management.... 6 Information sources used by survey respondents who restore and enhance or manage sites in the southeastern coastal plain (n = 38) The Institute for Regional Conservation http://regionalconservation.org Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF) http://www.ifas.ufl.edu Society for Ecological Restoration http://www.ser.org Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/ Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute http://www.hboi.edu/ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Environmental Quality http://www.fws.gov/contaminants/ 3 Logistic parameters hampering restoration and enhancement or management by survey respondents in the southeastern coastal plain (n = 38) Survey question: What logistic parameters most prevent you from achieving restoration goals? Logistic parameter Percent Money 61 Lack of knowledgeable contractors (e.g., heavy equipment operators) 39 Lack of employees with needed expertise 32 Finding, training, and/or working with volunteers 11 Other (please list below) Arranging for progression of work in the necessary seasonal sequence 8 Burn limitations, difficulties reinstating burn regimes, limited quantity of qualified fire managers for ground fires, and weather 3 Lack of core habitat, time to complete projects, equipment and staff to collect seeds, knowledgeable developers, and expertise in systematic long-term planning, stretch goal developments, backcasting technique, establishing protocols for monitoring, performance criteria, and milestones 3 Plant material availability problems encountered by survey respondents in the southeastern coastal plain (n = 38) Survey question: What problems do you encounter with respect to plant material availability? (Please list species) Plant material availability Percent Genotype local source material is unavailable 47 Species required are unavailable 42 Quantity of individuals needed cannot be found 29 Other (please list below) Limited sources provide local native plant material and seeds 15 Low donor site availability; contracting in advance necessary for many species 5 Timing harvest of species to seed viability 3 Species Aristida beyrichiana 13 Grasses, wet prairie, and longleaf pine species 8 Spartina alterniflora, all listed species 5

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Research Needs and Logistic Impediments in Restoration, Enhancement, and Management.... 7 Plant material availability problems encountered by survey respondents in the southeastern coastal plain (n = 38) Acacia farnesiana, Aesculus pavia, Borrichia frutescens, Carpinus caroliniana, Carya spp., Castanea pumila, Catalpa bignonioides, Celtis laevigata, Ceratiola ericoides, Conocarpus erectus, Crataegus spp., Cyrilla racemiflora, Echinacea spp., Eugenia rhombea, Fagus grandifolia, Frangula caroliniana, Guapira discolor, Ilex spp., Licania michauxii, Lilium catesbaei, Morus rubra, Nyssa spp., Ostrya virginiana, Panicum amarum, Pinckneya bracteata, Quercus spp., Quercus stellata, Sabal spp., Sapindus saponaria var. saponaria, Schizachyrium scoparium, Sideroxylon tenax, Sorghastrum secundum, Spartina spp., Styrax grandifolius, Tilia floridana, Ulmus crassifolia, Uniola spp., less common shrubs and trees, perennial bunchgrasses, Florida panhandle species, and species from flatwoods, sandhills, uplands, and xeric environments. 3