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Influencing Patient Provider Communication And Promoting Patient Self Advocacy Contributed Paper Session May 6, 2013 2013 MLA Annual Meeting Boston MA
Introduction Collaborating with an Internal Medicine faculty physician on two projects, a medical librarian attended a university outpatient clinic to assist patients in finding health information and clarifying questions to ask their doctors Hypothesis Patients provided with quality consumer health information directed to their preferred learning style and assisted with preparing questions before their clinic visit will have more productive interactions with their healthcare providers.
Methods A librarian attended clinic sessions in the UF&Shands Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties Clinic (IMMS) to provide health information and help patients clarify questions to ask their doctors. A computer and printer were set up in the waiting room for the librarian patient consultations. The librarian invited patients to participate while they were waiting for their appointment. Based on questions asked a card was created for patient to hand their physicians.
The Project Begun as a pilot project May to June 2012 (4 hrs/ week) Continued as a full project October to February 2013 (8 hrs/ week) Data from the two studies has been combined for this presentation.
Patient Demographics Enrolled 99 patients (Pilot 12; Full 87) 70 26 Female Male Patient Gender 16 55 26 2 18-44 45-64 65-79 80> Patient Age
Which of the following do you use? Number of responses Computer 66 Smartphone 25 IPad/ tablet/ e reader 30 Internet access 48 24 75 of 99 used computers or mobile devices 48 of 99 have access to the Internet 24 of 99 did not use any computer or mobile device
How do you like to receive new information? Number of responses READ text 68 HEAR have someone talk to me, 51 ask questions WATCH videos or see pictures 46 DO SOMETHING write it down, 17 practice, play game 45 patients chose only 1 method 53 patients preferred 2 or more methods 8 patients selected all 4 methods
Patients Asked 143 Questions 31 28 27 21 50 13 16 4 Questions by Category
Selected Questions by Category Medications: I want information on l isinopril and its side effects Symptoms: What causes foot swelling? What can cause upper quadrant abdominal bloating ? Treatment: What is esophageal mucosal resection ? Support: How do I get copies of my medical records? Disease/Dx: like information on pancreatitis. How do you manage low blood pressure? Procedure: What are pulmonary function tests? Lab tests: What is creatinine and what does it measure? Do I need to fast for a thyroid test? Nutrition: What is a renal diet? Why is fiber important?
Resources Used to Assist Patients
Patient Librarian Consultation My right foot is swollen and it really hurts. I just want them to cut it off Questions identified by the librarian for the patient to ask the healthcare provider: o What causes my foot to swell? o What can I do about it? o If amputation were considered, what would be the next steps ? Information identified: MedlinePlus : Encyclopedia Foot swelling When the patient left the clinic, she told the librarian that she had been given appointments to test for diabetes and kidney disease
Comment Card Responses Patients were to return the question card to the librarian after their visit and answer the question on the back: preparing questions help during your visit Responses have been overwhelmingly positive from patients
Physician Participants Resident and f aculty physicians total = 17 Pilot 7; Full 10 Pre intervention surveys asked physicians if they felt their patients were knowledgeable about their conditions and asked questions during visits. Post intervention surveys asked physicians if the information provided and the librarian consultation impacted the clinic visits.
Physician Librarian Consultation Please provide information on diabetes in Arabic. My patient is returning to Saudi Arabia where he needs to educate his family about his condition, its management and the lifestyle changes he needs to make Information identified : MedlinePlus : Multiple languages 20 bilingual booklets in English and Arabic RHIN.org 116 items -audio video and documents
Physician Response Physicians reported use of the comment card and librarian consultations did not increase clinic visit time. Physicians have asked for additional information on: + High blood pressure + Diabetes + Weight loss + Medication use + Asthma
Lessons Learned Patients respond more to personal invitations to participate than to signs or flyers. H ealth information is needed in multiple formats to meet different learning styles. Although patients may use computers, their internet access is more limited. In our population, women were more likely to engage and ask questions related to health issues
C onclusions Librarians, partnering with healthcare providers and patients in clinical venues, can encourage communication and question asking while simultaneously improving health education
Acknowledgments This project has been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract No. HHS N 276 2011 00004 C with the University of Maryland Baltimore and Continued with Gatorade Research Funds through the Department of Medicine at the University of Florida College of Medicine.
Authors Linda C Butson, MLn, MPH, AHIP, Consumer Health and Community Outreach Librarian Rebecca R. Pauly, MD, FACP, Associate Vice President for Health Affairs, Equity and Diversity, Professor of Medicine Jennifer A. Lyon, MS, MLIS, AHIP, Clinical Research Librarian Michele R. Tennant, PhD, MLIS, Assistant Director, Biomedical and Health Information Services, Health Science Center Libraries and Bioinformatics Librarian, UF Genetics Institute Cecilia Botero, MLS, Associate Dean of the George A. Smathers Libraries and Fackler Director of the Health Science Center Libraries