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Reminiscences (Typescript) of the Life of James Ormond, 1892

A Guide to the Ormond Family Papers ( Related URL )
National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) UFPKY
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Material Information

Title:
Reminiscences (Typescript) of the Life of James Ormond, 1892
Series Title:
Ormond Family Papers (1784-1909)
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Language:
English
Creator:
Ormond family
Donor:
Bettie Massengale Edwards
Publication Date:
Physical Location:
Box: 4
Divider: Ormond,James III
Folder: Reminiscences (Typescript) of the Life of James Ormond, 1892

Subjects

Genre:
Spatial Coverage:

Notes

Scope and Content:
Correspondence, business account notebooks, official marriage, deed, estate records, and a manuscript memoir. Collection includes family correspondence ranging from James I in 1884 to James III in 1882, the bulk (3 boxes) of which chronicles the business and personal affairs of James III. Major subjects covered include the Second Seminole War in Florida, the Civil War, the Andersonville Prison in Georgia, and business operations characteristic of the nineteenth century. Other topics include yellow fever outbreaks in Florida, frontier life in north Florida, Spanish land grant claims, and family history. Researchers may find the ongoing, regular correspondence between James III and McNaught useful for topics relating to business practices of the period. Of particular note is the handwritten autobiography of James III, dictated in the year before his death. The collection is arranged chronologically.
Abstract:
The collection includes correspondence, business letters, account books, and a memoir manuscript created by members of the Ormond family of Florida.
Biographical:
Captain James Ormond I (175?-1819), born in Scotland, commanded the brig Somerset. He owned a plantation on Exuma in the Bahamas, but then took advantage of Spanish land grants in Florida. He settled near New Smyrna, Florida, where he was later killed by a neighbor's slave. James Ormond II (179?-1829), also born in Scotland, came to Florida with his wife, Isabella (neé Christie), and their four children after a failed business venture. They lived on the Damietta plantation, near St. Augustine, Florida. James Ormond III (1815-1892) was born in Mayfield, Scotland. During the Second Seminole War, he volunteered in the Mosquito Roarers militia as a sergeant. Ormond married Elizabeth Chaires in 1844, with whom he had nine children. His business ventures included the Atlanta Paper Mill, one of the first paper mill operations in the South and other enterprises with his partner William McNaught. During the Civil War, Ormond worked as an adjutant at Andersonville Prison. He moved his family to Canada and England after the war, returning to Atlanta in 1867. He later came back to Florida and settled near the remains of his former plantation, Damietta. The town of Ormond, named for him, was incorporated in 1880. Source: "James Ormond, Merchant and Soldier," by Alice Strickland, The Florida Historical Quarterly, (41):209-222
Preferred Citation:
Identification of item, Ormond Family Papers, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Donation:
Gift of Ms. Bettie Massengale Edwards, 1979.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - http://uf.catalog.fcla.edu/uf.jsp?st=UF001925427&ix=pm&I=0&V=D&pm=1
System ID:
IR00003201:00038

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Reminiscences (Typescript) of the Life of James Ormond, 1892
Series Title:
Ormond Family Papers (1784-1909)
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Language:
English
Creator:
Ormond family
Donor:
Bettie Massengale Edwards
Publication Date:
Physical Location:
Box: 4
Divider: Ormond,James III
Folder: Reminiscences (Typescript) of the Life of James Ormond, 1892

Subjects

Genre:
Spatial Coverage:

Notes

Scope and Content:
Correspondence, business account notebooks, official marriage, deed, estate records, and a manuscript memoir. Collection includes family correspondence ranging from James I in 1884 to James III in 1882, the bulk (3 boxes) of which chronicles the business and personal affairs of James III. Major subjects covered include the Second Seminole War in Florida, the Civil War, the Andersonville Prison in Georgia, and business operations characteristic of the nineteenth century. Other topics include yellow fever outbreaks in Florida, frontier life in north Florida, Spanish land grant claims, and family history. Researchers may find the ongoing, regular correspondence between James III and McNaught useful for topics relating to business practices of the period. Of particular note is the handwritten autobiography of James III, dictated in the year before his death. The collection is arranged chronologically.
Abstract:
The collection includes correspondence, business letters, account books, and a memoir manuscript created by members of the Ormond family of Florida.
Biographical:
Captain James Ormond I (175?-1819), born in Scotland, commanded the brig Somerset. He owned a plantation on Exuma in the Bahamas, but then took advantage of Spanish land grants in Florida. He settled near New Smyrna, Florida, where he was later killed by a neighbor's slave. James Ormond II (179?-1829), also born in Scotland, came to Florida with his wife, Isabella (neé Christie), and their four children after a failed business venture. They lived on the Damietta plantation, near St. Augustine, Florida. James Ormond III (1815-1892) was born in Mayfield, Scotland. During the Second Seminole War, he volunteered in the Mosquito Roarers militia as a sergeant. Ormond married Elizabeth Chaires in 1844, with whom he had nine children. His business ventures included the Atlanta Paper Mill, one of the first paper mill operations in the South and other enterprises with his partner William McNaught. During the Civil War, Ormond worked as an adjutant at Andersonville Prison. He moved his family to Canada and England after the war, returning to Atlanta in 1867. He later came back to Florida and settled near the remains of his former plantation, Damietta. The town of Ormond, named for him, was incorporated in 1880. Source: "James Ormond, Merchant and Soldier," by Alice Strickland, The Florida Historical Quarterly, (41):209-222
Preferred Citation:
Identification of item, Ormond Family Papers, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Donation:
Gift of Ms. Bettie Massengale Edwards, 1979.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - http://uf.catalog.fcla.edu/uf.jsp?st=UF001925427&ix=pm&I=0&V=D&pm=1
System ID:
IR00003201:00038

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Maruary 1, lfl0 se


At the repeated solloetattoL at My htldrem4 I hae

at Ubath eamlated to jot doa fwr their iate i a few ofat the mw

rrmnne at long lie that they may at least Mnow as muOh as a 4o

:f their aristain ad tsally emucatiase 16s

IMEiSI' SIBhi Iv

My father Jamca Ormanid, was the eldeilt son f Ot C t aa

James asrgn4 whose Wie was a Miss Ruassell Walter. They had two sos

s father, and Sflamel Walker frmand and one Aas*ter who died Ypage






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acarel was ameBd after his amatraan tae0, Aabnes Wft bi
O tli Ain Geriasatiwa, PemasylvaataR A state' at qy gramther r acrid l4



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the b%. to. Roblnsaa a alaster of the iuk wt m bes. .inaw Whvlae

I Xemb smai ted a the iom =t hoad att, ut herta ap 4f ItmtW 9*0, R

is h oaD to chilmluegh, they had tat -e vhie a m a Jna Ithse
seals of mine, at we elwat s caled him Mil. dShas a he -a ast i

qe ea my father and thay were prait frisenda

SJonB mother died sad Dr. Rebbnam married qaan but Ret

sO eatldrena by the aeconS marrie5.. Joan loend his step mather early sa

s oild do anything she wished him to do. I*

Ona day ehe..et a poor warn with a *ohld ia ur h aen, 'lh

eIl)A sailed on Mrs. Robinaem mad held at to her as eple which it hebu W

I t heal adS l hildl'les wman s son takes with the ahild and itsf reS f

tot an etMiate ftAos to it mad adopted it. H









At wfl, foe e attU ik nns o it am at is -
beath lft t* all his prepetp is aefXaI, tmuatut Ma Ma
ftWer*s hba.m to wa I was te with U fUp tfl 4 p"y
tIM" *Ltvewwre ete. ste1 while to a his enads he btt
a et of semrilti.s he hold in the titet States Vf A t
am=ut"ng to sea twenty-thwee to twenty-tive tOmeS a4 *
kan, mas maot of wf oh I lavaste aad le la AW IV P
qaratimas.
the chile*' anum was Willian ailth. I &ea't know that
I ever saw hia, but have heart that he was a reopi table eittl
sea ant a trag.;Ast by trade ia Leith.
My births*
I was born an theo 7th of kty, 18US at the uoeew
of my great swat, t r. Robinaso at a Vpaee ballet, X thmlt
Mlfl1al, oa the road to Peot belle abMot a mie or twe
south east of Leith and about the saan tistanae treae SAU
burgh. Rat, before I say any ore about myslf, I better w
you as muoh as I know about my graaitather Omamn aAt at
father. There have been many tales tolU St both mest of
whioh are either pure IUB or the reo oat Of p ritasnal prae


I The first I know of my prsatMather he SaWU eat
esomanada an a ras brig called the "Soem'rt."* I teose A
it ws abselateLy aessmeary to go a -A es-eeally as his gn
was between tat southern states (that are evw) mA th West S



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I. US Somerset


44eels In the employment or a Slotch firs flomn as gfantol
Lestio h Sfew who holA a oeneession from the Speanah Govei *
meat ts ta e wit the Ialanlt ov e Indi ala to or wore said







to havs h en largely in debt to Wela fit and paid it in Lan .t.j
0S gent was is tiat me ohinimelt by the Gove ant rand cover-
OR 4a lomee tAy mllbetween SavMYoaahy all n t wht tu now Appl
eM as i ty and iart t ofeen a Gaot ee fir ao na a rantsl





Leele & rme, bevint a aonsesios Mrs the 3pAi sh
mant t trade with the bnilns. he hoieans get, or were s.id




to have gt, largely i dets toA thie fir aWO plt it ina La
Ths gr nt dwaa iD t aim onflam by tf e gr oves mast Wand overA
S" a mRamre eart Nw .iovimn. a asr alOaU aat amese





E mX Osy h a pv I ef Xle a"N how ASats. un tu the ta wish
atGoverment aiAeS ie trs to som over a ettle Ie hor?
5~A *ga *pt Oha aln relioet nS t.he liw.o .o 1"ONVmV
unmeAM La St. Dala6e a Xlt of Srooo mMB bought le,.A is.^
I Ow.. s=

1 we ls mi titwtoA Sea ]slan Oettin. _...|

Shue ho lived I doant know n Xoans, untl thq BpinS .
G Ooverasnt Invitet Sottlem to eons over mat Settle is 1lorto
S med gusts' thon- all lass. aeag tshow s ho avaela theselis

i of the grmtl aM moved ovr to the Hallfax OMtSaty with w

hat*taBtho were, Baneral Williis, his wifs a thin P455
Wr tna ls.. Anderso sa eire mad o AB's. A MAcm-a' m.tu




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| w mrp taf *t 1tba& *ai-i (liutS); eaw Mfa,
| Oarty t S, did e tite beumag Ia masw y A
Gua' I &mot NMI tam a asWrwl a mesaa...
u es at w gasSAathler's oyaesw tefther as ben

mA lftt .a seetas with to -ant, Mts. .ebtanas his
tther aever -w his s aant. armrfater was ste e4 KuI"
o Iw e t mway a"r bslaiM ato omGenal Wilies dfe atw
the first platatloa ho settled near iow Sxraea ft I6 or
wae0 Rtmaswa by the ham whea I fell. The auterte was
sMo after shot a killed by his owbri* zg rarl wlliam,
-s hi. oorpso ores tae.
Wet leag after this event hranifther's XItate was aSa

sMlataui OR Vt a gentlesfta s at Augustnae, a Mr.' mene%
a, m In after "ays to a bays al* C iU 5Ady WffeeW.
UtAi st 6ern. the Sti sebastiua at st. Augustise.
andfateor &W Oames an balk bth rA at
A, vaie aedtu Osar Zaluat- aot as istleaA b a gmefm
evy smrleoeiag a marCh near the fltn plaes hs settle seer


a mtamher and VasLe amal went to ;oeleaat "a tUin
with w fatter. My fatlwertt this sti whia I sq gm s was
abset 1819, or lflO, was in good oenOmstanse., being the J31

ter partner of tmhe firm 0aerbet BoDotbeVlek a" Co.t largely a.

g sfiAIn graia traoe Up the Baills ad we lived n good tylk.e

I IwOl mrsem r the te houses we lived in about this tim t
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Abeat this tint tim q rather was a aiker .o
S failed MW why 4o not knor, bu t, as thp law at that
Ut shatm debtean to be jailed, he nd his mrothr and
3oAle a5naol ltan Sttltnd ftr Florida and took possesuti
at the prorty there left by i Gradfathorg captals ftam



Ma6t Grat4father .hr1stiesa
I know very little about hia until t! mew to die.
I s was asn hiest worktan and T aner by tr de end live
with his. t1 old a ndea &augere up in the low r p&rt or
I A I t fU oi s e rAtes in mnatbwrg in tho aye ,
S to eep tie earps in the iouse for a good may7 days an
|teU tit nahbers s frieats ealted to ooeiele with the
MslIttwa a th deeeased were treated to *ea an wi m.
W ymSet wmalOrmnaa c(hrtfete,Sd I were of the same
g sad a laoleutes. :o fomI thim out atnd w re it eamp bur
s m to al1 on our c gred aunts evay day as we emo hene
SUeS sebool me d pgt our supply of eake an? itne. After a
ile ai re g a t fnd out what nan gol"n on an .poa a toep te
I acr dttnte-@estsd ozooladoiaaa
W raxfat'er. illlma hristi, k npt a Inrgro whIteeate
aS retail grotr's shop at the corner of Conotitation U4e
qA Ltith walk. He had quit a largs tally of his ns;a|
| isfng 'oter%, amest, %.Charls, ;a id, -*'rmond and UaehallU
11) IA* deawgtereg Isabelln, xnes Hjoles, etrion, rbutbae





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-I Z 1 nMfr Aber oatsotmo Islm fa- we
G yeeoet, m there was a beauttftl latr we wA t to fU
gsat tarlotte Oreekfl% a peat friSeA of 1 mtohers a6 a
.wr Otha r was a t. Jrot in t oh at S ilI t sesDes.
tty b a tr q aOW ies ever BaS ad seses is W.*e
W-teUl whoe want to Loton Inteo te wine trade api at his
Oath. Efbert mieseeds to him bestneas mse nqsy AU1
Us rest are rat o as- tar as making money n ea aV eat
at Unam were aso aoet at all* ?wo of the girls wan iW poWt
other test their miSe nad a1l are now deed eeinpt Marshall
Chriatie who" lives on vb t Robert lett. Apte nrruiS a Mr*
a ato a happy .arles-. and lft a Laughter ihe ..
either la the islad of Ceyltn or in la atralla s abe to *eAf
Itrnhall ow vesi in Brid, gBlsand, h ftwo soMu ia
eMabsg -Australia, eat am ana atS two tught era In M1a5 p
le eldest daughter is oat as a governess tfer ife, he aas p
nad tUs youngest girl is seaw beift etaatea for tle Swo ire,
feanions %h boy 1s at asbhoos M father and youre prat0 |
-e n ubesUa christle sat have awuM eitwar Ia 11M or USW
fea) I was bars an t e Tth or ay l raepUidly follow by a
sLtter every year until there Ue.- bok AgfSe RwesUll aA
|. ales. Our ages were I think not more than a year apart Ai
say esanss I mother was a beautiful woma, tall aad at a flae
tinon a blase with hair the solar of Ida's, light Vey eyes*
a b'feaftfutl esaqplaxiong a Re" and Lily. she was* t1oe

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iAg-hly Masibls a a muloiaa ad a natural atitstj
S *tlU make or to anything she Inishe1dto la fuoy wok of
aWy kind or anything pertaining to a lady s dress or be-ad
gnar, awd she eould draw and paint anything, but with aUfl
she had the Christle family falling, a very anxious and o.ere
TvOu di.pesitlso
In thosMe anys oalmunioation between Rurope wan Amerie
was not an regular ad frequent as now, and particularly with
I'lortda aid the part of Florida where my father lived as now.
We lvaed 40 mies froa a post offle, St. Auguatine Then I
suppose the only mail was by railing pakets, say aone or
S tvw1 a moath, between Charleston, 8.0, and St. Augustine,
as you as see what the shansem wore of eoomunicating with ..
Srwope. Well, during this time, say between 1881s when lAther
lett Soatland aend 184, when he sent my mele to bring his I
taiily to kia my mother tell milk. The dootors called it
bats fr*vr. She told me herself, that during this til .
aess the oteroa had her head shaved and a sap of iee or e as

put on it. Whether this nas true or not, I cannot may. How*
-J
fvrg the result was ashe beam demoted and never recovered
e tirely. She was worse on full aoks and bettor at other
't esI (lose violent.)
SSo from 18* to 1834 I don't know who supported the

faamily your grae a Ormand or your great grandpa Christle, but
it was a meager and poor support at whosoesever's oaot. I ew
IOMhor all about it but it would do no good to toll about it ..IS
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Duraig thpu a yean. a8 to 1884. I wt to etMole I
I th it we a, sor or pobli o eool en Zlth Utms Tho
mater's Rnawe wq eftae" Iwry Mistelmlnss we ftA to
bring hi a lhillng nan he gave e*sh sohola eP as aa*

At the abhetl I lifnen t ft at teA Ia I ft sot e ta U
I B4, I, being then about nine yearn or ag I sclla est
anything I wanted to sa had begun tIe latin gramwa* Hat
red the trPbmen Nlahtse. Tale book ws a gvtmes e as a pesat
S by at Helen and at school, the last ezams action before leavu
ag 30 tlanA, I reeived as a sebool pritm from the fillies
sai AlAemnsn, who supeaerintea the *shOe l a eln m atleU
"the Perq Asedotes". Ths book io to this dayq,(teb. tIM)
S emWhOe flabt the house d ous t to be kept y see Of yen
to Sha at least that your grVapa was not anf SAt yOeess


I have been willing to flamt eaytim ever Saina Z emtj
be anytSte whenever It war neeseaary and during the tis flm
OSIl to 184, IZ remakr two ftihta I h t at seloole Mn was
with my unele OrwnS. I gn0 his a fgoat looking, why Z 4dft
Ammber. In the other ease I dant klae who it was 1 fought
bt I kInkta W antagonist dos and when I went to beat his a
the groua a big blaek ohianey seep ampe on m mad took m

eft, eftlag fair play wasee fair play and when a boy wr on the
rou1a be should not be touohte.


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this tight sad the oae in whi h I gave my uaea o0eoan a
Sdtrabbing are all the Seotoh fighta I ean remember.


On September 30th Leave the 014 country foar the Nw Worl.
R the last panr of September my unela Eanniel Walaer
| Oma4t was seat over frame Florida by my Father (who oslid not
eoai himself for reasons already given) to bring my mother ami
we children to his new homr in Florida* So we were gsltea
S eAy ant, I think, an the 30th of September, we sailed frot
the pert of Greeaoak on the Clyde below Glaseow in the good
S ship "Selenee", Captain MilClarty, for Charleston S.C. ait whiah
pert# after a pleasant voyage of 25 days, we arrived all safe
oa the 5 th of Oetober, i,4.
OuW party was owr mother, Isabella, aunle ,Kanuel anA en
S aswre Mary spense,(a good woman), and us four ohUtdren, namelyl
eA R ftieasell sad HelmBe No had a stout grle behind Vs part
of the way oer lost saom salls and oae sailor lest his 194 N4
vhtle attempting to reet the sails. One of the tepeail par
awn broke atoas the met ead struck his oa the breast froa the
Offeets of which blow, he died, poor follow,
On this first voyage of my life fit sea, I saw with great
acrerio aad delight for the first time in my life a elesar bright.
cloudless skyf
All sights and sounds were new then the dolphins and thm
, porpoises playing about our bows, tho flying fish, now and them A


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Em &Mppla n 4wytk and tt gnat awak ft m se0 0a Me dm .w
tamg( saopeles of whele) all wre souea of sights .As w
aesed the AmeiaM mhsrn, arawlag near the beaks oa tf fV ft
IantA ws eaught msse set fi"s and had a slerias obaterS. am
new eat them a little bird that had bloewa ot to ea wealdt aUll
La ear rigig t e elt his ear tugs. "
At lst as I eay on the 24th. of October, wo leaded at trt
Charlestan, 58.0 As we sailed up tge harbor past oert hmIltie.
eteo we saw two row boats going towards the eity front Mflrts
Island ana learned that a notable Antl had that day t nben t ,
with pistols on that island betw vn a Mr Goeddes and another
fntmd Johnsons I think. Here was an awful country and vein -Ms:
to it. i.
ARRItJL IN AMERICA.
WVll* we went ashore and went to board at Mras. Mtir*a
Ol Seoteh lady, oa Broad Street, ad bhere began ip sight see
ag of new things ta this new country, thing faamit ar to yeM
all but alU strenie to us children, for Instasoe, Indiaa ooa1
dweet potatoes, puapkins, melone, squashes sati goarsa hM
te antsu, o skrooaoes and many other beaasts, birds and inwet s
were all now to us. We had seen one black man in our lives be
fore and he was a liar like ;ost of his tribe. 5N had a d4*5
alllgator with him, stuffed Ind with a red flan el tones, Whhte

he Galled a dragon and he told ho h- fouGht and saught the beast


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I also hat a poasun alyve whih he called an Amerlean rat
We stayed in Oharleston a few days when we pot on bond
a seNoer ror St AuguItinela lorida. which we safely reached
in a few days and there wer met by our Father who took ua all
ia a big nanoe down the Matansas River and up Long's Oreek past
fort Motltrie and next day after leaving at Augastiae about tdua
we got howe to our plantation called Damiettal the next plant ee
tiea south of ours belonging at that time to Mr. Mo iardy, was
ealle Resetta.
Nere begin a new life for me amoflng little ntrgars anf big
ones, mindian. ooews nd ponies, driving gina etc., and learning .
nothing good

SCHOOL DAYT.
Bow long this lasted I don't remember but after a while
I was Sent to St. Augustine to school. Sohoolmasters ohanged
eftea in those days. The first one I went to was a Mr. Gettar* I
the see o a Father 'oiarthys a Gatholio Priest, the third, a
Mr. Pines, and fourth a Spanish school for one month
I had,of course, several ashoolboy fights, I only remember
three of thena one with Domingo Martinelli, one with Bill, after
wards General Loring of Confederete C'i. Theati two wer draa .
fights. The third was with tho big bully of tho nohool ." I I
fought without any quarrel Just for fun and managed to liek his

good and made him say "Nuff,".


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I VfMhiAnl at seoel It St. AustIae Off ai e I

MNegs. uatil about 186S may three or four years and the
wal bst to the uplatati*R. Smetia. nMW this tia agq
father seat to live fore a year or uo with ta0 S. Bulew,
C.
aet plantatio north of eom Bolew vase l-fta as t oet =
weatlyV e a1l the pJlatejs i what was bsm a the v oaitma*
-ettlement as he owned fros three to tour hundwrt taegees aat
planted largely. HF eae from south Oarolina. Ne we yon0,s
his own master ea had 8greAated in all the devitmt to t 4
learned in Paris, Fnnae,, He had a large library of bookr.
costly fiotiop with whish I filled amysel. 3oJaetia about th& .e,
years, he tooeak ay unel eannel and ywselft on a trip la his
ax earet boat town the He itax River, ap the fi sliberoa .i
ver the haulever and oa the Inlain River as ar as pllter
S Islet. On all that RiVet1 Uw so thilemO aettlM I thI akll t t
S thiUs %tAim there was but pae white setteU, a Mi e 0091Wl thMogh
at Klimd, a little farther sauts a Wi.sa9 re, ah. uWshmafhw M
father, was then living*






Shome *o.,
lore t this tle ok rsaber fat hre mea .t Sane tao eaM
an bte soiooledt by a rft a f, who lived ait ews ofta m, tat
She treated Agnen so badtj sbe had to run iAway sA Rt w VOater

tu Mr. Joe o water's who t94t ears of h*e1 t11 she Gould get Iflk


| ics, time along In tlet-i yerar sot. =A u rnskto VA4LAA it
were .wttlag li 'e oak titbeW ft the U4soe Utatps Navy oe sO'
lands at Dailetta am ftithat ha4 agreed with soma of thn to .
S c. t. .
,4-:, 5+ +
,.'I?,,
-sriSI






it-.... .. t...wp..J






butler's rade. My pan. age was taken an we were on shlpa
board when unale Emanuel asme down and persuaded father to


I nulL fill pages with my reselleetions of those .1*
-y 1 ". .











tims and hard time. as well as pleasant times and of the
quaint mlidmanners of both ihite and black, but I doubt if
you wteuo take mush interest in or understand them so will


DELTSB.
In has this year untle UEanuel died in ot.Augustine or
sonaStioa and was burled there but I sever cola find his





sa of osn a s.sen Aa.-
Mother died, poor tear, at oela biag, S.. November s5,1M
Sister Helen at Yadur. 3la., August 8, 1841, sister Russell
at the sare place August B9th. 1841, both from yellow fever, er
rathertfrom malpractiee or Ignorance a the part of thn doctor.


So here we were four young children and a lunatic mother
i a foreign land, forty miles from a ehuere, school or doet* -
Ne one to care for as but our negroes. n the course of t1ie
Mr. Chas. Lawton of the firm at' Joelh and Charles Lawton o
Charleston, S.0o admia o termed on the estate, Mrs. AndersIa M. It
:. .;
-B- Of Wh~e ho B OM ftl I"~~e ...,
-B + +.+- I .O +;,,++ .+.... _
;-.ho ..td 'p.,. :;:.. at G l b B H v a A .
+,te oeBa auaB7aAet*,14,eee l-1
I .. a t t_- B,++. .l o '.ir 8 9... 1 8 4 1 ... ... f o. y e l o f;**
ratarfo --apra-i6 mr +..ra +.+R the,. .,:,t o ,.u .etor









ltok s Sbf St Dister P gasf AS ,Ms e moO a eir. Pi laUtef
wa enmgn eft to tab ebaUes of the plaueo whih 414 Wetty well
S for two eases Van I took Oarp a am s me enp. Thea
S r* 'awtn sold all the nenoaes to iaet andB doh Pyt~e on tim
ea the places wus ebaftdonoa
I bet the best tomab IZ seid hPve ade over fatbor's gram
of the shall stone of ie ontry and long after get a nwbtl
slab pa aup oar theftt 'ader the asup rviai a of nra old fhed of
both fSthee and Wselfr )u6lAesel D)Wmitt. Eow we shlMidra we"
allU parted Aps and I went to Charleston, S.C. he Mto o eas
the iUlIuner's troAe and I to go Into ir, Latonat's steoe. Hlle
i -w

and Massell to Tallahassee to learz the mHllawer'* trade wlth
nr. tobert H. Deory. Dewry wr4 a lotWgt of the lateB, brseght
up by tyom aMn a mat t fellwrad L esjlaes S bat ratSer tO
oeUaativen. A 14 la large busine ss bat eventuaty lest Itll

In listen speouaLtions am. put elA lrew K., hainral, yor auwtlhew*
father, I for Cg,000. "ba the OUld sat veateA SIry to VW
he wual to"e thn aod map he did not untderetnad the Raflteams
0 of Miluames, Iret aerry was the nlatmrl, IllglitiBaste Geati h
of a ovremor '11"n of t"outh Carolin aa wa r thtbr ProA o t
S the f ote Joseph hAiresa, son of Bme c:hairen of vatera, marring
your runt 'assell. Thcy hnAd no chlLdron an aftor lar de.;th, hs
married his oeasl9,Polly halres, and by her aT a sons -Iharmla
hatires.
Is, my sister lived in Cfrrlrston with an old lady, a









i



ve. Ujf*lj**g, hae teo Old aides daughters earned on th. illaery
trades they wore soeasted with some of the best people in the plane
though not in the artYteratio mseO, Oa Cdellse.
I boarded there t teW a hile sand thn vent to live at a Mr.
PUlls na Brad streot4 One Of her daughters married a DeSeasure Ohas.
5.
As sem t I get to 5mbarlestoma I want to seaeol to old John Tou*
hIMs alU 0" the plu9m a Jays Tear to learn arntal arithietio and was
with him a month or two, then to an old ferman, Amaluwg* who tried to
eIDe ovr over so I jast palled his nose gad quit. Then I took a few
lessons in witis from a little eonaelted fellow, a dw&r, and the rest of
the tins I wept. to night 8s0ool till tall Yen I was taken into J.& G. Law-
teno*s store ona Say Street and put regularly to work uder I Old John', an
od4 malatto s$ew of the Lawton and a great favorite of theirs. eJoh
was a tory efftoielt an bat failed at last from too meh liquao
Her*e then. I lived until the Seminole War broke out, whea I
bLuatoewed and went down to at Aigustino and Joined the lequite Reare a
taaa bmoaua Dmoitt. vW made orderly seremant of the Ouapeny and
*
went dea wth a brigade wander Major PUtnaMe We were pat into boats
and went do=e the liUaz aiver until we were opposite Mr. Aderson's plea-
tatiot about dark ene night wheb we found that the Indiiam had Juwt that day Wsed
up all





'., .. i011


x .t




it



4;
'i

I.




*1






..... .... . .


hesios oa tn plaoe, *sugar ills and *m
S9t whole sounmnd wre JuSt ma undis oiplied rabbsleUnW
d aer no eomaod of their off ere, not a ana aad ever before *ame
a gm f hired In sager.
The houses were still on fires - toip, the tweings
on the river beak6 the mills were a Mile or more baok fram the
river The first thin we in our boat eun was some of our ame
had gons ashore aSn woer en t . ina shasing the ehkeas around
the burning tousem. e oll then landed anA A auim th t the Ias
S diana had peawned all the eattle an retired for the night bek '
towards the dille ov 'dntly intending to drive off the settle
in the morning. "o we o iapod for the night bother. their erap
* nad th *ettl pen
"oan after daylight a single Indian "errior was .a s
eoaing down the ro d towards the pea and as a ona he get
within range, they opened fire on the poor fellow sad he was
so.mL a sorpse sad some of our bentes aitlated it *haaetUlly.
Se were now ordered to fall bask to the river sid e in .
part sheltered by the ruin of the bureod houses ad so as
not to be out off froa our boatae
doon the whole bet ef OhSom bsrSA I f--fl,- t
or as he wa- know by the et bae Oe, "X GCats, and he umo tte
on a white or gray horne in full war paint or eoetums and wvit
the rofleotors from the. Mattt h 4d Nst It eUh they b h
buned a ftPe ip bu e We, aw a ome mmt. Mm shcag A MsM
on us. '.




U' -~

F


The Indians had the advantage of us from the first as they
had seob to hide La and shoot froa,while we were mqatly
in the open. After firing at one another for I suppose half
as hour or so we wrea ordered to retreat to our boats. This
was done in some hastea and s.,me of the party were left behind.
"Old ena (Ben Wissa) our old mulatto guide and interpreter
was greatly senndelized at the move and called out,"My God,
geatleoan, is i4ne gota to run from a passel of dasmd Jndlanim?"
Major Putnam, seeing the offset of his stupid order to re-
treate he called to the manowho, I am glad to say, r ebpnded
to a man, gallantly resuming the fight and continuing the ame
t111 t again ordered to retreat to the boat. This an, a most
jAdiastrose order. At the ftIS order to retrentas I .aid,
"me of the ma were left behind Now the tide was out, our
I I*e a good way out la the shallow water. It WAI N9I "sauve
'/ gs.t peut" or Devil take the hiateraost" as no one wanted to
)b the left one, So it wms in running through the shallow
A ter to get to the boats all tue guns got wet (flint and steel,

out et thea) Our largest boat, a whaleboat,.was hard and
S/' fast aground and in the hurry left behind. One man enly up to
thie time had been killed on the spot, * ill, a zood blanek
waiting man belonging to fohn George Anderson.
The Indiana got the whale boat afloat and while those on
shore kept up a fire on us a pa-ty of then hFld the boldness tO
follow us out into the river, After a while one gun was got is n
order to shoot again and as the whaleboat loaded with Indians


C










stamatad up It her approefetd usa a lueey shot riehoehetting ,
alang the water keeled on of the braves ovr and be Sepped
labf the water ac they turned baee
Menmtime two at our party, Ned Gould and Georapg Msft 0
both of St. Autgustie, got so badly msored they would not pt
into the boats but ran on a then dry spit a sean that led to
S Ilaman Island* Marks sum Imt river ad got to OaW BWow
about as sooa as To dIi but poor Qould afraid to try it wa s
captured by the Indians and dredfUlly tortured, so we aSfter-
wnrdr hrtr.
Doffingsb artlnaoll was shot under the right shoulder c.na
dled of the vound. )oa*ingo Usina w,'n sa t in the back and 1di4 -t
of the wouma aft r some years of suffering9
faU Ul Reynolda oftW asiSa Oo. Carolina was ohot Just
=dter the right eye ani lost the sight for son time but re-
I ined it. Hm was a brave boy. He und I stood aide by slee '.j
poling mur boat off and being the foe. i got towr thUt,-,
a" in mA la9 146 ams the cow Boy. say In the "bm 'm aor nmy oU, -, ,...
oad In the right shoulder and one in the right vrvitu but the .
worst one took me in the left a14e MA lo4Wta %1 MgiltU6 My
spine hoare the doctor out it out*. *.
I0 RORODBS Do .
When the aiBdmms were Psala a mthe wtWitnia- Jm-
flltM#M. a sea eofon.. wlTiluas though a great boxer and
bully, sbmf the wirtm feather that day .a4 hkpt It the tter
behind the shelter of th. boat until he thought we were 9tt a
of reash of the ball. He then plled oaff his 4os 4a .to 1 s
. ... '.
+i,++4







I - .v

at tbhe got into the be t and king up his ha as eolleo
at9e Xas my - A st then a spent ball took him
~q~ne iS tNo "*lttini s plaeo" jawq a *eid.a"t,
W 1uite a piJul iweeseir, t0 fl1 S e L S RSymfpa-1


So ended the fight of Dunr-Lataon in which we ,ere oone
pletoly whirt by the Indiana. No duubt boi.t It.
Ih-Lawtg was ta r nomf of the auagnr state or t 1. At-
A ersas Where the fight took plane and took ito naz from Dwun
a faally .ane of the Aadersems and Lawton, *tt 1 n i'r. al j
dthq bought the l-.lnd* Soon aft'r the Doetor out th- ball out
of iae, I was sent to St. Augustine vhere I won most tend..,rly
eared for by Say good friend, Wasr. Andersoe* and as eoan as I
was able to travel wTAs sest book to my eqployer aad to my guare-
i-a, E' Che Lawton, in C arliasts 3Q,Os whore I reralnn ,:

off and as until 18O 9
During this timn I wis sent ease 4own to Florlda on a
Sunning r d oolleeting tour* At that tian think there were
aot half a dosen houses In Jaeksonville and o14 Islash Hart
S kept tI only hosetelry in the plase.o had to go on a bea
i uk from Iaoknonvtlle to the Suvassnee Rver and to amiltesA
county '
WehiO rawe the aegroes solt to Gager and Do Puyster sat
%Sw off in 135 by the Ind tunt vase meptture ea blt b
to to TImpa and thane t St.. Marks, FlaBe me te M weae fae f

1 |
l1m I *







sold to various parties mad the proeseeds in notes then digad
between sister Apes and myself on the one hatd and Messrse
Oraeor and De Jui ter or their creditors n the other khan .
S0oae tile during this year I had the pleasure of essorting
my friend, M rs. lJno. eo. Anderson from Charlestons, .0. to
Tallahassee, Fla. In those days there was but one railroad i
the country, tha; between Oharleston & Augusta, saA at ikea,
d.0,, to get up n hill they had an inoliaed pleas ana a stations-
ary engine to drag the train to the top. So you see what ad-
vanOes have been aedo sines than. Non you san go by rall.trae
the mouth of the Columbia River on the P ifie Coast to Panta
Plans, almost to Cape Florida, Than all travel was by stages
soach or by private oonveyanee. Then the eoaseh went jog t: ;g
along doy and night and it was no uneamon eight about daylight
in the morning to find the head of a pretty woman resting aR
your shoulder, she fast asalep, or viese ersa your hea oan her
shoulder in perfect unconasiouaess.
On this trip we stopped a day in Augafta* Ga., Waiting
stage day for it was not a daily route. Ise stopped at the bOeaAl
ing house of an old lady whose name I have forgotten but she
the mother of the celebrated Aedge Longstreet, the author of
"Georgia Seenes" to whom we ,bre introduced and we spent the
evening in his company. He had a beautiful flute sa e of ery---
tul and mounted in silver on which he played for us splendidly, .
We sent over for a beautiful young lady friend of his ad got
her to sing while he aseomp nicd her on the flute and we hat a
delightful evening.


__ .._;--: ; .
1 .i _- *r^,,- d "l.











Somewhere about this time your aunt ussell Ormoad was
Married to Joeoph Chaiream A good Many things took plaoe,

the exaot time or seoqunee of which happeniagu, I am not now
able to *tatoe 4
For onee I was in St. ugustine and fell desperately in
love with a pretty Spanish sirl. Antoni a Alvarezs but when I
put the important question, I found she was eng. oed to a scamp
of a U.S. officer of Artillery then posted there, Randolph '4
Ridgeley of Baltimore, a regular Roae, who was only fooling
the poor girl am he had fooled several girls, both In t, i
Augustine and Savannahp but at last broke his nook at Monterny,
Mexioo, riding his horse W7ild Darreli" down a eteep street,
Along about this time too, or between this and 18404
While anot yet settled to any business on my own account, but
looking out for something, I found a nieo bit of hammook land
4nB on the Ansilla lRiver, not far from Jse.OeO. AaAerse'a
plaoe ad tried to buy it. I found it belong. to a Mr. Pow-
laSJ, who lived at Greonaboro, Gas ant went up there to sea

-i
Us about it. I d1d not make the tradta but ihilea at Girenabor, .
ba Xlots of fun and naw things I will never ftargeot

ORHIGXAL TWO.
GEORGIA SCENES ,

It was during the oonteft for president oa Harrison & Tyler,
Whig. and Ten Biran and a -* -- Demenrtas.
It was a big master day in .reenaboro of tho Georgin Militia
and there was a big turn out of all sorts and conditions of whit|

F mla, some armed but many not. It was one of the funtlest seeo .










SZ r gsaw The Colonels and ,'J4jen at Brigat 4 e pranosing
eoamid on herseback in old Unl ed states uniform, many of
th n nust too a ill for their wearers who had outcrosa them .
ad all hants pretty well primed* Whiskey vwas then only tea
eats quarlt.
The Orderly Sergant wwn call out to his aospay, ,0
yeal.0 yo.i 0 yele* All a= belonginl to copfany so a= ae 7
Parade here I the te'b time getting astride of a utlok
lI.M a litl' e boy toes for a bore eand king a mark with it
for tho men of the so* any to bee. They tou'i all try to Ao
so, but ourlualty at eaeh and of the lino tosee if it -s -..s
straight soon brought it to a half earole and they woald have
* to try it over ad over ag&Als
At this tme, Bishtop Btant, the ionm Osttholie Bishop ,
of Charlosteb.a good man bet a strong Aedoarato who had been
Sp to Athems, On* to dellver ns Satress before sea mees ty
There wva ea his way hom and the people and authWriti of
SOGreaubore beoset him to stop over and give an exhibities of
the Catholio faith, whisk hb eonsented to e* 3so bhean th
nilitin show was ovor, rlU haats went to the Court eAse to
hear the Bishop I among the rest* I sat ewar the door sat
after *, while, an old grey headed ,a.n w ae and eat bonsAe me.
I thought he hnd the pi.lsy he shook so. The iashop,who was
considered one of the Fblest men in the Ohureh of fRoae tew


From the Freanh phrase jus, 0Dyes, ate* hear ye, hear ye
I !'? i
4 .. }




-. -I pe..


his text from the first chapter of Odnasia and soon had

his audienee in the Ohuroh of Rome with the Pope as Godts

Vi-regant upon earth, My old man kept up a shakiAN and
a greeting noise now and then objecting so strongly to the

Bishop's argument that a ory arose turnn him ouat. But

the Bishop interposed and sali "let him alone, he doesn't

disturb ie." At last the old man rose to his feet and

shaking his fist at tho Bishop said in a loud voleg, "I

Aan't eare what you say, I am for Ttppeoanoe and Tyler
too". This created a gree-t laugh as the audience .Lnew that
the Bishop was n Oeazerat; but, at the sams tlae, it prove

the old man to be drunk and he was turned out.
OLD BURKE

Something very similar to the above ooourred while I

lived in Newports Fla. e had an unoooupied house on the
Main Street that was used for all sorts of public meetings,

Theatrioals, church Sunday school, eta. -nee a new made
minister of the Methodist Church wns preohing theea whoa

old Burkae a noted old Irishman, oaee in and sat down drunk,

whioh was his normal state whenever he oould get the liqpor
Be kept on denying what the preacher said, eroasque.stioan-

lag him and quoting scripture at him until the poor,young
fellow could stand it no longer but burst into tears ,nd qOtt

the pulpit.















I think his ase was graham and in after life, hbe became a distingalshed

preacher and i naew I think, a bishop of the oharehe

This sae old Burk ames a gooo briok masan nat built your kole

Dears heuse and when sober, was an'latlligent ane, but he wee oeftten

sober in his latter days hen he scald get liquor the boys in TallUo

hassee used to tell it on the old man, that, on one of his sprees, he wont

to sleep ia an out house Just under the hill, as you went oat of town on

the st Agarstine read and while he wts asleep, there eas. a big thanderstora.

A big billy goat thnt had for a long time been deviled by the town beyp s ought

shelter from the storm just where Burke lay. lhe rearing of the thunder

and the flashing of the lightning now awoke the eld man to find W'. Btlly

standing over him and nodding his head as if to butt him as he had been

taught BetLeon the lighting flashes BTrke saw the bigebright eyes ad '*

thought it was the Old Boys sure enough #ad set to jpr&eag moet earaestly

I forgot to tell you an Inoident of a voyage I made this year

between Mosquito Bar and Charleston in a little sohbonere Captain 'Wily6

au it relates to a phenomenon not often seen, I will. ew relate it*

ea left the bar not very long before sunaet, and as we were well

over it1 the,'e eprang up a dBrk thundereload in the west.










*"i |
n *^'f LF"




: 'g.**..- -y,.' - .* *-.







The Captain was anxious to make what sailors eall an "oftfing"

before dark, and me although -e plainly seaw the gut on the '
water, he kept the salt up until the last minute. ?hen he

gave the order to let go, it seemed as if it was too late.

The rope got Janed in the blook and ever the ashooner went

on her eUe. I thought we were gone sure enought but he .

cardered the men to out away the halliards with an axe and

she ,riZhted. Then we tossed about All aflht in the wake of
the thunder gast and it wne then thut there rpneesrd the

phenomenon in the shape of balls of fire lightening on all

the mast heads and on the extremities of the y&rd arms.

As the gale would blow they would seem to seek shelter be-
hinad the mest and as the wind lowered would blase up again.
The sailors said they were called Oampisants and that we would

never see land again and so we did not feel goods would you?
The Spanish sailor's name the lights S Elmo. I suppose It
is aome form of elsetrility.
In 1859, I left Oharleston for good and went to Florida

to oolleOt what I could of the notes given for our negroes

and now, having a little capital from the collection of a

debt due my grandfather's estate from the United States Govern-

menat to start in life on my own aoocunt.

STANT IN LIFE,

My first start was to run down to see my old sehooliates














eam tEpsIda in g4. aUptt where e atin m y 4 h be r heels -

in t e with a pretty Ut-lea Spanish girl, nmoa ies MyJAlves *I th

Wet for middle forida and bnoai tbetd fi rt mor te 4m e tr l5 first o

thiag and then anthera At last, about the and of ge year at eld St

MarksI fell Ita ithb Mr. William Msaught, vho had been tbrw e t a

mission tuslnese but had a fe monthe before, loet biB partaer, a W

Lofhart, or Loshoodq I f arget whohe and awe amoh Ia need of meter,

so he and I strwk up a trade to go into bsineas together at Part Leoa ,

then just being built.


PORT LEO*, 1840.


kO We *lest at MU anghtue offui at at. Mfalf the tret nlght of eor

asqualatase. It* the office jomtad the ahls We slept setd e *I

so moumd that a thief stole vTaltee lile we lelpt ad wsaw his trnaeh

an the planks of the whatrf n the hear front bat as more of .1my U8s.

Iot a vwry amupl.taLos beginning fer a partnership, atleh, hbbwvr l lastnt ft

no leas than forty years with varying fortan and a triendmmB p w'leh 1 a

gla.1 to say, hi lasted fo more than fifty yeene Se in ,lsa ry Mi

was began the trading firm of tiolaght sad OGmed at Peot Leeni Pse, as

oommission aerchantae ir. tlIaueht has leased a laxge warenb oe la feet

Leea.ree RiLehard Heywood of Tallaheassee for $ 4000 a year and netwith-

setnding this enormous rent, we made money fast the first years


I.* .
1.




, rr-t arrn.aI-I -r..--


clearing some $10,000. We bought a little oottage near the
warehouse and kept boahelor's hboll very on-ifortably. My
part of the business waa prinoipally riding all over Middle
Florida, that is, the counties of DoLeon, Jefferson, rIadison,
Hamilteon, Takulla and Gadaden, oolleoting and solloiting bupi-
neas and selling r.oods, ohiefly grooeries ind liquors at wholes
sale. These goods were mostly the property of the vesBels
ooneigine to us and it mus in those days almost a universal
eastern for every vessel coming into the gulf or to and. from
thM West Indins to hAi.ve a lot of .,oods of soae kirn for Ksle
on ship's aseoant, and, as a sort of bonus to oonsignee to
get them a return oargo and so they would have all aorta of

stuff for sale luah as flour, sugar, coffee, hard breed, bot-
tled ale, eider, vinegar, piokled pork, hame, hay, oats, omrn,
in feet almost anything, brandy, rum, ete., at wholesale.
For selling these things we got a oonLssion of 5% and storage.
Then on the book cargo of cotton, we O aR oommisaion of S per
bblebulk. 5 oubia feet was counted a barrel. You see how prot'-
table the business was for popular agents, besides the opper-
tunity of buying goods a vessel anxious to lose accounts had

left ovr and no on*
So the first yenr to the best of my recolleotion our net

praoits were about ten thousand dollars. This prosperity laest
ed until 1843 when I lost all.





%


'7,


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In 1841 we had the first visit of yellow fever It

broke out at the lighthouse, no one could tell how or why.






soon as they could they left for home, but too late,

They both died. Molon In the 87th of August ad Ruussell
on the 39th, of August, 1841, at Vaduren the old hmustead

of Ur. Ben Chaire. (Joe Chaires father)* Dr. WedwelI, who
was with them, survived as he would take no medicine except

eastor oil, while the others who were dosed with saloaml
I.--












perished.

while I 11iad in Charleston, I had hard te romanAtie
Stidle of my dear wife$ 'Elizabeth Ohairea' asuee froa the

SIndians who murdered her matr and babe anns a; down

the house, and conceived a passion for her beCore I ever saw
her. Her two brothers# Ben and Green passed through the
oeltyj on their way to college sad rolled to see eas at I thea

resolved if they had a sister I.would marry her if I eould,

Ben was at the time In love with my sister Ile2n but I 4it
not know it. And this soaounts for the fRot that the first

Time I aset my wife was on the railway between Tallahas.e sand
fSt. at Mrks I juipwA ovor and kissed her. She was, of seurase

nrwfully hooked, outraged, mad and all that, b t we were mar -

S-5

i t,11- f y o
i511 .^;^ i











-iet R.t 1ASt, May S, 1843.

B This wa one of the most eventful years of my lire.

harried In M reh, smarting underr whbt I thought w'ua an n x
orbitant rent ohargeo I urged Mr. MoNeaugh' i d prvriled on

him to let the firm buy out Diet Reywoods' inter:.st In the

wSelhouse .at a eout of ISOO0. ThA w- reho.use w full 0e

eoOde and the goode of oth.-ru when la :e- .teber,1t04:-, It was

totally daetroyed by a ele l nd of water and n wc lont it

ana its contents and were loft pennyloars losl n t the a-m0

time, our little dwelling, ;o hero T n rE tIn ;n the r;uina

flag with a vlf and In Decnmber, a little fir:.- born boy

bobe, poor little llliruia, who m)nly livad one yn r. ast

before the galAe et in, we had bought a aqrno of lime Ra
fllaint it unealeeble at Port LeOn or in Tallahassee, Mr. We -

NeWaht ha jum W on board the brig and sat off for ?lw Or-
leans to sell the oargo thee The brig sprung a loe on the

voyage, the Oareo took fire but, by bat'ennE-. down the hat-

Shese they leapedd a totrl losa end got into port -nd Cound a

Lmatketb e of la-0 Zo manugesd to oome cff without loss on

the serge, !Iantimw, I hnd gath'rod up s8)2.e of tho wreak

of the warehouse, ade a r'4t fit ni It'loated up th, .'t. MXarT
E Rivt end founded thet townftf Iewport, 'las. poat thrt winter

ai a bo' sahanty on the river bank and loaded our vwesels fro

the river bank by felling s.m- pine tra a into thr rivr a*

that a vessel onuld by ett ohinu hner falls to one end of the
i..


Cf :'


I- I 11 9-q F










allen tro she could haul two of them up Vt, her rails
and over them roll the cotton bales onto her oeek, and so
loatd Hoe X lived thWt winter under the RA Ler of a few
pleaks roosting at night on sore planka above with a smoking
fire beneath to keep off the meequltosu and old Tenah, a
Sod colored woman to sook our food by a stamp =ader the Oanpy
of leaven* But I did n t lose h ,rt t.o kept a stiff uppe-r
lip and Uolped by -my friend 910ng whom first your ri.ndpa
Chaired -nd my friends, Ino. Ge AAntenons Robert Howard
Qimblo and many others,. .
SHare in Newport Fin. I lived froaiept rmber 1843 till
*B 18586, From poverty by th. all nf kind friends asd thI P 4c
Leor, by industry, economy, eto. I had by thkt tim, aq flggg,
Wrperty whiehs with whnt vy wifo bi ought :1, amofunet to some
eighty one thouanad do'.lare.
In writing out these notes about mat ere which oOerceod
so long ago, I mE t be exoliue for skipplag about aat patting :
them down as thoy ooour to my -inoory. or example, in writing
about th Yellow Fevor KpLdeiao or 1841, I forgot to *pea oft
r. Turabull of Mi kasukie, who warn the first to saggeat tiher
flvtn, of 1.irge, or wit t the doctors aall "eroioo" doses of
lnline. Mr. .TJan Caverly, a ol ric of aima and faet*r of
.;harl: l Oaverly you knew, was down with a oovore att,:.ok of '
that fevor at the dootor's mug emotion, watching for a slif.at .,lb




.. -.S ..,...,,:o,.




RMN.


reamiesm of fever I Svo him in oae de 80 palas m o qalae nmd

in thisMta mindtet he broke oat in a sweat and eplng that up# be recovered,

aAitr. a lt 1853 at lewport w wrote again visited with an epiemleo

of that fevre Or- own dootor eoge e DBottla wao tesn down with it and

the Tallahaosee dooters tku n aothtn praetloally about the disease mad were

straid to stay all .aight at Newport with their patients9 so we we threc onst

our em rfaearoes. Tlaklin& It over and remanberin my uospriunoe of 18a,4

I formed a theory of my own about the nat ue of the dioesse and sated upon it A

with Sood smooaesB. N idea was thtt ;rla Ily, the discmcu- attackeod the

stomach, that wtIu evidoned by the black voutt htiah ouoislted of ooe.galted

blood, di leharg4e by the abraded coatt of the etmoaobe 1 Ttoo contse a&gg-

vated lay oontnet oollapeo, thus festering and I.nweacsita the evil. So I

bUgaa to trw>. My patients of stow I had many (Jeha lirriseap peaw fellow,

auam the amb r ) %y ftirot mtehing for tho slight latoraistoea t fe4er wh" i eb

aloump oam iad patti g in a barol ee e of go laos. This alwaq Indsood a

roeatlte and awout whion I kept up by bet drtakea 5 lemmua or te of some

sart and by putting hotwator at the feet and bed ooverseete, Ttnae to kooep

the aiduo of ho otenoob a ort, to kee tbam free fontering froa contact anad

to keep tl the strength of the patients I always ha4 a pet of ohtolesi soep qn

the fire, well thickened with risee O barley, the lttler proforred If it win to

be ad on ao.






V .' .
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..4$ ..











naunt of the amellagiaeas qualltiese, nd feed my patient to take it as a

edisine, keeping the bowels nmanwhtile, well open with coaster oil, and told-

Ing ealoael and all other mineral and drastic medloim nes

I was sLtalarly saooessful. I do not remember losing a single pa-

*f tiont.

Speaking of Medisal Remedles, I will now tell yri all of the JlS

G* eoktei Reaomd with uhloh you are all familiar by personal experleaee.

Somewhere about 1827 or 8 or 9, when I was a boy at DeAnetta, I had

an attqok of *hills and fever and getting ever it. I had an abnaral appo-

tite. Ono night I bothered my fathr.. to lot me eat more than he thought good 0

for no and he told me to eat as much as I pleased. Tho result was an at--te k

of" Cliolra. Morbus in the nifht ,luring whioh time he gave me ovnr 100 drops:

Af laudanuR to stop the vomitia,; and pur-Sing without yvalle In the morning ..I.
our black overseer, or driver, eam to ; st his orders for the day and toued .

ma in the fix I was In. He asked ay father to let hi try the effect of a n

old Spanish remedy to which my father oonsented. Old heroge Papine told hla

wi fe aunt sayllao who was then out oook to make a sup of strong settee

meantiMe, he told me to lie flat on ay stomaoh and gathering a fold of skin ie

over each joint of the back b-.e uo pulled it up and at each pallu the Je 4

Seraked as jpur finger Joints do when you orack them on purpose. He then gave i

me a oup of strong ooffee Tith a little salt in It and the vomiting and purging .

ceased inotanter. This es you all know has ben pinatleed in oar fwally

ev 3r i nuoe and always with suoooss in any ease of Lndloatlons of Chlera Prb. As.

FAMIU.

During these years from 12343 to 1858 of oourse a great many things hap*.

.enod. In the first pinoe I had quite a numerous family born to me. I Was Marmied








S.. .




bfere stated on MaMb S 845. Oao.. o. 184e wI had berm to we a A.

ntwe little boy n naad 1lla. iar.e He mu a beawftfal obls Be t o barm

at the pilatatsm at his greadfatbc e S9 ObH lbree in Leoa couaat ae. tand

be did3 pocr little boy at NWpert 2Pla*g Doe ln 1844.
5 fThe aMAt u also a boy and namI hbi Joseph QRssell ar m Jfterbph

after bhi male by maria, Joseh Chabeas nm Rseld a actt his semt Rfesell

whoe ma married to Joeob COaires a d also hia paternal G.,. ?other Ups*, R8 el@



nme la
seat Heloa writwbei but I alwaye called hr fal as be Is a te souMthernera

Shey toe mas bnrs im Ze Ceae l. at the eld piate n l of her aesm o14. goo

groadfathw, wreen g1atena

In owaaber at this years 3s0o day, Ab on the a Ab at Dsoamber

l840s we had abi atend by RW. Biep ftdseMt at wp9Mori va.. tmsee

imnnsel -aed ta e osene e t o.a. O sedel a athtr ca the Mabope Ir

Bv toahahm ad AndMwu DwhmB

St this date our sooond boy by the me mof utllta Omead was berm
a 2 t e eport, Fla. He ed at Mlnnt a Oa. Je0 Se 1661 ot a ftol doetcr.

At thls date we had a beautiful and swo little grl ohld born to

a whobe we n'aed Rannah Inambolle. l Se Ue4 at ber vrauna 4*n 34k* e. So
*
10AN aget bat five year fromv a pelsonmd due of naloa.l bought at A u3woart

fl I me in .1.. a aelwoodae of tIe ina ow York at tbo tims "nd there rea

| ooive4 the tele am auwumolng hor h-'ftbe ..
4..1



d the tno her ath

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'* .7 "" Z" :t -






aS this date -we bad a little girl berm to us whom we amed arye

EI 4AgWes She'died at lowporto fla, A g m t 9, a84 aed Jat one year ad -aB

days I
On this date eor laat girl ohild was boer and we nmad her Alse

Ida* baptlBm4 Jane 1866 at newport. rau, by 5w. tppes.

Oar last boy was born ba a kBnday at 1 eoloeek LD maes A.,

te 10 and baptiald Jan. 2 1859 at St. Lhilllp'o Churoh by Rev. Riohard Johnston,

sra. Johnston, his wife being his .godother. -e nam-ed him Lobert Marshall

after my unoles in England.

AloG these years various things of course hanpanedgadeas I said

bef ores I can just tell of theu us they occur to :'-- The ooma:ay fr c ihom n

we bou.fit lots in Port Leon aoted very badly towards un seeing th-'t we were..

determined aet to risk our lives and property alada ai such a pline they e '
e *pled a point en this road frM Tallahaeasi to the Sit Marks River ad called

it Terminal put up their ehous farther down and unnepoliat all the shipping

trade, both cut and &a. We bad to do aometaing to seumS t tbig,Ps We got

up a eampuny and built a plank road from Neport to Tallahumb eoe a from We .

port towa:ds Thom1eville, the latter branch never weMt farteer ap the county

i than the :.;t. Agustine read. I was depated to attend a meeting at thae u.i

to raise a fu. d to soaplete tho road to that point bat was defeated by Coel. Ta

Iklntyre's proposition to build two roads one to Newport and the other to T ,aU '-I

harso r lteh, of sounse, could not be done as they would be aompetitore for WtOi

trade.

I-
ROBB ,'.S..

About this time we were muoh annoyed by a set of sooundrels who li4ve

S oii the "i*n Hooks rord as it wao failed who mado a practice of robbing the iwa

I I .,
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Si 'j'trY~i'S


gea We had loaded with oode for MOUtloele 1g adison, froupTill eto. .,

As the drivers were generally aogross w cold e no reel, s for I

these lo ads ad so had no showing bat ear ofn that the lest od were ever

deUvered to the faotna We organized a sort of Lyneh Club and wnat to

searehni supeeted house and seen finding fll proote prooeded to puaish

the gilty by a somd trashtng eand mde thorn quit the ooiun y.. Yoeare ftor

some of them returned and burned ow~ our wrehousees but tli. wi about the

tiLme aw mft to Atlantap

Duriw; these years, after trying co Lton planting I bou i:t so ;e 1800

acres of fine land w5 tu. Pia Book Road and tried tarptitina for a season.

I ma& a very eod erop and sold It to a follow who ran a still at Noaport

but he failed and never paid ae a oent so I lost the year' a work and abandoned .

the plase which may yews after I doeded to sy ea g tor Ida then urs. M. A.



I ade a 4d eapp af ootton on a pleaMtatin of SBdatlls d the

soevlloe Rver bUt ootten NO wry la that year end nine mid in ew Teek for

only ftye eat a peand theAg it we of ood quality rakldag mtddtae .

hs wa" I thiNk 148W4

Mho we began business in Newport, e e very peer In money bat we

had good friends and almys enjoyed good credit whith we kept by protyt antta.

tiUe to ear creditors ead lose attention to our businoose To started with a

small steor ana =all took *, the east sild of main sheet and the .weat

end of our , rehouses but before ne left Tewporte had btit a large store ea the

west side of the street and did a trade cf over seventy themeeaad t llW M per

mame at good profits True we had to live most eoeonsatally buat were oontsef d

*Ad hx,.py. To show you how s eoan aM what friends S bate, I went to Sw M '











to bay -r tint mstoC. (Z wa slsy the biser) eA kw not a soml in

the plaoe or what kind at goods to buy or where to bmy thM Wk i q"riae:

Josephb L. bSallwood of Qeinoyt 2 .s and one of our best netmers a r a

storage bmosness, ad wuo, himself9 kept a large took of oode ao all Idta-

in ldneyr took me by the aadMuema4s. a list *f That kuI sad quntiu

ty of goods I ought tp buy and introduood m to all the parties in OIw Tet:
with whom hL dealt and gavw me credit with them at as I shall & a~ target

his kindmess as less a life asts. He aft wards went to Xew York andat wa
one of the firm CC flood. Anderson & Oeapwany

la IM3 he was the ease of a lose to as of som)e 11,000 beenase ef

not oboyia our orda t sell, U tat it was an error of judgant only and we

414 not lay it up qgalnut ht.

ttan I fist isited New Terk things were quite attfferaent free flat

they are nw hen there ws only the solUtery ilnti air ..n thea* tl ite om .

ab.o Jamb Aster. wv they wre a tielk the lees In alsmnmes '.

Law M9m PMAN,

men we first settled in Newpertb tbin' ie were Very VtSM but

as the place reu w- got troubled with rewdies sad ra shops and a get the
town incorporated with a ms tr and a Jail and polloo eto. I remember a lt,..

erous inoldeut that ecaureed while I was stotlf ase ftiem A HooRelt tre t he

oeumtry wf in the habit of somin, to town ad tting d4mke'Platimg the

town red" tiWy Msa and kioka RP Jaek* generally. was U o4k We *
me and an ,tal I tied him 10.00. Be mwer a big oath that he would not pe

It. Now for the oa th ad contempt of eoartV I fined his $10,00 more no evast





, F .











mat the money on the table before me but before I should take it qp. he

,g Bathedit od again swore he wouldn't pay ad noaest so I stuk

on another 10D 0 Thi somrt o thing went on uatil his fine pt up to
50600* I then told the Bailiff to tatd him to Jail mkish brought hims

_* to lae BHe paid the m aey and west offs get a few are drinksg :-,t or

i mare maA came esargiOn ap to O loff Ie with a live mbi4a in his 1.

hand calling oct, Whfere's that 4. d4 Jeokas il GUmond, I want to

put my mare to bi'. t my appearance he turned tail and left town In a

arrys btat it Ulokw his of his bad habit and his life afterar4ds thanked

me foar his aure*

These were rough times and wo nad to do many things perhaps

not e ,autly lawful* yet just, dffleaolous and rtiht. As an Instnase, one

sih ab te. unbhamls warehouse was (entered) blow ope his safe and robbed 'J

it of 700. Fortunately for Ur. Dunhan bat aafwrtunately for the robber*"

I the grand at the plooe he broke in was soft and left plain i epreselten of

* his trails. We bad a small foot and wore a pair of halt soled boots* se we

went around osen the voeMsel tm leading at the wharves and soon pottued

our sea ge harnessed bia took him to the spot mad put a ropo with a meOes

in the end of it and gave him three miantee to osonfes and restore the money

or be huang Ae very quaekly made up his mix4 and beoped uher l he had

buried the money in the swamp and so we t it all* We seat the fellow up

to Tallabeasee to be tried by the ourts but as there wa no money in the

ease for the lawyers, they did nothing to him and turned him loose. These

are the sort of proonedinS which Justify the Lynoh Laws

I Another trouble we had doum the-'e which we eured after the s am

fashlonie we did a large star e and eommisseon basinesse Weagan took M y

the g.oeo for the mcrobaats of ladieoa Troupwvllo. rmwervilleM on.mti-ele











Neuanans sad lninuy beside those of individual plates, te drivers oft
the waGoas were naisw who orld neither mrite or els a rce.pt aso e

bhad Jat to ake mat woybflUa and siga thna relvuc, A Sau of wrthlesa
Stt ma M UMttd deg th PIS taii mad ist in the bait it
Me fto tI Sirrtus to &w, reft al for w btd aW prne tMat a e 0 a..
thad aw beet ddolhisd tea tek sat Oe aM tgaitp aqg to O "- -
Uds i tbtLe 4/led to eairst mtr teatl wt ba h ernas oMas to pA a".
A m et we frdm b s ad hmd d ie t- baunbs 6S4 be WO *-
f end
&I=&om tes I et ea n I ed bow Pla aM* ft" d very -sent/ boxS s
*ad barrela so- ald i t la6 l we Jabm ibageMal th# $49P A teek
UAn to iynrt -d after (-o trtal by jme eh hC S etraad tama ea
tree. nad otrasad o bMs beo bea enad earapf to IerO the laid tao no Ba0.

da*e ctob he 414/j so" years after tAhen N ld deit. d to BLTO to Atlthft
te avM ai a .ams tQ uud b Oa fa eOw beat, latWe hadefs h" -a


SwIaf these yON It waI *Or MOM ** etefM d t tOFMe of 6h e


a brether-tl-lhs l ot wpeal bhad p t up en tweFAr adndl o odiqOa.2eo* o a ..
stem ffmpl jrmueAe iMasse .4m- &"Att githm 16 weae I nVthe.Aadaj
I& wfeta wA muMMsata agestemA fatm %" a *pmau she we hd b" O berm".

dogse guns. beme, sets and StasMimanes at b Sept 6w mmM wte bu iu Oh 7T
w it eas a (lt bbetae4..ox there *Is and tarapela. We rased Ise l-S

o Wntes SW tfor the pq,@ tspemitos awes" mn ftr jqna a 'ag# 14
i *en4tfbj a Ammf.

And so pammd the years stI 2m6, Thson ae litt to Atlants hme
I fo.d a broetr*thla-m of w MN giuws tast, a e. WMtmr Nia e

were AMwtrk With the tlio hlAyW, eowl *Umtliom elAgberd ( 9 wq ter. I
., I I K,. .
: .* .- . .











a "M as the te hs4t that Is the awat of ge huelltm .o slavery lhisk
was than boiI strongly ured by lorthera Famatteos here at least uws a ef
In the Bath eng our own O people bhr a white sma eold wrtk eve y day

In tbi year, so w oXlagu sad a I e* i mol d to invest a.e of ur on
bure to have a none to coa.. to uiMea driven irom Bewport by the asgi rdly;

caola the a e lahab.e Rtnas sapeur. 1tS* sW thas as armd t m

:lao saA we ftinily bought a let on itehball Stret4eruaning through to
ivyare @n2 100 aarea of land on the south sd about half a aillo beyond the

sity latso. *a the touT let we pat ap throe slnt brilok stores. In this
we were JoLnd by my wife'os brothser-&Lolaw thons B oheouR who aLse Pupar- [

t8oe4 a hWease afl lot in the narthera pat of Ut town. Hg had bees broauht

upt AIsn asfl s.t .by Bases and aremi, Bardware men and be detaidd to p into

that baainas ta eas e the new stores and In amter osneet. d with it to
I keep a took of famly Sgruoerloee t third star us ft d oiat.

When I sos to Auemt first I .etina d I was worth indivlsMifl

S s oloo. -"s s e s 19 0006 m" sum- t fl or cI sE.m bjt & CarnA sdoft 130,000,
the mS aeas 9nut so adI 5,300. I am house was to oeast -e SU00
bt.t la Takee nroehteet ran it up before eaopletUa to very Mewr 000
aUghtes tease eat him abomt g 6000. I wse seat the ftim to Nw TCft
to elcat a oad bhardaro olrtk ad with his to lay it a go" stoa* of bhar


I seaaleat4 au olork, Vrsn at Je.teot and .ith bie help boast

or first stoee of wadaro.

we se oon meid out that Atlanta with Its this pepelatism ass f

the ple for a first lama Sreory star so w eloeed that branch p In tdo *




:,. .,. i "'










*t yra be b artMi et py helan .I bs first hem', tut as pat te
......... .





w 'etdte it it il das -am oa 1awU ffor tha gs e ra i the asr wase


Aw as A eMf.n l yetr OW -' I teak Gar -t eldet ilArs,
wr sto Was te be etartd am BerW am ft ten a 0 sit the W slotw
In U&a6 Mw shlbAWn en Jepah tesU &M sat bBma I t Uate &WWI=

rtotle iMs tefrIsqh I kladl h a I t ink lh tbiam" tso w a I ofi" "-


lth3 mar no iShAmrg darm thers were Ve estate and U*1 t a, 4 ie n la


CQ an wyage ewer ons Sassy Siee yF t ea aso vot Olds at the
Attantiee(rU te peaseeerW were smeated at dinner wten a the6a1 ,ast au
up ad the I4Spt UiRg N ww i-ai slemms 1"S SiI (as mest) Jam MSed
te at aw thf e tabe we ower aed at. f ee tts eased a pas ad

S. sema armme4 Wad te a- hbed md the eblare s8rt.0 K uIs ef me#4,
slmwud but dAi et a* awy Wseee of atSade I jumped a a tr em amd Irt
sto "Jo thbm M WWe a" ae andAul tmld as aU the afr te. Wo ,,

he steadinh ritaig f tSe uv 1est me rtumweir a4 Ira tre. the UPS*
ain strwk tOhe amsM toast bresllav it eff at tMe eiG. M the semtmWee"
it fesnd the nr e rlag & ad fllewod tblt dem s thu s atee S -W were .r0sd
but I-r sowUmAn Ier g wer a ft rU as the tMPmW t -tU hw evW tVie a-
sela*n side by a pet oe the rilaS Mea bept deamdLa bar a go Me nrd ...
Dub sta6 to Ege a he" in bore At last e got rid aA iIthut It Mg 0.4 .;

Wbere we p % a fjWy ist In plm at the left -as
at lost get set LtwIp.ol Sod put tip at a gota btel atle S a
i the enaj plams of ot I rammber hitting besides So duds me s St GeorgeA
i| HlU hut a- mwand bor played oa Of trhe IaWrgst rta lA the u s4




~iI' ~fl7~ r. -r *r*~*-- *~---**' W W~' ~~-*~** q~*-a4~r~e


At Liverpsel we were joined by teis trehallu aristie ad betwe pros

sMMtfag to Landea we We to anshester here thee was a great eaibitl At
VIM an patrMised by all the Royalties ad ktmblea ad entry .f the

kinadom and to hloh they had oontribated no end of paitars, statuary and
w e ksd art Ct all kindeu as well a of Jewelry aad worke in e ller and gold.
It was a sight worth seeita and never to be forgetton On the wy to its
however in the suburban aof the town e saw even in palAIg throujah oaugh
mqualor and misery to ovcrbalance all the abow of wealth.
I bad letters of L. trpduatla to the AmaerioaRn Miaister te aglsad,
Mr. MaBts, but di44 met are to pr-sent tbem. I found bie asoretary whot e
eonsitn had married it Tallahavseamud a man tea had oane ke,t tavern there
but was new a g Bfg in leader, havlq been at one time. U .S. Goneo at
IsthaW to. Threa.h them and Each to atsle Robertas avrprlse md withat

wm help ftrea hin I get taken to all the plaes I mated to see, and vialte4
Weetamaister Abber, St Peal*s OGathedral saw leadom from the top of the Sank
of ntgeat. and ba a Milllis sterling my ay head for a short time. Windsor
GCatia, where I saw the pletures ef the old time Itars fat lsa ia4 Bukinmg
ha Palase Soerset Rouse, the bRups a Parliament, hteames toanel in
fas% all that was thoeght worth setig in and about Lemabm inelading apt-m.l.
COert Palase* p the Thames a bit ahloh is devoted by the Swermeat to bRese

sad pport the atof those to have deserved well st their aeantrye A
beautiful plae It ss b4ilt by .JardLnal Welsey and by him given to Henry VII.
Unile Robrt lives about 20 iles south of Leaden In an old Abbey
House* restored and modraised with aple gremmisa and Sardeas about a mile
frem the railrad station. Be kept a poy ehalas mad a mn to drive it. Me
had a eooc and a heasekeeper, one 21sa te ha bees brought up at He ptoi O'

by some of the ladies there ad understood hear business thIroub h


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SS we get breakfast early morning in a harry, into the shaise, up to theo

station read the Times on the road to town whioh was reaobed about half

past nine ot ton oeolook. At three Pke, we tarted for home again and got .

dinner and mnoe Cood wine and then for a walk or ride ujtil dark.

When down in Seotland, we were joined by N1W and ras. Jnw. Danha, *

or maybe they went with us from Landeon I know they did for I noew remember

Mrse D. liked to have died from the feel way they manage railway things in

SEngland. She had eaten something that disagreed with her and there was m

Such thin& as a oeC. on the train and she grew purple and spotted in the faeo

In ner effort to suppress nature.

Well, in Edinburgh, we stopped at the best hotel in the plhee on

Province St. and saw all that was to be seen, the Gastle, Holyreod Palace,

and Abbey, the blood of Rissio and all that, Castle Bill and al that Mife
from heone and all that and all that aad twine a msaph as al1 that, for .

my e timation, Edinbursh IE the eleanast as well as the moot beautiful, pies.

turesque and delightful eity in the kingdom if n-t in all rope, and the view 7

on a bright day from Calton Hill or the High Street looking towards ife and

down the Firth eon't be beat anywhere &n the world.

We went to Arthur's Seat where when a boy, I e4M a bonfire burn for

days during. the visit of his Majesty, .Wr o iV of Sootland in 1U264 when I

baw him and air Walter Soott as they jas ed ::y grandfather's hiome on Goi 1

atitation Street. .

We went also to see my old school house and the house I was born

in and there renewed my aequaintame with my oemnsin, John Robijwon gra d *

Other Ormond's sister's son. Then, Mr. and Mrs. Dunham and his sister Jane, S

(naw Mrs. Dr. Palmer of Montitoello) hUnle Marshall and myself made up a partYp

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for a trip through the Highland and took a train to Perth. There we took

a coash to Dunkeld. Then we enga ed an open baroeoh and arranged for a re-

lay of fresh horses every ten miles and oft we went. a merry party I ean tell J
4
yeto the road was matadamised, made by Gen. Wade to keep the Highl .nders

in sabjection, smooth and hard as a billiard table and we in a hurry and

wet our whistles at every change of horses with Athol Brosee i.e. Booteh Whis-

key and wild honey. The seoonery was beautiful, the weather delightful, and

we were all younghealthy and in good oiroumstanoes and happy and we enjoyed

the goode our Maker granted us with ohoerful hearts.

At the seat of the Marquis of Bredalbane, I saw a hcrd of Amerioan

Bu'alo, the only one I evor saw, .

The Duke of Athol was the big man of the County. He had for years

been replqgsbing his hills with firs and other trees and kept hinsolf poor

bui enrioned his country.

The end of our jaunt northward was Aberdeen. There we turned book

ooming by the way called the Caledonian Canal to Glasoew. The soonery throughout

was most grand. Coming through the Troosaoha, in what they.eall there a deer

forest, though there is not a tr'o in It, we saw a large hard of red deer, and, I

as they went over the crest of the mountain and disappeared, the last thing we

saw of them was the huge, branching horns of the buoks like the branohea at trees

going ever.

rWe wert passing in a stageeoaeh through a Slen called, I think, les

Orely, and when we came to about the middle of it, we caime upon a village where .

they had in the early pert of the day, held a sheep fair. It was no three or

four o'olook in the afternoon, so we stopped at thle Inn to rest and refresh our- a'

selves. You could smell the peot reek of the Usquobaugh a mile off* Landlord

and guests -were aw' fu'. He bowed and scraped and tried to show te wintile

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WOl fM baOt Wery ear khe Ope showed a pep of jco3J bsp, a

a table &ith a ba t hit tam pie b tere baNM *wvieA mOer I

s lad i tMtIwdIa w- bItter has r am te AP' Au ar i t '1l at be

It.8e we had to gag a' p staintr aAt Wnt got thea fl fIo e ttem.

ep Mad t oe. John Oerg. wdsaem of Pferi le ap ed 4 tia fOen.,

were rith s an Vda trs l a)s nl ma a fte trip aftewer to ftramN

To @bw ym bow thltas wore In those deqt alboat &draid mS stm w

;rt .o Glasseow Joit Dunha *-abo was a Feat irnlaker at lee waterae rPea th

baell for the waiL-r tad told hiam to triG up a pitehrtfal of ioe -gr.O

The waiter prablg never board of nOb a thLg sad starWla at jotn Sa4t

*Is the w-ra water yer wanmtt' atwr?" In thee q there Were no ao asking

asiunem and they Lmported all their iee fronm fWor or the it.Le4 tatee

and all the tee used a sailed waseb labg 1e frmee a lte near Bop tse

and E aU ahl go* them.

rAn we set banok to AMt Rua'*B Marshall tle ti d I <:'%

one day to tett Re lya OaS t O and the mabel sb-e the faios appreatifte

plwr to to be seee Th1e twy hokb that Pller 11 that Wa ItaM a rtijt

bo built h, at bhapel ad AeeigMed all the beast LAl pillar la it btad a

yoaM alPeAtiee uwo bjeed his maete to allow him the prilUp at idag -

. ilar fro-" h oam deotm. is request granted he es1g.ed anmd made WM

wadtnk ,,,id jemtfsal ioileb beat all his aster'as work d Is lselon- egoe oft

the ,.onderj of tbe world The day we went tle.e mas a very blt e itn AmUfte

ae haad ap.olnatd with aunt Helen to be at bneo to tnaLr at a s rtala bhoa aMI

she =a, wt.ry parttlal.re, .c ling+oed &e at Ra1om a l d ad to walk ft to

oateb tj, eeoh Abat a oart 1;. ores road distance a ie or tfe.


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O day as I said,WAe very hot said absn gt t the areas roads I wme
. fsa.Sed*oStA asd at a ltale (IhnA) asked the Laepar to give M am
1 ttle biskey ad ool4 water. He did so. pfting the Clekfy in what ;

there eaLU a *matehk naS I put it in a glas and some water in it and a O
tasting it, found it too trMea and seeing a large copper pitcher standing 41
. on the counter, I filled up cy glass from it and took a good swigu It was
still teeo rsng so I filled her up again and again and fand it stronger
than before 30o I said to tbe maan'Gioad Sirs what is in that pitoheirf
and he asneredg, 0ood 3ooteh bItiskae Sir., So I wa in. for a Royal ibut
aemidental aruak. I at snoe beaed Marahall to as ae esafe hoa ihoh hIe
1wrooUted to do. as nuoh for the Sootch drinking habits fortrtflve or fifty
'ears ago.
6an after this* we returned to Lone ans] these to Paris via Jolb3
Sstem. OC the way to Parts I was streak with the small ase and garnm like
appears of tho farm. bast opeelte te wm in te railroad ear sat an ae 'i
delA garal me and a youat I tesk to be his san. My way of intraduolg ay .
Ulf to Ma fetr I ea tired of sitting lag with no ene to speak tao I
Sbega* t oalkag t o yslf as it woe bat the little ferms and comparig then
with Oer pmrida plantations% The gentleman at -ae jpOki to me in kEglish
and I f od be was frm aryland knew M Rfahard Peters of Atlanta mad
Judge RandSa ll of llahassee beth of aa he bad supplied with a kitad of Red
Devon eattle ( then the f ahlonable stoek). As I knew beth of these men wall .g
waud i4Ae Wad been a tenant of the Judgo we soon struok tp an mastaintame "

sad pa tid the rest of tht Journey ta agreeble oo-versation. CI:
Arlved in ears we put up at the Hotel de Louvre Jast e.pet "e
the palace of the sam name and began to see the sigfts. Notre aMft the
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Oalled Bo5 u btbm e C qDSec the (a inr atlmte **t eblirte
w ftu i fepio.w la reinmwfa the bOrtiq SW 1te flawi IqsIea.
S AU artso me as r the say ea fetet Thy ad a mt fte ua
rt ha GCaW4 CC ftro DWas a eM tistawy sla. I stafede b a ems
dad me fmwamte eoinih to barv a abat lesh IU pe a as wmw ea the
Jat hAnd Slde of the aentraoo ncAt to tae Mwu tore I w-re in nobody" wer
In thia I atoo4 u: &ad ca-oid see aLU ovor the beldIGaGe It as awaow with
sa l tahe t.ablub at tO 1 Luare;s te tpegrw bps..e apnd all C as fiv .alt
aftta Cliiartarlsu In Nisleir Ub s bte amd twaA Bs aM bLasinS in G44 ad
.r-e lowS @4.tfdr.g Sni then thi Ina-lea at acoars teay wre noit beinlAi had

In oraVAtatloa. T s*t sMe ve' a o a. aar to bh e *fotaeme
*.tU f mu ar.at ,s ttlt dbe nedmSteltd Ro v$lI t et t1 asM g s
tasU t Ia ,lmah ,nt Mess k ta S satSle S tihe SA s fr ly Sa "


at m Of as. Way W. t.ll.Natneo s tre .et a tM at
bmmtgtul d rigpatin =re giant% particularly at sbe ft o ft n
I had ben oa o scat &U1 &I altbt seewi amd ae speat* fataMd lat altU
not rasistU tOW ptatti of coins about to s-te thflrat'b Si Lstn Anssinsu
Theb maether wrs t:.e mom Mi I bad boeen In prtAse peroppUwvtU all d&y ma"
tos this fix that uI so 0 .uUt WIt ISt rain -asathe -e A h e M
that morning w 3aUid up with a pretty hwrp *attak *f gSh* Me lst at
the part" had set that day to vtit VmW IUft hS te wI I .- .
as to ate seeix altaeptar as mW any fw sMtlag te w b W" IStm s te
s** @ a to &a I& 1sell* Yr 1itutee




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go ld l to ASstp lasq Wm S l sad for a deteor. eams a daper

SUttle rnamsm bo O me the beot mo dal advite I ear got in Sq Wi

and iabo hu' b reed gr tos beafit of pet :ritge

After seo amiMte ofi the patleint he tarred to ae and aid' aIminw,

I g t you tsm little boa p9le, yoe not thke him till yea get wall Aftter

paulag hi his feo (a siiesa) be tok the kasb of the *do In bls had to
asIM his adig" tWt etal *finally erstonre I sey to you# eat Ittle aSR

driak ee'e. That asntenoe I think sm9 up the Weole oheW s of medialoat

I eaa got mil and w seot out for hame o tiob we an roated:

s-fel the a the Bzait of nfteaudlnad wes ad G lSont-se 'adl saw a

aliht# As .e approsohed tho back the tog, grew ws denne thit we atold not

see from one ae of the steawer to the ether yet w' knom wa n ero in tho aidt I

o. a gleot of SataM wVs-le of KU iaeMa and Ao6wtlo tamt for tboeyp to

bnj trpee beias run 4&a kept their bells rt i&ig .nst'utiftly ad co did eay

SW wS l uhteb was a -erew propellere OGr Captais and a party weve below
agmg6d in a f at eto sals when asedemly wt ere struck with *fl is called

aI te $"a&uls bat I "t had liked to have pwa black enough for uas

i a ummmt o ship kaod ever on her Larbeard side ud somed t be getao

Suer mlt O Q hetbar ar 6sas we"v turn to ribboo and the hate of te amm 0

were sedl aleft to rie- them taeM with the broken bits of seal etm of s4 hte

Te eas looked like a se of batterauik it ms co cturncd, A paaenger twto

happedM to be a sea oat4u jaeqpd to the tiller nlo did his best with the

ali of the werew to yut ear sabip before the wind ftiot ho at length canesedd in



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dsoia but d.irta the tim hea as at It toe time as nd d n etsrat ty d tShe
S terror &Wd 4atre. oi the pass rs, ,m atfaul AS Eom so ahm was tt

-aWare te uad the semn ohanpd sL If by mlae The eun sh4ne at* b* tly

;| Md the && 0t11oh had beon reed aun 1y the wind got mp on gr at Am %Us
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waves that seemed muantatins high. l*n we were on the top of one of thea

we soald see for miles around all the fishing vea els at ansher fishing

but when in the valley, nothing but a mass of ultra, marine blue water o

at Ihst we r ashed our port in safety and found all home well.

I forgot in the proper place to mention a eiroemstanoe that aeorered I

this year. I had taken with me to New York all the old and bettered family

silverr spoons and oups to be repaired and had them in my trunk bringing the

home. It was the year of the great political contest between Whigs nd Deo -e

oratei Harrison & Tyler against Van Buren and somebody. We were en a tralt

between Washington ,nd Rishmond, Va., and that night I had my pooket picked

of forty or fifty dollars in sold and Daniel Webster, who was in the sa se-

oar was said to have lost $700. My walking stick was also taken at a plane

called Havre do Grace. We haJ to leave the ears and cress a ferry in a steaks" e'

IZ mired my stick and found it in the hands of a fellow e te Mbat bat did o"t '

miss my money which I expect the sane rascal had. Then fa to ic hmond we spea3 '1

A Jolly erowd it was," Tippesanoc and Tyler too*, mOld Vt is a used up man* 'at

all suoh songs and a band of auato on board. stuak to the band and the s af

and the ftm and so when I got to Richmond, I found I was Jott and ay baggage

gone ahead with the southern train. 39 I had to look for quartBr but fotmm all

the hotels full and was wandering about the streets when I mwas o4%ested by eam

of the oltizens and conducted to the bas ment of a chunrh where I found lots of

otber strangers ao41 betd a.d water and towels for all with waiters to wa- e :as

and had a good night's rest. In the morning, I waited on the'railroad men and

got a ,ass to follow my trunk and if I ftd not find it, but I did find it with al

the silver



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iaot n a terry beat o the Rfmaake River la North COrellU Saeh a

tUla wanld hardly happen nmwaday

while I was abset in Brepes a dwelling Mbose It Atla ta was belig

built as well as ear three stores on titehall and Mr* MWasg is bones

My hose wee Istealed to be a modest, ono story eettago with fourt -soan with
sod
plasea trot and rear but left in the heads at a Tnkoae aMhltee% it ex-

panded Into an extensive mansion of 17 romasu a story and a half high with

eight foot baseaumt and its oat rose froa $4500 tho ontinatoe to within a
fraotton of 10e0000. So paoh for not attending to your own bacinecc.

Our first year's busineco in A ,anta was not a Bloomaing Suooc. :o

If I remember ri-ht, the. not profit to eaoh .eartner wae jet one dimo.

u.e soon .ot rid of the gro'.-ry department and a.tcrr that oar JobbLig

and retail bhrduar btalumse did very well* And so matters Jogged along

qqArtl and on Otober 10, Robert Marshall Ormond was bern in the new bones I

do not recall ay event of &reat laportano antil the breking out of the war it

soeseesol in 1860 and 1 iben began stirring as well as hard tines. Tiae cf

warry wad south le and amwety aend treablo that so teod and worried ao that

really, it all seems at this distance to be more like a hideaus dream than the

stern roality it proved to me to be in the Loen of nearly all By property emseMg

the bare greod our house and storee stood apea.

In the first year or to of it all was secaIng iroisoer ity. Tm oo-ul

not buy anything that you oould not Goll a; a profit the next day. UL aMarse

this onlj marked the increasing quantity of Oenfedorate bill put afloat b%

the cuvorn gnt witbaut any provision for their rodemption whntov. P Bat the


4 2 i









Majority of the people did not see or appreciate the ftst and as we were

going to whip the d-ed ankees in asn time and onae Sotherner was pocah for
five of them, It was all right and property of all kind was freely sold

for Contode. ato bills. 80 we went en. I was busy all the time going abat

the country towns baylng up the steaks of the country merchants uho we off

or going off to thne front and as I *aidj it did not matter what prist I paid

the goods wsee always worth more the next day. Be we kept eaour stock in Atanta.

We 3a4d haste to pay up all our northern debts so that by the time the Lates

wore closed, we owed very little there*

Then we engaged in manufaeturingl the first thing I think was buakles

for eoldlor's belts. Then we bought an Iron furnaee and land in Bartew County ...

and wean 6o akin, first 5ig iron but soon into shot and shell. When we bought I

nonby a farn to supply the fumase mules and hands with earn too. and then as

time went oa we bought a large traeet of land in Teosu If, itf, If a- old

Benton used to say, if s oould have foreseen the growth of A Panta and in

vested in land there we might now be mi-llonairesu-* and then again we might

not. The years from 1880 to 60 were I thinks the most pleasant and prepared

of my life. I had a young and beautiful wife and growing family of Good ohile

dran. I had some forty or fifty negro slaves all attached to m- and whose hire

was a good source of revenue had a nioe comfortable home, well furnished* a mi d

little farn and orchard around it, a share in a propserous business in towM d UsM

t12WO invested in British Consols, my two eldest children under tho oars of 3

aunt and auole at selool in &nGland. Alh.t more could a man waut in this wo i

to iaka him Iappyf

But the war we .t oa and on ,nd on. Day by day it got nearer and neearr

to Atlanta and times grew harder and harder. At last Sherman drew '*i

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r to M1An 4a* as- it wa said the Gdeeiomts searehod the oera and

grate tor sder* I was past the oemmeript q e bat w oola wd for the

Admtae of tSatt ad ptid a seapun. fr that perpaeo la SiLh I aM

alsts aeemin cth amm. ar Saptai ma a melod *ad the first Lwatmast

aser ~ e o I was virtaUfy captala. As @om as we haM meteed tr lasteSa

at beiamg atgSqd i, the Mseotv e for blb We Whad wvmteorme we see ae

clapped an board sie ratilro bx oars that had just bees emptied of a lth

at horses mad oveued with filth at whih we rebelled and they were then

partl&Uly aseamed tat and the company peaed oft to Andersestille to guard

the Fedr4al Pflson rs thare. But of that more amon

AmnG our etekr investments and enterprises during the war, we

bought an old set of paper mting meehi nos in ast Toweessee and bought. aome

60 morse fa laud southeast of Atlanta an a smal bnamb ad set to wom

MinMa auspaper with Gapst* 3SJ. sh oef s*o sat bottle washer* bat it

did4 At fa oft wel mader hit admialstratm a d after a while we beaght Mim

oft d a g0Ufid TMs A^lZy hoiam the basOaMes Th made a good tiag Mat

it an a m nal elso ltly (ar muskily as it turned t in the ling ma)

tho lln eaop the tfire 9 the TIaeIe sets ad YVmdaa mad pweat emd

seeise to *uM the wer gM @ver, the its prefimt and more ew m11 UruB

tested Lan exteasttonae d lprovements whioh Sa fter yeam proved alaoet t et

altogether a total loss, rosalting from the Inventian at wood pulp paper whioe

we vere not in peeltien to taue up This eheoap material may be used for wrap*

plug and nem to be read and thrown anwt but will I think prsvo a U1we mad a

ow*n to many f admitted nto paper for writim~ deedp oa or resoeerds d ay

tApartaneo and whloh it to pretty sure to do oes the rage now am far aU. tft

is *heap and asty.


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To reme W awrftes w .- t w- e at in h fall r o trie in the Itf

a -M i asernt, s Abrsevill os. It was AlWmmd ag betwe bigkt

eNM wM aIwe thle. Th me-n me shinalg %rigam r d s ar W- v M 1et44

We were dlmpe e sob as M e sfM the stati plat""m eh wbk tweOA&ly

sewed ,th k r fetrt or rim. AUL was uiwe a ite m e fe a e to

mew warhm B e ae tebu tas e o go to sl4e dw eW umesb eu

weo |% ltft to shift for urWelves the beat we old. Smtim after day

light an arer oem trfe bead qartern that w- were to pita& easp at see #Ad

snob a plas.

WmU, thero we neat and began to make fires and pite h tenta s

get brea-taate About the tie we were gettlfn threagb with this Wa*e an a.

e for s to move along to some other spot. Our flaenel whose yam I bae

forgottun but think it was Te!ms had been a l Awte a the ftr t kle e t

soam reamene had returand home and am the atelsxatla uf the BOare **

Serw had been etooed Celmael Of tIhe Ai tautA, bt he haew a M *or e6t

litA'y ss6tPlaU er SOes uaM a S O...OMS e Xne. He geW k this e

dtr to ewe he teld the hearer ef it to eb e* Wiader as it was fa4te

eouldtm he pat aft the move until *at Morsalm Ad be get nMb a replf a ke

might have expeted bat oekebd in ea rntio or g-ntm-manly I f I 4t @t

of ourseo khne that OensLadte ued the w rds Ina Whb It was scVed bat

it i liks a s t ta did so both he aBd his two sonu were fl oghs If q"0 Vir

I fiusm who ealdte bhwver set the eourtsous gentleman wbv they ohee to do aft

ha I had plenty alof ey, shub as It wusm and tv enrvant to att

on ms and eook for we mad a good tent I L d not depend ea f ewT rPatles an4d fl

did not suffer as mohb as many did .d was quite pepalar with my ecpa as

well as with a oampany of artillery from Tallebassee Fla, Oomoaded rW Sept.

Oyke and whose LieAtenant was Ned Gamble,
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hm 4I first went down there IX felt a hatred for all the Yankees

but gson bega to pity them Kajor airbuanks was in charge of the hospitals

in A*Lantfa fe at the eas near our store in Atlanta and I used to visit it.

I found a good mse abuses going on and reported them to the rntherities aad

had thema stppe. So when I saw what was going on at Andersonvilles I urged

to write md report to Major Pelrbanks, who was a friend of mine. Captain

Wirts on onea ocemation, was taken with a violent fvers lost his mild aad

was unfit for duty. A young; fallow, a lieutenant in th. regul-r Confederate

Araq was put in his plase, His name was Davis, and much to my curprises I

was seat for to headquarters and appointed by General winder to aet as adjutant

-to the prison. And whan Wirts roeevofed hiS health was continued in the ofl'i'e.

I never knew abat drew attention to mB uniwes it war my letters to Major Fair.

banks, or to sundry bottles of Old Tom Gin that I presented to the findar boys.

Sda y was to get frcOhaptain Wirts every morning his report of the

number of prisoners in the prison up to a eartaia hour of the previous day, made

up of prisoners resolved from the front or otherwise and adTingb to thea the saen

on heaad after deoduting the deaths, exchanges mad tranafeta to hospital. O .f

this he made requisition on the post ommissary for rations for the prisoners er

the na day. The requisitlonaset was my duty to see fiUted and takna ty

wagons to the oook house and bakery but it often happened that a large bath of

prisoners arrived late in the .fterno-n for whoma under opr conditions9 no piae

vision of food had or could bo made and 6o the poor foell.whad to walt until the

next days 4tti-ns were leaued, and had to be at least 84 btars without food mu

less they brought it with them. eoun see all our provision, seal, meat and po A.

were raw and had to be oodked daily as needed*




.j I- -. ^-







as mcthra Mw *e *btrmw, wMF v.1 aspasped %At OW with



:* t i
asOseOarses but harte.. Fe breed they had Weldos fleer aAd trauitag

mums to b-h ULo breast hU&3eretnak aw teY aLe d it. beegS frank -N

*alt, prt* beans, su rq eofrfeo, easad asdm 4esasleated vegqtablS, ete. |
and mattliwe la tteadasm fre bSd toey eamlid w annythti tep Seamd -r

soid Py tCe, took these ratios as I sald eery da teo C. Geothnoe

-ad bakewy. The oaokhnse oiasistod at am- Lanese reuge of a gar bellier

holdimg I aneu from 180 to 80 golIms or mrre, wader whtek won hqo

furaaseo. late them every ay went the ration o s w poea to be belled

wuth several sides or fllteoh.q at b-eD by way oe -aatInge %ta baey

ums a seore oat hnge brick oveas in Woheb e dail ration at mea La

artee flat lerws of m alfl sime at weight. DMasiee these ratMan tbher

Mw i M 4re teed ly s las we sald get it, 1 a rtis of ms P resh best*

vewry aftmeracm .bet three or four **olIt N wageaUs rme up aMd were S-

sad lriTM lat the irise. Thetr.the Ma wre ranged in uWe ed *m&

hundred Ia barge of a sergeant et their m maeleettm m Md to seab Raigemat
was dellvwred the ra ions for his uandred anme he looked pswo snd boa m are

carried in ety pwrw barrels with oe hea- out, set up in the wagm on the

otuer hbad ead se dled eat to each s t as we same to it, ge see td

as light tack easy timb L attending to this bruateh of my duty alone bt

In addition to thist I had to take Ot.* ALrss *old gay Majfre *ad peg nswd

the prison at night and nottee whether the setiaols on pat were &j4*teaS

their duty, te mst kaw that at -me tim we had as mew a thirtp. 4 temst

an, in tho prisea and only aboat three thusaad guards exposed of old mma

boys, bhiefly our only really effielent ara bbtIa the artillery eamw f S44

tFlorida.




NOW..






1the prison itself was just a steekade made of pine trees

sqaared and set in a ditch and the earth peaked round them making a sort

of teose or palitande about foueteen or fifteen feet high. At inteuvals

all around the tense were stations wtth a sort of shelter for the sentinel

to stand In and at night, beginning at the south ,.,te and going around

(there were two gites on the west side of the prison) till the ory oeme

Laok to uwAerc it started froL, twie sentinel called out thVs hour and half

hour,- thtus, -*Half pst ten o'olook a-nd all's woll' or whatever the

heur might bee so as to insure th.t every sentinel wis awake, at his post

and attending to his duty. Now and then a fello would be azrleep or off

and the cry would stop and have tb be bou n udaln and the officer on duty

would have his attention yelled to the delinquent sentinel. It was a melwn-

oholy saoud all through the nights starting from where yeu first heart it

loud and slear it gradually, a.5 the distance ineretseds grow fainter until

you could hardly hear it at all and tas it came around aGain. growing louder
and leader until it got bsok to the starting pointe a a


One night, when otIng my rounds4 the cry stopped Just opposite

where I rode. I dismounted, oflabed the ladder and found my watohful sentit

nal tfst oaleep. I quickly took his Gan and ;ot baok to the gpouand I than

hailed hlM and asked him if he was asloep. Of course he said no. I then

asked hia foir hia ,an and thon he found I had it, ei anl badly seared boey

However, altho the of nsoe by militmr loaw wjr death, he wti let off easy.

I was put on a good many Coerts*fartial and found them like ment

other Geurts, great humbugsa 'd was alwas age so-called ohystering law-

yer for the defendant prisoner to bother the Court with his interpretations of

law and some teohnioul objection or other to *ta proocod.inge whish utterly

asnfoandji all my ideas of Court Martial, which I always thought was a


i iep





II I ~




S iA active Oert tfor the emadgatiea or elearne tf the meowefd.

In describing the prison or ateokade of Auderse illle, I forgot

to say that it wan built on both sides of a valley running early east .

and west, the west side facing the r&llroa ; aiwag from Ma]oa to Alb, .

and in the middle of the alley, and of course running through the prisem

froa veA to east ran a mall stream that anevr went dry at least while
-I tayed the.re. This stream if I remember righate headed east 4e aJse

railroad and ran first partly through iheo omp of the guards and then eaw

tirely through Ule risen. This ereek or branch, as soon as entered

the prison, was carefully plank floored and sided, so as to afford the

prisoners a nieo bathing place but they had so many rough and selfish-

thievee amond them that we ooald not keep it so. As east as it was re .j

paired, tho planks would be stolen to make shelter of and ea te'leetioa, I

could net blame the poor fellows mu4h for we had no abolter at first or

eve at last to speak of to give the. In deed, this, the want of shelter

from am and rain ste. was together with nostalgia and the less oa hope o ...

ever Sc eii home again till the end of the war ( when the federal Attherities

stopped the *xohanie of prisoners) was the chief oause of the great mortality

that enuoed.

Mhen brought in as prisoners from the front from ap In the mouia ati
region of Tennessee or north GOeogia or Alabama or Virgsnia where tho air a"d

the water ulso was cool and pure irom granitic or other rook forati ons to the
lowland of southern Goorgia, to a warm climate and to a .taLegktnage h watkrf

(the wutur down there boing more or loss limestone or what 21 kna a as- rette

-lime atene at that), add to this a total change of diet, the use of only s.a




Si .i II
:P -1.55












meal t fr bad ( with the husks in it) sa we had no asens of sifting them

route oath a ebafte of food sad water weald operate anfawrably aon people

housed and loathed and .t liberty, but when these houses were supplemanted

by lmpriuJ est eand exposure to the sun and rain, the great wonder is that

the mortality was at greater than it vase

Sfter all these disadvantages that the oonfoderates labored under,

the mortality of sotothcrn prisoners confined in north-rn prisons far oxoeoded

* tht of northern prisoners in southern priacase I have :oen when the death

rate a. at its maxis m au many as 96 dead brought out of the prison gates of

a aornin~. We did our beut under the oirounstanoes, bat our b st wes po t, .
will
Oar poverty and not our will or Ill/compelled us. We were ehut tip and oue of

scmsawfLeatlen with the outside world sad ooald not et for ourselves medioinees, i.

food er aletaing, let alone for the prisoners, and the polley of the ma it

power n the northern states, forbid the introdeotlon of those evon for the

Use of their fellow eotinee wo were so anfortnate as to be our prionearse A

h ibuating mlo lflg tale has beeoon invested ad told cines the war shboat a

Sreltaa spring provided for the use at the prisoners by the Alaighty. This

may bee Snam tise the spring wae there before the prison wesi We Stilised

it ftr their benefit and used by worrying it in ad eenduetnVs a leug. odmon

gutter o stilts to convey the water of the spring pure and *eol and aseesitble

to all La the prison till it fell 1-ito the main oreek whioh I told you ran through

the stookade from Webt to E st.

This sai'i oreek on one oooaseon Save us all a: (reat soars and lets

of work and trouble. 9e had at tho time I speak of, about 38 thousand prisoners

and only about three thouLi.and uvord. A terrible thiunderctorm same up and the


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rpaa fell as t only daes t tWepi al or aemlwtreol4al leads The week

poe la a few mantes t a r6taggrfolarlHS tWret and madf aothag at

Uskin deem all that pat st the stekade nla its oemse both at the wet

ad esat sides, so we &ae C ea to faeo with our prisons. te disparity

df the guard to the prlsnerw a well as the fact that the heater pwt of

them wre inetaflett eld men ad bopys bad e sed a great deal of saldty

to -U aodtiBs and they h&d as a matr.or of pre.antion, posted a petia

wrtilerwy to omumand the eamp and prisoas and had agreedes a signal- to be

:ven in ease of am alarm, by firMi a eaanon. So, when the flood rushed

dowa the steokadeq Boom '.n. she pn and out in the stars rushed the guar

there to stand day and nClht until the repairs were made, htich took a wsek

or more. Qe evil a,-out the prison I saw and tried to esorrat but noeer

suseodeod. That was a lot of Baltimore Plug 216g oe s our man onlltd

theis brought there by GSa. Winder and dabbed oataederate Seegoaats. hehW

were Ia comamnd inside the priat ostensibly to keep ardtr ther. bhut mro

An feet the most oorrspt and soandalou set ever put in ofMfl ballyag,

mad tmkSa brib esf all arts free We prisoners md as Ils i tos akmiangi

of priaL urs Mat ons they read a bhavest by soelng the wivtiq.p hwas

lag the name put on the exchange list that did not of right beolag e- lt

I tried hbd to stop this but ooeald aet. All of Capt. WIt' olerka in his

oft'le wore Tankee prisoners. How It was tho rule that their eLsAense. maid

not be tiken Bas against a confederate or ladoea at &*all. So teaob these

alerks told me from time to tim what wu going en, but I nSAld not use the

information to an purpose. I told our Gen Gaskell about what I had heard

and also Cooper Gibbe Comander of the forces, but they o"ly responded that



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tuat weuld ham to ~rtfeW oa ees daslat the Plag Ugls ,toh wmld
wet. to Notiad far the r'mn 3s'n above
.. B soewoalo td-ile the oatho m' wn .ta, oe a eao e sO i toi
stti a ooes eU tesae om taw Uot by fa r of ,Airtss fi lbi no sasyw
to xbob wlith ad told -A h hd 4 aimge and deodomnt tfily .4t bea so

k pgt his off unAd Ua him S f in confeodrato n-cao, to tu rub ws the m.
iTseM thOr an ewera vr5 rtr in ,44ion sad a bapt -' foot r rirP I Got a
letter ftrao ha tbat&ig me ad ofw1eri to G0 to "ach.Ator. to teatity in
m behirl t w tIXcP, MIs 115a c u ec : Ir'LO.B %z'taictelyv I d niot ned
hiG aid. I =at at oms to sCawada thncme to aFGLn*d rm4 topt out of tio way
uatil the stern blo owe*
te J"arin, uiG a rwio at &adVrouwt1ll0. rnt01y eL the pr saaw
we am3 Sard "tec rseoWd to ;3alisbwy 3 V. a* wy I do aot ca nor api v I
at a jart at tic alrd ncer loft at taomaouflUe to tac. awo ait tWeo pn *
bat abile tV w ae g eos* w fand a lame t tm It L Uomne o thbo aUl Samo
esk again and thteiB went on as btoore.
A la the ns &rw near. Shaermian oo0npled Atoata. I s mi fla 1
nct Gajtno fas thi lateoo iasAoats. have 4*. or Cea I;. ;lbha th Ma tywr t
te ct4e went aut umder a fl V o0 trdeo nut one of Shewrintw GemanSre and
surrandereo tih. ltj In ei otf41od ter a o c .-UtsoiUA to the voeorty nod liven
of tLV asttscon. Hria -:4 tiEA ta uo twas booewvod by tat trEGmlne lylang
meudEra~l the voend kan s Thiba ngroj^ot iLse I think, ctlil on rooord at tli
city W1lL, Itlontat

Short ly nftor tait time cooo month or t-% 3b!ormBa jroolaltwd a
E triwue 6^J.n 'u nJ 4 tts anOR t'c, oUd1 crca te Inhabitsnto tn loa *tfter


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tht Utoo OgM 4, Pb amat lessm ither north or SOmt. I iWsuas he -

b'flteMh 4 0t asA to Amstrwoy the pla Wbhe ad 1* fWpm nm49t

s fta Ip PWfclwtMg I obtaimd a ftrloegh at eaows p p to the p

tmatsI I a iW WOeU aqaiOtWd with r w eal n ra 6 W O, t'4 i

e.m. ann MA* t....r2 0.041 sa stlals at fas toeqb Ga. own. 11

mrtWa so 1 .sateatsB of mines Ms Batt Dmett of at .st* au i-

cla, She Oo a steet of 1 old friend aMd ptaiun iD theao ae f o Sf .

Hvtle wmete overto ood io seat me t paeo through eaor linas. The

owtnsts oftbh vat.. were at astera Poeet sa the Mai and WeateOr' i

Thews Z was met by Shermon's chief of staff "ad by ehanalg w. S aift es W

&a bt bleego wasa taken to Atlanta. Ten I was told I *ae at liberty O

to gp bero I i lansed only on boner as not to real any. h&ig I a t c,

my rStuS to ear esid that mold be atof a atage to as or p t

thm" bs at otore, t prW o iso d an d bem* the pre e. I I15W mW boes,

Ma. gosw a a ast y ofi thee MA. Peansmaalas UmSasa&t, ana&stL Siet

A 4fp, bet als* a gsetla it trmste my tife WRd ieptly iasM almsi

Bia ea, of OeWr, were f at M ort ISt Add lots otf utln a sad aump

but ba did all In bis pomr to preswt It One of them stle all ear silWmr

wre and Gal. MLndellU had his arrested and the property re re. All t

his saberdinatee were not es boorables One of hia Saptat stmle fistuy; i

pony mad took it way with his.

p'. emahughtg IoBme father, .ist. r and bother liHed ta enaads,

daeid 4 to take bhis taiely there cnd doocided to let *y iLfe witA her i

e aM ran, Jamsee Robeurt and Ida ou tith MU a stafid a few plooes

of our furniture in the Methodist Chureh, applied to sherMsa' Oblef aS traussa

S portation for a ear. Me gave as a freight oar In which we put *bat we

could of bedding, *1othin~ ote, and packed the two feMiltos off for QmlaA ,
(*< .-: .^ i + -. ..'


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Ihmaght |th *31 MAd 5 ftIraI to duty at AMMNdete6le. Tom Soatohias

want to ashtfilU Mwlrsem we at the freat md so wse Jeohnstn.

w SJe 4ad a fair steek of greexbacs ftrom the 4to the Tank.

a prwwltane we had a hbend and above 9 1,000 nr. Gold asaed up ln bar


Tlhe began a hard and Leaely li a for mn. It eas uast duty sad

I tpled to do it to the best of sy ability. ALI fram this time aot seoa

now ikoe a bad dream. Ontes I took lit:l note of ci I kept no journal and

every sty w-re fAll of rork and czottins rumors.

Atifer a whiles the en oseae to me of WfliBon's raid and the

Wtatre of Golwubaus, Gia., ana it es at enoe decided to "Vacoro the Raneah

I was ordered to ce the parisoacrat then about 329 to JRk'n-fville, Via.

nd delUver them to the sedral aOtherities thea'a. Oat. Wirts and all.

the asbd officers fled* wherz to I know not* end left me the bag to khl9 '

Mt I uws ordered to take the prist.N.rs to Jaeksenville i na and AdU ar

ths there to the l#i ersia then msad there in posese stonm 8o I started by

rallread ilth w pr'isonears. ea I got to Atlanta, then the tormian of the

8ntwaetmfeta RPR. I oeand there a 4bnuedexte oammand. I do not remember tho

was Ina oemand but whoever it eas I applied to his for transportation and fw

rations for my guard and prisoners and was told that there were none to be hbet

*tellw said I "gentlemene if you oaa't furnish me with those reqalsites for

me to oosply with iy orders to take tbeso pricorwrs to Jak onfvhleFla. I

will be eoapelled to turn them loose right here and neow. *Tou bete as the boy

say, I oC'a got tll I wanted and started in the morning with all the w Moe mind

tease ne6esmary and all the provisions ne.:ded. In the morning I used to gat

my oammanc: uder way and as they ad&anoed I had a treup of oeanseary teae

ahead and as the prisoners ease by in oolumne of twos, handed eaoh fellow as he






































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Sa' -, r '' .'i: s






pemime a.bl amleet fea meat and bard teak. 0A% they had a ration

oet e to i tak with theor water as they ware beto r an o that amork

thea the ear had b" It the Uonfederacy.

ftile we were on this mareb, a raepwt as breeght to as that s raU

of the hs& Ae s bad laIS d ast gedar Keys Ma Mre abhifa to a t am e

Ilbs a att trae, but we did ct know tbatq to b ea the ou of I '

a ee*h and took with me a federal Majors, CptafA ad in U temaut ea4 st

for Tallahase**,, la., with thena wit the aintenation f gselting thoe part

ors to tellU theLr ellew edefale that the war was V rtaally eve and t %A

my ow..antd p0as peaoeably to its doeti eation, JaiConvillu. Meeavbile, my

senoud in aomr-and was to tep 0woyi4 on.m

#e1, I got to Tallahassee all right and reputed to the Seanra4 I

found in somand there at the time, our @enSIa Je ma, a beusttul 4Jwlimwsi

the mort. When I called on hin at his office about noa on th day at q

arrival in Tallahasse, 2 sauppose he had just tImbibed his diarnal allewam

t eorghum hiakey oooletall for though he wae noet an *drank a DaIdI4 aea%

he was aighty near it. When I told his I was in demand of a party tf Pte-wl

prisoners from Andersonvillo, with orders to surrender or deliver' thm Io the

Federal at Jaeksenville his first exolaoat l was,* By Oed, sirt They eat

seme inside my lines.* *Well, General,* said 31'Uhat do you propose to do with

thomf *'Put them on a steamboat and paddle then up and doem the OCattah-enoeb

River till all hell freeos over',

WWllv iad 1i, but how shall I food themE'

*I'll find you moat and meal said he.

Well Geoneral', said I'? how shall I oook it? I have me eaokng

Atensils or fuolT'


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e1 Ia)e *t 9" 1 reotm t1r. bWt, to so em*

ie h Am ., -- aid be eO14 hawv the praqw amber ef p wle prlaS4

-a at to Lst. athrerd. a. mhsw at bmabb V b.e proal

the Mflssinn, bat he aever oawe eo i mad my Major .mE Seflala oud tame

atnet vest oeM to 4 ralireod and found q ayead sa "eW at LIveo

Dbow BRow long I wltted there fw tathoerfetd I do an remsa er btat e'

thbe smatis I just ot hold of somo clan't books belonging to someone aM

e ad bs a stare at L4ve Oak cad organtised seaerl Tr&akre Pmrole Surweta au

had them write ap thq paroles The whole th.ig was just a fare sad we 1

knew it .1 ba s ~nat the Tanks at Ja ksonvifl, word that as tIntslnded msenddi

a lot os priaoners down to theima but they had replied thntt they wald not

Srtosive thLem, they ae-w nothalang of the arrznder, loa .we they only had

oerasloacatlm with the Worth and Bast by nsea. kwever th us it was a
m matter a it were of Uife and death. We knowi that the ISr was vimUy :rtmay

ever It was like haldlq the olft ty the ears and we wre eanxous toe lo

se- So thethor they would reetela them or act* w bad to got rid of te

prisomera aad a det ra aid to tar thua leao mhew wm th r they weSa4 re

oolve them or not. Seo sten they had aigd the pareles w took them da
on theb trid as far s Baldwin ( the rmad wms tem ap betnWe thuep *e ad San *.

sonvlle) mad there we turned them loose to glad their way to Jip Bee o 'I






'A!
best t*ey ould. Some days after the Yfipp sent word tol our iksg ( pen Bee


sHolle) tm taere wed tA nadctsoniilo. they would rehet fwa th. pulscapurl so
hbad seat the. tcruapona on an aypotatod day Bfs RMe q am Woes and him stuff,

Coower CUbes, the mcoManddr of ths guard at iaderseuw .l1e mind I dent to|lib|


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a ig j ww sego OM me.a .00 m. a wale s wo ke m m .-
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&aW6 "m ad the a eBe tasted sao grod ad the lamo Frp we 1efe a rt-.-
| Md as ua Wa a pod times 9t by @ad by Soa tOes em aW ifAt and the assa

thh goet to anaeSsnag the eonee of the war Mad ft,-,=sing t sey get tI
amsitatl WW then wa valy preveiteW fW omlM to RLsm b1 e3ap hbosnd

to -s brote my the confereme ad eoav party weaed, Itse mnw b wngrd6
So=n
mad tbeo-* 2 aerrendered and took uV Larelo"
--V











Tn I mm ar thwat anaoy b ttan od I .Wi t frbiad i ,"-

|,t.u vbc. had* 'ad who very ~ntly md 1enreas 3amed me $a ta l.. m ....
so ad Gst.t fak Jrdatoemne iofe.had beoan eablat eaft beere .h, aw l
started Sfor Aaings. H6 saA Jon b an.rnsd a ore tmth elarks t Melalgha

raIs& b Ca, sbrdar t(t v wnd both eaW a etupuAies a t . U

the wr beo a.. pheta me ttn fem the a s -asa g e

\e Wheom Jlhtme and S pti ea for W Gd gaetao f h fo'ad stbhe

.road al toar ap em ad to foot t ithe est of the w 'y o AMatm O en wO

got to mhat to ao Bbet d we oo=d see bit one lltaryt bmse atandlar .

uwea Be Iot tate thfL alp of nh tom a boati the OUl ad :f tbeoa tbam httabe.

ft> nea~ Adiore Ua0saell street mw ovW-eso it Wooat where Wimjear SAMd m6od

to U..a not a baso in eight inb Wt a lndg pehk of pSSSae tm 0t151td

lik .piok of tild atails on livit oan thic dad ParOaasM Ad bhrs ae aeal
a d ooeu the Fed.rala d chot amB lfodt on tht. ground aen e aeeqstLi thl

plad.oe It wa a Grumokm alotht, woe wnt on to the qpaar u wber the pSke

.t i. t a. i









depg 1641M Vie may WttUP staa ft an w* Ssre Mrs the

10t41 WONat. .a nd Wae ba abma ate, aorth of pr.. :.


4 ftr people wre hero and were moving about feebly like bee f@e
had boft %ughM Mat ef their hives and robbed 6f their heaW* W wet Vrnk
FAtehapr a =nA he took an o to s humble se tapi ef ea of the poor sates

et hsw -harah (0te thodist) away up ranter Stw., towar* s9 ta n tmoest*W
HoWe we lodged for the night and they gave me the best they haid * aso

MleLd aeats broad and eood, real coffee. ohe latter was a treat to as

opao CO fted, These peer waen Sot it from the Federal soldiers. Thre
ert at the times, aking a living prineipally by plaking mp leaden balls fra
the battle ground around Atlanta. We* at oaourse, paid them for their ea
torta ant, but we would have been quite as weooame if we hai not beeas Sblo V,

t&o 4e soe

Well, we soon applied to the Feds. for transportation mnrthe I
eo z mwy to Jesa my wife and children n Galt. Camata ead oJohnstomne

rest fte Sem Tl t both via Louisville and Cin olanatS. mey gave it to u
at bus earsa a the W. & A. ReR. and it wast as yeu may imagine, about the
rema~eat sort of a ride. The road had been torn up again mad agalta drag

the war and oftea the rails heated and twisted and it was bumpity, lasp U L

the way to Ohattanooga. When we got to Loeniville, Iy., we get a steamil

for Cina"inti On the ateamer, I was hailed by a Tank who had been a btas i

uafr at AMdersonville and asked if I had not been there as a Conoede uwa
a little seared but did not deny it as I had always I was sure noted hmmnsse

ly to the prisoners so the incident passed off without :ay trouble* I WO I
an vUt Detroit and soon Joined my wife and ohildrea. Thea I set oat for 0 t

vin. Mntreals taking the steamer at Quebee.










am we gt 0dS te o Msa t rBioo, X aslve

-10t s sm 1 th e aMb pa1essuwram ad V Ias se

eu asa saswt ft" a ms. RItAqWA S.A 'b,


is diSsrm AMA M i A& OC the bte hutrhe td. - .m
to A *Ien a ii ad 1to *o fM were iwe


ass A baae at help. a at lte "m
the mewtin to xaminfl htis T did so el nd to my arprise I fouan
ea *Iod eward and wevearper I had .,,,* *, ,,* I *'* ,












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